Informe del Taller de Inicio del Proyecto Piloto

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Informe del Taller de Inicio del Proyecto Piloto
Narrative Report
“Sub-regional Workshop on Enhancing Parties Capacities
for Environmentally Sound Management of Mercury
Wastes under the Basel Convention”
Organized by:
the Secretariat of the Basel Convention
and
the Basel Convention Coordinating Centre (BCCC), Stockholm Convention Regional
Centre (SCRC), for Latin America and the Caribbean
Pedro Figari Montevideo Hotel
Uruguay
November 17th -19th
2015
Report Index
1.
Summary ................................................................................................................... 2
2.
Introduction .............................................................................................................. 3
3.
Workshop Objectives ................................................................................................ 4
4.
Workshop Development ........................................................................................... 4
5.
Conclusions ............................................................................................................... 6
6.
Recommendations .................................................................................................... 7
7.
Annexes..................................................................................................................... 8
Annex I: Pictures ........................................................................................................... 8
Annex II: List of participants ....................................................................................... 15
Annex III: Agenda ........................................................................................................ 19
1. Summary
The Subregional Workshop on Enhancing Parties Capacities for Environmentally Sound
Management of Mercury Wastes, in the framework of the Basel Convention, has been
organized by the Joint Secretariat of the Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm Convention in
cooperation with the Coordinating and Regional Centre for the Basel and Stockholm
Convention, based in Montevideo, Uruguay. It was attended by 35 participants
representing governments of Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica,
Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru,
Venezuela and Uruguay, as well as several international experts on the subject.
This 3-days workshop, has intended to improve capabilities of the environmentally
sound management of mercury waste through awareness raising.
Participants have also received training in the areas of Environmental Biomonitoring,
Contaminated Sites, Assessment and Risk Communication.
2
2. Introduction
In the Basel Convention, elemental mercury and mercury containing or contaminated
wastes are categorized as hazardous wastes. Improper handling, collection,
transportation or disposal of mercury wastes as well as some disposal technologies,
can lead to emissions or releases of mercury, and could affect the human health and
the environment.
Technical guidelines were developed, under the Basel Convention framework, for the
environmentally sound management of waste, falling under its scope. Technical
guidelines provide for the foundation upon which countries can operate at a standard
that is not less environmentally sound than that required by the Basel Convention.
The Convention defines "Environmentally Sound Management" of waste subject to its
control, as taking all practicable steps to ensure that these wastes are managed in a
manner which will protect human health and the environment against the adverse
effects which may result from such waste.
The growing global trend towards phasing out mercury-added products and processes
using mercury will result in the generation of an excess of mercury if mercury supplies
remain at the current level. Therefore, ensuring environmentally sound management
of mercury waste will be a critical issue for most countries. Towards this end, the
Minamata Convention on Mercury, which is a global treaty to protect human health
and the environment from the adverse effects of mercury, was adopted in 2013, and a
this date it has not entered into force.
The workshop will target national officials from selected Parties in the Latin American
and Caribbean region. In addition, representatives of regional centres, of InterGovernmental Organizations (IGOs) and the civil society organizations were welcome
to participate in the workshop.
3
The training workshop was organized in close cooperation with the Joint Secretariat of
the Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm Conventions and the Basel Convention
Coordinating Centre, Stockholm Convention Regional Centre, for Latin America and the
Caribbean based in Montevideo, Uruguay. The European Union has kindly provided the
funding for the training activity.
3. Workshop Objectives
•
Enhancing Parties’ knowledge and expertise on environmentally sound
management of mercury waste based on the existing Technical Guidelines
developed by the Basel Convention on mercury waste and other existing tools;
•
Increasing awareness of Parties on the set of practical manuals on
Environmentally Sound Management (ESM, for its English acronym) developed
by an expert working group, including issues of classification, collection,
storage, packaging and labeling, transportation and disposal operations under
the Basel Convention;
•
Pilot testing of the updated existing technical guidelines on mercury waste and
the practical manuals on ESM; and,
•
Facilitation the early implementation of the Minamata Convention on Mercury
by strengthening countries capacities to deal with mercury waste.
4. Workshop Development
Day 1
The workshop was opened with the participation of the Director of the National
Environment Directorate of Uruguay (DINAMA, by its Spanish acronym), Mr. Alejandro
Nario, the Director of the Basel Convention Coordinating Centre, Stockholm
Convention Regional Centre, for Latin America and the Caribbean based in Uruguay,
Ms. Gabriela Medina and the Representative of the Joint Secretariat of the Basel,
Rotterdam and Stockholm Conventions, Ms. Francesca Cenni, who welcomed the
participants.
4
It was made an introduction to the objectives of the Workshop and then it was done a
round of presentation of the workshop participants, both local and foreign ones.
Later, the Joint Secretariat presented on the Transboundary Movement and
Environmentally Sound Management of mercury waste and was performed a group
exercise in this regard.
Finally invited experts explained on Assessment and Risk Communication and
Environmental Biomonitoring in the context of mercury waste.
Day 2
During the morning were made presentations on Prevention and Waste Minimization
and the Capabilities of National Laboratories in Latin America and the Caribbean, made
to carry out sampling and analysis of mercury in the Region.
To continue, several presentations on sampling and analysis by representatives of
Uruguay were performed.
The Secretariat also presented a brief review of labeling of mercury waste according to
the revised technical guidelines.
During the afternoon were visited the laboratories of the National Environment
Directorate of Uruguay (DINAMA, for its Spanish acronym), and the Technological
Laboratory of Uruguay (LATU, for its Spanish acronym), there, on each laboratory, was
possible to observe how to perform the analysis of samples with mercury and the
operation of the equipment required.
5
Day 3
To begin, the experts exposed about the collection, storage, recovery, recycling and
disposal of mercury waste and then on the Remediation of Contaminated Sites.
After that, were presented topics that addressed the issue of the Legislative and
Regulatory Framework globally and some countries presented their national situation
on these regard.
An update on what has been done by the Working Group of Experts on
Environmentally Sound Management (ESM) and it was addressed the challenges and
opportunities for the environmentally sound management of mercury waste and its
coordination with the Minamata Initial Assessment (MIAs, by its English acronym).
To close the afternoon, participants worked in groups on prevention and waste
minimization and presentations of the results was performed.
After that, the Workshop evaluation was fulfilled, the delivery of certificates was done
and the closure of the meeting was executed with the participation of the Director of
the Basel Convention Coordinating Centre, Stockholm Convention Regional Centre, for
Latin America and the Caribbean, Ms. Gabriela Medina and the Representative of the
Joint Secretariat of the Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm Conventions, Ms. Francesca
Cenni.
5. Conclusions
The workshop from the logistical point of view it was done successfully, transfers,
lunches, technical visits, hotel services, materials, etc.
In the returns obtained by the attendees, it was noted:
6
-
The importance of being able to perform practical exercises on the direct
application of the Basel Convention.
-
There were clarified various technical aspects for carrying out inventories of
dioxins and furans.
-
It was highlighted the importance of exchanging experiences with countries in the
region, essential information for planning future actions on each country.
-
Interpretation details were clarified of the Basel Convention and its relationship
with the Minamata Convention.
6. Recommendations
The recommendations came out of the returns obtained by the participants, of these is
possible to highlight:
-
It should go deeper in the legal framework of the Convention, so it was suggested
that Regional Centers performs trainings that incorporates the legal aspects of this.
-
The need to perform more practical exercises and share concrete case of studies.
-
To have more technical support and to plan more training activities and exchange
of experiences.
7
7. Annexes
Annex I: Pictures
Photography 1: Opening of the Workshop.
Photography 2: Plenary.
8
Photography 3: Francesca Cenni, Joint Secretariat of Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm Conventions.
Photography 4: Iris Fernandes, CETESB.
9
Photography 5: David Bellinger, Harvard University.
Photography 6: Gabriela Medina, Director BCCC-SCRC.
10
Photography 7: Working groups.
Photography 8: Working groups.
Photography 9: Working groups.
11
Photography 10: Visit to laboratories.
Photography 11: Visit to laboratories.
Photography 12: Visit to laboratories.
12
Photography 13: Visit to laboratories.
Photography 14: Visit to laboratories.
13
Photography 15: Group Image.
14
Annex II: List of participants
Name
Surname
Contact
Institution
1
Gloria
León
[email protected]
Secretariat of
Envirnonmet
Paraguay
2
Gilda
Torres
[email protected]
Secretariat of
Envirnonmet
Paraguay
3
Alexander
Moreta
[email protected]
Ministry of
Environment
and Natural
Resources
Dominican Rep.
4
Héctor
Urbaez
[email protected]
Ministry of
Environment
And Natural
Resources
Dominican Rep.
5
Maria
Gabriela
Abarca
[email protected]
Ministry of
Environment
And Natural
Resources
Nicaragua
6
Ingrid
Villatoro
[email protected]
Ministry of
Environment
And Natural
Resources
Guatemala
7
Lady
Dominguez
[email protected]
Ministry of
Health and
Social Protection
Colombia
8
Alberto
Capra
[email protected]
Secretary of
Environment
and Sustentable
Development
Argentina
9
Leila
Devia
[email protected]
Secretary of
15
Environment
and Sustentable
Development
Argentina
10
Sonia
Aranibar
[email protected]
Ministry of
Environment
Peru
11
Elmer
Quichiz
[email protected]
Ministry of
Health
Peru
12
Francisca
Farias
[email protected]
Ministry of
Environment
Chile
13
Paulina
Villamar
[email protected]
Ministry of
Environment
Ecuador
14
Miroslava
Castellon
[email protected]
Ministry of
Environment
and Water
Bolivia
15
Tamara
Perez
[email protected]
Ministry of
Environment
and Water
Bolivia
16
Gresmer
Laya
[email protected]
Ministry of
Popular Power
for the
Environment
Venezuela
17
Erik
Pereira
[email protected]
Ministry of
Popular Power
for the
Environment
Venezuela
18
Yoaní
González
[email protected]
Ministry of
Health
Panama
16
19
Jaime
Velez
[email protected]
Ministry of
Health
Panama
20
Marco
Tulio
Lobo
[email protected]
Ministry of
Health
Costa Rica
Ministry of
Health
Juan
Carlos
Oreamuno
22
Iris
Fernandes
[email protected]
CETESB
23
Rubia
Kuno
[email protected]
CETESB
24
David
Bellinger
[email protected]
Havard
University
25
Francesca
Cenni
[email protected]
BRS Secretariat
26
Mario
Yarto
[email protected]
BRS Secretariat
21
[email protected]
Costa Rica
27
Judith
Torres
[email protected]
Ministry of
Housing, Land
Planning and
Environment
Uruguay
28
Carlos
Hernandez
[email protected]
UNDP
Preve
[email protected]
UNDP
29 Magdalena
30
Gabriela
Medina
[email protected]
BCCC-SCRC
31
Alejandra
Torre
[email protected]
BCCC-SCRC
32
Natalia
Maciel
[email protected]
BCCC-SCRC
33
Virginia
Santana
[email protected]
BCCC-SCRC
[email protected]
Ministry of
Housing, Land
Planning and
Environment
Uruguay
[email protected]
Ministry of
Housing, Land
Planning and
34
Vivian
35 Guadalupe
Muñoz
Exposito
17
Environment
Uruguay
36
Carlos
Saizar
[email protected]
LATU
37
Raquel
Huertas
[email protected]
LATU
38
Anahir
Cenoz
[email protected]
Uru/13/632
Project
39
Griselda
Castagnino
[email protected]
Uru/13/632
Project
[email protected]
Ministry of
Housing, Land
Planning and
Environment
Uruguay
[email protected]
Ministry of
Housing, Land
Planning and
Environment
Uruguay
[email protected]
Ministry of
Housing, Land
Planning and
Environment
Uruguay
[email protected]
Dominican
Republic
Embassy in
Uruguay
40
41
42
43
Natalia
Alejandro
Estefanía
Alberto
Barboza
Mangarelli
Geymonat
Villarroel
18
Annex III: Agenda
Día 1 - Martes, 17 de Noviembre
08:30 - 09:00
Registro de participantes
Alejandro Nario,
Director Nacional de Medio Ambiente,
Ministerio de Vivienda, Ordenamiento
Territorial y Medio Ambiente
Apertura
Mañana: 9:0012:30
Gabriela Medina, Directora, Centro
Coordinador del Convenio de Basilea, Centro
Regional del Convenio de Estocolmo, para
América Latina y el Caribe, con sede en Uruguay
(BCCC-SCRC-Uruguay)
Francesca Cenni, Secretaría de los Convenios de
Basilea, Rotterdam y Estocolmo (BRS)
Objetivos del Taller
Mario Yarto, Secretaría de los Convenios de
Basilea, Rotterdam y Estocolmo (BRS)
Presentación de los participantes
Todos los participantes
Café
Desechos de mercurio en el Convenio de
Basilea: movimientos transfronterizos y gestión
ambientalmente racional de los desechos con
mercurio, vínculos con el Convenio de
Rotterdam
12:30-14:00
Francesca Cenni, Secretaría BRS
Desechos de mercurio y el Convenio de
Minamata, Asociación Mundial sobre el
mercurio (participación a distancia)
Desiree Narvaez, PNUMA Rama Químicos y
Desechos
Desechos de mercurio y el Convenio de
Minamata, Asociación Mundial sobre el
mercurio
Judith Torres, Ministerio de Vivienda,
Ordenamiento Territorial y Medio Ambiente
Discusión
Todos los participantes
Almuerzo
Ejercicio grupal en movimiento transfronterizo
Trabajo en grupos
Tarde: 14:00-18:00
Café
19
19:00
Presentación de resultados de los trabajos en grupo y discusión
general
Todos los participantes
Evaluación de Riesgo y Comunicación del Riesgo para la gestión
racional de los desechos con mercurio
Rubia Kuno y Iris Regina
Fernandes Poffo, Companhia
de Tecnologia de Ambiental do
Estado de Sao Paulo (CETESB)
(Stockholm Convention
Regional Centre in Brazil)
Monitoreo ambiental y biomonitoreo en el contexto de desechos
con mercurio
Rubia Kuno, CETESB
David Bellinger, Universidad
de Harvard
Oportunidades para financiado de los proyectos de mercurio por
el Fondo para el Medio Ambiente Mundial
Evelyn Swain, Especialista
ambiental, Clima y Productos
Químicos, el Fondo para el
Medio Ambiente Mundial
(FMAM)
Resumen del primer día
Secretaría BRS/BCCC-SCRCUruguay
Recepción
Día 2 - Miércoles, 18 de Noviembre
Prevención y minimización de desechos and
capacidades de los laboratorios nacionales en
América Latina para llevar a cabo el muestreo y
análisis de mercurio en Latinoamérica
Mario Yarto, Secretaría BRS
Gabriela Medina, Directora,
BCCC-SCRC-Uruguay
Raquel Huertas, Laboratorio
Tecnológico del Uruguay
(LATU)
Natalia Barboza, Dirección
nacional de medio ambiente de
Uruguay (DINAMA)
Muestreo y Análisis
Mañana: 9:00-12:30
Café
12:30-14:00
Breve reseña sobre etiquetado de los desechos
con mercurio de acuerdo con las directrices
técnicas revisadas
Francesca Cenni, Secretaría
BRS
Ejercicio grupal en prevención y minimización de
desechos
Trabajo en grupos
Almuerzo
20
Presentación de resultados de los trabajos en
grupo y discusión general
Todos los participantes
Visita: Laboratorios de LATU y DINAMA
Todos los participantes
Gestión ambientalmente racional de los desechos
con mercurio: recolección, almacenamiento,
recuperación de recursos, reciclado y disposición
final
Mario Yarto y Francesca
Cenni, Secretaría BRS
Remediación de Sitios Contaminados
Gabriela Medina, Directora,
BCCC-SCRC-Uruguay
Tarde: 14:00-18:00
Día 3 - Jueves, 19 de Noviembre
Mañana: 9:00-12:30
Café
12:30-14:00
Tarde: 14:00-18:00
Ejercicio grupal en gestión ambientalmente
racional de los desechos con mercurio
Trabajo en grupos
Presentación de resultados de los trabajos en
grupo y discusión general
Todos los participantes
Almuerzo
Marco legislativo y normativo para la gestión
ambientalmente racional de los desechos con
mercurio
Francesca Cenni, Secretaría
BRS
Marcos legales nacionales para el manejo
ambientalmente racional de los desechos con
mercurio: estudio de casos
Gobiernos de Perú y Ecuador
Café
Desafíos y oportunidades para el manejo
ambientalmente racional de los desechos con
mercurio y la coordinación con MIAs
Trabajo en grupos
Conclusiones y entrega de certificados
Secretaría BRS
Evaluación y ceremonia de clausura
Secretaría BRS/BCCC-SCRCUruguay
21