Learning Spanish (Dec 07).qxd

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Learning Spanish (Dec 07).qxd
LEARNING
SPANISH
Contents
Contents
About this course
About Spanish
i
iii
iv
Unit ONE _ Saying who you are
1
Names and titles
Arriving at a hotel
the, a and gender
Nos 1-10
Prepositions
Nouns & Adjectives
Introduction to verbs : trabajar, vivir, ser - I, you (formal), s/he
Questions and negatives
Arriving at a company
ser and estar
tú and usted (formal and familiar you)
Introducing yourself
Nos 11-20
1
1
2
2
3
4
5
5
6
6
7
8
9
Unit 2 _ Food and Drink
Nouns : singular and plural
Ordering breakfast
Nos 21 - upwards
Asking/saying how much
Eating out : lunch
Ordering Tapas
Eating out: in the evening
Regular verbs : trabajar, comer, vivir
Irregular verbs : querer, tener, ser, estar
Unit 3 _ Out and About
At breakfast again
Asking the way
At a chemist
Adjectives
More prepositions
Asking the way again
Clothes and colours
hay, gustar
In a clothes shop
Nationalities and countries
venir, ir
Unit 4 _ Out of the Office
Catching up with a colleague
At a café
Sports and hobbies
Buying a newspaper; the media
Asking directions; taking a taxi
Questions and question words
Meeting a policeman
10
10
10
11
11
12
14
15
17
18
19
19
20
20
21
21
22
23
24
24
26
28
30
30
32
32
35
36
37
37
i
Contents
Unit 5 _ Distant contact
39
Days and dates
poder
Time
Booking a table
tener que
Phoning for a taxi
my, your, his, our, their
Spelling your name
este, ese
Out for a drink
Sharing a taxi
39
39
40
41
41
42
42
43
45
45
47
Unit 6 _ Making a new friend
49
Regular verbs
Irregular verbs
Buying a train ticket
coger
Arriving at the office
Job titles
Changing an appointment
conocer, saber, dar, hacer, ver, decir
Closing a meeting
gustar, encantar; object pronouns
Shopping
A formal email
Houses for sale
Getting a wrong number
More emails
50
51
52
52
52
53
53
54
55
55
56
57
58
59
60
Revision
Useful Phrases
Verbs (present tense)
Pronunciation Guide
Numbers
Vocabulary: Spanish > English
Vocabulary: English > Spanish
If you need to find... (dialogues and grammar)
61
69
73
77
79
81
95
109
Created and designed by George Sharpley.
Material written by Davinia Serra Porritt and George Sharpley, with additional contributions from
Carla Belnome, Helen Burchett, Montse Weeks and Steve Wright.
Cartoons by Andy Riley.
Second edition (December 2007) © by Lingua (UK) Ltd.
www.lingua.co.uk
ii
About this course
The aim of this Spanish course is to give you key communication skills and lay down the
foundations for further learning. After this course you will be able to exchange basic
information, order meals and drinks, go shopping, make appointments, express likes and
dislikes, get from A to B and engage in social conversation. You make phone calls and write
emails. There are role-plays and practice dialogues. At the end of the course, you can test
your knowledge. When you find these exercises easy you're ready to move on.
The nuts and bolts of the language are unfolded, step-by-step, with follow-up exercises to help
you put in place the grammatical foundations and patterns for your new language skills.
Verbs are covered in the present tense only, though voy a (I'm going to …) helps you make
plans for the future. The past is yet to come, at a stage beyond this course. A full list of the
verbs can be found in the closing pages.
See the end of the course for:
Useful phrases: essential phrases and expressions are listed towards the end of the course.
Verbs : all the main verbs, regular and irregular, are listed in the present tense.
Pronunciation guide
Numbers
Spanish to English and English to Spanish vocabularies
If you need to find...
Inside the back cover you’ll find a quick-reference guide to dialogues and grammar. If you are
revising and need to practise a particular skill, e.g. a phone call or buying a meal, this lists the
relevant dialogues. The grammar is also listed here, topic by topic.
Audio CD
This is includes all the dialogues and essential phrases. The recordings are listed in the text:
R1 is Recording number one, R2 is Recording number two, etc.
An audio CD for Learning Spanish is available
iii
About Spanish
Spain is the third largest country in Europe. The Canary Islands, the Balearic Islands and two
North African enclaves, Ceuta and Melilla also belong to Spain. The country is conformed by
different geographical regions, each with its own language and culture.
There are different dialects of Spanish, for example in southern Spain people tend to drop the
final ‘s’ sounds of words. There are also different languages spoken in Spain: Castilian
(Spanish), Catalan, Gallego and Basque. These are all separate languages and not simply
dialects. Forty per cent of Spanish people are bilingual in Spanish and another local language.
Castilian
is known outside Spain as
'Spanish' and is the common
language in all of Spain.
Besides Spain and Latin
America, Spanish is also spoken
in the Philippines, Morocco,
Ecuatorial Guinea and the
United States.
Catalan
is spoken by about 9 million
people living in Catalonia, in the
Pyréné Orientales in France,
some parts of Aragón, Valencia,
the Balearic Islands and the city
of Alghieri in Sardinia.
GALLEGO
BASQUE
SPAIN
CATALAN
CASTILIAN
Gallego
is the language spoken in
Galicia; sounds similar to
Portuguese.
Basque
is very different from Spanish or any other European language. Possibly a prehistoric language
that survived the Indo-European colonization of Europe.
Shared roots of Spanish
Spanish evolved from Latin. English has anglicised so many Latin words over the years _
typically the more technical or 'important' words _ that knowing English is a good start.
e.g. habitation ..... habitación (room)
Knowledge of French, Italian or Portuguese will be even more helpful. Like Spanish these
languages also sprang directly from Latin, and they all share much in common.
iv
v
Unit ONE
R1
Saying who you are
Key expressions
buenos días
hola
¿cómo se llama usted?
me llamo...
mi nombre es...
¿es inglés?
soy inglés/inglesa
sí
no
gracias
de nada
(muy) bien
buenas tardes
buenas noches
adiós
good morning
hello
what is your name?
my name is...
my name is...
are you English?
I am English
yes
no
thank you
not at all
(very) good, (very) well
good afternoon/evening (3-9pm)
good evening (9pm+)/good night
good bye
R2 David arrives at a hotel in Madrid and is
greeted by la recepcionista.
Recep. Buenos días, señor.
Good day, señor.
David
Buenos días, señora. Tengo una reserva.
Good day, señora. I have a reservation.
Recep. Muy bien. ¿Cómo se llama usted?
Very good. What is your name?
David
Me llamo David Smith.
In Spain
señor (Sr.)
Mr
señora (Sra.) Mrs
señorita (Srta.) Miss
The Spanish use titles either by
themselves:
Buenos días, señora
or with the surname:
Buenos días, señor López
If you are speaking to more than one:
señores (Sres.) to men or mixed
señoras (Sras.) to women
Saying some of the letters
c like 'th' in thin before an 'i' or 'e',
otherwise like a ‘k’.
h always silent, a written
convention only.
ll double ‘l’ is similar to the 'y' in
yacht.
b & v make the same sound :
somewhere between English 'b' and
'v'.
j guttural, like the ch in Scots loch
My name is David Smith.
Exercise
Recep. ¿Se llama Schmidt?
Your name is Schmidt?
David
No, mi nombre no es Schmidt, me llamo Smith.
No, my name is not Schmidt, my name is Smith.
Recep. ¡Sí, señor Smith, usted tiene una reserva!
Yes, señor Smith, you have a reservation!
David
Bien.
Good.
Recep. ¿Es inglés?
Are you English?
David
Si, soy inglés.
Yes, I am English.
Recep. Muy bien... Habitación número cinco.
Listen to the key expressions above
and repeat the Spanish words.
Listen to the dialogue and say aloud
in Spanish :
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
My name is <your name>.
Good day, señora.
Are you English?
No, my name is not Bond.
Thank you, señor.
My pleasure.
What is your name?
Is your name Potter?
Very good... Room number five.
David
¿Cinco? Gracias.
Five? Thank you.
Recep. De nada.
My pleasure.
Listen again to the dialogue and then
say aloud the words
gracias - señora - llamo cinco - cómo - muy habitación - bien
1
Role play
Exercise
Role-play is where you put yourself into a situation … and do
your best to communicate. In this exercise you are someone
arriving at a hotel and your tutor is the receptionist.
Say hello, and
say you have a
reservation
Give your
name
Listen to the numbers and
then say them yourself.
She greets you
Numbers 1-10
uno, una 1
dos 2
tres 3
cuatro 4
cinco 5
seis 6
siete 7
ocho 8
nueve 9
diez 10
She asks
your name
She asks if you are
American/French/
German/Dutch
Give your
nationality
She gives you the key to your room.
What room number is it ?
Reading Spanish
What do these signs mean? Guess if you don’t know them
abierto
HOTEL
cerrado
RESTAU
RANTE
Recepción
Far macia
PARKING
ESTACIÓN
HOSPITAL
tirar
empujar
Supermercado
el centro
Salida de
emergencia
INFORMACIÓN
BANCO
What do the signs that appear a couple of pages ago mean?
‘The’, ‘a’ and gender
The word for ‘the’ is el if the thing is masculine and la if it is feminine. All nouns (i.e. ‘things’) have a
gender in Spanish, either masculine or feminine. For no obvious reason el
hotel is masculine and la habitación is feminine. The word for ‘a’ is un
Exercise
(masculine) and una (feminine).
Listen to the words above
describing places.
In English only a few nouns have gender, like actor/actress, waiter/waitress,
aunt/uncle, bull/cow. But these are limited to nouns which are obviously male Say aloud in Spanish:
or female. In Spanish, as in many other languages, all nouns have a gender.
1. a hotel
2. the reception
masculine nouns
feminine nouns
3. the chemist
4. a bank
el/un hotel
la/una estación
5. the restaurant
el/un restaurante
la/una farmacia
6. a supermarket
el/un hospital
la/una recepción
7. the station
el/un banco
la/una habitación
8. the office
el/un supermercado
la/una oficina
9. a hospital
10. the room
2
Prepositions
in
at
with
of
from
to
in Madrid
at the office
with María
the door of the shop
the Madrid train *
the train to Barcelona
en
en
con
de
de
a
en Madrid
en la oficina
con María
la puerta de la tienda
el tren de Madrid
el tren a Barcelona
* this can mean both
from and to Madrid
(just as the Madrid
train can be either in
English).
a and de combine with the masculine article el to become al and del
to the restaurant
from the hotel
al restaurante
del hotel
a + el = al
de + el = del
for
por, para
There are two words for ‘for’. You will need to study these two words more closely later as there are
many expressions involving these words. Here are a few examples:
for me (in a restaurant)
he works for Airbus
thank you for the information
para mí
trabaja para Airbus
gracias por la información
R3 David and the receptionist continue their conversation.
María
Me llamo María Fernández, soy la directora del
hotel.
My name is María Fernández, I am the hotel manager.
Exercise
Say aloud in Spanish:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
The door of the bank.
In the restaurant.
To the hotel.
With María.
At the station.
From the office to the bank.
At the reception.
In the room.
David
Encantado de conocerla.
María
Encantada. ¿De dónde es? ¿Vive en Londres?
David
No, no vivo en Londres, soy de Bristol, pero trabajo en Londres, en París, en
Roma y en Berlín...
Delighted to meet you.
Delighted. Where are you from? Do you live in London?
No, I do not live in London, I am from Bristol, but I work in London, in Paris, in Rome and in Berlin...
María
¿...Y ahora trabaja en Madrid?
David
Exacto.
María
Muy bien.
David
Soy el director de Sanidad y Seguridad de EuroTech.
María
Bien. Bienvenido a Madrid.
David
Gracias.
María
De nada. Hasta luego. ¡Oh señor, aquí tiene su llave!
David
Gracias.
María
De nada. Habitación número cinco. Adiós.
David
Adiós.
... And now you are working in Madrid?
Precisely.
Very good.
I am the Health & Safety manager for EuroTech.
Fine. Welcome to Madrid.
Thank you.
Not at all. See you later. Oh Señor, here is your key!
Thank you.
Not at all. Room number five. Good bye.
More gender
issues
When María says she
is ‘delighted’ to meet
him she says
encantada, and David
says encantado. If a
female is ‘delighted’
she says encantada,
while a male is
encantado. But note
that when she says
‘welcome’ to him, she
says bienvenido. It is
masculine because he
is the one welcomed.
Good bye.
3
Role play
Bienvenida, señora.
Mi nombre es Potter.
Encantado de
conocerla.
To your tutor or person sitting
closest to you, say hello,
introduce yourselves, saying
who you are, where you live
and work, and welcome the
person to where you are.
Nouns
Nouns are 'things', the essential building blocks of language. When we speak or think or write, we
have to have something in mind. Take 'food' for instance. It might be fast food, hot food or delicious
food, but the thing is the food. The other words tell us more about it, but by themselves they are
nothing; 'Fast', 'hot' and 'delicious' are meaningless in a vacuum. They have to refer to something, a
fast runner, perhaps, or delicious dinner. When we say 'hot today, isn't it?', the thing, though not
stated, is obviously the weather, unless you happen to be eating chilli.
Some Spanish nouns: el banco (the bank), una tienda (a shop).
Adjectives
These are words which tell us more about nouns (e.g. fast, hot and delicious). In Spanish, adjectives
may change slightly (at the end of the word) depending on the gender of the thing they are
describing:
María trabaja en un hotel español (masculine because it describes un hotel)
María works in a Spanish hotel
Juan trabaja en una tienda española (feminine because it describes una tienda)
Juan works in a Spanish shop
The adjective usually comes after the noun. Sometimes an adjective follows a verb, like ‘to be’:
Juan es español
¡ Soy
español !
More adjectives
Masculine
bueno (good)
inglés (English)
nuevo (new)
Feminine
buena (good)
inglesa (English)
nueva (new)
¡ Y yo soy
española !
Choose the correct adjective and translate:
1.
2.
3.
4.
La tienda está ........................ ABIERTA / ABIERTO.
Una directora ........................ ESPAÑOLA / ESPAÑOL.
El restaurante está ........................ CERRADA / CERRADO.
BIENVENIDA / BIENVENIDO ........................ a Madrid, señor.
Say aloud in Spanish:
Exercise
5. A Spanish hotel.
6. A Spanish shop.
7. A good hospital.
8. I am English.
9. Welcome to Madrid, señora.
10. Yes, she works in a restaurant.
11. Miguel works in a Spanish bank.
12. My name is Alicia, pleased to meet you.
4
Verbs
Language would be very static if all we had were nouns and adjectives. We also have to know what
happens to these things, what is done with them; in other words, some action.
There are lots of things that can happen to food. You can buy it, cook it, chew it, swallow it, wolf it
down, spit it out, give it away, lose it or put it in the fridge. These words which state the action are
called verbs.
In Spanish the verb changes (usually at the end of the word) according to whether it is “I ...” doing it
or “you ...” doing it or “he / she...”.
I work (am working)
trabajo
you work (are working)
trabaja
he / she works (is working) trabaja
I live (am living)
you live (are living)
he / she lives (is living)
vivo
vive
vive
The word for “I” is yo, for “you” usted, for “he” él, and for “she” ella. You do not need to use
these words if it’s obvious what you mean. These words, called pronouns, are used in formal polite
moments or to avoid confusion or for emphasis (“No, I am next!)
Asking a question
In Spanish a (written) question starts with an upside down question mark, and if there is a noun or a
pronoun it comes after the verb:
do you live in London?
do you work in Madrid?
does María work in Barcelona?
¿vive usted en Londres?
¿trabaja en Madrid?
¿trabaja María en Barcelona?
Exercise
The negative
Just add no before the verb:
I do not live in Madrid
No vivo en Madrid
She does not live in Paris Ella no vive en París
To be (SER)
By far the most used verb is the verb ‘to be’ (is, are, was,
were, etc). Unlike most other verbs this one is not really a
‘doing’ word at all, but describes circumstance rather than
action.
I am Spanish
you are Spanish
he / she is Spanish
soy español(a)
es español(a)
es español(a)
¿Cómo
se llama?
¿De
dónde es?
¿Dónde
vive usted?
Say aloud in Spanish. If the pronoun
(“I”, “you”, etc is underlined, include the
Spanish pronoun).
1.
2.
3.
4.
I do not work in a Spanish hotel.
She works in a Spanish shop.
Do you work in a good hospital?
I am not Spanish. Señora, are
you English?
5. Welcome to Madrid, señora.
6. He works in the new office.
7. Is she Spanish? No, she’s
English.
8. Juan does not work in a Spanish
bank.
9. María works in the hotel.
She is Spanish.
¿Dónde
trabaja?
Role play
Your tutor will play the part of a journalist (periodista).
She wants to know your name, where you live, your
nationality, where you work and who you work for.
5
R4 David arrives at a company.
David
Buenos días, mi nombre es Smith.
Rec.
Buenos días, señor.
David
Quiero ver al señor González.
Good morning, my name is Smith.
In Spain
Good morning, señor.
el señor
Mr
la señora
Mrs
la señorita Miss
I want to see Señor Gonzalez.
Rec.
¿Tiene una cita?
Do you have an appointment?
David
Sí, a las diez.
Yes, for ten o’clock.
Rec.
Muy bien. ¿Para qué compañía trabaja, señor
Smith?
For courtesy or politeness, the
Spanish use ‘the’ with titles when
talking about someone in the third
person (i.e. about them to someone
else).
Very good. Which company do you work for, señor Smith?
David
Soy el director de Sanidad y Seguridad de EuroTech.
I am the Health & Safety manager for EuroTech.
Rec.
Gracias... por favor tome asiento.
Thank you... please take a seat.
(On the phone) ¿Señor González? El señor Smith está aquí... Muy bien.
Señor Gonzalez? Señor Smith is here.... Very good.
Señor Smith, ahora el señor González le espera. En la planta número nueve.
Señor Smith, señor Gonzales is expecting you now. On floor nine.
David
Gracias, señora.
Exercise
Thank you señora.
Rec.
De nada.
David
Oh señora, ¿dónde está el ascensor?
Rec.
Por allí.
David
Muchas gracias.
Rec.
De nada.
Not at all.
Oh, senora, where is the lift?
Over there.
Say aloud in Spanish. If the pronoun
(“I”, “you”, etc) is underlined, include
the Spanish pronoun:
Many thanks.
Not at all.
To be ... (for now) SER & ESTAR
In Spanish there are two ways of saying 'is' or 'are'. It depends on
whether the thing is permanent, if so ser is used:
Juan es español Juan is Spanish
But if the thing is only temporary, estar is used:
Juan está triste Juan is sad (but hopefully not for ever...)
I am sad
you are sad
he / she is sad
Listen to the dialogue. Identify the
Spanish for
where - now - here - please an appointment - a lift
estoy triste
está triste
está triste
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Natalia is in the bank.
Do you work in the office?
Is Patricia Spanish?
Where is the restaurant?
Do you have an appointment ?
David is in Madrid now.
Hello, yes, I’m here !
Does David work in Spain?
Señora López is in the
hotel.
10. Where are you now? In the
lift?
11. She is at the station.
If you say Juan es triste, then he’s a truly sad case, a permanent condition. Estar is used to show
a location (even one that seems to be permanent):
Madrid está en España Madrid is in Spain
6
R5 David goes to the office of Juan González.
David
Buenos días, Juan.
Juan
Buenos días, David, ¿cómo estás?
David
Muy bien, gracias. ¿Y tú? ¿Cómo estás?
Good morning, Juan.
Good morning, David, how are you?.
Very well, thanks. And you? How are you?
Juan
Perfecto, gracias. Ven, es por aquí.
Very good, thanks. Come, it’s this way.
Formal and familiar you : tú and usted
Like in some other languages (though not English), there are two ways of saying you in Spanish.
There is the formal way with usted, and the familiar way with tú.
You use tú with people you know. In business tú is used more and more. If you are on first-name
terms you use tú. When you first meet you use usted _ then listen to how they address you, is it tú
or usted? Follow their lead.
To people you don’t know and aren’t likely to see again, e.g. a taxi-driver, waiter, receptionist,
passerby, one-off customer, person in the next hotel room, stick to usted.
To people you are likely to build a rapport with, switch to tú after initial formalities. To children,
whether you know them or not, use tú. The older generation may appreciate you sticking to usted
for a while longer (the older the longer).
The tú form of the verb is very similar _ just add an ‘s’ (except for SER, which is eres).
do you live in London?
do you work in Madrid?
are you okay?
are you from Bristol?
¿Está
bien?
¿vives (tú) en Londres?
¿trabajas (tú) en Madrid?
¿estás (tú) bien?
¿eres (tú) de Bristol?
Exercise
Which of the above two questions (both mean ‘Are you
okay?) would you use with...
¿Estás
bien?
1. An office receptionist whom you don’t know and who is
frightened of spiders.
2. A child you don’t know who has fallen over on the pavement.
3. A waiter who has dropped his tray.
4. A switchboard operator, whose voice has gone strange.
5. A Spanish colleague you bump into in a shop.
6. The same colleague’s father in the shop.
7. The same colleague’s son.
8. A hotel receptionist who you see regularly and have got to know.
9. Your teacher.
7
Role play
You have arrived at a company.
Your tutor is the receptionist.
¿Cómo
se llama?
¿Dónde
trabaja?
Say hello
She asks
your name
¿Para
qué compañía
trabaja?
Quiero
ver al señor
Vázquez.
Say who you are
She asks who
you work for
Tell her, and say you
have a meeting with
señor Vázquez
She says it’s fine for you to go to
his office and gives you a floor
number. What number is it?
Ask her where the lift
is, thank her and say
goodbye
R6 David starts a presentation to his colleagues
David
Buenos días a todos. Me llamo David Smith. Gracias por su hospitalidad.
Tengo los documentos de Inglaterra. Ahora voy a hablar en Inglés ....
Good morning everyone. My name is David Smith. Thank you for your hospitality. I have the
documents from England. Now I’m going to speak in English ....
Role plays
Introduce yourself to a group, say
where you are from and which
company you work for, and say
you are going to speak in English.
Take the roles of each of the people
in the cards, and introduce yourself.
Carmen Plaza Fernández
Oficial de Recursos Humanos
ona, España
Barcelo
Madrid, España
Javier Morales Núñez
Jefe Financiero
Técnica
Barcelona, España
Spanish surnames are usually
in pairs because people keep
both their father’s and mother’s
surnames.
Buenos
días a todos. Soy el
Jefe
de Producción.
ópeez
Daviinia Garrcía Ló
arrketiing
ora de Veentas y M
Diirecto
San Miguel
Spanish surnames S
Soy de
en
Manchester
Inglaterra.
El País
José Rodríguez
Jefe Comercial
Technoteach
Sevilla
España
Gabriel Álvarez Cruz
Gerente de Producción
Séat
Valladolid, España
Manuel
Martínez
Jefe Corp
orativo de
Informátic
a
Celsa
Londres,
Inglaterra
8
R7 David returns to the hotel. Another guest is at reception.
Numbers
Cruz
Buenas tardes, Pablo. ¿Tienes la llave de la habitación 15?
Rec.
Sí, señorita Cruz.
Cruz
Gracias. Hasta luego.
Rec.
Hasta mañana. (To David) ¿Señor?
David
Habitación 5 por favor.
Rec.
¿Ah, señor Smith, de Inglaterra, verdad?
David
Sí.
Rec.
Soy Pablo Orantes. Soy el marido de María.
David
Ah, encantado de conocerle.
Rec.
Encantado. ¿Le gusta Madrid?
David
Sí, mucho.
Rec.
Excelente. Habitación 5… Aquí tiene.
David
Gracias.
Rec.
De nada. Buenas noches señor Smith.
David
Buenas noches.
Good evening, Pablo. Do you have the key for room 15?
Good evening, señorita Cruz.
Thanks. See you.
See you tomorrow. Señor ?
Room 5 please.
11-20
once
doce
trece
catorce
quince
dieciséis
diecisiete
dieciocho
diecinueve
veinte
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
Ah, señor Smith, from England, yes?
Saying goodbye
Yes.
I am Pablo Orantes. I am María’s husband.
Ah, good to meet you.
Delighted. You like Madrid ?
Adiós is the standard word for
‘goodbye’. Hasta luego or hasta
la vista is more familiar (‘see you
soon’). ‘Good night’ is buenas
noches, though this can also mean
‘good evening’ - after 9pm or so.
Yes, a lot.
Excellent. Room 5 ... Here we are.
Exercise
Thank you.
My pleasure. Good night señor Smith.
Good night.
Role play
You are the receptionist at a hotel. Your tutor
is a guest coming back in the evening.
Say good evening.
Wish her a good night
and say you’ll see her
in the morning.
She asks for her key.
What room number
does she ask for?
Count to twenty in Spanish.
If you are in a group, when someone gets it
wrong or is too slow the next person
continues. The winner is the person who gets
to twenty !
Now do the same, counting back to zero from
twenty.
Say aloud in Spanish. As before, include the
pronoun if underlined:
1. Thanks very much. See you tomorrow.
2. Not at all, see you soon.
3. Delighted to meet you.
4. What is your name? Are you English?
5. My name is Jones. I am in room 17.
6. Good evening. I am from Bristol.
7. He does not work here.
8. Where do you live, señor?
9. Do you live in Spain, Jorge?
10. Welcome to Madrid, Señora Smith.
11. Where is the bank? Do you work in
the bank?
12. I work for Airbus.
13. The key for room 14, please.
9
Unit TWO
Food and drink
R8
Key expressions
¿cómo estás?
una mesa para dos
¿qué quiere tomar?
voy a tomar
quiero tomar
para mí...
voy a pagar con tarjeta de crédito
¿cuánto cuesta(n)?
how are you?
a table for two
what would you like to have?
I’m going to have...
I would like to have ...
for me...
I’m going to pay with a credit card
how much is it?
Breakfast in Spain
R9 David has breakfast at the hotel.
David
Buenos días, María.
María
Buenos días, David, ¿cómo estás?
David
Muy bien gracias.
María
Bien, ¿qué quieres tomar?
David
Un café, por favor.
María
¿Un café con leche, cortado o
solo?
Breakfast (el desayuno) is a light
meal, usually coffee and perhaps a
pastry to eat, a croissant or
churros (a sort of doughnut mixture
fried in strips) or pan (bread). Coffee
is either con leche or solo (black).
Un cortado is a small cup of coffee
with milk. In hotels breakfast is usually
served from 7.30-9.30 a.m.
Good morning, María.
Good morning, David, how are you?
Very well thank you.
Good. What would you like?
A coffee please.
Coffee with milk, cortado or sólo?
David
Con leche por favor.
María
¿Quieres algo para comer?
David
Sí, ¿qué tienes?
María
Tenemos churros, croissants,
bollos variados.
With milk please.
Singular and plural
Words that can be masculine or feminine can also
be singular or plural. ‘The’ has plural forms as well
as masculine and feminine ones:
el tomate
los tomates
Do you want something to eat?
Yes, what do you have?
We have churros, croissants, various
pastries.
The plural of words that end with a vowel: add -s
and with a consonant: add -es.
Note the plural of words ending -ción end -ciones
David
¿Tienes pan?
María
Sí, ¿con mantequilla y mermelada o con tomate y
aceite?
Do you have bread?
Yes. With butter and jam or with tomato and oil?
David
Con tomate y aceite, por favor.
María
Muy bien.
With tomato and oil, please.
Very good.
la habitación
las habitaciones
Exercise
Say aloud in Spanish:
1. Two rooms, please.
2. Three coffees, please.
3. Do you have churros?
4. Twelve rooms in the hotel.
5. Eight shops in Sevilla.
6. Five banks in the centre
7. Four appointments !
8. She works with the
manager of the hotel.
10
How much ? ¿Cuánto cuesta(n)?
Numbers
If you are asking the cost of one thing:
¿Cuánto cuesta una sangría?
How much is a sangría ?
and more than one:
¿Cuánto cuestan las cervezas?
How much are the beers?
Saying how much
son cuarenta céntimos
es un euro
es un euro (con) treinta
son diez euros
son doce euros (con) cuarenta
son veinticuatro euros (con) sesenta y cinco
son noventa y nueve euros (con) cincuenta
it
it
it
it
it
it
it
is
is
is
is
is
is
is
0,40 €
1€
1,30 €
10 €
12,40 €
24,65 €
99,50 €
Es is used for one euro (i.e. singular).
Son (plural of es) is used for two euros or more (or céntimos).
Exercise
Say aloud in Spanish:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
How
How
How
How
How
How
How
How
much
much
much
much
much
much
much
much
is the omelette? _ 5,00 €
is the coffee? _ 1,50 €
are the churros? _ 2,80 €
is the room? _ 120,00 €
are four beers? _ 6,00 €
is the gazpacho? _ 4,40 €
are the tomatoes? _ 2,25 €
is the paella? _ 4,95 €
Role play
Your tutor now serves you breakfast at a café...
Say good morning
She asks what you
would like
Ask what they have
21 upwards
veintiuno/veintiuna
veintidós
treinta
treinta y cinco
cuarenta
cuarenta y seis
cincuenta
cincuenta y nueve
sesenta
setenta
ochenta
noventa
cien
ciento ocho
ciento veintisiete
21
22
30
35
40
46
50
59
60
70
80
90
100
108
127
More numbers on p.79
Spanish food
The best known Spanish dish is
without doubt the paella (saffron
rice with seafood and/or chicken).
This originated in the region of
Valencia. Other traditional dishes
include gazpacho (a tomato,
pepper and cucumber soup served
cold); pollo al ajillo (chicken in
garlic sauce); cocido (a chickpeabased stew with ingredients variable
according to the region); bacalao a
la vizcaína (salted cod in a tomato
sauce _ a Basque speciality);
fabada asturiana (butter bean
stew with chorizo and pork, from
Asturias); pisto manchego (a
Spanish ratatouille, from La Mancha);
merluza a la gallega (hake in
parsley sauce, a speciality from
Galicia) and papas arrugadas
con mojo ("wrinkled" potatoes in
their jackets with a spicy sauce, from
the Canaries). Tortilla is also a
common mealtime staple: a delicious
omelette made with fried potatoes
(and onions or green peppers).
She lists the drinks
and food
Make your choice(s)
Ask for the bill. How much does she say it costs?
11
R10 David has lunch at a restaurant with Juan
González, the manager of the Spanish company.
Juan
Una mesa para dos, por favor.
A table for two, please.
Cam. Sí, síganme.
(waiter) Yes, follow me.
David Gracias.
Thank you.
Cam.
¿Quieren el menú o la carta?
Juan
El menú, por favor.
Cam.
Aquí tienen. ¿Quieren algo para beber?
Juan
Sí, para mí un agua mineral, por favor.
David
Y para mí un zumo de naranja.
Juan
Y una botella de vino blanco con la comida.
Cam.
Muy bien. ¿Vino de la casa?
Juan
Sí. David, ¿qué vas a tomar?
David
De primero yo voy a tomar una ensalada mixta.
Juan
Para mí, una sopa de verduras para empezar.
Cam.
Muy bien, ¿y de segundo?
Juan
Yo voy a tomar un cocido.
David
Yo quiero un plato de paella.
Cam.
Lo siento, señor, pero la paella es mínimo para
dos personas.
Do you want the set menu or a la carte?
The set menu please.
Here you are. Would you like something to drink?
Lunch in Spain
Lunch is generally served much later
than in the UK, at 2 or even 3pm. It is
usually the main meal of the day. In a
restaurant you may be offered el
menú (set menu, the chef’s meal) or
la carta (to choose à la carte). The
waiter is el camarero, and waitress
la camarera.
La merienda is a mid-afternoon
snack at around 5pm, when children
are given a large roll (bocadillo) with
cheese, ham, or a piece of chocolate,
and parents have a coffee and pastry.
Yes, for me a mineral water, please.
Accents
And for me an orange juice.
And a bottle of white wine with the meal.
If a vowel carries an accent (á, í, é,
ó, ú), this usually means you stress
it:
está
la habitación
Very good. The house wine?
Yes. David, what are you going to have?
As a first course, I’m going to have a mixed salad.
As a starter, vegetable soup for me.
Very good, and the next course?
Question words like cuánto (how
much), por qué (why), quién (who)
have accents to distinguish them
from the non-interrogative uses of
the same word, e.g. cuanto (he
knew how much), porque (because)
and quien (the one who ...).
I’m going to have a cocido.
Words ending -ción drop the accent
in the plural:
I would like a plate of paella.
las habitaciones
Sorry, señor, but the paella is for a minimum two people.
Juan
Vale, yo también voy a tomar la paella.
Cam.
Muy bien.
Fine, I’ll have the paella as well.
Very good.
Exercise
Within your group count to a hundred in
Spanish:
Every time you say a number that can be
divided by 5 say the number and add
¡Adelante!
And every time you say a number that can be
divided by 7 add ¡Madre mía!
Any mistakes... back you go and start again!
Daily routine
The Spanish may be famous for their siestas, but not all
Spaniards take one every day. The siesta is more usual in
the heat of the summer, when many people work una
jornada intensiva. That is, they complete the whole
day's work between 8am and 2pm, or even 7am and 3pm,
without taking a break. The custom of resting after lunch
does not imply that Spaniards sleep more than other
people _ bars, restaurants and some cinemas are open
until well after midnight, and you will see families with
young children out until late.
12
R11 David and Juan González finish their lunch.
Service charge
Cam.
Señores, ¿está todo bien?
David
Sí, todo muy bien, gracias.
Cam.
¿Quieren ver la carta de postres?
Juan
¿Qué tienen?
Cam.
Tenemos flan, helado, tarta de queso, pastel de chocolate y fruta del
tiempo.
It is standard in Spain to tip in bars
and restaurants, 5% - 10%. Some
establishments have a service charge
already added to the bill. If you are
unsure, don't be afraid to ask.
Is everything ok, gentlemen?
Yes, eveything’s very good, thanks.
Would you like to see the dessert menu?
¿El servicio está incluido?
Is the service included?
What do you have?
We have creme caramel, ice cream, cheesecake, chocolate cake and fruit in season.
Juan
¡Hmmm, delicioso!
David
Lo siento, pero no tenemos tiempo para el postre. Tenemos una reunión
ahora.
Hmmm delicious!
Sorry, but we have no time for dessert. We have a meeting now.
Juan
¡Siempre trabajas, David!
Cam.
¿Entonces un café?
David
Quizás... sí, un cortado para mí, por favor.
Juan
Y para mí, uno solo.
Cam.
Muy bien.
Juan
Y la cuenta, por favor.
You are always working, David!
A coffee then?
Maybe ... yes, a white coffee for me, please.
Very good..
croissan
t
café
churros
mermela
da
pan
aceitun
as
And the bill, please.
Cam.
Sí, ahora mismo.
David
Juan, yo pago, por favor.
Juan
No, no, yo pago.
David
Yo invito, insisto.
Juan.
Vale, pero yo pago la próxima.
David
Exercise
And for me a black coffee.
Yes, I’ll get it now.
I want to pay, please.
...
...
...
...
...
...
No, no, I am paying.
My invitation, I insist.
¿Cuánto cuesta(n)...?
Ok, but I pay for the next one.
E.g. ... los churros ?
... un croissant
Muy bien.
Very good.
.....
café con leche
.....
cortado
.....
solo
.....
cerveza
.....
zumo de naranja
.....
agua mineral
copa) .....
vino blanco (una
botella)....
vino blanco (una
.....
pa)
vino tinto (una co
tella) ....
vino tinto (una bo
copa) .....
vino rosado (una
botella)....
vino rosado (una
.....
sangría
0,60
0,95
0,75
1,40
0,65
1,25
0,90
0,60
0,50
1,40
1,30
1,20
2,25
6,75
2,25
6,75
2,25
6,75
4,95
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
son 0,75 €
es 1,20 €
... una copa de vino blanco ?
... dos croissants ?
... la mermelada ?
... el pan ?
... una agua mineral ?
... un zumo de naranja ?
... tres cervezas ?
... una sangría ?
... cuatro cortados ?
... las aceitunas ?
13
R12 David goes out for an evening meal.
David
Buenas noches, una mesa para una persona, por favor.
Cam.
Lo siento, pero no estamos abiertos, señor. Abrimos a las nueve. Por allí
hay un bar de tapas.
Good evening, a table for one, please.
Sorry, but we are not open, señor. We open at nine. Over there is a tapas bar.
David
Gracias.
Saying more of the letters
Thanks.
j no corresponding letter in
English - like a hard ‘h’ (make as if
to spit from the back of your mouth
or like a cat hissing). ‘Jamón’ (ham)
g like ‘g’ in golf except before ‘e’ or
‘i’, when it is like the j above.
gu the ‘u’ has no sound, but
makes the g when it appears before
an ‘e’ or ‘i’ like the ‘g’ before ‘a’, ‘o’
and ‘u’ (‘guerra’, ‘guisado’).
(David goes and sits in the bar)
Cam.
¿Sí, señor?
David
Una cerveza, por favor.
Cam.
¿Quiere algo para picar?
David
Sí, gracias, ¿qué tienen?
Cam.
Aceitunas, patatas fritas, calamares, tortilla, queso, ensaladilla rusa,
boquerones, pulpo...
Yes, señor?
A beer please.
Do you want something to nibble?
Yes thank you, what do you have?
Olives, crisps, squid, omelette, cheese, russian salad, anchovies in vinegar, octopus ...
David
Pues... aceitunas y ensaladilla rusa... y calamares.
Cam.
Muy bien.
Oh... olives and russian salad... and squid.
Very good.
Para mí...
Role play
Your tutor is the
waitress ...
Voy a
tomar...
Quiero...
She asks what
you would like
Say what you
want to drink
TAPAS
aceitunas
patatas fritas
calamares
tortilla
queso
ensaladilla rusa
boquerones
pulpo
She asks if you
want some tapas
Ask what
she has
She lists the
tapas
Choose two
or three tapas
Now ask for the bill. How much
does she say the total comes to?
14
R13 David returns to the restaurant.
David
¡Buenas noches otra vez!
Cam.
¿Una mesa para una persona?
David
Sí.
Cam.
¿Aquí, señor?
David
Bien.
Cam.
¿La carta, señor?
David
Gracias.
Cam.
¿Quiere algo de beber?
David
Sí, ¿qué tienen?
The evening meal
Like lunch, supper is served much
later than in the UK. Some
restaurants don’t open until 9pm or
even 9.30.
Good evening again!
A table for one?
In Spain, el bistec (the steak) is
usually a thinner and smaller cut
than a steak in the UK.
Yes.
Here, señor?
poco hecho
medio
muy hecho
Fine..
The menu señor?
rare
medium
well done
Exercise
Thanks.
Say aloud in Spanish:
Do you want something to drink?
Cam.
1. For me, a coffee with milk.
2. Do we have a meeting now?
Cerveza, vino... vino tinto, vino blanco, vino 3. The bill, please.
rosado, sangría...
4. Is the bottle of red wine on the table?
Beer, wine... red wine, white wine, rosé, sangría...
5. Two beers, please.
Vino tinto, por favor.
6. I want to have the house wine.
Red wine, please.
7. Sixteen tomatoes.
8. Twenty-two olives.
¿Una botella o una copa?
A bottle or a glass?
9. The cheese, please.
10. The key for room 15, please.
Pues... una botella por favor.
Oooh... a bottle please.
11. I’m going to have an orange juice.
12. Do you want a mineral water?
¿Y para comer?
David
Para empezar gazpacho, por favor. Y de segundo un bistec.
Cam.
Muy bien ¿Cómo quiere el bistec?
David
¿Perdone?
Cam.
¿El bistec ... poco hecho o muy hecho?
David
Poco hecho, por favor.
Say aloud in Spanish:
Cam.
Muy bien.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Cam.
David
Cam.
David
Yes, what do you have?
And to eat?
To begin gazpacho, please. And to follow a steak.
Very good. How do you like the steak?
Pardon?
Exercise
The steak ... rare or well done?
Rare, please.
Very good.
A table for six, please.
I would like the à la carte menu.
What would you like?
I’m going to have tortilla as a starter.
Javier, do you want red or white wine?
I want rosé, please, the house wine.
As a second course I’m going to have
the steak. Well done, please. No,
sorry ... medium.
8. For me, vegetable soup to start with
and then the paella.
9. This is delicious.
10. The bill please. I am going to pay.
11. No, I want to pay.
15
Role play
Once again your tutor is the waiter/waitress ...
Ask for a
table for two
She offers a
choice of menus
Choose à la
carte (listed)
Entrantes:
She offers
drinks
Choose a
drink
She asks what
you want to eat,
first and second
course
Choose from the
menu, and choose
your wine or
alternative
laptop
mobile
wallet
briefcase
document
birthday
suitcase
son
daughter
colleague
friend
meeting
móvil, el
monedero, el
hijo, el
cumpleaños, el
maleta, la
hija, la
colega, el/la
amigo, el
reunión, la
documento, el
portátil, el
maletín, el
Pescados
Pescadito frito
Gambas a la plancha
Guisado de pescado
Paella mixta
Arroz a la marinera
Arroz negro
5.50
8.75
10.50
12.00
14.00
11.50
Carnes
Now it’s your turn to do the waiting. Your
colleague(s) or your tutor choose a meal from
the menu. Ask what they would like, both to
drink and to eat. Make a note of what they
order and prepare a bill. When they ask how
much, tell them.
Match the English with the Spanish. Use
the wordlists at the end of the course to
check your answers. Choose five of the
English words that you think will be
most useful.
3.50
4.30
4.00
6.50
4.50
4.65
Arroces
More role play
Exercise
Sopa de Cebolla
Ensalada de tomate y queso
Gazpacho
Calamares a la romana
Croquetas
Tortilla española
Pollo al horno
Bistec a la plancha
Entrecot a la pimienta
7.00
8.00
10.50
Postres
Fruta del tiempo
Manzana al horno
Helado casero
Flan
Pastel de chocolate
2.00
3.00
3.50
2.50
3.50
Bebidas
Vino de la casa (blanco, rosado, tinto)
Sangría (1 litro)
Refrescos
Zumos
2.00
7.50
1.75
2.00
*Servicio, pan y aceitunas es un euro extra por persona.
Exercise
Fill the gaps and translate:
1. Mi maletín ESTAR ................ en la oficina.
2. ¿ESTAR ................ los documentos en el portátil?
3. Mi colega COMPRAR ................ un nuevo móvil.
4. QUERER ................ una mesa para mí y mis dos
hijos, por favor.
5. ¿Hoy SER ................ el cumpleaños de María?
16
Regular verbs - and all the pronouns
I
you (familiar)
you (formal)
he/she/it
we
you (pl. familiar)
you (pl. formal)
they
yo
tú
usted
él/ella
nosotros/as
vosotros/as
ustedes
ellos/ellas
TRABAJAR
(to work)
trabajo
trabajas
trabaja
trabaja
trabajamos
trabajáis
trabajan
trabajan
COMER
(to eat)
como
comes
come
come
comemos
coméis
comen
comen
VIVIR
(to live)
vivo
vives
vive
vive
vivimos
vivís
viven
viven
The pronoun in Spanish for we is nosotros (all female we is nosotras) or you plural is ustedes if
formal and vosotros/as if familiar; and they is ellos if male or mixed, and ellas if females.
Remember that the pronoun is only used for emphasis or clarity.
These three verbs represent the three principal patterns of verbs. Many others share the same
endings:
- like TRABAJAR: hablar to speak, comprar to buy, tomar to take, have (food)
- like COMER: beber to drink
- like VIVIR: escribir to write
Note
In the south of Spain, in South America and in the Canary Islands
only the formal form (ustedes) is used for the plural you.
Exercise
Fill the gaps:
1. Señores, ¿[VIVIR] ................ en Barcelona?
2. ¡Nosotros [TRABAJAR] ................ mucho!
3. Ellos [TRABAJAR] ................ para Telefónica.
4. Juan y Manuel [VIVIR] ................ aquí.
5. ¿Dónde ................ [VIVIR] ellas?
6. José, ¿qué [COMER] ................ ?
7. María, ¿[HABLAR] ................ inglés?
8. ¡Vosotros [COMER] ................ mucho !
9. ¿Ellas [BEBER] ................ siempre?
10. Nosotros [TOMAR] ................ cerveza.
11. ¿Ustedes [COMPRAR] ................ la casa?
12. Ana, ¿qué [ESCRIBIR] ................ ?
Exercise
Say aloud in Spanish:
1. I work in Madrid.
2. Juan and Pablo, they work in Bilbao.
3. We do not work in the hotel.
4. We do not live in the station!
5. Davinia and Clara, do you live in Spain?
6. Do you (pl.) live in England?
7. We are eating in the house.
8. She is having (taking) a coffee.
9. Do you (pl. familiar) drink white wine?
10. Do they eat octopus?
11. Davinia and Clara, they eat squid.
12. Are you (pl. familiar) buying a house?
13. A glass of house wine, please.
14. Is she having a mixed salad?
15. Is he writing to a colleague?
16. Excuse me, do you work here?
17
Irregular verbs - and all the pronouns
The verbs listed above are called ‘regular’ verbs because they conform to a type. Other verbs, like
llevar (to take, wear) and pagar (to pay) have the same forms as comprar, hablar and tomar. That
means you do not need to learn them all individually.
QUERER and TENER are ‘irregular’ verbs, so called because they are eccentric and do not conform
in the same way. You will see how below. They need learning just as much as the regular ones, for
they are used a lot!
SER and ESTAR are about as irregular as verbs can get _ and no verbs are used more...
I...
you (familiar)...
you (formal)...
he/she/it...
we...
you (pl. familiar)...
you (pl. formal)...
they...
Fill the gaps:
yo
tú
usted
él/ella
nosotros
vosotros
ustedes
ellos/ellas
QUERER
(to want)
quiero
quieres
quiere
quiere
queremos
queréis
quieren
quieren
TENER
(to have)
tengo
tienes
tiene
tiene
tenemos
tenéis
tienen
tienen
Exercise
1. ¡Ellas siempre QUERER ................... comer!
2. ¿Ustedes TENER ................... una mesa?
3. Nosotros no ESTAR ................... tristes.
4. Ellos SER ................... de Valencia.
5. Juan, ¿VIVIR ............... en Barcelona?
6. ¡Hola Pablo y Juan! ¿ESTAR ................... bien?
7. Carmen, ¿qué QUERER ................ beber?
8. Perdón, señor, ¿HABLAR ................. inglés?
9. María, ¿SER ................ tú la directora del hotel ?
10. ¿Cuántos colegas TENER ............... en tu oficina,
José?
SER
(to be)
soy
eres
es
es
somos
sois
son
son
ESTAR
(to be temporarily)
estoy
estás
está
está
estamos
estáis
están
están
Say aloud in Spanish:
1. Does she want a croissant?
2. Yes, we are from England.
3. Juan and Pablo, are you from Spain?
4. Are you sad, Clara?
5. Excuse me, do you have a
reservation?
6. Do they have the keys?
7. Davinia and Clara _ they are here.
8. Is the bread on the table?
9. Mr González _ are you from England?
10. Ana, do you work in Spain?
Pair a pronoun below with any sentence you like from below right, and say aloud with the verb in its correct
form. Repeat and vary until you are confident of the verbs!
él
¿vosotros...?
ellas
¿ustedes...?
yo
za
cerve
n
a
¿tú...?
om
llos t
e
:
ple
nosotros
exam
ellos
¿ usted...?
ella
COMPRAR un móvil
COMER los calamares
TENER la llave
BEBER agua
TOMAR cerveza
QUERER comida
TRABAJAR en Madrid
SER de Canadá
ESTAR en la estación
¡VIVIR!
HABLAR inglés
18
Unit THREE
Out and about
R14 Key expressions
¿dónde está...? where is...?
hay... there is.../there are...
lo siento sorry
está todo recto it’s straight on
(gire) a la izquierda (turn) to/on the left
(gire) a la derecha (turn) to/on the right
te gusta(n) do you like...?
me gusta(n)... I like...
¿cuánto cuesta(n)? how much is it (are they)?
R15 David has breakfast again at the hotel.
David Buenos días, María.
Good morning, María.
María
Buenos días, David, ¿cómo estás?
David
Regular. Ayer por la noche...
María
¡Oh pobre! ¿Qué quieres tomar?
David
Nada.
María
¿Nada? ¿No quieres un café?
David
Bueno, sí, un café con leche por favor.
María
Muy bien... (She brings the coffee)
David
Gracias.
María
De nada.
David
Oh María, ¿hay una farmacia por aquí?
María
Sí, muy cerca.
David
(He spills his coffee)
¡Agh! Perdón.
María
No hay ningún problema.
David
Lo siento.
María
¡Pobre hombre!
David
¿Hay una tienda de camisas por aquí?
María
Sí, también está muy cerca...
Good morning, David, how are you?
So so. Last night ...
Poor you! What do you want to have?
Nothing.
Nothing? You don’t want a coffee?
Well, yes, a coffee with milk please.
Very good...
Thanks.
Shops in Spain
Shops generally open between 9am
and 1pm and then 5 to 8 or 8.30pm.
In the summer they often open earlier
and close later. El Corte Inglés, a
popular large department store, is
open all day. Most shops are closed
on Sundays and El Corte Inglés
opens only a few Sundays a year.
Post offices (Correos) tend to open
from 9am-2pm Monday to Friday and
9am-1pm Saturday. More often than
not there are queues at the stamp
counter but stamps can also be
bought from tobacconists. Post boxes
are painted bright yellow although
you may see a red one which is for
express mail.
You’re welcome.
Oh María, is there a chemist near here?
Yes, very near.
Agh ! Sorry.
No problem.
Sorry.
Poor man!
Exercise
Match the Spanish places to their
English equivalents:
bar
museum
hospital
restaurant
chemist
supermarket
airport
cinema
embassy
station
el
la
el
la
el
el
la
el
el
el
aeropuerto
farmacia
supermercado
estación
bar
cine
embajada
restaurante
museo
hospital
Is there a shirt shop here?
Yes, that is very near as well...
19
R16 In the street.
David
Medical services
For free or reduced-cost medical treatment in
Spain apply online at
www.dh.gov.uk/travellers for a European
Health Insurance Card (EHIC) or at a Post
Office .
Perdón, señorita.
Excuse me, señorita.
Señorita ¿Sí?
Yes?
David
¿Dónde está la farmacia?
Where is the chemist?
Señorita ¿La farmacia? Está todo recto,
enfrente del cine.
The chemist? It is straight on, opposite the cinema.
David
¿A cuántos metros?
How many metres?
Señorita Más o menos a sesenta metros, y hay
otra farmacia cerca de la estación.
More or less sixty metres, and there is another
chemist near the station.
David
Gracias.
For a cold or minor complaint, Spanish
chemists (farmacias) are helpful and can
save a visit to the doctor. Doctors are more
specialised than in the UK, and so too are
chemists (for toiletries go to la perfumería). A
closed chemist should have a sign showing
where one is open.
A&E departments are called Urgencias.
Dentists are private and generally more
expensive than in the UK.
Thank you.
Señorita De nada.
My pleasure.
R17 At the chemist with el dependiente (shop assistant).
Depend. Buenos días. ¿Qué desea?
Morning. What would you like?
Exercise
David
Yes, I have a bad headache. Do you have any aspirins?
Fill the gaps and translate:
1. ¿TENER ................ tú el menú ?
2. ¿ Dónde ESTAR ................ la
oficina ?
3. ¿QUERER ................ él comprar
una camisa?
4. ¿A cuántos metros ESTAR
................ las tiendas?
Sí, tengo mucho dolor de cabeza. ¿Tienen
aspirinas?
Depend. No, no tenemos aspirinas, pero tenemos
paracetamol.
No, we do not have aspirins, but we have paracetamol.
David
¡Ah, bien bien!
Ah, good good!
Depend. Tiene que tomar una pastilla cada seis horas,
con el estómago lleno.
You have to take one pill every six hours, on a full
stomach.
Ah, gracias. ¿Cuánto es?
Say aloud in Spanish:
David
5. Excuse me, señor, do you live in
Madrid ?
6. Where is the shop? Is it near?
7. Is the chemist opposite the hotel?
8. Do you want a coffee, Ana ?
9. Is there a restaurant near the
station?
Depend. Son tres euros con cincuenta céntimos.
They are three euros, 50 cents.
David
d
between an English ‘d’ and the
voiced ‘th’ of ‘the’.
¡Es muy caro!
That’s very expensive!
Depend. Como desee. Hay otra farmacia cerca de la
estación.
As you wish. There is another pharmacy near the station.
David
Another letter
Ah, thank you. How much is it?
¡No, no, está bien!
No, no, that’s fine!
Depend. Señor, su camisa, está manchada.
Señor, your shirt has a stain.
David
Sí, ya lo sé. Gracias, adiós.
Yes i already know that. Thanks, goodbye.
Depend. De nada. Adiós, señor.
You’re welcome. Goodbye, señor.
20
Role play
el cine
You meet a friend in the
street (your tutor). Say
hi and ‘catch up’. S/he
asks where the art
gallery is. You explain.
la iglesia
More prepositions
near
far from
opposite
next to
behind
underneath
on top of
You are here
cerca de
lejos de
enfrente de
al lado de
detrás de
debajo de
encima de
50 m
Exercise
Say aloud in Spanish:
Adjectives
Adjectives can be masculine or feminine, and singular or plural. It
depends on the noun or thing that they are describing.
el sombrero caro
la camisa cara
los pantalones caros
las botas caras
el museo
de arte
the
the
the
the
expensive
expensive
expensive
expensive
hat
shirt (singular, feminine)
trousers (plural masculine)
boots (plural feminine)
1. 120 metres on the left.
2. 180 metres on the right.
3. It is next to the station.
4. Turn left after the station.
5. It is 360 euros.
6. Opposite the hotel.
7. Underneath the table.
8. Near the office.
9. On the laptop.
10. In a meeting
In a dictionary an adjective appears in the masculine with the feminine given as an alternative:
caro/cara (expensive), trabajador/trabajadora (hard-working), catalán/catalana (Catalan).
A few adjectives only have one form for both masculine and feminine
e.g.
feliz (happy), belga (Belgian), marrón (brown), azul (blue).
Generally the adjective comes after the noun, especially if it is describing a colour, shape, status or
origin:
el sombrero marrón
la mesa redonda
la mujer casada
una chica española
the brown hat
the round table
the married woman
a Spanish girl
An adjective may come before the noun if it is simply enriching the description, not distinguishing the
noun from another:
la deliciosa comida
the delicious meal
An adjective may come after a verb usually ‘is’ or ‘are’ :
la comida está deliciosa the meal is delicious
21
R18 In the street again.
David
Exercise
¡Ah, señorita, hola otra vez!
Say aloud in Spanish:
Ah señorita, hello again!
Señorita ¿Sí?
Yes ?
David
¿Perdone, dónde hay una tienda de camisas por
aquí?
Excuse me, where is there a shirt shop near here?
Señorita ¿Encontró la farmacia?
Did you find the chemist?
David
Sí gracias, pero ahora necesito comprar una
camisa.
Yes thanks, but now I must buy a shirt.
Señorita ¡Ah sí! Hay una tienda a dos cientos cincuenta
metros a la izquierda.
Ah, yes! There is a shop 250 metres on the left.
David
1. A Spanish man.
2. An expensive shop.
3. Many vegetables.
4. Are you married, José?
5. A delicious Spanish meal.
6. 12 bottles are underneath the
table in the police station.
7. A brown suitcase is at the
reception.
8. Is she buying the expensive
trousers as well?
9. Antonio is Spanish, Clare is
English.
10. The hospital is new.
¿Está al lado de la comisaría?
It is next to the police station?
Señorita No, la comisaría está a la derecha. La tienda de camisas está a la izquierda.
No, the police station is on the right. The shirt shop is on the left.
David
Muchas gracias.
Thanks very much.
Señorita Hasta luego.
Until next time.
Hombre Perdón, señor, ¿dónde está la calle Capitán O’Donnell?
Excuse me, señor, where is Capitán O’Donnell Street?
David
No sé, lo siento. Yo no vivo aquí.
I don’t know, sorry. I do not live here.
Señorita Gire a la derecha doscientos metros después de la iglesia.
Turn left 200m after the church.
Hombre Gracias
Thanks.
Señorita ¿Sabe cómo arreglar mi coche? ¡No funciona!
Do you know how to mend my car? It’s not working!
Hombre Sí, sí... no
hay ningún
problema...
Yes, yes... that’s
no problem...
Bearing in mind the difference in meaning between
SER and ESTAR, match each Spanish sentence with
the corresponding English one.
Yo estoy en la estación
María está lista
María es lista
Ricardo es triste
Ricardo está triste
Ricardo está feliz
Manuel es raro
Manuel está raro
Está bien
Es una buena idea
Exercise
Ricardo is a sad person
It is a good idea
Ricardo is sad
I am in the station
Manuel is a bit strange today
María is intelligent
Ricardo is happy
It is OK
María is ready
Manuel is a strange person
22
¿Qué llevan
puesto?
la ropa
Guillermo
Carmen
una camisa
una corbata
un cinturón
un vestido
unos pantalones
unos zapatos
Clara
Pepita
Alejandra
Antonio
una chaqueta
un traje
un bolso
unas botas
Elena
Carlota
un sombrero
unos guantes
una bufanda
Colours
Colours are adjectives and so
change their gender to match the
words they describe.
ella lleva una camisa roja
she is wearing a red shirt
Exercise
rojo/a
azul
verde
amarillo/a
negro/a
blanco/a
naranja
rosa
gris
marrón
dorado/a
plateado/a
morado/a
red
blue
green
yellow
black
white
orange
pink
grey
brown
golden
silver
purple
1. Say aloud what each person is wearing. Say the colour.
E.g. Carmen lleva un vestido azul.
2. Say in Spanish how much each item in the list costs.
E.g. El sombrero cuesta catorce euros, y los guantes
cuestan veintidós euros cincuenta céntimos.
un chal
una falda
¿Qué lleva
puesto ella?
....
el sombrero
....
los guantes
....
la bufanda
....
el cinturón
....
el bolso
....
los zapatos
....
las botas
....
la corbata
.
es
los pantalon ...
.
...
la camisa
....
la chaqueta
....
la falda
....
el vestido
14
22,50
12,90
26
32,60
44,20
82,30
15,95
38,55
29
102
33
56,75
23
there is/are (hay)
hay means there is or there are
hay doce trabajadores en la oficina
there are twelve workers in the office
no hay mucho pan en la mesa
there is not much bread on the table
I like
you like (formal)
you like (familiar)
she/he likes
the shirt pleases me
The verb gusta is singular because la camisa is singular. If it
were plural, then the verb would be too, e.g.
los zapatos me gustan
What can you say about your likes
and dislikes? Ask your tutor and
colleagues about theirs.
¿Te gustan las serpientes?
Answer: No, no me gustan las
serpientes
me gusta literally means ... (something) pleases me, e.g.
la camisa me gusta
Role play
Example
¿Te gusta Madrid?
Answer: Sí, me gusta Madrid
I like (me gusta)
me gusta
le gusta
te gusta
le gusta
¿Te gusta(n) ....?
the shoes please me
Exercise
Say aloud in Spanish:
1. Is there a bar near the hotel?
2. No, but there is a beach.
3. There is no restaurant near the stadium.
4. Do you like new music, Miguel?
5. She does not like the shoes.
6. He likes the black jacket.
7. Yes, there is always a laptop in the office?
8. Yes, I like Spanish food very much.
¿Te gusta(n) .....
la playa
la música
el tenis
los aviones
las arañas
los calamares
el vino español
la comida española
tocar un instrumento
las películas de Antonio Banderas
las corridas de toros
?
Add more things that you like
(or don’t like ...)
R19 David goes to a shop to buy a new shirt and tie.
David
Buenos días.
Dep.
Buenos días, señor ¿Qué desea?
David
Sí, por favor. Quiero comprar una camisa y una
corbata.
Good morning.
Good morning, señor. Can I help you?
Yes, please. I want to buy a shirt and a tie.
Dep.
Bien. Aquí están las corbatas. Son muy elegantes.
David
Sí.
Dep.
¿Qué color quiere? Hay corbatas verdes, rojas
amarillas...
Good. Here are the ties. They are very elegant.
Yes.
What colour would you like? There are green ties, red ties, yellow
ties...
Exercise
Match the Spanish adjectives to
their English equivalents:
pequeño/a
delicioso/a
bonito/a
antiguo/a
precioso/a
caro/a
elegante
raro/a
gracioso/a
afortunado/a
malo/a
nuevo/a
ocupado/a
pretty
lovely
bad
delicious
ancient
new
lucky
busy
funny
odd
small
elegant
expensive
Can you think of anything you could
describe using these words ?
24
David
Me gustan las corbatas azules.
Dep.
Sí, son muy profesionales y a la moda.
David
¿Cuánto cuestan?
Dep.
La corbata azul cuesta 22,40 €.
David
Bien. Me la llevo. Quiero pagar con tarjeta de
crédito.
Exercise
I like the blue tie.
Match the Spanish places to their
English equivalents:
Yes, it is very professional and fashionable.
street
house
town
centre
carpark
station
traffic lights
church
office
stadium
How much is it?
The blue tie costs €22.40.
Good. I’ll take it. I would like to pay by credit card.
Dep.
Bien. ¿Tiene identificación?
David
Sí, tengo mi pasaporte.
Dep.
Muy bien. ¿Y las camisas? ¿Cuántas camisas quiere?
David
Solamente una.
Dep.
Tenemos muchas camisas. ¿Qué color
quiere? ¿Qué talla?
Fine. Do you have identification?
la
la
la
el
la
la
la
el
el
el
iglesia
calle
oficina
semáforo
estación
casa
ciudad
estadio
parking
centro
Yes, I have my passport.
Very good. And the shirts? How many shirts would you like?
Only one.
We have many shirts. What colour do you like? What
is your size?
Paying with a credit card
Voy a pagar con tarjeta de crédito
I want to pay with my credit card.
When you pay with a credit card you may
be asked for some identification. That is
quite normal in Spain.
Role play
Now your tutor is el dependiente (la dependienta)
You are ‘in the shop’.
Choose something from
the list opposite.
She greets you and
explains you can have
this in different colours.
Choose your colour.
She tells you what you
have chosen is very nice.
Ask the price.
She tells you. (How much?)
Decide whether you want
to buy. If yes, say you will
pay by credit card.
el sombrero
el abrigo
los pantalones
los zapatos
las botas
la bufanda
el cinturón
la camisa
la corbata
la blusa
el traje
la chaqueta
el bolso
los guantes
la falda
el vestido
hat
coat
trousers
shoes
boots
scarf
belt
shirt
tie
blouse
suit
jacket
bag
gloves
skirt
dress
25
Nationalities and countries
Nationalities are adjectives and so can be masculine or feminine, and singular or plural. It depends
on the person or thing that they are describing. Nationalities do not have capital letters (e.g.
español, inglés) while the name of the countries do (e.g. España, Inglaterra).
un hombre español
las mujeres españolas
un coche inglés
unas botas americanas
una tienda inglesa
Soy
español
español
inglés
americano
francés
italiano
alemán
galés
escocés
irlandés
belga
holandés
canadiense
ruso
australiano
chino
japonés
a Spanish man
the Spanish women
an English car
American boots
an English shop
Somos
de ...
Yo soy española
España
Inglaterra
América
Francia
Italia
Alemania
Gales
Escocia
Irlanda
Bélgica
Holanda
Canadá
Rusia
Australia
China
Japón
española
inglesa
americana
francesa
italiana
alemana
galesa
escocesa
irlandesa
belga
holandesa
canadiense
rusa
australiana
china
japonesa
Exercise
Put the adjective correctly in the gap and say
aloud in Spanish:
El Hotel, propiedad de dos artist
está cerca de Barcelona. Es un peas italianos,
un pueblo precioso con vistas maqueño hotel en
ravillosas del
mar. Holandeses, alemanes y belga
allí cada año, al igual que españole s se alojan
Tiene quince encantadoras habit s y británicos.
una de ellas equipada con un espaciones, cada
Tiene un elegante y luminoso sal acioso baño.
ón cuyas vistas
se pierden a través del Mediterrán
desayuno se sirve en una de las eo. El
Hotel. El precio por habitación esterrazas del
razonable
dado su particular encanto.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
La casa .................. [pequeño]
Las faldas ................... [azul]
El cinturón .................... [marrón]
El hombre ..................... [de Rusia]
La chica ...................... [de Escocia]
La corbata .................... [bonito]
El sombrero .................... [de Francia]
Los zapatos .................. [rojo]
Say aloud in Spanish:
9. I want to buy the American boots.
10. The Spanish jam is not expensive.
11. There is a new shop in the town.
12. The bar is opposite the chemist.
13. Is there a computer in the office?
14. She’s from Holland but lives in Madrid.
Where is the hotel ?
What nationalities are regular guests ?
26
IR
LA
N
D
A
ESC
OC
IA
NO
RU
EG
A
SU
EC
IA
LOS PAÍSES
RR
LA
TE
IN
G
GA
LE
A
S
DINAMARCA
HOLANDA
BÉ
POLONIA
A
IC
LG
ALEMANIA
SUIZA
AUSTRIA
PO
IA
ESPAÑA
AL
IT
RT
U
GA
L
FRANCIA
GRECIA
Fill each gap with the correct nationality or country, and say aloud:
Exercise
1. Hilary Clinton viene de ............................ Ella es ............................
2. Penélope Cruz viene de ............................ Ella es ............................
3. Gordon Brown y Sean Connery vienen de ....................... Ellos son .......................
4. Antonio Banderas viene de ............................ Él es ............................
5. Roman Abramovich viene de ............................ Él es ............................
6. Kylie Minogue viene de ............................ Ella es ............................
27
to come (venir), to go (ir)
VENIR (to come)
I come (am coming)
you come (are coming)
you come (are coming)
he / she comes (is coming)
we come (are coming)
you (pl.) come (are coming)
you (pl.) come (are comin )
they come (are coming)
vengo
vienes (tú)
viene (usted)
viene
venimos
venís (vosotros)
vienen (ustedes)
vienen
IR (to go)
I go (am going)
you go (are going)
you go (are going)
he / she goes (is going)
we go (are going)
you (pl.) go (are going)
you (pl.) go (are going)
they go (are going)
voy
vas (tú)
va (usted)
va
vamos
vais (vosotros)
van (ustedes)
van
Exercise
Fill the gaps and translate:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
¿VENIR .............. ella al cine?
¿Por qué VENIR .............. usted a Madrid?
¿Te GUSTAR .............. la música ?
Javier IR .............. a trabajar en Inglaterra.
¿Hoy nosotros IR .............. a Sevilla?
José VENIR .............. en tren.
Yo no quiero IR .............. a la oficina.
¿Cuándo IR .............. tú al estadio?
Say aloud in Spanish:
9. I want to go - but I’m very busy!
10. Are you going to have a drink, Ana?
11. She is going to Madrid today.
12. Are they going to live in Spain?
13. She is coming to the meeting today.
14. Are you coming by taxi to the restaurant,
Antonio?
15. I am going to eat lots of tapas!
16. Is she going to England?
17. They are coming by train.
18. Yes, we are going on foot to the restaurant.
I’m going by... (voy en...)
Voy with the preposition a is used with another
verb (in the infinitive) to express the future
voy a tomar los calamares
I am going to have squid
And also to mean to go as in going somewhere
voy a Madrid
I am going to Madrid
voy en tren
I’m going by train
voy en coche
I’m going by car
voy en taxi
I’m going by taxi
voy en bicicleta
I’m going by bicycle
Use the singular unless it is obviously plural.
First say in Spanish using the formal forms for ‘you’ etc.
But a for walking ...
Voy a pie
I’m going on foot
Exercise
1. Do you have a blue car?
2. Where are you going today? Do you always go by bicycle?
3. Are you all (todos) living in Spain?
4. Do you all have passports at the office?
5. Are you going to buy a new laptop here in Madrid?
6. Here is the salad. Do you want a drink?
7. Do you want to go by train?
8. Ok, everyone, what would you like to drink?
9. When are you all coming to Madrid?
10. Where are you all going?
Now repeat the sentences with the familiar forms.
28
¿Dónde
está ... ?
4
You are here. Your tutor will explain how to get (on foot) to the office.
el hotel
la iglesia
la estación
el semáforo
100m
la oficina
Now you are here. It is your
turn to explain how to get to
a) the station
b) the hotel
On what page would you
find information about…
The Pope?
The King?
Nuclear weapons?
Spanish wines?
A Spanish footballer?
Conflicts in the Middle East?
Now you are at the railway station. Ask a
passerby (your tutor) where the police
station is. Mark the map.
.......
nte el partido ...
ra
u
d
o
ad
n
o
si
le
Raúl
......
l Madrid ............
ea
R
al
e
b
ci
re
...
El Rey
kham? ..................
ec
B
id
av
D
es
n
¿Quié
ganan el Festival
Vinos españoles
.............................
...
...
eo
p
ro
u
E
la
Viníco
..........................
la
il
ev
S
a
a
ap
P
Visita del
s en Irak ...........
to
ic
fl
n
co
s
lo
n
Aumenta
a del Norte ...
re
o
C
e
d
r
ea
cl
u
n
El secreto
4
5
6
10
12
13
15
29
Unit FOUR ‘out of the office’
R20
Key expressions
¡hola!
¿cómo estás?
¿qué es de tu vida últimamente?
estoy bien
me alegro de verte
¿quieres algo de beber?
¿cómo está la familia?
¿cómo va el negocio?
estoy aquí por negocios
estoy de vacaciones
¡vamos!
¿de verdad?
¡genial!
hi!
how are you?
what are you up to these days?
I’m fine
good to see you
would you like a drink?
how is the family?
how’s business?
I am here on business
I am on holiday
come on!
really?
great!
250 km
Exercise
Answer the questions, e.g.
Aproximadamente ¿a cuántos
kilómetros está Madrid de
Barcelona?
Madrid está aproximadamente a
500 km de Barcelona.
Coruña
GALICIA
Santiago
Bilbao
PAÍS VASCO
CATALUÑA
Valladolid
¿Está Santiago cerca de la
Coruña?
Zaragoza
Barcelona
Madrid
Valencia
¿Está Sevilla en la costa?
Mallorca
Alicante
Sevilla
Aproximadamente ¿a cuántos
kilómetros está Bilbao de Málaga?
ANDALUCÍA
More numbers on p.79
Málaga
R21 David meets a colleague he knows well.
Javier
¡Hola David!
David
Javier, me alegro de verte. ¿Cómo te va la vida?
Javier
Bien, gracias, sí. Estamos muy ocupados en el trabajo. ¿Y tú?
David
Muy ocupado también.
Javier
¿Cuántos días estás en Madrid?
David
Estoy aquí cinco días. ¡Tengo muchas reuniones!
Hi David!
Javier, good to see you. How are things?
Good, thanks, yes. We’re very busy at work. And you?
Very busy as well.
How long are you in Madrid?
I am here for five days. I have lots of meetings!
30
Javier ¡Pobrecito! ¿Quieres venir a un
partido de fútbol mañana por la
noche? El Real Madrid contra el
Chelsea. Yo tengo dos entradas.
You poor thing. Do you want to come to a
football match tomorrow night? Real Madrid
against Chelsea. I have two tickets.
David
¡Sí, claro! ¿Cuándo es?
Yes, sure! When is it?
Javier El miércoles, a las ocho y media.
Wednesday, at 8.30pm.
David
¡Genial!
Great!
Javier ¿Eres hincha del Chelsea?
Are you a Chelsea supporter?
David
Exercise
Say aloud in Spanish. Use the pronoun if it is underlined:
1. Fernando, how are you?
2. Miguel, do you speak English?
3. Are you going to buy a white shirt, Elena?
4. Where do you work now, Carla? In Germany?
5. Excuse me, señor, do you live opposite the
supermarket?
6. Hey, Susana, come on! It’s ok. You are Spanish!
7. So, Montse, you live in Bristol now? Really?
8. Are you buying the shoes, Pilar? You poor thing,
they are very expensive!
9. Juan, do you have a mobile?
No, me gusta el Bristol City.
No, I like Bristol City.
Javier ¿El Bristol City? No conozco al Bristol
City. Entonces, quedamos el miércoles
a las siete en punto en el Café Goya.
¿Vale?
Bristol City? I do not know Bristol City. So, we
meet on Wednesday at 7pm at the Cafe Goya.
Okay?
David
¿Dónde está el Café Goya?
Where is the Cafe Goya?
Javier Enfrente del estadio. Es fácil de
encontrar.
Opposite the stadium. It’s easy to find.
David
¡Estupendo!
Great!
Javier ¿Quieres tomar un café ahora?
Do you want to have a coffee now?
David
Sí, ¿Por qué no?
Yes, why not?
Exercise
Match the Spanish to the English:
kilometre
car
shoes
suit
room
credit card
television
clothes
book
telephone
ticket
newspaper
kilómetro, el
periódico, el
billete, el
ropa, la
televisión, la
libro, el
tarjeta de crédito, la
habitación, la
teléfono, el
zapatos, los
traje, el
coche, el
Regions (mainland Spain)
Much of the centre of Spain is known as the
meseta, a vast, fairly flat arable landscape
which includes the two largest comunidades,
Castilla y León (mostly to the north and west
of Madrid) and Castilla-La Mancha (mostly to
the south). The chief cities are Madrid, the
capital; Salamanca, a beautiful and historic old
university town which rivals Oxford or
Cambridge for its architecture and traditions;
and Valladolid, another historic city where the
purest form of Castilian Spanish is said to be
spoken.
The southern region of Andalucía is a fairly
lush, fertile region: its major cities are Sevilla _
famous for its nightlife and strongly surviving
gypsy culture _ Granada, home to the
magnificent Alhambra _ and Córdoba.
Bullfighting and flamenco music are both still
very strong throughout Andalucía. Cataluña
(Catalonia) is another region, stretching from
the Eastern Pyrenees down the Mediterranean
south of the city of Barcelona, a large, thriving,
cosmopolitan city that rivals Madrid for its bigcity feel. Valencia, a Mediterranean port city
with beautiful architecture, is the centre of
Comunidad Valenciana, which also includes
Alicante. Valencia is the home of the famous
paella.
Galicia, a wild, rural region in the
northwest, has a temperate climate and Celtic
roots similar to Ireland and Wales _ as does its
smaller neighbour Asturias. The Basque
country, roughly along the northern coast
between the Pyrenees and Galicia, is home to
some of Spain's biggest cities including Bilbao
and San Sebastián and has a very strong
regional and linguistic identity. Lastly,
Extremadura, a large chunk of western Spain
between Madrid and the Portuguese border, is
a wild region, producer of some of Spain's
finest jamón serrano (cured ham).
31
Role play
R22 David and Javier talk about different sports.
Cam.
Now your tutor is an old
friend ...
Buenas tardes. ¿Qué quieren beber?
Good afternoon. What would you like?
Javier David, ¿qué quieres?
You meet.
David, what would you like?
David
Voy a tomar una cerveza, gracias.
Say hello, ask how each
other are and ask what you
are doing at the moment.
I’ll have a beer, thanks.
Javier Dos cervezas.
Two beers.
Cam.
Muy bien.
Very good.
Exercise
Javier Entonces, ¿te gusta el fútbol?
So, you like football?
David
Match the Spanish to the English:
Sí, pero no veo muchos partidos actualmente.
fine
sure
only
more or less
now
never
again
over there
brilliant!
always
maybe, perhaps
see you
also
Yes, but I don’t see many games nowadays.
Javier El Bristol City es bueno, ¿verdad?
Bristol City are good, yes?
David
A veces.
Sometimes.
Javier ¿Van a jugar en la liga de campeones?
Are they going to play in the Champions’ League?
David
¡Puede ser!
Cam.
Señores... dos cervezas.
David
Gracias.
Cam.
De nada.
Maybe!
Gentlemen... two beers..
Thank you.
My pleasure.
Javier Entonces, ¿te gusta el golf?
So then, do you like golf?
David
No, no juego al golf.
No, I don’t play golf.
Javier ¿Y la vela? ¡Me encanta la vela!
How about sailing? I love sailing.
David
No practico muchos deportes. Me gusta
caminar. Especialmente por las colinas.
nunca
otra vez
hasta luego
solamente
siempre
estupendo
claro
quizás
ahora
por allí
también
vale
más o menos
Say aloud in Spanish:
I want to buy a ticket for (para)
Madrid.
_ That is 60 euros.
Do you have a credit card?
_ Yes, at the hotel.
Do you have a newspaper?
_ Maybe, in the office.
Do you like Spanish music?
_ Sure!
I’m not really into sports. I enjoy walking. Especially in the hills.
Javier ¿Y montar a caballo? Mi hermano tiene una granja con muchos caballos
cerca de los Picos.
And horseriding? My brother has a farm with many horses near the Picos mountains.
David
No me gustan los caballos. A mi hermana y a toda su familia sí que les
gusta montar a caballo, pero yo prefiero la bicicleta... Entonces, hablando
de fútbol. ¿Cuáles son los equipos principales en España?
No I don’t ride horses. My sister she does, and all her family. But I prefer a bicycle... So, speaking
of football. Which are the main teams in Spain?
Javier Oh, el Real Madrid, el Barcelona, el Osasuna, el Valencia, el Deportivo, el
Valladolid... hay muchos equipos...
Oh, Real Madrid, Barcelona, Osasuna, Valencia, Deportivo, Valladolid... there are a lot of teams...
32
¿Juegas
al fútbol?
Sí / No... (no)
juego al fútbol
El debut del jugador inglés
Beckham dispara el 'soccer' en Estados Unidos.
El debut del jugador inglés con los Galaxy disparó
todos los índices de audiencia posibles en un país que
está redescubriendo el fútbol.
Los 13 minutos del debut americano de David
Beckham con los Angeles Galaxy fueron los más
rentables del fútbol. Nunca ningún jugador había
despertado tanto interés en Estados Unidos.
lay ?
es this man p
o
d
rt
o
p
s
t
a
h
W
laying it ?
y?
Where is he p
in that countr
d
a
h
e
h
s
a
h
What impact
GOLF
¿Te gusta
jugar al golf?
dispara has boosted
más (lo más) more (the most)
rentable profitable
nunca never
despertado has awoken
Sí / No...
(no) juego al golf
¡Bienvenidos al Arabella Golf & Spa Resort Mallorca!
El campo de golf de Son Vida se encuentra entre los más bonitos de la isla. Diseñado
con grandes espacios, cada calle ofrece impresionantes vistas sobre la naturaleza
circundante y sobre la bahía de Palma.
El programa de la escuela de golf ha sido creado por nuestro equipo de experimentados
profesionales con el objetivo de ofrecer una enseñanza completa y de calidad tanto para
principiantes como para jugadores más avanzados. La escuela de golf sólo contrata profesionales
cualificados asegurando un alto nivel de enseñanza.
Para reservas o preguntas relacionadas con la escuela de golf, por favor, póngase en contacto con
nuestro departamento de reservas.
diseñado designed
cada every, each
ofrece offers
la escuela school
el lugar place
la pregunta question
try ?
rt of the coun
a
p
y
tt
re
p
r
o
ool in an ugly
olf ?
Is the golf sch
teachers of g
e
?
th
t
u
o
b
a
y
sa
e golf school
th
t
a
n
o
ti
a
rv
What can you
e
res
do to make a
What do you
33
Aprende a Navegar. Curso de Vela Ligera 5 Días
Diversión para los más
jóvenes. Primer contacto
con la vela, el mar con
máxima seguridad.
¿Te gusta
la vela?
Tipo de curso
Eminentemente práctico
Fecha de Inicio
De lunes a viernes, 1,5 horas diarias
Duración
Enfocado para los más
7,5 horas
pequeños, durante este curso
se pretende que los niños, a
Dificultad
partir de 5 años, tengan un
Es necesario saber nadar. A partir de 5 años
primer contacto con el mar y el
deporte de la vela. Lo más
60,00 € (16,00% IVA incluido)
importante es que el niño se
divierta en un ambiente sano y
natural al mismo tiempo que se
relaciona con otros niños de su edad y aprenda los conceptos básicos de la navegación a
vela. El curso se desarrolla la mayor parte del tiempo en el mar navegando en grupo en un
velero monocasco con monitores especializados en la enseñanza infantil.
la diversión pleasure
el mar sea
pequeño small (child)
sano healthy
here ?
re ?
learning to do
be to enrol he
n
a
What are you
c
u
o
y
e
g
st ?
oungest a
the course la
What is the y
s
e
o
d
y
a
d
r
e
urs p
How many ho
Andalucía EXCURSIONES Equitación
"La Clásica" - Duración : tres horas.
Precio : 40 euros / persona.
Incluido : comida / merienda.
"La Doble Jornada" - Duración : dos días una noche.
Precio : 156 euros / persona.
Incluido : pensión completa, transporte de equipajes y alojamiento.
Grupo mínimo : 5 personas.
Reserva : 25 % del precio total.
si if
traes you bring
Nota : Si traes tu caballo te hacemos un descuento de un 30% del precio.
es ?
of the two rid
r
e
rt
o
h
s
e
th
ay ride ?
How long is
st for a two-d
o
c
it
s
e
o
d
h
c
How mu
e?
ook ?
your own hors
g
n
ri
b
u
o
t when you b
y
n
o
if
fr
p
u
And
y
a
p
you have to
food ?
How much do
ng your own
ri
b
to
e
v
a
h
u
Do yo
Role play
With your tutor and colleagues discuss which sports you like.
¿Te
gusta...?
34
R23 David buys a newspaper on his way
to the game.
David
Quiero El País, por favor.
El País, please..
Dependiente Sí, un euro.
Yes, one euro.
David
Oh … por favor … quiero sellos
para Inglaterra.
Oh ... excuse me ... I want some stamps
for England.
Dependiente ¿Cuántos?
How many?
David
Ocho ¿Cuánto es?
Eight. How much is that?
Dependiente Cuatro euros.
Four euros.
David
Dependiente No, no tenemos planos aquí.
No, we don’t have any maps here.
¿Dónde puedo comprar un plano?
Where can I buy a map?
Dependiente En un supermercado.
In a supermarket.
David
¿Dónde hay un supermercado?
Where is there a supermarket?
1. I want to buy three bottles of water.
2. Excuse me, señora, do you work in the
office opposite the cinema?
3. How many metres from the hotel is the
restaurant?
4. Excuse me, do you have a map?
5. Is the supermarket next to the church?
6. Is there a restaurant near the hotel?
7. All the documents are on the laptop.
8. I don’t like sailing much.
9. Does Carlos like horseriding? Really?
10. I like the green shoes but not the gloves.
A kilometre away.
Gracias, adiós.
thanks, goodbye.
Newspapers
Spain does not have the
same tabloid culture as in the
UK. El País ('The Country') is
the biggest selling national
newspaper: a 'serious'
broadsheet with a slightly left-ofcentre leaning. El Mundo,
another broadsheet, slightly to
the right, follows in second
place, and the conservative,
traditionally royalist ABC has
been printed in Madrid since
1903. Spain has strong regional
identities, and some very
successful and respected
regional newspapers, such as
Barcelona's La Vanguardia or
Bilbao's El Correo. And two
football newspapers, Marca and
As, enjoy a large circulation.
Role play
Your tutor is el dependiente (la
dependienta). How much change do
you get from a ten-euro note after
you ask for ...
a) El País
b) 5 stamps for the UK
c) El País and three stamps
d) The Sun. You are told the shop
does not have English newspapers.
Ask where you can buy it. Where
does the shopkeeper say it is
available?
Dependiente A un kilómetro.
David
Say aloud in Spanish. Use the pronoun if it is
underlined:
También quiero un plano de
Madrid.
I also want a map of Madrid.
David
Exercise
Spain has its share of glossy
magazines _ in fact, Britain's
Hello! was a copy of the
Spanish ¡Hola!. Its rival is the
glossy Interviù which features
plenty of celebs stripped to bare
essentials.
Television
Spain has five terrestrial
television channels: the stateowned TVE which is strong on
news (telediario); Telecinco,
founded by Silvio Berlusconi,
which is good for soaps and
dramas, both homegrown and
imported _ and is now into
reality TV; Antena 3, another
drama / sitcom channel; and
Cuatro and La Sexta, both
founded in 2006 _ the latter
secured the rights to Saturday
Liga football matches in Spain.
Regional channels _ for
instance, Telemadrid or Canal
Sur (Andalucía) and TV3
(Cataluña) _ are more
noticeable than in England,
reflecting regional diversity.
Radio
Spain also has plenty of
radio stations _ public and
private, national and regional.
Most popular is the independent
Cadena Ser (news/sport/talk
shows).
35
R24 In the street David asks a passerby for directions.
David
Perdón, ¿dónde puedo encontrar un supermercado?
Excuse me, where can I find a supermarket?
Alguien Recto, pasas el semáforo, pasas la comisaría y giras a la izquierda. A
doscientos metros.
Straight on, past the traffic lights, past the police station and then left. Two hundred metres.
David
Perdón, no hablo bien español. Más despacio, por favor.
Excuse me, I don’t speak Spanish well. More slowly, please.
Alguien Recto, pasas el semáforo, pasas la comisaría y giras a la izquierda. Más o
menos a doscientos metros. Es fácil.
Straight on, past the traffic lights, past the police station and then left. About two hundred metres. It’s
easy.
David
Gracias … Es muy complicado ¡Taxi!
Thanks ... It’s very complicated. Taxi!
Taxista ¿Sí, señor?
Yes, señor?
David
Al supermercado por favor.
To the supermarket please.
Taxista ¿Al supermercado? Vale. ………………. (They arrive) Ya estamos.
To the supermarket? Okay .................. Here we are.
David
¿Ya estamos aquí? ¿Cuánto es?
We’re here already ? How much is that?
Taxista Sólo cuatro euros
Only four euros.
David
Gracias.
Thanks.
Taxista De nada (Taxi pulls away).
My pleasure.
Exercise
Pair a pronoun with any sentence you like, and say aloud with the verb in its correct form. Repeat and vary
until you are confident of the verbs !
él
COMPRAR un coche
COMER tapas
¿vosotros...?
TENER un móvil
yo
BEBER vino
ella
? QUERER venir al restaurante
nte
a
r
TRABAJAR en Sevilla
nosotros
au
est
r
l
a
SER de Inglaterra
nir
ellos
e
v
)
tú
ESTAR en el banco
s(
e
¿usted...?
r
ie
VIVIR en España
qu
¿
ellas
e
l
IR a tomar un bistec
mp
a
x
VENIR a Madrid
¿tú...? e
¿ustedes...?
36
R25 David is trying to find his way to the football match.
David
Perdón, ¿dónde está el Estadio Bernabéu?
Excuse me , where is the Bernabeu Stadium?
Policía Más o menos a tres kilómetros de aquí.
More or less three kilometres from here.
David
¿Todo recto?
Straight on?
Policía Sí, todo recto. ¿Es usted británico?
Yes, straight on. Are you British?
David
Sí.
Yes.
Policía ¿Es usted hincha del Chelsea?
Are you a Chelsea supporter?
David
Uhm, no, bueno hoy sí. Quizás.
Uhm, no, well today yes. Maybe.
Policía Ya veo. ¿Va a ir al partido?
I see. Are you going to the match?
David
Sí.
Yes.
Policía ¿Tiene una entrada para el partido?
Do you have a ticket for the match?
David
¿Dónde está mi entrada? Está aquí en
alguna parte. En mi bolsillo... en el
izquierdo, no, en el derecho... Ah sí,
aquí tiene.
Where is my ticket? It’s here somewhere. In my
pocket... on the left, no, on the right.. Ah yes, here
it is.
Policía Y su pasaporte, por favor.
Questions
As in other languages you ask a question
by raising your intonation. If you use a
pronoun, it usually comes after the verb:
¿cómo estás tú?
how are you?
Tag words like ¿verdad? and ¿no? are
quite typical :
ella trabaja en Sevilla, ¿verdad?
she works in Sevilla, yes?
And your passport, please.
David
¿Mi pasaporte? Oh… No tengo mi
pasaporte...
My passport? I don’t have my passport...
Policía Es importante.
It’s important.
David
¡Claro! Ah, aquí tiene.
Sure ! Ah, here you are.
Policía ¿Vive en Bristol?
You live in Bristol ?
David
Sí, cerca de Bristol.
Yes, near Bristol.
Policía Conozco bien Bristol. A mis amigos les
encantan los Bristol Rovers.
I know Bristol well. My friends love Bristol Rovers.
David
¿A quiénes?
Who?
Policía A mis amigos ingleses. ¿Está aquí sólo
por el partido?
My English friends. Are you here only for the
match?
David
No, estoy aquí una semana.
No I am here for a week.
Question words
Question words all have accents
¿qué quiere usted?
what do you want?
¿por qué vienes?
why are you coming?
¿cómo estás?
how are you?
¿cuándo vuelve a Madrid, señora?
when do you return to Madrid,
señora?
¿cuántos amigos?
how many friends?
¿dónde vive ella?
where does she live?
¿quién vive aquí?
who lives here?
37
Policía ¿Está de vacaciones?
Are you on holiday?
David
No, estoy trabajando.
No, I am working.
Policía ¿Para qué compañía trabaja?
What company do you work for?
David
Trabajo para EuroTech.
I work for EuroTech.
Policía ¿Trabaja en Bristol?
Do you work in Bristol?
David
No, trabajo en Londres, en París,
en Roma y en Madrid.
No, I work in London, in Paris, in Rome and
in Madrid.
Exercise
Say aloud in Spanish. Use the pronoun if it is
underlined:
1. Carmen, are you at the station?
2. What does she want?
3. Why are they coming to Madrid?
4. Where is the stadium? Is it near the station?
5. Señor, where do you live?
6. Is there an office in the town?
7. Excuse me, señor, do you speak English?
8. What do you want to drink, María?
9. Is she Spanish?
10. When are you coming to England, señora?
Policía ¿De verdad? ¿Cuándo vuelve a
Inglaterra?
Is that so? When do you return to England?
David
El domingo.
Sunday.
Policía Bueno, bueno… Aquí tiene su pasaporte y su entrada. Disfrute de su estancia.
Good, good... Here are your passport and ticket. Thank you señor. Enjoy your stay.
Role play
The Customs Officer (your tutor) believes you to be George Bush or
Penélope Cruz or Antonio Banderas or some other celebrity.
Insist that you are not this person, and explain who you
¿Quién
actually are. Lots of repeated questions and answers will help
?
d
e
t
reinforce
all the vocabulary, and those verbs !
s
es u
4
Sample expressions
¿Quién es usted?
_
Me llamo Tom Phillips.
Pero usted no es Tom Phillips, usted es George Bush.
_
Sí, sí, me llamo Tom Phillips.
¿Dónde vive?
_
Vivo en Oxford.
No es verdad, no vive en Oxford, vive en Estados Unidos.
_
No, vivo en Inglaterra.
Usted vive en Washington, en USA, y usted es americano.
_
No, no es verdad, soy británico y vivo en Inglaterra.
¿Seguro, señor Bush?
_
Sí, seguro, señor, pero no me llamo Bush. Me llamo Phillips.
¿Dónde trabaja?
_
Trabajo en Bristol y Londres. Soy profesor.
¿Trabaja en Inglaterra?
_
Sí, trabajo en Inglaterra.
Muy interesante. Pero no es verdad. Usted trabaja en Washington DC.
_
No es verdad, no trabajo en Washington DC, trabajo en
Inglaterra. Me llamo Tom Phillips. Soy profesor.
38
Unit FIVE
Distant contact
R26
Key expressions
¿dígame?
más despacio
no hablo bien español
¿con quién hablo?
soy Javier Moreno
¿puedo hablar con Juan González, por favor?
¿me lo puede deletrear? / ¿cómo se escribe?
llamo desde Bristol
un momento
llamaré más tarde
Days
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday
Sunday
Months
lunes
martes
miércoles
jueves
viernes
sábado
domingo
January
February
March
April
May
June
enero
febrero
marzo
abril
mayo
junio
July
August
September
October
November
December
julio
agosto
septiembre
octubre
noviembre
diciembre
(on) 3rd February
el tres de febrero
on Tuesday
el martes
(on) 15th November
el quince de noviembre
See you on Thursday
Hasta el jueves
today
tomorrow
yesterday
how can I help you? (lit. ‘tell me’)
more slowly
I do not speak Spanish well
who is speaking?
it is Javier Moreno speaking
can I speak to Juan González, please?
can you spell it for me?
I am ringing you from Bristol
one moment
I'll call later
(on) Saturday, 21st July, 2008
el sábado, veintiuno de julio de 2008
hoy
mañana
ayer
today is 10th March
hoy es (el) diez de marzo *
* el diez de marzo is a particular or special date. Without el is simply
expressing the date.
In Spanish neither days nor
months have capital letters.
Be able to (poder)
Poder means ‘can’ or ‘be able’ and has irregular forms. It’s usually
used with an infinitive, i.e. he’s able to do something
Hoy no puedo venir
today I am unable to come (cannot ...)
I can / am able
you (familiar) can / are able
you (formal) can / are able
he/she can / is able
we can / are able
you (pl.: familiar) can / are able
you (pl. formal) can / are able
they can / are able
(yo) puedo
tú puedes
(usted) puede
(él / ella) puede
(nosotros) podemos
(vosotros) podéis
(ustedes) pueden
(ellos/ ellas) pueden
Exercise
Say aloud in Spanish:
1. She cannot come on Tuesday.
2. Can you work today?
3. They cannot play football in the
office.
4. My birthday is the 28th May.
5. She is coming on Sunday, 4th
August.
6. We cannot come on the 14th
September.
7. On Monday, 4th March, 1987
8. On Wednesday, 5th August.
9. Can I speak to (con) Roberto?
39
Time - the clock
son las tres
son las cuatro
y media
son las dos
menos cuarto
son las seis y
cuarto
son las siete y
cinco
¿qué hora es?
¿a qué hora es...?
en punto
y cinco
menos diez
y cuarto
menos cuarto
casi
sobre
mediodía
medianoche
exactamente
¿Qué
hora es?
what is the time?
at what time is...?
o’clock
five past
ten to (i.e. ‘less ten’)
a quarter past
a quarter to
nearly
approximately
midday
midnight
exactly
Exercise
Say the time in Spanish:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
son las ocho
menos diez
a las ocho en punto
at eight o’clock
para las diez y media
by ten-thirty
antes del mediodía
before midday
después de las ocho
after eight o’clock
sobre las cinco
(at) about five o’clock
Role play
Your tutor manages a restaurant. You ‘telephone’
the restaurant and ask to book...
1) a table for three at 9.30pm tomorrow
2) a table for four, 2pm, on Sunday 19th June
3) a table for 12, 10.30pm, on Wednesday 16th
April.
Make three separate calls.
Say aloud in Spanish:
1. Excuse me, señora, what is the time ?
2. It is five past three.
3. We eat at about three o’clock, ok ?
4. It is eighteen minutes past four.
5. She is going at around midday.
6. It is half-past nine exactly.
7. It is after ten o’clock already.
8. On Sunday the train is coming at 8.45.
9. She is not going to eat before midnight.
10. We are not going to be in the office
by eight-thirty.
11. What time is it ?
12. At what time is the meeting ?
?
40
R27 Javier phones a restaurant to book a table for supper after the match.
Restaurante Restaurante Casa Alfredo, ¿dígame?
Restaurante Casa Alfredo, hello?
Javier
Buenas noches. Me gustaría reservar una mesa para esta noche.
Good evening. I’d like to reserve a table for this evening.
Restaurante ¿Para cuántas personas?
For how many people?
Javier
Para dos.
For two.
Restaurante ¿Para qué hora?
For what time?
Javier
Para las diez.
For ten o’clock.
Restaurante ¿Fumador?
Smoking?
Javier
No, por favor.
CONTACTING SPAIN
The dialling code for Spain is
0034, followed by 91 for Madrid,
93 for Barcelona, 96 for Valencia
and Alicante and 95 for Sevilla
and Málaga. The dialling code for
the UK from Spain is 0044.
Exclude the initial 0 from the
regional code.
No, please.
Restaurante ¿A qué nombre?
For what name?
Javier
Al mío, Javier Morales Núñez.
For me, Javier Morales Núnez.
Restaurante ¿Cómo se escribe?
How do you spell that?
Javier
MORALES NÚÑEZ.
MORALES NUÑEZ.
Restaurante Muy bien. Gracias y hasta
luego.
Very good. Thanks and see you later.
Javier
Adiós.
Bye.
to have to (tener + que)
Spanish expressings ‘have to...’ with the
right form of tener followed by que and the
verb in the infinitive (i.e. comprar, vivir,
ser, etc)
tengo que trabajar
I have to work
¿ tienes que trabajar ahora?
do you have to work now?
Exercise
Fill the gaps and translate:
1. ¿Cuándo TENER ........ que trabajar?
2. Yo TENER ........ que comer mis verduras.
3. Ellos TENER ........ que estar en la oficina
para las 9 am.
4. ¿Por qué TENER ........ tú que llevar
un traje el domingo?
5. Nosotros TENER ........ que comprar este
coche hoy.
Translate these sentences into Spanish:
6. Elena can come on Sunday.
7. Antonio has to work today.
8. Do you like playing golf, José ?
9. We cannot come on January 8th.
10. Can I speak to Javier Morales ?
11. I can come after nine o’clock.
12. Are we all coming to the restaurant ?
_ Only if you want to.
41
R28 After dinner David phones for a taxi.
Radiotaxi
Buenas noches Radiotaxi,
¿dígame?
Good evening, Radiotaxi, how can I help?
David
Quiero un taxi, por favor.
Radiotaxi
¿Para ahora mismo?
David
Sí, por favor.
Radiotaxi
Muy bien ¿Dónde está usted
ahora?
I want a taxi please.
Right now?
Yes, please.
Very good. Where are you now?
mi(s) my
tu(s) your (familiar)
su(s) your (formal)
su(s) his, her, their
nuestro(s)/a(s) our
vuestro(s)/a(s) your (pl)
Mi (plural mis) is ‘my’
Tu (plural tus) is the familiar ‘your’ (one
person)
David
En el Restaurante Casa Alfredo.
At the Restaurante Casa Alfredo.
Su (plural sus) can be ‘your’ formal or ‘his’
or ‘her’ or ‘their’
Radiotaxi
¿Y a dónde quiere ir?
Nuestro/a (plural nuestros/as)is ‘our’
David
Al Hotel Puerta de Alcalá.
Vuestro/a (plural vuestros/as) is ‘your’
(more than one person).
Radiotaxi
¿Cuántas personas son?
David
Sólo dos.
Radiotaxi
¿A qué nombre?
David
Smith.
Radiotaxi
¿Cómo se escribe?
David
SMITH.
Radiotaxi
Muy bien, señor Smith, en cinco
minutos tiene el taxi en la puerta.
And where do you want to go to?
To the Hotel Puerta de Alcalá.
How many people are you?
Only two.
In English, the possessive is feminine if the
person is female (e.g. her cat). In Spanish
the gender matches the thing described:
mi coche my car
mis zapatos my shoes
tu hermana your sister
tus hijos your sons
su nombre your/his/her/their name
sus vacaciones your/his/her/their
holiday
nuestra oficina our office
vuestros documentos your documents
For what name?
Smith.
How do you spell that?
SMITH.
Very good, señor Smith, the taxi will be at the door in five minutes.
David
Gracias. Adiós.
Thanks. Goodbye.
Role play
You are trying to ring your
boss, señor Martínez.
However you get through to
the wrong person ... your
tutor. Who does she say
she is and what number
have you dialled?
Apologise and say
goodbye.
Exercise
Fill the gaps and translate:
1. ¿Dónde están (MY) ................ planos?
2. Señores, bienvenidos a Madrid, aquí tienen (YOUR)
............... documentos.
3. ¿A qué hora es (HER) ................ tren?
4. ¿Por qué llevas (MY) ................ pantalones?
5. La casa de Alfredo está cerca de (OUR) ................ casa.
6. ¿Te gustan (YOUR)................ vacaciones?
42
Spelling out letters on the phone
R53
Here are the approximate sounds of the letters when
you say them individually, spelling names, etc.
a
a ('ah')
b
be ('bay')
c
ce ('thay')
d
de ('day')
e
e ('air')
f
efe ('effect')
g
ge (guttural: 'hair')
h
hache ('patchy')
i
i ('see')
j
jota (guttural: 'hotter')
k
ka ('cart')
l
ele ('elephant')
ll
elle ('payer')
m
eme ('emmerdale')
n
ene ('penny')
ñ
eñe ('enya')
o
o (between 'moat' & 'lot')
p
pe ('pet')
q
ku ('koo')
r
erre (trilled: 'erray')
s
ese ('essay')
t
te ('tay')
u
u ('oo')
v
uve ('oober')
w
uve doble ('ooberdobbly')
x
equis ('eccies')
y
y griega ('ee-gree-ayga')
z
zeta ('thetta')
¿Cómo
e su
se escrib
nombre ?
4
Spelling the letters
Spell out your name.
Return to the business cards on page 8.
Spell out the names on each of the cards.
43
R29 Twenty-five minutes later David rings the taxi company again.
Radiotaxi Buenas noches, Radiotaxi, ¿dígame?
Good evening, Radiotaxi, what can I do for you?
David
Estoy esperando, bueno, estamos esperando, mi amigo y yo, un taxi desde
hace veinte minutos.
I am waiting, well, we are waiting, my friend and I, for a taxi for twenty minutes.
Radiotaxi
Lo siento, señor, pero estamos muy ocupados. Me dice su nombre y dónde
está, por favor.
I am sorry, señor, but we are very busy. Tell me your name and where you are, please.
David
Sí, me llamo David Smith y estoy en el Restaurante Casa Alfredo.
Radiotaxi
Sí, en Toledo, ¿verdad?
David
No, no, ¡en Madrid!
Radiotaxi
Aaah... ha habido una equivocación. Lo siento. En una hora tiene
el taxi en la puerta.
Yes, my name is David Smith and I am in the Restaurante Casa Alfredo.
Okay, in Toledo, yes?
No, no in Madrid!
Aaah... there has been a mistake. I am sorry. The taxi will be at the door in one hour.
David
¡En una hora!
Radiotaxi
Sí, lo siento, pero estamos muy ocupados. Gracias por su llamada. Buenas
noches, señor.
In one hour!
Yes, I am sorry, but we are very busy. Thank you for your call. Good evening, señor.
Role play
¿ Dígame?
Your tutor is operating a taxi company switchboard.
4
a) You phone for a taxi to come as soon as possible. You
want to go to the railway station and are currently at the
Café Goya opposite the entrance to the Bernabéu
stadium. Say where you are and spell your name. How
many minutes does the taxi company say it will be before
the taxi reaches you ?
b) You phone for a taxi to take you to the airport on the
day after tomorrow (give the day and date). You ask for it
to come at 10.15am. Say who you are, spell your name
and address (your tutor will give you an address).
c) You phone for a taxi for next week, 6pm on
Wednesday 23rd March, to take you from your hotel to
the Bernabéu Stadium. Say there are three passengers.
Ask how much it will be. (Your tutor will tell you the name
of your hotel and street).
44
este this /these, ese that /those
Este is ‘this’, (feminine - esta). Use it either with or
without a noun. If used without a noun, there is
an accent: éste, ésta
voy a comprar este coche
I’m going to buy this car
voy a comprar éste
I’m going to buy this (one)
Ese (‘that’) works in the same way:
este (ese) pan this (that) bread
esta (esa) oficina this (that) office
estos (esos) coches these (those) cars
estas (esas) verduras these (those) vegetables
Exercise
Fill the gaps and translate:
1. (THAT) ............... coche no es caro, señor.
2. Por favor, yo voy a comprar (THIS) ...............
plano.
3. ¿Te gustan (THESE) ................ pantalones?
_ No, pero me gustan (THOSE) ................
4. Todos (THOSE) ................ documentos están
encima de la mesa.
For ‘this’ in a general way, say esto:
esto no me gusta I don’t like this
R30 David goes back to the restaurant.
Javier
¿Ya está el taxi aquí?
David
No, ha habido una equivocación y está en Toledo.
Javier
¿En Toledo? ¡jajajaja!
David
Sí, y tardará una hora más.
Javier
Bueno… La comida estaba buena,
¿verdad?
Is the taxi here already?
There has been a muddle and it’s in Toledo.
In Toledo? Ha ha!
Yes, and it will be another hour.
Ok... The meal was good, yes?
David
¡Sí, muy buena!
Javier
Pero necesito una copa más para bajar
la comida.
Yes, very good!
But I need another drink to digest my food.
David
¿Quieres un brandy?
Javier
Sí, pero vamos a otro sitio ¿Qué tal el
club de al lado? Dicen que está bien.
Do you want a brandy?
Exercise
Say aloud in Spanish:
Are we going to walk into (por) the
town?
_ I don’t like walking. I’m going to ring
(llamar a) for a taxi.
When is your appointment, Davinia?
_ 11.30
There are no taxis. I have to walk.
_ I don’t believe it !
Yes, but let’s go to another place. What about the club next-door? They say it’s good.
David
Bueno, pero mañana tenemos una reunión importante.
Javier
Vale, sólo una copa. ¡Vamos!
Okay, but tomorrow we have an important meeting.
Ok, only one drink. Let’s go!
45
R31 Next morning, David has breakfast in his hotel.
María
Hola buenas, David. ¿Cómo estás?
David
¿Qué hora es?
María
Las nueve menos diez.
David
¡Madre mía! Tengo prisa.
María
¿Quieres un café?
David
Sí, pero no puedo parar. Tengo que estar en la oficina a las nueve y media. Voy
a llamar a un taxi. Hasta luego, María.
Morning, David. How are you?
What is the time?
Ten to nine.
Heavens! I must hurry.
You want some coffee?
Yes, but I can’t stop. I have to be at the office at 9.30. I’m going to call a taxi. See you later, María.
María
Hasta la tarde.
See you this evening.
Role play
You have invited a group of friends to the Café Goya. Once again
your tutor is el camarero (la camerera). Your fellow learners are
your friends. (If it is a one-to-one course your tutor may double up
as your friends as well ...)
Ask everyone
what they would
like to drink.
Say you are
going to pay. It is
your birthday.
Say that is
ridiculous as you
cannot sing.
Each person
orders a drink
Everyone insists
that they pay,
provided you sing.
CAFÉ GOYA
Zumo de naranja (orange juice)
Café (coffee)
Agua mineral (mineral water)
Té (tea)
Vino blanco (white wine)
Vino tinto (red wine)
Cerveza (beer)
Coca Cola (coke)
Limonada (lemonade)
Vaso
2,80 €
1,50 €
Botella
1,40 €
1,30 € (una taza)
3€
3€
2,50 € (caña)
12 €
12 €
3,20 €
3€
3€
46
R32 David competes for a taxi with someone else.
David and
Raquel
¡Taxi!
Taxi!
David
(Both get into the taxi from different sides)
A la Plaza del Emperador Carlos V…
Raquel
A la estación de Atocha por favor. Oh, perdón.
David
No, es su taxi.
Raquel
Usted estaba primero.
To la Plaza del Emperador Carlos V…
To Atocha Station please. Oh, sorry.
No, it's your taxi.
You were first..
David
Voy a llamar a otro.
Taxi
La estación está en la misma calle. Puedo llevar a ambos, si quieren.
Raquel
Vale. ¿Está de acuerdo?
David
Sí. Gracias.
Raquel
(Doors close. Taxi pulls off.)
¿Es usted inglés?
David
Sí. ¿Es tan obvio?
Raquel
Sí. Tengo un tren que coger. ¿Puede ir más rápido?
Taxi
Sí, sí, ¿a qué hora es su tren?
Raquel
A las nueve y cuarenta y cinco. Es el Ave a Sevilla.
Taxi
Hay un montón de tráfico en la carretera, es la hora punta. Hay muchos
hinchas de fútbol inglés, es una locura. Pero ustedes van a llegar allí
pronto.
_
_
I'll call another.
The station is in the same street I can take you both if you like.
OK. OK with you ?
Fine. Thanks.
Are you English?
Yes. Is it so obvious?
Sure. (To the taxi) I have a train to catch. Can you go more quickly?
Yes, yes, what time is your train?
0945. It's the express to Sevilla.
There's a lot of traffic on the road it's a busy time. Lots of English football supporters
But you're going to be there soon.
it's crazy.
Raquel
Tengo que comprar un billete, no puedo perder el tren.
David
¿Vive en Sevilla?
Raquel
Sí, bueno, me voy a trasladar a allí. Estoy buscando un apartamento.
David
¿En qué trabaja?
Raquel
Vendo seguros. Bueno, no, ya no. He escrito un libro que ha sido
publicado. Ahora estoy escribiendo otro. Un libro infantil. Y también escribo
para un periódico.
I have to buy a ticket. I cannot miss the train.
Do you live in Sevilla?
Yes, well, I'm moving there. I'm looking for a flat.
What do you do?
I sell insurance. Well, I don't any more. I've written a book which has been published. Now I am
writing another one. A children's book. And I write for a newspaper.
David
Perdón, más despacio, no hablo muy bien español.
Raquel
Sí lo habla bien. ¿Por qué está en Madrid? ¿Está por negocios?
Sorry, more slowly. I don't speak Spanish very well.
Yes, you speak it well. Why are you in Madrid? Are you here on business?
47
Role play
You call a taxi. Say you want
to go to the station. Say you
are in a hurry.
R33 In the taxi with Raquel.
Exercise
Say aloud in Spanish:
1. I have to catch a train now.
2. Pedro, can you come soon?
3. More slowly, please, I do not speak Spanish well.
4. Are you in Madrid on business?
5. Do you agree, Natalia?
6. I have to buy a ticket.
7. What time is your train?
8. No, that train is going to Valladolid.
9. Are you gentlemen going to Madrid on business?
David
Perdón, tengo que coger esta llamada.
Raquel
Sí, sí, claro.
David
¿Dígame?
Juan
David, soy Juan ¿Cómo estás?
David
Estoy bien, gracias, Juan. Siento llegar tarde. Estoy en un taxi. Voy a llegar
hacia las 9.30. Lo siento.
Excuse me, I must take this call.
Yes, yes, sure.
Hello?
David, it's Juan. You okay?
I'm fine, thanks Juan. Sorry I'm late. I'm in a taxi. I'll be there at about 9.30. I do apologise.
Juan
Ningún problema. Yo aún no estoy allí. ¿Tienes los documentos de enero?
David
Sí, los tengo, un momento… sí. Y de febrero y marzo.
Juan
Excelente. Hasta pronto.
David
Adiós. (to Raquel) Así que vive en Sevilla.
Raquel
Sí, bueno, pronto. Espero encontrar un apartamento. Perdón… estoy
haciendo una llamada.
Not a problem. I am not there myself. Do you have the January documents?
Yes, I do, just a momen … yes. And February and March.
Excellent. See you soon.
Bye. So, you live in Sevilla.
Yes, well, soon. I hope to find a flat. Excuse me... I am just making a call.
David
Oh perdón.
Raquel
No hay problema. Mientras, me quedo con mi hermana y su marido. Ella tiene
una gran familia, sabes, cuatro hijos, tres son niños y una niña, y perros y
gatos.
Oh sorry.
No problem. Meanwhile I'm staying with my sister and her husband. She has a big family, you now,
four children, three boys and a girl, and dogs and cats.
David
¿Ah sí?
Raquel
Sí. Carlos, su marido, es ingeniero aeronáutico. Me quedo con ellos mientras
encuentro un piso.
Really?
Yes. Carlos, her husband, is an aero-engineer. I am staying with them while I find a flat.
Phone
Graciela Vázquez no puede contestar su llamada. Por favor, deje su mensaje...
Raquel
Gracie, soy Raquel. Estoy de camino a la estación… te veo más tarde. Oh, voy
a hacer la cena para esta noche.
Graciela Vazquez is not here to take your call. Please leave a message…
Gracie, it's Raquel. I'm on my way to the station. I'll see you later. Oh, I'm going to cook the meal for
tonight.
48
Unit SIX
Making a new friend
R34
Key expressions
te/os/le/les presento a...
lo siento, se ha equivocado de número
quiero comprar un apartamento
un billete para Madrid por favor
¿a qué hora sale el tren?
¿de qué vía sale el tren de Valencia?
¡vamos a comer!
¿está de acuerdo?
no, no, ya pago yo
let me introduce you (s./pl.familiar / s./pl.formal) to...
I’m sorry, you have the wrong number
I want to buy a flat
a ticket for Madrid please
at what time does the train leave ?
from what platform does the train to Valencia leave ?
let’s go and eat !
do you agree ?
no, no, let me pay
R35 David is given a copy of Raquel’s book.
Raquel
¿Te gusta Madrid?
David
Sí, mucho. Es muy diferente de Bristol.
Raquel
¿Vives en Bristol?
David
Sí, bueno, cerca de Bristol. Perdone, ¿es éste su libro?
Raquel
Sí.
David
¡Impresionante! Voy a comprarlo. ¿Dónde hay una librería?
Raquel
Puedes quedarte con este ejemplar.
David
No, no puedo.
Raquel
¡Sí! Toma.
David
¿De verdad? ¿ Está segura? ¿Tiene otra?
Raquel
Tengo muchos ejemplares. Por favor, toma. Recuerda, es para niños.
David
¡Muchas gracias!
Raquel
De nada.
David
Voy a leerlo esta tarde. En el avión a Inglaterra.
Raquel
Ahora quiero pagar algo por el taxi.
David
No, no, ya pago yo.
Raquel
Muy amable.
You like Madrid?
Yes. Very much. It's different from Bristol.
You live in Bristol?
Yes, well, near Bristol. Excuse me, is this your book?
Yes.
Very impressive! I am going to buy it. Where is there a bookshop?
You can have this copy.
No I can't.
Yes ! Take it.
Really? Are you sure. You have another ?
I have many copies. Please, take it. Remember, it's for children.
Thank you very much!
My pleasure.
I am going to read it this afternoon. On the aeroplane to England.
Now I want to pay something for the taxi.
No, I’m going to pay.
You are very kind.
David
¿Me firma el libro?
Will you sign the book?
Exercise
Say aloud in Spanish:
1. I am going to read your
book soon.
2. Do you like England, Eva?
3. Where is Miguel’s office?
Is it near Bristol?
4. Do you live near Madrid,
señora?
5. Do you have a mobile,
Alejandro?
6. Is this your book, Javier?
49
EL OSITO VA
A LA LUNA
Raquel Vázquez
Regular verbs
A number of Spanish verbs share the
same forms as HABLAR
andar
comprar
enseñar
enviar
esperar
llegar
parar
preguntar
tomar
trabajar
viajar
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
walk
buy
teach, show
send
hope, wait (for)
arrive
stop
ask
have (food)
work
travel
Others share the same forms as COMER
R36 The taxi journey ends.
David
Encantado de conocerla, y buena
suerte en Sevilla.
Good to meet to you, and good luck in Sevilla.
Raquel
Si alguna vez vas a Sevilla, avísame.
David
Sí, pero, ¿cómo? ¿Dónde vive?
Raquel
Aquí tienes mi número: 625784913.
David
Perdón, ¿es 625784913? ¿Dónde
está mi boli?... ¡Ah, aquí está!
If you're ever in Sevilla, look me up.
I will. How? Where are you living?
Here is my number: 625784913.
Sorry, that's 625784913?... where is my pen?...
Ah, here it is!
Raquel
625784913. Tengo que darme prisa.
David
Vale, gracias. Adiós.
Taxi
Señor, allí está su oficina.
David
Oh sí,… 625874913.
Taxi
Doce, por favor
David
¿Doce? No, trece?
Taxi
Doce euros, por favor.
David
¡Ah, sí ! Claro. Gracias.
Taxi
De nada.
625784913. I must hurry.
Ok, thank you. Bye.
aprender
to learn
beber
to drink
comprender to understand
creer
leer
vender
And some the same forms as VIVIR
abrir
escribir
12.
12? No, 13?
12 euros, please.
Ah, yes ! Sure. Thanks.
My pleasure.
(Taxi pulls away)
to open
to write
These verbs are called regular verbs as
the forms are consistent to the main
patterns. If you know hablar, comer and
vivir, then you can find the right parts of
the others.
Senor, there is your office.
Oh yes,... (tries to repeat Raquel's phone number).
to believe
to read
to sell
Exercise
Say aloud in Spanish:
1. Why are you (pl. familiar) going to Madrid?
2. Is she sending the documents to Spain?
3. Where does the train stop?
4. How are you going to travel, Fernando?
5. Do you teach Spanish, José?
6. I am learning Spanish in England.
7. Sorry, I do not understand.
8. Is he selling his apartment in Sevilla?
9. I’m going to read Raquel’s book today.
10. Why are we waiting at the station?
11. Señor, there is the station.
12. She is going to have the steak.
50
Irregular verbs
Irregular verbs are eccentric in some way, but even some of these have certain patterns. You have
already seen irregular verbs like tenir (tengo, tienes, etc and querer (quiero, quieres, etc). Here
are some more:
yo
tú
usted
él / ella
nosotros
vosotros
ustedes
ellos / ellas
yo
tú
usted
él / ella
nosotros
vosotros
ustedes
ellos / ellas
PENSAR
(TO THINK)
EMPEZAR
(TO BEGIN)
CERRAR
(TO CLOSE)
JUGAR
(TO PLAY)
pienso
piensas
piensa
piensa
pensamos
pensáis
piensan
piensan
empiezo
empiezas
empieza
empieza
empezamos
empezáis
empiezan
empiezan
cierro
cierras
cierra
cierra
cerramos
cerráis
cierran
cierran
juego
juegas
juega
juega
jugamos
jugáis
juegan
juegan
DORMIR
(TO SLEEP)
DECIR
(TO SAY)
SALIR
(TO GO OUT)
OIR
(TO HEAR)
duermo
duermes
duerme
duerme
dormimos
dormís
duermen
duermen
digo
dices
dice
dice
decimos
decís
dicen
dicen
salgo
sales
sale
sale
salimos
salís
salen
salen
oigo
oyes
oye
oye
oímos
oís
oyen
oyen
Exercise
Fill the gaps and translate:
EL OSITO VA A LA LUNA
El osito va a luna y hace nuevos
amiguitos. Juntos viven muchas
aventuras.
Raquel Vázquez ha sido
la autora revelación de
este año. Ganadora del
premio Lingua 2007 con
éste, su primero libro.
“Estupendo” Lingua Times
“A los niños les va a encantar” Gaceta Española
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
No, José no JUGAR ............ al fútbol.
Ella DECIR ............ dónde está la estación.
¿Puedes OIR ............ la musica?
¿A qué hora SALIR ............ nosotras de Bristol?
¡Silencio! Ana DORMIR ............
¿A qué hora EMPEZAR ............ la película?
¿Cuándo SALIR ............ tú?
Mis amigas DECIR ............ que eres simpático
Say aloud in Spanish:
9. When does the meeting begin?
10. When does the film end? _ Soon, I think.
11. At what time does the train leave?
12. José and Celia, what do you think?
13. I think that (que) she is in Spain now.
14. At what time do the shops close in Madrid?
15. Are we going out today?
16. Can you hear the children, Carlos?
17. Do they play golf?
18. They say that the food is delicious at this hotel.
19. Hello? I cannot hear you very well.
51
Role play
R37 Raquel buys a ticket at the station.
Buy a ticket from your tutor
(and how much does each
one cost?):
- a return to Málaga
- a single to Sevilla
- a return to Valladolid
Raquel
Un billete para Sevilla, por favor.
Station
¿Ida y vuelta?
Raquel
No, sólo ida.
Station
Setenta y cinco euros.
Raquel
¿De qué vía sale el tren de Sevilla?
Station
De la vía número nueve.
Raquel
Sale a las nueve y cuarenta y cinco, ¿verdad?
Station
No, a las nueve y treinta y cinco. Está saliendo
justamente ahora.
A ticket for Sevilla, please.
Return?
No, single.
75 euros.
Which platform is the Sevilla train?
From platform 9.
It leaves at 9.45, yes?
No, 9.35. It is leaving right now.
Raquel
¡Oh no! ¿Cuándo sale el próximo tren?
Oh no. When is the next train?
Station
¿Para Sevilla? A las once y cincuenta.
Raquel
¿Y a qué hora llega a Sevilla?
Station
A las dos y veinte.
Raquel
¡Madre mía!
To Sevilla ? 11.50.
When does it arrive in Sevilla ?
2.20.
Crikey!
R38 David arrives at the office.
Juan
Irregular verb: coger
This irregular verb means to pick
up, to take (e.g. a telephone call,
un llamada) or to catch (e.g. a
train, un tren). In the present tense
the only irregular part is the first
person (yo ...) :
yo
tú
usted
él / ella
nosotros
vosotros
ustedes
ellos / ellas
cojo
coges
coge
coge
cogemos
cogéis
cogen
cogen
Bienvenido David, me alegro de verte. Te presento a tus nuevos colegas. Este
es Antonio, él se encarga de las ventas en España y Portugal, y esta es Ana,
nuestra responsable de Márketing.
Welcome David, good to see you. Let me introduce you to your new colleagues. This is Antonio, he
looks after sales in Spain and Portugal, and this is
Ana, who is our Marketing Manager.
Exercise
David
Encantado de conoceros
Nice to meet you.
Say aloud in Spanish:
Antonio
Mucho gusto.
Ana
Encantada de conocerte
Juan
Hoy vamos a revisar la producción en
toda Europa.
1. From which platform does the train for
Bilbao leave?
2. The train arrives at 3.30.
3. When are you catching the train to
Valencia, Pablo?
4. A ticket for Barcelona please _ a return.
5. How much is a ticket to Madrid?
6. Good to see you, José.
7. Juan, let me introduce you to my
friends.
8. I must catch the train at 1.45.
Delighted.
Pleased to meet you.
Today we are going to review production across
Europe.
52
Exercise
Role play
Introduce yourself in Spanish and
say what you do.
Match the Spanish to the English:
Commercial Director
Sales Director
Marketing Director
Financial Director
Managing Director
Production Director
Technical Director
Director
Director
Director
Director
Director
Director
Director
de Producción
Técnico
de Ventas
Comercial
Financiero
de Márketing
General
IT Manager
Production Engineer
Sales Executive
Production Assistant
Secretary
Site Manager
Health and Safety
Human Resources
Gerente de Planta
Ejecutivo Comercial
Secretario/a
Sanidad y Seguridad
Ingeniero de Producción
Recursos Humanos
Asistente de Producción
Jefe de Informática
Both el jefe and el gerente mean manager
Say aloud in Spanish:
1. Alfredo works for EuroTech. He is the Sales
Director.
2. Are you the Human Resources Manager?
3. Who is the Financial Director?
4. Can I speak to the IT Manager, please?
5. Yes, I am the Site Manager here.
6. Does the Managing Director have all the
documents?
7. Goodness me! The IT Manager does not
have a laptop.
8. Does the Sales Manager work in Madrid or
Barcelona?
9. Good morning, I have a meeting with the
Health and Safety Manager at 11.30.
R39 Raquel has to change her appointment with the agencia inmobiliaria (estate agent).
Raquel
Buenas tardes, tengo una cita con el señor García hoy, a las tres en punto.
¿Puedo cambiarla?
Good afternoon, I have an appointment with señor Garcia today at 3pm. Can I change it?
Agencia
Sí, ¿cúando puede venir?
Raquel
¿Qué tal mañana? ¿Viernes dos de mayo, por la mañana?
Agencia
Ningún problema, viernes dos de mayo. ¿A las once, está bien?
Raquel
Está bien. Perdón por el aplazamiento.
Yes, when can you come?
How about the next day? Friday 2nd May, in the morning?
No problem, Friday 2nd May. 11am, okay?
That's fine. I am sorry for the postponement.
Agencia
No se preocupe. Hasta el viernes.
Raquel
Gracias, adiós.
Don't worry. See you on Friday.
Thank you, bye.
Exercise
Say aloud in Spanish:
1. How about today?
2. No problem.
3. That’s fine.
4. Don’t worry.
5. See you on Wednesday.
6. I have an appointment at four
o’clock in the office in Madrid.
Role play
Ring a hotel and book a doubleroom for 14th and
15th September. How much do they charge per
night? Does it include breakfast?
Call a colleague, and ask for a meeting at 10am on
4th June.
Call again. Change it to a week later. Your
colleague (tutor) has little time next week, but
manages to find a window. When is it?
53
Exercise
More verbs (conocer, saber,
dar, hacer, ver, decir)
Say aloud in Spanish:
1. Pedro, are you giving the
documents to the MD?
2. Do you want to see this film,
Raquel?
3. Are you going to read my
book, Ana?
4. He is giving my book to
Eduardo. Why? Eduardo
cannot read.
5. Carlota and I are making the
dinner.
6. Do you see Verónica?
7. I never say never!
There are a few verbs that have odd forms for the first person
(yo, I) while the other persons are regular and conform to the
-AR, -ER or -IR patterns:
CONOCER
to know *
conozco
conoces
etc
I know
you know
SABER
to know *
sé
sabes
etc
I know
you know
DAR
to give
doy
das
etc
I give
you give
HACER
to do, make
hago
haces
etc
I do, make
you do, make
VER
to see
veo
ves
etc
I see
you see
DECIR
to say, tell
digo
dices
etc
I say, tell
you see
Exercise
Fill the gaps with the correct form of CONOCER or
SABER and translate:
1. Sí, Sergio ............ al marido de María.
2. No, ella no ............ dónde está la estación.
3. Nosotros ............ por qué el señor Martínez
viene a Madrid. Él quiere comprar una casa.
4. ¡Sí, yo ............ Bristol muy bien!
5. Lo siento, no ............ cuándo llega el tren
a Barcelona.
Both conocer and saber mean to know. Conocer means to be
acquainted with someone or something, saber means to know a
fact. Conocer is followed by a if it is a person that you know,
but not if it is a place or a thing.
¿dónde está la estación?
_ Lo siento, no sé
where is the station?
_ sorry, I don’t know.
¿conocéis a María?
Do you know María?
sabemos que ella vive en Madrid
we know that she lives in Madrid
no conozco bien Madrid
I don’t know Madrid well
Meetings in Spain
Spanish businessmen are less
time-conscious than their British
and certainly German colleagues.
Meetings seldom start on the hour
and can last for a while with
ongoing ranging discussions.
Spanish expats working in the UK
have noted how we have so many
formal meetings here, all the time,
meeting in ones and twos, for this
or that to be resolved. Formal
meetings are less frequent in Spain
and are more of an occasion.
54
R40 David’s meeting comes to a close.
Juan
Gracias David, gracias Antonio, gracias Ana. Son buenas noticias. Toda la
información es muy útil. Gracias por venir. Ahora, vamos a comer ¿Vale?
David ¿A qué hora es tu avión?
Thank you David, thank you Antonio, thank you Ana. This is good news. All the information is very
helpful. Thank you for coming. Now, let us have lunch, yes? David, when is your plane?
David
A las cinco y media.
Juan
Tenemos mucho tiempo.
We have plenty of time.
Say aloud in Spanish:
Ana
Yo tengo que ir al dentista esta tarde.
Juan
¡Pobrecita! ¿Y tú, Antonio?
1. Thanks for coming.
2. Let’s go and eat.
3. I think that there is a bar near here.
4. When do you catch your train, Ana?
Antonio
Claro que voy.
Juan
Vamos. Hay un restaurante aquí cerca. Conozco al chef, es muy bueno. La
comida está deliciosa.
5.30pm.
I have to go to the dentist this afternoon.
Poor thing! And you Antonio ?
Exercise
Sure, I’m coming.
Lets go. There is a restaurant near here, I know the chef, he's very good. The food is delicious.
Verbs gustar and encantar
You have already met gustar. It is the normal verb for saying you like something. It works a little
differently from other verbs. It literally means to please, and the thing you like is the subject:
¿te gusta esta película?
does this film please you? (or do you like this film?)
_ Sí me gusta mucho
_ Yes, it pleases me much (or Yes, I like this film a lot)
Another similar verb is encantar. It means to enchant or delight. You have already come across a
part of this verb when you met the word encantado/a. This means delighted. Encantar means
much the same as gustar, but is stronger in flavour.
esta película me encanta
this film enchants me (or I love this film)
Here are the words for me, you, him, her, us and them :
me me
te you (familiar)
le you (formal)
le him, her
nos us
os you (familiar - plural)
les you (formal - plural)
les them
These are called *object pronouns:
¿te gusta mi apartamento?
does my flat please you (or do you like my flat?)
nos encanta
It enchants us (or we loves it)
Note that querer is the verb for to love in a romantic sense.
Exercise
Say aloud in Spanish:
1. Yes, I like football.
2. No, I don’t like tennis.
3. We love chocolate!
4. Do you like Raquel’s book, Pablo?
5. Yes, I think that I like Spanish food.
It is delicious.
6. Do you love Ana? But she loves
Pablo, yes?
7. Do I know you, señor?
8. Does he like sailing? Sorry, Ana, I
don’t know.
* There are other object pronouns which
you will meet later in your studies.
55
R41 Raquel is in the supermarket (el supermercado).
Dep.
¿Qué desea?
Raquel
¿Tiene pelotas de fútbol?
Dep.
Sí, están al lado de la música, con los juguetes.
Raquel
Gracias. (She rings her sister)
Phone
Graciela Vázquez no puede contestar su llamada. Por favor, deje su mensaje...
Raquel
Hola Gracie. Estoy en el supermercado. Estoy comprando todo lo que
necesitamos, para que no tengas que comprar después del trabajo. También
tengo algo para los niños. Te veo más tarde. Adiós. Oh... voy a coger la llave
de tu vecino.
What would you like?
Do you have any footballs?
Yes, they are next to the music row, with the toys.
Thanks
Graciela Vazquez is not here to take your call. Please leave a message…
Hi Graciela, I'm at the supermarket. I'm buying everything we need, so you do not have to shop after
work. I have something for the children too. See you later. Byeee. Oh ... I’m going to collect the keys
from your neighbour.
A COMPRAR
zumo, el
tomates, los
verduras, las
pescado, el
pimienta, la
leche, la
pollo, el
bistec, el
vino, el
queso, el
azúcar, el
mantequilla, la
mermelada, la
pan, el
agua mineral, el
cerveza, la
chocolate, el
aceitunas, las
tartas, las
helado, el
bombones, los
boquerones, los
calamares, los
aceite (el) de oliva
naranjas, las
manzanas, las
café, el
perejil, el
Role play
You take the shopping list into a local store. Ask the
shopkeeper (your tutor) if they have the items on the
list. Ask how much they are.
Ask the shop assistant (your tutor) where is the
- wine
- bread
- olive oil
Where does she say they are? Next to what?
Suppose you are providing for children too. What
items would you be sure to get to keep them happy?
And now choose two items to take home with you.
56
De:
raquel.vá[email protected]
Para:
josé.garcí[email protected]
Asunto:
An email to someone
you do not know
agencia inmobiliaria
Estimado Sr García ( agencia inmobiliaria),
Le escribo para confirmar que voy a verle el jueves 1 de mayo. Por favor
tenga en cuenta que estoy buscando un piso con dos habitaciones,
preferentemente con vistas.
Your turn to write an email...
Espero verle pronto.
Write an email to Sr García:
- confirm your meeting on 5th
February
- say you are looking for a house
with four bedrooms
Saludos cordiales.
Raquel Vázquez
Exercise
Exercise
Say aloud in Spanish:
Match the Spanish adjectives to their
English meanings (use a dictionary to
help where needed):
bonito
cansado
feliz
triste
listo
caro
delicioso
estupendo
frío
terrible
raro
sharp, on the ball
expensive
strange, odd
wonderful
tired
terrible
cold
pretty
sad
happy
delicious
R42 Raquel arrives at the agencia inmobiliaria.
1. Are you buying those shoes? Do you like
them?
_ No, they are very expensive.
2. Does she have her passport?
3. Are you buying this apartment, José?
_ Yes, I love it!
4. Are you selling your car?
_ Maybe. Do you like it?
5. Does she like you, Carlos?
_ Yes, she likes me very much! I am very
happy.
6. Do you like this film, Juan?
_ Yes, I like it, but it is a sad film.
7. Do the HR manager know Laura?
_ It’s possible.
8. Juan, do you know the Managing Director?
Raquel
Buenas tardes. Tengo una cita con el señor García.
Agencia
Por favor, tome asiento. (on the phone) Señor García, la señora Vázquez
está aquí.
Good afternoon. I have an appointment with señor Garcia.
Please take a seat. Señor Garcia, señora Vazquez is here.
Garcia
¡Buenos días, señora Vázquez! Me alegro de verla otra vez. Tenemos tres
pisos para ver hoy.
Good morning señora Vazquez! Good to see you again. Now we have three flats to see today.
Raquel
¿Tienen dos dormitorios?
Garcia
Sí, uno tiene tres. ¡Y con unas vistas maravillosas! Espacioso y elegante.
Tiene mucha suerte. Le van a encantar estos pisos. Le va a resultar difícil
elegir.
They have two bedrooms?
Yes, one has three. With wonderful views! Spacious and elegant. You are very lucky. You are
going to love these apartments. It's going to be difficult for you to choose one.
57
se vende
Precio: 177.000€
Nº de dormitorios: 3
Superficie: 90m2
PRECIO NEGOCIABLE.
Piso a estrenar en La Algaba.
Muy luminoso, 3 dormitorios, amplio salón,
comedor, cuarto de baño, aseo en
dormitorio principal, patio interior, ventanas
de aluminio lacado en blanco con climalit,
preinstalación de aire acondicionado.
Ascensor.
Plaza de garaje y amplio trastero.
Precio: 240.000€
Nº de dormitorios: 3
Superficie: 160m2 Terreno: 180m2
Casa totalmente reformada, muy
bien situada, con todos los servicios,
salón de 40m2, 2 aseos, jardín,
terraza, 2 baños completos,
instalacion de energía solar, jardin,
zona muy tranquila...
Apartamento en Suances (Cantabria), de
nueva construccion. 2 dormitorios, plaza
de garaje y trastero, con muy bonitas
vistas a los montañas .
Precio: 205.000€
Nº de dormitorios: 2
Superficie: 60m2
Exercise
Match the Spanish to the English:
flat
kitchen
balcony
lounge
garage
toilet
bathroom
bedroom
garden
jardín, el
dormitorio, el
baño, el
piso, el
cocina, la
balcón, el
salón, el
garaje, el
aseo, el
Role play
You telephone an estate agency (una
agencia inmobiliaria) _ your tutor.
Ask about apartments.
How many can you go and see?
How much are they?
How many bedrooms?
What else do you discover about them?
58
R43 Juan and David are in the street.
Juan
Me alegro de verte, David. Gracias por venir. ¡Ah, veo que tienes el nuevo
libro de Raquel Vázquez!
Good to see you, David. Thank you for coming. Ah, I see you have Raquel Vázquez's new book!
David
¿La conoces?
Juan
No, no la conozco, pero sé de ella. Es una escritora, es muy famosa. Su
libro tiene mucho éxito. A mis hijos les encanta.
You know her?
No I don't know her, but I know about her. She is a writer. She is very famous. Her book is very
successful. My children love it.
David
Lo voy a leer en Inglaterra. Para practicar mi español.
Juan
¿Tienes hijos?
David
No.
Juan
Bueno, que lo disfrutes. Que tengas un buen viaje de vuelta a casa.
David
Gracias. Adiós, Juan. Te veo en junio.
Juan
Hasta junio.
Say aloud in Spanish:
(Dialing)
1. Thanks for coming, everyone.
2. Let’s go and eat at the restaurant.
3. Good to see you, Juan.
4. Have a safe journey home.
I'm going to read it in England. To practise my Spanish.
You have children?
No.
Well, enjoy it! Have a safe journey home.
Exercise
Thanks. Bye Juan. See you in June.
See you in June.
Female
¿Dígame?
David
Buenas tardes, ¿puedo hablar con Raquel por favor?
Female
¿Raquel? No hay ninguna Raquel. Ah, quiere decir Rafael. Un momento.
(Off) Rafael, corre, ven, alguien pregunta por ti al teléfono. Creo que es un
guiri, a ver qué has hecho ahora.
Hello?
Good afternoon, can I speak to Raquel please.
Raquel ? There is no Raquel. Oh, you mean Rafael. One moment.
Rafael
¿Sí?
David
¿Raquel?
Rafael
No, Rafael.
David
Perdón...
Rafael
Se ha equivocado de número. Adiós.
Yes ?
Is that Raquel?
No, Rafael.
I'm sorry…
You have the wrong number. Bye.
ocado
Se ha equiv .
de número
Role play
You ring Raquel but don't get the number
quite right. Who does the other person (your
tutor) say s/he is?
Try again. Who do you call this time?
59
An email to a professional colleague
De:
Para:
Asunto:
raquel.vá[email protected]
alfredo.gonzá[email protected]
mis libros
Estimado Alfredo,
Gracias por tu tiempo.
Por favor, ten en cuenta que estoy en Sevilla durante toda esta semana.
Puedes localizarme en el 625784913.
Te veo el miércoles 23 para hablar de mi segundo libro.
Saludos
Raquel Vázquez
An email to someone you know well
De:
Para:
Asunto:
raquel.vá[email protected]
graciela.vá[email protected]
jueves
Gracie,
Te veo el jueves. Yo compraré la comida. ¿Cómo están los niños? ¿Cómo
está Carlos?
Te veo entonces, probablemente hacia las 6pm.
Besos,
Raquel
Your turn to write an email...
Write an email to Sr González
saying you will be in Madrid from
9th to 13th May.
Write an email to your teacher.
60
Revision
61
Revision
How well do you know these phrases in Spanish ?
Excuse me
My name is Víctor García
Welcome
Pleased to meet you
I am from the UK
I have a reservation
Do you have a room for two people?
Do you have a passport?
There it is
Thank you
Not at all
It's not working
I want to buy a new mobile phone
Where is the shop?
How much is the new car?
Sorry, I don't know
Let's go and eat
Can I have some tapas?
I'm going to have the chicken
I would like a beer, please
I like Spanish food. It’s very delicious.
What would you like to drink?
I must work today
Can I speak to Alfredo?
When is the meeting?
Who is the Marketing Director?
I'm travelling by train
I'm going to Madrid
A ticket for Madrid, please
At what time does the Madrid train depart?
From which platform?
How far is the hotel?
I have an appointment with Sr González
I have a meeting with Sr González
Thanks for coming
Welcome to you all
How are you?
Good to see you
Do you agree?
Yes I agree
We'll think it over
Have a safe journey home
I hope to see you soon
62
Revision
Where are you if you hear the speech bubbles on the left ?
ñor,
Perdón, se
tá el Banco
¿dónde es
?
Santander
as
Dos entrad
oy
una de niñ
por favor,
lto.
una de adu
cioso,
Estaba deli
gracias.
r
Tengo dolo
, ¿qué me
de cabeza
as?
recomiend
encima de una colina
en la recepción del hotel
o
El desayun
s 7.30 y
es entre la
las 9.
Tengo una
las 2.00.
reunión a
en el cine
en la oficina
en la farmacia
en un restaurante
en la calle
La vista
a.
es precios
Les
dos
presento a
colegas.
en la recepción de la oficina
Role play
Your tutor in yet another role becomes a salesperson, and tries to sell you
something from the list on the right below. Ask how much, etc. You buy it.
You get home to find it doesn’t work. Back you go. Explain it’s not working and
you want your money back. She offers you another one in a different colour...
Match the Spanish places to their
English equivalents:
No
funciona...
computer
telephone
television
credit card
ticket (train)
laptop
newspaper
ticket (entry)
book
mobile
el
el
el
el
la
el
el
el
la
la
libro
ordenador
teléfono
billete
televisión
móvil
portátil
periódico
entrada
tarjeta de
crédito
63
Revision
With help from the picture, say aloud in Spanish
(adding the preposition and article):
1.
2.
3.
4.
La Ma
ncha
El gato está .................... coche.
El hombre está ....................coche.
La mujer está .................... hombre.
El coche está .................... La Mancha.
Say aloud in Spanish :
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Role play
Next to the cinema
Next to the table
Opposite the restaurant
On top of the train
Opposite the station
Near the office
You are at the hotel. Ask your tutor where the
bank, the cinema and the restaurant are. Mark
them on the map.
100 m
Check you know these in Spanish:
50m from the shop
at the hotel
in the hospital
two colleagues
four beers
with many friends
the Spanish music
a delicious dinner
with a credit card
the key for room 15
now
sometimes
always
never
already
very much
very expensive
it’s easy
wonderful!
turn left
difficult
the train for Sevilla
today
sorry
really?
turn right
again
tomorrow
el hotel
First say in Spanish using the formal forms for ‘you’ etc.
1. Where is your car?
2. Where are you going tomorrow?
3. Your gloves are in the hotel.
4. Is your passport in the office?
5. Do you have to buy a new phone here in Madrid?
6. Here is your salad and chips.
7. Do you want to buy a new computer?
8. Let me introduce you to your colleagues.
9. Enjoy your stay!
10. Excuse me, can I see your passports.
Now repeat the sentences with the familiar forms.
64
Revision
De:
Para:
Asunto:
Formal ...
Ana Ramírez Solano
josé[email protected]
e
conferencia del día onc
Write an email to Sr González saying
you will be there for the conference
on Saturday.
Estimado Sr Carreras,
la conferencia del día once.
Gracias por la invitación a
a visitarme este
do ir ya que mi abuela viene
Desafortunadamente no pue
sábado.
y
De:
segura de que va a ser mu
Es una pena porque estoy
Para:
interesante.
Asunto:
en de la conferencia?
¿Puede enviarme un resum
Write an email to Sra Plaza asking
for information about her hotel. You
want a double-room on 14th and
15th June.
Ana Ramírez Solano
marí[email protected]
reserva del día 11 de agosto
Atentamente,
Estimada Sra Plaza,
Ana Ramírez Solano.
Referente a nuestra reciente conversación
telefónica, quiero confirmar la
reserva de una habitación individual en
el Hilton de Bristol para la noche
del 11 de agosto.
Informal ...
Gracias por su tiempo.
Write an email to your friend Carlos
saying you will be at the festival
with all your friends.
Atentamente,
De:
Ana Ramírez Solano.
Ana Ramírez Solano
Para:
Elena Cordero
Asunto:
la fiesta del 11
Querida Elena,
ol el
Voy a ir a la fiesta que Carlota da en Brist
pleaños
cum
su
sábado 11 de agosto. ¿Sabes si es
ese sábado?
trabajar.
Marcos no puede venir porque tiene que
ar y va
Espero verte allí porque Alfredo va a cant
a ser muy divertido.
Cuídate.
Un beso muy grande.
Ana.
Informal ...
De:
Para:
Asunto:
Elena Cordero
Ana Ramírez Solano
Re:la fiesta del 11
Hola Ana,
Me alegro de saber de ti. El
cumpleaños de Carlota es
el miércoles 8 de
agosto.
Yo voy a ir a la fiesta con Da
niel.
¿Sabes que Alfredo no sab
e cantar? Jajajajajajaja.
Espero verte pronto.
Un abrazo muy grande.
Elena
Write an email to Ana saying that you
cannot come for a meal on Sunday.
You have to go to America on Friday.
65
Revision
Pair a pronoun with any sentence you like, and say aloud with the verb in its correct form. Repeat and vary
until you are confident.
CONOCER al Director General
JUGAR al tenis
él
TENER un portátil
¿vosotros...?
a SABER dónde está la oficina
oficin
a
l
yo
QUERER una bebida
está
nde
ó
d
os
HABLAR inglés
élla
bem
a
s
e
l
SER de Inglaterra
mp
nosotros exa
ESTAR en el tren
ellos
VIVIR en España
¿usted...?
IR a ver a mis colegas mañana
VENIR a Barcelona
ellas
DORMIR
¿tú... ?
LLEVAR los pantalones rojos
¿ustedes... ?
APRENDER español
ESCRIBIR un libro
LEER el periódico
Match the Spanish verbs to their
English equivalents:
uno, dos, tres...
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
Open this book at random, and
say the page number in Spanish.
Repeat until you are confident!
arrive
ask
call
catch
have
help
look for
play
read
see
think
understand
wear
write
buscar
leer
llamar
ver
tomar
llegar
jugar
coger
comprender
llevar
escribir
pensar
preguntar
ayudar
66
Revision
Answer: El tren de Madrid sale a las once en punto.
¿A qué
hora sale el tren
de Madrid?
What do these
adjectives mean ?
abierto/a
antiguo/a
azul
blanco/a
bonito/a
bueno/a
cansado/a
caro/a
casado/a
cerrado/a
delicioso/a
encantado/a
español/a
estupendo/a
feliz
frío/a
gracioso/a
inglés /inglesa
interesante
italiano/a
listo/a
lleno/a
nuevo/a
ocupado/a
pequeño/a
poco/a
próximo/a
raro/a
rojo/a
triste
Say aloud in Spanish :
The shop is always open.
She is a good teacher.
Is the bar never closed?
I love Spanish food.
There are many English in Madrid.
Is it a new film?
Why is she sad today?
Her white dress is beautiful.
I live in a small house in the next street.
Sevilla is an ancient city.
Do you like my blue jacket?
These gloves are very expensive!
Is she married?
Sure, the film is very funny.
Sorry, but I am busy today.
It is an interesting book.
Are you happy now?
A delicious meal. Thank you!
Well, I think her music is odd.
Maybe I have to buy a new computer.
I’m very tired. I have to sleep.
Role play
The man does not want to speak on
the phone. How many different
excuses (in Spanish) can you think of
for the woman to say on his behalf.
67
68
Useful Phrases
69
Useful Phrases
R44 Help!
más despacio
no hablo bien español
no hablo bien inglés
puede(s) repetirlo, por favor
¿habla(s) español?
gracias por tu/su ayuda
lo siento, no entiendo /comprendo
no funciona
more slowly
I do not speak Spanish well
I do not speak English well
please repeat that
do you speak Spanish?
thank you for your help
sorry, I do not understand
it's not working
R45 Meeting people
buenos días
tengo una cita con…
bienvenido/a
¿cómo se llama usted?
te (os) / le (les) presento a...
me llamo...
mi nombre es...
encantado/a
¿es inglés?
¿de dónde es?
sí
no
gracias
de nada
(muy) bien
buenas tardes
buenas noches
adiós
¿cómo estás?
estoy bien
good morning, good day, hello
I have an appointment with…
welcome
what is your name?
let me introduce you familiar/formal (plural) to...
my name is...
my name is...
delighted (to meet you)
are you English?
where are you from?
yes
no
thank you
not at all
(very) good, (very) well
good afternoon /evening (3-9pm)
good night (good evening: 9pm+)
good bye
how are you?
I'm fine
R46 Talking about yourself
estoy aquí por negocios
estoy de vacaciones
me gusta(n)...
soy inglés
trabajo para…
tengo tres hijos
nosotros vivimos en…
ella es de Italia pero ahora vive en España
mi cumpleaños es el…
trabajo en Cardiff
todos mis amigos son galeses
yo juego al fútbol
no practico ningún deporte
I am here on business
I am on holiday
I like...
I am English
I work for...
I have three sons
we live in…
she's from Italy but now lives in Spain
my birthday is on…
I work in Cardiff
all my friends are Welsh
I play football
I don't practise sports
70
Useful Phrases
R47 Helping people out
¿qué desea?
no hay ningún problema
de nada
aquí tiene
¿cuál es el problema?
can I help you?
no problem
not at all, my pleasure
here you are
what is the problem?
R48 Hotels, restaurants and bars
tengo una reserva
habitación número cinco
una mesa para dos, por favor
¿qué quiere tomar?
voy a tomar…
quiero tomar…
para mí...
¿cómo quiere el bistec?
muy hecho
al punto
poco hecho
¿cuánto cuesta?
la cuenta, por favor
I have a reservation
room number five
a table for two please
what would you like to have?
I'm going to have...
I would like to have...
for me...
how do you like your steak?
well done (well cooked)
medium
rare
how much is it?
the bill please
R49 Finding your way
perdón, perdone
¿dónde está ...?
está todo recto
a la izquierda
a la derecha
por allí
por aquí
cerca de aquí
enfrente del hotel
un poco más lejos
me puede llevar a… (taxi)
¿a cuántos kms está Málaga de Madrid?
¿cuántos kms hay hasta el aeropuerto?
el cine está a un kilómetro
en la próxima calle a la izquierda
en la segunda calle a la derecha
¿a qué hora sale el tren para Madrid?
¿de qué vía sale?
¿a qué distancia está…?
excuse me
where is...?
it's straight on
on the left
on the right
over there
over here
near here
opposite the hotel
a bit further
can you take me to … (taxi)
how many kms is it from Málaga to Madrid?
how many kms is it to the airport?
the cinema is about a kilometre
in the next street to the left
in the second street to the right
at what time does the train for Madrid leave?
from which platform?
how far is…?
71
Useful Phrases
R50 Shopping
¿cuánto cuesta(n)?
¿a qué hora abre la tienda?
¿a qué hora cierra la tienda?
me gusta(n)...
¿puedo ver el abrigo negro?
¿tiene …?
quiero/ voy a pagar con tarjeta de crédito
how much is…?
when does the shop open?
when does the shop close?
I like...
can I see the black coat?
do you have …?
I'm going to pay by credit card
R51 Catching up with friends
¡hola!
¿cómo estás?
estoy bien
me alegro de verte
¿cómo está la familia?
¿cómo va el negocio?
estoy aquí por negocios
estoy de vacaciones
¡bonito coche!
hi!
how are you?
I'm fine
good to see you
how is the family?
how's business?
I am here on business
I am on holiday
nice car !
R52 On the phone
¿dígame?
más despacio
no hablo bien español
¿con quién hablo?
soy David Smith
¿puedo hablar con Marcos, por favor?
¿cómo se escribe?
llamo desde Bristol
un momento
llamaré más tarde
se ha equivocado de número
hello? (lit. 'tell me')
more slowly
I do not speak Spanish well
who is speaking?
it is David Smith speaking
can I speak to Marcos, please?
how do you spell it?
I am ringing you from Bristol
one moment
I'll call later
you have the wrong number
72
Verbs
Present Tense
like HABLAR
like COMER
like VIVIR
Irregular
73
Verbs
INFINITIVE
yo
tú
usted
él / ella
nosotros
vosotros
ustedes
ellos / ellas
INFINITIVE
yo
tú
usted
él / ella
nosotros
vosotros
ustedes
ellos / ellas
INFINITIVE
yo
tú
usted
él / ella
nosotros
vosotros
ustedes
ellos / ellas
INFINITIVE
yo
tú
usted
él / ella
nosotros
vosotros
ustedes
ellos / ellas
ABRIR
(TO OPEN)
abro
abres
abre
abre
abrimos
abrís
abren
abren
ANDAR
(TO WALK)
ando
andas
anda
anda
andamos
andáis
andan
andan
COGER
(TO TAKE/GET)
cojo
coges
coge
coge
cogemos
cogéis
cogen
cogen
COMER
(TO EAT)
como
comes
come
come
comemos
coméis
comen
comen
COMPRAR
(TO BUY)
compro
compras
compra
compra
compramos
compráis
compran
compran
CONDUCIR
(TO DRIVE)
conduzco
conduces
conduce
conduce
conducimos
conducís
conducen
conducen
CONOCER
(TO KNOW)
conozco
conoces
conoce
conoce
conocemos
conocéis
conocen
conocen
CREER
(TO BELIEVE)
creo
crees
cree
cree
creemos
creéis
creen
creen
DAR
(TO GIVE)
doy
das
da
da
damos
dais
dan
dan
DECIR
(TO SAY)
digo
dices
dice
dice
decimos
decís
dicen
dicen
DESCRIBIR
(TO DESCRIBE)
describo
describes
describe
describe
describimos
describís
describen
describen
DESEAR
(TO DESIRE)
deseo
deseas
desea
desea
deseamos
deseáis
desean
desean
DORMIR
(TO SLEEP)
duermo
duermes
duerme
duerme
dormimos
dormís
duermen
duermen
EMPEZAR
(TO BEGIN)
empiezo
empiezas
empieza
empieza
empezamos
empezáis
empiezan
empiezan
ENSEÑAR
(TO TEACH)
enseño
enseñas
enseña
enseña
enseñamos
enseñáis
enseñan
enseñan
ENVIAR
(TO SEND)
envío
envías
envía
envía
enviamos
enviáis
envían
envían
74
Verbs
INFINITIVE
yo
tú
usted
él / ella
nosotros
vosotros
ustedes
ellos / ellas
INFINITIVE
yo
tú
usted
él / ella
nosotros
vosotros
ustedes
ellos / ellas
INFINITIVE
yo
tú
usted
él / ella
nosotros
vosotros
ustedes
ellos / ellas
INFINITIVE
yo
tú
usted
él / ella
nosotros
vosotros
ustedes
ellos / ellas
ESCRIBIR
(TO WRITE)
escribo
escribes
escribe
escribe
escribimos
escribís
escriben
escriben
ESPERAR
(TO HOPE/WAIT)
espero
esperas
espera
espera
esperamos
esperáis
esperan
esperan
ESTAR
(TO BE)
estoy
estás
está
está
estamos
estáis
están
están
HABER
(TO HAVE)
he
has
ha
ha
hemos
habéis
han
han
HABLAR
(TO SPEAK)
hablo
hablas
habla
habla
hablamos
habláis
hablan
hablan
HACER
(TO MAKE/DO)
hago
haces
hace
hace
hacemos
hacéis
hacen
hacen
IR
(TO GO)
voy
vas
va
va
vamos
vais
van
van
LEER
(TO READ)
leo
lees
lee
lee
leemos
leéis
leen
leen
LLEGAR
(TO ARRIVE)
llego
llegas
llega
llega
llegamos
llegáis
llegan
llegan
LLEVAR
(TO TAKE/WEAR)
llevo
llevas
lleva
lleva
llevamos
lleváis
llevan
llevan
ODIAR
(TO HATE)
odio
odias
odia
odia
odiamos
odiáis
odian
odian
OIR
(TO HEAR)
oigo
oyes
oye
oye
oímos
oís
oyen
oyen
PARAR
(TO STOP)
paro
paras
para
para
paramos
paráis
paran
paran
PEDIR
(TO ASK FOR)
pido
pides
pide
pide
pedimos
pedís
piden
piden
PODER
(TO BE ABLE)
puedo
puedes
puede
puede
podemos
podéis
pueden
pueden
PONER
(TO PUT)
pongo
pones
pone
pone
ponemos
ponéis
ponen
ponen
75
Verbs
INFINITIVE
yo
tú
usted
él / ella
nosotros
vosotros
ustedes
ellos / ellas
INFINITIVE
yo
tú
usted
él / ella
nosotros
vosotros
ustedes
ellos / ellas
INFINITIVE
yo
tú
usted
él / ella
nosotros
vosotros
ustedes
ellos / ellas
INFINITIVE
yo
tú
usted
él / ella
nosotros
vosotros
ustedes
ellos / ellas
PREGUNTAR
(TO ASK)
pregunto
preguntas
pregunta
pregunta
preguntamos
preguntáis
preguntan
preguntan
PROHIBIR
(TO FORBID)
prohíbo
prohíbes
prohíbe
prohíbe
prohibimos
prohibís
prohíben
prohíben
QUERER
(TO WANT/LOVE)
quiero
quieres
quiere
quiere
queremos
queréis
quieren
quieren
SABER
(TO KNOW)
sé
sabes
sabe
sabe
sabemos
sabéis
saben
saben
SALIR
(TO GO OUT)
salgo
sales
sale
sale
salimos
salís
salen
salen
SER
(TO BE)
soy
eres
es
es
somos
sois
son
son
TENER
(TO HAVE)
tengo
tienes
tiene
tiene
tenemos
tenéis
tienen
tienen
TOMAR
(TO TAKE/HAVE)
tomo
tomas
toma
toma
tomamos
tomáis
toman
toman
TRABAJAR
(TO WORK)
trabajo
trabajas
trabaja
trabaja
trabajamos
trabajáis
trabajan
trabajan
TRAER
(TO PULL)
traigo
traes
trae
trae
traemos
traéis
traen
traen
VENDER
(TO SELL)
vendo
vendes
vende
vende
vendemos
vendéis
venden
venden
VENIR
(TO COME)
vengo
vienes
viene
viene
venimos
venís
vienen
vienen
VER
(TO SEE)
veo
ves
ve
ve
vemos
veis
ven
ven
VIAJAR
(TO TRAVEL)
viajo
viajas
viaja
viaja
viajamos
viajáis
viajan
viajan
VIVIR
(TO LIVE)
vivo
vives
vive
vive
vivimos
vivís
viven
viven
76
Pronunciation
Guide
77
Pronunciation Guide
a
b
c
c
ch
d
R54
between pat and rather.
casa
between English ‘b’ and ‘v’, same as the v below.
beber
before an ‘i’ or ’e’ like ‘th’ in thin.
like a ‘k’ before ‘a’, ‘o’ or ‘u’.
like English chin, church.
cielo
cantar
macho
as the first letter or after an ‘l’ or ‘n’, similar to the English ‘d’;
otherwise like ‘th’ in this;
in eastern Spain, the final ‘d’ may sound more like a ‘t’.
dar, andar
Madrid, usted
e
like ‘they’ if the syllable ends in a vowel;
if it ends in a consonant, like the ‘e’ in when.
me
señora
f
g
like English ‘f’ in for.
foto
before ‘a’, ‘o’ or ‘u’, a hard ‘g’ as in gate;
before ‘e’ or ‘i’, guttural like the ‘ch’ of Scots loch (same as j below);
hard like guitar (the ‘u’ hardens the ‘g’ before an ‘i’ or ‘e’).
gato
gente
guerra
always silent, a written convention only.
hombre
between tip and machine.
idioma
guttural like the ‘ch’ of Scots loch.
Jesús
hard as in cake.
kilómetro
like ‘l’ in love.
labio, pelo
similar to million.
calle
like ‘m’ in made.
mano
as in none;
if before a 'v', an ‘n’ is pronounced as an 'm'.
pan
enviar
ñ
as in onion, though stronger.
España, niño
o
at the end of a word, like know;
otherwise, closer to pot.
hermano
cosa
p
q
r
like English ‘p’ in put.
padre, papá
as a ‘k’ (a ‘q’ is always written with a ‘u’).
querer
more trilled than in English, though softer at the end of a word;
as a first letter or between two vowels or after a consonant, like a rr.
strongly trilled: imitate a Scot!
cara, matador
torero, río, alrededor
carro, torre
voiceless like ‘s’ in English same.
Before ‘a’, ‘b’, ‘d’, ‘g’, ‘l’, ‘m’, ‘n’, as in English rose or phase.
casa, Isabel
mismo
t
u
v
w
x
like English ‘t’ in tame, but no 'h' sound.
patata
is in food (silent after ‘q’ or ‘g’).
luna
like b above.
vivir, vino
usually a foreign word, pronounced as it is there.
whisky
with a consonant an ‘s’ sound;
with a vowel like kicks.
extraño
examen
y
z
as in youth.
yo, rey
like English thin.
azúcar, zorro
gu
h
i
j
k
l
ll
m
n
rr
s
See page 43
for spelling
and saying
individual
letters: R53
78
Numbers
1 - 1,000,000
79
Numbers
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
R55
uno, una
dos
tres
cuatro
cinco
seis
siete
ocho
nueve
diez
once
doce
trece
catorce
quince
dieciséis
diecisiete
dieciocho
diecinueve
veinte
veintiuno/veintiuna
veintidós
veintitrés
veinticuatro
veinticinco
veintiséis
veintisiete
veintiocho
veintinueve
treinta
treinta y uno/una
treinta y dos
treinta y tres
treinta y cuatro
treinta y cinco
treinta y seis
treinta y siete
treinta y ocho
treinta y nueve
cuarenta
cuarenta y uno, una
cuarenta y dos
cuarenta y tres
cuarenta y cuatro
cuarenta y cinco
cuarenta y seis
cuarenta y siete
cuarenta y ocho
cuarenta y nueve
cincuenta
cincuenta y uno, una
cincuenta y dos
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
cincuenta y tres
cincuenta y cuatro
cincuenta y cinco
cincuenta y seis
cincuenta y siete
cincuenta y ocho
cincuenta y nueve
sesenta
sesenta y uno, una
sesenta y dos
sesenta y tres
sesenta y cuatro
sesenta y cinco
sesenta y seis
sesenta y siete
sesenta y ocho
sesenta y nueve
setenta
setenta y uno, una
setenta y dos
setenta y tres
setenta y cuatro
setenta y cinco
setenta y seis
setenta y siete
setenta y ocho
setenta y nueve
ochenta
ochenta y uno, una
ochenta y dos
ochenta y tres
ochenta y cuatro
ochenta y cinco
ochenta y seis
ochenta y siete
ochenta y ocho
ochenta y nueve
noventa
noventa y uno, una
noventa y dos
noventa y tres
noventa y cuatro
noventa y cinco
noventa y seis
noventa y siete
noventa y ocho
noventa y nueve
cien
101 ciento uno
102 ciento dos
103 ciento tres
200
201
202
203
doscientos
doscientos uno, una
doscientos dos
doscientos tres
300
301
302
303
trescientos
trescientos uno, una
trescientos dos
trescientos tres
400
401
402
403
cuatrocientos
cuatrocientos uno, una
cuatrocientos dos
cuatrocientos tres
500
501
502
503
quinientos
quinientos uno
quinientos dos
quinientos tres
600
601
602
603
seiscientos
seiscientos uno, una
seiscientos dos
seiscientos tres
700
701
702
703
setecientos
setecientos uno, una
setecientos dos
setecientos tres
800
801
802
803
ochocientos
ochocientos uno, una
ochocientos dos
ochocientos tres
900
901
902
903
novecientos
novecientos uno, una
novecientos dos
novecientos tres
1000
1001
1002
1003
mil
mil uno
mil dos
mil tres
2000 dos mil
3000 tres mil
1 mil. un millón
2 mil. dos millones
3 mil. tres millones
80
Vocabulary
Spanish
>
English
81
Spanish > English Vocabulary
a
a la plancha
abierto/a
abrazo, el
abrigo, el
abril
abrir
aceite, el
aceituna, la
actualmente
acuerdo
aduana, la
adulto, el / adulta, la
aeronáutico/a
aeropuerto, el
afortunado/a
agosto
agua, el
ahora
al lado de
alegrar
alemán/alemana
Alemania
algo
allí
amable
amarillo/a
América
americano/a
amigo, el / amiga, la
amplio/a
andar
año, el
antes (de)
antiguo/a
apartamento, el
aplazamiento, el
aprender
aproximadamente
aquí
araña, la
arreglar
arroz, el
ascensor, el
aseo, el
asiento, el
asistente, el/la
aún
Australia
to
grilled
open
hug
coat
April
to open
oil
olive
nowadays
agreement
customs
adult
aeronautical
airport
lucky
August
water
now
next to
to be pleased
German
Germany
something
there
nice, kind
yellow
America
American
friend
spacious
to walk
year
before
old
apartment, flat
postponement
to learn
approximately
here
spider
to mend
rice
lift
toilet
seat
assistant
yet, still
Australia
82
Spanish > English Vocabulary
australiano/a
avión, el
avisar
ayer
ayudar
azúcar, el
azul
bacalao, el
bailarín, el/ bailarina, la
baloncesto, el
banco, el
baño, el
bar, el
beber
bebida, la
belga
Bélgica
bicicleta, la
bien
bienvenido/a
billete, el
bistec, el
blanco/a
blusa, la
boli, el
bollo, el
bolsillo, el
bolso, el
bombones, los
bonito/a
boquerón, el
bota, la
botella, la
bueno/a
bufanda, la
buscar
caballo, el
cabeza, la
cada
calamar, el
calle, la
camarero, el/ camarera, la
cambiar
caminar
camino, el
camisa, la
campeones, los
campo de golf, el
Canadá
Australian
aeroplane
to inform, to warn
yesterday
to help
sugar
blue
cod
dancer
basketball
bank
bathroom
bar
to drink
drink
Belgian
Belgium
bicycle
fine, well
welcome
ticket
steak
white
blouse
pen
bun, cake
pocket
bag
chocolates
pretty, pleasant
anchovy
boot
bottle
good
scarf
to look for
horse
head
each, every
squid
street
waiter / waitress
to change
walking
way
shirt
champions
golf course
Canada
83
Spanish > English Vocabulary
canadiense
cansado/a
carne, la
caro/a
carretera, la
carta, la
casa, la
casado/a
casi
cena, la
céntimo, el
centro, el
cerca (de)
cerrado/a
cerrar
cerveza, la
chaqueta, la
chica, la
chico, el
China
chino/a
chocolate, el
churros, los
cien
cinco
cine, el
cinturón, el
cita, la
ciudad, la
claro/a
coche, el
cocido
coger
colega, el/la
colina, la
color, el
comer
comercial
comida, la
comisaría, la
como
cómo
compañía, la
comprar
comprender
con
conferencia, la
confirmar
congreso, el
Canadian
tired
meat
expensive
road
menu à la carte
house
married
nearly
dinner
centime
town centre
close, near (to)
closed
to close
beer
jacket
girl
boy
China
Chinese
chocolate
doughnut-like cakes
hundred
five
cinema
belt
appointment
town
sure
car
chickpea stew
to take, catch
colleague
hill
colour
to eat
commercial
meal, food, lunch
police station
as, how
how?
company
to buy
to understand
with
lecture, talk
to confirm
conference
84
Spanish > English Vocabulary
conocer
contra
copa, la
copia, la
corbata, la
correr
corridas de toros, las
cortado, el
costa, la
costar
creer
cualificado/a
cuando
cuándo
cuánto/a
cuántos/as
cuatro
cuenta, la
cumpleaños, el
curso, el
dado
dar
de
debajo de
decir
dejar
delicioso/a
dentista, el/la
dependiente, el/ dependienta, la
deportes, los
derecha, la
desafortunadamente
desayuno, el
descuento, el
desde
desear
despacio
después (de)
detrás (de)
día, el
diciembre
diez
diferente
difícil
dinero, el
director, el/ directora, la
diseñado/a
diversión, la
documento, el
to know, meet
against
glass, cup
copy
tie
to run
bullfighting
coffee (with a dash of milk)
coast
to cost
to believe
qualified
when
when?
how much?
how many?
four
bill
birthday
course
in view of
to give
from, of
underneath
to say
to leave, let
delicious
dentist
shop assistant
sport
right
unfortunately
breakfast
discount
from
to want, desire
slowly
after
behind
day
December
ten
different
difficult
money
director, manager
designed
pleasure
document
85
Spanish > English Vocabulary
dolor, el
domingo, el
donde
dónde
dorado/a
dormir
dormitorio, el
dos
duración, la
ejecutivo, el/ ejecutiva, la
ejemplar, el
el
él
elegante
elegir
ella
ellas
ellos
embajada, la
emergencia, la
empezar
empujar
en
encantado/a
encantador/a
encantar
encanto, el
encargar
encima (de)
encontrar
enero
enfrente (de)
ensalada, la
enseñanza, la
enseñar
entonces
entrada, la
enviar
equipo, el
equitación, la
equivocación, la
equivocado/a
escocés/escocesa
Escocia
escribir
escuela, la
ese/esa/esos/esas
espacioso/a
España
pain, grief
Sunday
where
where?
golden
to sleep
bedroom
two
duration
executive
copy
the, on (days and dates)
he
elegant
to choose
she
they (female)
they (male or mixed)
embassy
emergency
to start, to begin
push
in, at, on
delighted (to meet you)
charming, lovely
to charm, delight
charm
to look after, to order
on top (of)
to find
January
opposite
salad
education, training
to teach, to show
then, so
entrance ticket
to send
team
horseriding
mistake
wrong
Scottish
Scotland
to write
school
that/those
spacious
Spain
86
Spanish > English Vocabulary
español/a
esperar
estación, la
estadio, el
estar
este/esta/estos/estas
estimado/a
estómago, el
estupendo/a
exactamente
exacto
excelente
éxito, el
fácil
falda, la
familia, la
famoso/a
farmacia, la
febrero
feliz
fiesta, la
financiero
francés/francesa
Francia
frío/a
fruta, la
fútbol, el
Gales
galés/galesa
gamba, la
garaje, el
gato, el
gazpacho, el
gerente, el/la
girar
golf, el
gracioso/a
gran/grande
granja, la
gris
grupo, el
guante, el
guisado, el
gustar
habitación, la
hablar
hacer
hacia
hay
Spanish
to wait, hope
station
stadium
to be (temporarily/location)
this/these
dear
stomach
great, wonderful
exactly
precisely
excellent
success
easy
skirt
family
famous
pharmacy
February
happy
party
financial
French
France
cold
fruit
football
Wales
Welsh
prawn
garage
cat
gazpacho (cold soup)
manager, director
to turn
golf
funny
big
farm
grey
group
glove
stew
to please
room
to speak
to do, to make
at about, towards
there is, there are
87
Spanish > English Vocabulary
hecho/a
helado/a
helado, el
hermana, la
hermano, el
hijo, el/ hija, la
hincha, el/la
hola
Holanda
holandés/holandesa
hombre, el
hora punta, la
hora, la
hospital, el
hospitalidad, la
hotel, el
hoy
iglesia, la
importante
impresionante
índices de audiencia, los
infantil
información, la
informática, la
ingeniero, el/ ingeniera, la
Inglaterra
inglés/inglesa
instrumento, el
interesante
invitación, la
ir
Irlanda
irlandés/irlandesa
isla, la
Italia
italiano/a
izquierda, la
Japón
japonés/japonesa
jardín, el
jefe, el/ jefa, la
jueves, el
jugador, el/ jugadora, la
jugar
juguete, el
julio
junio
justamente
kilómetro, el
complete, done
frozen
ice cream
sister
brother
son/ daughter
football supporter
hi
Holland
Dutch
man
rush hour
hour, time
hospital
hospitality
hotel
today
church
important
impressive
audience ratings
children's
(tourist) information
IT
engineer
England
English
instrument
interesting
invitation
to go
Ireland
Irish
island
Italy
Italian
left
Japan
Japanese
garden
manager, head
Thursday
player
to play (a sport)
toy
July
June
exactly
kilometre
88
Spanish > English Vocabulary
la
lado, el
las
leche, la
leer
lejos (de)
librería, la
libro, el
liga, la
listo/a
llamada, la
llamar
llave, la
llegar
lleno/a
llevar
locura, la
lugar, el
luminoso/a
luna, la
lunes, el
maleta, la
maletín, el
malo/a
mañana
mantequilla, la
manzana, la
mar, el/la
maravilloso/a
marido, el
márketing, el
marrón
martes, el
marzo
más (lo más)
mayo
medianoche, la
mediodía, el
mensaje, el
menú, el
mermelada, la
mesa, la
metro, el
mí
mi(s)
mientras
miércoles, el
minuto, el
mismo, el/ misma, la
the
side
the (feminine plural)
milk
to read
far (from)
bookshop
book
league
clever
telephone call
to call
key
to arrive
full
to take, bring, wear
madness
place
bright, shining
moon
Monday
suitcase
briefcase
bad
tomorrow
butter
apple
sea
wonderful
husband
marketing
brown
Tuesday
March
more (the most)
May
midnight
midday, noon
message
menu
jam, marmalade
table
metre
me
my
while, meanwhile
Wednesday
minute
same
89
Spanish > English Vocabulary
momento, el
monedero, el
montaña, la
montar a caballo
montón
morado/a
móvil, el
mucho/a
mujer, la
museo, el
música, la
muy
nada
naranja, la
navegar
necesitar
negociable
negocio, el
negro/a
ningún/ ninguna
niño el/ niña la
noche, la
nombre, el
nosotros/as
noviembre
nuestro(s)/ nuestra(s)
nueve
nuevo/a
número, el
nunca
o, ó (between numbers)
octubre
ocupado/a
oficial, el/la
oficina, la
ofrecer
oir
oler
ordenador, el
osito, el
otra vez
otro/a
paella, la
pagar
país, el
pan, el
pantalones, los
para
parar
moment
wallet, purse
mountain
to go horseriding
a lot of (coll.)
purple
mobile
much, many, a lot
woman, wife
museum
music
very
nothing
orange
to sail
to need
negotiable
business
black
no (+ noun)
child
night
name
we
November
our
nine
new
number
never
or
October
busy
officer
office
to offer
to hear
to smell
computer
teddy bear
again
other
paella
to pay
country
bread
trousers
for
to stop
90
Spanish > English Vocabulary
parking , el
partido, el
pasaporte, el
pastel de chocolate, el
pastilla, la
patata, la / papa, la
patatas fritas, las
pelota, la
pensar
pequeño/a
perder
perdón, perdone
perejil, el
perfumería, la
periódico, el
periodista, el/la
pero
perro, el
persona, la
pescado, el
picar
pimiento, el
pimienta, la
piso, el
pisto, el
plano, el
planta, la
plateado/a
plato, el
playa, la
plaza, la
pobre
pobrecito/a
poco/a
poder
pollo, el
por
por favor
por qué
porque
portátil, el
posible
postre, el
practicar
precio, el
precioso/a
pregunta, la
preguntar
presentar
parking
match (football)
passport
chocolate cake
pill
potato
chips, crisps
ball
to think
small, little
to lose
excuse me, sorry
parsley
perfumery
newspaper
journalist
but
dog
person
fish
to nibble
pepper (veg.)
pepper (spice)
flat
ratatouille
street map
floor
silver
plate, dish, course
beach
square
poor
poor little thing
little
to be able to
chicken
for
please
why?
because
laptop
possible
dessert
to practise
price
lovely, beautiful
question
to ask
to introduce, to present
91
Spanish > English Vocabulary
primero, el
prisa, la
producción, la
profesional, el/ la
profesor, el/ profesora, la
pronto
próximo/a
publicar
pueblo, el
puerta, la
pulpo, el
quedar(se)
querer
querido/a
queso, el
quien
quién
quizá(s)
rápido/a
raro/a
recepción, la
recibir
recordar
recurso, el
refrescos, los
reina, la
rentable
reserva, la
responsable, el/la
restaurante, el
resumen, el
reunión, la
revisar
rey, el
rojo/a
ropa, la
rosa
rosado/a
Rusia
ruso/a
sábado, el
saber
salida, la
salir
salón, el
sano/a
secretario, el/ secretaria, la
segundo, el
seguridad, la
first course of meal
hurry
production
professional
teacher
soon
next, near
to publish
village
door
octopus
to stay
to want
dear
cheese
who
who?
maybe, perhaps
fast
strange
reception
to receive
to remember, to remind
resource
soft drinks
queen
profitable
reservation
manager (also responsible)
restaurant
resumé
meeting
to review
king
red
clothing
pink
pink, rosé
Russia
Russian
Saturday
to know
exit
to go out, leave
lounge, drawing room
healthy
secretary
second (course of a meal)
safety, security
92
Spanish > English Vocabulary
seguro, el
seguro/a
sello, el
semáforo, el
semana, la
(el) señor
(la) señora
(la) señorita
septiembre
ser
serpiente, la
si
sí
siempre
siete
síganme
simpático/a
sobre
solamente
sólo
solo/a
solo, el
sombrero, el
sopa, la
su(s)
sueño, el
suerte, la
superficie, la
supermercado, el
talla, la
también
tan
tanto/a
tarde
tarde, la
tarjeta, la (de crédito)
tarta de queso, la
taxi, el
técnico/a
teléfono, el
televisión, la
tener (que)
tenis, el
terraza, la
terrible
tiempo, el
tienda, la
tinto, el
tirar
insurance
sure, safe, secure
stamp
traffic lights
week
Mr, sir, gentleman
Mrs, madam, lady
Miss (younger female)
September
to be (permanently)
snake
if
yes
always
seven
follow me
nice, kind
about
only
only, just
alone, single, lonely
black coffee
hat
soup
his, her, their, your (formal)
sleep, dream
luck
surface area
supermarket
size
as well, also
so
so much
late
afternoon, evening
(credit) card
cheesecake
taxi
technical
telephone
television
to have (to)
tennis
terrace
terrible
time
shop
red (wine)
pull
93
Spanish > English Vocabulary
tocar
todo/a, todos/as
tomar
tomate, el
tortilla, la
trabajador, el/ trabajadora la
trabajador/a
trabajar
traer
tráfico, el
traje, el
trasladar
trastero, el
tren, el
tres
triste
tú
tu (s)
usted
ustedes
útil
vacaciones, las
vale
variado/a
vela, la
vender
venir
ventas, las
ver
verdad
verdad, la
verde
verduras, las
vestido, el
vez, la
vía, la
viajar
vida, la
viernes, el
vino, el
vista, la
vivir
vosotros/as
vuestro/a , vuestros/as
y
ya
yo
zapato, el
zumo, el
to touch, to play (an instrument)
all, everyone
to take, have (food)
tomato
omelette
worker
hard-working
to work
to bring
traffic
suit
to move
storage room
train
three
sad
you (familiar/singular)
your (familiar/singular)
you (formal/singular)
you (formal/plural)
useful
holiday
fine, ok
varied
sail, sailing (sport)
to sell
to come
sales
to see
true
truth
green
vegetables
dress
time
platform (train station)
to travel
life
Friday
wine
view, sight
to live
you (familiar/plural)
your (familiar/plural)
and
already
I
shoe
juice
94
Vocabulary
English
>
Spanish
95
English > Spanish Vocabulary
about
adult
aeroplane
after
afternoon
again
against
agreement
airport
all
alone
already
always
America
American
anchovy
and
apartment, flat
apple
appointment
approximately
April
arrive
as
as well, also
ask
assistant
at
August
Australia
Australian
bad
bag
ball
bank
bar
basketball
bathroom
be able, to
be pleased, to
be, to
beach
beautiful
because
bedroom
beer
before
begin
behind
hacia, sobre
adulto, el / adulta, la
avión, el
después (de)
tarde, la
otra vez
contra
acuerdo
aeropuerto, el
todo/a, todos/as
solo/a
ya
siempre
América
americano/a
boquerón, el
y
apartamento, el
manzana, la
cita, la
aproximadamente
abril
llegar
como
también
preguntar
asistente, el/la
en
agosto
Australia
australiano/a
malo/a
bolso, el
pelota, la
banco, el
bar, el
baloncesto, el
baño, el
poder
alegrar
ser, estar
playa, la
precioso/a
porque
dormitorio, el
cerveza, la
antes (de)
empezar
detrás (de)
96
English > Spanish Vocabulary
Belgian
Belgium
believe, to
belt
bicycle
big
bill
birthday
black
blouse
blue
book
bookshop
boot
bottle
boy
bread
breakfast
briefcase
bright
bring, to
brother
brown
bullfighting
bun
business
busy
but
butter
buy, to
call, to
Canada
Canadian
car
cat
catch, to
centime
change, to
charm
charm, to
charming
cheese
cheesecake
chicken
child
China
Chinese
chips
chocolate
belga
Bélgica
creer
cinturón, el
bicicleta, la
gran/grande
cuenta, la
cumpleaños, el
negro/a
blusa, la
azul
libro, el
librería, la
bota, la
botella, la
chico, el
pan, el
desayuno, el
maletín, el
luminoso/a
traer
hermano, el
marrón
corridas de toros, las
bollo, el
negocio, el
ocupado/a
pero
mantequilla, la
comprar
llamar
Canadá
canadiense
coche, el
gato, el
coger
céntimo, el
cambiar
encanto, el
encantar
encantador/a
queso, el
tarta de queso, la
pollo, el
niño/a, el/la
China
chino/a
patatas fritas, las
chocolate, el
97
English > Spanish Vocabulary
chocolate cake
choose, to
church
cinema
clever
close (to)
close, to
closed
clothing
coast
coat
cod
coffee
cold
colleague
colour
come, to
commercial
company
computer
conference
confirm, to
copy
cost, to
country
course
credit card
cup
customs
dancer
daughter
day
dear
December
delicious
delighted (to meet you)
dentist
designed
desire, to
dessert
different
difficult
dinner
director
discount
do, to
document
dog
door
pastel de chocolate, el
elegir
iglesia, la
cine, el
listo/a
cerca (de)
cerrar
cerrado/a
ropa, la
costa, la
abrigo, el
bacalao, el
cortado, el
frío/a
colega, el/la
color, el
venir
comercial, el/la
compañía, la
ordenador, el
conferencia, la
confirmar
copia, la; ejemplar, el (book)
costar
país, el
plato, el (meal); curso, el
tarjeta de crédito, la
copa, la
aduana, la
bailarín, el/ bailarina, la
hija, la
día, el
estimado/a, querido/a
diciembre
delicioso/a
encantado/a
dentista, el/la
diseñado/a
desear
postre, el
diferente
difícil
cena, la
director, el/ directora, la
descuento, el
hacer
documento, el
perro, el
puerta, la
98
English > Spanish Vocabulary
dream
dress
drink
drink, to
duration
Dutch
each
easy
eat, to
education
elegant
embassy
emergency
engineer
England
English
entrance ticket
evening
every
everyone
exactly
excellent
excuse me
executive
exit
expensive
family
famous
far (from)
farm
fast
February
financial
find, to
fine, o.k.
fine, well
fish
flat
floor
food
football
football match
football supporter
for
France
French
Friday
friend
from
sueño, el
vestido, el
bebida, la
beber
duración, la
holandés/ holandesa
cada
fácil
comer
enseñanza, la
elegante
embajada, la
emergencia, la
ingeniero, el/ ingeniera, la
Inglaterra
inglés/inglesa
entrada, la
tarde, la
cada
todos/as
exactamente, justamente
excelente
perdón, perdone
ejecutivo, el/ ejecutiva, la
salida, la
caro/a
familia, la
famoso/a
lejos (de)
granja, la
rápido/a
febrero
financiero
encontrar
vale
bien
pescado, el
piso, el
planta, la; piso, el
comida, la
fútbol, el
partido, el
hincha, el/la
para, por
Francia
francés/ francesa
viernes, el
amigo, el/ amiga, la
de, desde
99
English > Spanish Vocabulary
frozen
fruit
full
funny
garage
garden
German
Germany
girl
give, to
glass
glove
go out, to
go, to
golden
golf
golf course
good
green
grey
grief
grilled
group
happy
hard-working
hat
have (to), to
he
head
healthy
hear, to
help, to
her (possessive)
here
hi
hill
his
holiday
Holland
horse
horseriding
hospital
hospitality
hotel
hour
house
how (?)
how much?
how many?
helado/a
fruta, la
lleno/a
gracioso/a
garaje, el
jardín, el
alemán/ alemana
Alemania
chica, la
dar
copa, la
guante, el
salir
ir
dorado/a
golf, el
campo de golf, el
bueno/a
verde
gris
dolor, el
a la plancha
grupo, el
feliz
trabajador/a
sombrero, el
tener (que), tomar (food)
él
cabeza, la
sano/a
oir
ayudar
su(s)
aquí
hola
colina, la
su(s)
vacaciones, las
Holanda
caballo, el
equitación, la
hospital, el
hospitalidad, la
hotel, el
hora, la
casa, la
como (cómo)
cuánto/a
cuántos/as
100
English > Spanish Vocabulary
hug
hundred
hurry
husband
I
ice cream
if
important
impressive
in
in view of
inform, to
information
instrument
insurance
interesting
introduce, to
invitation
Ireland
Irish
island
IT
Italian
Italy
jacket
jam
January
Japan
Japanese
journalist
juice
July
June
key
kilometre
kind
king
know, to
laptop
late
league
learn, to
leave, to
let, to
left
life
lift
light
little
abrazo, el
cien
prisa, la
marido, el
yo
helado, el
si
importante
impresionante
en
dado
avisar
información, la
instrumento, el
seguro, el
interesante
presentar
invitación, la
Irlanda
irlandés/irlandesa
isla, la
informática, la
italiano/a
Italia
chaqueta, la
mermelada, la
enero
Japón
japonés/japonesa
periodista, el/la
zumo, el
julio
junio
llave, la
kilómetro, el
simpático/a, amable
rey, el
saber, conocer
portátil, el
tarde
liga, la
aprender
salir
dejar
izquierda, la
vida, la
ascensor, el
luz, la
poco/a
101
English > Spanish Vocabulary
live, to
lonely
look after, to
look for, to
lose, to
lounge
love, to
lovely
luck
lucky
madness
make, to
man
manager
many
March
marketing
married
May
maybe
me
meal
meat
meet, to
meeting
mend, to
menu
menu à la carte
message
metre
midday
midnight
milk
minute
Miss
mistake
mobile
moment
Monday
money
moon
more
mountain
move, to
Mr
Mrs
much
museum
music
vivir
solo/a
encargar, cuidar
buscar
perder
salón, el
querer (romantic), encantar, amar
precioso/a
suerte, la
afortunado/a
locura, la
hacer
hombre, el
gerente, el/la; jefe, el/ jefa, la
muchos/as
marzo
márketing, el
casado/a
mayo
quizá(s)
mí
comida, la
carne, la
conocer
reunión, la
arreglar
menú, el
carta, la
mensaje, el
metro, el
mediodía, el
medianoche, la
leche, la
minuto, el
señorita
equivocación, la
móvil, el
momento, el
lunes, el
dinero, el
luna, la
más
montaña, la
trasladar
señor
señora
mucho/a
museo, el
música, la
102
English > Spanish Vocabulary
my
name
near (to)
nearly
need, to
negotiable
never
new
newspaper
next to
near (to)
next
nibble, to
night
nine
no
nobody
nothing
November
now
nowadays
number
October
octopus
of
offer, to
office
officer
oil
old
olive
omelette
on
on (days and dates)
on top (of)
only
open
open, to
opposite
or
orange
other
our
paella
pain
parking
parsley
party
passport
mi(s)
nombre, el
cerca (de)
casi
necesitar
negociable
nunca
nuevo/a
periódico, el
al lado de
cerca (de)
próximo/a
picar
noche, la
nueve
no, ningún/ ninguna (+ noun)
nadie
nada
noviembre
ahora
actualmente
número, el
octubre
pulpo, el
de
ofrecer
oficina, la
oficial, el/la
aceite, el
antiguo/a
aceituna, la
tortilla, la
en, sobre
el
encima (de)
solamente, sólo
abierto/a
abrir
enfrente (de)
o, ó (between numbers)
naranja, la
otro/a
nuestro/a, nuestros/as
paella, la
dolor, el
parking, el
perejil, el
fiesta, la
pasaporte, el
103
English > Spanish Vocabulary
pay, to
pen
pepper
perfumery
person
pharmacy
pill
pink
place
plate
platform (train station)
play (a sport), to
play (an instrument), to
player
pleasant
please
please, to
pleasure
pocket
police station
poor
poor little thing
possible
postponement
potato
practise, to
prawn
precisely
price
production
professional
profitable
publish, to
pull, to
purple
push, to
qualified
queen
question
read, to
receive, to
reception
red
red wine
remind, to
reservation
resource
restaurant
resumé
pagar
boli, el
pimienta, la, pimiento, el (vegetable)
perfumería, la
persona, la
farmacia, la
pastilla, la
rosa, rosado/a
lugar, el
plato, el
vía, la
jugar
tocar
jugador, el/ jugadora, la
bonito/a
por favor
gustar
diversión, la
bolsillo, el
comisaría, la
pobre
pobrecito/a
posible
aplazamiento, el
patata, la
practicar
gamba, la
exacto
precio, el
producción, la
profesional, el/ la
rentable
publicar
tirar
morado/a
empujar
cualificado/a
reina, la
pregunta, la
leer
recibir
recepción, la
rojo/a
tinto, el
recordar
reserva, la
recurso, el
restaurante, el
resumen, el
104
English > Spanish Vocabulary
review, to
rice
right
road
room
run, to
rush hour
Russia
Russian
sad
safety
sail, sailing (sport)
sail, to
salad
sales
same
Saturday
say, to
scarf
school
Scotland
Scottish
sea
seat
secretary
see, to
sell, to
send, to
September
she
shirt
shoe
shop
shop assistant
show, to
side
silver
single
sister
size
skirt
sleep
sleep, to
slowly
small
smell, to
snake
so
so much
revisar
arroz, el
derecha, la
carretera, la
habitación, la
correr
hora punta, la
Rusia
ruso/a
triste
seguridad, la
vela, la
navegar
ensalada, la
ventas, las
mismo, el/ misma, la
sábado, el
decir
bufanda, la
escuela, la
Escocia
escocés/ escocesa
mar, el/la
asiento, el
secretario, el/ secretaria, la
ver
vender
enviar
septiembre
ella
camisa, la
zapato, el
tienda, la
dependiente, el/ dependienta, la
enseñar
lado, el
plateado/a
solo/a, soltero/a (marital)
hermana, la
talla, la
falda, la
sueño, el
dormir
despacio
pequeño/a
oler
serpiente, la
tan
tanto/a
105
English > Spanish Vocabulary
soft drinks
something
son
soon
sorry
soup
spacious
Spain
Spanish
speak, to
spider
sport
square
squid
stadium
stamp
start, to
starter
station
stay, to
steak
stew
still
stomach
stop, to
storage room
strange
street
street map
success
successful
sugar
suit
suitcase
Sunday
supermarket
sure
sweets
table
take, to
taxi
teach, to
teacher
team
technical
teddy bear
telephone
telephone call
television
refrescos, los
algo
hijo, el
pronto
lo siento
sopa, la
amplio/a, espacioso/a
España
español/a
hablar
araña, la
deportes, los
plaza, la
calamar, el
estadio, el
sello, el
empezar
primer plato, el
estación, la
quedar(se)
bistec, el
guisado, el
aún
estómago, el
parar
trastero, el
raro/a
calle, la
plano, el
éxito, el
exitoso/a
azúcar, el
traje, el
maleta, la
domingo, el
supermercado, el
claro/a, seguro/a
caramelos, los
mesa, la
coger, tomar, llevar
taxi, el
enseñar
profesor, el/ profesora, la
equipo, el
técnico/a
osito, el
teléfono, el
llamada, la
televisión, la
106
English > Spanish Vocabulary
tennis
terrace
terrible
that/those
the
their
then, so
there
there is, there are
they
think, to
this/these
Thursday
ticket
tie
time
tired
to
today
toilet
tomato
tomorrow
touch, to
towards
town
town centre
toy
traffic
traffic lights
train
travel, to
trousers
true
truth
Tuesday
turn, to
two
underneath
understand, to
unfortunately
useful
various
vegetables
very
view
village
wait, hope, to
waiter / waitress
Wales
tenis, el
terraza, la
terrible
ese/esa/esos/esas
el, la, los, las
su(s)
entonces
allí
hay
ellos/ellas
pensar
este/esta/estos/estas
jueves, el
billete, el (for transport only)
corbata, la
tiempo, el; vez, la; hora, la
cansado/a
a
hoy
aseo, el
tomate, el
mañana
tocar
hacia
ciudad, la
centro, el
juguete, el
tráfico, el
semáforo, el
tren, el
viajar
pantalones, los
verdad
verdad, la
martes, el
girar
dos
debajo de
comprender
desafortunadamente
útil
varios/as
verduras, las
muy
vista, la
pueblo, el
esperar
camarero, el/ camarera, la
Gales
107
English > Spanish Vocabulary
walk, to
walk, to
wallet, purse
want, to
warn, to
water
way
we
wear, to
Wednesday
week
welcome
Welsh
when (?)
where (?)
while
white
who (?)
why?
wine
with
woman
wonderful
work, to
worker
write, to
wrong
year
yellow
yes
yesterday
yet
you
your
andar
caminar
monedero, el
querer, desear
avisar
agua, el
camino, el
nosotros/as
llevar
miércoles, el
semana, la
bienvenido/a
galés/galesa
cuando (cuándo)
donde (dónde)
mientras
blanco/a
quien (quién)
por qué
vino, el
con
mujer, la
maravilloso/a, estupendo/a
trabajar
trabajador, el/ trabajadora, la
escribir
equivocado/a
año, el
amarillo/a
sí
ayer
aún
tú, usted, vosotros/as, ustedes
tu(s), vuestro/a/os/as, su(s)
108
If you need to find ...
Dialogues
Arriving at a company
Asking for directions
At a hotel reception
Buying a train ticket
In a shop
Making reservations or appointments
On the phone
Ordering food or drink
Taking a taxi
Talking about yourself; chatting with a friend/colleague
6, 52, 57
22, 36, 37
1, 3, 9
52
20, 24, 35, 56
41, 42, 44, 53
41, 42, 43, 44, 48, 53, 56, 59
10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 19, 46
36, 47
3, 9, 30, 32, 37,38, 45, 48, 49, 50, 55, 59
Language topics
Adjectives
Colours
Gender
how much?
Job titles
my, your, his, her, their, our
Nationalities and countries
The negative
Nouns
Numbers
Prepositions
Pronouns
Questions
this and that
Time & dates
Verbs - introduction
Verbs - all listed
Verbs - regular
Verbs - irregular
Verbs - formal and familiar you
Verbs - coger
Verbs - comer
Verbs - conocer and saber
Verbs - gustar
Verbs - hay
Verbs - poder
Verbs - querer
Verbs - ser and estar
Verbs - tener
Verbs - trabajar
Verbs - venir, ir
Verbs - vivir
4, 21
23
2, 3, 21
11
53
42
26, 27
5
2, 4, 10
80
3, 21
5, 17, 55
5, 37
45
39, 40
5
73
17, 50, 73
18, 51, 54, 73
7
52
17
54
24, 55
24
39
18
6, 18, 22
18, 41
17
28
17
109

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