U1L1 DOPs and IOPs and double OP notes

Transcripción

U1L1 DOPs and IOPs and double OP notes
Español 2
Unidad 1 Lección 1
Notes on DOPs and IOPs
Me llamo __________________
Fecha _____________________
DOPs:
Direct Objects (DOs) tell “who” or “what” receives the action of the verb directly in a
sentence. (They answer the question: Who or What Subject + Verb?).The DOPs (direct
object pronouns) save us from being repetitive. They replace the nouns with pronouns words like “it” or “them”-. The DOP replaces the DO in the sentence.
Ex: I eat pizza every day for lunch. I eat it with a lot of cheese.
DO
DOP
DOPs in Spanish:
me = me
nos = us
te = you
os = you guys
lo = him, it
los = them
la = her, it
las = them
PLACEMENT: Where are the DOPs placed in a Spanish sentence?
 Before a conjugated verb. ex: La como cada día. (I eat it every day.)
 Attached to an infinitive.
ex: Voy a comerla hoy. (I’m going to eat it today)
Later we will learn also:
• Attached to a progressive tense ending (also called gerund).
ex: Estaba comiéndola. (I was eating it.)
• Attached to an affirmative command. ex: ¡Estúdialo! (Study it!)
• Before a negative command . ex: ¡No lo olvides! (Don’t forget it!)
IOPs:
Indirect Objects (IOs) tell “to whom?” or “for whom?” the action is being done.
(They answer the question: To whom or For whom Subject + Verb?) The IO
indirectly receives the action of the verb. The IOP (indirect object pronoun) may
replace or accompany the IO in the sentence.
Ex: I am going to give the homework to my teachers.
DO
IO
I am going to give the homework to them tomorrow. (or ...give it to them.)
DO
IOP
DOP IOP
PLACEMENT: Where are the IOPs placed in Spanish sentence?
 Before a conjugated verb. ex: Les veo cada día. (I see them each day.)

Attached to an infinitive.
ex: Voy a darles la tarea. (I’m going to give them
IOPs in Spanish:
(a mí)
me=to/for me
(a nosotros/ a nosotras) nos=to/for us
(a ti)
te =to/for you
(a vosotros/ a vosotras) os =to/for you guys
(a él,
=to/for him
(a ellos,
=to/for them
a ella
le =to/for her
a ellas,
les =to/for them
a Ud. etc.)
=to/for you (fl.)a Uds. etc.)
=to/for you (fl.)
the homework.)
Later we will learn also:
 Attached to a progressive tense ending (or gerund).
ex: Estaba escribiéndole. (I was writing to him.)
 Attached to an affirmative command. ex: ¡Dime! (Tell me!)
• Before a negative command. ex: ¡No le digas! (Don’t tell him!)
DOUBLE OBJECT PRONOUNS:
When you have a DOP and an IOP in the same sentence, the IOP goes *FIRST*
(before the DOP). A trick to remember the order: “ID”=Indirect-Direct.
Example: When are you going to give the money to me?
DO IO
I am going to give
it
to you on Friday.
DOP
IOP
Example translating the sentences above:
¿Cuándo vas a darme el dinero?
IOP DO
- Voy a dártelo el viernes. OR - Te lo voy a dar el viernes.
IOP+DOP
IOP+DOP
(attached at end of infinitive)
(before a conjugated verb)
The IOP “te” (to you) goes FIRST followed by the DOP “lo” (it) in both examples.
DOUBLE OBJECT PRONOUNS ISSUE:
RULE: When there is a “le” or “les” followed by a “lo, la, los, or las…” change “le” or
“les” to “se”.
(This is probably so because “le/les” next to “lo/la/los/las” sounds strange to a native
speaker…. the “le” or “les” changes to “se”.)
Example: I am going to give it (the money) to him on Friday.
Voy a dárselo el viernes. OR Se lo voy a dar el viernes.
The IOP “to him” should have been “le”, but because it’s followed by “lo” it changes
to “se” (“les lo” sounds strange to a native speaker). The IOP “se” (to him) goes
FIRST followed by the DOP “lo” (it) in both examples.
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