Presentación de PowerPoint


Presentación de PowerPoint
Lead into the text with the following questions:
Have you ever visited Venice?
If so, tell me something about the city.
What sort of problems do you think a city which receives so many tourists can have?
Listening Comprehension / Text
The population of Venice is falling rapidly. In 1950 there were 130,000 inhabitants but since
then Venetians have been leaving their island in ever-increasing numbers and the population
has gone down to 72,000. One of the reasons is the price of property which has risen in
recent years because wealthy foreigners have been buying houses and flats. Many Venetians
have been forced to leave and find cheaper flats on the mainland. Recently the authorities
have been trying to sort out the problem and new flats have been built and money spent on
improving living conditions in some areas.
Another major problem is the ever-growing number of tourists. On a bank holiday in May
1987, a record 66,000 tourists arrived in a single day. Since then, that record has been
broken many times and on many holiday weekends in recent years the number has risen to
100,000. A study which was carried out by Venice University in 1990 showed that the
maximum number of tourists Venice can absorb is 35,000 and that the high number of
tourists in the last decade have damaged both the city and the quality of life of its
inhabitants. If the decline in the population and high tourist numbers continue, Venice will
become nothing more than a “cultural Disneyland”.
Language Practice:
Present perfect continuous
Read these extracts from the text:
Wealthy foreigners have been buying houses and flats.
Recently the authorities have been trying to sort out the problem.
We use this tense to show that something started in the past and has continued up until
now. "For five minutes," "for two weeks," and "since Tuesday" are all durations which can
be used with the present perfect continuous, we also use it with expressions like
“recently” or “lately”.
They have been talking for the last hour.
She has been working very hard lately.
General Telephone Class
Teacher’s Copy
What have you been doing for the last 30 minutes?
James has been teaching at the university since June.
Ask the student to translate the following sentences and point out how we use the
present perfect continuous for an action that hasn’t finished whereas in Spanish they use
either the llevo + gerund form (llevo esperando desde hace 10 minutos) or the present
tense (estoy esperando desde hace 10 minutos) and the simple past tense when the action
has finished.
1. Ana lleva trabajando aquí un montón de tiempo.
Anna has been working here for ages.
2. rabajó antes en una empresa de informática.
She used to work in an IT company.
3. El conductor de autobuses lleva conduciendo desde que tenía 20 años.
The bus driver has been driving buses since he was 20.
4. Condujo un taxi antes de ser conductor de autobuses.
He used to drive a taxi before becoming a bus driver.
5. ¿Desde cuando juegas al tenis?
How long have you been playing tennis?
6. ¿Cuándo fue la última vez que jugaste al tenis?
When was the last time you played tennis?
7. Desde cuándo fuma Pepe?
How long has Pepe been smoking?
General Telephone Class
Teacher’s Copy
8. Fumó en el baño ayer?
Did he smoke in the bathroom yesterday?
9. Mi hija lleva uniforme desde que empezó en el colegio privado.
My daughter has been wearing school uniform since she started at private school.
10. También lo llevó en el otro colegio.
She used to wear one in the other school too.
11. Kate lleva todo el día encontrándose mal.
Kate has been feeling ill all day.
12. Se encontraba genial ayer.
Yesterday she felt great.
13. Estudio francés desde hace 5 años.
I’ve been studying French for five years.
14. Antes estudiaba español pero lo deje.
I used to study Spanish but I gave it up.
15. Están jugando al tenis desde hace una hora.
They’ve been playing tennis for an hour.
General Telephone Class
Teacher’s Copy
16. Jugaron también la semana pasada.
They played last week as well.
17. Llevo tres días leyendo este libro y me encanta.
I’ve been reading this book for three days and I love it.
18. El último libro que leí no me gustó nada.
The last book I read I didn’t like at all.
What are some of the things that you have been doing recently?
Are there any cities in Spain that run the risk of becoming a cultural Disneyland like
General Telephone Class
Teacher’s Copy

Documentos relacionados