enrico alleva - Istituto Superiore di Sanità

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enrico alleva - Istituto Superiore di Sanità
A BRIEF HISTORY
OF ITALIAN ETHOLOGICAL AND
BIOBEHAVIOURAL STUDIES
(WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO ROME-BASED LABS)
ENRICO ALLEVA
I stituto Superiore di Sanità
Dipartim ento di Biologia cellulare e N euroscienze
R eparto di N euroscienze com portam entali
([email protected])
la Cultura
Italiana
Diretta da Luigi Luca Cavalli Sforza
Enrico Alleva
Storia dell’etologia italiana
VIII volume
Scienze e tecnologie
a cura di
Telmo Pievani
UTET
UTET 2009, pp 445 - 467
Giuseppe Montalenti (L; 1904-1990), Daniel Bovet (R; 19071992; awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in
1957). Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Rome, 1974
Floriano Papi, University of Pisa
Martin Lindauer (L; 1918-2008; Karl von Frisch’s pupil), Floriano Papi, Elisabetta Visalberghi (R)
Florence, 1980
Photo by Elisabetta Visalberghi
Grasshopper Acrididae: flashing time (Undergraduate Thesis of Elisabetta Visalberghi)
Photo by Elisabetta Visalberghi
Lacerta viridis
(Undergraduate Thesis of Enrico Alleva)
Photo by Elisabetta Visalberghi
Lacerta viridis (Undergraduate Thesis of Enrico Alleva)
Photo by Elisabetta Visalberghi
A green lizard (Lacerta viridis) while tasting a poisonous Zygaena (Undergraduate Thesis of Enrico Alleva)
Photo by Elisabetta Visalberghi
Loft manufactured by Enrico Alleva on the roof of his parents’ apartment in via Belluno 28, Rome
Photo by Elisabetta Visalberghi
Rock pigeons (Columba livia) on the roof of the loft manufactured by Enrico Alleva in via
Belluno 28, Rome
Photo by Elisabetta Visalberghi
Danilo Mainardi, University of Parma and Venezia. Erice, 1975
Ernst Boris Chain, in black suit (1906-1979; awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1945),
Daniel Bovet, second on the L (1907-1992; awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1957).
Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, 1957
Sir Patrick P.G. Bateson, University of Cambridge
Cambridge University Press, 1983
Cambridge University Press
3rd edition, 2007
Sedowofia SK, Innes J, Peter A, Alleva E,
Manning A, Clayton RM. Differential effects
of prenatal exposure to phenobarbital on the
behaviour and neurochemistry of CBA and
C57BL/6J mice. Psychopharmacology. 1989;
97: 123-130.
Laviola G, Sedowofia K, Innes J, Clayton R,
Manning A. Genetic differences in maternal
behaviour patterns in mice administered
phenobarbital during pregnancy.
Psychopharmacology. 1990; 102: 383-390.
Laviola G, Terranova ML, Sedowofia K,
Clayton R, Manning A. A mouse model of
early social interactions after prenatal drug
exposure: a genetic investigation.
Psychopharmacology. 1994; 113: 388-394.
Aubrey Manning, Emeritus Professor of Natural
History, University of Edinburgh
Mario Zanforlin, University of Padova
Frank A. Beach (1911-1988) and Seymour “Gig” Levine (1925-2007), the Californian mentors
Rita Levi-Montalcini (awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1986) and
Luigi Aloe
Giorgio Bignami. Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, 2008
http://www.iss.it/neco
Aloe L, Alleva E, Böhm A, Levi-Montalcini R. Aggressive behavior
induces release of nerve growth factor from mouse salivary gland
into the bloodstream. Proc Nat Acad Sci USA. 1986; 83: 6184-6187.
Alleva E, Aloe L. Physiological roles of NGF in adult rodents: a
biobehavioral perspective. Int J Com Psychol. 1989; 2: 213-230.
Spillantini MG, Aloe L, Alleva E, De Simone R, Goedert M, LeviMontalcini R. Nerve growth factor mRNA and protein increase in
hypothalamus in a mouse model of aggression. Proc Nat Acad Sci
USA. 1989; 86: 8555-8559.
Maestripieri D, Alleva E. Maternal aggression and litter size in the
female house mouse. Ethology. 1990; 84: 27-34.
De Simone R, Alleva E, Tirassa P, Aloe L. Nerve growth factor
released into the bloodstream following intraspecific fighting induces
mast cell degranulation in adult male mice. Brain Behav Immun.
1990; 4: 74-81.
Aloe L, Alleva E, De Simone R. Changes of NGF level in mouse
hypothalamus following intermale aggressive behaviour: biological
and immunohistochemical evidence. Behav Brain Res. 1990; 39: 5361.
Levi-Montalcini R, Aloe L, Alleva E. A role for nerve growth factor in
nervous, endocrine and immune systems. Prog NeuroEndocrinIm.
1990; 3: 1-10.
Enrico Alleva
Head of the Section of Behavioural Neurosciences
Department of Cell Biology and Neurosciences
Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Alleva E. Assessment of aggressive behaviour in rodents. In:
Paradigms for the Study of behavior, (P.M. Conn Ed.). Methods in
Neurosciences; 1993; 14, pp. 111-137.
Carere C, Costantini D, Fusani L, Alleva E, Cardinale M. Hypotermic
abilities of migratory songbirds at a stopover site. Rend Fis Acc
Lincei. 2010 (in press)
Calamandrei G, Wilkinson LS, Keverne E B.
Olfactory recognition of infants in laboratory
mice: Role of noradrenergic mechanisms. Physiol
Behav. 1992; 52: 901-907
Calamandrei G, Keverne EB. Differential
expression of Fos protein in the brain of female
mice dependent on pup sensory cues and
maternal experience. Behav Neurosci. 1994; 108:
113-120
Gemma Calamandrei
Head of the Section of Neurotoxicology and Neuroendocrinology
Department of Cell Biology and Neurosciences
Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Calamandrei G. Ontogeny of learning. In:
Frontiers of Life; Vol IV: The Living World; Part
One: Biology of Behaviour (E. Alleva, P. Bateson
Eds). Academic Press, San Diego. 2002; pp. 55-64
Alleva E, Caprioli A, Laviola G. Postnatal
social environment affects morphine
analgesia in male mice. Physiol Behav.
1986; 36: 779-781
Alleva E, Caprioli A, Laviola G. Litter
gender composition affects maternal
behavior of the primiparous mouse dam
(Mus musculus). J Comp Psychol. 1989;
103: 83-87
Palanza P*, Morley-Fletcher S, Laviola G.
Novelty seeking in periadolescent mice:
sex differences and influence of
intrauterine position. Physiol Behav. 2001;
72: 255-262
Laviola G, Gioiosa L, Adriani W, Palanza
P*. D-amphetamine-related reinforcing
Giovanni Laviola
Senior Researcher
Section of Behavioural Neurosciences
Department of Cell Biology and Neurosciences
Istituto Superiore di Sanità
effects are reduced in mice exposed
prenatally to estrogenic endocrine
disruptors. Brain Res Bull. 2005; 65: 235-
240
Marco EM, Macrì S, Laviola G. Critical age
windows for neurodevelopmental
psychiatric disorders: Evidence from
animal models. Neurotox Res. 2010 (in
press)
* Research group of Parma
Carchini G, Chiarotti F, Di Domenico M, Paganotti
G. Fluctuating asymmetry, size and mating
success in males of Ischnura Elegans (Vander
Linden) (Odonata: Coenagrionidae). Anim Behav.
2000; 59: 177-182
Carchini G, Chiarotti F, Di Domenico M, Mattoccia
M, Paganotti G. Fluctuating asymmetry, mating
success, body size and heterozygosity in
Coenagrion scitulum (Rambur) (Odonata:
Coenagrionidae). Anim Behav. 2001; 61: 661-669
Carchini G, Di Domenico M, Chiarotti F, Tanzilli C,
Pacione T. Fluctuating asymmetry, body size,
reproductive period and life time mating success
of males of Cercion lindeni (Odonata:
Coenagrionidae). Eur J Entomol. 2005; 102: 707-
712
Flavia Chiarotti
Research Director
Section of Neurotoxicology and Neuroendocrinology
Department of Cell Biology and Neurosciences
Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Santucci D, Corazzi G, Francia N, Antonelli A, Aloe L,
Alleva E. Neurobehavioural effects of hypergravity
conditions in the adult mouse. Neuroreport. 2000;
11: 3353-3356
Francia N, Santucci D, Chiarotti F, Alleva E. Cognitive
and emotional alterations in periadolescent mice
exposed to 2 g hypergravity field. Physiol Behav.
2004; 83: 383-394
Santucci D, Francia N, Trincia V, Chiarotti F, Aloe L,
Alleva E. A mouse model of neurobehavioural
response to altered gravity conditions: an
ontogenetical study. Behav Brain Res. 2009; 197:
109-118
Daniela Santucci
Senior Researcher
Section of Behavioural Neurosciences
Department of Cell Biology and Neurosciences
Istituto Superiore di Sanità
The centrifuge facility (designed and manufactured
by “Isolceram”, Rocca Priora, Rome, I-00040, Italy)
Ricceri L, Usiello A, Valanzano A, Calamandrei G, Frick K, BergerSweeney J. Neonatal 192 IgG-saporin lesions of basal forebrain
cholinergic neurons selectively impair response to spatial novelty in
adult rats. Behav Neurosci. 1999; 113: 1204-1215
Ricceri L, Markina N, Valanzano A, Fortuna S, Cometa MF, Meneguz A,
Calamandrei G. Developmental exposure to chlorpyrifos alters reactivity
to environmental and social cues in adolescent mice. Toxicol Appl
Pharmacol. 2003; 191: 189-201
Scattoni ML, Crawley J, Ricceri L. Ultrasonic vocalizations: a tool for
behavioural phenotyping of mouse models of neurodevelopmental
disorders. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2009; 33: 508-515
Kluwer Academic Publisher
The Netherlands, 1995
Published in cooperation with NATO
Scientific Affairs Division
Laura Ricceri
Senior Reasercher
Section of Neurotoxicology and Neuroendocrinology
Department of Cell Biology and Neurosciences
Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Levine S, Cirulli F. Stress and coping. In: Frontiers
of Life; Vol IV: The Living World; Part One:
Biology of Behaviour (E. Alleva, P. Bateson Eds).
Academic Press, San Diego. 2002; pp. 109-120
Cirulli F, Francia N, Berry A, Aloe L, Alleva E,
Suomi SJ. Early life stress as a risk factor for
mental health: role of neurotrophins from rodents
to non-human primates. Neurosci Biobehav Rev.
2009; 33: 573-585
Cirulli F, Francia N, Branchi I, Antonucci MT, Aloe
L, Suomi SJ, Alleva E. Changes in plasma levels of
BDNF and NGF reveal a gender-selective
vulnerability to early adversity in rhesus
macaques. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2009; 34:
172-180
Francesca Cirulli
Senior Researcher
Section of Behavioural Neurosciences
Department of Cell Biology and Neurosciences
Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Danilo Mainardi, tutor of Augusto Vitale at
the University of Parma in 1983
Vitale A. Primatology between feelings and
science: A personal experience perspective.
Am J Primatol. 2010 (in press)
Augusto Vitale
Researcher
Section of Behavioural Neurosciences
Department of Cell Biology and Neurosciences
Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Gin and Guga, marmosets (Callithrix jacchus)
of the colony housed at the Istituto Superiore
di Sanità
Francia N, Alleva E. Human-dogs (and dogs-humans)
relationship: emerging problems in urban areas. In: Human
and non-human animals interaction: contextual, normative
and applicative aspects. Rapporti ISTISAN. 2007; 07/40:
58-67
Alleva E, Francia N. Hunting, fishing, and trapping: falcons,
hawks, and nocturnal birds of prey. In: Encyclopaedia of
Human-Animal Relationships (M. Bekoff Ed.). Greenwood
Press, Colorado, USA. 2007; Vol. 3, pp. 961-964
Alleva E, Francia N. Zoos and acquariums: amphibians and
zookeepers. In: Encyclopaedia of Human-Animal
Relationships (M. Bekoff Ed.). Greenwood Press, Colorado,
USA. 2007; Vol. 4, pp. 1341-1342
Alleva E, Francia N. Zoos and acquariums: reptiles and
zookeepers. In: Encyclopaedia of Human-Animal
Relationships (M. Bekoff Ed.). Greenwood Press, Colorado,
USA. 2007; Vol. 4, pp. 1360-1362
Nadia Francia
Technician
Section of Behavioural Neurosciences
Department of Cell Biology and Neurosciences
Istituto Superiore di Sanità

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