4th of ESO (LOMCE)
Pedro Jiménez Ponce
Esther Jiménez Ponce
4th of ESO
Autores: Pedro Jiménez Ponce y Esther Jiménez Ponce
Ilustraciones: Pedro Jiménez Ponce
Diseño de portada: Pedro Jiménez Ponce
Maquetación: Pedro Jiménez Ponce
Edita: Educàlia Editorial, S.L.
ISBN: 978-84-943622-3-1
Depósito legal: V-1671-2014
Printed in Spain/Impreso en España.
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UNIT 5: The 70s
By the seventies the album had become more important than the single. Concerts
had moved from clubs and halls to stadiums.
The Beatles - Let it Be
John Lennon - Imagine
The Rolling Stones - Angie
Abba - Waterloo
Barry White - You're the First, the Last, My Everything
Queen - Bohemian Rhapsody
Donna Summer - I Feel Love
John Travolta & Olivia Newton-John, You're the One
Gloria Gaynor - I Will Survive
5.1 'Imagine', LENNON.
4º ESO, Tema 5. Materiales curriculares, PEDRO JIMÉNEZ PONCE
5.2 Punk
England's punk scene had political and economic roots. The economy in
the United Kingdom was in poor shape, and unemployment rates were at
an all-time high. England's youth was angry, rebellious and out of work.
Punk rock was also a reaction against tendencies that had overtaken
popular music in the 1970s, including what the punks saw as superficial
"disco" music.
Punk bands created a simple instrumentation and anti-establishment
lyrics. Typical punk rock instrumentation includes one or two electric guitars, an electric bass, and a drum kit, along with vocals. Songs tend to be
shorter than those of other popular genres. Punk rock vocals sometimes
sound nasal and lyrics are often shouted instead of sung.
Sex Pistols, 'God save the Queen'
God save the Queen
The fascist regime
They made you a moron
Potential H-bomb
God save the Queen
She ain't no human being
There is no future
In England's dreaming
Don't be told what you want
Don't be told what you need
There's no future, no future,
No future for you
1.1 Explain the content of this song. Translate the text.
1.2 Establish the relationship between anarchy and the text of this song.
What is the meaning of 'No future for you'?
What is the relationship between this sentence and nihilism?
Why is this song anti-establishment?
4º ESO, Tema 5. Materiales curriculares, PEDRO JIMÉNEZ PONCE
5.3 Heavy metal
Musicians created a new music style. Punk rock emerged in the
1970s as a reaction against contemporary social conditions. The first metal bands were Led Zeppelin and Black Sabbath.
Heavy metal songs are often based on:
Distortion sounds (electric guitars and electric basses).
Distortion of the guitar sound is used to create a more powerful,
"heavy'" sound.
Broken voice.
Countercultural movement.
Experimental and noisy music.
Ugly aesthetics.
The typical band includes a drummer, a bassist, a rhythm guitarist, a lead guitarist,
and a singer.
Electric guitar solos.
Lyrical ballads.
Heavy metal bands such as Judas Priest and Iron Maiden, increased the tempo and
made “heavier”.
'Whole Lotta Love', Led Zeppelin
2. What is your opinion about...
... ugly aesthetics?
... broken voices?
... distortion sounds in music?
4º ESO, Tema 5. Materiales curriculares, PEDRO JIMÉNEZ PONCE
5.4 Disco music
It was with the rise of disco in the early 1970s that dance music became popular. The use of
live orchestras in night clubs was extremely rare due to its expense. Disc jockeys (commonly
known as DJs) played recorded music at these new clubs.
The film Saturday Night Fever was marketed specifically to broaden disco's popularity beyond
its primarily black and Latin audiences. It was a huge success and its soundtrack became one of
the best-selling albums of all time.
By far the most successful European disco band was ABBA. This Swedish quartet -with such
hits as "Waterloo" (1974) and "Dancing Queen" (1976)- ranks as the eighth best-selling group of
all time.
'I Feel Love', Donna SUMMER.
Before this song, most disco recordings had been backed by acoustic
orchestras although all-electronic music had been produced for decades.
Giorgio Moroder's innovative production of this disco-style song,
recorded with an entirely synthesized backing track, utilizing a machine
called a Moog synthesizer. "I wanted to conclude with a futuristic song
and I decided that it had to be done with a synthesizer."
1. Reverberated vocal sound.
2. Syncopated electric bass.
3. Sensual content.
4. Synthesizer sounds.
5. In most disco tracks, strings, electric pianos, and electric guitars create a lush background sound.
4º ESO, Tema 5. Materiales curriculares, PEDRO JIMÉNEZ PONCE
Organology: synthesizer
3.1 Describe how a sinthesizer works.
3.2 Who invented the first synthesizer?
3.3 Explain its evolution.
'Stayin' Alive', BEE GEES.
The term falsetto is most often used in the context of singing to
refer to a type of vocal phonation that enables the singer to sing
notes beyond the vocal range of the normal voice.
Production of the normal voice involves vibration of the entire
vocal cord, with the glottis opening. With the production of
falsetto, only the ligamentous edges of the vocal cords vibrate.
'Stayin' Alive' is a disco song by the group Bee Gees from the
Saturday Night Fever motion picture soundtrack.
Recording this song was not simple. Engineer Karl Richardson
copied a few seconds of drumming from 'Night Fever', cut out the
piece of tape and glued the ends together.
4º ESO, Tema 5. Materiales curriculares, PEDRO JIMÉNEZ PONCE
ABBA: 'Chiquitita'
Chiquitita, tell me what's wrong
You're enchained by your own sorrow
In your eyes there is no hope for tomorrow
How I hate to see you like this
There is no way you can deny it
I can see that you're oh so sad, so quiet.
Chiquitita, you and I know
How the heartaches come and they go and the scars they're leaving
You'll be dancing once again and the pain will end
You will have no time for grieving
Chiquitita, you and I cry
But the sun is still in the sky and shining above you
Let me hear you sing once more like you did before
4º ESO, Tema 5. Materiales curriculares, PEDRO JIMÉNEZ PONCE
4º ESO, Tema 5. Materiales curriculares, PEDRO JIMÉNEZ PONCE
5.5 Symphonic rock
Bands abandoned the short pop single in favor of instrumentation and compositional techniques more frequently associated with jazz or classical music in an effort to give rock music the
same level of musical sophistication and critical respect.
Songs contained symphonic influences, extended musical themes, philosophical lyrics and
complex orchestrations. Some artists performed rock arrangements of themes from classical music or composed original pieces in classical composition structures.
'Bohemian Rhapsody', Queen.
Queen are a British rock band formed in London in 1970, originally consisting of
Freddie Mercury (lead vocals, piano), Brian May (guitar, vocals), John Deacon
(bass guitar), and Roger Taylor (drums and vocals).
A distinctive characteristic of Queen's music is the vocal harmonies which are
usually composed of the voices of May, Mercury, and Taylor best heard on the
studio album A Night at the Opera. Some of the ground work for the
development of this sound can be attributed to their former producer Roy
Thomas Baker, and their engineer Mike Stone.
Besides vocal harmonies, Queen were also known for multi-tracking voices to
imitate the sound of a large choir through overdubs. For instance, according to
Brian May, there are over 180 vocal overdubs in 'Bohemian Rhapsody'.
Many Queen songs were also written with audience participation in mind,
such as 'We will Rock You' and 'We Are the Champions'.
4º ESO, Tema 5. Materiales curriculares, PEDRO JIMÉNEZ PONCE