guía de estudio de ingles - Instituto Misael Acosta Solis

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guía de estudio de ingles - Instituto Misael Acosta Solis
INSTITUTO SUPERIOR TECNOLÓGICO DE NATUROPATIA
“Dr. MISAEL ACOSTA SOLIS”
RIOBAMBA – ECUADOR
GUÍA DE ESTUDIO DE
INGLES
2011 - 2012
1
A los alumnos:
En sus manos tienen un manual bastante sencillo de los temas básicos para el uso del idioma
Inglés como una herramienta de comunicación con sus pacientes Ingles - hablantes. Deben
ustedes recordar que una comunicación es efectiva cuando podemos dar a conocer nuestro
mensaje, no necesariamente cuando demostramos cuanto sabemos del idioma. De ahí la
importancia de que al momento de entablar un diálogo con un extranjero se lo haga de la
manera mas concisa y precisa posible.
Al final del manual - texto de estudio encontrarán un glosario clasificado alfabéticamente con
términos necesarios para el desenvolvimiento de una entrevista médica.
Exitos en su labor profesional. Es la mejor de todas.
Atentamente,
EL AUTOR
2
ENGLISH 1
MARCELO ORTEGA
CONTENTS
UNIT 1
The alphabet
How do you spell ?
Cardinal Numbers
Addition, substruction, multiplicacion, division
Ordinal Numbers
Days of the week. Months of the year, Dates
Greetings and saying good-bye
Personal Information
Nouns, plural forms
Glossary
UNIT 2
Verb to Be, affirmative, negative, and interrogative forms
Information Questions
The adjectives, list of the most common ones
Possessive adjectives
What is your name?
Glossary
UNIT 3
Present progressive, affirmative, negative, and interrogative forms
Simple Present, affirmative, negative, and interrogative forms
Simple Past, affirmative, negative, and interrogative forms
Rules for past tense
Verb to Be in past
Glossary
UNIT 4
Common Verbs with meaning
Irregular verbs
Modal auxiliaries: Can, Will, Should
Modal Auxiliary: Must
Medical Check-ups
Glossary, time expressions
UNIT 5
The human body
Illness
Vocabulary related to medicine
Food
3
UNIT ONE
THE ALPHABET
A (EY)
H (EYCH)
O (OW)
B (BI )
C (SI)
D (DI)
E (I)
F (EF)
G(GI)
I (AI)
J (GEY)
K(KEY)
L (l)
M (EM)
N (EN)
P (pi)
K ( KIU)
R (AR)
S (ES)
T (TI)
U (YU)
V (VI)
W (DABL
YU )
X (EKS)
Y (WAI)
Z (ZI)
PRACTICE
Learn the follwong phrases and practice them.
Aprenda las siguientes frases y practíquelas.
How do you spell _____
?
Como se deletrea
How do you spell that?
Como se deletrea eso ?
How do you spell your name?
Como se deletrea su nombre?
How do you spell your last name?
Como se deletra tu apellido?
How do you spell your first name ?
Como se deletrea su primer nombre?
How do you spell your middle name?
Como se deletrea su Segundo nombre
Practice with a partner spell some words to him/her and ask him / her to do the same.
Practique con su compañ[email protected] Deletree algunas palabras y pídale que haga lo mismo con ud.
______________________________________
__________________________________________
______________________________________
__________________________________________
______________________________________
__________________________________________
______________________________________
__________________________________________
4
Cardinal numbers
1 One
11 Eleven
30 Thirty
2 Two
12 Twelve
40 Forty
3 Three
13 Thirteen
50 Fifty
4 Four
14 Fourteen
60 Sixty
5 Five
15 Fifteen
70 Seventy
6 Six
16 Sixteen
80 Eighty
7 Seven
17 Seventeen
90 Ninety
8 Eight
18 Eighteen
100 One hundred
9 Nine
19 Nineteen
1,000 One thousand
10 Ten
20 Twenty
1,000,000 One million
Addition
7 + 6 =13
Seven plus six equals thirteen
Substraction
70 - 60 = 10
Seventy minus sixty equals ten
Multiplication
4 x 10 =40
Four times ten equals forty
division
30/ 6 = 5
Thirty divided by six equals
five
Practice
Put the following in words.
Ponga lo siguiente en palahras.
34 + 16 = ____
__________________________________________
27-17 = _____ __________________________________________
14x4 = ______ __________________________________________
78/2= _____ __________________________________________
20 + 13 = _____
__________________________________________
69/3=______ __________________________________________ _
48-35 = _____ ___________________________________________
5
ORDINAL NUMBER
1SD First
11TH Eleventh
21 ST Twenty-first
2ND Second
12THTwelfth
22ND Twenty-second
3RD Third
13TH Thirteenth
30 TH Thirtieth
4TH Fourth
14TH Fourteenth
40 TH Fortieth
5TH Fifth
15THFifteenth
50 TH Fiftieth
6THSixth
16THSixteenth
60 TH Sixtieth
7TH Seventh
17THSeventeenth
70 TH Seventieth
8TH Eighth
18THEighteenth
80 TH Eightieth
9TH Ninth
19TH Nineteenth
90 TH Ninetieth
10TH Tenth
20 TH Twentieth
100 TH One hundredth
MONTHS OF THE YEAR
DAYS OF THE WEEK
MONDAY
TUESDAY
WEDNESDAY
THURSDAY
FRIDAY
SATURDAY
SUNDAY
January
July
February
August
March
September
April
October
May
November
June
DECEMBER
December
DATES
Labor Day is in May.
IN + Month
Mother’s Dav is on Sunday.
ON + Dav
Christmas is on December 25*.
ON + Month + Day
May 24,1824
Month + Day + Year
6
PRACTICE
Write the corresponding date according to the information given.
Escriba la Fecha correspondiente de acuerdo a La información dado.
New year
Independence Day
__________________________________
New Year’s Eve
_________________________________
Your birthday
________________________________
Saint Valentine
_________________________________
Woman’ s Day
_________________________________
GREETINGS
SALUDOS
SAYING GOOD BYE
DESPEDIDAS
Hi
hola
bye
Adios
Hello
hola
bye
adios
Good morning
Buenos dias
good bye
buenas noches
Good afternoon
Buenos tardes
good night
Buenas noches
Good evening
buenas noches
a. How are you?
A. como estas ?
see you later
hasta luego
b. Fine thanks.
B. bien gracias
see you tomorrow
hasta mañna
take care
cuidate
MEETING SOMEONE
CONOCIENDO A ALGUIEN
a.
How do you do?
A. como estas ?
b.
How do you do?
B. como esta ?
a.
Nice to meet you
a. gusto conocerte
b.
Nice to meet you too
b. gusto en conocerte tambien
7
IDENTIFICATION CARD
First name:
__________________________________________________________
Last name:
__________________________________________________________
Phone :
__________________________________________________________
Place of birth: __________________________________________________________
Date of birth:
__________________________________________________________
Address
__________________________________________________________
PRACTICE
Introduce yourself by using the information in the identification card that you Filled out.
Presentese a su compañero usando la informacion de la tarjeta que lleno arriba
Hello my name is _______________My phone number is _______I am _______years old. My
birthday
is on ___________ and I live in ______________
NOUNS
SINGULAR
IT
IS
A/AN
PLURAL
THEY
ARE
THIS
THESE
THAT
THOSE
This (esto, esta, este)
These (estos, estas)
That (eso. esa, esc)
Those (esos, esas)
Note: A and AN mean ONE. And are used
Nota: A y AN signfica UNO. Y se usan
8
Only in singular.
solo en singular.
A is used before a consonant sound and
A se usa antes de sonido consonante, y
AN is used before a vowel sound
AN se usa antes de sonido vocal
PLURAL RULES
Reglas para pluraleS
1. Se añade “s”’ a la mayoria de los sustantivos.
en "Y'"
Book Books
cambia en
Key
Keys
Door Doors
2. Se añade “es”a los sustantivos que
terminan en ch, sh, x, s; and o.
o
Church Churches
Dish
Dish
Box
Boxes
Glass Glasses
Tomato Tomatoes
3. Cuando el sustantivo termina
despues de una consonante, “y”
“i” i se añade “es”
Strawberry
Strawberries
Copy
Copies
4. Cuando el sustantivo termina en “ f ”
“fe” se cambian en “v” y se añade “es’".
Wife
Wives
Wolf
Wolves
IRREGULAR PLURALS
Plurales irregulares l
man
Men
Goose
Ceese
Woman
Women
Mouse
Mice
Policeman
Policemen
Louse
Lice
Policewoman
Policewomen
Foot
Feet
Salesman
Salesmen
Tooth
Teeth
Child
Children
Radio
Radios
Person
People
Piano
Pianos
Fish
Fish
Dwarf
Dwarfs
Ox
Oxen
Bacterium
Bacteria
Deer
Deer
Medium
Media
PRATICE
Change the following words to plural
Cambie las siguientes palabras a plural.
Horse ____________
9
Box
____________
Knife ____________
Eraser ____________
Lamp ____________
Church ____________
Fish ____________
Person____________
Class____________
Potato____________
Candle____________
Kiss____________
Blackberry____________
Surgeon ____________
Card____________
Address____________
Bacterium____________
Virus____________
Amoeba____________
Piano____________
Antibiotic____________
Lamp____________
Wife____________
Tomato____________
Month____________
Year____________
Foot____________
Day____________
Watch ____________
glossary
Addition
Suma
Lamp
Lampara
Address
Direccion
Louse
Piojo
Amoeba
Ameba
Man
hombre
Antibiotic
Antibiotico
Medium
Mediano
Bacterium
Bacteria
Month
Mes
Blackberry'
Mora
Mouse
Raton
Box
Caja
Multiplication
Multiplicacion
Candle
Vela
New Year
Año Nuevo
Card
Tarjeta
New Year's eve Año Viejo
10
Cardinal number
Numeros Cardinales
Noun
Sustantivo
Child
Nino
Ordinal Numbers Numeros Ordinales
Christmas
Navidad
Ox
Buey
Christmas' eve
Noche Buena
Person
Persona
Church
Iglesia
Phone
Telefono
Class
Clase
Piano
Piano
Date of birth
Fecha de Nacimiento
Place of birth
Lugar de nacimineto
Dates
Fechas
Plural
Plural
Day
Dia
Policeman
Policia (varon)
Deer
Venado
Policewoman
Policia (mujer)
Division
Division
Potato
Papa (tuberculo)
Dwarf
Enano
Radio
Radio
Eraser
Borrador
fish
pescado
Saint Valentines Dia del amor y la amistad
salesman
vendedor
Foot
Pie
Singular
Singular
Goose
Ganzo
Subs traction
Resta
Horse
Caballo
Surgeon
Cirujano
Identificacion
Identificación
Tooth
Diente
Independence day Dia de la independencia
Week
Semana
Kiss
Beso
Woman
Mujer
Knife
Cuchillo
Year
Año
Unit two
Verb to be
En español que son “ser” y “estar”. A continuacion tiene las conjugaciones en presente simple
AFFIRMATIVE FORM
Forma afirmativa
I am =
I'm
Yo soy / yo estoy
11
You are =
He is=
.She is =
It is =
We are
You are =
They are =
You're Tu eres / tu estas
He’s
El es / el esta
She’s Ella es / ella esta
It’s
Eso es / eso esta
We´re Nosotros somos / nosotros estamos
You’re Ustedes son / ustedes estan
They’re Ellos son / ellos estan
NEGATIVE FORM
Forma negativa
I am not =
You are not =
He is not =
.She is not =
It is not =
We are not =
You are not =
They are not =
I’m not
You aren't
He isn’t
She isn’t
It isn’t
We aren’t
You aren’t
They aren’t
Yo no soy / yo no estoy
Tu no eres / tu no estas
El no es / el no esta
Ella no es / ella no esta
Eso no es / eso no esta
Nosotros no somos /nosotros no estamos
Ustedes no son / ustedes no estan
Ellos no son / ellos no estan
INTERROGATIVE FORM
Forma interrogative
Are vou ?
Am I ?
Is he ?
Is She ?
Is it ?
Are vou ?
Are we ?
Are thev ?
Yes, I am/No, I’m not
Yes, you are/No, you aren't
Yes he is/No, he isn’t
Yes, she is/No, she isn’t
Yes. it is/No, it isn’t
Yes, we are/No, we aren't
Yes, you are/No, you aren’t
Yes, they are/No, they aren’t
PRACTICE
Complete the following sentences with the right forms of the Verb Be.
Complete las siguientes oraciones con las formas correctas del verbo Be .
1.
Carlos ______a doctor.
2.
The nurse______
3.
VIH____
4.
______your friend sick?
5.
The patients____
6.
Our blood ______red
7.
This girl ______very sick.
very polite.
a mortal virus.
in the wainting room-
12
8.
The book _______on the desk .
9.
Franklin _______a great father.
10.
_______ Adriana new in the office?
11.
The office ________near the stadium.
12.
The driver _______not rude to the passengers.
13.
Milk______good for your teeth.
PRACTICE
Change the following sentences into negative and interrogative forms.
Cambie las siguientes oraciones a formas negativa e interrogative.
1.
Carol is a nice patient.
2.
We are in the waiting room.
3.
Frank is a doctor.
4.
This is a deep cut.
5.
That wound is infected.
6.
The nurse is at the desk.
7.
The books are on the shelf
13
The patient is at the doctor’s office
The patient isn’t at the doctor’s office.
Is the patient at the doctor's office?
WH QUESTION
Las preguntas de informacion se forman al añadir al principio de la forma interrogativa la
palabras de informacion. Las mas comunes son
Where
When
Who
Why
How
What
How much
How many
Whose
W'hat kind of
Donde
Cuando
Quien
Por que
C6mo
Que
Cuanto
Cuantos
De quien
Que clase de
Where is your house?
When is Christmas?
Who is die mayor of Quito?
Why is he absent?
How are you?
What is your job?
How much is it?
How many people are clas?
Whose pen is it?
What land of flowers are thev?
PRACTICE
Complete the following questions according to the answers.
Complete las siguientes pregttnim de acuerdo a las respuestas dados
1.________ is the bank ?
4. __________ is that ?
It is on west ave
that´s a tongue depressor
2._______ is Christmas ?
5.________ book is it?
It is on December 25 th
it is Adry´s book
3.________ is he ?
6.________ are you?
He´s the mayor of quito
i´m fine , thank you
14
PRACTICE
Change the following statements into wh-questions.
Cambie las siguientes oraciones en preguntas de informacion .
1. Anita’s birthday is onJuly 20th
2. The shoppmg center is on Amazonas Ave.
3. She is my teacher
______________
____________
______________
4. My telephone number is 096048333
_____________
5. Adry is very- beautuful.
______________
6. Those are scissors.
______________
7. He is my father.
______________
THE ADJECTIVES
Los adjetivos son cualidades o caracteristicas de los objetos (personas, animales, o cosas). En
Ingles no tienen ni genero ni numero, esto es. se usa el mismo adjetivo para el o ella o ellos.
'No se aumenta “s” o “es’
EJEMPLO
Luis is tall
Susan is tall.
They are tall.
Sandra and Adry are tall
Cuando van con un sustativo se ubican antes de este.
EJEMPLO
Luis is a tall boy
15
THE MOST COMMON ADJECTIVES
Los adjetivos mas e
Comunes
1. Good
Bad
1. Bueno
Malo
2. Easy
Difficult
2. Facil
Dificil
3. Slow
Fast
3. Lento
Rapido
4. Happy
Sad
4. Feliz
Triste
5. Interesting
Boring
5. Interesante Aburrido
6 Intelligent
Dumb
6. Inteligente
tonto
7. Beautiful
Ugly
7. Hermosa
Fea
8. Handsome
Ugly
8. Atractivo
Feo
9. Delicious
Awful
9. Delicioso
Feo (sabor)
10. Rich
Poor
10. Rico
Pobre
11. Che ap
Expensive
11. Barato
Caro
12. Tall
Short
12. Alto
Pequeño
13. Long
Short
13. Largo
Corto
14. Wide
Narrow
14. Ancho
Estrecho
15. Soft
Hard
15. Suave
Duro
16. Old
New
16. Viejo
Nuevo
17. Old
Young
17. Viejo
Joven
18. Strong
Weak
18. Fuerte
Debil
19. Light
Heavy
19. Liviano
Pesado
20. Empty
Full
20. Vacio
Lleno
21. Awake
Asleep
21. Despierto
Dormido
22. Dead
Alive
22. Muerto
Vivo
23. Safe
Dangerous
23. Seguro
Peligroso
24. Thin
Thick
24. Delgado
Grueso
25. Thin
Fat
25. Delgado
gordo
16
26. Clear
Dark
26.claro
Obscuro
27. Clean
Dirty
27. Limpio
Sucio
28. Honest
Dishonest
28. Honesto
Desonesto
29. ILL
Well
29.Enfermo
Sano
30. Deep
Shallow
30. Profundo
Superficial
PRACTICE
Fill in the blanks with the corresponding word from the column on the right.
Llene los espacios en bianco con la palabra correspondiente de la columna en la derecha.
1. Catherine Zeta-Jones isn’t ugly. She is ________
2.
WEAK
LIGHT
WIDE
HAPPY
DARK
BEUTIFUL
FUNNY
SMALL
CHEPA
OLD
Babies aren’t ________They are young.
3. Rolex watches aren't ________ They’re expensive
4. Clowns aren’t serious. They’re ____________
5. Ants aren’t big. They’re __________
6. Superman isn’t _________
He is strong.
7.
A loaded truck isn’t _______
8.
Caves are usually_________ They aren’t very clear.
9.
Carlos is very _________He isn’t sad because it’s his birthday.
It is very heavy.
10. Amazon river isn’t narrow. It’s very
___________
PRACTICE
Make similar examples as the ones above. Use affirmative and negative statements.
Realice ejemplos similares a los de arriba. Use oraciones afirmativas y negativas.
1 ______________________________________________________________________
2 ______________________________________________________________________
3______________________________________________________________________
4______________________________________________________________________
5______________________________________________________________________
17
PRACTICE
Unscramble the following statements.
Ponga en orden las siguientes oraciones.
1. Maria / tall / is / a / girl.
2. Quito / a / city / big / is.
3. are / we / students / responsible.
4. bone / is / that I broken / a
5. This / cut / is / a / deep.
6. healthy / boy / is / a / he.
7. father / a / is / strong / my / man.
POSSESSIVES
POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES
Los adjetivos posesivos
MY
Mi
YOUR
Su (de ud)
HIS
Su (de el)
HER
Su (de ella)
ITS
OUR
Su (de cosas)
Nuestro
YOUR
Suyo (de uds)
THEIR ´
Su (de ellos)
Noun’S
sustantivo ´S
18
Los adjetivos posesivos siempre van antes del sustantivo. No tienen plural; esto es, my
significa mio y mios. Se puede indicar posesion al aumentar apostrofe s (“s) al final del
sustantivo. Si el sustantivo termina en s solo se aumenta el apostrofe
WHAT IS YOUR NAME?
Cual es su nombre?
SINGULAR
What is his name '?
His name is Andre, or He is Andre.
PLURAL
What are their names ?
Their names are Esteban and Ana, or They are Esteban and Ana.
SINGULAR
Cuál es su nombre ?
Su nombre es Andre, o El es Andre.
PLURAL
Cuáles son sus nombres ?
Sus nombres son Esteban and Ana, o Elios son Esteban and Ana.
19
PRACTICE
Make similar examples. Practice with a partner.
Realice ejemplos silimares. Practique con Un compañero.
1.
What is your name?
5. What are your parents' names?
2.
6.
3.-
7.
4.´
8.
PRACTICE
Substitute the noun possessive with the possessive adjective.
substituya el posesivo con el correspondiente adjetivo posesivo.
1
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
. That is Susan's Clip.
Sandra’s father is Tom
They are Alberto’s shoes.
Victor’s office is very clean.
Tom and Boby's books are very neat.
Fernando is Carlos and Sonia’s cousin.
My mother’s food is delicious.
Roberto’s sister is Martha.
Paola is Hugo’s daughter.
Your son and my son are very tall.
glossary
Aunt
Tia
Mayor
Alcalde
Bank
Banco
Mother
Madre
Because
Porque
Nurse
Enfermero (a)
Bone
Hueso
Passenger
Pasajero
Broken
Roto
Patient
Paciente
Brother
Hermano
Polite
Cortez
20
Cap
Gorra
Responsible
Responsable
Cave
Cueva
River
Rio
Cousin
Primo (a)
Scissors
Tijeras
Cut
Corte
Shelf
Repisa
Daughter
Hija
Shoes
Zapatos
Father
Padre
Sick
Enfermno
Granddaughter
Nieta
Sister
Hernana
Grandfather
Abuelo
Son
Hijo
Grandmother
Abuela
Tongue depressor
Baja lenguas
Grandson
Nieto
Truck
Camion
Cheat
Grandioso
Uncle
Tio
Husband
Esposo
Waiting room
Sala de espera
Infected
Infectado
Wife
Esposa
Loaded
Cargado
Wound
Herida
UNIT THREE
PRESERT PROGRESSIVE
El tiempo presente progresivo es usado cuando nos referimos a situaciones que suceden en el
momento que estamos hablando. Se forma con e! verbo BE que significa ESTAR y el verbo
principal en gerundio (ING) que da las terminaciones ANDO y ENDO a los verbos en español
AFFIRMATIVE FORM
Forma afirmativa
S + BE + V ING + C.
I am
Yo estoy
you are
Tu estas
he is
El esta
she is
Ella esta
it is
we are
drinking some water.
Eso esta
bebiendo agua
Nosotros estamos
21
you are
Ustedes estan
they are
Ellos estan
NEGATIVE FORM
Forma negative
S + BE +NOT + VLNG + C.
I am not
Yo no estoy
you are not
Tu no estas
he is not
El no esta
she is not
Ella no esta
it is not
drinking some water.
Eso no esta
we are not
Nosotros no estamos
you are not
Ustedes no estan
they are not
Ellos no estan
bebiendo agua
INTERROGATIVE FORM
Forma interrogativa
Are you
Yes, I am /No, I’m not
Am I
Yes, you are /No, you aren’t
Is he
Yes he is /No, he isn't
Is She
Yes, she is /No, she isn't
Is it
drinking some water?
Yes, it is /No, it isn't
Are you
Yes, we are /No, we aren’t
Are we
Yes, you are /No, you aren’t
Are they
Yes, they are / No, they aren’t
22
PRACTICE
Make sentences in present progressive with the cues given.
haga oraciones en presente progresivo con las claves dadas.
1.Juan / clean / his house.
2.Andre / take a shower / now
3.Micky / eat / a hamburger / ?
4.Mom and dad / not / make lunch / this moment
5.Sandra / comb / her hair / on her bedroom.
6.Roberto / travel / to Galapagos / for business / ?
7.Adrv / sleep / on the sofa.
8.Pamela / not / study / for he test.
9.The girl / smile at / the boy / ?
10.The secretary / answer / the phone.
23
PRACTICE
Look around and write sentences about what the people you see are doing.
Mire a su alrededor haga oraciones acerca de Que esta haciendo la gente que ud ve.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Simple present
Utilizamos el tiempo presente simple en dos situaciones:
a)
Para hablar de habitos o actmdades cotidianas.
b)
Para hablar de hechos reales o dar información
24
AFFIRMATIVE FORM
Forma afirmativa
El verbo tiene solo dos cojugaciones: para los pronombres I, WE, YOU, THEY el verbo va el
forma simple ( eat, drink, watch ) y para los pronombres HE, SHE, IT el verbo va con '‘S’
(eats, drinks, watches), se aplican las mismas reglas del plural de los sustantivos.en la pagina
I
YOU
I
YOU
WE
V+C
WE
THEY
THEY
HE
HE
V+””S”” + C
SHE
IT
RUN FAST
SHE
RUNS FAST
IT
NEGATIVE FORM
Forma negativa
En la forma negativa se debe usar los auxiliares; DO para los pronombres I we, youn, they” y
DOES para los pronombres "he. she, it” El verbo siempre ira en forma simple. Las formas
negatives son DO NOT = DON’T, y DOES NOT = DOESN'T
I
I
YOU
YOU
WE
DON’T + VSF+C
WE
THEY
THEY
HE
HE
SHE
IT
DOESN’T + Vsf + C
SHE
DON’T RUN FAST
DOESN’T RUN FAST
IT
25
INTERROGATIVE FORM
Forma interrogative
Para realizar preguntas se anteponen los auxiliares: DO para los pronombres “I, we,you, they” y
DOES para los pronombres "lie, she, it” El verbo siempre ira en forma simple.
DO
I
I
YOU
YOU
WE
+ Vsf + C?
DO
WE
THEY
THEY
HE
HE
DOES SHE
+ VSf + C ? DOES
IT
SHE
RUN FAST 7
RUN FAST ?
IT
PRACTICE
Make sentences in simple present with the cues given.
Haga oraciones en presente simple con las claves dadas.
1.Juan / live I in Quito.
2.Andrea / takes the bus / at 7:00
3.you / like / pizza I ?
4.My mom / not / make lunch / on Sundays
5.The Earth / revolve / around the sun.
6.Teenagers / drive / very fast / ?
26
7.Pam / not / have / a car.
8.Dolphins / not / eat / men.
9.That girl / study / at M. A. S. Institute ?
10.Carlos/teach/anatomy
PRACTICE
Complete the following statementes with appropriate logical ideas.
Complete las siguientes oraciones con ideas apropiadas y logicas.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
I _________ at 6:00 Every morning
I _________ at Misael Acosta Institute
My parents live in _______________
I ___________ a family
Our body___________ 205 bones
I ______ at 2:00 pm
Cats _______ milk
Mice _________ cheese
Dolphins __________ very fast
Ecuador ___________ petroleum
27
Simple past
Utilizamos el tiempo pasado simple para hablar de actividades. hechos o situaeiones cpxe
tuvieron lugar antes del momento en cjue estamos.
AFFIRMATIVE FORM
S
+
V
+
C
Forma afirmativa
En pasado el verbo solo tiene una cojugacion para todos los pronombres. Con la mayoría de
los verbos se aumenta ‘'ED'" para el pasado. hay un grupo de verbos considerados
excepciones o verbos irregulares. Estos tienen su propia forma y ud encontrara una lista a
continuación
I
I
YOU
YOU
HE
HE
SHE
SHE
IT
VFAST + C
IT
WE
WE
YOU
YOU
THEY
THEY
PLAYED IN THE PARK
NEGATIVE FORM
Forma negativa
En la forma negativa se debe usar el auxiliar “DID” para todos los pronombres El verbo siempre
ira en forma simple. La forma negative es DID NOT = DIDN’T
i
I
YOU
YOU
HE
HE
28
SHE
SHE
DIDN’T+ VSF+C
IT
DIDN’T PLAY IN THE PARK.
IT
WE
WE
YOU
YOU
THEY
THEY
INTERROGATIVE FORM
Forma interrogativa
Para realizar preguntas se anteponen el auxiliar DID para todos los pronombres. El verbo
siempre ira en forma simple.
DID
I
I
YOU
YOU
HE
HE
SHE
SHE
IT
+ VSF + C ?
DID
IT
WE
WE
YOU
YOU
THEY
THEY
PLAY IN THE PARK ?
RULES TO CHANGE REGULAR VERBS INTO PAST TENSE
Reglas para cambiar los verbos regulares al pasado
1. Se añade "ED" a la mavoria de los verbos. ejemplos
Work - worked
Talk-talked
Clean - cleaned
2.Se'añade "D" alos verbos que terminen en "E". Ejemplos:
29
Dance - danced
Save
- saved
3.Cuando el verbo terminan en “Y” despues de una consonante. ‘T camiba en “I” y se añade
“ED’ Ejemplos:
Simplify - simplified
Cop}'
-
copied
4. Cuando el verbo tiene acento en la ultima silaba y termina en 1 consonante luego de 1 sola
vocal. Se duplica la ultima consonante v se añade “ED”, no se duplican las consonantes: X, Y,
o W. Ejemplos
Stop - stopped
Permit – permitted
PRACTICE
: Change the following verbs into past.
Cambie los siguientes verbos a pasado.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
agree
touch
mail
wrap
lie
smile
enjoy
walk
9.Like
10. laugh
11.smell
12.cry
13. slip
14. grab
15. Type
16. Clap
PRACTICE
Make sentences in simple past with the cues given.
Haga oraciones en pasado simple con las claves dadas.
1. Paola / get married / in 1995.
6. Tim / buy / a new car / ?
___________________________
____________________________
2. Gabriela / have breakfast / at 7:00
7. Pam / not / talk / to her teacher.
____________________________
_____________________________
30
3. you / go to / Italy / ?
8. I / not / feed / my dog.
____________________________
_____________________________
4. Marvlin / not / bake / any cookies.
9. Alex / graduate / Iast year ?
_____________________________
_____________________________
5. The boys / break / the window.
10.Silvia / build t her house / in 1980.
_____________________________
______________________________
VERB TO BE IN PAST
El verbo to BE en pasado tiene dos cojugaciones: WAS para los pronombres I, He,She, It y
WERE para los pronombres We, You, They. Para las formas negatives se aumenta NOT al
verbo y las contracciones son: WASN’T y WEREN’T. Recuerde que el significado es FUE y
“ESTUVO”
AFFIRMATIVE
NEGATIVE
INTERROGATIVE
I was
I wasn’t
Were you ____?
You were
You weren’t
Was I _____?
He was
He wasn’t
Was he _____?
She was
She wasn’t
Was she_____?
It was
It wasn’t
Was it _______ ?
We were
We weren’t
Were you ____ ?
You were
You weren't
Were we _____ ?
They were
They weren’t
Were they _____?
31
PRACTICE
Change the following sentences into past tense.
Cambie las siguientes oraciones a pasado.
1.
Samantha is very sick.
6.Tim/buy/a new car/?
__________________________
________________________________
2.
7.Pam/not/talk/to her teacher.
Eduardo is at home on Sundays
__________________________
________________________________
3.
8 I / not / teed / my dog.
Are you tired ?
__________________________
________________________________
4.
9.Alex/graduate /last year ?
Is your father happy with his job?
__________________________
_______________________________
5.
10.Silvia / build / her house / in 1980.
The boys / break / the window.
_________________________
_______________________________
GLOSSARY
Body
Cuerpo
Job
Trabajo
Bone
Hueso
Milk
Leche
Business
Negocio
Petroleum
Petroleo
Cookie
Galleta
Revolve
Girar
Dolphin
Delfin
Take a shower Duecharse
Earth
La Tierra
Teenager
Adolesente
Hair
Pelo, cabello
Tired
Cansado
32
UNIT FOUR
COMMON VERBS
Agree
Estar de Acuerdo
Grow up Criarse
Remember Recordar
Answer Contestar
Guess Adivinar
Rent
Arrive llegar
Hate
Odiar
Repair Reparar
Ask
Have
Tener
Rest
Descanzar
Preguntar
Alquilar
Ask for Pedir
Have breakfast Desayunar
Ride
Montar
Attend Atender
Have dinner
Merendar
Run
Correr
Be
Have lunch
almorzar
Save
Salvar / Ahorrar
Ser / estar
Become llegar a ser
Hear
Oir
Say
Decir
Borrow Pedir prestado
Help
Ayudar
See
Ver
Bring
Traer
Hope
esperar
Sell
Vender
Buy
Comprar
Invite
Invitar
Serve Servir
Call
Llamar
Jog
Trotar
Shout Gritar
Carry
Llevar
Join
unir/enrolarce
Sing
Cantar
Catch Atrapar
Kiss
Besar
Sit
Sentarse
Celebrate Celehrar
Know
Saber
Skate Patinar
Choose Escoger
Leave Dejar / Salir de
Sleep Dotmir
Clean Limpiar
Lend
Prestar
Smoke Fumar
Climb
Lie
Mentir/ acostarse
Speak Hablar
Close Cerrar
lift
Levantar
Stand Pararse O
Come Venir
Like
Gustar
Start
Comenzar
Cook
Listen to Escuchar
Stay
Quedarse
Dance Bailar
Live
Study Estudiar
Do
Hacar
Look at
Draw
Dibujar
Look for Buscar me
Escalar
Cocinar
Vivir
Mirar
Swim
Nadar
Take
Tomar
33
Drink
Beber
Lose
Perder
Talk
Drive
Manejar
Love
Amar
Teach Enseñar
Eat
Comer
Mail
Enviar x correo
Tell
Contar
Enjoy
Disfrutar
Make
Hacer T
hink
Pensar
Feel
Sentir
Meet
Conocer (person)
Try
Tratar
Find
Encontrar
Miss
Extrañar
Turn
Girar
Finish Terminar
Move
Mover
Type
Escribir a snaq
Fix
Need
Necesitar
Use
usar
Forget Olvidar
Open
Abrir
Visit
Visitor
Get
Order Ordenar
Wait for Esperar por
Get married Casarse
Pay
Pagar
Walk
Caminar
Get to Ilegar
Play
Jugar
Want
Querer
Get up Levantarse
Put
Poner
Wash Lavar
Give
Dar
Rain
Dover
Watch Ver
Go
Ir
Read
Leer
Wear
Usar (ropa)
Arreglar
Conseguir
Conversar
Graduate Graduate
Receive Recibir
Work
Trabajar
Grow
Relax Relajarse
Write
Escribir
Crecer / cultrvar
IRREGULAR VERBS
PRESENT
PAST
PAST PARTICIPLE
MEANING
Awake
Awoke
Awaken
DESPERTAR
Be
Was/Were
Been
SER.ESTAR
Beat
Beat
Beaten
Become
Became
Become
LLEGAR A SER
Begin
Began
Begun
EMPEZAR
Bet
Bet
Bet
APOSTAR
BATIR. LATIR, GOLPEAR
34
Bite
Bit
Bitten
MORDER
Bleed
Bled
Bled
SANGRAR
Blow
Blew
Blown
SOPLAR
Break
Broke
Broken
ROMPER
Bring
Brought
Brought
TRAER
Build
Built
Built
CONSTRUIR
Buy
Bought
Bought
COMPRAR
Catch
Caught
Caught
ATRAPAR
Choose
Chose
Chosen
ESCOJER
Come
Came
Come
VENIR
Cost
Cost
Cost
COSTAR
Creep
Crept
Crept
ARRASTRARSE
Cut
Cut
Cut
CORTAR
Deal
Dealt
Dealt
NEGOCIAR
Dig
Dug
Dug
CAVAR
Do
Did
Done
HACER
Draw
Drew
Drawn
DIBUJAR
Drink
Drank
Drunk
BEBER. TOMAR
Drive
Drove
Driven
MANEJAR, CONDUCIR
Eat
Ate
Eaten
COMER
Fall
Fell
Fallen
CAER
Feed
Fed
Fed
ALIMENTAR
Feel
Felt
Felt
SENTIR
Fight
Fought
Fought
PELEAR
Find
Found
Found
ENCONTRAR
Fly
Flew
Flown
VOLAR
Forbid
Forbade
Forbidden
PROHIBIR
Foretell
Foretold
Foretold
PREDECIR
35
Forget
Forgot
Forgotten
OLVIDAR
Forgive
Forgave
Forgiven
PERDONAR
Freeze
Froze
Frozen
CONGELAR
Get
Got
Gotten
CONSEGUIR
Give
Gave
Given
DAR
Go
Went
Gone
IR
Grind
Ground
Ground
MOLER
Grow
Grew
Grown
CRECER
Have
Had
Had
TENER
Hear
Heard
Heard
OIR
Hide
Hid
Hidden
ESCONDER
Hit
Hit
Hit
GOLPEAR
Hold
Held
Held
SOS TENER
Hurt
Hurt
Hurt
DOLER, HERIR
Keep
Kept
Kept
Know
Knew
Known
SABER, CONOCER
Lay
Laid
Laid
PONER
Lead
Led
Led
DIRIJIR. LIDERAR
Leave
Left
Left
DEJAR. SALIR
Lend
Lent
Lent
PRESTAR
Let
Let
Let
PERMITIR
Lie
Lay
Lain
ACOSTARSE
Lose
Lost
Lost
PERDER
Make
Made
Made
HACER
Mean
Meant
Meant
SIGNIFICAR
Meet
Met
Met
Overcome
Overcame
Overcome
SUPERAR
Overthrow
Overthrew
Overthrown
DERROCAR
GUARDAR. MAN’TENER
CONOCER (PERSONAS)
36
Pay
Paid
Paid
PAGAR
Put
Put
Put
PONER
Quit
Quit
Quit
Read
Read
Read
LEER
Ride
Rode
Ridden
MONTAR
Ring
Rang
Rung
TIMBRAR
Run
Ran
Run
CORRER
Say
Said
Said
DECIR
See
Saw
Seen
VER
Seek
Sought
Sought
BUSCAR
Sell
Sold
Sold
VENDER
Send
Sent
Sent
ENVIAR
Set
Set
Set
COLOCAR
Shake
Shook
Shaken
SACUDIR
Shoot
Shot
Shot
DISPARAR
Shrink
Shrank
Shrunk
ENCOGER
Shut
Shut
Shut
CERRAR
Sing
Sang
Sung
CANTAR
Sink
Sank
Sunk
HUNDIR
Sit
Sat
Sat
SENTARSE
Sleep
Slept
Slept
DORMIR
Speak
Spoke
Spoken
HABLAR
Spend
Spent
Spent.
GASTAR
Spread
Spread
Spread
ESPARCIR
Stand
Stood
Stood
PARARSE
Steal
Stole
Stolen
ROBAR
Swear
Swore
Sworn
JURAR
Sweep
Swept
Swept
BARRER
DEJAR (UNA ACTIVIDAD)
37
Swim
Swam
Swum
NADAR
Swing
Swung
Swung
COLUMPIARSE
Take
Took
Taken
TOMAR, COGER
Teach
Taught
Taught
ENSENAR
Tear
Tore
Tom
RASGAR
Tell
Told
Told
CONTAR, DECIR
Think
Thought
Thought
PENSAR
Throw
Threw
Thrown
LANZAR
Understand
Understood
Understood
ENTENDER
Wake up
Woke up
Woken up
DESPERTARSE
Wear
Wore
Worn
USAR(ROPA)
Weep
Wept
Wept
SOLLOZAR
Wet
Wet
Wet
MOJAR
Win
Won
Won
GANAR
Write
Wrote
Written
ESCRIB1R
MODAL AUXILIARIES
Se llaman asi a un grupo de verbos que tienen la caracteristica de ser a mas de verbos (con
significado propio) tambien auxiliares. Esto quiere decir que no se conjugan y que van seguidos
de otro verbo en forma simple. Para las formas negativas se les aumenta NOT y para las
interrogativas se les ubica al principio de la oracion. Los mas importantes son:
CAN
Poder (Posibilidad y Habilidad)
AFFIRMATIVE
NEGATIVE
INTERROGATIVE
I can
I can’t
Can you ?
You can
You can’t
Can I ?
38
He can
He can t
Can he ?
She can
She can't
Can she?
It can
It can’t
Can it ?
We can
We can’t
Can you ‘?
You can
You can’t
Can we ?
They can
They can't
Can they?
AFFIRMATIVE
NEGATIVE
INTERROGATIVE
I will
I won’t
Will you?
You will
You won’t
Will I ?
He will
He won’t
Will he ?
She will
She won't
Will she?
It will
It won’t
Will it ?
We will
We won’t
Will you ?
You will
You won’t
Will we ?
They will
They won’t
Will they?
AFFIRMATIVE
NEGATIVE
INTERROGATIVE
I should
I shouldn’t
Should you?
You should
You shouldn’t
Should 1?
He should
He shouldn’t
Should he?
She should
She shouldn’t
Should she?
It should
It shouldn't
Should it ?
WILL
Futuro
SHOULD
Deberia (Consejo)
39
We should
We shouldn’t
Should you?
You should
You shouldn’t
Should we ?
They should
They shouldn’t
Should they ?
AFFIRMATIVE
NEGATIVE
INTERROGATIVE
I must
I mustn’t
Must I ?
You must
You mustn’t
Must you?
He must
He mustn’t
Must he ?
She must
She mustn’t
Must she?
It must
It mustn’t
Must it ?
We must
We mustn’t
Must you ?
You must
You mustn’t
Must we ?
They must
They mustn’t
Must they ?
MUST
Tener que, Deber (Obligation)
PRACTICE
Traslate the following statements
Tradusca los siguientes enunciados.
1. Mi padre puede hablar Ingles.
6. No puede beber licor
___________________________
_____________________________
2. Tiene que hacer ejercicio.
7. Tiene que hacer ejercicio
____________________________
______________________________
3. Deberia ir al medico
8.que debo hacer ?
____________________________
_______________________________
4. Puedo comer vegetales?
9. Cuando puedo trabajar ?
40
____________________________
_______________________________
5. Ella deberia trotar todas las mafianas.
10.vendre el próximo mes
_________________________________
______________________________
PRATICE
Read the following sentences and give your opinion.
Lea las siguientes oraciones y de su opinion.
1. I have a backache.
7. MY son broke his arm
______________________
____________________________
2. My mother has the flu.
8. My nose is bleeding
______________________
____________________________
3. I am coughing.
9. I feel weak
______________________
____________________________
4. my stomach hurts ?
10. My husband is stressed out
______________________
_____________________________
5. I can´t see very very well
11. I am allergic to penicillin.
_______________________
_____________________________
6. I drank liquor and I have a rush.
12. I want to lose weight
_____________________________
_________________________________
MEDICAL CHECK-UPS
Un check-up es un chequeo medico. Durante el este chequeo apareceran muchas
interrogantes de parte y parte: muchas de esas preguntas pueden ser vitales para un correcto
diagnostico de la enfermedad. A continuacion tendra unos modelos de conversaciones entre
doctor y paciente –que ud tendra que seguir el momento que atienda a un paciente de habla
ingles
41
FIRST APPOINTMENT
Primera cita
DOCTOR:
PATIENT:
DOCTOR:
PATIENT:
DOCTOR:
PATIENT:
DOCTOR:
PATIENT:
DOCTOR:
PATIENT:
DOCTOR
PATIENT:
DOCTOR:
PATIENT:
DOCTOR:
PATIENT':
DOCTOR:
PATIENT:
DOCTOR
PATIENT
DOCTOR
Good morning.
DOCTOR:
Good morning.
PACIENTE:
How can I help you?
DOCTOR.
I feel sick
PACIENTE.
What’s the problem?
DOCTOR:
I have a pain.
PACIENTE:
Where does it hurt?
DOCTOR
Right here doctor.
PACIENTE:
Let me take a look. Ok. That's DOCTOR:
your throat.
Please, open your mouth.
Is it serious?
PACIENTE:
Let ’s see it When does it hurt? DOCTOR
almost all the time, mainly
PACIENTE:
when I´m eating or drinking,
or when I try to swallow
something.
Don't worry, you just need
DOCTOR:
some antibiotics.
What do I have to do ?
PACIENTE:
Here you have a prescription DOCTOR
Go to the drugstore and buy
this medicine. You must take
these tablets three times a day
with your meals. That is every
eight hours.
Anything else?
PACIENTE:
Yes, drink lots of liquids and
DOCTOR:
don’t speak aloud. Take care of
your throat
Thanks, doctor When do I
PACIENTE:
come back?
Just come back if you continue DOCTOR:
having pain or fever.
Ok. Good-bye doctor.
PACIENTE:
Bye and take care
DOCTOR:
Buenos dias
Buenos dias
En que puedo ayudarle?
Me siento enfermo
Cual es el problema?
Tengo un dolor
Donde duele?
Justo aqui
Dejeme echar un vistazo. Ok
es su garganta
Por favor abra su boca.
Es algo serio?
Veamos Cuando duele?
Casi todo el ttempo,
principalmente cuando estoy
comiendo o bebiendo o trato
de tragar algo.
No se preocupe, simplemente
necesita algunos antibi6ticos.
Que debo hacer?
Aqui tiene una receta Vaya a
la farmacia y compre esta
medicina. Debe tomar estas
tabletas tres veces al dia con
las comidas. uso es cada ocho
horas
.Algo mas?
Si, tome muchos Uquidos y no
hable m voz alta. Cuide su
garaganta.
Gracias doctor Cuando debo
regresar?
Solo regrese if continua e.l
dolor o temperatura
Ok. Adios doctor
Adios y cuidese.
PRACTICE
Make up a similar conversation between the doctor and the patient
Cree una conversacion similar entre un doctor y un paciente
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
42
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
GLOSSARY
Backache
Dolor de espalda
Rush
Sarpullido
Bleed
Sangrar
Smoke
Fumar
Cough
Toz/tocer
Stressed out
Estresado
Flu
Gripe
Weigh
Pesar
Hurt
Doler
Weight
Peso
TIME EXPRESSIONS
Expresiones de tiempo
Anoche
Anteayer
Last night
The day before yesterday
Hace dos semanas
Two weeks ago
Hace un mes
One month ago
Ayer
Yesterday
La proxima semana
Next week
El mes pasado
Last month
La semana pasada
Last Week
43
El proximo mes
Next month
Manana
Tomorrow
Esta noche
Tonight
Pasado manana
The day after tomorrow
Este momento
This moment
Pasando un dia
Every other day
Fin de semana
Weekend
Todos los dias
Every- day
UNIT FIVE
THE HUMAN BODY
El cuerpo humano
Abdlomen
Abdomen
Dedos del pie
Toes
Antebrazo
Forearm
Deltoides
Deltoid
Anticuerpos
Antibodies
Diafragma
Diaphragm
Aparato Cirlulatorio
Circulatory System
Diente
Tooth
Arteria
Artery
Empeine
Instep
Arteria Carotida
Carotid Areiy
Esofago
Esophagus
Axila
Annpit
Espalda
Back
Baiba
Beard
Estenion
Sternum
Biceps
Biceps
Estomago
Stomach
Biceps Femoral
Biceps Femoris
Falanges
Phalanges
Bigote
Mustache
Femur
Femur
Boca
Mouth
Frente
Forehead
Brazo
Arm
Garganta
Throat
Cabeza
Head
Cadera
Hip
Cara
Face
Glandula Pituitaria
Carpo
Carpais
Glandula Tiroides
Glandula Paratiroidea Parathyroid Gland
Glindula
Gland
Piptuhary Gland
Thyroid Gland
44
Ceja
Eyebrow
Gluteo
Gluteus
Cerebro
Brain
Higado
Liver
Cervix
Cervix
Hombro
Shoulder
Cintura
Waist
Humero
Humerus
Clavicula
Clavicle
Intestino Grueso
Large Intestine
Codo
Elbow
Intestine Pequeno
Small Intestate
Corazon
Heart
Intestinos
Instestines
Cordon Umbilical
Abdominal Stalk
Iris
Iris
Costillas
Ribs
Craneo
Skull
Labio
Lip
Cuadriceps
Quadriceps
Lagrimas
Tears
Cubito
Ulna
Lengua
Tongue
Cuello
Neck
Linfocitos
Lymphocytes
Cuerpo
Body
Madibula
Jaw
Dedo
Finger
Mano
Hand
Dedo anuñar
Ring Finger
Medula
Spinal Cord
Dedo gordo del pie
Big Toe
Mejilla
Cheek
Dedo Indice
Index Finger
Menton
Chin
Dedo Medio
Middle Finger
Metacarpo
Metacarpais
Dedo Meñique
little Finger
Metatarso
Metatarsals
Muñeca
Wrist
Musculo
Muscle
Muslo
Thigh
Nalgas
Buttocks
Nariz
Nose
Nervios cervicales
Cervical Nerves
Nervios Craneales
Cranial Nerves
Nervios Lumbares
Lumbar Nerves
jugos Digestives
Digestive Juices
45
Nervios Sacros
Sacral Nerves
Nudillo
Knuckle
Ojo
Eye
Omoplato
Scapula
Oreja
Ear
Organo
Organ
Ovario
Ovary
Ovarios
Ovaries
Palma
Palm
Pancreas
Pancreas;
Pantorrilla
Calf
Parpado
Eyelid
Patilla
Sideburn
Pecho
Chest
Pelo
Hair
Pelvis
pekvis
Talon
heel
Pene
Penis
Tarso
tarsals
Perone
Fibula
Tejido
Tissue
Pestañas
Eyelashes
Pezon
Nipple
Testiculos
Testes
Pie
Foot
Tibia
Tibia
Pierna
Leg
Tobillo
Ankle
Planta del Pie
Sole
Trapecio
Trapezius
Abdominal Brain
Traquea
Windpipe /Trachea
Triceps
Triceps
Plexo Solar
Tendon de Aquiles
Achilles Tendon
Prostata
Prostate
Pulgar
Thumb
Pulmon
Long
Una
Fingernail
Pupila
Pupil
Uña del Pie
toenail
Trompas de Falopio
Fallopian Tube
46
Radio
Radius
Ureter
Ureter
Recto
Rectum
Uretra
Urethra
Riñon
Kidney
Utero
Uterus
Rodilla
Knee
Vagina
Vagina
Rotula
Patella
Vejiga
Bladder
Sacro
Sacrum
Vena
Vein
Seno
Breast Vesta
Yugular
Jugular Vein
Sistema Inmunologico
Immune System
Ventana De La Nariz
Nostril
Sistema Nervioso
Nervous System
Vesicula Biliar
Gallbladder
Adiccion
Addiction
Hemofilia
Hemophilia
Alergia
Allergy
Hepatitis
Hepatitis
Amigdalitis
Tonsilitis
indoloro
Painless
Anemia
Anemia
Infeccion
Infection
Anorexia
Anorexia
Lepra
Leprosy
Ardor De Ojos
Sore Eyes
Luxation
Abarticulation
Artritis
Arthritis
Magulladura
Bruise
Bronquitis
Bronchitis
Malaria
Malaria
Bulimia
Bulimia
Meningitis
Meningitis
Cancer
Cancer
Neumonia
Pneumonia
Colera
Cholera
Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis
Debilidad
Weakness
Paperas
Mumps
Desmayar
Faint
Parkinson
Desnutricion
Malnutrition
Pildora
Pill
Diabetes
Diabetes
Plaga
Plague
ILLNESS
Enfermedad
Parkinson s Desease
47
Difteria
Diphtheria
Plaga Bubonica
Bubonic Plague
Distrofia Muscular
Muscular Dystrophy
Poliomielitis
Poliomyelitis
Dolor
Adhe / Pain
Rabia
Rabies
Dolor de Cabeza
Headache
Resfrio
Cold
Dolor de Espalda
Backache
Relardo Mental
Dolor de Estomago
Stomachache
Rubeola
Rubella
Dolor de Garganta
Sore Throat
Sarampion
Measles
Dolor Muscular
Sore Muscles
sida
AIDS
Doloroso
Painfull
Sifilis
syphilis
Drogadiccion
Drugaddiction
sordera
deafness
Enfermedad
Disease
tetanos
tetanus
Esguinse
Sprain
tos
cough
Fiebre
Fever
toxoplasmosis
toxoplasmosis
Fiebre Amarilla
Yellow Fever
tuberculosis
tuberculosis
Fiebre Tifoidea
Typhoid Fever
varicela
chicken pox
Fractura De Hueso
Broken Bone
viruela
smallpox
Gonorrea
Gonorrhea
Gripe
Flue
Mental Retardation
OTHERS RELATED TO MEDICINE
Otros relacionados con medicina
Abortar
Abort
Dar a luz
give birth
Abortivo
Abortifacient
dialysis
dyalisys
Aborto
Abortion
dieta
diet
Accidente
Accident
doler
hurt
Analg6sico
Painkiller
estornudar
sneeze
Anestesia
Anesthesia
examines de sangre
blood etest
genes
genes
Rolsa de Hieio Ice Pack
48
Capsula
Capsule
gotas
drops
Colirio
Eye Drops
insulina
insulin
Curita
Band-Aid
inyección
injection
Morir
die/ pass away
nacimiento
born
Patpgenos
pathogens
penicilina
penicillin
Pildora
pill
rayos X
Xrays
Recibir un parto deliver a baby
tableta
tablet
Tipo de sangre blood type
toser
cough
Ungüento
ointment
vacunar
vaccinate
Vacunas
vaccines
vendaje
stretch bandage
FOOD
Alimentos
Aderezo
dressing
chuleta
chop
Agua
water
ciruela pasa
prune
Aguacate
avacado
cocktail
cocktail
Albaricoque
apricot
comida a la parrila
grilled food
Albondigas
meat balls
coco
coconut
Almeja
clam
comida chatarra
fast food
Atun
tuna
comida frita
fried food
Azucar
sugar
comida horneada
baked food
Café
coffee
corvina
White fish
Calamar
squid
costillas
ribs
Camaron
shrimp
dátil
date
Cangrejo
crab
durazno
peach
Carne de Cerdo
pork
embutido
sausage
Came de Cordero
lamb
encurtido
pickles
49
Came de Res
beef
ensalada de fruta
salad fruit
Came Molida
ground meet
ensalada
salad
Carne
meat
espagueti
spaghetti
Cereza
chery
estofado de carne
beef stew
Cerveza
beer
filete de pescado
fish filet
Frambuesa
raspberry
fresa
strawberry
Guayaba
guava
hamburguesa
hamburger
Helado
ice cream
higo
fig
Huevo
egg
jamon
ham
Kiwi
kiwi
langosta
lobster
Leche
milk
licor
liquor
Lima
lime
limon
lemon
Mandarina
tangerine
mango
mango
Mani
peanut
mantequilla
butter
Manzana
Apple
maracuyá
passion fruit
Mariscos
sea food
mayonesa
mayo
Mejillón
mussel
melón
melón
Mermelada
jelly
mora
blackberry
Mostaza
mustard
naranja
oranje
Ostra
oyster
pan
bread
Pancakes
pancake
papas fritas chifles
chips
Papas fritas
french fries
papaya
papaya
Pasa
raisin
pato
duck
Pavo
turkey
pedazo de carne
steak
Pera
pear
perro caliente
hot dog
Pez
fish
piña
pineapple
Platano
banana
pollo
chicken
Pulpo
octopus
pure de papas
mashed potatoes
50
Queso
cheese
sal
salt
Salmon
salmon
salsa de tomate
ketchup
Sandia
watermelon
sanduche
sandwich
Te
tea
tocino
bacon
Toronja
grapefruit
tostada
toast
Trucha
trout
uvas
grapes
Vino
wine
yogurt
yoghurt
51

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