Expresiones del tiempo

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Expresiones del tiempo
Nombre: ______________________________________ UNIDAD 3 ETAPA 3
VOCABULARIO: EL TIEMPO
In this unit you will learn to:
* talk about weather and seasons.
* use tener to express feelings.
* use the present progressive to tell what is happening.
* use direct object pronouns.
Sustantivos: el tiempo (weather)
heat
el calor
season
la estación
coolness
el fresco
cold
el frío
degree
el grado
sun
el sol
wind
el viento
temperature
la temperatura
weather
el tiempo
storm
la tormenta
(plural, las estaciones)
Expresiones del tiempo
What’s the weather like?
¿Qué tiempo hace?
Use ESTAR:
It’s cloudy
Está nublado
It’s raining
Está lloviendo
It’s snowing
Está nevando
Use HACE:
It’s _(weather)_ out
…nice out
Hace…
…buen tiempo
…cool out
…fresco
…cold out
…frío
…bad (weather)out
…mal tiempo
…sunny out
…sol
…windy out
…viento
It’s sunny out
Hay sol
It’s sunny out
Hay viento
Notes:
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Las estaciones (the seasons)
Spring= la primavera
autumn, fall=el otoño
Summer=el verano
winter =el invierno
Sustantivos: ropa, naturaleza
coat
el abrigo
scarf
la bufanda
cap
el gorro
raincoat
el impermeable
umbrella
el paraguas
shorts
los shorts
bathing suit
el traje de baño
tree
el árbol
flower
la flor
mountain
la montaña
plant
la planta
beach
la playa
(los pantalones cortos)
_________________________________________________________________
tanning oil
el bronceador
suntan lotion
el bloqueador solar
sunglasses
las gafas de sol / los lentes de sol
forest
el bosque
desert
el desierto
lake
el lago
rain
la lluvia
sea
el mar
snow
la nieve
river
el río
1. I am thirsty.
__________________________
2. Are you sleepy?
________________________
3. We are in a hurry!
_____________________
Sustantivos: expresiones con tener: describing how you feel
Tengo, tienes, tiene…….
heat/hot =(el) calor
haste/in a hurry=(la) prisa
care/careful=(el) cuidado
reason/right=(la) razón
cold =(el) frío
thirst/thirsty =(la) sed
hunger/hungry= (el) hambre (feminine)
sleep/sleepy=(el) sueño
fear/afraid=(el) miedo
luck/lucky=(la) suerte
Use the words above with “tener” to express how you feel. Remember when you used “tengo hambre” for
“I am hungry?” It’s the same idea. “Are you cold?” = “¿Tienes frío?”
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Verbos
to think, believe (that)
creer (que)
to rain
llover (o—ue)
to snow
nevar (e—ie)
Traduce al español:
1. Sometimes in the winter, it’s cloudy. _____________________________________________________
2. It’s sunny. We are going to the beach! __________________________________________________
Practice with stem-changers:
3. It’s raining / it rains: _____________________________________
4. It’s snowing / it snows: ___________________________________
Más Expresiones
I think so.
Creo que sí.
I don’t think so.
Creo que no.
To take photos
sacar fotos
to feel like doing
tener ganas de + infinitive
to sunbathe
tomar el sol
Tener ganas de
Use “tener ganas de” when you want to say what someone feels like doing. To say, “I don’t feel like
studying” you would use the “yo” form of “tener” = tengo, then ganas de, then the infinitive “to study” = No
tengo ganas de estudiar. = I don’t feel like studying.
Traduce al español:
1.
I feel like going to the beach. _____________________________________
2.
He doesn’t feel like dancing today. _____________________________________
3.
The girls feel like sunbathing tomorrow. Do you feel like going with them?
___________________________________________________________
Notes:
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The Present Progressive: El Presente Progresivo
1. When you want to say that an action is CURRENTLY happening RIGHT NOW, you use the “-ing”
ending in English. Ex: I am studying (right now). You are laughing (right now).
2. In Spanish, you do this by using “estar” and the present participle (gerund or –ing) of the Spanish
verb.
3. Start with ESTAR:
Yo estoy
Nosotros Estamos
Tú estás
x
Él, ella, usted está
Ellos, ellas, ustedes
están
4. Then add the correct (-ing) participle in Spanish. There are two possibilities:
-AR verbs:
-ER/IR verbs:
a. Take the infinitive.
a. Take the infinitive.
b. Drop the ending –AR. You are left with
b. Drop the ending –ER OR the –IR (stem)
the stem.
You are left with the stem.
c. Add ANDO.
c. Add IENDO.
Hablar
Yo estoy hablando
Comer
Nosotros estamos
Yo estoy comiendo
hablando
Nosotros estamos
comiendo
Tú estás hablando
x
Tú estás comiendo
x
Él, ella, usted está
Ellos, ellas, ustedes
Él, ella, usted está
Ellos, ellas, ustedes
hablando
Están hablando
comiendo
están comiendo
Pensar ->
Pens +ando
= Pensando
Esperar = _________________________________
Entender= _______________________________
Ayudar = ________________________________
Saber = _______________________________
Trabajar = ______________________________
Vivir = _______________________________
Bailar = ________________________________
We are working: __________________________________________________________
They are helping. _________________________________________________________
Present Progressive (continued)
Irregulars
When the stem or an –er or –ir verb ends in a vowel, change the “iendo” to a “yendo.”
Leer  Leyendo
Oír  Oyendo
Creer  Creyendo
Are you reading now? ____________________________________________________________
They are hearing the dog. ______________________________________________________
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Notes:
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Direct Object Pronouns
1. The direct object in a sentence receives that action of the verb. They answer “Whom?” or “What?”
about the verb. Nouns used as direct objects can be replaced by pronouns:
In English: Do you have the book? Yes, I have it.  Direct object pronoun replaces book.
2. In Spanish, the direct object noun is placed AFTER the conjugated verb:
¿Tienes el libro? Do you have the book? (libro comes after tienes)
The direct object pronoun is placed directly BEFORE the conjugated verb:
Sí, lo tengo. Yes, I have it. (“lo” replaces “el libro” as “it” and comes before “tengo.”)
(You’re really saying something like, “Yes, it I have.”)
What are your direct object pronouns?
Masculine noun
Feminine noun
singular
plural
Una torta = la
El perro = lo
unos libros = _________
el guante = ______________
unas chaquetas = ______________
Try these!
¿Comes un sándwich? Sí, __________________________________________
¿Llevas la falda nueva? Sí, __________________________________________
¿Haces la tarea? No, no __________________________________________.
2 verbs in the sentence = two possibilities: When an infinitive (not conjugated) follows the
conjugated verb, you can place the direct object pronoun either:
BEFORE the conjugated verb: Quiero comprar la torta = La quiero comprar. (It I want to buy)
OR ATTACHED to the infinitive: Quiero comprar la torta = Quiero comprarla. (I want to buy it)
Ex: Quiero sacar las fotos. (first verb = __________________, second verb = _____________________)
Las quiero sacar OR Quiero sacarlas. SAME THING 
DOPs for people: Me = (for me) Te = (for you) Le = (for/to him/her)
They buy a soda for me. Me compran un refresco.
I am looking for you. Te estoy buscando.
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So if you have 2 verbs in the sentence (conjugated and not) you have 2 options of how to write
the DOP.
Try these!
1. Quiero tomar un refresco. _______________________________________________________ OR
________________________________________________________
2. Puedo hacer la tarea. _______________________________________________________ OR
________________________________________________________
3. Quiero comprar unos zapatos. ____________________________________________________________OR
___________________________________________________
Escribe en español:
4. I buy them (the shoes) _______________________________________________________________
5. She looks for it (the fruit) ________________________________________________________
6. He writes it (the books ) __________________________________________________
7. We read it (the magazine) ___________________________________________________
8. You have it (the fruit) __________________________________________________
2 verbs, 2 ways!
9. John wants to study it (the history) __________________________________________________________OR
____________________________________________________
10. My parents need to listen to it ( the song) ____________________________________________________________OR
__________________________________________________
11. They want to eat it (the sandwich) ____________________________________________________________OR
__________________________________________________
12. He has to do it (the homework) ____________________________________________________________OR
__________________________________________________
13. The teacher has to read it (the book) ____________________________________________________________OR
__________________________________________________
14. You need to buy them (the shoes) ____________________________________________________________OR
__________________________________________________
15. I want to cook them (the french fries) ____________________________________________________________OR
__________________________________________________
16. We are going to use it (the computer) ____________________________________________________________OR
__________________________________________________
17. I am going to play them (the guitars) ____________________________________________________________OR
__________________________________________________
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