7. GUÍA. She said that (reported speech simple tenses

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7. GUÍA. She said that (reported speech simple tenses
INSTITUCIÓN EDUCATIVA
CONCEJO MUNICIPAL DE ITAGÜÍ
“Ser Mejores un Compromiso de Todos”
She said that... (Reported speech simple tenses)
ÁREA: INGLES
GRADO: NOVENO
TEMA No. 7
DURACIÓN EN DÍAS: 25
DURACIÓN EN HORAS: 20
ANALISTA:Carlos Mario Vanegas Q
COMPETENCIAS (malla curricular)
1. Produce sentences in affirmative, negative and questions using reported speech.
2. Describe a conversation between two people using reported speech.
3. Listening and understand concepts related to reported speech.
4. Listen and write a report using grammar structure related to reported speech.
PUNTO DE PARTIDA Y PUNTO DE LLEGADA
Actividades
a
Reading Activities
desarrollar
A: Vocabulary
Here are some verbs taken from today’s article. Match the words with their
meanings.
1 to discover
2 to ban
3 to receive
4 to advertise
5 to complete
to give people information in the
newspapers, on television or the radio
about jobs,things to buy or something they
can go to
to finish doing something
to find or learn something for the first time
to get something that someone has given
to you
to say that something must stop or must
not happen
B: Gap fill
Read today’s article and fill in the gaps with the correct verbs from the list below.
discovered, has banned, received, has completed, advertised
Five-Year-Old Banned From Bungee Jumping
PARIS FRIDAY NOVEMBER 17 (REUTERS) –
A French agency (1)___ _____ a 5-year-old boy from bungee jumping. Mike
Traut from Grenoble (2)______ already _____ 30 jumps.
A local child protection agency (3) ______ the boy’s liking
for bungee jumping after his father (4)______ for sponsors
to support a jump that could have put the boy in the record
books, French daily Liberation reported on Friday.
The boy’s father, who holds a world record in bungee jumping,
(5)______ a letter warning him that he might have to pay a
big fine and spend two years in prison if he allowed children
under 16 to compete in such dangerous sports.
ARTICLE © 2000 REUTERS LIMITED. LESSON © 2001
Vocabulary List:
agency - a government office
sponsor (n) - an organization or a person who pays for some of
the expenses of an event in order to get publicity for themselves
warning - telling somebody about something bad that may happen
fine (n) - money you have to pay when you have done something wrong
prison - a place where people must stay when they have done
something that is wrong
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Carrera 64 Nº 25 – 01 Bariloche – Itagüì (Antioquia) P.B.X 279 16 47 - 279 79 11 - 279 3511 - 309 32 45
E_mail: [email protected]
INSTITUCIÓN EDUCATIVA
CONCEJO MUNICIPAL DE ITAGÜÍ
“Ser Mejores un Compromiso de Todos”
She said that... (Reported speech simple tenses)
CONSULTA Y RECOLECCION DE INFORMACION
Direct Speech (El estilo directo)
Cuando queremos informar exactamente de lo que otra persona ha dicho, utilizamos el estilo
directo. Con este estilo lo que la persona ha dicho se coloca entre comillas (“…”) y deberá
ser palabra por palabra.
Ejemplos:
“I am going to London next week,” she said. (“Voy a Londres la semana que viene,” ella
dijo.)
“Do you have a pen I could borrow,” he asked. (“¿Tienes un bolígrafo que puedas
prestarme?,” él preguntó.)
Alice said, “I love to dance.” (Alice dijo, “Me encanta bailar.”)
Chris asked, “Would you like to have dinner with me tomorrow night?” (Chris preguntó,
“¿Te gustaría cenar conmigo mañana por la noche?”)
Reported Speech (El estilo indirecto)
El estilo indirecto, a diferencia del estilo directo, no utiliza las comillas y no necesita ser
palabra por palabra. En general, cuando se usa el estilo indirecto, el tiempo verbal cambia. A
continuación tienes un explicación de los cambios que sufren los tiempos verbales.
A veces se usa “that” en las frases afirmativas y negativas para introducir lo que ha dicho la
otra persona. Por otro lado, en las frases interrogativas se puede usar “if” o “whether”.
Nota: Ten en cuenta también que las expresiones de tiempo cambian en el estilo indirecto.
Fijate en los cambios de tiempo en los ejemplos más abajo y después, encontrarás una tabla
con más explicaciones de los cambios de tiempo en el estilo indirecto.
Direct Speech
Present Simple
Reported Speech
Past Simple
“He is American,” she said.
She said
he was American.
“I am happy to see you,” Mary said.
Mary
said that she was ha
ppy to see me.
He asked, “Are you busytonight?”
He asked
me if I was busy that
night.
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Carrera 64 Nº 25 – 01 Bariloche – Itagüì (Antioquia) P.B.X 279 16 47 - 279 79 11 - 279 3511 - 309 32 45
E_mail: [email protected]
INSTITUCIÓN EDUCATIVA
CONCEJO MUNICIPAL DE ITAGÜÍ
“Ser Mejores un Compromiso de Todos”
She said that... (Reported speech simple tenses)
Past Simple
Past Perfect Simple
“We went to the movies last
night,” he said.
He told me they had gone to the
movies the night before.
Greg said, “I didn’t go to
workyesterday.”
Greg said that he hadn’t goneto
work the day before.
“Did you buy a new car?” she
asked.
She asked me if I had bought a new
car.
Future Will
Would
“I’ll go to the
moviestomorrow,” John said.
John said he would go to the
movies the next day.
“Will you help me move?” she
asked.
She asked me if I would helpher
move.
Nota: A continuación tienes una tabla donde puedes observar los
cambios que sufren las expresiones de tiempo cuando usamos el
estilo indirecto.
Direct Speech
Indirect Speech
today
that day
tonight
that night
this week/month/year
that week/month/year
tomorrow
the next day
next week/month/year
the following week/month/year
yesterday
the day before or the previous
day
last week/month/year
the week/month
year before orthe
previous week/month/year
now
then/at that moment
Otros cambios
here
there
DESARROLLO DE LA HABILIDAD
1. Rewrite the sentences in reported speech. Change pronouns and time
expressions where necessary.
2.
She said, "I am reading."
3
Carrera 64 Nº 25 – 01 Bariloche – Itagüì (Antioquia) P.B.X 279 16 47 - 279 79 11 - 279 3511 - 309 32 45
E_mail: [email protected]
INSTITUCIÓN EDUCATIVA
CONCEJO MUNICIPAL DE ITAGÜÍ
“Ser Mejores un Compromiso de Todos”
She said that... (Reported speech simple tenses)
→ She said that
3.
she w as rea
They said, "We are busy."
→ They said that
4.
He said, "I know a better restaurant."
→ He said that
5.
She said, "I woke up early."
→ She said that
6.
He said, "I will ring her."
→ He said that
7.
They said, "We have just arrived."
→ They said that
8.
He said, "I will clean the car."
→ He said that
9.
She said, "I did not say that."
→ She said that
10.
She said, "I don't know where my shoes are."
→ She said that
11.
He said: "I won't tell anyone."
→ He said that
2. Imagine you want to repeat sentences that you heard two weeks ago in another
place. Rewrite the sentences in reported speech. Change pronouns and expressions
of time and place where necessary.
1.
They said, "This is our book."
→ They said
2.
that w as the
She said, "I went to the cinema yesterday."
→ She said
3.
He said, "I am writing a test tomorrow."
→ He said
4.
You said, "I will do this for him."
→ You said
5.
She said, "I am not hungry now."
→ She said
6.
They said, "We have never been here before."
→ They said
7.
They said, "We were in London last week."
→ They said
8.
He said, "I will have finished this paper by tomorrow."
→ He said
9.
He said, "They won't sleep."
→ He said
10.
She said, "It is very quiet here."
→ She said
4
Carrera 64 Nº 25 – 01 Bariloche – Itagüì (Antioquia) P.B.X 279 16 47 - 279 79 11 - 279 3511 - 309 32 45
E_mail: [email protected]
INSTITUCIÓN EDUCATIVA
CONCEJO MUNICIPAL DE ITAGÜÍ
“Ser Mejores un Compromiso de Todos”
She said that... (Reported speech simple tenses)
RELACIÓN
Actividades
a desarrollar
4.
1. Think about one topic that is important research in your city (politic, social,
cultural, education, public health etc.).
2. Choose one person for the interview
3. Develop the interview with 10 questions
Write the report of this interview, use 100 or 150 words to write them.
ANEXO DOCUMENTOS O MATERIAL DE APOYO
WWW.ENGLISH-TO-GO.COM
https://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/reported-speech/exercises?04
http://www.curso-ingles.com/aprender/cursos/nivel-avanzado/direct-and-reportedspeech/direct-and-reported-speech
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Carrera 64 Nº 25 – 01 Bariloche – Itagüì (Antioquia) P.B.X 279 16 47 - 279 79 11 - 279 3511 - 309 32 45
E_mail: [email protected]

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