Készségfejlesztő feladatgyűjtemény

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Készségfejlesztő feladatgyűjtemény
Pre-intermediate
Készségfejlesztő feladatgyűjtemény
2
1
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acknowledgements
The publisher would like to thank the following for the permission to reproduce images:
OUP pp.4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 11, 12, 17, 18, 20, 21, 22, 23.
Illustrations by: Mark Duffin pp. 14, 15.
Contents
File 1 Travellers’ Tales4
●
File 2 Live Music6
●
File 3 Dream experiences, future plans8
●
File 4 Friendly cities, faster living10
●
File 5 School sports12
●
File 6 Global issues14
●
File 7 Mothers of invention16
●
File 8 Modern life and technology18
●
File 9 Love, etc.20
●
Test
22
English-Hungarian wordlist
24
1
Travellers’ Tales
c Read the following sentences. Which came first, a or b?
1r e a d i n g
a Ask and answer with a partner.
What do you like to do on holiday?
What’s the most exciting thing you’ve done on holiday?
Have you ever done anything dangerous on holiday?
b Read the text. Mark the sentences T (true), F (false), or ?
(doesn’t say).
1 Jeremy’s ex-girlfriend is called Anna-Celina.
2 A blue piste is easier than a black piste.
3 Anna-Celina was on holiday in Austria.
4 Jeremy broke a tree when he had his accident.
1 a Jeremy split up with his girlfriend.
b Jeremy and Steve flew to Austria.
2 a Steve skied down the black piste.
b Jeremy skied down the black piste.
3 a Jeremy hit a tree stump.
b Jeremy broke his leg.
4 a Steve knew something was wrong.
b Anna-Celina found Jeremy.
5 a Anna-Celina and Jeremy fell in love.
b Jeremy went to hospital.
] ONE TO REMEMBER ]
When Jeremy Taylor went on a skiing holiday to Austria in
the winter of 2006, he got a lot more than he expected.
‘He had just split up with his girlfriend and was really
depressed,’ said Steve Kinsey, Jeremy’s best friend. ‘I knew
he needed a holiday.’
On the 15th of January, Steve and Jeremy flew out from
Gatwick and were soon racing down the slopes on the
fresh snow. ‘We’re not champion skiers but we know what
we’re doing,’ said Jeremy. Everything went perfectly for
the first three days. They spent the days skiing and the
evenings drinking and relaxing.
It was on the fourth day that it happened. Jeremy and
Steve wanted to try their first ‘black’ piste. ‘The blue pistes
are the easy ones for beginners, the red
ones are for the good skiers, and the
black ones are for the professionals,’
explained Steve. ‘Looking back, we
were crazy to try it, but perhaps it
wasn’t so bad in the end.’
When they reached the top, there was
nobody around. It was very windy
and they couldn’t see the bottom of
the piste. Steve went first and skied
carefully down the piste. Jeremy
started a few seconds later. ‘I knew
Steve was in front of me,’ said Jeremy,
‘but I couldn’t see him. I went a little
faster to try and catch him up. That’s
4
when I had the accident. I hit a tree stump and my ski
came off. I was probably doing about 50 kph at the time,
and I broke my leg in two places.’
‘I heard something,’ continued Steve. ‘But Jeremy was
always shouting on the piste so I thought he was OK.
When I got to the bottom I waited for him. After five
minutes, I knew something was wrong.’
Meanwhile Jeremy was lying in the snow, calling for help.
‘The pain was killing me,’ said Jeremy. ‘I shouted and
shouted but no one could hear me. I don’t know how
long I was there but I closed my eyes. I really thought I
was going to die.’ It wasn’t Steve who found Jeremy. It
was a French Olympic skier, Anna-Celina Pons, who found
him. ‘I saw something in the snow,’ said AnnaCelina. I thought it was some rubbish at first! I
skied over and found Jeremy.’
‘She saved my life,’ said Jeremy. ‘I wouldn’t be
alive today if it wasn’t for Anna-Celina.’
Jeremy had to stay for a few days in hospital
and Anna-Celina visited him every day. Their
friendship grew each time she visited and,
little by little, their friendship became love.
‘I know she’s the woman for me,’ said Jeremy
with a big smile on his face.
Are Jeremy and Steve planning any more
holidays? ‘Yes,’ said Steve. ‘Jeremy and AnnaCelina are getting married in July in France
– and they want me to be best man!’
d Match the highlighted words with the correct
definitions.
1 stop going out with
2unhappy
3 the area where you ski
4 mad
5 the part that remains when a tree is cut down
6 speak in a loud voice
2 l i s t e n i n g & s pe a k i n g
1.1 Listen to Nicola talking to Amy about her
holiday. Circle a, b, or c.
1
2
3
How long was Nicola in Rome for?
a Fourteen days
b A week
c Four days
The temperature was _____.
a under 13º C
b about 3º C
c above 30º C
Were there a lot of tourists?
a Yes, it was very crowded.
b Yes, but it was OK.
c No, there weren’t.
4
5
The pizzas were _____.
a small and thin
b big and thin
cexpensive
The people in the hotel were _____.
a friendly and polite
b small but clean
c quite old
What do you think?
Some people think that tourism damages the
environment and local culture of many destinations.
Do you agree? Why (not)?
Do you agree with the proverb ‘travel broadens the
mind’?
Projec t
Think of a tourist destination in your country. Write a letter to
a penfriend about it. Include information on:
•location
•interesting facts
•how to get there
•entrance fee
5
2
Live Music
1r e a d i n g
a Ask and answer with a partner.
When was the last time you went to a live music concert?
Did you enjoy it? Why (not)?
Which band or singer would you most like to see live?
b Read the text and match the headings with paragraphs 1–4.
a
b
c
d
With all this new technology, are live music concerts a thing of the past?
Can we expect the live music scene to last?
How do you like your music?
What are the reasons for the boom in the live music scene?
1
With the blood, sweat, and tears of a live show? Or fast,
clean, and digital, direct from your MP3 player? The way
that we listen to music has changed dramatically over
the last decade with the evolution of technology. New
albums are not only released on CD, but in multiple formats
such as digital, USB flash drives, ring tones, and streams.
The way that people produce, buy, and listen to music is
transforming the economics of the music industry.
2
Absolutely not! In the UK, over 400 music
festivals take place each year, and
more people are going to live shows
than ever. Glastonbury Festival, one
of the UK’s biggest music events, is
growing every year and in 2007 will
host 175,000 people. The Performing
Rights Society which collects royalties for
songwriters, collected $24 million in 2005 from live pop
events in Britain. This was more than double the amount
collected in 2000.
and DJ events were more popular than traditional live
concerts. With the success of rock groups like Kasabian,
Franz Ferdinand, and The Kaiser Chiefs, there has been
a move back to live performances where fans can meet,
share, and physically experience music.
Another reason is financial; as fewer CDs are sold due to
digital music downloads, playing live is an important way
for singers to make money. Corporations such as mobile
phone and beer companies are happy to sponsor live
music events because of the large audiences they
can reach, and sponsored events such as
festivals are getting bigger every year.
Live!
3
One explanation is fashion and changing music trends.
During the dance music revolution of the 1990s, nightclubs
6
4
For the MP3 generation, music can be a
solitary experience, but most music lovers
agree that listening to music on a digital player
or mobile phone is nothing like experiencing it in
person. Fans want to get close to their favourite groups,
and experience the excitement and immediacy of a live
show. In 2006, tickets for major UK festivals such as T in
the Park and the V Festival sold out within hours. In 2007,
the Millennium Dome in London is re-opening as a new
music venue with a capacity of 23,000 people. The live
music scene in the UK is only going to get bigger!
c Answer the questions.
1
2
3
4
5
6
How many music festivals take place in the UK each year?
What is the Performing Rights Society?
What sort of music was popular in the 1990s?
Why is playing live important for bands?
How quickly did tickets for the major UK festivals sell in 2006?
What is the new role of the Millennium Dome?
2l i s t e n i n g
a
2.1 Listen to three people talking about music festivals. Which of
the countries is NOT mentioned?
England Ireland Scotland Wales
b Listen again and correct the wrong information.
1 T in the Park is held in Edinburgh.
2 There are twelve different stages.
3 The ‘T Break’ stage is for famous bands.
4 You keep your ticket with you at Reading Festival.
5 You can only watch music at the festival.
6The Small Nations Festival is held in June.
7 The festival is exclusively for Welsh bands and singers.
8 Workshops include jazz dance and film-making.
3 r e a d i n g & s pe a k i n g
Read the concert guide. Suggest a suitable concert.
1 Andrew I want to go to a concert with my friends. We don’t mind
what type of music we see but we can’t spend more than £25 each.
2 Caroline I have a ticket for Moby but I don’t know how to get to
the venue. Can you help?
3 Angela I want to go to dinner and then listen to some live music
later in the evening. What would you recommend?
4 Natasha I live in Kensington, and don’t want to travel too far to see
a concert. I’d like a relaxing concert where I can sit down.
5 Chris It’s a special occasion so price isn’t important. I love rock
and pop and would like to see a concert in a big venue.
6 Stuart I want to go to a concert with my girlfriend where we can
dance. Any kind of music is fine except heavy metal! I want to
travel by bus.
What do you think?
What technology do you use to listen to music?
What types of music are best played live?
Live music concerts
London, Friday 22nd November
Moby
Brixton Academy
Type of music: Electronic house
Ticket price: £29.50
Time: 9 p.m.
Transport to venue: Tube (Brixton station; Victoria line);
Bus (No. 2, 35, 37, 59); Parking (Pope’s Road)
Ennio Morricone
Royal Albert Hall
Type of music: Classical
Ticket price: £19 / £ 22.50 / £27.50
Time: 7.30 p.m.
Transport to venue: Tube (South Kensington, High
Street stations; Circle and District lines); Train (Victoria
station); Bus (No. 9, 10, 52, 360); Limited parking
from 6 p.m.
Robbie Williams
Wembley Stadium
Type of music: Pop
Ticket price: £56 / £93 / £100
Time: 7 p.m.
Transport to venue: Tube (Wembley Park, Wembley
Central stations; Metropolitan line); Parking (King’s Road)
Korn
Hammersmith Apollo
Type of music: Heavy metal
Ticket price: £20
Time: 7 p.m.
Transport to venue: Tube (Hammersmith station;
Piccadilly, District and Hammersmith & City lines); Bus
(No. 9, 10, 27, 33); Parking (King’s Mall)
Projec t
In 2007, a series of concerts called Live Earth took
place across the world.
Use the Internet to find out more about them.
Write an article for a school magazine describing
the events. Include information on:
•when
•where
•who
•why
7
3
Dream experiences, future plans
1 r e a d i n g & s pe a k i n g
a Ask and answer with a partner.
What are your dreams and ambitions?
What’s your dream job?
A dream journey
Where will you live in the future?
If you travel in the future, where will you go?
b Read the text. Tick (✓) the things the author
mentions.
1reptiles
2 comfortable hotels
3 different coloured rocks
4 beautiful night skies
5 heavy rain
6 very cold nights
c Match the highlighted words with their
definitions.
1fun
2 things you look at, e.g. mountains, rivers,
trees, etc.
3 a hill of sand
4 something to stop you burning in the sun
5 something you sleep in when you go
camping
d Answer the questions.
1 How many people were on the trip?
2 What form of transport was used?
3 Which places of interest are mentioned in
the text?
4 Why is it warmer in the Sinai than in
Europe?
5 Which animals were seen in the desert?
e Ask and answer with a partner. What’s
the most interesting journey you’ve been
on? Who did you go with? Write a short
summary of your trip. Use the text to help.
8
The most unforgettable journey I have ever made was
in Egypt in 1999. I was with six other tourists travelling
through the Sinai desert. To look after us there were seven
Bedouin Arabs and to help us travel through the rocky
desert were seven camels. Riding a camel is a strange
experience and after the first day my friends and I were in
quite a lot of pain. After two or three days it becomes an
enjoyable experience and you are free to appreciate the
fantastic scenery around you.
After four days we reached a special area called Rainbow
Canyon. It is a beautiful narrow valley and the rock is made
up of many different colours. We rode in the early morning
before it got too hot and then rested at midday.
On the fifth day we stopped at an oasis. The camels drank
huge quantities of water, not knowing when they could
drink again. We put more sun cream on our pale skin.
Then we were off again – across sand dunes and along dry
river beds up to our next camp. I remember standing and
watching one evening as the sun sank below the horizon.
The Egyptian sun is much higher than the European
sun and it is also considerably warmer – in summer it is
sometimes 50 degrees Celsius. The Bedouin sang a song,
a very simple song, ‘The ship goes away. The ship comes
back. The ship brings sugar and tea.’ We joined in and sang
with them as the stars came out and filled the sky with
millions of tiny lights.
In total we spent a week riding through the Sinai. We saw
scorpions, lizards, snakes, and on one occasion a desert
fox. We slept under the stars – it was too hot to sleep in our
tents. Now, back in Europe, when I see the stars at night I
remember that trip to Egypt, the camp fire at night, the very
sweet tea we all drank, and the simple but beautiful song,
‘The ship goes away. The ship comes back. The ship brings
sugar and tea.’
2 l i s t e n i n g & s pe a k i n g
a
Listen to these short conversations about future
events. There is one question for each conversation.
Underline the correct answer.
3.1
1 The woman is going to _____.
a see a friend in Notting Hill
b
buy some new clothes
c go sightseeing in London
2
The man is going to _____.
a stay at home
b go to another country
c go to the cinema with
friends
3 Who do they think will
win the Grand Prix?
a Michael Schumacher
b Fernando Alonso
c Ralph Schumacher
4 This weekend the weather is
going to be _____.
a dry and cloudy
b cloudy and rainy
c dry and sunny
5 The woman is going to buy
the _____ shoes.
ablack
bbrown
b
3.2
Listen to Angela talking about her dream.
Complete the chart.
Where?
1 …………………….
Who with?
2 …………………….
Day?
3…….………………
Weather?
4 …………………….
She saw …
5 ……………..…….
What do you think?
Predicting the future is difficult. What do you
think life will be like in 20 years time?
Will Hungary have changed a lot?
Projec t
Using the Internet, look at predictions about the future.
Write a summary. Include information on
•society
•the environment
•transportation
•housing
Present your summary to the class.
6 Last night the woman
_____.
a felt ill
b slept well
c was thinking about her
exam
9
4
Friendly cities, faster living
1 r e a d i n g & s pe a k i n g
Pretoria
a What is the most interesting place to see where you live?
Why?
b Read the texts quickly. Put the capital cities in order
according to their size from largest to smallest.
Ottawa
Ottawa is the capital city of Canada. It has a population
of approximately 850,000 people. The Rideau Canal
passes through Ottawa from Montreal to Kingston.
In the summer, the canal is used for boating, swimming,
and fishing. In the winter, it becomes the longest
ice-skating rink in the world!
Washington DC
Washington DC is the capital of the United States of
America. It has an official population of about 582,000
people but during weekdays this increases by 72% because
of 410,000 commuters! A popular tourist destination in
Washington is the residence of the President of the United
States: The White House, Pennsylvania Avenue. It has 132
rooms and 35 bathrooms! President Theodore Roosevelt
gave the White House its name in 1901.
c Work in pairs:
Student A Read about Ottawa and Pretoria.
Student B Read about Washington DC and London.
While you read, underline two things that you find
interesting or surprising. Tell your partner about them.
d Read the texts. Complete the chart.
City
Ottawa
Pretoria
Washington DC
London
10
Population
South Africa has three capital cities. Cape Town
is the legislative capital, Bloemfontein is the
judicial capital, and Pretoria, or Tshwane, is the
administrative capital. One million people live in
Pretoria. Jacaranda trees with purple flowers line
its streets and some people call it Jacaranda city!
One of its famous landmarks is Church Square.
Here, in 1963 during the Rivonia Trial at the Palace
of Justice, Nelson Mandela was charged with
treason and imprisoned. Church Square is off
Church Street, which is one of the longest straight
streets in the world.
Lo ndo n
London is the capital of the United Kingdom,
with a population of approximately 7.2 million
people. It has a changing skyline with many new
skyscrapers. One of the newest is the Swiss
Re-insurance Tower in the City. It is 180 metres
tall. Its nickname is ‘the gherkin’ because it is
cigar-shaped and it looks like a gherkin! It has
40 floors and a restaurant on the 39th floor.
The tallest building in the United Kingdom is
One Canada Square on Canary Wharf in the
Docklands. It is 235 metres high and Londoners
call it ‘the vertical Fleet Street’, as many of
London’s newspapers moved there from Fleet
Street. It has 50 floors and it takes 40 seconds by
lift to reach the top floor.
What do you think?
Which of these capital cities would you like to visit?
Why?
Places of interest
Projec t
Think of another capital city in the world that you would like
to visit. Use the Internet, newspaper articles, or magazines
to help you find out more about this city and plan a two-day
tour there. Write an email to a friend about your plans. Include
information on:
•where the city is
•what its famous landmarks are
•what you will do there and which places you will visit
2r e a d i n g
a Do you send text messages? How
much money do you spend per
month on them?
b Read the article quickly. Choose the
best summary.
a It is better to read a book than
send a text message.
b Sending text messages is good
for keeping in touch, but has no
educational value.
c Text messaging can be a useful
educational resource.
c Complete the text with the phrases
below.
a the service was launched in 2005
b‘2b?Ntb?=?’
c were being sent throughout the
world each year
d thousands of mobile users already
read full-length novels on their
phone screens
e to students’ mobile phones to help
them prepare for exams
f it is stupid to reduce literary
classics
3 l i s t e n i n g &
s pe a k i n g
4.1 Listen to Caroline explaining
two plot summaries to a friend. Say
whether the SMS text sentences come
from Romeo and Juliet (A) or Pride
and Prejudice (B).
1FeudTween2hses
25SistrsWntngHsbnds
3NuMenInTwnBingly&Darcy
4RMluvsJC+MarrySecrtly
5AsPrtOfPlan2bw/RsndsLeter
BtItNvrReachsHim
6TrnsOutHesRlyANysGuy
7Evry1GtsMaryd
8FmliesBcumFrnds
2b?Ntb?=?
Since the first commercial SMS was
sent in 1992, text messaging has
revolutionized the way we communicate.
In 2011, mobile phone users sent an
average of 200 SMS messages per
month in the United Kingdom, and
by 2012, approximately 8.6 trillion
messages 1
.
However, if you thought text messages
were just for fun, think again! In the UK,
SMS is being used to help students revise
for exams. Some of the longest and most complicated works of English
literature are being compressed into SMS text, and delivered to students’
mobile phones. 2
by a student phone service, with
support from professors at University College London. For example,
Hamlet’s famous line ‘to be or not to be, that is the question’ becomes
3
. The ending of Charlotte Brontë’s novel Jane Eyre,
in which the wife of one of the protagonists burns down her husband’s
house, becomes ‘MadWyfSetsFyr2Haus’.
The scheme sends plots and key passages 4
and
choose quotes for exams or seminars. The texts chosen are connected
to the national curriculum in the UK and university course texts, but
there are plans to extend the service. One of its aims is to compress the
complete works of Shakespeare! Not everyone is in favour of the scheme
and critics say 5
by writers such as Dickens in this
way. Others say that as Dickens began his working life as a shorthand
writer, he would probably approve of the immediacy of SMS plot
summaries.
Can we expect to see more developments in ‘literary texting’ in future?
In the USA, it is possible to read short stories delivered exclusively
through text messages, and in Japan 6
. In Australia,
churchgoers and students can receive extracts from the bible by SMS. It
seems that the possibilities for literary texting are endless.
What do you think?
What are the advantages and
disadvantages of text messaging?
Projec t
What else can mobile phone
technology be used for? Find out
more and write a short article for a
school magazine.
11
5
School sports
1l i s t e n i n g
a Ask and answer with a partner. What sports do you play at school? What is
your favourite sport? How often do you do sport at school?
b Write the name of the sport under each photo.
c
12
1
2
3
4
5
6
Listen to Will talking about sport at his school.
Tick (✓) the sports you hear.
5.1
volleyball
netball golf
tennis cricket
baseball basketball
rugby athletics
football swimming
hockey
d Listen again. Are these sentences T (true) or F (false)?
Correct the false sentences.
1 The boys play football and rugby in the summer.
2 The girls play netball and hockey in the winter.
3 Only the boys play tennis in summer.
4 They wear different P.E. kits in the winter and the
summer.
5 Students studying for a GCSE in P.E. do three hours
of sport a week.
6 It is possible to do a degree in Physical Education.
2r e a d i n g
a Read the email from Will’s American friend. What sports does she play at school?
Hi Will
How are you? Everything’s OK here, though the weather is getting colder now that it’s fall.
Thanks for your last email. It was interesting to hear about what schools in England are like; they
sound pretty similar to schools over here. You do a lot of sports at your school but I think we might do
even more! We play baseball, softball (a lighter style of baseball), American football, basketball, soccer,
field hockey, and kickball. We also do track and field, swimming, and tennis in summer. Our school
mascot is a panther.
My favorite sport is basketball. I love the New York Knicks and often go to watch them play with my
friends or parents. We don’t play rugby at our school. It sounds quite similar to our American football
though, where we can pick up the ball and run with it.
Got to go now. I have lots of homework to do. Email again when you get the chance.
Amy
b Read the email again. Answer the questions.
1
2
3
4
Which sports does Amy do only in summer?
Where does Amy live?
What’s Amy’s favourite sport?
Find the American English words in the text that
mean the following:
•autumn
•athletics
•football
c What is kickball? Read the text . Fill in the gaps with
words from the box.
kick similar shoulders invented soft knocked
Kickball
Kickball was 1
in the United States around
1942. It is 2
to baseball but instead of hitting
the ball with a bat, you 3
it.
Once you kick the ball you have to reach base. You can
be 4
out if someone catches the ball at the
base before you reach it, or if someone touches you
with the ball before you reach base. Fielders may also
throw the ball at the runner to get him/her out. Hitting
someone above the 5
is illegal as it can be
dangerous.
compared to a
The ball is very large and 6
baseball. Teams usually have at least eight players and
no more than eleven.
Projec t
Write an email to Amy about sports at your school. Include
information on:
•what sports you play
•how often you play them
•what you wear
13
6
Global issues
1 r e a d i n g & s pe a k i n g
a Ask and answer with a partner. What are the biggest
environmental problems facing the world today?
b Read the text below. Complete it with the words from
the box.
ecosystems vegetation rainfall diversity
tropical temperature cut down
Emergent layer
Tropical rainforests
The three biggest rainforests in the world are the
Amazon rainforest, the Congo rainforest, and the
Indonesian rainforest. They are found in a belt five
degrees north or south of the equator in areas of
1
climate. Rainforest 2
can
3
support a rich
of plant and animal species.
The average 4
in the rainforest is between
25–30°C with an average annual 5
of
between 1,500 and 3,000 mm. This means a lot of rain
and sun and a very humid and moist atmosphere. The
climate helps plant growth.
45 metres
Upper canopy layer
20 metres
Lower canopy layer
6
.
Rainforests have distinct layers of
Rainforests once covered 14% of the earth’s land
surface but now they cover 6%, and experts estimate
that the last remaining rainforests could be consumed
in less than 40 years. They are being 7
for
logging, cattle ranching, roads, building, and mining.
c
6.1
10 metres
Forest floor
The Structure of a rainforest
Listen and check.
d Read the article below quickly. Underline the effects of
deforestation.
The Amazon rainforest
14
What do you think?
The rainforests of the world are being destroyed. What
impact is this having on our environment?
If the rainforests disappear, what will happen?
The Amazon rainforest is the world’s largest rainforest.
Huge areas of it are being destroyed as man uses its
resources. We lose 50,000 plant, animal, and insect species
every year due to deforestation.
Projec t
25% of western pharmaceuticals come from rainforest
plants and many of these disappear each year. Some people
call the Amazon rainforest the ‘Lungs of our Planet’ as
it continuously recycles carbon dioxide into oxygen. It
produces more than 20% of the world’s oxygen. As the
rainforest is gradually cut down less oxygen is produced.
Use the Internet, newspaper articles, or magazines to find out
more about the environment and what is being done to protect
it. Write an essay including information on:
•the importance of a clean environment
•the problems facing the environment
•solutions to the problems
e Which of the following activities create greenhouse
g Read the text. Answer the questions.
gases? Do you know why?
1
2
3
4
watching television buying fast food driving a car throwing rubbish away
Name the greenhouse gases.
What is the greenhouse effect?
Name two effects of global warming.
What are the objectives of the Kyoto treaty?
f Read the text. Underline the effects of global warming.
Global
warming
When energy from the sun passes through
the atmosphere it warms up the earth.
The energy that is reflected back off the
earth’s surface as heat, is trapped by the
atmosphere. Then greenhouse gases in the
atmosphere hold in this heat. This is known
as the greenhouse effect.
and
the
greenhouse
100 years sea levels have risen by 0.25m.
Global temperatures have increased by
0.6°. Scientists predict these will continue
to rise, causing extreme weather events.
Global warming is also causing parts of
some glaciers and ice-bergs to melt, and
ocean currents are changing. Deforestation
effect
reduces the amount of trees available to
convert carbon dioxide to oxygen.
Governments are trying to change. In
1997 the Kyoto treaty was created as
an international agreement to reduce
carbon dioxide emissions, and protect the
environment.
The greenhouse gases are:
Methane (CH4) – from farming
and landfill sites
Carbon dioxide (C02) –
from power plants making
electricity by burning fossil
fuels (coal and oil)
Nitrous oxide (N20) – from
fertilisers, traffic fumes
industry and agriculture
Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) –
from aerosols, old fridges and
fast-food packaging
The greenhouse effect
naturally stops the Earth from
getting too hot or too cold.
Greenhouse gases contribute
to the greenhouse effect.
An increase in greenhouse
gases in the atmosphere
means that more heat is
trapped and this causes global
warming. The effects of global
warming are that in the last
What do you think?
What is the relationship between the greenhouse
effect and global warming?
What should people do to reduce their
environmental impact?
Solar energy passes
through to the lower
atmosphere
Long wave radiation
given off by earth
Greenhouse gases
LOWER
ATMOSPHERE
Energy re-radiated by
surfaces
Projec t
What is your country doing about pollution and greenhouse gas
emissions? Use the Internet, newspaper articles, or magazines to help
you. Write a report for a school magazine and include information on:
•local projects, e.g. recycling bins
•what you can do to help
15
7
Mothers of invention
1 r e a d i n g & s pe a k i n g
a Ask and answer with a partner. Do you ever travel by train? When was your last train journey?
Where did you go?
b
Read and listen to the text below. Match the highlighted words with the correct definitions.
a place underground where coal is found
goods that are carried from one place to another
the first development of something
buying and selling goods
something that makes money
7.1
1
2
3
4
5
GEORGE STEPHENSON – THE RAILWAY PIONEER
T
he Industrial Revolution began
in Great Britain in about 1760.
Before this date, Great Britain’s
economy was based on agriculture
and trade. In the years after 1760,
Britain changed to a mechanized
system of production of goods for
export. Steam power and the railways
were among the most important
factors to help increase manufacture
of products and make profit for
businessmen.
ne of the most important
contributions to the first
railways in the United Kingdom
was made by George Stephenson. He was born in 1781 near Newcastle.
His family was poor so he could not go to school. When he was tenyears-old, he began working in a colliery. Stephenson was very clever
and good at inventing machines. He became an engineer at the colliery
where he worked. In 1825, he built a railway from Stockton to Darlington
O
so that the owners of the colliery
could transport their coal to the
city easily. The locomotive that
Stephenson built for this railway pulled
21 coal wagons on its first journey.
tephenson also built the Liverpool
to Manchester railway which
opened in 1830, and he designed
a train called ‘the Rocket’ to
travel on it. It was the first train
to pull passengers. It also pulled
freight and travelled at a speed of 39
kilometres per hour! Railways quickly
became very successful and helped to
develop trade. They provided a fast
and easy method of transport. Industry became more profitable, freight
arrived in cities faster, and agricultural products got to market quicker
too. George Stephenson changed the face of the civilized world by
pioneering railways and beginning a transport revolution which spread
around the world.
S
c Read the text again and answer the questions.
1
2
3
4
5
When did the Industrial Revolution take place in Great Britain?
What were the most important factors behind the Industrial Revolution?
Why did Stephenson build the Stockton to Darlington Railway?
What was Stephenson’s Rocket? Why is it famous?
How did the railways help industry during the Industrial Revolution?
What do you think?
Which other forms of transport have developed since the industrial
revolution?
Which form of transport do you prefer? Why?
16
Projec t
Find out more about an invention
from your country. Write a report
for your class and include information
on:
•when and where the invention was
developed
•who invented it
•how it has changed lives
2 r e a d i n g & s pe a k i n g
a List three things that make each human being unique.
b Write whether you think the following statements are T (true) or F (false).
1
2
3
4
Your DNA is the same as that of your brother or sister.
DNA is composed of a double strand of molecules.
DNA can be extracted from teeth.
DNA evidence is used exclusively to solve violent crimes.
c Read the FAQs from a webpage on DNA below. Check your answers and
correct the false sentences.
DNA Today
FAQ 1:Why is DNA evidence important?
In 1988, Colin Pitchfork was convicted of the murders of two
teenage girls in Leicestershire, England. He was the first criminal
to be caught as a result of DNA evidence linking him to the crime.
Now DNA forensics is a very important tool in law enforcement.
It can help to convict suspects like Pitchfork, but it can also help
to free people who are wrongly accused of crimes they didn’t
commit.
FAQ 2:What exactly is DNA?
DNA stands for deoxyribonucleic acid. DNA is made up of two
strands of molecules that form a long, twisting chain called a
double helix.
These molecules are composed of four main chemical
compounds called nucleotides, which form two sets of pairs.
Approximately 3 million base pairs of DNA vary from person to
person, making the DNA of each individual unique, unless you
have an identical twin.
Your DNA is a combination of the DNA of both your parents.
Twenty-three chromosomes from each parent combine to make
diploid cells. These cells form the complete set of genes, or the
genome, of a fertilized egg.
d Read the article again. What do these numbers refer to?
1988 3,500,000 23 3 million 5
What do you think?
Do you think DNA evidence is always reliable?
Can you think of other ways in which DNA can be
used by police or scientists?
FAQ 3:How can DNA help solve crimes?
In order to solve a crime using DNA, investigators have to do
three things: first they collect DNA at the crime scene and
from the suspect (DNA can be extracted from almost any
tissue, including hair, fingernails, bones, teeth, and body fluids);
investigators then analyze the DNA to create a DNA profile;
finally, they compare the profiles to see if they match.
Many countries store DNA profiles in databases. The most
commonly used database in the USA is CODIS (Combined
DNA Index System) which is maintained by the FBI and contains
more than 3,500,000 profiles. Databases help investigators solve
cases where the person who committed the crime is unknown
and only a DNA sample is obtained from the scene.
FAQ 4:Will the police use DNA more widely in the future?
Until recently, DNA evidence was used mainly to investigate
violent crimes such as murder and rape, but this is changing.
In the USA, the Justice Department is running an experimental
programme in five cities using DNA evidence to solve smaller
crimes, like house break-ins and car thefts. Police officers are
being trained in new methods of evidence collection and are
learning how to collect DNA samples at the scene of a crime.
Projec t
Can you think of a famous criminal case involving DNA
evidence? Find out more information and write a short article
for your school magazine about the case. Include information
on:
•when
•type of crime
•DNA evidence
•criminal conviction
17
8
Modern life and technology
1r e a d i n g
a Ask and answer with a partner. What do you use the
Internet for? What are your favourite websites?
b Read the text. Are these sentences T (true) or F (false)?
Correct the false sentences.
1 More people use the Internet in China than in
the USA.
2 The Chinese government encourages people to
express controversial political opinions online.
3 A ‘firewall’ is part of a computer system designed to
prevent people getting unauthorised information.
4 You can download any site you like in Chinese
Internet cafés.
5 It is illegal to start a ‘weblog’ in China unless it is
registered.
6 In the UK you must not express political views online.
Banned!
The Internet is used globally for work, leisure,
education, and business. One country where
Internet usage is rapidly increasing is China,
where more than 100 million people are
connected to the web. Only the USA has more
Internet users than that.
The country’s economic boom means that more
Chinese people can afford to buy computers,
although more than 25% of computer users still
rely on Internet cafés to surf the net. Internet
use is changing the way that the Chinese learn
about the world.
However, the Internet in China is carefully
controlled. The Chinese government blocks many
websites, particularly those which it considers
sexually explicit or politically contentious. Other
websites which are restricted include religious
sites, health sites, and news sites.
Why is the Internet so restricted in China? One
suggestion is that it is a threat to the power of
the governing Communist Party. People can say
what they like on the Internet. They can criticise
and challenge the government, publish their
own opinions, and exchange views with other
18
people. This weakens both the government’s
monopoly over the media and its control over
the people.
In response to this threat, the government has
tried to control what people read and write on
the web. It has created a long list of regulations
for users, censored particular websites, and
introduced an advanced system of filters.
Technology called a ‘firewall’ prevents users from
getting unauthorized information.
Many Internet providers and Internet cafés
employ people to monitor the material on chat
rooms and on websites, and delete anything
‘dangerous’. Personal websites or ‘weblogs’ must
be registered and web users who create illegal
sites or break the Internet laws can be arrested,
fined, or even imprisoned.
Other countries such as Iran, Tunisia, Saudi Arabia,
and Singapore use similar systems of control, and
Internet use is strictly monitored and restricted.
In the USA and most European countries it is
not necessary to register before starting a blog,
and people are allowed to express controversial
views on personal websites.
c Read the text again. Which words in the text mean the
following?
1 time spent when you are not working or studying
2 a period of economic success
3controversial
4 the possibility of danger or risk
5 without official permission
6 a website where people can chat
2 vo c a b u l a ry & s pe a k i n g
a Match the sentence halves.
1
2
3
4
5
6
China’s firewall system is called
The firewall works by
Different levels of censorship are used
When a communication is blocked
The firewall is
A proxy server allows users to make
a filtering words and blocking communication
containing those words.
b indirect connections to other network services.
c the Great Firewall of China, in reference to the
country’s Great Wall.
d not always effective.
e users must wait until the connection is established
again.
f for different sites.
b
8.1
‘Blog’ is a contraction of the word 1
.A
blog is a website where various entries are made
by one or more people. Blogs provide news or
commentary on a subject, such as 2
,
news, or health. They can also be used as
personal online diaries, created for others to read.
A typical blog combines text, images, and links
to other blogs and web pages. The 3
‘to
blog’ means to send comments or opinions to a
weblog.
Blogs are not always textual. Some focus on
photographs 4 (
), videos (vlog), or audio
(podcasting).
Nowadays the use of blogs is widespread.
Several television programmes and
have their own blogs, and even
politicians have used blogs to make contact with
the public.
5
Listen and check your answers.
c What do you know about weblogs? Complete the
paragraph with the words from the box.
verb newspapers weblog photoblog politics
What do you think?
Have you ever contributed to a blog? What type of blog
would you contribute to?
Do you think ‘blogging’ is a useful activity or a waste
of time? Why?
Projec t
In groups, decide on a blog that you would like to create. It
can be related to your school, your city, or Hungary in general.
Write your entry to the blog, expressing your personal opinion,
and discuss it with your group.
19
9
Love, etc.
1l i s t e n i n g
a Ask and answer with a partner.
Have you heard of philosophy counselling? What do you think
philosophy counselling is? How do you think it works?
b
Listen to a conversation between Kate and her friend Jo.
Kate is telling her about a problem she has. What is it?
9.1
c Listen again. Mark the sentences T (true), F (false), or ? (don’t
know). Correct the false ones.
1
2
3
4
Kate wishes she was still with her ex-boyfriend Sam.
Jo has never been in the same situation as Kate.
A philosophy counsellor is the same as a psychologist.
Talking to a philosophy counsellor helped Jo think about her problem in
a different way.
5 It is important to understand philosophy when talking to a philosophy
counsellor.
2r e a d i n g
Read the article about relationships below. Do you agree or disagree with the
writer’s views on love and relationships? Why (not)?
When we face the end of a
relationship or the end of love in
a relationship, most of the time
we view our experience as a
failure. We blame ourselves, or
our partner, or both. Often we feel
sad and depressed. But once we
have recovered from the sadness,
we look for a new love, hoping that
next time the relationship with our
partner won’t fail us or that we
won’t fail the relationship. This
expectation is often unjustified. We
need to fully understand ourselves
and our relationship experiences
to ensure that the ‘failure’ won’t
20
THE END OF LOVE
repeat itself. Changing partners
often doesn’t help us because
we have unrealistic expectations
about love, and expect a single
human being to completely fulfill
all of these ideas to perfection.
For a successful relationship to
work we must make compromises.
Nobody is perfect, and not many
relationships are either!
Analyzing how we think about love,
and how we apply these beliefs
to our real life, can help us in our
own relationships. Philosophy
counselling encourages us to
examine our thoughts from the
different perspective of great
thinkers like Plato, for example.
This can help clarify and adjust our
expectations, and even transform
our views on love.
However, not even famous
philosophers can agree on what
love is, or how to make it work.
Thomas Aquinas wrote ‘Love takes
up where knowledge leaves’, so
perhaps answers can’t be found!
3 r e a d i n g & s pe a k i n g
Looking for love
a Read the article. Circle a, b, or c.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Lisa’s job includes _____.
a travelling to other countries
b writing about politics
c interviewing politicians abroad
Lisa has known all her friends _____.
a since school
b all her life
c for a long time
Lisa goes out _____.
a every night
b to quiet places
cdancing
Lisa isn’t keen on _____.
aalcohol
b love stories
c Italian food
Lisa takes exercise _____.
aregularly
boccasionally
crarely
Lisa doesn’t often have _____.
avegetables
b red meat
ctea
b Read the article again. Are the sentences
T (true) or F (false)?
1
2
3
4
5
Lisa plans to leave her job.
She describes herself as extrovert.
She takes part in team sports.
She drinks a lot of coffee.
She likes talking about serious things.
Looking for Love is an agency that finds partners for single
people of any age. Read about Lisa. Is she your ideal partner?
My name’s Lisa. I’m 28 years old and I’m from Manchester. I’ve
been single for a year now and I’m looking for love.
First let me tell you about my job. I’m a journalist on a local
newspaper which means I write stories about local issues and
sometimes I interview politicians. Although I like my job, I’d like
to work on a national newspaper one day. That’s because I want
to have the opportunity to work abroad. I love travelling and
finding out about different cultures.
When I’m not working, I socialize with my friends. I’ve got a
small group of friends who I’ve known for years. I even used
to go to school with some of them! I’m not really extrovert but
I do like going out and having fun. We usually go to parties,
nightclubs, and restaurants. I also like cooking and my family
and friends tell me I make great pasta! My ideal night in is a
good meal, a bottle of wine, and a DVD. I like thrillers much more
than I like romantic comedies!
I’m not very sporty, but I like to keep fit. I go jogging twice a week
and I sometimes go to the gym at weekends. I used to smoke but
I managed to give up last year. I think I eat quite healthily too.
I eat lots of fruit and vegetables and I try to avoid red meat and
too much coffee. If I’m feeling stressed at work, I drink
water – or tea!
I prefer men who are interested in serious issues
because I like talking about politics and what’s
going on around the world. However, I also like
men who make me laugh and who enjoy going
out and having fun. These characteristics are
more important to me than physical
appearance, although I do like dark men
best!
Please contact Looking for Love if
you sound like the kind of person
I’m looking for!
What do you think?
Plato said ‘love is desire for the continued possession
of the good’. What do you think this means? Do you
agree or disagree?
Projec t
Write a short article for your school magazine about a
famous thinker. Find out more information using the Internet,
newspaper articles, or magazines. Include information on:
•when and where he/she lived
•his/her views and thoughts on love
21
Test
1L i s t e n i n g
2R e a d i n g
a
a Read the text and mark the sentences T (true), F (false),
Listen to part of a radio programme about the
Brontë sisters, Charlotte, Emily, and Anne, who were
19th century British writers. For questions 1–5 complete
the table.
10.1
Name: The Brontë sisters
They lived in (1) ……………
Charlotte was born in (2) ……………
Charlotte wrote (3) …………… novels in total.
Emily and Ann both died of (4) ……………
Charlotte was married for (5) …………… months.
or ? (doesn’t say).
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Walking is very popular in California.
Fittrek is a new kind of walking.
It is better to exercise for a long period of time.
Not many people can swim for an hour.
Walking is good exercise for elderly people.
It is easier to walk without a pole.
Exercising outside helps reduce stress. Walking is a good time to think about your
problems.
9 Running and walking are both good for you.
10 Walking is a safer form of exercise than running.
/5
b
10.2 Listen to part of the radio news. For questions
6–10 circle a, b, or c.
6
7
8
9
10
Walking to fitness
How many people died in the train crash?
a 37 people.
bNobody.
c 11 people.
The government is going to spend £200,000,000 to
_____.
a build new hospitals
b create a new National Health Service
c have more doctors and nurses
The scientists _____.
a don’t think the Loch Ness monster exists
b published a photo of the monster in the newspaper
c have taken a photograph of a strange animal
The winners of the three rugby matches were _____.
a France, Wales, and Ireland
b France, England, and Ireland
c France, England, and Italy
Tomorrow in the south of Britain it will be _____.
a dry but cold
b warmer but wet
c windy and cold
/5
/10
22
/10
More than 50% of people in
America say walking is their only
form of exercise, and it is never
likely to go out of fashion as a
way of keeping fit. But walking is
becoming something different. If
you spend a day in New York’s
Central Park, you’ll see groups
of people walking past with long
poles in their hands. This is a new
form of exercise called Fittrek.
The best way to train aerobically is to use as many
muscles as possible, so you can exercise for a longer
period of time. Swimming and cross-country skiing are
also very good ways to exercise for this reason, but not
many people can swim for a whole hour – and not many
would want to. That’s why walking is excellent exercise for
beginners – it is very easy to do. It becomes even easier
and better for you when the walkers use poles.
Another good thing about walking is that you do your
exercise outside. Being outside makes you feel good
in winter, and can help reduce stress. When you are
out walking, you should forget about work and the
day’s problems and think about the world around you.
Wherever you are, look at the sky, listen to the sounds,
feel the air on your face. This effect and others can also
be had from running, but walkers are less likely to suffer
an injury. This makes walking better for older people too.
Walking is excellent exercise and you can be sure if you
walk often, you will feel better fast.
b Read the second text and answer the questions.
3W r i t i n g
1 What does the word safari mean to the author?
2 Where does the author stay on safari?
3 Why was the author surprised the first time he went
to Africa?
4 How many animals does the author mention?
5 Has the author been to Africa many times?
/5
What do you do in your leisure time? Write two paragraphs.
Paragraph 1
The good side:
What kind of activities do you enjoy?
How regularly do you do them? How do they make you
feel?
What are the good effects?
Paragraph 2
The bad side:
Are there any negative affects to your hobby/interest?
Can you often think of better things to do?
Final sentence
Would you recommend it to someone else?
/10
AS A TRAVEL WRITER,
I’ve probably been on most types of holiday.
I’ve been walking in the mountains in Nepal,
whale-watching in the Pacific Ocean, scubadiving in the Great Barrier Reef. But for me,
there is nothing on earth like a safari.
In Swahili, which is the everyday language of East Africa, the word safari simply means
going on a journey. But for myself and for explorers and adventurers through the
years, a safari is much more than just a journey.
One of the greatest things about a safari is living in a tent in the wild. These days, with
tourism, the tents are often very large and there are all sorts of luxuries, but the safari
experience is still the same. When you go on a safari, you escape the towns and the cities.
You travel back in time and meet Africa’s most magnificent animals – elephants,
lions, zebras, and the rest.
It doesn’t matter how many wildlife programmes you’ve seen on TV or how many times
you’ve seen lions in a zoo. There’s nothing like seeing the animals living naturally in
Africa.
I first went on a safari over thirty years ago and I still remember the very first moments
when I arrived. I remember the excitement of flying in a small plane from Nairobi (the
Kenyan capital) to the Masai Mara for the first time. I remember looking down and
feeling surprised at how green the land was. A herd of elephants were standing in the
long green grass and as we flew past they shook their ears. I spotted giraffes,
buffaloes, and baboons as we flew. When we landed and I stepped out into the
bright sunshine and breathed the hot, sweet smell, I knew I would come back
to Africa time and time again.
23
Wordlist
A szójegyzéket File-onként
szerkesztettük. Tartalmazza a
tankönyv és a MultiROM Szókincstárait (Vocabulary Banks), a tankönyv
összes kiemelt szavát, valamint a
munkafüzet „További megtanulandó
szavak“ (More Words to Learn)
táblázatainak anyagát.
File 1
Vocabulary Bank
Classroom language
Ask and answer the questions. /ɑːsk
ənd ɑːnsə ðə ˈkwestʃənz/ Tegyél fel
kérdéseket és válaszolj!*
(*Természetesen helyzettől függően a fenti
mondatok magázó alakban és többes szám
második személyben is fordíthatóak, pl. Tegyen
fel kérdéseket! ill. Tegyetek fel kérdéseket!)
Don’t speak (Italian). /dəunt spiːk/ Ne
beszélj (olaszul)!
Don’t write. /dəunt raɪt/ Ne írj!
Go to page 34. /gəu tə peɪdʒ θɜːti fɔː/
Lapozz a 34. oldalra!
Look at the board. /lʊk ət ðə bɔd/
Nézz a táblára!
Sit down. /sɪt daʊn/ Ülj le!
Stand up. /stænd ʌp/ Állj fel!
Turn off your mobile. /tɜːn ɒf yə
ˈməubaɪl/ Kapcsold ki a mobilod!
Work in pairs. /wɜːk ɪn peəz/
Dolgozzatok párban!
Write down the words. /raɪt daʊn ðə
wɜːdz/ Írd le a szavakat!
Bye. /baɪ/ Viszlát!
Can I have a piece of paper, please? /
kən aɪ hæv ə piːs əv ˈpeɪpə pliːz/
Kérhetek egy papírlapot? Kaphatok
egy darab papírt?
Could you repeat that, please? /kʊd jə
rəˈpiːt ðæt pliːz/ Megismételné(d)?
Have a good weekend. /hæv ə gʊd
wiːˈkend/ Jó hétvégét!
Here you are. /hɪə juː ɑː/ Tessék. (Itt van.)
How do you pronounce it? /haʊ də jə
prəˈnaʊns ɪt/ Hogyan kell kiejteni?
How do you say sheep in English? /haʊ
də jə seɪ ʃiːp ɪn ˈɪŋglɪʃ/ Hogyan
mondják a birkát angolul?
How do you spell it? /haʊ də jə spel ɪt/
Hogyan betűzik?
See you on Monday. /siː juː ɒn ˈmʌndeɪ/
Hétfőn találkozunk.Viszlát hétfőn!
24
Sorry I’m late. /sɒri aɪm leɪt/ Elnézést
a késésért.
What does awful mean? /wɒt dəz
ˈɔːfəl miːn/ Mit jelent az awful?
Which page is it? /wɪtʃ peɪdʒ ɪz ɪt/
Hányadik oldalon van?
You too. /juː tuː/ Te is / Neked is!
choose /tʃuːz/ választ
circle /ˈsɜːkl/ bekarikáz
complete /kəmˈpliːt/ kiegészít
copy the rhythm /ˈkɒpi ðə ˈrɪðm/
utánozza a ritmust
cover the text /ˈkʌvə ðə tekst/
letakarja a szöveget
cross /krɒs/ x (iksz)
cross out /krɔs aʊt/ kihúz, áthúz
match /mætʃ/ összepárosít
tick /tɪk/ pipa
underline /ʌndəˈlaɪn/ aláhúz
Personality adjectives
extrovert /ˈekstrəvɜːt/ exrovertált,
kifelé forduló
friendly /ˈfrəndli/ barátságos, barátkozó
funny /ˈfʌni/ vicces, humoros
generous /ˈdʒenərəs/ bőkezű
hard-working /hɑːdˈwɜːkɪŋ/
szorgalmas
lazy /ˈleɪzi/ lusta
mean /miːn/ fukar, kapzsi
quiet /ˈkwaiət/ csendes
serious /ˈsɪəriəs/ komoly
shy /ʃaɪ/ félénk, szégyenlős
talkative /ˈtɔːkətɪv/ beszédes
unfriendly /ʌnˈfrendli/ barátságtalan
The body
arm /ɑːm/ kar back /bæk/ hát
bite /baɪt/ harap
brain /breɪn/ agy
ear /ɪə/ fül
eye /ai/ szem
face /feɪs/ arc
feel /fiːl/ érez
feet /fiːt/ láb(fejek)
finger /fɪŋgə/ ujj
foot /fʊt/ lábfej
hair /heə/ haj
hand /hænd/ kéz
head /həd/ fej
hear /hɪə/ hall
heart /hɑːt/ szív
kick /kɪk/ rúg
kiss /kɪs/ csókol, puszil
knee /niː/ térd
leg /leg/ láb(szár)
lip /lɪp/ ajak
mouth /mauθ/ száj
neck /nek/ nyak
nose /nəuz/ orr
see /siː/ lát
shoulder /ˈʃəuldə/ váll
smell /smel/ szagol
smile /smaɪl/ mosolyog
stomach /ˈstʌmək/ gyomor
teeth /tiːθ/ fogak
think /θɪŋk/ gondolkozik
toe /təʊ/ lábujj
tongue /tʌŋ/ nyelv
tooth /tuːθ/ fog
touch /tʌtʃ/ megérint
More Words to Learn
another /əˈnʌðə/ (egy) másik
art gallery /ɑːt ˈgæləri/ galéria,
kiállítóterem
artist /ˈɑːtɪst/ művész
at least /ət ˈliːst/ legalább
author /ˈɔːθə/ szerző
(at the) back /bæk/ hátul
choose /tʃuːz/ választ
contain /kənˈteɪn/ tartalmaz
definition /defəˈnɪʃn/ definíció,
meghatározás
(go on a) date /dəɪt/ randevú(zik)
(the) date /dəɪt/dátum
draw /drɔː/ rajzol
each /iːtʃ/ mindegyik
exam /ɪgˈzæm/ vizsga
explain /ɪkˈspleɪn/ elmagyaráz
famous for /ˈfeɪməs fɔː/ híres vmiről
favourite /ˈfeɪvrɪt/ kedvenc
for example /fə ɪgˈzɑːmpl/ például
foreign languages /ˈfɒrɪn
ˈlæŋgwɪdʒɪz/ idegen nyelvek
(at the) front /frʌnt/ elöl
have in common /hæv ɪn ˈkɒmən/ van
vmi közös (vonás) bennük
I’m sure /aɪm ʃʊə/ biztos vagyok benne
(on the) Internet /ˈɪntənət/ az
internet(en)
introduce /ɪntrəˈdjuːs/ bemutat
mime /maɪm/ utánoz
painting /ˈpeɪntɪŋ/ festmény
panic /ˈpænɪk/ pánik
partner /ˈpɑːtnə/ (munka-) társ,
partner
picture /ˈpɪktʃə/ kép
popular /ˈpɒpjələ/ népszerű
poster /ˈpəʊstə/ poszter, plakát
prefer (to) /prɪˈfɜː/ jobban szeret, mint
recognize /ˈrekəgnaɪz/ felismer
sporty /ˈspɔːtɪ/ sportos
the opposite (of) /ðiː ˈɒpəzɪt/ ellentéte
vminek
traditional /trəˈdɪʃənl/ hagyományos
try (to do something) /traɪ/ megpróbál
vmit tenni
unusual /ʌnˈjuːʒuəl/ szokatlan
website /ˈwəbsaɪt/ honlap
What kind of …? /wɒt kaɪnd əv/
Milyen…?
More words in File 1
abroad /əˈbrɔd/ külföldön
appearance /əˈpɪərəns/ külső megjelenés
be born /biː bɔːn/ megszületik
behind /bɪˈhaɪnd/ mögött
between /bɪˈtwiːn/ (két dolog) között
borrow /ˈbɒrəu/ kölcsönvesz
carefully /ˈkeəfəli/ óvatosan
chat /tʃæt/ beszélget, társalog, cseveg
choice /tʃɔɪs/ választás
coins /kɔɪnz/ érmék, fémpénzek
colleague /ˈkɒliːg/ kolléga, munkatárs
company /ˈkʌmpəni/ cég
conference /ˈkɒnfrəns/ konferencia
dislike /dɪsˈlaɪk/ nem tetszik, nem szeret
flight /flaɪt/ repülőút
get on (well) with /get ɒn wɪð/ jól
kijön vkivel
in /ɪn/ -ban, -ben
in front of /ɪn frʌnt əv/ előtt
in the middle /ɪn ðə ˈmɪdl əv/ középen
instrument /ˈɪntrəmənt/ hangszer
lose /luːz/ elveszít
next to /nekst tə/ közvetlenül mellette
on /ɒn/ -on, -en, -ön
on the left /ɒn ðə left/ bal oldalon,
balra
on the right /ɒn ðə raɪt/ jobb oldalon,
jobbra
opposite /ˈɒpəzɪt/ szemben, átellenben
pleased /pliːzd/ elégedett
programme /ˈprəʊgræm/ műsor
purpose /ˈpɜːpəs/ cél
puzzle /ˈpʌzl/ rejtvény, kirakójáték
same /seɪm/ ugyanaz
sense of humour /sens əv ˈhjuːmə/
humorérzék
show /ʃəʊ/ megmutat
single /ˈsɪngl/ egyedülálló, szingli
stand /stænd/ áll
sunglasses /ˈsʌnglɑːsɪz/ napszemüveg
surprised /səˈpraɪzd/ meglepett,
meglepődött
sweet /swiːt/ édes, drága (személy)
type /taɪp/ zsáner, eset (pl. ő nem a
zsánerem/ nem az esetem.)
under /ʌndə/ alatt
wrong /wrɒŋ/ rossz
File 2
Vocabulary Bank
Phrases with go
go abroad /gəʊ ə‌ˈbrɔːd/ külföldre megy
go away for the weekend /gəʊ əˈweɪ fə
ðə ˈwiːkend/ elutazik a hétvégére
go by car / bus / plane / train
/
gəʊ baɪ cɑː/ /bʌs/ /pleɪn/ autóval,
busszal, repülővel, vonattal megy/
utazik
go camping /gəʊ ˈkæmpɪŋ/
kempingezik
go for a drink /gəʊ fə ə drɪŋk/ beül
vhova egy italra
go for a walk /gəʊ fə ə wɔːk/ sétál egyet
go out at night /gəʊ aʊt ət naɪt/
szórakozik (éjszaka), szórakozni megy
go shopping /gəʊ ˈʃɒpɪŋ/ vásárol(gat)
go sightseeing /gəʊ ˈsaɪtsiːjɪŋ/
városnézésre megy
go skiing /gəʊ skiːjɪŋ/ síel
go swimming / sailing /gəʊ ˈswɪmɪŋ/
úszik / vitorlázik
go to the beach /gəʊ tə ðə biːtʃ/
strandra megy
Other holiday activities
buy souvenirs /baɪ suːvəˈnɪəz/
szuvenírt (emléktárgyat) vásárol
have a good time /hæv ə gʊd taɪm/ jól
érzi magát
hire a car /haɪə ə kɑː/ autót bérel
meet friends /miːt frendz/ barátokkal
találkozik
rent an apartment /rent ən
əˈpɑːtmənt/ lakást bérel
spend money / time /spend mʌni /
tɑim/ időt tölt / pénzt költ
stay in a hotel / campsite /steɪ ɪn ə
h‌ˈəʊtel/ megszáll hotelben /
kempingben
sunbathe on the beach /ˈsʌnbəɪð ɒn
ðə biːtʃ/ napozik a strandon
take photos /teɪk ˈfəʊtəʊz/ fényképez
walk in the mountains / around the
town /wɔːk ɪn ðə ˈmaʊntənz/ /
əˈraʊnd ðə taʊn/ sétál a hegyekben /
a városban
The weather
boiling /ˈbɔɪlɪŋ/ hőség
cloudy /ˈklaudi/ felhős
cold /kəʊld/ hideg
foggy /ˈfɒgi/ ködös
freezing /ˈfriːzɪŋ/ fagy, nagyon hideg
hot /hɒt/ forró
rain /rein/ eső
snow /snəʊ/ hó
sunny /ˈsʌni/ napos
windy /ˈwɪndi/ szeles
More Words to Learn
again /əˈgəɪn/ még egyszer, újra
attack /aˈtæk/ megtámad, támad
awful /ˈɔːfʊl/ rettenetes, borzasztó
balcony /ˈbælkəni/ erkély, balkon
become /bɪˈkʌm/ válik, lesz vmivé
break up with /brəɪk ʌp wɪð/ szakít
vkivel
club /klʌb/ klub
dark (e.g. coat) /dɑːk/ sötét (színű)
delicious /dɪˈlɪʃəs/ ízletes, finom
deserve /dɪˈzɜːv/ megérdemel
DJ /ˈdiːdʒəɪ/ DJ, lemezlovas
each other /iːtʃ ˈʌðə/ egymást
escape (from) /ɪsˈkəɪp/ megszökik
vhonnan
every /‌ˈevri/ minden
exhibition /ˈeksɪbɪʃn/ kiállítás
fantastic /fænˈtæstɪk/ nagyszerű,
fantasztikus
follow /ˈfɒləʊ/ követ
furious /ˈfjʊərɪəs/ nagyon dühös, mérges
great /grəɪt/ nagyszerű
I’m afraid /aɪm əˈfrəɪd/ Attól tartok…
immediately /ɪˈmiːdiətli/ azonnal
in fact /ɪn ˈfækt/ valójában
lead singer /liːd ˈsɪŋə/ (szóló)énekes
lovely /ˈlʌvli/ kellemes
luckily /ˈlʌkɪli/ szerencsére
lyrics /ˈlɪrɪks/ dalszöveg
madly (in love) /ˈmædli/ őrülten
(szerelmes)
miserable /ˈmɪzrəbl/ nyomorult,
szerencsétlen
perfect /ˈpɜːfɪkt/ tökéletes
plane crash /pləɪn kræʃ/
repülőszerencsétlenség, -baleset
poems /ˈpəʊɪmz/ versek
25
share /ʃeə/ megoszt (vkivel vmit)
shout /ʃaʊt/ kiált, kiabál
sign /saɪn/ jel, jelzés
stone /stəʊn/ kő
suddenly /ˈsʌdnli/ hirtelen
terrible /ˈterɪbl/ borzalmas
the news /ðə njuːz/ a hírek
wedding /ˈwedɪŋ/ esküvő
wonderful /ˈwʌndəfl/ csodálatos
More Words in File 2
ambition /æmˈbɪʃn/ ambíció, becsvágy
argue /ˈɑːgjuː/ vitázik, vitatkozik,
megkérdőjelez
cocktail /ˈkɒkteɪl/ koktél
couple (two people) /ˈkʌpl/ pár (házas-,
szerelmes-)
decade /ˈdekeɪd/ évtized
degrees (Celsius) /diˈgriːz/ fok
disaster /dɪˈzɑːstə/ katasztrófa
diving /ˈdaɪvɪŋ/ búvárkodás
dramatic /drəˈmætɪk/ drámai
elevator /ˈeləveɪtə/ lift, felvonó
heat /hiːt/ hő, hőség
heatwave /ˈhiːtweɪv/ hőhullám
hold /həʊld/ megfog, tart vmit
honeymoon /ˈhʌnimuːn/ mézeshetek,
nászút
hurry /ˈhʌri/ siet
invite /ɪnˈvaɪt/ meghív
knock (on the door) /nɒk/ kopog,
kopogtat
lifetime /ˈlaɪftaɪm/ élet, élettartam
lift (elevator) /lɪft/ lift, felvonó
memorable /ˈmemrəbl/ emlékezetes
memory /ˈmemri/ emlék, emlékezet
paradise /ˈpærədaɪs/ paradicsom, éden
peaceful /piːsfəl/ békés
romantic /rəˈmæntɪk/ romantikus
room service /ruːm ˈsɜːvɪs/ szobaszervíz
seafood /ˈsiːfuːd/ tengeri ételek (pl. hal,
rák, kagyló)
shock /ʃɒk/ sokk, döbbenet
sights /saɪts/ látnivalók, nevezetességek
somewhere /ˈsʌmweə/ valahol
File 3
Vocabulary Bank
Opposite verbs
arrive /əˈraɪv/ megérkezik
leave /liːv/ elutazik
borrow /ˈbɒrəʊ/ kölcsönvesz, -kér vkitől
lend /lend/ kölcsönad
buy /baɪ/ vesz, vásárol
26
sell /sel/ elad
catch (a train) /kætʃ/ eléri (a vonatot)
miss (a train) /mɪs/ lekési (a vonatot)
fail /feɪl/ megbukik
pass /pɑːs/ átmegy
find /faɪnd/ megtalál
lose /luːz/ elveszít (tárgyat, meccset)
forget /fəˈget/ elfelejt
remember /rɪˈmembə/ emlékszik
get (a letter) /get/ kap (levelet)
receive /rɪˈsɪːv/ kap
send /send/ küld
learn /lɜːn/ tanul
teach /tiːtʃ/ tanít
pull /pʊl/ húz
push /pʊʃ/ tol
turn off (TV) /tɜːn ɒf/ kikapcsol
turn on (TV) /tɜːn ɒn/ bekapcsol
win (a match) /wɪn/ megnyer (meccset)
More Words to Learn
appear /əˈpɪə/ megjelenik
as well as /əz ˈwel əz/ ugyanúgy, mint /
szintén
au pair /əʊ ˈpeə/ au pair (külföldi
családnál munkát vállaló fiatal lány, aki
segít a ház körül és ellátja a gyerekeket)
builder /ˈbɪldə/ építési vállalkozó
busy /ˈbɪzi/ elfoglalt
champagne /ʃæmˈpeɪn/ pezsgő
Cheer up! /tʃɪə ʌp/ Ne búsulj! Fel a fejjel!
Congratulations! /kəngrætʃuləɪʃnz/
Gratulálok!
definitely /defɪnətli/ határozottan,
feltétlenül
Don’t worry! /dəʊnt wʌri/ Ne aggódj!
electrician /ɪlekˈtrɪʃn/ villanyszerelő
especially /ɪsˈpeʃli/ különösen
everything /ˈevriθɪŋ/ minden
for a short time /fə ə ʃɔːt taɪm/ rövid
időre
frightened /fraɪtənd/ ijedt, rémült
go on /gəʊ ɒn/ folytat
Good luck! /gʊd lʌk/ Sok szerencsét!
hurt /hɜːt/ fáj
I (don’t) think so. /aɪ θɪŋk səʊ/ Azt
hiszem. (Nem hiszem.)
I hope so. / I hope not. /aɪ həʊp səʊ/ /
nɒt/ Remélem. / Remélem, nem.
improve /ɪmˈpruːv/ javul, javít
injection /ɪnˈdʒektʃn/ injekció
It depends. /ɪt dɪˈpendz/ Attól függ.
journey /ˈdʒɜːni/ út, utazás
maybe /ˈmeɪbi/ talán
my own /maɪ ˈəʊn/ a saját …-m
nervous /ˈnɜːvəs/ ideges
Oh dear! /əʊ ˈdɪə/ Te jó ég!
patient /ˈpeɪʃənt/ páciens, beteg
perhaps /pəˈhæps/ talán, esetleg
piece of paper /piːs əv ˈpeɪpə/ egy
darab papír
plumber /ˈplʌmə/ vízvezetékszerelő
probably /ˈprɒbəbli/ valószínűleg
promise /ˈprɒmɪs/ ígéret
romance /ˈrəʊmæns/ románc, szerelmi
kaland
secret /ˈsiːkrɪt/ titok
successful /səksesfl/ sikeres
That’s great! /ðæts greɪt/ Nagyszerű!
too expensive /tuː ɪkˈspensɪv/ túl drága
until /ʌnˈtɪl/ -ig
violin /vaɪəˈlɪn/ hegedű
More words in File 3
a bit /ə bɪt/ egy kicsit, kissé
already /ɔːlˈredi/ már
arrangements /əˈreɪndʒmənts/
előkészületek
baked /beɪkd/ (sütőben) sült
Best wishes! /best ˈwɪʃɪz/ Minden jót!
call back /kɔːl bæk/ visszahív
celebration /seləˈbreɪʃn/ ünnepség
come back /kʌm aʊt/ visszajön
depressed /dɪˈprest/ depressziós
double-decker (bus) /ˈdʌbl ˈdekə/
emeletes busz
either /ˈaɪðə/ bármelyik (kettő közül)
eternal /ɪˈtɜːnəl/ örök
exotic /ɪgˈzɒtɪk/ egzotikus
give back /gɪv bæk/ visszaad
last /lɑːst/ utolsó
look after /lʊk ˈɑːftə/ gondoskodik
vkiről
look for /lʊk fə/ keres vkit/vmit
look forward to /lʊk ˈfɔːwəd tə/
nagyon vár vmit
main course /meɪn kɔːs/ főétel
mushroom /ˈmʌʃruːm/ gomba
operation /ɒpəˈreɪʃn/ műtét, operáció
organize /ˈɔːgənaɪz/ szervez
owl /aʊl/ bagoly
pay back /peɪ bæk/ visszafizet
pessimist /ˈpesɪmɪst/ pesszimista
phrase book /ˈfreɪz bʊk/ társalgási
zsebkönyv
positive /ˈpɒsɪtɪv/ pozitív
psychoanalyst /saɪkəʊˈanəlɪst/
pszichoanalitikus
rare /reə/ gyengén átsütött, véres
(hússzelet)
research /rɪˈsɜːtʃ/ kutatás
starter /ˈstɑːtə/ előétel
steak /steɪk/ hússzelet
swap /swɒp/ kicserél
symbol /ˈsɪmbəl/ jelkép, szimbólum
take back /teɪk bæk/ visszavesz
tip /tɪp/ tipp, ötlet
truth /truːθ/ igazság
well done /wel dʌn/ jól átsütött
(hússzelet)
wine list /waɪn lɪst/ borlap
File 4
Vocabulary Bank
Singular clothes
belt /belt/ öv
blouse /blaʊz/ blúz
cap /kæp/ sapka
coat /kəut/ kabát
dress /dres/ ruha
hat /hæt/ kalap
jacket /ˈdʒækɪt/ dzseki
scarf /skɑːf/ sál
shirt /ʃɜːt/ ing
skirt /skɜːt/ szoknya
suit /suːt/ öltöny
sweater /ˈswetə/ pulóver
tie /taɪ/ nyakkendő
top /tɒp/ ujjatlan felsőrész (női)
tracksuit /ˈtræksuːt/ melegítő,
tréningruha
T-shirt /ˈtiː ʃɜːt/ póló
Plural clothes
boots /buːts/ csizma, bakancs,
magasszárú cipő
jeans /dʒiːnz/ farmer
pyjamas /pəˈdʒɑːməz/ pizsama
shoes /ʃuːz/ cipő
shorts /ʃɔːts/ rövidnadrág
socks /sɒks/ zokni
tights /taɪts/ harisnyanadrág
trainers /ˈtreɪnəz/ edzőcipő, sportcipő
trousers /traʊzəz/ nadrág
Verbs used with clothes
get dressed /get drest/ felöltözik
put on /pʊt ɒn/ felvesz vmit
(ruhadarabot)
take off /teɪk ɒf/ levesz vmit
(ruhadarabot)
try on /traɪ ɒn/ felpróbál vmit
wear /weə/ hord, visel vmit
Opposite adjectives
boring /ˈbɔːrɪŋ/ unalmas
exciting /ekˈsaɪtɪŋ/ izgalmas
interesting /ˈɪntrəstɪŋ/ érdekes
clean /kliːn/ tiszta
polluted /pəˈluːtɪd/ szennyezett
comfortable /ˈkʌmftəbl/ kényelmes
uncomfortable /ʌnˈkʌmftəbl/
kényelmetlen
crowded /ˈkraʊdɪd/ zsúfolt
empty /ˈempti/ üres
dangerous /ˈdeɪndʒərəs/ veszélyes
safe /seɪf/ biztonságos
far /fɑː/ távoli
near /nɪə/ közeli
happy /ˈhæpi/ boldog
unhappy /unˈhæpi/ boldogtalan
healthy /ˈhelθi/ egészséges
unhealthy /ʌnˈhelθi/ egészségtelen
modern /ˈmɒdən/ modern
old /əʊld/ régi
noisy /ˈnɔɪsi/ zajos
quiet /ˈkwaɪət/ csendes
patient /ˈpeɪʃnt/ türelmes
impatient /ɪmˈpeɪʃnt/ türelmetlen
polite /pəˈlait/ udvarias
impolite /ɪmpəˈlait/ udvariatlan
rude /ruːd/ udvariatlan, durva, illetlen
possible /ˈpɒsɪbl/ lehetséges
impossible /ɪmˈpɒsɪbl/ lehetetlen
tidy /ˈtaɪdi/ rendes, rendszerető
untidy /ʌnˈtaɪdi/ rendetlen
More Words to Learn
accident /ˈæksɪdənt/ baleset
at the last minute /æt ðə lɑːst ˈmɪnɪt/
az utolsó percben
business /ˈbɪznəs/ vállalkozás, üzlet, cég
chain (of shops) /ˈtʃeɪn/ üzletlánc
change /tʃeɪndʒ/ visszajáró (pénz)
company /ˈkʌmpəni/ cég
complain /kəmˈpleɪn/ panaszt tesz
covered (with) /ˈkʌvəd/ bevonva vmivel
exactly the same /ɪgˈzæktli ðə səɪm/
pontosan ugyanolyan
fall over /fɔːl ˈəʊvə/ elesik
fashionable /ˈfæʃnəbl/ divatos
find out /faɪnd aʊt/ rájön vmire
gardener /ˈgɑːdnə/ kertész
go to court /gəʊ tə kɔːt/ beperel vkit
greengrocer /ˈgriːngrəʊsə/ zöldséges
have an argument /hæv ən
ˈɑːgjʊmənt/ vitatkozik
headlines /ˈhedlaɪnz/ főcím
insult /ɪnˈsʌlt/ sérteget
judge /dʒʌdʒ/ bíró
mess /mes/ rendetlenség
moody /ˈmuːdi/ szeszélyes
newspaper article /ˈnjuːzpeɪpə ˈɑːtɪkl/
újságcikk
obsessed (with) /əbˈsest/ megszállott,
rögeszmés
of course /əv kɔːs/ persze, természetesen
previous /ˈpriːviəs/ előző
relaxed /rɪˈlækst/ nyugodt, pihent
reputation /repjuˈteɪʃn/ hírnév
several /ˈsevrəl/ számos
slow down /sləʊ ˈdaʊn/ lelassul
speed /spiːd/ sebesség
store /stɔː/ üzlet, áruház
stressed /strest/feszült, stresszes (vki)
stressful /ˈstresfl/ megterhelő, idegőrlő,
stresszes (vmi)
sure /ʃʊə/ biztos
the main reason /ðə meɪn ˈriːzn/ a fő ok
throw out /θrəʊ aʊt/ kidob vkit
too much /tuː mʌtʃ/ túl sok
traffic /træfɪk/ forgalom
treat /triːt/ bánik (úgy bánik vmivel,
mint ...)
washing machine /wɒʃɪŋ məʃiːn/
mosógép
More words in File 4 accent /ˈaksənt/ kiejtés, akcentus
answerphone /ˈɑːnsəfəʊn/
üzenetrögzítő
atmosphere /ˈætməsfɪə/ hangulat
chat /tʃæt/ cseveg, chatel (interneten)
clean /cliːn/ tisztít
contribute /ˈkɒntrɪbjuːt/ hozzájárul
fancy dress /ˈfænsɪ dres/ jelmez
guess /ges/ kitalál, találgat
hammer /ˈhæmə/ kalapács
inexpensive /ɪnɪksˈpensive/ olcsó
intolerable /ɪnˈtɒlərəbl/ tűrhetetlen
key ring /ˈkiː rɪŋ/ kulcskarika
kind /kaɪnd/ kedves
leave /liːv/ hagy vmit vhol
narrow /ˈnærəu/ keskeny
outdoor /aʊtˈdɔː/ szabadtéri
population /pɒpjuˈleɪʃn/ népesség
predict /prəˈdɪkt/ megjósol
public transport /ˈpʌblɪk ˈtrænzpɔːt/
tömegközlekedés
react /riːˈækt/ reagál
ruin /ˈruːɪn/ elront, tönkretesz
save time /seɪv taɪm/ időt spórol
sickness /ˈsɪknəs/ betegség
27
straight ahead /streɪt əˈhed/ egyenesen
előre
tidy /ˈtaɪdi/ rendet rak
underground /ˈʌndəgraʊnd/ metró,
földalatti
waste time /weɪst taɪm/ időt pocsékol,
pazarol
File 5
Vocabulary Bank
Verbs + infinitive
decide /dɪˈsaɪd/ eldönt
forget /fəˈget/ elfelejt
help /help/ segít
hope /həʊp/ remél
learn /lɜːn/ tanul, megtanul
need /niːd/ szüksége van vmire
offer /ˈɒfə/ felajánl
plan /plæn/ tervez
pretend /prɪˈtend/ úgy tesz, mintha…
promise /ˈprɒmɪs/ megígér
remember /rɪˈmembə/ emlékszik,
eszébe jut
try /traɪ/ megpróbál, kipróbál
want /wɒnt/ akar
would like /wʊd laɪk/ szeretne
Verbs + -ing
enjoy /ɪnˈdʒɔɪ/ élvez
finish /ˈfɪnɪʃ/ befejez
go on (=continue) /gəʊ ɒn/ folytat
hate /heɪt/ utál
like /laɪk/ szeret, kedvel
love /lʌv/ szeret (nagyon v. szerelemmel)
(don’t) mind /maɪnd/ nem bánja
spend (time) /spend/ időt tölt
start /stɑːt/ elkezd
stop /stɒp/ abbahagy
Prepositions of movement
across /əˈkrɒs/ át, keresztül
along /əˈlɒŋ/ mentén
down /daʊn/ le
into /ˈɪntuː/ bele
out of /ˈaʊt əv/ kifelé
over /ˈəʊvə/ fölött
past /pɑːst/ mellett (elhagyva vmit)
round /raʊnd/ körül
through /θruː/ át, keresztül
towards /təˈwɔːdz/ felé
under /ˈʌndə/ alatt
up /ʌp/ föl
28
More Words to Learn
a whole day /ə həʊl deɪ/ egy egész nap
against (the rules) /əˈgeɪnst/
(a szabályok) ellen
be good at /biː gʌd æt/ jó vmiben
breathe /briːð/ lélegzik
celebration /selɪˈbrəɪʃn/ ünnepség,
ünnepély
complicated /ˈkɒmplɪkeɪtɪd/ bonyolult
control /kənˈtrəʊl/ ellenőriz
experiment /ikˈsperimənt/ kísérlet
fans /fænz/ rajongók
fire /ˈfɑɪə/ tűz
forest /ˈfɒrɪst/ erdő
goal /gəʊl/ gól
great-grandmother /greɪt ˈgrænmʌðə/
dédanya
guide /gɑɪd/ idegenvezető
hairdresser /ˈheədresə/ fodrász
hairstyle /ˈheəstaɪl/ hajviselet, frizura
hole /həʊl/ lyuk
impersonal /ɪmˈpɜːsnəl/ személytelen
incredible /ɪnˈkredəbl/ hihetetlen
in the corner /ɪn ðə ˈkɔːnə/ a sarokban
it doesn’t matter /ɪt dʌznt ˈmætə/ nem
számít
match /mætʃ/ meccs
motivate /ˈməʊtɪveɪt/ motivál
mystery /ˈmɪstri/ rejtély
nature /ˈneɪtʃə/ természet
net /net/ háló
obligatory /ɒˈblɪgətri/ kötelező
permitted /pəˈmɪtɪd/ megengedett
phrase book /ˈfrəɪz bʊk/ társalgási
szótár
pitch /pɪtʃ/ focipálya
player /ˈpleɪə/ játékos
psychiatrist /sɑɪˈkɑɪətrɪst/ pszichiáter
recommend /rekəˈmend/ ajánl, javasol
score /skɔː/ gólt rúg
stadium /ˈsteɪdɪəm/ stadion
storm /stɔːm/ vihar
survive /səˈvaɪv/ túlél
take off /teɪk ˈɒf/ felszáll (repülő)
track /træk/(futó)sáv
unbelievable /ʌnbɪˈliːvəbl/ hihetetlen
wedding reception /ˈwedɪŋ rɪˈsepʃn/
esküvői bankett (állófogadás)
More words in File 5
accommodation /əkɒməˈdeɪʃn/ szállás
aerobics /eəˈrəʊbɪks/ aerobik
ahead /əˈhed/ előttünk álló
alive /əˈlaɪv/ élő, életben lévő
baseball /ˈbeɪsbɔːl/ baseball
basketball /ˈbɑːskɪtbɔːl/ kosárlabda
blow /bləʊ/ fúj
body-language /ˈbɒdi ˈlæŋgwɪdʒ/
testbeszéd
champions /ˈtʃæmpjənz/ bajnokok
cry /kraɪ/ sír
cycling /ˈsaɪklɪŋ/ kerékpározás
despair /dɪsˈpeə/ kétségbeesés,
elkeseredés
dial /ˈdaɪəl/ tárcsáz
dominate /ˈdɒmɪneɪt/ uralkodik,
dominál
exchange /ɪksˈtʃeɪnʒ/ kicserél
expect /ɪksˈpekt/ vár, elvár
golf /gɒlf/ golf
health /helθ/ egészség
impression /ɪmˈpreʃn/ benyomás
intense /ɪnˈtens/ erős, nagy hatású
intensive /ɪnˈtensɪv/ intenzív
judo /ˈdʒuːdəʊ/ dzsúdó
karaoke /kæriˈəʊki/ karaoke
miss /mɪs/ lemarad vmiről
Never mind! /ˈnevə maɪnd/ Ne is
törődj vele!
(not) mind /maɪnd/ (nem) bán vmit
outside /aʊtˈsaid/ kint, kívül
pain /peɪn/ fájdalom
pleasure /ˈpleʒə/ élvezet
posts /pəʊsts/ oszlop, kapufa
quite /kwaɪt/ elég (pl. elég jó)
really /ˈrɪəli/ valóban
receipt /rɪˈsiːt/ blokk, számla
referee /refəˈriː/ bíró (sport)
rugby /ˈrʌgbi/ rögbi
skiing /ˈskiːɪŋ/ síelés
technique /tekˈniːk/ technika
volleyball /ˈvɒlibɔːl/ röplabda
warm /wɔːm/ meleg
whistle /wɪsəl/ síp
Yours faithfully /jɔːz ˈfeɪθfəli/
Üdvözlettel (hivatalos levél végén)
File 6
Vocabulary Bank
Confusing verbs
carry /kæri/ visz, cipel
wear /weə/ visel
do /duː/ tesz, csinál
make /meik/ készít, csinál
earn /ɜːn/ pénzt keres
win /wɪn/ nyer
know /nəʊ/ tud
meet (for the first time) /miːt/
találkozik (első alkalommal)
hope /həʊp/ remél
wait /weɪt/ vár
look /lʊk/ néz
look like /lʊk laɪk/ úgy néz ki, mint…
look at /lʊk ət/ néz vmit
watch /wɒtʃ/ figyel, néz
Animals
bear /beə/ medve
bee /biː/ méh
birds /bɜːdz/ madarak
bull /bʊl/ bika
butterfly /ˈbʌtəflaɪ/ pillangó
camel /ˈkæməl/ teve
chicken /ˈtʃɪkɪn/ csirke
cow /kau/ tehén
crocodile /ˈkrɒkədaɪl/ krokodil
dolphin /ˈdɒlfɪn/ delfin
duck /dʌk/ kacsa
eagle /ˈɪːgl/ sas
elephant /ˈeləfənt/ elefánt
farm /fɑːm/ gazdaság, farm, tanya
fly /flaɪ/ légy
giraffe /dʒiˈrɑːf/ zsiráf
goat /gəut/ kecske
gorilla /gəˈrɪlə/ gorilla
horse /hɔːs/ ló
insects /ɪnsekts/ rovarok
kangaroo /kaŋgəˈruː/ kenguru
lion /ˈlaɪən/ oroszlán
mosquito /məsˈkiːtəʊ/ szúnyog
mouse /maʊs/ egér
pig /pɪg/ disznó
rabbit /ˈræbɪt/ nyúl
shark /ʃɑːk/ cápa
sheep /ʃiːp/ juh
spider /ˈspaɪdə/ pók
swan /swɒn/ hattyú
tiger /ˈtaɪgə/ tigris
wasp /wɒsp/ darázs
whale /weɪl/ bálna
get
get + adjective
get angry /get ˈæŋgri/ mérges lesz,
feldühödik
get divorced /get dɪˈvɔːst/ elválik
get fit /get fɪt/ fitt lesz
get lost /get lɒst/ elvész, eltéved
get married /get ˈmærɪd/ összeházasodik
get + comparative
get better /get ˈbetə/ jobban érzi magát
get older /get ˈəʊldə/ öregszik
get worse /get wɜːs/ rosszabb lesz
get = buy / obtain
get a flat /get ə flæt/ lakást vesz
get a job /get dʒɒb/ lesz állása
get a newspaper /get ə ˈnjuːzpeɪpə/
újságot vesz
get a ticket /get ə ˈtɪkɪt/
büntetőcédulát kap
get + preposition (phrasal verbs)
get into /get ˈɪntuː/ beszáll,
belekeveredik vmibe
get off /get ɒf/ leszáll (járműről)
get on /get ɒn/ felszáll (járműre)
get on (well) with /get ɒn wɪð/ jól
megvan vkivel
get out of /get aʊt əv/ kiszáll vmiből
get up /get ʌp/ felkel
get = arrive
get home /get həʊm/ hazaér
get to school /get tə skuːl/ beér az
iskolába
get to work /get tə wɜ:k/ beér a
munkahelyére
get = receive
get a letter /get ə ˈletə/ levelet kap
get a present /get ə ˈpresənt/
ajándékot kap
get a salary /get ə ˈsæləri/ fizetést kap
get an email /get ən ˈɪːmeɪl/ emailt kap
More Words to Learn
ask for /ɑːsk fə/ kér vmit
bank /bæŋk/ folyópart
bark /bɑːk/ ugat
belong /bɪˈlɒŋ/ tartozik vkihez, vmihez
change your mind /tʃəɪndʒ jə maɪnd/
meggondolja magát
climb (a tree) /klaɪm/ felmászik (egy
fára)
compare /kəmˈpeə/ összehasonlít
confuse /kənˈfjuːz/ megtéveszt,
összezavar
cupboard /ˈkʌbəd/ szekrény
decisive /dɪˈsaɪsɪv/ döntő, határozott
desperate /ˈdespərət/ elkeseredett
directly /dəˈrektli/ közvetlenül
disappear /dɪsəˈpɪə/ eltűnik
drown /draʊn/ megfullad (vízben)
fur coat /fɜː ˈkəʊt/ szőrmekabát, bunda
indecisive /ɪndɪˈsaɪsɪv/ határozatlan,
döntésképtelen
investigate /ɪnˈvestɪgeɪt/ nyomoz
It’s not worth it. /ɪts nɒt wɜːθ ɪt/ nem
érdemes, nem éri meg
kill /kɪl/ megöl
law /lɔː/ jog, törvény
lie on (the ground) /laɪ ɒn/ fekszik a
földön
lock /lɒk/ bezár
make a decision /meɪk ə dɪˈsɪʒn/
döntést hoz
make a list /meɪk ə lɪst/ listát készít
make an excuse /meɪk ən ikˈskjuːs/
kimenti magát, ürügyet keres
offended /əˈfendɪd/ sértett
options /ˈɒpʃnz/ lehetőségek
pet /pet/ kisállat, kedvenc
queue /kjuː/ sor (várakozásnál)
run away /rʌn əˈweɪ/ elrohan, elfut
sensitive /ˈsensətɪv/ érzékeny
simple /ˈsɪmpl/ egyszerű
size /saɪz/ méret
spill /spɪl/ kiönt
suggestion /səˈdʒestʃn/ javaslat
taste /teɪst/ íz
Take your time! /teɪk jə taɪm/ Ne
siess! Csak nyugodtan!
treat (something as a …) /triːt/ bánik
(vmivel vmiként)
together /təˈgeðə/ együtt
wave /weɪv/ integet
weigh /weɪ/ nyom (vmennyi súlyt)
More words in File 6
allergic /əˈlɜːdʒɪk/ allergiás
annoying /əˈnɔɪɪŋ/ kellemetlen
backache /ˈbækeɪk/ hátfájás
Bless you! /ˈbles juː/ Egészségedre!
communicate /kəˈmjuːnɪkeɪt/
kommunikál
communication /kəmjuːnɪˈkeɪtʃn/
kommunikáció
cough /kɒf/ köhögés
educate /ˈedjuːkeɪt/ nevel, tanít
education /edjuːˈkeɪʃn/ nevelés, tanítás
elect /ɪˈlekt/ választ
election /ɪˈlekʃn/ választás
excuse /eksˈkjuːs/ kifogás, magyarázat
fall in love /fɔːl ɪn lʌv/ szerelmes lesz
headache /ˈhedeɪk/ fejfájás
hire /ˈhaɪə/ bérbe vesz vmit, alkalmaz /
felfogad vkit
imagination /ɪmædzɪˈneɪʃn/ képzelet
imagine /ɪˈmædzɪn/ elképzel
indecisive /ɪndɪˈsaɪsɪv/ határozatlan,
döntésképtelen
inform /ɪnˈfɔːm/ informál, tudat vkivel
information /ɪnfəˈmeɪʃn/ információ
invitation /ɪnvɪˈteɪʃn/ meghívó
land /lænd/ szárazföld
muscles /ˈmʌsəlz/ izmok
29
obsessive /əbˈsesɪv/ megszállott,
rögeszmés
organization /ɔːgənaɪˈzeɪʃn/ szervezet
painkillers /ˈpeɪnkɪləz/
fájdalomcsillapítók
symptoms /ˈsɪmptəmz/ tünetek
tax /tæks/ adó
temperature /ˈtemprɪtʃə/ hőmérséklet
translate /trænzˈleɪt/ fordít
translation /trænzˈleɪʃn/ fordítás
wild /waɪld/ vad
File 7
More Words to Learn according to /əˈkɔːdɪŋ tə/ vmi szerint
affect /əˈfekt/ befolyásol
at war /ət wɔː/ harcban (áll vkivel)
bikini /bɪˈkiːni/ bikini
Biro /ˈbaɪrəʊ/ golyóstoll
boat /bəʊt/ csónak, hajó
bomb /bɒm/ bomba
bright /braɪt/ okos, éleseszű
bullet-proof vest /ˈbʊlɪtpruːf vəst/
golyóálló mellény
career /kəˈrɪə/ karrier
deteriorate /dɪˈtɪəriəreɪt/(meg-/le)
romlik
dishwasher /ˈdɪʃwɒʃə/ mosogatógép
drama /ˈdrɑːmə/ színművészet
drugs /ˈdrʌgz/ drogok, gyógyszerek
entrance /ˈentrəns/ bejárat
episode /ˈepɪsəʊd/ epizód
especially /ɪˈspeʃli/ különösen
fight /faɪt/ harcol, verekedik
giant /ˈdʒaɪənt/ óriás
hairy /ˈheəri/ szőrös
in this respect /ɪn ðis rɪˈspekt/ ebben a
tekintetben, ebből a szempontból
light bulb /ˈlaɪt bʌlb/ villanykörte, izzó
nappies /næpiz/ pelenkák
nominate /ˈnɒmɪneɪt/ jelöl (vkit vmire)
parking ticket /ˈpɑːkɪŋ tɪkɪt/
bírságcédula (tilosban parkolásért)
play (the part of) /pleɪ/ játszik
(szerepet)
prison /ˈprɪzn/ börtön
protest /ˈprəʊtəst/ tilatakozás
qualifications /kwɒlɪfɪˈkeɪʃnz/
képesítések
rebel /ˈrebl/ lázadó
recently /ˈriːsntli/ mostanában
role /rəʊl/ szerep
scene /siːn/ jelenet
stockings /ˈstɒkɪŋz/ harisnya
30
the rest /ðə ˈrest/ a többi, a maradék
Tipp-Ex /ˈtɪpəks/ hibajavító folyadék
(irodai)
treatment /ˈtriːtmənt/ kezelés
vacuum cleaner /ˈvækjʊːm kliːnə/
porszívó
violence /ˈvaɪələns/ erőszak
windscreen wipers /ˈwɪndskriːn
ˈwaɪpz/ ablaktörlők (autó szélvédőjén)
More words in File 7
afraid /əˈfreɪd/ fél vmitől
appalling /əˈpɔːlɪŋ/ megdöbbentő,
borzasztó
appropriately /əˈprəʊpriətli/
megfelelően
baptism /ˈbæptɪzm/ keresztelő
base /beɪs/ alap
biology /baɪˈɒlədʒi/ biológia, élettan
cab /kæb/ taxi
chemistry /ˈkemɪstri/ kémia
create /kri‌ˈeɪt/ létrehoz, alkot, készít
critics /ˈkrɪtɪks/ kritikusok
cure /kjʊə/ gyógymód
design /dɪˈzaɪn/ tervez
discover /dɪsˈkʌvə/ felfedez
disposable /dɪsˈpəʊzəbl/ eldobható
fear /fɪə/ félelem
flirt /flɜːt/ flörtöl
flying /ˈflaɪɪŋ/ repülő (melléknév)
frustrated /frəsˈtreɪtɪd/ frusztrált
geography /dʒiˈɒgrəfi/ földrajz
heating /ˈhiːtɪŋ/ fűtés
heights /haɪts/ magasságok
history /ˈhɪstri/ történelem
honoured /ˈɒnə/ megtisztelt, büszke
lawyer /ˈlɔːjə/ ügyvéd
literature /ˈlɪtrətʃə/ irodalom
manufacturer /mænjuˈfæktʃərə/
gyártó
maths /mæθs/ matek
muse /mjuːz/ múzsa
name /neɪm/ név
paste /peɪst/ paszta, krém
PE /piː ˈiː/ testnevelés
phobia /ˈfəʊbiə/ fóbia, félelem
physics /ˈfɪzɪks/ fizika
retire /rɪˈtaɪə/ nyugdíjba megy
safety /ˈseɪfti/ biztonság
science /ˈsaɪəns/ tudomány
separate /ˈsepəreɪt/ különválik
snack bar /snæk bɑː/ bisztró, vendéglő
spaces /ˈspeɪsɪz/ területek, helyek
spire /ˈspaɪə/ hegyes templomtorony
statue /stætʃuː/ szobor
steps /steps/ lépcsők
strict /strɪkt/ szigorú
technology /tekˈnɒlədʒi/ technológia
terrified /ˈterɪfaɪd/ rémült
text-messaging /ˈtekst ˈmesədʒɪŋ/
SMS-ezés
toothache /ˈtuːθeɪk/ fogfájás
unemployed /ʌnɪmˈplɔɪd/ munkanélküli
use /juːz/ használ
view /vjuː/ látvány, kilátás
wonder /ˈwʌndə/ tűnődik
File 8
Vocabulary Bank
Phrasal verbs
be over /biː əʊvə/ vége van
fill in (a form) /fɪl ɪn/ kitölt (űrlapot)
find out /faɪnd aʊt/ kitalál, rájön vmire
get on with /get ɒn wɪð/ kijön vkivel
give up (smoking) /gɪv ʌp/ abbahagy
vmit
look up (in a dictionary) /lʊk ʌp/
megnéz vmit, utánanéz vminek
pick up /pɪk ʌp/ felvesz vkit/vmit
put away /pʊt əweɪ/ eltesz
stay up /ʃteɪ ʌp/ ébren marad
throw away /θrəʊ əˈweɪ/ eldob
turn down /tɜːn daʊn/ lehalkít
turn up /tɜːn ʌp/ felhangosít
More Words to Learn active /ˈæktɪv/ aktív, tevékeny
admit /ədˈmɪt/ bevall
(be) adopted /əˈdɒptɪd/ örökbefogadott
alarm clock /əˈlɑːm klɒk/ ébresztőóra
allergic /əˈlɜːdʒɪk/ allergiás
amazing /əˈmeɪzɪŋ/ csodálatos
because of /bɪˈkɒz əv/ vmi miatt
beliefs /bɪˈliːfs/ hiedelmek
close /kləʊs/ közeli
convinced /kənˈvɪnst/ meg van
győződve vmiről
day off /deɪ ɒf/ szabadnap
diet /ˈdaɪət/ étrend
discover /dɪsˈkʌvə/ felfedez
energetic /enəˈdʒetɪk/ energikus,
lendületes
enormous /ɪˈnɔːməs/ hatalmas, óriási
except /ɪkˈsept/ kivéve
exhausted /ɪgˈzɔːstɪd/ kimerült
exist /ɪgˈzɪst/ létezik
fresh /freʃ/ friss
gene /dʒiːn/ gén
go wrong /gəʊ rɒŋ/ elromlik
identical /aɪˈdentɪkl/ azonos,
egyforma, egypetéjű
instead of /ɪnˈsted əv/ vmi helyett
irritable /ɪˈrɪtəbl/ érzékeny
kids /kɪdz/ kölykök
latest /ˈləɪtɪst/ legújabb
lift /lɪft/ lift
on my own /ɒn maɪ əʊn/ egyedül,
segítség nélkül
play squash /pleɪ skwɒʃ/ fallabdázik
ready /redi/ kész
research /rɪˈsɜːtʃ/ kutatás
reunited /riːjuːˈnaɪtɪd/ újraegyesült
skin /skɪn/ bőr (élő)
so (tired) /səʊ/ olyan, nagyon (fáradt)
sunscreen /ˈsʌnskriːn/ napozókrém
tense /tens/ feszült
twins /twɪnz/ ikrek
vote (for) /vəʊt/ szavaz (vkire)
wood (material) /wʊd/ fa (anyag)
More words in File 8
amazed /əˈmeɪzd/ elbűvölt, ámuló
be bored /bɔːd/ unatkozik
body clock /ˈbɒdi klɒk/ biológiai óra, a
test órája boring /ˈbɔːrɪŋ/ unalmas
button (that you press) /ˈbʌtən/
(nyomó)gomb
Cheers! /tʃɪəz/ Egészségére!
claustrophobic /klɒstrəˈfəʊbɪk/
klausztrofóbiás
depressed /dɪˈprest/ depressziós
depressing /dɪˈpresɪŋ/ nyomasztó
determine /dɪˈtɜːmɪn/ meghatároz
DNA /diː en eɪ/ DNS
during /ˈdjʊərɪŋ/ alatt (időben)
excited /ɪkˈsaɪtɪd/ izgatott
exciting /ɪkˈsaɪtɪŋ/ izgalmas
interested /ˈɪntrəstɪd/ érdeklődő
interesting /ˈɪntrəstɪŋ/ érdekes
lifestyle /ˈlaɪfstaɪl/ életmód
message /ˈmesɪdʒ/ üzenet
pessimistic /pesɪˈmɪstɪk/ pesszimista,
borúlátó
portion /ˈpɔːʃn/ adag
preferences /ˈprefrəns/ preferenciák
press /pres/ megnyom
processed /ˈprəʊsest/ feldolgozott,
tartósított, finomított
psychology /saɪˈkɒlədʒi/ pszichológia
put (somebody) through (on the
phone) /pʊt θruː/ kapcsol vkit
(telefonon)
regularly /ˈregjələli/ rendszeresen
relaxing /rɪlæksɪŋ/ relaxáló, nyugtató
repair /rɪˈpeə/ megjavít
similar /ˈsɪmɪlə/ hasonló
similarity /sɪmɪˈlærəti/ hasonlóság
supposed to /səpəʊst tə/ azt várják
tőle, hogy …, állítólag
tiring /ˈtaɪrɪŋ/ fárasztó
File 9
More Words to Learn
almost /ˈɔːlməst/ majdnem
arrest /əˈrest/ letartóztat
behave /bɪˈheɪv/ viselkedik
bride /braɪd/ menyasszony
by your side /baɪ jɔː saɪd/ az
oldaladon, veled együtt
commit a crime /kəˈmɪt ə kraɪm/
bűncselekményt elkövet
fine (parking) /faɪn/ büntetés,
pénzbírság
hold /həʊld/ átölel, átkarol
jump /dʒʌmp/ ugrik
let (somebody) know /let nəʊ/ tudtára
ad vkinek
motorway /ˈməʊtəwəɪ/ autópálya
porter /ˈpɔːtə/ hordár
rob /rɒb/ kirabol
scream /skriːm/ sikít
shine /ʃaɪn/ ragyog
snore /snɔː/ horkol
tight (hold) /taɪt/ szorosan (tart)
whisper /ˈwɪspə/ súg, suttog
More words in File 9
accidentally /æksɪˈdentli/ véletlenül
application (form) /æplɪˈkeɪʃn/
jelentkezés (-i lap)
catch /kætʃ/ elkap, elfog
citizen /ˈsɪtɪzən/ polgár, állampolgár
customer /ˈkʌstəmə/ vásárló, ügyfél
coast /kəʊst/ tengerpart
luckily /ˈlʌkɪli/ szerencsére,
szerencsésen
passenger /ˈpæsəndʒə/ utas
phone box /ˈfəʊn bɒks/ telefonfülke
previous /ˈpriːvɪəs/ előző
raffle /ˈræfl/ tombola
rum /rʌm/ rum
solve /sɒlv/ megold
suddenly /ˈsʌdənli/ hirtelen
unfortunately /ʌnˈfɔːtʃənətli/ sajnos
31
Ez a feladatgyűjtemény elsősorban azoknak a tanulóknak készült, akik nyelvi
előkészítő évfolyamon a New English File Elementary vagy
Pre-Intermediate szintű kötetekből tanulják az angol nyelvet, de az itt található
tananyag bármilyen intenzív tanfolyam hasznos kiegészítője is lehet.
A feladatgyűjtemény a következő részekből áll:
•a tankönyv mind a kilenc leckéjéhez további olvasott és hallás utáni
szövegértési feladatsorok
•a tananyag elsajátítását ellenőrző, a nyelvi készségeket (reading, writing,
listening) mérő tesztfeladatok
•angol – magyar szójegyzék
A feladatgyűjtemény nyelvi kreativitásra serkenti a tanulókat, miközben a
kompetencia alapú nyelvoktatás eszköztárának alkalmazására is lehetőséget
nyújt (nyelvi projectek, önálló kidolgozásra szánt feladatok stb).
A feladatsorok hanganyaga a www.oup.hu weboldalon (Letölthető anyagok)
található.
A feladatgyűjtemény az alábbi témákat dolgozza fel:
ElementaryPre-intermediate
Language and learning
Travel
WorkMusic
Festivals
Dream experiences and future plans
Cinema
Urban living
European travel
Sports
British culture
Global issues (the environment)
Food and drink
Inventions
The USA / Living abroad Modern life and technology
Theatre / Reviews
Relationships
1
A001867
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