E - ICC

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E - ICC
CONSTRUCTIONARYTM
English-Spanish
Up-to-Date Construction
Words and Phrases
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
Constructionary
First Printing: July 2000
Second Edition: May 2006
ISBN–13: 978-1-58001-378-9
ISBN–10: 1-58001-378-3
COPYRIGHT 2000
by
INTERNATIONAL CODE COUNCIL, INC.
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary™ is a copyrighted work
owned by the International Code Council, Inc. Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced,
distributed or transmitted in any form or by any means, including, without
limitation, electronic, optical or mechanical means (by way of example, and
not limitation, photocopying, or recording by or in an information storage
retrieval system). For information on permission to copy material exceeding
fair use, please contact: Publications, 4051 West Flossmoor Road, Country
Club Hills, IL 60478-5795 (Phone 800-214-4321).
Trademarks: “International Code Council,” the “International Code Council” logo and the “Constructionary” are trademarks of the International Code
Council, Inc.
PRINTED IN THE U.S.A
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
Preface
The ConstructionaryTM has become the tool of preference for
increasing communication between the Spanish- and
English-speaking communities of the construction industry.
The first edition was developed as the result of extensive
research done by a team of volunteers and ICC staff members. The success of the Constructionary is reflected in its
accceptance. Today, it is widely used to improve efficiency
and communication on the jobsite. One of the main goals of
the Constructionary was to unify the use of construction
terms in Latin America and the Hispanic community of the
U.S. As other dictionaries based on or inspired by this work
appear on the market, the Constructionary proves its relevance and leads the effort to improve safety, efficiency, quality and uniformity in the construction industry.
This second edition features an extended vocabulary, including new sections of plumbing, electrical and mechanical
terms. As in the first edition, useful tables and phrases complement the contents of this practical guide. Contractors,
construction workers, engineers, architects, building officials
and inspectors will continue to find the Constructionary
handy in their everyday tasks.
Because language is dynamic, the Constructionary is a living
document and will continue to grow and improve. Please
send your comments and contributions, including any terms
you would like to see in future editions of the Constructionary, to [email protected]
Alberto Herrera
Editor
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
iii
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
iv
Acknowledgements
Recognition must be given to Terry Eddy, International Code
Council’s Senior Vice President of Human Resources, for his
original idea of developing a small, practical dictionary of
construction terms for the bilingual and the not so bilingual
members of the building industry, and to Maria Aragon,
ICC’s Marketing Manager, for her creativity in naming this
bilingual guide.
Our thanks to Benjamin Rodriguez, David Bautista, David
Jamieson, Mark Stevens, Miguel Lamas, Philip Ramos, Sergio Barrueto, and Suzane Nunes for their invaluable contributions to the first edition.
We also recognize Paula Chaves, Alberto Iezzi, Raúl Zaradnik and Alejandro Santamaría for their contributions to the
plumbing and mechanical sections of this second edition
A special thanks to Mark A. Johnson, ICC’s Senior Vice
President of Business and Product Development for believing in this work and making possible its development and
success.
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
v
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
vi
Table of Contents
Preface - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - iii
Acknowledgements - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - v
Pronunciation Guide - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - viii
English-Spanish A—Z - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
Electrical - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 93
Plumbing - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 101
Mechanical - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 113
Tools - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 123
Useful Phrases- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 131
The Numbers - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 139
The Months of the Year - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 141
The Days of the Week - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 142
Unit Conversion Tables - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 143
Conversion Factors - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 145
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
vii
Simplified Pronunciation
This pronunciation guide was developed from a basic communication perspective and not from the international phonetic
system.
Accents are indicated by uppercase syllables.
Vowels (5)
A- pronounced -AH as in father.
E-
-EH as in mess
I-
-EE as in see
O-
-OH as the first sound in owe
U-
-OO as in boot
Diphthongs:
The most common used here are:
io-
-EEOH
ie-
-YEH (the y sounds like ee)
ui-
-WEE
ua-
-WAH
ue-
-WEH
Consonants:
Same as in English except:
D is voiced
T and P are soft
ny as in onion
R soft, RR rolled
CH always as in church
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
viii
A
Abate
Remover
(reh-moh-VEHR)
Anular
(ah-noo-LAHR)
Abatement
Remoción
(reh-moh-SYOHN)
Anulación
(ah-noo-lah-SYOHN)
Access
Acceso
Access cover
Tapa de acceso
(ahk-SEH-soh)
(TAH-pa deh ahk-SEH-soh)
Cubierta de acceso
(koo-BYEHR-tah deh ahk-SEH-soh)
Acoustical tile
Adapter fitting
Addition
Panel acústico
(pah-NEL ah-COOS-tee-koh)
Dispositivo adaptador
(dees-poh-see-TEE-voh ah-dahp-ta-DOHR)
Ampliación
(ahm-plee-ah-SYOHN)
Expansión
(ehk-spahn-SYOHN)
Additives and
admixtures
Air compressor
Aisle
Aditivos y mezclas
(ah-dee-TEE-vos ee mehs-klahs)
Compresor de aire
(kohm-preh-SOHR deh AH-ee-reh)
Pasillo
(pah-SEE-joh)
Hilera
(ee-LEH-rah)
Alley
Callejón
(kah-jeh-HOHN)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
1
all-are
Constructionary
Alter
Modificar
Alteration
Modificación
Anchor
Anchor bolts
(moh-dee-fee-KAHR)
(moh-dee-fee-kah-SYOHN)
Anclaje
(ahn-KLAH-heh)
Pernos de anclaje
(PEHR-nohs deh ahn-KLAH-heh)
Tornillos de anclaje
(tohr-NEE-johs deh ahn-KLAH-heh)
Angle Iron
Hierro angular
(YEH-rroh ahn-goo-LAR)
Cantonera
(kahn-toh-NEH-rah)
Annular
grooved nail
Clavo anular
(KLAH-voh ah-noo-LAR)
Antisiphon
Antisifonaje
Apartment house
Edificio de departamentos
(ahn-tee-see-pho-NAH-heh)
(eh-dee-FEE-syoh deh deh-par-tah-MEHNtohs)
Apartamento residencial
(ah-par-tah-MEHN-toh reh-see-denSYAL)
Approved
Apron
Aprobado
(ah-proh-BAH-doh)
Repisa
(reh-PEE-sah)
Delantal
(deh-lahn-TAHL)
Mandil
(mahn-DEEL)
Architect
Arquitecto
Area drain
Desagüe de área
(ahr-kee-tehk-toh)
(deh-SAH-gweh deh AH-reh-ah)
Desagüe de patio
(deh-SAH-gweh deh PAH-tee-oh)
Resumidero
(reh-soo-me-DEH-roh)
2
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
Constructionary
Asbestos
cement shingle
asb-awn
Teja de cemento de asbestos
(TEH-ha deh seh-MEHN-toh deh ahs-BEStohs)
Tablilla de fibrocemento
(tah-BLEE-jah deh fee-broh-seh-MEHN-toh)
Asphalt
Asfalto
(ahs-FAHL-toh)
Atrium
Atrio
Attic
Tapanco
(AH-tree-oh)
(tah-PAHN-koh)
Entrepiso
(ehn-treh-PEE-soh)
Automatic
Automatic closing
device
Automático
(ah-oo-toh-MAH-tee-koh)
Dispositivo de cierre
automático
(dees-poh-see-TEE-voh deh SYEH-rreh ahoo-toh-MAH-tee-koh)
Automatic fire
sprinkler system
Sistema de rociadores
automáticos
(sees-TEH-mah deh roh-syah-DOH-rehs
ah-oo-toh-MAH-tee-kohs)
Automatic fireextinguishing
system
Sistema automático de
extinción de incendios
(sees-TEH-mah ah-oo-to-MAH-tee-koh deh
ehk-steen-SYOHN deh een-SEHN-dee-ohs)
Awnings
Toldos
(TOHL-dohs)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
3
B
Back hoe
Retroexcavadora
(reh-troh-ex-kah-vah-DOH-rah)
Excavadora
(ex-kah-vah-DOH-rah)
Backfill
Backflow
Backflow preventer
Backing
Relleno
(reh-JEH-noh)
Contraflujo
(kohn-trah-FLOO-hoh)
Válvula de contraflujo
(VAHL-voo-lah deh kohn-trah-FLOO-hoh)
Soporte
(soh-POHR-teh)
Respaldo
(rehs-PAHL-doh)
Balcony
Ball cock
Balcón
(bahl-KOHN)
Válvula de flotador
(VAHL-voo-lah deh floh-tah-DOHR)
Flotador
(floh-tah-DOHR)
Llave de flotador
(JAH-veh deh floh-tah-DOHR)
Ball valve
Band joist
Bar
Llave de flujo
(JAH-veh deh FLOO-hoh)
Viga lateral
(VEE-gah lah-teh-RAHL)
Barra
(BAH-rrah)
Barreta
(bah-RREH-tah)
Barbed nail
Clavo afilado
(KLAH-voh ah-fee-LAH-doh)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
4
Constructionary
Baseboard
Basement
bas-bee
Zócalo
(SOH-kah-loh)
Sótano
(SOH-tah-noh)
Subterráneo
(soob-teh-RRAH-neh-oh)
Bathroom
Cuarto de baño
(KWAR-to deh BAH-nyoh)
Sanitario
(sah-nee-TAH-ryoh)
Bathroom sink
Lavabo
Bathtub
Bañera
(lah-VAH-boh)
(bah-NYEH-rah)
Tina de baño
(TEE-nah deh BAH-nyoh)
Bañadera
(bah-NYAH-deh-rah)
Batten
Rastrillo
(rahs-TREE-joh)
Cubrejuntas
(koo-breh-HOON-tahs)
Listón travesaño
(lees-TON trah-veh-SAH-nyoh)
Battery
Batería
(bah-teh-REE-ah)
Pila
(PEE-lah)
Beam
Bearing load
Bedroom
Viga
(VEE-gah)
Carga de cojinete
(KAHR-gah deh koh-hee-NEH-teh)
Cuarto
(KWAR-toh)
Habitación
(ah-bee-tah-SYOHN)
Recámara
(re-KAH-mah-rah)
Dormitorio
(dor-mee-TOH-ree-oh)
Beech
Haya
(AH-jah)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
5
bel-bol
Below-grade walls
Constructionary
Muros por debajo del nivel de
terreno
(MOO-rohs pohr deh-BAH-ho dehl neeVEHL dehl teh-RREH-noh
Bird’s mouth
Incisión recta
(een-see-SYOHN REHK-ta)
Muesca
(MWESS-kah)
Ranura
(rah-NOO-rah)
Rebajo
(reh-BAH-hoh)
Bleachers
Tribunas
(tree-BOON-ahs)
Gradas
(GRAH-dahs)
Blind nailed
Block, Blocking
Con clavos ocultos
(kohn KLAH-vohs oh-COOL-tohs)
Trabas
(TRAH-bahs)
Trabar
(trah-BAHR)
Bloque
(BLOH-keh)
Bloquear
(bloh-KEAHR)
Board
Panel
(PAH-nehl or pah-NEHL)
Tabla
(TAH-blah)
Tablero
(TAH-bleh-roh)
Boiler
Caldera
(kahl-DEH-rah)
Calentador
(kah-len-tah-DOHR)
Boiler room
Cuarto de calderas
Bolt
Perno
(KWAR-toh deh kahl-DEH-rahs)
(PEHR-noh)
Tornillo
(tohr-NEE-joh)
6
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
Constructionary
Bonding jumper
bon-bro
Borne de enlace
(BOHR-neh deh ehn-LAH-seh)
Terminal de enlace
(tehr-mee-NAHL deh ehn-LAH-seh)
Box nail
Clavo para madera
(KLAH-voh PAH-rah mah-DEH-rah)
Clavo de cabeza grande
plana
(KLAH-voh deh kah-BEH-sah GRAHN-deh
PLAH-nah)
Brace
Bracing
Braced frame
Tirante
(tee-RAN-teh)
Arriostramiento
(ah-rryohs-trah-MYEN-toh)
Estructura arriostrada
(ehs-trook-TOO-rah ah-rryohs-TRAH-dah)
Pórtico arriostrado
(POHR-tee-koh ah-rryohs-TRAH-doh)
Bracket
Brazo
(BRAH-soh)
Ménsula
(MEHN-soo-lah)
Branch
Ramal
Brass
Bronce
(rah-MAHL)
(BROHN-seh)
Latón
(lah-TOHN)
Braze
Brazing alloy
Brazing flux
Brick
Bridging
Brown coat
Soldar en fuerte
(sohl-DAR ehn FWER-teh)
Aleación para soldar
(ah-leh-ah-SYOHN PAH-rah sol-DAR)
Fundente para soldar
(foon-DEN-teh PAH-rah sol-DAR)
Ladrillo
(lah-DREE-joh)
Puntales de refuerzo
(poon-TAH-les deh reh-FWEHR-soh)
Revoque
(reh-VOH-keh)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
7
buil
Building
Constructionary
Edificación
(eh-dee-fee-kah-SYOHN)
Edificio
(eh-dee-FEE-syoh)
Building department
Departamento de
construcción/edificación
(deh-par-tah-MEN-toh deh kohn-strookSYOHN/eh-dee-fee-kah-SYOHN)
Departamento de obras de
edificación
(deh-par-tah-MEN-toh deh OH-brahs deehdee-fee-kah-SYOHN)
Departamento de obras públicas/privadas
(deh-par-tah-MEN-toh deh OH-brahs POOblee-kahs/pree-VAH-dahs)
Building drain
Desagüe de la edificación/
del edificio
(deh-SAH-gweh deh lah eh-dee-fee-kahSYOHN/dehl eh-dee-FEE-syoh)
Resumidero
(reh-soo-me-DEH-roh)
Building documentation Documentación de obra/
ingeniería
(doh-koo-mehn-tah-SYOHN deh OH-brah/
een-he-nyeh-REE-ah)
Building inspector
Inspector de obras
(eens-pek-TOHR deh OH-brahs)
Inspector de construcción
(eens-pek-TOHR deh kohn-strook-SYOHN)
Building official
Director de obras
(dee-rek-TOHR deh OH-brahs)
Jefe de obras
(HEH-feh deh OH-brahs)
Autoridad competente
(ah-oo-toh-ree-DAHD kohm-peh-TEHN-teh)
Building site
Terreno de obra
(teh-RREH-noh deh OH-brah)
Sitio de construcción
(SEE-tee-oh deh kohn-strook-SYOHN)
Obra de construcción
(OH-brah deh kohn-strook-SYOHN)
Built-up roofing
8
Cubierta de techo compuesta
(koo-BYEHR-tah deh TEH-choh kohmPWEHS-tah)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
Constructionary
Bundle
bun-byp
Atado
(ah-TAH-doh)
Bulto
(BOOL-toh)
Bushing
Manguito
(mahn-GUEE-toh)
Forro
(BOOL-toh)
Butt joint
Junta a tope
(HOON-tah ah TOH-peh)
Junta de cubrejunta
(HOON-tah deh koo-breh-HOON-tah)
Bypass
Derivación
(deh-ree-vah-SYOHN)
Desvío
(dehs-VEE-oh)
Paso
(PAH-soh)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
9
C
Cabinet
Cabinetmaker
Cable tray
Caissons
Canopy
Gabinete
(gah-bee-NEH-teh)
Ebanista
(eh-bah-NEES-tah)
Bandeja portacables
(bahn-DEH-hah pohr-tah-KAH-blehs)
Cajones de aire comprimido
(kah-HOH-nehs deh ah-ee-reh kohm-preeMEE-doh)
Toldo
(TOHL-doh)
Cubierta
(koo-BYER-tah)
Cantilever
Voladizo
Carpenter
Carpintero
Cartridge fuse
Fusible de cartucho
Casing nail
Cast stone
(volah-DEE-soh)
(kahr-peen-TEH-roh)
(foo-SEE-bleh deh kahr-TOO-choh)
Clavo de cabeza perdida
(KLAH-voh deh kah-BEH-sah pehr-DEEdah)
Piedra moldeada
(PYEH-drah mohl-deh-AH-dah)
Piedra de sillar
(PYEH-drah deh see-JAHR)
Caulking
Masillado
(mah-se-JAH-doh)
Masillar
(mah-see-JAHR)
Cavity wall
Muro hueco
(moo-roh WEH-koh)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
10
Constructionary
Ceiling
cei-chu
Cielorraso
(SYEH-loh-RRAH-soh)
Ceramic floor
Piso cerámico
Ceramic tile
Baldosas cerámicas
Certificate
of occupancy
Certificado de uso
Chain
Chalk line
(PEE-soh seh-RAH-mee-koh)
(bahl-DOH-sahs seh-RAH-mee-kahs)
(sehr-tee-fee-KAH-doh deh OO-soh)
Cadena
(kah-deh-nah)
Linea de marcar
(LEE-neh-ah deh mahr-KAHR)
Tendel
(tehn-DEHL)
Linea de gis
(LEE-neh-ah de HEES)
Chase
Canaletas
(kah-nah-LEH-tahs)
Muesca
(moo-EHS-kah)
Check valve
Chimney
Válvula de contraflujo
(VAHL-voo-lah deh kohn-trah-FLOO-hoh)
Chimenea
(chee-meh-NEH-ah)
Chimney chase
Acanaladura de chimenea
Chimney, factory-built
Chimenea prefabricada
Chimney liner
Revestimiento de chimenea
Chute
Chute, linen
Chute, rubbish
(ah-kah-nah-lah-DOO-rah deh chee-mehNEH-ah)
(chee-meh-NEH-ah preh-fah-bree-KAHdah)
(reh-vehs-tee-MYEHN-toh deh chee-mehNEH-ah)
Ducto
(DOOK-toh)
Ducto de lencería
(DOOK-toh deh lehn-seh-REE-ah)
Ducto de basura
(DOOK-toh deh bah-soo-rah)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
11
cin-coa
Cinder
Circuit
Circuit breaker
Constructionary
Cenizas
(seh-NEE-sahs)
Circuito
(seer-KWEE-toh)
Apagador
(ah-pah-gah-DOR)
Interruptor automático
(een-teh-rroop-TOHR ah-oo-toh-MAH-teekoh)
Interruptor de circuito
(een-teh-rroop-TOHR de seer-KWEE-toh)
Circuit breaker panel
Cuadro de cortacircuito
(KWAH-droh dehl kor-tah-seer-KWEE-toh)
Tablero de cortacircuito
(tah-BLEH-roh deh kor-tah-seer-KWEE-toh)
Cistern
Aljibe
(ahl-HE-beh)
Cisterna
(sees-TEHR-nah)
Clay
Arcilla
(ar-SEE-jah)
Barro
(BAH-rroh)
Cleanout
Registro
(reh-HEES-troh)
Abertura de limpieza
(ah-behr-TOO-rah deh leem-PYEH-zah)
Clearance
Clear span
Espacio libre
(ehs-PAH-syoh LEE-bre)
Luz libre
(loos LEE-breh)
Claro
(CLAH-roh)
Coal
Hulla
(OO-jah)
Carbón
(kahr-BOHN)
Coarse
Grueso
(GRWEH-soh)
Áspero
(AHS-peh-roh)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
12
Constructionary
cod-con
Code
Código
Code official
Autoridad competente
(KOH-dee-goh)
(ah-oo-toh-ree-DAHD kohm-peh-TEHN-teh)
Director/Jefe de obras
(dee-rek-TOHR/HEH-feh deh OH-brahs)
Oficial de códigos
(oh-fee-SYAHL deh KOH-dee-gohs)
Collar joint
Junta de collar
(HOON-tah deh koh-JAHR)
Column
Columna
Combination fixture
Artefacto de combinación
(koh-LOOM-nah)
(ahr-teh-FAHK-toh deh kohm-bee-nahSYOHN)
Mueble de combinación
(MWEH-bleh deh kohm-bee-nah-SYOHN)
Combustible liquid
Líquido combustible
(LEE-kee-doh kohm-boos-TEE-bleh)
Compression coupling Acoplamiento de compresión
(ah-koh-plah-MYEHN-toh deh kohm-prehSYOHN)
Empalme de compresión
(ehm-PAHL-meh deh kohm-preh-SYOHN)
Manguito
(mahn-GY-toh)
Manchón de manguito
(mahn-CHON deh mahn-GY-toh)
Concealed spaces
Espacios ocultos
(ehs-PAH-syohs oh-KOOL-tohs)
Cavidades ocultas
(kah-vee-DAH-dehs oh-KOOL-tahs)
Concrete
Hormigón
(ohr-mee-GOHN)
Concreto
(kohn-KREH-toh)
Concrete cover
Condominium
Cubierta de hormigón/concreto
(koo-BYEHR-tah deh ohr-mee-GOHN/kohnKREH-toh)
Condominio residencial
(kohn-doh-MEE-nee-oh reh-see-den-SYAL)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
13
con-cop
Conductor
Conductor wire
Conduit
Constructionary
Conductor
(kohn-dook-TOHR)
Alambre conductor
(ah-LAHM-breh kohn-dook-TOHR)
Conducto
(kohn-DOOK-toh)
Tubería
(too-beh-REE-ah)
Congregate residence
Connection
Residencia comunitaria
(reh-see-DEN-syah koh-moo-nee-TAH-reeah)
Conexión
(koh-nek-SYOHN)
Unión
(oon-YOHN)
Connector
Construction
Health and Safety
Conector
(koh-nek-TOHR)
Higiene y seguridad en la
construcción
(ee-hee-EH-neh ee seh goo-ree-DAHD ehn
lah kohn-strook-SYOHN)
Construction joint
Construction
schedule (CPM)
Junta de construcción
(HOON-tah deh kohn-strook-SYOHN)
Cronograma de construcción
(kroh-noh-GRAH-mah deh kohn-strookSYOHN)
Plan de avance de obra
(PLAHN deh ah-VAHN-seh deh OH-brah)
Contamination
Contraction joint
Contractor
Contaminación
(kohn-tah-mee-nah-SYOHN)
Junta de contracción
(HOON-tah deh kohn-trac-SYOHN)
Constructor
(kohn-strook-TOHR)
Contratista
(kohn-trah-TEE-stah)
Coping
Albardilla
(ahl-bar-DEE-jah)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
14
Constructionary
cop-cov
Mojinete
(mo-hee-NEH-teh)
Cumbrera
(coom-BREH-rah)
Caballete
(kah-bah-JEH-teh)
Copper, hard drawn
Copper, sheet
Copper, wrought
Cornerite
Cornices
Corrosion-resistant
Cobre estirado en frío
(KOH-breh ehs-tee-RAH-doh ehn FREE-oh)
Lámina de cobre
(LAH-mee-nah deh KOH-breh)
Cobre forjado
(KOH-breh fohr-HAH-doh)
Guardaesquinas
(gwar-dah-ehs-KEE-nahs)
Cornisas
(kor-NEE-sahs)
Anticorrosivo
(ahn-tee-koh-rroh-SEE-voh)
Resistente a la corrosión
(reh-sees-TEHN-teh ah lah koh-rrohSYOHN)
Corrosive
Coupling
Corrosivo
(koh-rroh-SEE-voh)
Acoplamiento
(ah-koh-plah-MYEHN-toh)
Copla
(KOH-plah)
Manguito
(man-GY-toh)
Coupling beams
Court
Cover, Covering
Vigas de acoplamiento
(VEE-gahs deh ah-koh-plah-MYEHN-toh)
Patio interno
(PAH-tee-oh een-TEHR-noh)
Recubrimiento
(reh-koo-bree-MYEHN-toh)
Tapadera
(tah-pah-DEH-rah)
Revestimiento
(reh-veh-stee-MYEHN-toh)
Cubierta
(coo-BYEHR-tah)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
15
cra-cut
Cracked walls
Constructionary
Muros rajados
(moo-rohs rah-HA-dohs)
Paredes rajadas
(pah-REH-dehs rah-HA-dahs)
Cracks
Rajadas
(rah-HA-dahs)
Grietas
(GRYEH-tahs)
Partidas
(pahr-TEE-dahs)
Crawl space
Espacio angosto
(ehs-PAH-syoh ahn-GOHS-toh)
Sótano de poca altura
(SOH-tah-noh deh POH-kah ahl-TOO-rah)
Cripple wall
Muro corto
(MOO-roh KOHR-toh)
Cross connection
Conexión cruzada
Cross-grain
Fibra transversal
(koh-nek-SYOHN kroo-SAH-dah)
(FEE-brah trans-vehr-SAL)
Contragrano
(kohn-trah-GRAH-noh)
Crown
Crown face
Culvert
Corona (grapas)
[koh-ROH-nah (GRAH-pahs)]
Cara combada
(KAH-rah com-BAH-dah)
Alcantarilla
(alkan-tah-REE-jah)
Desagüe
(deh-SAH-gweh)
Curb
Guarnición
(gwahr-nee-SYOHN)
Cordón
(kohr-DON)
Flanco
(FLAHN-koh)
Bordillo
(bohr-DEE-joh)
Cut-off valve
Válvula de cierre
(VAHL-voo-lah deh SYEH-rreh)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
16
D
Damper
Dead end
Regulador
(reh-goo-lah-DOHR)
Terminal
(tehr-mee-NAHL)
Extremos cerrados
(ehk-STREH-mohs seh-RRAH-dohs)
Sin salida
(seen sah-LEE-dah)
Dead load
Carga muerta
(KAHR-gah MWEHR-tah)
Carga permanente
(KAHR-gah pehr-mah-NEHN-teh)
Deck, Decking
Design drawings
Designer
Detached building
Device
Diagonal bracing
Cubierta
(koo-BYEHR-tah)
Planos
(PLAH-nohs)
Diseñador
(dee-seh-nyah-DOHR)
Edificación separada
(eh-dee-fee-kah-SYOHN seh-pah-RAHdah)
Dispositivo
(dees-poh-see-TEE-voh)
Arriostramiento diagonal
(ah-rryohs-trah-MYEHN-toh dyah-gohNAHL)
Dig
Excavar
Dilapidation
Deterioro
Disability
Discapacidad
(ex-kah-VAHR)
(deh-teh-RYOH-roh)
(dees-kah-pah-see-DAHD)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
17
dis-dou
Constructionary
Discharge pipe
Tubo de descarga
Discontinuous beams
Vigas discontinuas
Dispense
Trasvasar
Dispersal area, safe
Área segura de dispersión
Displacement
(TOO-boh deh dehs-KAHR-gah)
(VEE-gahs dees-kohn-TEE-nwahs)
(trahs-vah-SAHR)
(AH-reh-ah seh-GOO-rah deh dees-pehrSYOHN)
Corrimiento
(koh-rree-MYEHN-toh)
Desplazamiento
(dehs-plah-sah-MYEHN-toh)
Door
Door assemblies
Puerta
(PWER-tah)
Sistemas de puertas
(sees-TEH-mahs deh PWEHR-tahs)
Door sill
Umbral
Doorbell
Timbre
Doorway
Claro de puerta
(oom-BRAL)
(TEEM-breh)
(KLAH-roh deh PWEHR-tah)
Entrada
(ehn-TRAH-dah)
Portal
(pohr-TAHL)
Dormer
Buharda
(boo-AHR-dah)
Buhardilla
(boo-ahr-DEE-jah)
Dormitory
Residencias para estudiantes
(reh-see-DEN-syahs PAH-rah ehs-tooDYAHN-tehs)
Dormitorio estudiantil
(dor-mee-TOH-ree-oh ehs-too-dyahn-TEEL)
Double plate
Double pole breaker
Solera doble
(soh-LEH-rah DOH-bleh)
Interruptor automático bipolar
(een-teh-rroop-TOHR ah-oo-toh-MAH-teekoh bee-poh-LAHR)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
18
Constructionary
Doubled
Doubler plates
dou-dum
Adosado
(ah-doh-SAH-doh)
Placas
(PLAH-kahs)
Placas de refuerzo
(PLAH-kahs deh reh-FWEHR-soh)
Draft stop
Cierre de tiro
(SYEH-rreh deh TEE-roh)
Barrera contra corriente de aire
(ba-RREH-rah kohn-trah koh-RRYEHN-teh
deh ah-ee-reh)
Draftsman
Drain, Drainage
Dibujante
(dee-boo-HAHN-teh)
Desagüe
(deh-SAH-gweh)
Drenaje
(dreh-NAH-heh)
Drawn
Extruído
Dressing room
Vestidor
Drilling
(eks-troo-EE-doh)
(vehs-tee-DOHR)
Perforación
(pehr-foh-rah-SYOHN)
Driven
Impulsado
Dry wall
Muro en seco
(eem-pool-SAH-doh)
(MOO-roh ehn SEH-koh)
Tablero de yeso
(tah-bleh-roh deh YEH-soh)
Dryer
Secadora
Dual system
Sistema doble
Duct
Dumbwaiter
(seh-kah-DOH-rah)
(sees-TEH-mah DOH-bleh)
Conducto
(kohn-DOOK-toh)
Montacargas
(mohn-tah-KAHR-gahs)
Montaplatos
(mohn-tah-PLAH-tohs)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
19
dwe
Dwelling
Constructionary
Vivienda
(vee-VYEHN-dah)
Residencia
(reh-see-DEN-syah)
Habitación
(ah-bee-tah-SYOHN)
Dwelling unit
Unidad de vivienda
(oo-nee-DAHD deh vee-VYEHN-dah)
Unidad habitacional
(oo-nee-DAHD ah-bee-tah-syo-NAL)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
20
E
Earth work
Terraplén
(teh-rrah-PLEN)
Earthquake load
Carga sísmica
Eave
Alero
Edge (on edge)
(KAHR-gah SEES-mee-kah)
(ah-LEH-roh)
Canto (de canto a canto)
[KAHN-toh (deh KAHN-toh ah KAHN-toh)]
Borde
(BOHR-deh)
Egress
Salida
(sah-LEE-dah)
Electrical fixture
Artefactos eléctricos
Electrical outlet
Enchufe
(ahr-teh-FAHK-toh eh-LEHK-tree-kohs)
(ehn-CHOO-feh)
Tomacorriente
(Toh-mah-koh-RRYEHN-teh)
Electrician
Electricista
Electricity
Electricidad
Elevator
Ascensor
(eh-lehk-tree-SEES-tah)
(eh-lehk-tree-see-DAHD)
(ah-sehn-SOHR)
Elevador
(eh-leh-vah-DOHR)
Elevator car
Coche de ascensor
Embankment
Terraplén
Embedded
Empotrados
(KOH-cheh deh ah-sehn-SOHR)
(teh-rrah-PLEN)
(ehm-poh-TRAH-dohs)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
21
emb-exi
Constructionary
Incrustado
(een-kroos-TAH-doh)
Arraigado
(ah-rrah-ee-GAH-doh)
Embedment
Empotradura
Enclose
Encerrar
Enclosed
Encerrado
Enclosure
Cerramiento
Encompass
Ends
(ehm-poh-trah-DOO-rah)
(ehn-seh-RRAHR)
(ehn-seh-RRAH-doh)
(seh-rrah-MYEHN-toh)
Incluir
(een-kloo-EER)
Puntas
(POON-tahs)
Extremos
(ehks-TREH-mohs)
Enforce
Engineer
Hacer cumplir
(ah-SEHR koom-PLEER)
Ingeniero
(een-heh-NYEH-roh)
Escalator
Escalera mecánica
Essential facilities
Instalaciones esenciales
(ehs-kah-LEH-rah meh-KAH-nee-kah)
(eens-tah-lah-SYOH-nehs eh-sehn-SYAHlehs)
Edificaciones esenciales
(eh-dee-fee-kah-SYOH-nehs eh-sehnSYAH-lehs)
Exhaust
Escape
(ehs-KAH-peh)
Extracción
(ehks-trahk-SYOHN)
Exhaust fan
Exit
Ventilador de extracción
(vehn-tee-lah-DOHR deh ehks-trahkSYOHN
Salida
(sah-LEE-dah)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
22
Constructionary
Exit door
Expansion bolt
exi-ext
Puerta de salida
(PWEHR-tah deh sah-LEE-dah)
Perno de expansión
(PEHR-noh deh ehk-spahn-SYOHN)
Tornillo de expansión
(tohr-NEE-joh deh ehk-spahn-SYOHN)
Expansion joint
Extension cord
Exterior wall
Exterior/interior
surface
Junta de dilatación/expansión
(HOON-tah deh dee-lah-tah-SYOHN/ehkspahn-SYOHN)
Cable de extensión
(KAH-bleh deh ehk-stehn-SYOHN)
Muro/Pared exterior
(MOO-roh/pa-REHD ehk-steh-RYOHR)
Superficie exterior/interior
(soo-per-FEE-syeh ehk-steh-RYOHR/
een-teh-RYOHR)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
23
F
Façade
Alzado
(al-ZAH-doh)
Fachada
(fah-CHAH-dah)
Face grain
Face load
Face mount hangers
Face shield
Facing brick
Factory built
Factory-made
Fan
Veta superficial
(VEH-tah soo-pehr-fee-SYAHL)
Carga ditribuida
(KAHR-gah dees-tree-boo-EE-dah)
Percha de montaje frontal
(PEHR-chah deh mon-tah-HEH fron-TAHL)
Careta
(kah-REH-tah)
Ladrillos para frentes
(lah-DREE-johs PAH-rah FREHN-tehs)
Prefabricado
(preh-fah-bree-KAH-doh)
Hecho en fábrica
(EH-choh ehn FAH-bree-kah)
Ventilador
(vehn-tee-lah-DOHR)
Abanico
(ah-bah-NEE-koh)
Fasteners
Anclajes
Faucet
Llave
(ahn-KLAH-hehs)
(JAH-veh)
Grifo
(GREE-foh)
Feeder cable
Felt
Cable de alimentación
(KAH-bleh de ah-lee-mehn-tah-SYOHN)
Fieltro
(FYEHL-troh)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
24
Constructionary
Fence
fen-fir
Cerca
(SEHR-ka)
Barda
(BAR-dah)
Mediera
(meh-DYEH-rah)
Fiberboard
Tablero de fibra
(tah-BLEH-roh deh FEE-brah)
Field test
Prueba en obra
Filled
Rellenado
Finish
(PRWEH-bah ehn OH-brah)
(reh-jeh-NAH-doh)
Acabado
(ah-kah-BAH-doh)
Terminado
(tehr-mee-NAH-doh)
Finishing nail
Fire alarm system
Clavo sin cabeza
(KLAH-voh seen kah-BEH-sah)
Sistema de alarma contra
incendios
(sees-TEH-mah deh ah-LAR-mah kohn-trah
een-SEHN-dee-ohs)
Fire Code
Código de Incendios
Fire department
Cuerpo/Departamento de
bomberos
(KOH-dee-goh deh een-SEHN-dee-ohs)
(KWER-poh/deh-par-tah-MEHN-toh deh
bohm-BEH-rohs)
Fire department access Acceso para bomberos
(ahk-SEH-soh PAH-rah bohm-BEH-rohs)
Fire department
connection
Toma de impulsión
(TOH-mah deh eem-pool-SYOHN)
Conexión para bomberos
(koh-nek-SYOHN PAH-ra bohm-BEH-rohs)
Fire extinguisher
Extinguidor
(ehk-steen-ghee-DOHR)
Extintor
(ehk-steen-TOHR)
Matafuegos
(mah-tah-FWEH-gohs)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
25
fir-fla
Fireblock
Fireblocking
Firebox
Firebrick
Fireplace
Constructionary
Bloque antifuego
(BLOH-keh ahn-tee-FWEH-goh)
Bloqueado antifuego
(bloh-keh-AH-do ahn-tee-FWEH-goh)
Fogón
(foh-GOHN)
Ladrillo de fuego
(lah-DREE-joh deh FWEH-goh)
Chimenea
(chee-meh-NEH-ah)
Hogar
(oh-GAHR)
First floor/story
Primer piso
Fish tape
Cinta pescadora
Fitting
(pree-MER PEE-soh)
(SEEN-tah pehs-kah-DOH-rah)
Accesorio
(ahk-seh-SOH-ryoh)
Conexión
(koh-nek-SYOHN)
Fixture
Artefacto
(ahr-teh-FAHK-toh)
Accesorio
(ahk-seh-SOH-ryoh)
Fixture, bathroom
Artefacto sanitario
Fixture trap
Trampa hidráulica
(ahr-teh-FAHK-toh sah-nee-TAH-ryoh)
(TRAM-pah ee-DRAH-oo-lee-kah)
Sifón
(see-FOHN)
Trampa de artefacto
(TRAM-pah deh ahr-teh-FAHK-toh)
Flammable
Flammable liquid
Inflamable
(een-flah-MAH-bleh)
Líquido inflamable
(LEE-kee-doh een-flah-MAH-bleh)
Flammability
Inflamabilidad
Flanges
Patines
(een-flah-mah-bee-lee-DAHD)
(pah-TEE-nehs)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
26
Constructionary
fla-flu
Bridas
(BREE-dahs)
Alas
(AH-lahs)
Flashing
Cubrejuntas
(koo-breh-HOON-tahs)
Tapajuntas
(tah-pah-HOON-tahs)
Plancha de escurrimiento
(PLAHN-cha deh ehs-koo-rree-MYEHN-toh)
Vierteaguas
(vee-er-teh-AH-gwahs)
Botaguas
(boh-TAH-gwahs)
Flashlight
Linterna
(leen-TEHR-nah)
Lámpara
(LAHM-pah-rah)
Flex conduit
Floodlight
Conducto portacables flexible
(kohn-DOOK-toh pohr-tah-KAH-blehs
flek-SEE-bleh)
Iluminación industrial
(ee-loo-mee-nah-SYOHN een-doosTRYAHL)
Foco industrial
(FOH-koh een-doos-TRYAHL)
Floor
Piso
(PEE-soh)
Solado
(soh-LAH-doh)
Floor deck
Floor tile (small slab)
Flooring
Plataforma
(plah-tah-FOHR-mah)
Loseta
(loh-SEH-tah)
Revestimientos para pisos
(reh-vehs-tee-MYEHN-tohs PAH-rah PEEsohs)
Material para pisos
(mah-teh-RYAHL PAH-rah PEE-sohs)
Flue
Fluorescent
Conductos de humo
(kohn-DOOK-tohs deh OO-moh)
Fluorescente
(floo-oh-reh-SEHN-teh)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
27
foo-fra
Constructionary
Footboard
Tabla de piso
Footing
Zapata
(TAH-blah deh PEE-soh)
(sah-PAH-tah)
Zarpa
(SAR-pah)
Cimiento
(see-MYEHN-toh)
Foreman
Capataz
(kah-pah-TAHS)
Sobrestante
(soh-breh-STAHN-teh)
Supervisor
(soo-pehr-vee-SOHR)
Forms (concrete)
Encofrados
Formwork
Encofrado
Foundation
Fundación
(ehn-koh-FRAH-dohs)
(ehn-koh-FRAH-doh)
(foon-dah-SYOHN)
Cimentación
(see-men-tah-SYOHN)
Foundation sill plate
Foundation walls
Frame
Placa de solera de fundación
(PLAH-kah deh soh-LEH-rah deh foon-dahSYOHN)
Muros de fundación
(MOO-rohs deh foon-dah-SYOHN)
Marco
(MAR-koh)
Estructura
(ehs-trook-TOO-rah)
Pórtico
(POHR-tee-koh)
Bastidor
(bahs-tee-DOHR)
Armazón
(ar-mah-SOHN)
Frame, door/window
Marco de puerta/ventana
Framed
Armado
(mar-koh deh PWEHR-tah/vehn-TAH-nah)
(ar-MAH-doh)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
28
Constructionary
fra-fus
Framework
Armazón
Framing
Estructura
Fumes
Gases
Furred out, Furring
Fuse
Fuse box
(ar-mah-SOHN)
(ehs-trook-TOO-rah)
(GAH-sehs)
Enrasado
(ehn-rah-SAH-doh)
Fusible
(foo-SEE-bleh)
Caja de fusibles
(KAH-hah deh foo-SEE-blehs)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
29
G
Gable
Hastial
Gable construction
Construcción a dos aguas
Gable roof
Techo a dos aguas
Gable rake
Cornisa inclinada
Gage/Gauge
(instrument)
Manómetro
(ahs-TYAHL)
(kohns-trook-SYOHN ah dohs AH-gwahs)
(TEH-cho ah dos AH-gwahs)
(kor-NEE-sah een-klee-NAH-dah)
(mah-NOH-meh-troh)
Indicador
(een-dee-kah-DOHR)
Gage/Gauge
(thickness)
Calibre
(kah-LEE-breh)
Espesor
(ehs-peh-SOHR)
Garage
Garaje
(gah-RAH-heh)
Cochera
(koh-CHEH-rah)
Garbage disposal
Triturador de basura/
desperdicios
(tree-too-rah-DOHR deh bah-SOO-rah/
dehs-pehr-DEE-syohs)
Gasket
Arandela
(ar-ahn-DEH-lah)
Empaque
(ehm-PAH-keh)
Junta
(HOON-tah)
Gas-fired
Alimentado por gas
(ah-lee-men-TAH-do pohr gahs)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
30
Constructionary
Gas main
gas-gra
Conducto/cañería principal
de gas
(kohn-DOOK-toh/kah-nyeh-REE-ah preensee-PAL deh GAHS)
Gate valve
Llave de paso
Generator
Generador
Girder
Viga maestra
(JAH-veh deh PAH-soh)
(heh-neh-rah-DOHR)
(VEE-gah mah-EHS-trah)
Viga principal
(VEE-gah preen-see-PAL)
Viga
(VEE-gah)
Jácena
(HAH-seh-nah)
Glazed, Glazing
Vidriado
(vee-DRYAH-doh)
Encristalado
(ehn-krees-tah-LAH-doh)
Glass Brick
Glue
Grab bars
Ladrillo de vidrio
(lah-DREE-joh deh VEE-dryoh)
Pegamento
(peh-gah-MEHN-toh)
Barras de apoyo
(BAH-rrahs deh ah-POH-joh)
Barra de soporte
(BAH-rrahs deh soh-POHR-teh)
Agarraderas
(ah-gah-rrah-DEH-rahs)
Grade
Nivel de terreno
(nee-VEHL deh teh-RREH-noh)
Rasante
(rah-SAHN-teh)
Grade beam
Graded lumber
Viga de fundación
(VEE-gah deh foon-dah-SYOHN)
Madera elaborada
(mah-DEH-rah eh-lah-boh-RAH-dah)
Madera clasificada
(mah-DEH-rah klah-see-fee-KAH-dah)
Grading
Nivelación de terreno
(nee-veh-lah-SYOHN deh teh-RREH-noh)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
31
gra-gro
Grandstands
Constructionary
Tribunas
(tree-BOON-ahs)
Gradas
(GRAH-dahs)
Gravel
Grava
(GRAH-vah)
Cascajo
(kahs-KAH-hoh)
Ripio
(REE-pee-oh)
Grease interceptor
Interceptor de grasas
Grease trap
Colector de grasas
Grille
Rejilla
(een-tehr-sehp-TOHR deh GRAH-sahs)
(koh-lehk-TOHR deh GRAH-sahs)
(reh-HEE-jah)
Reja
(REH-hah)
Grip
Grommet
Agarre
(ah-GAH-rreh)
Arandela
(ar-ahn-DEH-lah)
Ojal
(oh-HAHL)
Groove
Gross area
Ranura
(rah-NOO-rah)
Área total
(AH-reh-ah toh-TAHL)
Área bruta
(AH-reh-ah BROO-tah)
Ground bond
Ground connection
Ground level
Ground wire
Grout
Cable de enlace
(KAH-bleh deh ehn-LAH-seh)
Conexión a tierra
(koh-nek-SYOHN ah TYEH-rra)
Planta baja
(PLAHN-tah BAH-hah)
Cable a tierra
(KAH-bleh ah TYEH-rra)
Lechada de cemento
(leh-CHAH-dah deh seh-MEHN-toh)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
32
Constructionary
gua-gyp
Mortero de cemento
(mohr-TEH-roh deh seh-MEHN-toh)
Guardrail
Guest
Guest room
Baranda
(bah-RAHN-dah)
Huésped
(WEHS-pehd)
Cuarto de huéspedes
(KWAR-toh deh WEHS-peh-dehs)
Guide rail
Riel de guía
Gusset plate
Placa de unión
(RYEHL deh GY-ah)
(PLAH-kah deh oon-YOHN)
Placa de cartela
(PLAH-kah deh kahr-TEH-lah)
Gutter
Gotera
(goh-TEH-rah)
Canal
(kah-NAHL)
Canaleta
(kah-nah-LEH-tah)
Gypsum
Gypsum board
Yeso
(YEH-soh)
Panel de yeso
(pah-NEHL deh YEH-soh)
Tablero de yeso
(tah-BLEH-roh deh YEH-soh)
Plancha de yeso
(PLAHN-chah deh YEH-soh)
Plafón de yeso
(plah-FOHN deh YEH-soh)
Gypsum lath
Gypsum plaster
Gypsum wallboard
Listón yesero
(lees-TOHN yeh-SEH-roh)
Revoque de yeso
(reh-VOH-keh deh YEH-soh)
Panel de yeso
(pah-NEHL deh YEH-soh)
Plancha de yeso
(PLAHN-cha deh YEH-soh)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
33
H
Hallway
Handicapped
Pasillo
(pah-SEE-joh)
Discapacitado
(dees-kah-pah-see-TAH-doh)
Minusválido
(mee-noos-VAH-lee-doh)
Handle
Manipular
(mah-nee-poo-LAHR)
Manija
(mah-NEE-hah)
Mango
(MAHN-goh)
Brazo
(BRAH-soh)
Agarradera
(ah-gah-rrah-DEH-rahs)
Handling
Handrail
Hangers
Manipulación
(mah-nee-poo-lah-SYOHN)
Pasamanos
(pah-sah-MAH-nohs)
Ganchos
(GAHN-chohs)
Colgaderos
(kohl-gah-DEH-rohs)
Hanger’s saddle
Montura de la percha
Hangings
Cortinajes
(mon-TOO-rah deh lah PEHR-chah)
(kor-tee-NAH-hehs)
Colgaderos
(kohl-gah-DEH-rohs)
Hardboard
Hatch
Tablero duro
(tah-BLEH-roh DOO-roh)
Compuerta
(kohm-PWEHR-tah)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
34
Constructionary
Haunches
Hazard
Hazardous
hou-hip
Cartelas
(kahr-TEH-lahs)
Peligro
(peh-LEE-groh)
Peligroso
(peh-lee-GROH-soh)
Nocivo
(noh-SEE-voh)
Dañino
(dah-NYEE-noh)
Head (door frame)
Head joint
Header
Dintel (de la puerta)
[deen-TEHL (deh lah PWEHR-tah)]
Junta vertical
(HOON-tah vehr-tee-KAHL)
Cabezal
(kah-beh-SAL)
Dintel
(deen-TEHL)
Heater
Calefactor
(kahl-eh-fak-TOHR)
Estufa
(ehs-TOO-fah)
Calentador
(kahl-ehn-tah-DOHR)
Heating
High rise building
Highly toxic material
High-piled storage
Calefacción
(kahl-eh-fak-SYOHN)
Edificio de gran altura
(eh-dee-FEE-syoh deh grahn ahl-TOO-rah)
Material altamente tóxico
(mah-teh-RYAHL AHL-tah-mehn-teh TOHCsee-koh)
Almacenamiento en pilas altas
(ahl-mah-seh-nah-MYEHN-toh ehn PEElahs AHL-tahs)
Hinge
Bisagra
Hip
Lima
(bee-SAH-grah)
(LEE-mah)
Lima hoya
(LEE-mah OH-yah)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
35
hip-hot
Constructionary
Lima tesa
(LEE-mah TEH-sah)
Hip roof
Hip tile
Hod
Hold-down anchor
Hole
Techo a cuatro aguas
(TEH-cho ah KWAH-tro AH-gwas)
Teja para limas
(TEH-hah PAH-rah LEE-mahs)
Cuezo
(KWEH-soh)
Ancla de retención
(AHN-klah deh reh-tehn-SYOHN)
Hoyo
(OH-yoh)
Agujero
(ah-goo-HEH-roh)
Boquete
(boh-KEH-teh)
Hood (chimney/kitchen) Campana (chimenea/
cocina)
[kahm-PAH-nah (chee-meh-NEH-ah/
koh-SEE-nah)]
Hoop
Horizontal bracing
system
Lazo
(LAH-soh)
Sistema de arriostramiento
horizontal
(sees-TEH-mah deh ah-rryoh-strahMYEHN-toh oh-ree-sohn-TAHL)
Horizontal pipe
Tubo horizontal
Hose bibb valves
Válvulas para grifos
de mangueras
(TOO-boh oh-ree-sohn-TAHL)
(VAHL-voo-lahs PAH-rah GREE-fohs deh
mahn-GEH-rahs)
Hose
Hose threads
Hot-dipped
Manguera
(mahn-GEH-rah)
Rosca de manguera
(ROHS-kah deh mahn-GEH-rah)
Inmerso en caliente
(een-MEHR-soh ehn kah-LYEHN-teh)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
36
Constructionary
Hot bus bar
hot-hyd
Bandeja de carga
(bahn-DEH-hah deh KAHR-gah)
Barra ómnibus de carga
(BAH-rra OHM-nee-boos deh KAHR-gah)
Hot water
Agua caliente
House trap
Trampa doméstica
HVAC
Calefacción, ventilacion y aire
acondicionado
(AH-gwah kah-LYEHN-teh)
(TRAHM-pah doh-MEHS-tee-kah)
(kah-leh-fahk-SYOHN, vehn-tee-lahSYOHN ee AH-ee-reh ah-kohn-dee-syohNAH-doh)
Hydrated lime
Cal hidratada
(KAHL ee-drah-TAH-dah)
Calhidra
(kah-LEE-dra)
Hydraulic cement
Cemento hidráulico
(seh-MEHN-toh ee-DRAH-oo-lee-koh)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
37
I
I-Joist
Vigueta de madera
(vee-GEH-tah deh ma-DEH-rah)
Vigueta en doble T
(vee-GEH-tah ehn DOH-bleh TEH)
Vigueta-I
(vee-GEH-tah EE)
Incline
Declive
(deh-KLEE-veh)
Inclinación
(een-klee-nah-SYOHN)
Ladera
(lah-DEH-rah)
Pendiente
(pehn-DYEHN-teh)
Inclinar
(een-klee-NAHR)
Ladear
(lah-deh-AHR)
Inspector
Inspector
(eens-pek-TOHR)
Supervisor
(soo-pehr-vee-SOHR)
Insulating
Insulation
Aislante
(ah-ees-LAHN-teh)
Aislamiento
(ah-ees-lah-MYEHN-toh)
Aislante
(ah-ees-LAHN-teh)
Interior room
Cuarto interior
Interlay
Contrachapar
Interlayment
Capa intermedia
(KWAR-toh een-teh-RYOR)
(kohn-trah-chah-PAHR)
(KAH-pah een-tehr-MEH-dee-ah)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
38
Constructionary
Interlocking
Interlocking
roofing tiles
International Building
Code
int-iso
Enclavamiento
(ehn-klah-vah-MYEHN-toh)
Tejas entrelazadas para techo
(TEH-hahs ehn-treh-lah-SAH-dahs PAH-rah
TEH-choh)
Código Internacional de la
Edificación
(KOH-dee-goh een-tehr-nah-syoh-NAL deh
lah eh-dee-fee-kah-SYOHN)
International Fire Code
Código Internacional de
Protección contra Incendios
(KOH-dee-goh een-tehr-nah-syoh-NAL deh
proh-tehk-SYOHN KOHN-trah een-SEHNdee-ohs)
International Mechanical
Code
Código Internacional de
Instalaciones Mecánicas
(KOH-dee-goh een-tehr-nah-syoh-NAL deh
een-stah-lah-SYOH-nehs meh-KAH-neekahs)
Internacional
Plumbing Code
Código Intenacional para
Instalaciones Hidráulicas
y Sanitarias
(KOH-dee-goh een-tehr-nah-syoh-NAL
PAH-rah een-stah-lah-SYOH-nehs eeDRAH-oo-lee-kahs ee sah-nee-TAH-ryahs)
Intertied
Entrelazados
Intervening rooms
Cuartos intermedios
Isolation joint
Junta de aislamiento
(ehn-treh-lah-SAH-dohs)
(KWAR-tohs een-tehr-MEH-dee-ohs)
(HOON-tah deh ah-ees-lah-MYEHN-toh)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
39
J
Jacking force
Fuerza
de estiramiento
(FWEHR-sah deh ehs-tee-rah-MYEHN-toh)
Jamb (door frame)
Jamba
(HAHM-bah)
Quicial
(kee-SYAHL)
Jobsite
Lugar de la obra/en la obra
(loo-GAR deh lah OH-brah/ehn lah OHbrah)
Sitio de construcción
(SEE-tee-oh deh kohn-strook-SYOHN)
Joint
Unión
(oon-YOHN)
Junta
(HOON-tah)
Joint compound
Joist
Pasta de muro
(PAHS tah deh MOO-roh)
Vigueta
(vee-GEH-tah)
Viga
(VEE-gah)
Joist, end
Joist, floor
Joist hanger
Junction
Vigueta esquinera
(vee-GEH-tah es-kee-NEH-ra)
Vigueta del piso
(vee-GEH-tah del PEE-soh)
Estribo para vigueta
(ehs-TREE-boh PAH-rah vee-GEH-ta)
Empalme
(ehm-PAHL-meh)
Unión
(oon-YOHN)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
40
K
Kettle
Key
Keystone
King post
Caldera
(kahl-DEH-rah)
Llave
(JAH-veh)
Clave
(KLAH-veh)
Poste principal
(POHS-teh preen-see-PAL)
Columna
(koh-LOOM-nah)
Kiosk
Kitchen oven
Kitchen stove
Kitchen sink
Knockout
Kraft paper
Quiosco
(KYOHS-koh)
Horno de cocina
(OHR-noh deh koh-SEE-nah)
Estufa de cocina
(ehs-TOO-fah deh koh-SEE-nah)
Fregadero de cocina
(freh-gah-DEH-roh deh koh-SEE-nah)
Agujero ciego
(ah-goo-HEH-roh SYEH-goh)
Papel Kraft
(pah-PEHL krahft)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
41
L
Ladder
Escalera
(ehs-kah-LEH-rah)
Landing (stair)
Descanso de escaleras
Lap siding
Revestimiento de tablas con
traslape/solape
(dehs-KAHN-soh deh ehs-kah-LEH-rahs)
(reh-vehs-tee-MYEHN-toh deh TAH-blahs
kohn trahs-LAH-peh/soh-LAH-peh)
Lap splice
Lapping
Latch
Latching device
Lateral (pipe)
Lath
Traslape
(trahs-LAH-peh)
Traslapo
(trahs-LAH-poh)
Cerrojo
(seh-RROH-hoh)
Dispositivo de traba
(dees-poh-see-TEE-voh deh TRAH-bah)
Ramal lateral
(rahm-AHL lah-teh-RAHL)
Listón
(lees-TOHN)
Malla de enlucir
(MAH-jah deh ehn-loo-SEER)
Tiras de yeso
(TEE-rahs deh YEH-soh)
Tira
(TEE-rah)
Lawn
Césped
(SEHS-pehd)
Pasto
(PAHS-toh)
Lay out
Croquis
(KROH-kees)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
42
Constructionary
lea-lin
Diseño
(dee-SEH-nyo)
Leader (pipe)
Tubo de bajada
Lead-free
Sin plomo
Lead-free
solder and flux
(TOO-boh deh bah-HAH-dah)
(seen PLOH-moh)
Soldadura y fundente
sin plomo
(sohl-dah-DOO-rah ee foon-DEN-teh seen
PLOH-moh)
Ledger
Travesaño
(tra-veh-SAH-nyo)
Solera
(soh-LEH-rah)
Lever
Palanca
Lift
Levantamiento
(pah-LAHN-kah)
(leh-vahn-tah-MYEHN-toh)
Alzada
(ahl-SAH-dah)
Lote
(LOH-teh)
Hormigonada
(ohr-mee-goh-NAH-dah)
Colada
(koh-LAH-dah)
Lightbulbs
Focos
(FOH-kohs)
Bombillas
(bohm-BEE-jahs)
Light fixture
Artefacto de iluminación
Limbs
Miembros
(ahr-teh-FAHK-toh deh ee-loo-mee-nahSYOHN)
(MYEHM-brohs)
Extremidades
(ehk-streh-mee-DAH-dehs)
Lime putty
Mastique de cal
Limestone
Caliza
(mah-STEE-keh deh kahl)
(kah-LEE-sah)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
43
lin-loc
Line and grade
Lining
Constructionary
Trazar y nivelar
(trah-SAR ee nee-veh-LAR)
Recubrimiento
(reh-koo-bree-MYEHN-toh)
Revestimiento
(reh-vehs-tee-MYEHN-toh)
Link, Linkage
Enlace
(ehn-LAH-seh)
Tirante
(tee-RAHN-teh)
Conexión
(koh-nek-SYOHN)
Lintel
Live load
Dintel
(deen-TEHL)
Cargas vivas
(KAHR-gahs VEE-vahs)
Carga variable
(KAHR-gah vah-ree-AH-bleh)
Load combination
Load-bearing joist
Loaded area
Combinación de cargas
(kohm-bee-nah-SYOHN deh KAHR-gahs)
Viga de carga
(VEE-gah deh KAHR-gah)
Área cargada
(AH-reh-ah kahr-GAH-dah)
Área sometida a carga
(AH-reh-ah soh-meh-TEE-dah ah KAHRgah)
Lobby
Lobby
(LOH-bee)
Vestíbulo
(vehs-TEE-boo-loh)
Local vent stack
Lock
Tubo vertical de ventilación
(TOO-boh vehr-tee-KAHL deh vehn-tee-lahSYOHN)
Candado
(kan-DAH-doh)
Cerradura
(seh-rrah-DOO-rah)
Cerrojo
(seh-RROH-hoh)
Lock bolts
Pernos de seguridad
(PEHR-nohs deh seh-goo-ree-DAHD)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
44
Constructionary
Locking receptacle
Lodging house
Loop
Lot
loc-lvl
Tomas con traba
(TOH-mahs kohn TRAH-bah)
Hospedaje
(ohs-peh-DAH-heh)
Lazadas
(lah-SAH-dahs)
Terreno
(teh-RREH-noh)
Lote
(LOH-teh)
Louver
Lumber
Celosía
(seh-loh-SEE-ah)
Madera de construcción
(mah-DEH-rah deh kohns-trook-SYOHN)
Madera elaborada
(mah-DEH-rah eh-lah-boh-RAH-dah)
LVL beams
Vigas de madera microlaminada
(VEE-gahs deh mah-DEH-rah mee-crohlah-mee-NAH-dah)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
45
M
Mail box
Main
Buzón
(boo-SOHN)
Principal
(preen-see-PAHL)
Matriz
(mah-TREES)
Main breaker
Main power cable
Main vent
Mall
Manager
Manhole
Interruptor automático principal
(een-teh-rroop-TOHR ah-oo-toh-MAH-teekoh preen-see-PAHL)
Cable principal
(KAH-bleh preen-see-PAHL)
Respiradero matriz
(rehs-pee-rah-DEH-roh mah-TREES)
Centro comercial
(SEHN-troh koh-mehr-SYAHL)
Gerente
(heh-REHN-teh)
Pozo de confluencia
(POH-soh deh kohn-FLWEHN-syah)
Boca de inspección
(BOH-kah deh eens-pehk-SYOHN)
Boca de acceso
(BOH-kah deh ahk-SEH-soh)
Pozo de entrada
(POH-soh deh ehn-TRAH-dah)
Mansard roof
Mansion
Mansarda
(mahn-SAHR-dah)
Mansión
(mahn-SYOHN)
Residencia
(reh-see-DEN-syah)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
46
Constructionary
Manual pull station
Marquee
Mason
Masonry
man-mor
Alarma de incendio manual
(ah-LAHR-mah deh een-SEHN-dee-oh
mah-NWAHL)
Marquesina
(mar-keh-SEE-nah)
Albañil
(ahl-bah-NYEEL)
Mampostería
(mahm-pohs-teh-REE-ah)
Albañilería
(ahl-bah-nyee-leh-REE-ah)
Mastic
Means of egress
Mastique
(mahs-TEE-keh)
Medios de salida
(MEH-dee-ohs deh sah-LEE-dah)
Measuring tape
Cinta de medir
Mechanical anchorage
Anclaje mecánico
Metal deck
Metal flagpole
Metal roof covering
(SEEN-tah deh meh-DEER)
(ahn-KLAH-heh meh-KAH-nee-koh)
Plataforma metálica
(plah-tah-FOR-mah meh-TAH-lee-kah)
Mástil metálico
(MAHS-teel meh-TAH-lee-koh)
Cubierta metálica para techos
(koo-BYEHR-tah meh-TAH-lee-kah PAH-rah
TEH-chohs)
Metal scribe
Trazador de metal
Meter
Medidor
Mixing valve
Llave de mezcla
Moist curing
Curado con humedad
Molding
Moldura
Mortar
(trah-sah-DOHR deh meh-TAHL)
(meh-dee-DOHR)
(JAH-veh deh MEHS-clah)
(koo-RAH-doh kohn oo-meh-DAHD)
(mohl-DOO-rah)
Mortero
(mohr-TEH-roh)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
47
mor-mul
Constructionary
Argamasa
(ar-gah-MAH-sah)
Mezcla
(MEHS-klah)
Mortise
Mudsill
Ranura
(rah-NOO-rah)
Solera de base
(soh-LEH-rah deh BAH-seh)
Mullion (door)
Larguero central
Multiple gabled roofs
Techos a aguas múltiples
(lar-GEH-roh sehn-TRAHL)
(TEH-chohs ah AH-gwahs MOOL-tee-plehs)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
48
N
Nailing, face
Con clavos sumidos
Nailing strip
Listón para clavar
Nails
Clavos
Nameplate
Placa de características
(kohn KLAH-vohs soo-MEE-dohs)
(lee-STOHN PAH-rah klah-VAHR)
(KLAH-vohs)
(PLAH-kah deh kahr-ahk-teh-REES-teekahs)
Placa de datos
(PLAH-kah deh DAH-tohs)
Placa de fábrica
(PLAH-kah deh FAH-bree-kah)
Natural ventilation
Ventilación natural
Neutral service wire
Cable principal neutro
Neutral wire
Cable neutro
Nonabrasive/abrasive
materials
(vehn-tee-lah-SYOHN nah-too-RAHL)
(KAH-bleh preen-see-PAHL NEHOO-troh)
(KAH-bleh NEHOO-troh)
Materiales no abrasivos
/abrasivos
(mah-teh-RYAH-lehs noh ah-brah-SEEvohs/ah-brah-SEE-vohs)
Noncombustible
materials
Nonwoven
Nosings
Materiales no combustibles
(mah-teh-RYAH-lehs noh kohm-boos-TEEblehs)
No tejido
(noh teh-HEE-doh)
Vuelos
(VWEH-lohs)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
49
not-nut
Notch
Constructionary
Muesca
(MWEHS-kah)
Corte
(KOHR-teh)
Incisión
(een-see-SYOHN)
Nuisance
Nursing homes
Perjuicio
(pehr-hoo-EE-syoh)
Asilos de ancianos
(ah-SEE-lohs deh ahn-SYAH-nohs)
Ancianatos
(ahn-syah-NAH-tohs)
Casas de convalecencia
(KAH-sahs deh kohn-vah-leh-SEHN-syah)
Nut
Tuerca
(TWEHR-kah)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
50
O
Occupancy
Destino
(deh-STEE-noh)
Tenencia
(teh-NEHN-syah)
Actividades
(ahk-tee-vee-DAH-dehs)
Clasificación
(klah-see-fee-kah-SYOHN)
Función
(foon-SYOHN)
Ocupación
(oh-koo-pah-SYOHN)
Zona
(soh-NAH)
Capacidad
(kah-pah-see-DAHD)
Occupant load
Offset
Número de ocupantes
(NOO-meh-roh deh oh-koo-PAHN-tehs)
Desplazamiento
(dehs-plah-sah-MYEHN-toh)
Pieza en “S”
(PYEH-sah ehn “EH-seh”)
Pieza de inflexión
(PYEH-sah deh een-flek-SYOHN)
Desvío
(dehs-VEE-oh)
Compensar
(kohm-pehn-SAR)
Offset bars
Barras desviadas
On center
De centro a centro
Open air
Aire libre
(BAH-rrahs dehs-VYAH-dahs)
(deh SEHN-troh ah SEHN-troh)
(AH-ee-reh LEE-breh)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
51
ope-oxi
Opening
OSB
(oriented strand board)
Outlet box
Constructionary
Abertura
(ah-behr-TOO-rah)
Tableros de viruta orientada
(tah-BLEH-rohs deh vee-ROO-tah oh-ryehnTAH-dah)
Caja de enchufe
(KAH-hah deh ehn-CHOO-feh)
Caja de tomacorriente
(KAH-hah deh toh-mah-koh-RRYEHN-teh)
Overhang
Voladizo
(voh-lah-DEE-so)
Vuelo
(VWEH-loh)
Alero
(ah-LEH-roh)
Overhaul
Reparación
(reh-par-ah-SYOHN)
Reparo
(reh-PAH-roh)
Overlap
Traslape
(trahs-LAH-peh)
Sobresolape
(soh-breh-soh-LAH-peh)
Superposición
(soo-pehr-poh-see-SYOHN)
Override
Cancelar
(kahn-seh-LAR)
Anular
(ah-noo-LAR)
Overstrength
Overturning
Sobreresistencia
(soh-breh-reh-sees-TEHN-syah)
Volcamiento
(vohl-kah-MYEHN-toh)
Vuelco
(VWEHL-koh)
Volteo
(vohl-TEH-oh)
Oxidizers
Oxidantes
(ohk-see-DAHN-tehs)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
52
P
Pallet
Estante
(ehs-TAHN-teh)
Tarima
(tah-REE-mah)
Plataforma de carga
(plah-tah-FOHR-mah deh CAHR-gah)
Paint
Pintura
(peen-TOO-rah)
Painter
Pintor
Panel edge clips
Pinzas de canto de panel
Panel sheathing
Panel zone
Paneling
(peen-TOHR)
(peen-sahs deh KAHN-toh deh pah-NEHL)
Revestimiento de tableros
(reh-veh-stee-MYEHN-toh deh tah-BLEHrohs)
Franja de tableros
(FRAHN-hah deh tah-BLEH-rohs)
Empanelado
(ehm-pah-neh-LAH-doh)
Panic bar
Barra de emergencia
Panic hardware
Herrajes antipánico
(BAH-rrah deh eh-mehr-HEN-syah)
(eh-RRAH-hehs ahn-tee-PAH-nee-koh)
Cerrajería o herrajes
de emergencia
(seh-rrah-heh-REE-ah oh eh-RRAH-hehs
deh) (eh-mehr-HEN-syah)
Paper dispensers
Parapet wall
Particleboard
Dispensadores de papel
(dees-pehn-sah-DOH-rehs deh pah-PEHL)
Muro de parapeto
(MOO-roh deh pah-rah-PEH-toh)
Madera aglomerada
(mah-DEH-rah ah-gloh-meh-RAH-dah)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
53
par-pie
Partition
Constructionary
Tabique
(tah-BEE-keh)
Separación
(seh-pah-rah-SYOHN)
División
(dee-vee-SYOHN)
Partition, folding
Partition, movable
Partition, portable
Passageway
Passageway
(chimney)
Pavement
Tabique plegable
(tah-BEE-keh pleh-GAH-bleh)
Tabique movible
(tah-BEE-keh moh-VEE-bleh)
Tabique portátil
(tah-BEE-keh pohr-TAH-teel)
Pasillo
(pah-SEE-joh)
Conducto de humo
(kohn-DOOK-toh deh OO-moh)
Pavimento
(pah-vee-MEHN-toh)
Pedestrian walkway
Camino peatonal
Penthouse
Cuarto de azotea
Perimeter foundation
Fundación perimetral
Performance
Desempeño
(kah-MEE-noh peh-ah-toh-NAHL)
(KWAR-toh deh ah-soh-TEH-ah)
(foon-dah-SYOHN peh-ree-meh-TRAHL)
(deh-sehm-PEH-nyoh)
Rendimiento
(rehn-dee-MYEHN-toh)
Comportamiento
(kohm-pohr-tah-MYEHN-toh)
Perlite
Perlita
(pehr-LEE-tah)
Permit
Permiso (de construcción)
Pier
Pilar
[pehr-MEE-soh (deh kohns-trook-SYOHN)]
(pee-LAHR)
Pilón
(pee-LOHN)
Machón
(mah-CHOHN)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
54
Constructionary
pil-pla
Dado
(DAH-doh)
Piles
Pipe, Piping
Pilotes
(pee-LOH-tehs)
Cañería
(kah-nyeh-REE-ah)
Caño
(KAH-nyoh)
Tubería
(too-beh-REE-ah)
Tubo
(TOO-boh)
Plan review/reviewer
Revisión/Revisor de planos
Plank
Tablón
Planking
(reh-vee-SYOHN/reh-vee-SOHR deh
PLAH-nohs)
(tah-BLON)
Entablonado
(ehn-tah-bloh-NAH-doh)
Tablones
(tah-BLOH-nehs)
Plaster
Azotado
(ah-soh-TAH-doh)
Jaharro
(hah-AH-rroh)
Enjarre
(ehn-HAH-rreh)
Enlucido
(ehn-loo-SEE-doh)
Yeso
(YEH-soh)
Plaster backing
Plastering
Soporte para forjados
(soh-POHR-teh PAH-rah fohr-HAH-dohs)
Revoque
(reh-VOH-keh)
Enlucido
(ehn-loo-SEE-doh)
Repello
(reh-PEH-joh)
Forjados
(fohr-HAH-dohs)
Plastic foam
Espuma de plástico
(ehs-POO-mah deh PLAH-stee-koh)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
55
pla-ply
Plastic insulator
Constructionary
Aislante plástico
(ah-ee-SLAHN-teh PLAH-stee-koh)
Plate girder
Viga de alma llena
Plenum
Pleno
(VEE-gah deh AHL-mah JEH-nah)
(PLEH-noh)
Cámara de distribución de aire
(KAH-mah-rah deh dees-tree-boo-SYOHN
deh AH-ee-reh)
Plug
Clavija
(klah-VEE-hah)
Enchufe
(ehn-CHOO-feh)
Plug fuse
Plumber
Plumbing
Fusible de rosca
(foo-SEE-bleh deh ROHS-kah)
Plomero
(ploh-MEH-roh)
Instalaciones hidráulicas y
sanitarias
(een-stahl-ah-SYOHN-ehs ee-DRAH-oolee-kahs ee sah-nee-TAH-ryahs)
Plomería
(ploh-meh-REE-ah)
Plumbing appliance
Mueble sanitario
(MWEH-bleh sah-nee-TAH-ryoh)
Plumbing fixture
Artefacto sanitario
Plunger
Destapacaños
(ahr-teh-FAHK-toh sah-nee-TAH-ryoh)
(dehs-tah-pah-CAH-nyos)
Sopapa
(soh-PAH-pah)
Ply
Capa
Plywood
Madera prensada
(KAH-pah)
(mah-DEH-rah prehn-SAH-dah)
Tableros de madera prensada
(tah-BLEH-rohs deh mah-DEH-rah prehnSAH-dah)
Point load
Carga puntal
(KAHR-gah poon-TAHL)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
56
Constructionary
Poles, Posts
Pollution
Ponding
Portable
Pour coat
pol-pri
Postes
(POHS-tehs)
Polución
(poh-loo-SYOHN)
Estancamiento de agua
(ehs-tahn-kah-MYEHN-toh deh AH-gwah)
Portátil
(pohr-TAH-teel)
Capa de colada
(KAH-pah deh koh-LAH-dah)
Capa de vaciado
(KAH-pah deh vah-SYAH-doh)
Power doors
Puertas mecánicas
Power strip
Zapatilla eléctrica
Power supply
Premises
(PWEHR-tahs meh-KAH-nee-kahs)
(sah-pah-TEE-jah eh-LEHK-tree-kah)
Fuente de alimentación
(FWEHN-teh deh ah-lee-mehn-tah-SYOHN)
Local
(loh-KAHL)
Sitio
(SEE-tee-oh)
Press box
Palco de prensa
Pressure
Presión
Prestressed concrete
Hormigón preesforzado
(PAHL-koh deh PREHN-sah)
(preh-SYOHN)
(ohr-mee-GOHN preh-ehs-fohr-SAH-doh)
Hormigón precargado
(ohr-mee-GOHN preh-kahr-GAH-doh)
Hormigón precomprimido
(ohr-mee-GOHN preh-kohm-pree-MEE-doh)
Hormigón prefatigado
(ohr-mee-GOHN preh-fah-tee-GAH-doh)
Primed
Primer
Private
Imprimado
(eem-pree-MAH-doh)
Imprimador
(eem-pree-mah-DOHR)
Privado
(pree-VAH-doh)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
57
pri-put
Property
Constructionary
Propiedad
(proh-pyeh-DAHD)
Parcela
(par-SEH-lah)
Property line
Línea de propiedad
(LEE-neh-ah deh proh-pyeh-DAHD)
Lindero
(leen-DEH-roh)
Proportion
Proporción
(proh-pohr-SYOHN)
Proporcionalidad
(proh-pohr-syoh-nah-lee-DAHD)
Dimensionar
(dee-mehn-syoh-NAHR)
Determinar las dimensiones
(deh-tehr-mee-NAHR lahs dee-meh-SYOHnehs)
Proportioned
Provision/Proviso
Dimensionado
(dee-mehn-syoh-NAH-doh)
Disposición
(dee-spoh-see-SYOHN)
Estipulación
(ehs-tee-poo-lah-SYOHN)
Public safety
Seguridad pública
(seh-goo-ree-DAHD POO-blee-kah)
Protección al público
(proh-tehk-SYOHN ahl POO-blee-koh)
Public way
Vía pública
Public welfare
Bienestar público
Pump
Putty coat
(VEE-ah POO-blee-kah)
(byehn-ehs-TAHR POO-blee-koh)
Bomba
(BOHM-bah)
Enlucido
(ehn-loo-SEE-doh)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
58
Constructionary
Q
Quarry
Queen post
Quick-acting bolt
Quick-acting coupler
Quick-acting nut
Quicklime
Quick setting
Cantera
(kahn-TEH-ra)
Columna
(koh-LOOM-nah)
Perno de acción rápida
(PEHR-noh deh ahk-SYOHN RRAH-peedah)
Acoplamiento de acción rápida
(ah-koh-plah-MYEHN-toh deh ahk-SYOHN
RRAH-pee-dah)
Tuerca de acción rápida
(TWEHR-kah deh ahk-SYOHN RRAH-peedah)
Cal viva
(KAHL vee-vah)
De fraguado/
endurecimiento rápido
(deh frah-GWAh-doh/ehn-doo-reh-seeMYEHN-toh RRAH-pee-doh
Quoin
Piedra angular
(PYEH-drah ahn-goo-LAHR)
Cuña
(KOO-nyah)
Quota
Cuota
(kwoh-tah)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
59
Constructionary
R
Rabbet
Muesca
(MWEHS-kah)
Ranura
(rah-NOO-rah)
Raceways
Rack
Conducto eléctrico
(kohn-DOOK-toh eh-LEHK-tree-koh)
Cremallera
(krehm-ah-JEH-rah)
Tarima
(tah-REE-mah)
Rafter
Cabrio
(KAH-bree-oh)
Cabio
(KAH-bee-oh)
Rafter ends
Rail
Orillas de cabios
(oh-REE-yahs deh KAH-bee-ohs)
Cremallera
(krehm-ah-JEH-rah)
Baranda
(bah-RAHN-dah)
Barandilla
(bah-rahn-DEE-jah)
Railing
Baranda
(bah-RAHN-dah)
Barra
(BAH-rrah)
Carril
(kah-RREEL)
Range poweroutlet
Tomacorriente/Enchufe
para estufa
(toh-mah-koh-RRYEHN-teh/ehn-CHOO-feh
PAH-rah ehs-TOO-fah)
Rate
Relación
(reh-lah-SYOHN)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
60
Constructionary
rat-rei
Proporción
(proh-pohr-SYOHN)
Razón
(rah-SOHN)
Rating
Clasificación
Ratio
Relación
(klah-see-fee-kah-SYOHN)
(reh-lah-SYOHN)
Cociente
(koh-SYEHN-teh)
Razón
(rah-SON)
Coeficiente
(koh-eh-fee-SYEHN-teh)
Ready access
Rebar
Acceso libre
(ahk-SEH-soh LEE-breh)
Barra de refuerzo
(BAH-rrah de reh-FWEHR-soh)
Varilla
(vah-REE-jah)
Redwood
Madera de secoya
Reformatory
Reformatorio
Refuge area
Region
(mah-DEH-rah deh seh-KOH-yah)
(reh-fohr-mah-TOH-ree-oh)
Área de refugio
(AH-reh-ah deh reh-FOO-hee-oh)
Región
(reh-hee-ONH)
Tramo
(TRAH-moh)
Register (baseboard/
ceiling/wall)
Rejilla (de piso/techo/pared)
[reh-HEE-jah (deh pee-soh/TEH-cho/paREHD)]
Reglet
Regleta
Regulator
Regulador
Reinforced masonry
(Reh-GLEH-tah)
(reh-goo-lah-DOHR)
Mampostería reforzada
(mahm-pohs-teh-REE-ah reh-fohr-SAHdah)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
61
rei-ret
Reinforcement
Constructionary
Refuerzo
(reh-FWEHR-soh)
Armadura
(ar-mah-DOO-rah)
Release
Descarga
(dehs-KAHR-gah)
Liberación
(lee-beh-rah-SYOHN)
Desenganchador
(deh-sehn-gahn-chah-DOHR)
Desenganchar
(deh-sehn-gahn-CHAR)
Relief valve
Válvula de alivio
(VAHL-voo-lah deh ah-LEE-vee-oh)
Llave de alivio
(JAH-veh deh ah-LEE-vee-oh)
Removal
Eliminación
(eh-lee-mee-nah-SYOHN)
Remoción
(reh-moh-SYOHN)
Repair
Reports
Reparación
(reh-par-ah-SYOHN)
Informes
(een-FOR-mehs)
Reportes
(reh-POHR-tehs)
Reshores
Residence
Restraints
Puntales de refuerzo
(poon-TAH-lehs deh reh-FWEHR-zoh)
Residencia
(reh-see-DEN-syah)
Sujetadores
(soo-heh-tah-DOH-rehs)
Fijadores
(fee-hah-DOH-rehs)
Restroom
Baño
(BAH-nyo)
Sanitario
(sah-nee-TAH-ryoh)
Retrofitting
Retroajuste
(reh-troh-ah-HOOS-teh)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
62
Constructionary
Return bend vent pipe
ret-roc
Tubo de ventilación con
codo doble
(TOO-boh deh vehn-tee-lah-SYOHN kohn
KOH-doh DOH-bleh)
Return lip
Revolving door
Rib
Ridge
Remate de borde
(reh-MAH-teh deh BOR-deh)
Puerta giratoria
(PWEHR-tah hee-rah-TOH-ree-ah)
Costilla
(koh-STEE-jah)
Cresta
(KREH-stah)
Cumbrera
(koom-BREH-rah)
Ridge board
Tabla de cumbrera
(TAH-blah deh koom-BREH-rah)
Ridge tile
Tejas para cumbrera
Riffled
Ranurado
(TEH-hahs PAH-rah koom-BREH-rah)
(rah-noo-RAH-doh)
Acanalada
(ah-kahn-ah-LAH-dah)
Rim
Borde
Rim board
Viga perimetral
Ring shank nail
Ringed shanks
Riser (pipe)
Riser (stair)
Rivet
Rock
(BOR-deh)
(VEE-gah peh-ree-meh-TRAHL)
Clavos con fuste corrugado
(KLAH-vohs kohn FOO-steh koh-rroo-GAHdoh)
Varillas en aro
(vah-REE-jahs ehn AR-oh)
Tubo vertical
(TOO-boh vehrt-ee-KAHL)
Contrahuella
(kohn-trah-WEH-jah)
Remache
(reh-MAH-cheh)
Roca
(ROH-kah)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
63
roo
Constructionary
Piedra
(PYEH-drah)
Roof
Roof covering
Techo
(TEH-choh)
Revestimiento de techo
(reh-veh-stee-MYEHN-toh deh TEH-choh)
Cubierta de azotea
(koo-BYEHR-tah deh ah-soh-TEH-ah)
Cubierta de techo
(koo-BYEHR-tah deh TEH-choh)
Roof deck
Roof drain
Roof, flat
Roof sheating
Roof, sloped
Cubierta de techo
(koo-BYEHR-tah deh TEH-choh)
Desagüe de techo
(deh-SAH-gweh deh TEH-choh)
Techo plano
(TEH-choh PLAH-noh)
Entarimado de tejado
(ehn-tah-ree-MAH-doh deh teh-JAH-doh)
Techo en pendiente
(TEH-choh ehn pehn-DYEHN-teh)
Roof tile
Teja
Roofing
Techado
Roofing square
Room
(TEH-ha)
(Teh-CHAH-doh)
Cuadro de cubierta de techo
(KWAH-droh deh koo-bee-EHR-tah deh
TEH-choh)
Cuarto
(KWAR-toh)
Sala
(SAH-lah)
Habitación
(ah-bee-tah-SYOHN)
Room, assembly
Sala
(SAH-lah)
Salón
(sah-LOHN)
Cuarto de asambleas
(KWAR-toh deh ah-sahm-BLEH-ahs )
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
64
Constructionary
Rough-in
rou-run
Instalación en obra
negra/gruesa
(een-stah-lah-SYOHN ehn OH-brah NEHgrah/GRWEH-sah)
Row
Rubbish
Rubble
Runners
Fila
(FEE-lah)
Basura
(bah-SOO-rah)
Escombro
(ehs-COM-broh)
Largueros
(lar-GUEH-rohs)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
65
S
Safety glazing
Sand
Sandstone
Vidriado de seguridad
(vee-DRYAH-doh deh seh-goo-ree-DAHD)
Arena
(ah-REH-nah)
Areniscas
(ah-reh-NEES-kahs)
Piedra arenisca
(PYEH-drah ah-reh-NEES-kah)
Sanitation
Higiene
Saw kerf
Corte de sierra
Sawn timber
Maderos aserrados
Sawtooth
(ee-hee-EH-neh)
(KOHR-teh deh SYEH-rrah)
(mah-DEH-rohs ah-seh-RRAH-dohs)
Diente de sierra
(DYEHN-teh deh SYEH-rrah)
Scaffold
Andamio
Scaffolding
Andamiaje
Schedule
(ahn-DAH-myoh)
(ahn-dah-MYAH-heh)
Horario
(oh-RAH-ree-oh)
Planilla
(plah-NEE-yah)
Scope
Alcance
Scouring
Rozamiento
Screw
Screw connector
(ahl-KAHN-seh)
(roh-zah-MYEHN-toh)
Tornillo
(tohr-NEE-joh)
Conector con tornillo
(koh-nehk-tohr kohn tohr-NEE-joh)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
66
Constructionary
sea-sew
Sealants
Selladores
Seasoned wood
Madera estacionada
Self-closing
Autocierre
Self-closing device
Dispositivo autocerrante
(seh-jah-DOH-rehs)
(mah-DEH-rah ehs-tah-syoh-NAH-dah)
(ah-oo-toh-SYEH-rreh)
(dee-spoh-see-TEE-voh ah-oo-toh-sehRRAHN-teh)
Dispositivo de cierre
mecanizado
(dee-spoh-see-TEE-voh deh SYEH-rreh
meh-KAH-nee-zah-doh)
Self-closing faucet
Self-drilling screws
Self-ignition
Self-luminous
Self-tapping screws
Sensitizer
Grifo de cierre automático
(GREE-foh deh SYEH-rreh ah-oo-toh-MAHtee-koh)
Tornillos autoperforantes
(tohr-NEE-johs ah-oo-toh-pehr-foh-RAHNtehs)
Auto-ignición
(ah-oo-toh-ee-gnee-SYOHN)
Autoluminoso
(ah-oo-toh-loo-mee-NOH-soh)
Tornillos autorroscantes
(tohr-NEE-johs ah-oo-toh-rrohs-KAHN-tehs)
Sensibilizador
(sehn-see-bee-lee-sah-DOHR)
Set out
Resaltar
Setback
Retiro
Sewage
Aguas negras
(reh-sahl-TAR)
(reh-TEE-roh)
(AH-gwahs NEH-grahs)
Cloacas
(KLOAH-kahs)
Residuos cloacales
(reh-SEE-dwohs kloah-KAH-lehs)
Sewer
Cloaca
(KLOAH-kah)
Alcantarilla
(ahl-cahn-tah-REE-jah)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
67
sha-she
Constructionary
Shaft
Recinto
Shake, wood
Teja de madera
(reh-SEEN-toh)
(TEH-hah deh mah-DEH-rah)
Ripia
(REE-pee-ah)
Shear wall
Muro cortante
(MOO-roh kor-TAHN-teh)
Muro de corte
(MOO-roh deh KOR-teh)
Muro sismorresistente
(MOO-roh sees-moh-rreh-sees-TEHN-teh)
Sheathing
Entablado
Sheathing edges
Bordes del entablado
Sheet
Pliego
(ehn-tah-BLAH-doh)
(BOHR-dehs dehl ehn-tah-BLAH-doh)
(PLYEH-goh)
Chapa
(CHAH-pah)
Plancha
(PLAHN-cha)
Lámina
(LAH-mee-nah)
Tablestacado
(tah-bleh-stah-KAH-doh)
Sheet metal
Lámina/Chapa metálica
(LAH-mee-nah/CHAH-pah meh-TAH-leekah)
Laminado
(lah-mee-NAH-doh)
Sheeting
Laminado
(lah-mee-NAH-doh)
Lámina
(LAH-mee-nah)
Shelf
Repisa
Shell
Cáscara
(reh-PEE-sah)
(KAHS-kah-rah)
Cubierta
(koo-BYEHR-tah)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
68
Constructionary
Shingle
shi-sho
Teja
(TEH-jah)
Tejamanil
(teh-hah-mah-NEEL)
Shingle, asphalt
Teja de asfalto
(TEH-ha de as-PHAL-to)
Shingle, wood
Ripia
Shiplap
Traslape
(REE-pee-ah)
(trah-SLAH-peh)
Rebajo a media madera
(reh-BAH-hoh ah MEH-dyah mah-DEH-rah)
Shop
Shored/Unshored
construction
Taller
(tah-JEHR)
Construcción apuntalada/
no apuntalada
(kohn-strook-SYOHN ah-poon-tah-LAHdah/noh ah-poon-tah-LAH-dah)
Short blocking
Bloques cortos
Shotcrete
Hormigón proyectado
(BLOH-kehs KOHR-tohs
(ohr-mee-GOHN proh-jehk-TAH-doh)
Gunita
(goo-NEE-ta)
Shotcrete structures
Estructura de hormigón
proyectado
(ehs-trook-TOO-rah deh ohr-mee-GOHN
proh-jehk-TAH-doh)
Estructuras de gunita
(ehs-trook-TOO-rahs deh goo-NEE-tah)
Show window
Vitrina
Showcase
Armario de exhibición
Shower door
Shower stall
(vee-TREE-nah)
(ar-MAH-ree-oh deh ehk-see-bee-SYOHN)
Mampara de ducha
(mahm-PAH-rah deh DOO-chah)
Ducha
(DOO-chah)
Regadera
(reh-gah-DEH-rah)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
69
sho-sit
Constructionary
Cuarto de regadera
(KWAR-toh deh reh-gah-DEH-rah)
Showerhead
Regadera
Shrinkage
Contracción
(reh-gah-DEH-rah)
(kohn-trahc-SYOHN)
Encogimiento
(ehn-koh-hee-MYEN-toh)
Reducción
(reh-dook-SYOHN)
Shutoff valves
Side-hinged door
Sidewalk
Válvulas de cierre
(VAHL-voo-lahs deh SYEH-rreh)
Puerta con bisagras laterales
(PWEHR-tah kohn bee-SAH-grahs lah-tehRAH-lehs)
Acera
(ah-SEH-rah)
Vereda
(veh-REH-dah)
Banqueta
(bahn-keh-tah)
Sill
Soporte
(soh-POHR-teh)
Sill cock
Grifo de manguera
Sill plate
Solera inferior
Single pole breaker
Interruptor automático unipolar
Sink
Lavabo
Sink, kitchen
Fregadero
(GREE-foh deh mahn-GUEH-rah)
(soh-LEH-rah een-feh-RYOR)
(een-teh-rroop-TOHR ah-oo-toh-MAH-teekoh oo-nee-poh-LAHR)
(lah-VAH-boh)
(freh-gah-DEH-roh)
Pileta de cocina
(pee-LEH-tah deh koh-SEE-na)
Tarja de cocina
(TAR-hah deh koh-SEE-na)
Site
Sitio
(SEE-tee-oh)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
70
Constructionary
Skylight
sky-smo
Tragaluz
(trah-gah-LOOS)
Claraboya
(klar-ah-BOH-yah)
Skyscraper
Rascacielos
(rahs-kah-SYEH-lohs)
Slab
Losa
Slab foundation
Losa de cimentación
Slags
Slate shingle
Sleeper
(LOH-sah)
(LOH-sah deh see-mehn-tah-SYOHN)
Escorias
(ehs-KOH-ree-ahs)
Teja de pizarra
(TEH-hah deh pee-SAH-rrah)
Traviesa
(trah-VYEH-sah)
Durmiente
(door-MYEHN-teh)
Sleeve
Camisa
(kah-MEE-sah)
Manga
(MAHN-gah)
Sliding doors/windows Puertas/ventanas deslizantes/
corredizas
(PWEHR-tahs/vehn-TAH-nahs deh-sleeSAHN-tehs/koh-rreh-DEE-sahs)
Slope
Pendiente
(pehn-DYEHN-teh)
Talud
(tah-LOOD)
Declive
(deh-KLEE-veh)
Slump
Smoke
Smoke barrier
Smoke curtain
Asentamiento
(ah-sehn-tah-MYEHN-toh)
Humo
(OO-moh)
Barrera antihumo
(bah-RREH-rah ahn-tee-OO-moh)
Cortina antihumo
(kor-TEE-nah ahn-tee-OO-moh)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
71
smo-spa
Constructionary
Smoke density
Densidad de humo
Smoke detector
Sensor de humo
(den-see-DAHD deh OO-moh)
(sehn-SOHR deh OO-moh)
Detector de humo
(deh-tehk-TOHR deh OO-moh)
Smoke exhaust
system
Smoke layer
Sistema de extracción de humo
(sees-TEH-mah deh ehks-trahk-SYOHN
deh OO-moh)
Capa de humo
(kah-pah deh OO-moh)
Smoke tight
Impermeables al humo
Smoke-control zone
Zona de control de humo
Smoke-detection
system
(eem-pehr-meh-AH-blehs ahl OO-moh)
(SOH-nah deh kohn-TROL deh OO-moh)
Sistema de detección de humo
(sees-TEH-mah deh deh-tehk-SYOHN deh
OO-moh)
Soffit
Sofito
Soft story
Piso blando
(soh-FEE-toh)
(PEE-soh BLAHN-doh)
Piso flexible
(PEE-soh flek-SEE-bleh)
Soil pipe
Tubo bajante de aguas negras
(TOO-boh bah-JAHN-teh deh AH-gwahs
NEH-grahs)
Soil stack
Bajante sanitaria
Sole plate
Placa de base
Solid-sawn wood
Madera aserrada de una pieza
Spalling
Astilladuras
Span
Luz
(bah-HAHN-teh sah-nee-TAH-ryah)
(PLAH-kah deh BAH-seh)
(mah-DEH-rah ah-she-RRAH-dah deh oonah PYEH-sah)
(ah-stee-jah-DOO-rahs)
(loos)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
72
Constructionary
spa-spl
Vano
(VAH-noh)
Claro
(KLAH-roh)
Spandrel
Jácena exterior
(HAH-seh-nah ehk-steh-RYOHR)
Tímpano
(TEEM-pah-noh)
Enjuta
(ehn-HOO-tah)
Muro de relleno
(MOO-roh deh reh-JEH-noh)
Spark arrester
Trampa para chispas
Special hazards
Peligros especiales
Spigot
(TRAHM-pah PAH-rah CHEES-pahs)
(peh-LEE-grohs eh-speh-SYAH-lehs)
Llave
(JAH-veh)
Grifo
(GREE-foh)
Canilla
(kah-NEE-jah)
Espiga
(ehs-PEE-gah)
Spike
Spiked
Clavo especial para madera
(KLAH-voh eh-speh-SYAHL PAH-rah mahDEH-rah)
Clavado
(KLAH-vah-doh)
Spiral stairs
Escaleras de caracol
Spirals
Espirales
Spire
Aguja
Splice
(ehs-kah-LEH-rahs deh kah-rah-KOHL)
(eh-spee-RAH-lehs)
(ah-GOO-hah)
Empalme
(ehm-PAHL-meh)
Traslape
(trah-SLAH-peh)
Junta
(HOON-tah)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
73
spl-sta
Constructionary
Unión
(oon-YOHN)
Splice plates
Splined
Planchas de empalme
(PLAHN-chas deh ehm-PAHL-meh)
Acanalado
(ah-kah-nah-LAH-doh)
Spot mopped
Adherido en secciones
Spring
Resorte
Sprinkler
Rociador
Sprinkler head
Boquilla de rociador
Sprinkler systems
(automatic)
(ah-deh-REE-doh ehn sehk-SYOH-nehs)
(reh-SOHR-teh)
(roh-syah-DOHR)
(boh-KEE-jah deh roh-syah-DOHR)
Sistemas de rociadores
(automáticos)
[sees-TEH-mahs deh roh-SYAH-dohrehs
ah-oo-toh-MAH-tee-kohs)]
Squash blocks
Bloques de transferencia
de carga
(BLOH-kehs deh trans-feh-REHN-syah deh
CAHR-ga)
Stack
Tubería vertical/bajante
(too-beh-REE-ah vehr-tee-KAHL/bahHAHN-teh)
Tubo vertical de evacuación
(TOO-boh vehr-tee-KAHL deh eh-vah-kwahSYOHN)
Stack vent
Respiradero de bajante
(reh-spee-rah-DEH-roh deh bah-HAHN-teh)
Tubería bajante de respiradero
(too-beh-REE-ah bah-HAHN-teh- deh rehspee-rah-DEH-roh)
Stainless steel
Acero inoxidable
Stairs
Escaleras
Stairway
Escalera
(ah-SEH-roh ee-noc-see-DAH-bleh)
(ehs-kah-LEH-rahs)
(ehs-kah-LEH-rah)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
74
Constructionary
sta-sti
Stairway, enclosed
Recinto de escaleras
Stairwells
Recinto de escaleras
Standpipe
Columna hidrante
(reh-SEEN-toh deh ehs-kah-LEH-rahs)
reh-SEEN-toh deh ehs-kah-LEH-rahs)
(koh-LOOM-nah ee-DRAHN-teh)
Tubería vertical
(too-beh-REE-ah vehr-tee-KAHL)
Standpipe system
Stands (reviewing)
Sistema de columna hidrante
(sees-TEH-mah deh koh-LOOM-nah heeDRAHN-teh)
Estrados
(eh-STRAH-dohs)
Tribunas
(tree-BOO-nah)
Gradas
(GRAH-dahs)
Steam
Vapor
Steel
Acero
Steel framing
Estructura en/de acero
Steel studs
Montantes de acero
Steeple
Campanario
Steps
Escalones
(vah-POHR)
(ah-SEH-roh)
(eh-strook-TOO-rah ehn / deh ah-SEH-roh)
(mohn-TAHN-tehs deh ah-SEH-roh)
(kahm-pah-NAH-ree-oh)
(ehs-kah-LOH-nehs)
Peldaños
(pehl-DAH-nyohs)
Sterilizer
Stiffener
Esterilizador
(eh-steh-ree-lee-sah-DOHR)
Pieza de refuerzo
(PYEH-sah deh reh-foo-EHR-soh)
Refuerzo
(reh-foo-EHR-soh)
Atiesador
(ah-tee-eh-sah-DOH-rehs)
Stiffness
Rigidez
(ree-he-DEHS)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
75
sti-str
Constructionary
Stirrups
Estribos
Stone
Piedra
(eh-STREE-bohs)
(PYEH-drah)
Roca
(ROH-kah)
Stops (door frame)
Storage room
Topes
(TOH-pehs)
Cuarto de almacenamiento
(KWAR-toh deh ahl-mah-seh-nah-MYEHNtoh)
Bodega
(boh-DEH-gah)
Depósito
(deh-POH-see-toh)
Store
Storm drain
Story
Tienda
(TYEHN-dah)
Alcantarilla
(ahl-kahn-tar-EE-jah)
Piso
(PEE-soh)
Planta
(PLAHN-tah)
Strap
Fleje
(FLEH-heh)
Cincho
(SEEN-choh)
Strapping
Flejes
Stress
Esfuerzo
Strip
Listón
Stripping
Tiras metálicas
Structure
Estructura
Strut
Puntal
(FLEH-hehs)
(ehs-foo-EHR-soh)
(lee-STON)
(TEE-rahs meh-TAH-lee-kahs)
(eh-strook-TOO-rah)
(poon-TAHL)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
76
Constructionary
Stucco
stu-sum
Revoque
(reh-VOH-keh)
Enlucido
(ehn-loo-SEE-doh)
Estuco
(ehs-TOO-koh)
Stud
Montante
(mohn-TAHN-teh)
Parante
(par-AHN-teh)
Barrote
(ba-RROH-teh)
Stud anchors
Stud bearing wall
Stud walls
Barras de anclaje
(BAH-rrahs deh ahn-KLAH-heh)
Muro portante con montante
(MOO-roh pohr-TAHN-teh kohn mohnTAHN-teh)
Muros con montantes
(MOO-rohs kohn mohn-TAHN-tehs)
Paredes de barrotes
(pah-REH-dehs deh bah-RROH-tehs)
Stud finder
Subfloor
Buscador de montantes
(boos-kah-DOHR deh mohn-TAHN-tehs)
Contrapiso
(kohn-trah-PEE-soh)
Bajopiso
(bah-ho-PEE-soh)
Subpiso
(soob-PEE-soh)
Subroof
Base de techo
Substrate
Substrato
Suite (hotel)
Sump
Sump pump
(BAH-seh)
(soob-STRAH-toh)
Suite
(soo-EE-teh)
Sumidero
(soo-mee-DEH-roh)
Bomba de sumidero
(BOHM-bah deh soo-mee-DEH-roh)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
77
sum-swi
Sump vent
Superintendent
Supervisor
Constructionary
Respiradero de sumidero
(reh-spee-rah-DEH-roh deh soo-mee-DEHroh)
Superintendente
(soo-pehr-een-tehn-DEN-teh)
Supervisor
(soo-pehr-vee-SOHR)
Inspector
(eens-pek-TOHR)
Supply
Suministro
(soo-mee-NEES-troh)
Abastecimiento
(ah-bahs-teh-see-MYEHN-toh)
Alimentacion
(ah-lee-mehn-tah-SYOHN)
Support
Apoyo
(ah-POH-joh)
Soporte
(soh-POHR-teh)
Support (v)
Resistir
(reh-see-STEER)
Sostener
(sohs-teh-NEHR)
Soportar
(soh-pohr-TAR)
Suppressor
Amortiguador
Suspended ceiling
Falso plafón
(ah-mohr-tee-gwah-DOHR)
(fahl-soh plah-FOHN)
Cielorraso suspendido
(syeh-loh-RRAH-soh soos-pehn-DEE-doh)
Swelling
Expansión
(ehk-spahn-SYOHN)
Hinchazón
(heen-chah-SOHN)
Swimming pool
Piscina
(pee-SEE-nah)
Alberca
(ahl-BEHR-kah)
Pileta
(pee-LEH-tah)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
78
Constructionary
swi
Swinging door
Puerta pivotante
Switch
Interruptor
(PWEHR-tah pee-voh-TAHN-teh)
(een-teh-rroop-TOHR)
Apagador
(ah-pah-gah-DOHR)
Switch plate
Placa del interruptor
(PLAH-kah deh een-teh-rroop-TOHR)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
79
T
Tag
Taping compound
Tar
Etiqueta
(eh-tee-KEH-tah)
Pasta de muro
(PAHS tah deh MOO-roh)
Alquitrán
(ahl-kee-TRAHN)
Brea
(BREH-ah)
Chapopote
(chah-poh-POH-teh)
Tar paper
Papel de brea
(pah-PEHL de BREH-ah)
Tarp
Lona
TEE
T, injerto
Technician
Técnico
Templates
(LOH-nah)
(T, een-HEHR-toh)
(TEHK-nee-koh)
Plantillas
(plahn-TEE-jahs)
Temporary
Provisional
Tenant
Inquilino
Tendons
(proh-vee-syoh-NAHL)
(een-kee-LEE-noh)
Tendones
(tehn-DOH-nehs)
Tensores
(tehn-SOH-rehs)
Tension
Terminal
Tensión
(tehn-SYOHN)
Terminal
(tehr-mee-NAL)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
80
Constructionary
Termite
Test
ter-tin
Termita
(tehr-MEE-tah)
Ensayo
(ehn-SAH-joh)
Prueba
(PRWEH-bah)
Someter a ensayo/prueba
(soh-meh-TEHR ahehn-SAH-joh/PRWEHbah)
Test apparatus
Aparato de ensayo
(ah-par-AH-toh deh ehn-SAH-joh)
Aparato de prueba
(ah-par-AH-toh deh PRWEH-bah)
Texture
Textura
(tehks-TOO-rah)
Thawing
Descongelación
Thread
Hilo
Threshold
Tie
(dehs-kohn-heh-lah-SYOHN)
(EE-loh)
Umbral
(oom-BRAHL)
Amarra
(ah-MAH-rrah)
Ligadura
(lee-gah-DOO-rah)
Tirante
(tee-RAHN-teh)
Tier
Hilera
Tile
Teja
Tile, floor
Tile, masonry
Timber
(ee-LEH-rah)
(TEH-hah)
Baldosas
(bahl-DOH-sahs)
Ladrillo cerámico
(lah-dree-joh seh-RAH-mee-koh)
Maderos
(mah-DEH-rohs)
Madera de construcción
(mah-DEH-rah deh kohn-strook-SYOHN)
Tin
Lata
(LAH-tah)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
81
toe-tra
Constructionary
Chapa
(CHAH-pah)
Estaño
(ehs-TAH-nyoh)
Toeboard
Toenail
Toilet
Tabla de pie
(TAH-blah deh PYEH)
Clavo oblicuo
(KLAH-voh oh-BLEE-koo-oh)
Inodoro
(ee-noh-DOH-roh)
Sanitario
(sah-nee-TAH-ryoh)
Escusado
(ehs-koo-SAH-doh)
Retrete
(reh-TREH-teh)
Tongue and groove
Tools
Top-mount hangers
Torch
Townhouses
Tracer
Machihembrado
(mah-chee-ehm-BRAH-doh)
Herramientas
(eh-rrah-MYEHN-tahs)
Percha de montaje superior
(PEHR-chah deh mon-TAH-heh soo-pehRYOHR)
Antorcha
(ahn-TOHR-chah)
Casas contiguas
(KAH-sahs kohn-TEE-gwahs)
Alambre testigo
(ah-LAHM-breh teh-stee-goh)
Alambre rastreador
(ah-LAHM-breh Rahstreh-ah-dohr)
Trap
Sifón
(see-FOHN)
Trampa hidráulica
(TRAHM-pah hee-DRAH-oo-lee-kah)
Trap seal
Travel distance
Sello de trampa hidráulica
(SEH-joh deh TRAHM-pah hee-DRAH-oolee-kah)
Distancia de desplazamiento/
recorrido
(dees-TAHN-syah deh dehs-plah-sahMYEN-toh/rreh-koh-RREE-doh)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
82
Constructionary
Tread (stair)
tre-tur
Huella
(WEH-jah)
Peldaño
(pehl-DAH-nyoh)
Treated wood
Madera tratada
Trench
Zanja
Trim
Molduras
Truss
Cercha
(mah-DEH-rah trah-TAH-dah)
(SAHN-hah)
(mohl-DOO-rahs)
(SEHR-chah)
Reticulado
(reh-tee-koo-LAH-doh)
Armadura
(ar-mah-DOO-rah)
Cabreada
(kah-breh-AH-dah)
Caballete
(kah-bah-JEH-teh)
Tubing
Cañería
(kah-nyeh-REE-ah)
Tubería
(too-beh-REE-ah)
Tufted
De bucles
Turned-down footings
Zapatas invertidas
(deh BOO-klehs)
(sah-PAH-tahs een-vehr-TEE-dahs)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
83
U
Unbalanced fill
Relleno sin consolidar
Unbalanced loads
Cargas no balanceadas
Uncased concrete
piles
(reh-JEH-noh seen kohn-soh-lee-DAR)
(KAHR-gahs noh bah-lahn-seh-AH-dahs)
Pilotes sin encamisar/
sin camisa
(pee-LOH-tehs seen ehn-KAH-mee-SAR/
seen kah-MEE-sah)
Undercut
Underground
Underlap
Underlayment
Resquicio
(rehs-KEE-syoh)
Subterráneo
(soob-teh-RRAH-neh-oh)
Subsolape
(soob-soh-LAH-peh)
Capa base
(KAH-pah BAH-seh)
Capa de soporte
(KAH-pah deh soh-POHR-teh)
Capa bituminosa debajo del
piso de madera
(KAH-pah bee-too-mee-NOH-sah deh-BAHjoh dehl PEE-soh deh mah-DEH-rah)
Substrato
(soob-STRAH-toh)
Bajopiso
(bah-joh-PEE-soh)
Union
Unión
(oon-YOHN)
Junta
(HOON-tah)
Unlimited area
Área ilimitada
(AH-reh-ah ee-lee-mee-TAH-dah)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
84
Constructionary
uns-uti
Unsafe buildings
Edificaciones inseguras
Unstable ground
Terreno inestable
Uplift (wind)
Remonte
(eh-dee-fee-kah-SYOH-nehs een-sehGOO-rahs)
(teh-RREH-noh ee-neh-STAH-bleh)
(reh-MOHN-teh)
Levantamiento (por viento)
(leh-vahn-tah-MYEHN-toh (pohr VYEHNtoh)
Urinal
Urinario
(oo-ree-NAH-ree-oh)
Urinal
(oo-ree-NAHL)
Mingitorio
(meen-hee-TOH-ree-oh)
Use
Uso
(OO-soh)
Utilizar
(oo-tee-lee-SAR)
Utility
Utilidad
(oo-tee-lee-DAHD)
Uso general
(OO-soh heh-neh-RAHL)
Utility (public service)
Servicios públicos
(sehr-VEE-syohs POOH-blee-kohs)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
85
V
Vacuum
Vacío
(vah-SEE-oh)
Aspiradora
(ahs-pee-rah-DOH-rah)
Vacuum breaker
Interruptor de vacío
(een-teh-rroop-TOHR deh vah-SEE-oh)
Valuation
Valuación
Value
Valor
Valve, bleeder
Válvula de purga
Valve, hub
Valve, key
Veneer
Veneer plaster
(vah-luah-SYOHN)
(vah-LOHR)
(VAHL-voo-lah deh POOR-gah)
Válvula de cubo
(VAHL-voo-lah deh KOO-boh)
Válvula de llave
(VAHL-voo-lah deh JAH-veh)
Revestimiento
(reh-veh-stee-MYEHN-toh)
Revestimiento de enlucido/
revoque
(reh-veh-stee-MYEHN-toh deh ehn-looSEE-doh/reh-VOH-keh)
Vent
Vent (v)
Respiradero
(reh-spee-rah-DEH-roh)
Ventilar
(vehn-tee-LAR)
Evacuar
(eh-vah-KWAR)
Aliviar
(ah-lee-VYAR)
Desahogar
(dehs-ah-oh-GAR)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
86
Constructionary
Vent pipe
Vent shaft
Vent stack
ven-vol
Tubo de ventilación
(TOO-boh deh vehn-tee-lah-SYOHN)
Recinto de ventilación
(reh-SEEN-toh deh vehn-tee-lah-SYOHN)
Respiradero vertical
(reh-spee-rah-DEH-roh vehr-tee-KAHL)
Vent system
Sistema de ventilación
Ventilate
Ventilar
Venting system
Sistema de evacuación
Vertical pipe
Tubería vertical
Vessel
Recipiente
Vestibule
Vestíbulo
Vinyl siding
(sees-TEH-mah deh vehn-tee-lah-SYOHN)
(vehn-tee-LAR)
(sees-TEH-mah deh eh-vah-kwah-SYOHN)
(too-beh-REE-ah vehr-tee-KAHL)
(reh-see-PYEHN-teh)
(vehs-TEE-boo-loh)
Revestimiento vinilo
(reh-veh-stee-MYEHN-toh vee-NEE-loh)
Vise
Morsa
Void space
Espacio vacío
Volatile memory
(MOHR-sah)
(ehs-PAH-syoh vah-SEE-oh)
Memoria volátil
(meh-MOH-ree-ah voh-LAH-teel)
Voltage
Voltaje
Volts
Voltios
(vohl-TAH-heh)
(VOHL-tee-ohs)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
87
W
Wafer head
Wainscot,
Wainscoting
Cabeza plana
(kah-BEH-sah PLAH-nah)
Friso
(FREE-soh)
Alfarje
(ahl-FAR-heh)
Material de revestimiento
(mah-teh-RYAHL deh reh-veh-steeMYEHN-toh)
Zócalos altos
(SOH-kah-lohs AHL-tohs)
Waive
Descartar
(dehs-kahr-TAHR)
Renunciar a un derecho
(reh-noon-SYAR- ah oon deh-REH-choh)
Walk-in cooler
Frigorífico
(free-goh-REE-fee-koh)
Walking surface
Superficie/Área peatonal
Walks, moving
Caminos móviles
Walkway
Camino
Wall
Muro
(soo-pehr-FEE-syeh/AH-reh-ah peh-ah-tohNAHL)
(kah-MEE-nohs MOH-vee-lehs)
(kah-MEE-noh)
(MOO-roh)
Pared
(pa-REHD)
Barda
(BAR-dah)
Wall face
Placa de pared
(PLAH-cah deh pa-REHD)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
88
Constructionary
Wall frames
Wallboard
wal-web
Estructuras de muros
(ehs-trook-TOO-rahs deh MOO-rohs)
Plancha de yeso
(PLAHN-chah deh YEH-soh)
Cartón de yeso
(kahr-TOHN deh YEH-soh)
Warehouse
Depósito
(deh-POH-see-toh)
Bodega
(boh-DEH-gah)
Almacén
(ahl-mah-SEHN)
Galpón
(gahl-POHN)
Washer and Dryer
Washer
Lavadora y secadora
(lah-vah-DOH-rah ee seh-kah-DOH-rah)
Arandela
(ah-rahn-DEH-lah)
Planchuela de perno
(plahn-CHWEH-lah deh PEHR-noh)
Water heater
Calentador/Calentón de agua
(kah-leh-tah-DOHR/kah-lehn-TOHN de AHgwah)
Calefón
(kah-leh-FOHN)
Termotanque
(tehr-moh-TAHN-keh)
Water main
Tubería principal
(too-beh-REE-ah preen-see-PAL)
Tubería matriz
(too-beh-REE-ah mah-TREES)
Water well
Aljibe
(ahl-HEE-beh)
Pozo de agua
(POH-soh deh AH-gwah)
Waste
Wax seal
Web
Desperdicios
(dehs-pehr-DEE-syohs)
Empaque de cera
(ehm-PAH-keh deh SEH-rah)
Alma
(AHL-mah)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
89
web-woo
Constructionary
Membrana
(mehm-BRAH-nah)
Web stiffener
Weeds
Wedge
Welding
Welding rod
Well, dug
Window
Window sill
Atiesador de alma
(ah-tyeh-sah-DOHR deh AHL-mah)
Yerbajos
(jehr-BAH-hos)
Cuña
(KOO-nyah)
Soldadura
(sohl-dah-DOO-rah)
Electrodo
(eh-lehk-TROH-doh)
Pozo excavado
(POH-soh ehk-SKAH-vah-doh)
Ventana
(ven-TAH-nah)
Soporte de ventana
(so-POR-teh deh ven-TAH-nah)
Repisa de ventana
(reh-PEE-sah deh ven-TAH-nah)
(see-mehn-ta-SYOHN)
Wire
Alambre
Wire backing
Alambre de soporte
Wire, chicken
Wire connectors
(ah-LAM-breh)
(ah-LAM-breh deh soh-pohr-TEH)
Alambre de pollo
(ah-LAM-breh deh POH-joh)
Conectores de alambre
(koh-nek-TOH-rehs deh ah-LAM-breh)
Cable alambre conector
(KAH-bleh ah-LAM-breh koh-nek-TOHR)
Wire fabric
Wire mesh
Wire tie
Wood board
Malla de alambre
(MAH-jah deh ah-LAM-breh)
Tela metálica
(TEH-lah meh-TAH-lee-kah)
Alambre de paca
(ah-LAM-breh deh PAH-kah)
Tabla de madera
(TAH-blah deh mah-DEH-rah)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
90
Constructionary
Wood framing
woo-wor
Estructura en/de madera
(eh-strook-TOO-rah ehn/deh mah-DEH-rah)
Entramado de madera
(ehn-trah-MAH-doh deh mah-DEH-rah)
Bastidores de madera
(bah-stee-DOH-rehs deh mah-DEH-rah)
Wood members
Wood shakes
Wood shingles
Wood strip flooring
Wood truss
Woodworker
Work
Elementos de madera
(eh-leh-MEHN-tohs deh mah-DEH-rah)
Duela de madera
(DWEH-lah deh mah-DEH-rah)
Tejas de madera
(TEH-hahs deh mah-DEH-rah)
Piso enlistonado de madera
(PEE-soh ehn-lee-stoh-NAH-doh deh
mah-DEH-rah)
Cercha de madera
(SEHR-chah deh mah-DEH-rah)
Ebanista
(eh-bah-NEES-tah)
Obra
(OH-brah)
Trabajo
(trah-BAH-hoh)
Work, completion of
Working drawings
Terminación de obra
(tehr-mee-nah-SYOHN deh OH-brah)
Planos
(PLAH-nohs)
Dibujos
(dee-BOO-hos)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
91
Constructionary
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
92
Electrical Terms
Accessible
Accesible
Adapter
Adaptador
Amperes
Amps
Appliance
(ahk-seh-SEE-bleh)
(ah-dap-dah-DOHR)
Amperios
(ahm-PEH-ree-ohs)
Amperios
(ahm-PEH-ree-ohs)
Electrodoméstico
(eh-lehk-troh-doh-MEHS-tee-kohs)
Aparato eléctrico
(ah-pah-RAH-toh eh-LEHK-tree-koh)
Appliance circuit
Bare conductor
Bending machine,
single operation
Circuito para aparatos
(seer-KWEE-toh pah-rah ah-pah-RAH-tohs)
Conductor desnudo
(kohn-dook-TOHR dehs-NOO-doh)
Máquina de curvar de
un solo golpe
(MAH-kee-nah deh koor-VAHR deh oon
SOH-loh GOHL-peh)
Bend radius
Radio de curvatura
Bonding jumper
Puente de conexión
equipotencial
(RAH-dee-oh deh koor-vah-TOO-rah)
(PWEN-teh deh koh-nehk-SYOHN eh-keepoh-ten-see-AL)
Puente eléctrico
(PWEN-teh eh-LEHK-tree-koh)
Branch
Rama
Branch circuit
Circuito secundario
(RAH-mah)
(seer-KWEE-toh seh-koon-DAH-ree-oh)
Circuito derivado
(seer-KWEE-toh deh-ree-VAH-doh)
Ramal
(rrah-MAHL)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
93
Electric
Busbar
Circuit
Constructionary
Barra colectora
(BAH-rrah koh-lehk-TOH-rah)
Circuito
(seer-KWEE-toh)
Circuit breaker
Interruptor automático
Clamp
Abrazadera
(een-teh-rroop-TOHR ah-oo-toh-MAH-teekoh)
(ah-brah-sah-DEH-rah)
Mordaza
(mohr-DAH-sah)
Conductors
Continuity checker
Conductores
(kohn-dook-TOH-rehs)
Rastreador de continuidad
(rahs-treh-ah-DOHR deh kohn-tee-nweeDAHD)
Continuity meter
Multímetro
Controller
Controlador
Cross sectional area
Área común
Delta-Wye
(mool-TEE-meh-troh)
(kohn-troh-lah-DOHR)
(AH-reh-ah koh-MOON)
Delta-estrella
(DEHL-tah ehs-TREH-yah)
Derating
Factor de corrección
Device box
Caja de dispositivos
Dustproof
Duty
Fault current
(fahk-TOHR deh koh-rrehk-SYOHN)
(KAH-hah deh dees-poh-see-TEE-vohs)
A prueba de polvo
(ah-PRWEH-vah deh POHL-voh)
Servicio
(sehr-VEE-syoh)
Corriente de falla
(koh-RYEHN-teh deh FAH-yah)
Corriente de falta
(koh-RYEHN-teh deh FAHl-tah)
Corriente de pérdida
(koh-RYEHN-teh deh PEHR-dee-dah)
Feeder circuit
Circuito de suministro
(seer-KWEE-toh deh soo-mee-NEES-troh)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
94
Electric
Constructionary
Feeder tap
Toma de corriente
de circuito de suministro
(TOH-mah deh koh RRYEHN- teh de seerKWEE-toh deh soo-mee-NEES-troh)
Field bend
Fittings
Fixtures
Galvanic action
Grounding
Grounded
Ground fault circuit
Curva hecha en obra
(koor-vah EH-chah ehn OH-brah)
Herrajes
(eh-RRAH-hehs)
Aparatos
(ah-pah-RAH-tohs)
Reacción galvánica
(reh-ahk-SYOHN gahl-VAH-nee-kah)
De puesta a tierra
(deh PWEHS-tah ah TYEH-rrah)
Puesto a tierra
(PWEHS-toh ah TYEH-rrah)
Interruptor fusible de
seguridad a tierra
(een-teh-rroop-TOHR foo-SEE-bleh
deh seh-goo-ree-DAHD ah TYEH-rra)
Ground-fault
circuit interrupter(GFCI) Interruptor contra faltas a tierra
(een-teh-rroop-TOHR kohn-trah FAHL-tahs
ah TYEH-rrah)
Ground/neutral bus bar Bandeja neutra/a tierra
(bahn-DEH-hah NEH-oo-trah/ah TYEH-rra)
Guys
Hickey
High-leg conductor
Inductive heat
Input voltage
Cuerdas
(KWEHR-dahs)
Adaptador
(ah-dap-dah-DOHR)
Conductor de extremo alto
(kohn-dook-TOHR deh ehks-TREH-moh
AHL-toh)
Calentamiento por inducción
(kah-lehn-tah-MYEHN-toh pohr een-dookSYOHN)
Tensión del suministro
(tehn-SYOHN dehl soo-mee-NEES-troh)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
95
Electric
Inverse time
circuit breaker
Constructionary
Interruptor automático de
retardo inverso
(een-teh-rroop-TOHR ah-oo-toh-MAH-teekoh deh reh-tahr-doh een-vehr-soh)
Isolated
Junction box
Aislado
(ah-ees-LAH-doh)
Caja de bornes
(KAH-hah deh BOHR-nehs)
Caja de conexiones de
empalme
(KAH-hah deh koh-nek-SYOH-nehs deh
ehm-PAHL-meh)
KVA
kVA
(kah-veh-ah)
Kilo voltioamperios
(KEE-loh VOHL-tee-oh ahm-PEH-ree-ohs)
Kilovatios
(KEE-loh VAH-tee-ohs)
Kilowatts
(kee-loh-WATS)
Lighting
Live parts
Lug
Iluminación
(ee-loo-mee-nah-SYOHN)
Partes en tensión
(PAHR-tehs ehn tehn-SYOHN
Talón
(tah-LOHN)
Asiento
(ah-SYEHN-toh)
Made electrode
Electrodo fabricado
Molded case switch
Interruptor de maniobra
en caja moldeada
(eh-lek-TROH-doh fah-bree-KAH-doh)
(een-teh-rroop-TOHR deh mah-NYOH-brah
ehn KAH-hah mohl-deh-AH-dah)
Interruptor de sección en caja
moldeada
(een-teh-rroop-TOHR deh sehk-SYOHN
ehn KAH-hah mohl-deh-AH-dah)
Non-metallic
sheathed cable
Cable de cubierta no metálica
(KAH-bleh deh koo-bee-EHR-tah noh mehTAH-lee-kah)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
96
Electric
Constructionary
Nontime delay fuse
Fusible sin retardo
Objectionable
current flow
Flujo de corriente inaceptable
Open conductor
(foo-SEE-bleh seen reh-TAHR-doh)
(FLOO-hoh de koh-ree-EHN-teh een-ahsehp-TAH-bleh)
Conductores a la vista
(kohn-dook-TOH-rehs ah lah VEES-tah)
Outlet
Toma de corriente
Overcurrent
Sobreintensidad
Overhead service
conductors
(TOH-mah deh koh RRYEHN- teh)
(soh-breh een-tehn-see-DAHD)
Conductores aéreos
de acometida
(kohn-dook-TOH-rehs ah-EH-reh-ohs deh
ah-koh-meh-TEE-dah)
Overhead spans
Tramos aéreos
(TRAH-mohs ah-EH-reh-ohs)
Overload
Sobrecarga
Panelboard
Panel de distribución
(soh-breh-KAHR-gah)
(pah-NEHL deh dees-tree-boo-SYOHN
Tablero de distribución
(tah-BLEH-roh deh dees-tree-boo-SYOHN
Cuadro general
(KWAH-droh heh-neh-RAHL)
Pressure connectors
Conectores a presión
(koh-nehk-TOH-rehs ah preh-SYOHN)
Push box
Pulsador
Raceway
Canalización
Rainproof
(pool-sah-DOHR)
(kah-nah-lee-sah-SYOHN)
A prueba de lluvia
(ah PRWEH-bah deh JOO-vee-ah)
Resistente a la lluvia
(reh-sees-TEHN-teh ah lah JOO-vee-ah)
Rated
Nominal
(noh-mee-NAHL)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
97
Electric
Rating
Constructionary
Régimen nominal
(REH-hee-mehn noh-mee-NAHL)
Potencia de servicio
(poh-TEHN-syah deh sehr-VEE-syoh)
Readily accessible
Fácilmente accesible
Reamed
Abocardado
(FAH-seel-mehn-teh ahk-seh-SEE-bleh)
(ah-boh-kahr-DAH-doh)
Escariado
(ehs-kah-ree-AH-doh)
Receptacle
Base de toma de corriente
(BAH-seh deh TOH-mah deh koh RRYEHNteh)
Toma de corriente
(TOH-mah deh koh RRYEHN- teh)
Enchufe
(ehn-CHOO-feh)
RMC
Schedule
Tubos de metal rígidos
(TOO-bohs deh meh-TAHL RREE-heedohs)
Plan
(plahn)
Cronograma
(kroh-noh-GRAH-mah)
Service
Service drop
Service conductors
Service-entrance
Service disconnect
Acometida
(ah-koh-meh-TEE-dah)
Acometida aérea
(ah-koh-meh-TEE-dah ah-EH-reh-ah)
Conductores de la acometida
(kohn-dook-TOH-rehs deh lah ah-koh-mehTEE-dah)
Entrada a la acometida
(ehn-TRAH-dah deh lah ah-koh-meh-TEEdah)
Desconexión de la acometida
(dehs-koh-nehk-SYOHN deh lah ah-kohmeh-TEE-dah)
Service lateral
Acometida subterránea
Service mast
Poste de acometida
(ah-koh-meh-TEE-dah soob-teh-RRAHneh-ah)
(POHS-teh de ah-koh-meh-TEE-dah)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
98
Electric
Constructionary
Shunt field
Campo inductor en derivación
(KAHM-poh een-dook-TOHR ehn deh-reebah-SYOHN)
Single phase
Monofásica
Size (conductors)
Sección
Smallest size
(conductors)
Sección inferior
Snap switches
Interruptores de acción rápida
Squirrel-cage rotor
Rotor de cortocircuito
(moh-noh-FAH-see-kah)
(sehk-SYOHN)
(sehk-SYOHN een-feh-ree-OHR)
(een-teh-rroop-TOHR-ehs deh ahk-SYOHN
RAH-pee-dah)
(roh-TOHR deh kohr-toh-seer-KWEE-toh)
Rotor de jaula de ardilla
(roh-TOHR deh ha-oo-lah deh ahr-DEE-jah)
Step down
voltage transformer
Transformador reductor
de voltaje
(trahns-fohr-mah-DOHR reh-dook-TOHR
deh vohl-TAH-heh)
Switch
Interruptor
Switchboard
Cuadro de distribución
Switch leg
Rama local
Tap
Toma de corriente
Three phase
Three (3)-wire
Torque motor
Underground
(een-teh-rroop-TOHR)
(KWAH-droh deh dees-tree-boo-SYOHN
(RAH-mah loh-KAHL)
(TOH-mah deh koh RRYEHN- teh)
Trifásico
(tree-FAH-see-koh)
Tripolar
(tree-poh-LAHR)
Motor de baja velocidad
(moh-TOHR deh BAH-hah veh-loh-seeDAHD)
Subterráneos
(soob-teh-RRAH-neh-ohs)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
99
Electric
Ungrounded
Constructionary
No puesto a tierra
(NOH PWEHS-toh ah TYEH-rrah)
Sin puesta a tierra
(seen PWEHS-tah ah TYEH-rrah)
Volt amps (VA)
Vatios
(VAH-tee-ohs)
Voltioamperios
(vohl-tee-oh-ahm-PEH-ree-ohs)
Volts
Voltios
Waterproof
A prueba de agua
(VOHL-tee-ohs)
(ah PRWEH-bah deh AH-gwah)
Resistente al agua
(reh-sees-TEHN-teh ahl AH-gwah)
Wire
Alambre
(ah-LAHM-breh)
Cable
(KAH-bleh)
Wiring
Wiring method
Cables
(KAH-blehs)
Método de instalación
(MEH-toh-doh deh eens-tah-lah-SYOHN)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
100
Mechanical Terms
Abrasive materials
Materiales abrasivos
Absorption
Absorción
Air
Aire
Air conditioning
Aire acondicionado
Air distribution system
Sistema de distribución de aire
Air makeup
Aire de reposición
Air-space clearance
Espacio de aire libre
Air-handling
Manejo de aire
Alteration
Modificación
Ampacity
Intensidad máxima admisible
Appliance
Aparato
(Mah-teh-RYALH-lehs ah-brah-SEE-vos)
(Ahb-sohr-SYOHN)
(AH-ee-reh)
(AH-ee-reh)
(sees-TEH-mah deh dees-tree-boo-SYOHN
deh AH-ee-reh)
(AH-ee-reh deh reh-poh-see-SYOHN)
(ehs-PAH-syoh deh AH-ee-reh LEE-breh)
(mah-NEH-hoh deh AH-ee-reh)
(moh-dee-fee-kah-SYOHN)
(een-tehn-see-DAHD MAHK-see-mah ahdmee-SEE-bleh)
(ah-pah-RAH-toh)
Artefacto
(ahr-teh-FAHK-toh)
Appliance type
Tipo de artefacto
Appliance, existing
Artefacto existente
Appliance, vented
Automatic boiler
( deh ahr-teh-FAHK-toh)
(ahr-teh-FAHK-toh ehk-sees-TEHN-teh)
Artefacto con ventilación
(ahr-teh-FAHK-toh kohn vehn-tee-lahSYOHN)
Caldera automática
(kahl-DEH-rah ah-oo-toh-MAH-tee-kah)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
101
Mechanical
Backdraft
Backdraft damper
Constructionary
Contratiro
(kohn-trah-TEE-roh)
Regulador de tiro de contratiro
(reh-goo-lah-DOHR deh TEE-roh deh kohntrah-TEE-roh)
Backshelf hood
Campana trasera
Baseboard convector
Convector de zócalo
Booster fan
Ventilador reforzador
Boot
Brazed, joint
Brazing
Btu
Burner
Bypass valve
(kahm-PAH-nah trah-SEH-rah)
(kohn-vehk-TOHR deh SOH-kah-loh)
(vehn-tee-lah-DOHR reh-fohr-sah-DOHR)
Accesorio de transición
(ahk-seh-SOH-ryoh deh trahn-see-SYOHN)
Junta soldada en fuerte
(HOON-tah sohl-DAH-dah ehn FWER-teh)
Soldadura en fuerte
(sohl-dah-DOO-rah ehn FWER-teh)
Btu (Unidad Térmica Británica)
(beh-teh-oo [oo-nee-DAHD TEHR-mee-kah
bree-TAH-nee-kah])
Quemador
(keh-mah-DOHR)
Válvula de derivación
(VAHL-voo-lah deh deh-ree-vah-SYOHN)
Casing
Carcasa
Chimney connector
Conector de chimenea
Chimney passageway
Pasillo de chimenea
Closed combustion
Clothes dryer
Combustible assembly
Combustible liquids
(kahr-KAH-sah)
(koh-nehk-TOHR deh chee-meh-NEH-ah)
(pah-SEE-joh deh chee-meh-NEH-ah)
Combustión cerrada
(kohm-boos-TYOHN seh-RRAH-dah)
Secadora de ropas
(seh-kah-DOH-rah deh RROH-pahs)
Conjunto combustible
(kohn-HOON-toh kohm-boos-TEE-bleh)
Líquidos combustibles
(LEE-kee-dohs kohm-boos-TEE-blehs)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
102
Mechanical
Constructionary
Combustible material
Material combustible
Combustion
Combustión
Combustion air
Aire de combustión
Combustion chamber
Cámara de combustión
Combustion products
Commercial cooking
appliances
(mah-teh-RYHAL kohm-boos-TEE-bleh)
(kohm-boos-TYOHN)
(AH-ee-reh deh kohm-boos-TYOHN)
(KAH-mah-rah deh kohm-boos-TYOHN)
Productos de combustión
(proh-DOOK-tohs deh kohm-boos-TYOHN)
Artefactos de cocina comercial
(ahr-teh-FAHK-tohs deh koh-SEE-nah kohmehr-SYAHL)
Concealed location
Localización oculta
Condensate
Condensados
Condenser
(loh-kah-lee-sah-SYOHN oh-KOOL-tah)
(kohn-den-SAH-dohs)
Condensador
(kohn-den-sah-DOHR)
Condensing unit
Unidad condensadora
Conditioned space
Espacio acondicionado
Confined space
Contact lap
Control
Conversion burner
Cooling equipment
(oo-nee-DAHD kohn-den-sah-DOH-rah)
(ehs-PAH-syoh ah-kohn-dee-syoh-NAHdoh)
Espacio confinado
(ehs-PAH-syoh kohn-fee-NAH-doh)
Solapadura de contacto
(soh-lah-pah-DOO-rah deh kohn-TAHK-toh)
Control
(kohn-ROHL)
Quemador de conversión
(keh-mah-DOHR deh kohn-vehr-SYOHN)
Equipo de enfriamiento
(eh-KEE-poh deh ehn-FRYAH-myehn-toh)
Cooking appliance
Artefacto de cocina
Crawl space
Espacio angosto
(ahr-teh-FAHK-toh deh koh-SEE-nah)
(ehs-PAH-syoh ahn-GOHS-toh)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
103
Mechanical
Constructionary
Cutoff
Cierre
Direct-vent appliance
Artefactos de ventilación
directa
(SYEH-rreh)
(ahr-teh-FAHK-toh deh vehn-tee-lahSYOHN dee-REHK-tah)
Double island
canopy hood
Down draft
Draft
Campana de doble isla
(kahm-PAH-nah deh DOH-bleh EES-lah)
Tiro descendente
(TEE-roh deh-sehn-DEN-teh)
Tiro
(TEE-roh)
Drilling
Perforación
Drip
Colector
Dry cleaning
Limpieza en seco
Duct heater
Calefactor de conducto
Duct system
Sistema de conductos
Evaporative cooler
Evaporative cooling
(pehr-foh-rah-SYOHN)
(koh-lehk-TOHR)
(leem-PYEH-sah ehn SEH-koh)
(kah-leh-fahk-TOHR deh kohn-DOOK-toh)
(sees-TEH-mah deh kohn-DOOK-tohs)
Enfriador evaporativo
(ehn-fryah-DOHR eh-vah-poh-rah-TEE-voh)
Enfriamiento evaporativo
(ehn-fryah-MYEHN-toh eh-vah-poh-rahTEE-voh)
Evaporator
Evaporador
Excess air
Aire en exceso
Exfiltration
Exfiltración
Exhaust air
Exhaust rate
(eh-vah-poh-rah-DOHR)
(AH-ee-reh ehn ehk-SEH-soh)
(ehks-feel-trah-SYOHN)
Aire de extracción
(AH-ee-reh deh ehks-trahk-SYOHN)
Gasto de extracción
(GAHS-toh deh ehks-trahk-SYOHN)
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104
Mechanical
Constructionary
Exhaust system
Sistema de extracción
Exhauster
Aspirador
Extra-heavy duty
De uso muy pesado
Eyebrow hood
Factory-built fireplace
(sees-TEH-mah deh ehks-trahk-SYOHN)
(ahs-pee-rah-DOHR)
(deh OO-soh MOO-ee peh-SAH-doh)
Campana de tipo ceja
(kahm-PAH-nah deh TEE-poh SEH-ha)
Chimenea prefabricada
(chee-meh-NEH-ah preh-fah-bree-KAHdah)
Hogar prefabricado
(oh-GAR preh-fah-bree-KAH-doh)
Fan
Ventilador
(vehn-tee-lah-DOHR)
Fireplace
Hogar
Fireplace stove
Hogar tipo estufa
Flame safeguard
Salvaguarda de llama
Flame spread index
Flanged fitting
Flash
(oh-GAHR)
(oh-GAHR TEE-poh ehs-TOO-fah)
(sal-vah-GWAHR-dah deh YAH-mah)
Índice de propagación de llama
(EEN-dee-seh deh proh-pah-gah-SYOHN
deh YAH-mah)
Accesorio embridado
(ahk-seh-SOH-ryoh em-bree-DAH-doh)
Babeta
(bah-BEH-tah)
Flash point
Punto de ignición
Floor area, net
Área neta de piso
Flue liner
Revestimiento de conducto de
humo
(POON-toh deh ee-gnee-SYOHN)
(AH-reh-ah NEH-tah deh PEE-soh)
(reh-vehs-tee-MYEHN-toh deh kohn-DOOKtoh deh OO-moh)
Revestimiento interior
(reh-vehs-tee-MYEHN-toh een-teh-RYOHR)
Forced air
Aire forzado
(AH-ee-reh forh-SAH-doh)
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105
Mechanical
Constructionary
Forced-draft venting
Ventilación de tiro forzado
Fuel gas
Gas combustible
Fuel oil
Petróleo
Furnace
Furnace blower
Furnace room
(vehn-tee-lah-SYOHN deh TEE-roh fohrSAH-doh)
(gahs kohm-boos-TEE-bleh)
(peh-TROH-leh-oh)
Calefactor
(kah-leh-fahk-TOHR)
Ventilador del calefactor
(vehn-tee-lah-DOHR deh kah-leh-fahkTOHR)
Cuarto del calefactor
(KWAHR-to dehl kah-leh-fahk-TOHR)
Glass gauge
Tubo indicador
Ground source
heat pump
Bomba de calor geotérmica
Hazardous location
Localización peligrosa
Hearth
Hogar
Heat exchanger
Heat pump
Heat transfer liquid
(TOO-boh een-dee-kah-DOHR)
(BOHM-bah deh kah-LOHR heh-oh-TEHRmee-kah)
(loh-kah-lee-sah-SYOHN peh-lee-GROHsah)
(oh-GAHR)
Intercambiador de calor
(een-tehr-kahm-byah-DOHR deh kahLOHR)
Bomba de calor
(BOHM-bah deh kah-LOHR)
Líquido de transferencia
de calor
(LEE-kee-doh deh trahns-feh-REHN-syah
deh kah-LOHR )
Heavy duty
De uso pesado
High-heat appliance
Artefacto de alto calor
Hood
(deh OO-soh peh-SAH-doh)
(ahr-teh-FAHK-toh deh AHL-toh kah-LOHR)
Campana
(kahm-PAH-nah)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
106
Mechanical
Constructionary
Ignition source
Induced-draft venting
Joint, flanged
Joint, flared
Fuente de ignición
(FWEHN-teh deh ee-gnee-SYOHN)
Ventilación de tiro inducido
(vehn-tee-lah-SYOHN deh TEE-roh eendoo-SEE-doh)
Junta bridada
(HOON-tah bree-DAH-dah)
Junta abocinada
(HOON-tah ah-boh-see-NAH-dah)
Joint, mechanical
Junta, mecánica
Joint, plastic adhesive
Junta de adhesivo plástico
Joint, soldered
Joint, welded
Label
Labeled
(HOON-tah meh-KAH-nee-kah)
(HOON-tah deh ah-deh-SEE-voh PLAHStee-koh)
Junta soldada
(HOON-tah sohl-DAH-dah)
Junta soldada por fusión
(HOON-tah sohl-DAH-dah)
Sello
(SEH-joh)
Sellado
(seh-JAH-doh)
Light-duty
De uso ligero
Limit control
Control de límites
Limited charge system
Sistema de carga limitada
Lining
Living space
Load bearing member
Location
(deh OO-soh lee-HEH-roh)
(kohn-TROHL deh LEE-mee-tehs)
(sees-TEH-mah deh KAHR-gah lee-meeTAH-dah)
Revestimiento interior
(reh-vehs-tee-MYEHN-toh een-teh-RYOHR)
Espacio habitado
(ehs-PAH-syoh ah-bee-TAH-doh)
Miembro de carga
(MYEHM-broh deh KAHR-gah)
Ubicación
(oo-beek-ah-SYOHN)
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107
Mechanical
Constructionary
Lower explosive
limit (LEL)
Límite explosivo inferior
Lower flammability
limit (LFL)
Límite inferior de inflamabilidad
Mechanical draft
Mechanical exhaust
system
(LEE-mee-teh ehks-ploh-SEE-voh een-fehRYOHR)
(LEE-mee-teh een-feh-RYOHR deh eenflah-mah-bee-lee-DAHD)
Tiro mecánico
(sees-TEH-mah deh TEE-roh meh-KAHnee-kph)
Sistema de extracción
mecánica
(sees-TEH-mah deh ehks-trahk-SYOHN
meh-KAH-nee-kah)
Mechanical joint
Junta mecánica
Mechanical system
Sistema mecánico
Medium-duty
De uso medio
(HOON-tah meh-KAH-nee-kah)
(sees-TEH-mah meh-KAH-nee-koh)
(deh OO-soh MEH-dyoh)
Medium-heat appliance Artefacto de mediano calor
(ahr-teh-FAHK-toh deh meh-DYAH-noh
kah-LOHR)
Metal chimney
Chimenea de metal
Modular boiler
Caldera modular
Natural draft
Outdoor air
Outdoor opening
Outlet
Output
(chee-meh-NEH-ah deh meh-TAHL)
(kahl-DEH-rah moh-doo-LAHR)
Tiro natural
(TEE-roh nah-too-RAHL)
Aire exterior
(AH-ee-reh ehk-steh-RYOHR)
Abertura exterior
(ah-behr-TOO-rah ehk-steh-RYOHR)
Boca de salida
(BOH-kah deh sah-LEE-dah)
Rendimiento
(rehn-dee-MYEHN-toh)
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108
Mechanical
Constructionary
Output rating
Clasificación de rendimiento
Piping
Tubería
Plastic, thermoplastic
Plástico termoplástico
Plastic, thermosetting
(klah-see-fee-kah-SYOHN deh rehn-deeMYEHN-toh)
(too-beh-REE-ah)
(PLAHS-tee-koh tehr-moh-PLAHS-tee-koh)
Plástico termoendurecido
(PLAHS-tee-koh tehr-moh-ehn-doo-rehSEE-doh)
Plenum
Pleno
Power venting
Ventilación mecánica
Pressure relief device
Dispositivo de alivio de presión
Pressure relief valve
Válvula de alivio de presión
Pressure vessels
Recipientes a presión
(PLEH-noh)
(vehn-tee-lah-SYOHN meh-KAH-nee-kah)
(dees-poh-see-TEE-voh deh ah-LEE-vyoh
deh )
(VAHL-voo-lah deh - deh preh-SYOHN)
(reh-see-PYEHN-teh ah preh-SYOHN)
Pressure-limiting device Dispositivo limitador de presión
(dees-poh-see-TEE-voh lee-mee-tah-DOHR
deh preh-SYOHN)
Purge
Quick-opening valve
Radiant heater
Radiant heating
Purgar
(poor-GAHR)
Válvula de apertura rápida
(VAHL-voo-lah deh ah-pehr-TOO-rah
RRAH-pee-dah)
Calefactor radiante
(kah-leh-fahk-TOHR rah-DYAHN-teh)
Calefacción radiante
(kah-leh-fahk-SYOHN rah-DYAHN-teh)
Range
Cocina económica
Rated capacity
Capacidad nominal
Rated output capacity
Capacidad nominal de salida
(koh-SEE-nah eh-koh-NOH-mee-kah)
(kah-pah-see-DAHD noh-mee-NAHL)
(kah-pah-see-DAHD noh-mee-NAHL deh
sah-LEE-dah)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
109
Mechanical
Receiver, liquid
Constructionary
Receptor de líquido
(reh-sehp-TOHR deh LEE-kee-doh)
Recirculated air
Aire recirculado
Recirculating system
Sistema de recirculación
Reclaimed refrigerants
Refrigerantes regenerados
Refrigerated room
Cuarto refrigerado
Refrigerating system
Sistema de refrigeración
Return air system
Sistema de retorno de aire
Room heater vented
Calefactor de cuarto
con ventilación
(AH-ee-reh reh-seer-koo-LAH-doh)
(sees-TEH-mah deh reh-seer-koo-lahSYOHN)
(reh-free-heh-RAHN-tehs reh-he-neh-RAHdohs)
(KWAR-toh reh-free-heh-RAH-doh)
(sees-TEH-mah deh reh-free-heh-rahSYOHN)
(sees-TEH-mah deh reh-TOHR-noh deh
AH-ee-reh)
(kah-leh-fahk-TOHR deh KWAHR-toh kohn
vehn-tee-lah-SYOHN)
Saddle joint
Safeguard device
Safety valve
Self-contained
Shaft enclosure
Junta saliente
(HOON-tah sah-LYEHN-teh)
Dispositivo de seguridad
(dees-poh-see-TEE-voh deh seh-goo-reeDAHD)
Válvula de seguridad
(VAHL-voo-lah deh seh-goo-ree-DAHD)
Autocontenido
(ah-oo-toh-kohn-teh-NEE-doh)
Cerramiento de recinto
(see-rrah-MYEHN-toh deh reh-SEEN-toh)
Shield plate
Placa de defensa
Solid-fuel
Combustibles sólidos
Stacked washer
(PLAH-kah deh deh-FEN-sah)
(kohm-boos-TEE-blehs SOH-lee-dohs)
Arandela entongada
(ar-ahn-DEH-lah ehn-tohn-GAH-da)
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110
Mechanical
Constructionary
Stop valve
Supply air
Supply plenum
Válvula de cierre
(VAHL-voo-lah deh SYEH-rreh)
Aire de suministro
(AH-ee-reh deh soo-mee-NEES-troh)
Pleno de suministro
(PLEH-noh deh soo-mee-NEES-troh)
Theoretical air
Aire teórico
Thermal resistance (R)
Resistencia térmica (R)
Tightfitting
Hermético
Toxicity classification
Clasificación de toxicidad
Vent
(AH-ee-reh teh-OH-ree-koh)
(reh-sees-TEHN-syah TEHR-mee-kah)
(ehr-MEH-tee-koh)
(klah-see-fee-kah-SYOHN deh tohk-seesee-DAHD)
Respiradero
(rehs-pee-rah-DEH-roh)
Vent connector
Conector de respiradero
Vent damper
Regulador de tiro
de respiradero
( deh rehs-pee-rah-DEH-roh)
(reh-goo-lah-DOHR deh TEE-roh deh rehspee-rah-DEH-roh)
Vented floor furnace
Calefactor de piso
con ventilación
(kah-leh-fahk-TOHR deh PEE-soh kohn
vehn-tee-lah-SYOHN)
Ventilation
Ventilación
(vehn-tee-lah-SYOHN)
Ventilation air
Aire de ventilación
Ventilation rate
Gasto de ventilación
Venting system
Sistema de ventilación
Volume damper
(AH-ee-reh deh vehn-tee-lah-SYOHN)
(GAHS-toh deh vehn-tee-lah-SYOHN)
(sees-TEH-mah deh vehn-tee-lah-SYOHN)
Regulador de tiro de volumen
(reh-goo-lah-DOHR deh TEE-roh deh vohLOO-mehn)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
111
Mechanical
Wall canopy hood
Working space
Constructionary
Campana de muro
(kahm-PAH-nah deh MOO-roh)
(kah-leh-fahk-TOHR deh AH-ee-reh deh )
Espacio de trabajo
(ehs-PAH-syoh deh trah-BAH-hoh)
Working space clearanceEspacio libre de trabajo
(ehs-PAH-syoh LEE-breh deh trah-BAHhoh)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
112
Plumbing Terms
Access cover
Tapa de acceso
Air admittance valve
Válvula de admisión de aire
Air break
Interruptor de aire
Airflow rate
Tasa de flujo de aire
(TAH-ph deh ahk-SEH-soh)
(VAHL-voo-lah deh ahd-mee-SYOHN deh
AH-ee-reh)
(een-teh-rroop-TOHR deh AH-ee-reh)
(TAH-sah deh FLOO-hoh deh AH-ee-reh)
Tasa de gasto de aire
(TAH-sah deh deh AH-ee-reh)
Air gap
Area drain
Espacio de aire
(ehs-PAH-syoh deh AH-ee-reh)
Desagüe de área
(deh-SAH-gweh deh AH-reh-ah)
Desagüe de patio
(deh-SAH-gweh deh PAH-tee-oh)
Resumidero
(reh-soo-me-DEH-roh)
Aspirator
Backflow
Backflow connection
Backflow preventer
Aspirador
(ahs-pee-rah-DOHR)
Contraflujo
(kohn-trah-FLOO-hoh)
Conexión de contraflujo
(koh-nek-SYOHN deh kohn-trah-FLOO-hoh)
Válvula de contraflujo
(VAHL-voo-lah deh kohn-trah-FLOO-hoh)
Interruptor de contraflujo
(een-teh-rroop-TOHR deh kohn-trah-FLOOhoh)
Backpressure, low head Contraflujo, salto bajo
(kohn-trah-FLOO-hoh, SAHL-toh BAH-hoh)
Backsiphonage
Contrasifonaje
Backwater valve
Válvula de contrapresión
(kohn-trah-see-pho-NAH-heh)
(VAHL-voo-lah deh kohn-trah-preh-SYOHN)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
113
Plumbing
Constructionary
Ball cock
Llave de flotador
Bracket
Ménsula
Branch
Ramal
Bathroom group
Grupo de muebles sanitarios
Building drain
Desagüe de la edificación
(JAH-veh deh floh-tah-DOHR)
(MEHN-soo-lah)
(rah-MAHL)
(GROO-poh deh MWEH-blehs sah-neeTAH-ryohs)
(deh-SAH-gweh deh lah eh-dee-fee-kahSYOHN)
Resumidero
(reh-soo-me-DEH-roh)
Building subdrain
Tubo de avenamiento
de la edificación
(TOO-boh ah-veh-nah-MYEN-toh deh lah
eh-dee-fee-kah-SYOHN)
Building trap
Trampa hidráulica
de la edificación
(TRAHM-pah ee-DRAH-oo-lee-kah deh lah
eh-dee-fee-kah-SYOHN)
Branch vent
Cesspool
Circuit vent
Respiradero de ramal
(rehs-pee-rah-DEH-roh deh rah-MAHL)
Sumidero
(soo-me-DEH-roh)
Respiradero en circuito
(rehs-pee-rah-DEH-roh en seer-KWEE-toh)
Cistern
Cisterna
Cleanout
Registro
Coextruded
Coextruido
Combination fixture
Artefacto de combinación
Combined drain
(sees-TEHR-nah)
(reh-HEES-troh)
(koh-eks-troo-EE-doh)
(ahr-teh-FAHK-toh deh kohm-bee-nahSYOHN)
Desagüe sanitario combinado
(deh-SAH-gweh sah-nee-TAH-ryoh khombee-NAH-doh)
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114
Plumbing
Constructionary
Common vent
Respiradero común
(rehs-pee-rah-DEH-roh)
Critical level
Nivel crítico
Culvert
Alcantarilla
(nee-VEHL KREE-tee-koh)
(alkan-tah-REE-jah)
Desagüe
(deh-SAH-gweh)
Developed length
Longitud desarrollada
Discharge pipe
Tubo de descarga
Drain
Desagüe
Drainage fitting
Accesorio de desagüe sanitario
Drainage system
Sistema de desagüe sanitario
Elastomeric gasket
Empaque elastomérico
Expansion joint
(lohn-hee-TOOD deh-sah-rroh-JAH-dah)
(TOO-boh deh dehs-KAHR-gah)
(deh-SAH-gweh)
(ahk-seh-SOH-ryoh deh deh-SAH-gweh
sah-nee-TAH-ryoh)
(sees-TEH-mah deh deh-SAH-gweh sahnee-TAH-ryoh)
(ehm-PAH-keh eh-lahs-toh-MEH-koh)
Junta de expansión
(HOON-tah deh eks-pahn-SYOHN)
Faucet
Llave
Fill valve
Válvula de llenado
(JAH-veh)
(VAHL-voo-lah deh jeh-NAH-doh)
Válvula de alimentación
(VAHL-voo-lah deh ah-lee-mehn-tahSYOHN)
Fixture
Artefacto
(ahr-teh-FAHK-toh)
Fixture branch
Ramal de artefactos
Fixture drain
Desagüe de artefactos
Fixture fitting
Accesorio de artefacto
(rah-MAHL deh ahr-teh-FAHK-tohs)
(deh-SAH-gweh deh ahr-teh-FAHK-toh)
(ahk-seh-SOH-ryoh deh ahr-teh-FAHK-toh)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
115
Plumbing
Flexible joint
Fixture supply
Flood level rim
Flow pressure
Flush tank
Flush valve
Flushometer valve
Constructionary
Junta flexible
(HOON-tah flek-SEE-bleh)
Alimentación de artefactos
(ah-lee-mehn-tah-SYOHN deh ahr-tehFAHK-tohs)
Nivel de inundación
(nee-VEHL deh ee-noon-dah-SYOHN)
Presión de flujo
(preh-SYOHN deh FLOO-hoh)
Tanque de inundación
(TAHN-keh deh ee-noon-dah-SYOHN)
Válvula de baldeo
(VAHL-voo-lah deh bahl-DEH-oh)
Válvula fluxómetro
(VAHL-voo-lah deh flook-SOH-meh-tro)
Flushometer tank
Tanque fluxómetro
Forged
Forjado
Gate valve
Válvula de compuerta
Grease interceptor
Interceptor de grasa
Grease trap
Colector de grasas
Gutters
Canaletas
Hydrants
Hidrantes
(TAHN-keh flook-SOH-meh-tro)
(fohr-HAH-doh)
(VAHL-voo-lah deh kohm-PWEHR-tah)
(een-tehr-sehp-TOHR deh GRAH-sah)
(koh-lehk-TOHR deh GRAH-sahs)
(kah-nah-LEH-tahs)
(ee-DRAHN-tehs)
Horizontal branch drain Ramal sanitario horizontal
(rah-MAHL sah-nee-TAH-ryoh oh-ree-sohnTAHL)
Hot water
Agua caliente
House trap
Trampa doméstica
Indirect waste pipe
Tubo de desagüe indirecto
(AH-gwah kah-LYEHN-teh)
(TRAHM-pah doh-MEHS-tee-kah)
(TOO-boh deh deh-SAH-gweh een-deeREHK-toh)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
116
Plumbing
Constructionary
Individual vent
Respiradero individual
(rehs-pee-rah-DEH-roh een-dee-veeDWAL)
Individual water supply Abastecimiento de
agua individual
(ah-bahs-teh-see-MYEHN-toh deh AH-gwah
een-dee-vee-DWAL)
Leader
Tubo de bajada
Leakage
Fugas
Macerating toilet
systems
(TOO-boh deh bah-ha-dah)
(FOO-gahs)
Sistemas sanitarios
de macerado
(sees-TEH-mahs sah-nee-TAH-ryohs deh
mah-seh-RAH-doh)
Manifold
Distribuidor
Manifold systems
Sistemas múltiples
de distribución
(dees-tree-boo-ee-DOHR)
(sees-TEH-mahs MOOL-tee-plehs deh
dees-tree-boo-SYOHN)
Mechanical joint
Junta mecánica
Notching
Entalladura
Open air
Aire libre
Plumbing
Instalaciones hidráulicas
y sanitarias
(HOON-tah meh-KAH-nee-kah)
(ehn-tah-jah DOO-rah)
(AH-ee-reh LEE-breh)
(een-stah-lah-SYOH-nehs ee-DRAH-oo-leekahs ee sah-nee-TAH-ryahs)
Instalaciones hidrosanitarias
(een-stah-lah-SYOH-nehs ee-DROH-sahnee-TAH-ryahs)
Plumbing appliance
Mueble sanitario
(MWEH-bleh sah-nee-TAH-ryoh)
Plumbing appurtenance Accesorio sanitario
(ahk-seh-SOH-ryoh sah-nee-TAH-ryoh)
Plumbing fixture
Artefacto sanitario
(ahr-teh-FAHK-toh sah-nee-TAH-ryoh)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
117
Plumbing
Potable water
Public water main
Quick closing valve
Rate of flow
Constructionary
Agua potable
(AH-gwah poh-TAH-bleh)
Tubo matriz público
(TOO-boh mah-TREES POO-blee-koh)
Válvula de acción rápida
(VAHL-voo-lah deh ahk-SYOHN RRAHpee-dah)
Tasa de flujo
(TAH-sah deh FLOO-hoh)
Tasa de gasto
(TAH-sah deh GAHS-toh )
Reduced pressure
Presión reducida
Relief valve
Válvula de alivio
Relief vent
(preh-SYOHN re-doo-SEE-dah)
(VAHL-voo-lah deh )
Respiradero de alivio
(rehs-pee-rah-DEH-roh deh )
Rim
Borde
Riser
Tubería vertical montante
Riser water pipe
Tubería hidráulica vertical
Roof drain
Runoff
(BOHR-deh)
(too-beh-REE-ah vehr-tee-KAHL mohnTAHN-teh)
(too-beh-REE-ah ee-DRAH-oo-lee-kah
vehr-tee-KAHL)
Desagüe de techo
(deh-SAH-gweh deh TEH-choh)
Escurrimiento
(ehs-koo-rree-MYEHN-toh)
Self-scouring
Autodesengrasante
Separator
Separador
Sewage ejector
Eyector de aguas negras
Sewer
(ah-oo-toh-dehs-ehn-grah-SAHN-teh)
(seh-pah-rah-DOHR)
(eh-jehk-TOHR deh AH-gwahs NEH-grahs)
Cloaca
(KLOAH-kah)
Alcantarilla
(ahl-cahn-tah-REE-jah)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
118
Plumbing
Constructionary
Sewer, building
Sewer, combined
Sewer, public
Cloaca de la edificación
(KLOAH-kah deh lah eh-dee-fee-kahSYOHN)
Cloaca combinada
(KLOAH-kah khom-bee-NAH-dah)
Cloaca pública
(KLOAH-kah POO-blee-kah)
Sewer, sanitary
Cloaca sanitaria
Sewer, storm
Cloaca pluvial
Scupper
Embornal
Softener
Ablandador
Soil pipe
Spillproof
vacuum breaker
(KLOAH-kah sah-nee-TAH-ryah)
(KLOAH-kah ploo-VYAHL)
(ehm-bohr-NAHL)
(ah-blahn-dah-DOHR)
Tubo de residuos cloacales
(TOO-boh deh reh-see-DWOHS kloh-ahKAH-lehs)
Interruptor de vacío a
prueba de derrame
(een-teh-rroop-TOHR deh )
Stack
Stack vent
Bajante
(bah-HAHN-teh)
Respiradero de bajante
(rehs-pee-rah-DEH-roh deh bah-HAHN-teh)
Stack venting
Ventilación en bajantes
Stoppages
Obstrucciones en tuberías
Storm drain
Subsoil drain
Subsurface
drainage system
(vehn-tee-lah-SYOHN ehn bah-HAHN-tehs)
(ohb-strook-SYOH-nehs ehn too-beh-REEahs)
Desagüe pluvial
(deh-SAH-gweh ploo-VYAHL)
Desagüe del subsuelo
(deh-SAH-gweh soob-SWEH-loh)
Sistema de drenaje freático
(sees-TEH-mah deh dreh-NAH-heh frehAH-tee-koh)
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119
Plumbing
Sump
Sump pump
Sump vent
Constructionary
Sumidero
(soo-me-DEH-roh)
Bomba de sumidero
(BOHM-bah deh soo-me-DEH-roh)
Respiradero de sumidero
(rehs-pee-rah-DEH-roh deh soo-me-DEHroh)
Supply fitting
Accesorio de suministro
Tapping
Enrosque hembra
Tempered water
Agua templada
Trap
Trampa hidráulica
Trap seal
Tunneling
Vacuum
Vacuum breaker
(ahk-seh-SOH-ryoh deh soo-mee-NEEStroh)
(ehn-ROHS-keh EHM-brah)
(AH-gwah tehm-PLAH-dah)
(TRAHM-pah ee-DRAH-oo-lee-kah)
Sello de trampa hidráulica
(SEH-joh deh TRAHM-pah ee-DRAH-oolee-kah)
Colocación en túneles
(koh-loh-kah-SYOHN ehn TOO-neh-lehs)
Vacío
(vah-SEE-oh)
Interruptor de vacío
(een-teh-rroop-TOHR deh )
Vent pipe
Tubo de ventilación
Vertical pipe
Tubería vertical
Vent stack
Vent system
Washer
(TOO-boh deh vehn-tee-lah-SYOHN)
(too-beh-REE-ah vehr-tee-KAHL)
Respiradero vertical
(rehs-pee-rah-DEH-roh vehr-tee-KAHL)
Sistema de ventilación
(sees-TEH-mah deh vehn-tee-lah-SYOHN)
Arandela
(ar-ahn-DEH-lah)
Waste fitting
Accesorio de desagüe
Waste pipe
Tubo de evacuación
(ahk-seh-SOH-ryoh deh deh-SAH-gweh)
(TOO-boh deh eh-vah-kwah-SYOHN)
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120
Plumbing
Constructionary
Waste water
Aguas residuales
(AH-gwahs reh-see-DWAH-lehs)
Water-hammer arrestor Disminuidor de golpe de ariete
(dees-nee-nwee-DOHR deh GOHL-pe deh
ah-RYEH-teh)
Water heater
Calentador de agua
Water main
Tubería maestra de
abastecimiento de agua
(kah-len-tah-DOHR deh AH-gwah)
(too-beh-REE-ah mah-EHS-trah deh ahbahs-teh-see-MYEHN-toh deh AH-gwah)
Water outlet
Water pipe
Boca de salida
(boh-kah deh sah-LEE-dah)
Tubería hidráulica
(too-beh-REE-ah ee-DRAH-oo-lee-kah)
Water service pipe
Tubería hidráulica de servicio
Water supply system
Abastecimiento de agua
Well
Pozo
Well, bored
Pozo perforado
Well, dug
Pozo excavado
Well, drilled
Pozo taladrado
Well, driven
Wet vent
Whirlpool bathtub
Wrought
(too-beh-REE-ah ee-DRAH-oo-lee-kah deh
sehr-VEE-syoh)
(ah-bahs-teh-see-MYEHN-toh deh AHgwah)
(POH-soh)
(POH-soh pehr-foh-RAH-doh)
(POH-soh ehks-kah-VAH-doh)
(POH-soh tah-lah-DRAH-doh)
Pozo hincado
(POH-soh een-KAH-doh)
Tubería húmeda de ventilación
(too-beh-REE-ah deh OO-meh-dah deh
vehn-tee-lah-SYOHN)
Tina de remolino
(TEE-nah deh reh-moh-LEE-noh)
Forjado
(fohr-HAH-doh)
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121
Plumbing
Yoke vent
Constructionary
Yunque de ventilación
(YOON-keh deh vehn-tee-lah-SYOHN)
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122
Tools
Axe
Ball-peen hammer
Hacha
(AH-chah)
Martillo de bola
(mar-TEE-joh deh BOH-lah)
Bar
Barreta
Basin wrench
Llave pico de ganso
Blower
Brace and bit
(bah-RREH-tah)
(JAH-veh PEE-koh deh GAHN-soh)
Sopladora
(soh-plah-DOH-rah)
Taladro de mano
(tah-LAH-droh deh MAH-no)
Berbiquí y barrena
(ber-bee-KEE ee bah-RREH-nah)
Broom
Brush
Escoba
(ehs-KOH-bah)
Pincel
(peen-SEHL)
Brocha
(BROH-chah)
Cepillo
(seh-PEE-joh)
Bucket
Cubeta
(koo-BEH-tah)
Balde
(BALH-deh)
Carpenter’s apron
Mandil
(mahn-DEEL)
Delantal
(deh-lahn-TAHL)
Carpenter’s square
C-clamp
Escuadra
(ehs-KWAH-drah)
Prensa en c
(PREN-sah en seh)
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123
Tools
Chain pipe wrench
Chain saw
Chisel wood
Constructionary
Llave de cadena
(JAH-veh deh kah-DEH-nah)
Sierra de cadena
(SYEH-rrah deh kah-DEH-nah)
Escopio
(ehs-KOH-pee-oh)
Formón
(for-MON)
Cincel
(seen-SEL)
Circular saw
Sierra circular de mano
Circular saw blade
Disco
Claw hammer
Come-along
(SYEH-rrah seer-koo-LAR deh MAH-noh)
(DEES-koh)
Martillo chivo
(mahr-TEE-joh CHEE-voh)
Mordaza tiradora de alambre
(mohr-DAH-sah tee-rah-DOH-rah deh ahLAM-breh)
Combination square
Escuadra de combinación
Compound
mitre saw
Sierra de corte angular
(ehs-KWAH-drah deh kohm-bee-nahSYOHN)
(SYEH-rrah deh KOHR-teh ahn-goo-LAHR)
Sierra de ingletes compuesta
(SYEH-rrah deh een-GLEH-tehs kohmPWEHS-tah)
Cut-off saw
Sierra para cortar
(SYEH-rrah PAH-rah kohr-TAHR)
Sierra de madera
(SYEH-rrah deh mah-DEH-rah)
Darby
Plana
(PLAH-na)
Flatacho
(flah-TAH-choh)
Drill
Drill bit
Taladro
(tah-LAH-droh)
Broca
(BROH-kah)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
124
Tools
Constructionary
Mecha
(MEH-cha)
Drill, electric
File
Flashlight
Taladro eléctrico
(tah-LAH-droh eh-LEHK-tree-koh)
Lima
(LEE-ma)
Linterna
(leen-TEHR-nah)
Flat head
Desarmador de hoja plana
Forklift
Montacargas
Framing square
Escuadra
Funnel
Goggles
Gloves
Hammer
Hand saw
Hawk
Hoe
(des-ar-mah-DOR deh OH-ha PLAH-na)
(mohn-tah-CAHR-gahs)
(ehs-KWAH-dra)
Embudo
(ehm-BOO-doh)
Lentes de seguridad
(LEHN-tehs deh seh-goo-ree-DAHD)
Guantes
(GWAN-tehs)
Martillo
(mar-TEE-joh)
Serrucho de mano
(seh-RROO-cho deh MAH-noh)
Esparavel
(ehs-pah-ra-VEL)
Azadón
(ah-sah-DOHN)
Zapa
(SAH-pah)
Hose
Manguera
Jigsaw
Sierra de vaivén
Jointer
Jointer plane
(mahn-GEH-rah)
(SYEH-rrah deh vahy-VEHN)
Cepillo automático
(seh-PEE-yoh ah-oo-toh-MAH-tee-koh)
Cepillo de mano
(seh-PEE-yoh deh MAH-no)
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125
Tools
Knife, utility
Constructionary
Navaja
(nah-VAH-hah)
Cortapluma
(kohr-tah-PLOO-mah)
Ladder
Lawnmower
Escalera de mano
(ehs-kah-LEH-rah deh MAH-no)
Cortadora de césped/pasto
(kor-tah-DOH-rah deh SEHS-pehd/PAHStoh)
Cortacésped
(kor-tah-SEHS-pehd)
Level
Mallet
Mask
Nivel
(nee-VEL)
Mazo
(MAH-soh)
Máscara
(MAHS-kah-rah)
Careta
(kah-REH-tah)
Medicine cabinet
Botiquín
Mitre box
Caja de corte a ángulos
Mitre saw
Sierra de retroceso para
ingletes
(boh-tee-KEEN)
(KAH-hah deh KOHR-teh ah AHN-goo-lohs)
(SYEH-rrah deh reh-troh-SEH-soh PAH-rah
een-GLEH-tehs)
Mixer
Mezcladora
(mehs-klah-DOH-rah)
Revolvedora
(reh-vohl-veh-DOH-rah)
Nail gun
Nail set
Clavadora automática
(klah-vah-DOH-rah ah-oo-toh-MAH-tee-kah)
Botador/embutidor de clavos
(boh-tah-DOHR/ehm-boo-tee-DOHR deh
KLAH-vohs)
Phillips
Desarmador de punta de cruz
Pick
Pico
(des-ar-mah-DOR deh POON-tah deh
kroos)
(PEE-koh)
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The Constructionary. is a copyrighted work owned by the International Code Council, Inc.
Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
126
Tools
Constructionary
Pick-axe
Zapapico
(sah-pah-PEE-koh)
Plane
Cepillo
Pliers
Alicates
(seh-PEE-joh)
(ah-lee-KAH-tehs)
Pinzas
(PEEN-sas)
Pliers, channel lock
Pliers, vise grips
Alicates de extensión
(ah-lee-KAH-tehs deh ehk-stehn-SYOHN)
Alicates de presión
(ah-lee-KAH-tehs deh preh-SYOHN)
Pinzas perras
(PEEN-sas PEH-rras)
Plumb bob
Plumb line
Pump
Punches
Radial arm saw
Radial saw
Rake
Plomada
(ploh-MAH-dah)
Hilo de plomada
(EE-loh deh ploh-MAH-dah)
Bomba
(BOHM-bah)
Punzones
(poon-SOH-nehs)
Serrucho guillotina
(seh-RROO-choh gheeh-joh-TEE-nah)
Sierra fija
(SYEH-rrah FEE-hah)
Rastrillo
(rahs-TREE-joh)
Rebar bender
Doblador de varilla
Reciprocating saw
Sierra alternativa
Roller
Aplanadora
Router
Fresadora
(doh-blah-DOR deh vah-REE-jah)
(SYEH-rrah ahl-tehr-nah-TEE-vah)
(ah-plah-nah-DOH-rah)
(freh-sah-DOH-rah)
Contorneador
(kohn-tohr-neh-ah-DOHR)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
127
Tools
Constructionary
Buriladora
(boo-ree-lah-DOH-rah)
Safety glasses
Gafas de seguridad
Sander
Lijadora
Saw
Sierra
(GAH-fahs deh seh-goo-ree-DAHD)
(lee-hah-DOH-rah)
(SYEH-rrah)
Serrucho
(seh-RROO-choh)
Saw, electric
Sierra eléctrica
Saw, hack
Sierra para metales
Saw, hand
Serrucho de mano
Saw, power
Sierra eléctrica
Sawhorse
Burro
Screwdriver
(SYEH-rrah eh-LEHK-tree-ka)
(SYEH-rrah PAH-rah meh-TAH-les)
(seh-RROO-cho deh MAH-noh)
(SYEH-rrah eh-LEHK-tree-ka)
(BOO-rroh)
Destornillador
(dehs-tor-nee-jah-DOR)
Desarmador
(dehs-ar-mah-DOR)
Sheet metal shears
Shingling hammer
Shovel
Sledgehammer
Tijeras para metal
(Tee-HEH-rahs PAH-rah meh-TAHL)
Martillo para tejamanil
(mar-TEE-joh PAH-rah teh-hah-mah-NEEL)
Pala
(PAH-lah)
Marro
(MAH-rroh)
Mazo
(MAH-soh)
Square
Solderer
Escuadra
(ehs-KWAH-drah)
Soldador
(sohl-dah-DOHR)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
128
Tools
Constructionary
Soldering torch
Soplete
(soh-PLEH-teh)
Stapler
Engrapadora
Staple gun
Engrapadora automática
Strap wrench
(ehn-grah-pah-DOH-rah)
(ehn-grah-pah-DOH-rah ah-oo-toh-MAHtee-kah)
Llave de correa
(JAH-veh deh koh-RREH-ah)
Llave de cincho
(JAH-veh deh SEEN-cho)
Table saw
Sierra fija
(SYEH-rrah FEE-hah)
Sierra de mesa
(SYEH-rrah deh MEH-sah)
Sierra circular de mesa
(SYEH-rrah seer-koo-LAR deh MEH-sah)
Thread
Tool box
Trowel, joint filler
Trowel, mason’s
Hilo
(EE-loh)
Caja de herramientas
(KAH-hah deh eh-rrah-MYEN-tahs)
Paleta de relleno
(pah-LEH-tah deh reh-JEH-noh)
Paleta de albañil
(pah-LEH-tah deh al-bah-NYEEL)
Trowel, square
Llana
T-square
Regla T
Valve seat wrench
Llave de asientos de válvula
Vice bench
Welding mask
Wheel barrow
(JAH-nah)
(REH-glah TEH)
(JAH-veh deh ah-SYEN-tohs deh VAHLvoo-lah)
Torno/tornillo de banco
(TOR-noh/tohr-NEE-joh deh BAHN-koh)
Careta para soldar
(kah-REH-tah PAH-rah sohl-DAHR)
Carretilla
(kah-rreh-TEE-jah)
Carrucha
(kah-RROO-chah)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
129
Tools
Constructionary
Engarilla
(ehn-gah-REE-jah)
Worm drive
circular saw
Sierra circular con tornillo
sinfin
(SYEH-rrah seer-koo-LAR cohn tohr-NEEjoh seen-FEEN)
Wrench
Llave
(JAH-veh)
Wrench, adjustable
Llave francesa
Wrench, basin
Llave pico de ganso
Wrench, crescent
(JAH-veh frahn-SEH-sa)
(JAH-veh PEE-koh deh GAHN-soh)
Llave de tuercas
(JAH-ve deh TWER-kas)
Llave francesa ajustable
(JAH-veh frahn-SEH-sa ah-HOOS-tah-bleh)
Wrench, plumbers
Llave inglesa
Work light
Lámpara de trabajo
(JAH-veh een-GLEH-sa)
(LAHM-pah-rah deh trah-BAH-hoh)
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130
Useful On-the-job Phrases
1. Do you speak English?
¿Habla inglés?
(AH-blah een-GLEHS)
2. What is your name?
¿Cómo se llama (usted)?
[KOH-moh seh JAH-ma (oos-TEHD)]
¿Cuál es su nombre?
(KWAL ehs soo NOHM-breh)
3. My name is.../I am...
Mi nombre es.../ Me llamo...
(mee NOHM-breh ehs.../ Meh JAH-mo...)
4. Pleased to meet you.
Mucho gusto (en conocerlo)
[MOO-choh GOOS-toh (en koh-noh-SEHR-loh)]
5. What is your phone number?
¿Cuál es su número de teléfono?
(KWAHL ehs soo NOO-meh-roh deh teh-LEH-foh-noh)
6. Please fill out this application.
Por favor, complete (usted) ésta solicitud.
[pohr fah-VOR com-PLEH-teh (oos-TEHD) EHS-ta soh-lee-see-TOOD]
7. I need you to fill out this federal tax form.
Necesito que complete éste formulario de impuestos federales.
(neh-ceh-SEE-toh keh com-PLEH-teh EHS-teh for-moo-LAH-ree-oh deh
eem-PWES-toss feh-deh-RAH-less)
8. And this one for state taxes.
Y éste de impuestos estatales.
(EE EHS-teh deh eem-PWES-toss ehs-tah-TAH-less)
9. Also this I-9 form from the government.
También éste formulario I-9 del gobierno.
(tam-BYEN EHS-teh for-moo-LAH-ree-oh EE-NWEH-veh dehl go-BYERnoh)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
131
Useful Phrases
Constructionary
10. I need to see the actual identification you list
on the form.
Necesito ver la identificacion que indicó
(usted) en el formulario
[neh-ceh-SEE-toh vehr la ee-den-tee-fee-kah-SEEOHN keh een-dee-KOH
(oos-TEHD) ehn el for-moo-LAH-ree-oh]
11. Either one from column A or one each from
columns B and C.
Se requiere una de la columna A o una de cada una
de las columnas B y C.
(seh reh-KYEH-reh oo-nah deh la koh-LOOM-nah AH oh oo-na deh lass
koh-LOOM-nas BEH ee CEH)
12. Without I.D., I can’t hire you.
Sin la identificación adecuada, no puedo emplearlo.
(seen la ee-den-tee-fee-kah-SEEOHN ah-deh-KWAH-dah noh PWEH-doh
ehm-pleh-AR-loh)
13. Do you have a union card?
¿Tiene su credencial de la unión?
[TYEH-neh soo kreh-den-SEE-al deh la oon-YOHN]
14. Can I see it please?
¿Puedo verla por favor?
(PWEH-doh VEHR-la por fah-VOHR)
15. Did the union send you?
Lo manda la unión (el sindicato)?
[loh MAHN-dah la oon-YOHN (ehl seen-dee-KAH-toh)]
16. Can I see the referral.
¿Puedo ver la hoja (referencia)?
[PWEH-doh VEHR-la OH-hah (reh-feh-REHN-syah)]
17. Do you have your own tools?
¿Tiene (usted) sus propias herramientas de mano?
[TYEH-neh (oos-TEHD) soos PROH-pee-as EHR-rah-MYEN-tas deh
MAH-noh]
18. If not, I can’t use you.
Si no, entonces no puedo emplearlo.
(see NOH, ehn-TOHN-cehs noh PWEH-doh ehm-pleh-AR-loh)
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132
Constructionary
Useful Phrases
19. Your pay is going to be — per hour.
Se le va a pagar — por hora.
(seh leh VAH ah pah-GAHR — pohr OH-rah)
20. ...less tax withholding (...benefits ...union
dues).
...menos descuentos por impuestos (...beneficios
...cuota de la unión).
[...MEH-nohs des-KWEN-tos pohr eem-PWES-toss (beh-neh-FEE-syohs
...KWOH-tah deh lah oon-YOHN)]
21. I will pay you at the end (of the day/weekmonth)
Le pagaré al final (del día/semana/mes)
[leh pah-gah-REH ahl fee-NAHL (dehl DEE-ah/seh-MAH-nah/MEHS)]
22. Payday is every Friday (Saturday, Sunday,
etc.)
El día de pago es cada viernes (sábado,
domingo, etc.)
[ehl DEE-ah deh PAH-goh ehs KAH-dah VYEHR-nes (SAH-bah-doh, dohMEEN-goh)]
23. Can you work tomorrow?
¿Puede trabajar mañana?
(PWEH-deh trah-bah-HAR mah-NYAH-nah)
24. See you tomorrow.
Nos vemos mañana.
(nohs VEH-mohs mah-NYAH-nah)
25. Please do not waste materials.
Por favor no malgaste los materiales.
(pohr fah-VOHR noh mal-GAHS-teh lohs mah-teh-RYAH-less)
26. Can you drive a car?
¿Sabe conducir?
(SAH-beh kohn-doo-SEER)
27. Do you have a driver’s license?
¿Tiene licencia de conducir?
(TYEH-neh lee-SEHN-syah deh kohn-doo-SEER)
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133
Useful Phrases
Constructionary
28. You may use this bathroom.
Puede usar este baño.
(PWEH-deh oo-SAHR EHS-teh BAH-nyo)
29. How late can you work?
¿Qué tan tarde puede trabajar?
(keh tahn TAHR-deh PWEH-de trah-bah-HAR)
30. Are you hungry — thirsty?
¿Tiene hambre — sed?
(TYEH-neh AHM-breh-SEHD)
31. What do you want to eat — drink?
¿Qué quiere comer — tomar?
(keh KYEH-reh KOH-mehr-toh-MAHR)
32. Come with me.
Venga conmigo.
(VEHN-gah kohn-MEE-goh)
33. Here is your job safety booklet. Read it and
use it.
Aquí está su folleto de seguridad en el trabajo. Léalo
y úselo.
(ah-KEE ehs-TAH soo foh-YEH-toh deh se-goo-ree-DAD en el trah-BAHho. LEH-ah-loh ee OO-seh-loh)
34. Wear these glasses (hat, gloves) for your protection
Use estos lentes (casco, guantes) para su
protección.
[OO-seh EHS-tohs LEHN-tehs (KAHS-coh, GWAHN-tehs) PAH-rah soo
proh-tehk-SYOHN]
35. Are you sick? You need to go home.
¿Se siente enfermo? Necesita regresar a casa.
(seh SYEHN-teh en-FEHR-moh)
36. Are you injured? Go to the doctor/clinic now!
¿Se lesionó? ¡Vaya al doctor/a la clínica ahora
mismo!
(seh leh-syoh-NOH. VAH-yah ahl dohk-TOHR/ah lah KLEE-nee-kah ahOH-rah MEES-moh)
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134
Constructionary
Useful Phrases
37. Bring the doctor’s report when you come back.
Tráigame el reporte (la nota) del doctor cuando
regrese.
[TRAHY-gah-meh el reh-POHR-teh (la NOH-tah) dehl dohk-TOHR KWANdoh re-GREH-seh]
38. Don’t use any tools (without asking).
No use ninguna herramienta (sin mi permiso).
[noh OO-seh neen-GOO-nah eh-rrah-MYEN-ta (seen mee per-MEE-soh)]
39. I don’t allow beer drinking on the job site.
No se permite tomar cerveza en el área de trabajo.
(noh seh per-MEE-teh toh-mar sehr-VEH-sah ehn ehl AH-reh-ah deh trahBAH-ho)
40. Drug use is not tolerated.
No se tolera el uso de drogas.
(noh seh toh-LEH-rah ehl OO-soh deh DROH-gahs)
41. Whenever a building inspector shows up, let
me know immediately.
Cuando llegue un inspector, avíseme inmediatamente.
(KWAHN-doh JEH-geh oon eens-pec-TOHR, ah-VEE-seh-meh een-mehDYAH-tah-men-teh)
42. Be careful!
¡Ten(ga) cuidado!
[TEHN(gah) kwee-DAH-doh]
43. Watch out!
¡Cuidado!
(kwee-DAH-doh)
¡Ojo!
(OH-ho)
¡Aguas!
(AH-gwas)
¡Pon(ga) atención!
[POHN(gah) ah-tehn-SYOHN]
44. Follow me.
Sígame.
(SEE-gah-meh)
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135
Useful Phrases
Constructionary
45. Pull!
¡Jale!
(HA-leh)
¡Tire!
(TEE-reh)
46. Push!
¡Empuje!
(ehm-POO-heh)
47. Bring me that 2x4 (...that fixture, ...that fitting,
...that duct, etc)
Tráigame ese dos por cuatro (...ese accesorio,
...esa conexion, ...ese conducto, etc.)
[TRAHY-gah-meh EH-seh dohs por KWAH-troh (...EH-seh ak-seh SOHree-oh, ...EH-sah koh-nehk-SYOHN, etc.)]
48. Help me unload the truck (...lift the beam,
...install the drain, etc.)
Ayúdeme a descargar el camión (...levantar la viga,
...instalar el desagüe, etc.)
[AH-YU-deh-meh ah dehs-car-GAR el kah-MEEOHN (...leh-vahn-TAR la
VEE-gah, ...een-stah-LAR el deh-SAH-gweh)]
49. Stack the (lumber/pipe/insulation) over there.
Apile (la madera/la tubería/el aislamiento) allá
[ah-PEE-leh (lah mah-DEH-rah/lah too-beh-REE-ah/ehl ah-ees-lahMYEHN-to) ah-JAH]
50. Cut it at a 45-degree angle.
Córtelo a un ángulo de cuarenta y cinco
grados.
(KOHR-teh-loh ah oon AHN-goo-loh deh kwa-REHN-tay ee SEEN-co
GRAH-dos)
51. Hold it there and nail it
Sosténgalo allí y clávelo.
(sohs-TEHN-gah-loh ah-GEE ee KLAH-veh-lo)
52. Hold it there while I nail.
Sosténgalo allí mientras lo clavo.
(sohs-TEHN-gah-loh ah-GEE MYEHN-trahs loh KLAH-vo)
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136
Constructionary
Useful Phrases
53. Pick this up.
Levante esto.
(leh-VAHN-teh EHS-toh)
54. Turn it over... Turn it clockwise (counterclockwise)
Voltéelo... Gírelo a la derecha (a la izquierda)
[vohl-TEH-eh-loh... HEE-reh-loh ah la deh-REH-cha (ah la ees-KYEHRda)]
55. Raise it a little.
Levántelo un poco.
(leh-VAHN-teh-loh oon POH-co)
56. Lower it a little.
Bájelo un poco.
(BAH-heh-loh oon POH-co)
57. That is too heavy. Don’t try to lift/carry it alone.
Eso es demasiado pesado. No intente levantarlo/llevarlo solo.
(EH-soh ehs deh-mah-SYAH-doh peh-SAH-do. Noh een-TEHN-teh lehvahn-TAHR-loh/jeh-VAHR-loh SOH-lo)
58. Get someone to help you.
Pida a alguien que le ayude.
(PEE-dah ah AHL-guee-ehn keh leh ah-YOO-deh)
59. Shovel this into the wheel barrow.
Cargue esto en la carretilla
(KAHR-geh EHS-toh ehn lah kah-rreh-TEE-jah)
61. Put it in the trash bin (or dump truck).
Póngalo en la basura (o camión de volteo).
[POHN-gah-loh ehn lah bah-SOO-rah (oh kah-MYON-deh vohl-TEH-oh)]
62. Clean these... (windows, doors, walls, etc.)
Limpie estas... (ventanas, puertas, paredes, etc.)
[LEEM-pyeh EHS-tahs... (vehn-TAH-nahs, PWER-tahs, pah-REH-dehs,
etc.)]
63. Sweep this up.
Barra esto.
(BAH-rrah EHS-toh)
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137
Useful Phrases
Constructionary
64. Hammer this.
Martille esto.
(mahr-TEE-jeh EHS-toh)
65. Where is the saw?
¿Dónde está la sierra?
(DOHN-deh ehs-TAH lah SYEH-rrah)
65. Tie this... (with wire, rope).
Amarre esto... (con alambre, soga)
[ah-MAH-rreh EHS-toh... (cohn ah-LAHM-breh, SOH-gah)]
67. It is break time.
Es hora de descanso.
(ehs OH-rah deh dehs-KAHN-soh)
68. No! Don’t do it like that. Please, do it this way.
¡No! Así no lo haga. Por favor, hagalo así.
(NOH. Ah-SEE noh loh AH-gah. Pohr fah-VOHR. AH-gah-loh ah-SEE)
69. Use (the pick, the shovel, the hammer) like
this.
Use (el pico, la pala, el martillo) así.
[OO-seh (ehl PEE-koh, lah PAH-lah, ehl mahr-TEE-joh) ah-SEE]
70. Take this to the truck, please.
Lleve esto al camión/camioneta, por favor.
(JEH-veh EHS-toh ahl kah-MYON/kah-myo-NEH-tah, pohr fah-VOHR)
71. Don’t drop it, it’s very fragil.
No lo deje caer, es muy frágil.
(noh loh DEH-heh kah-EHR, ehs MOOY FRAH-heel)
72. Watch your step.
Cuidado al pisar.
(kwee-DAH-doh ahl pee-SAHR)
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138
The numbers
Los números
0
zero
cero
1
one
uno (una)
2
two
dos
3
three
tres
4
four
cuatro
5
five
cinco
6
six
seis
7
seven
siete
8
eight
ocho
9
nine
nueve
10
ten
diez
11
eleven
once
12
twelve
doce
13
thirteen
trece
14
fourteen
catorce
15
fifteen
quince
16
sixteen
dieciséis
17
seventeen
diecisiete
18
eighteen
dieciocho
19
nineteen
diecinueve
20
twenty
veinte
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139
Tables
Constructionary
21
twenty-one
veintiuno
22
twenty-two
veintidós
30
thirty
treinta
31
thirty-one
treinta y uno
40
forty
cuarenta
50
fifty
cincuenta
60
sixty
sesenta
70
seventy
setenta
80
eighty
ochenta
90
ninety
noventa
100
one hundred
cien
101
one hundred and
one
ciento uno
200
two hundred
doscientos
300
three hundred
trescientos
400
four hundred
cuatrocientos
500
five hundred
quinientos
600
six hundred
seiscientos
700
seven hundred
setecientos
800
eight hundred
ochocientos
900
nine hundred
novecientos
1,000
one thousand
mil
2,000
two thousand
dos mil
1,000,000
one million
un millón
2,000,000
two million
dos millones
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140
Tables
Constructionary
The months of the year
Los meses del año
January
enero
February
febrero
March
marzo
April
abril
May
mayo
June
junio
July
julio
August
agosto
September
septiembre
October
octubre
November
noviembre
December
diciembre
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141
Tables
Constructionary
The days of the week
Los días de la semana
Monday
lunes
Tuesday
martes
Wednesday
miércoles
Thursday
jueves
Friday
viernes
Saturday
sábado
Sunday
domingo
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142
UNIT CONVERSION TABLES
SI SYMBOLS AND PREFIXES
BASE UNITS
Quantity
Length
Mass
Time
Electric current
Thermodynamic temperature
Amount of susbstance
Luminous intensity
Unit
Meter
Kilogram
Second
Ampere
Kelvin
Mole
Candela
SI SUPPLEMENTARY UNITS
Quantity
Unit
Plane angle
Radian
Solid angle
Steradian
SI PREFIXES
Multiplication Factor
Symbol
m
kg
s
A
K
mol
cd
Symbol
rad
sr
0.1 = 10-1
Prefix
exa
peta
tera
giga
mega
kilo
hecto
deka
deci
0.01 = 10-2
1 000 000 000 000 000 000 = 1018
1 000 000 000 000 000 = 1015
1 000 000 000 000 = 1012
1 000 000 000 = 109
1 000 000 = 106
1 000 = 103
100 = 102
10 = 101
Symbol
E
P
T
G
M
k
h
da
d
centi
c
10-3
milli
m
0.000 001 = 10-6
micro
µ
10-9
nano
0.000 000 000 001 = 10-12
pico
n
p
femto
f
atto
a
0.001 =
0.000 000 001 =
0.000 000 000 000 001 = 10-15
-18
0.000 000 000 000 000 001 = 10
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143
Tables
Constructionary
SI DERIVED UNIT WITH SPECIAL NAMES
Quantity
Unit
Symbol
Frequency (of a periodic phenomenon) hertz
Hz
Force
newton
N
Pressure, stress
pascal
Pa
Energy, work, quantity of heat
joule
J
Power, radiant flux
watt
W
Quantity of electricity, electric charge coulomb C
Electric potential, potential
difference, electromotive force
volt
V
Capacitance
farad
F
Electric resistance
ohm
Ω
Conductance
siemens S
Magnetic flux
weber
Wb
Magnetic flux density
tesla
T
Inductance
henry
H
Luminous flux
lumen
lm
Illuminance
lux
lx
Activity (of radionuclides)
becquerel Bq
Absorbed dose
gray
Gy
Formula
1/s
kg·m/s2
N/m2
N·m
J/s
A·s
W/A
C/V
V/A
A/V
V·s
Wb/m2
Wb/A
cd·sr
lm/m2
l/s
J/kg
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144
Tables
Constructionary
CONVERSION FACTORS
to
multiply by
LENGTH
1 mile (U.S. statute)
km
1.609 344
1 yd
m
0.9144
1 ft
m
0.3048
mm
304.8
1 in
mm
25.4
AREA
1 mile2 (U.S. statute)
km2
2.589 998
1 acre (U.S. survey)
ha
0.404 6873
m2
4046.873
1 yd2
m2
0.836 1274
m2
0.092 903 04
1 ft2
1 in2
mm2
645.16
VOLUME, MODULUS OF SECTION
l acre ft
m3
1233.489
3
m3
0.764 5549
1 yd
100 board ft
m3
0.235 9737
m3
0.028 316 85
1 ft3
L(dm3)
28.3168
mm3
16 387.06
1 in3
mL (cm3)
16.3871
0.158 9873
1 barrel (42 U.S. gallons)
m3
(FLUID) CAPACITY
1 gal (U.S. liquid)*
L**
3.785 412
1 qt (U.S. liquid)
mL
946.3529
1 pt (U.S. liquid)
mL
473.1765
1 fl oz (U.S.)
mL
29.5735
1 gal (U.S. liquid)
m3
0.003 785 412
To convert
*1 gallon (UK) approx. 1.2 gal (U.S.)
**1
liter
approx.
0.001 cubic meter
1 in4
1° (degree)
1’ (minute)
1” (second)
SECOND MOMENT OF AREA
mm4
416 231 4
416 231 4 10-7
m4
PLANE ANGLE
rad
0.017 453 29
mrad
17.453 29
urad
290.8882
urad
4.848 137
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145
Tables
1 ft/s
1 mile/h
1 ft3/s
1 ft3/min
1 gal/min
1 gal/min
1 gal/h
1 million gal/d
1 acre ft/s
1°F
Constructionary
VELOCITY, SPEED
m/s
km/h
m/s
VOLUME RATE OF FLOW
m3/s
L/s
L/s
m3/min
mL/s
L/s
m3/s
TEMPERATURE INTERVAL
°C or K
0.3048
1.609 344
0.447 04
0.028 316 85
0.471 9474
0.063 0902
0.0038
1.051 50
43.8126
1233.49
0.555 556
5
9°C = /9K
EQUIVALENT TEMPERATURE (toC = TK - 273.15)
tOF
tc
t F = 9/5tOC + 32
MASS
1 ton (short ***)
metric ton
0.907 185
kg
907.1847
1 lb
kg
0.453 5924
1 oz
g
28.349 52
***1 long ton (2,240 lb)
kg
1016.047
MASS PER UNIT AREA
kg/m2
4.882 428
1 lb/ft2
1 oz/yd2
g/m2
33.905 75
g/m2
305.1517
1 oz/ft2
DENSITY (MASS PER UNIT VOLUME)
1 lb/ft3
kg/m3
16.01846
kg/m3
0.593 2764
1 lb/yd3
t/m3
1.186 553
1 ton/yd3
FORCE
1 tonf (ton-force)
kN
8.896 44
1 kip (1,000 lbf)
kN
4.448 22
1 lbf (pound-force)
N
4.448 22
MOMENT OF FORCE, TORQUE
1 lbf·ft
N·m
1.355 818
1 lbf·in
N·m
0.112 9848
1 tonf·ft
kN·m
2.711 64
1 kip·ft
kN·m
1.355 82
O
5/
O
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146
Constructionary
Tables
FORCE PER UNIT LENGTH
1 lbf/ft
N/m
14.5939
1 tonf/ft
kN/m
29.1878
1 lbf/in
N/m
175.1268
PRESSURE, STRESS, MODULUS OF ELASTICITY
(FORCE PER UNIT AREA) (1 Pa = 1 N/m2)
MPa
13.7895
1 tonf/in2
1 tonf/ft2
kPa
95.7605
MPa
6.894 757
1 kip/in2
1 lbf/in2
kPa
6.894 757
Pa
47.8803
1 lbf/ft2
Atmosphere
kPa
101.3250
1 inch mercury
kPa
3.376 85
1 foot (water column at 32°F)
kPa
2.988 98
WORK, ENERGY, HEAT (1J = 1N·m = 1W·s)
1 kWh (550 ft·lbf/s)
MJ
3.6
1 Btu (Int. Table)
kJ
1.055 056
J
1055.056
1 ft·lbf
J
1.355 818
COEFFICIENT OF HEAT TRANSFER
1 Btu/(ft2·h·°F)
W/(m2·K)
5.678 263
THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY
1 Btu/(ft·h·°F)
W/(m·K)
1.730 735
ILLUMINANCE
1 lm/ft2 (footcandle)
lx (lux)
10.763 91
LUMINANCE
1 cd/ft2
cd/m2
10.7639
1 foot lambert
cd/m2
3.426 259
3.183 099
1 lambert
kcd/m2
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147
Tables
Constructionary
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148
CONSTRUCCIONARIOTM
Español-Inglés
Términos de la Construcción
Actualizados y Frases Útiles
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Construccionario
Primera Impresión: Julio de 2000
Segunda Edición: Mayo de 2006
ISBN–13: 978-1-58001-378-9
ISBN–10: 1-58001-378-3
COPYRIGHT 2006
por
INTERNATIONAL CODE COUNCIL, INC.
DERECHOS RESERVADOS. El Construccionario™ es un trabajo con
derechos registrados y es propiedad del International Code Council, Inc
(ICC). Sin el consentimiento escrito previo del dueño de estos derechos registrados, ninguna parte de este libro puede ser reproducida, distribuida, o
transmitida en forma alguna, incluyendo, sin que esto sea limitante, medios
electrónicos, ópticos o mecánicos (como por ejemplo, y sin que sea limitante, fotocopiado, o grabado en cualquier tipo de sistema de grabación).
Para información sobre permisos de copiado de material más allá de su uso
adecuado, favor dirigirse a: Publications, 4051 West Flossmoor Road, Country Club Hills, IL 60478-5795, U.S.A. (Tel. 1-800-214-4321).
Marcas registradas: Tanto “International Code Council,” el logotipo de
“International Code Council,” el “Construccionario” son marcas registradas
del International Code Council, Inc.
IMPRESO EN LOS ESTADOS UNIDOS DE AMÉRICA
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Prefacio
El ConstruccionarioTM se ha convertido en la herramienta
preferida para incrementar la comunicación entre las comunidades de habla hispana e inglesa de la industria de la
construcción.
La primera edición de esta guía fue desarrollada como
resultado de una investigación exhaustiva realizada por un
equipo de voluntarios y personal del ICC. El éxito del Construccionario se ve reflejado en su aceptación al ser usado
ampliamente para incrementar la eficiencia y la comunicación en el sitio de trabajo. Uno de los objetivos principales
del Construccionario fue unificar el uso de términos de la
construcción en latinoamérica y la comunidad de habla hispana de los Estados Unidos. El Construccionario ha probado
su relevancia cuando se ven surgir en el mercado otros diccionarios basados o inspirados en éste y reafirma su compromiso
en los esfuerzos de mejorar la seguridad, la eficiencia, la calidad y la uniformidad en la industria de la construcción.
Esta segunda edición presenta un vocabulario más ámplio que
incluye nuevas secciones de términos électricos y de instalaciones hidrosanitarias y mecánicas. Como en la primera
edición, frases útiles y tablas complementan los contenidos de
esta guía práctica que los constructores, trabajadores de la
construcción, ingenieros, arquitectos, jefes de obras e inspectores han encontrado ser útil para el desarrollo de sus tareas
cotidianas.
Porque el lenguje es dinámico, el Construccionario es un documento vivo que continúa creciendo y mejorándose. Favor de
enviar comentarios y contribuciones, incluyendo los términos
que les gustaría ver en la futuras ediciones del Construccionario, a [email protected]
Alberto Herrera, Editor.
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iii
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iv
Reconocimientos
Se debe reconocer a Terry Eddy, Vicepresidente Senior de
Recursos Humanos de ICC, quien tuvo la idea original de
elaborar un diccionario práctico de términos de la construcción para personas bilingües, y quienes no lo son tanto, dentro la industria de la construcción. Al igual reconocemos a
Maria Aragon, Gerente de Mercadotecnia del ICC quien con
su creatividad encontró el nombre apropiado para esta guía.
Se reconoce también a Benjamín Rodríguez, David Bautista,
David Jamieson, Mark Stevens, Miguel Lamas, Philip
Ramos, Sergio Barrueto, y Suzane Nunes por sus valiosas
contribuciones a la primera edición.
Se agradece a Alberto Iezzi, Raúl Zaradnik, Paula Chaves y
Alejandro Santamaría por su contribución a las secciones de
instalaciones mecánicas y plomería.
Un agradecimiento muy especial es para Mark A. Johnson,
Vicepresidente Senior de Negocios y Desarrollo de Productos de ICC quien con su confianza en este producto ha hecho
posible su realización y producción.
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v
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vi
Tabla de Contenidos
Prefacio- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - iii
Reconocimientos - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - v
Pronunciación simplificada - - - - - - - - - - - - - - viii
Español-Inglés A-Z - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
Eléctrico - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 105
Plomería - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 113
Instalaciones mecánicas - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 125
Herramientas - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 135
Frases útiles - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 145
Los números - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 149
Los meses del año - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 151
Los días de la semana - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 152
Tablas de conversión por unidades - - - - - - - 153
Factores de conversión- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 155
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vii
Pronunciación Simplificada
Las guía de pronunciación en los dos idiomas fueron desarrolladas desde una perspectiva de comunicación básica y no
desde la perspectiva del sistema fonético internacional como
se realiza en la mayoría de diccionarios de idiomas. Mientras
que otras guías de pronunciación usan palabras en inglés
para simular los sonidos propios al español aqui recomendamos el uso esta guía de pronunciación para una mejor comunicación.
Acentos: Se han puesto acentos sólo en las palabras que
pueda haber duda.
Vocales:
a
es una vocal abierta entre la a y la e.
No existe en español.
a
es una a cerrada que resuena en la parte posterior
de la cavidad bucal. No existe en español.
e
es una e cerrada y que resuena en la
parteposterior de la cavidad bucal.
No existe en español.
u
es una u cerrada. Después de la o sólo se usa
para cerrar el diptongo rápidamente.
o
vocal abierta casi como para decir a.
iy
es una i larga.
Otros símbolos usados:
dy
es un sonido fuerte de la y o ll.
s
suena como el zumbido de la abeja.
th
como la z castellana (thin) o th como d en (then)
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viii
A
Abanico
Abastecimiento
Fan
(fan)
Supply
(suplai)
Abertura
Opening
Abertura de limpieza
Cleanout (chimney)
Acabado
Acanalado
(opening)
[klinaut (chemni)]
Finish
(fenesh)
Splined
(splined)
Riffled
(ref·ld)
Acanaladura
de chimenea
Chimney chase
Acceso
Access
Acceso libre
Ready access
Acceso para
bomberos
Accesorio
(chemni cheis)
(ákses)
(redi ákses)
Fire department access
(fáier d·partment ákses)
Fitting
(feting)
Fixture
(fextiur)
Acera
Acero
Sidewalk
(saidwak)
Steel
(stiyl)
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1
ace-agu
Acero fundido/
moldeado/colado
Construccionario
Cast steel
(kast stiyl)
Acero galvanizado
Galvanized steel
Acero inoxidable
Stainless steel
Acoplamiento
Coupling
Acoplamiento
de compresión
Compression coupling
Acoplamiento
de acción rápida
Quick actinging coupler
Adherido en secciones
Spot mopped
Aditivos y mezclas
Adosado
Agarradera
(galvanaizt stiyl)
(steinles stiyl)
(kapling)
(kampreshwn kapling)
(kuek actin cupl·r)
(spat maped)
Additives and admixtures
(adetevs and admekstiurs)
Doubled
(dab·ld)
Handle
(jand·l)
Agarre
Grip
Aglutinante
Binder
Agua caliente
Agua no potable
Agua potable
Agua templada
Aguas negras
(grep)
(baind·r)
Hot water
(jat water)
Nonpotable water
(nanpótab·l water)
Potable water
(pótab·l water)
Tempered water
(temperd water)
Sewage
(súedsh)
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2
Construccionario
Aguas residuales
Aguja
agu-ala
Waste water
(weist water)
Spire
(spaier)
Agujero
Hole
Agujero ciego
Knockout
Aire libre
Aislamiento, Aislante
(joul)
(nakaut)
Open air
(open er)
Insulation
(enseléishwn)
Insulating
(enseleiting)
Aislante plástico
Alambre
Alambre conductor
Alambre de paca
Alambre de pollo
Alambre de relleno
Plastic insulator
(plastek enseléitor)
Wire
(waier)
Conductor wire
(kandact·r waier)
Wire tie
(waier tai)
Chicken wire
(cheken waier)
Filler wire
(féler waier)
Alambre de soporte
Wire backing
Alambre para amarres
Tie wire
Alambre rastreador/
testigo
Tracer
Alarma de incendio
manual
Manual pull station
Alas (columna/viga)
Flanges (column/beam)
(waier baking)
(tai waier)
(treisr)
(maniual pul steishwn)
[fleindyes (kálemn/bim)]
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3
alb-ali
Albañil
Albañilería
Construccionario
Mason
(méison)
Masonry
(méisonry)
Albardilla
Coping
Alberca
Swimming pool
Alcance
Scope
Alcantarilla
Culvert
(couping)
(sweming pul)
(scoup)
(kalvert)
Sewer drain
(súer drein)
Conduit
(kanduit)
Storm drain
(storm drein)
Aleación para soldar
Brazing alloy
(breising aloy)
Aleación principal
Parent alloy
Alero
Eave
Aleros voladizos
Eave overhangs
Alfarje
Wainscot
(pérent aloy)
(iv)
(iv over-jangs)
(wéinscat)
Wainscoting
(weinscating)
Alféizar
Sill
(sel)
Splay
(spley)
Alimentacion
Alimentación eléctrica
para estufa/cocina
Supply
(suplai)
Range power outlet
(reindsh pauer aut-let)
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4
Construccionario
Aliviar
Aljibe
Alma (columna/viga)
ali-anc
To vent
(tu vent)
Cistern
(sestern)
Web (column/beam)
[web (kálemn/bim)]
Almacén
Warehouse
Almacén de líquidos
Liquid storage warehouse
Almacenamiento en
pilas altas
High-piled storage
Alquitrán
Tar
Altura
Aluminio
Alzada (de mortero
de cemento)
Alzado
(wérjaus)
(lékuid stóredsh wérjaus)
(jai-paild stóredsh)
(tar)
Height
(jait)
Aluminum
(alumenam)
Grout lift
(graut left)
Façade
(fasad)
Front (of a building)
[front (av ei belding)]
Amarre, Amarra
Binder
(baind·r)
Tie
(tay)
Amortiguador
Ampliación
Ancianato
Ancla de retención
Suppressor
(sepresr)
Addition
(adeshwn)
Nursing home
(nersing joum)
Hold-down anchor
(jold daun enker)
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5
anc-apr
Anclaje
Construccionario
Anchor
(enker)
Anchorage
(enkeredsh)
Fastener
(fasn·r)
Anclaje mecánico
Andamiaje
Andamio
Anticorrrosivo
Antisifonaje
Mechanical anchorage
(mekánek·l énkeredsh)
Scaffolding
(scáfolding)
Scaffold
(scáfold)
Corrosion-resistant
(karroshwn riséstent)
Antisiphon
(antaisaifen)
Antorcha
Torch
Anulación
Abatement
Anular
Override
(torch)
(abeitment)
(overraid)
Abate
(abeit)
Apagador
Circuit breaker
(serkuit breik·r)
Switch
(swetch)
Aparato de ensayo/
prueba
Test apparatus
(test aparatus)
Apartamento
residencial
Apartment house
Apoyo
Support
Aprobado
Approved
(apartment jaus)
(suport)
(apruvd)
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6
Construccionario
Arandela
ara-arm
Grommet
(grámet)
Washer
(washr)
Gasket
(gasket)
Arcilla
Clay
Área bruta/total
Gross area
Área cargada/
sometida a carga
Área ilimitada
Área de refugio
Área segura de
dispersión
(kley)
(gros erea)
Loaded area
(louded erea)
Unlimited area
(anlemeted erea)
Refuge area
(réfiudsh erea)
Safe dispersal area
(seif dispérsal erea)
Arena
Sand
Areniscas
Sandstone
Argamasa
Mortar
Armado
Framed
Armadura
Truss
(sand)
(sandstoun)
(mort·r)
(fréimd)
(tras)
Reinforcement
(ri-enforsment)
Armario de exhibición
Showcase
Armazón
Framework
(shou-keis)
(fréim-wark)
Frame
(fréim)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
7
arq-ast
Construccionario
Arquitecto
Architect
Arraigado
Embeded
Arriostramiento
(arke·tect)
(embeded)
Bracing
(breising)
Artefacto
Fixture
Artefacto de
combinación
Combination fixture
Artefacto de
iluminación
Artefacto eléctrico
Artefacto sanitario
Ascensor
Asentamiento
Aserradero
Asfalto
Asilo de ancianos
(fextiur)
(kambeneishwn fextiur)
Light fixture
(lait fextiur)
Electrical fixture
(electrical fextiur)
Bathroom/Plumbing fixture
(bath·rum/plaming fextiur)
Elevator
(eleveitor)
Slump
(slamp)
Lumber mill
(lamber mel)
Asphalt
(ásfalt)
Nursing home
(nersing joum)
Áspero
Coarse
Aspirador
Aspirator
Aspiradora
Vacuum
Astilladuras
Spalling
Astrágalo
(cors)
(áspereitor)
(vákium)
(spaling)
Astragal
(ástrag·l)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
8
Construccionario
Atado
ata-azo
Bundle
(band·l)
Atarjea
Sewer
Atiesador
Stiffener
Atmósfera común
(súer)
(stefener)
Common atmosphere
(cam·n atmosfir)
Atrio
Atrium
Autocierre
Self-closing
Autoenrasado
(éitriam)
(self-clóusing)
Self-furring
(self-ferring)
Autoignición
Self-ignition
Autoluminoso
Self-luminous
Automático
Autoridad competente
(self-egneshwn)
(self-luminas)
Automatic
(atomátic)
Building official
(belding afesh·l)
Code official
(coud afesh·l)
Azotado
Plaster
(plast·r)
Plastering
(plast·ring)
Azotea
Roof (flat)
[ruf (flat)]
Terrace
(térras)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
9
B
Bajante
Bajante de
aguas negras
Stack
(stack)
Soil pipe
(soil paip)
Bajante sanitaria
Soil stack
Bajopiso
Subfloor
(soil stack)
(sab·flor)
Underlayment
(anderléiment)
Balcón
Baldosas
Baldosas cerámicas
Bandeja de carga
Bandeja neutra/a tierra
Bandeja portacables
Banqueta
Bañera, Bañadera
Baño
Balcony
(bálkeni)
Floor tile
(flor tail)
Ceramic tile
(siramik tail)
Hot bus bar
(jat bas bar)
Ground/neutral bus bar
(graund/niutral bas bar)
Cable tray
(keibl trei)
Sidewalk
(saidwak)
Bathtub
(bath·tab)
Bathroom
(bath·rum)
Restroom
(restrum)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
10
Construccionario
bar
Toilet compartment
(toilet kampárment)
Water closet
(water klaset)
Baranda
Guardrail
(gard-reil)
Railing
(reiling)
Rail
(reil)
Barandilla
Rail
Barda
Wall
(reil)
(wal)
Fence
(fens)
Barra
Railing
(reiling)
Bar
(bar)
Barra de emergencia
Barra de refuerzo
Barra de anclaje
Barra ómnibus
de carga
Panic bar
(pánec bar)
Rebar
(ríbar)
Stud anchor
(stad einker)
Hot bus bar
(jat bas bar)
Barras de
apoyo/soporte
Grab bars
Barras desviadas
Offset bars
Barrera antihumo
Smoke barrier
Barrera contra
corriente de aire
Draft stop
(grab bars)
(áfset bars)
(smouk berrier)
(draft stap)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
11
bar-boc
Barreta
Barro
Barrote
Base de techo
Bastidor
Bastidores
de madera
Basura
Batería
Construccionario
Bar
(bar)
Clay
(kley)
Stud
(stad)
Subroof
(sabruf)
Frame
(fréim)
Wood framing
(wud fréiming)
Rubbish
(rabesh)
Battery
(batery)
Bienestar público
Public welfare
Bisagra
Hinge
Bloque, Bloquear
(páblec wel-fer)
(jendsh)
Block
(blak)
Blocking
(blaking)
Bloque antifuego
Bloqueado antifuego
Boca de acceso
Fireblock
(fáier-blak)
Fireblocking
(fáier-blakin)
Manhole
(man-jol)
Boca de incendio
Hydrant
Boca de inspección
Manhole
Boca de salida
Water outlet
(jaidrent)
(man-jol)
(water aut-let)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
12
Construccionario
Bodega
bod-bre
Storeroom
(stor rum)
Storage room
(stóredsh rum)
Boiler
Bomba
Bomba de sumidero
Bombilla
Boquete
Boquilla de rociador
Borde
Boiler
(boiler)
Pump
(pamp)
Sump pump
(samp pamp)
Lightbulb
(lait-bulb)
Hole
(joul)
Sprinkler head
(sprinkler jed)
Rim
(rem)
Edge
(edsh)
Bordes del entablado
Sheating edges
Bordillo
Curb
Borne de enlace
Bonding jumper
Botaguas
Flashing
Botiquín
Bóveda
Brazo
(shiyting edyes)
(kerb)
(banding dyamper)
(flashing)
Medicine cabinet
(medes·n kabenet)
Vault
(valt)
Bracket
(braket)
Handle
(jand·l)
Brea
Tar
(tar)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
13
bri-buz
Construccionario
Brida
Flange
Bronce
Brass
Buharda, Buhardilla
Bulto
(fleindsh)
(bras)
Dormer
(dorm·r)
Bundle
(band·l)
Buscador
de montantes
Stud finder
Buzón
Mail box
(stad fainder)
(meil bax)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
14
C
Caballete
Coping
(kouping)
Truss
(tras)
Cabeza de pilote
Cabeza plana
Pile cap
(pail cap)
Wafer head
(weifer jed)
Cabezal
Header
Cabio, Cabrio
Rafter
(jeder)
(raft·r)
Cable alambre conector Wire connector
(waier kanéct·r)
Cable a tierra
Ground wire
Cable de alimentación
Feeder cable
Cable de enlace
Ground bond
Cable de extensión
(graund waier)
(fid·r keib·l)
(graund band)
Extension cord
(extenshwn kord)
Cable principal
Main power cable
Cable neutro
Neutral wire
Cable principal neutro
Neutral service wire
Cabreada
(mein pauer keib·l)
(niutral waier)
(niutral serves waier)
Truss
(tras)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
15
cad-cam
Cadena
Caja de enchufe/
tomacorriente
Construccionario
Chain
(chein)
Outlet box
(aut-let bax)
Caja de fusibles
Fuse box
Cajones de aire
comprimido
Caissons
Cal hidráulica
Hydrated lime
Cal viva
Quicklime
Caldera
(fius bax)
(keisans)
(jaidreited laim)
(kuek laim)
Boiler
(boiler)
Kettle
(ket·l)
Calefacción
Calefactor, Calentador
Calentador de agua
Heating
(jiting)
Heater
(jiter)
Water heater
(water jiter)
Boiler
(boiler)
Calhidra
Calibre
Calificación climática
Hydrated lime
(jáidreited laim)
Gage/Gauge
(gueidsh)
Climatic rating
(claimatek reiting)
Caliza
Limestone
Callejón
Alley
Cámara de aire
(laim-stoun)
(ali)
Air gap
(er gap)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
16
Construccionario
cam-cañ
Cámara de
distribución de aire
Plenum
Camino
Walkway
Camino peatonal
(plén·m)
(wak-wey)
Pedestrian walkway
(pedestrian wak-wey)
Caminos móviles
Moving walks
Camisa
Sleeve
Campana
(chimenea/cocina)
Hood
Campanario
Canal
(muving waks)
(sliv)
(jud)
Steeple
(stip·l)
Gutter
(garer)
Rib
(reb)
Raceway
(reiswey)
Canaleta
Chase
(cheis)
Gutter
(garer)
Canalizaciones
Masonry chase
Cancelar
Override
Candado
Canilla
Canto (a canto)
Cañería, Caño
(meisonry cheis)
(overaid)
Lock
(lak)
Spigot
(spegat)
Edge (on edge)
[edsh (an edsh)]
Pipe
(paip)
Piping
(paiping)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
17
cañ-car
Construccionario
Tubing
(tiubing)
Cañería/conducto
principal de gas
Gas main
(gas mein)
Capa
Ply
Capa base
Underlayment
(plai)
(anderleyment)
Capa bituminosa debajo
del piso de madera
Underlayment
(anderleyment)
Capa de colada/vaciado Pour coat
(por cout)
Capa de cubierta
de techo compuesta
Capa de humo
Built-up roofing ply
(belt ap rufing plai)
Smoke layer
(smouk ley·r)
Capa de soporte
Underlayment
Capa intermedia
Interlayment
Capataz
Foreman
Carbón
Coal
(anderleyment)
(enerleyment)
(for-man)
(col)
Charcoal
(charcol)
Carbon
(kárb·n)
Carga
Load
Carga muerta
Dead load
Carga nominal
Carga permanente
(loud)
(ded loud)
Nominal load
(namen·l loud)
Dead load
(ded loud)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
18
Construccionario
Carga sísmica
Carga variable
car-cel
Earthquake load
(erth-kueik loud)
Live load
(laiv loud)
Cargas no balanceadas Unbalanced loads
(anbalansd louds)
Cargas vivas
Live loads
Carpintero
Carpenter
Carril
Cartela
(laiv louds)
(kárpent·r)
Railing
(reiling)
Bolster
(bolst·r)
Haunch
(jaunch)
Cartelera
Cartón de yeso
Tackboard
(tak-bord)
Wallboard
(walbord)
Casa de convalecencia
Nursing home
Cascajo
Gravel
Cáscara
Shell
Casas contiguas
(nersing joum)
(grav·l)
(shel)
Townhouses
(taun-jauses)
Caseta de rociado
Spray booth
Casquete
Cap
Cavidades ocultas
Concealed spaces
Celda
Celosía
(sprei buth)
(kap)
(kansil·d speises)
Cell
(sel)
Louver
(luver)
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19
cem-chi
Cemento hidráulico
Cenizas
Centro comercial
Construccionario
Hydraulic cement
(jaidrolik simént)
Cinder
(sender)
Mall
(mal)
Cepa
Trench
Cerca
Fence
Cercha
Cercha de madera
Cerradura
(trench)
(fens)
Truss
(tras)
Wood truss
(wud tras)
Lock
(lak)
Cerrajería de
emergencia
Panic hardware
Cerramiento
Enclosure
Cerrojo
Latch
(pánec járduer)
(encloshiur)
(latch)
Lock
(lak)
Certificado de uso
Certificate of occupancy
Césped
Lawn
Chapa
Sheet
Chapa metálica
Chapopote
Chimenea
(certéfekeit av ákiupency)
(lahn)
(shiyt)
Sheet metal
(shiyt métal)
Tar
(tar)
Chimney
(chemni)
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20
Construccionario
chi-cla
Chimenea
de mampostería
Masonry chimney
Chimenea
prefabricada
Factory-built chimney/fireplace
(meisonri chemni)
(facteri-belt chemni/fáierpleis)
Pre-fab chimney/fireplace
(pri-fab chemni/fáierpleis)
Cielorraso
Ceiling
(siling)
Cielorraso suspendido
Suspended ceiling
Cierre de tiro
Draft stop
Cimiento, Cimentación
(sespénded siling)
(draft stap)
Foundation
(faundeyshwn)
Footing
(futing)
Cincho
Strap
Circuito
Circuit
Circuito a tierra
Ground fault circuit
Cisterna
Cistern
Claraboya
Skylight
Claro
Span
(strap)
(serkuit)
(graund falt serkuit)
(sestern)
(skailait)
(span)
Clear span
(kliyr span)
Claro de puerta
Clasificación
Doorway
(dorwey)
Rating
(reiting)
Occupancy
(ákiupency)
Clavado
Spiked
(spaikt)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
21
cla-cob
Clave
Clavija
Clavo
Clavo afilado
Clavo anular
Clavo con fuste
corrugado
Construccionario
Keystone
(ki-stoun)
Plug
(plag)
Nail
(neil)
Barbed nail
(barb·d neil)
Annular grooved nail
(aniuler gruv·d neil)
Ring shank nail
(ring sheink neil)
Clavo de cabeza
grande plana
Box nail
Clavo de
cabeza perdida
Casing nail
Clavo largo especial
para madera
Spike
Clavo oblicuo
Toenail
Clavo para madera
Clavo sin cabeza
Cloaca
Cloruro de calcio
Cobre
Cobre estirado en frío
Cobre forjado
(bax neil)
(keising neil)
(spaik)
(touneil)
Box nail
(bax neil)
Finishing nail
(feneshing neil)
Sewer
(súer)
Calcium chloride
(calsiam cloraid)
Copper
(kaper)
Hard drawn copper
(hard dran kaper)
Wrought copper
(wrat kaper)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
22
Construccionario
Coche de ascensor
Cochera
Cociente, Coeficiente
coc-com
Elevator car
(eleveitor kar)
Garage
(garádsh)
Ratio
(reishio)
Código
Code
Código Uniforme
Uniform Code
Colada de mortero
de cemento
Colar
Colada
Colector de grasas
Colgadero
(coud)
(iuneform coud)
Grout pour
(graut pour)
Pour/Cast concrete
(pour/kast kankrit)
Lift
(left)
Grease trap
(gris trap)
Hanger
(jang·r)
Hanging
(janguing)
Columna
Column
Columna hidrante
Standpipe
(kálemn)
(stand-paip)
Combinación de cargasLoad combination
(loud kambeneishwn)
Combustible
Fuel
Combustión
Burning
Comerciable
Marketable
Compensar
(fiul)
(barning)
(márketab·l)
To offset
(tu afset)
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23
com-con
Comportamiento
Compresor
Compuerta
Con clavos ocultos
Con clavos sumidos
Concreto
Construccionario
Performance
(perfórmans)
Air compresssor
(er camprésor)
Hatch
(jatch)
Blind nailed
(blaind neild)
Nailing, face
(neiling feiz)
Concrete
(kankrit)
Condominio residencial Condominium
(kandomenium)
Conducto
Duct
(dakt)
Conduit
(kanduit)
Conducto de humo
Conducto eléctrico
Conducto principal
de gas
Conducto
portacables flexible
Conductor
Conductos de humo
Passageway (chimney)
[pásedshwey (chemni)]
Raceway
(reiswey)
Gas main
(gas mein)
Flex conduit
(flex kanduit)
Conductor
(kandact·r)
Flue
(flu)
Conector
Connector
Conector con tornillo
Screw connector
Conector de alambre
Wire connector
(kanéct·r)
(scru kanéct·r)
(waier kanéct·r)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
24
Construccionario
con
Conector de
chimenea
Chimney connector
Conexión
Connection
(chemni kanéct·r)
(kanécshwn)
Linkage
(lenkedsh)
Fitting
(feting)
Conexión a tierra
Conexión cruzada
Conexión
para bomberos
Construcción a
dos aguas
Ground connection
(graund kanécshwn)
Cross connection
(kras kanécshwn)
Fire department connection
(fáier d·partment kanécshwn)
Gable construction
(geib·l kanstrakshwn)
Construcción
apuntalada/
no apuntalada
Shored/Unshored construction
Constructor
Contractor
Contaminación
Contamination
Contención
Containment
Contracción
Shrinkage
Contrachapa de
escurrimiento
Counterflashing
Contrachapar
Interlay
Contracorriente
Backwater
Contraflujo
Backflow
(shord/anshord kanstrakshwn)
(kántrakt·r)
(kantameneishwn)
(kanteinment)
(shrinkedsh)
(kauner-flashing)
(enterley)
(bakwater)
(bakflou)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
25
con-cor
Contragrano
Construccionario
Cross-grain
(kras-grein)
Contrahuella
Riser
Contrapiso
Subfloor
Contrapresión
Backpressure
Contrasifonaje
Backsiphonage
Contratista
Contractor
Copla
Cordón
Cornisa
Cornisa inclinada
Corona (grapas)
Corrediza
Corredor de servicio
Corrimiento
Corrosivo
Cortacircuito
Corte (de una casa)
(rais·r)
(sabflor)
(bakpreshwr)
(baksaifonedsh)
(kantrakt·r)
Coupling
(kapling)
Curb
(kerb)
Cornice
(córnes)
Gable rake
(geib·l reik)
Crown
(kraun)
Sliding
(slaiding)
Service corridor
(serves kórridor)
Displacement
(despleisment)
Corrosive
(corósev)
Circuit breaker
(serkuit breik·r)
Section
(sécshwn)
Cortina
Curtain
Cortina antihumo
Smoke curtain
(kert·n)
(smouk kert·n)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
26
Construccionario
Cortinajes
Costilla
Cremallera
cor-cua
Hangings
(janguings)
Rib
(reb)
Rack
(rak)
Rail
(reil)
Cresta
Criterios de carga
Cronograma de
construcción
Croquis
Cuadro
Ridge
(redsh)
Loading criteria
(louding craiteria)
Construction schedule (CPM)
(kanstrakshwn skédyul)
Lay out
(lei-aut)
Table
(teib·l)
Cuadro
de cortacircuito
Circuit breaker panel
Cuadro de cubierta
de techo
Roofing square
Cuarto
Cuarto de
almacenamiento
Cuarto de azotea
Cuarto de baño
Cuarto de calderas
Cuarto de huéspedes
(serkuit breik·r pán·l)
(rufing skuér)
Room
(rum)
Storage room
(stóredsh rum)
Penthouse
(pent-jaus)
Bathroom
(bath·rum)
Boiler room
(boiler rum)
Guest room
(guest rum)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
27
cua-cub
Cuarto interior
Cuarto de regadera
Cuarto intermedios
Cubierta
Construccionario
Interior room
(enterior rum)
Shower stall
(shauer stal)
Intervening room
(entervining rum)
Decking
(deking)
Deck
(dek)
Casing
(keising)
Canopy
(kánapy)
Cover
(kaver)
Shell
(shel)
Cubierta de acceso
Cubierta de
azotea/techo
Access covering
(ákses kavering)
Roof covering
(ruf kavering)
Roof deck
(ruf deck)
Cubierta de
hormigón/concreto
Cubierta de techo
compuesta
Cubierta de techo
de asfalto
Cubierta metálica
para techos
Cubrejuntas
Concrete cover
(kankrit kaver)
Built-up roofing
(belt ap rufing)
Built-up roof covering
(belt ap ruf kavering)
Metal roof covering
(métal ruf kavering)
Flashing
(flashing)
Batten
(bat·n)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
28
Construccionario
Cuerpo/Departamento
de bomberos
Cuezo
Cumbrera
cue-cur
Fire department
(fáier d·partment)
Hod
(jad)
Coping
(kouping)
Ridge
(redsh)
Ridge cap
(redsh cap)
Ridgepole
(redshpoul)
Cuña
Wedge
(uedsh)
Quoin
(kuoin)
Cuota
Curado con humedad
Quota
(cuota)
Moist curing
(moist kiuring)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
29
D
Dañino
De bucles
De centro a centro
Declive
Hazardous
(jáserdes)
Tufted
(taft·d)
On center
(an cent·r)
Incline
(inclayn)
Delantal
Apron
Densidad de humo
Smoke density
Departamento/Cuerpo
de bomberos
(éipron)
(smouk dénsety)
Fire department
(fáier d·pártment)
Departamento de obras/
de construcción/
de edificación
Building department
(belding d·pártment)
Depósito
Storeroom
(stor rum)
Storage room
(stóredsh rum)
Derivación
Bypass
Desagüe
Drain
(báipas)
(drein)
Drainage
(dréinedsh)
Desagüe de área/patio
Area drain
(erea drein)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
30
Construccionario
Desagüe de techo
Desagüe pluvial
des
Roof drain
(ruf drein)
Storm drain
(storm drein)
Desagüe (sanitario)
de la edificación/
del edificio
Building drain
Desahogar
To vent
Descanso de
ascensores
o de escaleras
Landing
Descarga
Descartar
Descongelación
Desempeño
Desenganchador
Desenganchar
Desperdicios
Despiece
Desplazamiento
(belding drein)
(tu vent)
(landing)
Release
(rilís)
To waive
(tu weiv)
Thawing
(tha·ing)
Performance
(perfórmans)
Release
(rilís)
To release
(tu rilís)
Waste
(weist)
Detailing
(diteiling)
Offset
(áfset)
Drift
(dreft)
Displacement
(despleisment)
Destino
Occupancy
(ákiupency)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
31
des-dis
Construccionario
Desviación
Offset
Desvío
Bypass
(áfset)
(báipas)
Offset
(áfset)
Detector de humo
Deterioro
Determinar
las dimensiones
Smoke detector
(smouk ditect·r)
Dilapidation
(dilapedeishwn)
To proportion
(tu proporshwn)
Dibujante
Draftsman
Dibujos
Working drawings
Dimensionado
Dimensionar
Dintel (de la puerta)
(drafts-man)
(warking dráings)
Proportioned
(proporshwn·d)
To proportion
(tu proporshwn)
Lintel
(lentel)
Header (door frame)
[jeder (dor freim)]
Director de obras
Building official
(belding afesh·l)
Code official
(coud afesh·l)
Discapacidad
Disability
(desabeleti)
Handicap
(jandicap)
Discapacitado
Handicapped
Diseño
Lay out
Diseñador
Designer
(jandicapt)
(lei-aut)
(disainer)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
32
Construccionario
Dispensadores
de papel
Disposición
dis-duc
Paper dispensers
(peiper despensers)
Provision
(proveshwn)
Proviso
(provaiso)
Dispositivo
Dispositivo adaptador
Device
(divais)
Adapter fitting
(adápter feting)
Dispositivo autocerrante/
de cierre automático/
mecanizado/
Self-closing device
(self-clóusing divais)
Automatic closing device
(atomátic clóusing divais)
Dispositivo de traba
División
Documentación de
obra/ingeniería
Latching device
(laching divais)
Partition
(partéshwn)
Building documentation
(belding dakiumenteishwn)
Dormitorio
Bedroom
Dormitorio estudiantil
Dormitory
Drenaje
Drainage
Ducha
Shower stall
Ducto
Ducto de basura
Ducto de lencería
(bedrum)
(dormetory)
(dréinedsh)
(shauer stal)
Chute
(shut)
Chute, rubbish
(shut, rabesh)
Chute, linen
(shut, lainen)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
33
due-dur
Duela de madera
Durmientes
Construccionario
Wood shakes
(wud sheiks)
Sleepers
(slipers)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
34
E
Ebanista
Cabinetmaker
(kabenet-meiker)
Woodworker
(wud-warker)
Edificaciones
esenciales
Edificación, Edificio
Edificaciones
inseguras
Edificación separada
Edificio de
apartamentos/
departamantos
Edificio de
gran altura
Electricidad
Electricista
Electrodo
Electrodoméstico
Elementos de madera
Essential facilities
(isénshal faséletis)
Building
(belding)
Unsafe buildings
(anseif beldings)
Detached building
(ditachd belding)
Apartment house
(apartment jaus)
High rise building
(jai rais belding)
Electricity
(ilektrécity)
Electrician
(ilektreshwn)
Welding rod
(uelding rad)
Appliance
(appláiyans)
Wood members
(wud membr·s)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
35
ele-enc
Elevador
Eliminación
Empalme
Construccionario
Elevator
(eleveitor)
Removal
(rimuval)
Junction
(dyankshwn)
Splice
(splais)
Empalme de
compresión
Empanelado
Empaque
Compression coupling
(kampreshwn kapling)
Paneling
(páneling)
Gasket
(gasket)
Empaque de cera
Wax seal
Empotrados
Embedded
Empotradura
Embedment
Empotramiento
Bedding
Encerrado
Enclosed
Encerrar
Enchufe
(uax siyl)
(embeded)
(embedment)
(beding)
(enclousd)
To enclose
(tu enclous)
Electrical outlet
(electrical aut-let)
Plug
(plag)
Enchufe para
estufa/cocina
Enclavamiento
Encofrado
Range power outlet
(reindsh pauer aut-let)
Interlocking
(enerlaking)
Formwork
(form-wark)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
36
Construccionario
enc-ent
Encofrados
Forms (concrete)
Encogimiento
Shrinkage
Encristalado
Glazed
[forms (kankrit)]
(shrinkedsh)
(gleis·d)
Glazing
(gleising)
Enjarre
Plaster
Enjuta
Spandrel
Enlace
Link
(plast·r)
(spandr·l)
(lenk)
Linkage
(lenkedsh)
Enlucido
Plaster
(plast·r)
Plastering
(plastering)
Stucco
(stakko)
Putty coat
(paty cout)
Enrasado
Furred out
(ferd aut)
Furring
(fering)
Ensayo
Test
Entablado
Sheathing
Entablonado
(test)
(shiything)
Planking
(plenking)
Entarimado de tejado
Roof sheeting
Entrada
Doorway
Entramado de madera
Wood framing
(ruf shiyting)
(dorwey)
(wud fréiming)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
37
ent-esp
Construccionario
Entrelazados
Intertied
Entrepiso
Attic
Entubado
(entertaid)
(atik)
Casing
(keising)
Enyesar
To plaster
Equiviscosa
Equiviscous
Escalera
(tu plast·r)
(ekuivescas)
Stairway
(sterwey)
Stairs
(sters)
Escalera de mano
Ladder
Escalera mecánica
Escalator
Escalera privada
Escaleras circulares
Escaleras de caracol
(lader)
(escaleit·r)
Private stairway
(praivet sterwey)
Circular stairs
(serculer sters)
Spiral stairs
(spair·l sters)
Escalones
Steps
Escape
Exhaust
Escombro
Rubble
Escopio
Chisel wood
Escorias
Slags
Esfuerzo
Stress
Espacio angosto
(steps)
(exast)
(rab·l)
(ches·l wud)
(slags)
(stres)
Crawl space
(kral speis)
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38
Construccionario
esp-est
Espacio habitable
Habitable space
Espacio libre
Clearance
Espacio vacío
Void space
Espacios ocultos
(jabetab·l speis)
(kliyrens)
(void speis)
Concealed spaces
(kansil·d speises)
Espesor
Thickness
Espiga
Spigot
Espirales
Espuma de plástico
(theknes)
(spegat)
Spirals
(spair·ls)
Plastic foam
(plastek foum)
Estancamiento de agua Ponding
(panding)
Pooling
(puling)
Estante
Pallet
(palet)
Rack
(rak)
Esterilizador
Estipulación
Sterilizer
(sterelaiser)
Provision
(proveshwn)
Proviso
(provaiso)
Estrados
Estribo para vigueta
Estribos
Estructura
Stands
(stands)
Joist hanger
(dyoist jang·r)
Stirrups
(steraps)
Frame
(fréim)
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39
est-exp
Construccionario
Structure
(straktiur)
Structural Frame
(straktiural fréim)
Framing
(fréiming)
Estructura armada
Framed structure
Estructura arriostrada
Braced frame
Estructura de gunita/
hormigón proyectado
Shotcrete structure
Estructura en/de acero
Estructura
en/de madera
(fréimd straktiur)
(breist fréim)
(shatkrit strak-tiur)
Steel framing
(stiyl fréiming)
Wood framing
(wud fréiming)
Estructura
de muro/pared
Wall frame
Estuco
Stucco
Estufa
(wal fréim)
(stakko)
Stove
(stouv)
Heater
(jiter)
Etiqueta
Evacuar
Excavar
Excusado
Expansión
Tag
(tag)
To vent
(tu vent)
Dig
(deg)
Toilet
(tóilet)
Swelling
(suéling)
Addition
(adeshwn)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
40
Construccionario
Exposición
a la intemperie
Extinguidor, Extintor
exp-ext
Exposure
(expóshiur)
Fire extinguisher
(fáier extingüisher)
Extracción
Exhaust
Extremidades
Limbs
Extremos cerrados
Dead end
Extruído
(exast)
(lembs)
(ded end)
Drawn
(dran)
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41
F
Fachada
Façade
(fazád)
Falso plafón
Suspended ceiling
Fibra transversal
Cross-grain
Fibroso afieltrado
Fibrous-felted
Fieltro
Felt
Fijadores
(sespénded siling)
(kras grein)
(fáibres félted)
(felt)
Restraints
(ristréints)
Fila
Row
Flanco
Curb
Fleje
Flejes
Flexión
Flotador
Fluorescente
Foco
Foco industrial
(rou)
(kerb)
Strap
(strap)
Strapping
(straping)
Bending
(bending)
Ball cock
(bal kak)
Fluorescent
(floresent)
Lightbulb
(lait-bulb)
Floodlight
(flad-lait)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
42
Construccionario
Fogón
Forjados
Formón
Forro
Franja de tableros
Fraguado/
endurecimiento rápido
Fregadero
Fregadero de cocina
Frigorífico
Friso
fog-fus
Firebox
(fáierbax)
Plastering
(plastering)
Chisel wood
(ches·l wud)
Bushing
(Bushin)
Panel zone
(pán·l soun)
Quick setting
(kuek settin)
Sink
(senk)
Kitchen sink
(kétchen senk)
Walk-in cooler
(wak-en kuler)
Wainscot
(wéinscat)
Fuente de alimentación Power supply
(pauer suplai)
Fuerza de estiramiento
Función
Jacking force
(dyaking fors)
Occupancy
(ákiupency)
Fundación
Foundation
Fundente para soldar
Brazing flux
(faundéyshwn)
(breysing flax)
Welding flux
(welding flax)
Fusible
Fusible de bayoneta
Fuse
(fius)
Knife-blade cartridge fuse
(naif-bleid kartredsh fius)
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43
fus
Fusible de cartucho
Fusible de rosca
Construccionario
Cartridge fuse
(kartredsh fius)
Plug fuse
(plag fius)
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44
G
Gabinete
Cabinet
(kabenet)
Gancho
Hanger
Garaje
Garage
Gas, conducto/
cañería principal
Gases
Generador
Gerente
Gotera
Gradas, Graderías
(jang·r)
(garádsh)
Gas main
(gas mein)
Fumes
(fiúms)
Generator
(dyenereitor)
Manager
(manedyer)
Gutter
(garer)
Bleachers
(blíchers)
Grandstands
(grandstands)
Stands
(stands)
Grava
Grieta
Grifo
Gravel
(grav·l)
Crack
(kracs)
Spigot
(spegat)
Faucet
(facet)
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45
gri-gun
Grifo de cierre
automático
Grifo de manguera
Grosor
Grueso
Guardaesquinas
Guarnición
Gunita
Construccionario
Self-closing faucet
(self-clóusing facet)
Sill cock
(sel kak)
Depth
(depth)
Coarse
(cors)
Cornerite
(korneráit)
Curb
(kerb)
Gunite
(ganáit)
Shotcrete
(shatkrit)
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46
H
Habitación
Bedroom
(bedrum)
Dwelling
(dueling)
Hacha
Hastial
Haya
Hecho en fábrica
Axe
(ax)
Gable
(geyb·l)
Beech
(bich)
Factory made
(facteri meid)
Hermético
Tightfitting
Herrajes antipánico/
de emergencia
Panic hardware
Herramienta
Higiene
Higiene y seguridad
en la construcción
Hilada
Hilera
(tait feting)
(pánec járduer)
Tool
(tul)
Sanitation
(sanetéishwn)
Construction Health and Safety
(kanstrakshwn jelth and seifty)
Wythe
(uayth)
Tier
(ti·r)
Aisle
(aiel)
Hogar
Fireplace
(fáierpleis)
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47
hog-hoy
Hogar de mampostería
Hogar prefabricado
Construccionario
Masonry fireplace
(meisnri fáierpleis)
Factory-built fireplace
(facteri-belt fáierpleis)
Pre-fab fireplace
(pri-fab fáierpleis)
Horario
Hormigón
Hormigón de yeso
Hormigón liviano
Hormigón postensado
Schedule
(skédyul)
Concrete
(kankrit)
Gypsum concrete
(dyepsam kankrit)
Lightweight concrete
(lait-weit kankrit)
Posttensioned concrete
(postenshwnd kankrit)
Hormigón preesforzado/
precargado/pretensado/
precomprimido/
prefatigado/
Prestressed concrete
(pristresd kankrit)
Hormigón premezclado Ready-mixed concrete
(redi-mixt kankrit)
Hormigón premoldeado Precast concrete
(prikast kankrit)
Hormigón proyectado
Hormigón reforzado
Hormigonada
Hormigón simple
estructural
Hospedaje
Hoyo
Shotcrete
(shatkrit)
Reinforced concrete
(ri-enforst kankrit)
Lift
(left)
Structural plain concrete
(stráktiural plein kankrit)
Lodging house
(ládshing jaus)
Hole
(joul)
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48
Construccionario
Huella
hue-hum
Tread
(tred)
Step
(step)
Huésped
Guest
Hulla
Coal
Humo
(guest)
(kol)
Smoke
(smóuk)
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49
I
Iluminación industrial
Floodlight
(flad-lait)
Impermeabilización
Waterproofing
Impermeables al humo
Smoke tight
Imprimado
Primed
Imprimador
Primer
Impulsado
Inclinación
Incluir
Incrustado
Indicador
Inflamabilidad
Inflamable
Informes
Ingeniero
Inodoro
(waterprufing)
(smouk tait)
(praim·d)
(praimer)
Driven
(dréven)
Incline
(enclayn)
Encompass
(enkampas)
Embedded
(embeded)
Gauge/Gage (instrument)
(gueidsh)
Flammability
(flamabeleti)
Flammable
(flamab·l)
Reports
(repórts)
Engineer
(endyenir)
Toilet
(toilet)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
50
Construccionario
inq-int
Water closet
(water klaset)
Inquilino
Tenant
(ténent)
Inspector (de obras/
construcción)
Inspector
Instalación
Facility
Instalación en obra
negra o gruesa
Instalaciones
esenciales
(enspéctor)
(fasélety)
Rough-in
(raf-en)
Essential facilities
(isénshal faséletis)
Instalaciones
hidráulicas y sanitarias Plumbing
(plaming)
Instalaciones
hidrosanitarias
Plumbing
Integridad estructural
Structural integrity
Intemperización
Weathering
Interceptor de grasas
Grease interceptor
Interruptor
Switch
Interruptor automático
Circuit breaker
Interruptor
automático bipolar
Double pole breaker
Interruptor
automático principal
Main breaker
Interruptor
automático unipolar
Single pole breaker
(plaming)
(straktiural entégrety)
(wedering)
(gris enersept·r)
(swetch)
(serkuit breik·r)
(dob·l poul breik·r)
(mein breik·r)
(sing·l poul breik·r)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
51
int
Construccionario
Interruptor de circuito
Circuit breaker
Interruptor fusible de
seguridad a tierra
Ground fault circuit
Interruptor de vacío
Vacuum breaker
(serkuit breik·r)
(graund falt serkuit)
(vákium breik·r)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
52
J
Jácena
Jácena exterior
Jaharro
Girder
(guerder)
Spandrel
(spandr·l)
Plaster
(plast·r)
Plastering
(plastering)
Jamba
Jefe de obras
Jamb (door frame)
[dyamb (dor freim)]
Building official
(belding afesh·l)
Code official
(coud afesh·l)
Junta
Joint
(dyoint)
Union
(yúnion)
Overlap
(overlap)
Splice
(splais)
Gasket
(gasket)
Junta a tope
Junta de aislamiento
Junta de collar
Junta de construcción
Butt joint
(but dyoint)
Isolation joint
(aisoleishwn dyoint)
Collar joint
(kal·r dyoint)
Construction joint
(kanstrakshwn dyoint)
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53
jun
Junta de contracción
Junta de control
Junta de cubrejunta
Junta de dilatación/
expansión
Junta horizontal
Junta movediza
Junta vertical
Construccionario
Contraction joint
(kantrákshwn dyoint)
Control joint
(kantról dyoint)
Butt joint
(but dyoint)
Expansion joint
(expánshwn dyoint)
Bed joint
(bed dyoint)
Slip joint
(slep dyoint)
Head joint
(jed dyoint)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
54
L
Ladera
Ladrillo
Ladrillo cerámico
Ladrillo de fuego
Ladrillo para frentes
Ladrillo de vidrio
Lámina, Laminado
Incline
(enclayn)
Brick
(brek)
masonry tile
(meisnry tail)
Firebrick
(fáierbrek)
Facing brick
(feising brek)
Glass brick
(glas brek)
Sheeting
(shiyting)
Sheet metal
(shiyt métal)
Lámina de cobre
Sheet copper
Laminadora
Mill
Lámpara
Larguero central
Larguero
(shiyt kaper)
(mel)
Flashlight
(flash-lait)
Mullion (door)
[malion (dor)]
Runner
(raner)
Stringer
(stringuer)
Latón
Lavabo
Brass
(bras)
Sink
(senk)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
55
lav-liq
Lavadora y secadora
Lazadas
Lazo
Construccionario
Washer and Dryer
(washr and draier)
Loop
(lup)
Hoop
(jup)
Lechada
Laitance
Lechada de cemento
Grout
Levantamiento
Lift
Levantamiento
(por viento)
Liberación
Ligadura
Lima (hoya/tesa)
Lindero
Linea
Línea de centro
Linea de gis/de marcar
Línea de propiedad
Línea media
Líquido combustible
Líquido inflamable
(leit·ns)
(graut)
(left)
Uplift
(apleft)
Release
(rilís)
Tie
(tai)
Hip
(jep)
Property line
(práperti lain)
Line
(lain)
Center line
(cent·r lain)
Chalk line
(chak lain)
Property line
(práperti lain)
Center line
(cent·r lain)
Combustible liquid
(kambústeb·l lékuid)
Flammable liquid
(fleim·bl lékuid)
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56
Construccionario
Listón
lis-los
Strip
(strep)
Lath
(lath)
Listón de enrasado
Listón para clavar
Listón travesaño
Furring strip
(farring strep)
Nailing strip
(neiling strep)
Batten
(bat·n)
Listón yesero
Gypsum lath
Llave
Faucet
(dyepsam lath)
(facet)
Spigot
(spegat)
Llave de alivio
Llave de contraflujo
Llave de flotador
Llave de flujo
Llave de mezcla
Relief valve
(relif valv)
Check valve
(check valv)
Ball cock
(bal kak)
Ball valve
(bal valv)
Mixing valve
(mexing valv)
Llave de paso
Gate valve
Lobby
Lobby
Local
Lona
Losa
Loseta
(geit valv)
(labi)
Premises
(prémeses)
Tarp
(tarp)
Slab
(slab)
Floor tile
(flor tail)
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57
lot-luz
Construccionario
Small slab
(smal slab)
Lote
Lot
(lat)
Lift
(left)
Lugar de la
obra/en la obra
Site
(sait)
Jobsite
(dyab-sait)
Luz
Span
Luz libre
Clear span
(span)
(kliyr span)
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58
M
Machihembrado
Madera aglomerada
Tongue and groove
(tang and gruv)
Particleboard
(pártec·l bord)
Madera clasificada/
elaborada
Graded lumber
Madera contrachapada
Plywood
(greided lamb·r)
(plai·wud)
Madera de construcción Timber
(temb·r)
Lumber
(lamb·r)
Madera de secoya
Madera estacionada
Madera prensada
Madera tratada
Maderos
Redwood
(redwud)
Seasoned wood
(sisand wud)
Plywood
(plai·wud)
Treated wood
(tríted wud)
Timber
(temb·r)
Maderos aserrados
Sawn timber
Maderos estructurales
Heavy timber
Malla de alambre
Malla de enlucir
(sahn temb·r)
(jevy temb·r)
Wire fabric
(waier fabric)
Lath
(lath)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
59
mam-mar
Construccionario
Mampara
Bulkhead
Mampara de ducha
Shower door
Mampostería
Mampostería reforzada
Manchón de manguito
(balkjed)
(shawer dor)
Masonry
(meisnry)
Reinforced masonry
(ri-enforst meisnry)
Compression coupling
(kampreshwn kapling)
Manga
Sleeve
Mango
Handle
Manguera
Hose
Manguito
Coupling
(sliv)
(jand·l)
(jous)
(kapling)
Sleeve
(sliv)
Bushing
(Bushin)
Manija
Handle
(jand·l)
Manipulación
Handling
Manipular
Handle
Mano de obra
Manómetro
Mansarda
Marco
Marco de puerta
(jandling)
(jand·l)
Workmanship
(warkmanshep)
Gauge/Gage (instrument)
(gueidsh)
Mansard roof
(mansard ruf)
Frame
(fréim)
Door frame
(dor fréim)
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60
Construccionario
Marco de ventana
Marquesina
Masillado, Masillar
Mástil metálico
Mastique
Mastique de cal
mar-med
Window frame
(wendou fréim)
Marquee
(markí)
Caulking
(ka·king)
Metal flagpole
(métal flag-poul)
Mastic
(mastik)
Lime putty
(laim paty)
Matafuegos
Fire extinguisher
Material
altamente tóxico
Highly toxic material
Material
de revestimiento
Wainscoting
Material para pisos
Flooring
Material peligroso
Hazardous material
(fáier exténgüisher)
(jai·ly taxek matérial)
(weinscating)
(floring)
(jaserdes matérial)
Materiales no abrasivos/
abrasivos
Nonabrasive/abrasive materials
(nanabreisef/abreisef matérials)
Materiales
no combustibles
Materiales resistentes
a la corrosión
Matriz
Noncombustible materials
(nankambústeb·l matérials)
Corrosion-resistant materials
(karroshwn-riséstent matérial)
Main
(mein)
Mediera
Fence
Medidor
Meter
(fens)
(miter)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
61
med-mon
Construccionario
Medios de salida
Means of egress
Memoria volátil
Volatile memory
Mezcla
Mortar
Mezcla aditiva
Admixture
Mezcladora
Mixer
Miembros
Limbs
(mins av igrés)
(volatail mem·ry)
(mort·r)
(admextiur)
(mexer)
(lembs)
Members
(membr·s)
Mingitorio
Urinal
(yúrinal)
Minusválido
Handicapped
Modificar
Alter
Modificación
(jándicapt)
(alter)
Alteration
(altereishwn)
Mojinete
Coping
Moldura
Molding
(kouping)
(molding)
Trim
(trem)
Montacargas
Forklift
(forkleft)
Dumbwaiter
(dam-weiter)
Montaje
Assembly
(asembly)
Installation
(enstaléishwn)
Mounting
(maunting)
Montante
Stud
(stad)
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62
Construccionario
mon-mur
Gable stud
(geib·l stad)
Montante de acero
Montaplatos
Steel stud
(stiyl stad)
Dumbwaiter
(dam-weiter)
Morsa
Vise
Mortero
Mortar
Mortero de cemento
Grout
(vais)
(mort·r)
(graut)
Mueble de combinación Combination fixture
(kambenéishwn fextiur)
Mueble sanitario
Plumbing appliance
Muesca
Rabbet
(plaming appláiyans)
(rabet)
Chase
(cheis)
Muro
Wall
(wal)
Muro cortante/de corte
Shear wall
Muro con montantes
Stud wall
Muro de carga
Muro de contención
/retención
Muro de fundación
(shir wal)
(stad wal)
Bearing wall
(bering wal)
Retaining wall
(reteining wal)
Foundation wall
(faundéishwn wal)
Muro de parapeto
Parapet wall
Muro de retención
en voladizo
Cantilever retaining wall
(parapet wal)
(kanteliver ritéining wal)
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63
mur
Muro de relleno
Muro doble
Muro en seco
Muro exterior
Muro hueco
Muro no portante
Muro portante
Muro portante
con montante
Muro subterráneo
Muro revestido
Muro sismorresistente
Muros rajados
Construccionario
Spandrel
(spandr·l)
Wythe
(waith)
Dry wall
(dray wal)
Exterior wall
(extírior wal)
Cavity wall
(káveti wal)
Nonbearing wall
(nanbering wal)
Bearing wall
(béring wal)
Stud bearing wall
(stad béring wal)
Below-grade wall
(biló-greid wal)
Faced wall
(feist wal)
Shear wall
(shir wal)
Cracked walls
(kract wals)
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64
N
Nivel (de terreno)
Level
(lev·l)
Floor
(flor)
Grade
(greid)
Nivel de inundación
Flood level rim
Nivel de piso
Floor
(flad lev·l rem)
(flor)
Nivel de piso terminado Finished floor level
(féneshd flor lev·l)
Nivelación
Grading
Nivelación de terreno
Grading
Nocivo
Hazardous
No tejido
Número de ocupantes
(greiding)
(greiding)
(jásardes)
Nonwoven
(nan uov·n)
Occupant load
(ákiupant loud)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
65
O
Obra
Work
(wark)
Field
(fiyld)
Obra negra
Obra de construcción
Oficial de códigos
Rough in
(raf en)
Building site
(belding sait)
Code official
(coud afesh·l)
Ojal
Grommet
Oleaje de las mareas
Tidal surge
Oxidantes
(gramet)
(taid·l serdsh)
Oxidizers
(axedais·rs)
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66
P
Palco de prensa
Press box
Pandeo
Buckling
(pres bax)
(bakling)
Crippling
(crepling)
Panel
Board
Panel acústico
Acoustical tile
Panel de yeso
(bord)
(acústecal tail)
Gypsum board
(dyepsam bord)
Gypsum wallboard
(dyepsam walbord)
Paneles colocados
Papel de brea
Papel Kraft
Parante
Parcela
Lay-in panels
(ley-en pán·ls)
Tar paper
(tar peiper)
Kraft paper
(kraft peiper)
Stud
(stad)
Property
(práperti)
Parcel
(párcel)
Pared
Pared exterior
Pared de barrotes
Wall
(wal)
Exterior wall
(extirior wal)
Stud wall
(stad wal)
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67
par-ped
Paredes rajadas
Parrilla
Partidas
Pasador
Construccionario
Cracked walls
(kract wals)
Barbecue
(barbekiú)
Cracks
(kracs)
Pin
(pen)
Drift pin
(dreft pen)
Dowel pin
(dauel pen)
Pasamanos
Handrail
Pasillo
Passageway
(jándreil)
(pásedshwey)
Hallway
(jálwey)
Aisle
(aiel)
Paso
Run
(ran)
Bypass
(báipas)
Pasta de muro
Joint compound
(dyoint kampaund)
Taping compound
(teiping kampaund)
Pasto
Patín
Patio externo
Patio interno
Pavimento
Pedestales
Lawn
(lon)
Flange
(fleindsh)
Yard
(yard)
Court
(court)
Pavement
(peivment)
Sills
(sels)
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68
Construccionario
Pegamento
peg-pie
Glue
(glu)
Peldaños
Steps
Peligro
Hazard
Peligros especiales
Peligroso
Pendiente
(steps)
(jáserd)
Special hazards
(speshal jáserds)
Hazardous
(jáserdes)
Slope
(sloup)
Incline
(enclain)
Peralte
Perforación
Perjuicio
Perlita
Riser
(rais·r)
Drilling
(dreling)
Nuisance
(niusens)
Perlite
(perlait)
Permiso
(de construcción)
Permit
Perno
Bolt
Perno de anclaje
Anchor bolt
Perno de acción rápida
(pérmet)
(bolt)
(éinker bolt)
Quick actinging bolt
(kuek actin botl)
Perno de expansión
Expansion bolt
Perno de seguridad
Lock bolt
Piedra
Rock
(expánshwn bolt)
(lak bolt)
(rak)
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69
pie-pis
Construccionario
Stone
(stoun)
Piedra angular
Quoin
Piedra arenisca
Sandstone
Piedra de sillar
Piedra moldeada
Pieza de inflexión
Pieza de refuerzo
Pieza de unión
Pieza en S
Pila
(kuoin)
(sandstoun)
Cast stone
(kast stoun)
Cast stone
(kast stoun)
Offset
(áfset)
Stiffener
(stefener)
Binder
(baind·r)
Offset
(áfset)
Battery
(batery)
Pileta
Swimming pool
Pileta de cocina
Kitchen sink
Pilotes
Piles
Pilotes sin encamisar/
sin camisa
(sweming pul)
(kétchen senk)
(pails)
Uncased concrete piles
(ankéist kankrit pails)
Pincel
Brush
Pintor
Painter
Piscina
Swimming pool
Piso
(brash)
(peinter)
(sweming pul)
Floor
(flor)
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70
Construccionario
pis-pla
Story
(story)
Piso blando
Piso cerámico
Piso enlistonado
de madera
Soft story
(saft story)
Ceramic floor
(siramek flor)
Wood strip flooring
(wud strep floring)
Piso flexible
Soft story
Placa
Plate
Placa de base
Placa de cartela
Placa de datos/
características
(saft story)
(pleit)
Sole plate
(soul pleit)
Gusset plate
(gueset pleit)
Nameplate
(neim pleit)
Placa de fábrica
Nameplate
Placa de pared
Wall face
Placa de refuerzo
Doubler plate
Placa de solera
Placa de solera de
fundación
Placa de unión
Placa del interruptor
Placa plegada
(neim pleit)
(wal feis)
(dabler pleit)
Sill plate
(sel pleit)
Foundation sill plate
(faundéishwn sel pleit)
Gusset plate
(gueset pleit)
Switch plate
(swetch pleit)
Folded plate
(folded pleit)
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71
pla
Plafón de yeso
Plan de avance
de la obra
Plancha
Plancha de blindaje
Construccionario
Gypsum board
(dyepsam bord)
Construction schedule (CPM)
(kanstrakshwn skédyul)
Sheet
(shiyt)
Shield plate
(shild pleit)
Plancha de
escurrimiento
Flashing
Plancha de yeso
Gypsum board
(flashing)
(dyepsam bord)
Gypsum wallboard
(dyepsam walbord)
Wallboard
(walbord)
Planchas de empalme
Planchuela de perno
Planos
Splice plates
(splais pleits)
Washer
(washr)
Design drawings
(disáin draings)
Working drawings
(warking dráings)
Planos de ejecución
Planta
Shop drawings
(shap draings)
Floor
(flor)
Story
(story)
Floor level
(flor lev·l)
Plant
(plant)
Planta baja
Ground level
Planta central
de calefacción
Central heating plant
(graund lev·l)
(céntral jiting plant)
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72
Construccionario
pla-poz
Plantillas
Templates
Plataforma
Floor deck
Plataforma de carga
Pallet
Plataforma metálica
Metal deck
Pleno
Pliego
Plomada
Plomería
(témpleits)
(flor dek)
(palet)
(métal dek)
Plenum
(plén·m)
Sheet
(shiyt)
Plumb bob
(plam bab)
Plumbing
(plaming)
Plomero
Plumber
Polución
Pollution
Portal
Portante
Portátil
Pórtico
(plam·r)
(palushwn)
Doorway
(dorwey)
Bearing
(béring)
Portable
(portab·l)
Frame
(fréim)
Pórtico arriostrado
Braced frame
Postes
Poles
(breist fréim)
(pouls)
Posts
(pousts)
Pozo
Well
Pozo de agua
Water well
(wel)
(water wel)
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73
poz-pro
Pozo de confluencia/
de entrada
Pozo excavado
Pozo hincado
Pozo perforado
Pozo taladrado
Prefabricado
Construccionario
Manhole
(man-jol)
Dug well
(dag wel)
Driven well
(drev·n wel)
Bored well
(bor·d wel)
Drilled well
(drel·d wel)
Factory-built
(facteri-belt)
Presion
Pressure
Pretil
Parapet
(preshwr)
(párapet)
Concrete (stone/brick) railing
[kankrít (stoun/brek) reiling]
Primer piso
First story
(ferst story)
First floor
(ferst flor)
Principal
Main
(mein)
Privado
Private
Propiedad
Property
Proporción
Rate
(práivet)
(práperti)
(reit)
Proportion
(propórshwn)
Protección al público
Protección contra
la humedad
Public safety
(páblec seifty)
Dampproofing
(damp-prufing)
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74
Construccionario
pro-pun
Provisional
Temporary
Prueba en obra
Field test
Puerta
Door
Puerta con
bisagras laterales
Side-hinged door
Puerta/ventana
deslizante/corrediza
Sliding door/window
Puerta de salida
Puerta giratoria
Puerta pivotante
Puertas mecánicas
Puntal
Puntales
(temporéry)
(fiyld test)
(dor)
(said-jendsht dor)
(slaiding dor/wendou)
Exit door
(éxet dor)
Revolving door
(rivalving dor)
Swinging door
(swinging dor)
Power doors
(pauer dor)
Strut
(strat)
Shores
(shors)
Shoring
(shoring)
Puntales de refuerzo
Reshores
(rishors)
Bridging
(bredying)
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75
Q
Quebrada
Ditch
(detch)
Ravine
(ravin)
Gulch
(galch)
Quebradizo
Brittle
(bret·l)
Querosén, Querosín
Kerosene
Quicio, Quicial
Jamb (door frame)
Quiosco
(kerosin)
[dyamb (dor freim)]
Kiosk
(kiosk)
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76
R
Rajaduras
Cracking
Ramal
Branch
Ramal lateral
Lateral pipe
Ranura
Rabbet
(craking)
(branch)
(láteral paip)
(rabet)
Groove
(gruv)
Mortise
(mórtis)
Ranurado
Riffled
(ref·ld)
Rasante
Grade (ground elevation)
Rascacielos
Skyscraper
Razón
Rate
[greid (graund elevieshwn)]
(skai-scréiper)
(reit)
Ratio
(reishio)
Rebajo a media madera Shiplap
(sheplap)
Recámara
Bedroom
Recinto
Shaft
Recinto de ascensor
Elevator shaft
Recinto de escaleras
(bedrum)
(shaft)
(eleveitor shaft)
Stairwells
(sterwels)
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77
rec-rej
Construccionario
Enclosed stairway
(enclost sterwey)
Recinto de ventilación
Vent shaft
Recipiente
Vessel
Recojegotas
Weep screed
Recubrimiento
Cover
(vent shaft)
(vesel)
(wip skrid)
(kaver)
Lining
(laining)
Reducción
Shrinkage
Reformatorio
Reformatory
Refuerzo
Reinforcement
(shrinkedsh)
(refórmatory)
(rinfórsment)
Stiffener
(stefener)
Regadera
Showerhead
(shauer-jed)
Shower stall
(shauer stal)
Región
Registro
Regleta
Regulador
Region
(ridsh·n)
Cleanout
(klinaut)
Reglet
(reglet)
Damper
(damper)
Regulator
(regiuleitor)
Reja, Rejilla
Rejilla (pared/techo)
Grille
(gril)
Register (wall/ceiling)
[redyister (wal/siling)]
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78
Construccionario
Rejilla de piso
Relación
rej-rep
Baseboard register
(béisbord redyister)
Ratio
(reishio)
Rate
(reit)
Rellenado
Relleno
Relleno sin consolidar
Remache
Filled
(feld)
Backfill
(bakfel)
Unbalanced fill
(anbalansd fel)
Rivet
(revet)
Remanso
Backwater
Remate de borde
Return lip
Remoción
Removal
(bakwater)
(riturn lep)
(remuv·l)
Abatement
(abeitment)
Remonte
Remover
Rendimiento
Renunciar
a un derecho
Reparación, Reparo
Uplift
(ápleft)
Abate
(abeit)
Performance
(perfórmans)
To waive
(tu weiv)
Repair
(ripér)
Overhaul
(over-jául)
Repello
Repisa
Plastering
(plastering)
Apron
(éipran)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
79
rep-res
Construccionario
Shelf
(shelf)
Repisa de ventana
Window sill
(wendou sel)
Reportes
Reports
(riports)
Resaltar
Set out
(set aut)
Residencia
Dwelling
(dueling)
Residence
(resedens)
Mansion
(manshwn)
Residencia
comunitaria
Congregate residence
Residencias para
estudiantes
Dormitory
Resistir
To support
Resistente a
la corrosión
(kangregueit resedens)
(dormetory)
(tu saport)
Corrosion-resistant
(karroshwn riséstent)
Resorte
Spring
Respaldo
Backing
Respiradero
Vent
Respiradero con codo
de 180 grados
(spreng)
(baking)
(vent)
Return bend vent pipe
(riturn bend vent paip)
Respiradero de bajante Stack vent
(stack vent)
Respiradero de
sumidero
Sump vent
(samp vent)
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80
Construccionario
res-rev
Respiradero en circuito Circuit vent
(serkuit vent)
Respiradero matriz
Main vent
(mein vent)
Respiradero vertical
Vent stack
Resquicio
Undercut
Resumidero
Building drain
(vent stack)
(andercat)
(belding drein)
Area drain
(erea drein)
Reticulado
Retiro
Retrete
Truss
(tras)
Setback
(setbak)
Toilet
(toilet)
Retroajuste
Retrofitting
Revestido
Faced
Revestimiento
Veneer
(retroféting)
(feisd)
(venír)
Siding
(saiding)
Facing
(feising)
Covering
(kavering)
Lining
(láining)
Revestimiento
de chimenea
Revestimiento de
enlucido/revoque
Chimney liner
(chemni lainer)
Veneer plaster
(venír plast·r)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
81
rev-roc
Construccionario
Revestimiento
de tablas con
traslape/solape
Lap siding
Revestimiento de
tableros
Panel sheathing
Revestimiento
de techo
Roof covering
Revestimiento vinilo
Vinyl siding
Revestimientos
para pisos
(lap saiding)
(pán·l shiding)
(ruf kavering)
(vain·l saiding)
Flooring
(floring)
Revisión/Revisor
de planos
Plan review/reviewer
Revoque
Plaster
(plan riviu/reviuer)
(plast·r)
Plastering
(plastering)
Stucco
(stakko)
Brown coat
(braun cout)
Revoque de yeso
Riel de guía
Rigidez
Gypsum plaster
(dyepsam plast·r)
Guide rail
(gaid reil)
Stiffness
(stefnes)
Ripia
Wood shingle/shake
Ripio
Gravel
Roca
(wud shing·l/sheik)
(grav·l)
Rock
(rak)
Stone
(stoun)
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82
Construccionario
roc-roz
Rociador
Sprinkler
Rosca de
manguera
Hose threads
Rozamiento
(sprinkler)
(jous threds)
Scouring
(scauring)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
83
S
Sala
(de conferencias)
Assembly/Conference room
Salida
Egress
(asémbli/kanferens rum)
(igrés)
Exit
(éxet)
Salida horizontal
Saliente
Salón
Salto de corriente
Sanitario
Horizontal exit
(joresantal éxet)
Abutment
(abatment)
Assembly room
(asémbli rum)
Current draw
(kerrent dra)
Restroom
(restrum)
Bathroom
(bath·rum)
Toilet compartment
(toilet kampártment)
Water closet
(water klaset)
Toilet
(toilet)
Seguridad pública
Public safety
(páblec seifty)
Selladores
Sealants
Sello de trampa
hidráulica
Trap seal
(siylants)
(trap siyl)
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84
Construccionario
Sensibilizador
Sensor de humo
Separación
sen-sis
Sensitizer
(sensetáis·r)
Smoke detector
(smouk ditect·r)
Partition
(partéshwn)
Separación
de atmósfera
Atmosphere separation
Servicios públicos
Utilities
(átmosfir separéishwn)
(yutéletis)
Public services
(páblec serveses)
Sifón
Sillar
Sin plomo
Trap
(trap)
Cast stone
(kast stoun)
Lead-free
(led-fri)
Sin salida
Dead end
Sistema
Assembly
Sistema automático de
extinción de incendios
(ded end)
(asémbli)
Automatic fire
extinguishing system
(atomátic fáier exténgüishing séstem)
Sistema de alarma
contra incendios
Fire alarm system
Sistema de
arriostramiento
horizontal
Horizontal bracing system
Sistema de
columna hidrante
Standpipe system
Sistema de
detección de humo
(fáier alarm séstem)
(joresantal brésing séstem)
(stand-paip séstem)
Smoke-detection system
(smouk ditécshwn séstem)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
85
sis-sob
Sistema de evacuación
Construccionario
Venting system
(venting séstem)
Sistema de
extracción de humo
Smoke exhaust system
Sistema de puertas
Door assembly
Sistema de rociadores
Sistema de rociadores
automáticos
Sistema de ventilación
(smouk exast séstem)
(dor asembli)
Sprinkler system
(sprinkler séstem)
Automatic fire sprinkler system
(atomátic fáier sprinkler séstem)
Vent system
(vent séstem)
Sistema doble
Dual system
Sitio
Premises
(dual séstem)
(prémeses)
Site
(sait)
Sitio de construcción
Building site
(belding sait)
Jobsite
(dyab-sait)
Sobrecarga de
nieve transportada
Drift surcharge
Sobrerresistencia
Overstrength
Sobresolapar
To overlap
Sobresolape
Overlap
Sobrestante
Foreman
(dreft serchardsh)
(over-strength)
(tu overlap)
(overlap)
(for-man)
Overseer
(oversi·r)
Supervisor
(supervais·r)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
86
Construccionario
Sofito
Soldador
Soldadura
Soldadura y
fundente sin plomo
Soldar en fuerte
Solado
Solera
Solera doble
Solera inferior
Someter a ensayo/
a prueba
Soporte
sof-sot
Soffit
(safit)
Solderer
(soderer)
Welding
(uelding)
Lead-free solder and flux
(led-fri sad·r and flax)
Braze
(breis)
Floor
(flor)
Ledger
(ledyer)
Double plate
(dab·l pleit)
Sill plate
(sel pleit)
Test
(test)
Support
(saport)
Backing
(baking)
Shoulder
(should·r)
Sill
(sel)
Soporte de ventana
Soporte para forjados
Window sill
(wendou sel)
Plaster backing
(plast·r baking)
Sostener, Soportar
Support
Sótano
Basement
(supórt)
(béisment)
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87
sot-sup
Construccionario
Sótano de poca altura
Subpiso
Subsolape
Substrato
Crawl space
(kral speis)
Subfloor
(sab·flor)
Underlap
(anderlap)
Underlayment
(anderléiment)
Substrate
(sabstreit)
Subterráneo
Basement
(béisment)
Underground
(andergraund)
Suelo expansivo
Expansive soil
Suite
Suite (hotel)
Sujetadores
Restraints
Sumidero
Sump
Suministro
(expansef soil)
[suit (jotel)]
(ristréints)
(Samp)
Supply
(suplai)
Superficie
exterior/interior
Exterior/Interior surface
Superficie/Área
peatonal
Walking surface
Superponer,
Superintendente
(exterior/enterior sarfes)
(waking sérfes)
Overlap
(overlap)
Foreman
(for-man)
Overseer
(oversi·r)
Supervisor
Supervisor
(supervais·r)
Inspector
(enspéctor)
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88
T
T, injerto
Tabique
Tabique movible
Tabique plegable
Tabique portátil
Tabla
TEE
(ti)
Partition
(partéshwn)
Movable partition
(muvab·l partéshwn)
Folding partition
(folding partéshwn)
Portable partition
(pórtab·l partéshwn)
Board
(bord)
Table
(teib·l)
Tabla de cumbrera
Tabla de madera
Tabla de pie
Tabla de piso
Ridge board
(redsh bord)
Wood board
(wud bord)
Toeboard
(tou-bord)
Footboard
(fut-bord)
Tablero de cortacircuito Circuit breaker panel
(serkuit breik·r pán·l)
Tablero de fibra
Tablero de largueros
Tablero de
madera prensada
Fiberboard
(faib·r bord)
Ribbon/ledger board
(rébon/lédyer bord)
Plywood
(plaiwud)
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89
tab-tap
Tablero de muro
arriostrado
Tablero de soporte
Tablero de yeso
Construccionario
Braced wall panel
(breist wal pán·l)
Backer board
(bakerbord)
Gypsum board
(dyepsam bord)
Dry wall
(dray wal)
Tablero duro
Hardboard
(jard-bord)
Plywood
(plai·wud)
Tablilla
de fibrocemento
Tablón
Tablones
Taller
Talud
Tambor
Tanque
Tapa de acceso
Tapadera
Asbestos cement shingle
(asbestos simént shing·l)
Plank
(pleink)
Planking
(pleinking)
Shop
(shap)
Slope
(sloup)
Drums
(drams)
Tank
(teink)
Access cover
(ákses kaver)
Cover
(kaver)
Covering
(kavering)
Tapajuntas
Flashing
Tapanco
Attic
(flashing)
(atik)
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90
Construccionario
Tarima
tar-tej
Pallet
(pálet)
Rack
(rak)
Tarja de cocina
Kitchen sink
Techado
Roofing
Techado de asfalto
Built-up roof
Techo
Roof
Techo a
aguas múltiples
(kétchen senk)
(rufing)
(belt ap ruf)
(ruf)
Multiple gabled roof
(máltip·l geib·ld ruf)
Techo a dos aguas
Gable roof
Techo a cuatro aguas
Hip roof
Techo en pendiente
Sloped roof
Techo plano
Flat roof
Técnico
Technician
(geib·l ruf)
(jep ruf)
(sloupt ruf)
(flat ruf)
(tekneshian)
Technical
(teknecal)
Teja
Shingle
(shing·l)
Roof tile
(ruf tail)
Tile
(tail)
Teja de asfalto
Teja de cemento
de asbestos
Teja de madera
Asphalt shingle
(asfalt shing·l)
Asbestos cement shingle
(asbestos simént shing·l)
Wood shake/shingle
(wud sheik)
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91
tej-ter
Teja de pizarra
Tejas para bordes
Teja para cumbreras
Teja para limas
Tejamanil
Construccionario
Slate shingle
(sleit shing·l)
Rake tile
(reik tail)
Ridge tile
(redsh tail)
Hip tile
(jep tail)
Roof tile
(ruf tail)
Shingle
(shing·l)
Tejas entrelazadas
para techo
Interlocking roofing tiles
(enerláking rufing tails)
Tela metálica
Wire mesh
Tendel
Chalk line
Tendones
Tenencia
Tensión
(waier mesh)
(chak lain)
Tendons
(téndans)
Occupancy
(ákiupency)
Tension
(tenshwn)
Stress
(stres)
Tensores
Terminación de obra
Terminado
Terminal
Terminal de enlace
Tendons
(téndans)
Completion of work
(kamplishwn av wark)
Finish
(fenesh)
Terminal
(términal)
Dead-end bonding jumper
(ded end banding dyamp·r)
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92
Construccionario
Termita
Termotanque
Terraplén
ter-tir
Termite
(termait)
Water heater
(water jiter)
Earth work
(erth wark)
Embankment
(embankment)
Terraza cubierta
Porch
Terreno
Lot
Terreno de obra
Terreno inestable
Textura
Tienda
Timbre
(porch)
(lat)
Building site
(belding sait)
Unstable ground
(anstéib·l graund)
Texture
(textiur)
Store
(stor)
Doorbell
(dorbel)
Tímpano
Spandrel
Tina de baño
Bathtub
Tira
Lath
(spandr·l)
(bath·tab)
(lath)
Strip
(strep)
Stripe
(straip)
Tirante
Tie
(tay)
Link
(link)
Brace
(breis)
Tirante de diafragma
Diaphragm strut
(daiafram strat)
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93
tir-tra
Tiras metálicas
Tiras de yeso
Toldo
Construccionario
Stripping
(streping)
Lath
(lath)
Awning
(aning)
Canopy
(kánapy)
Tomacorriente
Tomacorriente para
estufa/cocina
Toma de impulsión
Toma con traba
Topes (de puerta)
Tornillo
Electrical outlet
(electrical aut-let)
Range power outlet
(reindsh pauer aut-let)
Fire department connection
(fáier d·partment kanékshwn)
Locking receptacle
(laking reséptak·l)
Stops (door frame)
[staps (dor freim)]
Screw
(scru)
Bolt
(bolt)
Tornillo autoperforante
Tornillo autorroscante
Tornillo de anclaje
Tornillo de expansión
Trabado
Self-drilling screw
(self-dreling scru)
Self-tapping screw
(self-taping scru)
Anchor bolt
(énker bolt)
Expansion bolt
(expánshwn bolt)
Blocked
(blakt)
Bonded
(banded)
Trabajo
Work
Trabar
Block
(wark)
(blak)
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94
Construccionario
tra
Trabas
Blocking
Trabazón
Binder
Tragaluz
Skylight
Tramo
Region
Trampa doméstica
Trampa hidráulica/
de artefacto
Trampa para chispas
(blaking)
(baind·r)
(skai-lait)
(ridsh·n)
House trap
(jaus trap)
Fixture trap
(fextiur trap)
Spark arrester
(spark arrest·r)
Transformador
Transformer
Traslapar
To overlap
Traslape
Lap splice
(transform·r)
(tu overlap)
(lap splais)
Shiplap
(sheplap)
Overlap
(overlap)
Traslapo
Trasvasando
Trasvasar
Lapping
(laping)
Dispensing
(despensing)
Dispense
(despens)
Travesaño
Ledger
Travesaño superior
Top plate
Traviesa
Sleeper
Trazar y nivelar
Line and grade
(ledyer)
(tap pleit)
(sliyper)
(lain and greid)
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95
tra-tub
Construccionario
Trazo
Stroke
Tribunas
Grandstands
(strouk)
(grandstands)
Bleachers
(blíchers)
Stands
(stands)
Triturador de basura/
desperdicios
Garbage disposal
Tubería
Conduit
(garbesh disposal)
(kanduit)
Plumbing
(plaming)
Tubing
(tiubing)
Pipe
(paip)
Piping
(paiping)
Tubería bajante
Stack
(stack)
Tubería bajanta
de respiradero
Stack vent
Tubería de
revestimiento
Casing
Tubería hidráulica
Water pipe
Tubería principal
Water main
Tubería vertical
Stack
(stack vent)
(keising)
(water paip)
(water mein)
(stack)
Standpipe
(stand-paip)
Vertical pipe
(vertical paip)
Tubería y accesorios
sin plomo
Lead-free pipe and fittings
(led fri paip and fetings)
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96
Construccionario
Tuberías/Cañerías
de protección
contra incendios
Tubo
tub-tue
Fire-protection piping
(fáier-protécshwn paiping)
Pipe
(paip)
Piping
(paiping)
Tubo de bajada
Tubo bajante de
aguas negras
Tubo de descarga
Tubo de ventilación
Tubo de ventilación
con codo doble
Leader (pipe)
[líder (paip)]
Soil pipe
(soil paip)
Discharge pipe
(deschardsh paip)
Vent pipe
(vent paip)
Return bend vent pipe
(return bend vent paip)
Tubo horizontal
Horizontal pipe
Tubo vertical
Riser pipe
Tubo vertical
de evacuación
Stack
Tubo vertical
de ventilación
Local vent stack
Tuerca
Nut
Tuerca de
acción rápida
(joresantal paip)
(rais·r paip)
(stack)
(local vent stack)
(nat)
Quick actinging nut
(kuek actin nat)
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97
U
Umbral
Door sill
(dor sel)
Threshold
(thre-shold)
Unidad habitacional/
Unidad de vivienda
Unión
Dwelling unit
(dueling yúnet)
Binder
(baind·r)
Connection
(kanécshwn)
Joint
(dyoint)
Union
(yúnion)
Urinal, Urinario
Uso
Urinal
(yúrinal)
Occupancy
(ákiupency)
Use
(yus)
Uso general
Utilidad
Utility
(yutélety)
Utility
(yutélety)
Utilizar
To use
Utilizar en
sistema abierto
Use, open system
Utilizar en
sistema cerrado
Use, closed system
(tu yus)
(yus, open séstem)
(yus, cloust séstem)
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98
V
Vaciado en sitio
Cast in place
Vacío
Vacuum
Valor
Value
Valuación
Valuation
Válvula de alivio
Relief valve
Válvula de cierre
Cut-off valve
(cast en pleis)
(vákium)
(váliu)
(valiuéishwn)
(rilíf valv)
(cat-af valv)
Shutoff valve
(shat-af valv)
Válvula de combinación Mixing valve
(mexing valv)
Válvula de contraflujo
Backflow preventer
(bakflou prevént·r)
Check valve
(check valv)
Válvula de
contrapresión
Backwater valve
(bakwater valv)
Válvula de cubo
Hub valve
Válvula de flotador
Ball cock
Válvula de llave
Key valve
Válvula de purga
Bleeder valve
(hab valv)
(bal kak)
(ki valv)
(blider valv)
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99
val-vet
Construccionario
Válvula de remanso
Backwater valve
Válvula fluxómetro
Flushometer valve
Válvulas para grifos
de mangueras
Hose bibb valves
Vano
Span
Vapor
Steam
Varilla
Rebar
Varillas en aro
Ringed shanks
Ventana
Window
Ventilación natural
(bakwater valv)
(flashámiter valv)
(jous beb valvs)
(span)
(stim)
(ríbar)
(rendsh shanks)
(wendou)
Natural ventilation
(natchiural venteleishwn)
Ventilador
Fan
Ventilador
de extracción
Exhaust fan
Ventilar
To ventilate
(fan)
(exast fan)
(tu venteleit)
To vent
(tu vent)
Vereda
Path
(path)
Sidewalk
(saidwak)
Vestíbulo
Vestibule
Vestidor
Dressing room
Veta superficial
Face grain
(véstebiul)
(dresing rum)
(feis grein)
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Without advance written permission from the copyright owner, no part of this book may be reproduced.
100
Construccionario
Vía pública
Vidriado
via-vig
Public way
(páblec wey)
Glazed
(gleist)
Glazing
(gléising)
Vidriado de seguridad
Vierteaguas
Viga
Safety glazing
(seifty gléising)
Flashing
(flashing)
Girder
(guerder)
Joist
(dyoist)
Beam
(bim)
Viga de alma abierta
Viga de alma llena
Viga de carga
Viga de enlace
Viga de fundación
Viga maestra/principal
Open-web girder
(open-web guerder)
Plate girder
(pleit guerder)
Load-bearing joist
(loud bering dyoist)
Link beam
(link bim)
Grade beam
(greid bim)
Girder
(guerder)
Joist girder
(dyoist guerder)
Vigas de acoplamiento
Vigas discontinuas
Coupling beams
(kapling bims)
Discontinuous beams
(descontenias bims)
Vigas de madera
microlaminada
LVL beams
Vigueta
Joist
(el-vi-el bims)
(dyoist)
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101
vig-vue
Construccionario
Purlin
(perlen)
Vigueta de piso
Vigueta esquinera
Vitrina
Vivienda
Voladizo
Floor joist
(flor dyoist)
End joist
(end dyoist)
Show window
(shou wendou)
Dwelling
(dueling)
Overhang
(over-jang)
Cantilever
(kanteliver)
Voltaje
Voltage
Volteo, Vuelco,
Volcamiento
Overturning
Voltios
Volts
Vuelo
Overhang
Vuelos
Nosings
(valteidsh)
(over-tiurning)
(valts)
(over-jang)
(nousings)
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102
Y
Yarda
Yerbajos
Yesca
Yard
(iard)
Weeds
(uíds)
Punk
(pank)
Tinder
(tender)
Yeso
Gypsum
(dyepsam)
Plaster
(plast·r)
Yugo
Yoke
Yunque
Anvil
Yunque de banco
(iouk)
(anvel)
Bench anvil
(bench anvel)
Yunque de tornillo
Anvil vise
Yodo
Iodine
(anvel vais)
(aiodain)
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103
Z
Zanja
Zapata
Trench
(trench)
Footing
(futing)
Zapatas invertidas
Turned-down footings
Zapatilla eléctrica
Power strip
Zarpa
(turn daun futing)
(pauer strep)
Footing
(futing)
Zócalo
Baseboard
Zócalos altos
Wainscoting
Zona
Occupancy
Zona de control
de humo
Zona de evacuación
Zonas de inundación
Zonas sísmicas
(béisbord)
(wéinscating)
(ákiupency)
Smoke-control zone
(Smouk-kantról soun)
Exit discharge
(éxet deschardsh)
Flood zones
(flad souns)
Seismic zones
(saísmik souns)
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104
Términos Eléctricos
Abocardado
Reamed
(riym·d)
Abrazadera
Clamp
Accesible
Accessible
Acometida
Service
Acometida aérea
Service drop
Acometida
subterránea
Adaptador
(clamp)
(akséseb·l)
(serves)
(serves drap)
Service lateral
(serves lateral)
Adapter
(edapter)
Hickey
(jeki)
Agua, a prueba de,
resistente
Waterproof
Alambre
Wire
Amperios
Amperes
(water-pruf)
(waier)
(ampirs)
Amps
(amps)
Aparato eléctrico
Appliance
Aparatos
Fixtures
Área común
Cross sectional area
Aislado
Isolated
Asiento
(appláiyans)
(fextiurs)
(cras seccion·l erea)
(aisoleited)
Lug
(lug)
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105
Eléctrico
Bandeja neutra/a tierra
Construccionario
Ground/neutral bus bar
(graund/niutral bas-bar)
Barra colectora
Busbar
Base de toma de
corriente
Receptacle
Bomba de sumidero
Sum pump
Cable
(basbar)
(reséptak·l)
(sam pamp)
Wire
(waier)
Cables
Wiring
Cable de
cubierta no metálica
Non-metallic sheathed cable
Calentamiento por
inducción
Canalización
Caja de bornes
Caja de dispositivos
Campo inductor
en derivación
(waierin)
(nan metálik shided keib·l)
Inductive heat
(endaktiv jit)
Raceway
(reiss-uei)
Junction box
(dyank-shwn baks)
Device box
(divais baks)
Shunt field
(shant fiyld)
Circuito
Circuit
Circuito de suministro
Feeder circuit
Circuito derivado
Branch circuit
Circuito para aparatos
Circuito secundario
(serkuit)
(fiyder serkuit)
(branch serkuit)
Appliance circuit
(appláiyans serkuit)
Branch circuit
(branch serkuit)
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106
Eléctrico
Construccionario
Conectores a presión
Pressure connectors
Conductores aéreos
de acometida
Overhead service conductors
Conductores de
la acometida
Service conductors
Conductor de
extremo alto
Conductor desnudo
Conductores
Conductores a la vista
Controlador
Corriente de falla,
de falta, de pérdida
Cronograma
(preshwr kanectr·s)
(ov·r-jed serves kandectr·s)
(ov·r-jed serves kandectr·s)
High-leg conductor
(jai-leg kandectr)
Bare conductor
(Ber kandectr)
Conductors
(kandectr·s)
Open conductor
(open kandectr)
Controller
(kantrol·r)
Fault current
(Folt kerrn·t)
Schedule
(skedyul)
Cuadro de
distribución
Switchboard
Cuadro general
Panelboard
Cuerdas
Curva hecha en obra
Delta-estrella
Desconexión de
la acometida
(swetch-bord)
(pan·l-bord)
Guys
(gais)
Field bend
(fiyld-bend)
Delta-Wye
(delta uai)
Service disconnect
(serves deskaneckt)
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107
Eléctrico
Electrodo fabricado
Electrodoméstico
Construccionario
Made electrode
(meid electroud)
Appliance
(appláiyans)
Enchufe
Receptacle
Entrada a la
acometida
Service-entrance
Escariado
Reamed
Fácilmente accesible
Factor de corrección
Flujo de corriente
inaceptable
Fusible sin retardo
Herrajes
Iluminación
Interruptor
Interruptor automático
de retardo inverso
Interruptor automático
Interruptor de
maniobra/sección
en caja moldeada
Interruptor contra
faltas a tierra (GFCI)
(reséptak·l)
(serves entrans)
(riym·d)
Readily accessible
(redily aksésebl·)
Derating
(di-reitin)
Objectionable current flow
(abdyék-shwn-ab·l kerrn·t flou)
Nontime delay fuse
(nan taim delei fius)
Fittings
(fetings)
Lighting
(laitin)
Switch
(swetch)
Inverse time circuit breaker
(envers taim redily serkuit breik·r)
Circuit breaker
(serkuit breik·r)
Molded case switch
(moulded keis swetch)
Ground-fault circuit interrupter
(graund folt serkuit enterrapt·r)
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108
Eléctrico
Construccionario
Interruptores de
acción rápida
Interruptor fusible de
seguridad a tierra
Snap switches
(snap swetch·s)
Ground fault circuit
(graund folt serkuit)
kVA, Kilo voltioamperios,
Kilovatios, Kilowatts
KVA
(kei vyi ei)
Lluvia, a prueba de
Máquina de curvar
de un solo golpe
Rainproof
(rein- pruf)
Bending machine,
single operation
(bendin mashiyn seng·l apereishwn)
Método de instalación
Wiring method
Mordaza
Clamp
Monofásica
Single phase
Motor de baja
velocidad
Torque motor
Multímetro
Continuity meter
Nominal
Panel de distribución
Placa de
características/datos
Plan
Polvo, a prueba de
Poste de acometida
(wairin meth·d)
(clamp)
(seng·l feis)
(tork mor·r)
(kanteniu-eti miyr·r)
Rated
(reited)
Panelboard
(pan·l-bord)
Nameplate
(neim-pleit)
Schedule
(skédyul)
Dustproof
(dust-pruf)
Service mast
(serves mast)
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109
Eléctrico
Potencia de servicio
Construccionario
Rating
(reitin)
Puente de conexión
equipotencial
Bonding jumper
Puente eléctrico
Bonding jumper
Pulsador
(bandin dyamp·r)
(bandin dyamp·r)
Push box
(push baks)
Radio de curvatura
Bend radius
Rama
Branch
Ramal
Rama local
(bend reidi-us)
(branch)
Branch circuit
(branch serkuit)
Switch leg
(swetch leg)
Rastreador de
continuidad
Continuity checker
Reacción galvánica
Galvanic action
Régimen nominal
(kanteniu-eti chek·r)
(galvanek akshwn)
Rating
(reitin)
Resistante a la lluvia
Rainproof
Rotor de cortocircuito
Squirrel-cage rotor
(rein- pruf)
(skwer·l-keish ror·r)
Rotor de jaula de ardilla Squirrel-cage rotor
(skwer·l-keish ror·r)
Servicio
Sección (conductores)
Sección inferior
(conductores)
Duty
(diury)
Size
(sais)
Smallest size
(smálest sais)
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110
Eléctrico
Construccionario
Sobrecarga
Overload
Sobreintensidad
Overcurrent
Subterráneos
Underground
Tablero de
distribución
Talón
Tensión del
suministro
Tensión, partes en
Tierra, de puesta a
Tierra, puesto a
Tierra, no puesto a;
sin puesta a
Toma de corriente
(av·r-loud)
(av·r-kerrent)
(und·r-graund)
Panelboard
(pan·l-bord)
Lug
(lug)
Input voltage
(enput valteidsh)
Live parts
(laiv parts)
Grounding
(graundin)
Grounded
(graund·d)
Ungrounded
(un-graund·d)
OutletTap
(aut-let tap)
Receptacle
(reséptak·l)
Tap
(tap)
Toma de corriente de
circuito de suministro
Feeder tap
Tramos aéreos
Overhead spans
(Fiyd·r tap)
(av·r-jed spans)
Transformador reductor
de voltaje
Step down voltage transformer
(step-daun valteidsh transform·r)
Trifásico
Three phase
(thri feiss)
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111
Eléctrico
Construccionario
Tripolar
3-wire
Tubos
de metal rígidos
RMC
Vatios
Voltios
Voltioamperios
(thri waier)
(ar-em-si)
Volt amps (VA)
(vatl amps [vi-ei])
Volts
(valts)
Volt amps (VA)
(vatl amps [vi-ei])
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112
Términos de Instalaciones
Mecánicas
Abertura exterior
Absorción
Outdoor opening
(aut-dor openin)
Absorption
(absorshwn)
Accesorio de
transición
Boot
Accesorio embridado
Flanged fitting
Aire
Air
Aire acondicionado
Aire de combustión
Aire de extracción
Aire de reposición
Aire de suministro
Aire de ventilación
Aire forzado
Aire en exceso
Aire exterior
Aire recirculado
Aire teórico
(but)
(flandy·d feting)
(er)
Air conditioning
(er kandeshwnin)
Combustion air
(kambustiwn er)
Exhaust air
(exast er)
Air makeup
(er meikap)
Supply air
(suplai er)
Ventilation air
(venteleishwn er)
Forced air
(forst er)
Excess air
(eksés er)
Outdoor air
(aut-dor er)
Recirculated air
(ri-serculeited er)
Theoretical air
(thio-retical er)
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113
Instalaciones Mecánicas
Aparato
Arandela entongada
Área neta de piso
Artefacto
Construccionario
Appliance
(appláiyans)
Stacked washer
(stak·t wash·r)
Floor area, net
(flor erea, net)
Appliance
(appláiyans)
Artefacto con ventilación Vented appliance
(vented appláiyans)
Artefacto de alto calor
High-heat appliance
(jai jit appláiyans)
Artefacto de cocina
Cooking appliance
Artefacto de
mediano calor
Medium-heat appliance
Artefacto existente
Existing appliance
Autocontenido
Artefactos de
cocina comercial
(kukin appláiyans)
(midiam jit appláiyans)
(eksestin appláiyans)
Self-contained
(self-kantein·d)
Commercial cooking
appliances
(kamersh·l kukin appláiyanses)
Artefactos de
ventilación directa
Aspirador
Babeta
Boca de salida
Bomba de calor
Bomba de calor
geotérmica
Direct-vent appliance
(dairect-vent appláiyans)
Exhauster
(exast·r)
Flash
(flash)
Outlet
(aut-let)
Heat pump
(jit pamp)
Ground source heat pump
(graund sors jit pamp)
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114
Instalaciones Mecánicas
Construccionario
Btu
Btu (British Thermal Unit)
(bi ti iu [bretesh thermal iunet])
Caldera automática
Automatic boiler
Caldera modular
Modular boiler
Calefactor
Furnace
Calefactor de
conducto
Calefactor de cuarto
con ventilación
Calefactor de piso
con ventilación
Calefactor radiante
(atomátic boil·r)
(madyul·r boil·r)
(fernas)
Duct heater
(duct jiter)
Room heater vented
(rum jiter vented)
Vented floor furnace
(vented flor fernas)
Radiant heater
(jiter)
Cámara de combustión Combustion chamber
(kambustiwn cheimb·r)
Campana
Campana de doble isla
Campana de muro
Hood
(jud)
Double island canopy hood
(dobl ailand kánapy jud)
Wall canopy hood
(wal kánapy jud)
Campana de tipo ceja
Eyebrow hood
Campana trasera
Backshelf hood
Capacidad nominal
Capacidad nominal
de salida
Carcasa
(ai-brou jud)
(bakshelf jud)
Rated capacity
(reited kapasety)
Rated output capacity
(reited aut put kapasety)
Casing
(keisin)
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115
Instalaciones Mecánicas
Cerramiento de recinto
Chimenea de metal
Chimenea
prefabricada
Construccionario
Shaft enclosure
(shaft encloshiur)
Metal chimney
(métal chemni)
Factory-built chimney/fireplace
(facteri-belt chemni/fáierpleis)
Pre-fab chimney/fireplace
(pri-fab chemni/fáierpleis)
Cierre de baja presión
de agua para calderas
Cierre
Clasificación de
rendimiento
Clasificación de
toxicidad
Cocina económica
Colector
Combustión cerrada
Combustible sólidos)
Boiler low-water cutoff
(boil·r lou water kat of)
Cutoff
(kat of)
Output rating
(aut-put reitin)
Toxicity classification
(taksesety)
Range
(reindsh)
Drip
(drep)
Closed combustion
(cloust kambustiwn)
Solid fuel)
(saled fiul)
Combustión
Combustion
Condensador
Condenser
Condensados
Condensate
Conducto de humo
Conducto envuelto
con cinta aisladora
(kambustiwn)
(kandénsr)
(kandenséit)
Flue
(flu)
Duct wrap
(duct wrap)
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116
Instalaciones Mecánicas
Construccionario
Conector de chimenea
Chimney connector
(chemni kanéct·r)
Conector de respiradero Vent connector
(vent kanéct·r)
Conjunto combustible
Combustible assembly
Contratiro
Backdraft
Control
(kambústeb·l)
(bak-draft)
Control
(kantról)
Control de límites
Limit control
Convector de zócalo
Baseboard convector
Cuarto del calefactor
Furnace room
Cuarto refrigerado
De uso ligero
De uso medio
De uso muy pesado
De uso pesado
Dispositivo de alivio
de presión
Dispositivo de
seguridad
Dispositivo limitador
de presión
Enfriador evaporativo
(lémet kantról)
(béisbord kanvéct·r)
(fernas rum)
Refrigerated room
(refridyeréit·d rum)
Light-duty
(lait diuty)
Medium-duty
(midiam diuty)
Extra-heavy duty
(extra jevi diuty)
Heavy duty
(jevi diuty)
Pressure relief device
(preshwr rilíf divais)
Safeguard device
(seif-gard divais)
Pressure-limiting device
(preshwr lémetin divais)
Evaporative cooler
(evéiporatif kuler)
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117
Instalaciones Mecánicas
Construccionario
Enfriamiento evaporativoEvaporative cooling
(evéiporatif kulin)
Equipo de enfriamiento Cooling equipment
(kulin ekuipment)
Espacio acondicionado Conditioned space
(kandeshwn·d speis)
Espacio angosto
Espacio confinado
Crawl space
(kral speis)
Confined space
(kanfain·d speis)
Espacio de aire libre
Air-space clearance
Espacio de trabajo
Working space
Espacio habitado
Living space
(er speis kliyrens)
(warking speis)
(leving speis)
Espacio libre de trabajo Working space clearance
(warking speis kliyrens)
Evaporador
Exfiltración
Fuente de ignición
Gas combustible
Gasto de extracción
Gasto de ventilación
Hermético
Hogar
Evaporator
(evaporator)
Exfiltration
(exfetreishwn)
Ignition source
(egneshwn sors)
Fuel gas
(fiul gas)
Exhaust rate
(exast reit)
Ventilation rate
(venteleishwn reit)
Tightfitting
(tait-feting)
Fireplace
(fáierpleis)
Hearth
(jerdth)
Hogar tipo estufa
Fireplace stove
(fáierpleis stouv)
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118
Instalaciones Mecánicas
Construccionario
Índice de propagación
de llama
Intensidad máxima
admisible
Flame spread index
(fleim spred éndex)
Ampacity
(ampasety)
Intercambiador de calor Heat exchanger
(jit excheindyer)
Junta abocinada
Junta bridada
Junta de adhesivo
plástico
Junta mecánica
Junta saliente
Junta soldada
Junta soldada
en fuerte
Flared joint
(flerd dyoint)
Flanged joint
(flandy·d dyoint)
Plastic adhesive joint
(plastek dyoint)
Mechanical joint
(mekánek·l dyoint)
Saddle joint
(sad·l dyoint)
Soldered joint
(sader·d dyoint)
Brazed joint
(breis·t dyoint)
Junta soldada
por fusión
Welded joint
Límite explosivo
inferior (LEL)
Lower explosive limit (LEL)
Límite inferior de
inflamabilidad (LFL)
Limpieza en seco
Líquido de
transferencia de calor
(weld·d dyoint)
(louer eksplasev lémet [el iy el])
Lower flammability limit (LFL)
(louer flamabeleti lémet [el ef el])
Dry cleaning
(drai klinin)
Heat transfer liquid
(jit transf·r lékuid)
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119
Instalaciones Mecánicas
Líquidos combustibles
Localización oculta
Construccionario
Combustible liquids
(kambústeb·l lékuids)
Concealed location
(kansil·d lakaishwn)
Localización peligrosa
Hazardous location
Manejo de aire
Air-handling
Material combustible
Combustible material
Materiales abrasivos
Abrasive materials
Miembro de carga
Load bearing member
Modificación
Alteration
Pasillo de chimenea
Chimney passageway
Perforación
Petróleo
Placa de defensa
(jáserdes lakaishwn)
(er jandling)
(kambústeb·l matérial)
(abreisef matérials)
(loud berin memb·r)
(altereishwn)
(chemni pásedshwey)
Drilling
(drelin)
Fuel oil
(fiul oil)
Shield plate
(shiyld pleit)
Plástico termoendurecido Plastic, thermosetting
(plastek thermosetin)
Plástico termoplástico
Pleno
Pleno de suministro
Productos de
combustión
Punto de ignición
Plastic, thermoplastic
(plastek thermoplastek)
Plenum
(plén·m)
Supply plenum
(suplai plén·m)
Combustion products
(kambustiwn praducts)
Flash point
(flash point)
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120
Instalaciones Mecánicas
Construccionario
Purgar
Purge
Quemador
Burner
Quemador de
conversión
Receptor de líquido
Recipientes a presión
Refrigerantes
regenerados
Regulador de tiro
de contratiro
(perdsh)
(bern·r)
Conversion burner
(kanvérshwn bern·r)
Liquid receiver
(lékuid riciyvr)
Pressure vessels
(preshwr)
Reclaimed refrigerants
(recleim·d refridyerants)
Backdraft damper
(bak-draft damper)
Regulador de tiro
de respiradero
Vent damper
Regulador de tiro
de volumen
Volume damper
Rendimiento
(vent damper)
(valium damper)
Output
(aut put)
Resistencia térmica (R) Thermal resistance (R)
(thermal reséstans)
Respiradero
Revestimiento de
conducto de humo
Vent
(vent)
Flue liner
(flu lain·r)
Revestimiento interior
Lining
Salvaguarda de llama
Flame safeguard
Secadora de ropas
Clothes dryer
(lainin)
(fleim seif-gard)
(clouths draier)
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121
Instalaciones Mecánicas
Construccionario
Sellado
Labeled
Sello
Label
Sistema de carga
limitada
Limited charge system
Sistema de conductos
(leibl·d)
(leib·l)
(lémet·d chardsh séstem)
Duct system
(duct séstem)
Sistema de
distribución de aire
Air distribution system
Sistema de extracción
Exhaust system
Sistema de
extracción mecánica
Mechanical exhaust system
Sistema de
recirculación
Sistema de
refrigeración
Sistema de ventilación
Sistema mecánico
Sistema de
retorno de aire
(er destrebushwn séstem)
(exast séstem)
(mekánek·l exast séstem)
Recirculating system
(ri-serculeitin séstem)
Refrigerating system
(refridyeréitin séstem)
Venting system
(ventin séstem)
Mechanical system
(mekánek·l séstem)
Return air system
(ritchurn er séstem)
Solapadura de contacto Contact lap
(kantact lap)
Soldadura en fuerte
Tipo de artefacto
Tiro
Brazing
(breisin)
Appliance type
(appláiyans taip)
Draft
(draft)
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122
Instalaciones Mecánicas
Construccionario
Tiro descendente
Tiro mecánico
Tiro natural
Tubería
Tubo indicador
Ubicación
Unidad condensadora
Válvula de alivio
de presión
Válvula de
apertura rápida
Down draft
(daun draft)
Mechanical draft
(mekánek·l draft)
Natural draft
(natchiural draft)
Piping
(paiping)
Glass gauge
(glas gueidsh)
Location
(lakaishwn)
Condensing unit
(kandénsin iunet)
Pressure relief valve
(preshwr rilíf valv)
Quick-opening valve
(kuek openin valv)
Válvula de cierre
Stop valve
Válvula de derivación
By pass valve
Válvula de seguridad
Safety valve
Ventilación
Ventilación de
tiro inducido
Ventilación de
tiro forzado
(valv)
(valv)
(valv)
Ventilation
(venteleishwn)
Induced-draft venting
(ventin)
Forced-draft venting
(forst-draft ventin)
Ventilación mecánica
Power venting
Ventilador
Fan
(ventin)
(fan)
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123
Instalaciones Mecánicas
Construccionario
Blower
(blouer)
Ventilador del calefactor Furnace blower
(fernas)
Ventilador reforzador
Booster fan
(bust·r fan)
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124
Términos de Plomería
Abastecimiento
de agua
Water supply system
(water suplai séstem)
Abastecimiento de
agua individual
Individual water supply
Ablandador
Softener
Accesorio de artefacto
Accesorio de desagüe
Accesorio de desagüe
sanitario
(endevédyual water suplai)
(saf-ner)
Fixture fitting
(fextiur feting)
Waste fitting
(weist feting)
Drainage fitting
(dréinedsh feting)
Accesorio de suministro Supply fitting
(suplai feting)
Accesorio sanitario
Agua caliente
Agua potable
Agua templada
Aguas residuales
Aire libre
Alcantarilla
Plumbing appurtenance
(plaming apert-nans)
Hot water
(jat water)
Potable water
(pótab·l water)
Tempered water
(tempr·d water)
Waste water
(weist water)
Open air
(open er)
Culvert
(kalvert)
Sewer
(súer)
Alimentación
de artefactos
Fixture supply
(fextiur suplai)
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125
Plomería
Construccionario
Arandela
Washer
Artefacto
Fixture
Artefacto
de combinación
Combination fixture
Artefactosanitario
Aspirador
Autodesengrasante
Bajante
Boca de salida
Bomba de sumidero
Borde
Calentador de agua
(washer)
(fextiur)
(kambenéishwn fextiur)
Plumbing fixture
(plaming fextiur)
Aspirator
(aspereit·r)
Self-scouring
(self-skaurin)
Stack
(stak)
Water outlet
(water aut-let)
Sump pump
(Samp pamp)
Rim
(rem)
Water heater
(water jiter)
Canaletas
Gutters
Cisterna
Cistern
Cloaca
Cloaca combinada
(garers)
(sestern)
Sewer
(súer)
Combined sewer
(cambain·d súer)
Cloaca de la edificación Building sewer
(belding súer)
Cloaca pluvial
Cloaca pública
Storm sewer
(storm súer)
Public sewer
(páblec súer)
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126
Plomería
Construccionario
Cloaca sanitaria
Coextruido
Colector de grasas
Colocación en túneles
Sanitary sewer
(santetery súer)
Coextruded
(kou-ekstruded)
Grease trap
(gris trap)
Tunneling
(tanelin)
Conexión de contraflujo Backflow connection
(bakflou kanécshwn)
Contraflujo
Backflow
Contraflujo, salto bajo
Backpressure, low head
Contrasifonaje
Backsiphonage
Tasa de flujo/gasto
Desagüe
(bakflou)
(bakpreshwr, lou jed)
(baksaifonedsh)
Rate of flow
(reit of flou)
Drain
(drein)
Culvert
(kalvert)
Desagüe de área
Area drain
Desagüe de artefactos
Fixture drain
Desagüe de patio
Area drain
Desagüe de techo
Roof drain
Desagüe del subsuelo
Subsoil drain
Desagüe pluvial
Desagüe sanitario
combinado
(erea drain)
(fextiur)
(erea drain)
(ruf drein)
(sab-soil drein)
Storm drain
(storm drein)
Combined drain
(cambain·d drein)
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127
Plomería
Desagüe
de la edificación
Desagüe de
piso de emergencia
Construccionario
Building drain
(belding drein)
Emergency floor drain
(emerdyensi flor drein)
Disminuidor de
golpe de ariete
Water-hammer arrestor
Distribuidor
Manifold
Embornal
Scupper
Empaque elastomérico
Elastomeric gasket
Enrosque hembra
Tapping
Entalladura
Escurrimiento
Espacio de aire
Esterilizador
Eyector de
aguas negras
Forjado
(water jamer erest·r)
(mánefold)
(skup·r)
(elastomerek gasket)
(tapin)
Notching
(natchin)
Runoff
(run-of)
Air gap
(er gap)
Sterilizer
(sterelais·r)
Sewage ejector
(súedsh iyect·r)
Forged
(fordsh·t)
Wrought
(wrat)
Fugas
Gasto de flujo de aire
Grupo de muebles
sanitarios
Leakage
(liykedsh)
Airflow rate
(er-flou reit)
Bathroom group
(bath·rum grup)
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128
Plomería
Construccionario
Hidrantes
Hydrants
(jaidrants)
Instalaciones
hidráulicas y sanitarias Plumbing
(plaming)
Instalaciones
hidrosanitarias
Interceptor de grasa
Interruptor de aire
Plumbing
(plaming)
Grease interceptor
(gris entercept·r)
Air break
(er breik)
Interruptor
de contraflujo
Backflow preventer
Interruptor de vacío
Vacuum breaker
Interruptor de vacío
a prueba de derrame
Junta de expansión
Junta flexible
Junta mecánica
Llave de flotador
Llave
Longitud desarrollada
(bakflou prevént·r)
(vákium breik·r)
Spillproof vacuum breaker
(spel-pruf vákium breik·r)
Expansion joint
(expánshwn dyoint)
Flexible joint
(flekseb·l dyoint)
Mechanical joint
(mekánek·l dyoint)
Ball cock
(bal kak)
Faucet
(facet)
Developed length
(develop·t length)
Ménsula
Bracket
Mueble sanitario
Plumbing appliance
Nivel crítico
Critical Level
(braket)
(plaming appláiyans)
(kretical lev·l)
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129
Plomería
Construccionario
Nivel de inundación
Flood level rim
Obstrucciones
en tuberías
Stoppages
Pozo
Well
Pozo excavado
Dug well
Pozo hincado
Driven well
Pozo perforado
Pozo taladrado
Presión de flujo
Presión reducida
Privado
Ramal
(flad lev·l rem)
(stapadyes)
(wel)
(dug wel)
(driv·n wel)
Bored well
(bor·d wel)
Drilled well
(drel·d wel)
Flow pressure
(flou preshwr)
Reduced pressure
(redius·d preshwr)
Private
(práivet)
Branch
(branch)
Ramal de artefactos
Fixture branch
Ramal sanitario
horizontal
Horizontal branch drain
Registro
Respiradero común
Respiradero de alivio
(fextiur branch)
(joresantal branch drein)
Cleanout
(klinaut)
Common vent
(kaman vent)
Relief vent
(rilíf vent)
Respiradero de bajante Stack vent
(stak vent)
Respiradero de ramal
Branch vent
(branch vent)
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130
Plomería
Construccionario
Respiradero de sumideroSump vent
(Samp vent)
Respiradero en circuito Circuit vent
(serkuit vent)
Respiradero individual
Individual vent
Respiradero vertical
Vent stack
Resumidero
Area drain
(endevédyual vent)
(vent stak)
(erea drain)
Building drain
(belding drein)
Sello de trampa
hidráulica
Trap seal
Separador
Separator
Sistema de desagüe
sanitario
Drainage system
Sistema de drenaje
freático
Subsurface drainage system
Sistema de ventilación
Sistemas múltiples
de distribución
Sistemas sanitarios
de macerado
Sumidero
(trap siyl)
(separeit·r)
(dréinedsh séstem)
(sab-sefarce dréinedsh séstem)
Vent system
(vent séstem)
Manifold systems
(mánefold séstems)
Macerating toilet systems
(macereitin toilet séstems)
Sump
(Samp)
Cesspool
(ses-pul)
Tanque de inundación
Tanque fluxómetro
Flush tank
(flash tank)
Flushometer tank
(flashámeter tank)
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131
Plomería
Tapa de acceso
Tasa de flujo de aire
Terminal
Tina de remolino
Trampa doméstica
Trampa hidráulica
Trampa hidráulica
de la edificación
Construccionario
Access cover
(ákses kaver)
Airflow rate
(er-flou reit)
Dead end
(ded end)
Whirlpool bathtub
(jhuirpul bath·tab)
House trap
(jaus trap)
Trap
(trap)
Building trap
(belding trap)
Tubería hidráulica
Water pipe
Tubería hidráulica
de servicio
Water service pipe
Tubería hidráulica
vertical
Tubería húmeda
de ventilación
Tubería maestra
de abastecimiento
de agua
Tubería vertical
Tubería vertical
montante
Tubo de avenamiento
de la edificación
(water paip)
(water paip)
Riser water pipe
(rais·r water paip)
Wet vent
(wet vent)
Water main
(water mein)
Vertical pipe
(paip)
Riser
(rais·r)
Building subdrain
(belding sab-drein)
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132
Plomería
Construccionario
Tubo de bajada
Tubo de desagüe
indirecto
Tubo de descarga
Tubo de evacuación
Leader
(liyrer)
Indirect waste pipe
(enderect weist paip)
Discharge pipe
(deschardsh paip)
Waste pipe
(weist paip)
Tubo de
residuos cloacales
Soil pipe
Tubo de ventilación
Vent pipe
Tubo matriz público
Public water main
Vacío
Vacuum
Válvula de
acción rápida
Quick closing valve
Válvula de
admisión de aire
(soil paip)
(vent paip)
(páblec water mein)
(vákium)
(kuek clóusing valv)
Air admittance valve
(er admet·ns valv)
Válvula de alimentación Fill valve
(fel valv)
Válvula de alivio
Válvula de baldeo
Relief valve
(rilíf valv)
Flush valve
(flash valv)
Válvula de compuerta
Gate valve
Válvula de contraflujo
Backflow preventer
(geit valv)
(bak-flou prevént·r)
Válvula de contrapresión Backwater valve
(bak-uat·r valv)
Válvula de llenado
Fill valve
(fel valv)
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133
Plomería
Válvula fluxómetro
Construccionario
Flushometer valve
(flashámeter valv)
Ventilación en bajantes Stack venting
(stak ventin)
Yunque de ventilación
Yoke vent
(iouk vent)
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134
Herramientas
Alicates
Alicates de
extensión/presión
Pliers
(plaiers)
Channel lock pliers
(chan·l lak plaiers)
Aplanadora
Roller
Azadón
Hoe
Balde
Bucket
Barreta
Bar
Berbiquí y barrena
Brace and bit
Bomba
Pump
Botador/embutidor
(de clavos)
Botiquín
Broca
Brocha
Buriladora
Burro
Cadena
Caja de corte
a ángulos
(roler)
(jou)
(baket)
(bar)
(breis and bet)
(pamp)
Nail set
(neil set)
Medicine cabinet
(medes·n kabenet)
Drill bit
(drel bet)
Brush
(brash)
Router
(rauter)
Sawhorse
(sah-jors)
Chain
(chein)
Mitre box
(mitre bax)
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135
Herramientas
Construccionario
Caja de herramientas
Tool box
Careta
Mask
(tul bax)
(mask)
Face shield
(feis shild)
Careta para soldar
Carretilla, Carrucha
Cepillo
Welding mask
(uelding mask)
Wheelbarrow
(juil-barrou)
Plane
(plein)
Brush
(brash)
Cepillo automático
Jointer
Cepillo de mano
Jointer plane
Cincel
Chisel
Cinta de medir
Measuring tape
Cinta pescadora
Fish tape
Clavadora automática
Contorneador
Cortacésped
Cortadora de
césped/pasto
Cortapluma
Cubeta
Cuchara de albañil
(dyointer)
(dyointer plein)
(ches·l)
(meshuring teip)
(fesh teip)
Nail gun
(neil gan)
Router
(rauter)
Lawnmower
(lanmouer)
Lawnmower
(lanmouer)
Utility knife
(iutelety naif)
Bucket
(baket)
Mason’s trowel
(méisons tróuel)
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136
Herramientas
Construccionario
Delantal
Apron
Desarmador/
Destornillador
Screwdriver
Desarmador plano
(eipron)
(scrudráiv·r)
Flathead
(flat-jed)
Desarmador de
punta de cruz
Phillips
Disco
Circular saw blade
Doblador de varilla
Rebar bender
Embudo
Funnel
Engarilla
Engrapadora
(feleps)
(sercular sah bleid)
(ríbar bender)
(fan·l)
Wheelbarrow
(juil-barrou)
Stapler
(steipler)
Engrapadora
automática
Stapler gun
Escalera de mano
Ladder
Escoba
Broom
Escopio
Chisel wood
Esparavel
Escuadra
(steipler gan)
(larer)
(brum)
(chesel-wud)
Hawk
(jak)
Square
(skuér)
Framing square
(fréiming skuér)
Carpenter’s square
(karpenters skuer)
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137
Herramientas
Construccionario
Escuadra de
combinación
Combination square
Excavadora
Back hoe
Flatacho
Darby
Fresadora
Formón
Gafas/lentes
de seguridad
(kambenéishwn skuér)
(bak jou)
(darbi)
Router
(rauter)
Chisel wood
(chesel-wud)
Safety glasses
(seifty glases)
Goggles
(gag·ls)
Guantes
Gloves
(glavs)
Hacha
Axe
Hilo
Thread
Hilo de plomada
Lámpara de trabajo
(ax)
(thred)
Plumb line
(plam lain)
Work light
(wark lait)
Linterna
Flashlight
Llana
Square trowel
Llave
Wrench
(flash-lait)
(skuér trou·l)
(rench)
Key
(ki)
Llave de asientos
de válvula
Llave de cadena
Valve seat wrench
(valv sit rench)
Chain pipe wrench
(chein paip rench)
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138
Herramientas
Construccionario
Llave de correa/cincho
Llave de tuercas
Strap wrench
(strap rench)
Crescent wrench
(créscent rench)
Llave española/
de astrias/de dado
Wrench
Llave francesa
ajustable
Crescent wrench
Llave inglesa
Plumber’s wrench
Llave pico de ganso
(rench)
(créscent rench)
(plamers rench)
Basin wrench
(beis·n rench)
Lijadora
Sander
Lima
File
Mandil de carpintero
Carpenter’s apron
Manguera
Hose
Marro
Sledgehammer
Martillo
Hammer
Martillo de bola
Martillo chivo
Martillo para tejamanil
Máscara
Mazo
(sander)
(fai·l)
(karpenters eipron)
(jous)
(sledsh-jámer)
(jámer)
Ball-peen hammer
(bal piyn jámer)
Claw hammer
(klah jámer)
Shingling hammer
(shing·l jámer)
Mask
(mask)
Sledgehammer
(sledsh jámer)
Mallet
(málet)
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139
Herramientas
Mezcladora
Mecha
Mordaza tiradora
de alambre
Navaja
Construccionario
Mixer
(mekser)
Drill bit
(drel bet)
Come-along
(cam-alang)
Utility knife
(iutelety naif)
Nivel
Level
Pala
Shovel
Paleta de albañil
Paleta de relleno
Pico
Pincel
Pinzas
Pinzas de
canto de panel
Pinzas perras
Plomada
(lev·l)
(shav·l)
Mason’s trowel
(méisons tróuel)
Joint filler trowel
(dyoint féler tróuel)
Pick
(pek)
Brush
(brash)
Pliers
(plaiers)
Panel edge clips
(pán·l edsh cleps)
Vise grip pliers
(vais grep plaiers)
Plumb bob
(plam bab)
Plana
Darby
Prensa
Clamp
Prensa en C
C-Press
(darbi)
(clamp)
(si-pres)
C-Clamp
(si-clamp)
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140
Herramientas
Construccionario
Punzones
Rastrillo
Punches
(panches)
Batten
(bat·n)
Rake
(reik)
Regla T
T-square
Retroexcavadora
Back hoe
Revolvedora
Mixer
Secadora
Dryer
Segueta
Hacksaw
Serrucho
Serrucho de mano
Serrucho guillotina
Sierra
Sierra alternativa/
reciprocante
Sierra circular de mesa
Sierra circular
de mano
Sierra circular con
tornillo sinfin
Sierra de cadena
Sierra de corte angular
(ti skuér)
(bak jou)
(mekser)
(draier)
(jak sah)
Saw
(sah)
Handsaw
(jand-sah)
Radial arm saw
(reidial arm sah)
Saw
(sah)
Reciprocating saw
(receprokeiting sah)
Table saw
(teib·l sah)
Circular saw
(sercular sah)
Worm drive circular saw
(warm draiv sercular sah)
Chain saw
(chein sah)
Compound mitre saw
(campaund mitre sah)
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141
Herramientas
Sierra de disco
Sierra de
ingletes compuesta
Sierra de madera
Sierra de retroceso
para ingletes
Sierra de vaivén
Sierra eléctrica
Construccionario
Circular saw blade
(sercular sah bleid)
Compound mitre saw
(campaund mitre sah)
Cut-off saw
(kat-af sah)
Mitre saw
(mitre sah)
Jigsaw
(dyeg-sah)
Electric saw
(ilektrek sah)
Power saw
(pauer sah)
Sierra fija
Table saw
(teib·l sah)
Radial saw
(reidial sah)
Sierra para metales
Sierra para cortar
Sopapa
Sopladora
Soplete
Taladro
Taladro de mano
Taladro eléctrico
Tijeras para metal
Hacksaw
(jak sah)
Cut-off saw
(kat-af sah)
Plunger
(plandyer)
Blower
(blouer)
Soldering torch
(sadering torch)
Drill
(drel)
Brace and bit
(breis and bet)
Electric drill
(eléctrec drel)
Sheet metal shears
(shiyt métal shirs)
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142
Herramientas
Construccionario
Torno/tornillo
de banco
Trazador de metal
Zapa
Zapapico
Vice bench
(vais bench)
Metal scribe
(métal scraib)
Hoe
(jou)
Pick-axe
(peck-ax)
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143
Herramientas
Construccionario
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144
Frases útiles
1. Busco trabajo.
I am looking for work.
(ai em luking for wark)
2. Tengo experiencia como carpintero (plomero,
electricista, jornalero, albañil, etc.).
I have experience as a carpenter (plumber, electrician, laborer, bricklayer, etc.).
[ai jav experiens as ei carpenter (plamer, electrishan leibor·r,
brek-lei·r)]
3. Soy buen trabajador. No soy torpe.
I am a good worker. I am not clumsy.
(ai em ei gud wark·r ai em not clamsy)
4. Tengo mi tarjeta verde.
I have my green card.
(ai jav mai grin card)
5. Soy miembro de la unión — aquí esta mi
credencial.
I am a member of the union — here is my membership card.
(ai em a member av da iunion-jir es mai membershep card)
6. Tengo mis propias herramientas.
I have my own tools.
(ai jav mai oun tuls)
7 . He trabajado por varios años en los Estados
Unidos (México, Guatemala, etc.).
I have worked for years in the U.S. (Mexico, Guatemala, etc).
(ai jav workt for yirs in da IU-ES)
8. Tengo transportación (carro, camioneta, etc.).
I have transportation (a car, a pick-up, etc.).
[ai jav transporteishwn (ei car, ei pikap)]
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145
Useful Phrases
Constructionary
9. Puedo trabajar todos los dias.
I can work every day.
(ai can wark evry dei)
10. Haré muy buen trabajo para usted.
I will do a very good work for you.
(ai uil du ei very gud wark for iu)
11. Estudio mi Construccionario todos los días
para aprender inglés.
I study my Constructionary every day to learn
English.
(ai stadi mai constracshonery evry dei tu lern inglesh)
12. ¿Cuánto paga este trabajo?
How much does this job pay?
(jau mach das des dyob pey)
13. ¿Puedo trabajar más horas?
Can I work more hours?
(can ai work mor auers)
14. Ya terminé con eso. ¿Qué quiere que haga
ahora?
I finished that. What do you want me to do now?
(ai feneshd dat. Juat du iu uant mi tu du nau)
15. ¡Ojo!/¡Aguas!
Look out!
(luk aut)
16. ¡Agáchese!
Duck!
(dak)
17. Ayúdeme a (levantar, llevar, clavar, amontonar, etc.) esto.
Help me (lift, carry, nail, load, stack, etc.) this
[jelp mi (left kerri, neil, loud, stack, etc.) thes]
18. Permítame ayudarle con eso.
Let me help you with that.
(let mi jelp iu with dat)
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146
Constructionary
Useful Phrases
19. ¿Dónde...? ¿Dónde está...? ¿Dónde están...?
Where...? Where is...? Where are...?
(juer...? juer es...? juer ar...?)
20. ¿Puedo tomar el día libre? No me siento bien
May I have the day off? I am not feeling well
(mei ai jav de dei off? ai am not fifling uel)
21. ¿Dónde quiere que ponga esto?
Where do you want me to put this?
(juer du iu uant me.to pat dis?)
22. ¿Está bien si tomo un descanso?
Is it OK if I take a break?
(is et okey ef ai taik a breik?)
23. Conozco a alguien que hace ese trabajo
I know someone that does this kind of work
(ai nou somuan dat das dis kaind av wark)
24. Me duele (la cabeza, la pierna, el brazo la
mano, el estomago)
My (head, leg, arm, hand, stomach) hurts
(mai [jed, leg, arm, jand, stomak] jurts)
25. ¿Cuándo voy a recibir mi pago?
When am I going to get paid?
(juen am ai going to guet peid?)
26. ¿Puedo usar el telefono?
May I use the phone?
(mei ai ius da foun?)
27. ¿No es eso peligroso?
Isn’t that dangerous?
(isnt dat danyeros?)
28. No acostumbro tomar durante horas de trabajo
I don’t drink during working hours
(ai dont drink darin warking auers)
29. Lo hare enseguida/inmediatamente
I’ll do that right away/immediately
(ai’ll do dat rairauey/imidiatly)
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147
Useful Phrases
Constructionary
30. ¿Como dijo? No lo escuche bien
I beg your pardon? I could’t hear you well
(ai beg iur pardn? ai coudn jir iu uel)
31. Conozco a un buen abogado
I know a good lawyer
(ai nou ai gud loyer)
32. No se preocupe, ya lo estamos haciendo
Don’t worry, we are already doing that
(dont uorry ui ar alredi duin dat)
33. Necesito ir al baño
I have to go to the bathroom
(ai jav tu go tu da bath·rum)
34. Tengo sed/hambre
I am thirsty/hungry
(ai am thersti/jangri)
35. ¿Puedo usar (la pala, la sierra, el martillo,
etc)?
May I use the (shovel, saw, hammer, etc)?
(mei ai ius da [shov-l, so, jamer] )
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148
Los números
The numbers
0
cero
zero
1
uno (una)
one
2
dos
two
3
tres
three
4
cuatro
four
5
cinco
five
6
seis
six
7
siete
seven
8
ocho
eight
9
nueve
nine
10
diez
ten
11
once
eleven
12
doce
twelve
13
trece
thirteen
14
catorce
fourteen
15
quince
fifteen
16
dieciséis
sixteen
17
diecisiete
seventeen
18
dieciocho
eighteen
19
diecinueve
nineteen
20
veinte
twenty
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149
Tablas
Construccionario
21
veintiuno
twenty-one
22
veintidós
twenty-two
30
treinta
thirty
31
treinta y uno
thirty-one
40
cuarenta
forty
50
cincuenta
fifty
60
sesenta
sixty
70
setenta
seventy
80
ochenta
eighty
90
noventa
ninety
100
cien
one hundred
101
ciento uno
one hundred
and one
200
doscientos
two hundred
300
trescientos
three hundred
400
cuatrocientos
four hundred
500
quinientos
five hundred
600
seiscientos
six hundred
700
setecientos
seven hundred
800
ochocientos
eight hundred
900
novecientos
nine hundred
1,000
mil
one thousand
2,000
dos mil
two thousand
1,000,000
un millón
one million
2,000,000
dos millones
two million
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150
Tablas
Construccionario
Los meses del año
The months of the year
enero
January
febrero
February
marzo
March
abril
April
mayo
May
junio
June
julio
July
agosto
August
septiembre
September
octubre
October
noviembre
November
deciembre
December
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151
Tablas
Construccionario
Los días de la semana
The days of the week
lunes
Monday
martes
Tuesday
miércoles
Wednesday
jueves
Thursday
viernes
Friday
sábado
Saturday
domingo
Sunday
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152
TABLAS DE CONVERSIÓN POR UNIDADES SÍMBOLOS Y
PREFIJOS EN UNIDADES SI (SISTEMA INTERNACIONAL)
Cantidad
UNIDADES DE BASE
Unidad
Longitud
Masa
Tiempo
Corriente eléctrica
Temperatura termodinámica
Cantidad de sustancia
Intensidad luminosa
Símbolo
Metro
Kilogramo
Segundo
Amperios
Kelvin
Mol
Candela
Cantidad
UNIDADES SI
SUPLEMENTARIAS
Unidad
Ángulo plano
Ángulo sólido
Radián
Estereorradián
m
kg
s
A
K
mol
cd
Símbolo
rad
sr
PREFIJOS SI
Factor de multiplicación
Prefijo
exa
1 000 000 000 000 000 000=1018
peta
1 000 000 000 000 000=1015
tera
1 000 000 000 000=1012
9
giga
1 000 000 000=10
1 000 000=106 mega
kilo
1 000=103
2
hecto
100=10
deca
10=101
-1
deci
0.1=10
0.01=10-2
Símbolo
E
P
T
G
M
k
h
da
d
centi
c
mili
m
0.000 001=10-6
micro
µ
-9
nano
n
-12
pico
p
-15
femto
f
-18
ato
a
-3
0.001=10
0.000 000 001=10
0.000 000 000 001=10
0.000 000 000 000 001=10
0.000 000 000 000 000 001=10
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153
Tablas
Construccionario
UNIDAD SI DERIVADA CON NOMBRES ESPECIALES
Cantidad
Unidad Símbolo Fórmula
Frecuencia (de un fenómeno periódico) hertz
Hz
1/s
Fuerza
newton
N
kg·m/s2
Presión, esfuerzo
pascal
Pa
N/m2
Energía, trabajo, cantidad de calor
joule
J
N·m
Potencia eléctrica, flujo radiante
vatio
W
J/s
Cantidad de electricidad, carga eléctrica culombio
C
A·s
Potencia eléctrica, diferencia de
potencial, fuerza electromotriz
voltio
V
W/A
Capacidad eléctrica
faradio
F
C/V
Resistencia eléctrica
ohm
W
V/A
Conductancia
siemens
S
A/V
Flujo magnético
weber
Wb
V·s
Densidad del flujo magnético
tesla
T
Wb/m2
Inductancia
henrio
H
Wb/A
Flujo luminoso
Lumen
lm
cd·sr
Iluminancia
lux
lx
lm/m2
Actividad (de radionúclidos)
bequerel
Bq
l/s
Dosis absorbida
gray
Gy
J/kg
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154
Tablas
Construccionario
FACTORES DE CONVERSIÓN
a
Multiplicar por
LONGITUD
1 milla (normativa de Estados Unidos) Km
1.609 344
1 yarda = 1 yd
M
0.9144
1 pie = 1 ft
M
0.3048
Mm
304.8
1 pulgada = 1 in
Mm
25.4
ÁREA
1 milla2 (normativa de Estados Unidos) Km2
2.589 998
1 acre (agrimensura de Estados Unidos) Ha
0.404 6873
m2
4046.873
1 yd2
m2
0.836 1274
m2
0.092 903 04
1 ft2
1 in2
mm2
645.16
VOLUMEN, MÓDULO DE SECCIÓN
l acre ft
m3
1233.489
3
m3
0.764 5549
1 yd
100 tablón ft
m3
0.235 9737
m3
0.028 316 85
1 ft3
L(dm3)
28.3168
mm3
16 387.06
1 in3
mL (cm3)
16.3871
0.158 9873
1 barril (42 galones de Estados Unidos) m3
CAPACIDAD (FLUIDO)
1 galón (líquido Estados Unidos)* 1 gal L**
3.785 412
1 cuarto (líquido Estados Unidos) = 1 qt mL
946.3529
1 pinta (líquido Estados Unidos) = 1 pt mL
473.1765
mL
29.5735
1 onza fluida (Estados Unidos) = 1 fl oz
m3
0.003 785 412
1 gal (líquido de Estados Unidos)
Para convertir
**1 litro aprox.
*1 galón (Reino Unido) aprox. 1.2 gal (Estados Uni- 0.001
metro
dos)
cúbico
1 in4
1° (grado)
1' (minuto)
1" (segundo)
SEGUNDO MOMENTO DEL ÁREA
mm4
416 231 4
m4
416 231 4 10-7
ÁNGULO PLANO
rad
0.017 453 29
mrad
17.453 29
urad
290.8882
urad
4.848 137
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155
Tablas
Construccionario
VELOCIDAD
m/s
0.3048
km/h
1.609 344
m/s
0.447 04
TASA DE VOLUMEN DEL FLUJO
1 ft3/s
m3/s
0.028 316 85
1 ft3/min
L/s
0.471 9474
1 gal/min
L/s
0.063 0902
1 gal/min
m3/min
0.0038
1 gal/h
mL/s
1.051 50
1 millón gal/d = 1 million gal/d
L/s
43.8126
1233.49
1 acre ft/s
m3/s
INTERVALO DE TEMPERATURA
1°F
°C o K
0.555 556
5/9 °C = 5/9K
TEMPERATURA EQUIVALENTE (toC = TK - 273.15)
tO C
tOF = 5/9tOC + 32
tOF
MASA
1 tonelada (corta ***) = 1 ton
tonelada
0.907 185
métrica
kg
907.1847
1 libra = 1 lb
kg
0.453 5924
1 onza = 1 oz
g
28.349 52
***1 tonelada larga (2,240 lb)
Kg
1016.047
MASA POR UNIDAD DE ÁREA
1 lb/ft2
Kg/m2
4.882 428
g/m2
33.905 75
1 oz/yd2
1 oz/ft2
g/m2
305.1517
DENSIDAD (MASA POR UNIDAD DE VOLUMEN)
1 lb/ft3
Kg/m3
16.01846
3
Kg/m3
0.593 2764
1 lb/yd
1 ton/yd3
t/m3
1.186 553
FUERZA
1 tonf (tonelada-fuerza)
KN
8.896 44
1 kip (1,000 lbf)
Kn
4.448 22
1 lbf (libra-fuerza)
N
4.448 22
1 ft/s
1 milla/h
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156
Construccionario
Tablas
MOMENTO DE FUERZA, TORSIÓN
N·m
1.355 818
N·m
0.112 9848
kN·m
2.711 64
kN·m
1.355 82
FUERZA POR UNIDAD DE LONGITUD
1 lbf/ft
N/m
14.5939
1 lbf/in
N/m
175.1268
1 tonf/ft
kN/m
29.1878
PRESIÓN, ESFUERZO, MÓDULO DE ELASTICIDAD
(FUERZA POR UNIDAD DE ÁREA) (1 Pa = 1 N/m2)
MPa
13.7895
1 tonf/in2
1 tonf/ft2
kPa
95.7605
MPa
6.894 757
1 kip/in2
1 lbf/in2
kPa
6.894 757
1 lbf/ft2
Pa
47.8803
Atmósfera
kPa
101.3250
1 pulgada de mercurio
kPa
3.376 85
1 pie (columna de agua a 32°F)
kPa
2.988 98
TRABAJO, ENERGÍA, CALOR (1J = 1N·m = 1W·s)
1 kWh (550 ft·lbf/s)
MJ
3.6
1 Btu (Tabla int.)
kJ
1.055 056
J
1055.056
1 ft·lbf
J
1.355 818
COEFICIENTE DE TRANSFERENCIA DE CALOR
W/(m2·K)
5.678 263
1 Btu/(ft2·h·°F)
CONDUCTIVIDAD TÉRMICA
1 Btu/(ft·h·°F)
W/(m·K)
1.730 735
ILUMINANCIA
1 lm/ft2 (pie candela)
lx (lux)
10.763 91
LUMINANCIA
1 cd/ft2
cd/m2
10.7639
1 pie lambert
cd/m2
3.426 259
3.183 099
1 lambert
kcd/m2
1 lbf·ft
1 lbf·in
1 tonf·ft
1 kip·ft
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157
Tablas
Construccionario
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158

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