study: past simple affirmative

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study: past simple affirmative
UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL AUTÓNOMA DE MÉXICO
COLEGIO DE CIENCIAS Y HUMANIDADES
DEPARTAMENTO DE INGLÉS
GUÍA DE ESTUDIO PARA EL
EXAMEN EXTRAORDINARIO
INGLÉS II CUATRO HABILIDADES
COORDINACIÓN:
Elisa Araceli Albarrán León
AUTORES:
Profa: Gabriela Noemí Berkowitz García
Profa: Verónica Vanessa Cassani Garibay
Profa: Judith Padilla Rodríguez
Prof: Carlos René Serrano Mendoza
Profa: Eva Minerva Vargas Nieto
Profa: Haydeé Venosa Figueroa
2010
INDICE
Presentación………………………………………………………………….……. 5
Cómo trabajar con ésta guía ……………………………………………….……. 6
The Simple Present Tense …………..…………………………………….......... 7
Study: Present simple affirmative
Practice: Present simple affirmative
Study: Present simple negative
Practice: Present simple negative
Study: Present simple questions
Practice: Present simple questions
Study: Frequency adverbs
Reading section
Listening section
Writing section
The Simple present continuous tense .………………………………..……......... 16
Study: present continuous affirmative and negative
Study: Spelling rules
Study: present continuous questions
Practice: present continuous questions
Reading section
Listening section
Writing section
The present continuous for future arrangements (activities).…………………... 22
Study: present continuous for future arrangements (activities)
Practice: present continuous for future arrangements (activities)
Reading section
Listening section
Writing section
The present simple and present continuous ………...…………………………... 26
Practice: present simple a
nd present continuous
Reading section
Listening section
Writing section
Going to ………...……………………………………………………………......... 31
Practice: going to
Reading section
Listening section
Writing section
2
First Conditional ………...……………………………………………………….. 35
Practice: First conditional
Reading section
Listening section
Writing section
Countable nouns and Non countable nouns……………………………………... 40
Practice: countable nouns
Study: non countable nouns
Practice: non countable nouns
Reading section
Listening section
Writing section
The Simple Past Tense: was/were & wasn’t/weren’t…………………….......... 46
Question Form
Practice: was / were
Reading section
Study: Past simple affirmative
Study: Past simple of regular verbs
Study: Past simple, irregular verbs
Practice: Past simple affirmative
Study: Pronunciation of regular verbs
Practice: Pronunciation of regular verbs
Study: Past simple negative and questions
Practice: Past simple negative and questions
Reading section
Listening section
Writing section
Should / Shouldn’t to give and ask for advice ……………….……….............. 60
Practice: Should / Shouldn‘t
Reading section
Listening section
Writing section
The Imperative ……………………………………….………………………. 64
Practice: the imperative
Reading section
Listening section
Writing section
Can / Can’t to express ability and possibility;
to offer assistance and ask for help ……………………………….71
Practice: can / can‘t
Reading section
Listening section
Would like …………………………………………………….……….………. 77
Practice: would like
Listening section
3
Directions, give and get ……………………………………….…….………. 79
Practice: give and get directions
Reading section
Listening section
Writing section
Subject and Object pronouns …………………………………….……….. 83
Practice: subject and Object pronouns
Reading section
Listening section
Writing section
Mock Exam ………………………………………………………….……. 87
Should / shouldn‘t to give and ask for advice
Past simple was / were & wasn‘t / weren‘t
Past Simple verbs: regular and irregular
Give and get directions: prepositions of place
Reading section: Subject and object pronouns; possessive adjectives, yes/no
questions, information questions.
Listening section: Food, countable and non countable nouns
Writing section: Present simple tense, frequency adverbs, everyday activities,
References …………………………………………………………………….…... 93
Web Links …………………………………………………………………………..94
Answer Key …………………………………………………………………………95
4
PRESENTACIÓN
Recientemente se llevó a cabo un cambio de orientación en la materia de inglés de
COMPRENSIÓN DE LECTURA a la implementación de INGLÉS CUATRO
HABILIDADES: LEER, ESCUCHAR, HABLAR y ESCRIBIR en la lengua extranjera.
Este cambio tiene como punto de partida el MARCO COMUN EUROPEO DE
REFERENCIA (MCER), es decir, alcanzar el nivel A1 al terminar el primer año de
estudios de la materia de inglés en la Escuela Nacional Colegio de Ciencias y
Humanidades.
El MCER es elaborado por iniciativa del Consejo Europeo y tiene como objetivo
conseguir mayor uniformidad y transparencia entre los países miembros de la Unión
Europea en el estudio de Lenguas Extranjeras.
El MCER define niveles que determinan la capacidad lingüísticas en los campos de
competencia comunicativa, las destrezas activas y receptoras y la competencia
lingüísticas para fines específicas.
En el caso del nivel A1 serás capaz de:
a) comprender y utilizar expresiones cotidianas de uso muy frecuente así como
frases sencilla destinadas a satisfacer necesidades de tipo inmediato,
b) presentarte a ti mismo y a otros,
c) pedir y dar información personal básica sobre tu domicilio, tus pertenencias y el
de las personas que conoces,
d) relacionarte de forma elemental siempre que tu interlocutor hable despacio y con
claridad y esté dispuesto a cooperar.
El objetivo de la presente guía es proporcionarte de una manera clara y concreta los
contenidos que te permitirán reforzar los conocimientos adquiridos en la materia de
inglés II (dos) mediante explicaciones sencillas y ejercicios enfocados a una exitosa
solución de tu examen extraordinario.
Para el día del examen te sugerimos:
a) llegar 15 minutos antes de la hora señalada
b) portar identificación oficial (credencial vigente del plantel donde estudias, IFE o
pasaporte vigente)
c) entregar esta guía resuelta a los sinodales
Por último, agradecemos al profesor Aníbal David Cambrón Ortíz su colaboración en la
revisión y edición de la presente guía.
¡ÉXITO!
5
CÓMO TRABAJAR CON ÉSTA GUÍA
Cómo pudiste observar en el índice, la guía está organizada por temas.
Cada tema presenta la GRAMÁTICA DE LA LENGUA donde se ofrece una
explicación sobre su USO y la FORMA en que ésta se presenta. Enseguida, encontrarás
una serie de ejercicios que te permitirán poner en práctica lo que acabas de revisar.
Los temas están organizados para que puedas estudiar y practicar con las habilidades,:
READING, LISTENING; WRITING y SPEAKING (en algunos temas) con ejemplos
que te permiten estudiar los aspectos presentados en cada uno de los temas.
En la sección de LISTENING, encontrarás que se te indica el número del audio que
debes escuchar en el CD para resolver el ejercicio correspondiente al tema que estés
trabajando.
Go to CD track 1
Te ofrecemos, así mismo, un MOCK EXAM o examen simulacro que te permitirá
evaluar tu conocimiento y comprensión de los temas que has revisado.
Resuelve los ejercicios con cuidado y atención, si requieres confirmar tus respuestas
puedes referirte al ANSWER KEY que encontrarás al final de ésta guía.
Al final de la guía, se encuentra un listado o REFERENCES de las obras consultadas
para la elaboración de ésta guía de estudio. Así mismo encontrarás una serie de LINKS
o ligas que te permitirán aclarar, practicar o profundizar en el estudio de los temas, si así
lo deseas.
Finalmente, no olvides que DEBES ENTREGAR esta GUÍA RESUELTA A LOS
SINODALES, ya que es muestra de tu preparación para el examen extraordinario que
habrás de presentar.
Te deseamos éxito.
6
STUDY: PRESENT SIMPLE AFFIRMATIVE
USE
We use the simple present to talk about: repeated actions, facts and generalizations.
1. Repeated actions
Use the present simple tense to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The
action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often
happens. It can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do.
She plays tennis.
birthday
The train leaves every morning at 8 am.
John always forgets my
2. Facts or Generalizations
The Simple Present can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is
true now, and will be true in the future. It is not important if the speaker is correct about
the fact. It is also used to make generalizations about people or things.
Cats like milk.
Women drive terribly.
FORM:
Word Order:
Subject
Verb
complement
I
Like
Harry Potter.
She
Plays
soccer.
We
Dance
Salsa.
Lions are dangerous.
The verb form changes according to the person.
I / you / we /
they
he / she / it
read
have
like
wash
live
watch
reads likes washes lives watches
has
What happens to the verbs which ending is ch, sh, x, y?
do
fix
does fixes
study
studies
7
PRACTICE: PRESENT SIMPLE AFFIRMATIVE
1. Write these verbs with –s or –es.
1. (read) she _____
2.(think) it ______ 3.(fly) it _______ 4.(dance) he __________
5. (finish) she ____ 6.( go) he _____ 7.(study) he _______ 8.(have) she ________
2. Complete the sentences. Use:
boil
open
close
cost
like
1. The shops in the city center usually
________________at 9:00 in the
morning.
2. The City Museum ____________at
5:00 in the evening.
3. Tina is a teacher. She
_______Mathematics to young
children.
4. My job is very interesting.
I_________a lot of people.
5. Peter‘s car is always dirty. He never
_________________________it.
meet
teach
wash
has
study cry see
6. Food is expensive. It
______________a lot of money.
7. Water _________________at 100° C .
8. My sister is very active. She
_____________________jobs!
9. Alice always ______________when
she _________________romantic
movies.
10. Sonia __________________to read
the newspaper in the morning.
3. Unscramble these words to form sentences. Use the right form of the verbs.
1. ( always/ early / Sue / arrive ) ______________________________________________
2. (to the cinema / never / I / go) ______________________________________________
3. (work / Martina / hard / always) ____________________________________________
4. (like / chocolate / children / usually) _________________________________________
5. ( Julia / parties / enjoy / always)_____________________________________________
6. ( often/I/ people‘s names/forget)_____________________________________________
7. (Jenny/always/nice clothes/ wear)____________________________________________
8. (fix/ every year/ John/ car/his) ______________________________________________
STUDY: PRESENT SIMPLE NEGATIVE
Study the following examples:
I drink coffee, but I don’t drink tea.
The weather is usually nice. It doesn’t rain
very often.
She doesn’t watch TV every night.
He doesn’t speak Spanish.
Observe the following charts carefully. Now, focus your attention on the negative chart.
8
What happens to the verb in third person?
FORM:
Word Order:
Subject
I
She
We
Auxiliary
don’t
doesn’t
don´t
Verb
like
have
do
Complement
vegetables.
a dog
exercise.
PRACTICE: PRESENT SIMPLE NEGATIVE
1. Write the negative.
1. I play the piano very well._______________________________________________
2. Jane plays the guitar very well.___________________________________________
3. They know my phone number. ___________________________________________
4. We work very hard. ____________________________________________________
5. He has a bath every day. ________________________________________________
6. You do the same thing every day. _________________________________________
7. They go on vacation in December. ________________________________________
8. We sing like angels. ____________________________________________________
9. The police arrive on time. _______________________________________________
2. Complete the sentences. All of them are negative. Use don’t/doesn’t + these verbs:
cost
go
know
read
see
use
wear
cook
speakx2
1. I buy a newspaper every day, but
sometimes I ___________________it.
2. Paul has a car, but he
_____________________it very often.
3. Paul and his friends like films, but
they __________________________to
the cinema very often.
4. Amanda is married, but she
_______________________a ring.
5. I ______________________much
about Politics. I‘m not interested on it.
6. The Regeant Hotel isn‘t expensive. It
_________________much to stay there.
7. Brian lives very near us, but we
____________________him very often.
8. Erick teaches English, but he
____________ English with his friends.
9. Nancy lives in Toronto, but she
__________________________French.
She prefers to speak English.
10. Josh knows how to cook, but she
_______________________very often.
3. Put the verb in the correct form, positive or negative.
1. Margaret __________four languages – English, French, German and Spanish.(speak)
2. I __________my job. It‘s very boring. (like)
3. Where‘s Martin? ‗I‘m sorry. ‗I ________________________________.‘ (know)
4. Sue is a very quiet person. She _________________very much ( talk)
5. Andy ______________________a lot of tea. It‘s his favorite drink. (drink)
9
STUDY: PRESENT SIMPLE QUESTIONS
We can make two kinds of questions in the simple present: the open or information
questions and the close, direct or yes/no questions.
Study the following examples of yes/no questions:
Do you go to school on Friday?
Yes, I do. I go to school on Friday.
No, I don‘t. I don‘t go to school on Friday.
Do you always have lunch?
Yes, I do. I always have lunch.
No, I don‘t. I sometimes have lunch.
USE
Notice that when the subject is third person (he, she, it), we use the auxiliary does and
the verb form of the main verb doesn’t change.
Does Lucy always have lunch?
Yes, she does. She always has lunch.
No, she doesn‘t. She sometimes has lunch.
The open questions provide us with information about:
Person
Activity
Place
Time
Hour
Option
Way to do things
Reason
Frequency
Cost
Quantity
Who?
What?
Where?
When?
What time?
Which?
How?
Why?
How often?
How much?
How many?
FORM
Take a look at the following questions and identify the elements that form them.
Underline each one.
Where do your parents live?
How often do you wash your hair?
What does this word mean?
How much does it cost to fly to Rome?
Remember that the open questions are formed by a Wh- question, the auxiliary do/does
which changes according to the subject, the complement and the verb. Don´t forget the
question mark!
10
PRACTICE: PRESENT SIMPLE QUESTIONS
1. Yes/No Questions
Make questions from the scrambled sentences below.
1. she / collect / stickers / ? _______________________________________________
2. they / play / games / ? ________________________________________________
3. the cat / sleep / with you/ ? ______________________________________________
4. she / often / dream / ? __________________________________________________
5. he / play / streetball / ? _________________________________________________
6. you / visit/ your grandparents/? ___________________________________________
7. the pupils / wear / school uniforms / ? _____________________________________
8. you / go / to the cinema / ? ______________________________________________
9. she / have / friends / ? __________________________________________________
he / read / books / ? ____________________________________________________
10.
2. Open Questions (What, where, when, why, etc)
05
0
Exercise on Questions with Interrogatives. Ask for the
bold part of the sentence, using question words.
1.
Julia likes pop-music. ______________________________________________
2.
Maria comes from Spain ____________________________________________
3.
They play in the garden ____________________________________________
4.
Rick rides his bike. ________________________________________________
5.
I go to the cinema on Saturdays. ______________________________________
6.
We go to Mallorca because it’s warm there._____________________________
7.
Joe repairs his bike.________________________________________________
8.
Robin drives his car carefully. _______________________________________
9.
Peter runs with his dog every day. _____________________________________
10.
Eric goes to Italy for a holiday. _______________________________________
11
STUDY: FREQUENCY ADVERBS
USE
In the simple present tense we also find the frequency adverbs or words. They tell us
how often we do activities.
Always
Often
Usually
Sometimes
Seldom
Hardly ever
Never
Siempre
A menudo
normalmente
A veces
Rara vez, pocas veces
Casi nunca
Nunca
Study the following sentences:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
My mother always helps me with my homework.
I sometimes eat too much
We often go to restaurants
You sometimes look unhappy
They usually have dinner at 7:00
We never speak Spanish in class.
¿What‘s the position of the adverb in sentences 2 y 3?
Now, write the rule in the box so that you don‘t forget the position of frequency
adverbs in both sentences.
3. Rewrite the following sentences use always/ usually / sometimes / never
/seldom/often, etc.
1) He listens to the radio. (often) ___________________________________________
2) They read a book. (sometimes) ___________________________________________
3) Pete gets angry. (never) _________________________________________________
4) Tom is very friendly. (usually) ___________________________________________
5) I take sugar in my coffee. (sometimes) _____________________________________
6) Ramon and Frank are hungry. (often) ______________________________________
7) My grandmother goes for a walk in the evening. (always) ______________________
8) Christine smokes. (never)________________________________________________
9) They watch TV in the afternoon. (never) ___________________________________
10) Walter helps his father in the kitchen. (usually)______________________________
______________________________________________________________________
12
READING SECTION
Read the following text
Tim’s day
Tim works for a company in Sacramento, California. He's a customer service representative. He
gets up at six o'clock each workday. He drives to work and begins his job at eight o'clock. He
speaks to people on the telephone to help them with their banking problems. People telephone
the bank to ask questions about their accounts. He doesn't give information about accounts until
people answer a few questions. Tim asks callers their birth date, the last four digits of their
social security number and their address. If a person gives incorrect information, Tim asks him
to call back with the correct information. Tim is polite and friendly with everyone. He has lunch
in a park next to his office. He returns home at five o'clock in the evening. After work, he goes
to the gym to work out. He has dinner at seven o'clock. Tim likes watching TV after dinner.
He goes to bed at eleven o'clock at night.
Answer the questions below. Choose only one option.
1. What’s the text about?
a) My best friend‘s life
b) A day in the life of Tim
c) Tim‘s routine from Monday to Friday
2. Where does Tim work?
a) In Europe
b) In the USA
c) In Asia
3. What time does he get up?
a) He gets up at seven o'clock in the
morning
b) He gets up at six o'clock in the
morning.
c) He gets up at six o'clock in the
afternoon
6. What does he do to check
information?
a) He asks people some questions
b) He tells them to call later
c) He asks them to see their documents.
7. What does he do if the information is
incorrect?
a) He gives banking account information
b) He asks the callers to call back with
correct information.
c) He asks to speak to the parents
8. What is Tim like on the job?
a) He is unfriendly and helpful.
b) He is funny and helpful
c) He is polite and friendly
4. How does he get to work?
a) He walks to work.
b) He drives to work.
c) He takes the bus to work
9. Where does he eat lunch?
a) At home
b) In a park near his job
c) At work
5. What does he do during the day?
a) He helps costumers in a bank
b) He helps costumer on the phone
c) He helps costumers outside
10. What does he do in the evening?
a) He works out at the gym and watches
T.V.
b) He works out at the gym and reads a
book
c) He watches T.V. and plays ping pong.
13
LISTENING SECTION: Gina
HOW TO WORK WITH THIS SECTION will measure your ability to understand concise
listening texts. For this reason, you will have to use the strategies you learned throughout the
semester. You will listen to the recording twice. The first time is for you to get the general idea. The
second time, is to understand specific information. If necessary, you will listen to the recording a
third time to check your answers.
Below, you will find an exercise for you to practice for your exam. Read the instructions and the
content carefully. Now, predict what the recording is going to be about.
A language school in the UK wants to know about the lives and habits of its students. Listen to an
interview with Gina, a student, and complete the questions in the survey. Complete the following chart
as you listen.
Survey of English Language Students
More information
Study habits
1. Do you study English at the weekend?
2. Do you _______________your dictionary to class?
3. Do you _______________a computer?
4. Do you _______________the library and study centre?
yes
No
Yes
No
_______________
_______________
_______________
Work, travel and home life
5. Do you also ______________ a job?
6. Do you _________________ to school by train, bus or car?
7. Do you _________________alone, with family or with friends?
______
______
______
________________
________________
Family
Free time
8. Do you _________________your classmates outside school?
9. Do you _________________sports?
10. What other things do you _______________in your free time?
Yes
No
_____
______________
Doesn‘t like sports
_______________
Go to CD track 1
14
WRITING SECTION
Write about your best friend‘s routine on a normal Sunday. You have to use verbs,
connectors and time expressions. You can use the following connectors first, then, later,
after, next, later on, after that y finally to make a coherent text.*
Take the following text as an example.
My best friend’s name is Fernando. He´s 17 years old and he studies high school. He has a busy
Sunday. First, he wakes up at 10:00. Then, he watches TV for about an hour. After that, at
12:00, he gets up from bed and have breakfast, something light: a glass of milk and a piece of
bread. Then, at 1:15, he takes a shower. Next, he surfs the net and checks his Facebook. He also
chats with his girlfriend for two hours.…
Based on the previous text, write yours.
Everyone has a best friend. So surely, you‘re not an exception! We all know what our best friend does
on a normal Sunday. Write about your best friend‘s routine. Don‘t miss a detail.
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
* Recuerda que puedes utilizar los conectores anteriormente mencionados. Para empezar
puedes utilizar el conector First, que significa primero. Más adelante los conectores, then,
later, after, next, later on, after that cuyo significado es después. Para terminar puedes
hacerlo con los conectores in the end que significa al fina o bien, finally, finalmente
(1) For further practice on Simple Present Tense check the web links page
15
STUDY: PRESENT CONTINUOUS AFFIRMATIVE AND NEGATIVE
USE
We use the present continuous to talk about actions in progress happening at the moment of
speaking and actions in progress happening around the moment of speaking.
1. Actions happening now:
Use the present continuous to express the idea that something is happening now, at this
very moment. It can also be used to show that something is not happening now.
Maria is running.
She isn’t jumping.
Sue and Tom are watching T.V.
They aren’t dancing.
Jim is reading a book.
He isn’t playing ball.
2. Actions happening around now:
In English, "now" can mean: this second, today, this month, this year, this century, etc.
Sometimes, we use the Present Continuous to say that we are in the process of doing a longer
action, which is in progress; however, we might not be doing it at this exact second.
Study the following conversation between James and Susan in a restaurant:
James: What are you studying?
Susan: I‘m studying to be a doctor.
James: Are you reading any good books?
Susan: No. I‘m only reading medicine books. And you?
James: I‘m reading Tom Sawyer. I love it!
James and Susan are eating dinner in a restaurant. He is not reading ―Tom Sawyer‖ at the
moment of speaking. But at this moment of his life, He is reading ―Tom Sawyer‖.
Subject (S)
I
She
We
FORM
Word Order:
aux =verb to be
verb
Am
read
Is
eat
Are
study
-ing
ing
ing
ing
Complement (C)
Tom Sawyer
chocolate ice cream.
for the final exam
16
STUDY:SPELLING RULES
1. To make continuous verbs add -ing to the 4. w, x and y
base verb:
For words that end w, x and y, do not double the
Do-doing
last consonant; just add -ing:
ask –asking
Enjoy-enjoying
--------------------------------------------------------study- studying
2. silent 'e'
--------------------------------------------------------When the verb ends with a silent e, drop the e
5. –ie verbs
and add -ing:
For verbs that end in –ie, change the ie to y
Make-making
before
take -taking
adding –ing:
-------------------------------------------------------die–dying
3. one-syllable verbs
For short, one-syllable verbs, that end with
consonant + vowel + consonant (CVC),
we must double the last consonant and then add
-ing:
swim-swimming
run- running
Practice: Present Continuous Affirmative and Negative Statements and Spelling Rules
1. Write the –ing form of the following verbs:
dance
stop
wash
make
sit
Swim
Stay
Say
Play
Drive
read
talk
clean
write
wait
live
eat
run
work
walk
2. What are they doing? Write a sentence for each picture. Use the present continuous.
1__________________________________ 5 ____________________________________
2__________________________________ 6_____________________________________
3__________________________________ 7_____________________________________
4__________________________________ 8_____________________________________
17
3. Change the statements into negative sentences.
1. You‘re listening to me.___________________________________________________________
2. Tim is studying English.__________________________________________________________
3. We‘re playing football.___________________________________________________________
4. You are drawing a portrait._______________________________________________________
5. It is raining.___________________________________________________________________
6. My mother is cooking lunch._______________________________________________________
7. They are doing their homework.____________________________________________________
8. Sue and Helen are watching a scary movie.___________________________________________
STUDY: PRESENT CONTINUOUS QUESTIONS
There are two kinds of questions: close questions and information questions.
1. Close Questions
The answer to these questions is yes or no.
Study the following examples:
Are they dancing?
Yes, they are.
Is he cooking?
No, he isn‘t. (He‘s eating).
Is he reading?
Yes, he is.
FORM
Word Order:
Verb to be
Am
Is
Are
Subject
I
he
she
it
they
you
we
Short Answers:
Verb-ing
studying
watching
complement ?
english
?
?
T.V.
Yes,
?
playing
soccer
I
he
she
it
we
you
they
am
is
are
No,
I
he
she
it
we
you
they
am not
isn‘t
aren‘t
2. Information Questions
The answer to these questions gives us information.
Study the following examples:
What is he doing?
He‘s painting the wall.
Where is he singing?
He‘s singing in the shower.
What are they eating?
They are eating cheese.
18
FORM
Word Order
Wh question
Where
Verb to be
am
What
is
When
are
subject
I
he
she
it
we
you
they
Verb -ing
going
complement
doing
in the
kitchen
studying
for the test
?
?
?
?
PRACTICE: PRESENT CONTINUOUS QUESTIONS.
1. Change the statements into questions:
1. Laura is reading.__________________________________________________________
2. Mike and Tommy are eating.________________________________________________
3. It is raining._____________________________________________________________
4. We are waiting in the right place.____________________________________________
5. Daniel is talking to Ann.___________________________________________________
6. You are waiting for Susan.__________________________________________________
7. She is sitting here.________________________________________________________
8. Sue and Helen are watching a movie._________________________________________
2. Make questions. Order the words.
1. the children/in the garden? /doing/what/are____________________________________
2. is watching/ T.V.?/ who/__________________________________________________
3. you/crying?/are/why_____________________________________________________
4. are/Meg and Sue/studying?/where___________________________________________
5. cooking?/you/what/are/____________________________________________________
6. is/working/Paul/today?____________________________________________________
7. why/you/looking/ at me?/are________________________________________________
8. your friends/ where/ going?/ are______________________________________________
3. Match the two columns
1. Are you Studying English?
2. Where are you studying?
3. When are you doing your test?
4. Are you feeling well?
5. What are you doing?
6. Are you walking to school today?
7. Yes, I am. I ‗m feeling great!
8. No. My parents are driving me.
9. Yes, I am.
10. At CCH Sur.
11. I´m answering an English study guide
12. On July.
19
4. Look at the pictures and complete the questions. Use the present continuous and the
verbs in the box:
listen to
What_________________?
eat
read
What ___________________?
What_______________?
READING SECTION
Read the following text:
I’m Emily. I live in an apartment on a busy street. At the moment, I’m
looking out of the window. Here are the things happening:
A young woman is entering the florist. She is carrying a small bag. A man is
waiting at the bus stop. He is looking at his watch. A butcher is standing in
front of his door and waiting for customers. A black cat is walking around the butcher and
waiting for some meat. A policeman is talking to a strange man. The man is wearing a long
coat, a black hat, and sun- glasses. The policeman is looking at him very carefully. Two little
boys are walking across the road. They are holding ice cream in their hands, but they aren’t
eating it. An old man is sitting on a bench. He is reading a newspaper. A woman is walking
her brown dog and at the same time talking on the cellphone. The dog is very big.
Oh, who’s that? She is my Mum and Thomas is with her. She is parking the car in the
garage. There are shopping bags in the car. She is returning from shopping. Thomas is
running to his room in order to do his homework.
1. Fill in the blanks with the words in the circle
1. ____________ is wearing sun glasses.
2. ____________ is walking around the
butcher.
3. ____________ is parking her car.
4. ____________ is buying flowers.
5. ____________ is reading newspaper.
mum
cat
old man
strange man
young woman
dog
policeman
20
2. Answer the questions in complete sentences.
1. Are the boys eating the ice-cream? ________________________________________.
2. Is the young woman going to the butcher? __________________________________.
3. Who is talking on the cellphone? ________________________________________.
4. Where is the old man sitting? _______________________________________________.
5. Why is Thomas running to his room? ________________________________________.
LISTENING SECTION
1. Listen to two people talking about what they are doing. Read the sentences and
check true or false.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Carolyn is shopping.
Carolyn is shopping with Anna, Sylvia, and Rachel.
Carolyn is having fun.
Rosie is doing homework.
Rosie is having fun.
Go to CD track 2
WRITING SECTION
true
true
true
true
true
false
false
false
false
false
What are the people doing?
1. Look at the pictures. Compare them. and, write sentences.
Example:
In the first picture, Helen is sleeping, but in the second picture, she isn‘t sleeping, she‘s
reading.
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
21
STUDY: PRESENT CONTINUOUS FOR FUTURE ARRANGEMENTS (activities)
USE
We can use the present continuous when we talk about arrangements for the future.
Arrangements are plans, but we are sure they will happen. We often write them in our
diaries. We use expressions like: this afternoon, this week, this month, and this year. We
can also use expressions like: next Monday, next week, next month, next year, etc..
Look at Monica‘s activities for next week:
Monday 12
4 p.m. Study English for Friday test.
Tuesday 13
5 p.m. Soccer game with Tommy
Wednesday 14
2.30 p.m. washing up
Thursday 15
5 p.m. help my mother
Friday 16
9 p.m. party at Jim’s
Saturday 17
7 p.m. Cinema
Sunday 18
3 p.m. Lunch with parents
Notes:
Complete the example:
1) What is Monica doing next Monday?
2) What is Monica doing next Thursday?
She is studying English for her Friday
She __ _____________ her mother
test.
Monica is not doing these activities right now. Monica is doing these activities next week.
Remember the word order of the present continuous:
FORM
Complete the charts:
Affirmative form:
Negative form:
Interrogative form:
S+ verb to be + verb + - ing + C
S+ verb to be +not + verb + - ing + C
verb to be + S + verb + - ing + C + ?
I am watching T.V.
You ___ washing the dishes
He is clean____ the house
She ___ shopping
We ____ danc______
They are ____ play_____
soccer.
I am not watching T.V.
You ___ ___ washing the
dishes
He is ____clean____ the house
She ___ ______ shopping
We ____ ______danc______
They are ____ _____play_____
soccer.
Am_____ watching T.V?
______ you wash_____ the
dishes?
_____ ____ cleaning the house?
Is ______ shop_____?
____ we danc_____?
______ _______ play____
soccer?
Wh- question form:
Wh- + verb to be + S + verb + - ing + C + ?
What are you doing?
Where ____ he go_____?
What ____ she____ read_____?
When are we study_____?
Who___ they talk____ to?
Short answers form:
We use the short answer form to answer
yes/no questions
Yes, I am.
Or No, Im not
Yes, you are. Or No, You aren‘t.
Yes, he is.
Or No, he isn‘t.
Yes, she ___ or No, ____________
Yes we _____ or No, ____________
Yes they ______ or No, _____________
22
PRACTICE: PRESENT CONTINUOUS FOR FUTURE ARRANGEMENTS
1. Look at Pete’s diary. Write a sentence for each day. Use the verb in brackets.
Saturday
Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Buy groceries
exercise in park with Dan 10 a.m.
study at home
English class
meet James at the mall
movie at Laura’s house
Party
1. (buy) He’s buying groceries._____________________________________________
2. (do) _________________________________________________________________
3. (study)_______________________________________________________________
4. (taking)______________________________________________________________
5. (meet)_______________________________________________________________
6. (watch)______________________________________________________________
7. (going)_______________________________________________________________
2. Look at the pictures. What are these people doing nest Friday? Use the words
below.
study
play
go
have
1. Tim and John ______________basketball. 2. Helen __________________to the
movies.
3. Linda and Sue ________________lunch.
math
4. Max________________________
3. Write questions. All sentences are future arrangements.
1. you/go/out/ tonight?____________________________________________________
2. you/work/next week?___________________________________________________
3. What/you/do/tomorrow evening?__________________________________________
4. What time/ your friends/come?___________________________________________
5. When/ Liz/ go/ on holiday?______________________________________________
4. Change the sentences into negative.
1. Sue is visiting her grandmother on Friday.___________________________________
2. I am having a surprise birthday party.______________________________________
3. Tom and I are going to the zoo this Sunday._________________________________
4. Hugh is studying French.________________________________________________
23
READING SECTION
My name is Rita Garcia and I‘m 17 years old. Next week, I‘m going to Dublin, Ireland
to work as a nanny. I‘m taking English classes because I want to improve my English
too.
My Irish family sent me the timetable for my first week so everything is
organized!
On Saturday at three-thirty I‘m taking the flight to Dublin airport! I will arrive at
six o‘clock and Mr. and Mrs. Green are picking me up at the airport.
On Sunday we are having a welcome party at home where I‘m meeting the rest
of the family, neighbors and other nannies in the area.
Monday, Wednesday and Friday, I‘m taking the children to school at eight
o‘clock in the morning. And, at ten in the morning I‘m having English lessons at the
Dublin language Center.
Once my lessons are finished, I‘m looking after the children, playing with them
and helping them with their homework.
On Tuesday and Thursday at eight o‘clock I‘m driving the children to school. At
ten a.m. I‘m cleaning the children‘s rooms. In the afternoon, at four p.m., I‘m taking
Hope and Sarah, the kids that I‘m taking care of, to their horseback riding lessons.
I’m really looking forward to living there, but I’m a bit nervous too! I’m
sure it’s going to be a great experience!
1. Complete the chart with Rita’s activities for next week.
Saturday
Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
2. Answer the following questions:
1. How old is Rita?_______________________________________________________
2. Where is she going to work?_____________________________________________
3. What‘s the name of her Irish Family?______________________________________
4. Where is she studying English?___________________________________________
5. Who are Hope and Sarah?_______________________________________________
24
WRITING SECTION
1. Write your activities for next week in the diary below. Be very specific and
include at least two activities per day.
Monday
Friday
Tuesday
Saturday
Wednesday
Sunday
Thursday
Notes:
2. In a paragraph form. Write your most important activities for next week.
Write from 50 to 100 words. Include:
What are you doing?
Where are you going?
Important meetings?
Special events?
Chores?
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
(2) For further practice on Present continuous for future arrangements go to web links page.
25
STUDY: PRESENT SIMPLE AND PRESENT CONTINUOUS
1. We use the present simple for timetables, programs, trains, buses, etc…
The concert starts at 8 p.m.
The bus leaves at 7 a.m.
The Barber opens at 10 a.m.
What Do You Remember? Go back and review the following. Then, complete the
charts:
Use:
Affirmative form
Negative form
Interrogative Form
Short Answers
Frequency Adverbs
2. We use the present continuous for future plans and arrangements done by people.
I’m singing in the concert tomorrow night.
They are leaving at 7 a.m. tomorrow.
Max is going to the barbershop next Monday at 10 a.m.
What Do You Remember? Go back and review the following. Then, complete the
charts:
Use
Affirmative Form
Negative Form
Interrogative form
Short Answers
Expressions
26
PRACTICE: PRESENT SIMPLE AND PRESENT CONTINUOUS
1. Put the verb in the present continuous (I am studying etc..) or the present simple
(she studies etc…).as needed.
1. ―__________________________________(you/go) out tonight?‖ ―No, I‘m too tired‖
2. ―_________________(we/go) to a movie tonight. _______________(it/ start) at 8:00.
3. Sue and Tom_____________________________________(get married) next month.
4. The train to Brisbane _________________________(leave) at 7 a.m. every Monday.
5. The Classes ____________________________________________(finish) on May 7.
6. Summer Holidays ________________________________________(start) on May 8.
7. My parents__________________________________(go) to the shopping mall. They
______________________(buy) presents and decorations for my brother‘s birthday.
8. a: How ______________________(you/get) home after the party tomorrow? By taxi?
b: No, I can go by bus. The last bus________________________(leave) at midnight.
9. a: Do you want to go to the cinema tonight?
b: Yes. What time_______________________________________? (the movie/start)
10. a: What_____________________________________(you/do) tomorrow afternoon?
b: __________________________________________________________(I/work).
2. Write a sentence for each picture. Use the words below. Use the Present
Continuous or the Present Simple.
Eat
walk
go
play cook
leave open
leave
The ________________________ at 4 o‘clock.
Jim ___________________his dog.
Julia________________ tennis every Monday.
The market ____________at 11 a.m.
My parents _________________ to Greece.
Their airplane ___________ at 3 :00p.m.
John _____________________Chinese food. They usually _______________at 1 p.m.
27
READING SECTION
―What is that?‖ Ronald Johnson thinks.
Ronald Johnson is a student in Kansas (the USA). He is on his way home. Suddenly he
sees a glowing mushroom-shaped object flying one meter above the ground. Ronald is
afraid and fascinated. The mushroom is making a strange sound. Suddenly the sound
changes and the object quickly takes off into the night sky.
As it leaves, the bright light blinds Ronald.
This is a famous story about a sighting of a UFO. But is the story true?
Every year, thousands of people see strange lights or objects in the sky. Some scientists
believe that these are reflections from the sun or stars, gases or even birds. Other
scientists, like Dr. Allen Hynek, disagree. Dr. Hynek is an astronomer and works at the
Centre for UFO Studies in Chicago. He says that scientists can explain most things, but
there are cases – as many as 10% of the sightings – that they can‘t explain. He says that
many reports come from serious people who take lie detector tests to show that they are
telling the truth. Also, there are often physical signs, like marks on the ground or strange
bits of metal.
Because of this, Dr. Hynek and scientists like him believe that there‘s life in the outer
space.
Circle true or false:
1 Ronald Johnson is an engineer for the NASA.
2 The unidentified flying object (UFO) was flying 3 meters above the
ground.
3 The object doesn‘t make any sound.
4 All the scientists believe in this story.
5 Dr. Hynek believes that there‘s life in the outer space.
T
T
F
F
T
T
T
F
F
F
Answer the following questions:
1. Where does Ronald Johnson live?_________________________________________
2. Describe the object he saw.______________________________________________
3. What are some possible explanations for the sightings?________________________
______________________________________________________________________
4. Who believes in UFOs?_________________________________________________
5. Give two reasons why they believe in UFOs. ________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
28
LISTENING SECTION
1.
Kay, Ray and Tina are at a barbecue.
Listen to the first part of the conversation
and complete the gaps with the phrases from the box.
Excuse me / this is my friend Kate / I’m having a great time / that’s great / nice to meet
you
This is my best friend / I’m having so much fun / pleased to meet you / pardon me/ that’s cool
Tina: Hey, Ray, ______________________. She‘s visiting from Chicago.
Ray: Oh, Hi. _________________________. So, uh…. are you here on vacation?
Kate: Yeah. I‘m here for a week.
Ray: ____________________! Are you enjoying Laguna Beach?
Kate: Yeah! I‘m taking a scuba-diving course.
Ray: __________________. How‘s it going?
Kate: Really well. And _______________________________________________.
Tina: Oh, that‘s my cell phone. _________________________________________.
Ray: Sure.
2. Listen to the second part of the conversation and choose the correct option.
1. Ray knows Tina because:
a) They are studying at the same school b) They take the same class c) they go to the
same club.
2. Ray is studying:
a) softball
3. Tina and Ray play softball
a) every Saturday
b) law
b) on the weekend
c) sports
c) Saturday mornings
when the weather
is good.
Go to CD track 3
29
WRITING SECTION
1. Look at the information about Anna.
Name:
City:
Age:
Job:
Right now:
During the week:
Friday evening:
Weekend:
Anna Wilson
Ottawa, Canada
30
Fashion designer
Watching T.V. with her daughter Lola.
Monday evening: violin lesson
Have dinner in a restaurant
Always/ goes to the park with her daughter
Sometimes/ goes to the local pool.
2. Write a paragraph using the information from the box. Use present simple and
continuous.
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
30
STUDY: GOING TO
FORM
We use verb to be + going to + verb
USE
1. to talk about future plans:
We are going to sing at the party!
He’s not going to the party.
He has to work.
What are you going
to do tomorrow?
2. When we are sure something is going to happen in the future:
I’m going to the beach
You’re not going to school tomorrow
Are you going to
have a test tomorrow?
I‘m going to do something = I have decided to do it, my intention is to do it.
Verb Form:
Affirmative form:
Subject
I
He/she/ it
We/you/they
Verb to be
am
is
are
going to
going to
going to
going to
verb
watch
eat
dance
Complement
T.V
lunch
tonight.
Negative Form:
Subject
I
He/she/ it
We/you/they
Verb to
be
am
is
are
not
going to
verb
Complement
not
not
not
going to
going to
going to
watch
eat
dance
T.V.
lunch
tonight
Interrogative Form:
Answers:
Wh-
What
Verb to be
Am
Is
are
Subject
I
He/she/ it
We/you/th
ey
going to
going to
going to
going to
verb
see
play
do
complement?
you tomorrow?
video games?
tonight?
Yes, you are.
No, he is not
I‘m going to do
laundry.
31
PRACTICE: GOING TO
1. What are these people going to do? Write a sentence for each picture.
2. Rewrite each sentence or question with going to.
1. Maria plans to adopt a dog next month. Maria is going to adopt a dog next month.
2. We don‘t plan to go on vacation this year.__________________________________
3. What are your plans for the summer?_____________________________________
4. Tom and Naomi intend to get married next month.___________________________
5. Look! That tree is about to fall over!_______________________________________
6. The forecast for tomorrow is rain._________________________________________
7. Does Mary plan to make a party on Friday?_________________________________
8. I don‘t intend to get a new car.____________________________________________
9. We don‘t plan to swim today.____________________________________________
10. My friends plan to study tonight._________________________________________
3. What’s going to happen? Write a sentence for each picture. Use going to.
rain
__________________________
have a test tomorrow
go on vacation
_______________________
_____________
32
READING SECTION
Read the following text.
This year, Carol‘s going to spend two weeks in Paris all by herself. She‘s going to do a
French course because she wants to improve her French. She‘s going to have classes
only in the mornings; the afternoons are going to be free. She‘s planning to visit
museums, walk around the city and meet the locals.
She‘s going to stay with a host family that she doesn‘t know. They have a girl of the
same age as Carol and she hopes they‘re going to get along well together.
She can‘t wait but her parents feel differently: they‘re a little worried because it‘s the
first time their daughter is going to travel alone.
It‘s going to be a completely different experience. She‘s going to meet different people
and live in a different culture for some days and besides...she‘s going to be alone. She‘s
going to have a great time.
Answer the following questions.
1. Where is Carol going to spend her next holidays?
________________________________________________________________
2. What is she going to do there?
________________________________________________________________
3. Is she going to have classes in the afternoon?
________________________________________________________________
4. Where is she going to stay?
________________________________________________________________
5. How do her parents feel about her trip?
________________________________________________________________
6. Why is it going to be a different experience?
________________________________________________________________
33
WRITING SECTION
What are your plans for next summer? Write a short paragraph (50 to 100 words).
Don‘t forget to use am/is/are; going to. Use connectors: First, then, later, after that,
finally. Use the prompts below to help you with your paragraph.
What time are you going to wake up?
Are you going to do something special?
Who are you seeing?
Where are you going?
What are you going to wear?
With whom are you going?
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
34
STUDY: FIRST CONDITIONAL
USE
We use first conditional sentences to talk about an action and its consequence.
Conditional sentences have two clauses or parts; the if clause, where the action is
shown, and the consequence clause.
Look and study the following examples:
action:
consequence:
If I study hard, I will pass the exam.
bus.
action:
consequence:
If Ben doesn’t get up early, he will miss the
action:
consequence:
If the weather is nice, I‘m going to go to the beach.
FORM
Word order
If + present simple, will + simple form
We use the present simple after if, and will or going to in the other clause.
if
If
If
If
Present simple
we miss the bus
we don‘t go now
I leave early
, S
, we
, we
, I‘m
will/going to
will
Won‘t
going to
Verb in simple form
be
get
go
C
late.
there on time.
to the movies.
An if- clause can come at the beginning of the sentence or at the end. Notice the use of
commas:
with commas,
If she stays home, she‘s going to relax.
no commas
= She‘s going to relax if she stays home.
If she has enough time, she will see the movie.
= She will see the movie if she has
…………………………………………………………………………enough time.
35
PRACTICE: FIRST CONDITIONAL
1. Complete the sentence. Use the correct form of the verb in brackets.
1. If Tommy (not leave)__________________now, he (miss)_____________his bus.
2. If my friends ______________ (come), I ___________________ (be) very happy.
3. If it ______________ (rain), the children _________________ (not/go) for a walk.
4. If she ____________ (not earn) a lot of money, she _______________ (not fly) to
New York.
5. If he _____________ (have) a temperature, he _______________ (see) the doctor.
2. Write sentences beginning with if. Choose from the boxes.
if +
you don‘t hurry
you pass the exam
you go on holiday
you don‘t work
you don‘t like the movie
+
you will choose one next time
we´ll be late
you‘re not going to have any money
you‘ll get a certificate
I‘ll go with you.
1._____________________________________________________________________
2._____________________________________________________________________
3._____________________________________________________________________
4._____________________________________________________________________
5._____________________________________________________________________
3. Use your own ideas to complete these sentences:
1. I‘m going to the movies if_______________________________________________
2. We can go to the party on Friday if________________________________________
3. if you don‘t come with me______________________________________________
4. Sam is not going to pass his exams_______________________________________
5. if I have time tomorrow________________________________________________
6. If you come back next week_____________________________________________
7. if I go to university____________________________________________________
8. I‘m going to feel very sad_______________________________________________
9. I‘m going to feel very angry_____________________________________________
10. I‘m going to feel very happy___________________________________________
36
READING SECTION
Read the following text.
“Famous Bridges”
People and vehicles use bridges to cross bodies of water, valleys and roads. If you ask people to
name some famous American bridges, they probably will include the Golden Gate Bridge in
San Francisco, California and the Brooklyn Bridge in New York City. Both are suspension
bridges. They cross great distances and have roadways that hang from steel cables supported by
high towers.
You may think the Golden Gate Bridge was named for its orange color. But it is named for the
body of water that it crosses - the Golden Gate Strait. The Golden Gate Strait is the entrance to
the San Francisco Bay from the Pacific Ocean. The Golden Gate Bridge links the city of San
Francisco with Marin County, California.
Joseph Strauss designed the bridge. It opened in 1937. The Golden Gate Bridge extends 1,280
meters across the water. It was the longest suspension bridge in the world until 1964. That is
when the Verrazano Narrows Bridge opened in New York City. Still, the Golden Gate Bridge
has become famous around the world. And many people consider it to be the most beautiful
bridge structure in the world.
The Brooklyn Bridge is much older than the Golden Gate. It was one of the first great
suspension bridges. It was built between 1869 and 1883. John Augustus Roebling designed the
bridge. But he died as a result of an accident at the start of its construction.
His son, Washington Roebling, replaced him as chief engineer. But he became sick while
working underwater. Washington Roebling was not able to go to the construction area. Yet he
continued to direct the operations through his wife, Emily.
The Brooklyn Bridge links Brooklyn with Manhattan Island. It extends 486 meters over the East
River. It was the longest bridge in the world until the Firth of Forth cantilever bridge was built
in Scotland in 1890. Today, thousands of cars, trucks, bicycles and people cross the Brooklyn
Bridge every day.
Circle true or false:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
The Golden Gate Bridge was the first great suspension bridge
The Brooklyn Bridge is a cantilever bridge.
The Verrazano Narrows Bridge is the longest suspension bridge in the
world.
The designer of the Golden Gate Bridge died as a result of an accident at the
start of its construction.
Suspension bridges hang from steel cables supported by high towers.
The Golden Gate Bridge connects the city of San Francisco with Marin
County, California.
People only use bridges for crossing bodies of water.
The Golden Gate Bridge was named for its orange color.
The Golden Gate Strait is the entrance to the San Francisco Bay.
The Golden Gate Bridge is much older than the Brooklyn Bridge.
true false
true false
true false
true false
true false
true false
true
true
true
true
false
false
false
false
37
WRITING SECTION
You are a reporter from your school newspaper. Write an article about your best
friend. Interview her and then write the report.
1. When were you born?
2. Where were you born?
3. Where did you grow up?
4. What do you do?
5. What are you studying now?
6. What do you like to do in your free time?
7. What would you like to do in the next five years?
Write your report using the information above. Use a minimum of 50 to 120 words.
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
38
LISTENING SECTION
Click on the link below to practice a listening activity.
http://www.esl-lounge.com/student/listening/1L1-world-of-movies.php
Choose the best answer:
1. What type of film is on Screen 1
a) horror/thriller
b) romance c)
2. Which screen has an animated film
a) 1
b) 2
c) 3
sci-fi
d) 4
3. What time does the first film start
a) 2.00 b) 3.00
c) 4.00
4. If you arrive at the cinema at 7.10, when is the next film
a) 7.25 b) 7.45
c) 7.55
5. Which screen is showing a love story
a) 2
b) 3
c) 4
6. Where is the director of 'Streetmatch' from
a) England
b) France
c) Spain
7. What time does the last film start
a) 11.45
b) 11.55
d) USA
c) 12.45
8. How much does it cost for a mother and father with 3 children (aged 16, 14 and 9) to
see
a) a film
b) 21.50
c) 22.50
d) 23.50
e) 24.50
Go to CD track 4
39
STUDY: COUNTABLE NOUNS
USE
Count nouns are easy to recognize. They are things that we can count.
Count nouns can be SINGULAR or PLURAL.
o
o
SINGULAR: My dog is
PLURAL: The dogs are
hungry.
fighting.
We can use the indefinite article a/an with count nouns:
o A dog is an animal.
When a count noun is singular, we must use a word like a/the/my/this with it:
I want an orange. (not I want orange.)
o Where is my bottle? (not Where is bottle?)
o
When a count noun is plural, we can use it alone:
o
I like oranges.
o
Bananas are delicious!
We can use some and any with count nouns:
o
o
I have some strawberries.
Do you have any peaches?
We use HOW MANY and ARE THERE ANY with plural count nouns:
o How many tomatoes are there in the kitchen?
o Are there any eggs?
REMEMBER!
Use SOME with affirmative sentences
Use ANY with questions
40
PRACTICE: COUNTABLE NOUNS
1. Complete the chart with words from the box
carrots
a pineapple
an orange
raspberries
a tomato
papayas
Singular count nouns
peas
an avocado
grapes
a watermelon
Plural count nouns
2. Complete the conversation. Use a, an, some or any.
Marie: What do you usually have for breakfast?
Bob: _______ tuna sandwich.
Marie: And, do you eat________ fruit?
Bob: Yes, I usually eat _________ apple
or _______ banana
Marie: What do you drink?
Bob: I often drink ____________orange juice.
3. Complete the following questions. Use YOUR OWN information.
1. How many ___________________________ are there in your kitchen?
2. Are there any ______________________________ in the fridge?
3. How many _______________________________ are there on the counter?
4. Do you have some __________________________________ on the shelf?
5. Do you need any _________________________________?
6. How about some ____________________________________ ?
41
STUDY: NON COUNTABLE NOUNS
Non-count nouns are substances, liquids, gases, and abstract ideas that we can not
divide into separate elements. We can’t "count" them individually.
We usually treat Non-count nouns as SINGULAR.
VERB.
We always use a SINGULAR
o
This fish is served with vegetables.
o Your salad looks delicious.
USE
We do not usually use the indefinite article a/an with uncountable nouns. We can not
say "an oil" or "a butter". But we can say a something of:
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
a slice of cheese
a bottle of water
a grain of rice
a box of pasta
a loaf of bread
a bowl of soup
a bag of onions
We can use some and any with uncountable nouns:
o
I have some noodles.
o
Do you have any cheese?
We use HOW MUCH and IS THERE ANY with non-count nouns.
o How much sugar do you want?
o Is there any milk in the fridge?
REMEMBER!
Use SOME with affirmative sentences
Use ANY with negative sentences
Use ANY with questions
42
PRACTICE: NON COUNTABLE NOUNS
1. Look at the picture. Complete the questions with: Are there any? Is there any?
How much? and / or How many? Then answer the questions.
1. ________________________ cheese in the fridge?
__________________________ .
2. ________________________ eggs?
_______________________.
3. ______________________ juice?
______________________ .
4. ______ _________bottles ________________?
________________________ .
5. ______ __________ fish ________________?
________________________.
2. Match the columns.
Letter
z
A
0 ) Is there any
1) Is there any
2) Are there any
3) How much
4) How many
B
(z) pizza on the counter?
(a) eggs do you need for this recipe?
(b) salt is in that tomato soup?
(c) pasta in the counter?
(d) peppers on the shelf?
3. Complete the conversation with SOME or ANY.
Tony: The store doesn‘t have __________________ potato salad.
Anna: Well, we have lots of potatoes. Let‘s make _____________!
Tony: OK. Do we have ___________________ mayonnaise?
Anna: No, we need to buy __________________.
Tony: We need _________________ peas, too.
Anna: Oh, I don‘t want ______________ peas. I hate peas!
Tony: Then let‘s get _______________ celery.
Anna: No, I don‘t want ____________ celery in my potato salad.
43
READING SECTION
How I Became Good at Cooking
by Shen Yu from China
When other people ask me what I am good at, I
often need to think a long time and I ask myself,
"What am I good at?" I like a lot of things, but I'm
not good at anything.
In China, I liked cooking, but in my family
everyone told me, "Your food doesn't taste good,
no one likes your cooking." If I had to cook, my
parents would say, "You have cooked the food
enough for us. Don't cook so much. We will cook
next time."
Now I am in America, and my husband is very busy. He rarely cooks food, so I have to
cook every day. Sometimes my husband comes home with his friends. When I cook
Chinese food for them, they say, "Your food is delicious. I have never eaten it in
America." So now, if you ask me what I am good at, I will say cooking.
Now answer the questions.
1. Shen thinks she does a lot of things.
T
F
2. In China, her family always cooked for her.
T
F
3. Her husband don´t often cook.
T
F
4. Her husband‘s friends like her food.
T
F
5. She thinks that her cooking has improved.
T
F
LISTENING SECTION. Look at the waiter’s order pads. Listen to the conversation.
Which is the correct order pad, A, B, C or D? Cross out the letter.
Ñ
A
1 Chicken salad
1 Roast beef +
…potatoes
B
1 Grilled chicken +
vegetables
C
1 Teriyaki chicken +
potatoes
1 Roast beef
1 Roast beef +
vegetables
1 Mineral wáter
1 mineral water
1 mineral water
1 Red wine
1 white wine
1 red wine
D
1 Teriyaki chicken
+ potatoes
1 Chicken salad
2 White wine
Go to CD track 5
44
WRITING SECTION
FOOD
What do you eat every day? Write from 50 to 120 words about food you like.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
45
STUDY: WAS/WERE
USE
“To be” is an irregular verb. Was/ Were is the past tense of am/is/are.
Let‘s compare the lives of two famous Beatles; Paul McCartney (alive=present) and
John Lennon (dead=past):
FORM
PRESENT
PAST
Paul McCartney is 66 years old.
John Lennon was born on 9 October 1940.
McCartney‘s father is a trumpet player.
Lennon's father was a merchant seaman
during World War II.
McCartney is an English singer, song-writer,
Lennon was an English rock musician.
Record and film producer.
He is a vegetarian and an animal activist.
He was a peace activist.
Linda McCartney is his wife.
John Lennon and Yoko Ono were married.
They are a happy couple.
They were a happy couple.
Study the following tables:
Present
I
You
He/She/It
We
They
Past
Am
Are
Is
Are
Are
I
You
He/She/It
We
They
was
were
was
were
were
Word Order
Affirmative Form:
Subject
I
He/she/it
We/you/they
was/were
was
was
were
Complement
fat. Now, I‘m thin.
very good at drawing when he was at school.
Were friends for many years. But, now we are not.
Negative Form: was not = wasn‘t
were not = weren‘t
Subject
Was/were not complement
I
was
not happy when I was young.
He/she/it
was
not very rich when he was young.
We/you/they
were
not Very famous at the beginning.
46
Question Form:
To ask a yes/no questions we use was/were and a complement.
was/were
was
was
were
subject
I
He/she/it
We/you/they
Complement
happy when I was young.
very rich when he was young.
Very famous at the beginning.
?
?
?
?
Short Answers:
Yes,
I
he/she/it
we/you/they
was.
was.
were.
I
No,
he/she/it
we/you/they
wasn‘t.
wasn‘t.
weren‘t.
To ask information questions we use a wh- question and was/were. We don’t use did or
didn’t.
Whwhat
when
who
was/were
was
was
were
subject
I
he/she/it
we/you/they
complement
doing
studying English
talking to
?
?
?
?
PRACTICE: WAS/WERE
1. Complete the sentences and questions with was/were
1. Tom and Jean _______________________in Spain last week.
2. Sarah ____________________________ten years old in 1987.
3. George ________________________ tired, so he went to bed.
4. Tony _______________________ at Peter‘s house yesterday.
5. Mum and Dad _______________________ at home last night.
6. Tommy ____________________my friend when we __________________at school.
7. Alice and Kate__________________ late for school yesterday.
8. Last summer it __________________________extremely hot.
9. This morning I ________________ very hungry because I didn‘t have breakfast.
10. A: ________ John F. Kennedy an American president?
B: Yes, he ______________.
11. ____________________ there a lot of people in the concert?
12. No, there_________________________________________.
13. Why _________________________ you late for work again?
14. Because there ________________________ a lot of traffic.
15. A: Where ____________ you born?
B: I _________________ born in Sidney Australia
47
2. Put the next questions in order and match them with the correct answers.
Questions:
1. were/ with/ you/Who/ the library/at/?______________________________________
2. the meeting/at/were/people/How many/?____________________________________
3. you/were/sad/Why/?____________________________________________________
4. last night/you/home/were/at/?____________________________________________
5. open/was/shop/the/? ___________________________________________________
6. were/much/tickets/the/how/?____________________________________________
Answers:
_______ No, it was closed.
_______ Forty five.
_______ $ 20.
_______ Because I was alone.
_______ No, I was out.
_______I was with Mary.
3. Underline the correct form of “to be” in the simple past to complete the text coherently
―My name is Niall Kelly, and I 1. was/were born in 1946, in a village called Mallahyde,
in Ireland. My father Donald 2. was/were an engineer, and Maeve, my mother 3.
was/were a nurse. There
4. was/were six people in my family; my parents, my three
sisters and me. My sisters 5. was/were usually very noisy, but I 6. was/were a quiet
child. I 7. wasn’t/weren’t happy at my first school. I 8. wasn’t /weren’t good at Math
or English, but I 9. was/were very good at sports, especially football. I remember my
best friends 10. was/were two brothers called Ted and Brian, and they 11. was/were
always very naughty in class. I also remember my favorite food, it 12.was/were hot
bread!‖
4. Fill in the paragraph about life in the 1900’s with the correct form of “to be”
(singular, plural, affirmative or negative ) in the past.
1. The president of the United States in 1900 ________________________ William McKinley.
2. In the same year, Queen Victoria _____________________________ the queen of England.
3. There _________ many cars in the world, but bicycles ___________________ very popular.
4. In Britain, for example, there _____________________________600, 000 bicycles in 1900.
5. Cars __________ very slow. Roads ________ very good and driving ________ always safe.
6. Coca cola ______ a popular drink in America, but it _______well-known in other countries.
7. There _____ a lot of trains, but there______ any airplanes. The first plane _______ in 1907.
48
READING SECTION
Read the following reviews. Then, answer true, false or doesn‘t say.
“The Shy Girl”
Rosie is in love with her best friend, Nick.
But Nick doesn‘t know because Rosie‘s too shy to tell him.
This film is for the fans of romance... and happy endings!
The critics say:
―This film was happy and sad. The ending was brilliant.‖ ―The story wasn‘t very good,
but the acting was great‖
“The Alliens”
Many years ago, there were some alien visitors to planet Earth.
Now the Aliens are coming back and they aren‘t very friendly! Don‘t see this film
alone!
The critics say:
―The special effects were fantastic.
I was scared and amazed!‖
―A brilliant science fiction film”
“Crazy Cowboys‖
Gary, Hank and Bill are in trouble. They steal some money and soon the police are
looking for them. So they go to the Wild West and become cowboys. Then, their real
problems begin! Follow the three friends on their crazy adventures! laughs for all ages.
The critics say:
―This film was really funny. Lots of good jokes and three very silly heroes!‖
―Comedies aren‘t my favorite kind of film, but this one was great. Don‘t miss it!‖
1. ―The Aliens‖ is a horror film.
2. Just over 15s can watch ―The Aliens‖.
3. The critics like ―The Aliens‖.
4. ―The Aliens‖ has very good special effects.
5. In ―Crazy Cowboys‖ Gary, Bill and Hank are the
cowboys.
6. Gary, Bill and Hank are robbers.
7. Gary, Bill and Hank are really clever friends.
8. The critics don‘t like this film.
9. ―The Shy Girl‖ is an action film.
10. In ―The Shy Girl‖, Nick can‘t tell his love. .
11. ―The Shy Girl‖ has with a happy ending. .
12. Critics think the story was boring. .
true
true
true
true
true
false
false
false
false
false
doesn’t say
doesn’t say
doesn’t say
doesn’t say
doesn’t say
true
true
true
true
true
true
true
false
false
false
false
false
false
false
doesn’t say
doesn’t say
doesn’t say
doesn’t say
doesn’t say
doesn’t say
doesn’t say
49
STUDY: PAST SIMPLE AFFIRMATIVE
USE
We use the simple past to express an action finished at a specific time in the past.
1. Use the Simple Past to express the idea that an action started and finished at a specific
time in the past. Sometimes, the speaker may not actually mention the specific time, but
they do have one specific time in mind.
John Lennon sang with The Beatles.
John Lennon wrote many songs.
They lived in
London.
FORM
WORD ORDER
AFFIRMATIVE FORM:
Subject
I
You
He/she/it
We
They
Verb in Past Tense
lived
bought
liked their songs.
saw them in a concert
were very famous
Complement
in London.
their records.
very much.
in England.
all over the world.
2. There are two kind of verbs; regular and irregular verbs.
STUDY: PAST SIMPLE OF REGULAR VERBS
Spelling rules:
To change regular verbs into past simple, add ED to the base form of the verb.
Examples: visit - visitED, finish finishED,
start startED
When the verb ends in E, add only D.
Examples: like - likeD,
love - loveD, move - moveD.
If a verb ends in vowel (a, e, i, o,u) before ―y‖, add ED.
Examples: plAY - played,
stAY - stayed,
STUDY: IRREGULAR VERBS
Irregular verbs in the past change differently. Examples:
Go-went,
take-took,
make-made.
50
PRACTICE: PAST SIMPLE AFFIRMATIVE
1. Complete the text with the correct past simple form of the verbs in the box.
be
go
see
meet
have
We (1)_________ to New York for a short vacation last week. It (2) __________ great!
We (3)_________our friends who live there. They _____________(4) really nice to us.
We (5) _________ to the Museum of Modern Art, where we (6) _____________some
beautiful pictures, and we (7) _________ dinner at Soho. Afterwards, we (8) ________
some friends of theirs in a bar. We also (9) _________ a really fantastic Brazilian
movie. We (10) ___________ a lot of fun.
2. Change the next verbs into past
Infinitive
imagine
cry
see
work
swim
teach
end
study
climb
laugh
smile
carry
waste
paint
run
Past tense
3. Write a sentence using the past simple tense for each picture. Use the following
verbs:
wake up drive buy eat fly arrive
1
2
3
4
5
6
51
STUDY: PRONUNCIATION OF REGULAR VERBS
USE
The regular past simple ending –ed can be pronounced in three different ways:
/t/
1. –ed is pronounced /t/ after verbs ending in these unvoiced sounds (sounds made
without using the voice box): K,P,F, S, Sh, X and Ch.
Examples:
verb
pronunciation
K
looked
/lukt/
P
stopped
/stopt/
F
laughed
/laft/
S
Passed
/past/
Sh
washed
/washt/
Ch
watched
/watcht/
/d/
2. After voiced endings (sounds made using the voice box) –ed is pronounced /d/. This
group is the largest and includes vowels sounds (A, E, I, O, U) and other sounds like:B,
M, N L, V, Y.
Examples:
verb
pronunciation
L
smiled
/smaild/
V
loved
/lovd/
M
welcomed
/welcomd/
N
Yawned
/yawnd/
Y
cried
/craid/
B
robbed
/robd/
/Id/
3. After verbs ending in /t/ or /d/ the pronunciation of –ed is /Id/.
Examples:
verb
pronunciation
T
visited
/visited/
D
decided
/decided/
52
PRACTICE: PRONUNCIATION OF REGULAR VERBS
1. Place the verbs in the box into the correct columns below, according to their
pronunciation. There are ten answers for each column.
Allowed, flooded, mixed, visited, asked, guessed, posted, wasted, cracked, included,
relaxed, washed, cried, jailed, repeated, watched, damaged, killed, shaved,
welcomed, decided, landed, slipped, yawned, encouraged, loved, stopped, ended,
missed, tasted
/t/
/d/
/Id/
STUDY: PAST SIMPLE NEGATIVE AND QUESTIONS
Study the following examples:
The Beatles didn’t sing in Spanish.
Did Beatles sing in English?
Yes, they did. They sang in English.
London.
The Beatles ddn’t live Tokyo.
Did The Beatles live in Moscow?
No, they didn’t. They lived in
Did is an auxiliary verb.
We use did/didn’t in past simple negatives and questions.
53
FORM
Word Order
Negative form:
To make a negative sentence we use did not = didn‘t and the verb in simple form:
Didn’t
Subject
I
You
He/She/It
We
They
verb
go
swim
play
watch
do
didn‘t
complement
to the party.
in the lake.
videogames yesterday.
television last night.
their science
homework.
Question Form:
To ask yes/no questions we use did and the verb in simple form:
did
did
did
subject
you
she
Verb
Do
Study
complement
your homework
English
?
?
?
I/You/He/She/It/We/They
didn‘t.
Short Answers:
Yes, I/You/He/She/It/We/They
did.
No,
To ask information questions we use a wh question, did, and the veb in simple form:
WhWhere
When
did
did
did
Subject
He
He
verb
study
go
complement
English
on holiday
?
?
?
PRACTICE: PAST SIMPLE NEGATIVE AND QUESTIONS
1. Change the sentences into negative sentences.
1. Our teacher arrived on time.______________________________________________
2. Sue study last night.____________________________________________________
3. We saw Harry Potter yesterday.___________________________________________
4. I did the laundry last Monday.____________________________________________
5. Karla invited me to her party._____________________________________________
6. I went to bed early last night._____________________________________________
7. The shops opened on Sunday.____________________________________________
8. Sam phoned me._______________________________________________________
9. I lost my mobile phone._________________________________________________
10. I loved you very much._________________________________________________
54
2. Complete the text with the correct past simple form of the verb in parentheses
I (1) _______(have) terrible problems at school with my final exams. I (2) __________
(study) very hard and I (3) _______ (be) stressed out. I (4) _________ (drink) lots of
coffee, so I (5) _________________ (not sleep) at night. My mother (6) _________
(tell) to rest but I (7) _________________ (not want) to.
I (8) _____________ (stay) in my room, studying for two weeks. I (9) __________ (be)
sick for a month. My parents (10) ___________ (be) very good to me during that time. I
(11) ___________ (spend) a month resting and then I (12) ___________ (start) studying
again. I passed the exam, I (13) ________________ (graduate) from school and I (14)
__________ (go) to university
3. Write the words in order to make questions.
1. Did/ how/ become/Shakira/famous/?______________________________________
2. Were/?/the/famous/When/Doors__________________________________________
3. The/Doors‘/were/fans/? / who____________________________________________
4. Do/about/what/know/Rolling Stones/?/the/you______________________________
5. You/bands/like U2/? / did/ like___________________________________________
4. Match the questions to the answers.
1 Was the concert good?
a
Yes, he did.
2 Did he sing your favorite song?
b No, it didn‘t.
3 What‘s it about?
c
4 Who wrote it?
d John Lennon.
5 Did the concert finish early?
e
Love.
It was fantastic.
5. Read the sentences and make questions with the information in parentheses.
1. We had fun last night. (what/do)
__What did you do?_______________________
2. We went out. (where/go) _______________________________________________
3. We saw friends.(who/see) ______________________________________________
4. I had a nice day yesterday. (go/school)____________________________________
55
5. We went to the movies. (what/see) _______________________________________
6. I saw an Italian movie. (like/it) _________________________________________
7. I had an exam yesterday. (exam/hard) _____________________________________
8. We went to a great restaurant.(What/have)__________________________________
9. I went to the movies last night. (see/ Chinatown)_____________________________
6. Match the previous questions to the following answers. Put the number of the question
on the line.
1. We had pizza and Jamie had spaghetti._____________________________________
2. We saw a great Indian Movie.____________________________________________
3. My friends. Alice and Elizabeth.__________________________________________
4. No, I didn‘t. We had a holiday, so I went to the beach._________________________
5. No, it wasn‘t too hard._________________________________________________
6. Yes, it was absolutely fantastic!___________________________________________
7. No, it was playing at 9:20 and that was too late for Angie, so we saw a different
movie. _______________________________________________________________
8. We went to the theatre.__________________________________________________
9. We had dinner with friends._____________________________________________
56
READING SECTION
1. Choose the correct answer.
1. What is the text about?
A) The assassination of JF Kennedy. B) Kennedy‘s life.
C) The Kennedys.
2. Answer with complete sentences.
1. When was John F. Kennedy born?_________________________________________
2. What was his father‘s job?_______________________________________________
3. Who did he marry?_____________________________________________________
4. How many children did he have?__________________________________________
3. Cross T (true) or F (false) if the sentences are true or false.
1. Kennedy‘s children are all alive.
T
F
2. Two Kennedy‘s brothers were assassinated too.
T
F
3. The Kennedy‘s family story is a happy one.
T
F
57
LISTENING SECTION
Listen to the audio and answer the following questions.
A. Underline the correct option
1. J.K. Rowling was born in:
a) 1963
b) 1955
c)1965.
2. She wrote her first story when she was:
a) 16
b) 6
c)36.
3. She had the idea for Harry Potter:
a) On a train b) at university
c) when she was in France.
B. Answer with complete sentences
1. What did she do in 1992?_______________________________________________
2. Who did she marry?___________________________________________________
3. What was her daughter‘s name?__________________________________________
4. Where did she live when she returned to England?___________________________
3. Mark T for true and F for false sentences.
1. For some time she didn‘t have a job.
T
F
2. She didn‘t write in her house because it was cold.
T
F
3. She doesn‘t write in coffee shops.
T
F
Go to CD track 6
58
WRITING SECTION
Write in a paragraph form all the things you did yesterday. Follow the prompts.
Write 50 to 150 words.
What time did you get up?
What did you do?
Where did you go?
Who did you see or talk to?
Did something interesting happened?
What did you do in the afternoon?
____Yesterday__________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
59
STUDY: SHOULD /SHOULDN’T
USE
1. We use should to give and ask for a word of advice.
Ringo should lose some weight. A: I have a terrible cold! What should I do for my party?
He’s too fat.
B: You shouldn’t smoke.
Should is a social formula used to give and ask for advice. It is a Modal Auxiliary so
it‘s always associated with a verb in the simple form. Should is the same for all the
subjects, singular like I or you, third persons like she, he, it, Carlos, or Rachel, and
plural like we, they, you, my sisters or your children.
Analyze the following tables:
FORM
Affirmative
I
You
She/He/ It
We
They
take an aspirin.
Should
see the dentist.
Negative
I
You
She/He/ It
eat so much candy.
shouldn't
We
They
swim in that river.
Questions
Answers
I
you
Should she/he/it
What
we
they
call the doctor?
Yes, you should.
No, he shouldn't.
wear for a wedding?
You should wear a tuxedo.
60
PRACTICE: SHOULD AND SHOULDN’T
1. Match the two columns
1. Should I see a doctor?
a. No, she shouldn‘t.
2. I have a bad headache.
b. She should go to bed.
3. Where should I go?
c. Yes, you should.
4. Should she take something?
d. He shouldn‘t go to school today.
5. He has a fever.
e. You should visit the cathedral.
6. What should she do?
f. You should take an aspirin.
2. Conversation. Complete the conversation with words and phrases from the box.
You should
can be
the streets
city
buy
too late
go to
Mexico City
we
Where
shouldn‘t
A: We are traveling to (1)_Mexico City_ this Summer. What do you think we
should visit?
B: Well, (2)_________________take a tour in the city center. You should stop at the
Bellas Artes Palace and see the program. You should (3)___________________ a
concert there!
A: (4)___________ should we do shopping?
B: You should (5)___________ souvenirs in well established stores or you can go
shopping to Coyoacan. You should go on Sunday and walk round the main
square.
A: Should we explore (6)____________ there?
B: Yes, but you (7)______________ go into lonely or dark streets. You shouldn‘t
walk (8)_______________ at night.
A: Should (9)___________________ rent a car or take tours?
B: I think you should book some tours, the city is too big and it (10)__________
difficult to drive in a (11)__________________ you don‘t know.
3. Suggest a remedy. Use should or shouldn’t and the base form of a verb.
1 ―I have a terrible backache.‖
You: You should lie down.
2 ―Oh, my mouth! What a toothache!‖
You:
3 ―My sister has a bad cough.‖
You:
4 ―My friend has a stomachache. He feels awful.‖ You:
5 ―I feel terrible. I have sore throat.‖
You:
6 ―I don‘t feel well. I think I have a fever.‖
You:
61
READING SECTION
Read the following text and answer TRUE or FALSE in the chart below.
LITTLE RED RIDING CHUBBY
Once upon a time, Little Red Riding Chubby (also known as Lara) decided to visit her
grandmother. Lara took some food for her grandma. Lara was a very playful girl, she
loved games, especially video-games, but she was a little obese. She ate lots of candy
and never exercised. On the way, she met the bald wolf. The wolf wanted to compete
on a race. Lara accepted the challenge and ran to her granny's house.
As Lara had some food in her basket, she ran slowly. She wanted to win so she ate all
the food and left the basket in the forest. She ran and arrived at her granny's very very
tired, she had stomachache because she ate so much and ran so much.
She was surprised to see the bald wolf there. The wolf was a trained athlete and arrived
twenty minutes before her. Her grandmother was at home making lemonade for her
guests. The wolf told her that Lara was coming.
Lara wasn't only tired and sick, she was also shocked. She hated losing, so when the
door opened, she collapsed. Fortunately, the wolf gave her CPR and saved her life.
Grandma was very worried, but in the end the wolf told them he was a strict vegetarian,
and led a very healthy life, so he gave them some advice.
THE END
Choose the best answer, check TRUE or FALSE.
1 Lara didn't like games.
T F
2 Lara shouldn't eat so much candy.
T F
3 Lara should exercise regularly.
T F
4 The wolf ate fat children.
T F
5 The wolf let Lara win the race.
T F
6 Lara shouldn't eat the food from the basket.
T F
7 Lara's grandma didn't make lemonade.
T F
8 The wolf shouldn't save fat children.
T F
9 Lara should learn to be a good player.
T F
10 The bald wolf shouldn't give them any advice. T F
(3) For further practice on Should/shouldn’t check the web links page.
62
LISTENING SECTION
1. Listen and match the two columns
Conversation 1
a. The man has a terrible backache.
Conversation. 2
b. She has sore throat and a cough.
Conversation 3
c. She asks if he has a cold.
Conversation 4
d. He should see a dentist.
Conversation 5
e. She has a headache and a bad cold
Conversation 6
f. She probably has a stomach infection.
Go to CD track 7
2. Read and listen. Read the following situations and match them with the best option you
hear. Write the number in the space given.
What a toothache!
A
B
C
D
E
F
Your sister wears your clothes without even telling you. She‘s careless and rude.
When your friends go out together, your friend Sue never has any money with her.
Your best friend doesn‘t speak to you. You don‘t know why.
Your friend‘s brother lives in Spain. He can‘t contact him by phone.
When you watch a drama film, you usually cry a lot.
If you need some advice. What do you say?
1
Go to CD track 8
3. Listen to the conversation and underline the best answer.
1. The lady has _________
a. emotional problems.
c. a bad cold.
b. problems with her throat.
d. a backache.
2. Her symptoms are ______
a. sore throat and a headache
c. cough and a headache
b. headache and diarrhea
d. a bad headache
3. The pharmacist wants to know if she feels __________
a. her legs.
c. pain in the stomach.
b. back pain and fever
d. hot.
4. The lady is_________
a. not allergic to drugs.
c. allergic to aspirin.
b. addicted to pain-killers.
d. allergic to penicillin.
5. The pharmacist gives her__________
a. some aspirin.
c. paracetamol.
b. antibiotics.
d. some legal advice.
6. She has to take___________
a. 2 every 8 hours.
c. 2 every 4 hours.
b. 1 every 4 hours.
d. 1 every 8 hours.
7. She should see a doctor if ________
a. she doesn‘t feel better.
c. her nose bleeds.
b. she doesn‘t like the medicine.
d. she can.
8. She pays ________ for the medicine.
a. $ 4.70
c. $ 8.75
b. $ 2.75
d. $ 4.75
Go to CD track 9
63
STUDY: THE IMPERATIVE
USE
We can use the imperative ...
1. To give a direct order:
Stand up straight.
Close the window.
Do your homework.
2. To give instructions:
Take a pill every night after dinner.
Take a left and then a right.
Open your books.
3. To make an invitation:
Have a piece of this cake.
Come in and Sit down.
Please, Start without me.
4. On signs and notices:
Don’t smoke
Insert one dollar.
Use only for
emergencies.
5. To give friendly informal advice:
Speak to him. Tell him how you feel.
Don´t go to school. Stay at home and rest up.
Verb Form:
To form imperatives we use the basic form of the verb:
Walk to the mall.
Drink warm tea.
To make the imperative negative, add don´t before the verb:
Don’t Walk to the mall
Don’t Drink warm tea.
64
PRACTICE: THE IMPERATIVE
1. Make the following instructions negative.
Write a letter.
Don’t write a letter_________________.
Sit down.
_________________________________.
Clean the room.
_________________________________
Make dinner.
_________________________________.
Call your mother.
_________________________________.
Open your books.
_________________________________.
2. Look at the pictures. Write an imperative for each.
1. _____________________ to the office.
3. _____________ smoke.
2. ____________ to the airport.
4. _________ some muscular cream.
3. Complete the conversations. Underline the correct word.
1. A. How do I get to the Metropolitan Museum?
B: Don‘t walk. (Take/Stop/Drive) the bus.
2. A: I have a backache.
B: Don‘t (rest/exercise/relax). And (put/use/take) these pills.
3. A: Excuse me? How do I get to the bank?
B: (Turn/Take/ Go) straight on and (turn/cross/drive) left, (turn/take/walk)
……..three blocks, the bank is on your right.
65
4. Read the conversations. Fill in the blanks with the words from the boxes.
headache
terrible
throat
drink
should
Conversation 1:
1a: Hello, Maria. Are you OK?
2b: No, I feel ______________________ .
3a: What‘s the matter?
4b: I have a ________________ and a sore ___________
5a: You ________________________ take the day off and
go to
bed.
6b: Yes, good idea.
7a: And ______________________________ lots of water.
8b: OK. See you tomorrow, maybe.
can‘t
stomach
wrong
better
how
Conversation 2:
1a: Hi, Diana. ____________________________ are you?
2b: I‘m not very well.
3a: Oh, what‘s ________________________________?
4b: I have a bad _____________________________ ache.
5a: That‘s a shame. Why don‘t you go home?
6b: I _____________________. I have a meeting this afternoon.
7a: Oh, I‘m sorry. I hope you get better soon.
8b: Thanks. See you later.
66
READING SECTION
Happy Face Sandwich
Check the supplies and ingredients needed to prepare the recipe.
Supplies:
plate
butter knife
Ingredients:
Peanut Butter
Bananas-sliced
Raisins
Bread (1 slice)
m & m's candy
Lemon slices
Read and arrange the directions. Write the numbers on the right.
a) ………. Then use a raisin as a nose.
b) ………. Last, make your mouth out of m&m's candy.
c) ………. Serve on a plate decorated with lemon slices.
d) …….… Spread the peanut butter on the slice of bread.
e) ………. Next, put 2 banana circles on the bread to look like eyes.
f) ……1…. Put a slice of bread on a plate.
67
LISTENING SECTION
Read the ingredients for Fish Cakes.
Fish Cakes
Ingredients (to make 24 fish cakes):
500 g boiled potatoes
350g cooked white fish
1 tablespoon tomato purée
2 tablespoons mixed herbs
50g breadcrumbs
a little oil
salt and pepper
Listen carefully. Write the missing words to complete the instructions.
Method:
1. …………………………. the boiled potatoes with a little salt and pepper.
2. ………………………….. together the potatoes and the fish, tomato purée and herbs.
3. ………………………….. a little salt and pepper.
4. ………………………….. 24 fish cakes from the mixture.
5. ………………………….. the fish cakes with the breadcrumbs.
6. ………………………….. the oil in a frying pan.
7. ………………………….. the fish cakes for about five minutes, turning them once.
8. ………………………….. the fish cakes immediately with tomato sauce and a salad.
Go to CD track 10
68
WRITING SECTION
How do you prepare YOUR FAVORITE sandwich? What are the ingredients? Write
the instructions to prepare it. Write from 50 to 150 words.
Ingredients
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
Method
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
69
STUDY CAN/CAN’T
USE
Can is a Modal Auxiliary, it‘s always associated with a verb in the simple form.
We use can to:
1. Express ability:
Tim can play the guitar really well.
He can’t speak Spanish.
Can you drive?
2. Express possibility:
We can use the computers at the IT lab.
Where can I check my mails?
3. It’s a social formula used to offer assistance and ask for help.
Good morning. How can I help you?
Excuse me. Can you show me this in medium size?
Remember: A more formal social use is could
e.g. Could you open the window, please?
Excuse me. Could we have the menu?
Can and Could are the same for all the subjects, singular like I or you, third persons like
she, he, it, Mary, or Paul, and plural like we, they, you, her friends or your sisters.
FORM
Analyze the following tables:
Affirmative Form
I
You
She/He/ It can
We
They
dance well.
Negative Form
I
You
She/He/ It
Speak Italian.
We
They
What
I
you
play the piano?
she/he/it
we
they
swim.
Answers …………..
Interrogative form
can
make pasta.
can't
do this holidays?
Yes, you can.
No, he can't.
We can go to the beach.
70
PRACTICE CAN/CAN’T
1. Complete the conversations with can or can’t and the base form of a verb.
1 A
B
2 A
B
3 A
B
4 A
B
5 A
B
6 A
B
______ your mother ____________ a car?
Yes, she _____________. But she doesn‘t drive very well.
________ you ________ well?
Yes, I _______. I swim very fast.
_______ your sister ________ the guitar?
No, she _________. She plays terribly.
_________ you _________ me these shoes?
No, I ___________. They‘re too expensive.
Sorry, you _________ eat that soup.
I see. It‘s too hot.
_________ your brother _______?
No. He ____________ cook at all.
7 A
B
8 A
B
9 A
B
10 A
B
__________ Raul _________English well?
Yes. He speaks English well.
________ your father _________ a car?
Yes, he _________. He‘s a great mechanic.
_________ you __________ well?
Yes, I _______ skate board, but I __________ do tricks.
_________ I __________ your blue sweater tonight?
Sure. But it __________ be too big for you.
Nota Fonética
La pronunciación y la
identificación de las formas
afirmativas y negativas resulta
difícil para las personas de
habla hispana.
-Tiene una forma débil:
/ kən /
que se usa de forma afirmativa
e interrogativa.
e.g. He can speak Spanish.
Can you speak Spanish?
-Y dos formas fuertes:
/ kæ nt / para negativos,
y / kæ n / para respuestas
cortas.
e.g.
They can’t speak Spanish.
Yes, they can.
CD track 11
2. Look at the prompts and produce questions. Give a short answer according to
the picture and add a remark.
1
A
B
2 A
B
3 A
B
4 A
B
5 A
B
6 A
B
7 A
B
8 A
B
9 A
B
10 A
B
Can he play the guitar?
Yes, he can. But he plays terribly
Can she ride a horse?
No, she can’t. She rides awful.
71
READING SECTION
Read the following text and chose the best answer
Life on the International Space Station
Some people dream of traveling into space. However, life in space
is not very easy. Here are some of the problems that people on the
International Space Station (ISS) have.
1 Having lunch on the ISS is very difficult because there is no
gravity in space, and things never stay where you put them. Food
comes in plastic containers because food can't stay on a plate.
2 When they go outside, people wear special clothes, because
there is no atmosphere in space. It‘s also very cold in space. Inside
the ISS people can wear ordinary clothes.
3 You can‘t have a shower in space because the water doesn‘t stay
in one place. People wash with a sponge with water and soap.
4 People on the ISS can‘t sleep in normal beds, because their
bodies don‘t stay in the bed. They use special sleeping bags on
the wall.
If you want to have a holiday in space, remember that life there is
very different from life at home. And if you don‘t like it, you can‘t take a train or
bus home.
Read the text and number the pictures
D (
B (
A (
)
C (
)
)
)
Read the text again and check TRUE or FALSE
C__
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
You can eat vegetables on a plate.
You can eat pasta from a plastic container.
You can wear jeans inside the ISS.
You can have a shower.
You can wash with a sponge.
You can sleep in a normal bed.
You can‘t go home by train.
T
T
T
T
T
T
T
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
72
LISTENING SECTION
1. Listen and complete the chart.
read music
use a computer
ride a horse
Bill
Yes
Amanda
Jill and Sam
Yes
No
CD track 12
2. Write sentences using the information from the previous exercise.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Bill / read music.
Amanda / use a computer.
Bill / use a computer.
Bill / ride a horse.
Amanda / read music.
Amanda / ride a horse.
Jill and Sam / read music.
Jill and Sam / use a computer.
Jill and Sam / ride a horse.
Bill can read music.
Amanda can’t use a computer.
3. Listen and complete the conversations with phrases from the box.
Can I have a pizza, please?
How much is it?
How much is it?
Can I help you?
Can I try on this pair of jeans, please?
Can I have a ticket to New York please?
Can I send an e-mail, please?
Here‘s your ticket and $ 5.00 change.
1. a: .
b: Can I try on this pair of jeans, please?
Of course. The fitting rooms are over here.
4. a:
b:
a:
b:
2. a:
$ 12.30.
Good afternoon.
Yes, can I change this traveler‘s
check, please?
Of course.
a:Fifty dollars.
b:
a:
b:
a:
b:
Sure. One-way or round-trip?
One-way, please
That‘s fifteen dollars, please.
Thank you.
Twenty dollars.
3. a:
b: Ok. Computer number fifteen.
5. a:
b:
a:
b:
a:
b:
Ok
How much is it?
Thank you
Twenty dollars. Here‘s $7.70
change.
CD track 13
a:
b: Twenty-five cents a minute. You pay at the
end.
73
4. Listen and number the pictures
b. Write the requests you hear
1. Could you please close the window?
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
CD track 14
(4) For further practice on can’t & can’t check the web links page.
74
STUDY: WOULD LIKE
USE
1. We use would like to talk about wishes, dreams and ambitions. It’s the formal
structure of “I want”
Tanya would like to have two children. Would you like to be a movie star? I would like
more cake.
2. For invitations and offerings.
Would you like more wine?
for dinner?
Would you like to play with me?
What would you like
Study the following Charts:
FORM
Affirmative
I
You
She/He/ It
We
They
a new cell phone
'd like
'd = would
to go to the beach.
Questions
would
What
Answers
I
you
she/he/it
we
they
a cup of coffee?
Yes, please.
No, thank you.
for your birthday?
I‘d like a visit to the zoo.
like
75
PRACTICE: WOULD LIKE
1. Write sentences using the prompts.
1. He would like to be millionaire.
2.
4.
5.
be a musician.
7. be the president of my company.
8.
be a writer.
live in the country.
ride a motorcycle.
3.
live in a big city.
6.
travel around the world.
9.
be one hundred years old.
2. Number the following conversation in the correct order.
11
1
Waiter
Woman
Man
Man
Waiter
Woman
Waiter
Waiter
Man
Waiter
Woman
Of course, what would you like?
Yes, please. There‘s nothing like a good American breakfast.
Good morning. Can we have the menu, please?
Yes, please. My coffee with milk, no sugar.
Sure. Would you like some orange juice?
Can we order now?
Good morning.
Certainly. Would you like coffee to start?
Good idea. Only if it‘s fresh.
Would you like hash brown with your eggs?
I‘d like the fried eggs and bacon-crispy.
76
LISTENING SECTION
1. Listen to three people, it’s their birthday soon. Complete the sentences.
a.
Suzanne What ___________ ___________ like for my birthday? That‘s easy.
_________ _________ to have breakfast in bed. With the newspapers.
And in the evening, I‘d like to go to the theater.
b.
Tom
Well, I‘d like a ___________ ___________ because my computer is so old that the new
programs don‘t work on it. _________ _________ to go to a nice restaurant. I don‘t care}
if it‘s Italian, Japanese, Chinese, or Indian –just __________ ____________
c.
Alice
I don‘t have a __________ ______________, but all my friends have one, so what I‘d
__________ ________ is my own cell phone. They aren‘t ___________ these days.
And in the evening ________ _________ to go out with all my friends and have a great
time!
CD track 15
2. Listen to Andrea and Paul ordering a meal at Joe’s Diner. Who says these things?
Write W, A or P.
W = the waiter
A = Andrea
P = Paul
P
Andrea, what would you like to start?
Can I have the tomato juice, please?
And I‘d like the chicken soup.
Can I have the steak, please?
How would you like it cooked?
What would you like to drink?
We‘d like a bottle of mineral water, too.
Delicious, thank you.
CD track 16
77
3. Listen to the conversations in different places. Use the words to complete them.
In the street
1 A Excuse me! Where can I buy film for my
camera?
B In a drugstore.
2 A ____________________________?
3 B Yes, 200 meters from here, _______________.
In a clothing 4 A __________________?
store
B No, thanks. I’m just looking.
5 A Excuse me! _________________ in a medium?
6 B No, I’m sorry. ____________________
7 A _____________________ a pair of jeans.
8 B Sure, ____________________?
A I think I’m a 26.
B OK. The fitting rooms are over there.
At the
9 A Yes, miss. _________________________?
market
10 B ____________________ potatoes, please.
A Anything else?
11 B ______________, thanks. How much is that?
At the
12 A Excuse me! _______________ newspapers?
newsstand
13 B _______________, we don’t.
14 A Where _________________?
B Try the hotel.
can film where I buy
there is drugstore here near
bank the to next
I you help can
have shirt you do this
we all that’s have
try like to I’d on
are size what you
like you would what
kilo a like I’d of
that’s no, all
Korean sell do you
sorry no, I’m
I them buy can
CD track 17
4. Listen Where is Enrique? Write a number 1-5.
A movie theater
An internet café
A music store
A bank
A newsstand
CD track 18
(5) For further practice on would like check the web links page
78
STUDY: GIVE AND GET DIRECTIONS
USE
1. To ask about the location of a building use where’s + the + the name of a place or a
building.
Study the following dialogs:
A: Excuse me. Where‘s the library?
B: The library is around the corner.
A: Thanks.
A: Excuse me. Where‘s the museum?
B: The museum is next to the bank.
C: Thanks.
Here are some locations:
2. To ask for directions we use how do I get to the + the name of a place or building
To give a direction we use one or a combination of the following structures:
Study the following dialogs:
A: Excuse me. How do I get to the train station?
B: go two blocks and turn left.
A: Thanks:
A: Thanks.
A: Excuse me. How do I get to
the pharmacy?
B: Go straight and turn left.
79
PRACTICE: GIVE AND GET DIRECTIONS
Give and get directions:
Ask about the location of places:
Complete the following dialogs, use:
Complete the following dialogs, use and mix:
across the street /around the corner / down the street
/ on the left / on the right / next to the ……
/ on the corner of…… and…….
(you are under the ―Welcome to Granville sign‖)
Turn right/turn left/ go straight/
go to the corner of ___ street and ____ Avenue
go (2,3,4) blocks and turn_______
(you are under the ―Welcome to Granville sign‖)
Example:
Example:
1. Excuse me. Is there a bank near hear?
Yes, there is a bank next to the bakery. On the
corner of park avenue and Washington street.
1. Excuse me. How do I get to the bus station?
Go two blocks. It‘s on the left, next to the church.
2. Excuse me. Where is the gas station?
__________________________________________
_________________________________________
3. Excuse me. Is there a church near hear?
__________________________________________
_________________________________________
4. Excuse me. Where is the hospital?
__________________________________________
__________________________________________
5. Excuse me. Is there a disco near hear?
_________________________________________
__________________________________________
6. Excuse me. Where is the Supermarket?
__________________________________________
__________________________________________
7. Excuse me. Is there a school near hear?
__________________________________________
__________________________________________
8. Excuse me. Where is the restaurant?
___________________________________________
_________________________________________
2. Excuse me. How do I get to the Granville Hotel?
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
3.Excuse How do I get to the bus station?
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
4. Excuse me. How do I get to Hospital?
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
5. Excuse me. How do I get to the school?
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
6. Excuse me. How do I get to the Disco?
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
7. Excuse me. How do I get to the bookstore?
_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________
8. Excuse me. How do I get to supermarket?
_____________________________________________
___________________________________________
80
READING SECTION
1. Look at the map. Check true or false for each sentence.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
The museum is next to the Hotel California.
The post office is on Lawton Street.
Mario‘s Pizza is next to Madison Hotel.
Gina‘s café is between the Madison Hotel and Bob‘s Burgers.
The tourist information center is across from the hotel California.
Bob‘s Burgers is between the Drake Hotel and Gina‘s Café.
The Hotel California is between the museum and the police station.
The Madison Hotel is next to the farmer‘s market.
true
true
true
true
true
true
true
true
false
false
false
false
false
false
false
false
LISTENING SECTION
2. Listen to each conversation and look at the corresponding picture.
Circle the letter that shows the correct location of each place.
1 In conversation 1, the market is:
2 In conversation 2, The museum is:
3 In conversation 3, the post office is:
4 In conversation 4, the Porter Hotel is:
A
A
A
A
B
B
B
B
CD track 19
81
WRITING SECTION
Look at the map. Write 10 sentences about the location of the places on Kingsville town.
Use there is or there are.
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
82
STUDY: SUBJECT AND OBJECT PRONOUNS
USE
Subject Pronouns refer to the subject of a sentence. A subject pronoun does the action.
The subject pronouns are:
Singular
Plural
I
You
We
He
You
She
They
It
Examples:
Mary is a student at Oakfield Academy. Robert studies at Northern High.
She is a student at Oakfield Academy.
He studies at Northern High.
Mary and Robert are high school students.
They are high school students.
Remember: in affirmative and negative sentences subject pronouns come before the verb.
USE
Object Pronouns refer to the object of a sentence; the object that receives the action of the
verb. The object pronouns are:
Singular
Plural
Me
You
Us
Him
You
Her
Them
It
Examples:
John asked the boss for a raise. This letter is for the neighbors. The phone call is for Mary.
John asked him for a raise.
I‘ll give it to them.
The Phone call is for her.
Remember: In affirmative and negative sentences object pronouns come after the verb or
preposition.
83
PRACTICE SUBJECT AND OBJECT PRONOUNS
1. Choose the correct option. Underline the corresponding subject and object
pronouns.
Example.
O Ann visits Betty often. ………… visits ……. often.
a) She, him
b) She, her
c) He, him
1. Betty bakes muffins for the guests. …….. bakes muffins for ……. .
a) She, them
b) She, her
c) He, her
2. Charlie waits for Andy after school. …….. waits for ……. after school.
a) He, her
b) She, him
c) He, him
3. Charlie and Andy go to the gym with Bob and me. …….. go to the gym with……. .
a) They, them b) They, us
c) He, we
4. Bob and I know Charlie and Andy very well. ……. know ……. very well.
a) They, them b) We, them c) They, them
5. You and Debra look like your parents. ……. look like ……. .
a) You, them b) We, them c) You, they
6. Your brother, Tom looks like your aunt Peggy. ……. looks like ……. .
a) She, him
b) She, her
c) He, her
2. Complete the sentences with him/her/them
1. I don‘t know Those girls. Do you Know them _________________________________?
2. I don‘t Know that man. Do you Know _______________________________________?
3. I don‘t know those people. Do you Know ____________________________________?
4. I don‘t know David‘s wife. Do you know _____________________________________?
5. I don‘t know David‘s father. Do you know____________________________________?
6. I don‘t Know Davis‘s parents. Do you know __________________________________?
84
READING SECTION
Reading. About Valentina and Mario. Fill in columns A and B in the table.
Valentina Sandri. Hello my name‘s Valentina and I‘m 23
years old. I live in Bologna, a beautiful town in the north of Italy.
I‘m a student at Bologna University. I study law and I‘m in my
second year. I also study English because I need it for my course.
I go to English classes on Wednesdays and Fridays. I‘m in
Elementary level and I like my classes very much.
I‘m no married, but I have a boyfriend. His name‘s Gianluca and
he‘s a restaurant manager. I don‘t see him a lot in the week
because the restaurant is open in the evenings, but we always go
out on Sundays. In my free time I read a lot and visit friends. I
don‘t watch TV very often, but I go to the cinema every Friday.
I want to write to people who study English and live in a different
country.
Mario Santos. Hi, my name‘s Mario. I‘m 31 years
old and I live in Curitiba, in Brazil. I‘m a teacher and
I teach history and music. I study English on Saturday
mornings but I don‘t always do my homework!
I‘m married and my wife‘s name is Julia. We have
two children, Luciana and Adriano. Luciana‘s three
and Adriano‘s five. I don‘t go out on the weekend
because I want to be at home with my family. In my
free time I watch TV and visit friends. I never go to
the cinema, but I sometimes go to concerts on the
weekend.
I want to write an English student in another country.
Fill in the blanks with information from the readings.
A
name
Valentina Sandri
town /city and country
1. Bologna, Italy
job / study
2.
age
3.
day(s) of English classes 4.
married or single
5.
family / relationships
6.
free time
7.
B
Mario Santos
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
85
LISTENING SECTION
Listen to the conversation about Sarah’s interest in music. Underline the correct
answer. (track 47)
1. Sarah likes … .
a. hip-hop and pop
b. hip-hop and salsa
2. Sarah favorite music is … .
a. reggae
b. rap
3. Sarah favorite singer is … .
a. Gregory Isaacs
b. Bob Marley
4. Sarah favorite song is … .
a. ―No woman No cry‖
b. “Sister, Sister‖
5. Sarah plays … .
a. the guitar
b. the piano
6. Sarah … .
a. can sing
b. can‘t sing
7. Sarah … .
a. sometimes goes
b. never goes to
to concerts
concerts
CD track 20
WRITING SECTION
Write about YOU. Use the models on exercise B to write a short paragraph about you.
Organize your ideas. Check vocabulary and spelling. Write from 50 to 100 words.
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
86
MOCK EXAM
A. Dr. Smith is a radio doctor. He answers listener’s questions about their medical
problems. Read their questions to him.
1)
2)
I‘m sorry doctor, but I can‘t talk very well because
of my sore throat. I cough a lot. I feel tired all the
time, but I‘m never so sick that I can‘t come to work
every day. The doctor ran some tests, but she can`t
find anything wrong with me. What do you think I
should do know?
Hello Doctor Smith. Well, three days ago I fell
over and cut my arm. There was a little blood,
but it quickly stopped bleeding. And I forgot
about it. Now the wound is painful and red. It
hurts when I touch it. I also think I may have a
fever. I feel a little hot and quite weak. Do you
think I should see a doctor?
3)
Good evening Doctor Smith. I feel terrible. I
have a stomachache. I went to a party this
afternoon and I ate a lot of pizza, french fries
and soda. I also had chocolate chip cookies and
ice-cream. I think I have a fever. What should I
do?
Here are Doctor Smith answers. Match his answers to the questions.
…………… a) You shouldn‘t eat that much. Drink lots of water.
Take two aspirins. Change your diet. Have chicken or fish instead.
Don‘t drink soda. Try some green salad. Rest in bed. And call your
doctor.
…………… b) It sounds as if you have an infection. You should
see your doctor. Meanwhile, put some medicated cream on your
skin.
…………… c) You probably have a minor infection. Sometimes
they take a long time to go away. Get plenty of rest. Drink a lot of
liquids. And maybe you should get an opinion from another doctor.
87
B. Past Simple. Complete the sentences with was or were.
1. My grandparents ______________ married for more than fifty years.
2. When I _____________ in Madrid last year, the weather ____________ very cold.
3. How many people _____________ there at the party?
4. Where ______________ you on Sunday morning?
5. It __________ a beautiful day last Sunday. My family and I ____________ on
…holiday at the beach in Acapulco.
C. Past Simple. Complete the sentences with wasn’t or weren’t.
1. The movie _______________ very good.
2. Where you at home yesterday? No, we _______________ there.
3. It ____________ a good party. My friends ___________ happy at all.
4. Was the exam hard? No, it ________________ that hard.
5. They _______________ ready, that‘s why we arrived late.
D. Read about these famous people. Complete the questions and write short answers.
John Lennon
-born 1940
British musician
-died 1980
1. ________________ John Lennon an opera singer? _____________________________ .
2. ______________ he British? _____________________________________________ .
3. _____________________ he born in 1980? ___________________________________ .
Pedro Infante
and
Blanca Estela Pavón
- married
- single
- Mexican actors
-acted in four movies
-both died in plane crashes
-born 1940
-died 1980
4. ________________ Pedro and Blanca married?________________________________ .
5. ______________ they comedians?__________________________________________ .
6. _________ they __________together in various films?__________________________ .
88
E. Read the story. Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verb (regular and
irregular) in the past simple.
From prison to President
Nelson Mandela was born in South Africa on 18th July,
1918. He …………….…… (start) university in 1938 and
…………………… (study) law. After he ……………..
(finish) university in 1943 he …………………….. (live) and
…………………….. (work) in Johannesburg. He was very
interested in politics and ……………………….. (want) to change the political system. He
…………………… (become) President of the ANC (the African National Congress) in
the Transvaal in 1952.
In 1964 he …………………… (go) to prison. He ………………… (stay) there
for 26
years and ……………………. (be) in solitary confinement for 18 eighteen years. But the
world never ……………………… (forget) Nelson Mandela. And in 1994, only four years
after he …………………………. (leave) prison, he …………………(become) President
of South Africa.
89
F. Look at the map and complete the sentences. Use prepositions of place.
1. The bank is _______________ ____________ the Drake Hotel..
2. Gina‘s Café is ______________ ___________ Bob‘s Burger.
3. The museum is _____________________ the Hotel California and Meredith Street.
4. The Hotel California is _____________________ the museum and the post office.
5. The bus station is ______________ ____________ the police station.
6. Mario‘s Pizza is _____________ ____________ the Madison Hotel.
7. The police station is _______ ______ ______________ ______ Meredith Street
…and Lawton Street.
H. READING 2.
1. Read about Chandler’s family. Then answer the questions.
My name is Chandler and (O) I live with my
parents in California, in the USA. My dad‘s a
doctor and my mum‘s a manager of a shop. I
sometimes help (1) her on the weekends. I also
have a brother, Joey, and a sister, Monica. Joey‘s
an actor –we sometimes see (2) him on TV – and
Monica‘s at university. (3) They both live in New
York so we don‘t see them very often, but they
always come to visit (4) us on Thanksgiving every
year. …..Thanksgiving is a very important holiday
in the USA. (5) It´s always on the fourth Thursday
in November and people usually go home to be
with their families. In the evening (6) we all have a
big traditional meal with turkey, corn, sweet
potatoes—and pumpkin pie, of course.
90
O. What do his parents do? His father’s a doctor and his mother’s a manager
1. How many brothers and sisters does Chandler have?
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- .
2. Where do they live?
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- .
3. Is Monica a student?
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- .
4. How many people have dinner together on Thanksgiving in Chandler‘s house?
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- .
5. When is Thanksgiving?
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- .
H.1 Look at the words in italics and bold in the text above. Who or what do they talk
about?
(O I
Chandler
(4) us …..………………………….
(1) her ……………………………….
(5) It …………………………………
(2) him ……………………………….
(6) we ……………………………….
(3) They ………………………………
91
I. LISTENING.
Listen to two cooks at an international language school. Underline the words, food and
drink you hear they talk about. (R 4.15 Food and drink)
Andy Morning, Kevin!
Kevin Hi, Andy!
A
Ah, have we got a new (1) breakfast / lunch / dinner menu?
K
Yes. The students say they want lots of different breakfasts –you know, from
different (2) nations / cities / countries.
A
OK. Tell me what they want and I can write it on the board.
K
Right … the (3) Chinese / Japanese / Cantonese usually have rice and fish and
soup, and they drink green tea.
A
And green tea. OK. What about a Brazilian breakfast?
K
Well, Carlos says he has (4) beef and cheese / meat and cheese / bread and
cheese, orange juice and coffee. He says that’s a typical breakfast in Brazil.
A
Orange juice and coffee. Well, that‘s easy. And what do the (5) Scotish / Spanish /
English?
K
Well, that’s another easy one. In Spain they (6) have / eat / take biscuits or toast,
or a sandwich. But they always have coffee.
A
OK. Biscuits, toast, sandwich, coffee –got that.
K
And some students say they want a full English breakfast. You know –eggs,
sausages, toast, (7) jam and tea / ham and tea / lamb and tea. Right.
A
OK. Let‘s start cooking.
K
Actually, it’s time for my break!
92
J. PREWRITING
Fill in the chart with information about your typical day. What do you do …?
in the morning
in the afternoon
in the evening
J.1. WRITING
Now, write a first draft of your article. Organize your ideas; be careful with spelling,
grammar, vocabulary and content. Include a minimum of 50 to 100 words for what you do
each time of the day.
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………………
93
REFERENCES
Brewster, S., Davies, P., & Rogers, M. (2001). Skyline 1. Student’s Book. Macmillan
Publishers, Oxford, UK.
McCarthy, M., McCarten, J., Sandiford, H. (2005). Touchstone Student's Book 1.
Cambridge University Press, UK
Moor, P., Cunningham, S. and Eales, F. (2005). New Cutting Edge. Elementary.
Workbook. Pearson Education Limited, England.
Murphy, R. (2005). Essential Grammar in Use. Cambridge University Press, UK.
Oxenden, C and Latham-Koenig, C. (2009). New English File. Beginner. Oxford
University Press UK
Redston, C. & Cunningham, G. (2005). face2face Elementary Student's Book.
Cambridge, UK
Richards, Jack C. (2008). Interchange Intro. Third Edition. Cambridge University Press.
New York, NY, USA. Units 1 to 8.
Rogers, M. & Waterman, J. (2006). Attitude Workbook Starter. Editorial Macmillan de
México, México, D.F.
Saslow, J. and Ascher, A. (2005). Top Notch Fundamentals. Pearson Education, Inc. Units
New York, NY, USA. 1 to 10.
Soars , J. and Soars ,L. (2002). American Headway – Starter. Oxford University Press
UK
Vince, M. (2000). Elementary Language Practice . Macmillan, New York, NY. USA
94
WEB LINKS
Para revisión de aspectos gramaticales generales:
http://ESLgold.com
http://ompersonal.com.ar
http://www.studygs.net/attmot4.htm
(1) Simple Present Tense web links for further practice
http://www.agendaweb.org/
http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=714
http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=1052
http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=1849
http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=658
page 15
(2) Present continuous for future arrangements. web links for further practice page
25
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/present-progressive/form/exercises
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/present-progressive/form/exercises?form02
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/present-progressive/form/exercises?form03
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/present-progressive/form/exercises?form04
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/present-progressive/form/exercises?form05
(3) Should/shouldn’t web links for further practice check:
page 62
Check: 3 unit 5 what should I do?
:http://www.cambridge.org/elt/connect2e/connectarcade/
and…
http://www.oup.com/elt/global/products/americanenglishfile/2/e_phrasebank/aef2_practical
eng06/
(4) Can/can’t web links for further practice check:
Enlace directo:
page 74
http://www.oup.com/elt/global/products/americanheadway/ahy_starter_home/ahy_starter_u11_01/
http://www.oup.com/elt/global/products/americanenglishfile/0/a_grammar/file04/grammar04_c01/
Unidad 8 en:
http://www.more-online.com/more1int_online/
―spin the grammar wheel‖ en:
http://www.cambridge.org/gb/elt/catalogue/subject/project/custom/item5633455/English-in-MindStudent-resources/?currentSubjectID=382415
(5) Present continuous for future arrangements web links for further practice check. 79
http://www.oup.com/elt/global/products/americanheadway/ahy_starter_home/ahy_starter_u12_01/
http://www.oup.com/elt/global/products/americanenglishfile/1/a_grammar/file08/grammar08_c01/
www. ESLPRINTABLES.com
95
Answer Key
Present Simple Affirmative:
Exercise 1:
reads
thinks
flies
dances
finishes
goes
studies
has
Exercise 2:
open
closes
teaches
meet
washes
costs
boils
has
cries/sees
likes
Exercise 3
1. Sue always arrives early.
2. I never go to the cinema
3. Martina always works hard.
4. Children usually like chocolate.
5. Julia always enjoys parties.
6. I often forget people‘s names
7. Jenny always wears nice clothes.
8. John fixes his car every year.
Present Simple Negative:
Exercise 1
1. I don‘t play the piano very well.
2. Jane doesn‘t play the guitar very well.
3. They don‘t know my phone number
4. We don‘t work very hard.
5. He doesn‘t have a bath every day.
6. You don‘t do the same thing every day.
7. They don‘t go on vacation in December.
8. We don‘t sing like angels.
9. The police doesn‘t arrive on time.
Exercise 2
1. don‘t read
2. doesn‘t use
3. don‘t go
4. doesn‘t wear
5. don‘t know
6. doesn‘t cost
7. don‘t see
8. doesn‘t speak
9. doesn‘t cook
Exercise 3
speaks
don‘t like
don‘t know
doesn‘t talk
drinks
Present Simple Questions:
Exercise 1
1. Does she collect stickers?
2. Do they play games?
3. Does the cat sleep with you?
4. Does she often dream?
5. Does he play streetball?
6. Do you visit your grandparents?
7. Do the pupils wear school uniforms?
8. Do you go to the cinema?
9. Does she have friends?
10. Does he read books?
Exercise 2
1. What kind of music does Julia like?
2. Where does Maria come from?
3. Where do the play?
4. What does Rick Ride?
5. When do you go to the cinema?
6. Why do you go to Mallorca?
7. What does Joe repair?
8. How does Robin drive his car?
9. How often does Peter run with his dog?
10: Where does Eric go for a holiday?
Frequency Adverbs
He often listens to the radio
They sometimes read a book
Pete never gets angry
Tom is usually very friendly
I sometimes take sugar in my coffee
Ramon and Frank are often hungry.
My grandmother always goes for a walk in the evening.
Walter usually helps his father in the kitchen
They never watch T.V. in the afternoon
Christine never smokes.
96
Reading Section:
1 B
1 A
2 B
2 B
3 B
3 C
4 B
4 B
5 B
5 A
1.Bring
2 Have
3 Use
4 Sunday. 1 hr.
5 Big old
dictionary
Listening Section: Gina
6 Family
11 no
comp.
7 No time
12 but she‘s a
mum
8 Have
13 by bus is
cheap
9 Travel
14 family
10 live
15 meet
16 play
17 do
18 coffee after class
19 doesn‘t like sports
20 she reads
Present Continuous for the Future:
1. Look at Pete’s diary. Write a sentence for each day. Use the verb in brackets.
1.He is (he‘s) doing exercise in the park with 4. He is (he‘s) meeting James at the mall.
Dan.
2. He is (he‘s) studying at home.
5. He is (he‘s) watching a movie at Laura‘s house.
3. He is (he‘s) taking an English class.
6. He is (he‘s) going to a party.
2. Look at the pictures. What are these people doing nest Friday? Use the words below.
1. Tim and John are playing basketball.
3.Linda and Sue are having lunch.
2. Helen is going to the movies.
4. Max is studying math.
3. Write questions. All sentences are future.
1.Are you going out tonight?
2. Are you working next week?
3.What are you doing tomorrow evening?
4. What time are your friends coming?
5. When is Liz going on holiday?
4. Change the sentences into negative
1.Sue isn‘t (is not) visiting her grandmother on
Friday.
2. I‘m not (I am not) having a surprise birthday
party.
3. Tom and I aren‘t (are not) going to the zoo
this Sunday.
4. Hugh isn‘t (is not) studying French.
Reading section:
1. Complete the chart with Rita’s activities for next week.
Saturday
Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Taking the Welcome Taking
Driving
Taking
flight to
Party.
children to children.
children to
the airport
Meeting school.
Cleaning
school.
the rest of English
children‘s English
the
lessons.
room.
lessons.
family.
Looking
Taking the Looking
after
kids to
after
children,
their
children,
helping
Horseback helping them
them and
riding
and playing
playing.
lessons
Thursday
Driving
children.
Cleaning
children‘s
room.
Taking
the kids to
their
Horseback
riding
lessons
Friday
Taking children
to school.
English lessons.
Looking after
children,
helping them
and playing
97
2.Answer the following questions.
1. She is 17 years old.
4.She‘s studying English at the Dublin
Language Center.
2. She is going to work in Dublin, Ireland.
5.They are the kids.
PRESENT SIMPLE AND PRESENT CONTINUOUS
1. Put the verb in the present continuous (I am studying etc..) or the present simple (she studies
etc…).
1. Are you going……
6. start
2. we are going / it starts
7. are going /are buying
3. are getting married
8. are you getting /leaves
4. leaves
9. does the movie start
5. finish
10. are you doing? / I‘m working
2.Write a sentence for each picture. Use the words below. Use the Present Continuous or the Present
Simple.
1. The train leaves at 4 o‘clock.
5. Jim is walking his dog.
2. Julia plays tennis every Monday.
6. The market opens at 11 a.m.
3. My parents are going to Greece.
7. The airplane leaves at 3 p.m.
4. John cooks Chinese food.
8. They usually eat at 1 p.m.
Reading Section
Circle true or false:
1 Ronald Johnson is an engineer for the NASA.
F
2 The unidentified flying object (UFO) was flying 3 metres above the ground.
F
3 The object doesn‘t make any sound.
F
4 All the scientists believe in this story.
F
5 Dr. Hynek believes that there‘s life in the outer space.
T
Answer the following questions:
1 He lives in Kansas.
2 He saw a glowing mushroom-shaped object.
3 They are the reflections from the sun or stars, gases or even birds.
4 Dr. Hynek believes in UFO?S
5 He says there are many things that science can‘t explain.
Listening Section
1. Listen to the first part of the conversation and complete the gaps with the phrases from the box.
1. This is my friend Kate
2. nice to meet you
3. that‘s great
4. that‘s cool
5. I‘m having a great time.
6. Excuse me.
2. Listen to the second part of the conversation and choose the correct option.
1 A
2 B
3 C
98
GOING TO
1. What are these people going to do? Write a sentence for each picture.
1.
2.I´m going to take/have a bath
3.I‘m going to buy a new car.
4. We are going to play football.
2. Rewrite each sentence or question with going to.
2. We are not going on vacation this year.
7. Is Mary going to make a party on Friday?
3. What are you going to do on the summer? 8. I‘m not going to buy a new car.
4. Tom and Naomi are going to get married 9. We‘re not going to swim today.
next month.
5. Look! The tree is going to fall over
10. My friends are going to study tonight.
6. Tomorrow is going to rain
3. What’s going to happen? Write a sentence for each picture. Use going to.
1. It‘s going to rain
2. He‘s going to have a test tomorrow
3. He‘s going to go on vacation.
Reading Section
1.She´s going to spend her holidays in Paris.
2.She‘s going to take a French course.
3. No, she isn‘t.
4. She‘s going to stay with a host family.
5. Her parents feel worried.
6. Because she‘s going alone.
First Conditional
1.Complete the sentences. Use the correct form of the verb in brackets.
1. doesn‘t leave/will miss
2. come/ will be
3. rains / won‘t go
4. doesn‘t earn / won‘t fly
5. has/ is going to see (will see)
2. Write sentences beginning with if. Choose from the boxes.
1. If you don‘t hurry, you will be late.
2. If you pass the exam, you‘ll get a certificate.
3. If you go on holiday, I‘ll go with you.
4. If you don‘t work, you‘re not going to have any money.
5. If you don‘t like the movie, you will choose one next time.
3. Use your own ideas to complete these sentences.(sample sentences)
1. you come with me
6. I won‘t be here.
2. ask for permission
7. I‘ll study medicine.
3. I‘ll go with tom.
8. if you don‘t come.
4. if he doesn‘t study hard.
9. if they break my toy.
5. I´ll play video games.
10. if you come with me.
99
Reading Section
Circle true or false:
1 True
2 False
3 True
4 True
5 True
6 True
7 False
8 False
9 True
10 False
COUNTABLE NOUNS
1. Complete the chart with words from the box.
Singular Countable Nouns
Plural Countable Nouns
an orange
carrots
a tomato
peas
a pineapple
grapes
an avocado
raspberries
a watermelon
papayas
2. Complete the conversation use a,an, some, or any.
Bob: A
Marie: any
Bob: an apple or a banana
Bob: some
3. Complete the following questions. Use your own information.
1. How many oranges are there in your kitchen?
4. Do you have some onions on the shelf?
2. Are there any tomatoes in the fridge?
5. Do you need any sugar?
3. How many boxes of pasta are there on the
counter?
6. How about some potato tomato soup ?
Non Count Nouns
1. Look at the picture. Complete the questions with Are there any? Is there any? How
much? and / or How many?
1. Is there any? / Yes, there is.
2. Are there any? / Yes, there are four eggs.
3. Is there any? / Yes, there is a bottle.
2. Match the columns
Letter
Number
1) Is there any
C
2) Are there any
D
3) How much
B
4) How many
A
4. How many bottles are there? / There are 2.
5. How much fish is there? / There isn‘t any.
3. Complete the conversations with some or any.
Tony
Anna
Tony
Anna
Any
Some
Any
some
Tony
Anna
Tony
Anna
Some
Any
Some
any
100
Was /Were
1. complete the sentences and questions with was/were
1.Were
2.Was
3. Was
4. was
5. were
6. Was /were
7. were
8. was
9. was
10. Was /was
11. were
12. weren‘t
13. were
14. was
15. were / was
2. Put the next questions in order and match them with the correct answers.
1. Who were you at the library with?
I was with Mary.
2. How many people were at meeting?
Forty five.
3. Why were you sad?
Because I was alone.
4. Were you at home last night?
No, I was out.
5. Was the shop open?
No, it was closed.
6. How much were the tickets?
$20.
3. Underline the correct form of “to be” in the simple past to complete the text coherently
1. was
2. was
3. was
4. were
5. wer
6. was
7. wasn‘t
8. wasn‘t
9. was
10. were
11. were
12. was
4.Fill in the paragraph about life in the 1900’s with the correct form of “to be”
(singular, plural, affirmative or negative) in the past.
1. was
5. were /weren‘t /wasn‘t
2. was
6. was / wasn‘t
3. weren‘t /were
7. were /weren‘t / was
4. were
Reading Section
1
2
3
4
5
6
F
Doesn‘t say
Doesn‘t say
T
T
T
7
8
9
10
11
12
F
F
F
F
T
Doesn‘t say
101
PAST SIMPLE AFFIRMATIVE
1. Complete the text with the correct past simple form of the verbs in the box.
1. went
6. saw
2. was
7. had
3. met
8. met
4. were
9. saw
5. went
10.had
2. change the next verbs into past
Infinitive
imagine
Imagined
cry
Cried
see
Saw
work
Worked
swim
Swam
teach
Taught
end
Ended
study
Studied
climb
Climbed
laugh
Laughed
smile
Smiled
carry
Carried
waste
Wasted
paint
Painted
run
Ran
Past tense
3. Write a sentence using the past simple tense for each picture.
1. Yesterday I woke up at 7.00.
4. I bought a plane ticket to Madrid.
2. I drove to the airport.
5. I flew to Madrid.
3. I bought a plane ticket to Madrid.
6. I arrived in Madrid the next day.
PRONUNCIATION OF REGULAR VERBS
1. Place the verbs in the box into the correct columns below:
/t/
Mixed
Asked
Cracked
Relaxed
Washed
Watched
Silpped
Missed
Stopped
Guessed
/d/
Allowed
Loved
Cried
Jailed
Damaged
Killed
Shaved
Welcomed
Yawned
Encouraged
/Id/
Visited
Tasted
Flooded
Posted
Wasted
Included
Repeated
Decided
Landed
ended
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SIMPLE PAST NEGATIVE AND QUESTIONS
1. Change the sentences into negative sentences.
1. Out teacher didn‘t arrive on time.
6. I didn‘t go to bed early last night
2. Sue didn‘t study last night.
7. The shops didn‘t open on Sunday.
3, We didn‘t see Harry Potter yesterday.
8. Sam didn‘t phone me.
4. I didn‘t do the laundry last month.
9. I didn‘t lose my mobile phone.
5.Karla didn‘t invite me to her party.
10. I didn‘t love you very much.
2. Complete the text with the correct past simple form of the verb in parentheses.
1. Had
2. Studied
3. Was
4. Drank
5. Didn‘t sleep
6. Told
7. Didn‘t want
8. Stayed
9. Was
10 were
11. Spent
12. Started
13. graduated
14. went
3. Write the words in order to make questions
1. How did Shakira become famous?
2. When were The Doors famous?
3. Who were The Doors‘ fans?
4. What do you know about The Rolling Stones?
5. Did you like bands like U2?
4. Match the questions to the answers.
1.
2.
3.
E
A
C
4.
5.
D
B
5. Read the sentences and make questions with the information in parentheses.
2. Where did you go?
3. who did you see?
4. did you go to school?
5. what did you see?
6. did you like it?
7. was the exam hard?
8. what did you have?
9. Did you see Chinatown?
6. Match the previous questions to the following answers. Put the number of question
on the line.
1.
2.
3.
8
5
3
4. 4
5. 7
6. 6
7. 9
8. 2
9. 1
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Reading Section
1. Choose the correct answer.
1
C
2. Answer with complete sentences.
1. He was born in 1917.
2. He was a businessman.
3. He married Jacqueline Bouvier
4. He married Jacqueline Bouvier
3. Cross T (true) or F (false) if the sentences are true or false.
1. Kennedy‘s children are all alive.
F
2. Two Kennedy‘s brothers were assassinated too.
T
3.The Kennedy‘s family story is a happy one.
F
Listening Section
1. Underline the correct option
1.
2.
3.
C
B
A
2. Answer with complete sentences
1. In 1992 she went to live in Portugal
2. She married a Portuguese journalist
3. Mark true or false.
1. For some time she didn‘t have a job.
2. She didn‘t write in her house because it was cold
3. She doesn‘t write in coffee shops.
3. Her daughter‘s name is Jessica.
4. She lived in Edinburgh, Scotland
true
true
false
104
PRACTICE: SHOULD/SHOULDN’T
1 Match the two columns
1. c
2. f
3. e
4. a
5. d
6. b
1 Listen and match
1. e
2. a
3. f
4. c
5. b
6. d
2. Read and listen
A. 3
B. 4
C. 1
D. 6
E. 2
F. 5
2 Conversation.
1. Mexico City
2. You should
3. go to
4. Where
5. buy
6. the streets
7. shouldn't
8. too late
9. we
10. can be
11. city
3 Suggest a remedy Respuestas sugeridas
1. You should lie down.
2. You should see a dentist.
3. She should see a doctor.
4. He shouldn‘t eat anything. / He should take some Pepto.
5. You should drink some orange juice./ You should take
some syrup.
6. You should see a doctor.
3. Listen to the conversation and
choose the best answer.
1. c
2. c
3. b
4. d
5. a
6. a
8. d
Reading Section
True/False
1. F
6. T
2. T
7. F
3. T
8. F
4. F
9. T
5. F
10.F
105
THE IMPERATIVE
1. Make the following instructions negative.
1. Don‘t sit down
4. Don‘t call your mother
2. Don‘t clean the room.
5. Don‘t open your books.
3. Don‘t make dinner
2. Write an Imperative for each
1.take a taxi
2.don‘t drive
3.don‘t
4. use some
3. Complete the conversatons. Underline the correct word
1. take
2. exercise. And take these pills.
3. straight, turn, walk.
4. Read the conversation. Fill in the blanks with the words from the boxes.
Conversation 1
Conversation 2
2b: terrible
1a: how
4b: headache /throat
3a: wrong?
5a: should
4b: stomach
7a:drink
6b: can‘t
Reading Section
1. Read and arrange the directions.
a) 3
d) 1
b) 4
e) 2
c) 5
Listening Section:
1.mash
2.mix
3.add
4.make
5.cover
6.heat
7.fry
8.serve
106
PRACTICE: CAN/CAN’T
1 Complete the conversations with can or can‘t and the base form of a verb.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
8 A
B
9 A
B
10 A
B
Can your mother drive a car?
Yes, she can. But she doesn‘t drive very well.
Can you swim well?
Yes, I can. I swim very fast.
Can your sister play the guitar?
No, she can‘t. She plays terribly.
Can you buy me these shoes?
No, I can‘t. They‘re too expensive.
Sorry, you can‘t eat that soup.
I see. It‘s too hot.
Can your brother cook?
No. He can‘t cook at all.
Can Raul speak English well?
Yes. He speaks English well.
Can your father fix a car?
Yes, he can. He‘s a great mechanic.
Can you skate-board well?
Yes, I can skate-board, but I can‘t do tricks.
Can I wear your blue sweater tonight?
Sure. But it can be too big for you.
2.Look at the prompts and produce questions Respuestas sugeridas
1 A Can he play the guitar?
B Yes, he can. But he plays terribly
2 A Can she ride a horse?
B No, she can’t. She rides awful.
3 A Can he draw?
B No, he can’t. He draws terribly.
4 A Can he play chess?
B Yes, he can. But he doesn’t play very well.
5 A Can he speak two foreign languages?
B Yes, he can. He speaks English & Japanese
6 A Can he swim 500 meters?
B No, he can’t. He swims awful.
7 A Can he read music?
B No, he can’t.
8 A Can he ride a motorcycle?
B No, he can’t. He can’t control it.
9 A Can he run five kilometers?
B No, he can’t. He’s exhausted.
10 A Can he ski?
B Yes, he can. But he skis terribly.
11 A Can she cook pizza?
B No, she can’t. She cooks awful.
12 A Can she play the piano?
B Yes, she can. But she plays terribly.
107
1 Listen and complete the chart.
read music
use a computer
ride a horse
Bill
Yes
Yes
No
Amanda
No
No
Yes
Jill and Sam
Yes
Yes
No
2 Write sentences using the information from the previous exercise.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Bill / read music.
Amanda / use a computer.
Bill / use a computer.
Bill / ride a horse.
Amanda / read music.
Amanda / ride a horse.
Jill and Sam / read music.
Jill and Sam / use a computer.
Jill and Sam / ride a horse.
Bill can read music.
Amanda can’t use a computer.
Bill can use a computer.
Bill can’t ride a horse.
Amanda can’t read music.
Amanda can ride a horse.
Jill and Sam can read music.
Jill and Sam can use a computer.
Jill and Sam can’t ride a horse.
3 Listen and complete the conversations with phrases from the box.
1 A Can I try on this pair of jeans, please?
4 A Good afternoon. Can I help you?
B Of course. The fitting rooms are over here. B Yes, can I change this traveler‘s check,
please?
2 A Can I have a ticket to New York please?
A Of course. How much is it?
B Sure. One-way or round-trip?
B Fifty dollars.
A One-way, please.
B That‘s fifteen dollars, please.
5 A Can I have a pizza, please?
A Thank you.
B Ok.
B Twenty dollars. Here‘s your ticket and
A How much is it?
$ 5.00 change.
B $ 12.30.
A Thank you.
3 A Can I send an e-mail, please?
B Twenty dollars. Here‘s $ 7.70 change.
B Ok. Computer number fifteen.
A How much is it?
B Twenty-five cents a minute. You pay at
the end.
108
Reading Section
Pictures
A. 2
B. 4
C. 1
D. 3
TRUE or FALSE
1. F
2. T
3. T
4. F
5. T
6. F
7. T
4. Listen and number the Pictures
a
2 4
1 6
3 5
b
1. Could you please close the window?
2. Could you please hand me my sweater?
3. Could you please turn on the stove?
4. Could you please open the refrigerator?
5. Could you please help me?
6. Could you please turn off that lamp?
WOULD LIKE
1 Listen to people, it‘s their birthday soon. Complete the sentences.
1
2
3
Suzanne What would I like for my birthday? That‘s easy.
I‘d like to have breakfast in bed. With the newspapers.
And in the evening, I‘d like to go to the theater.
Tom
Well, I‘d like a new computer because my computer is so old that the new
programs don‘t work on it. I‘d like to go to a nice restaurant. I don‘t care if it‘s
Italian, Japanese, Chinese, or Indian –just good food.
Alice
I don‘t have a cellphone, but all my friends have one, so what I‘d really like is
my own cell phone. They aren‘t expensive these days. And in the evening I‘d
like to go out with all my friends and have a great time!
109
2. Listen to Andrea and Paul ordering a meal at Joe’s Diner
P Andrea, what would you like to start?
A Can I have the tomato juice, please?
P And I‘d like the chicken soup.
P Can I have the steak, please?
W How would you like it cooked?
W What would you like to drink?
A We‘d like a bottle of mineral water, too.
A Delicious, thank you.
PRACTICE: WOULD LIKE
1. Write sentences
Posibles respuestas.
2. He would like to be a writer
3. I’d like to live in a big city.
4. He’d like to be a musician.
5. She’d like to live in the country.
6. I’d like to travel around the world.
7. I’d like to be the president of my company.
8. I’d like to ride a motorcycle.
9. I’d like to be one hundred years old.
2. Number the following conversation in the correct order.
1 Waiter Good morning.
2
Man Good morning. Can we have the menu, please?
3 Waiter Certainly. Would you like coffee to start?
4
Man Yes, please. My coffee with milk, no sugar.
5 Waiter Sure. Would you like some orange juice?
6
Man Good idea. Only if it‘s fresh.
7 Woman Can we order now?
8 Waiter Of course, what would you like?
9 Woman I‘d like the fried eggs and bacon-crispy.
10 Waiter Would you like hash brown with your eggs?
11 Woman Yes, please. There‘s nothing like a good American breakfast.
3. Listen and complete .
2. Is there a drugstore near here
3. next to the bank.
4. Can I help you
5. Do you have this shirt
6. That‘s all we have
7. I‘d like to try on
8. What size are you?
9. What would you like?
10. I‘d like a kilo of
11. No, that‘s all
12. Do you sell Korean
13. No, I‘m sorry
14. can I buy them
110
4. Listen Write a number 1-5.
4
2
1
5
3
A movie theater
An internet café
A music store
A bank
A newsstand
GIVE AND GET DIRECTIONS
1. Ask about the location of places (many possible answers):
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
The gas station is next to the Hotel on Washington street.
Yes, there is a church across the street from the park.
The hospital is down Washington street, on the left.
Yes, the disco is on the corner of Jackson street and Washington street.
The supermarket is next to the shops.
Yes, the school is down Jackson street, next to the shops.
The restaurant is on the corner of market street and park avenue.
2. Give and get directions (many possible answers):
2 Go two blocks and turn right. It‘s next to the gas station.
3 Go straight. It‘s on Franklin Street next to the church.
4 Go two blocks. Turn right on Washington street. It‘s across the hotel.
5 Go to the corner of Jackson street and Washington street.
6 Go to Washington street. Turn left. Go down 2 blocks. It‘s next to the Granville Hotel.
7 Turn left. Go down 1 block. Go down park avenue. It‘s next to the bank.
8 Go down Market street and turn left on park avenue. It‘s across the bar.
READING SECTION
1. Check true or false for each sentence.
1 The museum next to the Hotel California.
2 The post office is on Lawton Street.
3 Mario‘s Pizza is next to Madison Hotel.
4 Gina‘s café is between the Madison Hotel and Bob‘s Burgers.
5 The tourist information center is across from the hotel California.
6 Bob‘s Burgers is between the Drake Hotel and Gina‘s Café.
7 The Hotel California is between the museum and the police station.
8 The Madison Hotel is next to the farmer‘s market.
true
true
false
false
true
false
false
true
LISTENING SECTION
1. Listen to each conversation and look at the corresponding picture. Circle the letter that
shows the correct location of each place.
1 In conversation 1, the market is:
A
2 In conversation 2, The museum is:
A
3 In conversation 3, the post office is:
B
4 In conversation 4, the Porter Hotel is:
A
111
SUBJECT AND OBJECT PRONOUNS
1. Choose the correct option. Underline the corresponding subject and object pronouns.
1. a
2. c
3. b
4. b
5. a
6. c
2. Complete the sentences with him/her/them
1.them
2.him
3.them
4.her
5.him
6.them
Reading Section
name
town /city and country
job / study
age
day(s) of English classes
married or single
family / relationships
Valentina Sandri
1. Bologna, Italy
2. law student
3.23 years old
4. Wednesdays and Fridays
5. single
6. Gianluca (boyfriend)
free time
7.read a lot, visit friends, go
to the cinema
1. a
2. a
3. b
4. a
Mario Santos
8. Curitiba, Brazil
9.history and music teacher
10. 31 years old
11. Saturday mornings
12. married
13.Julie (wife), Luciana and
Adriano (children)
14. watch T.V. , visit friends,
go to concerts
Listening Section
5. b
6. b
7. a
112