Recursos Recursos que complementan el manual

Comentarios

Transcripción

Recursos Recursos que complementan el manual
Resource Section / Sección de recursos
Additional Study Resources / Recursos adicionales para el estudio
Para estudios adicionales según Maestro o Estudiante /Extra Studies according to Teacher or Student
Página #
1
Título de los recursos disponibles en DONES Manual/Title of resources availabe in Manual
Índice de Manual de Recursos
Index for Resource Manual
2
Lo ren zo S n o w-p ro c eso d e n i ñ o s q u e están ap ren d i en d o ( man u al S . S o c o rro / S ac erd o c i o )
Lorenzo Snow -process of children learning (Relief Society/Priesthood manual)
3
Sonidos del alfabeto (fonética)
Sounds of the Alphabet (phonetic)
4 ,5, 6
Escrituras del Señor para la Preparación para ser Autosuficiente
Scriptures on the Lord's counsel to be Self Reliant
7, 8
Dominio de las Escrituras de Inglés (4 libros de escrituras sobre 25 temas)
Scripture Mastery in English (4 books of scriptures on 25 themes)
9
Ejercicios para los Estudiantes para escribir Inglés (Oración, Testimonio, Pensamiento Espiritual)
Exercise for Student in Writing English (Prayer, Testimony, Spiritual Thought)
10
Presidente Monson: comentarios sobre el valor de la música
President Monson: comment on the Value of Music
11, 12
Ejercicio con los sonidos de las consonantes y vocales en Inglés
Exercise with the sounds of consonants and vowels in English
13
Guía para el alfabeto fonético de Inglés: Vocales
Guide for the phonetic Alphabet of English: Vowels
14, 15, 16
440 palabras más utilizadas en Inglés
440 most commonly used words in English
17, 18 , 19 100+ frases desde las 300 palabras más usadas
100+ phrases from the 300 most used words
20
Hoja de seguimiento personal de Estudios de Inglés
Personal tracking sheet for English Studies
21 - 22
10 Desafios que tienen los que hablen Espanol
10 Common challenges Spanish speakers have with English
23 - 30
Hojas de Respuestas (por exámenes de cada DONES tema)
Answer sheets (for Quizes for each Theme of DONES)
31
Los términos utilizados para identificar palabras en una Estructura de la oración / estructura de las oraciones
Terms used to identify words in a Sentence / Sentence structure
32 - 33
Frases conversacionales básicas (fonéticos) + palabras adicionales
Basic conversational phrases (phonetic) + additional words
34 - 58
Indice para los ejercicios de Gramática / Ejercicios de Gramática
Index for Grammar exercises / Grammar Exercises
59 - 62
Clave de respuestas para los ejercicios de gramática
Answer Key for Grammar Exercises
63 - 70
Palabras que son similares en Inglés y Español
Words that are similar in English & Spanish
61 - 78
Verbos (240+ verbos en Presente, Pasado y Participio)
Verbs (240+ verbs in Present tense, Past tense & Past Pariticiple
1
2
Sonidos del alfabeto en Español y en Inglés
(Hay más sonidos para las letras, especialmente con vocales cortas. Vea página 11,12 y 13 )
3
The Lord's counsel on Self Reliance
El consejo del Señor para ser Auto Suficientes
#
Theme:
1 "My (the Lord's)work
"Mi trabajo (del Señor)
2 "Be ye therefore perfect"
"Sed, pues, vosotros perfectos"
3 "we are the offspring of God"
"somos los hijos de Dios"
4 "we are children of God"
"somos hijos de Dios"
5 "choose to serve the Lord"
"optar por servir al Señor"
Reference/source
Moses 1:39
Moisés 1:39
Mathew 5:48
Mateo 5:48
Acts 17:29"
Hechos 17:29
Romans 8:16
Romanos 8:16
Moses 6:31-36
Moisés 6:31-36
6 "thy will be done"-Gethsemane
"Hágase tu voluntad"-Getsemaní
7 "shew thee my faith by my works"
"Te mostraré mi fe por mis obras"
8 "to act for themselves"
"para actuar por sí mismos"
9 "Lord how is it done?"
"Señor, ¿cómo se hace?"
Mathew 26:42
Mateo 26:42
James 2:17-20
Santiago 2:17-20
2 Nephi 2:26
2 Nefi 2:26
Book of Enós
Libro de Enos
10 "Gifts--all have not every gift"
12 "unto dust shalt thou return"
"al polvo has de volver"
13 "if ye are not one ye are not mine"
"si no sois uno, no sois míos"
D & C 46:10-12
D y C 46:10-12
D & C 78:14
D y C 78:14
Genesis 3:19
Génesis 3:19
D & C 38:27
D y C 38:27
14 "seek ye the kingdom of God"
"Buscad el reino de Dios"
Jacob 2:18-19
Jacob 2:18-19
15 "let us do good unto all men"
"hagamos bien a todos"
16 "anxiously engaged in a good cause"
Galatians 6:10
Gálatas 6:10
D & C 58:27
D y C 58:27
D & C 88:19
D y C 88:19
James 2: 26
Santiago 2: 26
1 Timothy 5:8
1 Timoteo 5:8
"Regalos - todos no tienen todos los dones"
11 "church may stand independent"
"la iglesia se sostenga independiente"
"anhelosamente consagrados a una causa buena"
17 "crowed with glory--presence of God"
"cantó con gloria - la presencia de Dios"
18 "faith without works is dead."
"la fe sin obras está muerta."
19 "provide not for his own"
"No mantener a su propia"
4
Referencia del Manual de Auto
Suficiencia
Escribir su Pensamiento
The Lord's counsel on Self Reliance
El consejo del Señor para ser Auto Suficientes
20
"cursed shall be the ground for thy sake"
21
"this is the way, which I have decreed"
Moses 4:23
Moisés 4:23
"maldita será la tierra por tu causa"
D & C 104: 14-17
D y C 104: 14-17
1 Nephi 3:7
1 Nefi 3:7
Ether 2 & 3
Eter 2 y 3
"Este es el camino que he decretado"
22
"I wll go and do the things which the Lord hath commanded"
"Yo wll ir y hacer las cosas que ha mandado el Señor"
23 what would ye have me do?
¿Qué queréis que haga?
24 "created all things Spiritually"
"creó todas las cosas espiritualmente"
25 "For as he thinketh in his heart, so is he"
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
Moses 3:5
Moises 3:5
Proverbs 23:7
"Porque cual es su pensamiento en su corazón, tal es él"
Proverbios 23:7
"Ask & it shall be given you, seek and ye shall find; --"
Mathew 7:7
"Pedid y se os dará, buscad y hallaréis; -"
Mateo 7:7
"Come unto me,-- that labor & are heavy laden, I will give rest"
Mathew 11:28-30
"Venid a mí - que el trabajo y cargados, yo os haré descansar"
Mateo 11:28-30
"If any of you lack wisdom, let im ask of God--Shall be given-"
James 1:5-6
"Si alguno de vosotros tiene falta de sabiduría, que la pida a Dios"
Santiago 1:5-6
"--ask me in faith, believing that ye shall receive-shall be made known"
1 Nephi 15:7-11
"- me pida con fe, creyendo que recibiréis, se harán del conocimiento" 1 Nefi 15:7-11
--voice of the Lord came to them in their affictions--be of good comfort"
Mosiah 24:12-15
- la voz del Señor vino a ellos en sus affictions - de buen ánimo "
Mosíah 24:12-15
"--learn in thy youth to keep the commandments of God"
Alma 37:35-37
"- aprende en tu juventud a guardar los mandamientos de Dios"
Alma 37:35-37
"--chastened him, because he remembered not to call upon the Lord"
Ether 2:14-3:5
él castigado, porque no se acordó requerir al Señor"
Eter 2:14-3:5
"the sleep of a laboring man is sweet"
Ecclesiastes 5:12
"El sueño de un hombre que trabaja es dulce"
Eclesiastés 5:12
"done in wisdom & order, not requisite that a man run faster "
Mosiah 4:27
"hecho en la sabiduría y el orden, no se exige que un hombre corra másMosíah 4:27
"-required of the Lord--of every steward, to render an account--"
D & C 72:3
"-requiere del Señor - de todo mayordomo, que dé cuenta -"
D y C 72:3
D & C 121:41-42
"No power or influence can or ought to be maintained by - Priesthood"
Ningún poder o influencia se puede ni se debe mantener por-SacerdocioD y C 121:41-42
"A SOFT answer turneth away wrath-- fools pooreth out foolishness"
Proverbs 15:1-2
La blanda respuesta quita la ira - pobres tontos a cabo una --"
Proverbios 15:1"---the Lord love him because of the integrity of his heart--"
D & C 124:15
"--El Señor le aman por la integridad de su corazón D y C 124:15
"--contunueance in well doing seek glory & honor & immortality --"
Romans 2:7
"- continuará en bien hacer, buscan gloria y honra y la inmortalidad -" Romanos 2:7
"--till I die, I will not remove integrity from me."
Job 27:5
"- hasta que me muera, no voy a quitar la integridad de mi."
Job 27:5
5
Referencia del Manual de Auto
Suficiencia
The Lord's counsel on Self Reliance
El consejo del Señor para ser Auto Suficientes
Proverbs 15:1-2
41 "A soft answer turneth away wrat:-but grievous words--"
Proverbios 15:1-2
"La blanda respuesta quita la WRAT:-Mas la palabra áspera -"
42 "A brother offended is harder to be won than a strong city:--"
Proverbs 18:19
Proverbios 18:19
"El hermano ofendido es más tenaz que una ciudad fuerte: -"
43 "As a dog returneth to his vomit, so a fool returneth to his folly."
Proverbs 25:11-12
"Como perro que vuelve a su vómito, así el necio --."
Proverbios 25:11-12
44 "Learn of me, and listen to my words; walk in the meekness--"
D & C 19:23
"Aprende de mí y escucha mis palabras; camina en la mansedumbre -" D y C 19:23
45 "--if ye do keep his commandmentments, he doth bless you and prosper you." Mosiah 2:21-22
Mosíah 2:21-22
"- si guardáis sus commandmentments, él os bendice y os hace prosperar".
Moses 7:32
46 "--I created them,in the Garden of Eden, gave I unto man his agency."
"- Los he creado, en el Jardín de Edén le di al hombre su albedrío."
Moisés 7:32
47 "The earth is the Lord's, and the fullness thereof."
Psalms 24:1,4,5
"La tierra es del Señor, y su plenitud."
Salmos 24:1,4,5
48 "For the earth is the Lord's, and the fullness thereof."
1 Corinthians 10:26
"Porque la tierra es del Señor, y su plenitud."
1 Corintios 10:26
49 "--Jesus knew their thoughts--He that is not with me is against me--"
Mathew 12:23,25,30
Mateo 12:23,25,30
Jesús conocía sus pensamientos-El que no está conmigo, está contra mí "
50 "--So then every one of us shall give account of himself to God."
Romans 14:10-12
"- De manera que cada uno de nosotros dará cuenta de sí mismo a Dios Romanos 14:10-12
51 "--men should be anxiously engaged in a good cause,---"
D & C 58:27-28
D y C 58:27-28
52 --it is required 'by ' the Lord,--to render an account of his (man's) stew ardship- D & C 72:3
"- se requiere" por "el Señor, - para dar cuenta de su (del hombre) may ordomía" D y C 72:3
53 "--But before ye seek for riches, seek ye for the kingdom of God.--"
Jacob 2:17-19
"- Pero antes de buscar riquezas, buscad el reino de Dios -".
Jacob 2:17-19
54 Parable of the Talents; 1 talent, 2 talents, 5 talents. How to act.
Mathew 25:14-30
Parábola de los Talentos, 1 , 2 o 5 talentos. Cómo actuar.
Mateo 25:14-30
55 --and thus they were all equal, and they did all labor --"
Alma 1:26
- y así todos eran iguales, y que hicieron todo el trabajo - "
Alma 1:26
56 "--and it came to pass that they became exceedingly rich--"
Heleman 6:8,9,17
"- y sucedió que se hicieron sumamente ricos -"
Heleman 6:8,9,17
57 "Never could be a people more blessed than were they--"
Ether 10:22-28
"Nunca podría ser un pueblo más bendecido que eran ellos -"
Eter 10:22-28
58 "But if any provide not for his own--he hath denied the faith--"
1 Timothy 5:8
"Porque si alguno no provee para los suyos - ha negado la fe -"
1 Timoteo 5:8
59 "Let every man be diligent--the idler shall have not place --"
D & C 75:28-29
"Que todo hombre sea diligente--el ocioso no podrá tener lugar -"
D y C 75:28-29
60 "I did pray oft unto the Lord; wherefore the Lord showed uto me-"
1 Nephi 18:2-4
Lo hice rogar frecuentemente al Señor, por lo cual el Señor me ha mostrado-"
1 Nefi 18:2-4
los hombres deben estar anhelosamente consagrados a una causa buena, -"
6
Referencia del Manual de Auto
Suficiencia
Scripture Mastery -- with General Theme
Dominio de las Escrituras con Tema General
Theme
Old Testament
New Testament
Tema
Antiguo
Testamento
Nuevo
Testamento
Understanding His work, (make it our work)
Moses 1:39
Book of
Mormon
El Libro de
Mormon
Doctrine and
Covenants
Doctrina y
Convenios
Matthew 5:14–16 1 Nephi 3:7
D&C 1:37–38
Matthew
11:28–30
2 Nephi 2:25
D&C 6:36
Matthew
16:15–19
2 Nephi 2:27
D&C 8:2–3
Matthew
22:36–39
2 Nephi 9:28–29 D&C 10:5
Matthew
28:19–20
2 Nephi 25:23, 26 D&C 13:1
Luke 24:36–39
2 Nephi 28:7–9
D&C
18:10–11
John 3:5
2 Nephi
31:19–20
D&C
18:15–16
2 Nephi 32:3
D&C
19:16–19
Entender Su obra, (que sea nuestro trabajo)
Called his people Zion (no poor among them)
Moses 7:18
Llamó a su pueblo Sión (sin pobres entre ellos)
"And they are free to choose, liberty & eternal lifeAbraham 3:22–23
"Y son libres para escoger, la libertad y la vida eterna"
Genesis 1:26–27
Created in His image to hearken unto His teachin
Creado a Su imagen para oir sus enseñanzas
Be one; be reconciled in Christ; priesthood
Genesis 2:24
Sean uno; reconciliarse en Cristo, sacerdocio
Ways of world vs. worth of souls
Genesis 39:9
Formas de mundo contra valor de las almas
Peculiar treasure; born of spirit; steadfast in Christ
Exodus 19:5–6
Peculiar tesoro, nacido del espíritu, firme en Cristo
10 commandments, I am the way , feast on Christ wo Exodus
20:3–17 John 14:6
10 mandamientos, Yo soy el camino, las palabras de Cristo
Choose y ou this day , keep my commandments
Joshua 24:15
John 14:15
2 Nephi 32:8–9
D&C 19:23
1 Samuel 16:7
John 17:3
Mosiah 2:17
D&C 25:13
Acts 2:36–38
Mosiah 3:19
D&C 46:33
Acts 3:19–21
Mosiah 4:30
D&C 58:27
1 Corinthians
6:19–20
Alma 7:11–13
D&C 58:42–43
Escogeos hoy, guardad mis mandamientos
Lord looketh on heart, Life Eternal, Serv ice of God
Jehová mira el corazón, la vida eterna, Servicio de Dios
Pure heart, receiv e Holy Ghost, become a Saint, Holin Psalm
24:3–4
Corazón puro, recibir el Espíritu Santo, convertirse en Santo
Word is light, restitution, remember & perish not
Psalm 119:105
La palabra es luz, restitución, recordar y no perecer
Children a heritage, body is Temple, pains of His peopPsalm
127:3
Herencia de los niños, el cuerpo es el tem plo, dolores de su pueblo
Trust in Lord, in Christ made aliv e, hav e faith, forgiv e
Proverbs 3:5–6
1 Corinthians 15:20–22 Alma 32:21
D&C 64:9–11
Tener confianza en Dios, en Cristo vivificado, tener fe, perdonar y tener esperanza
Sins, scarlet to white; glories of sun,moon,stars; learn Isaiah
1 Corinthians 15:40–42 Alma 37:35
1:18
D&C
76:22–24
Pecados rojos com o la grana a blancos; glorias del sol, la luna, las estrellas, aprende en tu juventud
Call ev il good & good ev il; fruit of spirit, forsake sins
Isaiah 5:20
Galatians 5:22–23 Alma 39:9
D&C
76:40–41
Llam an a lo bueno m alo y lo m alo bueno; fruto del espíritu, los pecados dejareis, Él lim pia
Do a marv elous work, perfecting Saints, wickedness
Isaiah 29:13–14
Ephesians 4:11–14 Alma 41:10
Hacer una obra m aravillosa, perfeccionam iento de los santos, la m aldad no es felicidad
7
D&C 78:19
Scripture Mastery -- with General Theme
Dominio de las Escrituras con Tema General
Theme
Old Testament
Antiguo
Testamento
Man of sorrow s, Christ strengthens, Christ our foundation, I am bo Isaiah 53:3–5
Tema
Neuvo
Testamento
Philippians 4:13
Book of
Mormon
El Libro de
Mormon
Helaman 5:12
D&C 82:10
2 Thessalonians 2:1–3
3 Nephi 12:48
D&C 88:124
3 Nephi 18:15,
D&C
89:18–21
Ether 12:6
D&C 107:8
Ether 12:27
D&C 121:36,
41–42
James 2:17–18
Moroni 7:41
D&C
130:22–23
1 Peter 4:6
Moroni 7:45, 47–48 D&C 131:1–4
Revelation 20:12
Moroni 10:4–5
New Testament
Doctrine and
Covenants
Doctrina y
Convenios
Varón de dolores, Cristo fortalece, Cristo nuestra fundación, estoy obligado
undo burdens, come a falling away, be perfect, cease to be --
Isaiah 58:6–7
deshacer las cargas, v amos a apostasía, ser perfecto, deja de ser -
delight self in Lord, scriptures make wise, Pray always, wisdom
Isaiah 58:13–14 2 Timothy 3:15–17 20–21
deleite y o en Jehov á, Escrituras hacen sabios, ruega siempre, la sabiduría
I knew thee, Father of Spirits, trial of faith, minister spiritual things
Jeremiah 1:4–5 Hebrews 12:9
Te conocí, el Padre de los espíritus, el juicio de la fe, ministro cosas espirituales
Ezekiel 37:15–17 James 1:5–6
Join into one stick, ask nothing wavering, weak things strong; pow
Únete a un palo, pregunte no dudando nada, lo débil fuerte; poderes del Cielo, la justicia
revealeth to His prophets, faith by works, faith in atonement, H.G
Amos 3:7
rev ela los de sus profetas, la fe por las obras, la fe en la ex piación, Espiritu Santo
Malachi 3:8–10
windows of heaven, gospel preached to dead, charity is pure love
of Christ, when we see him we shall be like him, covenant of marriage
v entanas de los cielos, ev angelio predicado a muerto, la caridad es el amor puro
de Cristo, cuando lo v eamos, seremos semejantes a él, el pacto del matrimonio
Turn hearts of fathers to--, according to their works, power of Holy
Malachi 4:5–6
JS—H
1:15–20
Gire corazones de los padres a -, según sus obras, el poder del Espíritu Santo
Other favorite Scriptues/ Otras Escrituras favoritas
Theme o Tema
Scripture Reference/Escritura de ReferenciaComment/Comentario
8
Practice Sheet
(Hoja de práctica)
Write out your Testimony in English: (Escribir su testimonio en Inglés)
________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________.
________________________________________________________________________________________________ .
Write out a simple prayer (after the first week). Escriba una sencilla oración (después de la primera semana).
_________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________ .
Write out a simple prayer (after the tenth week). Escriba una sencilla oración (después de la décima semana).
_________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________
Write out a spiritual thought (after the first week). Escriba un pensamiento espiritual (después de 1 ª semana)
_________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________ .
Write out a spiritual thought (after tenth week). Escriba un pensamiento espiritual (después de la décima
semana)_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________
9
President Monson
Tabernacle Choir
“Music can help you draw closer to your Heavenly Father.
It can be used to educate, edify, inspire, and unite.”
—Thomas S. Monson
"La música te puede ayudar a acercarse a su padre celestial.
Puede ser utilizado para educar, edificar, inspirar y unen."
—Thomas S. Monson
Instructions for using music to increase fluency, comprehension &
pronunciation:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Listen to person singing or reading the song on the CD. While listening, try to follow the
vocal words on the written page.
Read words to song out loud & slowly with clear pronunciation. If there is any question on
meaning of any word, find meaning & write it down prior to repeating & singing the song.
Listen to the singing of the words of the song, following the music and read the written
word.
Now that you have: (1) heard the song read, (2) read song slowly and with clear
pronunciation, (3) Listened to the singing of the words in English while reading the written
word; you are ready to sing the song with the music. Sing at least two verses with loud
and energetic voice.
On your song chart, mark this song off as having studied (listened to), read, & sung.
Instrucciones para usar la música para aumentar la fluidez, comprensión &
Pronunciación: 1.
Escuchar a la persona que canta o lee la canción en el CD. Mientras escucha,
intenta seguir las palabras vocales en la página escrita.
2. Leer palabras a la canción en voz alta & lentamente con pronunciación clara. Si hay alguna
pregunta sobre el significado de cualquier palabra, encontrar un significado & escribirlo antes
de repetir & cantando la canción.
3. Escuchar el canto de las palabras de la canción, siguiendo la música y leer la palabra escrita.
4. Ahora que tienes: (1) oído la canción Lee, (2) Lee canción despacio y con pronunciación clara,
(3) escuchaba el canto de las palabras en inglés mientras leía la palabra escrita; Usted está listo
para cantar la canción con la música. Cantar por lo menos dos versos con voz fuerte y enérgica.
5. En su carta de canción, marque esta canción como habiendo estudiado (escuchados), leer &
cantado.
"For my soul delighteth in the song of the heart; yea, the song of the righteous is a prayer
unto me, and i t s hall be answered with a bl essing upon t heir heads." D & C 25:12
12 Porque mi alma se deleit a en el acant o del bcorazón; sí, la canción de los
just os es una oración para mí, y será cont estada con una bendición sobre su
10
I.
Sonidos del alfabeto en Ingles:
Vocales y Consonantes:
A (ei)
B (bi)
C (si)
D (di)
E (i)
F (ef)
G
H (eich)
I (ai)
J (*)
K (kei)
L (el)
M (em)
N (en)
O (ou)
P (pi)
Q (kiu)
R (ar)
Español
Evangelio
Biblia
Cine
Dinero
Obelisco
Feliz
Guitarra
hecho
País
Que
Elefante
empujar
enseñar
Enfocar
Piña
Practique Practice by
escribir y
writing &
hablar
Speaking
Practice by
writing &
Speaking
English English English
cake
bean
Child
David
Deliver
Effort
Good
here
Hi
Jane
Kate
Elegant
employer
end
Hole
Peal
Quiere
Quake
Arriba
Arrive
Especiall
y
S (es)
Español
Sentimiento Tea
T (ti)
University
U (iu)
Luis
V (vi)
Viviendo
Evident
W (*)
doboliu
Way
X (ex)
examen
Xray
Y (uai)
Guayaquil Buy
Z (zi)
Asia
Zero
(*) = parece que no hay sonido en Espanol
11
Practice by Practice by Practice by Practice by
writing &
writing &
writing &
writing &
Speaking
Speaking
Speaking
Speaking
English English English English
II.
Sonidos de vocales en Ingles:
Hay 5 vocales en el alfabeto. En Espanol, con la
excepcion de la "e" , hay solo un sonido para cada
vocal. En Ingles hay mas de un sonido para cada vocal.
El pronunciar estos sonidos vocales correctamente
determina si uno habla con o sin acento.
Vocales
Pronunciacion en Espanol
Ejemplos en Ingles
Bake, make, date
"a"
(ei" como en ley"
"a"
"a"
"e"
"e"
"i/y"
"i/y"
"o"
"o"
"o"
"o"
"u"
"u"
"u"
"u"
Cat, apple
("a" como en anuncio, plato)
(*)
Keep, sleep
("I" como en si')
elephant, end
(como en encontrar)
("ai")
(*)
("o" como en puedo)
go, goat, boat
("a" como en pato)
lot, hot, lock
("u como en luna)
look, book, took
(*)
cute, cube, cue
("u" como en una)
("iu")
(*)
but, cut, us, sun, under, up, run
(*)
put, bush, cushion, push
Nota: Como puede observar, el mismo sonido vocal se puede hacer con vocales
diferentes ( o combinaciones de vocales que nos se incluen aqui").
Esto es lo dificil del Ingles). En algunos casos no hay un sonido en espanol
para ayudarle con un sonido en Ingles. El misionero NorteAmericano
puede ayudarle en la pronunciacion.
III. Ayudas para la pronunciacion
A. Escuche cuidadosmnete cuando los norteamericanos
hablan ingles para mejorar su acento.
B. Practique en voz alta las palabras con todos los sonidos vocales.
C. No tenga temor de hablar Ingles! Todos cometen errores; eso no importa
Cuanto mas hable, menos errores cometera' y mejorara' su acento.
12
Table 1. Guide to the US English phonetic alphabet: vowels
Sound
Symbol
As in
Suggested
Comments
“ae”
AE
add cat pan
ae
“ah”
AA
Are drop content
ah
Very rarely wrong; sometimes an unstressed sound is used instead.
So spell 'Merom' as 'Meromm'.
The short “a” sound.
Rarely wrong but sometimes an open 'o' sound is used instead of the
'ah'. So spell 'mot' as 'maht' to change it from 'moat' to 'mott'.
“uh”
AH
One come
'Uh' or
double the
following
letter
Short “o”
AO
All off caution
or
Very rarely wrong. Try spelling 'Audi' as 'Ordi'.
“au”
AW
How about
Ou au ow
“eh”
AX
enable moment
eh
“er”
AXR
another over or
er
Long “i”
AY
Fire why eye
Y ai add
an e
“eh”
EH
Enter pleasant
eh
“er”
ER
Bird turn her
er
Long “a”
EY
Train eight A
Ai ay ey
Short “i”
IH
If it pick
ih
If 'ow' is mispronounced as 'oh' try switching to 'au' or 'ou'.
The unstressed “eh” sound as in “moment” or “enable” but not as in
“enter”.
The unstressed “er” sound as in “another” over or “or” but not as in
“her ”.
Rare but if 'Byron' is mispronounced more like “Birron” then try
spelling it as 'Bairon' or “Byeron” or even 'Byre-on'.
Rare but replacing the vowel letter or letters by 'eh' usually works.
For example if 'pleasant' were mispronounced as “pleesant” then
'plehsant' corrects it.
Never observed but 'er' should work.
If 'Wacome' is mispronounced “Wah-come” then one of 'Waicome'
'Waycome' or 'Weycome' should fix.
The short I sound as in “it” “if ” or “pick” but not as in “lasting”. 'Piro'
should be pronounced with a short I and is mispronounced as “pyro”
then 'pihro' should work.
“ix”
IX
discuss saving
budgeted decided
ix
Long “e”
IY
Any he obvious
Ee ey ie
Long “o”
OW
Oh ow oe
“oi”
OY
oy
The long “i” sound (or oi sound) as in “avoid” “employ” “dive” or “why”.
Short “u”
UH
Long “u”
UW
Quote open go
Avoid enjoy dive
why
Good full could
put
tooth blue view
use you
If 'Matrio' was mispronounced as “mah-try-oh” then 'matreeo'
'matreeoh' or 'mahtreeoh' should fix.
'bow' should be right for 'Beau' and 'Dohl' should work for 'Dole'.
uh
Oo yoo
The unstressed short “i” sound as in “discuss” “budgeted” “decided”
or “saving”.
The short “u” sound as in “good” “put” “full” or “could”. If 'Clough'
should be pronounced as in “cluf” then 'cluhf' should work.
The stressed long “u” sound as in “to” “use” “you” or “view”. Try
'Bloomehn' for the German pronunciation of 'Blumen'.
13
14
Write & speak the words in English / Escribir y pronunciar las palabras en Inglés
English
show
also
around
form
three
small
set
put
end
does
another
well
large
must
big
even
such
because
turn
here
why
ask
went
men
read
need
land
different
home
us
move
try
kind
hand
picture
again
Spanish
English
Spanish
English
change
off
play
spell
air
away
animal
house
point
page
letter
mother
answer
found
study
stilll
learn
should
American
world
200 to 300 words:
high
every
near
add
food
between
own
below
country
plant
last
school
father
keep
tree
English
never
start
city
earth
eye
light
thought
head
under
story
saw
left
don't
few
while
along
might
close
something
seem
until
children
side
feet
car
mile
mnight
walk
white
sea
began
grow
took
river
four
carry
state
once
book
hear
next
stop
hard
open
example
begin
life
always
those
both
without
second
later
miss
idea
enough
eat
face
watch
far
Indian
real
almost
let
above
paper
together
got
group
often
run
important
15
Spanish
Spanish
Write & speak the words in English / Escribir y pronunciar las palabras en Inglés
English
Spanish
English
Spanish
English
Spanish
English
girl
sometimes
mountain
cut
young
talk
soon
friends
easy
heard
order
red
door
sure
himself
toward
five
step
morning
passed
vowell
list
become
TRUE
song
being
leave
family
it's
top
ship
across
today
during
happy
hundred
against
pattern
numeral
done
English
road
half
ten
short
table
fly
better
best
however
how
hours
black
products
order
whole
measure
remember
early
waves
reached
listen
wind
rock
space
covered
fast
several
hold
understand
warm
common
bring
explain
dry
though
language
shape
deep
thousands
yes
north
slowly
money
map
farm
pulled
draw
voice
seen
cold
cried
plan
notice
south
sing
gave
box
finally
wait
correct
of
quickly
person
became
shown
minutes
strong
verb
stars
front
feel
fact
inches
street
decided
contain
course
power
cannot
able
six
size
dark
ball
material
special
heavy
check
object
301 to 400 words:
body
music
color
stand
sun
questions
fish
area
mark
dog
horse
birds
problem
complete
room
knew
since
ever
piece
told
usually
didn't
surface
produce
building
ocean
class
note
nothing
rest
carefully
scientist
inside
wheels
war
ground
fall
king
town
I'll
unit
stood
plane
system
behind
ran
round
boat
game
force
brought
island
week
16
Spanish
figure
certain
field
travel
wood
fire
upon
401 to 500 words:
Estas 145 frases utilizan los primeros 300 palabras más frecuentemente usadas en Inglés:
These 145 phrases use the three hundred most frequently occurring words in English:
Spanish phrase
Rewrite in English
English phrase
Be on time.
T hey will do it.
Come down from there.
Go with him.
He and I will write the numbers.
Come get some water.
We were all there.
Now is the time.
Who called?
Write the first word.
When can you find more time?
Go see them now.
How are they?
Which one is it?
How do you do it?
No way. He cannot do it.
Did you do it?
Did you get it all done?
She has been to the water.
Did you get it all?
People write one word at a time.
Is this all there is?
Some of the time I write numbers.
Will we go out now?
Look up the word.
I have this other oil to use.
I have to see him now.
Look for some water in there.
She said I could go there.
What would make her find some more?
It was all I had.
did you like it?
Who called here about it?
I could see him with her.
T hey were with other people.
Go, but don't call him.
T hey will write about each other.
T here were many people.
17
English phrase
This one is for me. /That one's for
you.
Spanish phrase
You and I will go now.
She will write to him.
Use this first.
We were all there.
First, oil it.
May I have these?
Part of the time I write words.
I write about many people.
There are two more days to go.
People could see the many parts.
I like many parts.
What are these?
Many of them see the other part first.
When will they find us?
I will go see her in two more days.
Write it down.
Write about the other day.
She said you can do it.
In time, we will look at them.
Go into it with all that you have.
Call him now.
You make me laugh
I know his name.
That is a good sentence.
She is an American now.
Ask her where she lives.
I will take over the work.
Ask where I could find them.
I want to learn to read.
I know the answer.
It's a good list.
I miss my family.
I like being in a new state.
I have a good idea.
It is almost time to go.
Turn around and look this way.
Soon I will see my family.
18
Rewrite in English
English phrase
Spanish phrase
My home is (was) in a different country.
After a long time I saw a new plant.
They have a white car.
It was more than four miles away.
A few children left the school.
Mother had a letter from the school.
It is just what I want.
Did you mean that?
Can you help me?
Point to the first word on the page.
I study every day.
Father read the letter.
I can tell my own story.
It is a very big tree.
I saw the light before he did.
This is a hard example.
Let her cut it now.
Young boys sometimes watch men work.
I have many books in the school.
The river water came up high.
Move over, so I can see.
I found the answer before he did.
Think a little, work a little.
Try another answer.
Hand mother the letter.
I could hear the sound of the sea.
A second later I could see it.
Sometimes we go to the mountains.
I found the answer on the page.
He likes to study about the world.
The plant began to grow.
The plant cannot grow without water.
First, we talk; second we walk.
The young girl grew up in the city.
Give the school book back to mother.
Most of us like to eat good food.
Old men still learn new things.
Every year we grow more food.
First we start, then we stop.
Between us we have four feet.
I need a picture of a different animal.
Three small boys came to my home.
Think about one very good thing.
This year we will give the most help.
In the new country we will start over.
19
Rewrite in English
Date Fecha:
_________
Monday
Lunes
Check List for Student / Lista de Control por Estudiante
Immerse for 35 minutes to 70 minutes daily
Estudiar por 35 minutos a 70 minutos diario
Read out loud in English: Conference talk or Book of Mormon for 5-20 minutes daily.
Leer en voz alta en Inglés: discursos de las conferencias o leer el Libro de Mormon por 5-20 minutos
Review DD sheet: writing and speaking each word and phrase, every day (10 minutes).
Revisión hoja DD: escribiendo y hablando cada palabra y frase, todos los días (10 minutos).
Review Grammer assignment, Prepare Spiritual thought & pray in English once a day (10 minutes)
Revisar asignación de Gramática, preparar el pensamiento espiritual y orar en Inglés una vez al día
Practice with DONES DVD for 15 minutes a day. Listening closely & practicing pronunciation
Practique con DONES DVD, 15 minutos al día. Escuchar atentamente y practicando la pronunciación
Tuesday
Martes
Read out loud in English: Conference talk or Book of Mormon for 5-20 minutes daily.
Leer en voz alta en Inglés: discursos de las conferencias o leer el Libro de Mormon por 5-20 minutos
Review DD sheet: writing and speaking each word and phrase, every day (10 minutes).
Revisión hoja DD: escribiendo y hablando cada palabra y frase, todos los días (10 minutos).
Review Grammer assignment, Prepare Spiritual thought & pray in English once a day (10 minutes)
Revisar asignación de Gramática, preparar el pensamiento espiritual y orar en Inglés una vez al día
Practice with DONES DVD for 15 minutes a day. Listening closely & practicing pronunciation
Practique con DONES DVD, 15 minutos al día. Escuchar atentamente y practicando la pronunciación
Wednesday Read out loud in English: Conference talk or Book of Mormon for 5-20 minutes daily.
Miercoles Leer en voz alta en Inglés: discursos de las conferencias o leer el Libro de Mormon por 5-20 minutos
Review DD sheet: writing and speaking each word and phrase, every day (10 minutes).
Revisión hoja DD: escribiendo y hablando cada palabra y frase, todos los días (10 minutos).
Review Grammer assignment, Prepare Spiritual thought & pray in English once a day (10 minutes)
Revisar asignación de Gramática, preparar el pensamiento espiritual y orar en Inglés una vez al día
Practice with DONES DVD for 15 minutes a day. Listening closely & practicing pronunciation
Practique con DONES DVD, 15 minutos al día. Escuchar atentamente y practicando la pronunciación
Thursday Read out loud in English: Conference talk or Book of Mormon for 5-20 minutes daily.
Leer en voz alta en Inglés: discursos de las conferencias o leer el Libro de Mormon por 5-20 minutos
Jueves
Review DD sheet: writing and speaking each word and phrase, every day (10 minutes).
Revisión hoja DD: escribiendo y hablando cada palabra y frase, todos los días (10 minutos).
Review Grammer assignment, Prepare Spiritual thought & pray in English once a day (10 minutes)
Revisar asignación de Gramática, preparar el pensamiento espiritual y orar en Inglés una vez al día
Practice with DONES DVD for 15 minutes a day. Listening closely & practicing pronunciation
Practique con DONES DVD, 15 minutos al día. Escuchar atentamente y practicando la pronunciación
Friday
Viernes
Read out loud in English: Conference talk or Book of Mormon for 5-20 minutes daily.
Leer en voz alta en Inglés: discursos de las conferencias o leer el Libro de Mormon por 5-20 minutos
Review DD sheet: writing and speaking each word and phrase, every day (10 minutes).
Revisión hoja DD: escribiendo y hablando cada palabra y frase, todos los días (10 minutos).
Review Grammer assignment, Prepare Spiritual thought & pray in English once a day (10 minutes)
Revisar asignación de Gramática, preparar el pensamiento espiritual y orar en Inglés una vez al día
Practice with DONES DVD for 15 minutes a day. Listening closely & practicing pronunciation
Practique con DONES DVD, 15 minutos al día. Escuchar atentamente y practicando la pronunciación
Saturday
Sabado
Read out loud in English: Conference talk or Book of Mormon for 5-20 minutes daily.
Leer en voz alta en Inglés: discursos de las conferencias o leer el Libro de Mormon por 5-20 minutos
Review DD sheet: writing and speaking each word and phrase, every day (10 minutes).
Revisión hoja DD: escribiendo y hablando cada palabra y frase, todos los días (10 minutos).
Review Grammer assignment, Prepare Spiritual thought & pray in English once a day (10 minutes)
Revisar asignación de Gramática, preparar el pensamiento espiritual y orar en Inglés una vez al día
Practice with DONES DVD for 15 minutes a day. Listening closely & practicing pronunciation
Practique con DONES DVD, 15 minutos al día. Escuchar atentamente y practicando la pronunciación
20
Si'
No
10 Common Challenges Spanish Speakers Have When Learning English
While English is – supposedly – an easy language to learn (maybe), every native speaker of another language
has his or her issues. Today we’re looking at the common mistakes that native Spanish speakers make when
trying to learn English. English learners, take a look – you might discover a mistake you didn’t even know you
were making. ESOL teachers, bring this list with you to class. And everybody else, read over these mistakes and
be a little understanding when your English-learning friend doesn’t get it quite right on the first try.
10 Desafíos comunes que los hispano hablantes tienen al aprender Inglés:
Aunque el Inglés es supuestamente una lengua fácil de aprender, todos los hablantes nativos de otro idioma
encuentran dificultades. Hoy en día estamos viendo los errores más comunes que los hablantes nativos de
español cometen cuando se trata de aprender Inglés.
Estudiantes de inglés, si observan podrían descubrir un error que ni siquiera sabían que estaban cometiendo.
Maestros de ESOL, lleven la lista a clase. Todos los demás lean sobre estos errores y sean comprensivos cuando
su amigo que aprende inglés no entienda del todo bien en el primer intento.
1. Similar words with different meanings: Librero (bookcase) and libreria (bookstore) are often confused with the
English library (which in Spanish is, confusingly, biblioteca.) Aprobar (to pass, as in an exam) is often confused with
approve, and familiar (having to do with one’s family) is often confused with the English familiar (something known.)
There are plenty of funny Spanish learning equivalents, too: Embarazada does not mean embarrassed. But if you say
you’re “embarazada” then you might actually become “embarrassed”, because you just said you’re pregnant!
1. Palabras similares con distinto significado: Librero (bookcase) y librería (bookstore) a menudo se confunden con la
palabra en inglés: “library” (que en español es biblioteca.). “Aprobar” (pasar en un examen) se confunde a menudo con
“approve”, y “familiar” (de familia), a menudo se confunde con la palabra en inglés “familiar”. Hay una variedad de
palabras en español que se podría pensar que son equivalentes en inglés, tales como: “Embarazada” y “embarrassed”.
“Embarazada” no significa “embarrassed” (avergonzado). Pero si dices que estás embarazada esto puede realmente
hacer que te sientas “embarrassed”, porque usted acaba de decir que está embarazada.
2. Omission of the Subject: In Spanish, the verb tenses change with the subject, so actually saying “I” or “he” or “it” isn’t
necessary. So learners sometimes forget that the subject is always necessary in English, leading to sentences like “is
always a good idea to eat spinach.” The “it,” because it doesn’t refer to anything in particular, can be easy for a learner to
forget.
2. La omisión de sujetos: En español los tiempos verbales cambian con el sujeto, lo cual hace que no sea necesario decir
"yo", "él" o “eso” en cada oración. A veces los alumnos se olvidan de que el sujeto es siempre necesario en Inglés. lo que
hace que olviden poner el sujeto “it” en frases como " is always a good idea to eat spinach."
3. Gender Confusion – Not that kind of gender confusion. While it’s more common for English speaking learners of
Spanish to confuse or forget the genders of Spanish nouns, native Spanish speakers often get confused when it comes to
words like “him”, “her”, because the Spanish pronoun “su” represents both the masculine and the feminine.
3. Confusión de Género - No ese tipo de confusión de género. Si bien es más común que los estudiantes de habla inglesa
que están aprendiendo español confundan los géneros de los nombres en español, los hablantes nativos de español que
aprenden inglés a menudo se confunden cuando se trata de palabras como “him” o “her”, porque el pronombre español
"su" representa tanto lo masculino y lo femenino.
21
4. Order of Adjectives and Nouns: In Spanish, an adjective often comes after the noun, while in English that sentence
construction would look like something “He had a dog brown.” So don’t be surprised when native Spanish speakers add the
adjective as an afterthought.
4. Orden de adjetivos y sustantivos: En Español, un adjetivo usualmente está después del sustantivo, mientras que en
Inglés se vería como: “He had a dog brown”. Así que no se sorprenda cuando los hablantes nativos de español añadan el
adjetivo al final de la oración.
5. Literal Translations: A common example occurs when learners use “I am agree” instead of “I agree” because they have
too literally translated the sentence “estoy de acuerdo” from Spanish.
5. Traducciones literales: Un ejemplo común ocurre cuando los estudiantes usan "I am agree" en lugar de "I agree", ya
que se ha traducido muy literalmente la frase "estoy de acuerdo" de español.
6. This/These: Native Spanish speakers often pronounce these two words the same so. When writing, use “this,” and leave
“these” for advanced learners.
6. This / These: Los hablantes nativos de español a menudo pronuncian estas dos palabras de la misma manera. Cuando
lo escriba utilice "this", y deje "these" para estudiantes avanzados.
7. Make/Do – In Spanish, the verb HACER means both “to make” and “to do.” This leads to sentences like “I make my
homework” instead of “I do my homework”.
7. Make / Do - En español, el verbo HACER significa tanto "to make” and “to do” y esto lleva a frases como "I make my
homework" en vez de “I do my homework".
8. Pronunciation: Sure there are accent differences, but there are also a few very common pronunciation mistakes Spanish
learners of English can make. Some tend to want to add an “e” to the beginning of words that start with “s”, making for
words like “espaces” or “eschools.” Others forget or over-pronounce the “ed” on the ends of words, or have trouble
mastering the “th” sound on words like “teeth.” (For fun, try pronouncing “teeth” without the “th” sound. You may not want to
do this out loud.)
8. Pronunciación: Seguro que hay diferencias de acento, pero también hay algunos errores de pronunciación muy
comunes que los alumnos al aprender Inglés pueden cometer. Algunos tienden a querer añadir una "e" al principio de las
palabras que comienzan con “s”, haciendo que se pronuncien palabras como “espaces” or “eschools”. Otros olvidan o
hacen énfasis en el "ed" al final de las palabras, o tienen problemas para dominar el sonido "th" en palabras como "teeth".
(Por diversión intenta pronunciar "teeth" sin el sonido "th". No debería hacer esto en voz alta.)
9. Shortened Contractions: Shortened contractions present another common pronunciation challenge. Native Spanish
speakers will often forget to finish a contraction, resulting in “don” for “don’t” or “won” for “won’t.” What might at first sound
like an accent difference will become more pronounced. Native Spanish speakers and their teachers should be on the
lookout for this one.
9. Contracciones: Las contracciones presentan otro desafío común de pronunciación. Los hablantes nativos de español a
menudo olvidarán de terminar una contracción, lo que resulta en "don" para "don’t" o "won" para "won’t". Lo que a primera
vista suena como una diferencia de acento, luego se hará más pronunciada. Los hispanohablantes y sus profesores deben
estar atentos a esto.
10. Spelling: In Spanish, words are spelled exactly how they sound. They don’t have any of this “silent letter” nonsense
found in English, nor do they have words that sound exactly the same but can be spelled three different ways. (For
example: “buy/bye/by”). This can lead to native Spanish speakers trying to simplify English spelling in creative ways.
10. Ortografía: En español, las palabras están escritas exactamente cómo suenan. Ellos no tienen ninguna de estas
"letras mudas" como en Inglés, ni tienen palabras que suenan exactamente igual, pero se pueden deletrear tres maneras
diferentes. (Por ejemplo: "buy / bye / by"). Esto puede llevar a los hispanohablantes a tratar de simplificar la ortografía en
Inglés de forma creativa.
22
Answer Key DONES Simplified Manual / Respuestas a los Dones Manual simplificado
#2 Quiz- introductions
A.
1. name
2. neighbor
3. next door
4. across
5. house
6. city
7. country
8. street
9. last name
10. neighborhood
C.
1. Where are you from?
2. How are you doing?
3. It's very nice to meet you.
4. Welcome to the neighborhood.
5. It's nice to meet you.
#3 Quiz- Saying a Prayer
A.
1. Heavenly Father
2. Holy Ghost
3. Book of Mormon
4. Bible
5. Eternal Father
6. blessings
7. Thee
8. We
9. family
10. Spirit
C.
1. Where are you from?
2. How are you doing?
3. It's very nice to meet you.
4. Welcome to the neighborhood.
5. It's nice to meet you.
#4 Quiz- Family
A.
1. daughter
2. son
3. parents
4. boy
5. girl
6. sister
7. grandparents
8. husband
9. wife
10.brother
C.
1. This is my companion.
2. I am happy to meet you.
3. Are you married?
4. Where are you from?
5. Do you have children?
B.
1. Yo soy
2. El es
3. yo vivo
4. reunir
5. vecindario/barrio
6. Mi nobre es
7. mucho gusto concerle.
8. Bienvendio al vecindario.
9. Hola, coma esta.
10. Como se llama.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
B.
Padre Celestial
decimos
agradecemos
Te pedimos
creemos
evangelio
En el nombre de Jesucristo
Sí, lo haría.
9. Te damos gracias por nuestras bendiciones.
10. Te pedimos que bendiga a nuestras familias.
B.
1. niño
2. Que tengo
3. El es
4. Ella es
5. nosotros somos
6. los niños
7. su nombre es_____,
8. Tengo dos hermanos
9. yo no tengo hijos.
10.soy soltero
23
#5 Quiz - asking for help w/ english
A.
B.
1. loud
1. hablar
2. pronunciar
2. quiet
3. entender
3. question
4. significar
4. sound
5. Hablo un poco de Inglés.
5. sentence
6. Por favor, hable más alto
6. word
7. No entiendo.
7. little
8. fast
8. Esto significa ___________.
9. slow
9. ¿Cómo se dice en Inglés ______?
10. conversation
10. Se pronunce o pronunciado________.
C.
1. Do you speak English?
2. How do you pronounce this word?
3. I speak a little English.
4. Excuse me, what did you say?
5. Please speak slower.
#6 Quiz- Studying the Scriptures
A.
B.
1. page
1. diario
2. estudio
2. verse
3. búsqueda
3. the Book of Mormon
4. escribir
4. chapter
5. reflexionar
5. scriptures
6. marker
6. Yo estudio las escrituras.
7. topic
7. Estudio las Escrituras todos los días.
8. commandments
8. Mi favorito de las Escrituras se encuentra-9. everyday
9. Escribo en mi diario.
10. ¿Estudias las Escrituras?
10.journal
C.
1. This scripture is found in ________.
2. Where are you reading right now?
3. I'm reading in the book of Luke.
4. I highlight (mark) important scriptures.
5. My favorite scripture is found in_______.
#7 Quiz- talking about your Health
A.
1. head
2. headache
3. shoulder
4. chest
5. fever
6. sore throat
7. nose
8. neck
9. back
10. sick
C.
1. I need to go home.
2. My stomach hurts.
3. I don't feel very well.
4. My throat hurts and I have a fever.
5. Do you need to see a doctor?
B.
1. estómago
2. mareado
3. Me siento
4. Tengo
5. Me duele
6. Necesito
7. Me siento mareado.
8. Tengo vértigos.
9. Me duele la garganta.
10. Me duele el estómago.
24
#8 Quiz-Talking about Shopping
A.
B.
1. bakery
1. leche
2. bread
2. carro de la compra
3. departamento de carnes
3. fruit
4. vegetables
4. Compro traducir!
5. produce
5. seguir
6. ella compra
6. groceries
7. meat
7. mostrar
8. cashier
8. Yo compro mis alimentos en
9. Me voy a comprar todas las semanas.
9. aisle
10. ¿Dónde está la leche?
10. milk
C.
1. I buy my groceries at the supermarket.
2. I buy bread in the bakery.
3. Excuse me, where is the milk?
4. I go shopping every week.
5. I buy milk and cheese in the dairy section.
B.
1. comparatir
#9 Quiz- Sharing your Beliefs
A.
2. Escrituras
3. verdadero
1. testimony
4. saber
2. Heavenly Father
3. Jesus Christ
5. respuesta
4. Savior
6. creer
7. Quiero compartir
5. prophet
8. Yo creo que Jesús es nuestro Salvador
6. church
9. Creo que las Escrituras son verdaderas
7. prayer
10. En el nombre de Jesucristo, Amén
8. forever
9. family
10. together
C.
1. I know Heavenly Father loves us.
2. I know we are children of God.
3. I know that families can be together forever.
4. Do you believe in God?
5. I know that God answers prayers.
#10 Quiz-Getting something Fixed
A.
1. on
2. off
3. payment
4. the bill
5. out of service
6. dishwasher
7. refrigerator
8. broken
9. stove
10. repairman
C.
1. The dishwasher is out of order.
2. Please come take a look.
3. How much will it cost?
4. When can you fix it?
5. Does it work now?
25
B.
1. no funciona
2. fijo
3. Necesito tu ayuda.
4. La estufa se rompe.
5. Por favor, vuelva a encenderlo.
6. Por favor, apáguelo.
7. buscar
8. fijar
9. encender / apagar
10.venir
#11 Quiz-Getting Directions
A.
1. stoplight
2. map
3. lost
4. straight
5. behind
6. left
7. north
8. far
9. right
10. block
C.
1. How do I get there?
2. Do you have a map?
3. I need directions to the church.
4. Is there a Post Office near by?
5. I need directions.
#12 Quiz- Renting an Apartment
A.
1. house
2. manager
3. for rent
4. for sale
5. lease
6. application
7. apartment
8. signature
9. security deposit
10. not interested
C.
1. How much is the rent?
2. I am looking for an apartment.
3. Do you have an application?
4. Tell me about the apartment.
5. How much is the security deposit?
B.
1. salida
2. turno
3. ir
4. para conducir
5. conseguir
6. Estoy perdido.
7. Necesito direcciones.
8. ¿Cómo llego allí?
9. Siga derecho.
10.Exit el 6 sur.
B.
2. interesado
3. renta
4. buscando
5. avanzar
6. pagar
7. Estoy buscando un apartamento.
8. Estoy buscando una casa para alquilar.
9. Necesito dos dormitorios.
10. Háblame del apartamento.
#13 Quiz- Eating at a Restaurant
A.
1. server
2. dessert
3. please
4. thank you
5. tip
6. drinks
7. glass
8. refill
9. bill
10. menu
C.
1. I need a few more minutes.
2. May I have a refill?
3. Many I have the bill?
4. Are you ready to order?
5. Have a nice evening.
B.
1. aperitivo
2. entrada
3. bebida
4. comer
5. orden
6. venir
7. Me gustaría una limonada.
8. Me gustaría tener un vaso de agua.
9. Me gustaría una hamburguesa.
10. Me gustaría tener un postre.
26
#14 Quiz- Public Transportation
A.
1. bus
2. train
3. ticket
4. time
5. downtown
6. stop
7. next
8. fare
9. leave
10. last
C.
1. Does this train go to the train station?
2. Does this bus go downtown?
3. When does the next bus leave?
4. Does this bus go to the train station?
5. Where do I get off?
#15 Quiz- Family Night
A.
1. Monday
2. night
3. family
4. scriptures
5. hymns
6. activity
7. game
8. fun
9. lesson
10. cookies
C.
1. We have a family night once a week.
2. We have fun as a family.
3. When is Family Home Evening?
4. Will you make some cookies?
5. We learn about God.
B.
1. tarifa
2. próximo
3. dejar
4. llegar
5. paseo
6. bajar de (off) / subir a (on)
7. Yo viajo en el autobús.
8. Yo viajo en el autobús al trabajo.
9. Tengo un pase de autobús.
10. Salgo de la ciudad.
B.
1. semana
2. canción
3. leer
4. cantar
5. tener
6. enseñar
7. Leemos las Escrituras.
8. Cantamos himnos.
9. Jugamos juegos.
10. Tenemos una lección.
#16 Quiz-Healthy Living
A.
B.
1. healthy
1. cuerpo
2. food
2. salud
3. comer
3. balanced diet
4. vitamins
4. bebida
5. exercise
5. ejercicio
6. gracias
6. sports
7. unhealthy
7. Comemos alimentos saludables.
8. tobacco
8. Bebemos mucha agua.
9. Ejercemos con regularidad.
9. alcohol
10. coffee
10. Comemos una dieta equilibrada.
C.
1. Alcohol and coffee are bad for our bodies.
2. Exercise is good for our bodies.
3. Healthy food is good for our bodies.
4. How do you stay healthy?
5. I eat a balanced diet and exercise regularly.
27
#17 Quiz- Setting an Appointment
A.
B.
1. last week
1. tarde
2. this week
2. temprano
3. next week
3. llegar
4. venir
4. yesterday
5. hacer
5. hoy
6. necesitar
6. tomorrow
7. Necesito una cita.
7. afternoon
8. night
8. Yo puedo venir mañana.
9. appointment
9. Yo puedo venir la semana que viene.
10. early
10. Llego 10 minutos más temprano.
C.
1. I need to make an appointment with____.
2. In need an appointment in the evening.
3. I need an appointment as soon as possible.
4. The doctor will see you tomorrow.
5. Please arrive 10 minutes early.
#18 Quiz-Emotions and Feelings
A.
B.
1. happy
1. sediento
2. upset
2. confundido
3. anxious
3. ansioso
4. sad
4. Estoy
5. tired
5. Me siento
6. me hace
6. sleepy
7. molestar
7. nervous
8. Me siento cansado hoy.
8. excited
9. Estoy un poco nervioso.
9. hungry
10. angry
10. Eso me hace enojar.
C.
1. Well, you look happy today.
2. What's going on?
3. I'm going home for the holidays.
4. Oh yes, I am very excited.
5. I am very happy.
#19 Quiz- Talking about the Weather
A.
B.
1. sunny
1. nieve
2. ventisca
2. cloudy
3. Hace calor.
3. weather
4. Hace mucho frío.
4. rainy
5. windy
5. Está lloviendo.
6. hot
6. Es un día lluvioso.
7. snow
7. Me siento
8. blizzard
8. Es (está)
9. Necesitamos
9. freezing
10. Me gusta
10. cold
C.
1. How's the weather today?
2. Is it going to rain.
3. Do you like this kind of weather?
4. It's going to be a beautiful sunny day.
5. It's going to rain tomorrow.
28
#20 Quiz- Attending Church
A.
B.
1. bishop
1. Primario
2. counselor
2. maestra visitantes
3. Necesito
3. missionaries
4. Sunday School
4. asistir
5. Relief Society
5. comienzo
6. pertenecer
6. Sacrament
7. Asisto a la iglesia cada domingo.
7. chapel
8. ward
8. La reunión sacramental comienza a las 9:
9. Necesito maestros orientadores.
9. Sacrament Meeting
10. Necesito maestra visitantes.
10. home teacher
C.
1. I am new in the ward.
2. I belong to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.
3. What is the name of this ward?
4. What time are the meetings?
5. I also need home teachers. Or I need home teachers, also.
#21 Quiz-Offering to Help
A.
B.
1. load
1. feliz
2. friend
2. hay
3. ayudar
3. neighbor
4. box
4. oferta
5. heavy
5. llámame
6. movimiento
6. light
7. Ayudo a mis amigos.
7. smile
8. this
8. Ayudo a mis vecinos.
9. Ayudo a mis vecinos se mueven.
9. that
10. ¿Le gustaría recibir ayuda?
10.here
C.
1. Call me if you need me.
2. I am always happy to help.
3. What would you like me to do?
4. Would you like some help moving?
5. No problem. I'm always happy to help.
#22 Quiz- Using the Internet
A.
1. menu
2. forward
3. website/page
4. link
5. browser
6. refresh
7. stop
8. direction
9. home page
10. search
C.
1. What do you use the internet for?
2. What are you searching for?
3. I click on the link.
4. What web site are you using?
5. I go to the home page.
B.
1. tu página de inicio
2. tipo
3. ir a
4. Búsqueda web / Internet
5. clic
6. Escribo la dirección.
7. Voy a la página web.
8. Me voy a la página de inicio.
9. Voy a mi e-mail.
10. Busco internet.
29
#23 Quiz- Sharing your Personal Information
A.
B.
. Estoy 1. feet
2. inches
2. eres
3. tall
3. él es
4. short
4. ella es
5. how many
5. Mi número de teléfono es _______.
6. young
6. Mi dirección es ________.
7. telephone
7. Mi cumpleaños es __________.
8. pounds
8. ¿Cuánto mides?
9. zip code
9. ¿Cuántos años tienes?
10. old
10.I am ______ años de edad.
C.
1. I need some personal information.
2. How old are you?
3. What is your telephone number?
4. What is your address?
5. When is your birthday?
#24 Quiz- Being Punctual
A.
B.
1. work
1. reloj
2. church
2. mediodía
3. early
3. dejar
4. late
4. llegar
5. meeting
5. final
6. appointment
6. comienzo
7. clock
7. Llegamos temprano a la iglesia.
8. time
8. Llegamos temprano para trabajar.
9. morning
9. Llegamos temprano a las reuniones.
10. night
10. Llegamos temprano a las citas.
C.
1. What time does the meeting start?
2. What time should we leave?
3. What time does church start tomorrow?
4. What time does the meeting end?
5. May I have a ride?
#25 Quiz- Strengthening the Youth
A.
B.
1. evangelio
1. children
2. good
2. útil
3. example
3. amor
4. rules
4. enseñar
5. them
5. conjunto
6. obedient
6. servir
7. youth
7. Amamos a nuestros hijos.
8. parents
8. Enseñamos a nuestros hijos.
9. manners
9. Hemos es tabl eci do un buen ej empl o.
10.modesty
10. Establecemos reglas para nuestros hijos.
C.
1. We teach our children good manners.
2. We teach our children modesty.
3. We teach our children to be obedient.
4. We set rules for our children.
5. We teach our children to serve others.
30
Términos para identificar conceptos de gramática
CONSTRUCTION OF A SENTENCE / CONSTRUCCIÓN DE UNA FRASE
English
NOUN:
español tiene que (traducir)
SUSTANTIVO : persona, lugar o cosa
Person, Place or Thing
example: King, Santa, Guatemala, car, house
Juan lives in Guatemala City.
My books & backpack are at home.
ejemplo: Rey, Santa, Guatemala, coche, casa
Juan vive en la Ciudad de Guatemala.
PRONOUN: Used instead of a NOUN
example: I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they
I live in Guatemala City.
She is a very good singer.
Pronombre: Se utiliza en lugar de un sustantivo
ejemplo: yo, tú, él, ella, ello, nosotros, vosotros, ellos
Yo vivo en la ciudad de Guatemala.
Ella es una muy buena cantante.
ARTICLES: Used to describe nouns
example: word "A", "an", "the"
The soccer team won the championship last year
Red is a color.
ARTÍCULOS : Se utiliza para describir sustantivos
ejemplo: la palabra "A", "una", "el"
El equipo de fútbol ganó el campeonato el año pasado
Rojo es un color.
VERBS:
describes an action, or occurance, or
indicates state of being
example: He talks to Carlos. She sings a song.
Alejandra visits her Grandparents at Christmas.
Juan speaks english very rapidly.
VERBOS : describe una acción, o de ocurrencia,
o indica el estado de ser
ejemplo: Él h abla con Carlos. Ella canta una canción.
Alejandra visita a sus abuelos en Navidad.
Juan habla Inglés muy rápidamente.
ADJECTIVE: an adjective is a word used to
describe the noun
example: beautiful house, tall man
ADJETIVO : un adjetivo es una palabra usada para
describir el sustantivo
ejemplo: hermosa casa, hombre alto
Moroni is an awesome (powerful, influential) prophet.
Moroni es un (poderoso influyente) profeta impresionante.
ADVERBS: an adverb is a word which modifies the
meaning of a verb, adjective, or another adverb
example: He runs fast, they fought bravely
ADVERBIOS : un adverbio es una palabra que se modifica la
Mis libros y mochila estan en casa.
significado de un verbo, adjetivo o de otro adverbio
ejemplo: Corre rápido, lucharon valientemente
Los futbolistas jugaron duro para ganar el campeonato.
The soccer players played hard to win the championship.
31
Basic conversational phrases for survival / Frases básicas en las conversacionales
Good morning.
Pronunciacion Pronunciation
guhd moorning
Pronunciacion Pronunciation
booEHN-os DEE-as
Buenos días.
Good afternoon.
guhd afternun
booEHN-as TAR-dehs
Buenas tardes.
Good evening. (greeting)
Guhd iveneeng
booEHN-as NO-chehs
Buenas noches.
Hello, my name is John .
Jeloo, mai neim is Yon.
OH-la meh YA-mo Wahn
Hola, me llamo Juan .
What is your name?
Wuat is llor neim?
KOH-moh seh YA-mah oos-TEHD
¿Cómo se llama usted?
How are you?
Jau ar llu?
KOH-moh ehs-TA oos-TEHD ¿Cómo está usted?
I am fine.
Ai am fain.
ehs-TOY bee-EHN
Estoy bien.
Nice to meet you.
Nais tu mit llu.
MOO-choh GOOS-toh
Mucho gusto.
Goodbye.
Gud bay.
ah-dee-OHS
Adiós.
See you later.
Sii yu leiter.
AHS-ta looEH-go
Hasta luego.
I am lost. Where is the restroom ?
Ai am lost. Wuer is de restrum? ehs-TA el BAH-neeo
ehs-TOY pehr-DEE-doh. DOHN-deh
Estoy perdido. ¿Dónde está el
baño ?
Excuse me.
Ex qius me.
Please.
Thank you.
I'm sorry.
Bless you.
Plis.
Thenk yu.
Ai am sorri.
Bles llu.
You are welcome (it was nothing).
Yu ar wuelcom (it wuas noting). deh NA-da
De nada.
How much does it cost?
Jau moch dos it cost?
kooAN-to KWEHS-ta
¿Cuánto cuesta?
How many are there?
Jau meni ar der?
kooAN-tohs eye
¿Cuántos hay?
There are many .
Der ar meni.
eye MOO-chohs
Hay muchos.
Do you want to buy this?
Do yu want tu bai dis?
kee-EHR-eh kohm-PRAR-loh oosTEHD
¿Quiere comprarlo usted?
What time is it?
Wuat taim is it?
keh OR-ah ehs
¿Qué hora es?
Ingles - English
kohn pehr-MEE-soh OR
pehr-DOH-nah-meh
pohr fah-VOR
gra-SEE-ahs
low see-EHN-to
sah-LOOD
How do you say maybe in
KOH-mo seh DEE-seh maybe
Jau du yu sei mei bi in spanish?
Spanish?
ehn ehs-pahn-YOL
Espanol - Spanish
Con permiso. OR Perdóname
Por favor.
Gracías.
Lo siento.
Salud.
¿Cómo se dice maybe en
Español?
Yes.
No.
Lles.
Nou.
see
no
Sí.
I do not understand.
Ai du not anderstend.
yoh no kom-PREN-doh
Yo no comprendo.
pohr fah-VOR, AH-blah mahs
dehs-PAHS-ee-oh
Por favor, habla mas despacio.
Would you speak slower,
Wud llu spik slowuer, plis.
please.
No.
Who?
Ju?
kee-EHN
¿Quièn?
Why?
Wai?
pohr keh
¿Por què?
32
150 interesting words to learn (150 palabras interesantes para aprender)
Places (Lugares ) ( 29 words - palabras)
airport - el aeropuerto
pastry shop - panaderia
bakery - la panadería
park - el parque
bank - el banco
pharmacy - la farmácia
beach - la playa
police station - la estación de la
policía
cafe - el café
post office - los correos
church - la iglesia
pool - la piscina
factory - la fábrica
restaurant - el restaurante
garden - el jardín
school - la escuela
School (Escuela ) (38 words - palabras)
Accounting - Contabilidad
book - el libro
Algebra - Álgebra
college - el colegio
Art - Arte
computer - la computadora
Biology - Biología
dictionary - el diccionário
grocery store - almacén
stadium - el estadio
Business - Negocio
Calculus - Cálculo
Chemistry - Química
Computer Science Informática
Dance - Danza
home - el hogar
hospital - el hospital
store - tienda
train station - la estación del
tren
town hall - pasillo de ciudad
Economics -Economía
Foreign Languages Idiomas Extranjeros
Geography - Geografía
student - estudiante
teacher - maestro/maestra
bookstore - librería
zoo - parque zoológico
Geometry - Geometría
History - Historia
Math - Matemáticas
Music - Música
Physical Education Educación F ísica
Physics - Física
university - la universidad
to read - leer
to study - estudiar
to learn - aprender
to teach - enseñar
Political Science - Ciencia
to draw - dibujar
library - la biblioteca
market - el mercado
movie theater - el cine
museum - el museo
Business (Negocio ) ( 23 words - palabras)
office - la officina
city - la ciudad
the rent - la renta
tax - el impuesto
the cost - la cuesta
price - el précio
bill - la cuenta
estimate - la estimación
currency exchange el intercambio de modernidad
customs - las aduanas
entrance - la entrada
exit - el salida
information - la información
to pay - pagar
to buy - comprar
to sell - vender
to cost - a costos
check - el cheque
travelers check - el cheque de to rent - alquiler
viajar
passport - el pasaporte
to deposit -depositar
luggage/baggage - el equipaje
paper - el papel
pencil - el lapiz
pen - el lapicero
professor - profesor/a
school - escuela
test/quiz/exam - el examen
to write - escribir
Transportation (Transporte ) ( 22 words - palabras)
by airplane - en avión
engine - motor
by bicycle - en bicicleta
wheel, tire - llanta
by boat - en barco
map - mapa
by bus -en bus
directions - los direcciones
by car - en automovíl
on foot - a pie
to accelerate - acelerar
to break - frenar
public transport/transporte pub to stop - parar
by motorcycle - en
to go - ir
motocicleta
by subway - en subterráneo turn left - dar vuelta a la izquierda
House and Furniture (Casa y Muebles ) ( 32 words palabras)
house - la casa
table - la mesa
apartment - el apartamento
chair - la silla
by taxi - en taxi
turn right - dar vuelta a la derecha
by train - en tren
go straight - ir derecho
room - el cuarto
living room - la sala
kitchen - la cocina
dining room - cuarto de cenar
couch - sofá
desk - escritorio
window - la ventana
door - el puerto
Feelings (Sentimientos) ( 6 words - palabras)
happy - feliz
angry - enojado
sad - triste
hopeful - esperanza, optimista
friendship - amistad
energized - energizado
hallway - vestíbulo
stairs - escaleras
bathroom - el baño
bathtub - bañera
shower -ducha
sink - lava manos
roof - azotea
closet - armario
light - la luz
garbage - la basura
wall - la pared
bed - cama
blanket - manta
television - televisión
radio - el rádio
refrigerator - la refrijedora
stove - estufa
oven - el horno
dishwasher - lavaplatos
microwave - microonda
33
Index for Grammar Exercise
Índice: Ejercicio para la Gramática
Pagina
31
32 - 33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
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Objetivo de este estudio Gramática (Subject of this Grammar study)
Simple Grammar Terms / Términos para identificar conceptos de gramática
Basic conversational phrases / Frases básicas de conversación (fonética) + palabras adicionales
Index sheet for Grammar exercises / Hoja de Indice por Gramatica
Singular Noun Explanation / Sustantivos singulares
Singular Noun Worksheet / Sustantivos singulares (hoja de practica)
Pronoun explanation / Pronombres
Pronoun worksheet / Pronombres (hoja de practica)
Plural nouns / Sustantivos plurales
Plural nouns worksheet / Sustantivos plurales (hoja de practica)
Proper & common nouns / Sustantivos propios y comunes
Contractions & abreviations / Las contracciones y abreviaturas
Contractions & abreviations practice sheet/ Las contracciones y abreviaturas
Possesive nouns (1) / los sustantivos posesivos (1)
Possesive nouns (2) / los sustantivos posesivos (2)
Possesive pronouns (1) / Pronombres posesivos (1)
Possesive pronouns (2) / Pronombres posesivos (2)
Possesive pronouns practica / Pronombres posesivos (hoja de practica)
Linking Verbs / Vinculación de los verbos
Linking Verbs & Action Verbs / Vinculación de los verbos y verbos de accion
Future tense verbs / Verbos futuros
Verb tenses (past, present, future) / Tiempos de verbo (pasado, presente, futuro)
Adverbs & Adjectives / Adverbios y Adjectivos
Difference in Have & Has (1) / Diferencia en tenemos y tiene (1)
Difference in Have & Has (2) / Diferencia en tenemos y tiene (2)
Articles / Artículos
Words of Frequency / Palabras de Frecuencia
Prepositions / Preposiciones
Answer sheet for Grammar Exercises/Hoja de respuestas para los ejercicios de gramática
Answer sheet for Grammar Exercises/Hoja de respuestas para los ejercicios de gramática
Answer sheet for Grammar Exercises/Hoja de respuestas para los ejercicios de gramática
Answer sheet for Grammar Exercises/Hoja de respuestas para los ejercicios de gramática
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#1-2 a SINGULAR NOUNS explanation
Sustantivos en singular explicación # 1-2
A NOUN is a word for a person, place or thing
Un sustantivo es una palabra de una persona, lugar o cosa Examples: My name is John.
I live in El Paso, Texas.
I am a student at Rodriguez High School.
PERSON
PLACE
girl - chica
home - casa
boy - niño
school - escuela
mother - madre
zoo
son - hijo
park - parque
aunt - tía
zoo- zoológico
Maria
San Carlos
Mrs. Tom
Utah
Uncle Joe- Tío Joe
restaurant- restaurante
THING
ball - bola
car - coche
pencil - lápiz
bus - autobús
book - libro
computer
backpack - mochila
pen - pluma
Examples:
Maria lives in Guatemala.
Maria vive en Guatemala.
The boy and his aunt are from New York City. El niño y su tía son de la ciudad de Nueva York.
El niño y su madre están en el zoológico.
The girl and her mother are at the zoo.
Diego and Paulo sat in the car. Diego y Paulo se sentaron en el coche.
Uncle Jorge is from El Salvador. El Tío Jorge es de El Salvador.
Mrs. Gomez is a teacher at San Carlos University.
La señora Gómez es profesor en la Universidad de San Carlos.
Besides naming a person, place or thing a noun can also
name a FEELING or QUALITY
Además de nombrar a una persona, lugar o cosa, un sustantivo puede también
nombrar un SENTIMIENTO o CUALIDAD
Feeling
fun
love
fear
hope
s enti mi emto
diversión
a mor
mi edo
es pera nza
Quality
courage
humility
kindness
honest
ca l i da d
cora je
humi l da d
a ma bi l i da d
hones ti da d
Examples:
Mis padres tienen esperanza en nosotros.
My parents have hope for us.
No debemos vivir con miedo.
We should not live in fear.
La ira puede causar problemas.
Anger can cause problems.
We have a lot of fun in Mrs. Smith's class. Tenemos mucha diversión en la clase de la Señora Sm
La honestidad es importante en una familia.
Honesty is important in a family.
Hay mucho amor en mi familia.
There is a lot of love in my family.
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#1-2 b singular noun worksheet
Singular Nouns/ tell about a single person, place or thing
Un sustantivo es el nombre de un lugar o cosa persona
Read the words in the box and then write them under the correct category.
Leer las palabras del recuadro y luego escríbelas en la categoría correcta.
desk
shopping mall
(mesa)
(centro comercial )
plate
Mexico
Pablo
Guatemala
(gato)
David
pen
book
(lapiz)
(libro)
school
mother
girl
(escuela)
(madre)
(nina)
Maria
home
gym
(casa)
(gimnasio)
aunt
computer
fork
(tia)
(computación)
(tenedor)
U.S.A.
Uncle Jorge
motorbike
(placa )
football
California
( futbol)
Luis
father
zoo
zoológico
Diego
(padre )
phone
park
(celular)
(parque)
person
cat
(Tio Jorge )
place
(moto)
thing
______________________
______________________
______________________
______________________
______________________
______________________
______________________
______________________
______________________
______________________
______________________
______________________
______________________
______________________
______________________
______________________
______________________
______________________
______________________
______________________
______________________
______________________
______________________
______________________
______________________
______________________
______________________
______________________
______________________
______________________
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PRONOUN 2-1a
PRONOMBRES
Subject Pronouns / Pronombres personales
RULES:
Pronouns take the place of a noun.
REGLAS: Los pronombres toman el lugar de un sustantivo.
Subject Pronoun:
A pronoun acting as the subject of a sentence. It describes
who or what the sentence is about.
Pronombre Personal:
Un pronomb re que actúa como el sujeto de una oración. En él se describe de quién o de qué trata la oración. I
she
her
it
us
you
We will begin with the simple pronouns:
I
You
we
you(all)
EXAMPLES
yo
me
ella
he
ella
him
él
we
nosotros
they
tú
them
he
she
yo
él
él
nosotros
ellos
ellos
it
they
You are Anna and Axel
I am Elli
You are Daniel
She is Anna
They are Daniel, Anna and Axel
He is Axel
We are Elli and Daniel
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It is a cat.
#2 -1b Pronouns- personal/subject
Pronombres personales
funcion de sujueto
yo
I am ill.
You
tú / usted
You are tall.
He
él
He is handsome.
She
ella
She is pretty.
eso (neutro)
It is a dog .
We
nosotros
We are tired.
Nosotros estamos cansados.
You
ustedes
You are angry.
Ustedes están enfadados.
I
It
Yo estoy enfermo
Usted es alto.
Él es guapo.
Ella es bonita.
Eso es un perro.
They are at the cinema.
They
ellos, ellas
Ellos están en el cine.
Complete using the correct personal pronoun.
Completar con el pronombre personal correcto. 1. My name is Anna. ____ am the youngest in the family.
2.
3.
4.
5.
This is my father. _____ is a lawyer.
This is my mother. ______ is a teacher.
My family and _______ live in a big city.
This is Miss Lee, ________ is a teacher.
6. Ellie and Sue are at the park. _________ are playing.
7. Children, _________ are making too much noise.
8. I have a dog. ________ is called Lucky.
9. What are _________ doing, Eva?
10. ___________ is a fish named Dora.
11. _________ am angry with Diego.
12. __________ are my good friends.
13. __________ am playing chess with my friends.
14. What is the matter with __________.
15. ________ would like to speak to you.
she, they,you, him, it,
they, you , her
John and Jill are at the cinema. I are watching a movie. ____________________________________
Anna is not good at math but he never copies others work. ___________________________________
I like my teachers. We teach me a lot. __________________________________________________
I like to learn and so do we. ____________________________________________________________________
Mrs. Smith is strict. I don't like you. _____________________________________________________
The dog runs in the park, they likes to exercise. __________________________________________________
We like to eat lunch together. I share with me. ___________________________________________________
Correct the sentences using the proper pronouns and then rewrite
Corregir las frases utilizando los pronombres adecuados y luego escribirla correctamente 1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
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# 3-1a PLURAL NOUNS
A PLURAL NOUN IS A WORD NAMING MORE THAN ONE PERSON PLACE OR THING.
Un sustantivo plural es una palabra que nombra MÁS DE UN LUGAR PERSONA O COSA.
For many nouns you can change singular to plural just by adding a "s" to the end of word
La mayoría de sustantivos plurales en inglés se forman añadiendo una "s" al final de la palabra.
SINGULAR
Examples:
PLURAL
book
books
dog
dogs
brother
brothers
uncle
uncles
pencil
pencils
aunt
aunts
car
cars
sister
sisters
cousin
cousins
teachers
teacher
cat
cats
The pencil is on the desk.
(singular noun)
The pencils are all over the floor.
(plural noun)
My sister is in the fifth grade.
(singular noun)
My sisters are older than me.
(plural noun)
Our car is in the garage.
(singular noun)
Our cars are in the parking lot.
(plural noun)
MORE PLURAL NOUNS
Singular noun ending in:
ch, sh, ss, x, zz
y
ends in f or fe
SINGULAR
glass
box
dish
bench
Examples:
The glass is on the table.
The glasses are on the table.
The girls sit on the bench.
The girls sit on the benches.
Write the plural of each noun
Make plural by:
add -es
drop the y, add - es
drop the f, add - ves
PLURAL
glasses
boxes
dishes
benches
(singular noun)
(plural noun)
(singular noun)
(plural noun)
Escribir el plural de cada sustantivo
lady
baby
party
story
city
__________________
__________________
__________________
__________________
__________________
class
dress
half
fox
calf
__________________
__________________
__________________
__________________
__________________
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library
country
grocery
branch
life
_________________
_________________
_________________
_________________
_________________
#3-1b Worksheet -plural nouns
"Families"
Instructions: Write the plural noun of the underlined singular noun in the 1st sentence
on the line at the end of the 2nd sentence.
Instrucciones: Escribe el sustantivo plural de la palabra subrayada en la línea al final de la oración.
Examples:
Erica has one aunt. I have four aunts.
Jose has one cousin. I have three cousins.
1. Sylvia has one brother. Hugo has two ___________. ( Syl vi a ti ene un herma no. Hugo ti ene dos ______.)
2. Jose has one cousin. I have two _______________. (Jos é ti ene un pri mo. Tengo dos _____.)
3. John has one sister. Maria has three ____________. (Jua n ti ene una herma na . Ma ri a ti ene tres _______.)
4. Paulo has one aunt. Mateo has two _____________. ( Pa ul o ti ene una tía . Ma teo ti ene dos ____.)
5. I have one uncle. You have no ___________ . (Tengo un tío. Tú no ti enes ________.)
Now it is your turn to write about your family! Write the number of relatives you have in
each sentence and then select the correct singular noun or plural noun in the ( parenteses)
and write it on the line.
¡Ahora es tu turno para escribir sobre tu familia! Escribe en cada oración el número de familiares
que tienes, luego selecciona el sustantivo singular o plural correcto (paréntesis)
y escríbelo en la línea.
example:
I have _____________________________(brother, brothers)
I have three brothers.
I have ________________ ____________ (aunt, aunts)
Erica has four aunts.
1. I have _____________________________________(brother, brothers)
2. I have _____________________________________(sister, sisters)
3. I have _____________________________________(cousin, cousins)
Answer using the correct singular or plural noun.(See "more plurals" on PLURAL NOUN #1)
Respone usando el sustantivo correcto en singular o plural (Ver "más sustantivos plurales" en PLURAL NOUN#1)
singular
1. box
2.____________________
3. class
4. dish
5._________________
6. bush
7. __________________
8. mess
9. __________________
plural
__________________
sandwiches
_________________
_________________
foxes
__________________
churches
__________________
benches
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# 3-2 Proper and Common Nouns
explanation and worksheet
Nombres propios y comunes explicación y hoja de cálculo
Proper Nouns
A noun naming a particular person, place or thing is called a proper noun. A proper noun
must begin with a capital letter.
Un sustantivo que nombra una persona, lugar o cosa específica se llama sustantivo propio.
Un nombre propio debe comenzar con letra mayúscula.
PERSON
Sylvia
Mrs. Garcia
Manuel
Columbus
PLACE
THING
Guatemala
Monday
United States
August
San Juan School
New Year's Eve
Disneyworld
Christmas
Remember to CAPITALIZE all proper nouns!
¡Recuerde las MAYÚSCULAS en los nombres propios! In english all months and days begin with CAPITALS.
En inglés todos los meses y días comienzan con MAYÚSCULAS
Common Nouns
A noun not naming a particular person, place or thing is called a common noun. A common
noun does not begin with a capital letter.
Un sustantivo que no nombra a una persona, lugar o cosa en particular se llama sustantivo común
Un sustantivo común no comienza con una letra mayúscula.
The NOUNS written in bold below are common noun.
Los sustantivos escritos en negrita a continuación son sustantivos comunes. 1. Sylvia lives in an apartment.
2. Josuah is my brother.
3. My father likes to work on cars.
In the sentences below underline the common nouns and double underline the proper nouns.
En las siguientes oraciones subraya una vez los sustantivos comunes y subraya dos veces los nombres p
ex. My uncle's name is Jorge. (El nombre de mi tío es Jorge.)
1.
2.
3.
4.
My mother's name is Erika. (El nombre de mi madre es Erika.)
Our family lives in Texas. (Nuestra familia vive en Texas.)
My father is from El Salvador. (Mi padre es de El Salvador.)
My mother was born in Panamá. (Mi madre nació en Panamá.)
5. Our fa vori te month i s December beca us e we l i ke Chri s tma s . ( Nues tro mes fa vori to es
6. Jose throws the ball at Erick. (José lanza la pelota a Erick.)
7. Mother gave Anna a new book. (Mamá dio a Anna un nuevo libro.)
8. Peter's sister will bake a cake. (La hermana de Peter horneará un pastel.)
9. The cat's name is Tiger. (El nombre del gato es Tiger.)
di ci embre porque nos gus ta
10. The teacher called on Gabriella to answer the question. (El profesor pidió a Gabriella que respondiera la pregun
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#5-2a Possessive Pronouns
Some pronouns can take the place of possessive nouns, which are nouns showing ownership
We call this pronoun a possessive pronoun. Possessive pronouns can be singular or plural.
Algunos pronombres pueden tomar el lugar de los sustantivos posesivos, que son los sustantivos que muestran la propiedad. Llamamos a este pronombre pronombre posesivo. Pronombres posesivos pueden ser singular o plural
Example: Juan's mother walked them across the busy street.
His mother walked them across the busy street.
My students are noisy.
Singular
Plural
my
mine
A doctor visited your class.
His name was Dr. Gomez.
her
hers
his
his
Our city has many doctors and dentists.
its
its
We owe them much respect.
your
yours
their
theirs
our
ours
Unde rl i ne the corre ct pronoun a nd re wri te the s e nte nce .
Example: Dr. Gomez talked to (my, me) class.
Answer: Dr. Gomez talked to my class.
1. ( My, Me ) fa mi l y l i ve s on a s tre e t whe re a l ot of ca rs d(Mi familia v iv e en una calle donde hay un montón de coches)
_________________________________________________________________________________
2. Sometimes George drives us in ( his, him ) car.
( A veces George nos conduce en su coche.) _________________________________________________________________________________
3. (We, Our) parents walk in the park every day. (Our pa re nts wa l k i n the pa rk e ve ry da y.)
_________________________________________________________________________________
4. My dad says (us, our) safety is important to him and (me, my) mom.
4. Mi papá dice que nuestra seguridad es importante para él y mi madre.
_________________________________________________________________________________
5. (Your, You) family is important.
(Su fam ilia es im portante.)
_________________________________________________________________________________
6. The teacher called (he, him, his) class to order. ( El maestro llamó a su clase a la orden.)
_________________________________________________________________________________
7. The students all sat quietly at (his, their, her) desks.
Todos los estudiantes se sentaron en silencio en sus escritorios
_________________________________________________________________________________
8. Julie raised (its, her, his) hand.
(Julie levantó la m ano.)
_________________________________________________________________________________
9. The teacher said he had finished grading (his, her, their) tests.
(El profesor dijo que había terminado de calificar sus ex ámene)
_________________________________________________________________________________
10. The teacher asked if (it, y ou they ) would like to see their test.
El profesor les preguntó si les gustaría ver sus pruebas.
_________________________________________________________________________________
11. The teacher gave Bonnie ( she, her our) test. El profesor dio Bonnie su prueba .
_________________________________________________________________________________
12. (She, Her, It,) smiled. Ella sonrio.
_________________________________________________________________________________
13. Finally Bonnie couldn't stop (himself, herself, itself), (it, you, she) shouted, "Hooray!"
Finalment ella misma no podia dejar de Bonnie, grito,viva!
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"have" and "has" page 2
Study the charts on the previous page and fill in the blanks below, using "have" or "has" or "had".
Estudiar las tablas de la página anterior y rellenar los espacios en blanco, usando (have, has, had)"haber" o "tiene"
Remember!
" had"is the past tense of "have" and "has¡Recuerde! (had) "Habían" es el tiempo pasado de "have" o "has"
1. We ____________ a son and daughter.
2. I ____________ a book.
3. I ___________ a good teacher.
4. She _________ a horse.
5. The girls _________ a test last week.
6. You _________ a great smile.
7. It __________ a dog house.
8. Jorge ___________ one brother.
9. Carlos and Dora ___________ a table.
10. Juan and I ____________ have a dog.
11. She ________ a lot of homework.
12. They _______ eaten all the food.
13. We _______ a busy day yesterday.
14. It _________ stopped raining.
15. Elvis Presley _________ many hit records in the 50's.
.
Words with opposite meanings , some will be used in exercise.
Las palabras de significado opuesto, algunos serán utilizados en el ejercicio
straight hair
curly hair
cat
dog
near
far
pelo recto
pelo rizado
gato
perro
cerca
lejos
big
blue eyes
brown eyes
old
new
little
ojos azules
ojos marrones
vieja
nueva
poco
grande
short
tall
rich
poor
hot
cold
baja
alto
ricos
pobres
caliente
frio
nice
mean
happy
sad
sit
stand
agradable
justo
feliz
triste
sentarse
levantarse
These are good words to memorize ! Write the answer to the question using the opposite word.
Estas son buenas palabras para memorizar! Escriba la respuesta utilizando la palabra opuesta.
example: 1. Does Ann have blue eyes?
1. No, she has brown eyes.
2. Do Mr. and Mrs. Gomez have a new car?
_____________________________________________
3. Does John have a cat?
_____________________________________________
4. Who has curly hair?
_____________________________________________
5. Do your parents have a big house?
_____________________________________________
Contractions
has not = hasn't
have not = haven't
had not = hadn't
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#7-2b Articles
The articles "a", "an", and " the" are special adjectives called articles.
1. The article " a" is used before words beginning with a consonant.
. El artículo "a" se utiliza antes de las palabras que comienzan con una consonante
a planet
a moon
a telescope
2. The article " an " is used before words beginning with a vowel.
El artículo" an" utiliza antes de las palabras que empiezan con una vocal.
an astronomer
an orbit
3. The article " the" can be used before any word.
El articulo" the" se puede utilizar antes de cualquier palabra (sustantivo).
the planet
REMEMBER:
the moon
the orbit
letters that are not vowels are consonants.
Underline the correct article or articles ( "a", " an ", or " the ") in each sentence below.
Write the sentence using the proper article.
Subrayar el artículo o los artículos correctos ('a' un, 'an' una, o 'the' este) en las siguientes oraciones.
Escribe la oración con el artículo correcto.
(A, An) planet is diffferent from (a,an) star.
(The, A) sun is the only star in our solar system.
Example:
1. ( A, An) star is a ball of burning gas.
_____________________________________________
2. (The, An) gas is burning and is very hot
_____________________________________________
3. Earth gets its light and heat from (an, the) sun.
_____________________________________________
4. (An, A) orbit around (an, the) sun takes 1 year.
_____________________________________________
5. All ( the, an) planets in our solar system orbit our sun.
_____________________________________________
6. Venus is nearly the same size as (the, a) earth.
____________________________________________
7.(An, The) sky is full of stars.
____________________________________________
_8. One planet's trip around the sun is call (the, an ) orbit.
_____________________________________________
9. (An, the) elephant would weigh less on the moon than on earth.
_____________________________________________
10. Earth is orbited by (a, an) moon.
_____________________________________________
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Answer Key for Grammar ( Simplified Version)
Person
Pablo
David
girl
mother
Luis
father
Maria
Uncle Jorge
Diego
aunt
1. I
2. He
3. She
4. I
5. she
6. they
7. you
8. It
9. you
10. It
ladies
babies
parties
stories
cities
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
#1-2b Singular Nouns
Place
Thing
shopping mall
desk
Guatemala
cat
Mexico
plate
school
pen
California
book
zoo
football
home
phone
gym
fork
U.S.A.
motorbike
park
computer
Theme #2-1b Pronouns and" To Be"
11. I
12. You,
he, she 1. They are watching a movie
13. I
2. Anna is not good at math, but she never copies.
14. you, 3. I like my teachers. They teach me a lot.
her, him 4. I like to learn and so do they.
15. I
5. Mrs. Smith is strict. I don't like her.
he, she 6. The dog runs in the park, it likes to exercis.
7. We like to eat lunch togethe. You share with me.(he, she)
Theme # 3-1a Plural Nouns
classes
dresses
halves
foxes
calves
Theme # 3-1b Plural noun "families
libraries
countries
groceries
branches
lives
families
brothers
cousins
sisters
aunts
uncles
singular& plural nouns
boxes
bushes
sandwich
church
classes
messes
dishes
bench
foxes
Theme #3-2 Proper and common nouns
1. My mother's name is Erika.
2. Our family lives in Texas.
3. My father is from El Salvadore.
4. My mother was born in Panama.
5. Our favorite month is December because we like Christmas.
6. Jose throws the ball at Erick.
7. Mother gave Anna a new book.
8. Peter's sister will bake a cake.
9. The cat's name is Tiger.
10. The teacher called on Gabriella to answer the question.
Theme 4 Contractions and Abbreviations pg 1 and 2
Give the answer using both regular and contracted words.
2. I am in the garden. ( I'm in the garden.)
3. It is in the zoo. ( It's in the zoo.)
4. They are in a restaurant. ( They're in a restaurant)
5. We are in the park. (We're in the park.)
6. He is in the store. ( He's in the store.)
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Cont..#6-1a Linking Verbs
8.
Today you ______ going to eat candy. (were, was)
9.
He ________ going to eat strawberries. (is, are)
10. They __________ going to the market for fruit. (were, was)
Underline the action verb (A) or the linking verb (L) in each of the sentences below.
Write on the line following the sentence the kind of verb you underlined.
4 We are going to the park. L
1. Marie plays soccer. A
5 We walk in the park. A
2. She is a good soccer player. L
3. I kick the ball. A
Past Tense Verbs
5. Maria smiled at my little sister.
1. Ugo and I played basketball yesterday.
2. I played outside for 5 minutes yesterday.
6. I walked to school last week.
7. I looked at the books in the window.
3. Ellie skipped to her apartment.
8. She laughed at my story.
4. I jumped into a swimming pool last Saturday.
Underline the future tense verb in each of the sentences.
#6-2b Future tense verbs
6. I will try to get a good night's sleep.
1. Good health will help you enjoy life.
7. I will walk instead of driving.
2. I shall walk every day.
8. I shall walk my dog every day.
3. I will play tennis.
4. I shall eat fruits and vegetables.
9. I will go to the doctors.
10. I will laugh at myself.
5. I will avoid sweet food.
Underline the correct answer.
Subraye la respuesta correcta
1. I ( will visit , visited) my doctor next September. ( future tense)
2. My doctor (examined , examines) my hearing . ( past tense)
3. A doctor's examination ( helps , helped) prevent health problems. ( Present tense)
4. Next year I ( will read , read) an eye chart to check my eyesight. ( Future tense)
#7-1a Verb Tenses: present, continuous, past and future
1 a. I bake good
2 b. I am baking good
bread.
bread.
2 b. We are eating
2 a. We eat sticky
rice.
sticky rice.
3 b. You on are sitting
3 a. You sit on
your chair.
your chair.
4 a. They give food to 4 b. They are giving
their dogs.
food to the dogs.
5 b. He is playing
5 a. He plays a
guitar.
a guitar.
6 b. She is driving
6 a. She drives a
car.
a car
7 b. It is making
7 a. It makes a
lot of noise.
a lot of noise.
8 b. I am running
8 a. I run
marathon races.
marathon races.
9 b. They are drinking
9 a. They drink
coconut milk.
coconut milk.
10 b. You are obeying
10 a. You obey
the laws.
the laws.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
We have a son and daughter.
I have or had a book.
I have a good teacher.
She has a horse named Molly.
The girls had a test last week.
You have a great smile.
It has a dog house in the yard.
1 d. I will bake
1 c. I baked good
bread.
good bread.
2 d. We will eat
2 c. We ate sticky
rice.
sticky rice.
3 d. You will sit
3 c. You sat on
your chair.
on your chair.
5 d. The will give
4 c. They gave food
to the dogs.
food to the dogs.
5 d. He will play
5 c. He played a
guitar.
a guitar.
6 d. She will drive
6 c. She drove
a car
a car.
7 d. It will make
7 c. It made a
lot of noise.
a lot of noise.
8 d. I will run
8 c. I ran
marathon races.
marathon races.
9 d. They will drink
9 c. They drank
coconut milk.
coconut milk.
10 d. You will obey
10 c. You obeyed
the laws.
# 7-2 a "have" and "has"
8. Jorge has one brother.
9. Carlos and Dora have a table.
10. Juan and I have a dog.
11. She has a lot of homework today.
12. They have eaten all the food.
13. We had a busy day yesterday.
14. It has stopped raining.
15. Elvis Presley had many hit records in the 50's.
61
62
Enhancing your vocabulary skills
sample words
sample words
Equivalentes:
English
Spanish
ary
ario
ic
ico
ent
ente
ly
mente
ance
ancia
ant
ante
Equivalentes:
English Ex.
beneficiary
Epic
Patient
wisely
Abundance
Important
Spanish Example
Abandon
on
Abandonar
onar
conflict
flict
conflicto
flicto
Abdomen
men
Abdomen
men
constant
tant
constante
tante
abort
rt
abotar
tar
construction tion
construcción ción
absolute
te
absoluto
to
control
trol
control
trol
absorb
orb
absober
ober
constant
tant
constante
tante
abstract
act
abstracto
acto
correspondence
dence
correspondencia
dencia
balance
lance
balanza
lanza
creation
ation
creación
ación
bank
ank
banco
anco
credit
dit
credito
dito
bicycle
cycle
bicicleta
cicleta
crystal
stal
cristal
stal
biography
graphy
biografia
grafía
culture
ture
cultura
tura
block
lock
bloque
loque
debate
bate
debate
bate
brutal
tal
brutal
tal
decide
cide
decidir
cidir
calcium
cium
calcio
cio
deliberate
rate
deliberar
rar
calculate
late
calcular
lar
delicate
cate
delicado
cado
calendar
ar
calendario
ario
democracy
cracy
democracia
cracia
calm
lm
calma
lma
department
ment
departmento
mento
cancel
cel
cancelar
celar
dependent
dent
dependiente
diente
English
Spanish English Ex.
Ejemplo Esp.
ty
dad
Opportunity Oportunidad
ical
ico
Logical
Lógico
ment
mento
Moment
Momento
ence
encia
Presence
Precencia
ous
oso
Dangerous
Peligroso
y
ia or io
Dormitory
Dormitorio
El estudiante debe marcar las diferentes terminaciones de las palabras: The student should mark the different word endings:
English
Spanish
English
Spanish
beneficiario
Épico
Paciente
Inteligentemen
Abundancia
Importante
63
English
Spanish
Spanish
English
candle
del
candela
dela
describe
cribe
describir
cribir
capital
tal
capital
tal
description
cription
descripcion
cripción
captain
ain
capitán
án
destruction
uction
destrucción
ucción
carpenter
ter
carpintero
tero
determine
mine
determinar
minar
category
gory
catgegoria
goría
dictionary
nary
diccionario
nario
chance
ance
chance
ance
direction
ion
dirección
on
character
acter
caracter
acter
director
tor
director
tor
characteristic
ristic
característico
rístico
division
sion
división
sión
chocolate
late
chocolate
late
divorce
orce
divorcio
orcio
circulation
lation
circulacion
lacion
dormitory
tory
dormitorio
torio
circumstance ancia
circunstancia ancia
dragon
gon
dragon
gon
clinic
nic
clinica
nica
drama
ama
drama
ama
collaborate
orate
colaborar
orar
dual
ual
dual
ual
colony
lony
colonia
lonia
ecology
ogy
ecologia
ogía
combination nation
combinación nación
economy
omy
economia
mía
comic
mic
cómico
mico
ecosystem
system
ecosistema
sistema
commercial
cial
comercial
cial
education
tion
educación
ción
complete
plete
completo
pleto
effective
tive
efectivo
tivo
complication cation
complicacion cacion
element
ment
elemento
mento
concert
cert
concierto
cierto
emphatic
phatic
enfático
fático
concise
cise
conciso
ciso
energy
ergy
energía
ergía
confidence
ence
confidencia
encia
essential
tial
esencial
cial
evacuation
friction
evacuacion
64
friccion
El estudiante debe marcar las diferentes terminaciones de las palabras: The student should mark the different word endings:
English
esteem
Spanish
estima
English
fragment
Spanish
fragmento
evaluation
evaluacion
function
funcion
evaporate
evaporar
fundamental
fundamental
evasive
evasivo
gala
gala
excellence
excelencia
galaxy
galaxia
exhibition
exhibicion
gallant
galante
exotic
exotico
gallon
galon
expedition
expedicion
gas
gas/gasolina
extreme
extremo
general
general
factor
factor
generous
generoso
fantastic
fantastico
geometry
geometria
fascinating
fascinante
gradual
gradual
fault
falta
grammatical
gramatico
figure
figura
guard
guardia
float
flotar
habit
habito
fossil
fosil
handicap
desventaja, obstaculo
fragile
fragil
helicopter
helicoptero
hero
heroe
interest
interes
history
historia
interior
interior
hobby
hobby
international
internacion
honest
honesto
internet
internet
honor
honorar
interpretation
interpretacion
honorable
honorable
intolerable
intolerable
hospital
hospital
introduction
introduccion
65
English
Spanish
English
Spanish
human
humano
invent
inventar
hysterical
histerico
inventor
inventor
idea
idea
invisible
invisible
identification
identificacion
involve
envolver
idol
idolo
jet
jet
ignorant
Ignorante
judicial
judicial
illegal
ilegal
justice
justicia
illusion
ilusion
kerosene
kerosena
imanine
imaginar
ketchup
ketchup
inmigrante
inmigrante
labor
laborar
immune
immune
laboratory
laboratorio
important
importante
larva
larva
impressive
impresionante
lava
lava
supercalifragilistikexpialidosious
lavendar
lavanda
incorrect
incorrecto
legal
legal
independent
independiente
legible
legible
index
indice
lemondade
limonada
indigestion
indigestion
liberal
liberal
indirect
indirecto
license
licencia
individual
individuo
limitation
limitacion
infant
infante
liquid
liquido
inform
informar
liquor
licor
inhale
inhalar
literature
literatura
innovation
innovacion
magic
magico
insect
insecto
magnetic
magnetico
66
English
Spanish
English
Spanish
insult
insulto
magnificient
magnifico
intense
intenso
magnitude
magnitud
interactive
interactivo
majesty
mejestad
Manager
manager
nitrogen
nitrogeno
mania
mania
north
norte
manuscript
manuscrito
number
numero
mark
marca
numerous
numeroso
massacre
masacre
object
objectar
mathematics
matematicas
observe
observar
matrix
matrix
obstruction
obstruccion
medication
medicacion
occupant
ocupante
mediocre
mediocre
offensive
ofensivo
melon
melon
official
oficial
memorable
memorable
operation
operacion
memory
memoria
opinion
opinion
mental
mental
opponent
oponente
menu
menu
optimism
optimismo
merit
merito
oral
oral
microphone
microfono
organization
organizacion
microscope
microscopio
original
original
Mister
Mister
ornament
ornamento
migration
migracion
oval
ovaldo
mineral
mineral
oxygen
oxigeno
minuto
minuto
pajamas
pijama
mission
mision
palace
palacio
67
English
Spanish
English
Spanish
model
modelo
papaya
papaya
monument
monumento
parade
parada
moral
moral
park
parque
morbid
morbido
part
parte
mortal
mortal
partial
parcial
mosquito
mosquito
participate
participar
motor
motor
participant
participante
music
musica
passion
pasion
nation
nacion
pasture
pasto
national
nacional
pause
pausa
natural
natural
perfume
perume
nautical
nautico
permit
permitir
nerve
nervio
person
persona
petition
peticion
responible
responsible
pharmacy
farmacy
restaurant
restaurante
phobia
fobia
result
resulta
planet
planeta
reversible
reversible
poet
poeta
revoke
revocr
politics
politica
revolutionary
revolucionario
practice
practica
ridiculous
ridiculo
prefer
preferir
robust
robusto
preliminary
preliminar
romantic
romantico
premise
premisa
rugby
rugby
president
presidente
rural
rural
prevention
prevencion
salmon
salmon
68
English
Spanish
English
Spanish
principal
principal
sandal
sandalia
process
proceso
satelite
satelite
producer
productor
satisfaction
satisfaccion
product
producto
sauna
sauna
pronounce
pronunciar
secretary
secretario
proportion
proporcion
segment
segmento
protest
protestar
segregation
segregacion
provision
provision
sensation
sensacion
prudent
prudente
sentence
sentencia
public
publico
serial
serial
punctual
puntual
series
serie
radio
radio
sermon
sermon
rational
racional
shorts
shorts
reason
razon
simple
simple
recommend
recomendar
siren
sirena
refine
refinar
slogan
eslogan
reform
reforma
sociable
sociable
remedy
remedio
solar
solar
represent
representar
solid
solido
republic
republica
solo
solo
reside
residir
solution
solucion
resolution
resolucion
soprano
soprano
respond
responder
special
especial
Stereo
Sestereo
tornado
tornado
Submarine
submarino
total
total
69
English
Spanish
English
Spanish
Suburb
suburbio
tradition
tradicion
supervisor
supervisor
traitor
traidor
supreme
supremo
tranquil
tranquilo
suspension
suspension
trivial
trivial
symbolic
simbolico
tunnel
tunel
tobacco
tobaco
uniform
uniforme
tardy
tardio
union
union
taxi
taxi
universal
universal
telephone
telefono
urban
urbano
telescope
telescopio
usual
usual
television
television
vacant
vacante
termperamental
temperamental
vacation
vacacion
tennis
tenis
vampire
vampiro
tension
tension
vandalism
vandalismo
terrific
terrorifico
vanguard
vanguardia
tolerance
tolerancia
70
240+ Verbos de aprender
Learning Baisc Verbs:
I. Presentamos aquí una lista de verbos a nivel básico. Por cada verbo se incluye:
a. Infinitive or Present tense: el infinitivo.
b. Future: usualmente se agrega will (por ejemplo: I will arrive tomorrow)
c. Simple Past: Pasado Simple (por ejemplo: I arrived yesterday)
d. Past Participle: Participio pasado. Se utiliza en el tiempo Present Perfect.
(por ejemplo: I have broken a glass)
e. Los verbos regulares forman el Simple Past y el Past Participle agregando -ed al infinitivo.
f. Los verbos irregulares no siguen esta regla y deberás aprenderlos de memoria. Se encuentran marcados con i.
Basic Verbs
Infinitive
1 answer
Future
Choose two verbs from the four verb tenses and write a short phrase.
Simple Past
Past Participle
Spanish
answered
answered
responder
will answer
breve frase: Please answer all the questions.
2
arrive
breve frase: She answered the question incorrectly.
will arrive
arrived
will ask
asked
arrived
breve frase:
3 ask
breve frase:
asked
breve frase:
4 be I
will be
was / were
will borrow
borrowed
will break
broke
broken
will buy
bought
bought
will catch
caught
caught
will clean
cleaned
will climb
climbed
will collect
collected
came
will compose
composed
will cook
cooked
will cut
cut
will dance
danced
venir
componer
cooked
cocinar
cortar
danced
bailar
breve frase:
will describe
described
described
describir
breve frase:
will discover
discovered
discovered
descubrir
breve frase:
will do
did
will drink
drank
done
breve frase:
20 drink I
composed
cut
breve frase:
19 do I
colleccionar
breve frase:
breve frase:
18 discover
collected
breve frase:
breve frase:
17 describe
escalar
breve frase:
breve frase:
16 dance
climbed
come
breve frase:
15 cut I
limpiar
breve frase:
breve frase:
14 cook
cleaned
breve frase:
will come
breve frase:
13 compose
atrapar
breve frase:
breve frase:
12 come I
comprar
breve frase:
breve frase:
11 collect
romper
breve frase:
breve frase:
10 climb
tomar, prestar
breve frase:
breve frase:
9 clean
borrowed
breve frase:
breve frase:
8 catch I
ser
breve frase:
breve frase:
7 buy I
been
breve frase:
breve frase:
6 break I
preguntar
breve frase:
breve frase:
5 borrow
llegar
hacer
breve frase:
drunk
breve frase:
breve frase:
71
beber
21
Infinitive
Future
Simple Past
drive I
will drive
drove
breve frase:
22
eat I
enjoy
will eat
ate
24
25
will enjoy
enjoyed
will fall
fell
26
will feel
felt
fly I
forget I
felt
give I
found
go I
flew
happen
forgot
32
will give
gave
33
will go
went
34
will happen
happened
will have
had
invent
invite
will help
helped
kill
will hurt
hurt
know I
will invent
invented
39
40
will invite
invited
41
will kill
killed
like
will know
knew
will lend
lent
live
will leave
left
look
love
hurt
invented
invited
killed
will lie
lay
will like
liked
will live
lived
known
lent
left
ayudar
herir, doler
inventar
invitar
matar
saber
prestar
dejar
breve frase:
lain
yacer
breve frase:
liked
gustar
breve frase:
lived
vivir
breve frase:
will look
looked
breve frase:
45
helped
breve frase:
breve frase:
44
tener
breve frase:
breve frase:
43
suceder
breve frase:
breve frase:
42
happened
breve frase:
breve frase:
lie I
ir
breve frase:
breve frase:
leave I
gone
breve frase:
breve frase:
lend I
dar
breve frase:
breve frase:
38
olvidar
breve frase:
breve frase:
37
given
had
breve frase:
36
forgotten
breve frase:
breve frase:
35
volar
breve frase:
breve frase:
hurt I
flown
breve frase:
breve frase:
help
encontrar
breve frase:
breve frase:
have I
found
breve frase:
will forget
breve frase:
31
sentir
breve frase:
will fly
breve frase:
30
caer
breve frase:
will find
breve frase:
29
disfrutar
breve frase:
breve frase:
28
enjoyed
fallen
breve frase:
27
comer
breve frase:
breve frase:
find I
conducir
eaten
breve frase:
feel I
driven
breve frase:
breve frase:
fall I
Spanish
breve frase:
breve frase:
23
Past Participle
looked
mirar
breve frase:
will love
loved
breve frase:
loved
breve frase:
72
amar
Infinitive
46
make I
Future
Simple Past
Past Participle
Spanish
will make
made
made
hacer
will meet
met
breve frase:
47 meet I
breve frase:
breve frase:
48 miss
will miss
missed
breve frase:
49 open
will open
opened
will pack
packed
will pay
paid
phoned
will play
played
will prefer
preferred
prepared
will push
pushed
will put
put
will rain
rained
will read
read
remembered
will rent
rented
will rescue
rescued
returned
will ring
rang
will save
saved
said
will search
searched
will see
saw
will sell
sold
rained
llover
read
leer
remembered
recordar
rented
alquilar
rescued
rescatar
returned
volver, devolver
rung
llamar por teléfono
saved
ahorrar
said
decir
searched
buscar
seen
ver
sold
vender
breve frase:
will sit
sat
will skate
skated
breve frase:
71 skate
poner
breve frase:
breve frase:
70 sit I
put
breve frase:
breve frase:
69 sell I
empujar
breve frase:
breve frase:
68 see I
pushed
breve frase:
will say
breve frase:
67 search
preparar
breve frase:
breve frase:
66 say I
prepared
breve frase:
breve frase:
65 save
preferir
breve frase:
will return
breve frase:
64 ring I
preferred
breve frase:
breve frase:
63 return
jugar
breve frase:
breve frase:
62 rescue
played
breve frase:
will remember
breve frase:
61 rent
llamar por teléfono
breve frase:
breve frase:
60 remember
phoned
breve frase:
breve frase:
59 read I
pagar
breve frase:
breve frase:
58 rain
paid
breve frase:
breve frase:
57 put I
empacar
breve frase:
will prepare
breve frase:
56 push
packed
breve frase:
breve frase:
55 prepare
abrir
breve frase:
breve frase:
54 prefer
opened
breve frase:
will phone
breve frase:
53 play
perder, extrañar
breve frase:
breve frase:
52 phone
missed
breve frase:
breve frase:
51 pay I
conocer, encontrar
breve frase:
breve frase:
50 pack
met
breve frase:
sat
sentarse
breve frase:
breve frase:
skated
breve frase:
73
patinar
Infinitive
72
ski
Future
Simple Past
Past Participle
Spanish
will ski
skied
skied
esquiar
will sleep
slept
breve frase:
73
sleep I
breve frase:
slept
breve frase:
74
smell
will smell
smelled
will speak
spoke
breve frase:
75
speak I
spend I
start
will spend
spent
stay
spent
will start
started
stop
will stay
stayed
study
will stop
stopped
survive
will study
studied
swim I
will survive
survived
take I
swam
talk
will take
took
teach I
will talk
talked
tell I
think I
will teach
taught
will tell
told
throw I
touch
try
will think
thought
will throw
threw
understand I
use
visit
will touch
touched
wait
tried
walk
want
will understand
understood
will use
used
wash
enseñar
decir
thought
pensar
lanzar
touched
tocar
intentar
understood
entender
breve frase:
used
usar
breve frase:
will visit
visited
visited
visitar
breve frase:
will wait
waited
waited
esperar
breve frase:
will walk
walked
walked
caminar
breve frase:
will want
wanted
will wash
washed
breve frase:
97
taught
tried
breve frase:
96
hablar
breve frase:
breve frase:
95
tomar
breve frase:
will try
breve frase:
94
talked
thrown
breve frase:
93
nadar
breve frase:
breve frase:
92
sobrevivir
breve frase:
breve frase:
91
swum
told
breve frase:
90
survived
breve frase:
breve frase:
89
estudiar
breve frase:
breve frase:
88
studied
breve frase:
breve frase:
87
detener
breve frase:
breve frase:
86
stopped
taken
breve frase:
85
quedarse
breve frase:
breve frase:
84
stayed
breve frase:
will swim
breve frase:
83
comenzar
breve frase:
breve frase:
82
started
breve frase:
breve frase:
81
gastar
breve frase:
breve frase:
80
hablar
breve frase:
breve frase:
79
spoken
breve frase:
breve frase:
78
oler
breve frase:
breve frase:
77
smelled
breve frase:
breve frase:
76
dormir
breve frase:
wanted
querer
breve frase:
breve frase:
washed
breve frase:
74
lavar
Infinitive
98 watch
Future
will watch
Simple Past
Past Participle
Spanish
watched
watched
mirar
breve frase:
breve frase:
99 wear I
will wear
wore
will work
worked
worn
breve frase:
100 work
breve frase:
worked
breve frase:
101 write I
llevar puesto
trabajar
breve frase:
will write
wrote
written
escribir
Advanced Verbs
I. Presentamos aquí una lista de verbos a nivel intermedio-avanzado. Por cada verbo se incluye:
a. Infinitive or Present tense: el infinitivo.
b. Future: usualmente se agrega will (por ejemplo: I will arrive tomorrow)
c. Simple Past: Pasado Simple (por ejemplo: I arrived yesterday)
d. Past Participle: Participio pasado. Se utiliza en el tiempo Present Perfect.
(por ejemplo: I have broken a glass)
e. Los verbos regulares forman el Simple Past y el Past Participle agregando -ed al infinitivo.
f. Los verbos irregulares no siguen esta regla y deberás aprenderlos de memoria. Se encuentran marcados con i. (Se han incluído otros v erbos.)
Infinitive
add
Future
Simple Past
Past Participle
Spanish
will add
added
added
agregar
apologize
will apologize
apologized
apologized
disculparse
arrest
will arrest
arrested
arrested
arrestar
attack
will attack
attacked
attacked
atacar
will become
became
become
convertirse
begin I
will begin
began
begun
comenzar
believe
will believe
become I
believed
believed
creer
will boil
boiled
boiled
hervir
book
will book
booked
booked
reservar
bring I
will bring
brought
brought
traer
build I
will build
built
built
construir
buy I
will buy
bought
bought
comprar
boil
carry
will carry
carried
carried
llevar
change
will change
changed
changed
cambiar
chop
will chop
chopped
chopped
picar
copy
will copy
destroy
will destroy
die
will die
discuss
will discuss
copied
copied
copiar
destroyed
destroyed
destruir
died
died
morir
discussed
discussed
discutir
dibujar
draw I
will draw
drew
drawn
dream I
will dream
dreamt/dreamed
dreamt/dreamed
soñar
explode
will explode
exploded
exploded
explotar
extinguish
will extinguish
extinguished
extinguished
extinguirse
feed I
will feed
fed
fed
alimentar
fight I
will fight
fought
fought
pelear
fly I
freeze I
fry
will fly
flew
flown
volar
will freeze
froze
frozen
congelar
will fry
fried
fried
freír
grow I
will grow
grew
grown
crecer
hate
will hate
hated
hated
odiar
heard
heard
oír
hear I
will hear
hire
will hire
hired
hired
alquilar
hope
will hope
hoped
hoped
esperar
75
Infinitive
Future
Simple Past
Past Participle
hunted
hunted
cazar
will imagine
imagined
imagined
imaginar
jump
will jump
jumped
jumped
saltar
keep I
will keep
kept
kept
guardar
leave I
will leave
left
left
dejar
hunt
will hunt
imagine
Spanish
lie
will lie
lied
lied
mentir
lift
will lift
lifted
lifted
levantar
listen
will listen
listened
listened
escuchar
live
will live
lived
lived
vivir
lose I
will lose
lost
lost
perder
make I
will make
made
made
hacer
offer
will offer
offered
offered
ofrecer
pass
will pass
passed
passed
pasar, aprobar
peel
will peel
peeled
peeled
pelar
plan
will plan
planned
planned
planificar
play
will play
played
played
jugar
pour
will pour
poured
poured
verter
put I
will put
put
put
poner
reduce
will reduce
reduced
reduced
reducir
run I
will run
ran
run
correr
send I
will send
sent
sent
enviar
scream
will scream
screamed
screamed
gritar
shine I
will shine
shone
shone
brillar
shoot I
will shoot
shot
shot
disparar
shut I
will shut
shut
shut
cerrar
sing I
will sing
sang
sung
cantar
snore
will snore
snored
snored
roncar
steal I
will steal
stole
stolen
robar
thank
will thank
thanked
thanked
agradecer
warn
will warn
warned
warned
advertir
win I
will win
wore
worn
llevar puesto
Irregular
Presentamos aquí una lista de verbos irregulares. Por cada verbo se incluye:
a. Infinitive or Present tense: el infinitivo.
b. Future: usualmente se agrega will (por ejemplo: I will arrive tomorrow)
c. Simple Past: Pasado Simple (por ejemplo: I arrived yesterday)
d. Past Participle: Participio pasado. Se utiliza en el tiempo Present Perfect.
(por ejemplo: I have broken a glass)
e. Los verbos regulares forman el Simple Past y el Past Participle agregando -ed al infinitivo.
f. Los verbos irregulares no siguen esta regla y deberás aprenderlos de memoria. Se encuentran marcados con i. (Se han incluído otros v erbos.)
beat
will beat
beat
beaten
golpear
will become
became
become
convertirse
will begin
began
begun
comenzar
bet
will bet
bet/betted
bet/betted
apostar
bite
will bite
bit
bitten
morder
will bleed
bled
bled
sangrar
soplar
become
begin
bleed
blow
will blow
blew
blown
bring
will bring
brought
brought
traer
build
will build
built
built
construir
will choose
chose
chosen
elegir
choose
76
Simple Past
Past Participle
will cost
cost
cost
costear
creep
will creep
crept
crept
arrastrarse
deal
will deal
dealt
dealt
negociar
draw
will draw
drew
drawn
dibujar
dreamt/dreamed
dreamt/dreamed
soñar
fed
fed
alimentar
fought
fought
pelear
Infinitive
cost
Future
dream
will dream
feed
will feed
fight
will fight
flee
will flee
forget
will forget
Spanish
fled
fled
huir
forgot
forgotten
olvidar
abandonar
forsake
will forsake
forsook
forsaken
freeze
will freeze
froze
frozen
congelar
will get
got
got
tener, obtener
grind
will grind
ground
ground
moler
grow
will grow
grew
grown
crecer
hang
will hang
hung
hung
colgar
hear
will hear
heard
heard
oír
hide
will hide
hid
hidden
esconderse
get
hit
will hit
hit
hit
golpear
hold
will hold
held
held
tener, mantener
kneel
will kneel
knelt
knelt
arrodillarse
lead
will lead
led
led
encabezar
learn
will learn
learnt/learned
learnt/learned
aprender
will let
let
let
dejar
lose
will lose
lost
lost
perder
mean
will mean
meant
meant
significar
quit
will quit
quit/quitted
quit/quitted
abandonar
ride
will ride
rode
ridden
montar, ir
rise
will rise
rose
risen
elevar
run
will run
ran
run
correr
send
will send
sent
sent
enviar
let
set
will set
set
set
fijar
sew
will sew
sewed
sewn/sewed
coser
shake
will shake
shook
shaken
sacudir
shine
will shine
shone
shone
brillar
shoot
will shoot
shot
shot
disparar
show
will show
showed
shown/showed
mostrar
shrink
will shrink
shrank/shrunk
shrunk
encoger
shut
will shut
shut
shut
cerrar
sing
will sing
sang
sung
cantar
sink
will sink
sank
sunk
hundir
slide
will slide
slid
slid
deslizar
sow
will sow
sowed
sown/sowed
sembrar
spell
will spell
spelt/spelled
spelt/spelled
deletrear
spill
will spill
spilt/spilled
spilt/spilled
derramar
split
we split
split
split
partir
spoil
we spoil
spoilt/spoiled
spoilt/spoiled
estropear
spread
we spread
spread
spread
extenderse
stand
we stand
stood
stood
estar de pie
steal
we steal
stole
stolen
robar
sting
we sting
stung
stung
picar
77
Infinitive
Future
Simple Past
Past Participle
stink
will stink
stank/stunk
stunk
apestar
strike
will strike
struck
struck
golpear
swear
will swear
swore
sworn
jurar
sweep
will sweep
swept
swept
barrer
swim
will swim
swam
swum
nadar
take
will take
took
taken
tomar
tear
will tear
tore
torn
romper
Spanish
tread
will tread
trode
trodden/trod
pisar
wake
will wake
woke
woken
despertarse
weave
will weave
wove
woven
tejer
weep
will weep
wept
wept
llorar
will win
won
won
ganar
will wring
wrung
wrung
exprimir
win
wring
Internet sites to assist in practicing English words & phrases
Sitios de Internet para asistir en practicar palabras y frases en Ingles
Nombre de sito:
Direccion en Internet:
Cuanto cuesta:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Duo Lengua www.duolingo.com
gratis
Brainscape
www.Brainscape.com
gratis y opciones $
ESL
www.esllibrary.com
$22 trimestre $54 annual
English test www.englishteststore.net Examenes gratis
Real English www.real-english.com
introduccion gratis
LDS.org
www.lds.org
gratis
7. English Video www.engvid.com
algunos videos, gratis
8. Perfect English www.perfect-english-grammer.com gratis
9. Curso Inglish www.curso-ingles.com
gratis y opciones con $
Estos sitios les ayudaran en su vocabulario y pronunciación!
Congratulations on your diligence & progress, while learning Engish.
To keep fluent & have confidence, practice at least 35 minutes a day!
78

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