¡oéiety - Yale University

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¡oéiety - Yale University
SIXTY-THIRD ANNUAL REPORT
OF THE
¡oéiety
METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH
For tlie Year 1881.
P A B lsvX
% 1882.
N E W
P R I lS T T E D
Y O R K :
ZE ^O IF t-
8 0S
T H
E
B R O A D W A Y .
S O C I E T Y
I
CONTENTS.
A C T O F I N C O R P O R A T I O N .................................................................................
A N N U A L R E P O R T OF T R E A S U R E R A N D A S S IS T A N T -T R E A S U R E R
A N N U A L R E P O R T (I N T R O D U C T O R Y ) .............................................................................
A P P O R T IO N M E N T O F M O N E Y S T O B E R A IS E D D U R I N G T H E Y E A R 1882
A P P R O P R I A T I O N S F O R 1882....................................................................................................
B Y -L A W S O F T H E B O A R D O F M A N A G E R S ..................................................................
C O N C L U D IN G S U M M A R I E S ....................................................................................................
C O N S T I T U T I O N ..............................................................................................................................
C O N T R I B U T I O N S A N D A V E R A G E F O R T E N Y E A R S .............................................
D I R E C T O R Y O F F O R E IG N M I S S IO N A R I E S ..................................................................
7
26
30
25
24
15
307
11
311
316
D O M E S T I C M IS S IO N S ......................................................................................
A merican I ndians . ......................................................................................................................
W e l s h ..............................................................................................................................................
G erm an ............................................................................................................................................
S c an d in avia n ...............................................................................................................................
C h inese ............................................................................................................................................
A r iz o n a ..................................................
B l a c k H ills . .................................................................................................................................
D a k o t a ............................................................................................................................................
I n d ian T err ito ry .......................................................................................................................
M o n t a n a ........................................................................................................................................
N ew M ex ico ..................................................................................................................................
U t a h ................................................................................................................................................
W e st N e b r a s k a ...........................................................................................................................
E nglish -S pea king C on feren ces ...........................................................................................
232
237
243
244
246
247
260
264
266
269
270
278
286
291
297
F O R E I G N M I S S IO N S :
A fr ic a ..............................................................................................................................................
S outh A m erica .............................................................................................................................
C h in a ...............................................................................................................................................
F o o ch o w .................................................................................................................
C e n t r a l C h in a .....................................................................................................................
N orth C h ina .........................................................................................................................
G erm any a n d S w it z e r l a n d ....................................................................................................
S c a n d in a v ia ...................................................................................................................................
N o r w a y ...................................................................................................................................
S w ed e n ....................................................................................................................................
D e n m a r k .................................................................................................................................
N o r t h I n d ia .................................................................................................................................
S outh I n d ia ..................................................................................................................................
B u l g a r i a ........................................................................................................................................
I t a l y ................................................................................................................................................
J a p a n ...............................................................................................................................................
M e x ic o ............................................................................................................................................
G E N E R A L M IS S IO N A R Y C O M M I T T E E .............................................................................
H O N O R A R Y L I F E M A N A G E R S ..............................................................................................
L I F E M E M B E R S ...............................................................................................................................
M E T H O D I S T P U B L I S H IN G A N D M IS S IO N B U I L D I N G S A C C O U N T
M O N T H L Y A N D A N N U A L S T A T E M E N T S O F T H E C O N D IT IO N O F T H E
T R E A S U R Y .............................................................................................................................
O F F I C E R S A N D M A N A G E R S ...................................................................................................
P A T R O N S ...........................................................................................................................
R E C E I P T S O F T H E S O C I E T Y F R O M T H E B E G I N N I N G ........................................
S T A N D I N G C O M M I T T E E S .’......................................................................................................
33
41
57
59
7s
82
89
102
102
*°7
124
*34
*88
*9*
*9»
*°3
«4
4
3”
33*
29
28
3
320
3 IQ
6
Offiòef^ of Û\q $oéiety ài\d Soàfd.
R ev.
BISHOP LEVI SCOTT, President.
Vice-Presidents.
B ish o p M. S im p s o n ,
T . B ow m an,
W . L. H a r r is ,
“
R. S. F o s t e r ,
I. W . W i l e y ,
“
S. M. M e r r i l l ,
“
E. G. A n d r e w s ,
J. T . P e c k ,
H. W. W arren ,
“
B is h o p J. F. H u r s t ,
H o n . E n o c h L. F a n c h e r ,
R e v . M. D ’C. C r a w f o r d , D .D .,
J a m e s H . T a f t , E sq .,
H on. O l iv e r H o y t ,
R e v . D. C u r r y , D.D.,
R e v . D. W ise , D.D.,
H.
M. F o r r e s t e r , E sq .,
R e v . J. P. N e w m a n , D .D .,
H o n . G e o r g e J. F e r r y .
C. D. Foss,
M. R e id , C h a r l e s H . F o w l e r , Corresponding Secretaries,
D a v i d T e r r y , Assistant to Corresponding Secretaries.
M. P h i l l i p s , Treasurer.
J. M. W a ld e n , Assistant Treasurer.
Jam es N. F i t z G e r a l d , Recording Secretary.
John
J.
M INISTERS.
D a n ie l C u r r y ,
B is h o p L e v i S c o t t ,
M. S im p s o n ,
A l b e r t S. H u n t ,
L e w is R . D u n n ,
“
T . B ow man,
W . L . H a r r is ,
A lbert D . V a il ,
“
R . S. F o s t e r ,
A aron K . Sanford,
I. W . W i l e y ,
John M il e y ,
“
S. M. M e r r i l l ,
J o h n B. M e r w in ,
“
E. G. A n d r e w s , G e o r g e F . K e t t e l l ,
“
J. T . P e c k ,
C h r i s t i a n F. Grimm,
H.
W . W a rRriecnh,a r d V a n h o r n e ,
S a m u e l W. T h o m as,
“
C. D. F oss,
J. F. H u r s t ,
J o h n P. N ew m an ,
D a n ie l W is e ,
A l e x a n d e r L . B r ic e ,
J am es M . T u t t l e ,
Jam es M. B u c k le y ,
D a n i e l A . G o o d s e ll ,
M. D ’C. C r a w f o r d ,
John W . B each ,
O t is H . T i f f a n y ,
A aro n R itt e n h o u s e ,
G e o r g e G. S a x e ,
L e v i S. W e e d ,
Sandford H u n t,
G. W. W o o d r u ff,
J o h n B. G r a w ,
M i l t o n S. T e r r y ,
Jam es M. K in g .
H e n ry A. B u ttz ,
C h a r l e s S. C o it,
S a m u e l F. U pham,
W i lli a m P. R y d e r .
LAYMEN.
John F a lc o n e r ,
E n o ch L. F a n c h e r ,
James H . T a f t ,
T im o th y A . H o w e ,
H ira m M. F o r r e s t e r ,
o h n S. M ’L e a n ,
ohn F re n ch ,
O l iv e r H o y t ,
C h a r l e s C. N o r t h ,
G il b e r t O a k l e y ,
I saac O d e l l ,
O l i v e r H . P. A r c h e r ,
G e o r g e J. F e r r y ,
J o h n S te p h e n s o n ,
James M. F u l l e r ,
G e o r g e I. S e n e y ,
G e o r g e G. R e y n o ld s ,
C l i n t o n B. F is k ,
A n d r e w V. S t o u t ,
S te p h e n B a r k e r ,
J o h n M. P h ill ip s ,
J o h n H. B e n t l e y ,
H a r o ld D o lln e r ,
L e m u e l S k id m ore,
J o h n B. C o r n e ll ,
J o h n D . S la y b a c k ,
W i lli a m C. H a m ilto n ,
W . J. H u tc h in s o n ,
A n d e rs o n F o w l e r ,
E z r a B. T u t t l e ,
C h a r le s S c o tt,
A lden Spear e.
G^ei\efàl JVti^Ìoi\àry Öon\n|ittee.
EX-OFFICIO
MEMBERS.
Bishops.
L e v i Sc o tt,
S t e p h e n M . M e r r il l ,
M a t t h e w S im p s o n ,
E d w a r d G. A n d r e w s ,
T
J e s se T . P e c k ,
h om as
B ow man,
W il l ia m L . H a r r is ,
H en ry W . W arren,
R a n d o l p h S. F o s t e r ,
C y r u s D . F o ss ,
I saac W. W il e y ,
John F . H u rst.
Corresponding Secretaries.
Jo h n M . R e id ,
C h arles H . F
Treasurer.
ow ler .
Assistant Treasurer.
J. M . P h i l l i p s ,
J. M . W a l d e n .
805 Broadway, New York.
190 West Fourth-street, Cincinnati, Ohio.
REPRESENTATIVES OF MISSION DISTRICTS.
D ISTR ICT IV.
Central Pennsylva- Erie,
East Maine,
New Hampshire,
nia,
Norway,
Maine,
Providence,
Delaware,
Philadelphia,
New England,
Vermont.
East Ohio,
Pittsburgh.
J. D. Beem an , Swanton, Vt.
J. M. C a r r , Steubenville, Ohio.
D ISTR ICT I.
D IST R ICT II.
Foochow,
Newark,
New J ersey,
New York,
New York East,
Troy.
D ISTR ICT V.
Central Ohio,
North Ohio,
Cincinnati,
Ohio,
Kentucky,
West Virginia.
J. M. T r im b le , Columbus, Ohio.
D ISTR ICT VI.
Alabama,
North Carolina,
Baltimore,
Savannah,
Blue Ridge,
South Carolina,
D ISTRICT III.
Central Alabama, Virginia,
Central New York, North India,
Florida,
W ashington,
Genesee,
South India,
Georgia,
Wilmington.
North’n New York, Wyoming.
Liberia,
W. S. E d w a r d s , Baltimore, Md.
W. H. Olin , Wilkesbarre, Pa.
S.
L.
B a ld w in ,
Newark, N. J.
GENERAL, MISSIONARY COMMITTEE.
D ISTRICT VII.
5
DISTRICT X.
Central Tennessee, N.-W. Indiana,
S.-E. Indiana,
Holston,
Southern Illinois,
Indiana,
Lexington,
Tennessee.
North Indiana,
J. W. L o c k e , Belleville, 111.
Arkansas,
Austin,
Kansas,
Little Rock,
Louisiana,
Mississippi,
Missouri,
Saint Louis,
South Kansas,
Texas,
West Texas.
J. D e n iso n ,
Holton, Kansas.
D ISTRICT VIII.
Central Illinois,
Rock River,
Sweden,
Detroit,
Wisconsin.
Illinois,
Michigan,
G. R. P a lm e r , Onarga,
DISTRICT XI.
California,
Oregon,
Columbia River, Southern CaliforNevada,
nia.
111.
C. V. A n t h o n y , San Francisco, CaL
DISTRICT XII.
D ISTRICT IX.
N.-W. Norwegian,
Des Moines,
N.-W. Swedish,
Iowa,
Upper Iowa,
Minnesota,
Nebraska,
West Wisconsin.
North-west Iowa,
T. B. Lem on, Kearney, Neb.
Central German,
North-west
Ger9
Chicago German,
man,
East German,
St. Louis German,
Germany and Switz- Southern German,
erland,
Western German.
H. G. L i c h , New Albany, Ind.
REPRESENTATIVES OF THE BOARD OF MANAGERS.
M.
D ’C. C r a w f o r d ,
J.
B. C o r n e l l ,
A . D. V a il ,
S. B a r k e r ,
D.
J.
C u rry,
J. M.
A. L .
French ,
B u c k le y ,
E . B. T u t t l e ,
B r ic e ,
C. S c o tt,
S. H u n t ,
A.
S p e a re .
The Treasurer is ex officio a. member, and the Corresponding Secretaries are
advisory members of each of the Standing Committees, except the Committees
on Estimates and on Audits; and the Bishop having charge of a foreign mission
is an ex officio member of the Committee having charge of that mission.
On Africa.
II. M. F o r r e s t e r ,
A a r o n K . S a n fo r d ,
J. P. N e w m a n ,
J. W. B e a c h ,
G . J. F e r r y ,
L e v i S. W e e d ,
M. S. T e r r y ,
S andford H u n t,
W . P. R y d e r .
J. B. C o r n e l l ,
Ch'n. E. B. T u t t l e ,
On South Am erica and
Mexico.
J o h n S. M ’L e a n , Ch'n.
C h a r l e s C. N o r t h ,
J. H . B e n t l e y ,
A. L . B r i c e ,
A . S. H un t,
Sandford H u n t,
J. M. K in g ,
C h arles Sc o t t .
On China and Japan.
Jam es H . T a f t , Ch'n.
G e o r g e I. S e n e y ,
L e w is R . D u n n ,
Ste p h e n B a r k e r ,
O. H. T i f f a n y ,
A. V. Sto u t,
J. M. B u c k l e y ,
D. A . G oodsell.
On Western Europe.
H . D o l l n e r , Ch'n.
M. D’C. C r a w f o r d ,
C h r i s t i a n F . Grimm,
G eo rge F. K e t t e ll,
C l i n t o n B . F is k ,
G. W . W oodruff,
H. A. Buttz,
C . S. C o i t .
On India, Bulgaria, and
Turkey.
D a n i e l C u r r y , Ch'n.
Isa a c O d e ll,
A lb er t D . V a il ,
R ic h a r d V a n h o r n e ,
A n d erson F o w le r .
On Domestic Missions.
D a n i e l W is e , Ch'n.
John F ren ch ,
A l b e r t S. H u n t ,
J o h n B. M e r w in ,
C l i n t o n B. F is k ,
W . C. H a m i l t o n ,
Sa n d fo r d H u n t ,
J oh n D . Sl a y b a c k .
On Finance.
J. B. C o r n e l l , Ch'n.
O liv e r H o yt,
I sa a c O d e l l ,
Jam es H . T a f t ,
G e o r g e I. S e n e y ,
J. M. F u l l e r ,
W . J. H u t c h in s o n .
On Lands and Legacies.
E.
L. F a n c h e r , Ch'n.
H ir a m M. F o r r e s t e r ,
O liv e r H o y t,
O l i v e r H . P. A r c h e r ,
G e o r g e G. R e y n o l d s ,
L . S k id m o r e ,
A . V. Sto u t ,
A ld e n Sp e a r e .
J. M i l e y ,
G. G. S a x e ,
A . R it t e n h o u s e ,
S. W . T h o m a s ,
J. M . K in g .
On Estimates.
A . D . V a i l , Ch'n.
Jo h n F a l c o n e r ,
J o h n S. M ’L e a n ,
J o h n M il e y ,
J. D . S l a y b a c k ,
G. G. S a x e ,
J. B . C o r n e l l .
On Nominations and Public
Meetings.
H . M. F o r r e s te r ,
Jno. S. M ’L e a n ,
J am es H . T a f t ,
H aro ld D olln er ,
D a n ie l C u r r y ,
D a n i e l W is e ,
J. B. C o r n e l l ,
E. L . F a n c h e r ,
T. A. H ow e,
John F rench ,
A . D. V a il ,
J ohn C och n ow er .
Ch'n.
Audits at New York.
On Publications.
T i m o t h y A . H o w e , Ch'n.
J o h n F a lc o n e r ,
D a n i e l W is e ,
C h ar les C. N orth ,
Jam es M. T u t t l e ^
J o h n S t e p h e n s o n ,'
J. B. G r a w ,
S. F.
U pham .
On Woman’s Mission
Work.
John F re n ch ,
J. M. T u t t l e ,
Ch'n.
T . A. H o w e , Ch'n.
G il b e r t O a k le y ,
Jam es M. F u l l e r ,
D . A. G o o d s e ll ,
E . B. T u t t l e ,
L. S k id m o re .
Audits at Cincinnati.
J o h n C o c h n o w e r , Ch'n.
Am os S h in k le ,
R. A. W . Bru eh l,
R ic h a r d D y m o n d ,
E d w a r d Sa r g e n t .
ACT OF INCORPORATION,
A n A ct to Am end the Charter o f the Missionary Society o f the Methodist
Episcopal Church, passed A p r il 4/k, 1873.
The People o f the State o f New York, represented in Senate and Assem­
bly, do enact as follows :
S e c t i o n i . The A ct entitled " A n A ct to Amend the Charter o f th e
Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church,” passed April
fourteenth, eighteen hundred and sixty-nine; also, the A ct entitled “ An
Act to Consolidate the several Acts relating to the Missionary Society o f
the Methodist Episcopal Church into one Act, and to amend the same,”
passed April eleventh, eighteen hundred and fifty-nine ; and the Act en­
titled “ An A ct to Incorporate the Missionary Society of the Methodist
Episcopal Church,” passed April ninth, eighteen hundred and thirty-nine,
and the several Acts amendatory thereof, and relating to the said Society,
are respectively hereby amended and consolidated into one A c t ; and th e
several provisions thereof, as thus amended and consolidated, are com­
prised in the following sections:
S e c . 2. A ll persons associated, or who may become associated,
together in the Society above named are constituted a body corporate, by
the name and style of “ The Missionary Society of the Methodist Epis­
copal Church,” and are hereby declared to have been such body corporate
since the passage of said A ct of April ninth, eighteen hundred and thirtynine ; and such corporation is and shall be capable of purchasing, hold­
ing, and conveying such real estate as the purposes of the said corpora­
tion shall require ; but the annual income of the estate held by it at any
one time, within the State of New York, shall not exceed the sum of
seventy-five thousand dollars.
SEC. 3. The objects of the said Corporation are charitable and relig­
ious ; designed to diffuse more generally the blessings of education and
Christianity, and to promote and support missionary schools arid Christian
missions throughout the United States and Territories, and also in for­
eign countries.
S ec. 4. The management and disposition of the affairs and property
of the said Corporation shall be vested in a Board of Managers, com­
posed of thirty-two laymen of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and
thirty-two traveling ministers of the Methodist Episcopal Church, ap­
pointed by the General Conference of said Church at its quadrennial ses­
sions, and o f the Bishops of said Church, who shall be ex-officio members
8
MISSIONARY REPORT.
o f said Board. Such Managers as were appointed by said General Con­
ference at its last session shall be entitled to act as such from and after
the passage of this Act, until they or others appointed by the ensuing
General Conference shall assume their duties. Any such Board of Man­
agers may fill any vacancy happening therein until the term shall com­
mence of the Managers appointed by an ensuing General Conference,
said Board of Managers shall have such power as may be necessary for
the management and disposition of the affairs and property of said Cor­
poration, in conformity with the Constitution of said Society as it now
exists, or as it may be from time to time amended by the General Con­
ference, and to elect the officers of the Society, except as herein other­
wise provided; and such Board of Managers shall be subordinate to any
directions or regulations made, or to be made, by said General Conference.
S lC . 5. Thirteen members of the said Board of Managers, at any
meeting thereof, shall be a sufficient number for the transaction of busi­
ness. The Corresponding Secretaries, the Treasurer, and the Assistant
Treasurer of said Society shall be elected by the General Conference of
the Methodist Episcopal Church, and shall hold their office for four years,
and until their successors are elected; and in case of a vacancy by resig­
nation, death, or otherwise, the Bishops of the said Methodist Episcopal
Church shall fill any vacancy in the office till the ensuing General Confer­
ence. And until the next session of the General Conference, said Board
o f Managers may appoint and remove at pleasure the Treasurer and the
Assistant Treasurer of said Corporation ; and the latter officer may exer­
cise his duties, as the Board may direct, in any State.
S ec . 6. The said Corporation shall be capable of taking, receiving, or
holding any real estate, by virtue of any devise contained in any last will
and testament of any person whomsoever; subject, however, to the lim­
itation expressed in the second section of this A ct as to the aggregate
amount of such real estate, and also to the provisions of an A ct entitled
“ An A ct Relating to W ills,” passed April thirteen, eighteen hundred and
six ty ; and the said Corporation shall be also competent to act as a Trus­
tee in respect to any devise or bequest pertaining to the objects of said
Corporation, and devises and bequests of real or personal property may be
made directly to said corporation, or in trust, for any of the purposes
comprehended in the general objects of said Society; and such trusts may
continue for such time as may be necessary to accomplish the purposes
for which they may be created.
S e c . 7. The said Corporation shall also possess the general powers
specified in and by the Third Title o f Chapter Eighteen o f the First Part
o f the Revised Statutes of the State of New York.
SEC. 8. This A ct shall take effect immediately.
ACT OF INCORPORATION.
9
Part I, Chapter XVIII, Third Title of Art. 3.
OF TH E
G E N E R A L PO W ER S, P R IV IL E G E S , A N D
L IA B IL IT IE S
OF
C O R­
P O R A T IO N S .
S e c t i o n i . Every Corporation, as such, has power:
1. To have succession, by its corporate name, for the period limited in its
Charter ; and when no period is limited, perpetually.
2. T o sue and be sued, complain and defend, in any court of law or equity.
3. T o make and use a common seal, and alter the same at pleasure.
4. To hold, purchase, and convey such real and personal estate as the
purposes of the Corporation shall require, not exceeding the amount
limited in its Charter.
5. T o appoint such subordinate officers and agents as the business of the
Corporation shall require, and to allow them a suitable compensation.
6. To make By-laws, not inconsistent with any existing law, for the man­
agement of its property, the regulation of its affairs, and for the
transfer of its stock.
SEC. 2. The powers enumerated in the preceding section shall vest in
every Corporation that shall hereafter be created, although they may
not be specified in its Charter, or in the act under which it shall be incor­
porated.
S e c . 3. In addition to the powers enumerated in the first section of
this title, and to those expressly given in its Charter, or in the act under
which it is or shall be incorporated, no Corporation shall possess or exer­
cise any corporate powers, except such as shall be necessary to the exer­
cise of the powers so enumerated and given.
SEC. 4. No Corporation created, or to be created, and not expressly
incorporated for banking purposes, shall, by any implication or construc­
tion, be deemed to possess the power of discounting bills, notes, or other
evidences of debt ; of receiving deposits ; of buying gold and silver, bull­
ion, or foreign coins ; o f buying and selling bills of exchange, or of issuing
bills, notes, or other evidences of debt, upon loan, or for circulation as
money.
S e c . 5. Where the whole capital of a Corporation shall not have been
paid in, and the capital paid shall be insufficient to satisfy the claims of its
creditors, each stockholder shall be bound to pay, on each share held by
him, the sum necessary to complete the amount of such share, as fixed
by the Charter of the Company, or such proportion of that sum as shall
be required to satisfy the debts of the Company.
S e c . 6. When the corporate powers of any Corporation are directed
by its Charter to be exercised by any particular body, or number of per­
sons, a majority of such body, or persons, if it be not otherwise provided
in the charter, shall b e a sufficient number to form a board for the trans­
IO
MISSIONARY REPORT.
action of business; and every decision of a majority of the persons duly
assembled as a board shall be valid as a corporate act.
S e c . 7. If any Corporation hereafter created by the Legislature shall
not organize and commence the transaction of its business within one
year from the date of its incorporation, its corporate powers shall cease.
S e c . 8. The Charter of every Corporation that shall hereafter be granted
by the Legislature shall be subject to alteration, suspension, and repeal,
in the discretion of the Legislature.
S e c . 9. Upon the dissolution o f any Corporation created, or to be
created, and unless other persons shall be appointed by the Legislature,
or by some court of competent authority, the directors or managers of
the affairs of such Corporation at the time of its dissolution, by whatever
name they may be known in law, shall be the trustees of the creditors
and stockholders o f the Corporation dissolved, and shall have full power
to settle the affairs of the Corporation, collect and pay the outstanding
debts, and divide among the stockholders the moneys and other property
that shall remain after the payment of debts and necessary expenses.
S e c . 10. The persons so constituted trustees shall have authority to
sue for, and recover, the debts and property of the dissolved Corporation,
by the name of the trustees of such Corporation, and shall have full power
to settle the affairs of the Corporation, describing it by its corporate name,
and shall be jointly and severally responsible to the creditors and stock­
holders o f such Corporation to the extent of its property and effects that
shall come into their hands.
C O N S T IT U T IO N
or T H E
Missionary Society of the Methodist Episeopal Church,
AS REVISED BY THE GENERAL CONFERENCE OF 187ft
A R T IC L E I.
NAME AND OBJECTS OF THE SOCIETY.
name o f this association shall be “ T h e M i s s i o n a r y S o c i e t y
Its objects are charitable
and religious ; designed to diffuse more generally the blessings of educa­
tion and C hristianity, and to promote and su p p o rt missionary s c h o o ls and
Christian missions throughout the United States and Territories, and also
in foreign countries, under such rules and regulations as the General Con­
ference of th e M e th o d ist Episcopal Church may fro m tim e to tim e
The
o f t h e M e t h o d is t E p is c o p a l C h u r c h .”
p rescribe.
A R T IC L E II.
MEMBERS, HONORARY MANAGERS, AND PATRONS.
The payment of twenty dollars at one time shall constitute a member
for life. Any person paying one hundred and fifty dollars at one time
into the treasury shall be an honorary manager for life; and the contribu­
tion of five hundred dollars shall constitute the donor an honorary patron
for life : any such honorary manager or patron shall be entitled to a seat,
and the right of speaking, but not of voting, in the Board of Managers.
A R T IC L E III.
BOARD OF MANAGERS.
The management and disposition of the affairs and property of the
said Corporation shall be vested in a Board of Managers, consisting of
the Bishops of said Church, who shall be ex-officto members of said
Board, and thirty-two laymen, and thirty-two traveling ministers of the
Methodist Episcopal Church, elected by the General Conference of the
Methodist Episcopal Church, according to the requirements of the exist­
ing Charter o f the Society: vacancies in the Board shall be filled as the
12
MISSIONARY REPORT.
Charter provides. The Board shall also have authority to make By-laws
not inconsistent with this Constitution or the Charter ; to print books for
Indian and Foreign Missions, and Missions in which a foreign language is
used ; to elect a President, Vice-Presidents, and a Recording Secretary ;
to fill vacancies that may occur among the officers elective by its own
body ; and shall present a statement of its transactions and funds to the
Church in its Annual Report, and also shall lay before the General Con­
ference a report of its transactions for the four preceding years, and the
state of its funds.
A R T IC L E IV.
CORRESPONDING SECRETARIES.
There shall be two Corresponding Secretaries appointed by the Gen­
eral Conference.
They shall be subject to the direction and control of the Board of Man­
agers, by whom their salaries shall be fixed, and their salaries shall be paid
out o f the treasury. They shall be exclusively employed in conducting
the correspondence of the Society, in furnishing the Church with mission­
ary intelligence, and, under the direction of the Board, in supervising the
missionary work of the Church, and by correspondence, traveling, and
otherwise, in promoting the the general interests of the Society.
Should the office of either of the Secretaries become vacant by death,
resignation, or otherwise, the Board shall have power to provide for the
duties of the office until the Bishops, or a majority of them, shall fill the
vacancy.
A R T IC L E V.
ELECTION OF OFFICERS.
A t the regular meeting of the Board, next succeeding the final ad­
journment of the General Conference, the officers to be elected by the
Board shall be chosen and hold their office for the term of one year, or
until their successors shall be elected ; or, if a vacancy occur during the
year by death, resignation, or otherwise, it may be filled at any regular
meeting of the Board.
A R T IC L E V I.
PRESIDING OFFICER.
A t all meetings o f the Board, the President, or, in his absence, one of
the Vice-Presidents, and in the absence o f the President and of all the
Vice-Presidents, a member appointed by the meeting for that purpose,
shall preside.
A R T IC L E V II.
QUORUM.
Thirteen Managers at any meeting of the Board shall be a quorum
CONSTITUTION.
13
A R T IC L E V III.
MINUTES.
The minutes of each meeting" shall be signed by the Chairman of the
meeting at which the same are read and approved.
A R T IC L E IX.
A U X IL IA R Y SOCIETIES.
It is recommended that within the bounds of each Annual Conference
there be established a Conference Missionary Society, auxiliary to this
institution, under such regulations as the Conferences shall respectively
prescribe.
A R T IC L E X.
SPECIAL DONATIONS.
Auxiliary societies or donors may designate the Mission or Missions,
under the care of this Society, to which they desire any part or the whole
of their contributions to be appropriated; which special designation shall
be publicly acknowledged by the Board. But in the event that more
funds are raised for any particular Mission than are necessary for its sup­
port, the surplus shall be at the disposal of the Board for the general
purposes of the Society.
A R T IC L E XI.
GENERAL MISSIONARY COMMITTEE.
The General Conference shall divide the Annual Conferences into
twelve Mission Districts, from each of which there shall be one represent­
ative, to be appointed for the term of four years by the General Conference
at each of its sessions, on the nomination of the delegates of the Annual
Conferences within the Mission Districts respectively, and twelve represent­
atives, to be appointed annually by the Board of Managers from its own
members, who, with the Secretaries and Treasurers of the Society and
the Board of Bishops, shall constitute a committee, to be called the Gen­
eral Missionary Committee; provided that the Bishops shall fill any
vacancy that may occur among the members appointed by the General
Conference, so that each Mission District maybe fully represented at each
annual meeting.
The General Missionary Committee shall meet annually in the city of
New York, and at such time in the month of November as shall be deter­
mined by the Secretaries and Treasurers, of which due notice shall be
given to each member; and the Bishops shall preside over the delibera­
tions.
Said General Missionary Committee shall determine what fields shall
be occupied as Foreign Missions, the number of persons to be employed
on said Missions, and the amount necessary for the support of each Mis­
MISSIONARY REPORT.
sion ; and it shall also determine the amount for which each Bishop may
draw for the Domestic Missions of the Conferences over which he shall
preside, and the Bishop shall not draw on the Treasurers for more than
said amount. Nevertheless, in the intervals between the meetings of the
General Missionary Committee, the Board of Managers may provide for
any unforeseen emergency that may arise in any of our Missions, and to
meet such demands may expend any additional amount not exceeding
twenty-five thousand dollars.
The General Missionary Committee shall be amenable to the General
Conference, to which it shall make a full report of its doings.
Any expenses incurred in the discharge of its duties shall be paid
from the treasury of the Society.
A R T IC L E X II.
SUPPORT OF SUPERANNUATED AND OTHER MISSIONARIES.
The Board may provide for the support of superannuated missionaries,
widows and orphans of missionaries, who may not be provided for by
their Annual Conferences respectively, it being understood that they shall
not receive more than is usually allowed to other superannuated minis­
ters, their widows and orphans.
The amount allowed for the support of a missionary shall not exceed
the usual allowance of other itinerant preachers ; and in the case of D o­
mestic Missions, the Bishop or president of the Conference shall draw for
the same in quarterly installments, and shall always promptly notify the
Treasurer of all drafts made by him. The administration of appropria­
tions to Foreign Missions shall be under the direction of the Board of
Managers.
N o one shall be acknowledged as a missionary, or receive support as
such from the funds of the Society, who has not some definite field as­
signed to him in the service of the Society, or who could not be an effect­
ive laborer on a circuit, except as above provided.
A R T IC L E XIII.
AMENDMENTS.
This Constitution shall be subject to alteration or amendment only by
the General Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church.
BY-LAW S
OF TH E
Board
M anagers
of
OF THE
M ISSIO N A R Y SO C IE TY O F T H E M E TH O D IST
E P IS C O P A L CHURCH.
I.
D U T I E S O F T H E O F F IC E R S O F T H E S O C IE T Y ,
P r e s i d e n t a n d V ic e -P r e s i d e n t .
T h e duties of these officers are defined in the Constitution. The
President, or one of the Vice-Presidents, shall preside at all meetings of
the Society and of the Board, as prescribed by Article V I of the Constitu­
tion ; and shall hold their respective offices during the year for which they
may be elected, unless the Board of Managers otherwise determine. If
the President and all the Vice-Presidents be absent, then the Board may
elect a President pro iem.
C o r r e s p o n d in g S e c r e t a r ie s .
The Corresponding Secretaries shall, under the direction of the Board
of Managers, conduct the correspondence of the Society with its Missions,
and be exclusively employed in promoting its general interests. They
shall advocate the missionary cause at such Annual Conferences and
Churches as their judgment may dictate and the Board approve. They
shall keep a vigilant eye upon all the affairs of the Society, and especially
upon all its Missions, and promptly convey to the Bishops having charge of
the Missions respectively, to the Board, or the standing committees, all
such communications from, and all information concerning, our Missions,
as the circumstances of the case may require. They shall also in all cases
give to such missionaries as may be sent out the Manual of Instructions
authorized by the Board, with such other instructions and explanations as
circumstances may call for, and shall explicitly inform all our missionaries
that they are in no case to depart from such instructions. They shall also
audit the accounts of outgoing, returned, or discharged foreign mission­
aries before the final settlement of the same, and all bills for office and
incidental expenses before they are presented to the Treasurer for pay­
i6
MISSIONARY REPORT.
ment. They shall also superintend all property interests of the Society,
exclusive of its current receipts, permanent or special funds, and fixed
property, subject to instructions from the Board of Managers.
T reasurer.
The Treasurer shall keep proper books of accounts, showing all the
receipts and disbursements, and all other financial affairs connected with
the treasury of the Society, except such as are committed to the care of
the Corresponding Secretaries. He shall, under advice of the Finance
Committee, keep all uninvested moneys of the Society on deposit in some
safe bank, or banks, in the name of the Society, subject to the order of
its Treasurer. He shall honor all orders of the Board on the treasury,
and, within the several appropriations made by the General Committee
and Board, shall pay all drafts of the Bishops, and furnish the Secretaries
respectively with Letters of Credit or Bills of Exchange for the support of
Foreign Missions ; and he shall, on the warrant of the Corresponding
Secretaries, pay the outfit of missionaries, and the expenses of those au­
thorized to return, and shall pay all bills for office and incidental expenses
when properly audited. He shall be subject to the direction of the Finance
Committee, and of the Board, in respect to all investments, loans, and
other financial affairs of the Society. lie shall report the state of the
funds, and whenever required exhibit his books, vouchers, and securities
at each regular meeting of the Finance Committee and o f the Auditing
Committee; and shall report monthly to the Board the state of the treas­
ury. He shall keep an account of all receipts by Conferences, and of all
expenditures by Missions and particular appropriations.
He shall keep the seal of the Society, and affix the same to such docu­
ments, contracts, and conveyances as may be ordered by the Board of
M anagers; shall execute for the Society conveyances of real estate when­
ever ordered by the Board.
A s s is t a n t T r e a s u r e r .
The Assistant Treasurer shall reside at Cincinnati, Ohio, and shall
be subject to the directions of the Board of Managers and of the
Treasurer.
He shall forward to the Treasurer, monthly, a statement of his ac­
counts to the first of each month, in order that the same may be presented
to the Board at its regular meetings. He shall exhibit his books and ac­
counts, vouchers and securities, to such auditors as may be appointed by
the Board.
R e c o r d in g S e c r e t a r y .
The Recording Secretary shall notify all meetings of the Board and of
the Society, and shall record the minutes o f their proceedings. He shall
also certify to the Treasurer, or to the Auditing Committee, as the case
may require, all moneys granted, or expenditures authorized in pursuance
of the action o f the Board.
BY-LAWS.
17
He shall, under the direction of the Corresponding Secretaries, make
an appropriate record of all wills under which the Society may be inter­
ested, and of all action of the Board, and other information relating
thereto.
He shall, under like direction, also record a statement of all the prop­
erty of the Society, and of any conveyances thereof, or other proceedings
touching the same.
He shall, under like direction, keep the roll of the officers and Man­
agers, and of the members of the several standing Committees, in the
proper order according to the seniority of their consecutive service respect­
ively, except that the chairman of each Committee shall be first named,
and shall see that such lists are printed in such order in the Annual Re­
ports.
He shall also record the proceedings of the several standing Commit­
tees in separate books, which shall be brought to each meeting of the
Board; and shall notify, when requested, all meetings of Committees; and
he shall hold his office during the year for which he may be elected, unless
the Board of Managers otherwise determine.
II.
F I N A N C I A L R E G U L A T IO N S .
Appropriations made by the General Missionary Committee for the
payment of salaries of missionaries, where a schedule of salaries has been
fixed by the Board of Managers for any Mission, or for the authorized
current expenses of an established Mission, or by the Board for the ex­
penses of outgoing or returning missionaries, and all specific appropria­
tions of the Board or of the General Committee, except for the purchase
or improvement of real estate, shall be paid by the Treasurer, upon the
requisition of one of the Corresponding Secretaries, without further action
by the Board. Except when otherwise ordered by the Board, payments
made in foreign countries are to be by letters of credit or bills of exchange
to the order of the Superintendent or Treasurer of the Mission ; and pay­
ments made in this country on account of Foreign Missions may be made
by draft of one of the Corresponding Secretaries upon the Treasurer,
payable to the order of the person entitled to receive the same, and the
Treasurer shall not be authorized to pay any other.
But where the appropriation is general, and for a Mission not yet oc­
cupied, and where the Bishop in charge shall have appointed a mission­
ary, the Board has power to determine what portion of such appropriation
shall be applied to particular objects, and what amount may be placed at
the discretion of the Superintendent or other persons for general purposes ;
and when the Board has so determined, the Corresponding Secretaries
may make requisition for the payment of such sums in manner and form
as above stated.
Office and incidental expenses shall be audited by the Corresponding
Secretaries, and paid to their order on the face of the original bills.
2
i8
MISSIONARY REPORT.
No Missionary or other person, other than the Corresponding Secre­
taries, shall be allowed to make drafts on the Treasurer for Foreign Mis­
sions, except on letters of credit duly issued.
Real estate maybe purchased for the Society, and improvements made
on real estate, by the erection of buildings or otherwise, only by direct
order of the Board, and by persons specially authorized and appointed to
make such purchase or improvement.
And where the General Committee make a special appropriation for
the purchase or improvement of real estate in any Mission, as the admin­
istration of appropriations and the management of the property of the
Society is with the Board of Managers, the Board shall determine the time
and manner of payment, and designate the person by whom such appro­
priation shall be expended, before the Corresponding Secretaries are au­
thorized to make requisition therefor.
Appropriations and balances of appropriations unexpended at the close
of the fiscal year, of any Mission, whether in the hands of the Treasurer
of the Society, or any of its agents, shall lapse to the Treasurer of the
Society, and may not be thereafter used for the purposes for which they
were appropriated, except to discharge pre-existing obligations.
III.
S T A N D I N G C O M M I T T E E S A N D T H E IR D U T I E S .
A t the regular meeting of the Board in June of each year the follow­
ing Standing Committees shall be appointed :
I. O n M i s s i o n s i n A f r i c a .
It shall be the duty of this Committee to consider and report on all
matters relating to Missions in Africa which may be referred to them by
the Board or the Corresponding Secretaries.
II.
O n M is s io n s in S o u t h A m e r ic a a n d M e x ic o .
It shall be the duty of this Committee to consider and report on all
matters relating to Missions in South America and Mexico which may be
referred to them by the Board or the Corresponding Secretaries.
II I . O n M is s io n s i n C h in a a n d Ja p a n .
It shall be the duty o f this Committee to consider and report on all
matters relating to Missions in China and Japan which may be referred to
them by the Board or the Corresponding Secretaries.
IV . O n M i s s i o n s i n W e s t e r n E u r o p e .
It shall be the duty of this Committee to consider and report on all
matters relating to Missions in Europe (except such as may be within the
limits of Turkey) which may be referred to them by the Board or the
Corresponding Secretaries.
BY-LAWS.
V.
19
O n M is s io n s in In d i a , B u l g a r i a , a n d T u r k e y .
It shall be the duty of this Committee to consider and report on all
matters relating to Missions in India, Bulgaria, or Turkey referred to them
by the Board or the Corresponding Secretaries.
V I. O n D o m e s t i c M i s s i o n s .
It shall be the duty of this Committee to consider and report on all
matters relating to American Domestic Missions, Indian Missions, and
Missions among Foreign Populations in the United States, which may be
referred to them by the Board or the Corresponding Secretaries.
V II. O n F in a n c e .
It shall be the duty of this Committee to aid the Treasurer in provid­
ing ways and means. Said Committee shall have power to advise the
Treasurer as to the deposit of all uninvested moneys of the Society; and,
in the intervals between the sessions of the Board, to direct him in respect
to all investments, loans, and other financial affairs of the Society. It
shall also have the management, care, and supervision of the interests of
the Missionary Society in the building known as the Methodist Publishing
and Mission Building, subject to the order of the Board; also to consider
and report on such financial matters as may be referred to them by the
Board, Treasurer, or the Corresponding Secretaries.
VIII. O n L a n d s a n d L e g a c i e s .
It shall be the duty of this Committee to consider and report on all be­
quests made to the Society, and questions arising under wills, or con­
cerning lands temporarily held by the Society, referred to them by the
Board, the Corresponding Secretaries, or Treasurer.
IX . O n P u b l ic a t io n s .
It shall be the duty of this Committee to publish as instructed by the
Board, and consider matters respecting publications referred to them by
the Board or Corresponding Secretaries.
X . O n W o m a n ’ s M is s io n W o r k .
It shall be the duty of this Committee to consider and report on all
matters relating to the work of women in the Mission field, and to the
Woman’s Foreign Missionary Society, referred to them by the Board or
the Corresponding Secretaries.
X I.
O n E s t im a t e s .
It shall be the duty of this Committee to make an estimate of the salary
to be paid to any person engaged, not in the Missions, but in the imme­
diate service of this Board ; and also estimates for such incidental ex­
penditures as may have no special relation to any particular Mission, and
which may be referred to them by the Board, Treasurer, or a Secretary.
20
MISSIONARY REPORT.
XII. O n N o m i n a t i o n s a n d P u b l i c M e e t i n g s .
This Committee shall consist of the chairmen of the several Standing
Committees, and its duty shall be to make arrangements for public meet­
ings ordered by the Board, and to nominate suitable persons to fill all
vacancies that may occur in the Board of Managers, or in its list of
officers, during the year, and the vote on such nominations shall be by
ballot.
X III. O n A u d i t s .
There shall be two Committees on Audits, one in New York, and the
other in Cincinnati. The former shall audit the accounts of the Treas­
urer, and the latter the accounts of the Assistant Treasurer quarterly,
namely: in November, February, May, and August; and such other ac­
counts as may be referred to them by the Board.
Gen eral R ules.
1. The Standing Committees shall, at their first meeting after election,
elect their own permanent chairman, and if he be absent at any meeting,
they shall choose a chairman pro tern. Each committee shall cause to be
recorded correct minutes of all the business brought before it, and the dis­
position of the same, in a book kept for that purpose, which shall be
brought to the regular meetings of the Board; and said committee may
hold a regular meeting once in each month, or meet at the call of its
chairman, a Corresponding Secretary, or Treasurer.
2. Each committee having charge of a particular mission shall make
out estimates for the mission under its charge, to be laid before the Gen­
eral Missionary Committee at its annual meeting, to guide it in making
the appropriations for the ensuing year.
3. The Treasurer shall be ex officio a member, and the Corresponding
Secretaries advisory members without a vote, of each of the Standing
Committees, except the Committees on Estimates and on A u d its; and
the Bishop having charge o f a Foreign Mission shall be an ex-officio mem­
ber of the respective committees having charge of the same.
4. When any matter is referred to a committee with power, it shall be
the duty of the committee to report its final action in the case to the
Board, for record in the minutes of its proceedings.
IV.
M E E T I N G S O F T H E B O A R D , O R D E R O F B U S IN E S S , A N D
RULES OF DEBATE.
I.
M e e t in g s
of
th e
Board.
1. The Board shall hold its regular meetings on the third Tuesday of
each month, at 3:30 o’clock P. M., at the Mission Rooms of the Society.
2. The presiding officer shall preserve order, keep the speaker to the
point under consideration, and appoint committees not otherwise provided
BY-LAWS.
21
for. He shall not take part in debate, nor propose any new measure,
unless he first leave the chair; but he may vote as any other member.
3. A ll meetings of the Board shall open with reading the Scriptures
and prayer, and close with prayer or the benediction, under the direction
of the chairman.
4. A Corresponding Secretary, or the Treasurer, or any five Managers,
may call a special meeting of the Board.
II. O r d e r o f B u s i n e s s .
1. Reading the Scriptures and prayer.
2. The minutes of the previous meeting shall be read, and, when ap­
proved, signed by the presiding- officer.
3. The Treasurer’s monthly statement, and that of the Assistant
Treasurer.
4. Report of the Corresponding Secretaries.
5. Reports from the Standing Committees, in the following order:
A frica; South America and M exico; China and Japan; Western Europe ;
India, Bulgaria, and Turkey ; Domestic; Finance; Lands and Legacies;
Executive Committee ; Publications ; Woman’s Mission W o rk ; Estimates •
Nominations and Public Meetings; Audits. The reports of each com­
mittee to be made by simply reading the minutes of its proceedings, upon
which the Board shall take such action as the case may require. When
any one of the Standing Committees may be called in the regular proceed­
ings of the Board, it shall be in order to present any miscellaneous busi­
ness pertaining to the particular matters of which that committee has
charge, as well as to receive and consider any reports from the committee.
6. Reports of special Committees.
7. Unfinished business.
8. Miscellaneous business.
The Board shall appoint, in the month of October in each year, the
members of the General Missionary Committee to which it is entitled, ac­
cording to the provision of Art. X I of the Constitution of the Missionary
Society.
III. R u l e s f o r t h e T r a n s a c t i o n o f B u s i n e s s .
1. A motion having been made, seconded, and stated from the Chair,
shall be considered in possession of the Board, but may be withdrawn by
the mover before any order is taken on it. Every motion shall be reduced
to writing if the presiding officer, or any other member, require i t ; and
when the question contains several distinct propositions, any member may
have the same divided.
2. A motion to amend shall be considered first in order, and shall be
decided before the original motion; and a substitute for any pending mo­
tion or amendment may be offered, and shall, if it prevail, supersede the
original motion or proposed amendment, and may itself be amended.
3. Every member wishing to speak shall rise and address the Chair;
22
MISSIONARY REPORT.
and no one shall speak more than once on one question, until every mem­
ber desiring to speak shall have spoken; and no member shall speak over
fifteen minutes without the permissiori of the Board.
4. Motions to lay on the table, and motions that the previous question
be put, shall be taken without debate.
5. When a report is presented by a committee it shall be considered
in possession o f the Board, and may be adopted, amended, recommitted,
laid on the table, or otherwise disposed of, as the Board may judge
proper.
6. It shall always be deemed out of order to use personal reflections in
debate, or to interrupt a speaker, except to explain or call him to order.
7. It shall be deemed out of order for any member to leave the .meet­
ing without the permission of the Chair or the Board.
8. A motion to adjourn shall always be considered in order, and shall
be taken without debate.
9. A call of the ayes and noes shall be ordered on the demand of any
five members present.
10. Any decision of the presiding officer shall be subject to an appeal
to the Board, and such appeal shall be decided without debate; but the
presiding officer may assign his reasons for his decision.
11. When a question has been once put and decided, it shall be in
order for any member who voted in the majority to move for the recon­
sideration thereof; but no motion for reconsideration shall be taken more
than once.
V.
P U B L I C A T IO N A N D A M E N D M E N T O F B Y - L A WS.
1. The Charter, the Constitution of the Society, and By-laws, shall be
published with each Annual Report.
2. The Board of Managers shall not make, alter, or amend any ByLaw, except at the regular monthly meeting thereof, nor at the same
meeting at which such By-Law, alteration, or amendment may be pro­
posed.
FIN A N CIA L TABLES
FOE THE TEAE.
SppfopiScitioi^ fo f l88^.
1.
Foreign Missions.
1« A f r i c a «
"(1.) Liberia: at the disposal o f the Board for w ork........................................................ $3,500
“
“
“
“
“
for schools.....................................................
1,0(0
(2.) Interior w ork: at the disposal o f the Board............................................................... 1,500
$6,000
200
2. C e n tr a l A m erica : at disposal o f Board...........................................................................
3. South A m er ica .
(1.) North-east South Am erica: at disposal o f Board....................................................
(2.) South-east South A m erica..............................................................................................
“
“
“
contingent for Buenos Ayres........................................
(3.) Western South A m erica.................................................................................................
$200
10,650
&000
200
13,050
4. C h in a :
(1.) F ooch ow ................................................. M exican dollars, 17,280; estimated to cost 415,557
“
for theological school, con ­
ditioned on donation
“
“
7,778;
“
“
7,000
(2.) Central China, (K iukiang)...................
“
*
25,080;
**
“
22,800
(3.) North China, ( P e k in g ).........................
“
“
22,000;
“
‘
20,000
(4.) West China...............................................
“
“
5,500;
‘
5.000
5. G e r m a n y
a nd
70357
Sw itze r la n d :
For the work................................................................... Marks, 89,360; estimated to cost $21,000
600
For interest on Berlin d ebt............................................
“ 2,550;
“
“
2,400
To be administered by Board for debts......................
* 10,210;
21,000
6. Sc a n d in a t ia :
(1.) Denmark...................................................................Crowns, 35,880; estimated to cost $9,613
13,963
(2.) N orw ay.......................................................................
“ 52,179;
20,100
(3.) Sweden: for the w ork.............................................
“ 75,0*50;
2.250
At the disposal o f the B oard.................................
“
8^596;
45,926
7. I ndia :
(1.) North India............................................................Rupees, 152,5?1; estimated to cost
(2.) South India: at disposal o f Board....................
“ 1,224.88;
“
“
8. B u l g a r ia
and
ouu
62,759
T ur ke y :
For the w ork............................................................................................................................. $9,754
To be administered by Board ............................................................................................................
2,000
11,754
9. I t a l y .................................................................................Lires, 112^00; estimated to cost $22,500
For Church property to be administered by Board “
12,500;
“
*
2,500
25,000
10. M exico .......................................................... M exican dollars, 29,885 ; estimated to cost $20,000
At the disposal o f the Board for property
at O rizaba..................................................
*
“
4,597;
“
“
4,000
11.
37,052 ;
J a p a n ...........................................................
A t disposal o f Board, conditioned on
donation.................................................
4,666;
Total for Foreign M issions............................................................................................
II.
Missions in the United States not in
Annual Conferences, to be admin­
istered as Foreign Missions.
$327,327
North-west German........................................ $5,000
O regon............................................................. 1,U00
Southern German.......................................... 8,000
St. Louis Germ an.......................................... 4,000
Southern California....................................... 1,200
Western German............................................ 5,000
1. Arizona........................................................... $7,000
2. Black Hills..................................................... 2,500
3. D akota............................................................ 4,000
4. Indian Territory........................................... 500
Total.......................................................... $40,000
5. Montana.......................................................... 5,500
For Indian w ork......................................... 3i5H0 4. F rench M issions .
6. New M exico................................................... 9,000
New England................................................... $200
At the disposal o f the Board.................... 2,500
7. Utah, for work............................................... 5,000 5. C hinese M issions .
For schools................................................... 2,000
California........................................................$10,750
& W est Nebraska.............................................. 2&>5
A t the disposal o f the Board for the sup­
port o f a Bible r e a d e r ..........................
120
T o t a l................................................................. $44,365
New Y ork ........................................................ 1,600
O regon............................................................. 1,000
II I . D o m e s t i c M i s s i o n s .
1. N orth ern N e w Y ork ( W elsh M ission ) . .
2. Sc a n d in a v ia n M issions .
$200
California (Swedish and N orw egian)
$1,500
New Y ork East (Swedish)............................ 1,400
New York East (Norwegian) .......................... 1.900
New England (Swedish) ..................................
800
N orth -w est N orw egian .....................
North-west Swedish C on ference ..................
F o r s c h o o ls.........................................................
5,000
6,500
500
Total......................................................... $17ic00
3. G erman M issions .
California .............................................................. $1,800
Central Germ an.............................................
C hica go G e r m a n ...............................................
East German...................................................
Total........................................................... $13,470
6. A m erican I n dia n .
California........................................................
Central New Y o r k ........................................
Columbia R iver ...................................................
D e tro it.............................................................
Genesee...........................................................
M ichigan.........................................................
Northern New York.......................................
Wisconsin........................................................
$500
500
200
700
300
800
350
200
T otaL ........................................................ $3,550
4.500 7. E nglish -S p e a k in g .
3,500
Alabam a.......................................................... *?*?£)?
Arkansas.......................................................... 4,lMw
6,000
APPROPRIATIONS FOR
Austin................................................................$6,750
Blue R id g e ...................................................... 3,500
California........................................................ 3,000
Central Alabama........................................... 2,500
Central Tennessee.......................................... 3,500
Colorado......................................................... 6,400
Columbia River............................................. 5,000
Delaware......................................................... 1,200
D etroit............................................................. 3,500
East Maine...................................................... 1,000
East Ten nessee............................................. 1,750
Florida............................................................. 3,500
G eorgia........................................................... 4,000
H olston............................................................. 3,000
Kansas............................................................. 5,500
“
colored w o rk ................................... 2,000
K entucky....................................................... 5,000
Lexington......................................................... 2,700
LittleR ock........................................................ 3,000
Louisiana......................................................... 6,300
Michigan........................................................... 3,200
Minnesota....................................................... 9,000
Mississippi........................................................ 6,000
Missouri............................................................. 3,000
N ebraska......................................................... 3,200
Ne vada
.................................................... 2,500
North C arolina............................................... 2,700
North N ebraska.............................................. 2,200
North-west Iow a.............................................. 2,500
Oregon............................................................... 2,500
Saint L o u is ...................................................... 4,000
Savannah.......................................................... 3,150
South Carolina................................................. 6,500
Southern California......................................... 3,500
“
“
for M exican work ..
500
Southern Illinois.......................................... 3,000
South Kansas................................................... 5,500
18 82
.
25
Tennessee......................................................... $3,000
T e x a s .............................................................. 3,750
Vermont.......................................................... 1,000
V irginia.......................................................... 5,000
W ashington.........................................
2,000
W est T e x a s .................................................... 4,000
West Virginia................................................ 3,000
West Wisconsin............................................. 2,500
W isconsin....................................................... 2,000
Total for English-speaking Domestic
Missions..............................................$167,550
IV .
1.
2.
3.
4.
M iscellaneou s.*
Contingent Fund..........................................$25,000
Incidental Expenses.................................. 30.000
Office Expenses....................
18,000
For disseminating Missionary informa­
tion .............................................................. 5,000
Total ................................................................$78,000
R ECAPITU LATION .
I.
Foreign Missions.................................$327,327
II.
Missions in the United States, e t c
44,365
III. Domestic Missions:
Welsh M issions.............................
200
Scandinavian Missions................ 17.600
German Missions.......................... 40.000
French Missions.............................
200
Chinese Missions.......................... 13,470
American Indian...........................
3,550
English-speaking............................... 167,550
IV. Miscellaneous.......................................... 78,000
Liquidation o f Debt............................... 60,000
Grand total.................................................. $752,262
* Expenditures from the contingent fund are made only for missions, never for administration,
(Art. XI, Constitution.) The incidental fund o f last year was expended as follows : Interest, of
which $380 67 was returned, $9,990 27; printing Reports, Certificates, etc.. $3,601 Bl; Bishops’ travel­
ing expenses to missions, etc., $2,231 89; outgoing o f mist-ionaries, $1,657 26; postage on reports, cir­
culars, etc., porterage, etc., $1,475 45: General Missionary Committee expenses, $900 44; insurance,
freight, telegrams, gas, periodicals, etc., $846 23: annuities, $680; missionaries returned superannu­
ated, widows of, etc., $250; legal and other services. $458 33; taxes, $189 87; extra clerical services,
$360; total, $22,641 35. Office expenses are for salaries, traveling expenses, stationery, etc., o f office.
TO BE RAISED DURING THE YEAR 1882.
Alabam a............................
A rizon a ..............................
Arkansas............................
Austin.................................
Baltimore............................
Black H ills.........................
Blue R iiie e ........................
Bulcaria and Turkey.......
California ..........................
Central Alabama..............
Central America................
Central German................
Central China (Kiukiang)
Central Illinois..................
Central New Y ork............
Central O h io .....................
Central Pennsylvania.......
Central Tennessee............
Chicago G erm an..............
Cincinnati..........................
Colorado.............................
Columbia R iv e r ................
D akota...............................
Delaware............................
Denm ark............................
Des Moines........................
Detroit.................................
East G erm an.....................
East M aine........................
East Ohio............................
East Tennessee..................
Erie......................................
F lorida...............................
Foochow..............................
Genesee..............................
Georgia
Germany and Switzerland
Holstnn...............................
Illinois.................................
..................
$300
173
518
345
36,800
200
400
50
5,750
300
25
6,900
58
16.100
20,700
14.000
23.000
575
3,680
24,150
2.300
1,150
300
I,380
575
9,200
II,500
3,450
2,875
23.000
200
12,650
700
230
17,250
288
1,840
2.300
23.000
Indiana................................$12,650
Indian Territory................
25
Iow a..................................... 9,200
I ta ly ....................................
230
J a p a n .................................
115
Kansas................................. 2.415
K entucky............................ 3,450
L exington ..........................
345
Liberia.................................
115
Little R o c k .........................
288
Louisiana............................
920
M aine................................... 5.750
230
M exico.................................
Michigan
.................. , 11*500
M innesota.......................... 6,900
Mississippi.......................... 1,000
M issouri.............................. 2530
Montana..............................
288
N ebraska............................ 1,400
N evad a...............................
460
N ewark............................... 23.000
New England..................... 23.000
New England Southern... 13,800
New H am pshire................ 7,130
New Jersey......................... 21275
New M exico .......................
230
New Y o r k .......................... 50,140
New York East.................. 46,575
North Carolina.................
500
North China.......................
58
N. E. South A m erica
25
Northern New Y ork
17,250
North India........................
690
North Indiana................... 11,500
North Nebraska................
600
North O h io ........................ 12,650
N. W . German................... 3,680
N. W. Indiana................... 9,775
N. W . Iowa........................
N. W . Norwegian..............
N. W. Swedish...................
N orw ay..............................
O h io ....................................
Oregon.................................
Philadelphia......................
Pittsburgh..........................
Rock Iiiver........................
Saint Louis
..............
Saint Louis German
Savannah...........................
South Carolina.................
S.
E. Indiana................
S.
E. South America
Southern California
Southern G erm an
Southern Illin ois..............
South India........................
South Kansas....................
Sw eden...............................
Tennessee..........................
Texas...................................
T r o y ....................................
Upper Iowa........................
U tah....................................
Verm ont.............................
Virginia...............................
Washington........................
Western South Am erica..
W est G erm an ...................
West Nebraska.................
West Texas........................
West Virginia.....................
West W isconsin................
W ilmington........................
Wisconsin...........................
W yom ing...........................
$920
1,500
2^00
1.150
20,700
1,840
47,150
18,400
19,550
4,600
5,175
575
2,875
9,200
100
1,150
1,380
9,200
690
2,415
2,013
863
575
19^50
11,500
230
6,32a
l.loO
2,875
25
2,300
200
5/5
5,7oO
4,600
14^»0
8,0j>9
15,52o
26
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l8 8 l.
fjepoft
OF THE
TREASURER AND ASSISTANT TREASURER.
$88 80
278 78
148 80
22,740 11
$69
350
823
201
25,746
75
00
86
00
86
Decrease.
f ig
|Increase.
Receipts from
Nov. 1,1880. to
Oct. 81,1881.
CONFERENCES.
Receipts from
Nov. 1.187i), to
Oct. 81, 1880.
Novem ber 1, 1881.
$19 05
$350
50
57
8,006
00
13
20
75
Black Hills................................
85 95
Germany & Switzerland___
40
8,303
16
131
6.802
9.040
11.104
10,427
17.581
272
8,447
18.447
1,S8S
870
86
900
401
5.7S8
6,536
8,324
1,604
12,374
78
65
80
53
58
99
00
80
87
80
35
64
61
10
83
00
74
09
91
88
85
BO
6,986
525
81
8.581
167
1,296
82
07
16
97
02
50
14..580 87
6,365 05
2,892 50
IS 25
85 95
40 78
411 15
1 45
131 58
7,732
10,702
.12,487
12.605
20,180
707
8,685
16.488
2,866
883
62
94
28
02
61
67
66
60
30
25
930
1,661
1,888
2,177
2,599
435
238
8,040
477
13
04
95
28
22
24
87
81
96
69
15
906
896
7,325
8,657
8.491
1,749
14,481
151
8.022
896
182
9,826
186
1.800
1,450
16,904
6,772
69
87
79
69
89
95
87
80
86
77
52
17
92
90
50
85
22
101 86
1,244 20
19 90
A 40
1,450 50
2,823 48
407 17
7,120 54
1,093 29
$2.525
6,081
8,000
7,250
25
10
00
00
2,750
2,868
11,555
17,772
2,790
12,602
4,500
00
25
99
00
01)
07
00
493 73
4.141 50
8,500 00
86 83
66 69
5 87
1,542
2,120
166
145
2,106
151
1,036
Saw
! So
5<§2
70
78
51
60
47
80
04
5.500
5,575
2,635
1,285
10,056
00
00
00
75
02
4,181 25
5,331 25
972 25
2,550 00
129 80
4.936
17,212
800
4,589
26,4S9
2,450
75
30
00
42
80
00
250 00
782 67
6,027 25
Little E o c k ..............................
N ew England Southern.........
100
1.837
2.838
230
29
189
694
2,306
201
7,896
8,694
887
1.613
00
89
42
56
75
50
35
59
96
58
75
65
93
1.256
221
14,298
13,144
94
25
80
75
100 00
2.093
2,116
848
82
163
827
2,822
166
7,908
4,3S9
199
1.805
127
1,660
258
15.223
12,717
22
84
19
85
62
70
90
37
48
74
53
05
77
75
96
45
48
00
00
256 45
717 28
112 79
52 87
25 80
866 45
28.834
86,209
7,735
5,000
2,800
4,489
2,181
6,137
29
51
50
00
00
88
25
OS
29,997
4,175
8,143
6,895
4,099
6,108
75
00
75
50
00
98
515 78
85 48
12 16
694 78
138 60
191
127
404
82
924
84
75
02
20
68
22 ÓÒ
2^987 50
427 75
..........
’ ¿75 00
1 8 8 1.]
TREASURERS’ ANNUAL REPORT.
2J
N ew H am pshire....................
New J e r s e y ............................
N ew M exico............................
N ew T o r k ................................
N ew Y o rk E a st......................
North Carolina........................
North China............................
Northern N ew Y o r k ............
North India..............................
N orth Indiana........................
North Nebraska......................
N orth O h io..............................
North-w est German..............
North-w est Indiana..............
N orth-west I o w a ..................
North-west Norwegian........
N orth-w est Swedish.............
N orw ay....................................
O hio..........................................
O regon.....................................
Philadelphia............................
Pittsburgh...............................
P rovid en ce ..............................
R ock R iver..............................
Saint L ou is.............................
Saint Louis Germ an..............
Savannah.................................
South Am erica........................
South Carolina........................
South-east In dian a................
Southern California................
Southern Central....................
Southern G erm an..................
Southern Illinois....................
South India..............................
South Kansas..........................
Sw eden.....................................
T en nessee................................
Texas.........................................
T r o y .........................................
U pper Iow a.............................
U ta h ..........................................
V e r m o n t ..................................
V irgin ia....................................
"W ashington............................
W est China..............................
West G erm an..........................
W est N ebraska......................
W est Texas.............................
W est V ir g in ia ........................
W est W isconsin......................
W ilm ington.............................
W iscon sin ................................
W vom in g.................................
Legacies...................................
Sundries...................................
Incidental Expenses, o f which
$9,990 27 was for interest
Office E xpenses......................
Publication Fund....................
T otal..............................
‘ $3,532
15,535
25
2S,048
27,051
116
47
8,S33
172
6,263
87
50
00
12
70
01
31
83
55
90
$3,820
16,*66
150
82,029
31,616
184
8.579
2,755
5.044
779
1,202
1,998
882
14.103
602
38,010
10,671
7,515
12,161
2,490
4,597
294
125
2,337
4,728
444
38
1.205
5.881
363
1,980
1,649
405
280
10,119
6,356
18
68
33
53
09
89
17
76
50
17
35
10
23
73
45
53
00
24
54
23
01
40
91
66
74
28
37
10
20
69
8,879
3,249
5,124
1,096
1,859
2,118
535
15,881
774
46,240
.11,679
8.558
15,308
3,4S4
5,392
478
33
61
00
S3
05
96
$2S7
731
125
8,981
4,564
68
46
11
00
71
35
95
*•. ••
$47 81
9,228 76
24S 24
6,808 86
894 93
75 69
544 96
Disbursements
from Nov. 1,1880,
to Oct. 31,1881.
Decrease.
Increase.
Receipts from
Nov. 1,1879, to
Oct. 31,1880.
CONFERENCES.
Receipts from
Nov. 1,1880, to
Oct, 31,1881.
T R E A S U R E R S ’ R E P O R T — Continued.
$13,913
1,809
3,525
8,061
28,829
350
68,052
40
53
10
25
82
00
28
5,022 50
2,830 57
560 09
1,978 51
1,654
78
322
2,744
2,547
10,024
4,174
8,406
34,710
22,478
72
75
50
82
92
09
22
90
27
41
66
29
01
60
96
30
20
77
30
00
46
IS
92
67
56
50
300
493
79
817
657
119
153
1,778
171
8,229
1,00S
1.043
3,142
993
795
183
48
61
63
07
87
41
03
01
80
83
11
OS
69
94
11
97
4,775 00
2,750
4,925
6,206
13,158
4,381 25
...
125 00
49 28
2,288 01
4.902 81
649 90
173 77
205 67
1,679 95
6,497 61
474 55
615 70
88 01
...
863 66
2,260
1,960
412
538
11,475
8,388
188
8,507
508
1,071
96
22
18
15
42
78
75
38
40
37
280
810
6
803
1,856
2,032
13S
626
2,207
199
410
3,078
8.156
11.818
4,282
9,689
88,865
*20,832
78
77
59
76
62
70
85
74
26
S6
553
121
88
884
608
1.294
108
1,282
22
94
81
05
22
09
75
81
.....
.....
...
51 69
902 14
06
02
09
44
70
61
13
84
......
4,250
3,200
8,650
12,057
8,825
00
00
00
62
75
4,475 00
600 00
10,000 00
3,000
5,502
18,47 8
8,000
4,000
00
50
53
00
00
6,687
912
5,700
2,479
6,830
4,250
2,275
4,000
2,783
1,847
50
50
00
25
00
00
00
00
50
50
1,027 50
845 01
1,645 55
.......
22,641 85
14,979 08
8,335 27
............
$557,871 14
00
57
25
23
$625,668 «9 1 $74,994 17
$6,701 42
$648,084 S2
Total Disbursements to Foreign Missions, $822,636 26,- to D om estic Missions, $284,492 86.
* O f this amount $-4,500 is income from the new Mission Building for the year.
A U D I T S .—The accounts o f the Treasurer were carefully audited b y the Auditing Committee
at N ew Y ork , and those o f the Assistant Treasurer were carefully audited b y the Auditing Com ­
mittee at Cincinnati, and certificates o f their correctness, respectively, attached in due form . T he
above table is a sum m ary o f these accounts.
]Vtoi\tl\ly
^tkten\ei\t
SHOWING THE CONDITION OF THE TREASURY FOR EACH M O N TH OF THE FISCAL YEAR FROM NOY. 1, 1880, TO OCT. 31, 1881,
TREASURER’S ACCOUNT.
Date.
N ovem ber, 1S80..............
D ecem ber,
M ..............
January,
18S1..............
February,
“ ..............
March,
“ ..............
April,
“ ............
May,
Juno,
“ ..............
July,
“ ..............
August,
“ ..............
September,
“ ..............
October,
“ ..............
Balance on
hand on the
first day of
the month.
Treasury in
debt on the
first day of
the month.
$101,956
126.353
149,718
185,528
219,196
130,613
62,692
104,913
131,133
204,52-3
251,042
195,573
40
03
06
48
67
91
36
47
87
S2
56
71
ASSISTANT TREASURER'S ACCOUNT.
Receipts.*
$10,843
10,859
11,418
9,739
115,519
130,045
6,310
8,641
10,129
4,974
5,029
76,013
Halance on
Disburse­ hand on the
first day of
ments.*
the month.
86 $34,838 74
44
84.224 47
44,342 62
50
00
87,407 24
40
22,460 14
21
55,034 66
29
40,663 65
83,0G2 11
71
13
65.234 08
50
46,493 24
51
81,830 84
03
74,803 24
$19,954
16,777
8,903
1,907
6,418
Treasury in
debt on the
first «lay o f
the month.
69
28
34
95
55
$888 23
i.i a i 00
7,537 90
l ’.ÒÒÓ 49
877 OS
4,002 97
87,050 02
Receipts.
$1,258
895
8.675
1,753
5.799
9.183
2,933
2.473
1.408
2,882
130,115
67,852
34
34
36
85
22
48
53
09
07
14
63
76
COMBINED STATEMENT.
Disburse­
ments.
Total
Receipts.*
$4,887
8,269
13,557
8,243
17,082
14,673
4,924
11,011
14,875
4,756
14.198
15,501
$12,101
11,254
15,093
11.492
121,818
139.178
9,743
11.314
11,597
7,850
135,145
148,865
00
28
00
25
50
25
8S
4S
50
25
90
50
Total dis­
bursements.*
70
78
86
85
62
69
82
80
20
64
14
79
$89,675
42.493
57.899
40.650
89,542
69,707
45,588
49.073
80,109
61,249
46,029
90,364
BALANCE.
State o f the
Treasury on
last day of
each month.
74 $109,575 75t
75 140,814 72t
62 183,620 48t
49 212,778 12t
64 131,002 14t
91
61,531 36t
03
97,375 57t
59 135,134 3 fit
58 203,646 74t
49 247,039 59t
24 157,923 69t
74 104,422 64t
G ren era l S t a t e m e n t fo r th e Y e a r .
R E C E IP T S .
Eeceived by Treasurer at N e w Y o rk from N ov. 1 , 1S80, to Oct. 81,1881, $400,223 08
“
Assistant Treasurer nt Cincinnati
“
“
229,740 81
T o ta l........................................................................................................... $629,963 89
Treasury in debt N ovem ber 1 .1 8 8 0 ................................................................
Excess o f Disbursements over R e c e ip ts ........................................................
$82,001 71
22,420 98
Treasury in debt October 81,1881..................................................... $104,422 64
^
D IS B U R S E M E N T S .
P aid b y T r e a s u r e r ................................................................................................ $525,454 53
“
Assistant Treasurer......................................................................
126 980 29
S T A T E O F T H E T R E A S U R Y , N O V E M B E R 1, 1881.
Treasury in debt at N ew Y ork .......................................................................... $124,722 92
Cash in Treasury at Cincinnati.....................
20,800 28
T o ta l........................................................................................................... $652,884 82
N et Cash Indebtedness of Treasury, N ovem ber 1,1881.............. $104,422 64
1 i Er! nt ft'0™ ti’ S American Bible Society o f $4,300 is included in the above receipts und disbursements,
t The heavy-faced type indicates that the Treasury was in debt to this amount.
Methodist Publishing and Mission Building
Account.
F IN A N C IA L S T A T E M E N T .
FROM NOVEMBER I, 1880, TO OCTOBER 31, 1881.
The gross incom e from rents o f the Methedist Publishing and Mission
Buildings from N ovem ber 1,1880, to October 81,1881, w as
$38,500 00
There was paid on join t account......................................................................
19,926 99
Leaving net proceeds o f ren t.............................
$18,573 01
One fourth o f this belongs to the M issionary Society................................
$4,643 25
The Society has received on its own account as follow s:
From contributions subject to interest during the life o f contributors,
e tc .....................................................................................................................
F or interest..........................................................................
Less interest paid on annuities, e t c ..............................
52,264 29
$6,018 64
4,312
12
1,706 52
Total receipts................................................................................................................
$58,614 06
Add balance in Annuity A ccou n t N ovem ber 1, 1880..........................................................
56,919 70
T o ta l.................................................................................................................................
$115,533 76
Am ount paid into the General Treasury for Missionary purposes from
lapsed annuities and incom e from the building...................................
$4,500 00
Loaned to the Missionary S ociety....................................................................
85,000 00
Loaned to other parties................................................................
26,083 76
Total...........................................................
$115,583 76
SIXTY-THIRD ANNUAL REPORT.
thankfulness to the Church and gratitude to God we
present our Sixty-third A nnual Report. T h e year has been
one of work, care, and anxiety. But these have been light­
ened by the sympathy of the Church, the co-operation of the
pastors, and the helping presence of God.
D eath has taken from us Rev. Bishop E. O. Haven, D.D.,
L L .D . H e fell at his post, by the shore of the Pacific Ocean.
H e was elected a member of the Board in 1872. W e quote a
few words from the minute adopted .by the Board of Managers
on occasion of his d e a th : “ Though his distant residence and
the duties of his office prevented his often being present at
our monthly meetings, yet he was thoroughly familiar with
the work of the Society, and was always ready with his pen,
voice, and means to promote its interests. . . . B y his amiable
temper, genial, modest, and unassuming manners, he secured
the warm affection of all who knew him, while his deep piety,
unwavering faith, and earnest devotion to his M aster’s work,
commanded their confidence and highest esteem.”
A sid e
from the falling o f this prince in our Israel, the Board of
Managers of the M issionary Society has been spared to the
work, and very hopeful results have been attained.
L a st year there was an addition to the debt of $49,1:12 55,
making a total indebtedness of $112,150 71 with which to
begin the year 1881. So great was the pressure from the
fields abroad and at home that, in spite of this increase of
debt, the General Committee advanced the appropriations
fully $50,000 over the appropriations of the preceding year.
This made it necessary to advance the receipts about $100,000
in order to meet current obligations without liquidating any
part of the debt.
T h e last winter over much of our contributing field was unprecedentedly rigorous.
In large sections of the Church
W it h
i
8 8 i .]
SIXTY-THIRD ANNUAL REPORT.
31
great distress prevailed for months, and the usual Church and
revival work was prevented. The cold winter was followed by
a cold and very backward spring. This was followed by an
early and protracted drought extending to the very end o f
summer. The consequent failure of the crops was felt in our
churches. W hen it seemed almost impossible to secure the
necessities of life, it could not be but that our collections
should feel the drought. Special efforts were made to pre­
sent the missionary cause, and our people half forgot their
losses in their generous support of this important and imper­
iled interest. T h e result was a grand advance of $74,994 17
for the year, which has been already expended in the work.
This year the General Missionary Committee were again
constrained to advance on the appropriations of last year.
T h ey could not shut their eyes and ears to the fields into
which we have not so much as entered. W ith only three men
left in Central China to minister to more than one hundred
millions of people ; with only two men on their way to W estern
China to enter for the first time a region comprising eight of
the eighteen provinces of China, with no one for Thibet and
the region beyond ; with only half a dozen men in all North
China, embracing the capital and a score of other great cities ;
with whole islands and provinces in Japan offering every in­
ducement to Christian z e a l; with A frica only touched on the
short segment of a narrow rim at a point called Liberia, while
the great unmeasured, populous, healthful continent stretches
far beyond our enterprise and almost beyond our prayers ; while
the entire continent of South Am erica, with its ignorant but
not barbarous millions, sick of Romanism, of which they have
had too much, and hungry for Christianity, of which they re­
ceive next to nothing from us— with all these and all the other
fields urging us forward, the wonder of wonders is that the
General Committee did not advance another hundred thousand
dollars in their appropriations. But the action of the General
Committee already surpasses the liberality of the Church.
This year has developed a spirit in heathen China and in
heathen Japan unrivaled in the history of missions. In China,
32
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l8 8 l.
in the Foochow Mission, a native, Mr. T . A hok, not a pro­
fessed Christian, moved by his admiration of our work, has
purchased the most valuable property in the city of Foochow,
and has donated it to the missions as the principal building in
the new Anglo-Chinese College. This college is essentially
the creation o f the natives. T h ey want W estern knowledge
under Christian influences, and so much do they want it that
they are ready to found and support the college for the sake
of their children and of China. Such an opening as this can­
not be duplicated in history. Japan presents the marvelous
spectacle of a heathen nation opening her doors and offering
her treasures for the support of the teachers of the new and
true religion. She has offered the leading places in some of
her schools to missionaries, proposing to support them in part
or wholly for a limited amount of teaching, and allow them to
devote the rest of their strength and time to distinctive mis­
sionary work.
In order to work up toward the great results required of us
as a Church, the General Comm ittee places special emphasis
upon the importance of training the children in all our Sun­
day-schools to love missions, and contribute for their support.
Pastors are exhorted in the name of our D ivine Master to pre­
pare these young minds and hearts for the work of the Church.
T h e visitation of all the charges by suitable men, under the
direction of the presiding elders, for the purpose of present­
ing this cause and imparting information, is urged upon the
Church. T h e monthly prayer-meetings for missions, at which
short speeches shall be made on the various fields and topics
.connected with this work, are brought before the Church
with the most earnest commendation. T he requirements of
the Discipline, by which every member is to be reached, and
some contribution secured from each, are emphasized. Lists
of these contributors and contributions, according to the D is­
cipline, are asked for to be reported to the M issionary Com­
mittee at conference.
W e are pressing toward one million dollars a year for mis­
sions for our Methodism.
F
o r e ig n
A
Commenced in 1833.
]\í i s s i o n s .
f r ic a
.
Organized as a Conference in 1836.
B IS H O P W A R R E N h a s E p is c o p a l S u p e r v is io n .
iMüssionarie s.
: C. A. Pitman, P. E., J. S. Payne, G. J. Har­
graves, T. B. Lane, B. K. M ’Keever.
S t . P a u l ’s R i v e r D i s t r i c t : D . Ware, P. E., W . P. Kennedy, Sen.,
W. T. Hagans, W . M. Richards, H. B. Capeheart, T. A. Sims, M. V.
Bruce.
B a s s a D i s t r i c t : J. H. Deputie, P. E., J. Harris, J. P. Artis, J. R.
Moore, C. W. Bryant.
S i n o e D i s t r i c t : C. H. Harman, P . E., W . J. Kennedy, Jun., C.
Cummings.
Helpers: J. W . Cooper, A. Snorton, W . H. Davis, Murray Railey.
Missionary to tJie Interior: Joel Osgood.
M o n r o v ia D is t r ic t
^Missionaries o f th.e "W. F . M . S .
Miss Mary A . Sharpe, Miss Emma Michener.
Rev. J. S. Payne, of whose severe illness we hear with the
greatest concern, and who has been acting as treasurer of the
mission, reports to us as follows :
The report of this first of the Foreign Missions of the Methodist Epis­
copal Church, for the year 1881, cannot but fall far short of the deep inter­
est which the work in this section of the world awakened in former years.
The work has not been prosecuted with the vigor of those years. Its
support and encouragement manifestly waned after it became the Libe­
ria Annual Conference instead of the Liberia Mission Annual Confer­
ence. The belief spread abroad in the Church that it should, as a Con­
ference, sustain itself. Not objecting to this, some stations undertook the
3
34
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l88l.
work of supporting the preachers appointed to them. But it became pain­
fully evident that a people who had emigrated from the United States in
circumstances any thing but flattering, with the hard work of resettling
themselves in an unhealthy climate, could do but little outside of the im­
mediate supply of their domestic necessities.
The preachers appointed to them have, consequently, been compelled
to divide their time, much to the detriment of the work they had under­
taken. But a feeling— a deep, heartfelt conviction— now possesses the
preachers and members of the Church, that the Church of Christ is both
the honor and bulwark of a land. They are determined to interest them­
selves to the utmost in sustaining a work so vital to their success, pros­
perity, and happiness.
The last session of the Annual Conference adopted a plan of assessing
the stations which will require some time to operate efficiently, but which,
it is thought, will take well with the stations under judicious supervision.
The real Methodistic and spiritual character of the membership admits
of no question. After fifty years of untiring devotion to this work, spend­
ing life and treasure, with the high aim to give the Church of the Mes­
siah to Africa, it is proposed to change the base of operations from Liberia
to some other sp o t! But it should be known that there, wherever it may
be, history will have to repeat itself. And the question arises, W hy do
this, when we have a Church already in a region than which none is
more promising ? The sound of the Gospel is becoming familiar to the
heathen Liberian ; the character of the “ God-man,” whose life comports
with his profession, is held high, and the humane work of himself and
the school teacher is regarded essential to the change from heathenism to
civilization.
In this section of Africa, and during the fifty years of evangelical and
literary work, many converts to Christianity have been made. Many still
live to give testimony to the ability of the Gospel to elevate humanity.
And many out of gross heathenism have been exalted to the Christian
ministry, where some shine as stars of the first magnitude.
What sound policy dictates a divergency from this section of Africa?
Where is the wisdom in forsaking an arena where ideas are rapidly circu­
lating in favor of a change to Christianity and civilization? Here the
heathen begins to show a distrust in his ancient habits and baneful prac­
tices. Here he defers to civilized law and the umpirage of civilized
government.
Should the committee on missions conclude to adopt such a policy they
will throw away many advantages, much fruit to be gathered, I believe,
in the near future, and find themselves in their new mission field in not
much less trammeling circumstances.
Ia m profoundly thankful to report that the work is prospering. The
brethren are active. On some stations gracious revivals prevail. I beg
to instance in particular Mount Olive. In the words of Brother Deputie,
" Several of the natives around us have recently sent into the station here
their ‘ horns and greegrees,’ and desire to serve the true God.”
i 8 8 1 .]
AFRICA.
35
With the profoundest respect for the views of the mission committee,
and the highest gratitude to the Missionary Society, I think they should
be encouraged.
The Liberia Conference convened at Monrovia on the 19th
of January, 1881, the session having been changed to this
place from Virginia C ity in the hope of having a Bishop pres­
ent from the United States. In the absence of a Bishop, J. S.
Payne was chosen President, and James H. Deputie, Secre­
tary. One of the members, Rev. J. C. Lowrie, had died
during the year. Five young men were admitted on trial in
the Conference. T h e statistics for the previous year are as
follows : Probationers, 141 ; full members, 2,044 5 ordained and
local preachers, 58 ; adults baptized, 67 ; children baptized,
47 ; value of church property, $33,434; contributed for build­
ing and improvements, $2,000; collected for ministerial sup­
port, $1,600; for Conference Claimants, $3 50; for SundaySchool Union, $23 0 7 ; Sunday-schools, 33 ; officers and
teachers, 237 ; scholars of all ages, 143.
The following recommendation for new native work among
the Maumba people has been made by the C onferen ce:
A permanent station to be opened in the Vey Country on a manual
labor system.
New work among the Pessas and Golahs settled in the Queah Country,
St. Paul’s River District.
Durbinville, in the Bassa District, to be taken up again and supplied.
T he expense of this proposed new work is estimated at
about $3,300.
Prof. R. P. H ollett was at the Conference, and was treated
with distinguished consideration. H e communicated to the
brethren the order of the Board, by which he was authorized
to close his school, with a view of prospecting for interior
work, either back of Liberia or up the Niger.
H e selected
the latter, and after completing his explorations returned to
the United States, and reported to the Board. W e make an
extract from the report, showing the conclusions reached by
Prof. Hollett. T h e report is given in full in the M a n u a l for
January, i8 iji.
T h e professor s a y s :
Should the Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church de­
36
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[ 1 8 8 1.
cide to begin work in this portion of Africa, I would suggest that the first
station be chosen on the highland in the neighborhood of the joining of
the Niger and Binue.
But unless the society went in force, prepared to inaugurate a system
o f missions, I doubt if the results obtained would meet the expectations.
The missionaries would be cut off from civilization.
I had intended to at once begin my journey to the Mandingo Country
on my return to Liberia, but landed at Monrovia with the most serious
illness I had experienced in Africa. Moreover, the rains had already
commenced, flooding the lowlands and filling the narrow country paths;
while traders informed me that three native wars were then in progress
among the tribes which I would be obliged to pass through. My con­
templated journey would be impracticable for the next six months.
In considering the advisability of establishing a mission among any of
the tribes back from the Liberian coast, difficulties are at once presented
which can be but little appreciated by those who have never visited that
portion of Africa.
A stranger, attempting to reach the interior, would be subject to re­
peated detentions by the intermediate tribes, though probably a mission­
ary regularly journeying back and forth would soon be able to avoid them.
The repeated subdivision of the tribes makes tribal wars frequent, in which
the paths are cut off, and the absence of regularly-executed laws would
expose his property to the cupidity of the natives.
The ill-concealed hostility of the Liberian Government, the vicinity of a
nominally Christian people of immoral practices, the constant exaction of
oppressive “ dashes,” the unfortunate custom of some of the early mission­
aries of hiring the natives to attend church and school, the difficulties of
transportation, and the unreliability of the promises of native kings, would
all increase the barriers in the way of establishing a mission in this part
of Africa.
Rev. J. H. Deputie, Presiding Elder of the Bassa District,
reports as fo llo w s:
The work at Mount Olive is the only purely native work on the Bassa
District. On the other charges the membership is made up of AmericoLiberians and natives from the different tribes around, but of their dis­
tinctive numbers I am not able to say how many.
I have charge of the mission-work at Mount Olive. Rev. Joseph Har­
ris is a native assistant here, a member of the Liberia Annual Conference,
and an ordained deacon. He came to us from the Bassa tribe, and has
rendered efficient service among the surrounding natives in teaching them
the way that leads to God. Philip Harris is a native local preacher, and
is doing good service here. The way is open for the extension of the
work in the regions beyond, but we are not able to follow up these advan­
tages. W e are too poor to man the field. Our men are falling by the
hand of death, and new recruits are few and far between. Primary
schools are asked for by the natives far and near, and school books are in
i 881 .]
AFRICA.
3;
great demand. W e must continue to look abroad for assistance in these
matters, as the Church in Liberia is unable to take charge of so great a
work as we now find opening up among our heathen brethren.
A t Marshall the Church is under the charge of Rev. William H. Davis,
a local elder. The work there is advancing slowly, and the membership
is made up of Americo-Liberians and natives. The Government has a
day-school there, the only one in existence in that settlement. Their
membership are preparing to build a new brick church, having burnt their
bricks the last dry season.
Rev. Charles W. Bryant, a member of the Liberia Annual Conference,
has charge of the Edina Circuit. His work is in a very healthy condition,
and a good revival is now in progress on the charge. Several applications
from the natives within the bounds of this circuit are very urgent in their
request for missionaries to be sent among them. On this circuit is the
old Durbinville Station, suspended for several years for want of means to
keep it up,
Rev. W alter Brumshine, a local elder, has charge of the Upper Buch­
anan Circuit. He is doing good service in his work, and the Church
meets all its expenses, receiving no foreign aid whatever. The last report
from the pastor was more encouraging than the one previous, and from
what I can gather the work is well manned, and the prospects encour­
aging.
The Lower Buchanan Circuit is under the charge of Rev. Josiah Pros­
ser, a local deacon. This work is reported to be in a very healthy condi­
tion, and the circuit bears all its expenses without any assistance from
abroad. On this circuit are some very interesting native fields that might
be worked to advantage if we had the money.
The Bexley Circuit is now under the charge of Rev. N. D. Russ, a local
preacher, who succeeds the Rev. James R. Moore, who fell at his post on
the ninth of August last. This circuit is large, and the membership re­
side mostly upon their small farms, and consequently are not often found
all together. The duties of a pastor here are very laborious, and in the
rainy season he cannot travel his circuit to advantage. The work con­
tinues to hold its own,, and though there are but ninety dollars of mission
money expended upon this circuit, the membership, being mostly poor,
have contributed according to their ability toward keeping up the interests
of the Church. Some very important calls from the natives reach us from
this circuit, requesting missionaries to be sent to their assistance. On
this circuit Miss Michener, of the Woman’s Foreign Missionary Society, is
setting up a crusade against superstition, ignorance, and idolatry, and
although she has been a great sufferer from the effects of the fever, her
prospects for the future are very flattering. Within the bounds of this
circuit, Miss Scott is preparing to erect a large female institution for the
benefit of the long-neglected females of this land, and our prayer to God
is, that her labors may be attended with beneficial results, and that her
health and life may be precious in his sight.
33
MISSIONARY REPORT.
El88l.
C. H. Harman, Presiding Elder of Cape Palmas District,
reports as, follow s:
W e have a good work before us in Christianizing the idolatrous nations.
From remote parts of the country they come, asking for the Gospel, and
our ears are not s'topped to their cries uttered as “ from Macedonia ; ” but
we find ourselves unequal to the task before us. The work of our Church
has been greatly retarded in some places, and at other points virtually
stopped. This does not proceed from lack of love for souls, nor from
want of willing heralds of the G ospel; but the pecuniary embarrassments
of the people of this State have been, and still are, such, that it is almost
impossible to obtain sufficient contributions to keep churches and parson­
ages in good condition, not to speak of sustaining the work of mis­
sionary enterprise in Africa.
The work under my immediate supervision comprehends Mount Scott
and Tubman Town Churches, which have had as much of my time as
could be possibly spared, and I thank God he has been among us and
blessed our labors. There is great zeal manifested on the part of the
local preachers and exhorters for the work of the Lord.
I have established two out-stations among the heathen, namely, Benelu
and Graway ; the former about two miles, and the latter not more than
eight miles from Harper. A t these places during the year, there have
been regular appointments and preaching, (with the aid of my local
preachers.) The prospects are good for future prosperity. There is a
growing desire for the Gospel among these people; so much so, that I
am encouraged to labor with them, and hope ere long to be able to estab­
lish a Sunday-school at each of these places, provided I can obtain suit­
able books, which I very much need. W e must ask for help in this par­
ticular. I have given some of my time to the Churches in Sinoe County,
at Greenville, (W . P. Kennedy, Jun., pastor,) Lexington, Louisiana, Bluntsville, and would have given more of my time to this work, had there been
any convenient way of getting up to this place. The mail steamers sel­
dom stop at Sinoe, which is about ninety miles from Cape Palm as; an
arrangement not favorable for my journey. Here the work is progress­
ing, and through the mercy of God on my last visit I found a renewing
of the Spirit in the Church, and an increase of membership. For this,
God be praised ! Some attention has been given to King David s Town,
in the interior of Sinoe, and the old field of labor in the Kroo Town.
Here zeal is manifested both ways, the heathen asking for churches and
schools on the one side, and our brethren zealously giving all the time
they can spare to the cause, though suffering from pecuniary embarassments.
Lexington, Louisiana, and Bluntsville, (Murray Railey, pastor in the
latter two places,) are small but growing settlements. A t Lexington and
Bluntsville unsuccessful efforts .have been made toward the erection of
houses for divine worship ; yet they are still holding on, and contributing
little by little of their substance. Is there no relief for this struggling
i
88iJ
AFRICA.
39
people ? W ho will open their hearts to give something to this most needy
would-be-grateful people ?
The station at Settra Kroo, Brother Charles Cummings, missionary,
is a good field for labor. The harvest is truly ripe here. The natives
desire schools and churches. I do not mean thatch sheds, for this does
not tend to elevate the mind of the heathen man as he approaches the
light of civilization. God’s house, he will tell you quick, ought to be built
after the style of the civilized and enlightened people. When I speak of
schools, I mean that good and efficient teachers are needed. W e have
men, and, I believe, good Christian men, whose love for God’s cause
would stimulate them to a faithful discharge of such duties as might be
given them ; such men may be found among some of our local preachers.
In closing this report I feel it my duty, as well as pleasure, to say, that
in the Church at Cape Palmas, (Mount Scott,) there is a most glorious
revival going on which has continued now about three weeks. The zeal
of God’s people seems unabating, and sinners seem to be deeply con­
cerned about the salvation of their souls. The number of mourners is
increasing every night. A s a general thing, there are about three hun­
dred in attendance, agonizing and praying that God would continue to
carry on the well-begun work in this part of his vineyard.
and
O
y,
è %
&
£
i
&g
*3 6
o’ ffi
Collected for Church
Building and. Repairing.
t
for Self-
tn
I60
1
Collected
support.
i
Collected for Missionary
Society.
M
-C Ê
of
.a
Debt on Churches.
Parsonages, and other
Property.
c
fc
■a
?
Value of Schools, Hospi­
tals, and other Properly.
è*
Q
JZ
Estimated Value
Parsonages.
|
j
1881.
No. of Halls and other
Places of W orship.
fca
sSst
J3
U
1
Estimated Value o f
Churches«
i l
FOR
.2
JS
No. of Day Scholars.
1
M IS S IO N
è
Adults Baptized.
S t­
Members.
£
} Probationers.
I g
3
"H
Nativo Teachers.
a
| Other Helpers.
i
A
•e
I Average Attendance on
j Sunday W orship.
j
j
j
Missionaries.
Foreign Missionaries,
Worn. For. Miss. Society.
[ Foreign
CIRCUIT OR STATION.
A F R IC A
Children Baptized.
S T A T IS T IC S O F T H E
Monrovia District.
M onrovia Station..........................................................
l
1
1 175
4
«
70 7 50
1 GO
ill)
9 111
9,
1
Payiiesville Circuit........................................................
’i
1 9,00
?
80
1 81
1 Cl
fl
2
1
9
1
?
$8,000
1
2
1
1
1
' COO
000
400
000
$10,000
$600
800
500
$150
"2 0
1
Aunnensville..............................................................
Bassa District.
U pper Buchanan..................................................
L ow er Buclmnan..........................................................
Edina C ircuit...............................
Bexlov C ircuit.................................
Marshall Circuit..............................................
M ount O live..............................................
1
‘i
1
’i
8 97 10
9
3
2 75 17
ft 125 an
5
4 ca 8
B
8
2 47 5
1 i 9 54 ?0
l 10
6
ÒÓ
8 8
8 8
1 i
1
2
8
1
1
35 1
70
«6
Rn
80
40
$5 75
150
50
25
‘i
$50
6,000
150
'è ÓÓ
800
50
Cape Palmas District.
Capo Pnlmtis................................
Gilbert. Haven Station................
Since : Greenville anti Lexington......................
Louisiana and Bluntsville
............
Mount Scott and Tubm antown........................
St. PauFs River D istricts ..............
q
9 295 80 2
0,907
1
*1
100 5 4
40 1
9 180 16 1
?
?
40
1,500
1
SO
1
1
$8,800
2.900
8,547
s
252 10 175
1
1
1
....
1
115
50
$200
28 25
100
40
125
20
14
50
140
S
Interior Africa\ ..........................................................
1
M onrovia D istrict................................
1
K E O A P IT Ü L A T IO N B Y D IST R IC T S
Bassa D istrict............................
Cape Palmas District..
............
St. Paul’s River D istrictt ..........
.............
............
Interior A fricat...............
1
1
fi
8
8
1
10 505 R $89
1
1
1 16 461 90
417 10
815
12 99 1
5 12
86
6
5 822
7
9 821
6 405 46 5
1
o
$10,000
$50
6,150
10,000
$620
$840
$10 75
28 25
1
* M ethodist Episcopal school building.
1 1 he statistics of St. Paul's R iver District and Interior Africa have not been received, and therefore no totals of the Mission ore here given*
See General Statistics o f January, 1881, on page 35*
25
159
$150
850
1,129
S
o u t h
A
m e r ic a
.
Commenced in 1836.
B IS H O P F O S T E R h a s e p i s c o p a l s u p e r v is io n .
A t the last session o f the General Committee the name of
this mission, whose operations have been in the region of the L a
Plata and its tributaries, was changed to South-east South
America. Tw o other missions in South Am erica, namely,
North-east South A m erica and W estern South Am erica, were
put on the list, the field of the former being the basin of the
Amazon and the coast regions adjacent, that of the latter the
States on the western coast of the continent. These missions
have sprung up within a few years past mainly through the
efforts of Rev. W illiam Taylor. A mission in Central A m er­
ica, originated in a similar manner, was also put upon the list
at the same session of the General Committee. Bishop
Harris is at present absent on an official visit to these new
fields with a view to organizing them in connection with our
work, and a detailed account of these missions may be ex­
pected in our next Annual Report.
SO U TH -EA ST SOUTH AMERICA.
English work commenced in 1836.
Spanish work commenced in 1867.
M ission aries.
T h o m a s B . W o o d , S u p erin ten d en t.
Jo h n F . T h o m s o n ,
Jo s e p h R . W o o d .
A s s is ta n t ^Missionaries.
Mrs. J. F. T h o m s o n ,
Mrs. T . B . W o o d ,
Mrs. J. R. W o o d .
L o c a l P reach ers
Employed as Helpers.
A n t o n io G u e l f i,
Juan Correa,
W il l ia m T a l l o n .
42
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l8 8 l.
A cting as supplies, but not employed by the Missionary Society.
G e o r g e V in e y ,
F r a n c is c o P e n s o t i,
Agent o f American Bible Society, A
Ju a n V il l a n u e v a .
ndrew
M . M lL N E .
" W . F . TV1. S . M is s io n a r ie s .
Miss C e c i l i a G u e l f i ,
Mrs. E . J. M. C l e m e n s ,
Miss J. G o o d e n o u g h .
Follow ing is the Superintendents rep o rt:
T h e F ie l d .
T h is field embraces the Republics of Uruguay, Argentina,
Paraguay, Bolivia, and the adjacent provinces of Brazil— the
South Tem perate Zone of the N ew World.
T h e year 1881 has witnessed important movements in this
vast region, tending toward its development on a grand scale.
T he W ork.
T o evangelize those lands now, while their new civilization
is forming, is the w ork before us.
T h e means in use are:
1. Bible Distribution. This has extended into all the countries named
above. The coast regions have been thoroughly canvassed. Those
further inland are being worked up now. Books have been sold two
thousand miles up the great rivers, and more are being sent there. This
work is carried on by the American Bible Society, but the workers are
all our members— all converts of our mission save their chief, Brother
A. M. Milne, a Scotchman. In 1881 much has been done both on old
and new ground.
2. The Preaching. Our mission is too short-handed to extend the
preaching as the work demands. W ith but three ordained missionaries
and but three paid helpers, in all the vast field under view, our operations
are painfully limited. The superintendent has been tied down at Monte­
video by the pastorate of our important Church there, and the editing
of our weekly paper. Brother Thomson has been confined to Buenos
Ayres by the double duties that demand his large energies in that city.
Brother J. R. Wood alone has been able to itinerate. Leaving the work
at Rosario in charge of Brother Viney during his rounds on a vast circuit
that has opened up along the Parana River, he has penetrated three
hundred miles in that direction, nearly half way from Rosario to Asuncion
— a grand field.
O f the employed helpers, Brother Guelfi has been preaching in and
around Montevideo; Brother Tallon, the same in Buenos Ayres; and
Brother Correa alone has been free to itinerate, traversing an immense
circuit, embracing all the Spanish and Portuguese territory between the
1 8 8 1 .]
SOUTH AMERICA.
43
Uruguay River and the sea, all of which region he had formerly canvassed
as a Bible colporteur. Brother Milne, in all his travels, is an increasingly
efficient evangelist as well as a model Bible agent. The unpaid helpers
supply local necessities and are contributing powerfully to the stability
and growth of the work. But its great and speedy extension cannot
depend on them.
3. Church Organization. Our established centers are being thorough­
ly organized on the Methodist Episcopal type.
Thus the Church at Montevideo has ten class-leaders, (all but one its
own converts, and all but two converted Romanists,) six stewards, six
trustees, four licensed preachers, with others who preach without licenses
in its extensive evangelistic operations, carried on all around the city.
The old and efficient organization in Buenos Ayres has been brought
more fully into accordance with the Discipline by the creation of a board
of trustees and the regular holding of the Quarterly Conference. The
Church at Rosario has a less complete but perfectly regular organization.
W e find that the Methodist Episcopal Discipline works as well in South
America as in North America, and mean to labor on that line. The past
year has been marked by progress in this respect. The superintendent
has published a pamphlet in Spanish, giving a plain account of what
Methodism is. This will greatly facilitate such progress hereafter.
4. Sunday-schools. These are very flourishing. Local helpers, male
and female, do telling work in them. Their influence is extending wider
and deeper. They encounter great opposition from the dominant priest­
craft, but thrive nevertheless.
5. Self-supporting Day-schools. Of these there are no less than seven,
with over five hundred pupils taught by Methodist men and women, some
of them natives of those lands and converts of our mission. Some of these
schools have been established for many years, and there are men now in
positions of power and influence in all those lands who were educated in
them.
6. The Woman's Foreign Missionary Society Schools. These form an
important accessory to our cause. They meet a local necessity for the
Christian education of the children of our converts— the future mothers of
South American Methodism— and create a far-reaching tendency to mold
the womanhood of those lands on the North American Christian model.
These schools are not self-sustaining now, for the reason that they are
too intensely evangelical. But they help on the evangelistic work as selfsustaining schools can never do. W e ought to have a high grade insti­
tution for young men on the same line, to keep pace with the great
educational revival now going on in those lands.
7. The Press. Four annual volumes of our religious weekly, E l Evan­
gelista, have been completed, and the fifth begun. This enterprise has
received not a dollar of aid, as yet, from the United States. A lift of
$1,000 just now would put it on a new footing, with a higher and wider
plane of usefulness. Other printing has been done to supply our members
44
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[18 81.
with the information they need on points of doctrine, discipline, contro­
versy, and spiritual edification.
W e need a regular publishing establishment, with which to keep pace
with the ever-increasing activity of the public mind in those countries,
now more largely controlled by the local press than by any other agency.
A very few thousand dollars would suffice to start such an establish­
ment, and once started it would sustain itself and grow into all that would
be wanted.
E n g l is h
W ork.
In this field the E nglish work is peculiarly important.
From 1836 to 1867 it was the only work possible. T ill very
late years it has been the chief work. It is now second to the
Spanish in numbers, but is still, and always will be, a vital
part o f our operations.
T h e following facts should be stated in this connection :
1. The English-speaking people go to South America to stay, just as
the Germans to North America. Their children are natives, adopt the
language of the country, and, unless converted, will sink deep into the
prevailing evil ways.
2. The English element is, in the main, the best element of the inflow­
ing tide of emigration to those lands, a tide whose principal volume is from
Southern Europe, and nearly all Romish. Y et the English do not form
in any sense a dominant class or caste in those young republican States.
3. The vices of Englishmen (especially drunkenness) are considered by
the natives as the ripe and legitimate fruits of Protestantism !
4- The English are the easiest for us to reach, for various evident
reasons.
5. The English converts grow the fastest in grace and knowledge. This
comes of their freedom from many prevailing prejudices, and their access
to English evangelical literature. Such men as Brother Thomson, Brother
Tallon, and Brother Viney, are examples. A work that can provide such
workers is of incalculable importance.
6. The English element is far ahead of all others in the great matter of
self-support.
In view of such facts as these, our missionaries give a considerable share
of attention to work among the English-speaking communities where they
labor.
From this they could be wholly relieved by new missionaries, who would
thus be doing useful work from the moment of their arrival, while learn­
ing the language of the country.
W e need three such men as soon as they can be sent.
S p a n is h
W ork.
Commenced in 1867 with one single worker, (Brother Thom ­
son,) and carried on since under great disadvantages, the begin­
i 88 i .]
SOUTH AMERICA.
45
ning of its organized form dates from 1878. In 1881 its en­
rolled members, in full communion and probation together,
outnumber the English nearly four to one ; its Sunday-school
scholars still more. T h e day-scholars are almost all Spanish­
speaking.
The more gifted converts ripen gradually into efficient work­
ers, (as seen by the foregoing paragraphs,) stewards, leaders,
Sunday-school teachers, superintendents, exhorters, and
preachers.
Our work is sadly hindered by the want of means of instruc­
tion for these workers who know no English. W e need a
regular institution for this purpose.
A bsence
of
th e
S u p e r in t e n d e n t .
T h e JBoard granted leave of absence to the superintendent
for a visit to the United States to recruit his health, broken
down by prolonged overtaxing. Brother Talion, from Buenos
A yres, was put in charge of the Church at Montevideo, leaving
Brother Thomson alone. The “ Evangelista ” was left in the
editorial care of one of the native converts, Brother Juan
Robles, who, although a poor man with a family, undertakes
it without compensation, as the paper does not yield any thing
to pay for editing. The current responsibilities of the super­
intendency were left with Mrs. Wood, who had already become
familiar with them through the constant assistance she had
had to render her husband, under his threefold duties as pastor,
editor, and superintendent. Thus was it barely possible for
him to leave with the work so short-handed. H e reached the
United States in safety, and has already experienced improve­
ment in health. H appily also the news from the missicm up
to the time of printing this Report shows every thing progress­
ing as well as could be expected.
Recurring here to the important matter of provision for the instruction
of* the native helpers, it should be noted that the numerous and zealous
band of workers at Montevideo have now no systematic instruction except
what is given them by Brother Talion, himself a student ! To such an
extremity is this important mission driven for want of re-enforcement and
adequate provision for its necessities.
46
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l88l.
P o l it ic s .
O ur work is kept carefully clear of entanglements with the
political strifes of those ill-governed republics. Y e t we watch
the movement of their controlling elements with great interest.
For a year past things have been very unsettled in Uruguay,
the daily press and the public mind being full of alarm of im­
pending revolution.
A c ts of lawlessness and violence in
Montevideo and in other parts of the republic have intensified
the uneasiness. This hinders our work to a considerable ex­
tent. In A rgen tin a the situation is steadier, bidding fair to
keep quiet for some time to come. T he separation of the city
of Buenos A yres from its province, to belong exclusively to the
national government as a capital, is working well. This aug­
ments the urgency of the demand on us to evangelize the great
province of Buenos A yres, now in its epoch of reorganization.
T h e new national administration proves very efficient. T h e
damage of the last revolution is being repaired, and progressive
measures pushed forward all over the Argentine territory. In
Paraguay and the Brazilian provinces things are in as favor­
able a position as we could expect. In Bolivia there is much
confusion, and religious liberty is greatly restricted.
F in a n c ia l
D is t r e s s .
Those republics are still groaning under severe and pro­
longed depression of business. T h e Argentine national revenue
fell from $21,000,000 in 1879 to $19,500,000 in 1880. T h e year
188 r began under prostration, but shows signs of improve­
ment. In U ruguay the distress is even greater than in A rgen ­
tina, with no immediate prospect of change for the better.
Paraguay is rapidly recovering from the destruction caused by
former wars.
Bolivia is sinking down under the struggle
now going on with Chili.
O ur work in those lands must for some time yet depend on
outside resources.
Self-supporting operations, 011 a limited
scale, can be started at certain points from time to time, as
favorable opportunities may be seized. But the great work of
evangelizing those lands cannot depend on such operations,
SOUTH AMERICA.
188 1 .J
47
but must be pushed by the strong hand of the Church in this
as in other Romish or pagan fields. But the day will come
when it will cease to need such aid. T h e fact that under the
present circumstances this mission raises over ten dollars a
member annually for the support and extension of the work,
speaks volumes on this point.
D e ta ils
o f
W ork
o f
i
880-81.
The table of statistics and the following paragraphs will give
an idea of the most important details of our work at the points
occupied for the year 1880-81 :
Montevideo. The fourth year of organic life of our Church here has
been one of trial and encouragement. W e have been holding the fort
against political uneasiness and financial distress. These causes have
produced a steady exodus of people from the city, in which a number of
our members have removed; several also have died. Others, however,
have joined, so that the falling off in full members is but four, and in proba­
tioners there is a gain of sixteen. (The figures in the statistics include the
Canelones Class, with two full members and nine probationers.)
Spiritual growth. This has been very encouraging. The converts
from Romanism give thrilling testimony to the work of God’s Spirit in
them, enlightening their minds and purifying their hearts.
They boldly declare 'themselves to be saved from idolatry, apply to
their former experience and the present experience of those around them
the passages of Scripture concerning idolatry, and seek complete deliver­
ance from prevailing errors in faith and practice.
One brother, referring to his former saint-and-image worship, said in. a
public testimony, with tears of gratitude, “ I have trusted in a stick of
wood, I have trusted in a piece of paper, I have trusted in a dirty rag,
but now I thank God that I have learned to trust in him.” Another,
whose wife is still a fanatical saint worshiper, on receiving a brother into
his house where the images, pictures, and adornments were to be seen on
every hand, said, with emotion, “ You find my home full of paganism, but
it is not by my will.” This brother, however, has lately been so happy as
to have his wife occasionally come in to the family prayers that he always
holds with the children.
The class-meetings are held with doors strictly closed to all but those
who belong— attendance being set forth as a privilege of the initiated.
This secures more intense personal interest, with the absence of uncon­
genial elements, and personal sanctification of heart and life are made the
main object. Examples of the cleansing, transforming, and sustaining
power of God’s Spirit are continually occurring. One brother, sadly
harrassed by a besetting sin, fell into severe trials, in which his friends
feared he would make shipwreck of faith, but he is coming through them
48
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l88l.
like gold through a furnace, greatly to his own rejoicing and that of some
who have been specially moved to pray for him. Another, who had long
retained a besetting sin, through warped conscience on the subject, was
graciously and suddenly delivered by the Spirit of God from his error and
his sin together, and desired to be publicly baptized in testimony of his
complete salvation. A number of adults have been rebaptized on enter­
ing into full communion, though this has not been required of them those
who wish to consider valid their Romish baptism being allowed to do so.
The stewards and leaders are becoming very rigorous about receiving
probationers into full communion, more so than has been possible hereto­
fore. They have postponed the admission in a number of cases of good
genuine converts, when they thought the candidates not strict enough on
the Sunday question. This has wrought wholesome improvement in that
regard among both full members and probationers. Some who thought
their occupations made it impossible to keep the Sunday have found that
they can manage to do it, and are happy in the discovery. Others refuse
good employment and content themselves to be poorer rather than be
obliged to break the Sunday. In a Romish country it requires far greater
monal heroism to stand firm at this point than in countries like the United
States.
Those that have died left the solid testimony which has been the seal
of Methodism in all lands.
F in an cia l Growth. In spite of the prolonged crisis that is depressing
the country, the aggregate of amounts raised in our work in Uruguay is
greater than in any former year. A t last the Church at Montevideo has
reached the level of taking collections in all the services every Sunday. It
took a long training to work up to this under the prejudices against col­
lections in the community and with a membership mostly poor, but finally
it has been attained with almost unanimous approval. The necessity of
making repairs in the mission property has strained the local resources to
their utmost, and diminished somewhat the amounts given for other mis­
sionary purposes. Meanwhile, the figures for self-support show a hand­
some increase. These include the sums raised for Brother Pensoti, and
all contributions for the. current support of the central worship in Monte­
video.
Change o f Pastors. This took place in July last, without the slightest
jar in the working of the Church machinery. Brother Tallón, though
inexperienced in pastoral duties, takes to them well, and is received by
the official brethren, the members generally, and the public, in almost the
same matter-of-course way as in the moves of the itinerancy in the United
States. What a splendid system is Methodism!
The R ura l Subcircuits. Brother Pensoti’s work has continued to sup­
port him and his family, and has progressed with unabated interest. He
writes of his joy in the work, of the salvation of souls, of the growth of
zeal and knowledge, and says that if he were to be called away that work
would not die out, but go on of itself.
The Canelones class has become the center of a new subcircuit, under
1 88 1 .]
SOUTH AMERICA.
49
the labors of an exhorter from Montevideo, who has abandoned his occu­
pation to go and preach to the people of that region for what they can
give him, which will be very little, as the district is deplorably priest-ridden,
and the few people to whom he can get access at the first are poor, and
unaccustomed to voluntary giving. This heroic man is Carlos Lastrigo.
Francisco Pensoti and Carlos Lastrigo are the first of the long list of
South American circuit riders, destined in the future to carry the Gospel
to every cabin and hovel in those lands, throwing themselves on the people
for support, on the same lines as in the heroic circuit system of North
America.
God grant that the demons of priestcraft, petty tyranny, and anarchy
may be shorn of their power, that this work may go forward !
The Suburban Work. The absence from Montevideo of the two men
just named, and of three others of the most active workers, has neces­
sitated a drawing in of the suburban operations. Pocitos, Union, and
Bella Vista, the most distant points, are temporarily suspended, and the
work is concentrated on other points, and goes on with every encourage­
ment. The city is literally dotted round with Sunday-schools. The cel­
ebration of the Raikes centenary, late in 1880, was a grand affair. Brother
Thomson, who was present and presided, declared it the greatest public
demonstration he ever saw in South America. It proved a notable public
event, attracting attention throughout the land by the discussion it pro­
voked in the press, filling with alarm the dominant hierarchy. This sub­
urban work is to be organized into a regular circuit and vigorously pushed
forward.
Bro. Correa's Work. This has embraced the principal towns and most
populous rural districts in a wide range of country. Out of it grew the
works of Pensoti and Lastrigo. Out of it will grow more of the same
species. In a country where so many obstacles have to be met, such
pioneering is indispensable. Brother Correa is an untiring and dauntless
traveler. Not long ago he was away from home three months, during
which he suffered all sorts of hardships, including imprisonment, but was
as ready as ever to start again. His imprisonment was in no sense a re­
sult of religious persecution, but of the anarchical state of the country
where he was traveling. The authorities took him for a spy or a con­
spirator, because they could not conceive it possible that a man should
go about, as he was doing, with no other object than to preach the
Gospel!
As this report goes to press, he is on a trip with Brother Milne, the
Bible Agent, to Paraguay and Matto Grasso, regions formerly traversed
by him as a colporteur, and now, for the first time in their history, visited
by a preacher. The pioneer evangelists held a meeting in Asuncion, the
capital of Paraguay, in September last, attended by the most intelligent
people in the city, including the President of the Republic. Brother
Correa writes of Asuncion: “ There is here no prohibition of any kind,
neither is the fanaticism of the people as much of an obstacle as in some
places. They are firmly held by their superstitions, but listen seriously
4
50
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[ l 88 l.
to what we say to them.” His theme on this occasion of the first preach­
ing of the Gospel in the valley of the Paraguay was, “ Christ the only Sav­
iour and Mediator between God and men.”
Buenos Ayres. Brother Thomson continues to be a “ power in the
land.” While Brother Tallón was with him, the two worked together,
and the work grew on their hands till they both had all they could do.
When Brother Tallón was moved to Montevideo, Brother Thomson had
to get on as best he could, with extra exertion, and with the aid of other
helpers, whose zeal and talents he is developing. He preaches three ser­
mons every Sunday, and as many moré during the week, with Sunda)1’schools and other meetings in both Spanish and English to be looked
after. A number of faithful men and women help in this important work,
which goes grandly on. Mrs. Thomson earns, by efficient labor, her right
to the title of “ Assistant Missionary,” notwithstanding heavy family cares.
Mention should be made also of Brother Thomson’s venerable mother, a
patriarchal princess in Israel, who presides over a class of ladies, and
renders other important services. Brother Joshua Negrotto, long super­
intendent of the Spanish Sunday-school, continues his zealous activity
notwithstanding advancing years. Brother William Kitching, who put
himself in peril of bankruptcy in his efforts to carry an undue share of
the burden of the debt on the mission poperty, is still treasurer of the
Board of Trustees, and a sustaining pillar of our cause.
The Debt on the Property. This grew out of the disasters caused by
an awful pestilence, a violent civil war, and a crushing financial crisis,
falling in quick succession, making it impossible to realize amounts that
were to be raised there, among friends of our cause, for the property.
The Church in Buenos Ayres has struggled nobly to work off this
debt. Brother Thomson is now making another effort to raise funds
to diminish it, and arrangements are perfected that seem certain to
speedily remove this incubus out of the way. That event will inaugu­
rate a new era of prosperity, financial and spiritual, for our work in
that center.
The Anglo-Porteño Youth. A delighfully promising group of young
people, of English-speaking origin, trained up in the Sunday-school
under Dr. Jackson’s ministry, and now being brought into the Church
by Brother Thomson, form a peculiarly interesting element in this
Church. Its importance to the great mission work may be seen when
it is remembered that these young people use both Spanish and En- •
glish, are natives of the country, and are to furnish the most widely use­
ful workers for the future of our mission. The last W eek of Prayer was
full of precious seasons, and was followed by the admission into full com­
munion of the ripest of the probationers, among whom were several young
gentlemen and ladies of the class mentioned.
The Spanish Hymn and Tune Book. This came out early in 1881, in
Buenos Ayres, after two years of labor and much expense bestowed on
it by Brother J. R. Naghten, a talented musician, native of Buenos Ayres.
This is the third edition of the Standard Spanish Hymn Book published
1 881.]
SOUTH AMERICA.
51
by this mission, the first coming out in 1876. The collection of hymns
is due to the careful compilation and the able translations and original
compositions of Dr. Jackson, the late superintendent. The present edi­
tion, with tunes, is due to Brother Naghten. It is the first printing with
music types ever done in South America.
All this publishing of hymn books has as yet received not a dollar of
aid from outside the mission. Our workers there began to print collec­
tions of hymns for their Spanish services years ago, soon after Brother
Thomson began to preach in Spanish. The present hymn book has
grown up by degrees, as the necessity for it and the possibility of meeting
it with local resources have increased, and as experience has demonstrated
what hymns, and what kind of hymns, bade fair to be permanently
useful.
The Ragged-School. More than a year ago a zealous brother of the
Spanish congregation, a watchmaker, began to give several hours a day
to teaching a group of native children that he gathered from the streets,
to his instruction partly religious and partly secular. A converted nightpoliceman, seeing this, was moved with like zeal, and gave of his spare
hours by day, enough to make, with the watchmaker’s services, a regular
six hours’ school. A room was hired and money raised by subscription
for the rent and for the few requisites employed. Fanatical opposition
arose, but failed to crush the new enterprise. A t the beginning of 1881
the school numbered over fifty boys and girls in regular attendance.
About that time a zealous Englishman, long resident in the country, Mr.
F. Fletcher, came forward and commenced to devote much of his own
time to the school. He hired larger premises for it, at his private ex­
pense, and more scholars were taken in and more helpers enlisted. A t
last accounts the pupils numbered between 100 and 120. They are
from the poorest and most neglected classes. Sunday-school training
supplements the day-school work. The attendance is very constant, and
the results inspiring. Thus the leaven works.
Rosario de Santa Fe. Financial matters show excellent progress.
The collections have about trebled in the year 1880-1881 over any former
year. Church discipline has also improved. This, together with the re­
moval by letter, of five members, has diminished the number on the books,
but the spiritual strength of this little nucleus of a great work was never
more vital. The missionary, Brother J. R. Wood, being away a large
share of the time, Brother Viney has acted as supply. On several occa­
sions the pulpit was occupied by Mrs. Wood, Miss Goodenough, and
Mrs. Clemens, a sermon being read, and the service being conducted as
usual. The ministrations of Brother Viney and of these godly women
have kept the work in Rosario in a healthy and growing state.
Improvements in the Property. Nice cedar seats have replaced the
old uncouth and uncomfortable benches. A stone stair-way leading up to
the entrance, (that was left high in the air by lowering the grade of the
street,) has made the church more accessible. But for these changes it
would have ceased to be fit for a place of worship. These, with minor
52
MISSIONARY REPORT.
Ll88l.
repairs and improvements, have cost some $400, to raise which has re­
quired much exertion on the part of the congregation. Efforts in the
same direction are to be continued, as further improvements are needed
for the preservation of the property, much injured by the alterations in
the level of the streets.
The Spanish Work. The Spanish preaching in the city takes place
in the largest room of the Woman’s Foreign Missionary Society’s school.
The attendance, order, and attention, are all that could be desired. The
audience consists of an English-speaking nucleus, and a much larger body
of hearers who know no English. Some of the best native intellect in
the city is attracted by it. It gives every encouragement that could be
expected under the circumstances. But the work in this city can never
become what the Church expects it to be till a proper preaching-place in
the central part of the city is provided for it.
In the points further inland the Spanish preaching is well attended
and gives great encouragement. Its hearers are partly from the old na­
tive elements, and partly from the tide of immigration from Southern
Europe that is filling up those regions. It is, as yet, in its preliminary
stages, but 1881 has seen good progress. Much house-to-house work
has become possible, and has been done, with visible good resulting.
Romish parents bring their children to the missionary for baptism instead
of taking them to the priests. A Romish civil officer, brother of a priest
in high position in the dominant Church, has treated our missionary with
marked kindness, and commended his work in strong terms, saying that
he is doing the good that the priests ought to do, and do not do. Of
course, the fanatical elements are as hostile as they can be, but the way
is marvelously opened.
The farthest point yet reached is the city of Reconguista, three hun­
dred miles, by river, above Rosario. A nucleus of Welsh Protestants
settled near this place help greatly in the singing, and in setting an ex­
ample of devout attention before the Romish men, women, and children,
who compose the congregation. Vigorous hostility from the priesthood
has not sufficed to turn either public opinion or the local authorities
against us. The missionary, Brother J. R. Wood, writing of his call
on the chief military officer, who is practically the autocrat of the place,
during his last round on the work, sa y s:
“ W e called on him. He received us cordially and spoke freely. Said
he was brought up an Ultramontane, but now believes in God, and that
is all. W e could hold meetings anywhere and at anytim e we liked. He
wanted to encourage every thing that was for the good of the people, and
would help us build a chapel if we wanted to. (!) Has good schools, and
compels the children in town to attend them. Says most of the army
officers are of the same way of thinking.”
One of the converts there, being unable to read, has his little son read
the Bible to him, and has become so fond of it that he sleeps with the
book under his pillow. He wants a chapel to be built, and offers to help.
Many other cheering details might be given from this part of the field.
1 881 .J
SOUTH AMERICA.
G ospel
T em perance
53
W ork.
This is carried on with excellent results at several points.
It began at Rosario de Santa F e some years ago, and now has
many bright trophies. T h e past year shows cheering prog­
ress. W herever Brother J. R. W ood goes on his rounds in
the interior he extends the good influence of that good work,
sadly needed through all those regions.
A t Montevideo the president and vice-president of the tem­
perance organization are both reformed drunkards.
Some
remarkable cases of reformation have occurred there also, and
are holding out grandly. Much good has been done through
the children, this branch of the work being conducted by Mrs.
T. B. Wood and Mrs. E. V an Domselaar.
A free readingroom and a lunch-room have been started, as a temperance
head-quarters. Prayer-meetings and Bible readings are car­
ried on in it twice a week.
The temperance work begins among the English-speaking
elements first, at every point, and gradually extends its in­
fluence to the Spanish. T h e Romish population of every class
are all addicted to wine-drinking. Our converts are very slow
to leave this off, or to see any harm in it. But by degrees
they are coming to view total abstinence as the true ground.
The last year shows unusual progress in this respect. T h e
first of the native converts that joined the teetotalers was
ridiculed by his brethren and companions as a temperance
fanatic. Now, some of those that made most fun of him have
followed his example. A t present all the local preachers in
the whole mission are out-and-out teetotalers and temperance
workers, except one, and he has lately had his children join
the Juvenile Tem plars. This work goes on without any un­
pleasant controversy over the difference of opinion which it
carries with it. It is inspired and directed by the love o(
Christ, and so does good and good only. In due time the
lofty position of North Am erican Methodism on the temper­
ance question will be that of South A m erican Methodism
likewise.
54
MISSIONARY REPORT.
T he
G eneral
[I 88 l.
O utlook.
T h is mission is passing through a transition stage. Its past
has been a faithful holding of the fort. A s such it is a ster­
ling success. N ow it is ready for a grand onward sweep.
F o r this it only needs adequate re-enforcement.
Immigration. A rising tide of immigration is flowing into
this field, as the following significant figures show. Compar­
ing the number of immigrants coming annually to the A rgen ­
tine Republic with the number of inhabitants in the Republic,
the following percentages re s u lt:
From 1860-18641 inclusive, less than one h a lf per cent, per annum.
From 1865-1869, inclusive, just about one per cent, per annum.
From 1870-1879, inclusive, over two per cent, per annum.
T h e same statements would be approximately true of the
U ruguayan Republic.
That these figures may be appreciated let it be remembered
that the immigration into the United States, at its present
flood tide, is less than one per cent, per annum of the popula­
tion of the country.
Our work should be pushed on this rising tide flowing into
the Tem perate Zone of South America.
Wise Legislation. T h e governments of those countries are
awaking to the importance of this influx o f new population,
and are doing all in their power to encourage it. It is greatly
hindered b y the civil wars and the ill-governed condition of
those regions. But the fact that it has gone on, in increasing
ratio, in spite of that condition, and with almost no proper
provisions made to facilitate it, shows that it must take greater
proportions in the future, under the efforts now making to
keep those countries in peace for longer periods at a time, to
increase the security o f life and property, and to make more
fully available the unsurpassed natural advantages of those
lands.
T h e following w eighty words, from the last message of the
President of the A rgen tin e Republic to his Congress, show
the way things are moving. A fte r stating the immense ex­
1 8 8 1J
SOUTH AMERICA.
55
tent of territory lately opened up for settlement, and referring
to their remarkably favorable conditions, he s a y s :
We may assure ourselves that there is not now a nation on earth that
has so great an area of available lands, under mild though varied climates,
almost all near the coast or of easy access from the sea or from navigable
rivers, and susceptible of every kind of cultivation.
Here, honorable sirs, is a wide field for your activity, to frame wise and
far-sighted laws to serve as a security that we shall not waste, like the
prodigal son, so great a fortune, with which Providence has endowed us,
designing, undoubtedly, to assign us a grand part to perform in the
history of human progress.
Now, let Methodism not waste so grand an opportunity
with which Providence has favored her of pre-empting those
wide fields for the Gospel, nor fail to perform the grand part,
already obviously assigned to her, in the future of South
American progress.
A P P O IN T M E N T S F O R
1882.
Superintendent and Director o f Publications: T . B. Wood.
Montevideo Station: William Tallon.
Montevideo C ircu it: T. B. Wood and A. Guelfi.
Uruguay C ircu it: J. Correa.
Buenos Ayres : J. F. Thomson.
Rosario and Parana Circuit : J. R. Wood.
Agent o f American Bible Socicty : A. M. Milne, address, Montevideo,
U ruguay.
^ ■F . M . S. work in Mo?itevideo : Miss C. Guelfi.
W. F. M . S. work in Rosario: Mrs. E. J. M. Clemens and Miss J.
Goodenough.
Montevideo and its dependencies..
5
Buenos A y res*....................................
Rosario and its dependencies...........
2
7
725
1 1 T
875
1 1 2 2
_
12 G 14 2
1,690
8
$0,000
510
44,000
5'V
5.000
11¡(MS.
$55,000
12
12
for Self-
for Missionary
$261 $100 $1,177
î $16,0110 $5,597 77
17
$200 t l 60,000
28S
2,600
975
11
40
160
1 $16,000 »5,597 77 $273 $849 $3,817 $1,885
* The fl*ure. for Bueno. A y r*, are thoee o f laet year, m the returns from that point for this year have not been received. These are approximately correct,
t N ot including the w eekly, El E vangelutn,” whose fourth volume was completed during the year, amounting to about 600,000 tract page».
Pagps Printed during
the Year.
ôK
fe r
Collected for Church
Building and Kepairing.
1
10 4 5
------ —
Total.
t.
Collected
support.
» é &
——
“ “
1881.
Collected for other
i Benevolent Societies.
ci
------ ------
|-
£«■
'c £
”
D2 I H H
> > & b
1 1 11
Debt on Churches,
Parsonages, and other
Property.
.a
S*
•ss 1
Estimated Value of
Churches.
C IR C U IT O R S T A T IO N .
a
t fi*
£ E
Estimated Value of
Parsonages.
£
B
M
J
FOR
Collected
Society.
S O U T H -E A S T S O U T H A M E R IC A M ISSIO N
1 Xo. of Hnlis and other
j Places of W orship.
STA TISTICS OF T H E
160,000
C
hina
M
issions.
Commenced in 1847.
B IS H O P W I L E Y
has
E p is c o p a l
S u p e r v is io n .
A v e r y marked step of progress during the year in this
field is the organization of the Anglo-Chinese College at FoocRow, and the purchase by a Chinese gentleman, Mr. T. Ahok,
of a valuable building and grounds for its use. To this is
added Rev. J. F. Goucher’s liberal gift of $7,000 for the the­
ological department. There are already forty-five students in
the college, all of whom pay the stipulated rates. T h e estab­
lishment of this institution has been welcomed by the mis­
sionaries of other Societies in Foochow, and similar move­
ments are already advocated in other cities of China which
are the seats of Christian missions. A t Kiukiang, in the Cen­
tral China Mission, a University has also been organized, called,
by desire of the Mission, “ T h e Fowler U niversity of China.”
Both here and at Peking our school work calls at once for
increased attention and development. A new era of national
progress is evidently opening in China. Though slower to
move, China seems now almost on the threshold of such
changes as have occurred in Japan, and it is important for
our Protestant Missions to be ready to furnish all aid possible
in guiding the new demands for education after the model of
the W estern nations.
T h e Mission Press at Foochow has
now about completed the issue of an entire translation of the
Bible in the classical language, and the colloquial translation
is well on toward completion.
T he “ Isabella Fisher Hospital,” at Tientsin, which was
erected this year for the W om an’s Foreign Missionary Society
on the generous foundation provided by Rev. J. F. Goucher,
was formally opened, after an official inspection, by Bishop
Bowman, October 15. T h is is the sphere of Miss Dr. Howard’s
labors.
58
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l8 8 l.
Numerous conversions are reported in different parts of the
field. T h e position of our missionaries and their opportunities
for evangelization seem to have been rendered still more secure
by the formal government recognition obtained this year for
the native adherents of Protestant Churches in their exemp­
tion from assessments for the maintenance of certain heathen
ceremonies, a legal recognition hitherto accorded only to
Roman Catholic converts.
T h e Central China Mission has this year been re-enforced
by Rev. C. F- K upfer and wife, and the North China Missicwi
by Rev. F. D. Gamevvell.
T h e latter at the writing of this
Report had reached Peking.
Rev. L. N. W heeler, D .D ., and family, accompanied by
Rev. S. L ew is and wife, sailed from San Francisco Septem­
ber 6, on his way to found our new W est China Mission in
the Szechuen Province. L atest advices inform us that Mr.
Lew is will remain at K iukiang for the purpose of acclimation,
while Rev. B. Bagnall, an experienced missionary of the Cen­
tral China Mission, has accompanied Dr. W'heeler westward
on a tour of exploration. The following communication, dated
at Kiukiang, has just been received from Bishop Bowman :
Brother Wheeler is here gathering information and preparing for an
exploring trip to the West. The outlook in that direction is very promis­
ing. I have seen several men who have traveled quite extensively through
these regions and they all think Brother Wheeler will find a fine opening.
T h e head-quarters of the Mission will doubtless be fixed at
Chungking, a large city on the Y angtse, the commercial capi­
tal of the province. Dr. W heeler has probably now arrived
at his destination, and the establishment of this far-off post
completes a line of Methodist missions across the entire em­
pire from east to west. T h is movement in the extension of
our work, which, as will be remembered, is also due to the lib­
erality of Mr. Goucher, will, we trust, inspirit our Missions
already established in the country and greatly enlarge the
sympathies of the Church toward the grand enterprise which
has for its object the conversion of China.
I
S8I.J
C H IN A .
59
I.
FOOCHOW.
Commenced in 1847.
Organized as a Conference in 1877.
H E A D -Q U A E T E E S ,
F O O C H O W .
Missionaries.*
S.
L.
N
ath an
B a ld w in ,
D.D., (in U. S. A.,)
F.
S it e s ,
O h lin g e r ,
N . J. P l u m
D. W . C h
andler
b
,
.
. A s s i s t a n t ^ M is s io n a r ie s .
Mrs. E t t i e E. B a l d w i n , (in U.S.A.,) Mrs. B e t h a S. O h l i n g e r ,
M rs. S. M o o r e S it e s , (in U. S. A .,)
M rs. J u l i a W . P lu m b , (in U.S.A.,)
M rs. M a r y
E. C h a n d le r .
M i s s i o n a r i e s " W . F . M i. S . *
Miss
Miss
B e u la h
S.
H.
W o o ls to n ,
W o o ls to n ,
Miss
Miss
S ig o u r n e y
J u lia
E.
M.D.
M.D.
T rask,
Sp arr,
ISTative P r e a c h e r s —E ld e rs.
Hu Yong Mi,
Yek Ing-Kwang,
Hu Sing-Mi,
Chiong Taik-Liong,
Ting Neng-Chiek,
Ngu Ing-Siong,
Ngwoi Ki-Lang,
Li Yu-Mi,
Sia Sek-Ong,
Li Cha-Mi,
Sia Lieng-Li,
Pang Ting-Hie.
D eacon s.
Taing Kwang-Ing,
Ting Ching-Kwong,
Ling Ching-Chieng.
P r e a c h e r s on T r ia l.t
Ting Siu-Kung,
Yong Taik-Cheu,
Sie Hwo-Mi,
W ong Kwok-Hing,
Hwong Taik-Chiong,
Taing Kieng-Ing,
Ting Soi-Ling,
Tiong Ming-Tung,
Ting Ing-Cheng,
Lau Kwang-Hung,
Ting Ung-Chu,
Li Tiong Chwi,
Ting Ka-Sing,
Ting Teng-Nieng,
U Sieu-E,
Ung Kwong-Koi,
Ling Tang-Kie,
Tang Seng-Ling,
Ling Seng-Eu,
Ting Ung-Tiu,
Cheng Chong-Ming,
Hu Chai-Hang,
Hwong Pau-Seng,
Ling Seu-Ing,
Tang King-Tong,
Ting Kieng-Seng,
Tiong Seuk-Pwo,
W ong Eung-Chiong,
Sie Seng-Chang,
Li Nga Hung,
W ong Hok-Ku,
Tang Taik-Tu,
Song Kwong-Hwo.
* T h e missionaries'all reside at the head-quarters, Foochow .
+ T h is list is the list o f last year.
6o
MISSIONARY REPORT.
Ll88l.
L o c a l P r e a c h e r s a c tin g as S u p p lie s.*
Ngu Sing-Ong,
Ting Ching-Nwong,
Ling Ming-Sang,
Chai Hi-Seng,
Ting Kiu-Seu,
Ling Taik-Pien,
Tieng Hang-Sieng,
Song Kwong-Hwo,
Ting Ung-Kwo,
Sie Po-Mi,
Siek Chiong-Tieng,
Hu Ngwong-Tang,
Hu Ngwong-Ko,
Tang Taik-Tu,
U Seng-Tung,
Ting Tieng-Ling,
W ong King-Chu,
Tiong Tiong-Mi,
Tieng Ung-Chieu,
Ngu Chiong-Ong,
Ting Hung-Ngwong,
Ling Hieng-Sing,
Ting Teng-Nguk,
Yong Hung-Siong,
Ngu Kwoh-Kwo,
Hwong Taik-Lik,
Chung Ka-Eu.
W ORKING FORCE OF TH E MISSION.
Missionaries...................................................................................................
Assistant Missionaries ..................................................................................
Missionaries of the W. F. M. S ...................................................................
Native Preachers...........................................................................................
Native Teachers.............................................................................................
3
2
4
77
44
Total Agents of the Society...................................................................
130
Rev. N. Sites w rite s:
The annual session of the Foochow Conference is. fixed for November
17, quite too late for its reports to reach your office by December 1. W e
inclose herein such reports as are at hand from the several districts, for
which see below.
Incidents of triumphant Christian deaths are multiplying. “ Our people
die well.” One mentioned in the Yeng Ping report was the mother of two
of our preachers, Taing Kw ang-Ing and Taing Kieng-Ing. Another, the
brother of Elder Sia Sek-Ong. See report on the Foochow District.
A new and encouraging feature of our work is the .establishment of an
“ Annual Conference Seminary,” under the name of the Foochow AngloChinese College. Preparatory classes were opened in February, 1881, and
over forty self-supporting students have entered, two thirds of whom are
from Christian families, and all are under the Christian and religious disci­
pline of the college. “ Knowledge is power.” This saying is not less
true in China than in England and America. Are not the literati of
China the ruling element ? Has not China, by her attention to educa­
tion, always “ conquered her conquerors ? ” Shall we not aid the Church,
that, with an enlightened and sanctified “ knowledge,” she may become
“ more than conqueror ? ”
* T h is list is the list o f last year.
i 8 8 1.]
CHINA.
6l
REPORTS FROM THE DISTRICTS.
F o o c h o w D i s t r i c t . — F . Ohlinger, Missionary in charge; Sia SekOng, Presiding Elder.
There has been steady progress in all departments of the work on this
district. Our city (East-street) charge has enjoyed a healthy revival,
affecting first and chiefly the large percentage of lukewarm members
with which that charge had been burdened for many years. There were
also a number of conversions from heathenism, among these a very re­
spectable literary man residing outside the west gate. Our young brother,
Tang Seng-Ling, who went to this field a year ago with considerable
trepidation, feels greatly encouraged. At Ching Sing Tong, the junior
preacher, Hu Chaik-Hang, has worked faithfully to instruct the children
of the members, by gathering them in a kind of Sunday-school in which
his portable harmonium was made to do good service. The singing
of his congregation has greatly improved under Chaik-Hang’s instruction,
A few men on each district, with his knowledge of vocal and instrumental
music, would be a great blessing to the young Church. These Chinese
Christians are fond of singing when they have a reliable leader. A t Tieng
A ng Tong the aspect of things has been greatly changed by the bring­
ing in of a large number of intelligent heathen young men from the
Anglo-Chinese College, who attend preaching and Sunday-school at this
chapel. The regular Sunday morning congregation is large compared
with any of our other congregations, and offers a special field for evan­
gelizing efforts. It is the only place in all our work where we have any­
thing like a regular attendance of “ outsiders,” and demands the ablest
preaching the Church can supply. On all the other circuits good work
has been done, which will in due time bring forth the desired fruits.
Brother Sia Sek-Ong has traveled the district with his long-tried faithful­
ness, besides giving much valuable aid in founding the Anglo-Chinese
College. W e have two boys’ day-schools and two girls’ day-schools on
the district, all of which are in a prosperous condition. The fourth quar­
terly meetings of the different circuits were seasons of much spiritual
profit. On several occasions Brother Sia Sek-Ong gave the “ death-bed
experience ” of his younger brother, Sia Heng Ho, which I will endeavor
to repeat: " F o r two years I have been walking in the region of sorrows ;
our astrologers would call it the ‘ k’o te,’ ‘ hidden, or unlucky region.’ I
call it simply the • k’u te,’ that is, ‘ region of sorrows,’ because no such thing
as a real misfortune can happen to the child of God. When I started on
my last round, leaving my brother sick in the hospital, I asked him
whether I might be absent three weeks. He feared this would be too
long, and begged me to return after ten days. This was Thursday morn­
ing. I reached my appointment on Saturday, and conducted the meetings
as usual on Sunday. I could not help thinking of my brother all the time,
and Sunday afternoon I dispatched a messenger to inquire how he was
doing before I should go further from home. He brought an unfavorable
reply, and I hastened home at once. On meeting my brother he expressed
62
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[ 18 8 1.
a desire to return to his own house, saying he could not live more than a
week or two. I said to him, ‘ In the first place tell me whether the truths
you have learned and believed all these years are now of use to you ? ’
He raised his hand as if about to say something of great importance, and
replied, ‘ O f great use ! ’ W e then carried him home, after which he took
a little food. The next morning he called me early, and said he wished
to hand over his accounts to me. Finding I had not been to breakfast,
he urged me to take my meal first, and then return for the accounts. W e
spent the whole forenoon over his books, he explaining each entry in de­
tail. He was very much exhausted, and begged us all to remain about
the house. The following morning he discovered that one side of his
body was paralyzed, and said, ‘ To-day I shall go.’ He then called up all
his children, touching each one, and giving a few words of counsel and
admonition. To his wife he gave full instructions concerning all his
children, and admonished her to trust only in the Lord. I then said to
him, ‘ Thus far 1 have been enabled to follow my calling in peace, relying
upon you to take care of our aged father and all our temporal concerns.
Now you not only cease to do this, but your family and all your affairs
fall to my lot. You know how I am situated. WThat is your advice?
Shall I go into business, or shall I continue preaching?’ He looked at
nie and said quietly, ‘ Preach.’ I then said, ‘ If you have any means of
helping me after you depart this life, I beg you will do so.’ He nodded
assent. In the afternoon the fever rose, and it soon became evident that
the last struggle had begun. I prayed with him frequently, and he always
joined audibly when I mentioned any of the family. It was more than I
could bear to see him suffer, and I felt compelled now and then to leave
the room. He continued to give an occasional word of exhortation to
both heathen and Christian neighbors who came to see him. Entering
the room just as night was setting in, I said to him, ' I would prefer if
your departure were delayed until the streets are quiet and until the neigh­
bors have retired, as I fear a great crowd and confusion when they hear
weeping in the house.’ He nodded assent. After all was quiet in the
streets and the shop doors closed, he said, ‘ Still He delays ! ’ I told him
to wait just a little longer. After a few moments he asked me whether I
could still feel his pulse beat, and I told him I could, but that it was
barely perceptible. He then, with the hand which he could still use,
drew out his watch and handed it to me. I felt that with this the burdens
he had thus far borne were finally and wholly laid on my shoulders. I
said, ‘ Does the blood of Christ now cleanse you from all sin ? ' ‘I t fills
my whole heart,’ was his reply. When again his suffering became more
intense he repeated, ‘ Still He delays.’ I said, ‘ Bide the Lord’s own time,
do not yield to impatience. Think how trivial your sufferings are com­
pared with those of the Saviour on the cross.’ He then seemed to look
at a distant object long and intently. I said, 'C a st yourself wholly on
Jesus, just as if you sprang on board a boat to escape danger.’ He again
nodded assent. A few moments afterward he laughed, without producing
a sound, however. A ll expression of pain and anguish was gone from
1 88 1 .]
CHINA.
63
his countenance. He looked like one greatly pleased. He had lain this
way but a few moments when he again laughed, though inaudibly. He
also moved his hand. Three minutes later he was gone, a sweet smile
lingering on his placid countenance. It seemed to me I could see him
embark on the beautiful ship and sail away, leaving only this shell and
his old clothes behind. The heathen say of the dead, ‘ Theirs is the loss.’
I can truly say, ‘ Ours is the loss ; his is the g a in ! ’ ”
Biblical Institute. F. Ohlinger in charge. W e have an increase of
five students to report. Two, having completed the prescribed course of
study, entered the itinerant ranks. One was expelled. Instruction was
given regularly in natural theology, exegesis, church discipline, Romanized
colloquial, Mandarin, and vocal music. Sia Sek-Ong said at the close of
the annual examinations: “ Having been the only member of the appointed
Examining Committee present this year, I have been busy almost night
and day during these examinations. Yet I did not weary of the work
because you all seem to have maintained a genuine interest in your various
studies. The committee last year pronounced the examinations very
good. I am happy to say they were better still this year.” These
young men receive about $2 20 per month each from the Missionary So­
ciety, besides the grant of books, room-rent, tuition and incidentals free.
OF the $2 20 they require from $1 50 to $1 80 per month for board, leaving
a good margin for clothes, head-shaving, etc., etc. A change for the
better is readily noticed in the outward appearance of these young men
after subsisting for a season on the Missionary Society's rice. A mere
pittance, as it seems to be, this support is nevertheless sufficient to tempt
many who, by entering the Institute, do the Church an irreparable injury.
The Conference has, therefore, endeavored to throw the desired safeguards
around the Institute, but hitherto with only partial success. Besides this
tendency to draw unworthy young men, there are other serious objections
to this plan of supporting them while they are preparing for their future
vocation. The most serious is the sad fact that it requires a few years
with most of them to recover fully from the pauperizing effects of the
plan. Some never recover from it. Yet what can we say when young
men in Christian America put themselves on the charity list of the Church
that is to employ and support them for life ? There is another objection
to be considered here which does not hold in America : it is the influence
the plan exerts on the heathen. They are determined to look upon the
Christian Church as a grand undiscriminating charity establishment. But
a fc\y days since a woman who has been acquainted with our mission up­
ward of fifteen years, said : “ I will attend services whenever it does not
rain if you will admit my son into your college free of matriculation and
tuition.” A well-to-do middle-aged man said: “ I have heard the Chris­
tian doctrines until I am satiated ; now. Sing Sang, what will you pay me
(of course you pay others) to become a Christian ? It is money I want to
see next.” W e are prayerfully seeking a solution of this old and vexing
problem.
The Anglo-Chinese College. F. Ohlinger in charge. This is the first
64
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l 8 8 l .
time this institution appears in the Annual Report, being not yet a year
old. Thé necessity of such an institution in connection with our Foochow
work has been ably set forth by Dr. Maclay, the father of Chinese Meth­
odism, by Sia Sek-Ong, by our Chinese presiding elders as. a body, by
several leading members of our college Board of Trustees, and others.
Most of these communications (made originally to the Board of Managers
of the Missionary’ Society) have appeared in one or more of our Advocate?
I can only recommend a careful rereading of them, as also of the timely
articles from the justly popular pen of Dr. Wentworth, one of the first
missionaries to this field, on the same topic. A mere glance at the signs
of the times is sufficient to convince almost any one that this is the crucial
hour of the Church in China. Infidels, skeptics, and Romanists have
already begun the work we have so long neglected, and are materially
doing it in their own way and for their own ends. Once let them occupy
the field, and we can never retake it. A t Canton, Shanghai, Ningpo,
Kiukiang, Chefoo, and Peking our fellow-missionaries of various denom­
inations are either moving in the matter or seriously considering it. The
question is simply, Shall the Church have the training of China’s millions,
or will she yield the opportunity to her pronounced enemies ? But to
come right home to the matter : W e have forty-five students in the col'
lege ; twenty from our Hokchiang, fifteen from our Hinghwa, and several
from each of our other districts, with many from all parts of the province not
connected with the Church who are inquiring eagerly ; Have you rooms
to rent, and teachers to teach us ? W e are willing to pay room-rent,
board, matriculation, tuition, and incidentals in advance ; we will submit
to the Christian rules and government of the college— only admit us.
1. W hat will become of these young men if the college is properly sus­
tained by the Church ?
i' A few will become first-class vagabonds.
2 A larger number will become trusty servants in European families
in the East.
2 The next larger number will become officers and diplomatists.
4. A still larger number will become intelligent, ' prosperous merCh5.n An equally large class will become preachers of the Gospel and
teachers.
6. The largest class probably will, like true angels of mercy, bring to
the hovels of this suffering people the boon of intelligent medical aid and
advice.
_
u n i *
II. W hat would become of these young men without the college .
j . Many of them would become first-class vagabonds.
2. A larger number would become opium-smoking chair coolies and
burden-bearers.
3. One or two might become petty officers.
4. Quite a large per cent, would become merchants— selling peanuts.
chopsticks, and idol-paper.
5. A pretty large class would become Christian preachers— barely aDie
i8 8 r j
CHINA.
65
to read the Bible in their own classic style, trembling when confronted by
the pupils of infidel and Roman Catholic Europeans, every-where de­
nounced as propagators of ignorance, unable to converse with the Bishop
who ordains them, to say nothing of participating in the great council of
the Church that sends them forth.
6.
The majority would become ordinary Chinese literary men— of all men
most proud and bigoted. This is a calm view of the case, sustained by such
men as Sia Sek-Ongand Hu Yong-Mi, and by our whole Chinese Church.
III. What are the wants of the college?
Of the Missionary Society we do not ask more than our full quota of
men, of whom two should be thorough educators.
The finest grounds and, with but one or two exceptions, the best build­
ing in Foochow has been bought for $14,000. Our generous friend, Tiong
Ahok, has donated $10,000 ; our native friends are trying to raise the re­
maining $4,000 among their countrymen. W e need $10,000 for building
students' halls, and another residence for one of the professors. Until we
receive $5,000 from some source we must continue to refuse admis­
sion to those who do not live in the immediate vicinity, or who have
no friends with whom they can board. A t least thirty of these disap­
pointed youths are the sons of Christian parents. Many of our large con­
gregations in America could raise this amount in a Sunday morning
service and rejoice over it forever. You have the privilege of naming
these halls— Durbin, Cookman, Scott, Dashiell, Eddy— or any name you
may decide upon. There is not a college in all the world that has a larger
field or grander mission. W e can already say what has recently been
said of an American college : Friends, Jesus Christ is in the habit of
visiting the Foochow Anglo-Chinese College. Many of these boys who
had never been in a Christian chapel, listen with rapt attention to the per­
suasive discourses of a Sia Sek-Ong or Hu Sing-Mi. Many of them are
poor, but not one is a pauper; all pay the stipulated rates. The example
is stimulating the native Church to renewed efforts in the line of selfsupport. I cannot ask for space to say more here, and commend the first
Methodist college in Asia to the prayers of our beloved Zion.
The Boys' H igh School still continues to do good, though not as much
as we could wish. Instruction is given in Chinese only, and we admit
students free of all expense, paying those who are the sons of traveling
preachers fifty cents per month additional. The mission furnishes teach­
ers, books, rooms, and furniture for this school. It is destined to become
an ally to the college and Biblical Institute.
The Fuhkien Church Gazette has been enlarged, without raising the
subscription price. This was done by means of a few advertisements that
are proving themselves beneficial to the advertisers as well as to the paper.
Now is the time for American inventors and manufacturers to advertise
their wares in China. European manufacturers advertise largely in the
Chinese periodicals published in Shanghai. W e would gladly put samples
of all such things as are a real blessing to humanity on exhibition in our
college museum, and solicit correspondence on this matter.
66
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[I 8 8 l.
H in g - H W A d i s t r i c t . — F . Ohlinger, Missionary in charge ; Hu SingMi, Presiding Elder.
This has been a year ol great peace and considerable growth on this
district. Being Hu Sing-Mi’s second year on the district, he was able to
direct matters with a steady hand. Several classes put forth extra efforts,
and, with some aid from the Missionary Society, succeeded in greatly im­
proving their Church property. W e have five boys’ day-schools on the
district, all of which are in a good condition. The W . F. M. S. has seven
flourishing day-schools, mostly of long standing, on this district. A school
for women was opened at Hinghwa City, with twelve students, in February,
also under the auspices of the W . F. M. S. The opportunities for work
of this kind in the Hinghwa District have always been in marked contrast
to the same kind of work in the Foochow District
H o k - c h i a n g D i s t r i c t . — D . W . Chandler, Missionary in charge; H u
Yong-Mi, Presiding Elder.
For a general statement of the character of this district and the pros­
pects of our work I must refer the reader to the last Annual Report.
During the past year Hu Yong-Mi has continued his zealous efforts to
bring up the members to a higher type of Christianity. I have just returned
from a visitation to the leading circuits, and am able to report a little prog­
ress in many departments of work. In the instruction and building up
of the members most has been done on the Sing-tong Circuit. Hais-Iu
and one or two other circuits also show improvement in this respect. In
missionary work among the heathen the largest work has been done on
the Hai-kau part of Hok-chiang City Circuit, and on the Siek-keng Cir­
cuit. In finances I expect that the statistics will show an increase in the
missionary collection, and possibly in the amount raised for the support of
the ministry. The statistics will also show an increase in membership,
probably equal to that of last year. In educational matters there is a
gradual advance. W e have now on the district four boys’ schools and
four girls’ schools. A s the former have not been systematized, I cannot
report positively as to their efficiency; but the quarterly examinations of
the latter give evidence of some thorough work. W e expect that they
will bear good fruit. The presiding elder is laboring to get all the Church
members started in systematic study of the Scriptures and other religious
literature. Having to work among the poorest and most ignorant classes,
his progress is necessarily slow; but visible improvement has already
resulted from his efforts. His best co-workers, and in fact our best
preachers in every respect, are those men who have been trained in the
Theological Seminary. The year has been a peaceful one, no serious
troubles or persecutions having arisen on any circuit. The worj^ of build­
ing up our Hok-chiang Church pure and strong is a very serious one, but
with faith and faithfulness success is sure. But first we must have our
Pentecost. Hoping for this, we again commend this work to the prayers
of the Church.
I n 'g - c h u n g D i s t r i c t . — D . W . Chandler, Missionary in ch arge; Sia
Lieng-Li, Presiding Elder.
CHINA.
i 8 8 i .J
6/
The work of this district has been continued on the old lines. Nothing
of especial interest has transpired during the year. The two most impor­
tant circuits, Ing-chung and Faik-hwa, are in a fairly prosperous condi­
tion. Some progress is being made at Pung-hu and at Chiak-chwi. The
circuits of Tai-cheng and To-ngwong are in a weak condition, and there
have been several expulsions during the past year or two. Here, as in
many parts of our work, the seed fell on “ stony places, where they had
not much earth ; and forthwith they sprung up, because they had no deep­
ness of earth : and when the sun was up, they were scorched ; and because
they had no root, they withered away.” But usually there is some good
ground near by, and we believe that on these circuits some will bear good
fruit, and that the whole district will requite the labor that has been ex­
pended on it. No statistical report has yet been received, but from what
we have learned we do not expect that the statistics will show any mate­
rial increase in any department of work.
REPORT
OF TH E
M . E. M IS S IO N
PRESS.
The edition of the whole Bible in classic is now about completed, and
will be reported at the Annual Conference. It consists of four thousand
volumes, half on foreign paper and half on native white paper. It was
begun about three years ago. Owing to the completion of this edition the
Annual Report will show about the same number of pages printed this
year as was reported last year. But, in fact, a less number has been
printed. Owing to the large number of books in stock, we have decreased
the size of editions and employ a less number of workmen than formerly.
Three additional books of the Old Testament in Foochow colloquial were
published during the year, and another portion, Isaiah, is now ready for
the press. Soon the whole Bible will be in the common language of the
people. A large amount of work has been done for other missions, and
the demands of our own Church are fully met.
K u -C H E N G D i s t r i c t .— Nathan Sites, Missionary in charge ; Yek IngKwang, Presiding Elder.
The quarterly visits of the presiding elder have been regularly made,
and the quarterly meetings have, in most cases, been occasions of great
interest to the Churches, and have produced favorable impressions on the
people. A small increase in members will appear on several of the cir­
cuits.
On the Teng-Yong Circuit one of the societies has exerted itself, and
secured a lot and building for parsonage and chapel, the mission granting
fifty dollars to aid in needed repairs.
This district is about one hundred miles from Foochow, north-west,
consisting of fine fertile valleys, fruitful hills, and surrpunding mountains.
The curse of opium-smoking has impoverished many of these mountain
villages. Many of our members and inquirers were first brought near the
Church, seeking to be saved from the slavish and impoverishing habit of
using opium, and many, too, rejoice in being saved from its curse. My
personal teacher, a literary graduate, one of a family of seven sons, had
68
MISSIONARY REPORT.
Cl88l.
used the opium-pipe a dozen years, but now is freed from it, and is an
earnest Christian man. A great door is fully opened to the Church in
this district.
Y e n g P i n g D i s t r i c t . — Nathan Sites, Missionary in charge ; Chiong
Taik-Liong, Presiding Elder.
The work in this district extends over four counties, or civil districts,
and has twelve native agents, averaging three preachers to a county, cov­
ering a territory one hundred miles long from east to west, and fifty or
sixty miles in width.
Thirteen adults have been received into the Church by baptism, while
others have been dropped, and some have died, leaving the total of mem­
bers, 77, and 22 inquirers, an increase of 13. In the Yu Ka County
district a good degree of interest has sprung up the past two years.
W e now occupy four important centers in this county, and four new places
could be occupied at once had we the men and means. The Presiding
Elder pleads earnestly that the mission make larger provision for this
opening field. He says the country is wide, the people are many, and
their hearts and minds are very dark. The officials and literati are crafty
and overbearing and oppressive.
The “ cruel and unprovoked assault ” on the foreign missionaries in
Yeng Ping City, December, 1879, has been, and is yet, under considera­
tion at Foochow and Peking, but no reparation has yet been made. This
delay of settlement is against us. No missionaries have visited Yeng Ping
City since that time. Yet in due time we hope to see this city a center of
a great Christian work, as it is now a center of trade, and the geograph­
ical center of the province. May God hasten the day *
A t Chiong Hu-Pwang, Mother Taing died, on the 17th of April, in the
parsonage of her son, Kieng Ing. Mother Taing was seventy years of
age. She was born of wealthy parents, betrothed and married in a
wealthy and influential family. But one of the ever-recurring rebellions
of this country swept over the land. Their property was all destroyed,
and they fled for their lives. Soon after the husband and father died, and
the widow and children toiled on. The eldest son sought business in
Yeng Ping City, where he resided a dozen years. Our mission opened a
little chapel there, next door to where Mr. Taing was livirtg. The preach­
er’s wife, Mrs. T an g King-Tong, told the woman of the next house about
Jesus. This woman, in turn, told young Mr. Taing, and although, at
first, he rejected her teaching, he yielded to her request to attend a Sun­
day service. He became a regular attendant, and was never absent from
his place on Sunday for seven months. He was baptized, and soon after
went to his home, and told his mother “ what a dear Saviour he had
found.” She was an easy prize, and for twelve years she has been a faith­
ful Christian, living with her sons, and with them itinerating far and near.
For over a year she has been confined to her bed with a paralysis of half
her body. In March, 1881, she told her friends that her time was near at
hand, and that on the 19th day of the .third moon (April 17) she was going
home to heaven. Her friends and neighbors marked the strange words,
1 88 i.J
C H IN A .
69
to see what would come of them. The elder, meantime, was out on
his district, and returned three days before the tim e; he visited her, and
found her calmly waiting— no more care for worldly affairs. The evening
before her departure the elder talked and prayed with her again. She
called her family together, called on all to kneel down, receive and wel­
come the Saviour, whom she saw near at hand.
The last day came ; it was Sunday. She was anxious for all the mem­
bers to come early to worship in the chapel, next door to her room, want­
ing them all to pray for her. One by one they came. She greeted all
with words of peace. They met for service, and during prayer she ceased
to breathe, was gone for some time. But again returning to earth, with
mind clear and words distinct, gave her last message, and again fell asleep
in Jesus, on the very day announced weeks before. “ Our people die
well.”
si
it
®1
it
for Self-sup-
J3 jL
ea
1 1*
Collected
port.
Si
Collected Tor other Be­
nevolent Societies.
OB STATIONS.
Estimated
sonAge«.
1
Collected for Missionary
Society.
s
C IR C U IT S
| Value of Schools, Hospi­
tal*, and other Prop­
erty.
1880 .*
V a lo o o fF a r*
STATISTICS OF THE FOOCHOW MISSION FOR
1i
« s ii
Fooehore District.
Tieng-ang T o n g .........
Chin g-sing T o n g ........
H ok-ing T o n g ............
Y e k -y o n g ....................
H u n g -m oi....................
M in g-chlang................
$8,000
l
2
1
1
2,000
1,500
250
$150
600
600
50
....
$40,000 $50 00 $2 60 $61 00
6 25
200
45 10 40
1 45
20 16 80
4 80 1 80 20 85
1 60 2 50
8 00
4 00
40 15 00
$8 70
Blng-htoa D istrict.
H ing-taw a....................
B iong-tal......................
Pah-sai..........................
H ang-keng...................
Keng-knu......................
Kl»-slota........................
P w o-h ia ......................
P a e k -k o -le u ................
Ping-hai........................
N ang-nik......................
(?leng-ia........................
K ie-tleng-li..................
L ien g-ch u -li................
H ing-tai-li....................
8 a -h io n g ......................
12
800
2
800
60
150
100
100
i
1
Ì5Ó
100
i
1
2
" *60
100
100
1
8
1
Ì6Ò
800
160
100
100
800
2 40 8
86
80
8 60 "
2 80
1 90
2 00
1
’ è 20
1 80 2
6 00 8
1 00
2 00 "
85
"i
20
40
85
20
40
00
70
80
20
¿6
14
5
2
IT
8
15
10
6
82
19
80
17
16
1
2
60
90
60
80
90
00
80
50
TO
90
65
15
46
80
10
16
6
10
82
26
88
48
70
42
88
97
01
ÌÒ 70
90
8¿ ÓÒ
4 85
12 80
2¿ 80
Hok-chiang District.
H ok-chiang C it y ........
N g n - b k ........................
K on g-in g......................
K gu-oheng....................
8ing-tong
S00
&,Yong-p’g
i
89 105
78 93
82
18
14 18
i
•
56
46
21
7
5
IT
7
4
6
5
2
1
25
14
1
•00 00
A -tt
......................
Siek-keng..............................
Hai-tang.
I ” |
H a i-b a u ................. :::yl ••
Ing-Ciinng District,
tS
2
1
1
1
1
1
18
S Ä . . 0! ^ : : :
26
18
To-ngwong.............. ’
ii
22
C hia-chw t..........
Tfei-cheng......... ! . ! . . !
5
4
5
5
5
18
10
9
1
1
1
81
160
41
82
2
1
Ku-cheng District.
K u-chen g C ity............
L ol-h u n g ......................
H w an g-te-yon g . . . . . .
Lwang-leng ..............
T o n g -h w a n g
j
8ek-chek-tu
“ ’
T en g-yon g
.........
K n -t o .................... " "
1
..
2
1
Yong-ping District.
Jopg-ptng C ity..........
24
22
18
13
22
8
49
18
15
29
12
5
1
8
11
S S S fte ? ::::
N g o-sek -tn ..............
Ing-ang City........
ling C ity
"
ong City. . . .
9
è
6
4
4
25
12
8
i
2
8
9
18
6
2
10
8
9
4
4
9
10
6
2
2
2
1
5
1
12
5
8
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
5
1
5
1
2
1
"
8
1
10
iò
10
1
1
1
1
8
1
5
6
10
4
60
20
1
1
8
14
••
1
1
....
......
500
•1
11
2
8
6
6
6
6
6
2
2
82
65
09
65
58
58
0() ..
•
41r ..
.
li Î .. .. .
7<5
8 99i
2 48t ..
2 81
1
1
1,000
600
250
2
1
1
2
1
260
'i
8
1
9
1 1 10
::::
84
81
10
4
8 49
54 09
)6 U
7Í3
2!2
7!3
9‘2
18 91
49 57
.. ..
....
12 1C>
12 5?
.. ..
• 6 81
7 82
60
00
00
18
25
50
8 70
1 00
4 70
7 60
4 10
2 80
7 00
1 60
19 85
8 20
1 00
4 00
1 50
50
50
1 50
1 50
90
9 10
2 85
40
85
2 40
4 90
6 50
1 75
2 00
1 50
2 75
1 00
14 00
8 00
R E C A PITU L A TIO N B Y D ISTRICTS.
Foochow D istrict... .
Hfng-hwa
“ ..
Ilok-chiang « ..
Ing-chung
“ .’
K u-cheng
“ .)
Yong-ping
“
Total.
9
IT
18
I
5
8
14
9
10
70
14
229
887
641
76
1Ô9
76
1,468
10 159
5
4
676
84
19 193
130
15 162
428
65
9 115
5 44
29 934
6
7
i
1
15
6,150 10
1,150 22
21
6
l’ ÓÓÒ 12
250 6
5
14
11
5
11
6
1,200
1,400
40,200
67 60
182 05
8 TO
29 10 22 60 202 85 183 55
206 56 137 28
12 00
8T 85
18 08
50 25 82 50
10 60
21 40
53 68
600
250
j g jl W . 77 I 62 118,450 $40,20011186 96 $22 60 *650 46 *317
ly having »evem l place, o f worship, but the exact number hn„ nnt been reported.
08
72
MISSIONARY REPORT.
fl8 8 l.
II.
C E N T R A L CHINA.
Commenced in
1868 .
H E A D Q U A R T E R S , K IU K IA N G .
]YIissionar i es.
V . C. H a r t , Superintendent, Kiukiang.
J o h n R . H y k e s , K iu k ia n g .
C. C a r t e r , Kiukiang.
M. L. T a f t , Chinkiang.
T.
(In the United States.)
A s s is ta n t M issionaries.
Mrs. V . C. H a r t .
Mrs. J. R. H y k e s ,
(In the United States.)
Mrs. T. C . C a r t e r .
L o ca l P reach er.
B. B a g n a l l .
M ission aries o f the "W. F . M . S .
Miss G e r t r u d e H o w e ,
“
K a te B u s h n e ll,
M.D.,
Miss D e l i a E. H o w e ,
“ E l l a G i l c h r i s t , M.D.
A P P O IN T M E N T S F O R 1881-82.
V . C . H a r t , S u p e rin te n d en t.
K iu kian g City, John R. Hykes.
K iu kian g Suberbs, Shih Tseh Yu.
Hwang-m ei, Tai Siu Shih.
Sui-chang, to be supplied.
Chin-kiang, M. L. Taft.
M ission Schools and Boys' Training
T . C. Carter, in the United States.
Yang-chou, Tsiang Tien Yuen.
Nang-chang, B. Bagnall.
W u-chen, Nieh Tien Mei.
N an-king, to be supplied.
W u-hu, to be supplied.
School, C. F. Kupfer, W. J. Hunnex.
W . F . M . S o c ie t y .
K iukian g, G irls' School, Miss G. Howe.
K iukian g , B ible Woman’s W ork, Miss D. Howe.
K iukian g, M edical W ork, Miss K . C. Bushnell, M.D., Miss E. Gil­
christ, M.D.
T h e following is the Superintendent’s rep o rt:
The work at the various stations in the country has been maintained
with the single exception of T a Ku Tang chapel, in the vicinity of Kiuki­
ang, upon the Poyang lake. This was given up mainly because the China
Inland Mission have a station there, and the place is too small for two
missions. W e do not count the five years’ labor spent at that trading-
i 88 i .J
CHINA.
7%
post as lost, for the greater number of those that haw heard the Gospelt
there live higher up the lake and at more distant parts.
The mission in 1880 begged the privilege of opening new work upon
the Yang-tsi, and, if possible, at Nan Chang, the capital of the Kiangsi
Province. Our request was granted, and all we asked appropriated, and
the three men asked for promised. W e had agitated the opening of sta­
tions at Chinkiang, Nan-kin, and Wuhu at various times during the past
eight years, but from embarrassed circumstances, as far as finances were
concerned at home, our requests, though considered, were not granted.
The mission had made repeated visits to these large cities, and in various
ways, as far as opportunities allowed, tried to reach the people; but any
practical missionary knows that transitory visits, although perhaps of
ultimate service, do not generally result in much direct good. W e had
supposed long before this date that this great valley, from Chinkiang to
Kiukiang, a distance of three hundred miles, would have received the
attention of one or more other missionary organizations, and that ten or
more missionaries would have been located at these great centers where
such excellent facilities are afforded for evangelical work. But such was
not the case. W e found at the beginning of 1881 the whole field as des­
titute of laborers, yea, more destitute, than in 1875, when we first formally
asked to take up these cities. The China Inland Mission has, during this
time, been gradually curtailing its work along the river, and sending the
men and women to the far west. The Presbyterian Mission, which was
represented at Nankin from 1876 to 1879, had, through the death of Mr.
Whiting and the departure of Mr. Leaman to another field, left the more
important places vacant. The only constant male laborer at Chinkiang
had transferred his field of labor to this province and connected himself
with us. Thus, at the beginning of this year, when we received the wel­
come word of advance, we found the fields more needy than eight years
ago. While we were hesitating which point to fix upon first, a Christian
lady who had labored faithfully at Chinkiang for several years, sent us the
Macedonian cry for help. The needs of this great city and natural center
of influence were deemed first in order; and, as this city is situated at the
most eastern extremity we had hoped to reach, we decided to occupy it
at once, and the Rev. M. L. Taft was appointed to occupy the place.
Regular visits had been made to Nan Chang by Brother Bagnall from
Kiukiang and Wu Chen. This city, which stands in the most central
part of the province, is the largest and most important center in the prov­
ince. It has been frequently visited for book-selling during the past ten
years, and earnest effort was made to gain a foot-hold by opening a chapel,
and thus paving the way for the residence of missionaries. From this
point all the southern part of Kiang-si lies open to us, and strenuous
efforts must be made to occupy it.
The mission determined to divide their work into five districts, to be
known as the Kiukiang, Wuhu, Nankin, Chinkiang, and Nan Chang dis­
tricts. Three are now occupied by missionaries. Two* Wuhu and Nan­
kin, are unoccupied; but at Wuhu we have a mission site. The superin-
74
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[ 18 8 1.
tendent feas traveled at large during the greater part of the year, and
reports iharing labored at Nankin and Wuhu, and in their vicinities, during
several months. He has made three visits to Nankin and the same to
Wuhu. While at Nankin many books were sold and some talking in pub­
lic done. Tiae place was pretty thoroughly visited, and many points
looked at as sites for a mission. The place, although having received
some light through the instrumentality of transient laborers, is still wrapt
in thick darkness so far as a saving knowledge of the truth is concerned.
You meet with as many curious eyes as at places where foreigners have
seldom been, and with as much ignorance as to our aims. This is a large
city and fast growing in population and influence. The Viceroy of these
provinces resides here. Here is Li Hung-Chang’s arsenal, and other
forces that are opening the eyes of the people to western superiority. We
have not taken further steps than to look at lands that would afford good
sites if procured. It would be folly to attempt to work successfully in
this great city of half a. million without a strong force and that force
well equipped. There should be four missionaries at least, and one a
medical man. The mission should have a well-furnished hospital. This
is a city notorious for it« educational proclivities, and ample provision
should be made for educational interests. The country between Nankin
and Wuhu and Chinkiang has been gone over, and many books sold,
and many people have heard something of the Gospel. W e spent some
days at the city of Wuhu in the hottest of the season, and with Brother
Taft not only selected a grand mission site, but after a few days’ negoti­
ation we purchased, at a very reasonable rate, the finest plot for building
purposes at that growing port
It has been our privilege to visit several cities and towns which are con­
nected with these centers by water-courses, and whose trade finds an outlet
on the river, and principally at Wuhu. The country wherever we have
been is rich, and recovering from the effects of the great Tai-ping rebel­
lion. Wherever we have been we have made it a point to distribute the
word of God and religious tracts, and preach as opportunity afforded.
The country south and east of Wuhu has been pretty thoroughly trav­
ersed. The people have received us civilly in almost every place. Our
latest journey was from Kiukiang to Wuhu, five hundred miles through
a region in some parts untraveled by foreigners. W e did all our time
and strength permitted to give the people of all classes a favorable view
of Christianity. W e spoke publicly in several cities, and frequently by
the way-side. In the midst of this work we have felt that our heavenly
Father was with us, and we have great reason ,to praise him for such
privileges.
Since our last Annual Report was written, a faithful man, who had spent
seven years at Kiukiang, fell asleep in Jesus, and has gone on high to his
reward. A more earnest, self-sacrificing servant of God never labored in
a foreign field. His faith never faltered, and he frequently said, “ If I
do not see a true Christian among the Chinese for years, it will not
affect my faith in the ultimate success of the Gospel.” Rev. Andrew
CHINA.
i 88 i J
75
S tritm atter’s n am e and influence w ill not b e forgotten, o r c ea se to b e felt,
all w h o k n ew him .
Our mission was re-enforced by the opportune return of Brother Hykes,
who brought with him a Christian lady as his wife, to assist him in his
work. He returns fresh, and full of youthful vigor to his much-loved
field. The reports of the various districts will appear in their order. W e
send this review of the year feeling that, although we have suffered loss
in some respects, we have much to praise God for. The new open­
ings will give us a wider sweep, and greater opportunities for reaching
and uplifting the scores of millions embraced within the field of the Cen­
tral China Mission.
by
K
iu k ia n g
D
is t r ic t
.
In the early part of the year the mission secured a very desirable site
for a sanitarium, in the mountains seven miles south of Kiukiang. A
cheap cottage has been built upon it, the funds for which (as we had no
appropriation for this purpose) were advanced by the different members of
the mission. Such a building has been a long-felt necessity in the Cen­
tral China Mission. It will soon save more than its cost to the society ;
for, hereafter, when missionaries are sick, the only change required will
be to the hills, instead of, as heretofore, expensive trips to Chefoo or Ja­
pan. The fact that we have been able to get this plot of ground and
build upon it without molestation, shows a marked change in the feelings
of the people toward foreigners, for three years ago this would have
been an impossibility.
The foreign community of Kiukiang determined, subject to the ap­
proval of the home authorities, to turn over to our mission the beautiful
English church, on condition of our putting it in an efficient state of re­
pair, and holding services for them every alternate Sabbath. The church
cost, exclusive of the lot, ten thousand taels, ($13,500,) and the repairs
which we will be required to make will only cost about $500. With the
church we would get all of the interior furnishing, including stoves, car­
pets, an elegant silver communion service, and a fine organ. In another
month we hope to have definite word from the proper authorities. W e
feel sure the home-Church will approve of our securing this splendid
property upon the easy conditions upon which it is offered.
The present year has, we trust, marked an era in the educational work
of the missions. In the early spring a high-grade school was organized
by Brother Carter, and enough has been done to show that an institution
of the kind is greatly needed, and can be made a success in Central
China. The institution has been named the “ Fowler University of
China,” as a mark of our high appreciation of Dr. Fowler, as a Secre­
tary of the Missionary Society, as a gentleman, and as a friend. The
school opened with fifteen young men from the best families in Kiukiang
in the English department, and an equal number in the Chinese. The
students in the English department pay their tuition, and the amount
received from this source has been used to defray the expenses of the
Chinese department. W e aim to make this an institution that shall be a
76
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l8 8 l.
credit to the society and to the Church, and in which the young men of
this part of China can obtain a first-class college education.
Our mission has sustained a gTeat loss in the departure of Brother
Carter for the United States. His health is completely broken down, and,
from the latest word we have had from him in Nagasaki, it is extremely
doubtful if he will live to reach his native land. Brother Carter’s heart
was in the great missionary work, and, had his health been spared, he
would have made his mark in the department which the mission assigned
him. That work will now be left to other hands, and we trust that the
Church may secure a successor of equal ability and zeal. If Brother Car­
ter should die before reaching the United States it will be because he
remained at his post too long.
W e are very greatly in need of more men. The missionary force in
this district was formerly five families. It is now reduced to two, and one
o f these, Brother Hart, will start for home in the early fall. Two men
are promised to Central China for this fall, but only one of these will be
stationed in Kiukiang ; the other will be transferred to Chinkiang to assist
Brother Taft. W e ought to have— we must have— three more mission­
aries for this district during the coming year.
W e also need a steam yacht, and we hoped to have had one before
this. Our mission stations are now scattered for three hundred miles on
the great river, and extend nearly one hundred miles up the Poyang Lake.
W ith a steam yacht we could do the same work with two thirds of the
men.
C h i n k i a n g D i s t r i c t . — Rev. M. L. T aft writes: “ The usual routine
of mission work at Kiukiang was suddenly interrupted last spring by an
unexpected communication. A Christian lady, living at the city of Chin­
kiang, addressed a letter to our mission at Kiukiang urgently inviting us
to take up mission work at Chinkiang.
“ This idea of commencing a mission at Chinkiang had been discussed
seven years previously, and the mission sent Superintendent Hart there to
investigate and report, which work he performed satisfactorily, and re­
ported favorably. The report is to be found in the Missionary Advocate
of 1874. Financial depression in the United States at that time, however,
hindered commencing operations then, so that this field has lain fallow
until this year.
“ Although our numbers were small and our force at Kiukiang impera­
tively needed additional re-enfofcements, the mission decided to send one
man to Chinkiang, and rely upon the three new missionaries promised for
the Kiukiang work.
“ The China Inland Mission have buildings here and a small girls’ school,
but they have no chapel open for daily preaching. A medical missionary,
Dr. R. G. White, had for several years past attended to medical work
among natives and foreigners, and still keeps working in that line, leaving
the preaching of the Gospel to others.
“ The doctor’s office is in the rear of his chapel, which fronts on the
street. He has kindly offered our mission the use of this chapel for book­
i 88 i .]
CHINA.
77
selling and preaching. The ‘ sick and sore,’ with their friends and stran­
gers, gather in this chapel to wait for the arrival of the doctor, who
generally comes about noon. Previous to this time the people are willing
to hear God’s word, and the seed is dropped into ground which will here­
after bear fruit to the honor and glory of God.
“ A day-school teacher has been procured, and three or four scholars
are already in attendance. This branch of the work is very important,
and will grow more and more so as the prejudice of the children’s parents
against foreigners is by degrees removed.
“ Tsiang Lien-Yuen, student helper from Kiukiang, now assists me in
the chapel, and on Sundays he preaches in a room of the house where I
am living to a small audience of Chinese and one or more foreigners who
have an interest in Christian work among the Chinese.
“ Chinkiang is distant from Shanghai one hundred and fifty miles, or as
far as New York is from Albany. It is an important commercial and
political center. Ocean and river steamers stop here to carry away cargoes
of rice, silk, and other articles.
“ Du Halde calls Chinkiang the ‘ Key of the Empire.’ It well deserves
that title, for it is located at the junction of the Grand Canal with the
Yangtsi River, and it is better situated for trade than Nankin.
“ About twelve miles north of Chinkiang, on the Grand Canal, lies Yang
Chow, a city as large as Chinkiang and Kiukiang put together. To-day
not a single Protestant missionary is resident there. A fine new chapel
and a two-storied house, erected for the China Inland Mission, we have
just rented from that mission, since they propose strengtheningtheir forces
in the west of China. These premises will be used, until we are re-enforced,
as an out-station from Chinkiang. A native doctor is dispensing medicine
there with considerable success, the patients averaging from sixty to one
hundred a day. He will, if he proves a suitable person, be retained in
that position in the interests of our mission.
“ A t Chinkiang we have now only hired premises for work. W e hope
soon to procure a location, and erect buildings suitable for chapel and
school.
“ Within a few weeks a telegraph line has been established, connecting
Chinkiang with Shanghai and the outside world. Surely ‘ the children of this
world are, in their generation, wiser than the children of light.’ Are we
honoring our heavenly Father by allowing the children of this world to
inform the Chinamen about tidings from New York and London before
we tell them the glad tidings of salvation from heaven ?”
N a n - C h ’a n g D i s t r i c t . — B. Bagnall reports as follows:
“ This region had been regularly visited from the N an-K ’ang Circuit
for several months past. Last year, however, we were much refreshed by
the presence of Rev. T. C. Carter and Rev. M. L. Taft, who had recently
arrived from America to join the mission, and were also expecting that
Rev. J. Hykes would, at no distant date, return to his former field of labor.
With this re-enforcement a desire to enlarge our borders might well be per­
mitted ; and to this end the mission decided to make a new district, to be
7&
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l88l.
called the Nan-Ch’ang District, which includes Wu-Chen, where a chapel
had been opened and work carried on for some time past.
“ I will confine myself here to that part of the work with which I have
more particularly to do. The present head-quarters of the Nan-Ch’ang
District is Wu-Chen, to which place I removed on the return of Rev. J.
Hykes from America last spring. Some account of the position of this
important .trading center was given in last year’s report. A t the begin­
ning of the Chinese new year a day-school was opened in connection
with the chapel, the number of scholars soon amounting to eighteen; but
some prejudices having arisen among the friends of the children on account
of the Scriptures, or, as they put it, foreign books being taught, some of
the children were taken from the school. The friends of two who wished
them to leave were kept from removing them by the earnest entreaties of
the little folks. The average attendance at present is tw elve; some others
are promised for next year. The system adopted is the same as that in
most Christian schools of this class in China, namely, half the day with
the native books, and half with the Scriptures, or books explaining the
doctrine, such as Catechism, e tc .; and as the children advance they are
taught the outlines of geography and the native mode of reckoning, etc.
“ A t nine o’clock a-short religious service is held, when all the children
who are able read a verse in the Gospels, which is followed by a few re­
marks and questions. It is pleasing to see the apparent interest taken in
these simple exercises, and to hear the children repeat the Lord’s prayer.
This may be a very .simple thing; but here, in the midst of darkness and
heathenism, even this gives joy to those working among this people; for
only to hear the name of Jesus in this land is a cause for thankfulness.
“ W e also have a service every evening, more especially for our people on
the premises ; not unfrequently a neighbor drops in, and quite often some
of those who have given their names as probationers are present. The
chapel is open all day for the sale of books and Christian conversation ;
and during the preaching in the afternoons an attentive audience generally
assembles. Sometimes intelligent questions are asked, and sometimes
controversies arise, but on the whole our intercourse is only friendly. As
the weather permits we go on the streets and to the water-side to sell
books, and tell of God’s free gift. Thus, in the course of the year, large
numbers have heard of the Lord Jesus, who came to seek and save that
which was lost.
“ By far the most important place in this circuit is the city of Nan-Ch’ang.
It is the capital of this province, and as such, the official center; it is also
most admirably situated for trading. A glance at its well-stocked shops
and warehouses, and its extensive harbor crowded with vessels, is suffi­
cient proof of the extensive trade carried on here. The western portion
of the city is the more busy p a rt; here the well-built streets cross each
other in every direction, thronged with busy multitudes.
“ I will not attempt to further describe this large city, but will merely add
that it is one of the principal cities of China, both as regards population
and commerce. Not long since the gates were closed to the foreigner,
1 8 8 i.]
CHINA.
79
but, bless the L o rd ! now all its busy streets have been traversed by the
agents of the Bible Societies and the Missionary Society. Many hundreds
of portions of Scripture and religious books have been sold, and in most
of the places suitable for speaking, the Gospel has been proclaimed to
large numbers who, in most cases, listen with attention as well as
curiosity.
“ In June last premises were hired in the suburbs of this city, as a step
toward more thorough work, but the officials raised some clamor, and
finally succeeded in sending our man away. Failing to g^t matters ad­
justed on the spot with the native authorities, the matter has been put
into the hands of the United States Consul at Hankow, and by him for­
warded to Pekin. This, of course, will take some time, but we may hope
during the coming year, with God’s blessing, to be able to open a chapel
there, in the meantime to continue our monthly visits.
“ Nan-Ch’ang, however, is far too important a place to be worked effect­
ually as an out-station from Kiukiang or Wu-Chen, being distant from
the former place about one hundred and forty miles, and from the latter
sixty; and what is of greater consequence, this being the provincial cap­
ital, it is the residence of the leading officials and their respective staffs;
also a number of officers waiting for appointments, or on official business,
are continually sojourning here. Here also occur the triennial examina­
tions, both civil and m ilitary; for these reasons it is the center and at­
traction for the more intelligent classes.
“ During the year two members have been received into the Church by
baptism, one being the school-teacher, who was one of the earliest in­
quirers ; the other a very interesting old man, who lives in the country.
Having business in town, he dropped into the chapel during preaching­
time, and remained for conversation; this he did daily until his business
was finished, when he bought books and returned home ; about a fortnight
after he returned again and requested to be baptized. Trying to impress
on him the necessity of a more perfect knowledge of the truth, I was de­
lighted to find how much he knew. He returned' home again, taking
with him a New Testament. About a month from this he came in again,
just as we were finishing our evening service; his object this time was as
before, to be baptized. I questioned him first on various subjects to see
if I could find any unworthy motives for this eagerness— experience hav­
ing often proved that the most eager are not unfrequently the most un­
worthy. But in this case his simple, open way seemed to indicate truth­
fulness and sincerity; and when questioning him on the doctrine his
whole manner seemed to prove not only his knowledge of the plan of sal­
vation, but that he experienced the power in his heart. A s I was going
to leave for Kiukiang in the morning, I requested him to accompany me,
to which he readily agreed. On the journey I had a better opportunity
of learning more of him. On arriving at Kiukiang the brethren examined
him, and, being satisfied, Superintendent Hart baptized him. Since his
baptism, I have sent the helper from Wu-Cheng to stay a few days at his
village. He returned with a most favorable report.
8o
MISSIONARY REPORT.
Cl88l.
“ During the year some of the neighboring towns and villages have
been visited, and in the early summer, in company with the superintend­
ent, we visited an important city called Kih-Ngan, which is situated in
about the middle of the province. Also other towns and cities were vis­
ited on the same river. I have just returned from a sixteen days’ trip in
another direction, visiting three cities and several towns. These cities
had not been visited before by Protestant missionaries. In one city, called
Ch’ong Ren, there is a Roman Catholic chapel.
“ This district is entirely out of reach of ordinary mission work, and
will remain so until the hearts of more of the Lord’s people are opened to
feel the deep need of this dark land, until some more will hear the Lord
calling to them to go work in his vineyard. If twenty men called of God,
and desiring his glory above all things, would come, what a field they
would find in this single province of K ian g-S i! Let as many more go
on the river, but Kiang-Si is as needy as any part of this large empire,
and far more needy than many parts of it.
“ In connection with the chapel at Wu-Cheng, we have : chapels, 1;
schools, 1 ; native helper, 1 ; chapel keeper, 1 ; school-teacher, 1 ; bap­
tized members, 5 ; probationers, 5 ; scholars, 12.
¿1
¡1
2
O
o
ie
V
2 ,
I I
•I E
i3i2
for Self-
s
« «
P-* 2
Collected
support.
EH
O
§a
! Value of Schools, H ospi­
tals, and other Property.
\
s
(•S
No. of Halls and other
Places of W orship.
s
1881.
Estimated Value o f
Churches.
>.
s
FOR
1 No. of Orphans.
W
■a
1 a
pC e
tr .3
J No. of Pupils.
<
é
.g
No of Sabbath-schools.
|
M ISSIO N
I No. of Sabbath Scholars.
•5
1 No. of Day-schools.
iZ o
a
| Children Baptised.
s
j Sunday
r.
S
Probationers.
3
2
s.
I Average Attendance on
11
£
■g
| Members.
I s
£
( Nativo Teachers.
"o cfl
Worahip.
j
j
<
£
—
[ Native Uuordniued
1 Preachers.
T
ä
Foreign Missionaries.
Worn. Fur. Miss. Society.
C IR C U IT OR ST A T IO N .
1 Foreign Missionaries.
|
STATISTICS OF T H E C E N T R A L C H IN A
K iu k iu n g D is t r ic t .
K iu k la n g
H w ang
Shui
C ity..............................
8 8
4
4
1 1 8
Mei C i r c u i t ..........................................
Chang Circuit............
9,
1«
1
?0
1
8
1
2
m
9IS
14 4
00 1
TO 1
?,
80 7 3
$5,500
4 $12,500
801..
1
«>
9,
$15 92
*
C h in k ia n y D ix t r ie t .
(Including Ymiy-ehoM ')......................................
$2,500
1
N a n C h a n g D i s t r i c t .......................................................
4 8
4
4
1
1
1
1 1 1
8 1
1
fi
4
fi fi
4fi
15
1
4
15 9
1
12
I
44 18fi 9. 1« C
78 1
1
70 1
9,
80 7 8
$5,500
6
‘
$12,500
$2,600
$15 92
to
82
[ I SS I.
MISSIONARY REPORT.
I I I.
NORTH CHINA.
Commenced in 1869.
HEAD-QUAETEKS, PEKING.
M issionaries.
H ir a m
G eorge
H. L ow ry,
R. D a v i s ,
Superintendent.
Jam es
H. P y k e , (in U.S.A.,)
L e a n d e r W . P il c h e r ,
O sc a r W . W il l it s ,
W il b u r F . W a l k e r ,
F ran k D. G am ew ell.
-Assistant M issionaries.
“
P. E. L o w r y ,
M. B . D a v i s ,
“
M . H . P il c h e r ,
M rs .
Mrs. W . F. W a l k e r ,
*• B . G . P y k e , (in U.S.A.,)
“
T . W il l it s .
M ission aries o f 'W . F . M . S .
Miss C l a r a M. C u s h m a n ,
M is s M a r y Q . P o r t e r ,
"
L eon ora
A. H o w a r d , M. D .,
M iss E l i z a b e t h
“
A n n i e B. S e a r s ,
U. Y a t e s .
N a t iv e O rd a in e d P r e a c h e r s .
.
(Deacons.)
Chen T a -Y ung,
T e Ju i.
N a t iv e L o c a l P r e a c h e r s ,
A cting as supplies.
* W a n g C h e n g -p e i,
W a n g C h u n -ta n g ,
* Sh a n g C h in g -y u n ,
Y ang C hun -h o ,
t W a n g C h in g -y u n ,
C h in P a o - s h a n ,
C h a o C h i n g -j u n g ,
W a n g C h in g - y u ,
L i H s i a o -w e n .
A P P O IN T M E N T S F O R 1881-82.
Peking, Tartar City. (Asbury Chapel and Feng-chen Tang,) Wang
Cheng-pei. George R. Davis, Missionary in charge.
Training School and Boys’ Boarding-School.— President, Hiram H.
L ow ry; Assistants, Frank D. Gamewell, Mrs. P. E. Lowry, Mrs. M. B.
Davis, and Mrs. T . Willits.
Peking, Chinese City.— W ang Chun-tang, W ang Ching-yu.
Tsun-hua.— Oscar W . Willits, Missionary in charge; T e Jui, L ia n g tzu-ho, W ang Ching-yun.
* R ecom m ended for admission on trial to the O h io Conference,
R ecom m ended for admission on trial to the D etroit Conference.
t
i8 8 i.l
CHINA.
83
Tientsin.— Wilbur F. Walker, Missionary in charge; Wesley Chapel
and East Gate Chapel, Chin Pao-shan, Feng-jun, YangChun-ho.
Tsang-chou.— Chen Ta-yung.
Tai-an.— Shang Ching-yun.
Nan-kung.— Leander W . Pilcher, Missionary in Charge; Chao Chingjung, Li Shiao-wen.
W . F. M. S o c i e t y .
Peking.— Girls’ Boarding School, Clara M. Cushman, Annie B. Sears;
W oman’s Work, Elizabeth U. Yates ; Medical Work, to be supplied.
Tientsin.— Training School for Bible Women, Mary Q. Porter ; Isabella
Fisher Hospital and Female Department of Viceroy’s Dispensary, Leonora
A. Howard, M.D., one to be supplied.
The Superintendent s a y s :
In presenting the report for another year in the history of the North
China Mission it may not be unprofitable to consider to what extent our
mission has been accomplished in occupying and working the field as­
signed us, as well as to present some of the facts that confront us as we
enter upon another year’s labor. W e begin by a survey of
T he
F ie l d .
Theoretically, our field includes all the northern provinces of China, but
practically only those districts in Chile-li and a portion of Shan-tung
where our work has resulted in organized circuits or stations. But even
with this limitation we are by no means confined to a narrow territory,
for to make the circuit of the field of our active operations requires a
thousand miles of travel. Within this region are situated some of the
largest and most important cities in the empire, and the population is
numbered by millions. The land, though subject to the calamities of
drought and flood, which sometimes devastate large districts, is sufficiently
fertile to sustain the vast population. Its mines of coal and ore, which
are now beginning to be worked according to scientific methods with
machinery and under foreign supervision, are both numerous and pro­
ductive. And, with the exception of one or two months of the year, the
climate is healthful and invigorating. The people are remarkably civil,
and, unless especially excited by false rumors or local disturbance, are
well disposed toward foreigners. Although we may occasionally encount­
er an official who is unfriendly to our movements, our position and our
rights in the country have been affirmed by the highest tribunals of the
government, and we are free to travel wherever we desire, and to carry for­
ward our missionary work with all the force and energy at our command.
T he
C ir c u it s
and
S t a t io n s .
Peking. This city has been selected as the head-quarters of the mission,
and the importance of our advantageous location in the capital of this great
empire cannot be overestimated. A s the influence of the councils in
84
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l88l.
Peking- is felt in all the departments of the government throughout the
eighteen provinces, so, too, we believe, the establishment of Christian
missions and the regular preaching of the Gospel in this imperial city is
not without its influence for good upon all mission work throughout the
empire.
Tientsin. Soon after becoming settled in Peking it was decided to
establish a station at Tientsin, and the wisdom of that decision becomes
each year more and more apparent. The population of this city is esti­
mated at four or five hundred thousand, and this fact alone renders it an
important field for missionary operations ; but there are other considera­
tions which greatly add to its importance. Commercially, it is the port of
entry and of exit for these provinces, for Peking, and for Mongolia.
Politically, it is the residence of the foremost statesman in China, Viceroy
Li. Geographically, it is the center of our mission work.
Tsun-hua. One hundred miles east of Peking and about the same dis­
tance north of Tientsin is situated the Tsun-hua Circuit, with its center
in the sub-prefectural city of Tsun-hua. A s to situation this city is one
of the most beautiful in the province. It is situated in the midst of a
beautiful vaHey surrounded on all sides by mountains, and within sight of
the great wall. W e are the only laborers in this district and in all the
vast eastern region stretching away to the gulf, including some of the
finest portions of the province, and perhaps one fifth of its area, ours is
the only mission having an organized work.
Tsang-chou. A hundred miles south of Tientsin is the Tsang-chou
Circuit, bordered on the south by the work of the Methodist New Con­
nection Mission, and on the east by the London Mission ; but north and
west the country is entirely unoccupied and is open to our labors, as far
as we can desire to go, without danger of interfering with the interests of
other missions.
Nan-kung. The Nan-kung Circuit, two hundred miles south-west of
Tientsin, is in the midst of a populous, fertile country, and presents a fine
field for missionary work.
Tai-an. Still farther south, or about three hundred and fifty miles
from Tientsin, is the Tai-an Circuit. This is our most distant field, and
our only work in the Province of Shan-tung. Its great distance from our
center of operations renders constant and careful supervision, with our
present force, almost impossible, but the providential indications which
led us in the first place to begin the work have encouraged us to cariy
it forward. Being the scene of the life and labors of Confucius, few re­
gions in China are connected with more sacred associations in the minds
of the Chinese than the district embraced by the Tai-an Circuit, and we
hope the day is approaching when the chief interest will center in the
real of the people for the doctrines of Him who taught as never man
taught.
M is s io n
Property.
It has been almost a universal experience in mission work— notwith­
standing all the misrepresentations, both o f the facts and motives made
i 8 8 i .3
CHINA.
85
by those unfriendly to the cause.— that the character and location of mis­
sionary establishments have a potent influence upon the work of evangeli­
zation. None have appreciated this fact more than the Roman Catholics.
Of the million dollars recently left to the American Board one quarter
has already been invested in buildings at their various stations, and dur­
ing the past two years alone their mission in North China has received
more money for this purpose than the entire value of all our mission
property. Permanent buildings give permanency to the mission, and em­
phasize the thought that the Churches we organize are to endure. I
think we can point with satisfaction to the investments which have been
made with the funds intrusted to us for this purpose. In Peking— Tartar
City—-are located three parsonages, Asbury Chapel, and our school prem­
ises ; and, of the Woman’s Foreign Missionary Society, two houses, the
Girls’ Boarding-school buildings, and the Hospital; connected with this
charge is also a street chapel, which is one of the most favorably located
in the city. In the Chinese City we now hold undisputed possession of
the premises used by us, and the chapel, with the other buildings, is all
that we require for all departments of our work there. In Tientsin we
have two parsonages and one chapel, (Wesley Chapel,) also a Home for
the Ladies of the Woman’s Foreign Missionary Society, and the “ Isabella
Fisher Hospital.”
The chapel at the East Gate is rented, and is most
favorably situated for gathering audiences for daily preaching. In Tsunhua we own good premises, situated in the best quarter of the city. Some
of the buildings have already been put up, but the chapel is yet to be built.
At Liang-tzu-ho we have a neat chapel, a home for the native preacher,
and rooms for our own accommodation when there. On each of the
other circuits our chapels are rented.
O ur
M is s io n a r y
F orce.
Our foreign force consists of seven missionaries, including Brother
Pyke, now in the United States, and Brother Gamewell, just arrived ; six
assistant missionaries; and five missionaries of the Woman's Foreign
Missionary Society. Our native agents consist of two ordained deacons,
nine local preachers, (three of these were recommended at the last an­
nual meeting, for admission on trial to Conferences in the United States,)
two exhorters, one colporteur, and four school teachers. Also two Biblewomes employed by the Wom an’s Foreign Missionary Society.
As to the character and work of our native agents, we believe they
have generally been faithful, and some of them, especially, have mani­
fested a full appreciation of their responsibilities. Four of those who
received license to preach at the last annual meeting are from the
training-school, and after the close of the school last spring did efficient
service as exhorters in different parts of the field. The other two mem­
bers of this class were employed as chapel keepers, and proved them­
selves valuable assistants. One colporteur has been employed during
the past year with some encouragement in the results. Many hundreds
of books and tracts have been distributed, which may prove the seed of
86
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l88l.
a future harvest. O f the Bible-women the ladies in their annual report
said, “ W e think them trusty and true.”
T h e
W ork
o f
1880-1881.
Statistics cannot be made to represent all the results of a year’s labor.
The last year closed with a total membership of 277 ; this year we number
367. These figures would have been much larger but for disaffection on
one of the circuits, and the necessary administration of discipline in other
places. One feature of the year’s work that has encouraged us not a
little is the fact that the members are learning the duties involved in
Church membership, and are beginning to comprehend more fully the
spiritual character of Christianity.
Self-support does not make as rapid progress as we could wish, but we
should not forget the poverty of a large majority of the native Christians,
especially on the Tsun-hua Circuit, where the failure of the crops has
greatly increased their distress. In a few cases it has been absolutely
necessary to furnish relief in order to prevent starvation, yet even then
something was contributed toward the current expenses o f the Church,
and the missionary collection was taken.
S ch ools.
During the year four day-schools have been in operation— one at Tien­
tsin, and three in the country. In Peking the Boys’ Boarding School had
nineteen pupils in attendance. The examinations showed that the boys
had made progress in their studies, and that the native teacher had been
faithful in his instruction. This school, however, has lacked foreign super­
vision, and many of the details in its management are open to criticism.
T he school opened this fall with twenty-one scholars, and arrangements
have been made by which it is hoped the management may be improved.
A ll the temporal matters pertaining to the school have been committed
to the care o f Mrs. Lowry, and instruction in various departments will be
given by Mrs. Davis and Mrs. Willits. One encouraging feature of the
school is the fact that, with only one or two exceptions, the boys are
either professing Christians, or members of Christian families, and several
have the Christian ministry in view.
The Training-school was in session two terms of three months each,
with nine students in attendance. Four of this number have completed
the course of study prescribed, and were this year licensed as local
preachers, and are now used as supplies on several of the circuits. In
addition to the regular work in these schools for the coming winter ar­
rangements have been made for a course of six lectures on literary and
scientific subjects, to be delivered by friends resident in Peking and
vicinity.
W ork
o f
th e
W . F. M.
S o c ie ty .
The force o f the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society in this field
has been increased during the year by the arrival of Misses Sears and
i 88 i .J
CHINA.
87
Yates, and other needed re-enforcements are expected. Two Bible-women
have been employed, and part of the time three day-scho.ols have been in
operation with about twenty pupils. Instruction has been regularly given
to the women, both in Peking and Tientsin, and two extended visits were
made into the country. Preparations are now being completed for open­
ing a training-school for Bible-women in Tientsin. The Boarding-school
in Peking now contains over forty girls, and is a model in its manage­
ment and in all its arrangements.
The testimonies of some of the girls
given at our meetings evince genuine Christian experience, and it cannot
but be that girls going out from under such influences as surround them
in this school will be largely instrumental in the evangelization of China,
The work of the medical department still devolves upon Dr. Howard alone.
Despite the fact that during a part of the year she was prostrated by a
severe illness, brought on largely by overwork, she has been enabled to
keep up her work, and has administered to the physical needs of several
thousand women and children. The “ Isabella Fisher Hospital ” has been
completed. On the 8th of October it was inspected by his excellency the
governor-general, in company with Mr. Angell, the United States minister,
the highest Chinese officials in Tientsin, and the consuls of the several
nationalities represented at the po rt; and on the 15th of the same month
it was formally opened by Bishop Bowman. A new house has also been
erected for the doctor and the lady to be associated with her.
T he
N eeds of the
M is s io n .
The immediate needs of the mission are :
1. Proper buildings for the accommodation of the Training-school and
the Boys’ Boarding-school.
2. One missionary to give his entire attention to these schools. The
interests of our work demand that we give our boys and youth the best
possible advantages for fitting them for usefulness in the Church and
society.
3. W e need more missionaries, not only to care for our extended and
increasing work, but to enable us to enter the new and promising fields
that are open to us.
4. A s Christian ministers, commissioned to a special work among the
heathen, we feel the need of a fresh baptism of the Spirit. We are sur­
rounded by discouragements and annoyed by constant vexations, which
combine to rob us of our early enthusiasm and zeal. Standing in the
midst of this great heathen nation we learn, by an experience that some­
times sickens our souls, that the moral darkness is denser than we ever
could have imagined, and that the consciences of the people are so dor­
mant and their prejudices so strong, that it seems almost impossible to
awaken the first sentiments of a nobler manhood; and we ask the Church
to plead for us that we may realize the Presence that shall not only keep
our own love warm, but impart to our ministry power and efficiency.
3 8
4
T ien tsin ................................
1
1
Poking:, (Chinese c it y )___
2 2
1
Tsun-hua Circuit................
2 8
20
2
4
1
ir> 1
47
1
00
60;i8
20
40 5 2 1
22
2S
°r> 1
__
2 2
» •
11 1 150 2
1
1«
7
1
_
80
5 5
5
2 4 e 14 210 151; 833 30 10 C
49 5 25ö; 2
Last y ea r......................
6 6
3
2
79 2 155
8 162 115 278 61 4 6
58
Ig*
.¿ S
■sS,
¡1
5 $18,500
$o,7ro
2
cs
1
$G2 25
$58 00
6,00(1
1
1
u
1
1
«
2 9 10 $11,700
9
h
I f
7 75
Rented.
_
1
Collected for S «lfsupport.
•s
•
S
?
Collected for other
Benevolent Societies.
I.
Value of Schools, Hospi­
tals, and other Property.
! No. of Halls nnd other
Pinces of W orship.
1881.
3.001)
1
__
2
8
T o ta l...............................
5
Estimated Value of
C h u r ch «.
4,200
40
20
! No. of Students.
$4,600
1
70
1
1
— — ------ ------ — —
No. of Pupils.
2 9 2
15
fi
Tai-an Circuit......................
y. s
6
8 1
34
10
1
i
10
1 0
/.
o
1
97
N nn-kung C ircuit..............
V?
i
JZ
10
1 8
1
é
X
•3
.9
E
-a
9 100 8
1 1 2 3
Tsang-chou C ircuit............
C
1 No. of Theological
I Schools,
•c
t
Teachers in the
1
Æ
§
C H IN A M ISSIO N FO R
I No. of
1srnne.
y.ßt X
J
s
h
1
1
No. of Sabbath Scholar*.
Ë£
E
c
NORTH
No. of Day Scholars.
«
£ I II
-q
Poking, (Tartar c ity .)........
£
|Sunday
i
c
Members.
STATION .
1
l l
i s' ■a
;|S
1 Native Touchers.
1 Oilier Helpers.
«
I Children Baptized.
1 No. of Day-schools,
i
e n t e r it o r
1 Average Attendance on
W orship.
STA TISTICS O F T H E
8,700
2
2 00
89 62
8 40
1 84
2 48
5 20
8 $83,000 $12,700 $108 28
7
80,150
6,700
103 84
$180 02
$14 02
46 23
G ermany
and
Commenced in 1849.
B IS H O P H U R S T
Sw itzerland.
Organized as a Conference in 1856.
has
E p is c o p a l
S u p e r v is io n .
T h e Germany and Switzerland Conference, held at W inter­
thur, Switzerland, July 14-18, was of unusual interest this
year, arising from the number of distinguished visitors present
from the United States. Drs. Walden, Hoyt, Liebhart, Starr,
besides the Superintendent of the English W esleyan Mission
in Germany, and a representative from the French W esleyans,
were all present. T h e Ecumenical Conference, held in Lon­
don during the month of September, led many other delegates
who could not visit W interthur to look at certain parts of the
work. A ll this was inspiriting to the brethren in Germany.
Bishop Peck presided, and traveled at large through the work.
He reports that he “ found in the Germany and Switzerland
Conference a very decided fidelity to our doctrines and disci­
pline— a Conference of 85 members, doing heroic work for
God. W e have had a steady growth in spite of all obstructions
thrown in our way. W e number 9,717 members, 2,237 pro­
bationers, 380 Sunday-schools, 1,496 teachers, 19,359 schol­
ars. Our periodical and volume press at Bremen is very
active and healthy. These peoplé need more churches, but
especially at this time need help to relieve the churches they
already have of embarrassing debts. L et us rally our ener­
gies in Am erica to help relieve our brethren of this dreadful
incubus, and we shall then move on with greatly augmented
power.”
Dr. Reid, Corresponding Secretary, also visited Germany,
preaching at many points, and attending the Conference
throughout its session. T h e Secretary says :
There are now twenty-three times as many members as the Conference
began with after it ceased to be a mission. The average per member
contributed for the work of the mission has increased in twenty years
90
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[i 881 .
from 2.59 to 18.14 marks, making about four dollars and a half now con­
tributed by each member and probationer in the Conference toward the
support of their own work. It will be further seen that about two thirds
of the entire cost of the mission is met by the people of the mission, only
the other third being provided by the Missionary Society. A table so
eloquent in facts needs no supplementary words from any one.
T
o f the Germany and Sw itzerlan d Conference, showing the
progress o f the Conferencefro tn the beginning.
able
SUNDAYtiCHOOLS.
COLLECTIONS FOR CHURCH
SOCIETIES.
TOTAI.S.
H
S
in
109
216
824
49!
586
827
824
1.249
1.280
1,151
1.465
1,626
1,518
1,560
1.447
1.369
1.727
1.S71
1.899
2.319
2 264
2.270
2.287
2.112
2.377
2,237
15
16
19
24
86
40
44
51
66
82
117
139
14S
161
151
21,7
229
244
262
273
801
814
838
36(1
372
380
i
Scholar«.
On Trial,
YEA.P.6.
¡1
£
c:
05
•-
Tract Society.
1
SELF-SUPPORT.
1
MEMBERS.
9
k' j
.
£ •=
p.
P.
3
w
Collections.
o m p a r a t iv e
1 Bihlo Society.
C
1
<
Marks.
1 S 5 6 ...
1 S 5 T .. .
1 8 5 $ ...
1 S 5 9 ...
1 S 6 0 .. .
1S01. . .
1 8 6 2 ...
1 S 6 3 .. .
1 8 6 1 ...
1 8 6 5 ...
I 8 6 0 .. .
1 8 6 T ...
1 S 6 S .. .
I s ( i 9 . ..
1 8 7 o ...
I S T I ...
1 8 7 2 ...
1 S 7 3 .. .
3 8 7 4 ...
1 8 7 5 ...
1 8 7 C .. .
1 8 7 7 ...
1 S 7 S ...
1 S 7 9 ...
1 6 8 0 ...
1 6 8 1 ...
424
558
755
Sl'S
1.051
1.354
1.753
2.126
2.f'52
S.465
3.0(15
4.o(l2
4.816
5.396
5.812
6,092
6.230
6,642
7,(¡22
7.348
7.96»
8.537
9.ut3
9.224
9.444:
9.717;
1 ,10 s
1.125
1,190
1,5S5
2,0£0
2.254
2,601
2,844
2.9S5
2.953
5 264
5,868
6,■'¡50
7.434
8,378
9,216
10,071
11.260
li :6 6 2
12.395
13.355
15.283
16,476
17,953
lS,716j
19,359
Marks. Minks. Murks. M’ kf fll’kt Marks. Mmlcs. Minks.
39
396
446
11
52:>
1,702
Ì6
2.248
2.979
738
40
84
8.791
3.218
784
97
52
4.146
3.290
806
74
4.246
76
1,006
12
8,216
4.i< 6
62
5 .9 :3 1,182
34
7.149
60
1.019 113
4.749
8
5.884
5.352 1,625 136
32
7.145
...............
61
4.668 1.516 157
8.302
8.848 1.009 200
41
5.998
40
5.794
8,625 1.896 233
.
1.272 1,944
76
8 2!) G
4
64.5(19 2.255
864 1.425
72
42
66.764 2.4! 3
9 .9 5
72.068 4,361
76.444 2,179
57
20
9 .7 0
6S7 1.515
68
78.057 9.054
465 1,880
87,151 1 928 11.90
15
86.894' 11.586
97,9S0 2,403 11.85
869 1.902 108
24
103.239 16,170 2.547 1.96S 219 105 119,409 4.Î89 14.45
128.769; 15,729 8,564 2.052 803 117 144.49S 6,1 36 16.85
152.030 IS. 60(1 4.992 2 ,0 7 357 165 170.03!) 7.521 22.4 0
1S7.560! 8,( 86 19.15
157,786 29.7S0 5.888 1.055 324 174
149 .0 10 38.‘-'75 6.442 1.735 292 166 187.285 8.035 18.15
152.650145,437 li.120 1.889 270 190 19S.( 87 7.919 18.19
154.568 52.811
5.625 1.482 273 220 207.874! 7.55 il 1 8.95
151.651 55.651
5.186 1.181 251 636 207.3021 7.254 18.14
159,887 57,531 5.898
926 286 289 217,418j 6,894 18.7 0
1
B Y D E C A D E S.
1S60 total m embership, 1,637; total collections toward self-support, 4,246 m arks; average per
member, 2.59 marks.
1870 total m embership, 7,259 ; total collections toward self-support, 7G,444 marks ; average per
m em ber, 9.70 marks.
1SS0 total membership, 11,621; total collections toward self-support, 207,802 m a rk s; average per
member, 18.14.
Reports from all the districts are here given. T h e former
Olden burgh D istrict this year forms part of the Bremen Dis­
trict.
B R E M E N D I S T R I C T , G e e r d e s O d i n g a , P. E.
With the inclosed statistics please accept a few lines in regard to our
district work here. A s it is only a few months since my appointment to
this district, and I have not as yet been able to hold the first Quarterly
Conference in every circuit I beg to be excused if the report is not so
1881.]
GERMANY AND SWITZERLAND.
complete in all the details as could be wished. From each charge alone
I cannot at present give a report, only a general one of the district. A
few years ago this district comprised also the Oldenburg and the Bremen
Districts. A t the last yearly Conference Bishop Peck considered it best to
unite them. I must confess, to my sorrow, that in some parts of the dis­
trict the work of the Lord does not prosper as it should. W e look at the
causes, and, so far as lies in our power, try to remove them, with the
Lord’s help. We work and pray for a revival of God’s work in the whole
district. W e have over all, and in some places in particular, to fight with
want and poverty in consequence of a partial failure of the crops for sev­
eral years in succession, and the most of our people are dependent upon
the harvest for their existence. The stewards’ treasury is empty, and not
only that, the Churches are in debt, and it is impossible for the preachers
to raise the amount required by the Conference; consequently some of
them are in such financial embarrassment that they can barely meet their
expenses. A short time ago a brother wrote me, among other things, as
follows : “ I have kept silent now for three years, when year after year
the congregation has failed to bring up more than half of the salary, and
I was almost continually in embarrassment. This in itself is very depress­
ing and discouraging for a preacher, and can at last become a burden,
especially when one must confess there are no better prospects for the
future. Then can one well wish to be free from it, and look around for
the best means of obtaining self-support.”
1 try to encourage the brethren, and console them in that their cause is
in the Lord’s hand. If this district could receive special help from the
Church in America it would be a great blessing. The preachers could
work under a less heavy burden. In spite of the financial depression the
district brought up 15,000 marks by contribution last year, which, of course,
is insufficient, while more than 100,000 marks building debt is pressing us
dow n!
*
But with God’s help we shall yet see better times. W e will not com­
plain. God is always with us. Several precious souls have been converted
since Conference, and we hope for a glorious revival. May the Lord hear
our prayers, and his blessing rest upon this work here, which the preach­
ers are trying to do with much self-denial and complete resignation to his
w ill!
B E R L I N D I S T R I C T , C.
D ie tr ic h ,
P. E.
With thankfulness to God I can record that the Lord has been with us,
and that we have had a good year. He has blest our brethren, the preach­
ers, and their work. In regard to making up the money, it was pretty
hard, because the people are poor, but they did what they could with
cheerfulness.
In B erlin and New Rupfiin, where Brother C. Weiss and Brother F.
Jacob are stationed, the work is going on very well. W e had an increase
of members and larger collections. W e should have another preacher in
Berlin because it is so large. Brother Weiss has had meetings in other
92
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l 8 8 l .
parts of the city, which have been blest, but he cannot continue them for
want of time and means.
In Colberg and Belgard we have a large field of labor, where much
expansion may be realized. Brother F. Schmidt and G. Baer are laboring
here. W e could at once employ two more preachers here if we had
them. The authorities favor us, but not the pastors. Lately there was
a cemetery consecrated, and our preachers were invited to take part in it.
Zwickau Circuit. Here our dear Brother Rohr is laboring with great
self-denial, and the Lord has owned his work, and not a few souls have
found the Saviour. The meetings and classes have been very well
attended. Zwickau has 35,000 inhabitants, but we have no chapel! Our
present place is too small, and it is most desirable that we should have a
chapel and dwelling for the preacher, particularly as Zwickau is considered
as the seat of the Methodist Episcopal Church, (by the authorities,) that
is to say, in Saxony. W e would greatly rejoice if some cheerful giver
would help this good work, and cause many hearts to overflow with thank­
fulness. This district has 10 preaching stations, 5 Sunday-schools, and
238 members.
Schwarzenberg Circuit. Here our Brother Kehl is stationed. The
work is doing much good. The preaching of the word of God has become
the means of leading souls to Jesus who are now rejoicing in him.
Chemnitz Circuit. Here our Brother H. Barkhardt is laboring, and
the Lord is with him, and in the course of the last two years the good
cause has greatly increased. W e have 72 members and 90 probationers.
Although all the full members have left the State Church, they are perse­
cuted and many restrictions are laid upon them. W e have been forbidden
to administer the Lord’s Supper or to baptize. W e have sent in a petition
for liberty, but as yet we have no answer.
Plauen and Reichenbach. Here we are tolerated, and, therefore, our
preacher, Brother E. Schmidt, has been able to work without the many
hinderances which some of his brethren have to contend with, and the
word has been greatly blessed. In the country there is more of the spirit
of persecution. W e have even been forbidden to p ra y ! Then we thought
of Acts iv, 19.
Schleiz and Lautenbcrg. Since our last Conference Brother C. Schwarz
and an assistant have been working here. This district is very large. It
has 13 preaching-places, which must all be visited on foot. Here we have
increase.
Langemvctzendorf and D artendorf Circuit has 10 preaching-places,
which are visited by Brother Schaarschmidt. In one sense this district is
the poorest in our Conference, but not in faith and love. Our people here
show great love for our cause, and do what they can— nay, even more.
W altersdorf Circuit is the oldest field of labor we have in Germany.
Brother Kaufmann labors with much blessing, and the work is increasing.
W e have a neat church here, which is very well attended. Great pity
that Zeitz was not able to get a preacher last Conference, which they so
much desired.
i88 i.l
GERMANY AND SWITZERLAND.
93
Upon the whole district the prospects are very good. The class-meetings are regularly held and well attended ; and the class-leaders in the
Quarterly Conference give us hopes for the future. Our work is needed
every-wbere, because the world lieth in the wicked one.
F R A N K F U R T -A M -M A I N D IS T R IC T , F.
C ram er,
R E.
P o l it ic a l a n d F in a n c ia l S it u a t io n in G e r m a n y .
The financial pressure continues and the national taxes are enormous.
We are so fortunate to have had no war for ten years, which nobody
expected after the German-French war. But our revengeful neighbors
go on to prepare their armies, and we are compelled to do so too, and
that costs much money. Yet many who complain very much of the taxes
do not diminish their visits to the inns.
A free and easy Judaism governs the money-market, the commerce,
and the press, to the financial and moral ruin of Christians. It is not
easy to say how much of this is due to the Christians themselves. This
has called forth an opposite party, called Anti-Semites, of whom the courtpreacher, Stoecker, of Berlin, an energetic, good man, is the father,
although he will not concede it. He blames severely these extravagances.
The so-called “ culturkampf ” is also not ended ; yet it has been turned in
a hopeful line, and perhaps soon the end of it will appear, if not, the
jealousy with which both parties watch their honor will frustrate its en­
deavors.
E c c l e s ia s t ic a l S it u a t io n
in
Germ any.
The ecclesiastical situation is unchanged. The State Churches cannot
comprehend that the large number of unconverted people must be an
open field for mission. He who brings members of the State Church to
conversion, and gathers them together as a congregation, is looked upon
as a robber against the Church. They like very much to say that we are
running after the awakened members of the State Church to win them
for members in our Church. But we consider it our task to lead sinners
to the cross, and to break the bread of life to the children of God. The
State Church itself has won much by our existence in Germany; at least
its pastors are much more active than in former times. The authority of
the preachers of the State Church is strong enough to fill the people with
prejudice and aversion against us. Such are the circumstances under which
we have to work here.
O u r Prospects.
Yet we have courage. W e have already become accustomed to the
difficulties, and experience teaches us that members who are converted
under hard circumstances generally are capable of resistance, like fire-born
(volcanian) stones. If we stand firmly to the work of God we must suc­
ceed. Here is a numerous unconverted people, that often have but little oc­
casion to hear the word of God preached quickly and powerfully, and we
hope still to save many souls of them.
94
MISSIONARY REPORT.
Ì1881.
O u r N eeds.
In the first place, we need a holy priesthood. If our preachers are not
really men of God, we have nothing to do here, for here is no need of un­
holy preachers. Our members have to be not only as good as the mem­
bers of the State Church, they must be better, in order to justify our work
here. W e further need the powerful financial assistance of our mother
Church. Finally, I think it would be a means of progress, if the several
branches of the Methodist Church in Germany were united. We should
need less preachers and chapels, and the impression we should make
upon other denominations would be a good one. But to organic union,
a melting together of hearts in love is necessary. God’s blessing we need
always.
T h e C ir c u it s .
Frankfurt-am -M ain Circuit.— This circuit had eighteen preachingplaces, but some of them were last Conference taken off for the new cir­
cuit, Buedingen. The director, professors, and students of the Mission
Institute aid the preacher in charge in his work. Many places have been
taken up from Frankfurt in former times, which are now circuits. The
Mission Institute is in a prosperous state, and is of great profit for our
work.
Dillenburg Circuit.— Brother Schroeder works here with faithfulness,
but has much trouble with financial difficulties.
Casscl Circuit.— Our membership is here but a small number, but they
are faithful.
One brother renounced a good, profitable place on the
railroad, in order to keep the Sabbath-day. After a short, hard-time trial
the Lord rewarded his faithful servant richly.
Vncuznach Circuit has good Christians and good Methodists. They
have had a good harvest, and will do well in every line. The pieacher
looks and works for a rich harvest of souls.
Ccmuenden Circuit.— This circuit is very extended and difficult to
serve. The people are poor, but we have good Methodists there.
Speier Circuit.— Here we come not forward. The work suffers by an
old evil, but we hope for better times.
Pirmasens and Kaiserslautern Circuits.— These two circuits belong to
Bavaria. Here we have preached for twenty-seven years. We have a
beautiful chapel in Pirmasens, and our members have withdrawn from
the State Church. Nevertheless, we are hindered here in holding our
services. On the last occasion our preacher in Pirmasens was fined fifteen
marks. He has protested against this punishment by the government,
and petitioned for permission to continue our work.
Carlsruhe Circuit.— Here our work prospers. W e have faithful and
active members. The meetings are very well attended. But we need a
new chapel, which will cost fifty thousand marks. W e have only five
thousand marks.
Pforzkeiin Circuit.— In Pforzheim we have a numerous congregation,
well-attended meetings, and a fine chapel with parsonage. In this factory-
1 88 r.J
GERMANY AND SWITZERLAND.
95
city ungodliness governs. Our preacher, Brother Boedeker, has been
suffering since Conference. May the Lord make him healthy!
Lahr Circuit.— In Lahr we have a chapel, but only a small congrega­
tion. The hearts in Lahr and the surrounding region are very hard.
Knittlingcn Circuit.— On this circuit our people are poor, and have to
carry a pressing chapel d eb t; but they make energetic efforts to dimin­
ish it.
Strassburg Circuit.— In Strassburg, the capital of Elsass, we have a
good work. W e need a chapel there, but have no money. The circuit
is very extended. Prospects good.
Buedingen Circuit.— This is a new circuit in the Wetterau, near Frank­
furt. The work is in the beginning. Brother Zimer troubles himself to
get a full number of preaching places.
W U R T E M B E R G D IS T R IC T ,
P. E.
H e n r y N u e ls e n ,
From the statistical report of the last two years we give the following
result:
1880.
1881.
Increase. Decrease.
I
Native Preachers........................................
Native Local Preachers............................
Native Exhorters...." ................................
Members.......................................................
Members— Probationers..........................
Total M embers...........................................
Average Attendance..................................
No. of Sunday-schools..............................
No. of Scholars...........................................
Churches and Parsonages........................
Estimated V alu e.........................................
Value of other Property of M ission s.. .
All Collections and Money raised.........
Church debts...............................................
20
26
19
27
........
2,294
526
2,820
47
I
i
....
2,263
31
109
140
417
2,680
4,800
89
3,225
1,855
*247,189
19
235,172
....
' 41.715
*18,607
43 .3 i 6
I ,6 o i
*152417
151,390
2,945
94
3,818
r9
• •••••
5
593
12,017
1,027
Having made but one turn on this, my new charge, I am not able to
give a satisfactory report of each of the sixteen circuits of this district.
Please accept, therefore, a few general rem arks:
i.
The decrease of members and Sabbath-scholars is owing principally
to numerous emigrations, mostly to the United States. But another cause
is the continual opposition from influential men of the State Church. My
predecessor, Brother Cramer, stated in his last year’s report the situation
of our work in this respect very clearly. People are very much prepos­
sessed to the advantage of this institution. And then again some that
would like to join us shun the financial responsibility accompanied with
it. They are not used to Church support, and if they do pay they never­
* Meaning Marks, (23 1-3 cents one Mark.)
96
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[ 1 88 r.
theless have to pay by tax for the support of the State Church ; and these
government taxes are at present very heavy on the working people.
2. You will see above that the average attendance at our meetings is
better by 1,855 than last year, indicating an increasing influence of our
work. Indeed, our prospects are very good. The pastors are all at their
posts, and seem to have good hope for prosperous seasons coming. Our
first quarterly meetings have been mostly very blessed times.
3. The collections have increased i,6or marks above the last year’s sum,
and the debts on church property decreased by 1,027 marks. W e made
up per member 19.12 marks, nearly $5. This is a good deal for such people
as ours are, who have to be very'- economical to make ends meet. A t our
country appointments a collection of from 60 to 80 pfennig (15 to 20 cents)
is considered a very fine one. Sometimes a traveling preacher goes on
his circuit for five or six days, preaching and doing pastoral work, and his
collections do not amount to more than about one mafk, (25 cents.)
Money is very scarce. Persons do not raise much more than for their own
use, and a good many people have to buy fuel and eatables with earnings
at larger farmers or at factories. You may imagine how high living is,
when even in the country meat is sold at from 15 to 18 cents. W e buy
here American ham and bacon, and W ilson’s corned beef, from Chicago.
The other day I was told by a good brother and grocer that he was doing
a good business in American lard, selling it readily for 80 pfennig per
pound, (say 20 cents.) He lives in Heimsheim, a country place, one of
the best farming regions in Wurtemberg.
Those of our members who have become attached to our Church are
the most liberal and self-sacrificing people I know of. And our ministers,
almost without exception, are devoting themselves wholly to their work,
putting up with the people in their poverty, and trying to win them for
Christ. W e are sure of success, and go on by the labor of love and by
the patience of hope. Let the Church not lose its interest in this our
mission. Progress is slow but sure.
S W IT Z E R L A N D D IS T R IC T , A .
R od em eyer,
R E.
This last Conference year was not commenced without some doubts for
the future. The growing demands on our congregations compared with
the failing harvests of a few years past, the sinking of industry, and the
utterances of discouragement from members otherwise more than willing
to give, were the cause of anxiety. More than once we prayed, “ Lord,
help us not to be discouraged.” And he did help; he helped beyond
understanding.
Thank the Lord ! I am not obliged to bring a deficit. If there is in one
or the other place a small one our officers cannot bear the thought that
I should bring it to the Conference, but rather do the uttermost to cover
it. Yet in the last year they often complained that this sacrifice was not
acknowledged, for the more a place gave the higher were the charges laid
upon i t ; it was time to discriminate, otherwise the burden would be still
i88i.J
GERMANY AND SWITZERLAND.
97
increased. The, for Switzerland, really considerable contributions have
not been gathered without great self-denial and sacrifices on the part of
the donors. Certainly it contains the mite of the widow, who gave even
the last penny which was necessary for support, the penny earned with
hard work and often many sighs. But these pennies have summed up to
the amount of 111,233 marks; that is, 9,912 marks more than last year.
But if the bow is drawn so strict it breaks, and in some places we hear a
groaning sound, which reminds us that it is high time to be prudent.
Without any doubt the question of giving the tenth, which was some time
ago discussed on each circuit of our district, which contribution was directly
made by many members, and wherein most of our preachers took the
lead, was a great help to the attainment of these results. Were it pos­
sible to win all our people for the idea of giving the tenth or more, not as
obligatory, but in showing them the blessing of it, our financial trouble
would, according to my opinion, be greatly diminished, and a great hinderance in forwarding our work would be removed. But certainly in this
matter we must set a good example.
Here I should like to make a few remarks as to financial and other
matters.
I do it especially for the sake of our beloved Church in
America, respective of their representatives now in our midst. I will not
misprize the blessing the Lord has given us, for, notwithstanding all diffi­
culties we.meet, our work is progressing. The statistics show an increase
of 136 members. This is, although proportionally small, not less to be
appreciated if we think that seldom or never have we had such a loss by
emigration, as this last year. Full 600 have joined our Church during the
year in this district. And yet, I feel the increase is not what it ought
to be, considering the laborers that are at work and the promises we have.
Neither do I seek the cause of our proportionally small progress only
in outward difficulties; I seek them first of all in ourselves.* W e are not
the men of faith and full of the Holy Ghost that we ought to be. We
want so much the power from on high, the spirit of Elias. We do not
pray earnestly with and for one another. Therefore, I fear that a curse
may too easily find place in our hearts, so that the Lord cannot bless us
as he is willing to do. O, brethren, we need grace, unction from on high ;
then also will be heard the voice of rejoicing in the tabernacles of the
righteous. But now let me go back to the financial question.
Our circumstances are quite different from those in America. There
there is no State Church which charges the people with Church taxes.
Here we must provide for the State Church pastors, and the current ex­
penses just as well as if we were not Methodists, and, besides this, for large
sums for our own wants. If the people did not find any satisfaction in this
State Church, then it would not be a great temptation to them to remain
with her. But this is in many places not the case. Let us, for instance,
take Basle, Berne, Lausanne, Schaffhausen, St. Gallen, and other places,
and we will certainly acknowledge that a good and healthy nourishment
also can be found otherwise than in the Methodists’ chapels. For those
who cannot conform any longer to the organization of the State Church
98
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[i88r.
there are other congregations and societies which do provide for a good
healthy and less costly spiritual supply. There is the extraordinary activ­
ity of the Pilgermission St. Christhina, which is spread over all Switzer­
land and some parts of Germany. This mission is supported by contri­
butions of friends over all Europe. W e can hear their preachers saying
in their meetings, “ Only come ; we do not expect contributions from you;
if you wish to bring you may, but we do not ask for it.” This occurs in­
deed. This, then, is a real enticement for those persons to whom we are
always obliged to speak of chapel debts, interest, rents, deficits, of ebb in
the purse, and from whom we, of course, must request contributions. In
some parts of Switzerland there is the Free Church, an organization into
which the more worldly people prefer to go, and the Evangelical Society,
(not Evangelical Association,) which can dispose of large sums. No­
where does the money question come forth as with us. This is often
most disheartening for congregation and preacher.
In the beginning of our work it was quite different. Our wants were
much smaller, because the Missionary Society appropriated proportion­
ately much more for us. From other parts there was offered less. But
since that time the Christians have aroused themselves. In many things
they imitated us, and while they are more and more enabled to satisfy the
wants of the people in a cheap way, we are obliged to put on a pressure in
order to wrench out money. I do not say too much— we are often obliged
to wrench it out.
Besides this, we have to meet often the power of prejudice which still
maintains itself with obstinacy. The mere name, Methodist! It is hard
to believe what a bulwark it is against us. Allow me to give this as an
example : One of the editors of the “ Kirchenfreund,” a man who became
widely celebrated by his discourse at the last (meeting) session of the
Evangelical#Alliance, at Basle, took the liberty to remark, on the principles
of total abstinence, as follows : “ There is one miracle in the Bible which is
just as inconvenient for the Methodists as for the Rationalists. It is the
miracle of Cana.” I requested, in a friendly way, an explanation of this sen­
tence. He did it publicly in writing in the same paper, as follows: “ That is
what we call Methodism when the Christian life (the inward and outward)
shall be regulated by a method; that is, by a human law, instead of leaving
it to grow from within, just as we speak of rationalism when one wishes to
regulate the Christian state according to a system of abstract philosophy.
True Methodism is, as we very well know, by no means found only in a
special denomination, but also with many well-disposed members of the
State Church. W e know just as well that many members of the ‘ Methodistical ’ Church well know and possess a freedom from the law in the
meaning of the Apostle Paul. But it seems the name of this association
is not quite accidental; but represents us the tendency toward which it
has, more than other associations, its human inclinations.” So far the
eminent professor did not show himself by this conclusion a m o n u m e n t
of sound logic. But if this conclusion is made by such an eminent pro­
fessor of theology, what is to be expected of other men ?
1 88 i.j
GERMANY AND SWITZERLAND.
99
In many places we have our trials because of our itinerancy, with its
maximum of three years; not because of the itinerancy itself, but of the
short term, to which the German mind can never get familiar, and which
brings every year large expenses. Even our Annual Conference, which
regularly brings every preacher from the North Sea to the Leman together
for about a week, is to our best and well-minded officers a stumblingstone. “ Why every year such enormous expenses ? ” they ask. “ Why
in a . time of financial distress and suspended industry this unnecessary
expenditure renewed every year? Why, then, must every preacher be
present ? And who must pay all this ? Our people, who must pinch
themselves of the money, and whose features often are a proof of their
need.” There is something to do to calm these brethren, and to persuade
reflecting officers that all this is necessary to. the good of the work ; that
it cannot be otherwise. And it is the more difficult to do it because we
ourselves are wanting more or less in this conviction, and we often come
into the embarrassing position where we must either say nothing, or speak
against our opinion.
Not without a reason did we second so warmly the motion to ask the
General Conference for permission to divide this Annual Conference.
Not without a reason we asked for that honorable body to make it possible
to extend the term of a preacher in some cases from three to five or six
years. W e have not been heard, because the leading men of our beloved
mother Church cannot have a right idea of our position in this land. Our
beloved Bishops and other friends, who meet with us at Conference and
then visit some of our circuits, cannot possibly get a clear idea of our posi­
tion and of our circumstances, especially as they do not understand our
language. The confusion of language is also the cause that we are not
able to tell them clearly what lays upon our hearts, and what we so gladly
would like to tell them. And much less are they able to learn how' our
members and our officers are thinking over these matters.
Dear brethren, here I have got into a sphere which oversteps the limit
of my district. But I feel it as my duty to give utterance to my thoughts
on this subject. I do it because I am probably at the end of my presid­
ing eldership, and might not find a better opportunity again. I do it be­
cause I “ pray for the peace of Jerusalem.”
1
..!..
Oldenburg and V a rel.................................. .. j ..
E dew echt and W esterstede..
|
Rhauderfehn................................................
I
Neuschoo and Pud-A rle.............................. !.. I..
D ornum , Esens, and Aeeuminorsiel........
Aurich and Thlowerfehn.
02
1
1
i
1
1
66
179
81
121
82
43
161
101
47
500
100
110
1O't
9
1
8
7
8
9,
6
10
6
2
6
2
2
5
8
4
3
850
240
2S5
9
8
1
6
6
4
1
9
1
78,000
40,000
$
11.50(1
4.100
22.000
8,100
8.000
13.500
21.000
10.000
100'
I lo
195
0 0 !..
1 0 0 !..
looi
lo o l. .
<)
Mark«.
33.200
24,000
0.615
1 050
2,775
2,870
4.500
3.310
18,400
6,500
1
1
Marks.
MnrlcF.
M arl«.
142 1.800
26
' 70
88
50
45
80
6
60
20
80
83
75
35
40
27
25
39
80
17
15
20
20
for Self-
Marke.
1
for Missionary
|
250:
MnrltJ.
5
6
3
10
11
9:
6
6
8
5
8:
Collected for Church
Building and Repairing.
5
Collected
support.
17
8
22
18
43 *
26
8
18
14
4
2
11
Collected for other
Benevolent Societies.
118
57
! Collected
S ociety.
o
cM
f .*
Debt on Churches,
Parsonages, and other
Property.
1Fm i
: Value of Schools, Hospi­
tals, and other Property.
Estimated Value o f
Parsonages.
be
* Marks.
1
1
1
FOR 1881.
j
Bremen District.
Bremen and Yesresaek........................
Bremerhaven.. ..........
H am burg
Flensbursr . . . .
Delm enhorst and N eerstedt....................
M ISSIO N
I No. of Halls and other
j Places of W orship.
¡S
Estimated Value o f
Churches.
II
No. of Churches.
§C>I
1
1
«
tn
No. of Teachers in tom e.)
3 1
No. of Students.
;
1
i
¿*
No. of T h eolog’I Schools.j
<
•SS
ä£
<50.
No, of Sabbath Scholars.
«
.2
1
| Children Baptized.
.1
2
à
v.~
§
Probationers.
§1
AN D S W ITZE R L A N D
c
Members.
85
Native Local Preachers. |
‘B
Native Unordained
Preacher».
C IR C U IT O R ST A T IO N ..
Foreign Missionarie*.
|
STA TIST IC S OF T H E G E R M A N Y
2,900
1.400
1,800
900
2,000
1 .00 0
1,700
950
850
1,300
700
720
” iò
8ÓÒ
81
B erlin Dixfrict.f
Berlin and New R u ppin ............................
Colberg and Belgard....................................
Zw ickau, e t c . . . ..........................................
Schwarzenberg ........
C h em n itz........................................................
Plauen..............................................................
Langenwetzendorf, etc.
Schleiz..............................................................
W altersdorf...................................
......
9?
137
157
72
00
110
107
8s
13!)
07
22
81
144
94
97
23
2
3
5
147.700
17.250
5.004
1.002
947
1^.705
14.200
a
1
6
0
8
17
24
8
8
8
1
100
75
90
40
62,880
11,000
15,450
7,925
150
2,500
‘2 .040
1
10.120
520 1 2 18 9
50
1
180
150
60
50
200
100
250
380
20
1
1 128.000
io;soo
81
.40
120
100
76
70
50
80
82
87
13
16
12
13
12
11
11
6
765
84
422
186
70
121
291
108
804
365
Gl
se n
Frankfurt-am M a i» District.
Frankfurt-am-Mnin................
D illenbunr................................
K reuznach..
......................
Gem utieden..............
. .
Spi-ier................
Pirmasens ....................
K aiserslautern..................................
Carlsruhe........................................................
Pforzheim ........
L ’. i hv. .
.
.
.
.
ßtrassbuijr.................................................
Knittling^n................................... . . . . . ! !
Buedlngen................................................. ]
3
1
1
1
1
1
270
57
54
57
80
51
7i:
43
130
2 0i
31
1-11
1U7
37
24
21
27
23
11
18
19
35
2C
7
425
125
135
175
90
7C
180
160
800
40(
100
4
18
1
2
6
?
8
7
?
6
9
8
?
?
8
9
8
4
1
190
ICO!
212,000
7,792
5.220
2.400
81,000
8,458
1.190
2,300
21,752
80,22(1
14,500
15^006
11.000
134
24
21
50
24
11
86
6
64
40
12
9 .9 4 0
IS .900
«.858:
15,709
70
41
811
151
3,307
1,254
40
10,000
40
35
23
120
65
478
84
85
54
88
31
44
68
59
30
80
223
14S
187
809
230
100
819
99
211
307
14<
1S9
272
173
107
230
2,765
2,448
993
6,708
1,811
888
1,687
948
1,244
2,217
1.831
2,830
2,181
1,715
1.888
1,950
85
400
SO
CO
07
130
10U
102
162
47
124
124
13
68
200
S9
72
74
128
21
53
40
48
82
11
8
19
92
29
12
22
30
20
6
86
44
48
21
1S
33
14
15
24
113,885
1.121
1.223
1.307
1,744
1,460
1.174
1.905
205
1.780
1,988
90
150,162
5,700
§8,625
1.076
L24S
1855
948
1,178
2,705
798
1,815
2.091
50
269
194
5
975
320
47
Wurtemberg District.
Ludw igsburg................................................
Stuttgart........................................................
Bietigheim .............................................. ’
Heilbronn and Sinsheim ..........................
O ehringen................................................ '
N u erm b erg...................................................
M arbach.........................................................
Ottm ersheim......................................
Bellstein........................................
V a ih in gen ....................................................’
Freudenstadt.................................... .
O a lw .......................................................... ' \
Heimsheim and Leonberg
.
H errenberg...................................................
N a g o ld .......................................... ' ' ........... '
E b in g e n ........................................................
H enry and Rosalie N uelsen....................
13!)
200
Ill
250
93
355
liol
24i
22di
94j
161:
100j
202
ISO
121
84
103
100
29.000
1.079
ll.lVld
1.400
1,900
823
300
2.400
2 30i
1K>:
800
550
250
87
850
150:
223
400
250
250
400
200
350
860
3 2 .0 0 0
14o!
22.000
«00
30;
257
150
140
400
143
150
290
25
130
200
3,soil
250
12.srKI|
1,000
1.200
000
O.onol
24.700;
19.722
2,478
23.000
16.000
14.000
7,000
310
58(1
1.517
1,300
5,875
40,900
11,740
s’ òóò
2.200
4.90C
3.501
21.495
11.607
14.500
7.054
10.425
3,510
78
125
105
123
1,530
Ì65
540
16
400
40
425
611
Switzerland District.
Z u rich ............................................ ................
A ffaltem ........................................................
Bulach..................................................... ’
U ster
W interthur, etc............................ .
H org en ........................................ .
Thalw eil......................................
Schaffhausen and Ila lien ......................
St. Gallen......................................................
N lederutzw yl...............................................
R h ein eck ........................................ .
C h u r ..........................................
L en zb u rg..............................................' ’
Basel........................................ .
Liestal.......................... .
Bern.....................................I ! ! ! ! ! ' . ! ' . ! ! " '
L a Chaux du F on d s .
Biel and Neufehatel.
L y ss ..................................... ..........................
Lausanne and G eneva............
G enef.................
.................
T o ta l..................
Last year........
40ï
181
158
290
284
238
205
343
243
59
100
70
175
310
199
127
72
140
06
48 27 9,097
51 '25 9,33S
I 800
150
220
300
700
420
800
775
450
200
540
1,550
061
291
1,098
1.137
455
800
070
810
4ÓÒ
700
175
250
2,187; 119,535
2,358
17,440
3S7
475!
Sso
500'
SO
551)
120
690
200
70
430
140
30
105,120
18,900
17,260
20,660
55,740
58,240
40,400
49,133
78,700
52.000
10474
7,130
12.060
80,087
29,680
23,000
30,452
73,500
26,920
500
36.600
50,454
10,5S0
5,890
10,782
47,480
22,9 Ì3
82,000
9,000
15,193
17 òÓÓ
7,000
1 1,0 0 0
1,0S8
780
50,000
970.379
1,011,114
5.227 9.332
5,967 80,84(1
2.580
••f
1.350
400
170
112
"¿7
Ì54
2,298
696
1,658
888
116.894 10,410
107.105 25.734
* The M ark is worth 23.8 cents
ltSi
.• i ,I]1ntlle Berlin D istrict a few columns of the statistics have been rcnoited only in total«
i Such comrreiratioim
their rented halls and pnrsonages
churches and parsonages in this district, have furniture in
for mlscoiiaiieouK o b je c t otlier^thiin
, i t ? the total, o f this fohnnn, in th
ra n k fu rt D
i s W Z aa sninllportion contributed on each circuit
tilee FFrankfurt
District,
not reported.
Include, value of p a r s o n ,,^ exc’c p t Z X i L t " nco In W u r t e m b S i District!
‘
S'vitzerlm .d D u tr.c t the columns thus marked ( [ ) are taken Iron, fast y e a r * Report.
~
"5 Bremen District
Scandinavia.
Commenced in 1853.
BISH O P BOW M AN
h a s E p is c o p a l S u p e r v is io n .
T h e work in Norway and Sweden is formed into Annual
Conferences. That in Denm ark is a Mission, still under the
superintendency o f Rev. K arl Schou.
I.
NORWAY.
Organized as a Conference in 1876.
T h e N orw ay Conference of 1881 assembled at Frederickstadt, Thursday, A u g u st 18, under the presidency of Bishop
Peck. Secretary Reid was also present at the session. A
great deal of enthusiasm was manifested on the occasion. A t
all the public meetings the chapel was densely packed, and at
the preaching services, held in a large hall, no less than three
thousand persons were present. Seven brethren were ordained
deacons. Both here and at the Sweden Conference a very
interesting discussion took place concerning a union o f the
three Scandinavian missions in the establishment and use of a
common theological seminary. Committees were appointed
in each of the missions to confer with each other concerning
this object, and to devise means for effecting it. W e present
to the public, to our able and generous laymen, the claims of
this scheme as a practical and efficient means for consolidat­
ing and extending our mission work in these lands, where our
presence is so m anifestly needed, and where God has already
greatly blessed our efforts.
A n important day for our N orw ay Mission was the twentyfifth anniversary of the formation o f the first of our Societies
there, w h ich occurred Septem ber 11. Provision was made
i88r.J
SCANDINAVIA.
103
for religious services and thank-offerings throughout the Con­
ference on that day to found a chapel-building fund. T h e de­
sign was formed to continue a celebration of the event year by
year, with which a collection will be taken to aid students in
the ministry.
O f the work in Norway Bishop Peck, in reporting his visit
to the Conference, says :
Norway Conference is doing- a very excellent work. W e have 24 mem­
bers of Conference and 1 probationer. These 25 brethren are genuine,
hard-working Methodist ministers. They have in charge 2,766 members,
and 454 probationers, 38 Sunday-schools, 314 teachers, and 2,391 scholars.
Here, as in all Scandinavia, our people suffer from large emigration,
chiefly to America. They are oppressed by the State Church, but encour­
aged by large numbers of the people. If we could help them by small ap­
propriations to build economical, decent chapels we could in a short
time double our numbers. The Norwegians are making very vigorous
use of the press.
The report given below refers to the excellent work being
accomplished by our press in Norway. Notwithstanding the
many emigrations, the total number of members and proba­
tioners exhibits an increase of over two hundred.
The col­
lections for the Missionary Society show a very considerable
advance.
In the column of self-support we have reason to
believe many items are included this year which were not em­
braced under that head in the last year’s report.
During the year our mission has crossed the Dofrefeld
Mountains and established itself in Throndhjem, a large and
beautiful city. A preacher was also sent to Hangesund, an­
other large city on the western coast. From these important
places we may hope ere long to obtain reports of a substantial
and growing work. A t the last Conference a new district
arrangement of the stations was made.
The following report has been received from Rev. J. H.
Johnson:
It was with profound feelings of responsibility I began the work assigned
me in this country at the beginning of the y ea r; but the Lord has most
graciously been our help and blessed the work, praised be his holy name!
Peace and unity have preserved our hearts in the love of Jesus Christ, and
wonderfully strengthened our hands in the work which he has given us
to do.
104
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l88l.
The missionaries have all labored faithfully, and their work has not
been in vain in the Lord. I wall state:
1. That with regard to the spiritual condition of the work, our people
are pious; they live for the Lord. A s a people we are very poor, and,
therefore, despised by m any; yet the Lord seems pleased to use us as
means in his own hands to spread truth and holiness among the people
of this country. Many souls have been richly blessed by the preaching
of the Gospel of Christ.
In many of our congregations the good Lord has mercifully revealed
his glorious power to save from sin and cleanse from all unrighteousness ;
for sinners have truly been converted, many fallen reclaimed, and the
children of God built up in the faith, and rooted and grounded in the love
of Christ, which passeth knowledge.
Most of the congregations have taken members into full connection, as
well as on probation, during the year, but, by reason of the unparalleled
emigration to America this year, the statistical reports will show, I think,
little if any increase in the membership; but this, however, is no special
loss to the Church, for what we lose in this respect here our Norwegian
work in America, in some measure at least, gains.
2. W ith regard to the Sunday-schools in our Conference, I am glad to
report that they are in a prosperous condition. Superintendents, officers,
and teachers are all diligent and earnest in the work given them to do,
and their labor is bearing rich fruit, blessed be God ! W e have here, as
elsewhere to contend with persistent opposition, poverty, and many other
hinderances, but the Lord has hitherto been our help, and given us grace
to conquer.
Many precious children and young people are under our care and influ­
ence, and all these must be nurtured and brought up for the Lord.
W eekly instruction, as indicated in our Discipline, has been faithfully
carried out during the year, and this work has been greatly blessed. In
this connection I cannot refrain from saying that nothing should be left
undone that ought to be done in order to make all our Sunday-schools, as
well as the weekly classes for religious instruction, as thorough, interest­
ing, and profitable as possible. The Church that takes good care of her
children and youth prepares for the future her most useful members.
3. The missionary cause has most earnestly been brought before our
people, and I rejoice to know that, notwithstanding the poverty of our
people, the heavy burdens resting upon them from the State Church, and
the many expenses necessary to carry on our mission work, the collections
for missions are far in advance of last year.
4. Several churches have been repaired or rebuilt during the year.
First Church, Christiania, has undergone a thorough improvement, both
as to inside and outside, which has cost. 1,000 crowns. In Frederickshald
the lecture-room of our church has been enlarged and refitted very nicely,
which cost about 500 crowns. Our small chapel in Kragero has been
improved by putting in new pulpit, altar, and seats. In Laervig our
church, which for some years has stood without siding, has been sided
1 88 1 .]
SCANDINAVIA.
105
and painted, so it is now both comfortable and neat. Our church or old
chapel in Brevig has been rebuilt, which has cost 1,600 crowns. These
repairs have nearly all been paid for as the work has been completed.
5. With reference to the burdensome debts on several of our churches
and chapels, I am constrained to say that we have had a very serious
struggle in order to save some of our churches from the hands of the law,
but with the timely aid from the Missionary Board, for which we are
truly thankful, we have been able to hold all our church property up to
date.
Ever since I came to this country to work for the Lord nothing has lain
so heavily upon my heart, nothing has appeared to me so much&to hinder
spiritual prosperity among the people, as the very heavy debt resting on
several of our churches. W e are doing our utmost to help ourselves, but
we cannot carry the burden alone. W e must have further aid, and being
aided now a year or two more we shall, I think, be on good footing as to
church debt.
6. As to new fields, we might go over the whole land if we had the
men and means. In Throndhjem, however, we have begun missionary
work this year. Here we have already fifty members on probation, and
we have rented a hall for two years to preach in. This is a very impor­
tant field.
7. Our book agent, Brother Jonassen, is doing the cause good service,
for our book business is in a healthy, growing condition. “ The Chris­
tian Tidings,” our weekly paper, edited by Brother U. P. Bergh, is stead­
ily gaining ground. This, as well as our Sunday-school paper, in connec­
tion with other publications, is doing a great deal of good for our people
and country as well. W e feel very grateful to the Sunday-School Union
of our Church for the aid of $200 to our needy Sunday-schools.
8. One note of deep sorrow and sadness must be touched before I close
this report. Our efficient co-worker, T. A . Isaacson, is with us no more.
He was drowned on the 15th of July last. Well, “ the workmen die, but
the Lord carries on the work.” His work must be done. Trustingly we
look to God, and take courage. W e labor, dear brethren, not for our­
selves, but for God, who doeth all things well. In the midst of conflict,
sorrow, and care we more than conquer through him that loved us and
gave himself for us. By faith we look forward to the work before us. The
kingdom of our blessed Lord and Saviour shall spread and triumph more
and more throughout our whole country, “ not by might, nor by power,
but by my Spirit, saith the Lord of hosts.” Amen !
a2
•fac
E
z
a
8
t
1
a
tu
&
o
■8
ca
o
IE
¡1
i
a
•o
â
Ckristimtiit D h tfict.
Christiania: First C hurch............
Second C hurch............................
Odalen and K ongsvingcr..............
Holland and E id s b e r g ...................
Moss.......................................
Frcderikstadt
Sarpsborg..........................................
Fredorikshuld..................................
Draim nen..........................................
K o n g s b e r g .......................................
I lo n e fo s .............................................
H o r t e n ...............................................
T on sb erg ...........................................
Laervig...............................................
Skicn .................................................
P orsgvitnd.........................................
B revig.......................... .....................
K r a g e r o .............................................
...................
1
0* g
o a
if
Crown».*
1
2
1
1
1
1
i
1
1
1
1
4
8
1
1
1
1
1 1
1
1
824
78
5S
29
73
820
19S
ISO
6S
136
97
125
47
105
111
129
46
44
5S
18
80
4
16
20
10
35
8
1T
13
12
40
10
14
8
17
16
10 1
800
4 1
1 2
147
2S1
12
19
IS
41
113
10S
27
4
6
10
7
24
85
11
2
88 5
17 8
If) 2
9
65
293
200
250
53
9 3
111
1 1
1
1
1
1
1
1 1
8 1
40
40
CO
s .s o o
IS , 000
51
70
75
50
50
22,800
9,400
6,000
4.800
8;700
24 5
180
26,200
4 1
1
2 1
1 2
12 1
50
<>
4
13
13
5
i r
ËQ
« §
Crowns.
50,800
15,000
7,200
8.600
20,050
80,700
10,000
15,240
11 1
2,200
S e i
Clowns.
Crowns.
Cra.
s i*
B
1
1=
_ÿ>,
jÿ ä t*
R d.Hi
10.85S
5,900
211
810
7,000
5, SOI)
535
8,000
'i
2
7,404
8,ÓÒÒ
1,500
7,2S4
i
9,6Ì()
8.0D0
2.000
2,800
520
« ..
200
63
24
5S
18
344
67
3S5
42
81
70
80
8S
45
66
116
20
40
Collected for Church
Building and Repairing.
« £
1
n
fi
Crowns.
Crs.
for Self-
<5B | b
À
3
|Collected for other
Benevolent Societies.
£
*8
i Collected
J Society«
‘2
•o
*a
I Estimated Value o f
j Churches«
CIRCUIT OB STATION.
&
1
1
1 No. of Halls nnd other
Places of W orship.
i
•d
■c
M ISSIO N F O R 1881.
B
Collected
support.
NORWAY
for M issionary
STA TISTICS O F T H E
00 14 81
8 30
69
50 52
77
5 00
84
86 17
71
67 50
00
810 00
10
414 89
00
1,229 00
00
55 00
00
440 00
60
187 83
00
5 00
74
212 69
75
92 00
98
810 00
49
412 00
00
193 65
13
148 00
te
a
*P
73
Ì
1
I I
•1
5
i t
&■.3
1,000 26,001 1,840,760
*500
1,882
250
Christian sa nd District.
Arendal................................................
L illesa n d.............................................
Christiansand.....................................
FIckkefjord .......................................
Sandnaes..............................................
Stavanger
.................................
B e r g e n .................................................
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
10,000
12,400
T
140
140
22,000
9,420
'i
188 50
15 00
10 40
6 05
62 81
55 00
961 84
50
120
857
226
100
ÓÓ
00
00
51
00
R E C A P IT U L A T IO N B Y D IS T R IC T S
Christiania D istrict___
Christiansand District.
This year.
Last year.
18
4
5
3
2,189 831
598 113
17
8
2,782 444
2,59S 409
12
102 28
44 10
1,874 19
517 2
206 88
219 42
2,891 21
2,290 22
282,490
301,878
* The crown is worth 56.8 oenta*
15.404
10,000
60,828 1,713 SO 14 81 4,727 55
21,820 342 76 .. .. 1,815 35
8,082 26,961 1,840,750
.....................................
25.404
IS,640
82,648 2.056 56 14 81 6,542 90
1,557 05 26 00 270 18
8,082 26,9611,840,750
i 88 i .J
SCANDINAVIA.
10 7
II.
SWEDEN.
Organized as a Conference in 1876.
T h e work in Sweden has shown steady advancement dur­
ing the year in nearly every department. The reported mem­
bership has increased nearly four hundred, notwithstanding the
great depletion by emigration. T h e Conference session opened
A ugu st 4th, at Gefle, a thriving sea-port town where we have
a fine new church, erected entirely without aid from the Mis­
sionary treasury, and to the building of which some of the
most substantial citizens of the place largely contributed. Our
Mission exercises an effective social influence at this point.
Bishop Peck presided at the Conference, and also traveled ex­
tensively through the country, preaching in many places, to
the great joy of the people. H e thus reports on the field :
The work in Sweden Conference is very encouraging-. There are 49 mem­
bers of Conference, and 11 probationers. W e thus station 60 preachers,
an increase of eight since last year. W e have 6,300 members, and
1,905 probationers, an increase of 381. W e have 6,283 Sunday-school
scholars, an increase of 619; officers and teachers, 525, an increase of
84. Missionary money, 7,313.76 crowns, an increase of 1,159.67 crowns.
Our press is vigorous.
There are open doors in almost all parts of Sweden. A t least six im­
portant places asking for Methodist preaching have this year to be left
for want of means. How long must this be so ? Our halls and chapels
are too few and too small for the numbers, who crowd to our places of
worship. In the name of the Master, “ let us arise and build.” The peo­
ple will do all they can. But the Missionary'- Society must be made able
to extend more efficient help.
The public meetings held in connection with the Confer­
ence drew crowded audiences. Secretary Reid was present,
and enjoyed the privilege of addressing the Conference and
the people. Rev. Carl Schou, Superintendent of the Den­
mark Mission, also rendered welcome service here by his ad­
dresses, as at the Norway Conference. Great interest was
shown in the project of a union Theological School, and ac­
tion taken here as in Norway. Steps were also taken toward
the preparation of a new hymn book, which is greatly needed.
io 8
[I88l.
MISSIONARY REPORT.
Tw o interesting features of the work developed this year
are the success attending the efforts in Finland, and the move­
ment of a number of people in Delacarlia to join our Church,
who had years before experienced a new spiritual impulse, which
they made known to the pastor of the State Church, who en­
couraged their aspirations and welcomed the coming of the
Methodjsts. Prejudice against us is fast disappearing, but our
people feel the need of clearer legal enactments concerning
the rights of dissenters. W e have, evidently, the favor of the
court in the prosecution of our work.
Financially there has been improvement. Self-support has
advanced in some places, debts on chapels have been lifted,
and nine new chapels have been built during the year. In
some difficult places there has been particular encouragement.
W e invite attention to the full reports from the circuits which
fo llo w :
*
S T O C K H O L M D I S T R I C T , J.
K ils tr o m ,
P. E.
T o the praise of the Lord we can say that the Conference year now past
has been richly blessed in several ways. Free from inner strife and dis­
cord, we have had to devote our powers undividedly to the great and glori­
ous purpose to carry true and Christian religion to our dear people, and
this has prospered in some degree by the grace of God and the persever­
ing and concordant work of the brethren for the saving of souls.
The great truth, that “ Christ Jesus came into the world to save sin­
ners,” makes its way, through opposition and prejudice, to the hearts
of many, and oft do we hear, as it were, the cries of a perishing genera­
tion, “ Come, and let us know the doctrine of the mighty Saviour, who can
wholly help us out from this present evil world and bring us into his king­
dom, where righteousness and peace are predominant; for there, and only
there, our souls can find repose, while we look for the rest that remaineth
to the people of God.”
There has been some trouble this year in our work of getting congrega­
tions in order and legally acknowledged, because there are some (for several
venerable exceptions exist) of the State Church ministry who have made all
possible and impossible objections against us, and raised as many hinderances as they were able, so that it was very difficult to get clear. The in­
distinct determinations of the dissenter law are a great cause of these diffi­
culties, and the unscriptural idea of a State Church authorized of old
sanction. Therefore, may that day soon be at hand when we get a dis­
senter law that gives us liberty, and is clear and distinct enough to our
Swedish people.
i
88iJ
SCANDINAVIA.
109
Stockholm. Here our labor has not been in vain. Though we have
not been able to see so great a success as we had wished, yet souls have
been added to the multitude. Stockholm is a place where the people have
much to elect between by way of preaching, and, therefore, great talents
are wanted here. This our friends the Baptists and Separatists have
seen, and they have seijt their best orators here, and these, too, preach
almost our doctrine about sanctification. Therefore, we must come as
high in talents as these if we will make impression on the people and re­
tain our own friends. When we reach this mark we shall have the best
prospects at Stockholm, because the people come in crowds to hear
the word. Brother Johansson has observed this and done his best. As
for the economy, it is well managed. The last year the debt of the con­
gregation increased more than 1,000 crowns, but this year all inter­
ests are paid and the support of the service made up, which can be said
to be a great thing. Money collected 6,874 crowns, 52 ore; preachingplaces, 5 ; Sunday-schools, 4, children, 355 ; increase, 34; the value of the
church, 90,000 crowns ; debt of it, 33,768 crowns, 50 ore. 25 persons
have taken their certificates for America.
Sode7'tclje. A t present no work is conducted in this place, the hall being
lost to us. Brother Danielsson, the preacher, is very troubled about this
state of affairs. But in another place, Morkon, where much opposition
has before existed, so that we have been forbidden to preach in the
houses, at present we may preach in the school-houses, which the earl,
the owner of the whole island, kindly has opened to us in consequence
of our writing to him about the deep need of the people, and how bene­
ficial the religion is, both to the family and the community. If we were
able to bestow labor there we might have hope for success in the future.
Sunday-schools, 1 ; children, 20; preaching-places, 4; collected, 335
crowns, 89 ore ; increase, none.
Nyby and environs. In this circuit, Brother Grauer preacher, there are
two preaching-houses, one of which was dedicated this year. The value
of both, 3,500 crowns; the debt, 800 crowns; collected, 3,134 crowns, 56
ore. Here is to be observed that in this sum the means for the newbuilt chapel are included, not being accounted for previously. Sundayschools, 3 ; children, 95 ; preaching-places, 5 ; increase, none.
Upsala is a promising working field. Brother Stenholm has prospered
in his work in all respects, in the congregation and Sunday-school, as
well as in the economy. The doctrine about full salvation has been re­
ceived with gladness by large multitudes, who often expose themselves
to difficulties in the crowd, and must return home for want of place. W e
know that many students believe in this doctrine, live in it, and acknowl­
edge Jesus as a perfect Saviour; and this must have good influence on our
country when these young men are going out with such a glorious testimony.
Sunday-schools, 3; children, 292; preaching-places, 3 ; collected, 8,526
crowns, 23 ore ; church value, 30,000; debt of it, 15,000. A s for the aid­
ing in church building, the congregation could not do more than make
preparations, and these have been magnificent. They dare not take any
IIO
MISSIONARY REPORT.
*[18 8 1.
more steps for fear of incurring too large a debt, but they intend to address
themselves in a very humble prayer to our most reverend Missionary Board
for a help of $3,000, and then as much could be raised in the place, so
that the debt would not be much greater than it is now. If this our
thought could be carried out through the favor of the Board, then would
a great want be filled.
Heby is a very good country-place in the neighborhood of Sala, with
about 40 members. The work here has been kept up from Upsala, and
the labor has been blessed with success. This congregation wish to have
a preacher of their own, and will give a contribution of 200 crowns to his
salary-. The place has a central situation by the State railroad, and is
populous.
Avestad. A t Norburg, on this circuit, the Lord has blessed us with
success. A t Fagerstad, an iron-work, a good Society has been formed.
A t Hogtors some have been converted to God. Brother Andersson has
labored faithfully, and this has not been in vain. In the circuit there are
4 Sunday-schools, 50 children, 4 preaching-places ; increase, 35 ; collected,
734 crowns, 67 ore.
Mora and Orsa.
This is too large a circuit for one preacher, and
therefore each place in the circuit cannot be visited as oft as it is neces­
sary. A large, fine hall is hired in Mora, and the people are willing to give
100 crowns for the salary of a preacher.
In Orna we have a chapel,
and Brother Johnsson, stationed here, has labored faithfully and done his
best. The success is small as for the number of members, but our doc­
trine is largely spread in Dalarna. Sunday-school, 1 ; children, 70; preach­
ing-places, 6; chapel, 1 ; value, 1,500 crowns; debt, 153 crowns, 11 ore;
collected, 519 crowns, 76 ore; increase, 13 from Leksand.
Leksand is a populous place, 26 English miles from Falun. Here a
class of about 20 members is formed. Brother Eklund, a young man exhorter, from Linde, has labored here this winter, and God has blessed his
labor to the saving of souls. They wish to have a preacher stationed
there, and they will give 150 crowns to his salary. If this place could
be occupied then there is prospect for success.
Stora Tuna, 13 English miles from Falun, a railroad center, is one of
the most populous places in the land. Within the circuit we can see
there live 10,000 persons, and this field is open to us. A Society of
about 30 is formed, and a chapel is nearly ready for dedication. From this
place it is easy to visit Falun. Sater, and Hedemora towns. 200 crowns
they will give to the preacher’s salary. Here, if any where in the country,
a preacher ought to be sent.
Sundsvall, our most northern mission. In the neighborhood we have
had some success, but in the city it has been slow. Prejudices against
our cause are still great, yet we believe that truth shall triumph over
prejudice and darkness. Brother Gustafsson has done his best, and he
has in some degree prospered. Preaching-places, 4 ; Sunday-schools, 3 ;
children, 70; collected, 1,100 crowns; increase, 12 members.
Phtlipstad and environs. Here we had labored many years without
i 8 8 i .J
SCANDI NAVI A.
Ill
any success. This year the Lord has blessed us with his presence.
Brother Nilsson has done a work with good fruit. Many have praised
the Lord for saved souls, and we have now a good Society there and the
best prospects for the future. 2 Sunday-schools, 60 children, 5 preachingplaces ; increase, 26; collected, 286 crowns, 50 ore.
Ransater is a large working field, abundantly blessed, where thousands
are coming together in fhe large school-houses in order to hear the word.
These houses are opened to us, and there we hold our communions.
Brother Jeppsson, the successful pastor, is highly loved by the people.
The congregation has collected not a little for a chapel at Munkfors' iron­
works, where a place is given by the owners of the said works through their
agent. There is a half-finished chapel in this circuit, having been in
this condition for several years. The causes of its not being ready are
that they did “not count the costs before they began to build, and also
that the place of it is badly selected.
The value might amount to 1,200
crowns, and the debt 394 crowns.
Sunday-schools, 3; children, 75 ;
preaching-places, 10; increase, 23; collected, 900 crowns.
Odensvi. Though this is a country place yet we have a very good
mission, a fine chapel, success, and good prospects for the future. Brother
Holmgren, working here, has had much blessedness in his labor. From
this place Koping and Westeras have been visited nowand then, and from
these two towns wishes have been heard that we might commence a reg­
ular work there, but there are some things hindering us yet. Sundayschools, 2 ; children, 40 ; preaching-places, 4 ; increase, 12 ; collected, 762
crowns, 4 ore ; chapel, 1 ; value, 5,547 crowns; debt, 2,059 crowns.
Linde. This mission is very large, being about seventy to eighty En­
glish miles from the one end to the other, and then each of the places
cannot be visited as often as is desirable. Some success has appeared at
Linde, Bangbro, Ludvika, and Grangesberget. ' It is the second time that
Brother Kjellstrand is appointed here in Linde, with an interval of a few
years only, yet God has blessed his cause under him. Sunday-schools, 3 ;
children, 60; preaching-places, 6; chapel, 1 ; value, 4,500 crowns; debt,
1,800 crowns; collected, 450 crowns; increase, 8.
Arboga. There has been no success in the town, but the number of mem­
bers has increased, for some have moved to this place. Surely Brother
Wiel has done his best, but the field is hard, and besides, inner strifes
have put hinderances in the way. Sunday-schools, 2; children, 80;
preaching-places, 5 ; chapel, 1 ; value, 6,000 crow ns; debt, 2,550 crowns;
collected, 954 crowns, 15 ore ; increase, 9.
Glanshammar is connected with this circuit, but it has desired to be
joined with Örebro as previously, because these places can only be visited
at certain times from Arboga. This under all circumstances is hard, be­
cause we must travel by sea, where there is no proper passage or navigable
water, and in old broken boats, and frequently it is impossible, especially in
storm, and, therefore, the meetings sometimes have been suspended. The
people, too, are often in the city, (Örebro,) and then they wish to take a
preacher home with them. There are many dear members.
11 2
MISSIONARY REPORT.
» Li8 8 1.
Eskilstuna. Here the work of the Lord has had good success. The
labor of Brother Roth has brought forth abundant fruits. The number
of those who have been converted is not small, and our cause has gained
strength and influence in the whole community, and this is a good foun­
dation on which we can hope for success, because, where this good ground
is missed, there the work is found painful and toilsome. To this circuit
belongs Torshalla, a small town ten English miles away, with not a
few members, and this place is rather easy to attend from Eskilstuna.
But it is not so in another little town, Malmkoping, twenty English miles
off, and also belonging to this circuit. There we have a chapel, and a
congregation legally acknowledged, which during the past year has given
a good support, Brother Lindblorn working there as a local preacher.
The people express a wish to have a preacher of their own, and will
give to his salary 100 crowns. Sunday-schools, 2 ; children 225 ; preach­
ing-places, 5 ; two chapels with value, 40,000 crowns ; debt, 12,500 crowns ;
collected, 5,122 crowns, 26 ore ; increase, 40.
Kungsor and Westermo. Here the success has been good the whole
year. A young man, Brother Nord, was appointed there till April 1, when
he went to America. Then Brother Lindstrom carried on his labor, and
God has blessed it, so that the congregation had an increase of 28 mem­
bers; collected, 1,328 crowns, 20 ore; Sunday-schools, 3; children, 80;
chapel, 1 ; value, 5,000 crowns; debt, 1,341 crowns. Tw o chapels are in
course of building on this circuit, one at Kungsor, and one at Altorp, on
the Hjelmare channel. The prospect for the future is bright, especially at
Kungsor.
Sandviken. Previously a preacher was appointed here, but now, and for
some time. Brother Flink, a local preacher, has labored herewith great use­
fulness.
Brother Ahgren, from Gefle, has visited this place now and
then. Souls have been converted to God and added to the society.
Chapel, 1; value, 3,010 crowns ; debt, 831 crowns, 77 ore ; Sunday-school, 1,
with 60 children ; collected, 946 crowns,97 ore; increase, 9.
Gefie. Brother Ahgren has had great success in his work for the Lord.
Our cause has been enlarged in a great measure under him. During the
year a new church has been dedicated, an honor to our cause, and the
best of all is, that the debt is not very pressing. For this we are obliged
to some of the well endowed of this community, the names of whom we
are not permitted to mention, but God knows them, and what is done in
the name of Jesus will not be unrewarded.
Oregrund, with the islands round about, is a place being visited from
Gefle. There we have not a few members wishing to have a preacher,
and promising to give him on their part 200 crowns to his salary. If a
preacher could be appointed here, I believe it would become a fruitful
mission field to us. When I visited them great multitudes came to hear
the word. T o attend them in the summer is not very hard, going by sea
from Gefle, but in the winter the way is long and difficult.
From Wasa, in Finland, we had a letter to come there and hold the
Lord’s Supper; there is said to be a congregation formed with not a few
i 88 i.]
SCA N D IN AV IA .
113
members. But we have not had time, and I wished to get an advice of
the brethren and our Bishop, before such a work is commenced in Fin­
land.
About fifty of our best members have taken their certificates for Amer­
ica, and these only from Stockholm District. If these be added to the
increase, it will be 413.
T H E S T A T IS T IC A L R E PO R T.
Collected amounts..................................................
Increase o f members.............................................
Preaching stations..................................................
Preaching-places....................................................
Sunday-schools......................................................
Sunday-school children.......................................
Chapels dedicated this y ear.................................
C hapels.....................................................................
T heir v a lu e ............................................................
T h eir d e b t..............................................................
41,027 crowns, 16 ore.
363
16
76
36
2,oS2
2
14
215,557 crowns.
79,697 crowns, 40 ore.
From the above report, it appears that we have very much reason of prais­
ing the Lord, who has, through his grace, bestowed on our labor so abun­
dant a blessing, and has, by feeble instruments, done great things. “ W e
have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the excellency of the power
may be of God, and not of us.” With so much received we owe it to
God, our country, and our revered fathers of the Church in America, to
still urge on the work.
K A R L S K R O N A D I S T R I C T , J. P.
L
ar sso n ,
P. E.
During the past ecclesiastic year we have experienced the truth of our
dear Saviour’s words, “ Lo, I am with you alway.”
Peace and union
have still prevailed among our people, and also among the preachers.
We have been permitted to rejoice at success on every working field. At
some places both the number of the members has increased, and the mem­
bers themselves have grown in grace. In other fields the latter only has
taken place, the cause of which is that many of our members have moved
to other places, especially to America. The longing of the people to hear
the word of God is increasing more and more, our houses of worship in
most places have been filled with hearers, and on the Sundays they have
been crowded. A s far as I know none of our meetings have been dis­
turbed. Our cause seems to gain greater and greater confidence and re­
spect among all classes. New places are opened every-where, and our
preachers can in no way visit all these. On many new places they wish
to have preachers of their own. Would to God that we were able to
comply with their wishes !
Now I will give briefly an account of the state of every place on the
district separately:
8
ii4
MISSIONARY REPOR T.
fl88l.
Karlskrona. A s usual our meetings here have been well attended, and
some persons under the preached word have, like the prodigal, remem­
bered their sins with sorrow and have been converted unto God. A s to
number, the success has not been so great this year as during the past
years. On account of moving the members have decreased in number to
some degree. A t Neuraby, a preaching-place belonging to Karlskrona
congregation, a new chapel was dedicated the day after Christmas. The
house, being built of wood, has seats for about 400 persons. The prob­
able value of the chapel is 1,400 crowns, and its debt about 600 crowns.
God being our help, within some time this debt will be all paid. Through
the persevering endeavors of our friends this chapel has risen. This
year the chapel at Karlskrona has had a substantial reparation. We
have six preaching-places in this working field, being attended by the help
of local preachers and exhorters. 15 persons have been received into full
connection, and 14 on trial. About 2,150 crowns are collected. We
have here 6 Sunday-schools with 100 children. The state of the schools is
good.
Kalmar. The state of this congregation is good. Union and love pre­
vail. The meetings are well attended. The prayer and class-meetings
are highly esteemed. The class-rooms sometimes are crowded, proving
that the members are seeking sanctification— this pearl of great price. The
state of finances is good. W e have prospects that the chapel will be with­
out debt next year. 500 crowns of this debt were paid off this year, and for
this we are very thankful to God. In the circuit there are 5 preachingplaces, at one of which, Ryssby, 11 English miles from Kalmar, there is a
little chapel without debt. W e have here 26 members, very much wish­
ing and asking for a preacher for the next year. Into full connection 22
persons were received, and on trial 15. About 1,500 crowns are collected.
There are 2 Sunday-schools, with 90 children, some of whom are converted
to God. As the Sunday-school work here is counteracted by the State
Church, the number of children has decreased this year.
Monsteras. For the past year the success here has been greater than
at any time before. The number of hearers sometimes has been so great
that the chapel could not hold them all, though the seats were added for a
hundred more. Those of our friends who, during the preceding years,
have complained of the chapel being too large, this year have complained
that it is too small, and they have been thankful to God to have so large
a chapel. Here our cause has gained, during the last years, a great confi­
dence, and the word of God has wrought a powerful work and has become
the savor of life unto life to many. It is a large field. There are four
regular appointments. 29 persons were received into full connection during
the year, and 27 on trial. More than 900 crowns were collected. There
are 2 Sunday-schools, with 100 children. The children are good, and
some of them converted to God.
Oskarshamn. During the winter God visited us with a powerful
revival here, but on account of our preaching-place being too small to hold
the people that would hear the word, (for oft there were hundreds, and
i88r.J
SCAN DIN AVIA.
115
again hundreds, who must go back for w^ant of place,) they turned to other
congregations, and many of the new converted united with these Soci­
eties. W e suffer for want of a chapel here. In the spring the people
bought a lot for the building of a chapel, and for that lot they have
collected and paid off 225 crowns, 75 ore.
They ask the Missionary
Board humbly for help. W e shall surely have great success here when
we have a house of our own. In the circuit there are 4 appointments.
31 were received into full connection, 44 on trial. There is a Sunday-school
with 100 children. The state of the school is good. Not a few of the
children are converted to God.
Loftahammar and Wraka, country places. Our labor here has been
blessed by God with fruit. Souls have been saved. Our chapels are well
attended. W e have 4 appointments in this working field. During the
year 21 were received into full connection, and 11 on trial. About 900
crowns were collected. A Sunday-school with 50 children. The children
attend diligently the school, and they seem to like to hear the story of
Jesus. Here, too, the Sunday-school work is counteracted by the State
Church, yet the children like to attend the school. W e hope God will
soon remove the difficulties.
Westeruik. A t the beginning of the year there was no success, though
many attended the sermons ; but during the latter part of the year affairs
have very much altered for the better. From Ascension-day to Pentecost
preaching and prayer-meetings have been held every night, and this work
has been attended by a great blessing, for many have awakened to a new
life, and others are more earnest. There are 3 appointments in the circuit.
For the year 9 were received into full connection, and 5 on trial. 1,400
crowns were collected. A Sunday-school with 70 children. In this all is
well.
Waldemarsvick. Glory to G od ! now we can say that it is better on
this hard working field than it has been for many years. As the confi­
dence in our cause has increased, consequently the number of the hearers
has increased too. On many appointments in the circuit we have hard
opposition to suffer still. In the little congregation all is well. The mem­
bers love God, the Church, and each other. Some strive earnestly to
gain the best treasure.
All the probationers are hopeful ; several intend
to join the Church. In this working field we have 6 preaching-places. 9
were received on trial. About 360 crowns were collected. 2 Sundayschools are attended by 76 children. The children like to come to the
school, and receive with joy the lessons that are given unto them.
Norrkoping.
The state of this congregation is good. Our people
show a zealous devotion. As a proof of this I can mention that a poor
sister sold her best dress and gave the money to the cause of God. The
best of all is that no one seems to be weary in well doing. Krokek, a
country place, being attended by preachers from Norrkoping, is a good
working field. Here a stationed preacher is wanted. Success would
doubtless follow his labors. Norrkoping working field contains 7 preach­
ing-places. About 4,400 crowns were collected for the year. Not a few
ii6
M ISSIONARY REPORT.
[ 1 8 8 1.
were received into full connection, and 63 persons have joined the Church
on trial. 3 Sunday-schools have 140 children highly loving their schools.
Eksjo. Here, too, we have the confidence of the people. The meetings
are well attended, and the prospects for the future are bright. A student
o f the school has labored here for the year, and a great blessing has fol­
lowed his work. 4 preaching-places are here. 6 persons were received into
full connection, and 9 on trial. About 900 crowns were collected. The
children in the 3 Sunday-schools are 80, and they exhibit diligence and
attention.
Linköping. W e have also here many hearers. Our preaching-hall is
always on the Sundays filled with attentive hearers. W e wish that we
had here a larger place of worship. Several promising preaching-places
are round about the town. The state of the congregation is very good.
The members are good, and seek for the full blessing of the Gospel.
Great peace is among them. Our people love the Church, and work dili­
gently for her good. In the circuit we have 4 preaching-places. We
have received 3 persons into full connection, and 30 have joined the
Church on trial. About 1,200 crowns have been collected. There is a
Sunday-school with 40 children.
Karlshamn. Our friends here have built a fine chapel, which was dedi­
cated immediately after the last Annual Conference. The economy of the
chapel is good, and it can also be said that the state of the congregation
is good. The members fear God and set their affections on things above.
On this field we have 3 appointments. 7 persons were received into full
connection, and 8 on trial. 1,934 crowns were collected. 2 Sundayschools have 100 children. Prayer-meeting has been held every week
with the children, and a great blessing has followed.
Nassjo, a large railroad station. No increase in the number of the
members has taken place this year, but the confidence in our cause has
grown, and in consequence of this the number of the hearers has been,
greater, so that the prospects for success are brighter at present than
they were last year. Several good working fields are round about this
place. 3 preaching-places are there. 6 persons have entered on trial,
and about 1,500 crowns are collected. The Sunday-school has 40 children.
Nykoping. W e commenced our work here immediately after the last
Annual Conference. The labor of the first year has not been without
fruit. Now we have 80 members in this town. It seems as if we would
have good success here. May the Lord keep and bless this young plant­
ing ! Indeed, I can say that the success here has been greater than we
have hoped. More than 600 crowns were collected. The Sunday-school
has 40 children.
Motala. Though the financial difficulties have been great, yet we have
had, on the whole, good success, and the best of all respecting this mat­
ter is, that the confidence of the community has not diminished, nor the
number o f the hearers decreased. No, the chapel has, during the whole
year, been filled with hearers o f all classes at the Sunday services. A
revival has existed, and not a few have been converted to God. On this
188 l.J
SCAN DIN AVIA.
ii
7
field we have 4 preaching-places. 39 persons have entered into full con­
nection, and 48 on trial. 900 crowns were collected during the year. W e
have 2 Sunday-schools, with 200 children— a very large number for so
small a town.
Lerback. During the former conference year there was great success
here, but during that just now passed the number of the members has
decreased.' Moving to other places is the principal cause. With large
meetings, we have an improved state of finances. 6 persons were received
into full connection and 4 on trial.
According to the statement of the
preacher in charge, 1,787 crowns, 88 ore, were collected during the year.
3 Sunday-schools have 76 children.
Wisby. Here is a very good working field, and this year, as well as
the preceding years, we have had to rejoice at success, both in spiritual and
economical respects. Our chapel is in the summer, as well as in the win­
ter, filled with hearers, and we have universal confidence. Our people
love the meetings, and the class-meetings aré well attended. In the con­
gregation peace and unity are prevailing. There are 4 preaching-places in
the circuit. Probationers, 24. 3,140 crowns were collected during the
year. The Sunday-school has 180 children attending the school diligently.
Btittle is a country place. Here we have had no success for several
years, nor has the number of members increased this year. The field is
large, and the meetings are pretty well attended. When the fourth Quarterly
Cqnference was held the service in the forenoon was attended by people
from ten parishes. Some persons have been converted to God, but onlyfew unite with the Church. Here there are 7 preaching-places. Received
into full connection, 4 ; on trial, 4. 333 crowns, 50 ore, were collected.
2 Sunday-schools have 55 children.
Ostergam is also a country place. This working field, too, is hard to
cultivate, and it has ever been so. Y et the number of the hearers has
increased very much this year, so that our chapels (we have here two
chapels, one of which is out of debt) have been, indeed, filled, or rather
crowded, especially during the latter part of the winter on Sundays, and
we have reason to hope for success. Two Lutheran sewing societies have
given us their works, and promised to work for our cause for the future,
which they suppose to be right, as they get their spiritual food by us.
We hope that these friends will unite with the Church soon. This field
is very large— 6 preaching-places we have there. Received into full con­
nection, 1 ; on trial, 2. 267 crowns are collected during the year. Here
we have 3 Sunday-schools, with 65 children.
Slite. Our friends here, through great endeavors and large sacrifices,
have got a fine chapel, which was dedicated July 24th. The situation of
the chapel is most excellent, and the economy tolerably good. During
the last years we have rejoiced at success, which has been the case this
year, too, though the preaching place was small, so that many who would
hear the word of God could not get places. W e hope to have a greater
success for the next year, because we have a larger preaching-place now.
The state of this little congregation is very good. The members live
n8
M ISSIONARY REPORT.
El88l.
wholly to God and the Church. To the circuit belong- 4 preaching-places.
Received into full connection 10 persons; on trial, 7. 850 crowns were
collected during the year. To our two Sunday-schools belong 70 children.
Kappelshamn. This year we have had success in this place, though
not very great. The state of the congregation has become much better.
In this large working place, too, the people are very willing to hear the
word of God, so that our meetings in general are well attended. Here we
have 3 preaching-places. Received into full connection, 10 persons, and
on trial, 13. They have collected 437 crowrns. The Sunday-school has
35 children.
Trakumla is a country place. The work here has been much enlarged
during the last years, and the confidence in our cause has increased very
much. It is impossible for the preacher to visit all the new places which
are opened. In Tofta, a parish about nine English miles from Trakumla,
is a chapel built this year, with rooms for the preacher, and it will, if God
grant it, be dedicated immediately after the Annual Conference. The
friends themselves built it and supplied the materials, so that the chapel
debt will not be very great. It is very good in the congregation. We
have here 5 preaching-places. 12 persons are received into full connec­
tion, and 10 have joined the Church on trial. 1,137 crowns were collected
during the year ; indeed, a large sum for a country place in Gotland!
3 Sunday-schools, with 100 children.
STATISTICAL REPORT OF ICARLSKRONA DISTRICT.
T o ta l amounts collected during the year, about, crowns..................................27,215
Preaching-stations and preaching-places...............................................................
98
D uring the year received members into full connection...................................
288
D uring the year received members on trial..........................................................
369
201
Increase o f members..................................................................................................
This year many of our members have moved to other places, especially
to America, and this is the chief cause of the real increase not being
greater in this district.
Sunday-schools in the district..................................................................................
44
2.4 21
C h ild ren .....................
Chapels dedicated during the y e a r.........................................................................
3
Chapels being b u ilt...................................................*...............................................
1
Then we see that our dear Saviour, the Lord of the Church, has been
with us during the last year, and blessed his own cause with success.
Praise to God ! The confidence in our cause, as we have already repeated­
ly said, has largely increased this year.
Many new doors have been
opened during the year, and, in consequence of this, more preachers are
wanted in the district.
W e wish that we could, at this Annual Con­
ference, appoint preachers for the following five p laces: Oland, Nybro,
Ryssby, Krokek, and Wamlingbo. In all these places we have many dear
brethren and sisters who humbly ask the most reverend Missionary Board
to send them preachers. In financial matters the year has shown some
improvement, for which we are very much indebted to our most r e v e r e n d
i 88 i .J
SCANDIN AVIA.
II9
Missionary Board, who have sent help to several congregations. Our
friends, too, strive eagerly and sacrifice much so that the chapel debts,
which in many places are still burdensome, may be paid off. May God
bless the dear brethren and sisters !
To the praise of the preachers it can be likewise said that they
have labored zealously and faithfully for the saving of sinners. Many of
them preach thrice every Sunday, and besides several times during the
week. Now I will also observe that those who are most diligent in vis­
iting from house to house have had the most durable success. No one
of our brethren— the preachers— has had a prolonged sickness during the
conference year, and none have been called to their eternal rest. All have
grown in attachment to the Church and love her highly. May God bless
and keep the brethren !
The Sunday-school work, which will greatly contribute to the increase of
the Church, has been blessed by God also this year. As we now, from
the Sunday-school fund in America, have got a contribution to the salary
of a traveling agent of our Sunday-schools here in Sweden, we hope that
God, still more, will bless this important branch of Christian work.
W e thank God for all, and pray that he continually may hold his pro­
tecting hand over preachers as wrell as members, and bless his cause with
greater success, so that we, at the next Annual Conference, if the Lord
prolong our days, may have yet greater things to tell and much more to
thank him for.
G O T E B O R G D I S T R I C T , B. A . C a r l s s o n , P. E.
R E T R O S P E C T I O N . — W e are now standing at a point of time from which
we are able to look back to the past. A church year again is gone, a
space of time filled with perils, temptations and cares of various kinds,
but rich also in blessings and in fruits of the Gospel’s victories, for all of
which we feel heartily thankful to our heavenly Father.
T h e P r e a c h e r s .— Proceeding to relate the state of things within the
district of Goteborg, I, in the first place, will say that God in his grace
has held his hand over all our preachers in the district, enabling them to
be active and working during the course of the year. It may also be said
of them that they have worked with diligence, and given themselves up as
sacrifices, and many of them may be regarded as examples to be followed
in their serving their Lord. Each of them has had to fight his special
difficulties ; but they nevertheless have prayed and worked, nor have their
prayers and labors been lost, as they have rejoiced to witness the conver­
sion of many sinners.
T h e S o c i e t i e s .— The general state of the District of Goteborg in
days past, as many of us well know, has not been the b e st; but we be­
lieve, nevertheless, that this district may become the best mission field in
our country, and perhaps, ere long, very fruitful. The success in the year,
indeed, has not been remarkable, but we can, however, say, to the praise
of God, there has been success ; and true success, methinks, speaks better
120
M ISSIONARY REPORT.
[I88l.
for itself than I am able to do. Though the number of members taken
at the last yearly Conference could not by far be found again, nor was
all debt noted, yet, for all that, in most of the societies there is some in­
crease both in the number of members and in the amount of collection.
This is the more worthy of notice, considering how many of our best mem­
bers during the course of the year have emigrated to America. W e have
no wish to lose a single one of our dear people that now and then choose
to go to America, but we, at the same time, are convinced they will, there­
fore, not leave God and our Church. Moreover, we believe they will be
well received and nurtured by our dear fathers and brethren at the other
side of the ocean, when happily arrived thither. W e therefore need not to
lament their emigration, but have rather reason to rejoice that our mother
Church in America takes home her own children, born unto her in a far
country.
A t the same time it must be confessed that our societies in Sweden,
being in general very poor, have had trouble to collect money enough to
pay their current expenses. They have, however, not only found means
to that, but have also somewhat regularly paid their interest.
Some of
them have also succeeded in paying some minor parts of their liabilities,
though there are others that at their best will not have been able to
diminish their debt, though else they have paid all their expenses.
During the year now gone two new chapels have been erected and
dedicated, viz. : one in Karlskoga, and one in Goteborg. These chapels
have been built simple and cheap ; wherefore, the said societies, having
well understood the matter, are not pressed with debts, with little or no
probability left afterward to pay them.
Some of our dear brethren and sisters in grace have, during the past
year, finished their work and gone home to the everlasting rest. We
feel sorrow for the loss, but we rejoice at their happiness, as they have all
died in the belief in Christ. W e can, consequently, also now use the
words of our Father Wesley : “ Our enemies may say of us and our work
what evil they want, but our people, nevertheless, die happy.”
There are in Goteborg District 19 societies, managed by preachers in
charge. Out of these societies 11 are legally organized. The societies
possess 19 chapels in all. A t the beginning of this year only 3 of these
Church properties were legalized in the name of the Methodist Episcopal
Church. W e now hold 8 such lawful possessions. In spite of that, in
several places, difficulties have arisen to get these properties legalized, as
they formerly had been legalized in the names of private persons. I hope
ere long every society will stand secure with respect to this matter, a
thing which is most pressing.
T h e S u n d a y - s c h o o l C a u s e .— In our Sunday-schools the work has
been conducted with zeal and ardor. Male and female teachers, with
diligence and prayer unto God, try to plant the truth in the hearts and
minds of their pupils, and their mutual labors hitherto have not been in
vain nor fruitless. W e can see this from the fact that the children show
delight and interest in the Sunday-school..and from their attentive be­
18 8 1-]
SCAN DIN AVIA.
121
havior, as well as from the fact that not a few of them have been led to
Christ and now manifest love to God and sincere attachment to the
Church.
With respect to the religious instruction of the elder children there may
still be much to desire. Many of our less enlightened members, accord­
ing to old practice, still permit their fourteen or fifteen years’ old children
to be confirmed by the priests of the State Church. This unmeet be­
havior often produced the sad effect that the children not only were for­
bidden to attend our services in general, but also entirely were drawn
away from both God and his people. This unaccountable intrusion upon
our working, I think, however, may easily be prevented if we only, with
the help of God, faithfully and conscientiously follow the rules of our Dis­
cipline with respect to the religious instruction of the children. . Some of
the preachers, in fact, have fulfilled this duty, and we say, honor to these
brethren. If we, moreover, were able to provide all our children with
our little Sunday-school paper and some needful books, then our Sundayschool, without doubt, would produce still more abundant fruit.
T h e W a n t s o f t h e C a u s e .— Within our district there are, except­
ing the above-named congregations, eight societies, v iz .: one in Karlstad,
one in Lidkoping, one in Majorna, of Goteborg, one in Landskrona, one
in Ystad, one in Degerfors, one in Laxa, and one in Delary. These
societies hitherto have not had any preacher of their own, but they, never­
theless, several years have worked faithfully with us and ever manifested
love and attachment to our cause. They are in great need of support
and preachers, wherefore I hope that the request of these our dear friends
will be granted during the coming year, in case there be sufficient means
and supply of men adapted for the work, that is, such as are empow­
ered with commission from heaven.
We recognize with sincere gratitude the blessed help God, through the
Missionary Society, has brought over to us. Without this help of Provi­
dence perhaps most of us still had erred in spiritual darkness, if not worse.
The light of the Gospel has been brought to us, and we now, out of our
whole heart, wish that the same light also may be carried to every man
in the world. With this holy aim before our eyes, we wish and pray that
the Missionary Society, not only continually would grant us a yearly ap­
propriation as large as hitherto, but that the amount, if possible, might be
increased, that we thus may be able to strengthen and widen our work,
and send the message of salvation to all parts of our country.
S T A T IS T I C S O F T H E S W E D E N
C IR C U IT
M IS S IO N
FOR
1881 .
i-f
OR
St
STATION.
IrownB.* 1
Stockholm D istrict.
S tock h olm ........................
Boilorti'lje mid M o r k o ...
N vbv Circuit....................
Vpsaln................................
Gello....................................
Bandviken...........................
Mora and Orsa................
Sundsvall............................
Ave«ta C ircuit..................
Philipstad Circuit..............
Linde C ir c u it....................
Arbosra C ircuit..................
Eskilstnna, e t c ..................
Kimgrsor and W c s te n n o .
Rnnsater C ir c u it ..............
Odensvi C ircuit.............. .
Finland..............................
8S5
48
80
10
88
11
251
267
81
67
1 1
42
90
78
90
100
1
..
289
58
SS
109
136
23
80
33
83
85
49
80
50
113
24
40
24
265
160
75
56
62
23
1.000
150
150
750
800
2.50
400
150
800
800
200
200
800
800
eoo
800
855 1
90 ,000 ;
95
292
450
60
7d
70
2.500
81.500
25.000
3.010
1.500,
2;
i
%
2
1
2
'i
2
8
3
2
.’. ’. ’. 1
fit»!..
O il,..
225'
SO
4.500
6.000
40,000
4.000
1.500
5.547
'i
2
2
1
!
K iV 'h k ron tt D istrict,
K a rlsk ron a ........................
K alm ar..............................
M on steras........................
Loftaham m er..................
O skarsliam n....................
"W esteryik........................
"Waidem arsvik................
U orrk op in g......................
Ek>jo..................................
Linköping:..........................
K.avlsnanin....................
•Wisby..............................
81!
6
58
68
26
29
284
42
64
51
12
16
1 1
1 1
1 2
50 V
550
600
400
500
100
124
sor
26
S5(
50
.
8!
l|
6’
2'
9
i
i
l
ii
’s
6001 .
10s
11(1
50 ..
100 ..
70
2
60,
80 .
i;
:V SU .
l1
2
1
l
0
3 0 0 j.
240
B u ttle ............................
O stergam ......................
Knppelsham n..............
Slite................................
N assjo............................
Trakum la......................
N yk op in g......................
Lerback..........................
M otala............................
1.000
40
lt!(V .
ISO .
17.000
11.000'
6,670
6,000
7.Ó62
8,500
85,000,
....1
_ _ _ i
10.(1(10
94
50
07
60
32
53
00
91
102
11
14
16
9
19
20
37
31
250
2Ö0
200
200
200
200
200
300
550
1:
i
2
2
1
5i
..1
2
4
2
3
1
2
1
3
1
3
2
55|
65
85
70
40
115
40
76
225
3,070
4.00U
3,175
3.073
9.400
1,800
5S
Is
4
11
24
20
20
5
2
15
32
10;
22
07
30
32
3s
OS
24
9!
700
200
50
200
800
800
250
400
800
3oO
500
450
550
350
150
250
5o0
000
500
50
10
1
2
8
225
60
80.000
7,000
7,500
4
i 4
1
274
69
30
54
67
45
50
46
85
51
117
158
235
165
84
96
134
248
159
21
753
643
509
0,650
8.350
6,900
88 38
46 41
73 50
1.905 21,900
1,830
207 ¡129
1|224 1128
i
i
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
8
2i
1
1
2
5
i
2
340
63 00
345 100 00
50 00
1,149
2.550 118 36
0,348 :
61 50
200 155 00
I 39 07
60 00
5,ÌÓ8
120 00
8,000
'2
S9
7
52
29
5
6
49;
95
54
71
00
00
12 02
145 18
04
164
27
201
223
267
725
213
626
25:
34
90 I
001
;
82
00
00
77
19
8,206
477
142
251
211
620
209
2.145
965
1.205
1.773
400
940
592
17T
275
602
534
551
259
04
23
06
98
00
87
09
28
06
10
00
00
00
00
89
70:
00 1
15
04
25 !
150 00
2ÌÒ
517
1,075
625
4Ì
08
79
00
1,203 2Ò
15 00
Gotebnrg D i trict.
3
1
1
G oteborg and Majorna
W alda and S la p ..........
"Warberg C ircuit.........
Stromsted and(.n-bbcstad
T ossp Circuit. ..................
Seffle
Iiellstedand L a torp........
Jonkopinsr..........................
Bjnf and R a u s ... ............
Lund and L andskrona...
Maltno and Y stad ............
Hallsbi-rg............................
Örebro..................................
H a rd em o ............................
Lf-khyttan..........................
Grum s..................................
Kristlnehainn, e t c ............
Karlskoga and Degerfors.
A torp....................................
D elary..................................
i i
....................
i 2
1
i
1
2
1
4
i
i
1
I
3,
1
8
7
2:1
5
0
19
2
4
1
1
1
4
1
2
2
3
3
2:
G
1
2
2
7
6
1
10
25
22
100
75
50
eo
190
ISO
1 00
145
10
25
70
260
120
50
2
15,500
2,383 :
400!
’i
'2
1
6,000
28.ÓÓÓ
1,250
8.ÓÓÓ
18,000
8,000
2,000
8.000
0.300
10.500
4.700
400
'2
i
2
2
1
1
1
i
1,250
i
’i
1
212
93
45
05
40
00
2,383 J
; lo5
65
13.0 05
84
2,000
143
125
l ’,228
105
6.000
103
90
2,900
1,085 1 47
1,35S 120
2.730
155
4.327
113
1.441
141
....
70
25
00
75
00
49
50
55
(15
50 j
00
00
15
00
00
00
00
85
10
143
89
7
188
33
9
25
34
12
33
50
4
14
120
6
64
145
14
4
35
40
50
10
23
02
72
SO
25
89
00
50
52
00
54
24 ;
06
7S;
90
4,505
8
6
111
70
91
00
51
288 90
2,864 90
850
80
251
197
199
881
447
20
7S
ÒÒ
00
00
00
70
75
00
88
25
R EC APITULATION B Y DISTRICTS.
Stockholm D istrict.........
Karlskrona
*■ .........
Goteborg
“
.........
14
13
15
7 17
9 26
5 26
2,075
2.0S7
2,135
Last ye a r......................
42
87
21 69
79
6.300
5,988
2.112 1 2 8 12*
21
2,434
19
1,827
0.373
0,148
1 2 8 521
471
215.0ST! ' 20
153.350 2sj
17
130.050
499.057
402,325
71
. .1
*Thu crowu ia worth 26.8 cents.
__i
1,000
3
1,250
4
8
2,250
80,658 2.593 59 1,092 39 ! 15.754 73
64.259 2.799 2S 1.639 SO 13.201 42
50.800 1,920 89 952 50 15,499 44
17,114 55
12,125 70
9.130 50
7 3,360,000
44,455 59
43,000 2S
38.370 75
20,277 00
7 3,800,000
201,717 7,313 70 8,6S4 84
6.153 S9 647 85
124
M ISSIONARY REPORT.
[l8 8 l.
III.
DENMARK.
M issionaries.
K a r l S c h o u , S u p e rin te n d e n t.
Carl
F. E l t z h o l t z , Horsens and Aarhus.
J. d e L o r e n t T h o m s e n , O d e n se .
.A ssistant M issionaries.
M rs . L . S c h o u ,
M rs. B . E l t z h o l t z .
IN"a tive O rd a in e d P r e a c h e r s .
J. J. C h r i s t e n s e n , C o p e n h a g e n .
P. M. S. J e n s e n , Frederikshavn.
H.
H a n s e n , S vendborg.
C h r . M . T h a a r u p , V e ile .
Th e work in Denm ark is in a very promising condition, as
was manifest to the senior Corresponding Secretary and to
Bishop Peck in their personal visitation. T h e Bishop s a y s :
In 1873 we had in the Denmark mission 276 members. W e have made
a small margin every year since. W e now number 638 in full connection,
and 100 on probation. W e have seven earnest, laborious missionaries.
The superintending of Brother Schou is characterized by great industry,
strict economy, and undoubted conservatism. The great want of the
mission is houses of worship to accommodate the people who wish to
attend our ministry. I am thoroughly convinced that the Missionary So­
ciety ought to be made able to extend prompt and efficient aid to our
struggling people in their efforts to build a number of plain, decent
churches every year. W e are advancing a little, but too slowly. The
arrangements made by Brother A. Dollner, ultimately to pay the debt on
our church at Copenhagen, and provisions for helping to build two new
churches, greatly encourage the brethren. “ W e must do more next
year.”
Provision has already been made for paying the church
debt at Copenhagen of 80,000 crowns. In effect it is already
done, the interest only being paid during the lifetime of its
generous benefactors. A beautiful lot, one hundred feet square,
on a fine avenue, has been purchased at Frederickshavn,
and a neat church erected upon it. T h is is a most important
and growing point, it being the entrepot for W estern Europe,
from Russia, Sweden, and Norway, and a great harbor being
18 8 1.]
SCANDINAVIA.
125
in process of erection there by the Government. The little
one here will soon become strong, if we mistake not the signs
of the times. The brethren being aided by the generous gift
of $500 from a visitor, a new church is also going up on an
eligible site in the important city of Svendborg. The lot is
100 feet front by 112 deep, between the residences of the
Mayor of the city and the district Judge, and within ten
minutes’ walk of the C ity Hall. T h e church now in process
of erection is to cost 8,000 crowns.
The distractions and divisions of former years seem to have
for the most part passed away, and a noble band of united
workers, able ministers of the Lord Jesus, are seizing the hour
to advance. One or two churches should be built each year
for a decade, and at least one new city entered every year.
The annual meeting was, this year, held at Veile, and it was
a time of quickening to the Church and inspiration to the
brethren. Bishop Peck and Dr. Reid were present through­
out the session. The town authorities, influenced by the big­
otry of State Church officials, refused the public hall for the
Sabbath services, and the throng could not be accommodated
in our chapel. This was in striking contrast with the liber­
ality displayed at Gefle, in Sweden, and Frederickstadt, in Nor­
way, where Conferences had just been held. Bigotry will have
to yield to the advance oi a free Gospel.
W ith the aid now extended to the Churches in Denmark
we trust there will be little more embarrassment, and no
danger of failures or foreclosures. Great spirituality and fervor
characterizes the worship of our people here, and the Lord
adds almost daily to their numbers. Some of the societies
will ere long be entirely self-reliant.
T h e following is the Superintendent’s rep o rt:
In presenting the report for this year I am glad that I am able to say,
that, though this mission is one of the smaller missions of our beloved
Church,- and thus far has shown itself comparatively less fruitful in that
which by many may be considered the only indication of true progress,
increase o f membership, still I believe it does not prove itself less fruit­
ful, blessed be God ! in that which constitutes its true mission : bringing
the Gospel to sinners, being a light in the world, and an example to man­
M ISSIONARY REPORT.
L l 88 l.
kind. Thus its work is progressing, and as a leaven it leavens the State
Church, urges it on to activity, and quickens many of its dead members.
This has evidently been the case for years, both as regards Sunday-school
work and home mission work.
The spiritual condition of the mission is, on the whole, good, as far as
I am able to learn; the means of grace are well attended, and the weekly
attendance at our public services is gradually increasing.
During the year three new preachers have been employed; one has left us,
intending, as it appeared, to join the Irvingites, but settling finally back into
the State Church, in which he formerly had acted as lay preacher. We
rejoice also in the prospect of having laborers for our work raised up at
home after this. A couple of promising young men are preparing for
the work, and a finely educated young man, a graduate of the university
here, who has taken a theological course, but is especially well versed in
modern and ancient languages, has joined our Church, and hopes to enter
our ministry. If he is spared for us, as we earnestly pray he may be, he
will become, I trust, before long, a very useful man among us.
Our Sunday-schools continue to prosper, the children are much inter­
ested, and many of them are striving earnestly to live lives correspond­
ing to the blessed instructions they receive. Through the liberality of the
American Bible Society we have been enabled this year to supply our
schools with a sufficient number of copies of the Holy Bible, which has
been published this year in a pocket edition. W e have formerly used les­
sons entirely from the New Testament, but since we have been supplied
with Bibles the lessons are in the Old Testament, and as a guidance we
use both the Berean and International Courses, so as to take what there
is in both, and the lessons with notes are published every week in our
Sunday-school paper.
Our publications this year have been confined to tracts, a weekly Sundayschool paper, and a monthly religious journal, which from the beginning
of 1882 will be changed to a semi-monthly.
The annual report will, to our sorrow, show a small decrease in mem­
bership from last year, which is principally caused by so many of our
members having emigrated to America. There seems to be a general
desire throughout the country to go West, and whoever can disposes of his
little property and leaves. One hundred and twenty-three persons have
been lost this year thereby, and through other causes, so that although
members have been received into the Church in all stations, our numerical
strength is not increased.
W e have this year been enabled to add to the number of our churches
and chapels two new ones, one in Frederickshavn, and another in a coun­
try station on the Veile Circuit; and preparations are being made for
building a new church in Svendborg next summer, for which a.lot has
been secured from the Lutheran Church in the place on very favorable
conditions.
Three new Quarterly Conferences have been organized this fall, in
Odense, Horsens, and Enkelund. The total receipts for different objects
i
8 8 i .]
SCANDIN AVIA.
127
amount to 10,292.53 crowns, an increase from last year of 2,028.96
crowns. Missionary collection, 1,412.38 crowns.
Copenhagen and Christianshavn.
Rev. J. J. Christensen, preacher
in charge, was appointed to this charge by Bishop Peck after Rev. C. F.
Eltzholtz, who had been stationed here two years. Both report the spiritual
condition of the society to be good. Tw o thirds of the members attend
regularly class-meeting, and the prayer-meetings, as well as public serv­
ices at the church, are comparatively well attended. In Christianshavn
there are regular services Thursday and Sunday, and class-meetings
Tuesdays; and Brother Johnson, a brother from Evanston, 111., who
came home this summer to visit his parents and, if possible, to study
Danish, has that work assigned him. He is doing a good work, and his
visiting from house to house is having a good influence. Love and peace
has finally conquered, and, I believe, reigns supreme through his charge,
blessed be God ! The attempts which for years have been made to utterly
ruin this charge have signally failed, and it seems they have given up the
battle. The last attack, which probably had a similar origin, was an an­
nouncement in the prominent papers through the country that our church
was to be sold for debt. Thanks be to God ! that this has also come to
naught, so that the church has not only not to be sold, but the debt on it
will, through the munificence of the patrons of our Danish Mission and
the Missionary Society, all be paid this year. W e have had to close one
of our Sunday-schools for the present, not having the men to lead it or a
suitable location to meet in. The other two are prospering finely, and are
a blessing to many, and especially to the Church itself. The membership
numbers at present 137, writh 19 probationers, over 50 persons having
either removed or been disposed of otherwise. Our members are, with
scarcely an exception, all poor; still, the collections for all purposes
amount to 2,156.52 crowns. Missionary collection, 317.50 crowns.
Langeland Circuit. Brother L. Christensen is supplying this field
since the annual meeting, to the satisfaction of the society. His work
extends all over the island, a distance of over thirty English miles. He
lias at present ten regular appointments, which he fills with great regular­
ity, walking from place to place and preaching daily, and holding regular
Sunday service at our chapel in Skebjerg. He reports large congrega­
tions and close attention to the word every-where. Brother Thaarup, the
late pastor here, had a difficult task in raising our Church in the estima­
tion of the people, and regaining that confidence which, through the un­
godliness of a former pastor, had been lost. For that he labored faith­
fully, early and late, and succeeded, and Brother Christensen follows up
nobly the work of his predecessor, and hopes to see a good increase as
one of the fruits. The people upon this island, having been largely
favored by abundance of this world’s goods, are not very earnest seekers
of the treasures above, and it is a trying work to sow the seed among
them ; but, through the grace of God, the labor will not be in vain. A
little band of brethren and sisters are standing by their new and partly
inexperienced leader, laboring patiently and praying earnestly for the
128
M ISSIONARY REPORT.
[i88r.
blessing irom above upon the work. God grant i t ! Collections for all
purposes amount to 234.75 crowns. Missionary collection, 125 crowns.
Svendborg Circuit. Rev. H. Hansen, preacher in charge. This charge
has been connected under one pastor and a supply with Odense, Faaborg,
and Trolleborg, etc., but has been made into a separate charge again
at this last annual meeting- Large and attentive congregations have
filled our hall this year every Sunday, and during the summer, when openair meetings could be held, these were exceedingly well attended, as were
also the meetings held at the country appointments. One difficulty in the
way for our work in this town, where we have the respect and confidence
of the population, has been our less pleasant and comfortable h a ll; but
during the coming summer there will, God permitting, be built a neat
little church, wThich will accommodate four hundred persons at least. A
sister who died some years ago left a little property to the mission for that
purpose, and lately a kind visitor from the United States, who at a glance
saw our need, offered to give $500 toward a church, to which sum the
Missionary Society has added $250. The amount of subscription thus
far, including the above, is 5,500 crowns, and a builder has taken the
job, not including the furniture, for 7,600 crowns. A loan of 3,000 crowns
is secured, so that the erection of the church is thus far certain. The lot is
bought of the Lutheran Church in the town, on the condition of an annual
payment of four per cent, of its price. The principal can never be de­
manded, but we are at liberty to pay it at any time we may desire. Our
society is greatly encouraged by these prospects, and we hope it will prove
a great blessing to our cause. The collections amount to 943.97 crowns.
Missionary collection, 145 crowns.
Odense Circuit, including Faaborg and Trolleborg, is in charge of Rev.
J. de Lorent Thomsen, who is the first stationed preacher in Odense. He
has, indeed, done a great work here, and by his preaching stirred the city
and brought the people to think and speak of Methodism. The meetings,
held both Sundays and week-days, have been crowded by hearers, and it
has happened at times that there have been as many outside as inside.
The open-air services in the summer months were attended by hundreds
of hearers. God has blessed his word and many have been converted,
among whom is a lion-tamer, who once, while under the influence of
liquor, put his arm into the mouth of a lion and lost it. He has a second
time been saved out of a lion’s mouth. Methodism here is of the old
stamp, says Brother Thomsen ; whenever the members meet it is for
prayer, praise, and godly conversation, and, although the most of them are
young in experience, they have nevertheless a good experience. Such a
work could not but meet with opposition from the Lutherans. They are
bound to oppose any thing that disturbs their slumbers, and they have
not failed to use every means to hinder our progress. This has especially
manifested itself in our Sunday-school work. Though Odense is a city of
about twenty-four thousand inhabitants, there had been no Sunday-school
there before ours was commenced; but two weeks after, the Lutherans
came out in strong force, preachers and teachers, and commenced their
188 r.l
•SCANDINAVIA.
129
school, and through the means they have in their hands they forced most of
our scholars to join their school. It shows itself also in the way those who
are, converted at our meetings are labored with to persuade them to leave us,
and these attempts are sometimes successful. W e have some very excel­
lent members here, and the number is steadily increasing. In Faaborg
and Trolleborg we have a few members, who are visited regularly every
two weeks, and our meetings in the first place, especially, have been well
attended. W e have had some difficulty in Faaborg in getting a suitable
hall for services, since the authorities refused us the use of the City Hall,
which we had used several years. This was done, I understand, by the
influence of the Lutheran clergy, who wanted to drive us out of the city.
Another hall, which at that time was not in use, was immediately rented
by the Lutheran Home Mission for the avow'ed purpose of driving us out.
So we had to go to the hotel, where our meetings have been held since,
but often with great difficulty and disturbance. W e have the prospect
of getting a new hall, fitted up expressly for us, next summer. Trolleborg
is an old appointment, which in former years had borne much fruit, and
two of the children of this mission are ministers in our Church; but of
late years it has been an unfruitful place, with nothing to relieve its bar­
renness but an excellent Sunday-school, which is the hope of our Church
here. Cause, sin in the ministry. Brother Thomsen has received many
calls from different places to come and preach, and he has visited them as
often as possible, and very large and attentive congregations have listened,
under very deep feelings, to the word spoken. This field is so large, arid
with so many new places ready to hear our preaching, that Brother Thom­
sen thinks he ought to have an assistant. May God bless this new field
abundantly! Collections for all purposes have been 360.41 crowns.
Missionary collection, 131.49 crowns.
Veils Circuit, Rev. Chr. M. Thaarup, preacher in charge, includes the
country between Veile and Fredericia, and a large tract of country about
twenty miles west from Veile. This is our oldest mission in Jutland, in
whose church records all our members in Jutland up to 1878 were en­
rolled. This mother mission continues a fruitful field, and a place where
it indeed is good to b e : not without its difficulties and troubles, but with
grace and power from on high to come out victorious. The spiritual
state of the society is good. The pastor is very active, as was his prede­
cessor, Br. J, J. Christensen, and many fill our nice chapel Sunday after
Sunday to hear the word of God. Calls from other parts of the country
are accepted as far as time will permit, and this charge will yet be the
mother mission of other Churches. The means of grace are largely at­
tended, and the Sunday-school is in excellent condition. One of our exhorters, Br. J. N. Uth, is a very active Bible agent, going from house to house
through the country exhorting, reading, and praying with the people. He
is doing much good. Anoth'er brother, a local preacher, Br. J. Nielsen,
who has a large farm to attend to, preaches regularly every Sunday, and
attends largely, as if preacher in charge, to our society in the western part
of the circuit. The society there secured a house of their own last winter.
9
I3 0
'
MISSIONARY REPORT.
Cl8 8 1.
A public school, with many acres of land belonging- to it, was to be sold.
Our brethren bought it, parceled out the land, and retained the building
and about two acres of land for a chapel and parsonage. It is valued by
them at 1,200 crowns, a very low estimate, and there is no debt on it. The
debt on the church in Veile is 14,200 crowns, but it is decreasing annually.
Many have emigrated to America from this charge. Collections for all
purposes, 3,780.92 crowns. Missionary collection, 468.39 crowns.
Hornsyld Circuit, supplied by Sv. Johansen, is a country charge with
eight appointments. There is a good church, to which the society last
year built a good parsonage, and this year the church has undergone
thorough repairs. The brick floor has been replaced with a floor of wood,
the walls have been painted, and a new altar and pulpit have been put
up, so that the church presents a very fine appearance. In the church
there are regular Sunday and week-day services, but the congregations
are not so large as in the other appointments, perhaps caused by the loca­
tion, being in the midst of a settlement consisting of three or four doctors,
a drug store, a couple of other stores, and some mechanics and a few
large farmers. W e have not been able to exert much influence upon this
population, and would not have had a chapel there, if it had not been
built and given to the church by a former resident here belonging to our
Church, but who with his whole family emigrated to America. The
preacher's report shows an increased interest in several places, conversion
of sinners, and some additions to the Church ; but also from this charge
our brethren leave for America. About twenty have left this year. Br.
Johansen is a young and promising preacher, who is doing a good work
thus far, greatly to the satisfaction of the official members and the Church.
The collections for all purposes amount to 570.39 crowns. Missionary
collection, 85 crowns.
Horsens Circuit includes the city of Aarhus and some country appoint­
ments, and is in charge of Rev. C. F. Eltzholtz. This is, properly speak­
ing, a mission field. There has been no preacher stationed here before
this year, but it has been supplied from Hornsyld. • The membership
numbers twenty-four, with four probationers. Horsens has thirteen thou­
sand inhabitants, and is quite a manufacturing place, and our work thus
far has been principally among the factory hands and mechanics, of whom
many have been converted to God. Our greatest difficulty here, as at
other places, is the want of suitable accommodation for service. W e had
to climb up from a back yard on a pair of steep stairs to a second story
room, to begin w ith ; then we humbled ourselves, and went down into a
basement or cellar, formerly a Catholic chapel, but of late an oyster saloon
and restaurant, from which we were driven by inundation of w ater; then
a wine merchant fitted up a room for us, which is very comfortable, and
accommodates about two hundred persons; but I fear we may have to
leave that also, as he is fitting up a billiard hall on a lower floor, and that
will doubtless disturb our meetings. The want felt here is more or less felt
every-where where we do not have houses of our own. There are no halls
to be found in our towns suitable for religious services ; the people have
i88i.l
SCAN DIN AVIA.
had no need of such; whatever of halls there may be are either dancing
or drinking rooms, and they bring a better income thus than to rent them
for preaching. The membership in Horsens is devoted to God and Meth­
odism, and works faithfully in company with their pastor for the extension
of God’s kingdom. Their social meetings are much blessed, and their
Sunday-school, just commenced, promises success. Collection, 312 crowns.
Missionary collection, 55 crowns. Aarhus is the second city in size in
Denmark, and we hope will become a large missionary field for Method­
ism. Thus far we have only commenced, and cannot report any thing
whatever of the prospect or of success. The country appointments in
this circuit are far from the city. The meetings are at times attended by
very large audiences, and blessed of God.
Asaa and Hjorring Circuit is very large, supplied at present by Br.
A. Christensen, local preacher, together with the pastor at Frederikshavn.
Hjorring has formerly had a resident missionary, but his work proved en­
tirely unfruitful, and he left us this spring, thereby relieving us from the
unpleasant duty of locating him as an unprofitable laborer. Hjorring is
the principal city in the county; it has three Lutheran churches, and is
quite a thrifty place, but not over-much religious. Methodism has not
been able to do any thing there thus far, and it is now only visited occa­
sionally, but the country appointments are more promising. There are
generally many hearers, and they are easily moved by the Gospel; but it
seems as if their character is set forth in the parable of the sower, as the
seed falling in stony places, seeing they so soon forget their resolutions to
live godly lives. O what patience is needed to bring the word to such !
The missionary may leave with the best hopes from what he has seen and
experienced, but when he comes round next time the influence is gone,
and he has to begin again from the beginning. In Asaa Brother A.
Christensen has fitted up a room in his own house, where he has regular
service, and is doing a good work in being a faithful guardian of our
people and letting his light shine before the world. Their missionary
offering is 27 crowns.
Frederikshavn Circuit is in charge of Rev. P. M. S. Jensen. The
town is but small, but, nevertheless, a town of importance as a railroad
terminus and a sea and shipping port into which hundreds of vessels go
every year. It is a growing place, and will, it is expected, soon become a
port of much importance when the new harbor, for which there is asked
several million crowns at this session of the Rigsdag, is undertaken. Our
work here has from the beginning promised well, and proves itself fruit­
ful. A noble band of active members constitutes our society here, and
the blessing of God is evidently resting upon them. Their accommoda­
tions for public worship have been so poor that they were driven to do
something for a better hall. In the hope that the way would open for
them they began negotiating for a building lot, and were successful in
securing a lot in a veiy good location, for 3,000 crowns. A building was
then thought of, and a prominent merchant in the place, who had never
attended any of our services, but had noticed the fruits of our work, such
132
M ISSIONARY REPORT.
[l88l.
as the conversion of notorious sinners, came forward and promised to lend
us 5,000 crowns on a first mortgage, so that we could get us a church.
His offer was thankfully received, and the brethren went to work doing
what they could. Their subscriptions amounted to 1,470 crowns, the
Missionary Society helped the church with a grant of $500, and the church
was built and dedicated November 6, last. Many of the citizens of the
place attended the dedication, and the paper came out next day with
a very favorable notice about the services and our work as a whole.
This has not been accomplished without much opposition from the Luth­
eran priest and his friends ; but their endeavors to stop the work by per­
suading the merchant and others not to help us were unsuccessful.
Then they tried to start a subscription for a new Lutheran church, as
theirs, an old barn-like structure, is situated a distance outside of tow n;
but in this they were also unsuccessful. God has evidently prospered this
our undertaking, and we trust that he will also assist us, in ways at pres­
ent unknown to us, to get our debt of 8,000 crowns paid. Collections for
all purposes is 1,900.68 crowns. Missionary collection 58 crowns.
The extent of our work is enlarging, and calls come to us from several
places which we must obey as soon as it is possible for us. The feeling
among the brethren, our preachers, is, that the time has come in which
God intends to favor our Zion. “ W e have touched bottom,” as Dr. Reid
remarked at our annual meeting, and hereafter we must go forward.
The missionaries, without exception, are fully devoted to the work and
labor faithfully for the advancement of our cause ; and brotherly love, as at
no time before, is uniting us all together in Christ Jesus. God be praised!
W ill the Church remember this mission in its prayers ?
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of Churches.
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1
s
V
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of Day Scholars.
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.1
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Native Local Preachers.
C IB O U IT OR ST A TIO N .
\ Assistant Missionaries.
j
S T A T IS T IC S O F T H E
89 85
124 04
822 00
50 00
821 74
1,470 94
1.017 12 8.964 59
$469 96 $1,015 09
3,898 44
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5 86
852.000
841,600
N
orth
Commenced in 1856.
India.
Organized as a Conference in 1866.
T h e year past has been one of special encouragement in
the North India Mission, and of some numerical increase.
“ This year,” it is reported, “ the work has taken a fresh start."
T h e increase in the number of Sunday-school scholars is very
considerable— the number being now 1 1,996.
T o our mission is especially due the honor of establish­
ing or of giving efficacy to this institution in India.
It
seems to promise indefinite expansion, bringing the Hindu
and Mohammedan youth by thousands, not only from our own
day-schools, but to some extent from the government schools,
to share in Christian forms of worship, and the study of Chris­
tian truths, in which they manifest an increasing interest
This institution is doubtless designed by Providence as one of
the most important instruments for the conversion of India.
T h e work of developing and directing elementary schools
within our mission field is also making advanced requirements.
A special appeal comes this year from the Rohilcund District
for a considerable fund, for the supply of which we must look
to the liberality of private benefactors, to endow a complete
system of such schools within a given region, which shall
have its central and normal schools after the system estab­
lished by Government. T h e efficiency of our school work in
certain quarters, both of the low er and higher grade, has re­
ceived the special commendation of government inspectors
this year, and prospect is held out of an increase of govern­
ment grants. T h e relation of educational work to the success
of our mission in India is such that we believe the above
proposition for a special endowment worthy of serious consid­
eration and hearty response.
T h e increasing efficiency of the native preachers is noted in
this year’s Report, and the hopes of our missionaries for the
188 t.]
NORTH INDIA.
135
future of the mission justly grow still brighter as they see such
able men raised up in the field to carry forward the work.
There are tokens of a very extended movement, which m aj
ere long find full development in the adoption of Christian­
ity by whole castes of the Hindus, who have already accepted
the Gospel within their circle.
D uring the year two important churches— those of L u ck ­
now and Cawnpore— have been relieved of debt, a new church
has been dedicated at Seetapore, and also one at Nynee Tal,
on the new and safer site at the lower end of the lake.
The
disasters of the mission at this place, by occasion of the land
slip, are being fully repaired.
The new church here cost
24,000 rupees, most of which has been already paid by sub­
scription. For a fuller account, see the report from the Kumaon District.
. W e commend all the district reports to careful perusal.
They abound in facts and incidents, which should be brought
to the attention of the people, as illustrative of the success of
our endeavors to carry the blessings of the Gospel to a hea­
then people,
T h e session of the North India Conference occurs January
11, 1882, and we are therefore only able to give here the dis­
tribution of the laborers in the field during 1881. The mis­
sionaries and assistant missionaries of the parent Society
and the missionaries of the W . F. M. S. will be distinguished
by their several titles in the lists of appointments under the
different Districts.
R O H I L K U N D D I S T R I C T , E. W.
Park er,
P. E.
A P P O IN T M E N T S FO R 1881.
B a r e i l l y .— Missionaries:
T. J. Scott, D.D., S. S. Dease, M.D. D. W.
Thomas, Suftriy. Assistant Missionaries, Mrs. Scott, Mrs. Thomas.
Pastor, J. T. Janvier.
Evangelist, Mohan.
Pilibkit, D. P. Kidder,
Ghassi. Bisalphur, Dil Sookh. Aonla, Silas, Chhiddu. Bareilly High
School, M. L. Banerjee.
Missionaries W. P . M . S .: Miss C. A. Swain, M.D., Miss F. Sparkes.
Assistant Missionaries: Miss Miller, Mrs. Jarbo, Miss Durand. Medical
Assistants: Rebecca Gowan, Matilda Adams.
Girls’ Orphanage—
136
M ISSIONARY REPORT.
[l88l.
Zenana Teachers: John Moses, Daniel Buck, Ella Moses, Eliza Joel,
Isabella Kallu, Mohaniyan Mattara, Am y Chhidda, Rupiya Melville Fatto,
Hester Pool. City Girls' School— Ruth Sweet, Lydia Pres Grave.
F U T H A G U N G E . — M inister in Charge : A. Solomon; John Net Ram.
Bible Women: Rachel, Khairatan. M ir Guge, Ummed Singh, I. Siroulee, Agru. Sigra, Jawahir Lall. Pardouli, Manee Ram. Kaiosa,
Shib Churn.
K H E R A B a j h e r a .— M inister: Fazl Ullah ; James B r isco e . Bible
Women : Aziman, Milkah.
S H A H J E H A N P O R E C i r c u i t . — Boys Orphanage.— Missionary : T . S«
Johnson, M.D. Assistant Missionary, Mrs. Johnson. Pastor in Orphan­
age, W. R. Bowen. H ead Master, A. Frank. Teachers: Peter Solomon,
Samuel Tupper, A. R. Street.
S H A H J E H A N P O R E . — Missionary, C. L. Bare.
Assistant Missionary,
Mrs. Bare. C ity : C. Hancock, Matti Istifan. City School— Head Mas­
ter, H. L. Mukarjee. T ilh u r : Ishri Parshad, Edwin Gay. Pawayan,
Seneca Falls. Jalalabad, Benjamin F. Cocker.
W. F . M . S. Assistant Missionary, Mrs. Fleming-. Bible Women and
Teachers: Cassie Barnes, Mona Fish, Salome Gale, Tabitha Rouser,
Jenney Singh, Bella Howard, Bella Plumer, Sophronia Hancock, Sarah
Perrine, Grace Falls, Anna Crocker.
P a n a h p o k e .— Mitiister in Charge, H. J. Adams. Teachers: R. Turner,
Ram Sook.
Bible Women and Teachers: Minerva Adams; Ranee,
Haidri, Khanam Turner, Mercey.
B U D A O N . — Missionary, R. Hoskins.
Assistant Missionary, Mrs.
Hoskins. Budaon: Hasan Roza, Khan, Taj Khan. City School— Head
Master, Samuel Phillips. Lotanpur, Khub Chan. M araira, Chhote
Lall. Saiswan, James Jordon. Data Gunge, Kallu Singh. Zillah Evan­
gelist, Kallu Dhar.
W. F . M. S. Assistants: Mrs. Haddis, Mrs. Butterfield. Matron,
Mrs. Bond. Boarding-school Master, Fred. Samuel. Bible Women and
Teachers: Luchhami, Mabbo, Maharani, Elizabeth Samuel, Louisa Phil­
lips, Rosina S. Leonard, Manzuran, Karuna, Huliya, Josephine John,
Kokila Dass, Duliya Munna, Fanny Peters, Parbati.
K A K R A L A .— M inister in Charge, Mahbub Khan. Kakrala, Tore Datt.
U jh a n i: Kaliyan Dass, Khairan Khan. Bible Women, Kaliya Datt.
B i l s i . — Pastor, Antone Datt.
B ilsi, Simon Peter. Bisouli, Jhabbu
Lall. Zena)ia Worker, Claudia Dass. '
C h a n d a u s i .— Pastor, George Bailey.
Teachers: W . Comfort, John
S. Higginbottoms, Laura Eve, Bukiya Comfort.
• M O R A D A B A D . — Missionary, H. Mansell.
Assistant Missionaries:
Mrs. Parker, Mrs. Mansell. Moradabad— Pastor, Piran.
Teachers:
H. K. List, Fazl Hagg, Buddha, Motee, Thannah. Shahupur, Prem
Dass. Mousampur, Andrias. Haroura, Prabhu Dass. Bairampur,
Prem Singh.
W. F . M . S. Missionary, Miss L. Kelley. Girls' Boarding School—
jfa tron , Mrs. Alexander. Teachers: Lizzie, Sophia, Esther Catharine,
18 8 1.]
NORTH INDIA.
137
Lorain, Bakhtawar. Zenana and Village Workers: Jane P. Plumer,
Mary List, Sundri, Piraniyan, Bilaso, Matilda Adams, Tijiya.
S U M B H A L . — M inister in Charge, Zahur-ul-Huqq.
Sumbhal: W . S.
Plumer, Mawasi Singh. City School— Teacher, Joti Lall. Rasulpore,
Jumman Lall.
Sharikpur, Ummed Singh, II.
Gangeshri, Yaqub
Carnehus.
Babukhera, Francis Peters.
Hasanpur, Jhabbu Singh.
Pithkhera, Gulab Singh. Alichola, Ballu Singh.
W. F . M . S. W orkers: Susannah Haag, Mary Crocker, Elizabeth
Chhidda, Emma Hedges, Gomti, Susan.
A m r o h a . — Amroha— Pastor, Peter Merrill, Dulla Singh. Hafizpur,
Dand. Joa, Biharee Lall. Narainiyan, Gurdiyal Singh. Dourala,
Manphul Singh. Raepur, Prabhu Dass. Dhanaura, H. B. Mitchel.
Zenana Workers: Josephine, Lydia Daud, Eliza Mitchel, Nathiya
Manphul, Phebe.
B lJ N O U R . — M inister in Charge, H. A . Cutting.
Teacher, A. G.
M’Arthur. Mandawar, Yaqub Shah.
Mohammadptir, Bala Dass.
Najeehabad, B. M ’Gregor. Nageenah, Dilawar Singh. Bashta, J. F.
Judd. Dhampur, Jukkhan Lall.
W. F . M . S. Workers : Miss Maria Seymore, Miss Margaret Seymore,
Bella Cutting, Sofi Rodgers, Emily M’Arthur, Agnes Cutler, Jane F.
Willing. Rachel Singh, Henrietta M ’Gregor, Bholee, Ranee, Loes Judd,
Hannah Lali, Bholee Erastus.
N o t e . — A ll of the above not noted a s missionaries or assistants, are natives em­
ployed in the work. T h e teachers in our schools who are not Christians are not shown
in this list. Hence the table shows more teachers than are given here.
T h e Presiding Elder rep orts:
This district is more than two hundred miles long, and contains a pop­
ulation greater than that of the entire State of New York. Within our
bounds there are little churches or classes in more than fifty different
places. There are 160 day-schools, with 4,177 pupils; 1 Theological
School; 1 High School; 2 Orphanages, with about 500 pupils, and 172
Sunday-schools, with 7,501 pupils. Our regular Christian laborers, as
shown in our list of appointments above, consist of 7 missionaries, with
their families; 3 missionaries of the Ladies’ Society; 6 Eurasian lady
assistants; 90 native men of various grades, from the members of
Conferences to the primary school teacher; and 88 native women
employed as zenana teachers, school teachers, and Bible women. This
gives us many departments of work and many grades of laborers, yet the
work in every department shows encouraging prosperity. While some
laborers fail, the larger portion succeed through the careful supervision
given to all the work.
More native preachers have been placed in full charge of large circuits
this year, and they have done well in every case. The growth of these
men is, perhaps, the most encouraging feature of our work. One great
hinderance in our work has been the evil effects of the climate, forcing
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M ISSIONARY REPORT.
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missionaries to leave their work every few years, thus making- missionary
labor very expensive and quite irregular. Hence it is very cheering to
see strong men rise up in our midst capable of taking some of our largest
circuits and doing efficient work. In future we can only afford to keep
missionaries enough in this field to direct and mold and steady the work,
and only men who are natural leaders are henceforth required. W e can­
not afford to employ an American who, as a workman, is in nowise supe­
rior to the native preacher on an adjoining circuit, while he costs the soci­
ety eight times as much as the native brother does. Our better class of
native preachers are certainly giving us very great satisfaction in every
respect. They are men with a clear, definite experience, sincere devotion,
pure character, and real efficiency in the w ork; and every year tried men
come to the front from the ranks of local preachers, acting as junior
preachers, who are being faithfully trained for the work. A t our late
District Conference seven worthy men came up for recommendation for
admission to the Annual Conference. One did not satisfy his brethren in
his examination, one other waited a year to be free of the use of tobacco,
and a third was put off on account of a report of some former wrong
conduct. Nearly every man in the Conference believed the report false,
yet they put off the case until it could be proved false. Four excellent, welltrained graduates of our Theological School, who have also had several
years of experience in the work, were recommended. In this District Con­
ference there were over one hundred natives present, including ministers,
local preachers, exhorters, district stewards, leaders, and Sunday-school
superintendents, and only six missionaries, and yet no man could get a
recommendation, even from this miscellaneous body, concerning whom
there was the least doubt of his having a clear record. This, also, is an
encouraging phase of our work.
Our Sunday-schools still increase. Of the 7,501 pupils in our schools,
about 6,000 are non-Christians. It is one of the mysteries of our work
to see how God is giving us the children even of those who would op­
pose our religion. These Sunday-schools are conducted exactly like Chris­
tian schools, and encouragements, such as cards, pictures, Sunday-school
papers, etc., are given the boys, the same as in America.
The work in many parts of the district is spreading among lower classes,
and we believe that the way is being rapidly prepared for a very large in­
gathering. Some of the leaders of these classes are already Christians,
and others are inquirers, and in many places persons have been baptized,
forming a nucleus fora large work. In one class— the Chumars— so often
mentioned in this report, there are over 500,000 persons in this district,
and so many of their religious leaders and others have become Chris­
tians, that multitudes in the caste are talking of the religion, and
many do not hesitate to state that they are soon to become Christians.
T he call for little schools to teach the children of these people is very
general. These schools would cost about $36 per year for each school.
Those who ask for such schools fully believe that the result will be
that they and their children will be Christians. Could we supply this
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NORTH INDIA.
139
demand for educating1 the children of these classes by opening one
hundred small schools, costing $3,600 per year, and keeping up good cen­
tral schools of higher grades to which the best boys could be promoted
for a higher education, we could within a few years gather in a very large
Church, in which a large proportion would be intelligent men and women,
so that the unlearned, coming along with them in large numbers, with
idolatrous habits fixed, would not crush out the pure life of the Church.
God gives us success as fast as we get our foundations securely laid so as
to raise up a pure Church. Would that some of God’s wealthy stewards
would endow a system of schools with $100,000. This would give us a
high central school, with one hundred primary schools, from which choice
pupils could be promoted to the high school. There are few openings
where so little money can do so much good. One primary school a year
for $36, and each such school will almost surely prove the nucleus of a
Church ! The separate circuit reports show particulars of w ork:
B a r e il l y
Cir c u it.
Rev. T. J. Scott w rites:
“ Our communicants now number 240. This is ten less than last year,
the decrease being caused by removals, including the graduating class of
theological students, and the removal by letter of some, and a few expul­
sions. Our number is thus smaller than last year, although we have had
growth by the addition of 30 adults by baptism. W e have four more
Sunday-schools than last year. Our Sunday-school work is becoming a
powerful agency in affecting the non-Christian natives. W e are making
steady growth in self-support. All give something, and more regularly
and willingly than formerly. The native Church during the past year sup­
ported two evangelists on a small salary, started a school for the youngest
of the Christian children, paid 30 rupees toward completing the cemetery,
besides extending help to the poor, and assisting in other matters con­
nected with the Church. W e have had but little persecution. WTe may
glance at the different centers connected with this station:
“ Bareilly. Bro. Janvier, the native pastor, is improving the Church.
The year has been one of trial through the evil conduct of a few members.
Satan troubled us greatly— the evil doers were cut off.
“ During the year a little congregation of Christians was raised up at a
village a few miles from the city. A small school was opened among
them, and they have all proved steadfast. Shortly after these persons
were baptized, a Moslem, seeing that something new had been organized
among them, found on inquiry that they had become Christians. A s one
of the men was passing him he said, ‘ You people must be looked after
soon ; the sword must be applied.’ Still, as stated, we have had no per­
secution during the year. In the city a girls’ school was broken up by the
children being all kept away ; their Christian songs and talk and prayers,
it was said, had gone far enough. ‘ Our children,’ the parents said,
‘ have become Christians.’ On the other hand, very extensively people
of the Chumar cast are beginning to think that they must become Chris­
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M ISSIONARY REPORT.
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tians. W e have just established two schools in the city, where they under­
stand that, with secular training, we are to teach our religion to the chil­
dren.
“ Pilibhit. In this city a Chumar school was for a time broken up
through Mohammedan influence. The Mohammedans are ever jealous
and watchful of our influence.
Confidence was restored and the school
again opened. There were a number baptized in this city during the year.
The climate of the place is bad, and our helpers and their families always
suffer here.
“ Aonla. The native preacher has done well— a dozen adults have been
baptized. Two girls’ schools were recently opened. The leading man
among the Chumars is under instruction, and we hope will be baptized.
In surrounding villages there are a considerable number of inquirers
among the Sweepers. In general, we may remark on the work in these
places, that steady persistent effort will bring large fruit in the next ten
years. Large numbers of the lower classes manifest an interest in our
teaching, and leaders are raised up from their midst who are bringing
them to Christ. Col. Acton, of Her Majesty’s army, has undertaken the
support of a native itinerant among the Chumar class of people. The
man was recently a priest among them. Our want is trained men for the
work. Preachers and Christian school-masters, drawn from this people,
must be drilled for the work. W e here touch on the sphere of the
T h e o l o g ic a l S e m in a r y a n d H ig h S c h o o l .
(Bareilly.)
“ During this year one theological student was expelled, one was dropped
out from incapacity in study, and one, the brightest mind in the school,
was laid aside by sickness. Thus the sifting process goes on. Morals,
mind, and health, are tested. Twelve students, giving good promise, are
now in the regular classes. A class of twelve is forming for next year.
W e are seeking to make this school the best of its kind in India. W e
need not repeat our plans and methods from year to year. Much as to
method, and just what theological education should, be in this stage of
things in India, has yet to be learned. W e must still learn and toil on.
" W e have received valuable aid in the work of the school from courses
of lectures by members of the Conference. Rev. R. Hoskins lectured on
‘ Sunday-school Work,' Rev. H. Mansell on the ‘ History of Missions,’
Rev. E. W. Parker on ‘ Practical Methods of Mission W ork,’ and Dr.
Dease, of the station, in addition to his other medical work and manage­
ment of the school, gave a number of lectures to the students on ‘ Physi­
ology and Hygiene.’ W e are making some progress in the organiza­
tion and consolidation of the interests of the school.
“ Arrangements have been completed to register the board of trustees,
and thus make it a legal body under the appropriate Indian law. A t­
tempts, so far, have failed at converting our troublesome bungalow form
o f endowment into something involving less care and vexation. Nothing
so far available yields one half the same interest. W e find no encourage­
18 8 1.]
NORTH INDIA.
14 1
ment in trying to transfer our endowment to the United States, and seem
shut up for the present to the bungalows.
“ W e are putting our garden and grounds into a more attractive condi­
tion. We have had but little money for this object. There is teaching
and molding power in an attractive grove, with pleasant walks and flow­
ering shrubs. The memory of such a place often has a hallowed influ­
ence for life. From their monasteries and groves the mendicants of
Europe went further to convert and train savage peoples in religion
and art.
In the High School and Normal Department we are feeling our way,
and learning what is needed to be done. Candidates for the High School
have not been numerous. By removals and failures to pass the half
yearly examination the number on scholarship has been reduced to
four.
“ The Normal Department seems to meet a more pressing want.
Twenty-one students are in attendance in three classes. The lower class
are in elementary studies. Our aim is to pass the higher class in the mid­
dle vernacular studies in two more years. The students coming to us dur­
ing the year have been very unequal in attainments, and it was difficult to
classify this department. W e had hoped to get students who could pass
the middle class in two years, but perhaps must change our plan. The
demand for village teachers of a low grade indicates a shorter and lowergrade course for some. W e have yet to learn more clearly just what the
requirements of the work are. W e are thankful for valuable hints and
suggestions from those who send pupils and know the wants of the work.
The training of Christian teachers for schools among Christians and in­
quirers, is a matter of the greatest importance. Our students, so far,
have come to us rather to learn the subjects taught, than how to teach
them to others ; yet we keep in view the normal-school idea. W e hope
to send the pupils away much better prepared to teach than they could
become in the ordinary schools of the country. A vernacular text-book
on teaching is a want.
The one used by the Government in its normal
schools is almost worthless. This High School and Normal Department
will serve as an important preparatory school for the Theological Seminary.
Five students have been recommended from this department for the semi­
nary next year.”
F u th agun ge.
Rev. Abraham Solomon, the native minister, writes :
“ The Lord Jesus has poured out his blessings on all our work this year.
In our Church there are now eighty-three persons, twenty-one being mem­
bers, thirty probationers, and thirty-two baptized children. In worldly
things these are all poor, but in spiritual things they are prospering more
and more all the time. Twenty-five persons have been converted this
year from among the heathen. There are six castes of people represented
in our Church, ranging from the highest to the lowest, and all dwell to­
gether in Christian love and unity. They live in seventeen different vil-
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M ISSIONARY REPORT.
[l88l.
lages. In Futhagunge there is a school in which Hindu boys are taught
God’s word, and also worldly knowledge, and every Sunday these boys
come to our Sunday-school and learn our hymns, the Lord’s Prayer, the
Ten Commandments, and the Bible lessons. We have a firm hope that
they will sometime accept Christ. During this year we have collected
funds among our brethren, and have built a church for the poor Chris­
tians of Mir Gunge, one of the appointments of this circuit. There is a
small school for Christians and inquirers there also, held in the little
chapel, and several have been baptized this year. Our persecutors here
are becoming tired of trying to hinder us, and are giving us rest at
present.
“ A t Sigra we have this year built a preachers’ house. The work there
is in the territory of the Nawab of Rampur, and is very encouraging. No
one appears to persecute or hinder us, but daily the people become more
and more friendly, and two persons, Hindus, have received baptism this
year.
“ A t Serolee also, eight miles from Futhagunge, a new work has been
commenced, a school for boys, and one for girls has been opened espe­
cially for inquirers among lower classes. There is one Brahmin, a land­
holder, who is learning daily, and seems a sincere inquirer.
“ A t Katosa an old leader was converted, and through his influence agood
work is started. Our few Christians are very faithful and true. This
leader is a very humble, meek, true man. There is a Hindu temple here
that is sure to come into our hands soon, to be changed into a place of
Christian worship. Several of its owners are already Christians. This
leader is now supported by the Christians of our circuit, that he may be
free to go among the people to lead them to Christ. Besides the above
laborers there is one exhorter who aids us much, entirely supporting him­
self, and another, formerly a priest, of an inquiring class, who is supported
by a Christian gentleman, that he may work freely among his former dis­
ciples. They every-where receive him gladly, and fruit must follow from
his labors.
“ The work of this circuit, which has been brought up from the begin­
ning by this native preacher, is a model work. All classes are gathered
in and well taught, and every year new openings appear. There are at
present many inquirers being faithfully taught.”
Sh a h je h a n po r e — Bo ys’ Or ph a n a g e .
Rev. T . S. Johnson, superintendent, writes :
“ The number of boys in the Orphanage is about the same as last year—
two hundred and sixty.
The moral tone, perhaps, never was better,
and the result of this is seen both in the school and workshop, as well as
among those who work in the fields and gardens. One of the boys has
just been recommended for the Theological School in Bareilly. The
mela, just closed, was a means of great grace to many of the boys. The
government educational officers, both the director and inspector, have
i88r.]
NORTH INDIA.
143
visited the institution during the year and wrote very favorable reports,
and the government grant in aid has been increased from 220 to 250 ru­
pees per mensem.
The collector of the district and the civil surgeon
also made an official visit, and gave a very full and favorable report on
the sanitary and general condition of the institution. An arrangement
has been entered into within the year with the Muir Cotton Mills, at Cawnpore, which promises to be of great importance to the Orphanage as well
as to the native Christian community in this part of India. The directors
of the mills very kindly agree to admit a large number of the boys into
the mills where they may learn the work and take regular employment
as soon as they become qualified. This enterprise involves expense in
securing homes for the boys in Cawnpore, but it is an expenditure that
will pay in more ways than one. About seventy-five of the boys are to
be transferred to Cawnpore in close proximity to the mills, in which they
will work part of each clay, and attend school the other part, upon the
same principle of school and manual labor so long observed in the Or­
phanage.
“ The boys sent from the Orphanage to the Christian village, Panahpore,
are working well ; one of them has had fields set off to him, and has
commenced work for himself, having made arrangements for a helpmeet;
others will soon be ready to follow his example in both respects. The
Panahpore estate, which is connected with the Orphanage, has been some­
what improved during the year in the way of sinking a number of wells
for irrigation.
“ The time of the superintendent of the Orphanage since last Confer­
ence has been partly devoted to superintending the Oudh District, which
would have been quite impossible but for the very valuable aid given by
the assistant manager and teachers, who have graduated from the insti­
tution, and are reliable and trustworthy men.”
Pan ah pore.
Rev. Horace J. Adams, native minister. This is the Christian village and
estate connected with the Boys’ Orphanage. There is a large tract of
land laid out into farms, and cultivated by the Christian community. The
native pastor w rites:
“ There are about three hundred Christians in our village, including chil­
dren, and God has been with us in our work all the year. Ever}' day in
the year the work of training up this Church is carried on faithfully. Our
plan of work is as follows: Sunday, at eight A. M., our Sunday-school
meets; the average attendance is one hundred and eighty, and the school
is divided into ten classes. A t nine o’clock a preaching service is held.
At eleven the women have their four class meetings, and at two the men
also meet in four classes. A t four a meeting is held for all the children,
at which instruction is given adapted to their understandings. On Thurs­
day evening a general prayer-meeting is held. Every evening we go to
some brother’s house and have prayer with the family, with the object
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M ISSIONARY REPORT.
[l88l.
of aiding the entire family, and of encouraging' family prayer in each
house. The pastor’s wife also visits much from house to house, and prays
with the women, encouraging them, and teaching them also to pray.
There are two educated women who are appointed to work as Bibleteachers. One goes among outsiders, and one teaches the ignorant Chris­
tian women. There is a school for boys and one for girls, in the village,
attended mostly by Christian children. Thus all kinds of work are car­
ried on in our village, and efforts are made to train up a Church with
intelligent faith and pure morals.”
Sh a h je h a n po r e .
Rev. C. L. Bare, missionary, writes :
“ The work of this circuit is carried on in a district in the southern part
of Rohilcund, containing nearly a million souls. This field was one of
the earliest taken up by our mission, and one or two missionaries have
labored here since the founding of our Orphanage, in 1859. Still there are
scores of villages within the circuit which have never seen a missionary in
their midst, much less heard of a Saviour bom in Bethlehem.
There
are three bazars in this city where preaching has been kept up three times
a week throughout the year. In Tilhur, Jalalabad, and Pawayan, where
native preachers are appointed, there are five bazars where preaching
services are held. Hindus are generally disposed to show no respect in
the bazars, but the contempt shown at times by Mohammedans for
Christians has been the most accomplished thing we ever witnessed. In
the case of an old Moulvi this hatred has grown into a sort of religious
fanaticism. He evidently labors under the hallucination that it is a mer­
itorious act in the sight of ‘ Allah* to persecute Christians when preach­
ing in the bazars. His plan is to come into our crowd after the work of
gathering the people together has been done, and they have become in­
terested in the preaching, and if possible raise a discussion on some im­
portant question. If he fails in this, he turns upon his heel with some
contemptuous remark about us or our religion, and, drawing off a part of
our audience, goes away a few paces and begins to harangue against us.
This Moulvi has persistently kept "up such a course of treatment during
nearly the entire year. When we changed our preaching-place he very
soon followed us, and there also began his business of distracting our
work. The native preachers have visited Ramapore and other villages
every week during the year, and as the first-fruit of this work five persons
were baptized at the Christian mela in October. Three of these were
heads of families, one of whom came to us with the others last February,
and asked to be baptized. W e wished, however, to test them more fully,
and hence put them off for a time. They then asked us to receive their
declaration of faith in Christ before the people of their village. This we
consented to do, and at the time fixed drove out to their village. We
found the villagers all gathered together, and it was evident that there
was ‘ no small stir about that way ’ among them.
They were talked to,
and the ‘ way ’ plainly set before them, and then the inquirers came for­
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145
ward and declared their faith in Christ— that they had abandoned Hin­
duism, and accepted Christianity. The villagers were then exhorted not
to persecute these new Christians. They immediately replied that the
Christians could not draw water out of the well from which they were
accustomed to draw. A few days afterward, when the Christians went
to the well for water, they found it surrounded by the villagers, armed
with clubs, determined to beat the Christians if they came near. A s an
important principle was involved, a complaint was brought against the
villagers in court. The position taken by the villagers was that the well
was a private one, surrounded by a wall inclosing private property, and
not open to the public at all, and hence the Christians were guilty of tres­
pass. So conflicting were the testimonies that the magistrate rode out to
the village to satisfy himself by personal inspection. He found the people
very busily engaged in building a wall around the well, in order that the
false witness in court might in the end be supported by fact. He also
learned from those who were using the well that it was a public well, and
hence rendered a decision in favor of the Christians.
“ There are twenty-six day-schools connected with this circuit— eighteen
for girls, and eight for boys. These are attended by 303 girls and 627
boys— 930 in all— and taught by forty-six teachers, of whom eleven are
Christians, and thirty-five are Hindus or Mohammedans. The Bible is
regularly taught in all, besides the instruction they receive in Sundayschool. W e also have twenty-six Sunday-schools, taught by Christian
teachers. The number on the roll is 1,225. The average attendance has
just doubled during the past two years, and may double again in the next
two if we can have the teachers and aid required. Regular attendance is
encouraged by giving out Scripture tickets, and in exchange for twelve
tickets a large Bible picture with Hindu and Urdu descriptions is given.
Prizes are also given to those boys who recite all the ‘ Golden Texts,’
‘ Selected Verses,’ etc.
One little boy of the Chumar school was taken
sick, and on Saturday evening he told his mother that he would be better
to-morrow, and would bathe and dress and go to Sunday-school, and
stay after the school to the preaching, and thus worship the true God.
On Sunday morning the spirit of the little fellow passed away, and his
teacher says he died a Christian.
“ The work and meetings for the Church are very nearly the same as
that of the other stations, except that we have a little chapel in the city
also, where many Hindus and Mohammedans gather to hear preaching
and singing. The native Church has done very well in contributions
toward the support of their pastor, and in the missionary collection this
year. In one chapel near the railway we have regular English services,
and this congregation aids much in supporting our Sunday-school work,
and in paying general current expenses.
“ The persecution and hatred on the part of the caste brotherhood of
those who become Christians is very forcibly illustrated in the cruel mur­
der of Hanawant Singh. He was a Thakur by caste, and a landholder
in the village of Nagla, and owned a half interest in four villages or
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M ISSIONARY REPORT.
[l88l.
estates, one of his caste brothers owning the other half. His family con­
sisted of himself, wife, and six children, two of whom were grown. Some
years ago he heard our preachers preach in the bazar, and bought a Hindi
book of them called the Dharm Tula. He took the book home and read
it, and became anxious to learn more, as the book referred to things and
truths he knew nothing of. Hence he returned to the city to find some
one to explain these mysteries to him. He was directed to the chaplain,
and the chaplain, not being acquainted with the Hindi, sent him to the
missionary, Brother F. M. Wheeler. Brother Wheeler saw that he was
a sincere and intelligent inquirer after the truth. He taught him as well
as he could in the time, and sold him a Hindi New Testament. The
man continued to come to Brother Wheeler, and afterward to other mis­
sionaries, to secure aid in his studies; and in October, 1879. Hanawant
Singh and his eldest son, Mohan, were baptized, and in March, 1880,
Tulsa, his eldest daughter. From the very first he seemed a sincere
inquirer, and he took Christ as his Saviour, giving up all others. It is
said that before he understood our form of worship he would bum incense
to Christ. He was true to Christ, according to the light he possessed.
His faith in the word of Christ was also exceedingly pure and simple.
One day he was at Brother Wheeler’s house, and concerning some sub­
ject Brother W . said, ‘ Let us pray about this,’ and began to kneel down.
But Hanawant proceeded to close all the doors. When told that this was
not necessary-, he replied, ‘ You know that the Testament says, “ When
thou prayest, enter into thy closet, and when thou hast shut thy door,” ’
etc. In this manner he took Christ’s word as being literal and true in
every instance. This sincerity and simplicity attended him in all his rela­
tions with the missionaries, and in all his religious life. In his worship
he also showed great humility and meekness. He always seemed to
realize that he was in the presence of a loving Saviour, to whom he owed
every thing. In prayer he would fall upon the floor, as a child, and con­
ceal his face with his hands, and pray as though he was profoundly im­
pressed with the goodness and majesty and glory of God, who was present
in his Saviour. When two missionaries visited his village only a few
months before his murder a very large audience of villagers was collected
in a grove to see the magic-lantern pictures. The preaching, in connec­
tion with the pictures of the life of Christ, continued until late, and yet the
people all sat and listened. A t last Hanawant was asked if he would like
to testify to his neighbors what Christ had done for him. He replied that
he would, and, stepping to the front, he bore witness boldly for Christ. In
referring to his worship, he said: ‘ Formerly I prayed without knowing
whether any one heard, or cared, or n o t; but now when I kneel in prayer
1 fully realize Jesus near me, and I know that he hears and gives me
peace and help.’ The entire testimony was remarkably original, deliv­
ered in his own village idioms, yet it was one of the clearest testimonies
to the abiding presence and saving power of Christ we ever heard. Al­
though this man was a Thakur, which has come almost to only mean
proud and overbearing, yet in all his relations with us, and with all our
NORTH INDIA.
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people, he showed only a gentlemanly bearing and a very kind heart. He
happened to be in the mission-house once when a little orphan babe was
brought in for the Orphanage. Some one said this child must have good
fresh cow’s milk if it would live. Hanawant immediately arose and left
the room, and the next day sent a cow for the orphan babe.
“ This man, whose life and character we have briefly noticed from Octo­
ber 20, 1879, when he was baptized, until May 5, 1881, when he was
murdered, was an object of the most cruel and bitter hatred among the
Hindus of his caste. He was riding home one night from Jalalabad,
when he was attacked by enemies who attempted to kill him, and he was
saved only by leaping from his pony, that received a blow which was in­
tended for him, and fleeing into the jungle. On the morning of the 5th
of May last he took his gun, as was his custom, and sauntered out into
the field. He came to a tank of water where his partner in the estates,
with several laborers, were irrigating his fields. It seems that the part­
ner had no right, either by possession or permission, to use water from
that tank. Hanawant therefore expostulated with him, and during the
conversation they had all come to sit down between the banisters of a
bridge near the tank. Hanawant had placed his gun against the bridge
at a short distance from him, and wras engaged still in conversation, when
four men rose up and beat him to death with clubs. It was the end of a
long and bitter hatred of him as a Christian, as will be seer, from what
follows. A s the murderers were fleeing away toward Jalalabad, some
men asked them what the excitement w'as. They replied that they had
killed an ‘ Isai,’ (Christian,) and now they would kill the ‘ Munshi ’
(preacher) and the other Christians of the village, and then the village
would be pure and clean. The missionaries and others whp investigated
this case at once, listening to accounts of Hindus, also believe that the
above is the only account that can be given of this murder. The murder­
ers were arrested, and after a long, tedious trial, in which the murderers
tried to prove that they acted only in self-defense, two were exculpated,
and two were sentenced to five years’ imprisonment. The general feeling
was that all four were guilty of cold-blooded murder; hence a thrill of
astonishment ran through the entire community at the news of the decis­
ion. The magistrate who first investigated the case has appealed it to
the high court, where it is now awaiting decision. The two persons who
were released had no sooner returned to their village than they began to
make threats upon the lives of other Christians. This news reached the
ears of the magistrate, who ordered their arrest, and on their failure to
furnish bail sent them to prison for one year. While in jail they incited
some of their fellow-prisoners to attack the jailer, and for this mean act
received a severe flogging, and had three years added to their imprison­
ment.
“ The body of Hanawant Singh was made over to his friends at noon on
the 6th of May, and received a Christian burial, with suitable memorial
services, in the chapel of the Boys’ Orphanage. His son, who was a hes­
itating Christian, often opposing his father's zeal, has been led by the
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M ISSIONARY REPORT.
[l88l.
sympathy and aid given him through this severe trial to become a decided
Christian. He was a very earnest seeker for a change of heart at our late
camp-meeting, and he gave evidence that he received what he so earnestly
sought.”
B udaon
C ir c u it .
Rev. R. Hoskins, missionary, writes :
“ This j-ear the work in Budaon was divided into three circuits, and two
native ordained preachers were put in full charge of their separate por­
tion of the field. This arrangement has worked exceedingly well, for,
although these brethren had been living in the same place before this
arrangement, they did not feel so free to develop their own plans, and
they could not take the same interest in the work for which another per­
son was responsible. These brethren have taken a large portion of my
old field, and several hundred Christians are committed to their care.
“ Early in the year Brother Kullo Dher was released from the charge of
a local work, and appointed evangelist for the whole county of Budaon.
He has thoroughly canvassed the field, and has found several people pre­
pared for instruction, and for the reception of Christ.
“ We hope to have the necessary funds provided at our next Annual
Conference to station low-salaried teachers in ten or twelve of the larger
towns. This year the work has taken a fresh start. The candidates for
baptism are so many that we delay this ordinance,_so that we may first
properly indoctrinate them. W e have steadily followed up the openings
among the Chumars. A t first they feared to study lest they be outcasted,
but by employing men from among them as teachers, on an average pay
of three rupees per month, and by requiring these teachers, with the more
promising of their scholars, to attend the school in the mission compound
for three hours daily, we have secured constant progress in study for both
teachers and pupils. In connection with these Chumar-schools we have a
Sunday-school attendance of three hundred, including men, women, and
children.
“ The desire for education is rapidly increasing among this class. When
educated they will get no sympathy from Hindus and Mohammedans.
Education will not give them position in the social scale, but Christianity
will be a haven of rest to them, and when educated they will necessarily
be drawn towarcl us.
“ There has been a very large increase to our Sunday-school work. Ob­
stacles which for years seemed unsurmountable have vanished, and the
outlook for the next year is still more encouraging. W e have begun to
have regular Sunday-school work on the other days of the week, and if
this plan works satisfactorily, the men who give their whole time to this
work will be able to instruct from one to two hundred pupils daily. The
plan of employing Hindu and Mohammedan boys to act as collectors has
worked satisfactorily. W e pay these boy collectors at the rate of one
rupee per hundred for the average attendance of the month, and to each
pupil is given a Scripture verse ticket. A t the end of the second or third
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149
month these tickets are exchanged for some form of reward costing one
piece for twelve tickets. With the present resources we cannot much
extend this interesting work, though we would delight to have in the
Budaon schools ten thousand children studying the way of life.
“ The Sigler Girls’ Boarding-school building is a model. Including dor­
mitories and residences for head teachers and matron, it has cost about
8,000 rupees. The money for this school was given by Mr. Sigler, of
Osceola, Iowa. There are fifty-seven girls now attending the school, and
it is doing a very important work for our Hindustani Churches. Our
preaching hall and school in the city is well on toward completion. The
audience-room will seat six hundred persons. W e have also arranged a
reading-room over some shops connected with this assembly-room. The
shops were built by money collected for the education of Christian boys,
and they yield 20 rupees monthly. The clock and bell-tower will be
completed as soon as our means warrant the expenditure. W e hope
that before long the clock and bell will indicate the fleeting hours to every
man in, the city. W e have an average attendance of twenty-fiVe Chris­
tian boys in our central school, of these fifteen have been supported by
scholarships; the boys have done very well, and most of them have been
soundly converted to God.”
K akrala.
Rev. Mahbub Khan, native minister. This is a new circuit— a part of
the Budaon Circuit. The pastor w rites:
“ In Kakrala there is a promising Christian Church which is making fair
progress in all respects. There are eleven villages in which Christian
families reside, and some of these show much zeal in spreading Chris­
tianity, so that many of their relatives are ready to receive Christ. They,
first of all, desire to have their children educated, and also taught our
religion. Eight adults and eight children have been baptized this year.
The most wonderful thing in Kakrala is, that the women are much more
inclined to accept Christ than the men. This is accounted for, doubtless,
by the fact that there are among the Christian women some intelligent
and pious women who labor faithfully with their neighbors. There are
inquirers here among three classes, the Maroos, the Chumars, and the
Bairagis. The Bairagis are the priests and religious leaders of the Churnars, hence their conversion is opening an effectual door among this
large class also.
“ A t first we found it very difficult to start a Sunday-school at Kakrala
on account of Mohammedan opposition, but gradually our numbers have
increased until now we have one hundred and fifty boys in attendance,
and we have had to divide our school, as we have no room large enough
to accommodate all at once. The pupils make good progress in learn­
ing the lessons. Some of the boys have learned by heart the Ten Com­
mandments, the Lord’s Prayer, and several stories of the Bible.
“ The Christians are generally poor, and are not able to give their chil­
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M ISSION ARY REPORT.
[l8 8 l.
dren a proper education. So that we find it essential for satisfactory
progress in this work to make special provisions to aid in the education
of the Christian youth and the children of inquirers. There are several
places where low-salaried teachers should be immediately employed.
Many are candidates for baptism, but need to be well instructed. The
Gospel has.been faithfully preached in the markets and village rest houses,
and the people have given excellent attention.”
B il s i C i r c u it .
Antone Datt, native minister. This is also a new circuit set apart this
year and placed under the charge of a native preacher. It contains many
villages, large and small, and is a very promising field. It was formerly
a part of the Budaon Circuit, and the native brother now in charge has
been in this field for a long time. He writes :
“ In this circuit there are sixteen villages in which Christians reside.
These villages are scattered over a large area, and there are in all three
hundred and ten Christians in the circuit. There are but two laborers, so
that the people are not as well taught as they should be. I have visited
all the places of the circuit four times this year, and I have tried faith­
fully to teach all the Christians under my special charge. Twenty per­
sons have received baptism. There are two Sunday-schools at Bilsi,
where I live, and one at Bisouli, where the other preacher lives. One of
the schools here is made up entirely of outsiders.
The three schools
number about three hundred. There are many inquirers in this field,
but so many difficulties arise when they come near to the point of con­
fessing Christ openly, that they hesitate, and often turn back disheart­
ened. The caste tie is very strong, and to break it is to accept social
death and separation from all former associations. Still, our field is
ripening for the harvest. The Christians are growing in spirituality
year by year.”
C h a n d a u s i.
George Bailey, pastor.
This is a city of over thirty thousand people, and
The pastor here is a Eurasian local
preacher. The native Christians are mostly in the employ of the railway,
and are subject- to strong temptations, and have few opportunities for
attending divine service, as the railway company knows no Sabbath in
any of its departments. Brother Bailey writes :
a very active business center.
“ W e have one school for high-caste boys in the city, and two for Chumar boys, and there are Sunday-schools in each. Among the high-caste
boys there has at times been great opposition to our Sunday-schools.
When we had the lessons concerning the three worthies who were cast
into the fiery furnace, one boy refused to longer worship the image of his
household, and said he would be thrown into a furnace before he would
consent to worship images any more. This led the parent— a very influ­
ential banker— to try and break up the school. He did not, however,
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151
succeed, but our boys still come regularly every Sunday and learn gladly.
The Chumar Sunday-schools are very encouraging, and many of the boys
and their parents are openly inquirers. There are also two Sundayschools for girls and women held by the Bible women, and also a Chris­
tian Sunday-school. The average attendance of these schools is about
three hundred. The Hindu boys sing the Christian hymns heartily, and
our Sunday-schools are in every respect like Christian schools. Under
my pastoral care I have twenty members, eight probationers, and fifteen
baptized children. The Christians serving on the railway are inclined to
become careless, as they can seldom attend our meetings even on Sun­
day. Our greatest hope for immediate results is in the Chumar work.
W e have most earnest calls for more schools for this inquiring class.
Will not God move some hearts to respond to these calls by giving the
needed aid ?”
M oradabad
C ir c u it .
Rev. H. Mansell, missionary, writes :
“ A s the report is called for earlier this year than last, it leaves less than
a year’s work to report. And as Chandausi Circuit and Kundon’s village
have been cut off from our circuit, I have less territory from which to
collect my statistics, yet the work has gone on increasing in every respect
though statistics be lighter in some items.
“ I. State o f the Church. Two of our best helpers were sent to the
Bareilly Theological School to prepare for more extended usefulness, and
our native pastor, Rev. Prem Dass, was sent out to a new circuit where
over thirty persons were lately baptized. W e were thus much weakened
in the pastorate, yet all our class-meetings have been kept up with more
or less regularity. Our monthly love-feasts have not been so well attended,
nor so interesting as they were last year. The leaders and stewards’
meetings, on the other hand, have been more regular and more interest­
ing. They do much good in making the native brethren feel that the
responsibility of planting, sustaining, and training the Christian Church
in India is with them. Brother Prou, one of our evangelists, was appointed
pastor, and the brethren have supported him entirely by their contribu­
tions. The Church grows constantly in intelligence, and some have
grown very peroeptibly in grace. Our Christian mela, at Shahjahanpore,
from which we have just returned, has deepened the piety of all who at­
tended it, and it gives us hope that purer lives and more efficient work
will be the results.
“ 2. Mohalla work, which is mostly among the Chumars, has been kept
up weekly in six or eight places in the city, and many are reported as
almost ready to be baptized. I still look upon this as being the most
effectual and hopeful of all our evangelistic work, and expect to see much
fruit from it even before this year closes. There have been baptisms in
three of the Mohallas, but in only one was the opposition severe ; this was
the case of a very young woman wishing to be baptized with her hus­
band, who had been baptized a few days previous. She wras also ready,
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M ISSIONARY REPORT.
[l8 8 l.
but her friends were very angry, and determined she should not become
a Christian. So they had persuaded her to refuse. W e retired and waited
and prayed, and a day or two after she was baptized in our chapel amid
great rejoicing. A t one time her friends seemed ready to shed blood to
prevent her baptism. Often we have heart-rending scenes as we witness
the fulfillment of the Saviour's words, “ A man’s foes shall be they of
his own household.” Yet it is sweet to fight and toil on, knowing the
victory will come.
“ 3. The City Sunday-school has averaged a little higher than last year,
and the girls’ Sunday-schools have increased. W e have also started some
new ones in villages, but the cutting off of Chandausi brings our number
down fifty. W e report 1,150 of all ages in our 35 Sunday-schools. This
Sunday-school work is glorious, and there is absolutely no limit to its ex­
pansion except the want of laborers to carry it on. W e pray the Lord of
the harvest to send more laborers.
“ 4. Day-Schools. Our grant-in-aid from Government has been cut down
a little, but subscriptions, with constant begging, have increased a little.
W e have secured a competent head master on 50 rupees per mensem, and
increased the expenses of the Central School, and hope this year to pass
three or four boys through the departmental examination. W e must by
some means keep this Central School up to its present grade, so as to
give our Christian boys a fair chance. There are about forty Christian
boys in the school now, and our efforts aim at making all our village schools
evangelizing agencies by establishing more among inquirers. W e have
26 day-schools, with 771 scholars, boys and girls.
“ 5. The work has also its discouraging features. The case of the defec­
tion of a leading Christian teacher was a sad one. His disgraceful inti­
macy with the wife of the other teacher, who had just been sent to instruct
the new converts, was by all means the most discouraging event that has
happened to me in many years. Again, also, caste feelings that ought to
have been dead years ago have sprung up this year in the Church, cul­
minating in the beating of two persons, and the division of the Church
into two hostile factions.
However, the devil seems to have defeated
himself, for the healing of this breach he made seems to have drawn the
Church nearer together than it was before.”
SUM BHAL.
Rev. Zahur-ul-Huqq, native minister. This is a large circuit in which
there are many native Christians. Brother Zahur-ul-Huqq has been a leader
in this work from the beginning. And now that several smaller circuits
have grown up within the older circuits, it is proposed to make a district
of this field, making the branch circuits into separate charges, and ap­
pointing Brother Huqq Presiding Elder over all. This will place greater
burdens on the preachers and on the people, and give independence to
the work. Brother Huqq writes :
“ Sumbhal is a very old Hindu city, surrounded on all sides by idols and
idolatry, and the Hindus usually believe that the “ Holy Incarnation ” is
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153
to be born and commence his work here. Hence this is known as a veryholy place, and pilgrims come very long distances to worship at the many
shrines here. Through the grace of God the foundation of Christ’s
Church has also been very firmly laid in this city, and every day the bell
calling to Christian 'worship is heard above the bells of the Hindu tem­
ples. Constant growth in numbers and in strength is manifest in our
Christian community.
Thirty-two adults have been added from the hea­
then community by baptism this year on the entire circuit.
“ In the city of Sumbhal there are three schools for girls and one for boys.
About fifty girls are in regular attendance, and they read our religious
books daily, and regukrly attend our Sunday-schools. There are eightysix boys in the boys’ school.
The Sunday-school in connection with
this school has greatly increased this year, and many boys who do not
come to our day-school come to our Sunday-school.
‘‘ A t Hetam Sarai the work has increased this year. Seven persons
have been baptized, and our Church there is now encouraged. A t this
place we have had work among the Chumars for several years, and it has
always been encouraging, as many inquirers have ever been present,
seemingly, just ready to receive Christ. But as soon as any one would
break away from caste and come out boldly on the Lord’s side, persecu­
tion would give the convert no rest until he were driven from the place
or drawn back into caste. When a young woman here was determined
to be a Christian, a snare was laid to forcibly separate her from her law­
ful husband, and marry her to the most deadly enemy of Christianity, who
would keep her from seeing Christians or being seen by them. She was
saved by being taken to another city by her brother. During the past year
some stronger men have come out boldly for Christ, and the persecution
is somewhat lessened.
“ Rasulpore, subcircuit, contains about fifteen villages in which Chris­
tians live. The preacher there teaches them and teaches their children
to read.
“ Gangeshri, Pithkhera, Sharikpore, and Babukhera, subcircuits, are very
much like Rasulpore. There are Christians living in the villages sur­
rounding each of these centers making an important work for each cir­
cuit. In the Gangeshri Circuit there are many inquirers, and the demand
for a few small schools for inquirers is very great. Hasanpur is a small
city about twenty-four miles from Sumbhal, where we have a very good
school for boys. The preacher there has some fifteen Christian boys, from
villages, boarding in his family, and attending the city school. They
are doing remarkably well. There is also a girls’ school among the
friends of our cause in the city. Work has been commenced also among
the Chumars, and a small school opened for inquirers, taught by an in­
quirer who was himself first taught by the preacher here. This is now
our most promising work at this place. The great lack in this entire
Sumbhal Circuit is the means to better educate the children of poor Chris­
tians and of inquirers.”
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M ISSIONARY REPORT.
[ l8 8 l.
A m r o h a C ir c u it .
Peter Merrill, local preacher, in charge.
In this circuit there are eight smaller circuits, like those mentioned in
the Sumbhal report, and. there are Christians living in many villages all
through this field. The Christians are poor and many of them ignorant,
yet they are all improving very much spiritually. Our official members
are true men, and aid us faithfully in all the work. The pastor reports
“ thirteen new converts have been baptized this year. The only new work
of special interest is the work among the Chumars, which is very en­
couraging, both at Amroha and at Dhamaura. W e are anxious to open
schools among this class soon if we can secure the aid required. There
are four Sunday-schools, attended mostly by Christians. W e need to do
more for the instruction of the children of our Christians, but how to do
it is a difficult question. They are so scattered that small village schools
can reach but few, and to collect the children in boarding-schools is very
expensive. The native preachers in their rounds teach a few children
to read, but this is a slow process.” *
B ijn o u r C ir c u it .
Rev. H. A. Cutting, native minister.
This is a large county, containing over 700,000 people. A missionary
has always been in charge of this large circuit, but when Brother M ’Henry
was taken sick and sent to America we were obliged to place this im­
portant charge under a native minister. About twenty years ago a boy
came to the missionary at Bijnour to be taught. He was received and
supported by the missionary, was baptized on profession of faith, and at
a proper age was received into the Church. On leaving school he was
employed for several years as a teacher, until God called him to preach.
After proper trial he was received into Conference, and now, after twenty
years, he goes back to Bijnour again to take charge of the most important
work yet given to a native preacher. The work has been well done all
the year.
The native minister writes : “ During this year much of my time has
been taken up with work among the Christians in various places. There
are three stations, one thirty miles away, and the others eight and ten
miles away, in which there are many Christians who require much teach­
ing and training, and the preachers in these places have been very busy
in this work. Still, our men have not been negligent of the heathen
around, but have faithfully preached the good news to all around. Daily
the local preachers and exhorters either go to some place where they can
collect a congregation for preaching, or go to some village, or to some
square in the city where they can converse with people concerning religion.
A ll of the out-stations have been carefully superintended, and in no place
is there any thing that should discourage us. T he shoemakers— ‘ Chu­
mars ’— of Bijnour and Mandawar seem to be sincere inquirers, and seeing
their zeal makes our faith very strong, that when this harvest shall be ripe
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155
and God stall give the command for reaping, there will be such an in­
crease in this Bijnour work as has never yet been seen. Our day-schools
and Sunday-schools have improved in numbers and in their acquirements.
Great care is taken to have the Christian children well instructed, and the
advancement of the boys and girls in school is worthy of note. The work of
the Woman’s Missionaiy Society is algo prosperous. The Christian girls’
boarding-school has now 46 girls in attendance, and is doing great good.
More laborers are required for teaching village women and girls who are
inquirers. There is also a loud call for small schools for children of in­
quirers in several places.
The sure results of these schools would be
to lead the children and their parents to Christ. Hence, the call seems
very urgent indeed. Nothing can aid our work so much as to enter these
open doors* and teach these children, who come to us to be taught like
Christians, with the expectation of becoming Christians. W e urge ear­
nestly that more aid be given for this work.”
Conclusion. All the laborers in the Rohilkund District are very thank­
ful to the Church at home for all the aid given us in this work. God has
very greatly blessed and favored this mission field, and if the Church will
but continue her aid and support us in our advance movements, we will
lead multitudes of these people to Jesus within the next ten or twenty
years. There are remarkable openings before us, and we can see no
reason why there should not be general movements among the classes
now being faithfully taught, and who nominally confess Christ, which will
bring thousands into the Church within a short time. W e must be ready
to teach them, or they will conquer us and not we them, and make a half
heathen Church of ours. Hence, we plead for more aid for schools for
teaching and thoroughly grounding the children and youth of these thou­
sands, who are willing to receive us as religious teachers. Our great dif­
ficulty is, that when for a year our allowance from home is not granted to
the same extent as the former year, the schools have to suffer and are
broken up and the work scattered. Will not some of God’s servants who
have wealth to invest endow a system of schools for this work, such as is
referred to in the introduction to the report of this district?
K U M A O N D I S T R I C T , P. M. B u c k , P. E.
A P P O IN T M E N T S F O R 1881.
N a in i T a l .— English Work, Pastor, N. G. Cheney. Boys’ High
School, Principal, H. F. ICastendieck. Native Work, Missionary, N. G.
Cheney. Supply, G. H. Fray.
W. F . M. S. European Assistant, Mrs. Whitby. Bible Woman, Fancy
Fray. Teacher, Jane.
B h a b a r .— N ative Minister, Thomas Gowan.
Christian Colporteur,
Bya Singh.
SUBCIRCUITS.— Dhapla and Kotah, Prabhoo Das.
Isainagar and
Dervi Dhura, Dharm Das.
156
Li 8 8 1.
M ISSIONARY REPORT.
W . F . M . S. Bible - Women: Florence Gowan, Fanny Peters, Miriam,
Tulsi, Mangli.
E astern
K u m a o n .—
Missionary, R. Gray, M.D.
Assistant Mission­
ary, Mrs. Gray.
S U B C I R C U I T S . — P ith o ra g a rh :
Barker.
Patras, Edward.
M edical Christian Colporteur, Amos Miller.
Lohaghat, John
W. F . M . S. Missionary, Miss Annie Budden. Assistant Superintendent
“ Womans Home,” Yuhanna. Matron Girls’ School, Martha. BibleWoman, Fanny. Teacher, Hira.
D w a r a h a t . — Missionary, P. M. Buck.
Assistant Missionary, Mrs.
Buck. Supplies: C. Shipley, H. K . Wilson.
Christian Compounder,
Gur Bakhsh.
t
W. F . M . S. Bible- Woman, Emma Shipley.
G U R H W A L .—
Missionary, J. T. M ’Mahon. Assistant Missionary, Mrs.
M ’Mahon. H ead Master Boys’ School, Mr. M ’Murray. Native Chris­
tian Doctor, E. Thomson. Exhorter, Patras.
S U B C I R C U I T S . — S rin ag ar: John Williams, Sabine Mansell. Dekhwali:
Khiyali, Kushmoo. Kotdwara, Gasper Benshoff. Kopalsiyum, H. P.
Alexander. Gurarsiyum, Mangal Das. Superintendent M edical Work
at Gurhwal, P. T. Wilson, M.D.
W. F . M . S. European Assistants: Mrs. Bird, Miss Cumberland.
Teachers in Girls' Orphanage: Mary Greenwold, Phulmano Thompson.
Teachers and Bible- Women: Bella Mansell, Thagli, Milda.
W e present here the Presiding Elder’s rep o rt:
A s indicated in the above list of appointments, several changes were
effected in the district at the last session of our Annual Conference:
I. The native and English work in the Naini Tal Station were both placed
undefone man, and the former separated from that part of the old Naini Tal
Circuit lying outside the station proper. 2. This outlying native work was
formed into a separate charge, and named Bhabar Circuit. This new cir­
cuit was placed under the care of Rev. Thomas Gowan, one of the native
members of our Conference. This is the first appointment of a native
preacher in this district to the charge of a circuit, and thus far the arrange­
ment is proving very satisfactory in every way. 3. These two changes left
the presiding elder free from his former station work in and about Naini
Tal, and he was appointed to Dwarahat to take up the work more vigor­
ously in that field, in addition to his labors on the district. Dwarahat is
an appointment that has appeared for some years past on our Conference
list under the name of Palee, and which has until the present year been
supplied by a native brother— a doctor— who, however, has given most of
his time to medical work, so that a very limited amount of missionary
effort has been heretofore bestowed on this field. This point is the most
central for the entire district, and is, therefore, peculiarly suitable for the
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residence of the presiding elder. It was believed these changes would
give us access to a greater number of people and better utilize the forces
at our disposal. Thus far the indications are that the move was in the
right direction.
The reports from the various stations will show that in perhaps all parts
of the district there has been an advance in the work. One very encour­
aging feature in our work is the manifest improvement and increased effi­
ciency of most of our native workers. W e can but look upon these men
as the main hope of the Gospel in India, and every mark of growth and
increased power in them adds to our hope of the speedy success of the
cause of Christ. Our chief anxiety in connection with the native Church
is to help on and up her native ministry, intellectually, and, above all,
spiritually, by every possible means and in every possible way. Not only
is improvement manifest in our native helpers, but also in the rank and
file of the Christian community. I think I never knew people to respond
more encouragingly to Christian instruction and effort, and as I look over
this field, and behold what God hath wrought, my heart swells with a high
and cheering hope for the future. True, cases arise occasionally where
discipline must be exercised, and once in a while even among trusted
helpers; but where in this'world are these painful experiences unknown?
The annual session of our District Conference was, by invitation, held
in Almora, which is one of the stations under the care of the London Mis­
sion. It began September 29, and closed October 4. It was, perhaps,
the most interesting and profitable gathering of this kind ever yet held in
our mountain work. The transaction of business was characterized by
much harmony of feeling, and the examination of character was search­
ing, to one or two painfully so. Daily preaching services were conducted
in a public place in the city, after which the Christians marched, singing
as they went, to the hall used for services, followed by a crowd, large
numbers of which entered the place of worship, and listened quietly to a
sermon addressed especially to them. Perhaps the most interesting, and
in some important respects the most profitable, exercises of the occasion
were the religious services held exclusively with the Christians. God was
graciously present, dispensing rich blessings to the members of both mis­
sions, and such was the perfect harmony and mutual love and joy in
Christ that Church lines were forgotten,, and all worshiped together as
the children of one household. Some of our people, both men and women,
had walked between fifty and sixty miles to be present, and bore their
own expenses, and God met and richly rewarded them.
Our work to those who have it on their hands and mind and heart per­
haps never looked so promising and hopeful as at the present time.
With the number of Christian boys and girls we now have coming on
and being educated, we soon expect to be greatly strengthened in the
ranks of our native workers, as well as to see those we have develop in
efficiency as they become more experienced.
The general condition of our work, however, will better appear from
the reports of the several stations.
i
58
M ISSIONARY REPORT.
[l8 8 l.
N a in i T a l .
Rev. N. G. Cheney, Pastor.
An epitome of the swift year now closing can quickly be made. The
land-slip of last year diverted so many people from Naini Tal that nearly
half the houses of the station have stood empty. The four dwellings on
our old mission estate have remained unused, because in heavy rain they
are considered unsafe. But the ravines are now so thoroughly protected
by walls and water-channels, which the Government have built at im­
mense expense, that the danger of another such disastrous land-slip oc­
curring is reduced to almost nothing. Renewed confidence in the safety
of Naini Tal is increasing, and next year the station will doubtless be
filled with residents. A railway to connect Bareilly and the foot of the
hills is projected which will get rid of the expensive and tedious carriageride of sixty-five miles now endured by all our people. The result will be
enlargement of this station, and increase in population. Naini Tal is in
its infancy.
Notwithstanding the fewness of the residents, and the dreaded locality
of our old chapel, our congregations and the interest of our services have
not diminished. The audiences here are evidences of evangelical unity.
Members of all denominations not only gladly receive our ministrations,
and meet all the current expense of the work, but have heartily united in
the task of building the new church edifice. The direct evangelistic
efforts of the year have been blessed to a good many hearts. Earnest
laborers in every part of our work, but especially among the British sol­
diers quartered here, (of whom there are about four hundred,) have seen a
good number of clear satisfactory conversions, for which the Lord be
praised.
The New Methodist Episcopal Church Edifice. The site for the build­
ing (than which no place could suit us better) was chosen on the 18th of
October, 1880. The corner-stone was laid, with the prescribed service,
on the 7th of February, 1881. In the cavity of the stone are deposited a
copy of the Discipline, latest Conference minutes, latest Church papers,
and a manuscript giving an historical account of the progress of our Church
in Naini Tal. The building was dedicated, with the full disciplinary rit­
ual on the 9th of October, by the Rev. P. M. Buck. The sermon, from
the text Matt, xx, 28, was preached by the pastor. The collection at the
dedication was more than 4,000 rupees.
The design for this house was made by Mr. B. F. Bartlett, architect,
of Des Moines. Now that the building is quite completed, we do not
think of any change that would add to the general satisfaction. Its seat­
ing capacity is flexible, so as to be increased or diminished according to
the demand of the season. One room will seat 100 people ; another 250;
the two together 350, and with the gallery 400. Its arrangement of seats,
its light, ventilation, acoustics, and appearance, disappoint none, and the
work is all well done, and the location safe.
A t the date of this writing the treasurer’s statement of account shows
E n g lis h W o rk .
i
8 8 i .]
NORTH INDIA.
15 9
the total cost to be 24,000 rupees ; the amount in hand or reliable, 19,000
rupees; making- an indebtedness of 5,000 rupees, or $2,500. This amount
may vary somewhat by the finishing of the house, but the congregation
can easily discharge the debt during the coming season.
The new property is held by a board of trustees, according to the Dis­
cipline ; and the deed of conveyance has been properly registered.
From the day when the site was selected we have had the constant,
patient assistance of the Commissioner of Kumaon, General Sir Henry
Ramsay, without whose help we know not how the building could have
been completed with such cheapness, quickness, and reliable workman­
ship. But it is the Lord’s house, and has been from the beginning.
The Boys’ H igh School’ Rev. H. F. Kastendieck, Principal. Bishop
Merrill appointed the Rev. H. F. Kastendieck to be principal of this in­
stitution, and he put the right man in the right place. The largest house
in the station, “ Stoneleigh,” is rented, and yet it is far too small for the
school.
Forty-nine boarders are enrolled this year, besides a number of dayscholars. In addition many applications have been made for entrance of
boarders, which, on account of the limited accommodation of the building,
we were obliged to decline.
The school has taken a high stand, and gained a permanent reputation.
In appearance, deportment, and scholarship, the boys have made very
evident improvement. The current income meets the current expense;
but so much is consumed in rent of the house that the masters are poorly
paid, and the appointments of the school are painfully meager.
Many English and Eurasian children in these provinces are left unedu­
cated and neglec.ted. They need just the home-like care and influence,
the instruction, and the religious training that only such a school can give.
Such children, educated and converted in Methodist schools, will make
pillars of strength in our growing Church in India. Many children are
detained in the enervating heat of the plains to whom a season in this
cool sanitarium would bring renewed life and permanent health. Com­
bine this opportunity of change with educational advantages, and it can
be seen that hill-schools must represent a popular demand.
Schools in
hill-stations will succeed, because they are a necessity.
The charge for board and education has been put down to the lowest
reasonable figure, 22 rupees ($11) for each pupil per mensem. W e desire
that none of the poorest shall be shut out from the advantages offered.
At present we pay a heavy rent for an inconvenient house that cannot
accommodate our pupils. The station has no house that can be rented
that will suit us better. A t present our opportunity for doing good, as
well as our income, is much limited. W e need a place— grounds and suit­
able houses. It is out of the question to purchase them by the receipts
of the school. With $15,000 this institution can be put in suitable and
permanent quarters. W e look to the stewards of the Lord’s money in
America to build the necessary houses.
i6 o
M ISSIONARY REPORT.
Cl88 l.
The Girls' H igh School. The rent of a house was provided by Mrs.
Pettman, and this school was commenced last spring. Mrs. Craven most
kindly consented to undertake its superintendency. The outlook appeared
to equal that of the first year of the Boys’ School. But in the first week
of the proposed term severe sickness broke out that prevented the recep­
tion of boarders. The school opened, however, with as many day pupils
as could easily be gathered. Subsequently the civil surgeon warned the
school out of the house we had taken, which he pronounced an un­
healthy location.
W e secured a neighboring cottage, where the little
school has continued through the year. The prospect for a thrifty Girls’
School for the coming year appears satisfactory.
N a t iv e W o r k .
Rev. N . G. Cheney, Missionary.
After the land-slip last year, as the mission premises were rendered un­
safe, most of our native Christian community had to be provided for else­
where, and very few of them have since returned to Naini Tal.
The Rev. Dr. Scott and the Rev. H. Mansell, of our mission, during
their stay at the sanitarium, sustained bazar preaching, aided by a mem­
ber of our English congregation, L. E. Marston, Esq. G. H. Fray, a
young native preacher just graduated from the Theological School at
Bareilly, has worked regularly ir> the bazars, visiting from door to door
and holding prayer-meetings. A course of lectures to educated natives,
by Babu Ram Chander Bose, and lectures also by Dr. Scott and Mr.
Mansell, were well attended, the audiences sometimes filling the chapel.
The Rev. D. W. Thomas, residing a part of the season here, most
kindly undertook the care of the native Sabbath-school, and also carried
on a most excellent Sabbath service for jhampanies. Hundreds of village
men from the interior of Gurhwal and Kumaon spend the season in
Naini Tal, employed as chair-carriers or jhampanies. When these men
are instructed in Christian truth, they carry back to their villages informa­
tion that opens the way for Christian laborers. Almost every lady that
attends our English service has with her some four or six of these men,
who carry her daneli, a sort of open sedan chair. Instead of being left to
loiter about, these men have been gathered in the school-house near by,
where Mr. Thomas has, week by week, preached to them.
The native Boys’ School has been in the care of a European head
master, assisted by six native teachers, and has done a good year’s work.
G u r h w a l C ir c u it .
Rev. J. T. M ’Mahon, Missionary.
The missionary was considerably delayed in reaching this, to him, new
field of labor, after Conference, from Roy Bareilly, his former field in the
plains, where ten years had been spent, owing, in the first place, to illness,
and, in the second place, to the non-arrival of his successor there. Then,
when able to start, twenty-two days were spent in making the journey
with his family to Paori, the head-quarters of our mission work in Gurhwal.
i 88i.J
NORTH INDIA.
161
There are connected with this charge five subcircuits, manned by
native helpers. These smaller fields lie from six to more than forty miles
from the mission-house at Paori. They have each been visited from
two to six times during the year. Work has also been done in some
other places to which we, as yet, have no men to send. The work in most
of these fields has moved on encouragingly.
The important Anglo-vernacular school at Paori was found without a
head, master, the former one having left the latter part of last year. After
considerable delay the services of a Eurasian teacher were secured, and
the work thus far has been satisfactory. Until the arrival of said teacher
the missionary was compelled to give a considerable part of his time to
the school. Three new primary schools for boys' have been opened during
the year. This gives us in this field 9 boys’ schools, with 322 pupils under
constant religious instruction. There are also 3 girls’ schools with 73 pu­
pils.
There have been 13 children and 21 adults baptized during the
year. The number of communicants has fallen from 124 to 116, owing
mostly to removals, but the Christian community has risen from 234 to 245.
Three new Sunday-schools have been opened recently, two in con­
nection with the new day-schools, and they are in the village of Paori, a
short distance from the mission-house. There are now, all told, in this
circuit, for boys and girls, eight Sunday-schools, with 326 scholars of all
ages.
The small Orphanage for boys under our native preacher, Khizati,
located in Dekhwali, some sixteen miles from Paori, has held on its way.
There are eighteen boys there now, mostly little boys. Thus far no suit­
able place for this ^institution has been secured where land could be
opened and cultivated, as well as trades taught, and the boys properly
trained to do such work as most of them are best suited to do. Those
who manifest taste and aptitude in learning are provided for in the
Paori school. Several boys have been sent from this institution to our
Mission Orphanage at Shahjehanpore, to be taught trades ; but the heat
of the plains seldom agrees with them, and the experiments have thus far
proved unsatisfactory. W e require all the necessary" facilities to fit them
for the callings of life here in their native hills. Some of the boys have
received some instruction in weaving at considerable expense; but En­
glish clothing goods are imported and sold at such low figures, that
weavers can no longer earn a respectable living, and there is little out­
look for the boys in this line.
Our native Christian community, which is composed of people from the
poorer classes, has done very well in a temporal sense this year. Five
more families have purchased land and are on the way to independence.
Numbers of the people have secured work as domestic servants, and
Christian servants, when properly trained by missionaries or those who
appreciate and sympathize with their interests, do very well. They, how­
ever, labor under the disadvantage of being quite new in this line, where­
as Hindu and Mohammedan servants are but following in the footsteps
°f generations of their forefathers, and are themselves instructed in their
11
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l8 8 l.
calling from their childhood. For this reason they seem to take to such
work more naturally and readily than do Christians at first.
Some of our people who were not inclined to engage in heavy manual
labor, have been induced to do so by instruction and want. Several
Christian coolies may now be seen carrying from fifty to seventy pounds
burden from ten to twenty miles per day, as do hundreds of their fellow
mountaineers who are still Hindus. One weakness— very prevalent and
even quite general in this country— is the disposition to contract debts
with no reasonable prospects of ability to pay them. There has been a
degree of difficulty in guarding some of our people from this evil. But
the strict exercise of stringent rules is producing its fruit, and improve­
ment is manifest.
v
The usual services and means of grace for our Christian people have
been regularly observed in connection with our work in Paori, with Sun­
day-schools, preaching, prayer and class-meetings, teachers’ meetings,
daily prayers, etc. Besides those in Hindustani, there have been a preach­
ing service and class-meeting held weekly in English.
A ll our work in this field is full of interest, and grows with increasing
rapidity.
Gurhival M edical Work. Rev. P. T. Wilson, M.D., Superintendent.
During little more than three months the missionary remained in Paori.
During this time he treated all the cases of cholera occurring among the
native Christians there, and, through God’s kindness, though several were
quite ill, all recovered. The mission dispensary here, under the imme­
diate charge of our trained native Christian doctor, Edward Thomson, has
done wel^and is appreciated. The government kindly continues its annual
grant of medicines, which is of great assistance.
The missionary while at Paori, besides supervising the dispensary, has
preached weekly in English, and held an English class-meeting, and as­
sisted Mr. and Mrs. M ’Mahon in their regular Hindustani services.
The greater part of the year has been spent in itinerations among the
pilgrims on their way to or returning from the Hindu shrines near the
snows above, and other people.*
A colporteur, Bhajui, has accompanied the missionary, assisting him in
distributing tracts and Scriptures. Many have been spoken to about
Christ and his salvation.
Labors among the pilgrims must be only known as to results in eternity,
for they return to their distant homes in various parts of India, and one
never meets them again in this world.
The missionary has been thankful to God for the privilege, while among
the pilgrims, of to some extent feeding the hungry, relieving suffering
ones, and ministering to some dying far from home, without another
single mortal near disposed to lend a helping hand.
The missionary is under many obligations to Rev. Mr. and Mrs.
M ’Mahon, and other friends at Paori, for kindnesses received during the
year.
1881.]
NORTH INDIA.
I6 3
B h a b a r C ir c u it .
Rev. Thomas Go wan, Native Minister.
A s already indicated, this circuit was formed at the last session of the
Annual Conference, and comprises that part of the old Naini Tal Circuit
lying outside of the station proper. During the cold weather most of the
work is done in the belt of land skirting the hills, the Bhabar proper,
which gives the circuit its name. In the summer months the work is
largely confined to the villages in the adjoining hills. This change of base
is due to the fact that nearly all the people change their dwelling-places
with the seasons.
♦
The various branches of mission work in this field have been kept up
much in the usual manner.
The schools for boys, eight in number, all of a primary grade, are en­
tirely supported by funds provided by the Commissioner of these provinces.
The work done in them during the year has been fairly satisfactory.
There are five Sunday-schools in connection with these day-schools,
with an encouraging attendance.
Two melas or fairs have been attended, and considerable preaching
was done, which was listened to by large numbers with apparent in­
terest.
Frequent itinerating tours have been made through the circuit with en­
couraging results.
There are now six villages within the bounds of this charge where
Christian families are found. , This is an encouraging fact when it is re­
membered that but few years have elapsed since the first family embraced
Christianity.
The most important of these villages is Isainagar, which is distinctively
a Christian village. It now contains fourteen Christian families, and its
influence for good on the surrounding community is very marked. A few
years since two missionaries and a native preacher were on an itinerating
tour, and visited the neighborhood where Isainagar now stands. On en­
tering one of the villages a Brahmin greeted them with a most shameful
tirade of abuse. Now the spirit of friendliness is very striking, and num­
bers of the people frequent our place of worship.
There are two or three families in the village which will shortly receive
baptism if all goes well. There is another family for which strong hopes
are entertained. It is that of a gardener. He came to the village a few
years since in time of famine, and, receiving permission to do so, and a
little help, he settled down among our people, and remained until the be­
ginning of the present year, when he suddenly disappeared. He stayed
away seven months, after which time he as suddenly and unexpectedly
reappeared in the village. He stated that during his absence he had
found no rest of mind, and his unrest had driven him back. He begged
to be pardoned and restored.
Since his return he has been one of
the most regular and interested attendants on the services of God s
house.
M ISSIONARY REPORT.
[ l 8 8 l.
The work among the people of Chopra, a village about six miles from
the foot of the hills in the mountains, where the preacher in charge makes
his home most of the year, and where a small parsonage was erected
early in the year, is becoming very promising. Some years since there
was much interest in Christianity in this village, and it was strongly
hoped a large proportion of the people would shortly embrace Christ and
be baptized. But the conduct of an unworthy professor of Christianity,
for the time-being, at least, served to blast their budding faith, and with
sorrow the workers were compelled to see them go back to their idols
and sins. But since they have been under more special instructions again
a much better spirit has arisen among them, and they may again be called
inquirers, and it is earnestly hoped that ere long a good number of them
may be received among us as true followers of Christ.
During the late summer and early autumn there is much fever in the
Bhabar and adjoining hills, and an excellent opportunity is offered for
reaching the people by distributing medicines and visiting the sick.
One man a few miles from the parsonage was taken very ill, and the
mother insisted that the Christian preacher be called. On his arrival the
man was found wild with delirium. Remedies were administered, and
prayer with the family offered for his recovery. He soon began to im­
prove, and in due time was restored to health. Two days more were
spent with the people of this village, and they listened gladly to the word
of life. Before leaving, when prayer was offered for the sick one, the
family knelt with the preacher and joined in the petitions presented
to God.
Thus, while the fruit of our labors is not all that our hearts long to see,
still the workers are not left without much to encourage them in their
efforts.
E a st e r n K u m a o n C ir c u it .
Rev. R. Gray, M.D., Missionary.
The usual obstacles to a life entirely devoted to winning these heathen
from their superstitions to a faith in Christ have been this year in full
operation as regards the missionary. Fully one half his time this year
has been given to the Woman’s Foreign Missionary Society in drawing
plans for buildings, superintending their erection, studying and planning
how to make one rupee do the work of two. A large portion of the
other half has been given to other buildings, and a small portion of his
time has been given to real evangelistic work, and efforts for the growth
o f the native Christian community. The work which has been done by
the native preachers has been sadly marred by bickerings and quarrels,
and a perfect ignorance of how to go to work to gain the people to
Christ. One preacher was discovered drinking and guilty of wickedness
generally, and discharged from the work of a preacher. The fact that
in these circumstances fruit has been gathered, and goo'd fruit at that,
shows that the Gospel is just as vital in this nineteenth as it was in the
first century. Souls have been brought out of darkness to light. Seven
1881.]
NORTH INDIA.
adults have been baptized, and they are all good cases, and have steadily
grown in grace since baptism. These cases open out new circles of work
and hope. Here, in these Himalayas, we have no large caste closely asso­
ciated, and the work must spread through family connections. In all
these cases it is as though a stone had been thrown into the water, and the
circle will certainly spread in the family line.
The growth of the Christian community in grace and knowledge has
been very marked and gratifying. The District Conference meetings
which were held in Almora, in October, were means of profit to almost
all our people who attended. The meetings had been long looked for­
ward to, money had been saved, and finally, going and coming, men and
women footed it one hundred and ten miles over these high mountains and
through low valleys. O f course it did them good. But the most useful
means for their growth has been the meeting held on Sunday evenings,
which is our general class-meeting. It has been conducted on old prin­
ciples, somewhat in the way of John Wesley, as stated in a number of
the New York “ Christian Advocate
“ John Wesley used the Bible in
the first class-meetings, explaining it to those who knew but little of it.
The late Dr. Durbin, when a pastor in Philadelphia, took special pains
to have his classes group thei^ experiences around some scriptural truth,
very much in Mr. W esley’s way.” That is just what has been done in
Pithoragarh this year, and the benefit has been so marked that we can
confidently recommend it to every one. It requires a company of mature
Christians to hold a profitable religious conversation among themselves,
and even they do not always succeed, judging by the printed reports we
sometimes see. The Epistle of John, if carefully studied and applied in
a class-meeting, will surely develop new and fresh Christian life.
The public services have been very well attended, and as satisfactory
as ever, except the preaching, which might be very much improved. The
people do not seem to know the difference, however, and still come. The
Sunday-school in Pithoragarh for men and boys has been given to a native
brother to superintend. He is learning how to do that. One lesson he
has learned may be worth telling. He came to the missionary and said,
“ Sahib, we want some lesson leaves, some cards, some tickets, e tc.; will
you please make some arrangement for them?
The amount of confi­
dence these native helpers have in the missionaries is wonderful. They
seem to think nothing is too hard for them. All they have to do is to
make the arrangement and it will come to pass. He was told very plainly,
“ You are the superintendent; will you please make your own arrange­
ment.” He was very much astonished, but showed he had learned his
lesson well, if quickly; and no sooner had his paper been prepared than it
was presented to the missionary for his subscription. He has proved a
good beggar, and has made his own arrangement. Many of our native
Christian men have been nursed so long that they have not found out
that they can do any thing. The stewards of our Church seem to think
that a pane of glass cannot be put in without consulting the missionary.
They are all improving, however, and they do well as soon as they come
M ISSIONARY REPORT.
[ l8 8 l.
out. The Sunday-school has improved under this native brother, while it
had run down under the missionary.
The general plan of preaching among the villages has been changed.
Formerly it was very general; now it has become special. Each native
brother has chosen a village for his special effort, and promises to produce
converts soon. They also appointed a village for the missionary, who
will very gladly give his effort there. W e anticipate very great profit from
this plan, and specially so as the buildings are about completed and the
helpers at peace and unity among themselves.
The day-schools have done well, but the problem how to get the boys
in them converted has not yet been solved. The fact seems to be that no
one is specially devoted to them, and, seeing the multiplicity of work, it is
impossible that any one should be now.
The native Church has done well in giving. Four rupees have been
paid to a helper monthly, and all current expenses have been met.
In conclusion the missionary wishes to say that it is too much to ask
one man to do the work of four. In this case there are personal feelings
involved, as the writer came to this land to be a medical missionary, and
finds himself, in addition to his medical work, which comprises: 1. Being
the doctor of 20,000 people ; 2. Superintendent of three outside dispen­
saries ; 3. Instructor of medical colporteur#; also filling the following posts :
I. Architect to the W . F. M. S.
2. Builder to the same.
3. Financial
agent for Missionary Society in Eastern Kumaon. 4. Pastor of a congre­
gation. 5. General village preacher. 6. Superintendent of eight village
schools. Certainly there is a chance to do something.
D w a r a h a t C ir c u it .
Rev. P. M. Buck, Missionary.
The head-quarters of this circuit, or Dwarahat proper, is located four
marches from the foot of the hills, and is three marches north of Naini
Tal. Though entirely a rural district, still the region is very thickly set­
tled. There are about forty villages within four miles of the missionhouse, and the most densely populated region of these mountain provinces
'is within the bounds of this circuit, and is easy of access to the missionary.
Indeed, on almost every side, and but few miles distant, are broad river
valleys lined with scores of villages, thus offering an excellent field for
itinerant work. Then these village people are much more simple-hearted
and ready to receive the Gospel than are those commonly found in larger
towns and cities, and perhaps nine tenths of the converts of our entire
mission-field have been won from the rural population.
The mission-house in Dwarahat was built several years since entirely
from subscriptions raised among the European population of the civil and
sanitaria stations within the bounds of this district, but was not perm a­
nently occupied until the beginning of the present year. The nearest
white neighbor is a tea-planter six miles distant; the next nearest are those
living in the military sanitarium, Rani Khet, thirteen miles away. S t ill
the missionary and his wife were never happier in any home, and w o u ld
188 i.J
NORTH INDIA.
167
deem it a great privilege to be permitted to spend a life-time among these
village people trying to win them to Christ, and would feel it a sacrifice
to be compelled to withdraw from this field of labor.
A s regards our work, that undertaken has been somewhat* hindered
by severe and protracted illness in the missionary’s family, necessary
building operations, and the demands of this mountain district. The
work being carried on may be indicated as follows :
1. Schools. For some years past two small primary schools have been
kept up a few miles distant from the mission-house, which were under t-he
charge of the native brother stationed here until the present year. These
have done very well. In July last a rather large primary government
school in our immediate vicinity was made over to us, with the house in
which it was held. This gives us a stronger hold on the community,
affords a better opportunity for Sunday-school work, and though the build­
ing is small, still, when improved a little in the way of ventilation and
light, will supply us with a place where, for the time being, our religious
services can be held. There are indications that this school may grow
into more importance than has hitherto attached to it, and that there may
soon be a demand for enlargement. Several applications have already
been made to place boys under our care and instruction, if a place for
them to live and proper oversight can be given. W e hope also to be able
to give some of our Christian boys, living where school advantages are
meager, a good start here under our own training. But these matters
cannot be arranged the present year. A like demand for a girls’ boardingschool begins to press upon us, and must receive early attention.
2. Village preaching. In the beginning of the year a plan for village
visitation and preaching was prepared, and a good amount of work in
this line has been done by the missionary and the native helpers. The
people have received us well, and give considerable attention to the word.
And not only have they heard in the villages, but numbers have accepted
our invitation to the Sunday services.
3. Sunday services. Our Sunday-school has been considerably ad­
vanced in numbers by the school mentioned which has come under our
control, and this part of our Sunday work has been fraught with interest.
Our preaching services have been not only attended by ail our Christian
servants, mission employés, etc., but always some from without are pres­
ent, and sometimes as many as fifty of our village friends have come in
and quietly listened to the Gospel. This work we have greatly enjoyed,
and we hope for a still better attendance as the people come to know us
more generally, and when our accommodations are improved. 1 hus far
our services have been held in the veranda, or in a room of the missionhouse.
4. Miscellaneous. The work of itinerating has been very limited, owing
to circumstances already mentioned. Prayer and class-meetings and daily
prayers have been kept up with considerable regularity ; also a daily Bibleclass has been held a good part of the year, with manifest profit to our
people.
i6 8
M ISSIONARY REPORT.
[l8 8 l.
W e can point to the conversion of none of these villagers as the fruit of
the year’s w ork; but in not a few there is manifestly a favorable change
in their views and feelings with reference to what we teach, and we look
for tangible results at no distant day. A s a new field we look upon this
as one of promise. While we are waiting and looking for fruit from with­
out God is leading some of our servants into the light. One of them will
be baptized, if all goes well, next Sunday, and another with his family will
probably soon follow. On the whole, in reviewing the year, we “ thank
God and take courage.”
O U D H D I S T R I C T , T . S.
J oh nson,
P. E.
A P P O IN T M E N T S FO R 1881.
Missionaries: B. H. Badley, T . Craven, J. Mudge.
Assistant Missionaries : Mrs. Badley, Mrs. Craven, Mrs. Mudge. Native
P a sto r: I. Fieldbrave. Local Preachers: Enoch Burge, Ram Chandra
Bose, Philip Andrews, Chimmon Lall. E xhorters: C. E. Saville, Orange
Judd, Henry Angelo. N ative Teachers: S. S. Day, G. C. Day, G. H.
Barrow, James Barrow, A. Forbes, F. Steele, Harding Masih, B. F.
WToolston, Pliny Wood, Nawab-ul-Haqq, George Richards.
*
W. F . M . S. Missionaries : Miss E. Gibson, Miss F. Nickerson. A s­
sistant M issionaries: Miss Rowe, Miss Hemming, Miss Mispelaar.
Teachers: Miss A. D ’Abrau, Miss De Castro, Victoria Janvier, Jemima
Angelo, Mary Lall, Grace Haqq, Miriam. Bible Readers: Caroline Rich­
ards, Ellen Richards, Shemo Chattergee, Grace Erasmus, Samaira John,
Alice Massey, Bella Chuna, Elizabeth Chailes.
L u c k n o w .—
C a w n p o r e . — Missionaries : G. H. M ’Grew, T . L. Neeld, J. C. Lawson.
Assistant Missionary : Mrs. A . J. Lore M ’Grew. Local Preachers: Dr.
J. H. Condon, E. T . Farnham, Kanhai Singh, Gulzari Lall. Exhorter:
Zabardast Khan.
Teachers in Memorial Boys' School: N. Hunt, J. M.
Sarkis, E. W . Davies, G. W . Austin, I. W . Greatrex.
W. F . M . S. M issionary: Miss S. A . Easton. Assistant Missionary:
Miss Jose.
Teachers : Miss King, Miss De Sauza, Miss M ’Kenzie, Miss
Sarkis.
'
H a r d u i . — Native Preacher: B. Luke.
Local Preachers: Chuna
Lall, J. R. M ’Gregor. E xhorters: Ghasi Ram, Bhola Singh.
W. F . M . S. Teachers: Fanny Girdhart, Jane Ram. Bible Readers:
C. Luke, E. Angelo, D. Rubin.
S E E T A P O R E A N D L u C K IM P O R E . — M issionary: J. E. Scott.
As­
sistant M issionary: Mrs. Scott. Local Preachers: P. Gray, P. Nicker­
son, Simon Jacob, Kanhai Singh. Teachers: G. Mayal, J. M ’Gee, Mattias.
W. F . M . S. Bible Women: Victoria Gray, Anne Jacobs, Minerva
Nickerson, Lucy Stone, Caroline. Teachers: Helen M ’Gee, Mary Woolston, Herter.
G o n d a h A N D B a h r a i c h . — M issionary: S. Knowles.
Assistant
M issionary: Mrs. Knowles. N ative M inister: W . Peters. Local
1 8 8 i .]
NORTH INDIA.
Preachers: Charles Luke, Wilbur Fisk, Behari Lall, Steven Paul, Sadalu.
E xh orter: Chattar Singh.
Teachers: H. C. Sigler, Ahmad Hassain,
Samuel Wheeler, J. R. Downey.
W. F . M . S. Teachers: Bible Women: Nelly Peters, Nettie Sigler,
Phulmania Luke, Susanna, Mohni, Suki, Betsey Paul, Peggy Barrow, Har­
riet Fisk, Pirania, Prem Dari.
Baraban
— Native M in ister: E. Joel.
k i.
W. F . M. S. Bible Women: Libbie Joel, Mary Flint.
ROI B a r e i l l y .— Native M inister: A. C. Paul. Local Preachers :
Lucius Cutler, Isa Das, J. D. Ransom. Teachers: J. Barnabas, James
Burket.
W. F. M . S. Assistant: Mrs. Grant. Teachers: Klaini Bhrkit, Bible
Women: Salome, Jessie Ransom, Miriam Alexander, Faith Eliott.
T he Presiding Elder reports as follows :
The result of labor in such a mission field as India cannot be gathered
from statistics, while the moral condition of the people, and present pros­
pects for the speedy triumph of Christianity, can hardly be ascertained
from reports.
In the Oudh District there are not wanting encouraging indications.
The preaching of the WTord seems more effectual than formerly; this was
especially manifest in the recent Mela at Ajhudiya, the birthplace of the
famous Hindu incarnation, Ram. One evening, at the close of preaching,
a man came forward from the crowd and declared himself convinced that
Christ is the Saviour, and that he would at once accept him. His friends
remonstrated and caught hold of him to prevent his accompanying the
preachers to the camp. He resisted all their efforts, and spent the evening
in receiving further instruction. The next day, which was the Sabbath,
he found his way back to the camp, and declared that he would hence­
forth worship Christ.
About the same time another very interesting man came forward quite
in the same way, and remained under instruction during our stay, and
arranged to have this continued. Sunday morning, four men came to us,
gave the name of their locality, and declared themselves fully convinced,
and indeed anxious to accept the truth. Another said that he had ac­
cepted Christ, prayed only unto him, and that he had peace in believing.
True, these were but seven men out of the great crowd of probably seven
hundred thousand; still it shows the power of the Gospel, and that we
may be encouraged to look for the speedy coming of multitudes to inquire
what they must do to be saved.
The interest in Sunday-school work is increasing in all directions;
thousands of Hindu and Mohammedan children are under instruction,
and the number might be almost indefinitely increased could a sufficient
number of Christian teachers be found. Some of our preachers attend
three or four schools upon the Sabbath.
The permanent endowment of a native preachership— the preacher to
I /O
M ISSIONARY REPORT.
[l8 8 l.
work as an evangelist— in the Roi Bareilly circuit, inaugurated last year,
has been completed, and the amount of 4,500 rupees in government se­
curities has been received and placed in the Bank of Bengal, Lucknow.
Major A. P. Orr, the good man who kindly made this endowment, while
very ill in the beginning of the year, before the transaction was completed,
was most anxious that all should be properly settled while he was able to
attend to it, and was greatly gratified when he knew it was completed.
The new church in Seetapore, which is most admirably adapted to
efficient work, has been completed, and was dedicated in July. The debt
on the English church in Lucknow has been cleared off within the year,
and the same with the Cawnpore church. There is a heavy debt on the
Memorial School, in Cawnpore, which should be paid off at once. The
school is improving, and has a grand future before it. W ho will come
forward and lift off this heavy load of debt ?
The Centennial School, in Lucknow, for native Christian boys, is moving
for a new building; the Government heartily approves, and promises
5.000 rupees building grant. W e must ask the Mission Board for as
many dollars in our next estimates.
An arrangement has been made with the Muir Cotton Mills, in Cawn­
pore, whereby a number of the boys from the Shahjehanpore Boys’ Or­
phanage will be admitted into the mills to learn the work, and take em­
ployment as they become competent. About 80 of the 260 boys will be
removed to Cawnpore. They will, however, as at present, divide their
time between school and work. A number of native Christian families
will also find employment there, and thus the enterprise must result in
great good to the native Christian community in this part of the country.
The District Conference held last month was pronounced the best ever
held in Oudh, while the baptism of the Holy Spirit received by many in
the camp-meeting at Shahjehanpore gives new life and encouragement
for the future.
L ucknow .
Rev. B. H. Badley, Rev. T . Craven, Rev. J. Mudge, Missionaries. Rev.
I. Fieldbrave, Native Pastor.
1. The Year. W e have had a pleasant year, and close with 126 mem­
bers and probationers, as compared with 100 last year. The attendance
upon our public services has been larger than ever before. There are
indications of prosperity.
2. Bazar preaching has been carried on as usual. W e have certain
street-corners and shade-trees where we go week after week to preach to
the passers-by. W e meet with but little opposition, and, as a rule, the
people seem interested in our message. The annual fairs, held in the
suburbs of the city, have been visited, and in this way hundreds have
heard of Christ.
3. Baptisms. Five adults have been baptized. this year, four of whom
were women. Of the five, four were Mohammedans— the other a Hindu.
One of these, a young man, owes his conversion to the teaching received
i
88 i . l
NORTH INDIA.
171
in school and Sunday-school. He is in the highest class of our Central
School in the city, (which contains about 200 boys,) and has gradually been
led to accept Christ as his Saviour. He became convinced that no one
else could pardon his sins and give peace and rest. Daily, as he studied
the Bible, the truth seemed to take deeper hold of his heart, and at last
he confessed to his school-mates his faith in Christ. W e advised delay,
but he declared himself ready for baptism and its consequences. He was
baptized three months ago, and bids fair to become a useful worker in the
Church. His mother and brother at once drove him away from home,
and refused to see him ; he took refuge at the house of one of our local
preachers, but was driven away for a time. One day his brother met him
and gave him a beating, with the assurance that he would repeat it every
time they met. His clothes were taken from him, so that the first thing
we had to do was to buy him a suit of clothes. Subsequently his brother
relented, and besought him to give up Christianity and again become a
Mohammedan. The new convert, however, was not to be won over ; he
expressed his belief in Christ, and urged his brother to accept Christian­
ity, as we trust he will. W e anticipated considerable trouble in the school,
especially as the young man was in the highest class, and such a baptism
often breaks up the class ; but the Lord helped us in this, and there was
no interruption.'\ One of his classmates, however, true to the spirit of
Islam, expressed his mind very freely, as follows : “ So you have given up
our faith, eh ! If it were not that the English Government is here, I would
soon have your head cut from your shoulders ? ”
A Hindu woman was baptized at the close of October at the Shahjehanpore camp-meeting, which she had greatly desired to attend. She
has been for some time a teacher in one of the city girls’ schools, and
from hearing the hymns and Sunday-school lessons, as taught by the
young ladies, has lost all faith in Hinduism, and has learned to love Christ.
Both of these cases are very encouraging, as they show how much good
is being effected by our schools and Sunday-schools. \\ e shall labor
more earnestly in future, and pray that God may use these agencies
more and more.
4. The Day-Schools have been doing good work. In all of these not
only is the Bible taught, but the text-books (readers) are full of religious
lessons, while in four of the six the head masters are Christians, and de­
vote more or less attention every day to Bible instruction. The hundreds
of boys and girls are being brought under saving influence, and we expect
by and by to count converts from these schools by the score.
5. Our Sunday-school work has been very interesting. W e report 1,250
scholars— an increase of 250.
In several places where we have dayschools we might open Sabbath-schools had we more helpers. As it is,
most of our Church-members attend the Sunday-schools m different parts
of the city, and one local preacher attends three every Sabbath. The
city is so large— at least six miles in extent— that it requires from three
to four hours for each school. W e frequently close with a preaching
service. The Berean Lessons have never been more carefully studied
172
M ISSIONARY REPORT.
[ l 88 l.
among us than during the past year. A t the close of the third quarter,
in September, we held our examination as usual in the Subjects, Golden
Texts, Outlines, and Selected Verses, and about 100 scholars, mostly Hin­
dus and Mohammedans, passed perfectly, and had their names entered on
the “ Roll of Honor.” The examiners were surprised at the readiness
with which the questions were answered, evincing much earnest study on
the part of the children.
6. The work among educated natives has been carried on, as heretofore,
by Brother Ram Chandra Bose, who is in every respect qualified for it.
During the year he has been absent about four months on lecturing tours,
visiting Almorah, Naini Tal, Calcutta, etc. Especially at Calcutta the
meetings were very interesting, and he lectured to large audiences under
the most favorable auspices. A s he thus goes from place to place, visit­
ing among and preaching to his educated countrymen, the Lord opens
the way and gives special blessings. W e have strong faith that the out­
come of all this work will be the salvation of many of these half-awak­
ened very influential young men.
7. The magic lantern has been of great help in our evangelistic work.
W e 'have given exhibitions of scriptural scenes in every pait of the city,
generally in our school-houses. The last one was held a few evenings
since. Half a dozen of the brethren accompanied to assist in the singing.
The head master of the school (a Christian brother) had invited the boys,
their parents, friends, and others, to attend, and, as the result, we had a
congregation of 400, among others a native official (honorary magistrate)
and his friends. The opportunity for preaching was excellent, and we
returned greatly encouraged. By pictures, hymns, and sermons the people
are thus learning of the work and teachings of Christ.
8. Miscellaneous. Our native pastor, Brother Fieldbrave, has long
needed a parsonage, and this year, by the combined efforts of the Hindu­
stani Church, the missionaries, and other friends, g 150 were collected and
the house was built. It gives our brother a comfortable home. A new
organ graces our church. It is one of the results of Brother Bose’s visit
to America last year. W e had mentioned our need, and he brought
it before the Boston Preachers’ Meeting, where Dr. Butler and other
kind friends secured the needed funds to pay for the instrument. It
reached us safely, and is just what we needed. Many thanks to the good
friends at Boston.
W e have recarpeted our church without expense to the mission. The
room is often filled, and we must soon have a larger place. Our Hindu­
stani Literary Society— organized before 11 254, § 6 of the late Discipline
was written— has held monthly meetings during the year, to the edifica­
tion of both European and native members. Several very practical sub­
jects have been discussed, and we find the experiment a great success.
A Young Men’s Christian Association has also been in operation this
year. Several Hindu and Mohammedan young men asked permission to
join, and, of course, were not refused. There are about 30 members, and
probably there is not another Young Men’s Christian Association in the
i
NORTH INDIA.
8 8 i .]
173
world so catholic. W e hope to see the non-Christians saved. The Chris­
tian members render valuable assistance in our Sunday-school work.
There has been no special revival in our Church this year, but there has
been steady growth and general co-operation in work. The prospect is
hopeful.
Cen
t e n n ia l
Sch o o l.
R e v . B . H . B ad le y, Principal.
Year by year this institution is growing in importance and in helpful
influence. It is intended chiefly for native Christian boys, and especial
attention is given to religious instruction ; but as we have had urgent ap­
plications from others wishing to attend, we have not confined it to one
class. All the boarders are Christians. The number at present in attend­
ance is 116, of whom 58 are Christians, 44 Hindus, and 14 Mohammedans.
The highest class consists of 23 young men, who, besides their ordinary
studies, read the Bible (in English) an hour each day. Lower classes are
taught in Barth’s Bible Stories, the Catechism, etc. The school was ex­
amined by the Government Inspector in July. He expressed his pleasure
at the progress made during the year, and promised to assist us in secur­
ing a larger grant from Government, and a building grant of $2,500 for
the new school-house, which he pronounced an urgent necessity. Gov­
ernment will most probably give us the $2,500, and we hope, ere long, to
have at last a house adapted to our growing school. W e have already
occupied three houses, none of them large enough ; so we are ail the more
desirous of securing an abiding home, with ample accommodations for
boarders, a good play-ground, gymnasium, etc..
The boarders have been regular in attendance upon divine service and
Sabbath-school, as well as their own school, prayers, and class meetings.
The older boys belong to the Young Men’s Christian Association, and go
regularly to the city Sunday-schools as teachers. W e hope and are as­
sured that God will call at least some of them to preach. Others will
teach ; all are being prepared for usefulness.
This school is greatly needed and could not be more happily located
than in Lucknow. Here we have a large population of native Christians
and Europeans, many of the latter poor, and unable to send their sons
away to boarding-schools. By building up a first-class school we can
have, by and by, an attendance of 150 Christian boys who, upon graduat­
ing, will be qualified for places of trust and importance. Our own and
other Churches will profit from this school. A t present we have students
whose parents belong to the Church of England, to the United Presby­
terian Church, the Baptist Church, and several Roman Catholics. We
thoroughly enjoy this work, and are earnestly praying for its success.
We need an endowment of $20poo, furniture, apparatus, etc., but shall
probably have to wait for these, and meanwhile do the best we can with­
out them. W hat whole-souled servant of the Lord will help us in found­
ing this Christian college here in needy Lucknow ?
Rev. T . Craven, Superintendent.
The publishing interests have been attended to with the customary
M is s io n P r e s s .
M ISSIONARY REPORT.
174
[I88l.
degree of care. Nothing has transpired of sufficient importance to call
for special remark. No book has as yet come prominently into notice,
and no new manuscript has been presented likely to be especially popular.
The calls of Sunday-school workers and theological students have been
many, and an attempt at meeting their wants has been made. The at­
traction of the youth to the Sunday-school, their education, so far as it can
be attendee! to by the issue of interesting monthly papers and the forma­
tion of the theological views of the forthcoming ministry, are objects to
which the press has been devoted, and for the attainment of which it is
a powerful instrument. The “ Commentary on Exodus,” by Rev. D. W.
Thomas, is now passing through the press. The “ Discipline,” (revised
translation,) by Rev. E. W. Parker, will be out in a few days. A “ Sundayschool Manual,” in English, by Rev. T. J. Scott, is also in hand. It will
be translated and presented to the Church shortly, in Roman and Litho­
graph Urdu.
Rev. B. H. Badley revised our hymn book, with the assistance of some
members of the Publishing Committee, in the early part of the year, and
about 13,000 copies in Urdu, (Lithograph,) Hindee, and Roman Urdu, have
been printed. The works of Josephus are still passing through the press.
During the past year four parts have been printed. For our day-schools
a new Arithmetic has been stereotyped, and 3,000 copies printed. Sev­
eral other books, whose editions had been sold, have been resupplied.
For the Sunday-school a new set of illustrated tickets or cards has
been prepared, and 75,000 printed. Three hundred thousand attractive
colored pictures have been received, and arrangement made for supplying
the necessary letter print. Mention may also be made of the yearly sup­
ply of Sunday-school lessons and Picture Papers. The work of editing
these was cheerfully assumed by the Rev. R. Hoskins and Rev. E. W.
Parker. Of the Sunday-school papers in Urdu and Hindee 192,000 have
been printed and sent at different times. The lessons were printed and
sent forth cheaply in book form ; so after the year has gone the lessons
will remain in this permanent form with many of the larger boys. Our
wants are many. Would that the Church could see the flood of impure
literature sent forth from the presses of North India ! Could it imagine
half of the real facts in the case, surely some of its noble sons would help
in this great work. An endowed press and publishing house for India is
our great need. Economy as well as the greater call of duty to do greater
things makes it important.
Sa
ad at
G
unge
.
Rev. T. Craven has special charge of Saadat Gunge, our suburban ap­
pointment, and reports as follows:
" Saadat Gunge
is th e o ld e st d is tr ic t in
the Lucknow w o rk . In early
Sodom o f India, w isely
d a y s th e g o o d m en w h o pioneered th e w o rk in this
c o m m en c e d w o rk a t this point, b u ilt a co m m o d io u s sch o o l-h o u s e and native
p a r so n a g e .
After t w e n ty -tw o years th e y sta n d , a n d are s e r v in g th e prom is­
In the sch o o l-h o u se m ee ts d a ily a sch o o l an d on S u n d a y a
in g w ork w ell.
188 i.J
NORTH INDIA.
175
Sunday-school with an attendance of 150 boys. On some Sundays the past
year the attendance has reached over 200, all heathen and Mohammedan
children. Of this number not a few read the Scriptures and intelligently
listen to the explanation of the lesson. A class of sixteen young men, who
have formed part of the school for several years, is a special attraction, at
all events, to the superintendent. All is hopeful and promising, and we trust
that soon the Master will direct us where to cast the net that some of the fish
may be taken. Brother Chimmon Lall occupies the parsonage, and he is
being blessed. A few have been led by him to Christ the past year. He is
a w i ^ a n d soul-saver. He is respected throughout the community, and
God is drawing the people nearer to him. W e look for great things in
this heathen stronghold, whereby our hearts shall be made glad and angels
in heaven rejoice.”
C
aw npore.
Rev. G. H. M’Grew, Missionary.
In February last I was relieved of the care of. the English congregation
which took up so much of my time last year. Since then my efforts have
been concentrated on the native work.
Our regular working force has been strengthened by the addition of
Munshi Gulan Lai, one of last year’s graduates from the Theological
School. Work has been carried on in the same lines as were followed
last year. Going two by two, we have preached four nights in the week,
at different places in the bazars.
There has been less controversy and
more inquiry than was noticed last year. The tracts published by the
North India Tract Society, especially for this* purpose, have been distrib­
uted in large numbers, and have been a most valuable help. Their
strictly devotional and evangelical character has made them much sought
after, and they have tended directly and powerfully to stimulate inquiry
and awaken the conscience.
Only once has any- difficulty occurred in the bazar.
A young man
who, after having been baptized, had lapsed into Mohammedanism, seemed
to be bent upon making a disturbance. Twice or thrice I changed my
ground because he interrupted me while preaching. He followed me
from one place to another, and persisted in his interruption. Finally, I
laid the facts before the chief of police, himself a Mohammedan. The
young man was sent for, informed that such conduct was contrary to the
rules relating to bazar preaching, and warned to desist. Since that time
1 have not seen him in the bazar.
The schools have worked as usual, but with an increased attendance.
A new school has been opened recently in a quarter of the city where
there are no others, and promises to be useful.
Book-selling has been pushed with unusual vigor and success. There
are three men now employed in this work. The demand for Christian
hymn books and parts of the Old Testament among the heathen has
noticeably increased.
The number of members on the register has decreased. Death has
176
M ISSIONARY REPORT.
[l8 8 l.
taken away some, others have moved away, and two probationers have
been dropped for gross immorality. The Sunday services for native
Christians are well attended ; but the need of a larger chapel more con­
veniently situated is felt more and more.
The Sunday-school work has increased greatly. W e now have ten
schools and 624 children enrolled. O f this number nearly six hundred
are heathens or Mohammedans. The Lesson Leaves are used only in
two of the schools. In the others the children are taught the Lord’s
Prayer, the Catechism, and Christian hymns. They make rapid progress
and seem to believe what they are taught. In the Sunday-schools lie our
hope for large numbers of converts in the not very distant future.
In Cawnpore there seems to be no limit to the increase of this form of
work, except that fixed by the difficulty in getting suitable teachers.
Already valuable assistance has been given in this work by laymen be­
longing to the English congregation and there is a promise of additional
help next year from the same quarter.
The two adults who have been baptized during the year are veryinteresting cases. One is a woman, the widow of a faithful man who was
baptized in 1879, and died suddenly last year. After her husband’s bap­
tism this woman refused to live with him. With true Christian grace he
left his own house for her to live in, and taking with him their little girl,
who also had been baptized, he moved into a little mud hut in the comer
of the yard, near the house of one of our native preachers. “ Working
with his own hands,” he continued to support his family, including his
wife and little son who had not been baptized.
After her husband’s death fhe woman went absolutely to work to sup­
port herself and her boy by “ grinding at the mill.” The little girl was
sent away to Bareilly to school. Soon, in spite of her constant'toil, want
began to pinch the widow and her boy. A t this juncture the native
brethren recommended me to give her a trifling monthly allowance out of
the poor fund raised by the native Church. A s in many other cases, our
care for the wants of the body soon opened the way to the heart. Her
bitterness died out, and she became an earnest seeker after truth. After
eight months of careful instruction, she and her little boy were baptized.
Within a few weeks the boy, a bright, amiable little fellow, died of fever.
The poor widow had sorrow upon sorrow. Her neighbors told her that
all her troubles were the result of her having become a Christian. She was
greatly trouble by this thought, but stood fast in the hope of the Gospel.
One week ago I had the pleasure of seeing her happily reunited with her
daughter at the Shahjehanpore mela.
The other convert is a man forty-five years of age, whose case illus­
trates the power for good which may be exerted by Christian laymen in
this country. He is a Brahman by caste, and a money-changer by occu­
pation. In a quiet way he has been an inquirer for some years. In the
evening, after the business of the day was over, he was in the habit of
going to the Young Men’s Christian Association rooms, which are fre­
quented chiefly by European soldiers. Although he does not understand
i 8 8 i.]
NORTH INDIA.
177
English, he did not fail to observe the spirit of brotherly love which per­
vaded the meetings, and was manifested in the intercourse between the
men and himself. Deeply impressed with what he had seen and felt,
one evening he asked for a cup of tea, and boldly drank i t ; thereby
breaking his caste most effectively. Soon after he was brought to me
for instruction. I found him to be already well-grounded in the faith,
and after three months’ delay baptized him. His family is living in a
village some twenty miles from Cawnpore. A t first they refused to
have any thing to do with him. Soon after his baptism he went to the
village to see them. The villagers set upon him, and he was severely
beaten with shoes. More recently, however, his eldest son fell ill, and
requested his friends to send for the father. The latter went to the
place, and was not only permitted to see the young man, but was even
allowed to give him fluid medicine from his own hand. I expect to go to
the village soon, and hope to find the family in a teachable frame of
mind.
To me, Cawnpore seems riper for evangelistic work than any other
city 1 have seen in India. Every day I am reminded of Corinth, in the
days of Paul. The place is full of commercial activity, and men from all
quarters of India jostle each other in the crowded bazars.
The inhabitants have that nimbleness of intellect which results from
commercial pursuits. They are less hampered by prejudice, and less
bound by caste, than are those of other cities in North India. God grant
that they may speedily “ buy gold refined by fire,” that they may become
truly “ rich ! ”
Cawnpore English Church. Rev. J. C. Lawson, Missionary, reports:
Since my arrival here from America, in February, I have had charge of
this work, and it rejoices me to know that through grace divine some­
thing has been accomplished for the Master.
We have a large and interesting field. The congregations, especially
the Sabbath evening, which we found to be large, have not fallen off, but
through the pastoral labor which we have been permitted to do, have
rather increased in numbers. The church every Sabbath is well filled,
and a more attentive and interesting congregation could not be desired.
A good attendance of civilians, soldiers, and school children from the
Memorial and Girls’ School, make up the bulk of the congregation. The
Thursday evening service has been fairly attended, preaching having been
kept up for the greater part of the year. O f late we have turned it into
a prayer-meeting, and many have felt the Holy Spirit to be therein power.
The Tuesday evening class and fellowship-meeting; in charge of Dr. Con­
don, has always been found to be a little heaven begun below. W e Jiave
just organized another of these social meetings, and trust that it will be
the means of leading many to seek “ vital godliness.” Dr. Condon has
also had charge of the Sunday-school, and under his faithful superin­
tendence the interest and attendance have scarcely abated during the year.
The debt on the church has been all wiped off. In addition to the service
12
178
M ISSIONARY REPORT.
[ 1 8 8 1.
in the church one has been held in Mirpur, one for the soldiers three or
four times a week in the Association R oom ; preaching has been had
once a week at the East India Railway Station ; also by Rev. Brother
M ’Grew in English once a month at Unao, and he has just started preach­
ing service fortnightly at Futtehpore. The first of these has been fairly
attended ; the second by a score or more of soldiers; the third has varied
from fifteen to thirty-five ; the fourth about thirty; the fifth, we trust, will
soon fall into line. Under the efficient superintendence of Brother Beer,
the Railway Sunday-school has averaged about twenty.
A prominent feature of the work has been visiting from house to
house.
I am confident that many hearts and homes made sad and
sinful by Satanic power have been cheered and made purer by this work.
These people highly appreciate this attention from their pastor. More
than once have I heard such language as th is: “ How can I thank you for
your kindness? No one has talked to us as you have, and your prayers
have helped us greatly. W e have long felt the need of a minister’s
counsels.” And then and there some have promised to serve the
Saviour, and, I trust, have been truly converted.
In the hospital each week we talk and pray with the sick, and the in­
terest they take is a great source of inspiration. One came in from a
drunken spree and had to have his foot amputated, and has been a
great sufferer for months from fever and pain. But he has given his heart
to the Lord Jesus, and his bedside is such as none but a Christian’s can be.
Another, with the cold sweat upon his brow, promised to meet me above.
These are but samples of the touching scenes we have with the soldiers.
The Memorial School, in charge of Brother Neeld, and the Girls’ School,
in charge of Miss Easton, are flourishing. The former has increased in
numbers from about forty-five to seventy-five enrolled at present; the
latter has kept up its numbers steadily, and every-where one goes, in or
out of the station, its praise is heard. In both schools the religious wel­
fare of the students has been carefully looked after. A large number of
the boys were present at the late Dasehra meeting, at Lucknow, and some
fifteen or twenty there gave their hearts to the Lord. I recognize and am
thankful for the great aid that Brother M’Grew, Dr. Condon, and Brother
Neeld, have given me during the year. Not one of them could well spare
the time from his own work, yet their labors have been abundant.
M em orial School. Rev. F. L. Neeld, Principal, w rites:
I presume that a general report of the condition of the school is what
is required at this time. W e have sixty-eight boys on the roll at present.
Out of that number fifty-four are boarders, and three of the boarders are
on the “ Pitman Foundation.”
W e have eight masters and two pupil teachers. Having no head mas­
ter, I had to fill the place during the year. This has left me no time for
preaching. If we had another missionary as head master, it would give
ns both some time to devote to preaching, or if we had a layman from
home specially prepared to enter educational work, he could devote all
i
88iJ
NORTH INDIA.
179
his time to school work, and thus secure to the school undivided atten­
tion of a principal. The health of the boys has been very good through­
out the year; there has been more sickness among day scholars than
among boarders. The general conduct of the school is good. Only a
few cases have required severity in discipline. A spirit of Christian gentle
manliness among the boys of the upper classes has had a very good effect
upon the whole school.
The spiritual tone is very encouraging. During the year there have
been several conversions. Boys’ prayer-meeting twice a week are well
attended. W e all go to preaching in the chapel three times a week.
The O. and R. Railway kindly reduced their fare for us, and more
than half the school attended the Dasehra meetings, at Lucknow; some
of the boys were converted there, and the whole school has been im­
proved spiritually.
I trust that the Lord may raise up from among these young men preach­
ers, teachers, exhorters, and evangelists. W e cannot long expect mission­
aries from America to the English-speaking people of India. These
young men must help to save the English-speaking people of India. W e
need to give them the very best possible preparation for the work. The
school must be permeated with the evangelical spirit. W e need to con­
centrate the forces sent from America on the strategic points, in order to
have the work effective when we are unable longer to send help from home.
The school is barely self-supporting at present. It receives no funds
from home. Out of the earnings we have to pay interest on a debt of
19,400 rupees. If the debt was cleared off we would have more means
and could do much better work. W e could pay teachers more, and
thus secure the best. W e could have the books, maps, and furniture
which we need.
The institution is young yet, but the boys who have gone out may be
found in many of the important stations of India. I met the brother of
one who has lately gone to Australia. Thus they will increase in num­
ber, and be scattered throughout the land. If nourished in her youth the
Memorial School may grow to be a power for Jesus in India.
Hard
u i.
B. Luke, Native Preacher.
Brother Luke, Conference probationer, fell ill early in the year, and is
still, unable to do much work. The work in hand has not been allowed
to suffer m uch; still, but little general evangelistic work could be done.
The field is an interesting one, and as the workmen improve in health en­
couraging reports may be expected. The preacher’s house and chapel,
both badly built buildings, were so damaged by the last rains that part of
each fell down, making it necessary to immediately reroof and otherwise
repair them.
Seetapore
and
L
u c k im p o r e .
Rev. J. E. Scott, Missionary. He writes as follows:
Has the past year been a good year? No royal road to speedy and
i8 o
M ISSIONARY REPORT.
[l8 8 l.
sure success in converting the millions has been discovered. The masses
of the people are as obdurate as ever. Hindus are still joined to their
idols, Mohammedans still read the Koran and pray four times a day, and
that good time when the halo-crowned missionary can sit under a palmtree, with anxious crowds flocking about him earnestly inquiring the way
to heaven, in these regions has not yet dawned. And yet it has been a
good year. The Gospel has been extensively preached, in the town and
country, throughout both districts. The schools are larger than ever be­
fore. The Sunday-schools especially are a success, being well attended,
and conducted with enthusiasm, and to the profit of the pupils. There
are more houses open to general workers this year than last.
There are many inquirers. Truth seems to take a firmer hold. The
helpers and catechists have been, as a general thing, more diligent and
earnest in their work. The majority of the membership have grown in
grace, and the Christian children, under careful training, have improved
very much.
The new church in Thomson Gunge has been completed with thank­
fulness, dedicated with joy, and filled every Sunday with attentive congre­
gations and enthusiastic Sunday-school children. The magic-lantern, that
new non-Pauline method of reaching the heart through the eye, has been
used in city and tnela, attracting large and attentive crowds, holding them
spell-bound while the Gospel has been preached to them. The educated
classes have, through lectures, been more effectually reached this year
than last, and the people seem at least more willing to hear than ever be­
fore. That settles the character of the year of our Lord 1881 ; results in
much encouragement, and a general conviction of the ultimate success of
the enterprise.
With this general outline of work done there are several practical ques­
tions which suggest themselves:
I.
How can we best reach the masses so as to hold their attention and
impress the truth upon them ? The magic-lantern has been named. It
is a grand thing; it works like magic. It draws and holds crowds, and
the impression made is lasting. The missionary has seen at least a thou­
sand people sitting for two hours, night after night, while the whole Bible
history from the creation of man to the ascension of Christ was recounted
before them, and they seemed to be far more interested in that than in the
picture of the lion with opening jaws, or in the drunkard swallowing a
mouse. And the missionary has settled the question of reaching the
masses so far as Seetapore itself is concerned. Here is his prescription:
Build a large, open, airy, attractive hall in the midst of the town, in the
most public place, where it is not too n oisy; throw it open to the public,
and preach a free, full gospel of salvation to them. Let there be plenty
of good, loud, hearty, sprightly, joyous singing, and copious illustrations
and abundance of pictures, and the people will come. But the funds to
build ? “ A sk and ye shall receive,” and the “ joy ” o f seeing a house go
up which will be an enduring monument to the Lord, as well as a power
far good, will be “ full.”
l 8 8 i.]
NORTH INDIA.
181
2. W hat shall we do for the children ? This question is paramount in
this empire. W hat a glorious thought, that more than one half the peo­
ple in numbers, and two thirds of them in value, are accessible to u s !
Here is a responsibility for the Church to accept. O that the garment of
Robert Raikes would fall upon us ! The missionary at Seetapore is grandly
seconded in his efforts to save the children by his catechists and helpers,
showing that Sunday-schools can flourish under native control. In the
school at Raisabad, which is conducted by Moonshee Peter Gray and
Baboo George Mayal, and which is really a more wide-awake school than
the one in Thomson Gunge, under the immediate management of the mis­
sionary, Hindu and Mohammedan boys sing hymns alone, read essays,
recite the Golden Texts and Outlines of the lessons, and know Mudge’s
Catechism so well that in theology they are more Christian than any thing
else.
3. How to circulate books. The catechists and helpers, as well as the
colporteurs, have taken more interest in this work than ever before, and as
a consequence more books have been sold and much good done. There
are helpers who are ashamed to be seen selling books, but the missionary
at Seetapore rejoices in the fact that all his helpers are book-sellers, and are
not ashamed to be seen standing in the bazars urging the people to buy.
There is, moreover, a pleasant rivalry existing between them, which it is
encouraging to see.
Several interesting incidents have occurred during the year. Ram
Sahai, the temple-priest at Hargaun, heard of the dedication of the new
church in Thomson Gunge, and came to attend the services, and, taking
up his abode in the missionary’s garden, remained during that interesting
occasion, much to his own profit. Piran, a servant in the missionary’s
family, is an example of how Christ can save these people. Four years
ago the woman was a heathen. Now her deep piety and earnest zeal are
a help to us all. In Christian benevolence she is a model, and in faith a
power. She has been the means of bringing others to Christ, and has but
recently adopted a boy to bring him up in the fear of the Lord. But this
woman is so ignorant that she has been three years, with constant appli­
cation, learning one line of the Hindu alphabet.
Less pleasing are such instances as the following: A native Christian,
a namesake of him who came to Jesus by night, came to me by day in
search of work. He showed excellent letters, and while he remained with
us he was most active in taking part in our services. He said that he had
secured a place in the brigade-major’s office, on twenty-five rupees per
month, and, as he would not be paid till the first, asked a rupee of me,
which I gave, when he left for parts unknown, and has not since been
heard from. One day I received the following letter from a would-be
inquirer :
“ S i r : — I most humbly beg to take your honor’s favorable considera­
tion that I have a great desire to fill up the story ol my mind with theology. The moonshee told me that he said hair by hair about you to Rev.
J. E. Scott. Therefore, I write a private letter to your honor; if it be so,
M ISSIONARY REPORT.
[l88l.
then I hope that your honor will be good enough to inform me. Write
down that if your honor can make any arrangement for me then I can
come to you. Otherwise I do not want to trouble your honor’s health.
“ Yours truly,” etc., etc.
The missionary “ wrote down ” very carefully the conditions upon which
he could be received, but after that he did not trouble his honor’s health
any more.
The missionary is very grateful for all the help, financial and other,
which he has received from kind friends outside of the mission, and hopes
that they will receive this as acknowledgment of their many favors.
G o n d a h a n d B a h r a ic h .
Rev. Samuel Knowles, Missionary.
William Peters, Native Minister.
1.
B azar Preaching. The gospel of Christ has been preached in the
Gondah city on an average three times a week during the past year. In
Bahraich this work has been carried on most vigorously and efficiently by
Brothers Charles Luke and Chattar Singh. The same may be said of all
our out-stations — Colonel-gunge, Ellen pore, and Nawabgunge on the
Ghogra— in all these places our native preachers have faithfully labored.
From the reports received from these important points of Christian influ­
ence, as well as from our own observation, we are able to say that we
have met with much encouragement, both from the respectful and attentive
bearing of the people, and from the unusual number of inquirers who
have come to learn more of this wonderful Avater who gave his life a
ransom for sinners. One man, a young Brahman, was standing in a crowd
of impressed listeners in the Bahraich bazar, himself wrapt in deep atten­
tion, listening to a comparison of the coming of the last, or tenth, Avatar
of Hinduism with Jesus Christ. The preacher laid special emphasis on
the fact that the true “ desire of all nations,” the only pure incarnation
which had come into the world, had already appeared; but unlike the
last Avatar of the Hindus, he appeared not to destroy men’s lives, but to
save them ; for “ this is a faithful saying, that Christ Jesus came into the
world to save sinners.” This young man became very angry for a time,
but the truth he heard was as a nail fastened in a sure place; and he
came to our preacher and said that the Avatar who came to save, and
not to destroy, him, was the Saviour he wanted. A few weeks afterward
he was baptized and received on probation.
A young Madrasi servant heard our preaching in the Gondah bazar.
He went home to his master, told him what he had heard, and asked for
spiritual instruction. His master kindly sent him to us, and we found
him thoroughly convinced of the truth that Christ was the only one that
could save him, and fully determined to throw in his lot among us. W e
had the pleasure a few weeks after this to baptize and receive him into
the Church on probation. He is now with his master, in Lucknow.
A middle-aged Brahman, with handsome face and fine-flowing beard,
i8 8 i.l
NORTH INDIA.
183
heard our bazar-preaching in Colonel-gunge. He became a very earnest
seeker after the truth. Many were his doubts and fears, which only those
who understand something of native thought, feeling, and habits can fully
appreciate; yet he overcame them all, and six months after his first com­
ing to us we administered to him the holy rite of baptism. It is very dif­
ficult to get a Brahman fakir, after the wandering life he generally leads,
to do work of any kind ; but this man quite willingly went to work, and
is employed as a peon.
A Brahman compounder in the Nawabgunge hospital came one even­
ing into the bazar to oppose the preacher and stop the preaching. A
padri was telling the story of a king-tyrant who commanded a poor smith
to make a long chain, and when the wretched man had completed'it, the
tyrant ordered his servants to bind him hand and foot with the chain, and
cast him into a furnace. The story vvas explained to mean that the tyrant
was Satan, that he tempted men to sin; each sin a man willingly com­
mitted became the link in a chain which, if a man did not repent, would
bind him hand and foot at last in helpless destruction. This simple story
made such a deep impression upon the mind of Ratu Nath that he gave
up all intention of trying to annoy the preacher. He came to us and con­
fessed his fault, and said he feared that he too was bound in the chain of
his sins. W e pointed him to Christ, who came into the world “ to break
the power of canceled sin,” and to “ set the prisoner free.” He has since
been an earnest inquirer after more truth, and ere this report is printed
will, Providence permitting, be received into our Church by the door of
faith in Christ, and open confession of his name in baptism.
2.
Visiting. W e have made this one of our most important duties dur­
ing the past year, and -from the reports of our native preachers in the
out-stations this feature of our work has met with some success. In
Gondah there are more Hindu and Mohammedan officials than in any ot'her
station in Oudh. They are all of a most liberal turn of mind, and many
of them have their houses furnished in European style. All these have
been regularly visited, and without a single exception those visits have
been received most kindly. Some of these native gentlemen have come
privately to our house to state their religious objections, and have them
answered. In one case the answers were carefully written down and
taken away to be more carefully pondered. The result of these return
visits was the giving of three lectures to the members of the Gondah
“ Aujumam-i-Rifah.” The first was on “ The Immortality of the Soul
the second on the “ State of the Soul after Death,” dealing with the ques­
tion of transmigration; and the third on ‘ ‘Rewards and Punishments,
from a Christian stand-point. That these lectures were well received was
seen by the fact that the members of the above society paid for their
printing. A t any rate, we have gained the confidence of this influential
class of native society, and we hope through that to win some of them at
least to a higher and nobler life of Christian faith and love. One native
official, whose name we are not yet at liberty to reveal, has decided so far
that he will be a Christian in secret. O f course this cannot b e ; but the
M ISSIONARY REPORT.
[i8 8 x .
longer I remain in the work, and the more experience I gain, the more I
learn not to despise the day of small things. This is a small thing now ;
we have faith to believe that it will, by the grace of God, grow into some­
thing greater and better.
3.
Itinerating. W e have made many tours in this teeming and beauti­
fully rich district, but none that seemed so satisfactory as the tours we
made during the last cold season. The people appeared ready and eager
for the Word every-where. W e made two or. three tours to Nawabgunge,
on the Ghogra, where an encouraging work opened out last year. The
old Garu whom we baptized, and hoped to employ to go among his own
caste and try and win them over to Christ, fell sick with an attack of
bronchitis. In his sickness and weakness some of his disciples, who
were opposed to us, persuaded him to give up all idea of identifying him­
self publicly with us. For a time after his recovery he hid himself from
us, and refused in any way to hold communication with us. He sent us
word that he believed on Jesus Christ, but would serve him in secret.
Latterly, however, he has shown a better spirit by coming to our meet­
ings, and visiting our native preacher.
Another tour was made to Colonel-gunge, where we visited and exam­
ined the well-conducted and flourishing boys’ and girls’ school, (in charge
of our native preacher and his wife,) and preached many times in the
crowded corn and grain market of the town. Bihari Lall has a very en­
couraging work going on in this place.
W e also made a tour to Ellenpore. Here we have a small church of
some fifty native Christians. W e spent many days among them, holding
religious services, and in visiting the large bazar, held a few miles from
this grant.
In itinerating in this district, fifteen years ago, we found very few per­
sons who could read, and hence were not able to distribute many tracts
and books; but now there is scarcely a village we can enter without sell­
ing four or five tracts, and as many copies of the New Testiment.
4.
Melas, or Religious Fairs. In the beginning of the year we visited
the great mela, held at Ajudhiya, the birthplace of Ram, where over five
hundred thousand people assemble to plunge into the waters of the Ghagra
at the full moon in November, and to worship at the hundreds of shrines
with which this Hindu sacred place abounds. There were three mission­
aries and ten native preachers from our mission present. Encamped in an
ancient grove of tamarind trees outside the gloomy old Hanuman fort, we
were near to the great mass of people, and could sit and talk, or preach,
to large crowds of people by only going a few yards from our tents.
Large crowds would gather around each preaching-place and listen to the
“ good n ew s” of a Saviour who can save them from their sins, and give
to them true peace of conscience and lasting happiness. A large num ber
of books and tracts were sold at this mela. Every preacher carried a
bundle of Hindu or Urdu tracts in his hand, and cried them for sale as
he went to, or returned from, the place of preaching. W ho can estimate
the good these silent messengers of truth will work out in these dark
i 8 8 i .]
NORTH INDIA.
185
minds and superstitious hearts ? It is our work to sow, and God’s to
water and sanctify the seed of truth.
5.
Sabbath-schools. W e have fifteen Sabbath-schools, six for girls and
nine for boys, with a total of 607 on the books and an average attendance
of 507.
W e had our usual Sunday-school fê te in last January, at Gondah, where
the European residents kindly subscribed enough money to regale over
two hundred boys with sweetmeats, and to present a number of the best
scholars with prizes.
In closing, we must thank God for the degree o- prosperity which has
attended all our efforts in every department of our mission work. Our
native Church, of fifty full members and thirty probationers, has largely
increased in general intelligence, and risen to a higher spiritual life. The
blessed way of salvation and the grand fundamental truths of the Bible
have been constantly kept before the mind of the people; many who
were altogether ignorant of what our holy religion is, now have the name
and meaning of Jesus Christ upon their hearts and lips, and some five or
six Hindus, whose minds were once as dark as night, and whose hearts
were once as hard as a rock, have been awakened, enlightened, softened,
and truly converted in heart and life.
B a r a b a n k i.
E. Joel, Native Minister.
Although alone in this large and interesting field, thank God, I find his
promise true: “ Fear not, I am with thee.” During the year I have
preached in the city and in the villages, in the melas and from house to
house, and find willing hearers every-where. In one of the melas a man,
named Ram Pushod— a land-holder— listened to preaching and bought
two tracts. About two months afterward I met him, when he said he
had been looking for me ; that the tracts told of a Saviour, and he wanted
a book which would tell all about him. He urged me to visit him and
bring the Gospel with me. When I went he received me gladly, and
bought a copy of the New Testament, and is reading it with much inter­
est. I ' have visited him several times since : he always leaves all other
business and devotes himself to religious conversation while I remain.
I hope he will soon acknowledge Christ openly in baptism. Another man,
Bhagmandas, a fakir, declared that he had long been wandering in search
of rest of soul, that he had failed to find it, but was convinced that Christ
was the Saviour. He pronounced blessings upon me for preaching such
a doctrine, and insisted upon my accepting what little food he had with
him. He remained two days with me and appeared to be fully decided to
become a Christian. He said he had accepted the Lord and would remain
faithful to him, then started for his distant home, since which I have not
heard from him. May the Lord pour out his Spirit upon
the
great multitudes may soon come to him and be saved !■
people,that
M ISSIONARY REPORT.
[I8 8 l.
Roi B a r e il l y .
Rev. A . C. Paul, Native Minister.
It is about eighteen years since the mission was established here, but
this is the first time that a native missionary has been placed in charge
of it. The district is large, and more laborers are necessary. In the outstation of Bhogpore, Isa Das, who is a local deacon, baptized a woman
last May. The husband collected a crowd and came and beat the
preacher and his wife, and carried off the convert. She soon evaded them,
however, and after two days returned to the preacher’s house, where she
remained about two months, when she returned to her people. In March
a young man named Ganeshi was baptized. He had made various efforts
to reform his life, but finally concluded he must acknowledge the Lord
publicly before his relatives. I am sorry to say they persecuted him so
that he was obliged to leave the p lace; but when last heard from he was
going on faithfully. The people, both in the city and village, listen with
much interest to the preaching of the Gospel.
Very little real opposition is offered anywhere to the general proclama­
tion of the Word. W e always offer books for sale after preaching. We
are all of us book-sellers. The Christians are growing in grace day by
day, and the preachers are all faithful in their work. The school and
Sunday-school work are doing good and promise much for the children
and youth. With hearty thanks to God for his continued grace and help,
and to friends for their assistance, we close this report.
Rohilkund District
B areilly..............
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1
500
2,700
1,000
6,700
492
3110
1,150
507
1 ^
i l l
o - £
for Self-
b 3
i h
«3 5 50
1 00
37
5
3
2
6
00
00
00
00
00
$7
20
5
2
6
ÒÓ
00
50
Ot
18
35
5
25
3
6
5
0
3
00
0C
00
00
(X
0(
0(
60
00
1
ö
7
35
00
00
00
18
,,,,
...
30
t
«10 9
13
40
90
8
21
2
3
21
66
42
28
80
00
00
(10
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
i Collected for Church
1 Building and Repairing.
i3 o
> „•
^Other Local Contribu­
tions.
&
a
Is
£ $
©
£
Collected
1 support.
£
3 *
« ■7Î
s “
_3
Collected for other
Benevolent ^>ocieti*s.
~o
6
2
O
to
for Missionary
•ç
ir cfj
9
S
Collected
Society.
I
c
1 No. of Orphans.
&
J3
*3
►
Value of Schools, Hospi­
tals, and other Property.
j
'Ji
C
1 No. of Pupils.
No. of Hiph Schools.
£
1
No. of Halls nnd other
Places of Worship.
Average Attendance on
Sunday Worship.
E
oi
ä s'
[ Members.
CIRCUIT OR STATION.
j
I N D I A M IS S IO N F O R .1881.
j
S T A T IS T IC S O F T H E N O R T H
1
,
35(1
î
Oudh Dintrict.
Lucknow—Native Church...
English Church..
Oawnpore—Native Church.
English Church.
H ardui .................................
Seetapore and Luckimpore.
Gondah and Bahraich...........
Barabanki
..................
ltai Bareilly............................
HI
18
35
27
33
50
4
23
Iti
S
150
InO
00
10
20(1
2o
20(1
30
2(Kl
H
3
25
1,100
'Ì5Ó
125
119
379
587
40
450
1,250 1 8 lfifi
70
624
130
129
466
607
40
300
8
1 3 50
1
2
fl
Î
1
600
1
1
13,250
50
900
13,000
V,
1
1
fl
6,250
100
1,500
3,000
2
1,500
3
1
2
2
3,750
225
1,950
1,400
2,800
9,400
18,000 II «9,700
600
1,500
1,500
300
26
4
360
650
138
500
5
60
10
00 «3,300
0C
00
00
1,500
OC
200
OC
00
425
3ä 50
50
350
25
%
200
no
K um aon District.
Nynee Tal...............................
Bhabar Circuit.......................
Kastem Kumaon Circuit___
Dwarahat Circuit..................
Guihwal Circuit.....................
35
41
21
7
ti4
200
29
10
6
52
105
«3
50
250
1
53
1
2
0
500
2*00
’ èòó
11,125
1,500 00
26 00
38 15
9.300
Ì3 42
KECAPITULATION BY DISTRICTS.
Kohilkund District...............
Oudli District........................
Kumaon District...................
7 7
8 6
6 3
3
3
1
10
88
45
16
11
6
2
40 3 214
2(1 3 111 4
8
60 4
29 1,402 1,065 2,527 25fi 151 Kid 4,177 172
1 13 296
145
9‘ W 111 41 (18 2,95(1 68
168
14
728 21 13 14 1,426 20
97
T otal............................. 21 16
Last year..................... 20 19
7
5
10
22
149
104
IS)
12
68 (i 388 8
67 11 337 1
1 56 1,916 1,307 4,248 287 2(15 242 8,553 2611 11,996 3 14 287
2 43 1,666 1.128 3,615 168 245 236 8,281 218 8,977
7,501
3,616
879
1 4 21 1 3 13 501 13 «33,282
11 5 16,700
1 8 116
1 2 50
57 4 14,200
1 3 13 569 22 «64,182
504,27 59,327
* A ll the men in columns six and seven, in the Kohilkund D istrict, aro in regular pastoral w ork as preachers in chargre or junior preachers.
w o r k bore
't T h e self-s u p p o r t c o lu m n , in this d is trict, sh o w s o n ly w lm t n ativ o C h ristian s h ave p a id f o r th eir p astors.
W o h a v e , besides this, c o llu d e d for
pai*l Vty n n tivo» for n a tiv e p astors. N e a rly e v e r y circu it in this d istr ic t su pports one m an a t leant troni n ativ e subscriptions.^ ^Onc circ u it support«
tom last y e a r «m b ra c
L in aid an d su b scrip t
I M em oria l S c h o o l, C a w n p o r o .
17
5
3
20 «29.120 «111,000
31,000
12 25.35C
13 10,125
12,225
«123 00
99 6(1
48 18
«37
330
19
45 «64,595 «154,225 «12,-200 «270 78
3.375 238 62
94,230
49 72,795
«367
21
«9.700
2^ 00
«4 4 0 OOI «5.482
1,748 50 f 5,535
1,577 57|
....
«3 8 3
658
$,500
«3,76 6 07 «11,017 «10,540
1.039
i India, TR oh ilk u n d D is t ric t,] $5 ,4 82 — w h ic h is r e a lly self-su p p ort, th ou gh u ot
i Sot in r c c u la r w o r k .
§ Eurasians n o d Ji.uropottDB.
tbose tw o co lu u ica in on e.
S outh
I n d i a .,
Commenced in 1872. Organized as a Conference in 1876.
B IS H O P H A R R IS
has
E p is c o p a l
S u p e r v is io n .
A P P O IN T M E N T S F O R 1881-82.
B o m b a y a n d M a d r a s D i s t r i c t .— D. O. Fox, Presiding Elder.—
Bombay: Grant Road, J. A. Northrup; Fort, T. H. Oakes ; Mazagon,
W . H. Stephens ; M arathi Circuit, G. B ow en ; Poona, O. Shreves;
Egutpoora, A. G. Fraser, W . H. Bruere; Ahmedabad, A. H. Baker;
Bhosawul, G. H. Green i g ; Nagpore, T. F. Morton ; M adras: Vepery,
I. F. Row, W. B . Osborn; Blacktown, J. Blackstock; Bangalore: Rich­
mond Town, C. W. Christian ; St. Joh ns H ill, D . H. Lee ; Tamil Cir­
cuit, I. A. Richards, B. Peters; Bellary, W . A. M oore; Secunderabad,
F. G. Davis ;%Chadarghat, R. E. Carter; Colar Mission, S. P. Jacobs;
Telegu Mission, C. B. Ward ; Poona School, W . E. Robbins, A. Vardon ;
Bangalore School, I. A . Richards.
Superannuated, W. E. Newlon.
C a l c u t t a D i s t r i c t .— J. M. Thoburn, Presiding Elder.— Calcutta :
English Church, J. M. Thoburn, J. S. Stone ; Bengalee Church, P. K.
Nath ; L a i Bazar, G. I. Stone; Hastings, L. R. Janney ; Jamalpore
Circuit, W . A. Thom as; Saidpore Circuit, J. P. Meik ; Rangoon, J. E.
Robinson ; Rangoon, Seamen's Mission, H. Jacobsen.
A l l a h a b a d D i s t r i c t .— D . Osborne, Presiding Elder .— Allahabad,
D. Osborne; Jubbulpore, W. D . Brown ; Hurda, to be supplied ; Khand•wa, J. D . W ebb; Mhow, C. W. D ’S o u z a ; Agra, W . G. T. Curties;
Bandikui, M . B. B irk ; Meerut, G. K. G ild er; Roorkee, W . Bowser;
Mussoorie, M . Y . Bovard; Lahore, J. Shaw ; Kurrachee, J. L yon .
L a y M i s s i o n a r y .— Calcutta, Boys' School, C . A . M artin .
W . F. M. S. M is s io n a r ie s .— Calcutta, Girls' School, Miss M. E.
Layton ; Cannington, Girls' School, Miss M. B. Spence ; Rangoon, Girls'
School, Miss E. H. Warner.
W e have been furnished with a general account of the work
in this field by Rev. J. M. Thoburn, D.D., Presiding Elder of
the Calcutta District.
In harmony with the form of the
Report on North India, we have here given the list of a p p o in t­
ments as determined at the Conference session which opened
at Bangalore, November 3, 1881. T h e names of twenty-four
1881.]
SOUTH INDIA.
189
of these preachers, who are missionaries sent out from the
United States, will be found in the Missionary Directory.
T h e Church has this year suffered the loss of Rev. F. A .
Goodwin, of the South India Conference, who died at Biddeford, Maine, A ugu st 16, after several months of wasting with
consumption. H e went out in 1874.
During his pastorate
the following year at Kurrachee, our church building and
parsonage in that station were erected, and the Gospel which
he subsequently preached to the seamen in Calcutta was the
abundant support of his last hour.
Dr. Thoburn reports as follow s:
The work throughout the South India Conference was organized on a
missionary basis, although in its main features it does not very materially
differ from the work of an American Conference. In the larger cities of
India small settlements of Europeans and Eurasians are formed, and our
object is to found Churches among them, and use each congregation thus
organized as a base of operations for work among the surrounding heathen
and Mohammedan populations.
The situation is not very unlike that of the Roman Empire in the days
of Paul, when the missionaries invariably took advantage of the scattered
Jewish communities, and, by drawing the heathen in among them, suc­
ceeded in winning them for Christ. For many years it has been deeply
felt in India that the Church had not sufficiently recognized God’s purpose
in scattering so many English-speaking Christians throughout this vast
empire, containing a population twice as large as that over which Augus­
tus ruled, and very many still believe that very great results may be reached
by faithfully working among these scattered communities on a missionary
basis.
The South India Conference is now closing the fifth year of its history,
and is able to present some encouraging results. It ought, however, to
be frankly confessed that the success thus far has not been equal to the
hopes and expectations of not a few who have taken an active part in the
work from the first. Possibly their hopes were unreasonably high, and
possibly the results are really better than are apparent on the surface.
One thing, however, is very worthy of notice : the men who have stood at
their posts from the first are one and all full of confidence in the ultimate
success of the work.
It is probable that we did not sufficiently appreciate at the outset the
magnitude of the task involved in founding a score of Churches, and
training them up in habits of self-support, and disciplining them for aggress­
ive work. This has been found peculiarly difficult among a people who
are perpetually changing residences. A generation of Anglo-Indian peo­
ple is estimated at about seven years, and every Church must renew itself
at least once in that length of time. Taking this into account, it was per­
MISSIONARY REPORT.
Ci 88 r.
haps unwise to expect a feeble little Conference suddenly to develop into
a powerful, well-organized, and fully-equipped mission in the short space
of five years.
W e have not, however, been left without fruit. About one seventh of
our members are natives. A t Rangoon two Burmese have been baptized
recently. A t Calcutta seven Hindus have been baptized during the past
quarter, and other baptisms have taken place at Bombay and different
points in Southern and Western India.
In Calcutta we have a fully organized Bengalee Church, with more than
a hundred members. During the latter part of the year this Church has
been practically self-supporting, having paid both house-rent and salary
of their native pastor. In the villages in the vicinity of Calcutta are sev­
eral congregations with an aggregate membership of nearly a hundred.
All this work has grown legitimately and naturally out of the work among
the English-speaking people. In Bombay we have a considerable mem­
bership, and at other points smaller classes have been organized. Within
our borders, and by our people, the Gospel is preached every week in
half-a-dozen native languages.
Among the Telegoos, in the Nizam’s territory, Brother Ward is con­
ducting an Orphanage, and also carrying on ordinary missionary work.
He has sixty-four orphans under his care, and hopes to train up some
men and women who may hereafter do a glorious work in that remote
region.
During the past year our work has extended, new Churches having been
organized at Lahore, in the Panjab, at Mussoorie, a large sanitarium in
the Himalayas, and at Connoor, in the Nilgari Mountains, in South India.
Other doors are wide open, but laborers adapted to this work are very
few. The Church should have sent out a dozen strong young men with
Bishop Andrews when he came to organize our Conference. W e still
need a strong re-enforcement of able, safe, soul-winning young men.
The statistics appended are chiefly taken from the Conference Minutes
of last year.
S T A T IS T IC S O F T H E S O U T H
£
£
■ij
ft
B
H
&!S
'»
£ !■<
s 'fi
ac tas
T3
£ X
<
B o m b a y D is tr ic t.
Bombay: Grant R o a d ..............
F ort............................................
Mazagon....................................
Marathi Circuit........................
Poona and Lanolee.....................
Esutpoora.....................................
Nagpore.........................................
Kurrachee....................................
Baroda...........................................
Am edabad....................................
Uhusawal......................................
Madras District.
Madras: Black Town.................
Perambore.................................
Vepery........................................
Bangalore: Richmond T ow n ...
Memorial Church.....................
Tamil Church...........................
Bellary
.............................
Chndarghat..................................
Secunderabad...............................
Telegu Mission.............................
to
£*3
P a.
1«
1
E
1
A
E*.
% s'
bo>*
96
(¡4
30
10
6
4
150
100
40
25 1
1
i
ft!
ti
11
a
175
70
50
00
20
12
78 1
3ti 1
1
.. 1
1
■■
IWii’ i
hü'..
i
1
'i i 1: : ::
37
oli
23
10
75 ..
J
*2
r
2
1
i l i
2 -. ..
.............
ISO
8«
(it
2'
.............
57
Allahabad District.
Allahabad: Hindustani Circuit.
Juhbulpore.................
llurda..........................
Mhow and Khandwa.
Agra and Bandikui..
Hot) kee.......................
Musoorie.....................
Lahore........................
5
2
6 . . !. .
110,
31
7
14
17.
12.
!«:
:
l
li
1
1
o
2
;
......
......
1
......
7ii
126
21-■>
II
28
10
20
4
14
1
2
31
1,500
2,25(i
«1,350
350
' 50
3
8.
41,765
2,8(11.1
1,145
780
836
633
162
211
1,200
!! 'i
.. l
.
i
8o|..
ii
27
3
ÌI
' !.
1
1.5UU
32
11
8
17
$3,500
$16,500
211
42
10
_
Seg-
1
ion
;>7
31
I I
Se-
6(5
*--a
ei,
60 1
3 2 ..
3 2 ..
‘ ■
1
i 1 .!;
i
...
a
10
o
Calcutta District.
Calcutta: English Church.........
Bengali Circuit..........................
Seamen's work, L il Bazar. ..
Hastings....................................
R angoon........................................
46
31
;w
8
2
If
EE
el
<<n
p*
..
3
1
1881.
£ °2 |
£
X
Ò
II
FOR
=
*3
CIRCUIT OR STATION.
I N D I A M IS S IO N
a
1,350
..
1,000
8,000
i
75 2
7.i 1
80j 3
2-')! t>
2i 2
6,500
..
aVw
..
1
1
•1 1
7.1. 1
60
«10, !»
150 3
HO
10
1
2,5d0
8,00(1
5,000
317 .
11« ,
2on
330
8£00
40,000
7,500
aooo
5,000
loO' 4
460
120
751
825
625
1,050
600
1,740
8,000
I
C'V 2
186
37
120
17
0,000
311 3
«1 5
2.)(l. 1
3.000
3.000
2
1,500
5,500
MÒ
410
1,250
6,740
60
1,200
1,200
900
f.,000
i.00 0
lj027!
402;
80 .
Till! 5
875
3,300
lid 1
til) . .
1300
170!
'875
"Ì50
1,250
24:!
sot>
4231
614j
200
9001
BO!..
40:..
RECAPITULATION BY DISTRICTS.
Bombay..........
Madras.....................
Calcutta..................
A l l a h a b a d ...................
...
3
647 6
6*5 11
1,l!)li 16
025 8
lav
3,147 41
:!0
* The
35 (1
5
5 3
25 1
W
144 14
105
rly r..|.r«a. iit
209
229
»0
72
1C
14
6
16
600l4ti
44
c-
5<i4 11 5 7H ti
801 . . . .
500 . . . . . . Ö
579
"
2,524 i j 5 78
. .123
2, (¡4
,,„i „ •1 doll
4
$24,9001
28,350
SS/iOO
19,975|
«131.72.-»
*1 OO.rtisI
5
1
1
7
3|
2|
«
2
$2,60«
5,500
6,000
~ 2,375
.ol #16,47.)
si
$3.5001 . .
6,300
..
11,500
..
5,75(11 58i
#27,(1501 t.V<
r\iisl ^ O W lu r v L
$4,882
6,565
$T8
(ilill
11,250
1,653
‘ MOO
4.031:
#24..')7fl|
_
2*,UOt'J
a w
B
.
u l g a r ia
Commenced in 1857.
BISH O P AN D REW S
has
E
S u p e r v is io n .
p is c o p a l
JMissionaries.
D
C. C
e w it t
E.
F.
h a l l is ,
.
j
s
. L
a . R.
Lo unsbury,
add
,
Jo n e s.
A s s is ta n t M issionaries.
Mrs.
Ir e n e
L. C h
Mrs.
a l l is ,
Mrs.
R
o sa
D. L
add
E
K . Jo n e s ,
mma
.
O rd a in e d B u lg a r ia n P r e a c h e rs.
St e p h
en
J. I. E
co n o m o ff,
T
h om off,
G
a b r ie l
St e p h
en
E
l e if f ,
G
etch o ff.
Local Preacher.
Y
ordaky
T
sw ettko ff.
A P P O IN T M E N T S F O R 1881-82.
Superintendent, D. C. Challis.
Loftcha.
Rustchuk, E. F. Lounsbury;
Sistof, S. Thomoff, J. S. Ladd ;
Tirnova, J. I. Economoff, A. R. Jones;
Selvi, Gabriel E leiff;
Loftcha, Stephen Getchoff;
Plevna, supplied by Yordaky Tswettkoff.
OrcJiania, supplied by Petko Ivanoff— Exhorten
T h e Superinten den t thus r e p o rts :
A s we look over the record of the past year we find no occasion to
boast ourselves as he that putteth off his armor. The fight is still raging,
and, except to the eye of faith, the battle hangs in the scales. Persecu­
tions have distinguished the experience of some of us, so as to make the
year a memorable one. Difficulties of the most discouraging nature have
shown us that the romance of missions is best seen from a distance.
Successes, moderate but substantial, have kept us from despondency and
bidden us hope for a golden to-morrow. W e have felt the inspiration of
increased numbers in our force of missionaries and increased efficiency in
those who have been preparing for work.
1881.]
BULGARIA.
193
The acquisition of a building lot in Sistof marks a new departure in our
history. W e had hoped also to buy in one or two other places this year,
but have not yet succeeded. Our congregations have fluctuated, but on.
the whole there is an increase in the number of constant hearers.
Steady faith and a fair outlay of means in developing native evangelical
agencies will as surely bear fruit in Bulgaria as in any other field. But
in no part of the world is the devil’s yoke more firmly fixed upon the
necks of the people, and carried in more loving submission than here.
Human nature develops, almost unchecked, all its native meanness.
Drunkenness and licentiousness were brought in by the war, and are
threatening to sweep the whole people into the vortex of filth that is
swallowing up the Roumanians across the Danube. The priests are
naturally hostile to our work, but they cannot use the secular powers,
because the mass of office-holders are coolly indifferent to all religion»
except in isolated cases where self-interest unites them temporarily to the
priests in opposition to us. Nevertheless, there is power in the Gospel
to awaken even such a people, and its conquests are none the less sure
for being slow. The Eastern Church is to the higher classes simply a
political institution ; to the lower classes it is something more, because
they are ignorant alike of the devices of priestcraft and the specious
objections of skepticism. A s in all other countries the most hopeful
classes are the young ; but we are not allowed to reach those who are in
the public schools, as they are strictly forbidden to attend our meetings.
For this reason our congregations are made up largely of such young
people as are not in the schools. Usually they are young men who are
just entering into business life. Those in public service can with difficulty
get permission to attend our meetings, and but few of them dare risk
their places by coming to us openly. Occasionally a Nicodemus comes
to us by night.
*>
In Rustchuk we have a hopeful congregation made up largely of
young men. This is the largest city in the principality, and its cosmo­
politan character makes it possible for a larger number of people to
attend our services without being noticed by those in power.
A t Varna there is a small congregation, ready to hear at any time
when there is a man to preach to them. W e very much desired to place
a missionary in this, the second city in Bulgaria ; but there is no man
ready at present, and the bookseller whô occasionally preached there
has gone to take charge of our little society at Orchania.
In a village near Rasgrad a priest, who sometime since became dis­
gusted with the superstitious practices of the “ Orthodox ” Church, lately
announced to his people that he could act no longer as their priest. He
was held in high esteem by all, and this announcement was received by
thé simple villagers with surprise and tears. But his resolution was
formed. He immediately left off his priestly garments and went in citi­
zen’s clothes to the Bishop, at Rustchuk, to present his resignation. The
Bishop remonstrated and then threatened, but in vain. But an agent
was sent to the village to stir up the people against him, saying that he
13
~I94
MISSIONARY REPORT.
Ll 88 l.
was no longer his former self, but a devil had taken possession of him.
“ Drive him out,,” he said, “ but by gentle means.” O f course, the simple
villagers attached more import^ice to “ Drive him out,” than to “ gentle
means.” Every kind of insult was heaped upon the ex-priest and his
family. Neighbors came by night and helped themselves from his gran­
ary. Becoming convinced at last that it was unsafe for him to remain in
the village, he abandoned his home and removed his family to Rustchuk.
His brother, also, is in the same condemnation, and has been obliged to
leave with his family. The ex-priest desires to work for the Lord, but
says he prefers to remain a while in private life, so as to avoid giving his
enemies occasion to say that he is after “ Protestant money.”
Sistof is the central station of the circuit assigned to Brother Thomofif.
A considerable portion o f his time has been spent in visiting the cities in
the western portion of the principality, where we have hitherto done but
little work. In Sistof we shall have a fine church completed early next
summer, with a parsonage in the same building. It is centrally and con­
spicuously located, and will doubtless prove much more attractive than our
present remote, and, to a large part of the city, unknown preaching-place.
W e were surprised at the readiness o f the local authorities to grant us
permission to build a church. Many of the citizens expressed a hope
that we will start a girls’ school in the building when it is finished. This
is contrary to our present plan, but if we fail to secure a place in Loftcha,
we may be obliged to make use o f the place we are sure of. But we very
much desire our school to be located near the Balkans, on account of the
superior climate and cheaper living.
In Tirnova the average congregation has risen to fourteen ; sometimes
the house is full, sometimes there are only the students in the school.
Tirnova is as hard as the rock on which it is built, but it is an important
and growing city. It will doubtless soon be connected with Rustchuk
and Sophia by railroad, which will increase its importance as a center of
influence and a favorable location for our boys’ school.
Our school was started last winter with five students, four of them pre­
paring to work in the mission. The course is so arranged as to combine
a scientific and training-school, giving young men a fair education in the
common and some of the higher branches— more than is done in the native
schools. The new school-year will open with eight or more students.
Seven of them are now engagfcd as colporteurs during the long vacation,
which comes in autumn, the best time for book-selling. The peculiar sit­
uation of Tirnova makes it very difficult to select a lot that will accom­
modate any thing more than the bare building. W e have a lot in view,
the only one we know of that is unobjectionable ; but it is without the
city limits, and the city authorities refuse to sell it to us without special
permission from the Minister of the Interior. Application has been made
lor such permission, and we are waiting for an answer.
The Bulgarian schools, owing to the scarcity of good teachers, are in a
very low condition. This fact gives us a great advantage, and perhaps
our golden opportunity.
rS8i.J
BULGARIA.
195
In Troian our persecutors, having failed in the courts, succeeded at
last by the help of the Bishop, who cursed all who should have any thing
to do with us, and made it impossible for us to secure a desirable lot.
Renting being out of the question without advancing money to finish some
half-built house, we were compelled reluctantly to turn away for the
present.
A t Loftcha we are in temporary quarters, running our school at great
inconvenience, but hoping for better days if we succeed in buying the very
desirable lots which we have selected. W e do not feel that our year’s
stay in Troian has been in vain. W e know that a considerable number
of the people are fully convinced, and are only kept from openly confess­
ing the truth by fear of the few Pharisees who see in the success of the
Gospel an end to their usurious gains. The mass of the people there, as
in most other villages, are in the power of a few wealthy tschorbagees,
(“ bosses,” ) who can turn them out of their homes when they will. W e
know of numbers who constantly read the Scriptures, and we look for
them finally to unite themselves with the true people of God. And of
such there is a multitude all over Bulgaria. I have just fitted out a young
man to sell books till the vacation closes, when he will enter the school at
Tirnova. I first became acquainted with him five years ago when he was
one of the hidden believers. He has been in various circumstances — at
one time in the Servian w a r; afterward in business in Roumania; then a
telegraph operator in Sistof, and finally a year in the Bulgarian army.
During all this time he has continued his reading of the Scriptures, and
while stationed in Sistof last year he openly identified himself with us,
bringing with him two other young men, the fruit of his labors in secret;
and he assures me that there are many more young men who only lack
courage to make them full disciples.
In Loftcha the work is promising. Several young men have been at­
tending our meetings regularly nearly all the year. A sermon from the
Bishop against the Protestants gave us a generous lift. One of our girls,
while visiting the women this summer, found one who gave evidence of
a real love for the Master and his word. But she is kept from declaring
herself from fear of her husband and relatives, who are bitter opposers.
She keeps her Bible under her pillow, and reads when she has opportunity,
hastily hiding it when she hears approaching footsteps. Who can say
that she is not a real disciple ! Every real conversion in this country is a
conquest; a battle fought, in secret it may be, through years of weary
discontent; longing for bread, yet seeing only a stone in the hands of
those who should feed the hungry. Last winter, when the census-taker
was at work in a village near Tirnova, a man who had been some years on
the doubting list, when asked of what faith he was, replied, “ By the grace
of God I am a Protestant.” Persecution immediately commenced. His
children were expelled from the school, but the governor ordered the
teachers to receive them back again and attend to their own business.
But this by no means exhausted the possibilities of the enemy. He is
being tried.
196
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l881.
A t Sehri Brother Gabriel saw one brother safely to the bank of the
river, and, although he was buried by the priests, he gave evidence that he
trusted in Christ alone in his dying hour. His name is not on our Church
books, but he is none the less ours in the name of the Lord Jesus. The
rock is slowly yielding, and here, where for years it was impossible even
to sell a book, and even now there is no congregation, the work is ad­
vancing.
Orchania. With constant alternations the tide is slowly advancing.
Increased congregations provoke persecutions, which temporarily empty'
the house, but as the vigilance of the foe relaxes the people return.
1
For the first time we see in print some of our own books in Bulgarian:
Binney’s “ Theological Compend,” and Catechism, No. 1. Both are sell­
ing rapidly, and a new edition of the Catechism will be called for soon.
More Scriptures have been sold the past year than any previous year
since the opening of the mission. Our prayer for a printing-press has
been answered, and we hope to see it doing good work shortly after the
opening of the new year. The girls’ school is yet on the hands of the
superintendent. Half of every day has to be spent in teaching. W e have
secured a young lady graduate from Samakoff for assistant, and hope to
do better work under less pressure than last year. W e sincerely hope
that the lady who is to take charge of the school will not tarry many
years longer in America. She is needed in Bulgaria. W e are thankful
for the generous treatment we have received from both Societies for the
support of our work. An inspection of our statistical tables will show :
1. A small increase in membership all along the line, except in Sistof.
2. A considerable increase in the number of hearers.
3. Fair contributions for the Missionary Society and the American
Bible Society.
It will also appear from this report that we have made a beginning in
the publication of Methodist books, and that statistics do not, cannot,
show the real extent of our work.
i
Bistof ................................
i
]
i
2
10 5
T irn o v a ............................
i
1
i
1 8
Loftcha ............................
i
1
i
i
3
7
i
Selvl (Sevlievo)...............
Orcbania........................
i
Total.......................... 4 8
Last year................... 4 2
4
i
T
i
4
* Intluding Troian.
12 1 i
1
*80 1 i 10 ti
2
7
i
6
3
18
i
7
2
6 47
5
6 52
§2
1
12
$150 00
$11 58
$6 76
600 00
18 51
8 88
1
848 76
8 58
8 58
1
800 00
5 69
1
25 00
1 01
$500 $1,512 SS
$40 87
86 92
i
$500
1 Pages Printed during
| the year.
during
Volumes Printed
the year.
Collected for Church
Building and Repairing.
forS elfCollected
¡ support
>1
!
ê
« »
"S’S
Collected for other
| Benevolent Societies.
1=
£é
'S £
$1,000
II2 4
| Collected for Missionary
j Society.
i
Estimated Value of
Parsonages.
S-K
©
1
1
0
i 8
14
No. of Halls and other
Places of W orship.
Estimated Value o f
Churches.
No. of Churches.
No. of Students.
I No. of Teachers in the
same.
|
|
1
i 10
28
2 27 16 109
4 23 13 69
No. of Theological
Schools.
6
¡5
1 No. of PupilB.
«5
of High Schools.
£>
1 No.
I No.
I
1
of Teachers in the
1 game.
j
of Sabbath-schools.
1 No.
|
R u stch u k........................
| Children Baptized.
B
Average Attendance on
Sunday Worship.
è
1
| Probationers.
|
|
Helpers.
1 Other
1
| Native Teachers.
•3
1
| Native Local Preachers. |
Foreign
STATION .
I Native Ordained
I Preachere.
C IR C U IT OR
Missionaries.
|
S T A T IS T IC S O F T H E B U L G A R I A M IS S IO N F O R 1 8 8 1 .
1,500
169,500
$8 78 $546 52 1,500
8 70
169,500
$3 8S t$546 52
1 54
8 86
98 82
i
$500 from missionaries,
% 18
1
2
4
1
$1,000
4
6
t Tlis Girl*’ school.
§ One missionary.
i
i l , 327 25
) Missionaries.
$24 22
6 95
K This was all in books and furniture.
It a l y
Commenced in 1872.
B IS H O P F O S S
Organized as a Conference in 1881.
has
E p i s c o p a l S u p e r v is io n .
A P P O IN T M E N T S FO R 1881-82.
L e r o y M. V e r n o n , D.D., Presiding Elder.
Rome: Via Poli, A. Lanna.
Modena, D. Gay.
P iazza del Esquilino, D. Polsinelli. Turin, B. Bracchetto.
M ilan, S. Stazi.
Naples, V . Ravi.
Outside the Gate Ticinese, G.
Terni, E. Ageno.
Cavalleris.
Perugia and Foligno, G. Gattuso.
Venice, E. Borelli.
Todi, E. Caporali.
M ilitary Church, G. Benincasa.
Arezzo, C. Bambini.
Florence, Teofilo Gay, Em. Borelli.
Faenza, For li, and Dovadola, A.
Guigou.
Pisa, E. Stasio.
A sti, G. Carboneri.
Bologna, D. Gay.
B
ib l e
W
om en
of th e
W
o m a n ’s
Rome, A. Conversi. G. Folchi.
Turin, M. Monta.
F
o r e ig n
M
is s io n a r y
So
c ie t y
.
Milan, Camilla Stazi.
Venice, M. Borelli.
T h e Superintendent sends the following re p o rt:
A dispassionate survey of the work in this field during the year 1881
affords us comfort and encouragement. New advances have been made,
other souls have been wrested from the bondage of sin and superstition,
and our cause has gone on gradually gaining daily in breadth, stability,
and power. Our position in this kingdom, be it in antagonism with sin
of every kind, be it as over against Romanism, or as in the midst of the
evangelical Churches here, is becoming ever more and more pronounced
and emphatic. Though our Church is still small, and employs a smaller
array of agencies than some others, yet it is recognized as second to none
in vitality, energy, thrift, and aggressiveness; in courage, promptitude,
and efficiency, in every good work equal to the very first. And certainly
none are on better terms with the future!
The unity and vigor of our cause and the strength of our position have
been greatly enhanced by the timely organization of the mission into an
Annual Conference. This was done at the annual meeting of our min­
isters in Rome. March 19th, under the presidency of Rev. Bishop Merrill.
The Bishop had not expected to organize the Conference, and exercising'
that prudence which distinguishes him, manifested his inclinations as
averse to it. Y et he gave the readiest and most unbiased consideration to
all the reasons for and against it. In the course of business he had seen
i 88i.J
ITALY.
199
how unintelligible to many of the brethren, and how embarrassing gen­
erally, it was for our ministers to hold their relations in foreign Confer­
ences, some in Germany and some in America. Coming to a clearer un­
derstanding of our work, of our circumstances, and of the embarrass­
ment of our provisional relations, and having had ample opportunity to
persuade himself of the ability, piety, and loyalty of the brethren, as well
as of the rectitude of their motives in their earnest, unanimous request
for the organization, Bishop Merrill accepted the situation and its respon­
sibility in the most reasonable and graceful manner possible, and organ­
ized then and there the Italian Annual Conference of the Methodist
Episcopal Church just ten years and five days after the original appoint­
ment of the superintendent. If any thing could have been more gratify­
ing to all present than the organization itself, it would have been the ad­
mirable bearing of Bishop Merrill on this occasion.
It has been a source of much encouragement and cheer to our mission
to have had present with us for some time in the course of the past sum­
mer, so many of our eminent brethren who were delegates to the late
Ecumenical Conference in London. They invariably took a lively inter­
est in our cause, evinced hearty sympathy with our preachers, and encour­
aging appreciation of their labors amid so many difficulties ; they greeted
with fraternal cordiality the members of our congregations, and thus the
Church was inspirited, confirmed, and edified. On one occasion at our
Sunday morning services in Rorr?e not less than thirty or forty were
present, among them some of the most honored ministers and laymen
of the United States.
Bishop M ’Tyeire, of the Methodist Episcopal
Church, South, preached “ by interpretation.” This peculiar service, the
place, and the audience, made up in part of rare elements from the ends
of the earth, together constituted a unique occasion of deep and peculiar
interest to all who had the fortune to be there. No one of all our visitors,
however, was more heartily welcomed certainly than Rev. Dr. J. M. Reid,
the honored senior Corresponding Secretary of the Missionary Society.
He visited and preached by interpretation at all our principal stations,
looking into and familiarizing himself, as far as possible, with the interests
of the work. His services and intercourse with our people gave great
satisfaction every-where, and all were gratified with the thought that
henceforth at the center of missionary operations there will be one, who,
from personal observation, knows something at least of our circumstances,
our position, and ourselves. The services and visitations of Dr. Reid
among our people were all the more heartily appreciated, because they
were known to be not the result of an official mission, but of his per­
sonal interest in the work, and to be at the cost of so much time from
the scanty period granted him for much needed recreation. During his
visit Dr. Reid had the opportunity, along with the writer, of inspecting
personally, and finally of buying, a very valuable and available property
in Florence for our church there. The building is admirably located, and
sufficiently large for a good church and a parsonage. The necessary adap­
tations once made, it will give our thrifty cause in Florence a first-class
200
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l8 8 l.
position, both for respectability and efficiency. The pre-eminent urgent
need of our Church in Italy now is respectable places of worship, plain
yet genteel chapels, having at least the general aspect and character of a
place of Christian worship, of a house of God. That this need is most
extreme here amid the gorgeous temples of Romanism, and that without
them the best endeavors of my able and devoted colleagues are well nigh
paralyzed, must be so obvious as to need no discussion. A little aid in this
line goes a long way here, too, especially away from the principal centers.
The moral power and spirituality of our Church is continually on the
increase. Though encountering the gravest obstacles, and beset by per­
verse and perverting tendencies and influences, we constantly struggle
toward the essential and central things of our holy religion ; and we in­
sist ever more and more upon a practical, direct, and efficacious use of
all our agencies. The coming of an American colleague is hailed with
much satisfaction by the writer, who in that case will be able, doubtless,
to give more direct and studied attention to the spiritual interests of the
work. Our stations are now so numerous that the proper oversight of
them involves much labor, not to speak of much other general work which
demands constant attention.
The most striking event of the year — indeed, perhaps of the entire his­
tory of this mission— was the conversion of Monsignor Campello, a canon
of the Patriarchal Basilica of St. Peter's in Rome. He had occupied that
envied and distinguished position for fourteen years, after passing six years,
in the canonry of Santa Maria Maggiore of this city. For many years he
had been restless and unhappy because of serious doubts touching vari­
ous doctrines and institutions of Romanism. More than three years ago
Count Campello and the writer became acquainted, and as the result of
our relations thereafter, under the blessing of God, he was finally led to
reject Roman Catholicism. His resolution was taken early last summer.
Finally, on the 14th of September, in our St. Paul’s Church, on Via Poli,
Rome, he solemnly abjured popery in a formal letter there read and ad­
dressed to the Cardinal Archpriest of St. Peter’s, Cardinal Borromeo.
He publicly professed a personal faith in Christ alone for salvation, em­
braced the Protestant religion, and entered our Church. The fact was
like the explosion of a bombshell on the threshold of the Vatican, and pro­
duced a very decided impression throughout all the kingdom of Italy, and
even through all Europe. The influence of the event has unquestionably
been highly beneficial in many ways. Count Campello is a man of culture
and of good natural gifts, and it has been hoped he might become a min­
ister and do effective service in the preaching of the word. Entirely un­
used to the pulpit, however, during the last twelve years, now fifty years
of age, and also seriously afflicted with a chronic throat difficulty, any
very important service from him as a preacher may reasonably be held to
be rather problematical. He has a strong inclination to journalistic labors,
and is deeply impressed that, whatever else he may do or it may be his
duty to do, it is his providential duty to establish and direct a daily jour­
nal, to be wielded especially in the interests of thé Gospel among his
188 i j
ITALY.
201
fellow-countrymen. The urgent need of such an instrumentality is seen
in the fact that, aside from the Romanist papers, there is not a single
daily journal in Italy that is not either rationalistic or infidel; not one that
on any and every occasion may be counted upon for the defense of the
Gospel, or to do justice to the Protestant or evangelical principles and in­
stitutions. Count Campello has the sympathy and support of numerous
influential parties, Italian and foreign, and has high hopes of real success
and usefulness. The hour and the general circumstances offer a great
opportunity, and this line of labor, prudently developed and wisely di­
rected, may be made of large and lasting advantage in the present condi­
tion of this people.
Embracing a providential opening, we have begun a very auspicious
work among the soldiers of the Italian army in Venice. Special services
for them are held three times a week, and already the results are most
gratifying. Their fresh eagerness for Gospel truth is in joyful contrast
with the heedless indifference of most civilians. The exemplary concern
and care of these poor soldiers for their own souls has had a most whole­
some and reviving influence upon our congregation of civilians in Venice.
This work has been planned and inaugurated most fortunately, not only
with the consent, but with the encouragement and covert co-operation,
of some of the higher officers, and has already enlisted, besides private*
soldiers, a goodly number of officers of the lower grades. Thus is struck
providentially a rich lead which doubtless will give forth many a priceless
gem for the diadem of our divine Redeemer.
Our monthly paper, “ The Torch,” (La Fiaccola,) has been suspended
during 1881, as we had engaged to co-operate in a weekly journal, unde­
nominational and available for all the denominations here represented,
namely, “ L ’Italia Evangélica.” W e shall not abandon this latter, but we
feel the need of our own paper.
W e expect, therefore, with 1882 to re­
sume our “ Fiaccola,” to considerably enlarge it, and to use all diligence
to make it an efficient instrument for good. It was before generally rec­
ognized as the best evangelical paper in Italy, and we shall certainly press
the standard to a still higher elevation. Besides other smaller issues we
have just published (thanks to the Tract Society) an excellent translation,
by Dr. Caporali, of Rev. Dr. D. D. Whedon’s admirable Commentary on the
Epistle to the Romans. Beyond the general value of this compact and
lucid work we judged it to be a most efficacious means to countei’act a
certain phase of much of the theological thought of the Continent.
All our stations are fairly prosperous, some less, some more so, but in
general the movement is onward, with broadening and intensifying influ­
ence and efficiency. Organized into an Annual Conference, fairly planted
in the most commanding centers, and well manned by devoted native
ministers, this mission sets out on the second decade of its benevolent
endeavor more than ever assured of the Divine favor, more than ever con­
fident of increasing success in spreading scriptural holiness through this
realm, never doubting but that finally for every faithful herald of the cross
here, as elsewhere, there will come the day and crown of rejoicing.
R o m e : Via P o li..........
Piazza del Esquilino
N a p le s .
T e r n i...
1
"so
41
i
87
' 2Ì
1
2
” 22
104
23
46
12
7
120
83
45
2
4
20
9
is
48
T
6
i
i
ì
1
1
i
1
1
1
'i
1
'i
D ovadola
T od i........
i
13
0
708
" è
8
48
5
111
‘" i
1
811
75
40
60
40
’
40
45
80
100
30
75
25
25
100
85
60
60
12
20
£
I
K
8
A
O
A
No. cf Halls and other
Places of Worship.
?
1
1
Estimated Value of
Churches.
1
1881.
! No. of Sabbath Scholars.
fti
j Children Baptized.
Average Attendance on
Sunday Worship.
Members.
!
103
i
Forli ..
Total.
E
S
9
10
15
8
Foligno.
Perugia.
Collestate
A rezzo..
F lorence
P i s a . .. .
B ologna
Modena.
A s t i ___
T n rin ...
M ilan ...
Yenice..
Militar} Church
Faenza .
Native Unordained
Preachers.
CIRCUIT OR STATION.
Native Ordained
Preachers.
S T A T I S T IC S O F T H E I T A L Y M IS S IO N F O R
2
1
42
é
2
‘i
“ 20
40
1
1
'i
'i
15
i
i
1
1
1
1
$ 20,000
l 5s
®1
1
II
$3,500
i
i
'2
1
"ió
80
12
20
'2
2
8
1
'i
‘ "6
‘i
1
1
1
20
15
12
1
2
1
’2
§
6,500
1
8,000
1
1
12
'i
....
872
20
11
242
$90
"6 0
4
2
$26,500
15
2
$6,500
Is
Ja p a n
Commenced in 1872.
B IS H O P P E C K h a s E p i s c o p a l S u p e r v i s i o n .
M is s io n a r ie s .
R . S. M a c l a y , D .D ., S u p e r in t e n d e n t , (in U . S. A .)
Jo h n C. D a v i s o n ,
C h a r le s B ish op,
Ju liu s So per ,
M .S . V a il ,
M. C. H a r r i s ,
C . S. L o n g ,
I. H . C o r r e l l , -(in U . S. A .,)
W . C. D a v i s s o n ,
G. F . D r a p e r .
L. W . S q u i e r .
Assistant Missionaries.
M rs. L
izz ie
S. D a v i s o n ,
M rs. W . C . D a v i s s o n ,
“
F r a n k C.
Soper,
“
O. W . B i s h o p ,
“
F l o r a B.
H a r r is,
“
F l o r a I. L o n g ,
“
J e n n i e L.
Correll,
“
M. E. D
raper
,
M rs. L. W . S q u i e r .
L a d y M is s io n a r y .
M iss J e n n i e S. V
a il
.
^ M i s s i o n a r i e s " W . ÜF1. ]M . S .
M iss M. A . S p e n c e r ,
M iss J e n n i e G h e e r ,
“
M . J. H o l b r o o k ,
“
K ate W oodwort,
“
E. R
“
M. E. H a m p t o n ,
ussell,
Mrs. C a r r i e V a n P e t t e n .
A P P O I N T M E N T S F O R 1881-82.
Y o k o h a m a D i s t r i c t .— Julius Soper, P residin g E ld e r ; Yokohama,
A ib a ra Y e ik en , H a m a d a K o y o t a r o ; Hachoji, to be su p plied; Joso, M atsum oto S ogo , Skinoda, Zenichiro ; Yamagata, T ak a h a sh i U ntai, N a k ayam a C hiujo, T a k e sh ita M asakich i.
Theological and Training Semi­
nary : M . S. V a il, P resid e n t; Julius Sop er, G . F . D ra p er, and Jennie S.
Vail, T ea ch e rs.
T o k i o D i s t r i c t .— M. C. H arris, P resid in g E ld e r ; Tsukiji, A b e Sozo ;
Azabu, M orohoshi K iic h i; Kajida, to be su p p lie d ; Nagoya, K urim ura
S a y e h a c h i; Nishiwo, K ik u ch i T a k u h e i; Iid a , K a w a m u ra K eich iro ; Matsumoto, M iyajim a T a izo ; Matsushiro, O nuki B un sh ich i. English School:
C harles B ish op, P rincip al.
204
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[I8 8 l.
N a g a s a k i D i s t r i c t .— J. C. Davison, Presiding Elder; Deshima, to
be supplied; Bungo Machi, C. S. L o n g ; Kagoshima, Asuga Kenjiro.
Cobleigh School: C. S. Long, Principal.
H a k o d a t i D i s t r i c t .— W . C. Davisson, Presiding E ld e r; Hakodati,
L. W . Squier, Honda Itsuki; Fukuyama, Hiranuma S akai; Sapporo, to
be supplied ; Hirosaki, Honda Yoitsu ; H irosaki Circuit, to be supplied;
Kuroishi, Kosaka Keinosoke.
D r . M a c l a y , the Superintendent of this mission, has been
absent a portion of the year, in attendance upon the Ecumen­
ical Conference, at London, as delegate, and while sojourning
in the United States for the recuperation of body and mind
after his long years of labor in the field. B y his presence at
home and counsels he has greatly aided the Japan mission
and the general missionary cause.
N ew openings of great interest have been pressed upon our
attention in Japan.
T h e late liberal propositions of Rev.
J. F. Goucher before the General Committee have happily
enabled us to meet some of these opportunities, and re-enforce­
ments will soon be sent out. D uring the year Rev. L. W.
Squiers and wife have been added to the number of mission­
aries in the field.
T h e following is the Superintendent’s rep ort:
The experiences through which the Japan Mission has passed during the
past year have demonstrated the soundness of the work under its care.
After eight years of almost uninterrupted service in the field, it became
evident toward the close of the year 1880 that the health of some of the
members of the mission had become seriously impaired; and during the
spring of 1881 the oldest and the youngest of the five members with which,
in 1873, the Japan Mission entered upon its great work, were ordered home
on furlough by their attending physician, whose decision was supported by
the unanimous vote of the members of the mission, and approved by the
Missionary Board. But notwithstanding the reduction of the number of
its effective laborers, the mission, by the extraordinary efforts of the mem­
bers still in the field, has been able, with God’s blessing, to keep its w or k
well in hand, and to make a gratifying advance along almost the entire
line of its operations. To this cheering result the episcopal visitation
of Bishop Bowman has powerfully contributed. The mission of the Par­
ent Society has been re-enforced during the year by the arrival in Japan
of the Rev. L. W . Squier and wife; and the Mission of the W o m a n s
Foreign Missionary Society has been most opportunely strengthened by
the accession to its members of Miss Hampton and Mrs. Van Petteo.
i 8 8 i .]
JAPAN.
205
There is, however, the most urgent necessity for additional re-enforce­
ments to our work in Japan. The failing health of some of the members
of the mission, the increasing demands of the work rapidly expanding
under the care of the mission, the open doors for Christian work among
the unevangelized millions of Japan, and the disasters which must inevi­
tably follow our failure to improve the present golden opportunities— these
considerations, and others to which we might refer, indicate the impor­
tance of our at once sending to the front a corps of laborers at least
approximately commensurate with the imperative demands of the field.
We need re-enforcements to strengthen the points already occupied by our
mission in Japan, where we have been laboring since 1873, and where
the foundation of a glorious evangelism has been laid. It is absolutely
necessary to increase our force at these points before attempting to open
new work in the interior of the country.
The General Missionary Committee in response to an urgent appeal
from the mission, has granted the appropriations necessary to strengthen
the positions referred to ; and we most sincerely trust the Church will re­
spond to the faith of the mission and the Committee, by placing promptly
in the treasury of the Missionary Society the funds required by this move­
ment. A generous friend of missions, (the Rev. John F. Goucher, of Bal­
timore, Md.,) with far-seeing sagacity, has proposed, in the interest of
self-support, a plan for assisting the educational work of the mission;
and as the plan has received the hearty indorsement of the General Mis­
sionary Committee, the proposed arrangement, it is expected, will soon
be in successful operation, to the great benefit of the work of the Japan
Mission.
It is proper to state that the Annual Report of the Mission for the
present year is prepared in New York city by the writer during his ab­
sence from the mission on health furlough. The members of the mission
now in the field deserve the highest praise for the very gratifying record
they have made for the Japan Mission during the past year— a record all
the more creditable to them when we bear in mind the difficulties by which
they have been confronted. I now present the reports as forwarded to
me by the brethren in charge of the w ork:
Y O K O H A M A D I S T R I C T , J u l i u s S o p e r , P. E.
Brother Soper reports as follows, nam ely:
A t the annual meeting of 1880 I was appointed the missionary in charge
of the Second Tokio District, comprising the Azabu Circuit, (in the city,)
and the Joso Circuit, (in the country, about thirty-five miles north-east of
Tokio.) In addition to the work of superintending these circuits, and
preaching the Gospel from week to week, I have devoted much time to
the work of translation. During the year we have translated and pub­
lished the first three parts of the Discipline, and also the Ritual of our
Church in full. This latter work, translating the Ritual, was begun by
206
MISSIONARY REPORT.
Ll 88l.
Rev. I. H. Correll, and carried nearly to completion before he left on a
furlough for America. It was a great convenience, as well as satisfaction,
to have the Discipline and Ritual ready for use at our annual meeting;
especially, as we had the presence of a Bishop, and six native helpers were
ordained to the ministry, these translations were emphatically a sine qua non.
In March last, owing to the return to America on furlough of Dr.
Maclay and Brother Correll, I was transferred from Tokio to Yokohama
by the superintendent to take charge of the work in Yokohama, and teach
in the theological department of our seminary here. I have aimed to
teach two hours per day since my removal to Yokohama. Still, with the
work of superintending Churches, preaching the Gospel, translating, and
performing the duties of treasurer of the mission, my hands have been so
full that I fear my teaching has not been what it should have been.
Teaching under such circumstances is neither satisfactory to ourselves,
nor advantageous to the work. A s there is no help for it at present, I shall
go on as I have done, and do the best I can, however poor that may be.
In the earlier part of the past summer I made a preaching-tour of three
weeks to the Province of Yamagata, about two hundred and fifty miles
from Tokio. This work was under the care of Brother Harris; but, as
he had his hands full looking after Brother Correll’s country work, I have
taken it in hand. The trip just referred to was a very interesting and
profitable one— one of the most encouraging trips, on the whole, I have
ever taken in Japan. I baptized thirty-three adults and six children. I
hope to visit this same province again this autumn.
Before closing, I wish to give an interesting incident connected with
our work here in Yokohama. Our Japanese nurse, the wife of our cook,
was very sick during the summer, suffering with a terrible carbuncle on
her left side. Her sufferings at times were intense ; yet in all her suffer­
ing she testified to the grace of God in her heart, and said if it were God’s
will she would gladly die, as she had no fe a r of death or the future, the
love of God and the teaching of the Bible having taken all such fears from
her mind. She not only thus testified to the grace of God in her heart,
while lying for days on a bed o f suffering, but she has always since her
conversion, some four or five years ago, led an exemplary Christian life.
I am happy to say that she has recovered, and is again enjoying good
health. How thankful and happy she i s ! She now feels like devoting
herself entirely to the work of the Lord, by laboring among the women
and the children. W e propose that as soon as possible she shall com­
mence work as a “ Bible-woman.” Thus God is working among us, and
leading out some of this people as “ chosen” workmen in his service.
May the number rapidly and greatly increase! “ The harvest truly is
plenteous, but the laborers— real laborers— are fe w ! ”
M e th o d ist M issio n a r y Se m in a r y .
Rev. Milton S. Vail, President.
Brother Vail in his report states ; “ The past year has been very trying,
and yet on the whole very successful.
i
88iJ
JAPAN.
207
“ The return to America of Dr. Maclay and Rev. I. H. Correll, which
was occasioned by their ill-health, gave us all here much work to do ; but
we have kept the two theological classes busy, besides those in the English
department.
“ Rev. G. F. Draper, though in ill-health much of the time, continued
his work in the seminary throughout the year. Miss Vail has succeeded
very well in bringing about a marked change in the order of her scholars,
and has also gained, I think, their entire respect, though she is a lady
teacher.
“ Here have been taught about twenty different branches of study, and
though our average attendance has been only about forty, yet we have
had a great difficulty in arranging the classes; and I am compelled to
confess that such is the pressure brought upon us, we often undertake
more than we can do, and hence fail to be as thorough in our work as
we desire and aim to be. Seven of the scholars have joined the Church,
and we trust will become good Christians. One theological scholar has
died. Among his last words were these : ' If body and soul were to be
separated, I think I could do nothing but sing.’ W e believe that he is
singing in heaven the hymns he loved to sing on earth. As there is no
suitable life of Christ published in Japanese, some of the theological stu­
dents are translating, under my direction, Geike’s work, and all the theo­
logical students are studying it. I hope this work may be finished and
published this coming year. Since last March Rev. Julius Soper has
given the instruction in theology and exegesis.
“ We have been seriously troubled with a disease called kakke, but all
who were sick with it have recovered, so far as I know. The prospects
for the new year are good. W e need more teaching force, and we trust
we shall have it. W e are very grateful for the books and other gifts from
those at home interested in us, and we still commend, not only to the lib­
erality of the Church, but also to her most earnest prayers, our theological
seminary in Japan.
“ The Rev. G. F. Draper, notwithstanding his feeble health, has taught
faithfully in the seminary during a considerable portion of the year. He
has also given some attention to the supervision of circuit work, and in
other ways has endeavored to make full proof of his ministry, while at the
same time carrying on the study and acquisition of the Japanese language.
In the hope of benefiting' his health he passed the heated term of the year
in Hakodati; but as his health continued to decline, and recuperation
seemed to be impossible in Japan, his physician finally ordered him to
leave the country for a period of two or three years. The mission con­
curs in this decision, and it is probable Brother Draper, accompanied by
his family, will shortly return to the United States on furlough. This in­
terruption of their plans for life-work in Japan is a very severe trial both
to Brother D., and also to his excellent wife. Let the Church pray ear­
nestly that in due time, with restored health, they may return to their be­
loved field of labor.
“ Miss Vail has rendered invaluable service as teacher in the seminary.
208
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l8 8 l.
The progress of the scholars under her care has been most satisfactory,
and her success as a disciplinarian has been of decided advantage to the
entire institution. The efficient president of the seminary is doubly fortu­
nate in having associated with him one who is an accomplished teacher,
and at the same time his own beloved sister. The Lord bless both brother
and sister! ”
T O K I O D I S T R I C T , M. C. H a r r i s , P. E.
The Rev. M. C. Harris and the Rev. Charles Bishop have conducted
the work of our mission in Tokio during the past year; and although
deprived, by his transfer to Yokohama, of the valuable services of the
Rev. Julius Soper, they have had quite a successful year. Brother Harris,
in addition to his other duties, has made two protracted visitations to cir­
cuits in the interior, and during one of his preaching-tours he was accom­
panied by Mrs. Harris, who rendered most valuable assistance by her
efforts in the Japanese language, both private and public. W e learn with
extreme regret that the health of Mrs. Harris is much impaired, and pray
that she may soon recover, so as to be able to prosecute her faithful and
successful labors for the Japanese. Brother Bishop has devoted himself
chiefly to the study of the language and educational work connected with
our school in Tokio. Mrs. Bishop also has rendered effective service in
the good work.
Referring to our educational work in Tokio, Brother Harris writes:
“ Our school in Tokio opened with sixty-five young men, all self-support­
ing. I f some Christian man would only give us sufficient money to erect
a suitable building we could have a fine school, and self-supporting. Mr.
Tsuda (a member of our Church, and a prominent man in Japan) offers
us ground near his place (in Tokio) for the purpose. The location is ex­
cellent. The students in his school suffer very little from sickness, and
are removed from the temptations of the city. I think we ought to em­
brace the offer of Mr. Tsuda. I am sure that we could in a few years
build up an institution there that would command attention and respect.
A Chinese course of study, an English course, a scientific course; and
these, united with the Agricultural College of Mr. Tsuda, would furnish
a great attraction to the men of Japan. The building need not be in for­
eign style, as that is not necessary. No danger from fires. None of the
temptations which now assail the students in the midst of the city. If one
missionary were to live out there, it wou^d be sufficient, as those who live
in Tsukiji, if they wished to teach in the school, could go out and back
daily. The professors in the Tokio University live quite a long distance
from the university buildings. The Japanese gentleman, Mr. Wada, who
is at the head of our school, is doing quite well.”
Charles Bishop’s report:
“ Our school in Tokio had not been as successful up to the middle of
last winter as we could have hoped, owing to a lack both of a s u if a b le
building and a sufficiency of suitable native teachers. March 1 we secured
i 881.1
JAPAN.
209
the services of two earnest young men, Messrs. Wada and Sugita, mem­
bers of the Congregational Church, (Mr. Sugita has since married one of
the girls from the school of the W. F. M. S., and joined our Church,) and
April 1 moved into the building just vacated by the school of the W. F. M. S.
During the spring term we had sixty-eight in all under our instruction.
On opening, September 1, we rented another house, to be used for a dor­
mitory, and have now fifty boarders and twenty-seven day scholars. But
one of these is a Christian, all, or nearly all, coming from idol-worshiping
homes. Still several are being taught what Christianity is, and there is a
great discussion among the boys concerning it.
“ A preaching service is held in the building on Sabbath evening, and we
are about to start a Sunday-morning Bible-class, and we are hoping, pray­
ing, that a goodly number may not only become convinced of the trujh
of the Christian religion, but also experience its power to save their souls,
during the year we have just entered upon. The Sabbath-school in our
new church is nominally under my charge, though the work is done chiefly
by a Japanese. Here from fifty to one hundred and fifty assemble each
Sunday— dirty little urchins, many of them with younger children upon
their backs, but they can recite the Commandments, Creed, Lord’s Prayer,
and Catechism, with a ‘ vim ’ that might well put the majority of Sundayschools in America to the blush. Often on the streets we hear some little
voice piping A h Iyesu d i su, (Jesus loves me,) and we are encouraged to
feel that not all the seed sown will be lost.
“ Mrs. F. B. Harris has a class of the larger girls and women in the
Sunday-school which she teaches, and the girl who graduated last year in
the school of the W . F. M. S. assists her, and also plays the organ in the
Sunday-school.”
W . F. M . S.
The work in Tokio of our Woman's Foreign Missionary Society has
been efficiently conducted during the past year by Miss Spencer and Miss
Holbrook. The new school-building has been completed, and the school
exercises within it were formally opened in September. The attendance
of scholars is large, and the building is already crowded to its utmost
capacity. A t the opening services of the school in the new building the
Governor of Tokio, accompanied by his wife, the Hon. John A. Bingham,
United States Minister, and other distinguished guests, were present and
expressed great satisfaction with the school. During the recent annual
meeting of the Japan Mission, presided over by Bishop Bowman, all the
members of the meeting were entertained at meals by Miss Spencer in the
new “ Home,” to the great delight of all concerned. Miss Holbrook was
temporarily laid aside by a severe illness, from which she has now happily
recovered, and is again at work with her accustomed zeal and success.
Mrs. Van Petten has recently joined the mission, and gives evidence of
admirable fitness for the work. The mission has passed triumphantly
through the disaster of the great fire,'and now, with the most cheering
outlook, presses forward in the accomplishment of its high duties. It
richly deserves the sympathy and support of the Church.
210
MISSIONARY REPORT.
N A G A S A K I D I S T R I C T , J. C.
D a v is o n ,
[l8 8 l.
P. E.
Rev. J. C. Davison writes :
Since forwarding my last Annual Report I have made three visits to the
work in Kagoshima, and though the time is now at hand when another
round is in order, I have postponed it till next month, owing to the neces­
sity of answering calls in the provinces of Chikugo and Hizen, the pass­
port for which places I am now awqiting.
Most of my time from this till Christmas will be spent in traveling about
doing evangelistic work in the country, January and February being dan­
gerous months, owing to the frailty of the native ship in which the pass­
ages must be made. My visit to Kagoshima in January last was a stormy
trip in more senses than one.
First, on account of a dissension in our Church at that place, by which,
after a vexatious experience, our roll suffered a reduction of some fifteen
adults and several children, all of whom, with the exception of one family,
went into the mission of the Dutch Reformed Church, and these, later
still, into the English Church Mission. Secondly, on account of a pro­
tracted voyage on my return, occupying six days, whereas it is usually
made in one. The extra delay at the end of a long country trip in winter
added not a little to the exposure. All of which discomforts, not to say
perils, are soon forgotten when satisfied that a struggling Church is faith­
ful to duty and joyful in its solitude and tribulation.
A number of candidates for baptism are now waiting my coming, and I
trust the present year may give us back more than we have lost.
The school at this charge, under the general care of Brother Asuga, is
in excellent condition, and now numbers ninety pupils. W e have enlarged
the building to meet the demand for more room.
A t Nagasaki I preached three times each week in our Deshima Church,
and we now have a house in the town for holding services, and also for
the retail of Scriptures and tracts. The erection at this place of Cobleigh
School, now just completed, will add a new and long-cherished feature to
our work in Nagasaki.
This school will be under the superintendence of Brother Long, who
shares great hopes of its future success and permanent good to the com­
munity in which it is located. The building is in excellent order and
every way adapted to its end, but much remains to supplement its highest
efficiency, chief of which is a stirring man from home to take charge; and,
aided by what help the regular missionaries may be able to give, time
alone will tell its story of usefulness in our work.
Most of my time for literary work has been spent in revising and en­
larging our hymn book, which we hope to republish in time for our next
annual meeting.
The ladies of the W . F. M. S. have done nobly. Trial they have had,
but this brings patience and affords a reserve of experimental wisdom for
continued effort. They are now in the midst of busy scenes c o n n e c t e d
i
8 8 i .]
JAPAN.
211
with their building enterprise, besides the usual care of their school of over
a score of girls, and which seems likely to be doubled by the time they
expect to get into their new house.
Bishop Bowman spent at most a week with us en route to China, and
got a good idea of our work and its needs at this point. W e hope to see
him again on his return from China.
It is still my joy to add testimony to the goodness of God, who has kept
us all in our usual and encouraging state of health— a blessing not to be
lightly esteemed, and without which aggressive work in these fields is
next to an impossibility.
Rev. Carroll S. Long, who is intimately associated with the educational
work of our mission in Nagasaki, writes: “ Two years ago, when I was
taking leave of my friends in the chapel of the East Tennessee Wesleyan
University, on the eve of my departure for Japan, ‘ a certain poor widow’
placed in my hands two dollars, saying, ' I would love to do more for you,
but this is all I have.’ Not feeling disposed to use this widow’s mite for
my personal benefit, I resolved, after prayerful reflection, to make it the
foundation of a school in Japan. Accordingly I wrote private letters to
brethren in the various Southern Conferences, asking them to assist me
in accomplishing my purpose. Liberal responses came from both North
and South, and in a few months the two dollars grew to $500. This sum,
increased by grants from the mission, soon became $1,200, with which we
have erected during the past year, on a magnificent location overlooking
the ancient city of Nagasaki and its far-famed bay, a beautiful two-story
house, 40 by 50 feet, containing twelve splendid rooms, which I now ask
the Society to accept and recognize as ‘ Cobleigh Seminary,’ in honor of
the poor widow who gave me the two dollars, and in memory of her
lamented husband, Rev. Nelson E. Cobleigh, D.D., LL.D., my old friend
and teacher. Twelve young men have already matriculated, and are study­
ing English, Chinese, and their own language, with good success. All
are required to recite a lesson from the Bible each day. The prospects
for the school are all that we could hope for.
“ I am more than ever convinced that education is one of the most im­
portant elements in the missionary work of Japan. The Church that
offers to the Japanese the best system of education will finally predomi­
nate in this empire. The people are clamoring for higher education, and
it is the extremest folly to underrate this fact. A s a Church we cannot
move too fast nor too soon in this line, and it is well for us to understand
the situation at once. Our duty is to meet this thirst for knowledge with
Christian teachers and a pure science, thus preventing the Japanese mind
from falling into materialism and infidelity. W e have reached a crisis
and must act. No short-sigHted, temporary system will satisfy this rapidly
developing people. W e must plan broad and deep and for a thousand
years. During the year I have received on probation three young men,
students in Cobleigh Seminary, and two young ladies, members of Miss
Russell’s school. I have baptized two adults and one infant.”
212
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l8 8 l.
VV. F . M . S.
Miss Russell and Miss Gheer are the faithful missionaries in Nagasaki
of our Woman’s Foreign Missionary Society. It would be difficult to
speak too highly of their services. Their field is probably the most diffi­
cult one in Japan; and yet, unintimidated by obstacles, they have suc­
ceeded in organizing a work which bids fair to be remarkably successful.
They are now engaged in erecting a Home, which will afford them neces­
sary and most desirable facilities for the prosecution of their holy work.
The school under their care is developing finely, and promises to be a
powerful auxiliary in the prosecution of their evangelistic efforts.
H A K O D A T I D I S T R I C T , W . C.
D a v is s o n ,
P. E.
Brother Davisson labors most zealously, and administers with excellent
judgment the work of our mission in North Japan. The good cause is
steadily advancing. In addition to his directly evangelistic efforts he has
expended considerable time in supervising the erection in Hakodati of a
parsonage for an expected re-enforcement to his station. While in Hako­
dati his attention is given chiefly to public preaching and teaching in the
flourishing school under his care. The demands of the work on his dis­
trict, however, compel him to travel considerably, and the gratifying de­
velopment of the native societies at Sapporo, Hirosaki, Fukuyama, and
other places under his jurisdiction, attest the faithfulness and efficiency of
his services in this direction. The re-enforcement above referred to, Rev.
L. W . Squier and wife, arrived safely in Hakodati, October 6, 1881, and
have entered on their great work under very favorable conditions.
w . F. M. S.
Miss Woodworth and Miss Hampton continue in Hakodati the work
for the women of North Japan, so well begun a few years ago by Miss
Priest, who was compelled by ill-health to return to the United States.
Hakodati is second only to Nagasaki in the difficulties it presents to the
efforts of Christian missionaries; but here, as elsewhere, patient labor in
the Master’s name is not in vain. Already cheering results are apparent,
and the outlook is inspiring. A suitable Home for the mission has been
commenced in Hakodati, and is now approaching completion. Possess­
ing the comforts and conveniences of a Home, the mission may be regarded
as permanently established, and as having fairly entered on its grand
work. W e earnestly commend to the sympathizing prayers of God’s peo­
ple the faithful toilers occupying this important field.
Hachoji..........................
Joso...............................
Y ainagata....................
Tokio District.
T sukijt..........................
8
i
i
9
3
4
1
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17
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I i r t a ........................................
Matsumoto....................
5
2
37
40
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Adzum i...........................
i
1
4
41) 8
8
1
20
7
30 5
ftO
150
75 7
fi
9
Kagoshima....................
1
Hakodati D istrict.
H akodati...................... 9,
Fukuyam a....................
Sapporo..........................
Hirosaki and Knroishi.
— —
Total......................
9
Last year ................... il o 9
9,
9,
1
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11
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12
8
1 90
4
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1 $2,000
4
8$12,000 $1 500
i
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8
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£ .8
£ 8
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2
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75
3
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18 65
7,000
87 75
15
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1
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____
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507 10 4 1250 88 15 14 4 2 4 19 59S
478 160 765 74 15 18 407 15 422
8
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9
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300
400
2,000 1,200 11
4
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3
$ 6 ,5 0 0
6,250
53
68
2
7
5,250
400
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$5 52
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81 00
14 00
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79
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$28 25
100
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Volumes Printed during
the year.
9
§
for Missionary
J
Collected
Society.
u.
O
1
Valuó of School», Hospi­
tals, and other Property.
No. of Halls and other
Places of W orship.
|
Estimated Value of
Churches.
|
1
No. of Teachers in the
same.
No. of Theological
Schools.
£ I
1 No. of Pupila.
s
50
26
20
JS
©
9
9,
1
94
1
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E
1
1
__
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I
of High Schools.
Baptized.
ti
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1
So.
¿
1
1
1
1
J No. of Sabbath Scholars, j
'S
£
DO
9
17
fi 24
15
è
1
1
t
,
1
R SO
12 120 12
N agasaki District.
9 o
| Children
Average Attendance on
| Sunday Worship.
(u
«1 4 200 s
1
7
6
2 3 88 6 50 4
2 2 41 11 9U\ 38
'i
i
Mataushiro..................
f
5
4 7 69
1
A z a b u ....................................
Na«roya..........................
Nishiw o........................
1
| Adults Baptised.
|
|
i 4
j Members.
i
! Native Local Preachers.
i
>5
S
B
1
1 No. of Churches.
fi
«
j2
1881
1 No. of Students.
Yokohama District.
<
e
| Other Helpers.
I
Native Ordained
Preachers.
S3
c
B c
1
I Native Unordained
1 Preachers.
S T A T IO N .
Bible Women of
Worn. For. Miss. Society.I
•n
C IR C U IT O R
Foreign Missionaries,
Worn. For. Mise. Society.
S T A T IS T IC S O F T H E J A P A N M IS S IO N F O R
45
06
5b
00
30
2 60
8 40
2 80
8 88
8 40
8 25
....
4 29
't
40
7 77
5 50
$26,850 $8,100 $101 15 $194 18 $121 26
28,000 1,500 100 00 88 88 186 47
....
8,100 8 0 8 ,1 0 0
M
exico .
Commenced in 1873.
B IS H O P M E R R IL L h a s E p i s c o p a l S u p e r v i s i o n .
M issionaries.
C
W. D
h arles
Jo h n W . B u
tler
Sa m
uel
P.
Sa m
uel
W . S ib e r t s ,
Jo h n
r ees,
,
Craver,
M. Ba r k er ,
Sup erin ten d en t.
G
eorge
A
lm on
S. U
D
u ston
H
erm ann
W.
K
G
m pleby,
,
reenm an
em ble,
L uders.
A s s is ta n t ^Missionaries.
M rs.
C. W . D
“
J. W . B u
"
S.
“
S. W . S i b e r t s ,
P.
C
rees,
tler
raver
M rs. J. M . B a r k e r ,
,
,
^Missionaries o f
M is s M
"
ary
Susan
H
a s t in g s ,
M. W
G . S. U
“
A. W . G
“
D. K
W.
,
a g g ie
“
E
m pleby,
reenm an
,
em ble.
M . S.
M is s M a r y
arner
M is s M
“
Clara
l l io t t
F. Sw
L. M
aney
,
u l l in e r
.
O rd a in e d !NTative P r e a c h e r s .
Augustin Palacios,
Emilio Fuentes y Betancourt.
U n o rd a in e d N a t iv e P r e a c h e r s .
Felipe N. Cordova,
Simon Loza,
Conrado A. Gamboa,
Justo M. Euroza,
Francisco Montero.
L o ca l P reach ers.
Doroteo Mendoza,
Abundio Tovar,
Pedro F. Valderrama,
Leon Baillet,
Epigmenio Monroy,*
Crescencio Ramirez,
Camilo Arrieta*
Jorge Lopez,.
Manuel Fernandez,
Aurelio Celis.
* Died April 10, 1881.
,
i
8 8 i .]
MEXICO.
215
APPOINTMENTS, 1881.
C. W .
D
r ees,
Superintendent.
J. W.
Bu
tler
,
Treasurer.
J. W . B.ntler, Missionary in Charge; A.
Palacios, E. Fuentes y Betancourt, C. Arrieta, and J. Lopez.
Mission Press and Book Depository : Publishing Agent, J. W . Butler ;
Editor of “ El Abogado Cristiano,” and all other publications, C. W.
Drees ; Publishing Committee, C. W . Drees, S. W. Siberts, and J. M.
Barker.
IV. F . M . S. Missionaries.— Girls' Orphanage : Misses M. F. Swaney,
C. L. Mulliner, and M. Elliott.
M
C it y
e x ic o
C ir
c u it
M ir a f lo r e s C ir c u
:
it
:
S.
W.
S ib erts, M issio n ary in C h a r g e ;
A. T o v a r
an d C . R am irez.
Theological School: S. W . Siberts, Instructor.
u e b l a C i r c u i t : H. Luders, Missionary in C harge; F. N. Cordova.
Boys' Orphanage: In charge of H. Luders.
W F . M . S. Missionary.— Girls' School: Miss S. M. Warner.
O r i z a b a C i r c u i t : G . S. Umpleby, Missionary in Charge; F. Montero,
L. Baillet, A. Celis.
P
P a c h u c a C i r c u i t : J. M. Barker, Missionary in Charge; J. M. Euroza, P. F. Valderrama.
English Congregation: Served by J. M. Barker and four local
preachers.
W. F . M, S. Missionary.— M exican and English Girls' School: Miss
Mary Hastings.
Q
ueretaro
C
ir c u it
: A . W . Greenman, Missionary in Charge ; C . A.
Gamboa, M. Fernandez.
G
u an aju ato
C
ir c u it
: S. P . C raver, M issio n ary in C h a r g e ; S. L o za,
D. Mendoza.
L eon
C
ir c u it
: D. Kemble, Missionary in Charge.
O u r Mexico Mission during the past year has been called
to suffer persecution even unto martyrdom. A t Queretaro,
where an attempt was made to open public services in the
spring, the house occupied by our missionary, Rev. A . W.
Greenman and his wife, with the native preacher, Senor Cardozo, was assaulted on Sunday, April 3, by a mob of over two
thousand people. T h e local authorities were culpably dilatory
in attempts to quell the riot, and subsequently professed
themselves unable to protect our missionaries, who took refuge
in Mexico City. B y the interposition of the general Govern­
ment, they returned to Queretaro, July 1, and services have
2 IÓ
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l8 8 l.
since been held without interruption. D uring the period of
peril our Superintendent, Rev. C. W . Drees, manifested his
fidelity and devotion by his presence at the post of danger.
A t Silao our native preacher, Senor Mendoza, has been fre­
quently threatened and his house assaulted.
On the 8th of A pril, also, occurred the murder of one of our
M exican preachers, Epigmenio Monroy. H e had this year
been appointed to the charge of the work at Apizaco, and
had gathered a few followers in the neighboring village of
Santa A nita. O n his way from that place he was violently
assailed, and died from the wounds a few days after in a
state of great peace, and with a spirit, like Stephen's, of for­
giveness for his murderers. One of his companions also died
from wounds received at the time. T h ese circumstances have
excited the special sympathy of the Church this year for our
M exican Mission, where the work is still exposed to obstacles
and perils.
Rev. Duston K em ble and wife were sent out early this
year, as a re-enforcement to the mission. Dr. Emilio Fuentes
y Betancourt, formerly a highly educated Rom ish priest,
who became convinced of the errors of the system to which
he had been attached, visited M exico this year, with the
recommendation of the Secretaries, and has already rendered
very acceptable service in connection with our mission.
The completion of a new Spanish Hym n and Tune Book
within the past year has been a matter of great interest and
importance for the mission. The work is the product Qf very
careful labor continued through four years, under supervision
o f the publishing committee, and will doubtless prove to be of
great value in all our missions to Spanish-speaking people, as
well as for the field in which it was prepared.
T h e Superintendent reports as follow s:
In order to the formation of a just estimate of the progress and results
achieved by the Mexico Mission the following facts should be duly con­
sidered :
1.
The Mexico Mission is the most recently established of all the foreign
missions of our Church. It dates only from the beginning of the year
1873, and is, therefore, just closing the ninth year of its history.
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MEXICO.
217
2. Mexico is still a new field for missionary labor. Though the prin­
ciple of" religious toleration was affirmed in the Constitution of 1857, the
way was not fully open for Protestant evangelistic effort until 1868, after
the commotions and civil strife consequent upon the French intervention
and the effort to establish the empire of Maximilian. The reform laws
did not take their present form till December, 1874, nearly two years after
the establishment of our mission. Our Church was, therefore, called to
enter upon an almost untried field and encounter the full force of the first
and greatest obstacles to be overcome. It has passed through the period,
not yet closed, which will perhaps be known in history as the heroic age
of Protestantism in Mexico— a time of baptism in fire and blood, of mobs,
and violence, of fanatical hatred and obloquy.
3. Due regard should be had for the great and peculiar difficulties to
be overcome by evangelistic effort in a country which has until very re­
cently been under the exclusive dominion of Roman Catholicism. W e
may mention a few of these :
a) The deadening, brutalizing influence of Romish dogma and practice
over the mind and conscience of the masses of the people.
b) The great prevalence, almost unrestrained, of ignorance and per­
sonal and social vices, such as lying, drunkenness, impurity, lack of re­
spect for the marriage tie, and infidelity to the conjugal relation.
c) The difficulty of attracting the attention and securing a hearing from
people accustomed to the religion-made-easy of Rome, taught to satisfy
the conscience with religious forms, clothed with external pomp, but de­
void of all spiritual life and power.
d) The fact that the prestige and power of wealth and social position
are still held by the Roman Church, which has thus many resources for
the persecution of those who walk in the right ways of the Lord, deter­
ring many from following their convictions and confessing their faith.
e) The strong tendency of educated men toward skepticism, rational­
ism, and irreligion, which, in the rebound from the errors and abuses of
Romanism, confounds therewith in one sweeping anathema all forms of
Christianity.
4. It should be remembered that the financial provision for the work of
the mission, though the missionary authorities have done all in their
power, has never been commensurate with its opportunities and just
demands.
W e believe that if due consideration be given to these facts and circum­
stances, a careful study of the present state of this mission, as imperfectly
set forth in the following report and statistics, will afford abundant ground
for encouragement and for deep gratitude to God.
The general plan and distribution of the work of the mission remain
essentially the same as heretofore, following out the wise designs of those
who were instrumental in its first establishment. Speaking geographically,
it may be said that our work is laid out in two principal lines which con­
verge and meet in Mexico City, the natural center of the mission. The
first of these lines extend eastward for a distance of nearly two hundred
2 18
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l8 8 l.
miles, passing through the Miraflores Valley, the city and State of Puebla,
Orizaba, and Cordova. The work of the mission in Miraflores and the
surrounding country is connected with Mexico City by the Morelos Rail­
road, and comprises two important congregations now established, with
many other important openings. The work in Puebla, Orizaba, and Cor­
dova is on the line of the Vera Cruz Railroad, and is situated in one of
the most productive and populous portions of the Republic. About thirtyfive miles north of the main line of the Vera Cruz Railroad, and connected
with it by another road now almost finished to the point of junction,
about forty miles distant from Mexico City, lies the important city of
Pachuca, capital of the State of Hidalgo, and center of a rich mineral dis­
trict. W e have in that city and its tributary country seven interesting
congregations, with many and urgent calls for the opening of additional
ones.
The second main line of our work extends northward and westward
from Mexico City, along the line of the Central Railroad, for a distance of
nearly three hundred and fifty miles, taking in as central mission stations
the cities of Queretaro, „Guanajuato, and Leon, with work already estab­
lished in the large towns of San Juan del Rio, Celaya, Salamanca, Irapuato, and Silao. A ll these places will within a very few months be in
direct communication by rail with Mexico City.
Our central station is Mexico City, with its five congregations already
established.
This central field, and both the lines above described as diverging from
it, command a wide extent of populous territory, affording every promise
of a rapid development and extension of our w ork ; while the simple pro­
longation of our northward line from Queretaro and Leon will keep our
Church abreast with the march of railroad communication, and lead us
through the northern centers of population and commerce to a junction
with the mission work of our Church in New Mexico and Arizona. We
speak with confidence when we say that no other mission in Mexico has
secured so wise and provident a selection of fields and distribution of
forces. W hat we now need are resources proportionate to the vastness
o f the field already mapped out and in part occupied.
The subjoined statistical table will afford sufficient information as to the
working force now distributed in the field, and the results thus far attained.
W e, therefore, turn to a brief review of the history of the year just clos­
ing. The following general facts may be stated in few w ords:
1.
The limited appropriation made to the mission for the year made it
necessary at the beginning of the year to cut off, either finally or tempo­
rarily, all support for at least three congregations which reported an ag­
gregate last year of sixty-two probationers, and an average attendance of
seventy-five. Tw o of these congregations were practically transferred to
a sister Church, the third is still suspended. Other portions of our work,
though sustained, have suffered from insufficient means, and we have been
unable to take up many other places to which we seemed providentially
called and for which estimates had been made.
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88iJ
MEXICO.
219
2. This has been a year of severe, tenacious, and very general persecu­
tions. Our people and preachers have been in many places called to suf­
fer from deprivation of the means of support, from imprisonment and
mob violence. One of our dear brethren in the ministry loved not his
own life even unto death, witnessed a good confession, and is written
among those who have won the martyr’s crown.
3. It is conclusive evidence of substantial progress, that the losses from
transference or suspension of certain congregations have been fully made
up by gains in other places in the number of congregations, of members,
probationers, and average attendance on public worship. The number of
Sabbath-scholars shows an absolute increase of eighty two. It is to be
remembered that the statistical returns of members, probationers, and
average attendance, afford no adequate measure of the influence exerted
by our Church and its agencies. After a somewhat careful inquiry we
are satisfied that the number of adherents of our Church may be esti­
mated at from four to five times the average attendance; that is, at from
four thousand to five thousand, while the numbers reached through cer­
tain of our Church agencies and our general influence are many times
greater.
4. Our Churches are growing continually and rapidly in the elements
which constitute real Christian character and life.
5. The organization of the Church is approaching slowly but surely the
disciplinary ideal.
The following resume, and extracts from the reports of the several mis­
sionaries in charge of stations will, it is hoped, afford a .satisfactory view
of the present state of the mission, and the most salient points in the his­
tory of the year.
M e x i c o C i t y C i r c u i t : Rev. J. W . Butler, Missionary in charge, sa y s:
“ It may seem that the statistics for this circuit do not show a very large
increase over those of last year. This is due to some deaths, several re­
movals, and the fact that a few of our people have been called into the
work of other circuits. Then, again, the statistics are so drawn that they
do not show the full strength of our work. Take, for instance, the aver­
age attendance on Sunday worship for Trinity Church. This we have
put at 185. Sunday mornings we have from 130 to 150; but many of
our people are household servants and cannot attend morning service.
When they come our evening attendance runs up to 250, and sometimes
300. In the majority of cases these servants are employed in fanatical
Roman Catholic families, and are, in some instances, positively forbidden
to attend Protestant worship, while in other cases so many obstacles are
placed in the way of their doing so, that they are rarely seen in the house
of God. . . . It is very gratifying to me to be able to report a great im­
provement in the general stability of the Church, as well as increased
evidence of true spirituality in our members. Our people are more con­
stant in their attendance, seem more concerned for the salvation of their
friends and neighbors, and evince more regard for the influence of their
daily life than I have ever seen in them before. I think this is very largely
220
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l 88l .
due to the efficient work being done by Mrs. Butler among the women.
Her Bible-class in the Sabbath-school now averages over forty, while
the attendance upon her prayer-meeting is about fifty, and the Woman’s
Mutual Aid Society has now sixty-six active members.
“ The Bible-woman supported by the Woman’s Foreign Missionary So­
ciety devotes at least six hours per week to her work, which consists in
systematic visitation, reading the Scriptures in the homes of the people,
distribution of religious tracts, and inviting people to the services. Mrs.
Butler's personal example in this regard has been such an incentive to her,
that now she is frequently found doing this kind of work in more hours
than her contract calls for.
“ It may be interesting to chronicle the fact that during the year we
have organized a Mutual Aid Society among the poor male mejnbers of
Trinity congregation, which now numbers forty-nine active members.
The object of this society is rfot only to give mutual aid in case of neces­
sity, but also to bring workingmen to the Church and to Christ. Already
we have had abundant cause for gratitude to God for the existence of this
young society.
“ One of the most interesting cases of conversion from Romanism dur­
ing the year has been that of an entire family who came to this city four
months ago. The family consists of two brothers, with their wives, and
another brother unmarried. They came here from the State of Michoacan on business. One of them was favorably disposed toward Protestant­
ism when they first came, and hence was easily led to accept the truth.
Then followed the second brother, who, after a little explanation, gladly
received the word. With all the enthusiasm of new converts, they then
tried to persuade the other three members of their family. Now, thank
God ! we have the joy of seeing in nearly every service, the happy faces
of the entire family. When we called the other day to see them, we found
all seated around a small table, on which lay open the large family Bible,
so recently purchased, and which, with Bereari Leaves in hand, they seemed
to be searching with great eagerness. On approaching still nearer we
found that the oldest brother, who is a book-keeper, had indexed the en­
tire Bible, by pasting slips to the margin at the beginning of each book,
and allowing them to project sufficiently to permit the title of each to be
readily seen. Other cases of special interest might be cited, but we fear
to make this report too long.
" In all our three out-of-town congregations our people have suffered
continued persecutions, some of them of the severest kinds; but in the
midst of it all God has sustained them wonderfully, proving once more
that the Church still affords noble Christian martyrs.
“ Don Camilo Arrieta, our native helper in San Vicente, is an illustra­
tion of that fact. He has experienced the fulfillment of those words of
C hrist: ‘ They shall lay their hands on you, and persecute you, delivering
you up to the synagogues, and into prisons, being brought before kings
and rulers for my name’s sake.’ But a more patient or happier man we
never saw than old Don Camilo, the day we visited him in the prison at
i
88iJ
MEXICO.
221
Texcoco. Indeed, as we sat down on an old bench by the side of this
prisoner of the Lord, heard of his wonderful confidence in Christ, and
saw his happy countenance, we could not help thinking thdt
*. . . prisons would palaces prove,
If Jesus would dwell with me there,’
as he evidently did- dwell with him.
“ Since then one of the members of this same congregation was dragged
across the floor of the town court-room by the hair of his head, because
he had dared to ask permission to bury his dead child in the parish church­
yard, where the Government had ordered that all dead should be buried.
Yet two days after he walked into town, twenty miles, and told me the
whole story with a calmness and resignation wonderful to behold !
“ From all these persecutions comes the glory of God. Other towns of
great importance invite our labors throughout this circuit. Persecution
does not prevent us— nothing prevents us but our limited appropriations.”
The working force of the mission has received an important accession
in the person of Dr. Emilio Fuentes y Betancourt, a native of the Island
of Cuba, highly educated in the leading universities of Cuba and Spain,
an ordained priest in good standing in the Roman Church, blameless in
reputation, who has been brought, after prolonged mental conflicts, to re­
nounce the errors and the priesthood of Rome, and consecrate himself to
the work of preaching the Gospel among the Spanish-speaking people.
He comes to us with recommendations from the Mission Rooms of our
own Church. His thorough culture, and his ability as preacher and edu­
cator, promise to be very useful in different departments of the work of
this mission.
M i r a f l o r e s C i r c u i t : Rev. S. W . Siberts, Missionary in charge.
The work of the year has been in a degree embarrassed by the absence
of the missionary during several months of the earlier part of the year,
during which he made a brief visit to the United States in order to ac­
company his family in return to Mexico. Brother Siberts voluntarily
abbreviated his well-earned vacation, acting under the impulse of his
hearty devotion to the missionary work. Further embarrassment has
been experienced in consequence of the continued ill-health of Mrs.
Siberts, who has at last, under advice of competent physicians, been com­
pelled to remove temporarily to Mexico City.
Notwithstanding these untoward circumstances the annual report gives
testimony to a good year's work. Brother Siberts says, in speaking of
the Church and school in Miraflores : “ Relatively speaking, we have a
very good congregation, and its order and regularity have been improved.
Our school is in a very prosperous condition. The attendance is almost
too large for thorough and successful work ; yet by means of extra effort
on the part of the teachers, good and thorough work has been done.
The school exerts a good influence wherever it is known. W e expect
some of the pupils will yet preach the Gospel of C hrist; some are even
now urging me to admit them to the Theological Seminary, and they are
222
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l8 8 l.
very promising boys indeed. A ll the pupils, one hundred and forty in
number, study the Catechism of our Church, and on Saturdays receive
thorough instruction in the Berean Lessons, and in recitation of portions
of God’s word. Thus, though most of them are prevented by their
Roman Catholic parents from attending our Sabbath service, they are
receiving efficient Christian training.
“ In Ayapango we have met with continu'ed and bitter opposition.
Some of our people have lost their employment, and have been supported
for a time by their brethren. Others have been imprisoned. A few have
turned aside, and taken their children from the school in order to keep
their work and maintain their position. Our chapel is going forward to
completion, and we hope to be able to dedicate it soon. W e are confi­
dent that our people will then be more resolute, and that we will be much
more respected than at present. The place where we now worship is a dark,
gloomy room, with no window and but one door. It is not possible to build
up a Church in such a place; yet it is the only place we can get in the village.”
P u e b l a C i r c u i t : Rev. H. Luders, Missionary in charge.
This mis­
sion includes, as heretofore, the well-established congregations of Puebla
and Apizaco. The former place reports a membership of sixty-six, with
an average attendance of sixty-nine. The night services are frequently
much more largely attended. Tw o other Protestant congregations have
been established in Puebla, but our own maintains unquestionably the pre­
eminence in all the characteristics of a reliable and well-sustained work.
The membership is composed of poor people, who live in the midst of con­
stant and unrelenting persecution. The influence of the Gospel is seen in
* many who were formerly idle, inebriate, and clothed in rags and filth,
who now attend our services with punctuality, clothed neatly, and in their
right mind. “ But the influence of our work is not limited to the mem­
bers of our Church and attendants on our services. There are many
friends in the city whose faith is not strong enough to impel them to
attend our public meetings, but who read the Bible and Protestant books,
tracts, and periodicals with much interest. The governor of the State and
other officials are decidedly favorable to Protestantism, and great numbers
of the common people begin to shake off their old superstitions and to be
ready to receive the truth. Collections for selfrsupport are taken in every
service, and, though our people are very poor, these collections have aggre­
gated this year $75 05. The Sunday-school embraces five classes, with
an average attendance of sixty-two.
“ In Apizaco the work of the year was begun faithfully by Brother
Epigmenio Monroy. In addition to the regular religious services he
opened a day-school, which soon enrolled about thirty pupils. His influ­
ence soon extended to several surrounding villages. Arrangements were
made to open services in Santa Anita, five or six miles distant. The day
had been appointed for the inauguration of the work. Five days previ­
ously Brother Monroy was returning home from this village in the early
morning, accompanied by two brethren. They were assaulted by four­
teen. fanatics, armed With knives and bludgeons. Brother Monroy was
i 8 8 1.3
MEXICO.
223
defenseless, and, having received many wounds, was left for dead. After
some delay he was found and taken to his home, where he died after
twenty-eight hours of suffering. He is the first martyr of the Methodist
Episcopal Church in Mexico. His dying words were full of compassion
for his enemies, and of hope for the future triumph of the truth in Mexico.
His two companions were also wounded, one of them very severely. This
last, after lingering many weeks in pain, finally died in the hospital of
Tlaxcala. His body was taken by his Protestant brethren to Santa Anita
for burial; but the fanatical authorities refused permission for the burial
in the village cemetery, so he was laid to rest out in the open field.” His
dust will be precious in the sight of heaven till the morning of the resur­
rection. Brother Monroy left a wife and three children, one bom since
her father’s decease, who are now the wards of the Church.
Brother Felipe N. Cordova succeeded to the work in Apizaco, where he
has labored with great zeal and success.
Many other openings present themselves to our faithful workers on this
circuit, which we hope soon to improve.
O r i z a b a C i r c u i t : Rev. G. S. Umpleby, Missionary in charge.
“ Not­
withstanding the general persecution of Protestantism in Mexico, the Lord
has given us a year of steady and marked advance'ment, especially in Ori­
zaba. W e rejoice in this prosperity ; but, after a prayerful study of the
field, we are forced to conclude that our work must greatly suffer unless
property is secured in this city at an early date. . . . Our cause is grad­
ually winning with the more influential citizens. . . . W e are thankful to
be able to report forty-five subscribers for our Church paper as compared
with thirty-five last year, twenty-nine probationers as compared with eight­
een, the organization of a women’s meeting, under the care of Mrs. Um­
pleby, one young man in waiting to enter our Theological School, the
opening of new fields all about us, and a rise in the spiritual tide, which,
we trust, will widen and deepen until many may be swept out into the full­
ness of gospel liberty, and be able to exclaim, as did one poor Mexican
woman in her dying hour, ‘ I have received Christ, and he saves m e; I
shall soon be with him ! ’ ”
Of Cordova, Brother Umpleby says: “ The yellow-fever scourge of this
year was scarcely surpassed by that of 1876. A s many as twenty-five vic­
tims were swept off in a single day. A ll of the eight persons composing
the family of our native preacher were stricken with the disease ; only one
of them died. This great affliction has caused a protracted suspension of
our services. Many of our brethren left the city ; others suffered from the
terrible disease, and seven fell victims to it. W e rejoice to learn that at
least some of those called hence had made timely preparation. One of
our stewards, Brother Galicia, on being asked a few moments before his
death, by his Roman Catholic mother-in-law, if he desired a priest to be
called, placed his hand upon his Bible and said, ‘ I have the assurance
that faith in Christ is sufficient! ’ ”
PACHUCA C i r c u i t : Rev. J. M. Barker, Missionary in charge. The
report from this field, in very condensed form, is as follows: “ During the
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MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l88l.
past year our work has been encouraging. Regular preaching services
have been held in six different cities and towns ; besides which we have
had meetings occasionally in other places. The work has not always
given the most satisfactory results, yet we are pleased to record a growth
in zeal and spirituality. W e have not sought to increase our congrega­
tions with simply numbers ; our aim has rather been to train and develop
good Christian workers and exemplary members. #
“ The work in the town of El Chico has been sustained throughout the
year by Dr. William B. Rule, who is doing good and noble service.
Through the liberality of this Christian layman religious work has been
done during a portion of the year in Ixmiquilpan, Alfajayucan, and Atotonilco. New work has been commenced in Tulancingo and Acayuca.
The opposition on the part of the Roman Catholic priests and people has
been at times severe. Nevertheless, our work has had a steady growth.
W e have more calls than we are able to meet to send the Gospel to neigh­
boring towns. W e greatly need men and means to meet these urgent
demands.
“ Our day-schools, with nearly one hundred and fifty children enrolled,
are doing a good and, we hope, a permanent work. W e have been able
to sell and distribute thousands of Bibles, tracts, books, and periodicals
during the year. The people are eager to know the true light of the Gos­
pel. Our way is generally prepared faster than we are able to occupy the
field. With the increased interest in silver mines and railroads which
American capital is now introducing in this State we are brought face to
face with increased opportunities and responsibilities. W e hope and pray
for the triumph of Christ’s kingdom in this prosperous State of Hidalgo.”
W e may add to the above the statement that work has been begun on
the new chapel in Mineral del Monte. The appropriation made by the
Missionary Society is being prudently used so as to serve as a stimulus to
the members and friends of our Church in that place and in Pachuca to
contribute to the work. It is hoped that within a few months the work
will be in such a state of advancement that the building may be occupied
for public services.
Q u e r e t a r o C i r c u i t : Rev. A . W . Greenman, Missionary in charge.
The Church at home has reason to look with special interest upon this
important and difficult field. The events of the past year ought to be
memorable in the history of Methodism in Mexico. W e include the entire
report of the Missionary in charge, with only slight omissions of matters
of a personal character. Brother Greenman writes :
“ I feel that I cannot better preface this report than by devoutly ac­
knowledging the wonderful providence of God which has been so signally
manifested in connection with the Queretaro Mission during the past
year. The year has been an eventful one, yet we think successful, espe­
cially when due consideration is given to the peculiar circumstances and
difficulties.
" It was our intention to open public services in this city during the month
of A p ril; but the persistent and bitter persecution kept up by the people,
188 i.J
MEXICO.
22 5
w h o w ere in cited th ereto b y the priests, finally culm inated, A p ril 3, in a
violent m ob a tta ck o f four h o u rs’ duration, participated in by over tw o
th ousan d people. T h e authorities o f the S tate o f Q u eretaro professing
them selves unable to provide adequate p rotection , it w as th ou gh t best to
tem p o rarily aban d on the field and proceed to M exico C ity, there to place
the m atter in the hands of the U n ited S tates M inister.
“ On the first of July, the Mexican government having guaranteed pro­
tection, the missionaries returned, and on Sunday the 3d the first public
Protestant service was held in Queretaro, the superintendent of the mis­
sion# being present and preaching. Three services each week have since
been held without interruption or molestation. The Sunday congrega­
tions have increased from four present at the first service to an average
attendance of twenty. They are composed, however, of persons who
have recently removed to this city from other places where Protestant
worship has been established, so that they have before known something
of evangelical work. W e have been unable to secure the presence of any
who have long been residents of this city. This, according to the state­
ment of the superintendent, is a state of affairs without a parallel in the
history of our missions in this country. It shows the intense fanaticism
and well-organized opposition with which we have to contend. The pres­
ence of federal troops prevents the priests from instigating the populace
to acts of violence ; but all other means short of this are used to keep
them from having any thing to do with the Protestants, or with their
religion.
“ We are trying to overcome these difficulties by personal intercourse
with the people, the circulation of tracts and the Scriptures, and the reg­
ular preaching of the Gospel. The repeated attempts and failures to
establish work here which have been made during the past five or six
years have greatly increased and intensified the natural intolerance of this
people, and will account for some of the present difficulties. It may re­
quire some time to convince the inhabitants ol this city that Protestantism
is to be a permanent institution in their midst. The early purchase of
property suitable for mission purposes would go far toward assuring the
public of the permanency of our work. Foreigners of long residence in
the city, and of ample experience, feel certain that property values will be
greatly advanced upon the completion of the Mexican Central Railroad to
this point in January next.
“ W e have, since our return in July, repeatedly tried to arrange for visit­
ing our work in San Juan del Rio, but it has as often been necessary to
postpone. Our cause there is represented by Brother Manuel Fernandez,
who labors without salary. During the past year he and his friends there
have endured the severest persecution. They dare not meet except at
dusk, in the fields away from the city. W e hope early next year to report
the opening of public services in that place. With the early completion of
the Central Railroad to Celaya, a city of fifteen thousand inhabitants, that
point, as well as several others only a few hours ride from Queretaro, will
be open for work.”
15
226
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l88l.
It is not compatible with the limits of this report to give any adequate
description of the trials and dangers through which our faithful and heroic
missionaries and their co-laborers in Queretaro have passed during this
year. They have shown, and still show, that patient courage which can
only spring from true faith in Christ and single-hearted devotion to his
cause. Even now that there seems no immediate danger of personal vio­
lence, it is impossible for one who has not felt it to conceive of the pecul­
iar isolation of their position, and the great trial to their faith in connec­
tion with the slow progress of their work and the evident hostility of the
multitudes by whom they are surrounded.
But the victory is secured by God’s unfailing promise. Let the Church
pray that its fulfillment be hastened !
G u a n a j u a t o C i r c u i t , Rev. S. P. Craver, Missionary in charge.
After five years of faithful and remarkably successful work in his import­
ant field, Brother Craver received permission to visit the United States.
This was all the more proper in view of the state of Mrs. Craver’s health,
and of the fact that the leave of absence involved no expense to the mis­
sionary treasury. Brother Craver left his work in June, the general direc­
tion and supervision of it being commended to the Rev. Duston Kemble,
under appointment to Leon, but temporarily detained in Guanajuato in
preparation for the active entrance upon his own work. Brother Kemble
writes as follows concerning the present state of that mission :
“ During the past year our work in this field has enjoyed a fair degree
of healthful growth. The large congregation which attended our services
on the occupation of our new Trinity Chapel fell off somewhat when
curiosity was satisfied ; but there is still an increase as compared with the
attendance before that time, and several influential persons have recently
shown a new and marked interest in our meetings. There is also a nota­
ble improvement in the numbers present at the week-night services in
San Pablo. Owing to the many serious hinderances to our work in Marfil and La Luz, these congregations have been temporarily suspended,
but some of our friends from these places come occasionally to Trinity
Chapel. Severe persecution has recently almost smothered our work
in Silao. Although at various times in imminent peril of his life, Brother
Mendoza has bravely held his ground. The local officials at one time
connived with the Romish clergy to frighten the people away from
our church by imprisoning their pastor in the public jail for an im­
aginary offense; but they were finally deterred by fear of the General
Government.
“ Several visits have been made to Salamanca, about forty-five miles
south-east from Guanajuato. In that city the prospect is very encourag­
ing, and the people are entreating us to send them a pastor. From sev­
eral other points throughout the State come tidings of new seekers and
followers of the G ospel; but at the same time we learn that the priests
are wide awake, and that experience has developed in them rem arkable
activity and shrewdness in isolating the people from our influence by
means more su b tle and more effective than open persecution. W e expect
188 r.]
MEXICO.
227
the victory, but we see that it can only be won by great energy, wisdom,
patience, and faith in God.”
L e o n S t a t i o n , Rev. Duston Kemble, Missionary in charge.
Leon is
in population the second city of this Republic. The number of its inhab­
itants may be stated approximately at 120,000. It is rapidly growing in
importance, and from its central position, and agricultural and commer­
cial advantages, seems destined to wield a powerful influence over a wide
extent of territory. For a number of years it has been a cherished plan
to establish one of our central mission stations in this city. Preliminary
work was begun under the direction of Brother Siberts, but had to be sus­
pended for lack of funds. Our estimates for the opening of the mission
were not granted till one year ago. Early this year, Rev. Duston Kemble
and wife were appointed to this field, and arrived in Mexico in May. It
was thought best that they should remain for a little while in one of our
established missions, in order to acquire direct preparation for their lifework, by learning something of the language and the peculiar character­
istics of our general work. This, together with Brother Craver’s temporary
absence, has detained them in Guanajuato, where they have been doing
useful work ever since their arrival, while at the same time they have been
unusually successful in their study of the language. Brother Kemble now
preaches in Spanish, and his wife is able to conduct the woman's meet­
ing in the same language. Brother Kemble has already made one visit
of reconnoissance to his future field, and expects immediately after our ap­
proaching annual meeeting to lay formal siege to the stronghold of the
enemy. An immense advantage would be gained for our work in Leon
from the very outset by the purchase of property suitable for a permanent
home and place of worship. The work will be difficult, and accompanied
with great danger. May the prayers of the Church strengthen the hands
of our brother, and of his companions in labor!
Having passed in rapid review the special features and incidents of the
work of the several sections into which our mission is geographically di­
vided, in order to secure proper supervision and a suitable division of
labor, we must now ask attention to a brief special statement concerning
two of the general agencies connected with our work.
E d u c a t i o n . A s will be seen from the statistical tables, this mission has
established, besides its exclusively religious agencies, sixteen day-schools
with 558 pupils upon the rolls. Nearly all of these are primary schools,
established in order to afford the children of our families and congrega­
tions a secular and religious education, free from the Romish and perse­
cuting influences too commonly to be met with even in the public schools.
B ut the demands of our work have called into existence three special in­
stitutions, namely, the Boys’ Orphanage in Puebla, the Girls’ Orphanage
in Mexico City, under the patronage of the Woman’s Foreign Missionary
Society, and the Theological School in Miraflores, 'under the direction of
Rev. S. W . Siberts.
228
MISSIONARY REPORT.
El88l.
The Orphanages were established with a view to taking under the care
of the Church young children, orphans, who could be retained for a term
of years under our control, to receive such primary, intermediate, and
special course of instruction as would fit them for usefulness in the several
departments of our mission work. The existence of these institutions has
secured for our mission a certain degree of,public sympathy and approval,
and has attached some persons to our Church. But we have as yet not
had the satisfaction of seeing any such results as were the prime motive
for their establishment This is due, in part, to the character of the ma­
terial with which we have had to work, to certain legal difficulties in the way
of securing the necessary control of the children, to the obstacles growing
out of the incipiency of the work, and insufficientVesources and other un­
avoidable circumstances. It is true, also, that most of the beneficiaries
were received at so tender an age that it is too soon to judge whether they
will be useful. Most of those who were received at a more mature age have
been occasion of great sorrow to those who have labored for their good.
The difficulty in securing real orphans, and acquiring full control of
them ; the small proportion of children received at the age of from five to
eight years, and from the very lowest classes, who may reasonably be ex­
pected to develop aptitude and inclination for work as teachers or preach­
ers ; and the great expense involved in the maintenance of orphanages in
Mexico, are facts which, in connection with our experience, seem to indi­
cate that orphanages cannot be looked to as the only nurseries of Chris­
tian laborers for our mission.
Moreover, the exclusive character of these institutions as orphanages
leaves us no school for the higher training of children and youth connected
with our families, schools, and congregations, who, after pursuing their
primary studies, give evidence of aptitude, inclination, and vocation for
Christian work. Clearly there is a radical defect in our educational sys­
tem, which can only be remedied by the establishment of an institution
for the systematic, intermediate, and higher training of our boys and girls.
It is our personal conviction that this can best be attained by the modifi­
cation of the character of our orphanges, so as to make them academies
and training schools, open to applicants of mor.e advanced age, and pre­
ferring those who can be supported wholly or in part by their parents or
relatives. It is to be hoped that the approaching annual meeting will take
this matter under advisement, and adopt a well-considered educational plan.
• The Theological School This institution, under the care of the Rev.
S. W . Siberts, is giving, as heretofore, the happiest results— far beyond
what could be reasonably expected in view of the very limited provision
made hitherto for its support. The total number of students received, in­
cluding those now on the roll, is not more than fifteen, of whom we have
now in active and faithful service in the mission five young men who are
of our most reliable and diligent workers. Six are still in the institution.
In spite of the difficulties and embarrassments connected with this depart­
ment of his work, Brother Siberts reports a year of good conduct, faithful
application, and successful work on the part of the students. The future
1881 .J
MEXICO.
229
success of our mission requires largely increased support for this institu­
tion in order to provide for a large number of students.
T H E M i s s i o n P r e s s . This work has been; as formerly, under the ad­
ministrative care and financial supervision of Rev. J. W . Butler. He
says : “ It will be seen that we have issued during the year five books and
eight volumes of periodicals and tracts, making a total of 2,590,700 pages.
Our Sunday-School Berean Leaves have reached a monthly circulation of
1,800 copies, while E l Abogado Cristiano Ilustrado, has increased its
circulation to nearly 2,500. There is not a State in the Republic of Mex­
ico where this, our monthly paper, is not read, while in several of the
South American States it numbers its readers by scores. Probably no
other religious paper in* the world, printed in Spanish, has such a circu­
lation and consequent power for good. When we add to this the influ­
ence of our Christian books and tracts, with a constantly increasing cir­
culation in all the Spanish world, we cannot doubt that our press is to-day
wielding' power for good greater than any half dozen missionaries could
command with the voice alone.”
Of the work done under the auspices of our press, special mention
should be made of the issue of our Spanish Hymnal, which has been so
long in preparation, and was so much needed. The mechanical work was
done by the Book Concern in New York. Its introduction has been pro­
ductive of great good. Of its influence over the work under his care,
Brother Butler speaks as follows : “ The introduction of our new Method­
ist Hymn and Tune Book has been productive of great good. Those
who have labored for years to give us a suitable hymn book would, I am
sure, feel amply compensated in seeing the joy with which our people re­
ceived this work, and the grand use to which they put it. Their apprecia­
tion of it may be partially understood when I state that, personally, I have
sold 216 copies of the edition with music to people of my circuit, besides
copies sold in the bookstore and given gratuitously to the worthy poor.
During the seven years of the history of our mission press its issues
have aggregated about eleven m illions of pages. These have been widely
circulated ; but what are they among so many ? About one page to each
inhabitant of Mexico during seven years ! How the aggregate dwindles
in view of this simple comparison ! Y et the demand for evangelical lit­
erature, especially tracts, is insatiable. With the appliances now pos­
sessed by our printing establishment, its fruitfulness could be vastly
increased with only a slight addition to its available funds. Let the
Church look with favor upon this important agency !
W e come to the close of this report with a deepened conviction of the
great importance of this field, not only from its intrinsic necessities, but
from its intimate relations with our own land. W e see greater promise
than ever for successful labor in the growing interest of the people, and
in the multiplication of the facilities for evangelistic operations. W e
would earnestly call upon the Christian people of the United States to
look with compassion upon Mexico and her millions, and we rest our
cause before the great Head of the Church.
S T A T IS T IC S O F T H E
M E X IC O M IS S IO N F O R
1881 .
C IR C U IT A N D
ST A TIO N .
T rin ity ............................
Santa Inez.......................
San Vincente...................
Coatlinchan.....................
Ixtacalco..........................
19
Puebla Circuit:
P u e b la..............................
Apizaco..............................
59
140 l! 30
28 .. !
.. 11
1 62
1
Orizaba Circuit:
Orizaba..............................
Cordova.....................
300
30li
20
1'
2,C00
500
250
10,000
300
850:
12 OS
6G5
50
..
1,000
5.000
1.500
35
Pachnca Circuit:
Pachuea.............................
Tezon tep ee.......................
Acaytica............................
Real del Monte.................
O m itlan............................
E l Chico............................
A totonilco........................
English Cong’n, Pachuca
116 1 35
20
Queretaro Circuit:
Queretaro..........................
Ban Juan del E io .............
S.OOo
2.500
1.501
§549 75
827 00
100 ..
..
500 ! 40 00
ioo;
..
1,190 15
3 47
75 05
23 94
107 2G
421 00
4 00
«TS0 00
16
15
Guanajuato Circuit:
T rin ity ..............................
St. Paul’s ...........................
La Luz and Marfil...........
Silao....................................
Salamanca.........................
eooI 14
It o' ..
73
113 64
8|$15,000 $18,000 $27 10;
750
2
2.000
450 12 08
10,300
715
700 40 ( 0
S.00Ò
500
S85 14 73
0,000
$881 01
6,000
6,000
125 13
139 6G
16
00
20
20
25
1 1
RECAPITULATION
Mexico City Circuit........... 2: 2
Miraflores
“ ........... l j 1
Puebla
“ ............ l i . .
Ij 1
Pacliuca
“ ........... 11 1
Queretaro
“ ...........
1
Guanajuato
“ ............ 1: 1
L eon
“ ............ 5 i 1
T o ta l................................
Last y ea r........................
i,ióò
10j l! 40
.. i; is
35 .
IS
>15,000 + $12,500 $27 10
850
$85,000
..! 1.200
4SI 1! 50
is: ij so
185
35
55
50
15
Miraflores Circuit:
M iraflores........................
A yap an go........................
Leon Circuit........................
$13 2,590,700
$225 82
22
M exico City Circuit............
8
b; 7
» !
3]
••i
i‘
ij
2
2
1
2:
..I 8 1
41.. 6
i
.. I ..
¿1
2
2;
■•!
i
2;..
5;
5|
8
10
l!
1
1
8 101
1 19
1 59
1 40
9 8‘>
3
1
3 7S
1(58
32
7
41
78
1(5
51
B Y C IR C U ITS.
5 835
1 30
2 82
2 <!3
9, 75
1 18
45 1 90
32: 2 130,700
2. 5.000
0,500
1.087 18 7416 558 14 693
l,098jl0 93,16 644,16,609
50; 9 ¡¡¡>55,200
661 S| 51,050
840
53
112
72
235
85
63;
10 »
7 3 168
18 4 10(5
1 35
9\ 3 18(5
240 13 i i
2
4.000
6.000
" I "
3
12] 4 15 r, 17 338 388
8
14] 4 9 5 25 338 398
* Employes o f Uu> Misaion Press.
151
10!
ir.t41.900
111 4(5,Mil)
•193 02
23 94
421 00
r is 64
$225
549
75
107
91
4
139
82
75
05
26
00
00
66
$150 00
827 00
80 (0
16 00
$10 050 $93 911$1.133 21:$1,192 0 4 : .1,(178 00]
12.055' 203 Oil
60S 1•> l-»>4 i4 1.0.0 52
Property of «lie Mission Pr.'sw, «1-2,<mo. School furniture of W . F . M . S ., $500.
X 5 Book volume*, 8 Periodical«, T iu c ts etr.
§ Funds o.olle. ted for ^ If-su pp’-rt of school.
| B v friends i«>r support of orphans, $1*4 *0.
U By friuuds for purchase ofuu organ for cbupeL
13 2,590,700
IS 2.'i0 >.7.0
24 2.G45.100
D o m estic M
issions
Commenced in 1812.
O u r Missionary Society had its origin in Domestic Mission
work, and has ever maintained a growing interest in this cause,
as manifested by the appropriacion and distribution of its funds.
T h e same precise account of the Domestic Mission funds,
traceable to each particular station, and thus to each individual
receiving them, is given in the present as in former reports.
Th e claims of this cause have never been greater than now,
in the midst of a year of unprecedented immigration.
A
tide of foreign population is flooding both our Eastern and
W estern States, and reaching out into the Territories, which
demands, as a meet provision for spiritual wants and as the
simple dictate o f patriotism, the most strenuous exertion on
the part of the evangelical Churches to bring to these multi­
tudes the light of the Gospel. T h e number of alien arrivals
in the city of N ew Y o rk alone, for the year 1881, was 455,681.
A t the present writing the following precise statistics of
general immigration are accessible at the Statistical Bureau
in W ashington.
Total immigrant arrivals in the United
States for 1881, 716,868. O f this number there came from
Germany, 248,323; England and W ales, 77,750; Ireland,
70,896; Scotland, 16,441; Dominion of Canada, 94,159;
Austria, 19,667; Norway, 26,824; Sweden, 55,805; China,
20,628 ; all other countries, 86,375.
A t least 2,000 may be
added to this number by estimate.
In view of these figures we may, with unquestionable force,
call to mind the action taken by the Church in respect to
Dom estic Missions.
T h e Discipline,
79 and 80, s a y s :
It shall be the duty of each Annual Conference to examine strictly into
the state of the Domestic Missions within its bounds, and to allow none
188 i j
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
233
to remain on the list of its missions which, in the judgment of the Con­
ference, is able to support itself.
Each Annual Conference shall report through its Secretary', annually,
to the Secretaries of the Missionary Society at New York, the name of
each District, Circuit, or Station within its bounds, sustained in whole or
in part by said Conference as a mission, together with the amount of mis­
sionary money appropriated to such for the year.
T h e General Conference, in order to secure information in
respect to our Domestic Missions, has issued the following
instructions:
1. Each Superintendent of Missions, and, where there is no Superin­
tendent, each Missionary, shall make a Quarterly Report to the Corre­
sponding Secretary at New York, giving information of the state and
prospects of the several missions under his care.
2. Each Missionary shall report to his Superintendent once a quarter
in writing the state and prospects of the special work in which he is
engaged.
Blanks for this purpose are furnished from the Mission
Rooms.
The following resolution was adopted by the General Con­
ference on the 26th of May, 1876, to which we* invite very
particular attention:
Resolved, That paragraph 108 of the Discipline be so changed as to
require the Annual Conferences, in reporting the missions and appropria­
tions, to report also the number of years that each mission has received
appropriations from the missionary treasury, and whether consecutively
or otherwise.
Our Domestic Missions are of two kinds, namely, those
administered as foreign missions by the Board of Managers,
and those administered by the Conferences. There are eight
in the first-named class, namely, Arizona, Black Hills, Dakota,
Indian Territory, Montana, N ew Mexico, Utah, and W est N e­
braska. Under the second head are embraced missions to the
Aborigines, Welsh, Germans, Scandinavians, French, and
Chinese, and to needy points in forty-six Annual Confer­
ences, most of which are on the frontier or in the South.
A French Mission was this year put on the list of our
domestic work. T h e Rev. Ebenezer Brown, the first mission­
ary of our Society to the French in this country (the, field of
234
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l88l.
operations being N ew Orleans,) is still living. W e have long
desired to enter France itself, and rejoice at this new effort in
behalf of French people in our own land, the success of which
we hope next year to chronicle.
For an account of our frontier work during the past year,
we refer to the reports of several missions given below. It
will be seen that these fields are full of promise, and that a
substantial advance has been lately made in them in some re­
gions, especially in the way of church building. T h e rapid
progress of railroad building through the vast open regions
is an important element in the urgency of the new claims
made upon us.
T h e Mormon influence is still growing in
the territories adjacent to Utah, and whatever political meas­
ures may be taken to meet the threatening aspect of the
case, an indispensable part in this struggle is committed to
Christian Missions. A s to our work in the South, the Secre­
taries have this year gathered precise information on many
subjects, and particularly concerning new points open to our
efforts on the several districts. Nearly three hundred such
points might be mentioned which would require an average of
$135 in aid, $60 being collectable at once in the way of selfsupport. T h e accounts received at the Missionary Office in
response to inquiry are o f thrilling interest in many respects
on which we cannot here enlarge.
Immense circuits are
described as large as the State of Rhode Island, or others five
hundred miles across ; vast spaces on the map are to be filled
up ; we are asked “ to come and help the scattered members
of our Church ; ” “ the people are waiting for us.”
A paper presenting a summary review of our Domestic
Mission work, was this year laid before the General Missionary
Committee. It showed, among other things, the aggregate ex­
penditures of the Society for this purpose at certain successive
periods. In 1821, the third year of the Society’s existence,
$407 87 was expended for Domestic Missions ; in 1825,
$4,704 21 ; in 1830, $10*544 88; in 1840, $120,323 75 ; in
1845, $64,528 34 ; in 1850, $64,155 83; in 1855, $149,071 64;
in i860, $127,510 62; in 1865, $132,430 08; in 1870,
i8 8 i.l
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
235
$320,269 90; in 1875, $362,617 1 7 ; in 1880, $254,904 71.
The total expenditure of the Society for Domestic Missions up
to November 1, 1880, was $8,072,157 46. The aggregate dis­
bursements for Foreign Missions up to the same date was
$5,684,106 68. In the earlier years of the Society’s opera­
tions the term “ F o reig n ” was applied to a portion of the
work which we now denominate “ Domestic,” and the aggre­
gate sum expended for missions within our own country is
much larger than that above indicated.
A tabular view of our work among the English-speaking
Conferences was also presented to the Committee. The table
embraces a list of forty-four Conferences to which appropria­
tions were made in 1880, giving the dates of the formation of
each Conference, the missionary grants made at a few suc­
cessive periods, and showing the progress at each of those
periods in membership and Church property. There are a
few deviations from the normal rate of increase in these fig­
ures, arising from special causes, which we will not here under­
take to explain. It will be readily seen that some of the Con­
ferences began with a full membership, being set off from other
Conferences, the stations embraced within their boundaries
having, in most cases, long before received missionary aid.
W e ask especial attention to the growth in membership and
Church property of the Conferences formed since the War of
the Rebellion within the limits of the Southern States. These
figures are an eloquent and ineffaceable testimony to the benefi­
cence, wisdom, and great fruitfulness of the work carried on
by the Missionary Society in this direction.
C O M P A R A T IV E
CONFERENCE.
Year
of
F orm a­
li. n.
Alabama....................................
A rkansas..................................
A u stin ........................................
«In o Iìi.ìjre..............................
C a l i f o r n i a .................................
C o n t i n i Alabama.....................
C o n t r a i Tennessee..................
Colorarlo....................................
Columbia R iver......................
D e l a w a r e ...........................................
D etroit.................... * ...............
East Maino................................
Fast Tennessee........................
....................
F lorid a ......
G e o r i r l a ...............................................
Ilolston ......................................
K a n sa s ..............................
L ex in u ton ................................
L ittle lìo e k ..........................
L ou isian a..............................
M ichiiran..........................
M in n esota ......................
^Mississippi................................
M i-sou ri....................................
N ebraska............................
N e v a d a ..............................
North Carolina..............
N ortli-west Io w a ....................
Orciron . . . .
..........
Saint L ou is..............................
S w atin ali........................
South Carolina
Southern California................
South K ansas............
Ten nessee. . .
Texas........
"Vermont ............
1S08
Grant in this
year.*
187(i
1877
1804
$1-2.040
7.000
8.5.'0
8,500
Î 5.300
.875
0“Í5
950
1 STO
1.0 0 0
1850
1850
1S4S
188.)
1873
1S0>
1806
1850
292
1.831
703
2.<:0;i
2.953
15. )15
17.852
1,450
915
175
2,20i)
1873
1>77
1S>0
>• )->
1
1809
1S77
1800
1849
1856
1807
1848
1801
1805
1800
1872
1853
1860
1877
1807
1870
1874
1806
1807
1^45
1807
1800
“Washington
..........
West. Texas
..........
1874
TV est Virginia.......................... 1S4S
W e s t Wiseniipin.................... , 1856
VVi'Consin.......................... .. i 184S
00
00
00
0(1
33
1)0
00
00
00
00
25
00
00
00
00
9-2
00
00
00
00
9 .0 )0 Oí)
1.125
1.975
34,794
75 )
2.25 )
3.325
8,400
750
t 5 300
10.137
3.050
26.003
025
00
00
25
00
00
00
00
00
33
50
00
06
TABLE
9.2-10 00
249 l'O
Ì 21.075
8.538
7.83.')
258
00
08
00
50
E N G L IS H -S P E A K IN G
G ran t In
1880.
Members in
1870.
M embers in
1875.
Members ln
isso .
11,862
10,212
4,449
+ 4.740
Grant in 1875,
$9,712 50
$10.950 00
$2,500
1.049
5,?i75 00
iì.OdO
8.805
4.10
7.250
3.51)0
27.412 60
17,428 75
9,SÍ2 50
7.400 0Ò-
1.050 00
2.259 50
1,800 U0
1.709 36
4.5(10 00
2,300 00
4,237 50
11.870 00
8,927 50
0,212 50
6,787 50
C25 00
8,512
8.11S
9.375
0.D00
5.430
5.150
2.175
8.050
50
75
00
00
75
22
00
00
3.1S7 50
12,787 50
18,740 00
12,550 00
8.412
1.331
11.500
2,975
50
25
01)
O0
890 HO
8.925 00
3.980 00
459 58
4.889 75
10.472
1(1.117
5.875
6.931
2.509
00
00
00
50
00
10.105
4.500
15.055
O.ime
4.775
8.400
8.750
00
00
00
25
00
25
00
0.290 00
2.025 0(1
5.987 50
8,654 HO
4.935
10.325
4.785
1.295
9.825
3.440
5. '-01
4,015
3.481
6,725
(II)
ni)
50
00
00
25
25
()()
00
00
8.000
D O M E S T IC M IS S IO N S .
M embers in
Y e ar ot‘
Origin.
(ìm nt in ISTI.
00
4.50 ) 00
12 950 25
OF
1.274
5,209
4.015
11214
5,815
8,629
589
11,661
13.052
9.508
8.805
2.491
1.070
10,048
19,475
8,535
11.490
21.204
8,365
4.000
10,903
8.50;)
8.001)
18.9 IS
1.057
1,840
14.310
20.219
10,290
13 413
4.813
1.840
12.177
20.033
9.408
15 731
5,875
8,787
9,666
21,627
9.663
15.211
11.631
2,070
294
8,330
28,937
5.000
8.000
2.5)0
7.000
8.20,)
9.000
0.500
3.250
5.000
8.000
8.000
2.2(10
2.50J
4,250
8 500
7.0(10
4.000
5.500
3.000
4.000
l.ro o
5,50:1
2.5(10
4.000
3.000
2.500
2.000
10.662
11,303
1.130
0.503
1,528
948
267
2.859
8,392
706
18.401
10.950
7.101
1.479
9.220
2.089
1.093
9.010
$595
11.349
15 014
5.003
0.790
Clutrcli
Property in
1810.
$12.800
57,300
41,000
$24,225
7.844
s ....
0.15(3
17.235
90.250
5,070
2,953
22.500
2,169
37,9,80
13.980
24,598 **810.200
9.010
2,491
11,780
2.44S
17,085
2,070
84.8S0
18.242
88,225
15.510
**12,100
17 002
8 ,4 37
928
2,800
4.0DI)
5.400
5.000
1.200
8,500
1.000
2.000
8.700
1.120
Church
Property in
Yenr of
Origin.
6,109
1,862
9.548
28.879
13.211
23,029
10,734
9,511
R5S
18,217
12.201
26.453
14.082
7.822
515
7.399
4.133
3.240
14,119
18.737
24,825
27.044
1.030
9.339
10.127
10,994
9.730
5.380
23,' 80
5.338
25.110
10.743
13.900
17,138
5.678
9.052
11.967
3.899
S.S21
5,840
9.880
3.884
21.450
21,059
11.005
12.590
6149
5.902
8 966
14.171
11.092
0.180
20.49«
5 793
30,892
11.544
12.450
Church
Church
Property in
Property in
188U.
1816;
$82,705
68,825
$24.275
2o>87
07,825
001,250
722,700
847,180
91,000
046,450
129,227
223.701
1,809.772
425,100
1,274.200
852,460
52.110
131.8-5
229.711
834.850
72.000
25.945
118.005
159.800
201.800
408.403
140.1150
88.154
80.81)5
137,007
02.850
»32.285
1,403.830
887.520
11.780
49,5(59
87.025
180,750
311,270
415,795
130.553
8.951
166,200
121,000
8.300
50.100
2.000
172.'60
963.3-4
325.058
28.350
209,925
142.730
85.050
7.100
27,425
189,825
829.811
5.390
59.300
08.017
125.745
59.100
4,850
149.700
868,8.0
93,355
117.20S
85.000
490.750
100.550
873,883
00,9.15
434.480
894.035
824,300
250.930
1,270,251)
5^1,710
IS 1.485
806.160
101.945
07.000
85.595
87,500
197,600
420.210
216,517
1,201,S85
578.424
171,090
199,110
75.750
258.766
121.350
198.195
53,670
501.144
123.925
444.507
40.575
600.255
502.255
973,850
144.812
814,075
188,269
88.600
41.795
182.892
200.830
408,455
132.686
68.414
81,050
548,282
105.349
528,904
45.820
610,000
491.515
824,720
In th e parlier yimrs th<> fijrures in Hu* »‘olum n o f “ p-m it« m th*» v c iir oi o r ig in ” Kiurnify Hi<* n ctim l receip ts o f tim (.'ontVrriiri» in Huit y ea r.
+ Tin* CVntrnl A ln b :in m C m fe rc m co w a s form ed from tht
A ta b a m u in 13T6.
%O ne h a lf th e g n in t to O r e g o n nn*l C a lifo r n ia M Usii n .
§ C h u v e h p rop erty n ot ta bu la ted in th e G e n o m i M in u tes o f th e e a rlier years.
|j K or
Inclu din g’ Norifc
OiTolma.
**■Vor 18?>7.
i
88 i.J
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
23 7
AMERICAN INDIANS.
Commenced in 1814.
A s is well known, a portion of our Indian work is found in
missions of long standing, nearly all at present within the
bounds of Annual Conferences, which take a supervision of
them. W e stand also now in intimate relation to a number of
Indian A gencies on the Reservations, to which part of the
work we direct particular attention in this report.
The policy inaugurated by the Government, in 1869, of
granting to the respective Churches the privilege of nominat­
ing the A gen ts in certain of the Indian Agencies has been
practically beset with some difficulties for the missionary au­
thorities, but these difficulties have of late diminished. W e
welcome the good results which, under the “ peace policy,’'
the combined efforts of the Governm ent— mainly through the
gratuitous labors of the Board of Indian Commissioners— and
of the Churches, have hitherto developed in the way of ad­
vancing Indian civilization. W e are also impressed with the
importance of certain additional legislation which is proposed
as a means of perfecting the civilizing work already begun.
W e have in former years made note of industrial progress
among the Indians, under operation of the present policy, and
will give here the tabulated statement on this subject of the
Indian Commissioner’s Report for 1881, putting the same in
comparison with items of production and property in the year
1867, which preceded the new e r a :
Acres cultivated by the Indians............... ----Bushels of wheat raised..............................
Bushels of corn raised..................................
Bushels of oats and barley raised.............
Tons of hay cut.............................................
Horses owned................................................
Cattle owned................................................... -----Sheep owned...................................................
Houses occupied............................................
Houses built during the y e a r.....................
Apprentices to trades....................................
1867.
1881.
76,065
205,367
451.479
687,668
90,633
75,745
57.205
34.041
517,642
343,444
76,763
188,402
80,684
977,017
12,893
1,409
456
Th e total Indian population of the United States, exclusive
238
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[I8 8 l.
of Alaska, is this year stated at 261,851. O f these 246,417
are embraced within the sixty-eight established Agencies.
On the subject of education among the Indians the Com­
missioner’s Report s a y s :
The day-schools during the past year, exclusive of those among the
civilized tribes, have numbered 106, and have been attended by 4,221 pupils.
68 boarding-schools have been in operation during the year, an increase
of 8 over last year. They have been attended by 3,888 pupils. . . . The
interest, aptness, docility, and progress of the pupils is remarked on by
their teachers as being fully equal to that of white children. . . . The in­
terest of parents in education continues to increase, and some schools
have been overcrowded. The Agency boarding-school is the objectlesson for the Reservation. The parents visit the school, and the pupils
take back into their homes new habits and ideas gained in the school­
room, sewing-room, kitchen, and farm.
F o r Indian education the Government last year appro­
priated, in fulfillment of specific treaty stipulations, $64,000,
and for “ schools not otherwise provided fo r ” $75,000, making
a total o f $139,000, which is still, for the 50,000 Indian chil­
dren of school age, but a very inadequate provision.
T h e Missionary Secretaries have been in communication
during the past year with the several A gen cies (fourteen in
number) committed to the care o f our Church, and from nearly
all of them definite reports have been received. In some of
these A gen cies regular religious services are held, and in all
o f them the missionary authorities expect that the A gents, who
are religious men, will see that such services, in some form, are
maintained, and that the spiritual, as well as the temporal, in­
terests of the Indians are cared for.
On the Mackinac
A g e n cy no less than seven camp-meetings have been held
solely for the Indians, some of whom traveled two hundred
miles to attend them. These reports all confirm the above
statements of the Indian Commissioner in reference to the
good influence schools are exerting. It seems to be unques­
tionable that the Churches should seek to efficiently .co-operate
with the Government in promoting the educational work.
Th e Government has already provided in some cases school
accommodations, though much is still required in this direc­
tion. V e ry many new points are indicated on some of the
188 i-J
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
239
Agencies where schools, which would gather at once 25 to 30
children, and in some cases 70 or 80, are eagerly desired.
Boarding-schools are almost universally considered preferable
to day-schools, as the children are thus kept away from the
heathen influences which surround them at the Indian settle­
ments. W e quote from some of these reports of the agents.
The agent at Klamath, Oregon, Rev. Linus M. Nickerson,
says:
We have a splendid class of Indians for missionary work. For the short
period of time during which they have been under civilizing influences they
have made good progress. W e have church service and Sunday-school
every Sunday at the Agency. I have been filling the place of Indian
Agent and missionary among the people. Of course, I can do but little
compared with what is possible and ought to be done. W e have a few
reliable Church members. The Indians all accept our teachings. They
believe the Bible is God’s book. The way is open for a man of missionary
spirit to do a good work. . . . W e have a church in the Indian settle­
ment, twenty-six by forty feet, about half completed. Will have it done
this fall, or by next summer at the furthest. Please send us a good, wide­
awake man to preach to and teach this people.
Rev. John Harris, recently appointed to the charge o f the
Lemhi A gency, Idaho, met the Indians in council. Pie w rites:
The chief, “ Tendoy,” who exercises a very beneficial influence, said the
people of his tribe were like himself— they wanted their children to learn
like the white children. They believed I wanted to do them good, and
would conclude I meant to if I really got the school for their children.
In concluding the council the chiefs, subchiefs, etc., tendered me their
friendship and co-operation in whatever I had in view for the benefit of
the Indians.
Fort Hall, Idaho, has been recently visited by Rev. L. A .
Rudisill, of the U tah Mission. There has been no regular
religious service here during the year, and attention to
the spiritual wants o f the Indians is greatly needed. They
are already invaded and deluded by the emissaries of Mormonism. A n y recent want of success in educational or Chris­
tian work at this A g e n cy may be explained by the frequent
changes of the A gent. Mr. Rudisill writes :
There are here 485 children of proper age to go to school. The Indians
are anxious to have a school, a Sunday-school, and religious instruction.
They interested me very much, and came to me of their own accord and
240
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[ l 88l.
asked me “ to talk more about the Great Spirit.” A good work can be
done by a Christian teacher, backed by employes who will help run the
Sunday-school. The Government has appropriated $4,000 for suitable
school buildings.
T h e Crow A gen cy, within the bounds of the Montana
Mission, has been visited by Superintendent Riggin. The agent,
A . R. Keller, writes :
The field is certainly a very promising one for either missionary or
educational work, and I cannot state too strongly the possibilities of such
work. The Government supports a school, with matron and teacher.
W e have sent Rev. T. D. Lew is with his wife to take charge
of the school and do mission work at this point, and they
have already entered upon their labors, as they report, with
much love for the work.
A t the Siletz A gen cy, Oregon, the Government pays a salary
to a pastor and teacher, who are furnished by the Oregon
Conference. T h e present pastor is laboring with great zeal at
his post. Regular religious services are also maintained at
the Quinealt A gen cy, conducted by the agency physician, a
local preacher of our Church. T h e long, faithful, and emi­
nently successful labors of Rev. J. H. Wilbur, in charge of the
Yakim a Ag-ency, Oregon, are well known and have been ex­
hibited in former reports. H e is doing this year a like vigorous
and successful work on this model A gency.
John Y oung, of the Blackfeet A gen cy, Montana, continues
his plea for a missionary, and we hope soon to send a proper
person for this work. A m on g other things Mr. Y oun g says :
The Blackfeets, Bloods, and Piegans were some years ago the most
cruel and unruly tribes we had. Now over eighty families have abandoned
their roaming habits, and express a desire to live as the white man does.
Until lately labor of any kind was considered disgraceful by the men.
When a warrior was asked to peform some task in return or payment for
food, he would reply, “ Do you take me fo ra squaw? ” Now they not
only work their own patches of ground, but aid in the agency farming, in
building fences, cutting and hauling wood, and such other labor as is
necessary. The day-school is well attended and the scholars make fair
progress. Arithmetic is a favorite task, and when the alphabet is mas­
tered and they begin to spell and read, their delight is manifest. There
is, perhaps, no heathen field so likely to repay the labor of a Christian
missionary. They number over 7,000.
1 8.8 1.]
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
241
The negotiations alluded to in last year’s report concerning
a teacher for a scholastic and industrial school at Fort Peck
A gency, resulted in the sending out of Rev. S. E. Snider and
wife to that post. T h ey found that the erection and equip­
ment of suitable buildings promised by the Government had
been delayed, but there is hope of seeing the buildings com­
pleted the coming spring. Mr. Snider soon began a day-school
with fifty scholars. H e has worked’ much of the time with
his own hands upon the buildings. W e have great confidence
in the energy and devotion of both himself and wife. The
location of thé school is Poplar Creek. Mr. Snider writes*:
W e shall keep the school running all winter, doing the best we can.
By the help of the Lord we are going' to make a success of it. I have
organized a Methodist class, seven by letter, one on probation ; have
married two couples, in both cases Indian women ; also administered the
sacrament of baptism to an infant. W e have a good little Sunday-school,
keep up a semi-weekly prayer-meeting, and all are growing in grace.
W e have brought to view in this report, besides some notice
of new steps taken by the missionary authorities, the great
wants of the Indian field, and the obligations in this regard
not yet met by the Church. W e need men for the work, and
for many places money to support them. The attitude and
action of the Government, however imperfect hitherto, is,
nevertheless, such as to greatly increase the responsibility of
the Church to take up and carry forward with all energy the
work to which it is invited. Under different circumstances
and with new aids to success, the old enthusiasm of our own
Church for Indian missions should be again aroused. W e give
a statistical table of this work, partly as reported to the Con­
ferences, but are as yet without sufficiently regular statistics
of church and school work in the A gencies to admit of its
being fully exhibited in tabulated form. A portion of the.
Indian work in the Conferences is connected with the white
work, and not distinctly reported, and in the following table,
probably, in case of two or three stations some white work is
included. The table is a very inadequate representation of
our Indian work.
16
242
[ i 8 8 r.
MISSIONARY REPORT.
MISSIONS AND APPROPRIATIONS BY CONFERENCES.
California.
Superintendent..............
Detroit.
$100 T a ym ou th........................... $125
M issionary.............................
400Saganing..............................
115
K ew aw enon........................
100
Missions, 2 ; M oney, $500.
60
Iroqu ois...............................
Hannahville and Grand
Island...............................
100
Central New York.
Superintendent..................
200
Bennett’ s Com er, Onei­
Missions, 6 ; Money, $700.
da Iteservation
287 P0
Onondaga........................ 262 50
Missions, 2 ; M oney, $500.
Columbia River.
Yakima..............................
Mission, 1 ; Money, $200.
Genesee.
G owanda..............................
800
Mission, 1 ; M oney, $800.
Michigan.
200
Isabella................................ $200
R iverton
................
125
Gran d Traverse D istrict..
11to
Indian Mission C ir c u it...
225
N orthport Indian Mis­
sion ....................................
50
Missions, 6 ; M oney, $S00.
Northern New York.
St. R eg is..............................
Superintendent..................
820
80
Missions, 2; Money, $350.
Wisconsin.
Oneida..................................
200
Mission, 1 ; M oney, $200.
100
B ig Rapids D istrict
S T A T IS T IC S O F T H E A M E R IC A N IN D IA N M ISSIO N S
F O R 1881.
C IR C U IT
O R S T A T IO N .
■Sj
S2
<£.
=CDE
EuC«
California Conference.
40
H ound Yalley............................
20
2
4
$ 8 00 $11 00
100
Central New York Canf
Oneida.........................................
Onondaga....................................
1
8
50 10
55 54
Columbia B iter Cottf.
Y akam a........................................
520 185
8
1
20
100
25
$ 2,000 1
870
5,000 ..
2,000 1
$800
1,000
21 00
11 00
120 00
265 00
7 34
8 00
10 00
4 18
4 00
Detroit Conference.
Bridgeport and T a y m o u th .. . .
Pen conning and Saganing___
K ew aw en on ................................
Hannahville and Grand Island
Iroqu ois........................................
L ’ A n se..........................................
O s c o d a ..;.....................................
820
500
1,600
1,000
200
1
2 00
100
2 00
4 00
4,000 ..
24 00
Geneaee Conference.
G ow anda................................
2,500
65
Michigan Conference.
Isabella..............................
Riverton............................
215
118
2,500
Elk Rapids........................ .
100
800
N orthp ort.................... ..........
P etoskey..................................
550
Charlevoix..............................
10 00
5 00
4 ÓÓ
1 00
80 00
50 00
Northern New York Conf.
S t Regis.................................
75
Wisconsin Conference.
Oneida................... ..............
Indian Territory.
'W yandotte............................
Total.
168 44
100
21
1,706 42687
1,500 1
1,000
600
1,120
28,850
$8,720; $279 84 $872 18
i88i.J
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
243
W E L S H DOMESTIC MISSION.
Commenced in 1828.
T h e only mission now maintained by our Society among
the W elsh in this country is that within the bounds of the
Northern New Y o rk Conference, in the city of Utica, and at
Remsen, Oneida County.
Rev. L. D. W hite, Presiding Elder of the Utica District,
sends the following account of this work :
The Welsh Mission in this city is of much more importance than its
numbers would Indicate. There are many Welsh people here, and several
Calvinistic Welsh Churches, and those who prefer devotional services in
their native language would go to the other Churches were it not for this
little mission Church. As the members become familiar with the English
language, and their children, taught in the mission Sunday-school, desire
to go to some English Church, they go to our own societies, instead of
being lost to Methodism ; and sometimes the parents go with the children.
1 have known a whole family to take letters and go to an English Church
together. This transition from Welsh to English has been going on for
many years. Nine members removed by letter, and ten without letter
during the last Conference year. During the current year the member­
ship has increased from fifty-nine to seventy-eight, and there are now
fourteen probationers. The Sunday-school is also increasing in numbers
and interest.
Rev. W . R. Griffith is at present supplying this work. He is a member
of the Wesleyan Conference, in Wales, having leave of absence, and has
recently decided to remain here to serve this important field. I think we
have found the right man for the place. He is young, cultured, truly
pious, and full of zeal for Christ and his cause. Rev. Daniel Williams,
of Wyoming Conference, labored the last two years faithfully and success­
fully, and prepared the way for Brother Griffith, who is entering into his
labors and doing a noble work, a work which brings material, social, and
spiritual prosperity. This mission has not been in so prosperous a con­
dition before in many years. Being the only Welsh mission in all our
Church, it deserves support. The Welsh people make good returns for
labor bestowed on them.
W e have a Welsh chapel and a small class of twelve members in a
Welsh community in Remsen, Oneida County, about twenty miles from
Utica, which will come under the pastoral care of Brother Griffith the
ensuing year.
S t a t i s t i c s . — Missionaries, 1 ; Members, 7 8 ; Probationers, 14 .
MISSION AND APPROPRIATIONS
Mission.................................................... $188 | Superintendent.....................................
Missions, 2 ; Money, $150.
$12
244
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l88l.
GERMAN DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
Commenced in 1836.
T he immense immigration from Germ any during the past
year, amounting to about a quarter of a million, (248,323, so
far as yet tabulated,) gives an increased and vast importance
to this part of our mission work. It is well to recall some re­
sults o f the effort already bestowed. T h e fact that our Confer­
ence in Germ any sprang out of the domestic work we pass
without further mention. T h e domestic work itself has expand­
ed into seven Conferences, extending over the country, north,
south, east, and w e s t; which aggregated, by the Conference
statistics o f 1880, 38,379 full members and 4,741 probationers.
T h e church buildings numbered 641, valued at $ 1,886,459 5 Par_
sonages, 306, valued at $335,081. T h e increase of members in
these missions shows a more regular advance than in the case of
the parent Church. In 1847 there were 4,385 members ; in 1867,
2 7,8 76 ; in 1877, 40,578 ; in 1880, 43,120. Besides this some
of the German work is found connected with English-speaking
Conferences. T h ere are four collegiate institutions among
our German brethren, and their periodical and book publi­
cations at Cincinnati have increased to large proportions.
O ur Cincinnati Book Concern is probably issuing more
German books than any other publishing house in the
country.
Certainly these German Domestic Missions are
doing a work of measureless good in a spiritual view, and the
circumstances of the case make them a most notable source
of blessing to the country. W e have before referred to the
fidelity of our German brethren in applying the disciplinary
plan for missionary collections, b y which means their average
per member has placed them in the first rank. R ecent in­
vestigations have also shown that, taking into view all the
benevolent collections, and tabulating the Conferences in the
order of their proportionate contributions, four German Con­
ferences lead the list. Missionary outlay certainly does not
fail of fruitfulness here, and yet an exacting work still opens
¡before us
our German Churches.
i
8 8 i .]
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
245
MISSIONS AN D APPROPRIATIONS BY CONFERENCES.
California, ( German.)
German D istrict
.-...
O ak lan d....................
400
San Francisco : St. Paul’s. 850
*■
“
S u p p ly ... 800
“
“
Folaoin-st 800
Stock ton ...................
350
Missions, 6; Money, $2,100.
North-west German.
D e co ra h ..............................
.....................
IC ibolo......................
$175
(Assistant).
5-Jii
'^fcSenburgh
$225
150
<00
175
8U0
' lUO1Hochhehn and V icto ria ...
50 H och heim and Victoria
100
100 S upply..............................
ii-5
100 W illiamson..........................
Austin..................................
825
50
Rockdale.............................
25 J
50
Missions, 27 ; Money, $10 000
50
50
St. Louis G erm an .
300
100 St. Charles..........................
$40
60 W arreiiton..........................
80
50 New M elle..........................
80
150 M ontgom ery
......
120
Jefferson C ity....................
oil
2-i0
80 Mt. V e rn o n ........................
75
95 A lto n ....................................
125
75 Bible G rove ........................
75
75 Chester................................
150
100 Highland..............................
75
100 Pinkn eyville......................
175
50 Burlington, Lu cu st-sL .. .
25
100 W . Point & R ock Spring.
50
125 Farmington ......................
175
200 Lancaster............................
100Geneseo................................ 110
200
100 R ock Island.......................
175
150 Davenport..........................
II»
200 Callamus.............................
60
150Iowa C ity............................
120
N e w to n ...............................
145
100Des M pines........................
100
Quincy, Jefferson-street..
100
200
170H annibal............................
200
50 Jacksonville.......................
SO
130Bloom ington......................
25
Strawn.................................
250
175
Springfield..........................
250 Missions, 28; Money,
Freeport.' ! !
!
! . ' .
W inona District
H okah................
La C rosse..........
M enom onee___
Central G erm an .
M inneola............
Hamilton and 'M t PIs’ n t. $175 O watonna..........
Greenville............................
250 Rochester
Aurora and Milan..............
100 T om ah..................................
W aseca................................
Ripley and H igginsport..
W in o n a ...............................
Waverley and Greenfield.
S t Paul D istrict..............
Iron ton ................................
A d a ......................................
N ew Palestine....................
Clear W ater and H ow ard
B rookville...........................
L a k e ................................
Pittsburgh: 40th-street..
Crow R iv e r........................
Cleveland: Scoville A v e .
»'anal D ov er.......................
East Minneapolis..............
N ew ark................................
100 Marine and P rescott
Alleghany C ity..................
100 M inneapolis........................
Pittsburgh M ission
250 M orris.
M ansfield............................
200 St. Paul: 2d Church.
D elaw are............................
100 Valley C ity.................
110 Wadena.
D etroit: 16th-street
Caseville.................... .
150 Charles City D istrict
‘ &W
‘ ebster City
~ ...
G rin d Rapids....................
100 Alden
Montague and W hite Hall
150 Algona------Toledo: Segar A v e n u e ...
175 E ldora........
200 F ort Dodge
Perrysburgh & E. Toledo.
150 Glad B r o o k ...........................
Bay C ity..............................
P etosky................................
£00 Ida and W est Side
100 Nora Springs.........................
Kendallville and Auburn.
150 O debolt...................................
M uskegon............................
Ann A r b o r..........................
50 Mankato D istrict.................
60 Beaver Falls......................
Salem and H enderson.. ..
N ashville.............................
230 D an ville.................................
Jefferson ville......................
50 M ankato.................................
Charlestow n......................
50 Marshall, W atertown, and
L ouisville: Jefferson-st..
100 R e d fie ld .............................
Terre H au te......................
125 Mountain Lake and Lamberton..................................
100
Missions, 8 3; Money, $4,500.
W e s t G erm an .
Parker and M itch ell
100
C h ica go G erm an .
Sheldon and Spencer........
100 Kansas D istrict................. $325
320
Nut reported in tim e for press. Yankton and Sioux City .
850 Eudora and Lawrence
175
Missions, 4 8 ; Money, $5,000. T op ek a................................
East G erm an .
175
Halstead and K in gm an ...
100
N ew Y o r k D istrict
$500
W ich ita ...............................
Oregon.
150
“
St. Paul’ s Miss. 600
Allegan and Peace Creek.
150
“
Harlem
100 Portland Dist..: Portland.$1.200 Great B e n d .........................
Mission,
1
;
M
oney,
$1,200.
175
“
lSSth-street..
100
Lacrosse and Hayes..........
2
00
Brooklyn, W yckoff-street
150
Council G r o v e ..!
.
Southern California.
100
M ount Vernon and N ew
Salina...................................
$1,200 Junction C ity....................
ISO
R och elle..........................
200 L os Angeles D istrict
Mission, 1; M oney, *1,200.
D anbury..............................
100
Cherry Vale and Coffey125
B ridgeport..........................
75
v i ll e .................................
Southern German.
50
N ew H aven........................
100
W eston ................................
100
H artford..............................
800 Houston D istrict.............. $700 Lexington............................
150
Cameron..............................
Turner’s Falls and G reen­
New Orleans:
100
field ..................................
250 First C hurch..................
450 B oo n e viile ..........................
600
Law rence............................
100 Second C hurch..............
700 Kansas City.......................
150
Fort H u n te r ......................
100 Third Church................
500 Graham................................
185
Philadelphia D istrict
400 H o u ston ............................
500 Nebraska D istrict.............
2(10
Philadelphia........................
400 G alveston............................
775 Lincoln................................
200
Baltimore, Penn. Avenue.
100 Bear Creek.........................
850 Omaha.................................
200
Baltimore, L igh t-street..
550 Spring Creek......................
825 W est P o in t ........................
120
Newark Mission................
150 Brenham .............................
850 Y o r k ....................................
120
H udson City& JerseyCity,
850 F alls....................................
250 Colum bus...........................
175
H oboken..............................
425 W a co....................................
500 Furnace...............................
180
E lizabeth.............................
100 Dallas and Palmer
800 Harrison..............................
90
1 5 0 Nebraska
------------ City
Jeffersonville......................
100 G iddings..............................
75
700|Hebron.........................
R ochester............................
100 San Antonio D istrict
75
500IJerusalem.
Buffalo..................................
200 San A ntonio........................
850|Western Nebraska MisN orth Buffalo....................
200 Medina..................................
855
250 sion...................................
D u n k irk ..............................
250 Fredricksburgh..................
1001 Missions, 80 ; Money, $5, ,000.
Missions, 26; Money, $6,000. Liana....................................
, .
246
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[ l 8 8 l.
SCANDINAVIAN DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
Commenced in 1845.
T h e immigration from Scandinavia for the year past is very
large, being at least 100,000, and though our Scandinavian
Churches have not the pecuniary strength of the German, and
have not yet developed the same educational and literary
forces, they possess a vigorous life and have a very hopeful
future. T h ey are distributed among two Conferences, the
North-west Norwegian and North-west Swedish, in which the
membership aggregated in 1880, 6,937, with 831 probationers.
Besides these there are Scandinavian stations and districts
embraced within English-speaking Conferences.
The very
encouraging reports from our foreign Scandinavian work con­
tribute to increase our interest in this portion of the domestic
field.
M IS S IO N S A N D A P P R O P R I A T I O N S
BY CONFERENCES.
M anistee
...................... $175 St. Louis. .......................... $500
California, (Swedish.)
South Chicago...................
50
M ilwaukee and OconoSuperintendent.................
150
n io w o c..............................
200 Chandler’s V a lle y
Siin Francisco...................
175
Neenah and O sh kosh .. .
100 Galva and W atauga
800
Oakland..............................
Bichland..............................
100 Iow a D istrict......................
Additional M ission ary.. .
»W Sheboygan and Manito­
250
B urlington..........................
Keokuk,M elrose, and N ew
w
o
c
.
.................................
100
Missions, 4; Money, $2,000.
100
Stoughton and Prim rose.
200 Sw eden ............................
250
St. Paul D istrict...............
560 D es Moines and B elinda..
40
A tw ater...............................
160 Swede B e n d ......................
Mew England, ([Swedish.) Danville and Sioux Falls.. 140 Kansas and Nebraska Dis­
400
70 trict ..................................
Franklin.............................
$S6 D eer P a r k ..........................
20
100 Strom sburgh......................
40 Forest C ity .........................
Oxford.
175
175 L in dsbu rgh ........................
100 Fergus F a lls ......................
B everly.................
Clay
Cen
ter........................
170
Hill
C
i
t
y
..............................
225
2
fi
Swam pscott____
20!)
140 Scandia and S e a p o
42 Grand M eadow ..................
W est Medford__
150
42 M inneapolis........................
175 W est H ill............................
Monroe Memorial.
150
150 Sutton and Fillm ore
42 M o n te v id e o ........................
Sudbury
.
Oakland and Sioux C ity ..
80
75 Plain Y iew , Belvedere,
T u rn ers Falls
400
150 Minnesota D istrict............
Orange
.....................
50 and Bed W in g ...............
200
M
inneapolis........................
Lansing and B ou nd Prai­
Missions, 9 ; Money, $508.
r i e . . ................................
150 Scandia G rove and Clear
140
140 L a k e ................................
St. Paul................................
40
Sioux C i t y ...........................
275 Atwater and L itch field ...
K
andiyohi............................
Hew York East, (Sotmdin .) Swan L a k e..........................
140
150
Murdock and O rtonville..
M
issions,
2
7
;
M
oney,
$5,000.
Swedish .....................$1,200
St. Paul................................
160
N orw egian ....................... 1,900
Stillwater and Alfton
140
Missions, 2 ; Money, $8,100.
Center City and M arine..
140
Grantsbui;gh and Trade
North-west Swedish.
Lake..................................
100
N orth-w est Norwegian.
200
Chicago D istrict............... $150 B ed W in g ............................
Vasa
and
G
oodhue
S'*
Chicago District............... $500 Shurtleff A ven u e: Chica100
Maiden
450 K ock ......................
Chicago, Second Church.
275 •go..............................
Ish pein in g..........................
100
Soath Side Mission
125 Evan ston ...........................
125 Escanaba and N o r w a y .. .
140
Coon P rairje.....................
100 Geneva and Batavia
500
150Theological Schools
D e Pere and F t Howard.
100 Bockford...............................
M
issions,
89
;
Money,
$6,810.
2751 C h esterton..........................
126
L a Crosse...........................
i
88iJ
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
247
CHINESE DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
Commenced in 1866.
T h i s work is distributed in three Conferences— California,
Oregon, and N ew Y o rk — and is under their respective super­
vision. The work advances with a degree of encouragement,
and no abatement of zeal on the part of the laborers in the
cause. The difficulties in the way of building up a permanent
Church work among these immigrants are, from the nature
of the case, great, but are yet not insurmountable with a gen­
eral and hearty co-operation of the Churches in the locality
of the missions.
Elem entary school work must constitute a
large part of our operations. T h e Sunday-school attendance
is reported only in the average, the number occasionally
present being many times greater.
T h e work in California has acquired increased breadth and
system, as is indicated partly by the statistical table com­
municated in the report.
The W oman’s Missionary Society
of the Pacific Coast is progressing in its noble efforts.
T h e work in Oregon and N ew Y o rk city is presented in the
reports that follow.
Rev. A . J. Hanson has collected certain summary statistics
of Chinese missions in California, giving the number of Chi­
nese Christians connected with the different Churches as
follow s:
S U M M A R Y O F C H I N E S E C H R I S T I A N S IN C A L IF O R N IA .
Presbyterian Mission, San Francisco...................................................................... 85
Presbyterian Mission, Oakland................................
55
Other Presbyterian Churches..................................................................................... 60
Congregational Churches............................................................................................. 126
Methodist Episcopal M ission............................ ? ...................................................... i n
Baptist Mission, San Francisco
.................................................................. 12
Other Baptist Churches.....................................................*......................................... 3°
Episcopal Churches...................................................................................................... J5
Not reported, p ro bably .........................................................
3°
Total...............................................................................................
524
s
24
MISSIONARY REPORT.
1 1881.
I. C A L I F O R N I A .
Commenced in 1868.
M issionaries.
O t is G ib s o n ,
San Francisco.
A n d r e w J. H a n s o n ,
Sacramento.
A s s is ta n t M issionaries.
Mrs. E. C. G i b s o n ,
Mrs. J a n e W a l k e r ,
Mrs. N. S . H a n s o n .
T each ers.
Mr. H. W . S t o w e ,
* E ffie
M iss M a r y A . S a l i s b u r y ,
* M r. V e r b e c k ,
L iz z ie B ib b in s ,
♦ M a r y J. R o s s ,
* M r. C h a r l e s F a r m a n ,
E. Y o r k ,
Mrs. — W i l l i a m s ,
U. K a i M ing.
M y r a A . G ib s o n ,
ÜN’a tiv e H e lp e r s,
Lee T ong H a y ,
*C h a n P a k K w a i,
k . M eiyam a.
Ch a n H on F a n ,
lr*laces O c c u p ie d .
Sa n F r a n c is c o ,
Oa k l a n d ,
S a n Jo se ,
Sacram ento,
♦G r a s s V a l l e y .
Sum m ary«
S ta tio n s........................
Missionaries..................
Assistant Missionaries
T e a c h e rs ......................
Native Helpers.........
Evening-Schools. . . . .
G irls’ Schools...............
Total Scholars
.
..
5
2
3
10
4
Sunday-Schools.........................
5
Sunday-School Teachers
23
Sunday-School S ch o la rs
250
Members L ast Y e a r ................. g 8
Lost by Death and Rem oval.. 11
5 Gained
.......................
1 Present Membership
. 500 Probationers.-........................
24
111
12
T h e following report of the work during the past year has
been received :
The thirteenth year of our Chinese Mission in California has been one
of unremitting toil, unlooked-for trials, and some cheering successes and
triumphs, which give encouragement for the future prosecution of our work.
A slight departure from former usagé was entered upon early in the year,
and forces formerly concentrated in San Francisco were distributed to
other parts of the work, and set to work on their personal responsibility
under the general supervision of the senior missionary, resident in San
Francisco. Thus far the experiment, while it has had some disadvantages,
* Part o f the y ear only.
i88i
J
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
249
has proved on the whole successful, and promises still better results for
the future. It has the one great advantage of giving the several places
occupied the benefit of the personal oversight of those who have had some
training in the Central Mission, and are familiar with the best methods
of work.
In all the places named, except the last, evening-schools, Sundayschools, regular religious services on the Sabbath, and class and prayer
meetings, have been maintained throughout the year. The attendance
and interest have varied somewhat according to seasons and local circum­
stances. Owing to the fact that the Chinese population of the State has
been scattering very much out into other States and Territories, there has
been little, if any, increase in attendance at our schools during the year.
Still, there has been no great falling off at any point, and while our num­
bers are not much increased, we have the satisfaction of knowing that the
great aggregate of those brought under the Christianizing influence of our
schools becomes greater each year.
We note in detail the condition of the several stations:
SA N F R A N C IS C O .
A t this point, the center of our missionary operations, our work, under
the direct personal care of the superintendent, aided by two most excel­
lent assistant missionaries and a corps of able teachers, has attained its
highest success for the year. The five departments of the evening-school
have been unusually full; the Sunday-schools, Bible classes and prayer
meetings well attended; the public congregations have grown somewhat,
now averaging seventy; the religious interest has been quite encouraging,
and a goodly number have been baptized and added to the Church.
With mingled sadness and joy we record the triumphant death of Suguwara, a young Japanese ; and of little Ah Mui, one of the Asylum girls.
These died in peace, and their memory is blessed. Others have taken
letters and gone back to Japan and China; and so there has been decrease
as well as increase this year.
The Superintendent.— After thirteen years of almost uninterrupted toil,
and close personal care of the mission, Dr. Gibson has at length found
opportunity for a much-needed vacation and a visit to Europe, through
his appointment as delegate to the Ecumenical Conference of Methodism
in London, September, 1881 ; and in this deserved, though temporary, res­
pite from labor, and this mark of distinction from the Church, his many
friends rejoice. During his absence affairs at the Central Mission are un­
der the brave, wise management of Mrs. E. C. Gibson, who bears double
burdens with admirable skill and endurance.
The G irls' Departm ent.— No part of the work has been better conduct­
ed or produced better results than this. A few more waifs, helpless girls
and women, have been rescued from a bondage worse than death, and
under the motherly care of that vigorous manager and devoted Christian
lady, Mrs. Jane Walker, have been led out into the light and freedom of
250
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[‘18 8 1.
the Gospel. A ll honor to those noble ladies of the Pacific Coast, and
some in the East, who have done so much to sustain this work, and whose
faith and zeal never tire. For more definite information, reference must
be had to the report of the Corresponding Secretary of the Woman’s Mis­
sionary Society, hereto appended.
The Japanese Gospel Society.— This interesting adjunct of our mission
has continued its good work throughout the year, but has unfortunately
suffered from the vicissitudes and distractions of contending factions and
final division. Through the machinations of Mr. Yanigea, Japanese Con­
sul in San Francisco, a skeptic and avowed enemy of the Christian relig­
ion, who sought to control the society and eliminate its gospel element,
dissensions arose early in the year) finally resulting in the division of the
society about the first of June. Mr. Yanigea's faction drew out and
formed a new society with a less pronounced religious character. Never­
theless, the original society maintains its vigor, and has borne some excel­
lent fruit this year.
There is no more devoted and zealous member of our missionary force
than our Japanese helper, K. Meiyama, the leader of this society, who is
preparing for the ministry in his native land, and by whose efforts mainly,
seven of his countrymen have this year been baptized and become mem­
bers of the Methodist Episcopal Church.
SA N JOSE.
Here our mission enterprise originated some seven years ago, and has
been carried on largely by the patronage of the Ladies and Pastors’ Union
of the Methodist Episcopal Church of that city, and under the immediate
supervision of that devoted Christian worker, Mrs. M. F. Burns. Aided
by a band of noble teachers, she has carried on the Sunday-school regu­
larly through all these years, every year gaining some converts from hea­
thenism. Though embarrassed for some time by the removal of many
members to a distance, still the good work has gone on. The Sunday
and evening schools have been well attended, preaching and exhorting
kept up, and this year two have been baptized, making twenty-nine in all
since the foundation of the school.
A t length we have in part succeeded in the long-cherished hope o
securing in San Jose a building for school and chapel purposes, and a
permanent location for the same. A public school building 28 by 40 feet,
with an ell 16 by 20 feet, all in excellent repair, has been bought for $225,
and when a lot is secured by lease or purchase, and our building is placed^
thereon, we shall have, at comparatively small cost, a commodious chapel,
school-rooms, and home for our class in San Jose. This we hope to have
accomplished by January 1, 1882.
OAKLAND.
A t this point our work began with a Sunday-school in the First Meth­
odist Episcopal Church some six years ago, conducted by Mr. W. H.
i
8 8 i .]
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
Rouse, and some half-dozen faithful, self-sacrificing Christian teachers.
This generous and noble-hearted man, and his excellent helpers, have
continued their good work through the past year, and very greatly aided
in the success of our enterprise. The evening-school, now in the third
year of its existence, has had considerable increase both in attendance and
influence, and at present requires the services of two teachers. The ist
of January, 1881, Mr. H. W . Stowe, who has been so long connected with
our mission in San Francisco as teacher, and by whose generous patron­
age a school for Chinese children was long maintained at the Foke Yam
Tong, (Gospel Temple,) on Jackson-street, was transferred to Oakland
and placed in charge of the school. It is almost needless to say that the
godly influence of this faithful Christian man, whose means and time are
wholly consecrated to God, has not been lost upon this Chinese school.
Lovingly and wisely he has labored with discordant elements, and is fast
bringing order out of chaos, and discipline out of intractability. His work
will tell mightily in the year to come.
The mission building in this place, completed and dedicated, fr e e o f
debt, some two years ago, has been kept in excellent condition, and well
serves the purposes for which it was intended.
SACR A M E N TO .
Here was the pioneer Methodist Chinese Sunday-school of California,
begun in 1865, and carried on for many years by that elect lady, Mrs. E.
M. Carley, and a number of devoted helpers. On her departure from the
city the good work was taken up by Mr. Peter Bohl and others, and stead­
ily maintained until December, 1879. A s one result of this faithful serv­
ice, several were at different times baptized, and joined the Sixth-street
Methodist Episcopal Church. Some of these remain in Sacramento, and
are leading Christian lives.
With this as a beginning, we opened an evening-school for Chinese
about the ist of March, 1880, under care of U Kai Ming, a young man
of pleasant address and good abilities, who had received several years of
training in our San Francisco school. So successful was the work in the
following months, and so promising of results, that it seemed best for one
of the missionaries to reside here and give it his whole attention. A c­
cordingly, and on the recommendation of the California Conference at its
last session, the writer of this report removed to Sacramento, and assumed
charge of the work, October 1, 1880. It has been a year of many difficult­
ies and discouragements, but to the missionary in charge, exceedingly
fruitful in experience, such as could not have been gained under other cir­
cumstances. Though much had been done before, the work, as a genu­
ine missionary enterprise, has been almost de novo, foundational in char­
acter. W e have had a good evening-school in spite of some denomina­
tional competition, and have gained a firm hold on our scholars ; we have
established a Sunday-school, and held our own with it in face of great
embarrassments; a Chinese service at eleven o’clock each Sabbath has
2$2
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l88l.
been maintained the greater part of the year, conducted by the missionary
in the Chinese language ; street preaching by native helpers of our own
and other missions, under direction of the missionary, has been carried' on
when the weather would permit; and, on the whole, the missionary has
gained an influence which is felt on the entire Chinese community. Our
working force is small, about half our membership of eight persons having
removed to distant places. The missionary and his wife have done regu­
lar duty as teachers in the evening-school, aided more or less by native
helpers. W e need more laborers in this vineyard, and devoutly expect
more fruit.
G R A SS
VALLEY.
In this little city of the mountains we opened a school about the middle
of December, placing U Kai Ming in charge. He soon became homesick
and discouraged, and abandoned our service. Then Chan Hon Fan, an
excellent local preacher, took charge and maintained the school with ex­
cellent success till the 1st of June. The Chinese there showed a good
degree of interest in learning, and paid the rent of the school-room
themselves, and more than met all the incidental expenses. But in our
scarcity of native helpers Hon Fan cannot well be spared from the
work at large. In the difficulty of obtaining a suitable American teacher
for the place, it is now an open question whether we can carry on this
work at Grass Valley. W e do not like to abandon it, and yet cannot see
our way clear to maintain it.
F IN A N C IA L .
Herewith is submitted a statement of receipts and expenditures for the
year ending September 1, 1881. A s heretofore, the income from rents
and tuitions at the mission in San Francisco has been regularly transmit­
ted to the Treasurer of the Missionary Society in New York, and the ap­
propriation made by the General Missionary Committee covering all
expenses. This amount, and also that collected by the Woman’s Mis­
sionary Society of the Pacific Coast, are given below.
And here must be made our grateful acknowledgment both to our
Annual Conference for recommending, and to the General Missionary
Committee for making, ample appropriations of funds for carrying on this
work.
R
e c e iv e d
:
From the Missionary Society, total amount...................... $11,016 00
E
xpen d e d
:
Missionaries and Assistants’ Salaries............... $3,200 00
Teachers and Native Helpers’ Salaries............ 2,497 50
Woman’s Missionary Society............................ i)9 2° 00
Presiding Elder..................................................
100 00
Water Bills.........................................................
158 4°
Gas Bills............................................................
236 55
Furnishing..............................
107 00
Repairs................................................................
213 15
i88i.]
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
253
Brought forward...............................
$8,432 6 q
Insurance............................................................i . .
197 50
Rents P a id ..................................................................
515 15
T a x e s...........................
307 52
T ra v e lin g ....................................................................
176 70
B oo k s ..........................................................................
7° 60
Sundries........................................................................
75 35
T otal Expenses to September 1st.............
Balance of Appropriation.............................$1,240 08
Rents and Tuition for third and fourth Quarter.
332 43
T otal remitted to N ew Y o rk ......................
T otal Expenses of the year ending Sept. I, 1880.
T otal Expenses o f the year ending Sept. 1, 1881 .
Balance in favor of this year.............. .
I
ncom e
$ 9,775 92
$i>572 51
10,333 88
9.775 92
557 96
:
From Rents and Tuitions (Rem itted to N . Y . ) . ..
From W oman’s Missionary Society..........................
T o ta l................................................................
Actual Expense to Missionary Treasury.................
807 71
1,200 00
$2,007 7 1
7.435 78
In addition to this general financial statement, mention must be made
of the fact that our schools in San Jose, Oakland, Sacramento, and Grass
Valley, have each raised considerable amounts toward paying’ rents and
meeting incidental expenses, and by so much have been self-supporting.
The classes in San Francisco, San Jose, and Oakland, have also aided in
support of the Native helpers by the payment of “ class money,” and in
San Francisco, the society has this year paid $55 toward the support
of the presiding elder. This is in addition to the missionary appropria­
tion of $100 /or his benefit. In each of the other societies collections
for the poor have been made at each sacramental service. This was
done also in San Francisco until the fund became sufficient to render it
unnecessary.
GENERAL
REM ARKS.
1. The mission in San Francisco has been greatly blessed and benefited
by the regular visits of the Rev. H. B. Heacock, Presiding Elder of the
San Francisco District, who has rendered great service in the quarterly
examinations of local preachers, in the love-feasts, and as a firm friend
and defender of our work at'all times.
2. Our “ Native Helpers,” Lee Tong Hay, Chan Hon Fan, and K.
Meiyama, have rendered faithful and efficient service throughout the year,
and done much to save their countrymen. W e intensely regret to say
that Chan Pak Cwai, after many years of service as local preacher and
teacher in our evening schools, has abandoned the work. The great tide
of temptation to engage in secular pursuits, under which he had been
drawn away, now threatens to deprive us of another “ helper” and leave
254
[l88l.
MISSIONARY REPORT.
us with but two— one Chinese and one Japanese. The money-making
spirit has become somewhat rife in the Church, and is now the source of
our greatest anxiety; we pray God to save us from the infection, and
enable these young men to devote themselves wholly and for life to the
work of the ministry.
3.
The eminent success attained in evangelizing the Chinese by such
noble Christian workers as Mrs. Bums, at San Jose, Mr. Rouse, in Oakland,
and Mrs. Carley, at Sacramento, through the agency of Sunday-schools,
etc., is convincing proof that the same results might be had in other places,
were the same efforts put forth ; nor can we resist the conviction that
herein our local Churches have abundant opportunity for home mis­
sionary work, and are under some obligations to offer the Gospel to these
“ heathen at our very door.” And before us we have also the inspiring
example of sister denominations— the Presbyterian and Congregational
Churches of California— which in this respect have done better than our­
selves. The missionaries are ever ready to help inaugurate and carry on
this good work, and only pray that willing hearts may take it up in all
our towns and villages.
San Francisco
Sacramento..
Grass Valley.
Total..,
2
3 4
li
1
70
ftO
80
10
111 12 24|24
l i 140
2
1
1
I
6 275
1 4?
9
2
1 1
6 •12
80
14
456
1
Sui port of the School.
Support of the Ministry.
Other Benevolent
Collections.
Missionary Collections.
Probable Value.
Avernpte Attendance.
Mission Buildinps.
Average Attendance.
I
5 o <
Schools.
Enrolled.
Girls' Schools.
Scholars Enrolled.
fafi
W
Sunday schools.
1 Teachers.
,
2 65 5 20 20
9
15 9,
1 Wl 9 1 1
9 3 1
1 1 1
1 2
'C'O
&
c
o
o
<D
c?
u
a>
I Evening
1 Scholnrs
<
fcC
O
of Schools.
5
p *5
JS
Teachers.
e
O) a
c?
5 «
s
©
f?
1 No.
H
1 Members
•a
V
Received.
*D
|Members.
Misslonnries.
1 Native Helpers.
1 Assistant
STATIONS.
1 Misslonnries.
1
S T A T IS T IC S O F C A L IF O R N IA M ISSIO N.
34
100 2 7 100 1 $30,000 »80 *62 50 «108 *305
95
90 1 8 35 1
300
90 1
5 00
26
flti
ìli 1
15
75
15 1 3
12
15 12 50
eoo
II)
8
34 168
5 23 172 3 $30,800 120 »8 0 00 «134 $706
* Five o f these are counted as Missionaries and Native Helpers.
n . TH E W O M A N ’S M ISSIO N A R Y SO CIE TY .
Organized in 1870.
Mrs. Eliza C. Gibson, Corresponding Secretary of the Soci­
ety, sends the following rep o rt:
The W oman’s Missionary Society of the Pacific Coast was organized
especially for work among the Chinese women in this country. Till the
time of the organization, some eleven years ago, nothing had been done
for the women of China, who were cast helpless and friendless on these
shores.
There were a few schools for men and boys, but none for women and
i88i.]
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
255
girls. Our Society opened a school, hoping they would come for instruc­
tion in the English language, as men do. We visited them in their homes
inviting them to come and send their girls, but they could not, or did not,
rise above the prejudice that women and girls do not need education.
Two or three girls came to school, but only for a few days or weeks, then
the teacher would have to go and fetch them each day to insure their at­
tendance. There was a class of girls we wished very much to reach ;
girls who were sold while quite young by their parents or guardians as
servants to the buyer. Many of this class are brought to this country.
They are in reality slaves, and are treated with all the harshness and
cruelty that an ignorant degraded people can show to those over whom
they have control. After some time had elapsed a girl here and there,
having heard of this mission-school, ran away from her master, often
bruised and blackened by blows and abuse, and sought the protection of
this Society. The teacher, Mrs. Walker, is appointed the legal guardian
of the girls, whose ages vary from six to fifteen years.
Five have married Christian Chinese men, after staying in the school
from four to six years. Three have died, and twelve remain.
These girls are generally bright and anxious to learn. They speak our
language with much greater ease than older persons, and they readily
accept the religion of Jesus. Nearly all have been baptized and are try­
ing to lead Christian lives.
Mrs. Walker teaches English five hours each day ; they also have half
an hour or more of reading the Scriptures in Chinese, Sun Ho, one of the
older girls, teaching the younger ones. The more advanced pupils study
arithmetic, history, and geography.
Tuesday evening of each week a prayer-meeting is held, led by the
teacher, in which all the girls take part. Wednesday evening an hour of
praise service in connection with the boys’-school, after which there is a
prayer-meeting and a short sermon in Chinese.
Friday afternoon is
devoted to a Bible-class. Sunday, preaching at half past twelve o’clock.
Sunday-school at half past one, and a mixed Sunday-school in the
evening.
Work, such as finishing men’s underwear, can be obtained a part of the
time, and thus they earn enough to furnish their own clothing.
The ladies of the Society cannot take the girls on the street without
receiving insults, and in some instances the girls have received injury from
stones and clods thrown by men and boys.
The ladies generally provide an entertainment during the Christmas
holidays, a Christmas-tree loaded with inexpensive presents for the girls,
which gives them great pleasure. One or two picnics are arranged for
them each year, when they are accompanied by some of the ladies and a
police officer, to prevent any serious hostile demonstrations toward them.
Women are also placed in the school by heathen men who wish to marry
them. A t first they were received into the school for a longer or shorter
time, as they might choose, but experience led to the adoption of the
present rule, by which none are received for less time than a year. The
256
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l88l.
man marrying one of these women pays $5 per month, or $60 for a
year's board. Thirteen baptized women and girls have married Chris­
tian Chinese men, and are living as Christian families. One family has
returned to China, one is in the Sandwich Islands, the husband being a
missionary sent by the Presbyterian Church to his countrymen there. The
women who have married heathen men often attend church, and generally
over forty women and girls are in the Sunday congregation.
Our Bible reader’s health failed and she gave up the work, but Ah Foon,
our first Bible reader, has begun the work again among those who were
formerly in the mission-school, as well as among all others who are will­
ing to listen to the reading of the Scriptures. It seems probable that our
work will have to take another form, our chief labor heretofore having
been in the school; more ought to be done among the families in China­
town. Few women and girls come to this country now, and those who
are here are treated much more humanely than formerly. Then there are
many little children whose parents reside here, and who ought to attend
school, but who will not go far from home. Our Society should establish
a school in Chinatown for the children, boys and girls who could be in­
duced to come, and thus keep them from becoming so grossly ignorant
and immoral as they are almost sure to be if neglected.
W e thank God for the encouragement we meet with in our work.
W e sometimes think that the work is slow and weak in results, but
occasionally something occurs that gives us fresh courage, as in the case
of Chy Hay, who, after being in the school a year, married a heathen
man and removed to Sacramento ; inquiry failed to elicit any thing con­
cerning her; no one even knew her place oi residence ; but last winter Ah
Foon was spending some weeks in Sacramento, and she, by dint of great
perseverance, found her. She had kept very quiet, never stirring out of
doors for fear of her old master. But she had not forgotten all that was
taught her in the mission-school. She could repeat the Lord's Prayer and
the Apostle’s Creed. She placed herself under instruction, and was a few
months ago baptized and received into the Church.
It is very gratifying to know that the seed sown so long ago has at
length borne fruit to the glory of God.
Ah Ngan came to us over two years ago accompanied by her little
sickly girl, six years of age. After a few months the child regained her
health and developed into a bright, ambitious pupil, full of love for her
books, and loved and petted by the scholars. A h Ngan concluded to
remain and keep the child in the school until she is grown. In May
mother and daughter made a public profession of faith in Christ
Death has entered the school this year and removed one of the brightest
and most studious of the girls, A h Moy, thirteen years of age, who died
in great peace, in February.
W e have been called to mourn the death of the first president of our
Society, but who several years ago removed to Ohio, Mrs. Elizabeth K.
Phillips, whose memory we all love.
Our Society has lost a friend in the death of Bishop E. O. Haven, who
i
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
8 8 i .]
257
took a deep and kindly interest in our work, and was ready at any time
to advise with us as to the best means to be used to advance the Master’s
cause.
A few of the girls are supported by ladies who pay $5 a month or $60
a year for their board. Mrs. Goodall, our beloved president, and Mrs.
Finch, of Oakland, have each paid $60 a year for a number of years
toward the support of girls in the school; Howard-street Sunday-school
supports o n e; Mrs. Briggs’ Bible-class one, and the ladies of the Church
one. The Society has held three successful meetings during the year; at
Howard-street, Grace, and Central Churches, in each of which the cause
was ably presented and the congregation cheerfully responded. $425 have
been paid to the Society by heathen Chinese men this year for the board
of women in the school.
The number of women and girls who have been in the school six months
or longer is more than 120. The number during the year has varied from
23 to 29. Ten have been received, nine have married, three have returned
to China, and one has died.
F IN A N C I A L .
Appropriation for W oman’s W o rk ............................................... $1,920 00
Collected from other sources............................................................ 1,181 50
T otal R eceived.................................................................... $3,101 50
Expenses for Boarding G irls......................................................... $1,070 50
Teachers’ S alary...............................................................................
750 00
Bible Reader, (six months,)..........................................
60 00
M edicine.............................................................................................
8 80
Funeral Expenses.............................................................................
46 00
Inciden tal............................................................................................
20 00
Total Expenses........................................................... $1,955 30
Remitted to New Y o rk .......................
III.
$1,145
*5
OREGON.
Commenced in 1878.
T . B. M a x w e l l , Superintendent.
T h e Chinese work in this region is located at Portland,
Oregon, and Seattle, W. T. A t Portland there are over two
thousand Chinese. W e make the following extract from the
Conference rep o rt:
The Chinese School at Portland, commenced in January, 1878, still
holds its regular sessions, and is doing a good work. Excepting a single
month’s vacation in July, there has been no break or interruption during
17
258
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l88l.
the year. The attendance varies from twenty to fifty, and could be in­
creased considerably if a larger building could be secured in a proper loca­
tion, and it could receive the sympathy and help such a school needs. It
is held every evening from 7 to 9 o’clock, under the superintendence of
Brother Thomas B. Maxwell, who keeps from ten to fourteen very excel­
lent teachers employed, giving them such little compensation as the Chi­
nese boys themselves can give. W e think they ought to give at least one
dollar a month each, but this they often are too poor to do. In. such cases
a small allowance is made to supplement the amount paid by the class.
The services of good teachers cannot be expected for less than six to ten
dollars per month.
Three other Chinese schools are supported in Portland, and each one is
much better patronized by the Church to which it belongs than this one
is by the Methodist Episcopal Church. Now, to teach a Chinamen — to
sit down to this task, with from four to eight pupils, six nights in the week,
two hours each evening— is quite a task, and requires self-denial and skill,
and perseverance. There is no romance about it, or honor either, except
that which comes from God.
Rendering my own services from the beginning without any remuneration whatever, I have applied the appropriation as follows :
Rent from August 13, 1880, to August 13, 1881, at $12 50 permonth
$150
Services of Superintendent for the year (T. B. Maxwell)............................. 224
Moy Chung, assistant, two months................................................................
3°
Moy Sing, assistant, four months..................................................................
4°
3
For fuel...........................................................................................................
My own traveling expenses............................................................................ 36
To supplement pay of two teachers, Miss Maxwell and Miss Blackwood.. 17
Total...................................................................................................... $500
The hunting up and teaching of these Chinamen whom God has thrown
among us, making them acquainted with our language and our Saviour, is
a very plain, matter-of-fact piece of business, and we propose to follow it
up with care and diligence, regardless of the strong temptations to select
other less reproachful labor in the Master’s vineyard.
I have received four drafts on New York of $125 each— $5°°*
The Sabbath-school, which meets at 5 P. M. every Sabbath, is well
attended, in which are two Bible-classes, besides quite a number who are
learning to read. Prayer-meetings are held every Friday evening, in
which the Chinese sing and pray just as Americans do. Some thirty-four
have united with the class, some of whom are converted, and two have
been baptized. These Chinamen pay for gas and fuel, and seem very
eager to study and learn about Jesus. Last Friday night there seemed to
be a great awakening among them, as some ten united with the class at
that time. This mission is greatly opposed by some of the leading China­
men in the city, and now in order to sustain it we must have missionary
aid, as last year. And now as we have a room nicely arranged, with
chairs, seats, and an organ, and a class of thirty-three Chinamen, we hope
1 88-1 J
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
259
that the Conference will grant us at least, per year, $500 missionary money
to carry on this mission.
A t Seattle, IV. T., the excellent work done by Brother De Vore and
other fellow-laborers deserves special mention. This mission was founded
some two years since by organizing a class of some ten or twelve persons,
all of whom essayed to seek Christ. $250 was obtained from the Church
Extension Society in Philadelphia to aid in constructing a basement under
this the present house of worship for said mission, which was accom­
plished, and said basement is now occupied by the mission.
This mission is controlled by a Board of Directors who employed Mrs.
Belle Thomas and Mrs. H. E. Parkhurst to teach the evening school during
the past year, (said school consisting of seventy-nine different China­
men,) and they paid these teachers $250 each out of- the $500 missionary
fund furnished by the Conference through Brother Atwood, the Presiding
Elder.
IV .
NEW
Y O R K C IT Y .
Commenced in 1879.
J. J a c k s o n , M ission a ry .
T h i s work has been continued through the year under the
faithful labors of Rev. James Jackson and wife, whose ac­
quaintance with the Chinese language, acquired during their
work in China, has been of much service.
W e present here
Mr. Jackson’s rep o rt:
The work of our mission during the past year has not been marked by
any special features which call for notice. Our preaching service in Mottstreet has been held every Sabbath throughout the year, and has been
attended by some attentive hearers who seem to be deeply interested in
the truth. Many o f our hearers, however, have been but transient visitors,
attracted only by curiosity into our mission. The greatest hinderance to
our work in this locality is the existence of so many gambling and opium
dens, fifteen or twenty of these being in full operation every Sabbath,
crowded always with victims to these vicious habits of gambling and
opium-smoking.
Our Sabbath-school, formerly held in Mott-street, we now hold in the
auditorium of the Seventh-street Methodist Episcopal Church, kindly
granted to us by the trustees. Since our removal, in July last, the school has
been better attended, and our work in every way more satisfactory. A
larger number of Christian workers have joined us, and the attendance of
the scholars has been more regular. Since our work began in this city many
schools have been opened in connection with other Churches. There are
now not less than ten Chinese schools in this city, and two or three others
in Brooklyn. The result has not been altogether satisfactory, as it is
common for the Chinese to go about from school to school, being regis­
tered at several different schools as scholars, and permanently attending
2Ó0
[l88l.
MISSIONARY REPORT.
nowhere. For this reason we do not now keep a register of names, but
note only the average attendance.
W e have paid attention during the year to visiting the Chinese in their
places of business, and have distributed a number of tracts, particularly
the tract entitled “ Who is Jesus ? ” written by one of the native preachers
in Foochow.
W e have had one baptism during the year. One of our members, re­
ported last year, Moy F ui, now holds his church relation at Pennington, N.J.
where he is a student in the Seminary.
S t a t i s t i c s o f t h e N e w Y o r k C h in e s e M is s io n .
Missionaries, 1 ;
assistant missionaries, I ; native helpers, 1 ; members, 3 ; probationers, 1;
adults baptized, 1; members received, 1 ; members removed, 1 ; average
congregation, 17; Sunday-schools, 1 ; teachers, 12; average attendance,
17 ; missionary collections, $2 12 ; support of the school, $6 38.
MISSIONS AND APPROPRIATIONS BY CONFERENCES.
Oregon.
California.
Mission, 1 ; Money, $11,400.
New York.
!
$11,400 Portland D is t : Portland.
Chinese M ission
$500
Puget Sound : Seattle.. .
500
Missions, 2; Money, $1,000,
Missions, 1 ; Money. $1,600.
California..........................
Oregon..............................
New Y o rk ........................
i
c
.0
£
a.
0
-5
< ¡1
¡5
ê
<
«
&
£
«! 1
2 2 4 12 111 12 140 24 6 500 5 172 8 $80,800
2, 2 119
2
14
88
•1
1 1 1
3 1 17 1
17
$120 00
212
Collected for Selfsupport.
g
s
.£
'S
Collected for other
Benevolent Societies.
i
.0
«
e
Collected for Mtssionnry
Society.
1
1 ä «
u* < z £
O.
Ä É
1
M ISSIONS.
1
?
CÛ
►
*» "c
O {ft
Estimated Value of
Mission Buildings.
<5
g
a
0
s
I ja.
1 £ X
Average Attendanco on
Sunday W orship.
:
S T A T IS T IC S O F T H E C H IN E S E D O M E ST IC
M IS S IO N S F O R 1881.
$80 $840 00
6 8S
88
Total......................... 5 8 fi 26 114 46 157j27 ! S 619 6 189 8 $80,800 $122 12 .$80
18 50 1Ï9 250 00
4; 1
luojio
L a st year................. 4
2
"1
ARIZONA.
Commenced in 1869.
BISH O P SIM PSON
h a s
E
p is c o p a l
S
u p e r v is io n
.
M issionaries.
G. H. A d a m s , Superintendent, Prescott
Prescott.
B. F. E d w a r d s , Tucson.
B o v a r d , Phoenix.
J. P. M ’I n t y r e , Tombstone.
E.
H . B r o o k s , Pinal and Florence. J .
J . W i n g a r , Verde Circuit.
D. W . C a l f e e , Globe City.
J. H a r e r , Tonto Basin Circuit.
C. W .
G. F .
G
r e e n
,
T he field of this Mission is becoming more readiiv accessi­
ble.
T h e recent opening of the Southern Pacific Railroad
i
8 8 i .]
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
26 i
will hasten its settlement. T he past year has been one of
very vigorous work in Church building. In all these frontier
missions the labors of the Superintendents are very arduous,
involving long and difficult journeys.
In the instance of
Superintendent Adams, he had spent but thirty-two days at
home out of fifteen months, up to the time when the following
report was rendered.
The Arizona Mission has made more advancement in the way of accu­
mulating church property during the present year than in all the former
years of her history combined. Two years ago we had but one church—
namely, at Prescott. Last year we erected two, namely: at Globe City
and at Tombstone. The latter, however, was not dedicated until the be­
ginning of the present year. Since last March we have built three,
namely: at Phoenix, Pinal, and Tucson. All these churches are substan­
tial, neat, and commodious, and admirably adapted to the wants of the
communities where they are located. W e now own in Arizona about
$35,000 worth of church property, which is nearly twice as much as is
owned by all the other Protestant Churches combined. A ll the leading
towns are now supplied by Methodist houses of worship. W e are happy
to be able to report them practically unembarrassed. A few months will
enable us to pay perhaps all the obligations except the loans from the
Church Extension Board, and these are being met promptly, in accord­
ance with the terms upon which the loans were granted. The Church
Extension Board has dealt liberally with us, and enabled us to build where
it would have been otherwise impossible. On the whole we have reason
for encouragement, and are profoundly grateful to God for the measure of
success we have realized during the year. The work, as it has been ar­
ranged during the year, is as follows:
Prescott, with Rev. C. W. Green, appointed by Bishop Bowman, as pas­
tor. Our Church here is very weak, both numerically and financially; yet
we have a splendid church property, consisting of a comfortable house of
worship and a beautiful parsonage. It is free from debt, with the excep­
tion of about $300 on the latter. Brother Green left in September, and
we are now without a pastor. W e hope soon to obtain one. The town
has not been improving, but with the advent of a new railroad, which it is
expected will soon be built, the population must increase, and we must
hold the field.
Phoenix is one of the most promising of our mission fields in Arizona.
It is the garden spot of the Territory, and is having a steady growth with
the surrounding country. W e have a neat brick church, which will soon
be finished, and it is a credit to the Society and Methodism. Rev. G. F.
Bovard was appointed to this charge, but has left for the purpose of attend­
ing school, and we have obtained a temporary supply in the person of Rev.
Calvin Coates, a local preacher of piety and devotion, who is sustaining
the work well.
262
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l88l.
P in a l and Florence was left “ to be supplied ” at our annual meeting-,
but Rev. E. H. Brooks, who was appointed to Globe City, was transferred
to this field. W e have built a beautiful frame church there, and Brother
Brooks is doing heroic service in carrying it forward to completion. The
Sabbath-school mounted up to about one hundred pupils in a very few
weeks after its organization, and is one of the best schools in the Ter­
ritory.
Globe Cily is now in charge of Rev. D. W . Calfee, who was appointed
agent of the American Bible Society. He is an earnest preacher, and has
very large congregations in attendance on his ministry. The Church has
never been in so prosperous a condition since its organization as now.
The indebtedness of the property is less than $100, and will soon be en­
tirely removed. Methodism here is doing its mission well.
Tucson has at present Rev. B. F. Edwards for its pastor. He is a new
accession to our working force from Kansas. Our church there is a
marvel of beauty and comfort. It is of brick, thirty by fifty feet in the
clear, and is the admiration of all who see it. The Sabbath-school has
been but recently organized, and starts well with about seventy-five pupils
in attendance. W e have a very valuable property here — a large lot on
the corner of the two best streets in the heart of the city, and ample room
for a parsonage and a main church to the present building, which is in­
tended as the chapel of the principal church. The city is rapidly growing,
and our lot has more than quadrupled in value since the ground we own
was purchased.
Tombstone has had another eminently successful year under the pas­
torate of Rev. J. P. M ’lntyre, who has been the pastor from the organiza­
tion of the Church until now. Brother M’lntyre has shown himself an
able minister in every department of his work. Very little of the debt
remains, and the congregations are as large as the church will hold. The
Sabbath-school is one of unusual interest and success.
Verde C ircuit is a field which has in the main been neglected hitherto,
but is now in charge of Rev. J. J. Wingar, who reports the openings for
work both numerous and promising. The circuit embraces a large dis­
trict of country in the vicinity of Prescott, in which are several valleys very
fertile and under cultivation by the farmers who occupy them. Brother
W ingar is establishing preaching-places among them and organizing
Sabbath-schools, which are very much needed.
Tonto B asin C ircu it is in the hands of Rev. James Harer as pastor.
Little is known of the work, as I have not had the opportunity to visit it.
Brother Harer is hopeful of results in the way of conversions among the
people, and is working faithfully to that end.
Safford and Clifton were “ left to be supplied ” at our annual meeting,
and we have not been able to secure the “ supply ” as yet. The region
embraces the upper Gila River, and ought to receive attention as soon as
a suitable man can be found to occupy it.
The foregoing embraces the work in Arizona as now arranged. The
field is peculiarly a hard one, because of the fact that it is a new frontier,
i88U
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
263
made up as to its population of a people who, for the most part, came
from California and Nevada.
These men have not been accustomed to churches, and do not know
their value. They are not hostile to religion, but are indifferent; and it
is generally more difficult to reach the indifferent than the hostile. Con­
versions have been almost entirely unknown in the Territory. Hitherto
we have had no churches to which they could be invited. Now, by God’s
blessing, we have overcome that feature of our difficulties, and we have
attractive places of worship in all the leading towns of the Territory. Dur­
ing the next year it is our purpose to strive hard as ministers to co-operate
with each other in revival meetings, making special efforts for the conver­
sion of souls. Church building has up to the present time been the chief
work we have had in hand. Now we propose to try hard to make these
altars what they were designed to be— the birth-place of souls. But,
while giving attention to this specific work, we shall labor as minis­
ters to build churches as fast as they are needed ; and we are mistaken in
the ability of myself and co-laborers if towns can be multiplied faster than
we can build churches.
But we are a unit as ministers in Arizona in the determination that no
embarrassing debts shall remain on churches to cripple their usefulness
and be a burden to our people. Great care is necessary to avoid these
financial embarrassments. The conditions under which we labor are
very unfavorable, and we are liable to suffer in comparison with other sec­
tions in consequence. In the Mississippi Valley it is comparatively easy
to build a church with $250 of aid, where lumber is from §20 to $30 per
1,000 feet, and labor from $1 to $3 per day. The conditions under which
we labor are very different in Arizona. Take the church at Pinal as an
illustration. I purchased the lumber for the edifice in San Francisco,
for $285, which was perhaps more than it would cost in the Mississippi
Valley. On this bill of lumber I paid $523 65 for freight alone! The
labor cost from $3 50 to $5 per day. These conditions are insurmount­
able obstacles in the way of church building, except to the stoutest heart
and the most implicit faith.
Arizona will soon contain a large population. She has fabulous mineral,
wealth, and this alone will attract a large immigration. She will produce
this year at least $12,500,000 of gold and silver bullion, while Colorado,
with six times the population of Arizona, will produce but $25,000,000.
Her mineral wealth embraces gold, silver, iron, copper, lead, and almost
every other mineral known to the commerce of the civilized world. Her
grazing interests are superior perhaps to those of any other region in
America. Added to this, she has the finest climate'on the continent for
pulmonary diseases, and as soon as the fact becomes generally known the
Territory will become a great health resort for invalid tourists, many of
whom will come and make permanent homes. Arizona is no longer the
inaccessible region she has so long been. One great through line of rail­
road is already completed across her domain, and two more will soon be
finished. Then the great wave of immigration, which by some mysterious
MISSIONARY REPORT.
264
[1881.
law, rolls perpetually toward the setting sun, will fill her mountains and
valleys and plains with a busy people, who will need the salvation of God.
May the great Head of the Church make us faithful and equal to the re­
sponsibility of feeding these hungry souls in the wilderness with the bread
of life, as the Master fed the multitudes by the sea !
M IS S IO N S A N D A P P R O P R IA T IO N S .
G. H. Adam s, S n p t
$1,500
P r e s c o t t ............................. 250
Phoenix..............................
800
Pinal and F lo r e n c e ........ 800
Globe C ity......................... 475
T on to Basin Circuit
$150
T u c s o n .................................. 700
“
(extra for last year). 200
T om bston e .............................. 800
Verde Circuit......................... 225
Traveling expenses o f
m ission aries.................$254 85
Traveling’ expenses o f
Superintendent.......... 819 10
Missions, 9 ; money, $6,473 95
S T A T IS T IC S O F T H E A R IZ O N A M ISSIO N FO R 1881.
g C IR C U IT OK
ST A TIO N .
£g
wo
Prescott................
Phoenix.................
Pinal & Florence.
Globe C ity...........
T u cson ..................
200
19! 6 150
125
I eI
$8,000
$3,000
8,000
2,500
3.000
5.000
4.000
300
500
200
Tombstone........
•S'C
Is,
$500 $40
$100
500 85
29
85
5ÓÓ 26
400 35 $8 55
ièò
$2,500
2.500
2,250
8.500
8.500
V erde Circuit___
T on to Basin Cir..
Safford & Clifton.
San Carlos B es’n.
Total.............
Last y e a r ....
18114 21; 90uj 1 7 9 650
4| 57j 5; 755 .. 10 6310
),500 l 4 $4,000 $1,900 *200 $8 55 $250 $14,250
8,900
),500j 4 3,100 1,000 150 .. .
BLACK HILLS MISSION.
Commenced in 1878.
B ISH O P W A R R E N
has
E
p is c o p a l
S u p e r v is io n .
M issionaries.
J e s s e D. S e a r l s , Superintendent, Pastor fit Central City.
W . D.
P h if e r ,
Lead City.
J a m e s W i l l i a m s , Crook City and Spearfish.
I r a W a k e f i e l d , Rapid City and Custer Circuit.
W e have the following report from the Superintendent of
this very important mission, where a thickly settled population
is in prospect. It will be seen that the year records very
marked p ro gress:
Having been recently appointed Superintendent, my report will not be so
complete as it might, under other circumstances, have been made.
i
8 8 i .]
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
265
A t Deadwood our people are without a church-building. They have a
church lot valued at $1,000, and funds and personal property equal to
$1,000. They intend to build a church soon, worth about $3,000. Rev.
R. H. Dollner is pastor.
A t Central City we have a church valued at $3,000, and a parsonage
worth $1,000. A series of meetings just closed have given four proba­
tioners, and called out several Church letters. Twelve, including proba­
tioners, have united with this Church since the Mission Conference was
held in August last.
A t Lead City, W. D. Phifer, pastor, we have completed a good church
at a cost of $2,300. A debt of $500, including the amount loaned from
our Church Extension Society, remains upon the church. One year ago
last autumn we had nothing there; the growth since then has been rapid.
In all three of the above-named places we have flourishing Sabbathschools.
A t Crook City and Spearfish charge, Rev. James Williams is pastor.
W e have a church-building at Crook City worth $1,000. W e have a
Sabbath-school there ; also one at Centennial Park. W e need a church at
Spearfish.
A t R apid and Custer Circuit, Rev. Ira Wakefield, pastor, we have no
church property within the bounds of the circuit. Brother Wakefield
preaches at four places to at least two hundred hearers. W e have no
Sunday-schools on this circuit. W e labor in hope. Including the quar­
terly meeting that I am now holding at Rapid City, I have held the first
quarterly meeting upon all these charges. I preached at Sturgis last
Monday evening, and organized a class of twenty-seven supporters of the
Methodist Episcopal Church. Among them are four or five who will join
our Church on probation at our meeting next Monday evening. This is
a novel method, but works well here. They have already subscribed $300
toward the support of a Methodist preacher at Sturgis, and have pro­
cured a small parsonage and two lots for our church. They have also
organized a Methodist Episcopal Sunday-school of forty members. Bear
in mind, we have no Church members there, and carry on this work with
the material that we have at hand. On Tuesday evening last I preached
at Galena, and organized a class of thirteen supporters of our Church on
the same principle as at Sturgis. This place is twelve miles from Sturgis.
A t Boulder P ark, three miles from Sturgis, Brother Dollner has been
preaching for some time. They offer $150 toward the support of a Meth­
odist preacher. I propose to form these three places into a circuit, and
call a Methodist preacher to serve them who shall live at Sturgis. I need
a preacher besides to live here at Rapid City, and form a circuit with this
place for its center. A t least this ought to be done, if we had missionary
money to aid in its support. It grieves me to throw away such golden
opportunities, and hand them over to other Churches for want of means
to carry the work forward. When will our membership awake to see the
necessity of giving liberally to the support of our missions ? I have been
here since Thursday, and have held four meetings and our Quarterly Con­
266
[l88l.
MISSIONARY REPORT.
ference. I am to preach twice to-morrow. I go to Sturgis (forty miles)
to preach on Monday evening next, and then to my charge at Central
City, after an absence of nine days, to preach the word there. The mis­
sion work demands every moment of my time. The interests of our
Church demand it. Central City itself needs every moment of the pastor’s
time. Our limited appropriation led the brethren at our last Mission
Conference to put the two fields into one. Thus needed district work must
go undone, and a promising station must often be neglected. I hope that
our offerings will enable us to pursue a nobler policy in the near future.
M IS S IO N S A N D A P P R O P R IA T O N S .
Superintendent.................. $1,200 ILead C ity..............................
D e a d w o o d ..........................
500jCrook C ity ..........................
D ea d w ood ........................................
Central C i t y ....................................
Lead C ity..........................................
Crook City and Spearflsh............
Rapid City and Caster C ir c u it ..
ota l..........................................
Last y ear..................................
S
1
1
1
1
1
58
80
16
.8 0
9
£
8
5
2
5 148 lß
4
105
5
150
160
80
100
200
680
25 5
2
100
100
48
60
i
i
i
$ 2 ,0 0 0
8 ,0 0 0
2.800
1,000
5
3
808
160
8 $ 8 ,3 0 0
1 3 ,0 0 0
£
i
i
i
«S 1
cl
fcs
1
1
1> BC
g c
•I E
$800
1,0 0 0
$400
800
500
1 00
Collected for Church
Building and Repairing.
S
¡5 •
eL
£ £
Collected for Selfsupport.
•s
T ¿
e} «£■
.§ t
Is
•fi
a.
c
JS
B
Debt on Churches,
Parsonages, and other
Property.
i
e
No. of Sabbath Scholars.
i
c
tù
1 N«. of Churches.
.
W orship.
o r s t a t io n
I<e
1 Sunday
c ir c u it
H IL L S M IS S IO N F O R 1 8 8 1 .
I Average Attendance on
S T A T IS T IC S O F B L A C K
$600¡South H ills ........................ $300
4001 M issions, 5 ; M oney, $¿,000.
$ 7 5 0 $ 1 ,0 0 0
100
800
5 0 0 1,300
300
200
2 $ 1 ,8 0 0 $ 1 ,8 0 0 $ 2 ,2 5 0 $ 2 ,7 0 0
1 ,850
1,800
1,200
DAKOTA.
Commenced in 1873.
B IS H O P F O SS h a s E p is c o p a l S u p e r v is io n .
M issionar ies.
T . M. W i l l i a m s , S u p e rin te n d e n t, E lk P oin t.
A.
O. P h i l l i p s , A b e r d e e n .
J. M . R o g e r s , A s h t o n .
G. E. H u n t l e y , Brookings.
S. A l d r i c h , Chamberlain.
H . J. G r a c e , Canton.
A . F. T h o m p s o n , Cavour.
G. R. O a k e , Dell Rapids.
J. W . D i b b l e , Egan.
W illia m
M ’C r e a d y ,
Elk Point.
Gary.
P. J. P. N e a r y , Lodi.
L. B. W il e s ,
L . W . M il l e r , L enox.
A . T . L y o n , Milbank.
M. B r o w n , Montrose.
A . S h e r i n , Pierre.
O.
S. B a s f o r d , Redfield.
C.
i88i.]
L. H a r t s o u g h , S io u x Falls.
G.
267
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
J. C o r w i n , S io u x F a lls C ircu it.
F. E . M a t l o c k , Silver Lake.
T. O. K e n t , Tyndal.
A . H erbert,
A.
Valley S p rin gs.
B. S m a r t , W e s s in g t o n .
A. A m burn,
Vermillion.
Yankton.
W .W h it f ie l d ,
W i l l i a m F i e l d e r , W a te r t o w n .
W e much regret being unable to present a full report from
this very interesting and promising field ; but from some
unexplained cause the report has failed to reach us. A terri­
tory which but ten years ago was the hunting-field of savage
tribes, is now presenting a good portion of its area for admis­
sion into the Union as a State. T h e official returns of the
population of the territory in June, 1880, gave the number at
135,180. So large has been the immigration, that, now, esti­
mate places the figure as high as 175,000. T he increase on
the valuation of property in the year 1881 has also been very
large, amounting to perhaps forty per cent. The southern
and most thickly-settled section, which is also our present
mission-field, is said to be very rich in agricultural, mineral»
and timber resources, and the foreign immigrant population is
said to be generally of a superior class.
T h e statistics for the year, which we are able to exhibit,
show that the energy of our mission work has done some­
thing to keep pace with the population.
MISSIONS AND APPROPRIATIONS.
Superintendent............ . .
G ayville........................
Vermillion ....................
E d e n ..............................
Lodi and M t Z io n ___
T y n d a l..........................
L e n o x ............................
Sioux Falls.................... . . .
Sioux Falls Circuit . . .
Flandreau........................
$480 B r o o k in g s ..........................
G a r y ....................................
80 A s h to n ................................
80 M o n tro s e ............................
40 Y a n k to n ..............................
Elk P o in t............................
70 Richland..............................
100 Silver L a k e ........................
50 Swan L a k e ..........................
M itc h e ll..............................
Canton and B e lo it
$50
5J
Dell R a p id s ........................
50
M adison ..............................
50
M edary................................
5'i
W a te rto w n ........................
60
B ig Stone C ity..................
100
W a n b a y ..............................
80
Fort P ie rre........................
200
Missions, 29 ; Money, $2,520.
100 Valley S p rin g s..................
100
50
150
40
70
60
50
50
I
Y a n kton.......................................................................
S iou x Fulls...................................................................
E lk P o i n t .......................................................................
V e r m illion ....................................................................
G a y v ille ...... ... .....................................................
1
1
D ell R apids................................................................
L e n o x ...........................................................................
T y n d a l.................................................................
Silver L a ke.................................................................
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Flandreau ..............................................................
L o d i and M ount Z io n ........ ...................................
B r o o k in g s ............................................
Sw an L a k e ......................................................
P ie r r e ......................................................
Cham berlain..........................
"Wn tertow n..........................................
H u r o n ........................................
G a r y ..........................................
Canton and B eloit.................
T)e Sm et..................................
Richland..............................
M itc h e ll..........................................
M on trose...................................
IV au bay.................................
B ig Stone C ity ............................................
M ilban k...... ................................................
B ed fleld ..........................................
Valley Springs..................................
W 'essington............................
E g a n ....................................
A berd een ................................
A sh to n ....................................................
il
1
1
'i
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
¡5
X
s
£
!
£
a.
50
72
58
12
40
4S
84
24
88
48
48
88
100
5S
25
20
29
52
45
81
40
40
20
25
25
85
30
18
20
5
1 175
1 1.299 I
162
90
‘2
8
29
3
2
10
49
3
15
1
1*
a
?
14
8
2
4
è
Ì2
R
8
ii
1
H
5
Ìa
■p
1
■3
■a
A
1ej
W
1el
01
s
*cs
V
£
è
1
1
1
1
1
8
4
ì i
1
$8.000
1
500
1,200
i
1
1,200
it
6 s
1
£„•
0|
11
!§ ?
¿3(2
ii
$465
1
400
4
3
120
90
8
2
4
1
¿8
125
25
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1,100
TOO
1.800
1,000
1,200
10
60
1
40
1
to
1*
11
o3 oO
500
5
5
4
•¿ÙÒ
1,0110
2,200
0
5
2
100
100
40
25
50
100
1
M
00
00
00
00
$15 80
104 50
8 80
2 00
Collected for C h ord
Building and Repaii
1
'i
g
1
jj
1881 .
Collected for Selfsupport.
g
A
s
s
Cm
é
Children
C IR C U IT O E S T A T IO N .
Baptized.
A
FOR
Collected for other
Benevolent Societies
D A K O T A M IS S IO N
Debt on Churches,
Parsonages, and oil
Property.
S T A T IS T IC S O F T H E
$877
1.075
565
362
225
290
00
00
80
50
00
00
$1,400
80
750
90
302 00
*406
l ’. ióò
400
1,250
l ’ éóó
** ’ *
1
» ...
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
T o ta l................................................
?0)
L a s t y e a r ..........................................................................
10
14
50
28
81
19
’ STT
18
12
10
IR , TUO
T
2.TOO
1.180
70 95
$ 9 ,2 6 7 80
4 2 78
92 2S 1
$ S ,S20
0,100
i 8 8 i .]
269
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
INDIAN T E R RITO RY .
Commenced in 1879.
B IS H O P H U R S T
J. M.
N . J.
E
has
I l if f ,
p is c o p a l
S
u p e r v is io n
.
Superintendent.
B u rton ,
M issionary.
mission, as explained in our last year’s report, differs
from our other Indian Missions in being administered by the
Board as a foreign mission, and not by a Conference. W e
present the following report from the Superintendent:
T
h is
It would be desirable to give a full report of our Church interests and
opportunities in that vast country known as the Indian Territory, but,
owing to the limited means set apart to that work, I have been able to
gather information only from a small portion of said Territory. Yet, dur­
ing the year, I have visited ten different tribes of Indians. and traveled
quite extensively throughout the north-eastern portion of the country.
I also have letters from persons in the southern portion of the Territory
soliciting help and the extension of our work into their country. A part
of these applications are in the interest of the colored people in the Choc­
taw Nation, where many of them were once in slavery.
In the Cherokee Country a bitter jealousy still exists among our Meth­
odist people. Many of them served in the Rebel army, and are enjoying
themselves in the Church South, while others were in the Union army,
and now prefer to remain outside, rather than affiliate with said Church.
This is especially the case near the borders of Missouri and Arkansas.
I have arranged with two local preachers in Arkansas to preach in the
Territory at two places where the people had been loyal during the war,
and they report some interest in their work.
The Southern Methodists and the Baptists are each working with some
success with the Cherokees.
The Seneca tribe are hard to Christianize; the Friends, however, to
some extent, are overcoming their prejudices. They have been very suc­
cessful with the Modoc tribe, and nearly all of them are in the Society of
Friends.
The Ottówas, Peorías, Weas, and Miamis are generally of the Baptist
faith, and the Osages, if any thing, are Catholics.
Our field for successful labor is with the Wyandottes, Shawnees, and
Quapaws in this agency and in certain localities in the Cherokee and Choc­
taw Nations, but especially in this agency, and more especially with the
Wyandottes, where God has so signally blessed the labors of the past, and
where the true spirit of Methodism is so deeply fixed in their hearts.
Many of our old hymns have been translated into their language, and
they sing them with spirit and with power.
270
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l8 8 l.
They are worthy of our best service and care, and I feel that it would
show ingratitude now to neglect them.
The Friends have charge under the agency of the school at Wyandotte
Mission, but at other points in the agency two devoted members of
our Church are appointed’ as teachers, one at the Miami school, and the
other at the Ouapaw Mission school. The fruit of the latter appointment
is seen in the organization of a Sunday-school, while the first teacher
referred to has organized, and is conducting, a Sunday-school without
other aid as yet.
The Church at Wyandotte Mission is having some prosperity under
the labors of Rev. N. J. Burton. He has received three members into
the Church here, and two at Quapaw Mission. The number was twentyone at last report, some of them probationers ; two were dropped, two
were dismissed by letter, and one deceased. While the members are the
same the membership is better, and all are full members.
The elderly Wyandotte people are Methodists, those that are Christians,
and their children are favorable to our Church; but before we can ac­
complish much with the young people, they must feel that we are going
to remain with them. They look upon this year as only an experiment
with us, and our opponents and rivals try to inculcate that idea among them.
The Wyandottes are talking about the support of the ministry, have
elected their stewards, and are desirous of helping if they only had the
ability. They have promised to raise their assessment for missions, which
is $25 ; but they are poor, and their crops this year nearly an entire fail­
ure, and I fear they will not be able to raise the full amount.
Certain statistics of this Mission are given on page 242.
M i s s i o n s a n d A p p r o p r i a t i o n s .— W y a n d o tte , $500.
M
O N T A N A .
Commenced in
BISH O P W IL E Y
has
1864,
E p is c o p a l S u p e r v is io n .
M issionaries.
F r a n c is A . R ig g in ,
J. j . G a r v i n , Butte.
Superintendent, F ish Creek.
G e o r g e C o m f o r t , B o ze m a n .
H ugh D uncan,
Sheridan and Jefferson Valley.
S a m u e l E . W i n g e r , H e le n a .
M. J. H a l l , Sun River.
A . S h a n n o n , Virginia City.
M. O . M ’N i f f , Miles City.
W il l ia m
O l i i } W . M i n t z e r , D illo n .
F. L . T
uttle
,
Fort B e n to n .
i88i
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
.]
271
L o c a l P r e a c h e r s actin g as Supplies«
L. C. A
ley,
Lemhi; P .
0
., Junction, Idaho.
M ission ary a t L a r g e .
W . W . V a n O r s d e l ; P. 0 ., F ish Creek.
W e here give the Superintendent’s report:
in t r o d u c t io n .
The following comparative summary, drawn from the statistical returns
for the years 1880 and 1881, will indicate the progress of the mission in
some of its most important interests since my last annual report:
1880 .
1881.
Increase. Decrease.
xo
A ssistan t M issionaries..........................................................
307
49
505
16
16
600
3,600 00
79 25
126 00
1,195 00
2
356
44
540
13
24
18
49
719
119
35
X
$30,000 00
D e b t on churches, parsonages, and oth er p r o p e r ty ..
1
1
2
100 00 $1 100 00
6,500 00
2,900 00
72 06
*38 35
3,801 76
3*964 25
12 35
1,506 76
2,769 25
This statement is worthy of the most careful study on the part of every
lover of the missionary cause, and is here presented with great gratitude
to our kind heavenly Father for his continued presence with us in our
mission work.
W e call attention to the following facts which it demonstrates :
1. The proportionably large increase in nearly every particular: a, In
the number of missionaries, assistant missionaries, and native local preach­
ers ; b, In the combined total of members and probationers; c, In the
number of Sabbath-schools and scholars ; d, In the number of churches
and parsonages, and their valuation ; e, Especially in amount contributed
for self-support, and church building and repairing.
2. The increase of debt is more than covered by subscriptions taken on
the day of dedication of Butte Church, which are considered reliable, and
other reliable subscriptions, and in cash in hand on Lemhi and Salmon
City Circuit, not reported in time for statistical report.
3. The decrease of missionary collection is also only apparent, and due
to incomplete returns in time for report.
4. For every dollar of missionary money expended in the mission in the
interim of the two reports, the members and friends of the circuits or sta­
272
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[I8 8 l.
tions have added nearly four others in contributions to the various insti­
tutions and property of the Church, and in reliable subscriptions in hand.
Those who study missionary operations from a business stand-point will
be convinced from this that investments for God and Methodism on the
frontier pay in larger returns than ordinary business investments.
5. By far the greatest results of missionary work in the mission are not
seen in the increase of dollars and cents, or in mere statistics. There are
wandering boys here reclaimed, the rescuing of each one of which is worth
to mankind and Methodism all it costs to maintain the entire mission
force. Homes in the Church for newcomers are here maintained of incal­
culable value. Spiritual forces are in operation, manifesting themselves
in revivals of religion, and in the great spirituality of some of our mem­
bers, that cannot be estimated in gold or silver, the results of which will
only be fully revealed in eternity. I am glad of the temporal prosperity
of the mission, but much more of the spiritual. This will show itself ulti­
mately to temporal success. I firmly feel, if we can get the people con­
verted, it is the sure road to self-support.
THE
C IR C U IT S .
I will now mention some facts concerning each of our circuits, which
may be of particular interest to those desiring to know more of the vast­
ness and importance of our mission work.
B utte. Rev. J. J. Garvin, Pastor.
Our beautiful church has been
completed, and was dedicated by Bishop Wiley, July 17, 1880.
On the
day of dedication a subscription of $3,000 was taken, leaving an in­
debtedness of $1,000 on the church and parsonage property. The entire
property has cost nearly $10,000, and is increasing rapidly in value. Butte
is a very prosperous mining center of nearly ten thousand people. It is
now the terminus of the Utah and Northern Railroad, and destined to
become one of the most flourishing cities of the West. Brother Garvin is
very useful.
Bozeman. Rev. George Comfort, Pastor. Our large brick church has
been much improved, and excellent taste displayed in reference to the
interior. The membership of the Church has largely increased. W e
have fine property in this growing agricultural town of fifteen hundred
people. Brother Comfort is getting hold of the community, and is doing
good work.
Jefferson Valley. Rev. Hugh Duncan, Pastor.
Brother Duncan
preaches at Fish Creek, Waterloo, Silver Star, Iron Rod, and Twin
Bridges. This work is principally in agricultural sections, though Silver
Star and Iron Rod are very promising mining localities. The Utah
and Northern Railroad will be completed through the valley very early
next season, and the growth of new towns requires much attention.
Brother Duncan has just closed a revival meeting of great power at Fish
Creek. H e is very prompt in all of his appointments, and energetic in
his work.
I8&J.1
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
273
Helena. Rev. Samuel E. Winger, Pastor. Helena is the capital of
Montana, and is growing very rapidly. It is the proposed junction of the
Utah and Northern Railroad and Northern Pacific Railroad. This charge
suffered greatly in the loss of Rev. S. P. Longstreet, its former pastor, and
was without a pastor for several months until our mission meeting.
Brother Winger has taken a very wise course in the management of the
work, and is now holding a very interesting revival of religion. I antici­
pate the new year will be the most prosperous of its history.
Lem hi and Salmon City. Rev. L. C. Aley, Pastor. This charge is
supporting its pastor and raising funds for church building. It has now
nearly seven hundred dollars in cash, and a prosperous community, in
sympathy with the enterprise, will soon add the necessary amount to com­
plete it, with such Church Extension aid as ought to be granted to aid so
worthy a people. This circuit will probably be divided, and two made
out of it. The work demands it.
M iles City. Rev. M. O. M ’Niff, Pastor. This circuit embraces the
Lower Yellowstone Valley, a region rapidly growing with the progress of
the Northern Pacific Railroad. It has already two prosperous cities, Miles
City and Glendive, the former of two thousand inhabitants, and not a
church of any denomination in all this Yellowstone region of five hundred
miles in length. W e now have a lot of ground, one hundred and fifty by
one hundred and fifty feet free of debt, and Brother M’Niff is energetically
pushing forward a subscription for a church. On my visit there I found
our brother was getting a warm place in the hearts of the people, and
would do grand work for Methodism. He deserves great commendation,
and is worthy of much aid in his heroic stand. May the Lord help him !
Miles City is to be the winter terminus of the Northern Pacific. The im­
portance of this work cannot be overstated.
Sun R iver. Rev. M. J. Hall, Pastor. Our brother has had a prosper­
ous year and done some heroic work. This circuit is wholly on the
plains. In traveling from one appointment to the other during last win­
ter, the severest ever known in that region, th e ' roads were so covered
with snow as to render it impossible to travel them ; and, no other land­
marks visible, he had to resort to the compass, and by land navigation,
worthy of the days of our fathers, he never missed an appointment,
though only able at times to see his compass in facing blinding storms.
He will probably be able to build one or two churches on his large cir­
cuit. He is now having a revival of religion.
V irginia City. Rev. W . A . Shannon, Pastor. Our brother is closing
a most delightful term of three years. Since our last mission meeting he
built, and very nearly paid for, a nice parsonage, the best in the mission
without Church Extension aid, and in a little over a month of time. It is
fine property, and worth $1,500. It will greatly add to his comfort and
the future growth of his charge. From his study window, and on the
ground floor, one can see, nearly one hundred miles away, the snow-capped
peaks of the Big Hole Range. No wonder he has large views of Church
work. His is the banner charge for benevolent collections, and Brother
18
274
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l8 8 l.
Garvin’s Is fo r church building. This is now nearly a self-supporting
charge.
Sheridan. Rev. Olin W . Mintzer, Pastor. Since my last report there
has been built and paid for a church building at Dillon worth over $2,000.
This is a fine circuit, and embraces several flourishing towns. It has been
neglected since our mission meeting on account of its being deprived of
the watchful care of a pastor; but on the arrival of Brother Mintzer, its
newly-appointed pastor, who is expected in a fetv days from Pennsylvania,
it will enter upon a most prosperous career. Our brother comes highly
recommended, and will receive a most cordial welcome.
F o rt Benton. Rev. F. L. Tuttle, of Minnesota, was appointed to this
charge, but, owing to providential hinderances, has been prevented from
coming. He does not expect to be able-to come before spring. Fort
Benton is a town of nearly two thousand people. It is the head of navi­
gation bn the Missouri River, and one of the most prosperous towns in
Montana. W e have church lots in the main part of the town of consid­
erable value.
I desire also, in connection with this detailed statement of our mission
work, to record the heroic work of Rev. W . W . Van Orsdel, who is travel­
ing at large as an evangelist, without any aid from the missionary fund,
and who is of incalculable help to our work. He is acceptable every­
where, and in revival work his long experience in Montana and knowledge
of mountain character render him almost indispensable. He is a man of
God, and his work will be best known in eternity.
It i n e r a n t O b s e r v a t io n s .
A s superintendent I am almost constantly from home. During the
month of August I visited the points nearest my home, and was away
every Sabbath, and started for the Yellowstone, and spent six weeks on
this tour, visiting Bozeman, Crow Agency, and the most important places
on the Upper and Lower Yellowstone, including Fort Custer, where I met
my old friend and brother, Rev. J. H. Macombe, of the Minnesota Con­
ference, now post chaplain at Fort Custer, and his estimable wife, who
are doing a grand work, both among officers and their families and the
soldiers. Methodism is fortunate in having so excellent a representative
at so important a post. It would be well if more o f our Methodist preach­
ers were assigned to chaplancies in the army.
I was much pleased with the improvement I saw at the Crow Agency,
and in the civilization of the Indians. They are actually engaged in farm­
ing. Chiefs who a few years ago were ready for the war-path or the buf­
falo hunt are now living in houses and working on small farms. A much
greater improvement will be manifest in the near future. Agent Keller
and his employés offered to co-operate most fully in missionary work. It
is a fine opening, and ought to be occupied at once.
U n o c c u p ie d G r o u n d .
Allow me to put in a plea for our newer work and unoccupied ground:
I. There are very nearly as many places, and o f as much importance, un­
1881.]
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
275
occupied as are occupied, simply for want of means to assist in their
snpport.
2. Our missionaries now are nearly seven hundred miles apart east and
west, and five hundred miles north and south, with rich, fertile valleys and
mineral lands all the distance between. W e now have large sections of
country as big as whole States where we have no preachers.
3. The tide of emigration has set in. The Utah and Northern Railroad
has been completed far into the central part of the Territory, and is now
branching through the various valleys. The Northern Pacific is now
nearly to Miles City on the east, and will run rapidly up the Yellowstone,
and will reach Missoula from the west in a short time. W e are poorly
prepared for this great work. W e ought to have at least twice the amount
we now get from mission funds.
4. Our making such progress as we have the last year, when other
Churches are entering the same field, and drawing from the same resources,
and dividing the sympathy and support of the people, is remarkable, and
shows great permanency. If it were not for this constant drain all of our
older circuits would be self-supporting and we could go to new fields. A s
it is, we make remarkable gains, and every year enter some new field ; but
the country is growing faster than Church work, and we must have aid, or
fall far below our duty.
5. The Church can form no idea of the importance of our securing
ground for churches, or it certainly would contribute $500 a year to a mis­
sionary whose circuit would be fifty miles long, and embrace several grow­
ing centers of trade. W e can, through our pastors on almost every cir­
cuit, secure property that now has nominal value that will become of
great worth. It is my firm conviction that our real estate, now in trust
for our Church, increases in value every year as much as the entire appro­
priation for the work of the mission.
G e n e r a l C l a im s o f t h e F ie l d .
1. The General Government realizes the needs of new Territories, and
pays in full the salaries of the governors, judges of district courts, legisla­
tors, and gives them all necessary expenses of government. How much
more important that the Church assist liberally in providing for the spirit­
ual wants of the wandering boys on the frontier, and who are making new
homes and building up new States ! Montana has a future promise un­
excelled by any portion of the great West.
2. Could the parents, brothers, and sisters of o u r wandering boys see the
importance of our work, how, with warm hearts and kind words and loving
entreaties, our missionaries hunt up these bright but profligate and stray­
ing ones, I do not doubt but that they would gladly help the benevolent
agencies that send and sustain these missionaries and help build our
churches.
3. Our missionaries are self-denying and industrious. I do not believe
a nobler band of workers are found any where. One brother gave all the
missionary aid he got to his new church. Another, to save a fine property
2 76
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l8 8 l.
for the Church, gave of his hard-earned means nearly $1,000; another, his
credit and largely of his means. A ll of them at times, in their travels
through storms, over mountains of snow, and in heroic deeds, manifest
heroism worthy of their work, and can narrate experiences as thrilling as
Cartwright’s. Notwithstanding these things, we have a hopeful work, are
happy in it, propose to stay with it, are well treated, and have an intelli­
gent and enterprising people among whom to labor. W e can’t leave them.
Years of association attach us to them ; duty constrains us. Some of us
will live and die with them, and on the morning of the glorious resurrec­
tion from these mountain heights and beautiful valleys we will arise with
them and journey together to our home in heaven.
4.
Our mission greatly needs a seminary, which ultimately should grow
into a college. One of the highest monuments that a man of wealth can
rear for benevolence, or in memory of a loved one, is to plant the first
Methodist college in Montana, on one of our beautiful mountain sides.
Many of our girls and boys are compelled to go elsewhere for higher edu­
cation. Another year ought not to close before this much-needed enter­
prise is inaugurated. May the Lord guide us and open the hearts of some
wealthy ones to help u s !
C o n c l u s io n .
W e are much indebted to the Missionary Board and the Corresponding
Secretaries for their most hearty co-operation, and also to the Board of
Church Extension. Our beautiful churches are largely due to them.
They have helped us liberally, and will help us when we need their aid.
Our Bishops have been of untold value to us. Each in his turn has
greatly strengthened us, particularly Bishop Wiley, whose visits two years
in succession have contributed largely to the present efficiency of our
mission. His constant supervision of the work gives to it a wise coun­
selor, and without his co-operation in securing suitable missionaries, and
other invaluable services, we would be at a great loss. Our prayer is that
he may be spared for long years to the Church and our Montana Mission.
Dr. Larew, of New Jersey, accompanied the Bishop on his last visit, and
endeared himself to our people and preachers.
I close my report with gratitude to God for his blessings on us and our
work. During the many years of mission labor in Montana but one has
been called away from our midst by death. Rev. S. P. Longstreet, of
Helena Charge, died a most triumphant death April 9, 1881. He was a
noble man, and his remains are with us— a precious legacy. W ith this
exception we have had unusual health and much prosperity. W e are
now in the midst o f gracious revivals. God’s presence is with us in the
conversion of sinners. W e are trying to plant spiritual Methodism in the
Rocky Mountains,
W e are craving the spirit of our fathers. Pray for us
that this revival flame may spread all over our mission.
MISSIONS AN D APPROPRIATIONS.
Superintendent.................$1,000
B u tte................................
600
Sheridan and B an n ock..
400
Glendale and Jefferson.. $500 I Bozeman............................ $500
H elena
................
800 Virginia C ity...................
800
Sun River and F t. Benton 400 | Missions, 8 ; Money, $5,000.
150
1
$ 8 ,0 0 0
2
1
60
1
8,000
Glendale and Jefferson...................................................
1
1
82
1
8
70
1
8,000
62
5
125
1
1
125
I
7,000
1
14
4
80
4
2
48
1
1
M issoula.............................................................................
M iles C ity ................................................
......
1
80
6
2
600
$10 00
$9 85
$550 00
$1,654 25
45 00
789 71
150 00
2 00
1
1,000
1,200
10 86
219 00
10 00
668 25
60 00
548 50
1
28 Lot.
1
18
8
4
120
1
4,200
2
1
4
100
8
5,500
540
18
•24
18
719
9
$88,200
8
$8,100
$6,500
505
9
16
1C
600
8
80,000
2
2,000
2,700
Sun River and Benton....................................................
1
18
4
40
Virginia City......................................................
1
27
4
60
5
Sheridan a n d Beaverhead ..............
1
57
8
50
Superintendent o f M ission.............................................
1
T ota l........................................................................
10
856
44
Last yea r................................................................
9
807
49
4
1
1
80
1
$4,000
j
Members.
Missionaries.
H elen a ................................................................................
Lem hi and Salmon City.................................................
80
$ 1 ,2 0 0
Collected for Church
Building and R epairing.
1
4
Zz
Collected for Selfsupport.
5
75
1 i
O1
o 'S
Collected for other
Benevolent Societies.
2
6
1
for Missionary
100
49
a
6
o
Collected
Society.
18
1
Z
1
0
Debt on Churches»
Parsonages» and other
Property.
67
1
à
JS
■s
ta
No. of Sabbath
1
fc
1
'I
Estimated Value of
Parsonages.
Estimated Value o f
Churches.
Scholars,
Baptised.
Butte...................................................................................
Bozeman...................................... ...................... .............
C IR C U IT OR STATIO N .
g
J)
3*
8
| Probationers.
| Children
«Î
i
| Adults Baptized.
Average Attendance on
Sunday W orship.
S T A T I S T I C S O F T H E M O N T A N A MISSION FOR 1881 .
500
5 00
1
900
7 20
10 00
25 50
54 00
651 80
200 00
12 00
10 00
880 00
1,900 00
$72 06 $188 85
$3,801 76
$8,964 25
2,295 00
1,195 00
79 25
126 00
278
MISSIONARY REPORT.
NEW
[l8 8 l.
MEXICO.
Commenced in 1850.
B ISH O P BOW M AN
has
E p is c o p a l
S u p e r v is io n .
M issionaries.
T h o m a s H a r w o o d , S u p erin ten d en t.
H.
H . H a c k n e y , S a n ta F 6 . D . W . P o t t e r , S o c o r r o .
D. M. B r o w n , Las Vegas.
J. A. C a l l e n , Raton.
N. H . G a l e , Albuquerque.
E. L. A l l e n , Silver City.
L. F r a m p t o n , Cayote.
Ciruilita and Red River.
Gallina and Ocute.
M . M a t t h i e s o n , Peralta.
B e n it o G a r c ia ,
Pa b l o Sa l a z a r ,
J u a n G a r c i a , M a n z a n a a n d J oy a .
B l a s G u t ie r r a s ,
Val Verde.
S o m e notice of the early history of this work was given in
last year’s report. T h e material prospects o f the Territory
grow now with each year, though the increase of population
is not yet rapid. T h e Southern Pacific Railroad, now opened,
and the advancing Mexican railroads, must soon tell effectually
upon this region. T h e people are progressing in the matter of
self-support for Church work. T he Orphanages, which were
established as an experiment a few years ago, constituted a
work possessing much interest, especially for the superintend­
ents and teachers engaged in them ; yet, in view of all the cir­
cumstances, the Board have thought it best to discontinue
them.
T h e Superintendent sends the following report:
G E N E R A L S T A T IS T IC S .
American missionaries.....................................................................
g
M e x ic a n m issio n a rie s..........................
5
A m e r ic a n te ach e rs..........................................................................................
5
American preach ing places.............................................................
15
Mexican preaching places...............................................................
16
Ameriean churches dedicated.................................................
3
Mexican churches dedicated...........................................................
4
Mixed churches dedicated...............................................................
3
Others in process of erection................................................ . . . .
3
American members and probationers............................................ 175
Mexican members and probationers.............................................. 305
Day schools.....................................................................................
7
Day-school scholars...................................................
211
Sunday-schools...............................................................................
15
Sunday-school scholars.................................................................... ’ 675
1 881 .]
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
279
I. T H E R E G U L A R W O RK .
I.
THE
E N G L IS H
W ORK.
Santa Fe, (City of the Holy Faith.) This is the stronghold of Roman­
ism in New Mexico. There reside the archbishop, the vicar-general, and
several Roman Catholic priests. There, the Catholic Brothers have a col­
lege, the Sisters their convent and hospital, and the Church has a cathe­
dral and several smaller churches.
A t the time of my last report Rev. H. H. Hall was there organizing the
work and building a church. He finished up a neat church building, had
all his Church work in good condition, when his health failed, and he was
compelled to retire from the field. Like .a brave warrior, however, he held
his post until his successor was appointed. A t his last appointment he
fell in the pulpit, and would likely have died in a few minutes had he not
had medical aid.
H.
H. Hackney, of the W est Wisconsin Conference, succeeds Brother
Hall, and so far is doing well. Our work here so far is all English. The
congregations are good. The Sunday-school is well attended. The
finances are looked after, and the preacher’s support pledged, with a small
aid from mission funds. The membership is small, but it is a working
Church, and we think a bright future is before it. The little church groans,
however, under the burden of $1,200 assumed to be raised during the com­
ing year for preacher’s salary, current expenses, Sunday-school, Church
Extension debt, and repairs.
L as Vegas. The city papers style this “ the Metropolitan Town ot
New Mexico.” D. M. Brown, of the North Indiana Conference, succeeds
D. W . Calfee, who left us and engaged in the American Bible Society
work as a colporteur, and went to Arizona. Brother Brown is bringing
the work up grandly. His report at his last quarterly meeting showed
much work done outside of the Sunday appointments. This, by the way,
is very essential in a country like this, where strangers are coming in all
the time. The following extract from one of his letters will indicate the
true character of his w ork :
“ When I came to this place, October 29, 1 found twenty-four names on
the church-roll. Seven of these had gone from the town to live, at least
for a while. During these four weeks we have received into the Church
ten by letter and two from probation. W e are hoping, praying, and work­
ing for a great ingathering. To obtain this we are seeking the presence
of the Holy One, a most thorough organization, and a most energetic
movement of the Church. With the great assistance you rendered us
while here, Brother Harwood, in securing a good number of pledges to
aid financially in supporting the Church, and with energy and system in
this department, wre expect success. Our Sunday-school now numbers
fifty-four, and is rising. W e are asking the Lord’s blessing to rest upon
this entire mission and its superintendent.” Later he writes: “ W e now
have 40 members and 4 probationers, an average congregation of about
120, and a Sunday-school of 70 scholars.” This work, like the work at
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l88l.
Santa F6, is purely American. W e ought to be doing some Spanish work
in both places, as the major part of the population is Mexican, but so far
it has not been practicable to attend to more than the English work.
Raton. This is a new town, and really is the gateway into N ew Mex­
ico. It is yet hardly a year old. J. A. Callen is in charge. He took
charge in August last, and organized a class of twenty-six August 19. He
had charge of the work at Tiptonville, and for a while kept up the appoint­
ments at both places. He is doing a grand work. He attended the
Austin Conference at its session at Fort Worth, on the 29th of November,
and was ordained a deacon by Bishop Warren. He speaks hopefully of
his work, as follows :
“ W e have just organized our Sunday-school. Ninety-six were present
last Sunday. W e have had to move into larger quarters for our services.
The congregations are increasing all the time. W e have now a hall,
twenty-five by forty feet. Will soon commence building a church, thirtytwo by fifty feet, of stone. W e are holding prayer-meetings around at the
houses this week every night, observing the Week of Prayer. The Lord
is blessing us most wonderfully; praise his great and glorious name ! ”
New Albuquerque. Brother Gale has had a year of hard work and
struggle, organizing Church work, and erecting a church-building. He
has his new church, thirty by fifty feet, built after Church Extension
plans and designs, up, and is now occupying i t ; but owing to indebted­
ness has not yet dedicated it. A t his last quarterly meeting he had re­
ceived some fourteen members and four probationers into the Church.
The debt of $1,000 is now worrying him badly, and there are some fears
we may not be able to save the church. His Sunday-school was in fine
condition at my last visit there, and numbered that day seventy-six. New
Albuquerque is fast building up, but the people have not taken hold of
Church work quite as well as at some other points.
Silver City. This work is now in charge of Rev. E. L. Allen, late
from Fort Collins, Colorado Conference. He succeeds Rev. E. H. Brooks,
and took charge in June last.
The people seem well pleased with their new preacher. A ll the interests
of the Church have revived. The preacher, however, like many others in
this far-off field, including the superintendent, is pressed in finances.
Living is extremely high in this Territory. The railroad reduces the prices
of a few articles of living, but raises others.
The extremes of high
prices meet in our Territory, as it is about the half-way point between
the East and West, from which our products are mostly brought.
Our people at all of these points are struggling toward self-support of
the ministry. The highest membership at any of these points is forty,
yet not one of them will be able to get through the year with less than
$1,000, including current expenses of the Church, church improvements,
Sunday-school, and their part o f the preacher’s salary. Silver City, with
a membership of twelve, have shouldered for 1882 about as many hun­
dred dollars. O f course we expect those outside to assist. Brother Allen
and his trustees, finding rents so high, and the people so poorly prepared
1 881.]
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
28i
to pay one half of the entire support of the pastor, resolved to purchase
a parsonage and thus save to the Church the rent. They purchased a
property for $1,200. The ladies raised at a festival $300 to apply on the
same. These people ought to be helped on this parsonage property.
W e do believe, with all respect and almost reverence for the sacred funds
of the Missionary Society, that our people in this country, where prices
are so extremely high, ought to be aided in the erection of houses for
your missionaries. The writer of this report came near losing his sight
writing and reading in a dark, cheerless, rented adobe house in Santa Fe,
during a few weeks of leisure time at home. W e rented a cheap house
so as to have more funds to extend our work. I do believe also that our
preachers are doing more work, and on less expense to our Missionary
Board, than those of any other denomination. I further believe that our
preachers are collecting more money from their people to carry on their
work, ten to one, than those of any other denomination.
W hite Oaks. W e have had no one here yet. I have preached there
myself a few tim es; had good congregations. W e ought to have some
one there. Some Wilmington bankers have made a very liberal con­
ditional offer of $2,000 for the erection of a good, respectable churchbuilding. Also the same firm, $500 for part pay toward the support of
the ministry. W e are watching the place.
Georgetown and D em ing's. These places would make a fine work for
some active preacher. Brother Allen occupies these occasionally, as they
are adjacent to his work at Silver City. He may be able to hold them
this year. W e would occupy them at once if we had the men and the
means. W e had an eye to all this unoccupied work when we made
our appeal to your last general meeting.
2.
T H E M IX E D W O R K .
Tiptonville. This work, with a few of the following-named places, we
called mixed, because it is part English and part Mexican.
Rev. J. A . Callen, who is now at Raton, was in charge at this place
until he went to Raton.
Since that time we have had no regular
preaching. I have preached there m yself; also Bro. Callen a few times;
also Brother Frampton, from Cayote. This place takes in Watrous,
which is two miles away and on the railroad, and a few other places.
The Sunday-schools, however, are kept up at Tiptonville. The people
at Watrous want a church-building put up. They will give us the lots
and help us to build.
Cayote. This is a small place up at what might be called the foot of
the mountains, and some twenty miles from the railroad. It is an im­
portant place, because it is the center to quite a farming and grazing
country occupied mostly by Mexican people; also some mining and
American trading. Rev. L. Frampton is in charge of the work at this
place. He speaks good Spanish. He was converted with us here, and
felt called to the work of the ministry. He was ordained a deacon by
Bishop Bowman at our last Conference at Socorro, and holds his Confer­
282
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l88l.
ence relation in the Colorado Conference. W e have a church-building
and a parsonage at that place. He has had to make some repairs. Did
most of the work with his own hands.
Socorro. This is destined to be probably one of the first places in New
Mexico. The place is well located on the Rio Grande, is said to be the
center of some sixteen mining districts, and is not far from the geograph­
ical center of the Territory.
Rev D. W . Potter is in'charge of the American work at that place, and
Rev. Benito Garcia had been in charge of the Spanish work, both occupy­
ing the same church at different hours. The Mexican people, being few,
seemed hardly to justify the keeping a native preacher there. Conse­
quently Brother Benito Garcia was removed to Ciruilita, his former place,
and Rev. Bias Gutierras, of V al Verde, will fill the appointment occasion­
ally, or, perhaps, about once a month.
Brother Potter has received into the Church some thirteen persons.
Had seventy-five present at the Sunday-school. The work is growing
finely.
3.
T H E M E X IC A N W O R K .
C iruilita and R ed River. Benito Garcia is back again to this field,
and starts in with renewed vigor. W e hope the work will come up. The
first-named place is about six miles west of the railroad, and the same
distance west of Pinkerton, a new post-office on the road. Red River is
about twenty miles east of the road.
Gallina and Ocute. Rev. Pablo Salazar is in charge of this work. A t
our last quarterly meeting we had nearly a hundred persons present.
Quite a number were Roman Catholics. Forty-seven communed with us.
Ten united with us on probation. A ll this congregation were Mexican
except two. Brother Salazar is a live preacher.
P eralta. This work is now in charge of Rev. M. Matthieson, who had
long been at Socorro. He went into the American Bible Society work as
Superintendent for New iftexico and Arizona. He came back to us at
our last Mission Conference, and was appointed by Bishop Bowman in
charge of the work at this place. He is doing, as usual, a good work.
M anzano and L a Joyo. This work is still in charge of Brother Juan
Gracia. Manzano is east of the Rio Grande, and up in the mountains.
L a Joyo is down in the Rio Grande valley. The work moves slowly at
these places.
V al Verde. This place is in charge of Brother Bias Gutierras. We
have frequently written up this place with all others of our Mexican work,
and a glance must now suffice. We have a neat parsonage at this place
and a small piede of land belonging thereto.
Las Cruces. This place, with Dona Ana, Palomas, and Hillsborough,
is in charge of Rev. Marcos Barila. He has a good work. It is de­
veloping quite well. W e have lost by death during the year four mem­
bers, one of whom was Brother York, of Silver City, killed by the In­
dians.
i 88i .J
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
283
II. O U R SCHOOL W O RK .
La Junta M ission School. This is the oldest school in our mission.
It is now in its thirteenth year. It is located at Tiptonville, a small town
two miles distant on the railroad, and the same distance from its rival
town Watrous, and about one mile from its rival Jesuit school on the op­
posite side of-the Moro River.
These counter influences draw heavily upon the school, and have made
it necessary (with the change of teachers also) to apply a small amount
of mission funds to aid the teachers. The school is doing well, however,
and now bids fair to pass its transit and in a few years to shine with
brighter luster among schools of like grade than ever before.
Mr. J. C. Holmes and his wife are the teachers. They have a good
school. I glean from his report the following facts in reference to the
monthly attendance of the scholars. The whole number in attendance
in December was 36. The average was 35. Of these 36 scholars, 12
were Mexicans ; a few were mixed, and the balance pure Americans.
Cayote. This school has been taught during the year by two different
teachers. The present teacher is Mrs. M. S. Cutter, a lady capable of
teaching in almost any of the high-schools East. She has a good school,
but not large. The school is mixed. About one half are native children.
The school has been kept up about nine months of the year.
L a Gallina. The school at this place has been kept up during a part
of the year by Saul Padeka and his wife. They had a very good school.
The parents were not very well pleased with it, because they preferred an
American teacher. Brother Saul and his wife speak very good English.
He was educated in our mission school at Tiptonville. He reads and
writes very well in E nglish; understands geography, arithmetic, and
Spanish grammar very well. He only attended our mission school about
two years. His wife attended a Roman Catholic convent about seven
years. Their education is about equal. It is strange what a preference
our Protestant Mexican people have for American teachers, and I might
say American preachers.
San M iguel. W e opened a school at this place during the early part
of the spring. It cost about seventy dollars, but this was paid by the
good people at Shaunee Mound, Ind., principally by the Meharry brothers.
The design was to sustain a first-class school at this place; but the place
being almost wholly Romanistic and Mexican, we thought best to aban­
don the enterprise, as but very few scholars attended.
Peralta .— W e have at this place quite an extensive church and school
property. The same is true of all the other school points, but especially
at Peralta, Tiptonville, and Socorro. The school was taught in the early
part of the year by Rev. L. Frampton, who was then in charge of the
mission. Since July 1 Rev. M. Matthieson has had charge of the mission,
and also has taught the school since about September. The school is
doing well. All are natives.
Socorro,— The school at this place was taught in the earjv oart of the
284
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[l88l.
year by Mrs. Harwood and Mrs. Fulton. Since September last it has
been in charge of Mrs. Hulda Foot Moore, an experienced teacher from
Chicago, assisted by a Mr. Shaw. The school has been well attended,
and the scholars have made fine progress.
V al Verde.— There was no school at this place during the year past.
W e had a school there during a part of the year 1880, taught by Miss
Juanita Harwood. The people at Val Verde often speak in praise of the
school and their little school marm.
The opening of our schools makes a new era for these people. The
children not only enjoy it, but the old folks gather around, and the neigh­
bors gather in to hear the children read English. W e have secured a
good lady teacher for this place for 1882. It is Miss Mary Webber, of
Santa F6.
L as Cruces.— The school in this place is in charge of Miss A . L. Hilton,
who formerly taught at Peralta. The school is not large, but seemed to
be doing well. For the average attendance of these schools see the sta­
tistical tables at the end of this report.
These schools are doing a slow but grand missionary work. I think
our lady teachers, as a rule, are doing more real missionary work in their
schools and Sunday-schools than our gentlemen teachers do. If the
Missionary Board can only continue these schools a few years, I think it
will be a fruitful work. A mission school with forty, fifty, or sixty schol­
ars may seem like a small affair, but a few years only will develop
important results. When Mrs. Harwood and myself were in charge of
our school at Tiptonville we often felt discouraged, but as small as the
school was, and as short as the time has been since the school ,was first
opened, the results are certainly encouraging. W e find scholars from
this school, now grown up to mature life, more or less in all parts of the
Territory. A few have already become professional men ; some are
clerks in stores, merchants, mechanics, farmers, and stockmen. About
fifty have married and settled down in life, and almost without an excep­
tion they are honest, industrious, energetic, and for the most part Chris­
tian men and women.
Our regular work and school work have never been more promising
than they now are. W e have no debts upon our church or school prop­
erty, except at New Albuquerque, that are at all alarming. W e owe a few
loans to the Board of Church Extension. W e are under many obliga­
tions to said Board for aid on nearly all our church-buildings in the
mission.
MISSIONS AND APPROPRIATIONS.
Superintendent...................$1,000 Manzano............................. $800 Tiptonville.........................
¡jo0
Debt at T ip to n v ille
414 V al V e r d e .........................
400 Circuilita and Galena —
D ebt at S o c o rr o ..............
686 Silver C ity .........................
600 Coyote .....................
Peralta...............................
Support o f School............ 1.023 Traveling E xp enses
621
Boys’ Orphanage.............
834 Superintendent’s B e n t... 150 Socorro..............................
Santa F 6 ............................
800 Moving & other Expenses 859 Lax Cruces......................
Albuquerque......................
800 Las V e g a s .........................
600 Missions, 20 ; Money, $11,91«*
S T A T IS T IC S O F T H E N E W
M E X IC O M IS S IO N F O R
1881.
•S'c
IOos
I
*!
•5A
C IR CU IT OE STATIO N .
101
Zl
in
.1 g
wo
English Work.
Santa F 6 .....................................
75
100
70
65
125
100
120
Las V eg u s...................................
Raton and Springer................
N ew A lb u q u erq u e..................
Silver C ity, G eorgetown, etc.
W hite O ak s...............................
$5,000
4.000
120
110
Mixed Work.
T ip tonville and W a t r o u s ....
10
('».Vote.....................................
Socorro..................................
¡SS*
3t, Cm
800
$1,500
4,600
5.000
Í.8ÓÓ
4.000
1,500
5.000
1,(100
1,000
1,000
og
$25
15
25
$ 8 000
1,000
3:3
oa
oca
260
$2,500
600
250
250
1,600
400
93
S
9
01
08
210
120
450
l’ÓÓÓ
450
M exican Work.
La C iru ilita...............................
1,300
La G ill lina..............................
Peralta.....................................
Manzano and L a J o y a ............
Vnl V erde...................................
Las Cruces, Dona A na, e tc ..
Superintendent.......................
T o ta l................................
Lust year..........................
75
100
100
50
100
100
1,000
1,200
17
800
659
234
180
867
2,000
2,600
l’ÓÓÓ
1,066
1,000
600
5.000
$9.900
4,000
5.000
$9,000
12,500
$3.800
1,558
$155
160
¡,445
900
O.B
.5'»
2»ö
$5,525
4,700
286
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[ l 88l.
UTAH.
Commenced in 1870.
BISH O P W IL E Y
E p isco pa l S u p er visio n .
h as
M issionaries»
L. A.
, Salt Lake City.
Corresponding Secretary and Treasurer.
G. M. P i e r c e , East Salt Lake City.
T . B. H i l t o n , W est Salt Lake City.
A . W . A d k i n s o n , Ogden and Corinne.
J. P. M o r r i s , Tooelle.
G
R
u d is il l
eorge
.E . J a y n
e
, P rovo.
W . J. B o n h a m , Spanish Fork Circuit,
E. S m i t h , Beaver and Minersville.
D. T. H e d g e s , Frisco and Milford.
H. D. F i s h e r , Dist. Supt. A. B. Society.
T e a c h e r s in D a y -S c h o o ls.
S a il Lake Seminary.— T. B. Hilton, T . W . Lincoln, Miss Ida Bard well,
Miss Mary Wheelock.
Ogden Seminary*— A. W . Adkinson, Miss Rebecca Daily, Miss Lizzie
Stephens.
Provo Sem inary.— W . J. Bonham, George E. Jayne.
Tooelle Sem inary.— J. P. Morris, Mrs. N. Morris, Miss Mary Hamond.
Beaver Seminary.— E. Smith, one to be supplied.
T h e dangers arising from the continued vigor and spread
of Mormonism are so well known, being brought now, in a
political way, to the attention of the whole country, that we
will not enlarge upon them here. Our mission in U tah is
doing effective work, and yet we are surpassed in outlay of
money and force b y some other denominations. O ur mis­
sionaries in this field are engaged in a brave struggle with
fanaticism, evil passions, and persecution. T h ey should re­
ceive all sym pathy from the Church, and their calls for help
should be heeded. T h e energy displayed in an evil cause
should be met b y superior energy in behalf of Christian truth.
W e commend to attention the following report from Rev.
L. A . R u d is ill:
From the Statistical Reports of 1880, and those of the y e a r n o w closing,
we make the following summary, which will show the progress made in
some of the important interests since the last annual report:
i88i.]
287
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
1880.
1881.
131
M3
44
257
472
8
S35
29
6
58 s
Increase. Decrease.
15
215
5°
$67,700 00
2,750 00
49 00
7,750 00
910 00
$700 00
4,850 00
143 75
52 00
5,450 00
i,359 00
2,3°7 95
$150 00
94 75
36 00
44Q 00
z,3°7 95
2,300 00
* D ecrease caused b y closing o f a sch ool at S ilv e r C ity for the w in te r ; cause, suspension o f
work during winter.
This statement demonstrates the following facts:
1. An increase of twenty-five per cent, in the working force.
2. An increase in the membership, notwithstanding a heavy loss by
death and removals.
3. A marked improvement in our finances, as shown in the reduction
of $2,300 in church indebtedness; an increase of $130 75 in the benevo­
lent collections, and by the contribution of $3,666 for other purposes.
Utah has a population of 143,000; of this number about 110,000 are
adherents of Mormonism ; only a small per cent, of the remaining 33,000
take an interest in establishing Christian homes, and the destruction of
Mormonism and its foul system of polygamy. Thousands of persons are
brought annually from the Old World to swell the ranks of Mormonism.
It is a sad picture to contemplate, and one to which pen cannot do justice.
The story of Mormonism, its crimes and wrongs, should arouse the Chris­
tian people to action.
Our church and school work is carried on against the most bitter oppo­
sition of the Mormon leaders, who publicly and privately denounce our
missionaries, and warn their people against sending their children to our
day or Sabbath schools. A few quotations taken from the addresses of
some of the leaders will be sufficient to show the extent of this opposition.
At a Sabbath evening service, in Salt Lake City, President Joseph F.
Smith said : “ I would rather my children were allowed to play in a yard
where there is an open w ell; I would rather my children were allowed to
play about where the rattlesnake was known to be; and would rather
concentrated lye was sown broadcast in my nursery or my kitchen, than
hear of them growing up and sent to the schools of these outsiders. ’
Apostle (?) Lyman said in a public address, after exhorting his hearers
not to allow their children to attend one of our schools: “ I would rather
bury my children than send them to a Gentile school.”
One of our teachers, while on his way to the school-house, was pointed
out as " A Methodist.” A t another time, while passing along the street,
some one cried, “ There goes a Methodist.” On another occasion, when
288
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[ l 88 l.
accompanied by his family, as he passed by the “ Zion’s Co-op. Store,” some
one remarked, “ There goes Jesus Christ and his family.” A t another
time he was pointed out as “ Satan.” A gentleman, seeing the error of
Mormonism, renounced it, and united with one of our Churches. He was
discharged from his situation, and was so bitterly persecuted that he
shortly afterward left the city, taking his Church letter with him. Young
men have been disowned and abused by their parents for seeking Christ
and uniting with one of our Churches. I know of a case where a son was
refused a home for himself and family by his mother, because he forsook
Mormonism for Methodism. It was witl\ great difficulty that he could
get a room to move into. His determination to stand for Christ cost him
dearly, yet he rejoices in the midst of his persecutions. Our missionaries
are slandered and charged with foul crimes by the Mormon press. These
are a few of the discouragements and difficulties we have to contend
against in this work.
T h e laws of the land forbid polygamy, and yet polygamous marriages
are constantly taking place in the secrecy of the “ endowment house.” It
is almost impossible to prove a plural marriage. Perjury has been re­
sorted to to prevent justice. W e have the following case on record : A
plural wife, in Salt Lake City, under oath, before a grand jury, denied that
she had ever known the man who was her husband, and when asked who
was the father of the child she was holding upon her knees, said, “ I do not
know.”
The following is a brief outline of the work :
S a lt Lake City. The past year has been one of debt paying and church
improvements. Chaplain M ’Cabe finished paying the $40,000 assumed
by him some years ago. A claim of several years’ standing, and amounting
to over $200, was paid last August. The pastor has arranged with J. D.
Blake, Esq., for the donation of a note of $800 held by him ; this leaves
only $300 of the old indebtedness to be provided for. W e expect during
next year to remove all the indebtedness. During the past few months
improvements amounting to $800 have been made on the church property.
The society increased its benevolent collections from $15 50, reported in
1880, to $82 25, being an average of over $1 per member. Class, prayer, and
young people’s meetings are held weekly. W e are growing spiritually.
T h e seminary, under the charge of Professor T. B. Hilton, is moving
along pleasantly and successfully. The Ladies’ Home Missionary Society
will erect next spring a $5,000 building for a boarding department of the
school. It will be a three-story brick. By this time next year Professor
Hilton expects to report the school property free from debt. The faculty of
the seminary is second to none in the territory. During the year there were
enrolled 4 Mormon children, 80 children of parents who had apostatized
from Mormonism, and 49 Gentile children.
Improvements have been
made in the school-rooms, adding very much to the success of the school.
Ogden and Corinne. Last March, at his request, Rev. G. B. Hyde was
released from the pastorate of this charge, and Rev. A . W . Adkinson ap­
pointed as his successor. Brother Adkinson arrived at his work in April,
i 88 i.J
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
289
and met with a hearty reception from his people. A school building has
been erected in the rear of the Ogden church. It is a one-story adobe,
thirty-three by twenty-four feet, with two rooms connected by a tempo­
rary partition. The design is to put on another story in the future, and
have two large school-rooms. The cost of the building ^ as $600. A
night and day-school are carried on under Brother Adkinson’s supervis­
ion. The benevolent collections were advanced from $17 to $45.
Tooelle. A t this point our work is chiefly among the young people and
the children. The school work has been encouraging. The roll for the
past scholastic year shows that there were fifty-two Mormon children,
twenty-three children of parents who had apostatized from Mormonism,
and ten Gentile chik^en, attending the school; a total of eighty-five. A
gentleman (Mormon) on being informed of the success of the school said :
“ It is strange how many go to your school, when there is so much preach­
ing against it.” Brother Morris is having an addition put on to the
church to accommodate the demands of the school. It will consist of a
hall and a school-room fourteen by twenty-four feet, with a fourteen feet
ceiling. Probable cost, $350. There will be no debt contracted.
Provo. This charge was visited with a gracious revival of religion.
Some of the conversions were from the ranks of Mormonism. Brother
Jayne will expend about one hundred dollars on repairs on the church
and parsonage property. During the summer months, while mining
operations are carried on at Silver City, an official of Bro. Jayne’s church
conducts a Sabbath-school at that point, with an attendance of about fifty.
The enrollment of*the day-school at Provo for the past year was : Mormon
children, 12; children of apostates, 42 ; Gentile children, 27 ; total, 79.
Beaver. The school enrollment for the past year was 53 Mormon
children, 49 children of apostates, and 7 Gentiles; total 109. The suc­
cess of our school work has, doubtless, aroused the Mormons, for they
are erecting a good two-story brick school-house. A number of young
people are deeply interested in their personal salvation, but opposition at
home has prevented them from coming out fully for Christ. This charge
suffered great loss by removals, and the discontinuance of probationers,
hence reports this year a decrease of over 100 per cent, in the membersship.
Frisco. This is a new charge, organized last April by Rev. D. T.
Hedges. It has a membership of eighteen. A small parsonage property
has been purchased and paid for. Since the organization of this charge
the Mormons have erected a church, and the Catholics sent a priest to
the town, so that bitter opposition has met us in our work. Brother
Hedges teaches the District School, and has eighty-one scholars enrolled.
Interesting prayer and temperance meetings are sustained.
MISSIONS AND APPROPRIATIONS.
8alt Lake School
$600 Ogden................................ $750 Bingham............................ $300
Tooele...................................
500Treasurer’s traveling ex­
Ogden Sch oo l......................
400
100
Provo.....................................
750 penses .
Tooele School......................
100,
550Missions. 9 ; Schools, 5 ; Grand
Provo Sch o o l......................
200B e a v e r.................................
Beaver School.....
2001F risc o ..............................................
500 Total, $4,700.
Salt L a k e ................... .
1,000iBlackfeet .........................
250
19
7
8
1
8
31
Tooele..................
1
8
8
Provo..................
2
2
21
16
Beaver..................
1
2
6
2
70
Frisco..................
1
11
7
100
Blackfoot.............
1
Bingham..............
1
T o ta l...............
11
14
8
Last year.......
8
9
8
44
29
£
¡5
II
Id
1
188
1
150
1
$55.000
60
1
GC
1
70
2
5.500
80
1
85
2
55
1
1,500
75
1
79
1
100
1
2,000
1
109
1
60
1
2,500
1
75
1
23
4
40
143
181
è
465
590
11
5
472
8
4
5
257
6
585
585
1
500
7
7
$67,000
67,700
i
£-•
f f
wo.
$100
i
500
i
250
t£~*E
•o 8
•S'S *
gtnos
00.01
$4,000
$8,500
$51 25
$80 00
$380
$50«
COO
200
45 00
250
250
5 00
1,500
10 00
fi
J-o
1 S
6 Í Ik.
g§&
| | |
8 00
*5
II
Current Expenses,
Insurance, etc«
1
Ogden and Corinne
8
li
b|
100
4
êim
*J.
11
8
S
!
Collected for Selfsupport.
71
Balt Lake C ity __
fc
1
'S
1
Collected for other
Benevolent Societies.
S
a
At
1
s£t
Î
O
O
§
I
á
1881.
Collected for Missionary
Society.
2
J
i©
03
Value of Schools, Hospi­
tals, and other Property.
¡3
1
T
JS
g
s
M IS S IO N F O R
No. of Parsonages or
“ Homes.”
1
é
e
JK
I
J
No. of Day Scholar*.
1•
Adult* Baptized.
"i
J Children Baptized.
S T A T IO N .
Average Attendance on
Sunday Wonhip.
C I R C U I T OR
Other Helpers.
S T A T IS T IC S O F T H E U T A H
$716 45
805
400
120 00
125
250
26 00
75
100
150 00
100
60 00
11 00
7 00
215
11 50
8 50
12S
10 00
8 50
65
N CO c
22 50
8
8
$850
$4,850
2
1,000
2,750
85,450 $148 75
7,500
49 00
$52 00 $1,288 $1,858 $1,094 95
16 00
910
940
i 88 i.]
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
291
W E S T NEBRASKA.
Commenced in 1850.
BISH O P H U R S T
•
E
h as
S u p e r v is io n .
p is c o p a l
\
M issionarie s.
T. B.
Jo n a t h
• P.
T
T
an
urner
L
em on
, S id n ey.
North Platte.
A i k m a n , Cozad.
S. M i n e r , Plum C reek .
C. Jo h n s o n ,
hom as
George
A . C o l l i n s , E lm C reek.
H.
A.
Kearney.
Pleasant Hill.
Gibbon.
Sum m
ers,
,
Superintendent.
B u c k l e y , Clarksville.
Joseph
L
S t e v e n s , St. Paul.
e s l ie
H. C. H a r m
an
W
il s o n
W
esley
J. F . W . C o l e ,
G
eorge
R. C. H a r d e n ,
J. M
S. S.
J. L.
J. M . D
,
ressler
, W o o d R ive r.
I s a a c S. C a r r , Z urich.
George
W
il l ia m
Sa m
uel
G.
W
Grand Island.
Chapman.
Central City.
J. D e l o s W
G en ser,
E
s p l in
ood
,
,
Pen
V
J. H.
in c e n t
B.
il s o n
,
en
,
, A ra p a h o e .
Sa v a g e ,
llen
Cedarville.
, Loup City.
B e a v e r City.
epacker
T. W . O w
A
, O rd.
Sargeant.
W . B r o o k s , H iggin s.
M . S. S t o r e r ,
arsh
, Scotia.
Cambridge.
Indianola.
Bartly,
B l a i n , M id d le B ra n ch .
Inman.
T h e Superintendent sends the following rep o rt:
The territory within the bounds of this mission has not received the in­
crease of population from emigration the past spring and summer which
was anticipated the preceding fall and winter. The cause, we presume,
was in part the short crops last year, the very severe winter, the lateness
of the spring, and fearful freshets, which swept bridges from streams and
overflowed much bottom land along the Republican, South Fork, and Elkhorn rivers, rendering it difficult to reach much of the land within the
counties bounded by these streams. Physical disturbances of such extent
are Unusual in this region. The past winter has not been equaled for severity
since 1856 and 1857 ; but from indications the near future will witness a
heavy emigration to different parts of this territory. The great railroad
companies are extending their lines through different parts of it, and thus
opening up the country and inviting population, and they will not fail to
secure the peopling of the valleys and divides, and to increase the demand
for church-buildings and preachers to shepherd souls. The two principal
railroad companies, the Union Pacific and Burlington and Missouri River,
which have done so much to people and develop the rich interests of our
State, are building their roads in different directions through the territory
within this mission, showing their faith in the future of this country, and
the different branches of the Church are employing large means and their
best talent along these lines of road and wherever settlements are forming.
A t one time in the history of our growth toward the setting sun the brave
pioneer moved out in front. Then came the circuit-rider and school
292
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[188'r.
teacher. The ox and horse were used for transportation, and long after
the railroad. But now the railroad kings give an order to advance, and
surveyors and builders of roads enter new and unoccupied territory.
Then towns spring up as if by magic, and the prairie sod is turned in
every direction, and in a short time the bloom of prosperity is every-where
seen; and the preacher follows the crowd, and organizes societies and
builds churches for the population the railroad brings to these rich and
productive lands. The Union Pacific Railroad, from Omaha to San
Francisco, passes along the Platte Valley, entering* this mission field at
Silver Creek, and moving west along the valley to Sydney, the most west- *
era charge. The St. Joseph and Western Railroad, under lease to this
company, having heretofore its terminus at Grand Island, in the Platte
Valley, is being extended north through Howard, Greeley, Valley, and
Wheeler Counties, along the North Loup River, to some north-east con­
nection or outlet, thus bringing these distant counties near the great cen­
tral thoroughfares for either the Chicago or St. Louis markets, and open­
ing up these counties to settlers.
There is also a branch from the Union Pacific at Columbus to Norfolk,
m the beautiful Elkhom Valley, where it forms a connection with the
Sioux City and Pacific Railroad, running from the Valley Station in Iowa,
on the Chicago and North-western, across the Missouri River at Blair;
thence along the Elkhom Valley, through Washington, Dodge, Norfolk,
Neighly, and Holt, to Fort Niobrara. The result of this road passing
through Holt County has been a large immigration, and our society has in­
creased during the year from 23 to 141 members, rendering it necessary to
form two charges, and two more are needed to meet the wants of the
people. More men and money are needed for this county.
T h e Burlington and Missouri River Railroad, from Plattsmouth and
Omaha, passes on the south side of the Platte River, through Cass,
Saunders, Lancaster, Crete, Fillmore, Clay, and Adams Counties, to Hast­
ings, where a branch goes to Kearney, and intersects the Union Pacific;
and the main line runs from Hastings, south-west to and up the Repub­
lican Valley, passing through Webster, Franklin, Harlan, Furnas, Red
Willow, Hitchcock, and Dundy Counties, en route for Denver. It passes
through the part of the mission lying in the Republican Valley, while it
opens up the counties along the road, and Gasper and Frontier Coun­
ties, lying along the divide betweeen the Republican and Platte Valleys.
The trains on this road are running now to Culbertson, in Hitchcock
County, and grading is done almost through Dundy County, on the
Colorado line, and it is thought within one year the road will be completed
to Denver. This company is building a road from Red Cloud, east alorig
the Republican Valley to Wymore, in Gage County; thence on to the
Missouri River, in Nemaha, giving an entrance to this great valley by
way of Omaha, Plattsmouth, Nebraska City, Brownville, and Atchison.
One can see at a glance what the future of West Nebraska Mission must
be if we can employ the men and means as rapidly and to the same extfent
that demands are made upon us to meet the increasing calls for the bread
ISSI.]
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
293
of life, and help the people until they are able to help themselves.
Churches must move and keep up a regular advance if they expect to do
the work Providence is opening up before us in this country. With the
ability, purpose, and means at command the leading men of these rail­
road companies have to populate and develop the western part of this
State. The Church or preacher that waits to see results will be left be­
hind, for the movement of these great men means success in all their
undertakings, and all parts of the State stand as proof of it. The results
of well-directed efforts on the part of the missionaries laboring in the dif* ferent charges, as will be seen by the table of statistics, cannot fail to be
encouraging to the lover of Church work.
A t Sidney, the most distant point west on the Union Pacific Railway,
we have purchased a building formerly used for hotel purposes, with two
lots two hundred and fifteen by one hundred and fifty feet, the building
twenty-five by fifty-five feet, two stories high ; the main room on the first
floor, is twenty-five by forty feet, used for church and Sabbath-school
purposes ; two rooms off the west end, each twelve and a half by fifteen
feet, and nine rooms on second floor; the pastor, Rev. J. Turner, uses
part of the rooms, and lets others be occupied as need be by worthy per­
sons needing temporary lodging. W e have a small society in Sidney;
the changing of the people by moves from this to other places causes
such a fluctuation that growth is not as perceptible as the facts show.
Our missionary is gaining in confidence among and influence with the
people, and we look for greater results than we have seen. A lady,
through the Church Extension Society, in Philadelphia, gave $300 toward
purchasing our mission house— which is the only Protestant place or house
of worship within one hundred and twenty-five miles; the population of
Sidney is about one thousand.
A t North P latte, one hundred and twenty-five miles east from Sidney
on the same road, Rev. P. C. Johnson is doing a good work. The society
.here is largely made up of ladies, but of the most earnest and active
character. They have built a neat parsonage, and lately purchased a lot
for $500 cash, and steps are taken to build a church. North Platte is an
important place of two thousand one hundred population, and under
Brother Johnson the Church has enjoyed a gracious revival and steady
growth. This charge will become self-sustaining after they get a churchbuilding up and paid for. Quite a revival has occurred here under the
•ministry of Rev. Thomas Aikman, an earnest, plain, practical, and faith­
ful laborer.
On the Cozad charge some thirty additions have come to the Church
since Conference. Plum Creek is making some advance under Rev.
George S. Miner, who is taking active measures to build a church. W e
have two good lots in the center of the town. Some promise of a revival
begins to show itself. The friends at Elm Creek are moving in the mat­
ter of building a church. Rev. A. Collins is doing a grand work on this
charge, extending the lines quite a distance in different directions. The
work is growing very greatly in interest at Kearney, under the ministry' of
294
MISSIONARY REPORT.
Cl88l.
Rev. A. H. Summers. An old church debt here keeps them poor, but
the prospect seems promising of making a move at no distant day to pay
it off. The Churches on the border ought not to be compelled to borrow—
many reasons could be given for this. Rev. M. S. Storer is doing well on
the Pleasant H ill Charge. Gibbon is moving on nicely under Rev. J.
Marsh. They are building a church at Shelton, on this charge. Rev.
J. M. Dressier is doing good work on the Wood R iver charge. Zurich
is a charge fifteen miles north from Wood River, and we have a most ex­
cellent and promising young man from Upland, Pa., Rev. Isaac S. Carr,
on this charge. They are taking steps for a church on several. acres
given to us in the country. Some increase has been had since Confer­
ence. Rev. George G. Genser is doing well at Grand Island. They
raised the amount by pledges at Conference to' pay off an old debt, which
will enable them to take some advance steps in the matter of building a
large house, we hope, through the year.
Chapman is enjoying a gracious revival under Rev. William Esplin, the
pastor. They did well last year, and bear the banner in missionary offer­
ings— having given $40, thirty over the assessment. God is blessing
them.
Rev. S. Wood is an able preacher and good manager. The
last year he built a very nice and convenient parsonage near the church
in Central City, and is doing a good work. Rev. Joseph Buckley is faith­
fully doing the work of a pastor at Clarksville. A good sister in Phila­
delphia gave us $400, through the Church Extension Society, to aid in
building a church in this place, and when we were last in Philadelphia
she gave us $200 to aid in building a tower to hang a bell she gave us last
Christmas. The church bears her maiden name— Somers Chapel— was
so baptized when dedicated. May God bless her for her noble charity !
Silver Creek is united with Clarksville. Rev. Leslie Stevens is doing a
fine work at St. P a u l; he has the new church ready for dedication, which
is set for next Sabbath. Rev. H, C. Harman is moving ahead nicely at
Scotia, and gaining on the public confidence, and bringing the people to
the Saviour. Movements are on foot to build a*church.
A t Ord, under Rev. W esley Wilson, they are nearly ready to begin a
good-sized church, thirty by fifty feet, of brick. Rev. J. F. W . Cole is a
temporary supply at Sargeant, a good, safe man, who serves the little
flock well. The work in H iggins is doing well under Rev. George W.
Brooks, and Cedarville under the prudent and efficient services of Rev.
R. C. Harden.
Rev. S. S. Penepacker is succeeding on Loup City
Charge. W e expect to be through the Loup country in two weeks, on our
first quarterly round, and may be able to add some items not in this report.
Beaver City is doing admirably under the pastorate of Rev. J. L. Vin­
cent. He dedicated a neat church at Wilsonville, on this charge, on the
27th. These brethren had wisely managed their matters, and only asked
for $228 to meet all indebtedness, except what they owe the Church Ex­
tension Society, and they readily responded in the sum of $321.
Arapahoe was formed at Conference from the Beaver Charge, and
Rev. F. A . Thompson appointed to it. He failed to enter an appearance,
1881.]
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
295
and we employed Rev. T . W . Owen, a good man and able preacher.
Cambridge is a new charge formed from a part of Indianola, Beaver City,
and some unoccupied territory. Rev. J. H. Savage is on the charge do­
ing well under the blessing of God. The Indianola Charge is growing
under the able ministry of Rev. Allen Bartly. The extension of the Bur­
lington and Missouri River Railroad west is opening new stations an.d
communities west from this place, and will soon require other charges and
men. The new church in Indianola is nearly ready for dedication. The
work in Holt County is being well done by Rev. J. Delos Wilson on the
Inman, and Rev. B. Blain on the M iddle Branch Charge. W e need two
or three more young, active men in this county, to do the work of
shepherding the souls calling on us for the bread of life. The two men
who are there are doing double work in travels, preaching, and pastoral
work.
Pray for the Lord of the harvest to send laborers into this great harvest
field. W e have a fine, rich so il; a very healthy and delightful climate.
The Railroad Companies own large forests of land in the counties of this
mission, which they sell on long time.and low rates of interest. The
Government still has some good lands for homesteads. Pre-emption is to
be had under the Timber Act. With all these advantages the men of
moderate means come in and settle, and begin to improve their homes,
and are laying broad and deep the foundations of independence. Let our
people come to this rich garden of the West, and the young theological
student take a finishing course in this field of promise, and the future
will prove the wisdom of the choice.
W e have now twenty-seven charges and a preacher on each, some
temporary supplies, and new fields opening. W e have twenty-one coun­
ties in this missions. When the Territory was formed into a mission there
were twelve charges; at our first session we formed ten more; we now
have twenty-seven, with an average of five to six preaching places; we
had five church-buildings, we now have ten, and four in course of build­
ing, and others soon tq. be started. The Church Extension Society has
nobly and promptly responded to our calls, and done grandly for us. W e
will try in our offerings to take advance steps for this, the missionary
cause, and other benevolences of the Church. W e hope some day to pay
back from W est Nebraska Mission fourfold for the help we now get and”
so much need, and even much more.
M IS S IO N S A N D A P P R O P R IA T IO N S .
Superintendent.................
Sidney...................... . . . .
iiorth P la tte .....................
C o zad ................................
Plum Creek.......................
K earn ey............................
Pleasant H ill.....................
Gibbon...............................
Wood River.......................
Zurich................................
Beaver C ity .......................
Grand Island....................
Chapm an..........................
100 Central City......................
81) Clarksville........................
6Q1Silver C re e k .....................
$680
15u
50
40
40
$70
$60 St. P a u l............................
50
40 S c o tia ................................
50
150 Ord......................................
60
60 Loup C it y ........................
40
80 His-gins..............................
60 Black B u d ........................
70
150
60 Indianola..........................
40 Missions, 28 ; Honey, $2,250.
Sidney................................................................
North Platte..................................
O ozad...................................................
Kim Creek......................................... ! ! . ” !!!
Plum Creek............................. ...." .I !!" .'...
Kearney........................................... ! . . " ! ! ! !
Pleasant Hill............................................' . ! ! ! !
Gibbon........................................ .! ! ! ! . !
Wood R iver......................................
Zurich.................................. .............
Grand Island................................ ___ . . . . . .
Chapman................................................. " ”
Central C ity ............................." __ . . . .
.
Clarksville.........................................................
Saint P au l................................................. ’ ’ '
Scotia.............................................
O r ii................................................. | ' ' _ ’ ]
Seargeant....................................___ !
Hi.srgins...........................................
Cetlarville..........................................
Loup c i t y .. ................................ ! ! ! ! ." '. I !!
Beaver City........................................’ ’ *’ j ’
Arapahoe. ........................
Cambridge.................... ........................ . . . . .
Indianola............................................. .
Middle Branch..............................
Inman......................................
]
T o tal...........................
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
27
'i
i
1
i
s
18
69
46
i
¿à
93
87
213
88
86
85
77
61
80
70
8S
48
'i
52
i
1
'i
à
Oh
<
J
«
a
E
2
J3
U
1
«
é
01
0
Ò
1
to
to
¡1
fc
27
150
50
'2
5
2
2
1
5
2
1
2
1
4
1
20
15
45
21
9
12
11
82
1ÒÒ
90
105
123
68
100
25
153
8
‘2
8
ii
5
10
19
11
9
5
7
1
8
1
6
17
2
1
2
8
8
2
1
2
1
0
.a
O
5
15
15
i
O
•S
J
1
CO
'S
1
2
8
5
9
i
74
44
12
2
50
78
125
22
8
■a
tS
1
J
£
■Si
I f
Sé
i h
$800
$505
825
2,ÒÒÒ
i
6ÒÓ
iôô
1.5ÓÒ
1.200
8,000
i
650
800
150
'i
11
¿ i
%
i
1 ,5 0 6
2
! !
4,ÓÓÓ
i
'j
% \
$700
i
j
9
190
1
.
600
850
100
for Self-
1
I
Current E xpenses:
Gas, Sexton, Sunday,
schools, etc., etc.
1
►J
c
£
1
a*
iS
a
Collected
support*
1
•d
| Collected for other
Benevolent Societies.
•c
g
X
«
£
Hi
Collected
Society.
S
robationere.
C IR C U IT OR STATIO N .
I No. of Parsonages or
j * Homes.*’
è
8
.d
1881.
for M issionary
S T A T I S T I C S O F T H E W E S T N E B R A S K A M IS S IO N F O R
$ 1 65
20 00
8 50
$2
12
55
75
$ 8 1 0 00
961 00
2 8 6 70
$ 8 0 00
210 00
7
80
8
15
1(1
82
47
7
45
18
2
24
12
24
20
25
01
78
00
70
76
10
51
*80«
619
874
682
27 1
258
491
840
561
50
15 0
10
80
50
00
CO
00
00
1 00
6 40
4 0 00
1 2 85
9 65
4 84
1 00
i
' 8 ÓÓ
95
8 ÓÒ
ÓÒ
50
12
P8
29
65
00
75
00
()()
00
00
00
75 0 0
8 5 00
8 0 00
831 20
2 8 ÓÒ
*292 ÓÌ
8 05
"¿i
95
gô
103
75
28
' 66 89
60
’2
l ’ ióó
e 55
’ Ì7Ó ÓÒ
» ' "' '
18
1 4S7
142
42
81
82
OR
¿017
1,384
1HI11
1 1 3 ,1 0 0
6
$ 3 ,5 2 5
$ 1 ,5 4 5
$ 1 7 0 10
$289 40
$ 6 ,8 0 8 49
$ 7 0 1 05
i881.]
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
29 7
ENGLISH-SPEAKING CONFERENCES.
M IS S IO N S A N D
A P P R O P R IA T IO N S .
Lawrence.......................... $150
Central Alabam a
Arkansas.
W hitesborough.................
200 Huntsville District.........
$325
Little Eock D istrict
$-300 Seymour and Vernon
200 Lincoln and Madison . . .
25
A m ity ................................
88 Marshall............................
400 Pond Beat.......................
25
Center Valley...................
40
25
Conway ............................
20 Missions, 28; Money, $7,250. Decatur and Trinity__
Claysville
and
Honeycomb
25
.Tudsonia............................
180
Scottsborough and BelleBlue Ridge.
Little R o c k .......................
400
fonte...............................
25
500
Lon d on .............................
80 Asheville District,.............
25
175 Boyd's Switch...................
Morrillton ........................
20 A sh eville..........................
State
Line
.............
25
65
40 Asheville Circuit
R o n d o ...............................
55
50 Huntsville and Jones.......
Texarkana........................
80 Hendersonville
Triana...............................
25
60
Texarkana Circuit
80 Leicester.........
25
90 Courtland..........................
Fort Smiih District
800 Waynesville ..
Limestone........................
25
Bloom er............................
50 Pigeon liiver
90 Warrenton and GuntersChickelah..........................
20 Webster and Highlands...
ville.................................
80
50
10 Murphy..............................
D anville............................
D ayto n ..............................
50 Transylvania.....................
85 Stevenson and Bass’s Sta­
30
Ellsworth......................... '
10 Blue Ridge District
870 tion. ................................
80
Fort Smith* .....................
50 Boone.................................
25 Gurley and Turn Creek..
810
Dadeville
D
istrict...........
Hiickett City.....................
10 Jefferson (moving expen­
20
Locksburgh.......................
2u ses).................................
25 Lafayette............................
85
20 Antioch and Roaring Gap
Mount Ida........................
25 Dadeville and Rom e........
35
Magazine..........................
40 Taylorsville............... '---50 Alexandria........................
85
Waldron............................
40 Wilkesborough.................
40 W etu m p k a......................
Harrison D istrict.............
8110 Bakersville........................
40 Pleasant Hill and Locust
85
Clear Creek.......................
80 Cataw ba............................
40 B lu f f ..............................
80
Cedarville..........................
20 Greensborougli D istrict..
675 Blufton and Opelika.......
85
Chambers...........................
Eureka Springs...............
220 Forsyth and Guilford. . . .
50
40
Fayetteville.......................
80 Davidson..........................
25 Roanoake and Tallapoosa.
85
Soccapatoy.......................
Green Forest.....................
80 Snow Camp and Deep
60
Hico....................................... 60 River..............................
75 Montgomery....................
Fredonia,
Mt.
Pleasant,
Harrison............................
60 U w ariah............................
50
85
H untsville........................
20 Mount Mitchell.................
50 and Pine G ro v e ...........
825
Jasper................................
20 Shiloh.................................
80 Marion District................
15
Mulberry City...................
80 Gastonia............................
50 Pratt and Oldtown...........
25
W althall............................
80 Gastonia (moving expens­
Prairie G ro v e ...................
25 Clinton and Cameron’s
Y ellville............................
20 es) ...................................
20
North-east D istrict
100 Mocksville........................
50 Mountain......................
20
C uria.................................
20 Yadkin ville........................
50 Shiloh................................
Brewton,
Sparta,
and
Pol­
D alton................................
20 Eastern District...............
870
20
Franklin............................
20 Harker’s Is la n d ...............
100 lard ................................
100
40 Davis Shore......................
Mountain Home...............
2. Tuscaloosa........................
80
Milburn..............................
40 Strait’s................................
25 M arion..............................
Newberne
and
Oak
Grove
15
Polk Bayou......................
80 B o gu e ................................
25
15
W a nut Ridge .................
20 Missions, 83 ; Money, $8,500. Gainesville........................
25
Eu
taw
................................
Missions, 44 ; Money, $8,000.
25
Mobile and Fowl R iver...
25
California.
Chocktaw.......................... .
20
Half Moon B a y .................
100 Massey Chapel..................
Austin.
Mayfield
and
Redwood
105.
Missions,
4
1;
Money,
$2
Austin D istrict....................
775
A ustin............................... . 800 Kentucky-street...............
Austin C m juit...................1 100 Berkeley and Temescal...
Central T en n essee.
Kerrville............................
800 lo n e ...................................
200 Annville D istrict.............
800
175Oakland, Centennial
Mason...................................
East
Oakland...................
200
Laurel
Hill........................
20
Palestine
......................
400
M’Minn ville......................
150
San Antonio...................... ■500 Sonora................................
Dutch
F
la
t........................
100
40
Falling
W
ater...................
Houston...............................
fc00
100 Monroe..............................
80
Waeo.....................................
8u0Orland and Newville
200 Red Springs......................
100
Round B o c k .....................
50 Oroviile..............................
100 Sparta and Bloomington.
100
Dallas D istrict....................
650Placerville. ....................
130 Watertown........................
20
Dallas...................................
150Redding..............................
Short Mountain...............
20
Fort W orth..........................
150Roseville and Newcastle..
Sacramento
City
Mission.
Memphis
D
istrict
150
AVeatherford........................
200
Collierville.........................
40
D enton..............................
150 Sacramento, Kingsley.. .
150 H athaw ay.........................
80
D eca tu r...............................
200Williams............................
150 Huntingdon.......................
40
Henrietta..............................
200Areata ..............................
Bolinas..............................
L
exin
gton
.........................
40
Cambridge............................
l-'0
Clear L a k e.........................
St. John’s ..........................
440
Gainesville............................
250
Nashville District.............
800
Sherman............................
850 Matole and Blacksburgh.
150 C am d en ............................
125
D enison...............................
100Middletown......................
Willetts
............................
100
Cliaseville..........................
80
Clarendon and M obertie.. 25'1
800 Clarksville........................
125
R ice .......................................
150Valley’s .............................
D
ickson
............................
200
Missions,
24;
Money,
$3,000
Eastland...............................
250
298
MISSIONARY REPORT.
E1881.
Union............................. |150 Roscom m on and G raylin g $125
Dover.......................
Erin...........................
Wiilowa.........................
100 Indian K iv e r.......................
100
Nashville..................
Baker City......................
200 L o n g R apids.......................
no
Willow Creek.................
50 P in c o n n in g .........................
Pinewood...................
50
Stewart......................
Weiser...........................
15U Rifle R iv e r ...........................
50
White Bluff...............
100 G a y l o r d ...............................
Payette...........................
125
Shelby ville District
250 Bellevue........................
100 C heboygan...........................
175
Bedford.........................
Ketchum.......................
100 H ollo w e ll.............................
75
Farmington...................
Custar.............................
100 W est B ranch and ChurchHollow "Springs.............
Middletown....................
40 -«1
100
PeterBburgh.................
200 P oin t St. I g n a c e ...............
Idaho City.......................
200
Rover and Williamson..
Kittitas...........................
2oO
Shelbyville......................
150 Yakima City................... 250 Missions, 82; M oney, $3,500.
Klickitat.........................
200
Winchester....................
E ast M ain e.
Waynesbnrougli District.
Prineville........................
200
18
Adamsville aud Shiloh...
Mitchell and Anteloi e ...
100 W in te r p o r t .........................
15
Corinth and Purdy........
250 B rew er..................................
Ileppner.........................
O
r
o
n
o
...................................
22
Cypress.........................
Pendleton......................
250
25
Decatur.........................
Centerville......................
2u0 P it t s f ie ld .............................
17
Houston and Horse Creek
Missions, 32; Money, $5,000. E x e te r...................................
D o v e r ...................................
20
Lawrenceburgh and SurnB
row
n
v
ille...........................
45
mertown....................
Delaware.
Sebec........................................
40
Linden...........................
G u ilfo rd ................................»
20
Saltillo.............................
Philadelphia D istrict . . . .
P a tte n ...................................
10
Shawnettee....................
Salem Station......................
M
onticello
.........................
20
Walnut Grove.................
Salem C ir c u it .....................
D anforth...............................
15
Missions, 45 ; Money, $4,000. B ridgeton C ircu it...............
Colorado.
Southern District.
North Denver.............
Morrison
Castle B o c k .....................
E o s ita ................................
Silver Cliff.........................
Buena V ista.......................
Fair P lay ...........................
Del Norte and W . W . Gap
O u r r .y .......................................
N orth Penn Station..........
C ape M ay C ircu it...............
N ew castle C irc u it...............
400 John W esley S t a t io n __
100 M iddletow n C ircu it..........
120 D o ver C irc u it.....................
1(50 South Chester S tatio n . . . .
10C L a w s M. E. Church
(F rankfort, P a .).............
160
140 S c o tt M . E . C hurch (Cen­
terville, N . J . ) .................
140
100 Janes M . E. C h urch (Ger­
m antown, P a . )
.........
400
160 20tli and O xford (H aven
M issio n )...........................
100
160 L ew is and H arm on y........
125
ICO C am bridge D is tric t
200 Sassafras C ircu it..........
100 Denton C ir c u it ............
250 Eadsville C ir c u it .........
125
160 Salisbury D i s t r ic t
200Stockton C irc u it.........
400 Parsonsburgh C ircuit..
270 Green H ill C ircu it__
200 Snow Hill C irc u it.........
100 C hincoteague S ta tio n .
120 C uster’s N eck C ircuit.
125 M issions, 27; M oney, $1,200.
Trinidad.............................
B reckenridge....................
Alpine and St. Elmo
Kokom o.............................
G oth ic................................
Gunnison...........................
D uraneo ..................................
Bed Cliff............................
Alamosa.
Northern District.............
Evanston ...........................
Ilaw lin a.............................
Laram ie.............................
Platte v ille .........................
Fort Collins Circuit
L oveland...........................
175
Lo n gm o n t........................
100
Detroit.
Erie and Lewisville (Boul­
der Circuit)...................
10Q Webberville....................
Arvada...............................
100 Clarkstnn........................
Caribou..............................
100 Hope..............................
Gold H ill...........................
100 Oakley...........................
I d a h o ................................
140 St. Charles......................
Missions, 82; Money, $5,200. Copao.............................
Columbia River.
Spokane............................
Colfax................................
Moscow..............................
L ew isto n ...........................
Palouse ..................................
Orangeville ............................
Cheney ....................................
Cœur d 'A le n e ...................
Pataha................................
Union Flats.......................
Waitebm-glt.........................
L a G rande.........................
Summerville.....................
Bad Axe............... ‘.........
Tyre........................*.......
Croswell.........................
8 0 f Five Lakes and Deerfield.
250 Imlay City......................
200 Eoylton and Lamater.. . .
2W Port Crescent and Meade.
150 Sand Beach.....................
150 Sandusky.......................
100 Lake Superior District..
200 ftscanaba........................
100 Menominee....................
70 L’Anse...........................
-40 Sanlt Ste. Marie..............
200 Bouth SanltSte. Marie
200 Alpena District...............
20
C a r m e l.................................
A tk in so n ...............................
60
B u c k s p o r t...........................
50
B u ck sp o rt C en ter
40
T rem on t and C ran b erry
Isle s ...................................
82
C herryfield...........................
40
M achias.................................
40
E . M achias...........................
24
C u t le r ...................................
82
50
M illtow n...............................
E d m u n d s.............................
24
C olum bia F a lls ...................
28
H arrington...........................
28
R o b b in sto n .........................
22
South T h om aston
90
50
W isra sset.............................
P ittsto n .................................
40
E. P itlsto n ...........................
SO
N. & W . W aldoborough ..
28
M issions, 8 1 ; M oney, $1,000.
East Tennessee.
268
Chattanooga District.......
40
Chattanooga....................
65
Cleveland.......................
50
Clinton and Coal Creek ..
40
Ebenezer.........................
40
Georgetown....................
50
Jasper.............................
65
Kingston.........................
80
170
200 Knoxville.......................
50
liice
ville.........................
50
86
100 Robertsvllle....................
40
100 Soddy..............................
45
Washington....................
100
275
50 Morristown District........
55
50 Arcadia...........................
55
25 Bean Station..................
50
Dandridge......................
• 50
60
100 Greenville.......................
60
Midway.........................
60
50
50 Mossy Creek.................
75
Moristown
and
Greenville
50
50
75 Newport.........................
50
400 Powell’s Valley...............
60
80 Russellville......................
44
Rutledge.........................
40
55
80 St. Clair..........................
60
80 Taylor-iville....................
45
80 Tazewell.........................
0
0
0
CO
O Missions, 28; Money, $2, .
i
88 i.]
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
Florida.
Morganton........................
$87 T r o y ..................................
A lm a .................................
Gainesville District
$405 Financial Agency of Elli­
230 Bala....................................
Gainesville .......................
50 ja y...................................
Ogeechee
D
is
trict...........
287 Camden and White City.
San Pulaski.......................
25
Mount Zion and Tatnall..
70 Olay Center Circuit
Pleasaut Plains and PineBurnt F o r t .......................
120 G arrison............................
v ille ................................
25 Charlton............................
15 0 Havensville.......................
Gordon and Freedom. . . .
25
Archer and Bronson
30 Missions, 84; Money, $4,,300. Louisville...........................
Manhattan Circuit
Levy ville and Old Town.. . 20
M ilford..............................
81»
Cedar K e y s .......................
Holston.
Morganville.......................
Cornell’ s and Ammond's
Chattanooga District . . . .
ISO Parkerville........................
P o n d ..............................
20 Athens ..............................
150 S t George........................
Mlcanopy...........................
20 Athens Circuit..................
60 Wabaunsee.......................
80 Blue Spring.......................
Morrison’s Mills...............
60 Westmoreland..................
Owen’s and Flemington..
20 Cleveland Station.............
100
Kussell.....................
Ocalla and Little Chapel..
85 D u cktow n ........................
5 0 Bunker H ill......................
Wesley Ch apel.................
35 Ooltewah..........................
10
0
W
ilso n ..............................
Newmansville...................
20 S e w e e ................................
4 0 Ellsworth..........................
Sumpter ville.....................
20 Mudisonville.....................
7 5 Elis worth Circuit.............
M ikesville.........................
20 H iwassee..........................
4 0 Lincoln Center.................
A rred on d a.......................
20 Greenville D istrict..........
1 4 0 Abilene Circuit.................
.Jacksonville District
500 Elizabethton.....................
60 Wakefield..........................
New W ork........................
50 Johnson City Circuit. . . .
80 Salina Circuit....................
M adison............................
60
50 Brookville..........................
Live O a k ..........................
20 Irv in ..................................
40 Delphos..............................
Lake C ity..........................
75 Parrottsville.....................
Greenville Station...........
1 5 0 Bennington.......................
Sanderson........................
80 Jonesborough and John­
G yp su m ............................
Starke................................
20
100 Beloit .D istrict.................
50 son City Station...........
W ald o................................
Kingston
D
istrict...........
2
0
0
Jamestown
W rightsville.....................
20
50 Seapo..................................
Lone S tar..........................
20 Battle C ree k.....................
50 Clyde..................................
Hibernia............................
80 Crossvllle..........................
5 0 Clifton................................
St. Augustine...................
800 Jam estow n......................
90 Belleville
...........
Palatka..............................
25 K in gston ...........................
Kingston Circuit..............
100 Mankato............................
30 Pikevilie............................
King’s Ferry.....................
40 Glen Elder and Solomon
New Hope and New Zion
50 H untsville........................
100 R a p id s ..........................
New Kiver & Providence
5 0 Cawker C ity .....................
Moncrief............................
20 Scai borough....................
50 M t Hope...........................
St. John’s D is tric t
800 W artburgh ......................
Knoxville
D
istrict...........
10
0 Oak Creek........................
T rin ity ..............................
2T5 Fair Garden.......................
50 Downs................................
New Berlin and Mayville
150
North
Knoxville...............
170 Scandia and Republic City
Lake George and Norwalk
100
Newport............................
100 Hound Spring...................
Titusville Circuit.............
200 Thorn
G rove....................
30 Cuba...................................
Orange City and D eland..
20t1
250 Green lea f..........................
Kingsley Lake and Starke 200 Powell’s Valley District..
Big
Valley........................
50 Beloit Circuit....................
100
Battonsville.......................
Clinton............................
50 Nelson Center and Enter­
New W ork........................
75
60
prise................................
East Jacksonville.. . . ...
150 Jaeksborough................
Maynard ville...................
60 Jewell City .....................
Missions, 45 ; Mouey, $8,700. R ogersville.......................
Petersburgh......................
Eutledge............................
Kirwin D istrict...............
Georgia.
Sn eedville........................
50 K ir w in ..............................
50 G erm an tow n ...................
800 Tazewell............................
Atlanta D istrict...............
100 Aurora and Pleasant
A tla n ta: Marietta-street.
250 Morristown.......................
50
P lain s............................
185 Clear F o rk........................
Atlanta Circuit.................
Morristown
Circuit.........
25 Plainsville..........................
D o u g la ss...........................
5S
Carroll................................
50 Missions, 44; Money, $3,,500. Alcona and Sugar Loaf...
Harralson..........................
45
Sto ck to n ..........................
Buffalo..............................
Floyd and Polk.................
40
Kansas.
Jonesborough and Fayette
95
Cednrville and Bull City.
Pike
.....................
32 Holton Circuit.........
Gaylord..............................
Upson................................
60 Oskaloosa Circuit...
4 0 D elh i.................................
Educational Agency . . . .
280 North Lawrence.. . .
60 E llis...................................
60 Wa K e e n e y ......................
Dalton D istrict.................
812 Eosedale...................
40 Graham and Leanora
Dalton and Eesacca
200 Wyandotte Circuit..
40 R osooe..............................
Tunnel H ill......................
105 Easton......................
Spring P lace
..........
80 Wells ville.................
25 Hnyes City and Smoky
Coosawattie.......................
55 Eskridge................
100 Hill Valley.....................
Jasper................................
70 Lyndon ....................
60 Logan ..............................
E llijay................................
220 Osage C ity............... .
90 Phillipsburgh...................
Toccoa...............................
75 St. Mary’s.................
8 0 Marvin...............................
50 N orton ..............................
Lafayette...........................
100 Topeka Circuit........
4 0 Long Island and Deer
Gainesville D istrict
287 Tecumseh.................
40
C r e e k ............................
Gainesville.........................
120 Wilmington.............
6 0 Osborne and Bristow
Rock Spring and Walton.
180 Wakaru*a..................
H) Smith Center....................
Sim pson............................
70 Axtel and Corning..,
50 Cora....................................
Dawson vilie and Blue
Blue Eapids..............
4 0 Atwood and Beaver Val­
Hidge..................... . . . .
75 Frankfort..................
ley...................................
40
Cherokee...........................
60 Mu sco tah.................
70 Oberlin and Jennings
H iaw assee.........................
60 Robinson...................
299
$40
40
40
40
40
60
40
60
40
40
40
40
40
40
40
75
75
75
75
50
50
50
50
40
40
40
40
40
100
40
69
90
60
40
60
80
80
40
40
60
50
40
30
40
25
25
25
25
500
1<i0
50
50
50
40
40
55
50
ICO
50
50
55
50
50
100
50
50
100
100
50
20
40
20
50
100
300
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[ l 88 l.
Sheridan..............................
$80Hopkinsville.....................
$50 Mount Pleasant, Martin’s
Webster.............................
50 Ferry, and Bridgeport. $80
Kansas D istrict..................
805
Atchison and Topeka
175 Owensborough.................
50 Cadiz, Georgetown, and
175
Burlingam e.........................
G reenville.........................
80 Flushing.........................
20
Manhattan and Clay Cen­
85
Missions, 68 ; Money, $5,000. Steubenville.......................
ter.......................................
120
Cleveland and Painsville.
12
M t Olive and Wakarusa.
80
12
Oberlin..............................
Saline and Abilene.
175
Elyria,
Berlin
Height,
and
Lexington.
W yandotte............................
175
Black R iver...................
4
Wamego and A lm a
120 Lexington D is trict
800 Marion, Owen’s, and RushBaxter Springs....................
175Sharpsburgh and Sher­
20
sylvania..........................
Emporia.............................
120 burne ............................
24 Troy Circuit, Dayton,
North Middletown and
Independence and CofifeyPiqua, and Hamilton ..
20
80 Greenwich.....................
vilie.................................
16 Cnmminsville...................
6
Parsons.................................
250Lew’s Chapel, Marble
Louisa Circuit ...............
10
W infield ...............................
100 Creek, and Kiddville...
22 Ironton..............................
14
22 Indiana D istrict...............
850
Missions, 108; Money, $5,500. Boyd’s and Lair’s .............
M t Olivet and Washing­
City Mission and Green­
ton ..................................
20
14
field................................
Kentucky.
18
Oxford and Black’s
20 Greencastle and Danville.
Shelbyville and Rushville.
14
Ashland D istrict
800 Orangeburgh and Mount
C arm el..........................
24 Connorsville and Cam­
100
Catlettsboi'gh.....................
- •
¡jo Waco and T e x a s .............
28
24 bridge C i t y ...................
Prestonsburgh.
Newcastle..........................
14
20 Harrodsburgh and Shelby
Plkeville............................
Rising
Sun
and
C
leves...
26
22
Salyersville........................
80 C ity ................................
IS
20 Warsaw and L ib erty .. . .
45 Corinth...............................
Beech Grove......................
Madison
and
Graysville..
14
20
Bethel and B lain e............
45 Williamstown Circuit . . .
North Yernon and Sey­
Greenup and Grayson__
50 Cadentown and Warren14
20 mour ..............................
E d e n ..................................
85 to w n ..............................
Watson S ta tio n ...............
20
Willard and Olive H ill...
45 Browningsville Circuit.
800 Bloomington and Martins­
Letcher..............................
85 Louisville District
28
25 ville ................................
Russell
.........................
40 Louisville: Lloyd-street..
E d ay-street..
25 Princeton and Lyle’s Sta­
Barbourviile D istrict__
200
tion..................................
80
Barbourville.....................
100 Mount Washington and
20 Mt. Carmel and Ellison
80 Cedar G ro v e .................
Booneville.........................
IS
25 Prairie............................
B a n g o r..............................
185 Chaplain & Catnp Branch
Newburg and Booneville.
20
Campton............................
50 Woodforks Chapel and
20
25 Terre Haute and B razil..
50 Buck Creek...................
Harlan................................
Carmi and Gray ville
80
Lon d on ..............................
60 New Haven, ShephardsMissions, 75; Money, $3,000.
ville, and Strawberry
Stanton and L -v in g.
25
60 S tation ...........................
W att’s Creek.....................
15
Williamsbui-gh.................
60 Bedford and Patton Cm»k
Little Rock.
80
Pineville.............................
65 Frankfort and Eminence.
Brunerstown
aud
WilsonLittle Rock District
630
M ain-street.......................
75
v ille ................................
10 Bledsoe’s Landing
100
Ludlow and W est Coving­
Bowling
Green
D
istrict..
850
Cotton
Center...................
80
to n ..................................
100
25 Clarendon..........................
120
Germantown.....................
120 Bowling Green.................
Franklin
and
New
Salem.
10
Forrest
C
ity
.......................
120
Crittenden.........................
110
Forrest City Circuit
120
F lem in g..,.........................
90 Cave City, Bacon Creek,
L o n o k e ...’. .......................
80
Foster ...............................
70 and Green's Chapel__
Lin wood............................
60
40 Owensborough, YelvingConcord.............................
ton,
and
Grissom's
L'd’g
30
Pine
B
lu
ff..........................
160
Asbnry and Alexandria..
25
Watson..............................
180
Lexington D istrict
185 Bewleyville, Webster, and
15 Hot Springs D istrict
450
D anville.............................
200 Germantown.................
15 Hot Sp rin gs.....................
140
Harrodsburgh...................
125 Smithland and Golconda.
Paducah............................
10
Hope and W ashington...
160
75
Som erset.............
Louisville...........................
40
60 Eddy ville, Gum Springs,.
H ighland .............
and
Halleck
Oha|iel.
.
.
.
15
100
Little
R
iver.......................
70
Colum bia.............
Sweet Hom e.....................
60
50 Green ville,Render’s Mines,
W a y n o .................
12 Missions, 16; Money, $2,500.
50 and Litchfield...............
Clinton .................
Bethel .................
50 Auburn, Bibhtown, and
12
800 Cedar Ridge...................
Louisville D istrict
Louisiana.
40 Morgantown and Crom­
Wesley Chapel
South New Orleans D is­
Sh elbyville.......................
100 well ................................
tr ic t................................ 1,000
Milton
50 Rockport, No. Twelve,
HK)
40 Ames Church...................
75 and Lewisport...............
Union Star__
125
800 Mount Zion.......................
25 Ohio D istrict.....................
Vine G ro v e ...
New
Orleans
:
S
ix
th
-st..
50
60 Cheviot and D elhi.
Hardin»burgh .
Simpson Church...............
100
50 Batavia, Milford, and
Litchfield........
Camp
P
a
rap
e
t.................
60
Morgantown ..
40 Laurel............................
C raigsville.........................
85
50 Madisonville, ML Healthy,
Bowling Green
H
ou
m
a..............................
20
S co ttsville__
50 and College H i ll...........
Morgan City acid Center­
70 N e w p o rt..........................
Tompkinsville
ville ................................
25
60 Dover and R ip le y...........
Hardy v ille __
Raceland............................
40
60 Aberdeen, May.slick, and
North Lynn
North
N
ew
Orleans
Dis­
85
Greenville D istrict. . . . . .
800 Lewisburgh...................
trict ................................
850
200 Portsmouth and VancePaducah.
Algiers and A s b n r y
1 ,|:)
50 burgh .............................
Marshall.......
Pleasant Plains................. *100
80 Belpre and B a rlo w ..........
M arion ........
Thomson Chapel...............
60
Madison ville
76 Bellaire..............................
i 88 iJ
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
SOI
Norwood............................
$25 Mandan..............................
$25
Assumption and Wood150 W ahpeton.........................
100
iawn................................
$50 Petosky..............................
45 Hillsborough.....................
100
Mandeville and Springfield
40 Petosky C ircu it...............
80 Grand Forks.....................
100
Pearl E ive r.......................
50 South A rm .......................
5u Kensington......................
100
Shady G r o v e ..............
40 Sherman............................
140 Pembina............................
200
St. John and St. Charles.
75 Traverse City...................
20 Warren..............................
100
W hitehall..........................
40 Cross Village.....................
250
La Teche District............
700 Missions, 41; Money, $3.,205. Crookston..........................
Cheneyville........................
50
Missions, 77 ; Money, $9,000.
Minnesota.
Holmi’svillu and Marksville.................................
40 Duluth................................
^
M ississippi.
Jeanerette.....................
40 D undos..............................
75 H astings. ......................
L a T e c h e ..........................
75 Holly Springs D ist
600
New Iberia and Thompson
25 Clinton A ve.......................
75 Batesville..........................
40
Opelousas...........................
50 Taylor’s Falls...................
20
100 Byhalia..............................
St. Martinsville.................
20 W yom ing.........................
100 Chulahom a......................
80
Stuart Chapel and Spring
100 College Hill C ir c u it
2u0
Forest City........................
H ill................................
80 Delano...............................
50 Grenada C ircu it...............
40
Baton Eouge D is trict....
800 Howard Lake...................
100 Hernando..........................
28
Bethel................................
40 Dassel................................
100 Hogan’s Chapel................
40
C o m ite..............................
25 Chain plin..........................
50 Mt. Pisgah........................
40
Jackson..............................
40 Bird Island .....................
150 Eidge Circuit....................
200
Magnolia and Stony Point
20 Granite Falls....................
175 Spring V alley...................
82
Macedonia........................
20 Appleton............................
150 Shady Grove.....................
40
Mt. C a rm el.......................
80 Morris................................
150 Schooner............................
40
Musson S tation ...............
25 Herman.. . -......................
100 W althall............................
60
Hod Eiver Landing
50 F airh aven ........................
10'i Woodward.........................
60
Clinton..............................
40 H utchinson.......................
50 Okolona D ist.................... « 400
West Baton R ouge
20 Bethel................................
20
50 A th e n s..............................
The Plains........................
10 Albert L ea............. '..........
200 Corinth..............................
20
Shreveport D istrict
700 Pine Islan d ......................
1()0 Columbus..........................
25
Allensville Circuit
45 Blooming Prairie.............
75 Crawford ..........................
20
20 Glenville............................
Bastrop ............................
100 Greensborough.................
20
Com pte..............................
40 Grand Meadow.................
100 H ou ston ............................
40
2o K asson ..............................
Scott Circuit.....................
100 Okolona..............................
20
Dixon C ir c u it.................
40 Medford ..........................
100 Pontotoc............................
20
Fort Jessup......................
40 W aterville........................
100 Starkville..........................
20
Island and B ec h elle
20 Sleepy Eve and LamborT u p e lo ..............................
20
40 ton..................................
Leesville C irc u it.............
75 Greenwood D ist...............
500
Eed Springs......................
40 Cleaveland........................
100 Attala.................................
40
200 Benton................................
82
Missions, 51; Money, $0,800. Tracy.................................
Pipestone..........................
80
75 Carthage............................
100 D u ra n t..............................
Rushm ore.........................
40
M ichigan.
Windom............................
40
75 Deasonville.......................
East Mai 11-st, Jackson ..
200 Worthington.....................
150 French C a m p ...................
25
75 Green H ill........................
24
Sherwood and Athens.. . .
50 Currie................................
Burr O ak..........................
50 Lake Benton....................
12Ò Goodm an..........................
80
Benton Harbor.................
100 Beaver Falls......................
24
75'Kosciusko..........................
75 Lodi....................................
Breedsvilln........................
50 Lone T ree..........................
40
Le Sueur............................
100 M t Pleasant.....................
40
S. Division-street: Grand
liapids............................
200 Balaton..............................
125 Pickens.............................
40
PlainlieldAvenue: Grand
W ells..................................
100 Pindarville........................
80
E a p id s ..........................
200 Mapleton.............. ............
SO Vaiden Circuit.................
40
100 Mankato Circuit...............
20
Grand Haven...................
15li Winona Circuit................
Newaygo............................
25 Herron L ake
50 Yazoo City Circuit
40
........
50 Jackson D is trict.............
600
C la re ..................................
40 Caledonia..........................
50 Bolton................
20
Fremont............................
80 Fillmore............................
50 Brandon............................
20
Free Soil............................
50 Granger..............................
60 Clinton..............................
80
Hesperia............................
50 Leonora..............................
40 St. Charles.........................
Howard C ity.....................
60 Edwards............................
24
Mecosta..............................
50 Lancsborough................... 175 Evergreen..........................
20
100 F orest................................
20
Montague..........................
60 A d a ...................................
80
50 Jackson..............................
Reed C ity ..........................
800 G lyndon............................
200
Lake
Station
...................
24
D
etro
it..............................
Sears..................................
SO
100 M t Salem..........................
20
Harrison.............................
50 Wadena.............................
200 Myersville..........................
80
Grand Traverse District..
850 Brainerd............................
200 Eicks..................................
20
Almira and I n la n d
20 St. Cloud............................
150 Sim pson............................
24
Bear Lake.........................
40 Sauk Eapids......................
50 Trenton.............................
20
B o yn e................................
40 Melrose ............................
100 V icksburgh......................
80
Cadillac Circuit.................
80 Grove Lake
.............
100 Warren...............................
20
Spencer Creek...................
20 Long Prairie
........
150 Meridian D ist...................
500
Charlevoix.........................
50 O sa k is...............................
150 Brookville..........................
23
95 Alexandria........................
Elk Eapids.........................
100 De K a lb ............................
40
Fife Lake...........................
‘¿0 Fergus F alls.....................
200 DaleviUe............................
23
............
Frankfort...........................
50 Moorhead
160 Ex-Prairie..........................
25
Kalkaska............................
46 Castleton............................
50 Enterprise..........................
24
Harbor S p rin g s...............
100 Tower C it y .......................
100
Enterprise
Circuit
25
Valley
C
i
t
y
......................
M anton..............................
20
250 Garlandsville.....................
40
Marcelona..........................
100 Jam estow n......................
600 Hickory C irc u it...............
24
Monroe Center...................
40 Bism arck..........................
302
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[ I 88 l.
$25
............
$50 Reidsville.............................
Louisville........................... $40 Steele C ity
40 Pelham and Chapel H ill..
85
Lauderdale.......................
28 F a ir b û r y ..........................
2ä Kernersville.........................
120
Meridian Circuit...............
28 H u b b e ll............................
50 Guilford..................................
80
25 Cnrleton..............................
M ashulaville.....................
25 Central D istrict...............
800
P a u ld in g ...........................
28 Franklin............................
70 C harlotte..............................
95
Philadelphia......................
25 E x e te r ..............................
75
40 Anson and Union ............
Quitman and De Soto
25 Wilber and D e w itt
25 H am let..................................
25
6 huqualak ........................
2S W ester..............................
M oore....................................
25
Shubuta Circuit...............
28 Y ork D istrict...............
25 Laurinburgli.........................
60
40 Y o rk Circuit.....................
State Line..........................
25
25 Shoe-heel..............................
Waynesborougli...............
24 West Blue..........................
50 New H op e............................
Gulf District....................
600 U tica..................................
60
Augusta.............................
70 U lysses..............................
50 Lumberton............................
70
50 Columbus..............................
Brookhaven and Summit.
48 B ellw ood...........................
35
China Grove......................
40 Stromsburgh.....................
50 New Bethel.......................
20
80 Wilmington. . . ; ...............
Uo;umbia...........................
44 Aurora...............................
125
60 Goldsborough <fe Kinston
Crystal Springs.................
40 St. Joseph..........................
CO
800
Hamburgh.........................
40 Hasttngs District................
Raleigh D istrict...............
800
160Raleigh..................................
Hazelhurst.........................
48 Hastings...............................
50
Doniphan...........................
40 Oxford....................................
Liberty..............................
85
60 Deep River............................
Mead ville....................
44 Juniata..............................
25
CO Thouiasville and Lexing­
Hatch« z and Payette
44 M inden..............................
40 ton ......................................
40
New H ope.........................
40 Sacramento.......................
60 C6nt6r
48 Harvard..............................
25
Pascagoula.........................
Union Church...................
25
40 Sutton................................
40 West Kandol'ph & Union.
25
40 East Randolph.......................
Missions, 93; Money, $6,300. Glenville............................
Fairfield..............................
40 Concord and Stanley
40
E d g a r ................................
60 Missions, 41; Money. $8,000.
Missouri.
Superior.............................
80
50
Avalon................................
50 Blue H ill...........................
40
Red
Cloud........................
North N ebraska.
Brunswick..........................
95
Omaha D is tric t...............
175
Brookfield..........................
75 Bloomington
Franklin............................
50
E lkh o rn ............................
40
Centralia............................
100
80 Schuyler................................
60
Carrollton...........................
50 Republican........................
70
Hope-street: Hannibal...
100 Missions, 46 ; Money, $8,260, Columbus..............................
St. Edward’s .........................
40
Laclede..............................
100
Fullerton ..............................
25
Laclede Circuit.................
100
Nevada.
Scribner................................
60
Moberlv.............................
225
500 Norfolk District................
300
N ew Florence...................
40 Northern D is tric t...
75 Lyons.....................................
40
N ew Cambria...................
100 Lake V ie w .
100 Ponca......................................
60
Bothville............................
40 Quincy................................
125 St. Janies...............................
80
150 Reno
W ellsville..........................
200 West Point............................
Su«an
ville.........
80
8 t Catharine.....................
40
125 Wisner...................................
50
Canton................................
75 T ru ck e e ...........
200 Norfolk.............................. 100
65 Central District.
Kirksville Circuit.............
125 Oakdale..................................
80
L u r a y ................................
65 Carson................................
100 .Neligh....................................
60
65 Carson V alley...................
Milan..................................
100 Bazile Mills............................
50
Macon C ity.......................
40 Elko and Tuscarora
200 Niobrara.............................
120
Queen C it y .......................
20 E u reka..............................
Logan V alley.....................
40
South M em phis...............
60 Gold Hill and D ayton.
150 Madison................................
60
U nionville........................
80 Ruby H ill..........................
150 Humphrey.............................
60
Chillieothe Station
50 V irg in ia ............................
150 Plainview'.............................
40
Chillicothe Circuit
50 Virginia, Special...............
Winneinucca.....................
Arizona..................................
50
Bethany..............................
75
Kingston............................
100 Southern D istrict.............
Missions, 28; Money, $1,740.
Ridgley..............................
60 Bishop’s Creek and Inde­
200
Ravenna.............................
60 pendence .......................
N orth-W est Iow a.
JMnceton...........................
100 Bodie..................................
Sloan..................................
50
Plattsburgh.......................
50 Colevilleand Bridgeport.
Ma-ion’s
Valley
and
Pine
Onawa................................
90
Amazonia...........................
60
.............
100 Battle Creek....................
C o rn in g.............................
50 Grove
60
K ing City...........................
50 Missions, 21: Money, 88,000. Cherokee Circuit.............
40
Meriden.............................
<0
Oregon................................
200
40
M arcu s..............................
Stansberry
........
100
North C arolina.
Le Mars Circuit...............
40
Missions, 85: Money, $2,775.
40
Western D istrict
80i> Merrill................................
40
Polk and M’Dowell
50 S e n e y ................................
N ebraska.
Sheldon..............................
90
H ayw ood...........................
65
Sibley Ciruuit...................
60
60
Nebraska City D istrict...
100 Jefferson...............................
40
65 Pattersonville...................
P e r n ..................................
50 Lenoir and H ick o ry
6°
26 Portlandvilie.....................
Palm yra.............................
40 Caldw ell............................
8u
86 Ida C ircuit........................
Syracuse............................
40 Alexander and W ilks
Rock Rapids.....................
80
25
Lincoln D is tr ic t..............
160 Newton..................................
B lairsbuigh.......................
40
80
Lincoln Circuit.................
100 South Catawba.....................
60.
75 Boyer Circuit....................
W averly............................
26 Cleaveland and G aston...
60
800 D avton..............................
E lm w ood...........................
50 Mount A iry D istrict
Elsw orth...........................
100
75
V alparaiso.........................
50 Mount A ir y ..........................
100
60 G o w rie ..............................
Beatrice D istrict.............
800 Boone and Jonesville
26 Hubbard.................................... Jjj
Blue Springs.....................
50 D anbury............................
Homfer................................
26
4V
Odell..................
26 M adison.........................
i
8 8 i .]
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
303
Jackson Center....................
$50Liberty-street................ .. $100¡Savannah City Mission.. $110
New ell...................................
100
Sixteenth-street...............
lOOi.Millen and Washington..
05
Pomeroy and R ockw ell..
50 Sum m it-street.................
100 Darien................................
110
Webster City C irc u it....
40 Independence .................
1(H) Valdosta and Brooks.......
180
Holden Circuit.................
50 Appling..............................
50
Stratford................................
25
H ill...........................
Algona....................................
6Rich
U
100 Augusta.............................
100
Harrison ville.....................
50 Munnerlyn and C la rk .. . .
Whittemore...........................
40
30
Pence Grove.........................
40
Wan-ensburgh Circuit . . .
50 Missions, 60; Money, $8,500.
Greenfield..........................
75
G arn er..................................
60
Maiion ville........................
76
East Side Circuit.................
40
Jo plin ................................
250
40
Liverm ore............................
South Carolina.
100
Dakota and H um boldt...
40 Neosho and. Pierce C ity ..
B r it t ..................................
60 North Springfield and
Orangeburgh District__
700
200 Orangeburgh.....................
Rutland..................................
50 Marshfield......................
80
Clinton and Calhoun........
‘25 Orangeburgh Circuit.......
EstherviUe............................
40
40
S t Louis Circuit.............
38 Branch ville Circuit.........
Ruthven................................
40
20
N eosho..............................
80 Reeves...............................
60
Spirit Lake............................
82
Springfield Circuit...........
20 Summerville ...................
Millford..................................
40
100
Cartilage and Joplin........
80 Cattle Creek......................
Hartley..................................
40
40
50 Enoch Station and Beech
Arrow R o c k .....................
Sioux Rapids........................
40
80 H ill.................................
Brownsville.......................
Spencer Circuit.....................
40
40
80 S t Andrew’s and Ten-mile
Missions, 43: Money, $2,200. Smithton and O tterville..
110 H ill.................................
Kansas City .....................
70
Butler and Nevada..........
60 Kingstree..........................
90
Wellington........................
80 S t Stephen’s & Pineville.
40
Oregon.
70 St. John’s ..........................
Rolla
and
St.
J
a
m
es........
20
Clear C reek .......................
60
55 St. Mary's..........................
84
East Portland Circuit
75 California Ciivuit.............
50 Forreston ........................
Lebanon
............................
20
Forest Grove and Corne­
55 Turkey Creek and Hick­
Harrison ville and Holden
lius......................................
50
Greenfield and ML V er­
ory
Grove......................
20
Hillsborough.....................
75
37 Cedar Swamp and Jere­
Salem Circuit.....................
100 non .................................
miah
...............................
40
Powell’s Valley.................
75 Missions, 49 ; Money, $4,1 50.
S t James’ Santee.............
12
Puget Sound D istrict.. . .
250
20
Cooper R iver....................
Olym pia............................
100
Savannah.
Columbia D istrict...........
700
New Tacoma.........................
75
800
Atlanta DistricL...............
250 Columbia..........................
Ferndale and Nooksack
40
W ateree............................
Indian Mission.............
125 Mnrkham-street and West
Rock
Spring
....................
30
End.................................
30
125
Port Townsend....................
26
East Atlanta.....................
25 Camden C ircu it...............
Turn W ater...........................
75
Sumter
Circuit.................
Fulton
Mission.................
40
40
50
Chehalis............................
50 Mechanicsville and Spring
Oysterville........................
75 Marietta............................
82
25 H ill.............................
Astoria...............................
150 La Grange Circuit..........
Hamilton and Belmont..
20
75 Maysville Circuit.............
Cowlitz...................................
50
Lynchburgh......................
20
25
Grantville
C
irc
u
it...........
50
Lewis River......................
100 Timmonsville & Lynch’s
Centerville.........................
50 Senoia................................
30 Creek..............................
20
50 Carroll and B ow d oin __
Whidby Island..................
80 Florence............................
30
S k agit................................
50 Douglas..............................
Fairburn............................
25
M
arion..............................
20
Eugene City D istrict.. . .
250
50
80 Horry Circuit..................
110 Decatur..............................
Ashland..............................
40
40 Pee, Dee Circuit................
Jacksonville......................
150 Oxford and Covington. . .
30 Mars’ Bluff........................
Heard.................................
20
Roseburgh............................
50
Macon
D
istrict.................
Darlington........................
50
275
D rains
.........................
14 1
Macon, 1st Church...........
2D
125 Darlington C ircu it_____
Springfield...........................
100
Forsyth..............................
60 Cheraw..............................
80
Missions, 26; Money, $2,500. Milner andBnrnesville...
50
70 Bennetts ville....................
40
Clayton..............................
25 North M arlborough........
80
Butts and Summer II11I..
5d Marlborough Circuit.......
Saint Louis.
Columbus..........................
175 Marion C ircu it.................
a0
40
Bloomfield...................
25 Chesterfield and Oro..
50 Culloden............................
80
Jefferson and M t Zion .. .
100
Toomsborough aud IrwinCape Girardeau..................
800
De S o to ............................
75 ton ..................................
80 Port Royal D istrict.........
101
Farmington..........................
100W oodbury........................
bo Old Bethel........................
60
75 W e sle y..............................
Houston
50 Fort Valley and Americus
Ironton and W ebster__
75 Butler and Talbott on.......
60 John’s and Wadmalaw’s
24
Licking..............................
75 Milledgeville and Sparta..
90 Is'a n d ............................
20
Marble H ill........................
25 James’ Islan d...................
60 Greenville ........................
60 Beaufort and Port Royal 150
Piedmont and Poplar
Telfair and Eastman..
66
B lu ff..............................
60 Montgomery.....................
25 Comhahee.........................
75 Rome District..................
275 Walterborough and AfihSalem.................................
60
Goode Ave., and Tower
Cartersville........................
75 apoo................................
40
60 Colleton.............................
G rove............................
260 Canton Circuit..................
50
ilickory
H
ill....................
80
Water Tower...................
100 Whttefield..........................
24
20 Syke’s and Savannah.......
Carondolet.........................
200 Adairsvllleand Pine Log.
80 Gillisonville and Hilton
S t L u k e 's .........................
200 Gainesville Circuit...........
40
80 H ead ..............................
Montgorhery-street
200 Jackson
100
40 Spring-street Mission . . . .
High Point .....................
100,ElberL...................
60
25 Allpnaale and Brunson.. .
Knob Noster.....................
60 ¡Buford.................
60
80 Bentlv Hill and Millettville
W a rsaw ............................
60Bowman Circuit.
66
250 Blackvil!e and Williston.
Schell d t y
..................
50 Savannah District,
66
80i Barnwell...........................
Nevada
.......................
lOOiSavoojiab, Asbury
304
[ l 88 l.
MISSIONARY REPORT.
Midway.............................
$50!Harrisonville.....................
52 Grenoia,
Edisto Forks.
Elizabeth.......
50 E lk F a ils ....
52
Cedarville__
Wi-sley Grove
Lexington . . .
20 Howard City
Johnstow n...
20, P e r u ...........
Toogoodoo and S t Paul.
24 Sedan...........
Greenville District
TUO Altoona............
Greenville Circuit.
Mound Valley.
Labette.
Golden Grove...................
Cherry vale.........................
S t Mark’s..........................
Liberty
M arietta..........................
W elfo rd ............................
T h a y e r .............
E
lk C ity ...........
Biedsville
: .................
40 Burton...............
Spartan burgh....................
Spartmburgh C irc u it....
150 S ed gw ick..........
50 W alton .............
Piedm ont...........................
40 Florence...........
Cherokee............................
Gaffney..............................
40,Matfleld Green.
151) Caí iton
Turk v ille ...........................
80 R o x b u ry ...........................
Y o rk Circuit.....................
40 ¡Marquette....................
Chester Circuit..................
20;Little A rkan sas..........
Saluda................................
Macedonia.........................
40 Hutchinson C ircu it...
W alhalla............................
40! Marion Center.............
20 Marion C ircu it............
Seneca................................
20 ¡Toledo..........................
Tugaloo.............................
Mount Sinai...................... '
40,Little E iver.................
Belton................. ...............
20 1Cottonwood Falls........
Greenwood........................
40 l o l a ..............................
Edgefield and New berry.
100 Humboldt....................
Abbeville.
20 'S tra w n ........................
New W ork..........................
85! Leroy
Missions, 92 ; Money, $7,000. Colony.............
M e lv e m .........
Mineral P o in t.
Southern California.
V ir g i l.............
Los Angeles District
175 D unlap...........
for Mexican W o r k ...
200 E lsinore.........
Los Angeles: Eose-street 100 C lim a x ...........
Pomona and Azusa.
175 M adison.........
150 Richmond
Florence.............................
Santa Monica.....................
100 Arkansas C ity...................
San Bernardino.................
150 A ndover............................
175 A u gu sta ............................
Santa A n n a .......................
San Diego Circuit
100 Augusta Circuit...............
Santa Barbara D istrict...
225 Belle Plaine
for Mexican W o r k ...
250 Berdan..
Ventura Circuit...............
150 Caldwell
Goleta................................
125 Chelsea..............................
Santa Maria..................
100 D ouglass...........................
Pasa Robles.......................
125 D e x t e r ..............................
C a m b ria.........................
100 East W ichita.....................
Los A lam os.......................
125 Ilayesville..........................
Yisalia D istrict.................
8 5' L e o n ..................................
V is a lia ...............................
175 Mulvane.............................
Bakersfield................
200 Mayfield.............................
100 O x fo rd ..............................
Tehichipa..........................
Plano..................................
100 Plum Grove.......................
Tulan C ity........................
100 South Haven.....................
..............
Tresno................................
100 Valley Center
San Benito......................
100 W estW achita...................
Rolling
Green...................
Mariposa.....................
200 Lamed D istrict
........
Missions, 26; Money, $4,000. L arn ed ...............................
Garfield..............................
South Kansas.
Dodge C it y .......................
40'Pawnee R o c k ...................
Pawnee....................
50;Great Bend.......................
Osage Mission..........
401 S te rlin g ............................
B eu lah .....................
401Nickerson..........................
Cherokee...................
65 L y o n s...............................
Baxter Springs........
40 ;Walnut C ity .....................
Pleasanton...............
40 Bazine..........
La Cygne.................
40 Brown’s Grove.................
Gulesburgh.............
60 Kingman............................
Mulberry G ro ve...
85 Waterloo............................
Galena.......................
40 H arp er...............................
Monmouth and M’Cune.
10 Antnony............................
Pittsburgh and Opolis . . .
Coffey v ille .........................
85 ¡Medicine Lodge
$25;Sttn C ity.............................
$50
Iuka
60
Missions, 95 ; Money, $5,500.
100
Tennessee.
40 Nashville District.............
20Nashville Circuit.............
80 Franklin............................
100 Spring H ill........................
25 Lewisburgh & Liliards..
75 Gallatin..............................
85 Gallatin Circuit.................
850
100
50
75
75
100
25
Mitchell ville.
Spring H ilL.......................
D ickson ............................
D o v e r................................
Murfreesborough D is t...
60 Murfreesborough Circuit.
W est Tennessee District.
Lawrenceburgh.................
W aynesborough...............
Linden................................
P u rd y ................................
Henclerson........................
Mansfield & Miinuerville.
G ardner's..........................
Cypress..............................
Stone Eiver.......................
W oodbury........................
Shelby ville........................
Shelby ville Circuit
Spaila .
M ’Minnville.............
M’Minnville Circuit.
Caney F o rk .............
North Leb an on __
C o ok ville.................
Sunim ersville.
40 Martin’s Creek.
75: Van Buren Circuit
80|Bell...................
40i Brownsville......
40j Mason
40¡ Fayette..........................
60¡Memphis Centenary . . .
75 Memphis Circuit..........
25 Missions, 42; Money,
40
60
40
Texas.
80
25 Marshall District.............
75 Bonham ................................
40 Clarksville.............................
40 Cypress..................
25 Jefferson................................
80 M arion..............................
85 Marshall............................
85 P a ris ..................................
40 Pittsburgh.............................
800 Queen City andKildare..
190 lied Eiver and Indian Na­
100 tion.....................................
80 Sulphur Springs...............
100 Texarkana . . . , ............
100 Texarkana C ir c u it
20C Woodlawn.........................
125 Bu tler................................
75 Cotton G in.........................
75 C rockett................................
F airfield ................................
40 Henderson andTroupe ..
100 Jacksonville.......................
80 J ew ett................................
80 L e o n a................................
75 M adison.................................
80 Mineola
100
lOOjHartsville.......................
50
75
50
50
875
25
4S0
80
30
20
30
40
85
41)
50
50
50
50
25
625
25
25
20
20
20
20
20
25
20
25
25
20
15
20
20
20
25
20
20
20
1®
20
80
1881.]
DOMESTIC MISSIONS.
P a lestin e ........................... $201
V irginia. „
Palestine Mission.............
16 Alexandria D istrict.........
San Augustine and Nacog­
[Norfolk..............................
doches ............................
Portsmouth
...........
Shelby and Sabine............
Old Point..........................
T y le r ..................................
25jFalmouth . . : ...................
Tyler Circuit.....................
15 Falls Church.....................
Hous.ton D istrict.............
450 Herndon............................
Chance’s Prairie...............
26 Leesburgh and Hillsboro’
Columbia and
Oyster
Berryville...........................
Creek..............................
20; Vienna................................
Frost’s Chapel and PittsGreenbrier District.........
v ille ................................
20 Highland............................
Harrisburgh and LynchGreenbrier.........................
burgh ............................
25 Monroe ............................
Hockley and Rose H ill...
20Forest H ill........................
St. James..........................
50 Potts’ C re e k .....................
Sloan-street......................
30 Sweet Springs...................
Houston............................
25 Pocahontas........................
Richmond and Oak H ill.
70 Augusta & Rockingham.
Spring...............................
80 Roanoke D istrict.............
Huntsville District...........
400 Roanoke............................
Beaum ont........................
25 New Eiver........................
Cold Springs....................
25 Fincastle............................
Liberty and West Africa.
50 Eockbridge.......................
Livingston........................
3!) Cataw ba............................
L o v ela d y ..........................
25 Bedford and Franklin__
Montgomery.....................
25 F loyd..................................
M oscow ............................
30 Auburn..............................
W alker..............................
25 Grayson.................... ........
Wallaceville......................
25 W vthe................................
W illis ................................
20Bland and West Giles.. . .
W oodville........................
20 Abingdon District ..........
Navasota D istrict............
524 Smy the..............................
Anderson..........................
20
Belleville and Hempstead
20Tazewell............................
Buchanan........................
Brenliam and Washington
35 N ew Garden.....................
B r y a n ................................
20 Russell..............................
Burlison............................
18
Courtney...................... .
20 Wise...................................
20 SLee.....................................
Heai-ne and F ra nk lin __
c o tt..................................
I o l a ...................................
14 NichollsviUe......................
Plantersville.....................
20 North
Fork.......................
Prairie P la in .....................
28 Three Forks......................
Missions, 64; Money, $3, 755.
Missions, 43; Money, $5,;
Washington.
V erm ont.
Gaysvillo............................
50 Lynchburgh District__
Worcester..........................
25 Norfolk............................
Bethel Gilead.....................
25 liichm ond.......................
East E lm o re.....................
25 Leesville............. ..........
Canaan..............................
25 Brownsburgh.................
Peacham............................
70 Northern N eck...............
Wheeioek...........................
25 Waterford ......................
North Concord.................
25 Woodlawn.......................
West Topsham.................
25 Leesburgh .....................
..........................
25 Charlottesville................
Stowe
Box bury............................
50; Staunton D istrict........... .
Corinth..............................
25: White H all.......................
60 Jefferson..........................
Guildhall............................
East St. .Tolinsbury
25 New M arket...................
West Concord...................
20 Rockingham ...................
Athens & Cambridgeport.
8 U Som ers............................
E. Dover & Williamsville.
90 Union.............
Putney..............................
30 Spring Creek.
North Thetfurd.................
80 Highland.. ..
Norwich............................
80 Peterstown.
South Tunbridge
80 Mount Vernon.............
West Bradford.
..........
80 Wheeling D istrict........
Johnson............................
40 F airm oun t....................
Morrlsville.........................
50 Grafton..........................
W aterville........................
40 E o m n e y ........................
Underhill...........................
25 Olarksburgh.................
Milton................................
25 Moorefield....................
Montgomery.....................
25 Wardensville............. .
S t Albans B a y.................
20 W eston..........................
Isle La M o tte...................
25 Point Pleasant..............
Missions, 80; Money, $1 ,000. Huntington .................
20
SO S .
K cvser C ity ......................
$60
Soft$330 W ytheville D istrict..........
Mount
A
iry
.......................
40
220
40‘
200 Glade Springs...................
Bristol................................
40
200
20
220 Draper’s V alley...............
Christiariburgh.................
20
100
3S
250 Salem.............. ..................
50
200Big L ick ............................
20
IS O Fincastle............................
Th
axton
.............
..............
41)
100
16
2(10 Liberty...............................
40
20 Franklin............................
25
60 Giles..................................
25
75 Tazewell............................
IS
100 Buchanan..........................
115 Missions, 47 ; Money, $2,500.
120
80
W est Texas.
275
450
325 Waco District...................
40
Waco Mission...................
60East
Waco.........................
35
60
Marlin and Big Creek . . .
40
120 Marlin
C ir c u it.................
60
120 Bremond
and Long
120 B ran ch ...........................
40
175
alvert..............................
20
6 CPort
Sullivan and Milan
S
G r» v e ............................
60
Groesbeck..........................
40
Spring I lill........................
75
60
825 I)a’las and M’ Kinney
80
85 Denton and Pilot Point..
San
Antonio
D
istrict
435
85 San Antonio & B o ern e...
20
7c
30
85 Pleasanton........................
30
70 Fredericksburgh & Hando
2.'>
05 Seguin and Mt. Pleasant..
3'J
35 Luvernia and Floersvillc.
Riddleviile
and
Stock
dale.
80
65
25
80 Xockerm ft........................
8J
65 Belmnnt............................
Gonzales...................... ; ..
55
Mount Vernon.................
100
Cuero and New Hope
25
MissionValley and Center­
ville ................................
80
Victoria on4 Indianola.. .
25
Corpus C liristi.................
110
25
50 Tcxana and M orales
20
65 Brownsville......................
G oliad...............................
25
Columbus D istrict
525
Columbus
Circuit.............
25
35
25
30 Alleyton and Eagle Lake.
25
25 La Grange..........................
20
25 Oakland ..........................
Hallettsville......................
¡>
0
30
30
200 B o x ville............................
Fiatonia
and
Schulonberg
40
32
80
40 Peach C re e k .....................
30
25 Lockhart & San Marcos..
40
25 Industry............................
Wharton
and
Cana
120
84
40|Austin D istrict.................
425
g 2 Austin, Simpson Mission.
Sit
55
¿¡»¡Austin C irc u it.................
goiM’Dade..............................
40
32 Georgetown and Bound
55
R o c k ..............................
35
40 Giddings and B u rto n
Cunningham
&
W.
Poin
t
45
40
' 30
20 Taylorsville........................
8l>
25 Lampasas..........................
50
35 Eockdale and Davilla
Belton................................
85
25
60 La Grange Circuit
20
40 Bastrop and Cottonwood
40 Missions, 55; Money, $4,000..
3o 6
MISSIONARY REPORT.
W est 'Virginia.
Logan................................
Hinchman........................
F etterm an ........................ $100 West F o rk .......................
N ew Martinsville Station.
100 Flat T o p ..........................
N ew Martinsville Circuit.
85 Quinamont and Hinton.
Deer P a rk ........................
100 Fayette..................... ......
Pleasant H ill.....................
75 Clay.
Pleasant Grove.................
65
Randolph Mission............
B u rto n ..............................
40 Missions, 50 ; Money,
Pine G rove.......................
40
Worthington.....................
40
W est W isconsin .
Sinitlitown.........................
40
Beverly..............................
40 Avoca and Orion...............
Juda...................................
Upshur...............................
65
M ingo................................
100 Mazomanie.........................
Suttou................................
25 Wauzeka............................
Elizabeth...........................
50 Georgetown .....................
Hughes Eiver M ission...
40 Portage D istrict..............
Raymond C ity .................
60 New Lisbon .....................
50 Eeedsburgh.......................
East Charleston...............
Charleston C ircuit
80 Westfield............................
Mill C re e k .........................
60 Plainfield...........................
Bipley................................
50 Coloma...............................
W alto n ...............................
50 Strong P r a ir ie .................
San dyville.........................
20 Tomali................................
M alden..............................
50 Wonewoc...........................
Guyandotte D istrict
100 La Crosse, 2d C h u rch .. . .
Guyandotte Station
75 Mt. S te rlin g .....................
Milton................................
50 Ean Claire D istrict..........
Barboursville & Ceredo.,
150 Arcadia...............................
Winfield and St. A lbans..
100 Cadott and Thorp.............
Mt. Union..........................
40 Medford..............................
75 Merrillan............................
Hamline............................
East Hamline...................
40 Colby and U n ity .............
C oalburgli.........................
50 Bloom er.............................
40 Durand...............................
Coal E iver.........................
Cassville.............................
40 Neillsville .........................
Laurel Mission.................
40 Pleasant V alley .................
New Eiver D is tr ic t
180 W hitehall...........................
Elk E i v e r .........................
70 Spencer and Marshfield..
75 Alm a Center.....................
Pleasant Retreat...............
Mountain Cove
.
70 Alabam a.............................
M ercer...............................
45 A rk a n sa w .........................
Ll88 l.
$85 'B a rro n ..............................
85 Clear Lake.........................
100
85 Ells worth...............................
50
40 Menominee.......................
lflO
40 Osceola Mills.........................
50
60 Pepin..................................
iao
85 Eice L a k e ..............................
50
25 St. Croix Falls......................
50
¡,000. Missions, 39; Money, 82,500,
W isconsin.
40 H artford......................
60 W atertow n .................
50 Jefferson......................
125 M’F arland...................
50 Princeton...................
50 Sheboygun ...................
100 Monticelio...................
100 Kingston......................
60 Chilton.........................
75 K ew au n ee...................
25 Kaukauna....................
25 Oconto F a lls ...............
75 Peshtigo......................
75 Sturgeon B a y .............
100 Suam ico.......................
50 W nukau......................
100 W est Pentsaukee........
50 W inneconne...............
100 W righ tsto w n .............
100
60 Waupaca D is trict
120
100 Autigo................................
Amherst............................
40
25
40
60 Auroraville........................
100
65 Clintonville.. . ...................
80
80 Dale and Freem ont
50
25 Iola and Ogdensburgh. . .
Tigerton
and
Nora...........
140
60
40
125 Merrill...............................
50
25 Wautoma..........................
100
60 New London.....................
25 Missions, 85; Money, $2,000.
Kcme.—Report from Alabama Conference not received in time for press.
grand totals in the statistics of our Foreign Missions,
found in the table which here follows, are no less encouraging
than those of last year. T h ey show advance in nearly every
particular. T h e total of members and probationers, the latter
being in most cases communicants, is 36,909. T he average
attendance upon Sunday worship is represented by a largely
increased figure, (55,931,) owing, indeed, very much to the
fact that report of this item is now rendered in some cases
where it was before lacking, though the column is still incom­
plete.
Certain additional columns are included in the Report of this
year, nam ely: those on H igh Schools or Colleges, and on T h e­
ological Schools. These are items of great interest and im­
portance. O f the former class of schools we have now 12,
with 653 pupils ; and of the latter 8, with 79 students. W e
may expect continued growth on this line, as we have entered
upon a new era in our educational work. T h e growth in the
number of day-schools, and particularly the notable advance in
the number of native teachers employed, is also indicative of
the demands made upon us in this direction in our foreign
fields. T he Sunday-schools at least keep pace with our gene­
ral progress. T h e column on self-support requires the ex­
planation given in a note.
In our Domestic Missions’ Summary, only the total of
missionaries over the wide field of the Conferences where aid
is bestowed is tabulated. O ther general statistics in this field
may be found by consulting the General Minutes of the Con­
ferences for 1881. T h e grand total of members and churches,
with all that appertains to them, ministered to b y these 2,438
missionaries of the home field, is indeed great, and contains a
large promise o f the future, fortified by such a record of past
progress as is exhibited on pages 236 and 244 of the present
Report.
T
h e
1
1*
b £
0
ti
Grand Total.
1
i l|
A frica................................
South-east South America
Foochow t ...........
Centnil China...................
North C h im i.............................
Germany and Switzerland
Norway..............................
Sweden...............................
Denmaik............................
North India.......................
South India
Bulgaria.......
Italy...............................
Japan............. ...............
M exico..........................
6
•3
$33,434
55,000
9.150
5,500
11.700
378,M5
75,707
133,757
77,773
. 64,082
131,725
1,000
26.500
6,500
58,200
23
6
8
15
3
10
75
21
52i
*2!
1
6
313 569 22
0; 4i
22
1
2
7
3 9i
50 9
3 i?'
..I
2 9,
2!13
1|®
!
|fl9 70
00
00 12
00
77
00
6
00
2
8b 510
32
5
27
71
50
60
00 25
00
7
4
00
0(
15
00
53
00
15
ë
1 £
!2
£-
it
£ £
= 1
cï
I I
[2:5
l£ :
2
1
52
4
8
49
3
4
3
45
0
1
0
9
11
u1 •
g ||
$390
16,000
3,450
12,500
33.000
11,000
6,808
603
64,595
16,475
500
6,500
26,350
41,900
Otc
00 $10,000 00
$340 0:v!
$39 00
00
278 00
5,597 77,
00
40,200 ÔÙ
185 96
2,500 00
00
"i0 3 23
00
12,700 0(1
on
54,820 20 230,940 20 1,244 02
57
22,149 66
551 15
54,060 15 1,890 08
00
6.217 60
378 51
Ôi'l 1M.225 0(1
12,200 00
270 78
00
27,050 00
00
’ Ï ,5 Î2 58
” 40 37
00
00
' 3,iÔÔ 00
00
16,950 00
93 91
..........
......
'iôi iè
1879.683 271i *1,068,775 05 852 203 $240,971 57 $296,007 78 $338,555 3 « $5,176 16
" r t e V
T
i 4
ne p ' Mro?-a ry rT S i .“ w °,the1 hnv? retired from active 8ervice rt.iriner the past y e n .
statistical tabl«.
* Correct b y this figure the misprint on page 35.
1 The statistics o f last year.
1 No report from Foochow and N orw ay and ose district in Germany and Switierlund.
S U M M A R I E S O F THE
MISSIONS.
ôi
1
s
Total Missionaries.
1
5
114
114
143
1,175
356
416
143
1,187
7
5
26
10
14
«
27a
2,021+
21
15
102
44
75
44
142
28
24
13B
11
31
i ï t
e
g
iS S F ° f Bt8“ ° “
Î94 Î3
1433 21
001
....
00
03 21,975
it;o,o6o
4,878.790
58
1.810,750
97 2ÛÎHÎ1
7
97
3,36(1,(100
78
352,000
00 857,001 14,000,000
00
1,501
169,500
52
1
306.7ÔÔ
3,101
ÔÔ
2^90,700
13
$5,658 70 $79,674 41 $44,305 85 110,53b
17,660.440
1
¡1
‘ ièsi
«50
308
1,058
719
867
535
la s t
¡1
I s
19
1
$20,530
3300
‘3
6
3
18
9
12
7
10
20,800
20,500
84500
23^00
38£00
35,000
67,000
13.100
i
j
È
It
1
1|
=
E O
£
■B
li*
Ic fft*
¿1
is 5
Ê
§
I I
8
$4,120
::::
■i
10
3
8
3
6
4iÔÔ0
i^ a o
4,7C0
3400
9,900
850
3,525
$9,0(10
4,830
c «
h
J -*
*1
s ?
2 -c
31
s E .-
•| |
y.
rZ
$1,900
1,300
1399
G.500
3,300
5,450
1,545
»"c
Ücß
Ca
o f
$SH9 34
14 00
$515 3«
20 00
$402 ÔÔ
‘
122 i'2
200 00
“ ¿0 ÖÖ
3 55
"84Û
250
2,250
937
.V O l
2.445
2527
7.009
14,250
2,700
8.820
5,964
5,525
1 358
*647
72
155
143
170
Î8
06
00
75
10
249 60
138 35
* 52 ÔÔ
239 40
38
00
00
00
76
00
95
54
$68 ÔÔ
06
00
00
25
00
00
2/138
I
* Certain statistics o f this Mission are here given which nre not found on r o e e 5
» . the o
1
•o
c
¡5
l.lL'l)
40
85
03
58
00
00
22
00 ,$ 2 ,0 0 0
Oil,
1.335
4li
317
92
02
77
2,477
49
825
09 10.284
51
1,044
07 1 0 ,5 «
00 13.861
546
78
00
26
04
1,073
J
£
229t
C lt
2.Ù2Î 6i
$1,600
3.817
650
15
130
27,820
1,753
11,914
1,052
14,783
24,579
8
216
121
1,192
I*
1
■fi
<8
1,731
78
É §•
0a
DOMESTIC M IS S IO N S .
IT.
21
1'
T-t-
«
? tjj
§ The erTor in last year’s statistics in giving dollars for rupees (41.8 cents) in South India is to be considered in making comparisons on the
total in this column and iu some that follow.
| These figure* are from the North India report (text) o f 1880, no statistics under this head having been received this year. These figure»
âre probably m excess of the true figures for 1881.
H The column of Self-support in the statistical tables o f some o f the Missions represents, as was designed this year, purely l**cal contributions
for the pastor’s salary and current expenses; but more was embraced in some cases, and the general summary under this head therefore include«,
as heretofore, a variety o f contributions for local purposes.
** In Germany and Switzerland value o f parsonages included in churches.
i t There are 21 separate works reponed in this column (uot reckoned in the aggregate) w hich would greatly increase the number o f volumes.
i
American Indian.
.
Welsh.............................................;;;
German ..................... .....................
Scandinavian..................................
Chinese.............................................
Arizona............................................
Black Hills.............................
Dakota....................................
Montana................................
New M exico.....................
u ta h ...........................................
West Nebraska.................................
English ¡Speaking...............................
ua
$26 57
349 00
22 60
2
987
272
367
58
24
u
|
'V
11
Pages Printed during
tlie Year.
t
«C i
MISSIONS.
Estimated Value o f
Churches. 5
1
Collected for other
Benevolent Societies.
FOREIGN m i s s i o n s .
I No. of Halls and other
| Pinces of Worship.
S U M M A R I E S O F THE
aide1' by tbe M “ i0nary S0C“ ‘ y
1116
German, Scandinavian, and English-Speaking Conférence*»
.. i
..
1
..
.............1
................
f^edei|>t$ of tl\e $ o é ie ty fro m tìje 8 e ^ : q i q g .
D ates.
Contribationa
b y Conferences.
Received during the year 1820
1821
1822
»
1828
*•
1824
«
“
1825
1S26
1827
1828
1S29
*
«
1830
1881
1882
«
1838
»
“
1884
«
U
1835
1886
1537
1538
1839
“
“
1840
1841
«
»
1842
1843
1844
1845
1846
184T
184S
«
1849
M ay 1,1849, to April 80,1850
“
1850,
“
1851
1851,
“
1852 $188,284 44
298,473 89
1852, to Dec. 81,1858
211,902 01
Jan. 1, 1854,
“
1854
204,464 86
•» 185?,
“
1855
199,996 59
1856,
“
1S56
247,753 18
“
1S57,
“
1S5T
220,987 64
“
1S58,
“
1S58
248,863 44
1859,
“
1859
236,269 21
1860,
“
1860
222,709 28
“
1861,
“
1S61
241,247 29
1862,
“
1862
888,109 18
1863,
“
1863
497,867 17
1864,
“
1864
687.569 41
1865,
“
1S65
641,450 82
“
1866,
“
1866
658,520 85
186T,
“
186T
675,024 90
1868,
“
1868
576,897 48
«
1809,
“
1869
576,774 10
1S70, to Oct. 8 1 ,1S70
603,421 70
Nov. 1, 1870,
“
ISTI
627,641 60
“
1S71,
“
1872
647,108 76
»
1872,
“
1873
618,004 99
“
1878,
“
1874
618,927 12
“
1874,“
1S75
633,594 45
1875,
“
1S76
666,765 66
“
1876,
“
1877
477.166 15
1877,
“
1878
480,42s 80
“
1878,
“
1879
500.182 46
1879,
“
1880
670,965 77
“
1880,
“
1881
L ep icic*.
*2,804 68
21,262 03
4,930 74
6,924 IT
7,784 81
8,544 96
8.S13 55
8,824 64
10,109 9T
10,051 44
12.8T4 7S
16,941 24
22,172 93
12,705 76
18,686 79
28.532 17
11,009 36
27.01S 21
12.194 45
11,456 41
10,364 16
15.817 88
47,003 87
85,123 15
61,838 09
89 ,616 74
41,652 12
88.818 65
84,710 27
88,865 26
B ib le So ciety.
$9,893
16,282
6,529
6.815
29,660
12,592
26,428
12,479
10,843
18.864
11,026
11,748
29,958
81,405
27.298
20,468
10,627
14.210
5,775
8,581
8,250
17,915
9,471
18,485
9,255
22.594
82.546
82:611
22.47S
20,882
38
97
80
01
52
89
42
11
69
21
64
83
16
50
19
44
48
92
22
14
84
60
96
62
h4
85
78
95
41
SC
$828 04
2,328 76
2,547 89
6.427 14
8,5S9 92
4,140 16
4,964 11
6,812 49
6,245 17
14,1; 6 11
18,128 68
9,950 57
11,379 66
17,097 05
86,700 15
80,492 21
59,517 16
57,096 05
96,087 36
182,480 29
136,410 87
189,925 76
189,478 25
144,770 80
146,57S 78
94,5G2 27
89.52S 26
7S.982 78
81,600 84
84,045 15
104,579 54
126,471 81
150.482 48
835,968 89
228,412 05
21S.204 04
287,441 92
26S,890 48
255,224 61
265,16T 19
266,722 77
246,124 98
265,148 71
416,798 75
549,998 26
631,740 67
682,880 80
607,520 96
59S,16l 69
61S,226 61
694,743 77
628,459 25
661,056 60
680,886 64
675,080 82
662,4S5 89
694,188 88
628,977 25
651,866 05
551,899 80
657,871 14
625,663 89
C io i^ t ó f e u t io i^ ^ à i \ d
f o f ¥ e i\ Y e à i%
T h e following table shows the membership in full connec­
tion with the Church as given in the General Minutes of the
calendar year named, the contributions as reported that year
by the Treasurer, and the average per member for each Con­
ference each year :
BULGARIA AND TURKEY.
Members.
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
9,052
8,141
9,764
10,212
4,351
5,030
5,133
4,512
4,710
4,272
A n im ili!.
Member,-.
A verti g t*.
$145 90 «0 01.6 1876
93 65 0 91.1 1877
139 75 0 01.4 1878
172 65 0 01.6 1879
1880
57 50 0 01
34 05 0 00.6 1881
Am ount.
$40 00 $0 80
50
44
' 1Ô 34 0 27 '.2
38
29 75 1 à i.2
22
23 ■ 40 78 1 77.3
27
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
CALIFORNIA.
0 óòlà
0 01.8 1872
6,314
605 15 0 09.5
0 01.5 1873
6,416 5,791 33 0 90.2
7,392 6527 59 0 85.6
1874
ARIZONA.
8,029 5,641 74 0 70.2
1875
7,640 5,395 50 0 70.6
57 I
1 50 I 0 02.6 1876
8,088 4,093 36 0 50.6
1877
1 350 00 1 6 14
8,17« 2,145 25 0 26.2
1878
1879
8,195 1,866 93 0 22.7
ARKANSAS.
7,844 3303 65 0 42.1
1880
416 75 0 10.9 1881
3,805
8£29 2,892 50 0 35.1
4,532
346 10 0 07.6
4,449
383 20 0 08.6
CENTRAL ALABAMA.
4,148
550 63 0 13.2 1876
5,209
4 00 0 00.7
4.519
401 60 0 08.8 1877
5,369
21 85 0 04
4,518
372 80 0 08.2 1878
6,178
30 70 0 04.9
250 15 0 08.2 1879
3,025
6.901
62 65 0 09
273 73 0 07.9 1880
3,437
6,126
16 80 0 00.2
323 86 0 08.8 1881
3,6«
6,255
IS 25 0 00.2
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
AUSTIN.
400
87 15
536
92 23
299 65
947
913
143 80
1,098
201 00
0 21.7
0 17.2
0 31.6
0 15.7
0 18.3
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1830
1881
BALTIMORE.
27,660 80,775 98
2a250 31,605 Ü5
28,003 81,575 49
2i>,547 99
27,800 20
26,068 94
30,522 23,135 27
33.1125 21,024 73
33,784 22,740 11
33,351 .25,746 86
1 12.7
0 90.5
0 94.6
0 81.3
0 75
0 65
0 67
0 77
1880 |
1881 1
40 35
88 80
68 75
1876
1877
1878
1S79
18S0
1881
1 11.2
1 11.8
1873
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
BLACK HILLS.
18801
1881
ill
:: :: I
BLUE RIDGE.
18801
18811
4M I
85 95
I
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
0 ÔÜ7 1877
CENTRAL ILLINOIS-CW’d.
Averaçe.
CENTRAL CHINA.
23
. .. .
31
..........
48
49
52 'Ì3Ì 53 2 63"
57
CENTRAL GERMAN.
9,564 6,543 90
9,962 6,20« 37
10,381 5353 20
10,781 6.442 93
11,020
6,097 89
11,225 6,079 41
11,322 5,797 72
11.360 6,374 70
11,515 6,802 58
11,828 7,732 62
68.4
62.3
Members. Amount Averase.
1878
1879
1880
1881
23,706 $8.977 41 $0 37.8
23,757 9394 06 0 39.7
23,097 9,040 99 0 39.1
21,990 10,702 94 0 48. S
CENTRAL
1872
27,639
1873
28,532
1874
29,003
1875
29,980
1876
20,502
1877
20,964
1878
20,973
1879
21,166
1880
30,614
1881
30,049
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
NEW YORK.
22,700 79 0 82.1
15,512 80 0 54.3
14,115 81 0 48.6
14,157 30 0 47.2
8,351 57 0 40.7
7,996 59 0 38.1
8,570 66 0 40.8
8,581 42 0 40.5
11,104 00 0 35.9
12,487 28 0 41
CENTRAL OHIO.
19,418 10.799 27
20,796 12,500 91
21,705 11,857 24
21,618 12,839 22
22,520 10,412 36
23,860 11,25« 08
24,099 9,540 92
24,281 ]0.558 65
24,854 10,427 80
24,727 12,605 02
0 55.6
0 60.1
0 54.6
0 59.3
0 46.2
0 47..1
0 39
0 43.4
0 41.9
0 50.9
CENTRAL PENNSYLVANIA.
1872
27,176 1&440 12 0 67.8
1873
28,721 19,498 72 0 67.8
1874
20.480 19,301 21 0 65.4
1875
31,799 18,074 11 0 56.8
1876
32,041 17,5;j9 04 0 54.7
1877
34,840 16,595 79 0 47.6
1878
33,990 15,186 56 0 44.7
1879
34,274 15.324 97 0 44.7
1880
34,189 17,581 37 0 51.4
1881
34,758 20,180 61 0 58.1
51.5
59.6
55.3
54.1
CENTRAL TENNESSEE.
51.2
0 06.1
4,408
56.1 1878
1879
4,613
26H 31 0 ( 6 .6
50
5.070
273 30 0 05.3
65.2
4,725
707 67 0 14.9
1881
CENTRAL ILLINOIS.
24,054 12,204 10 0 50.7
22,378 12,767 37 0 57
34.181 12575 83 0 51.1
26.155 13,733 65 0 52.5
24,255 11,265 48 0 46.4
0 51.1
21,201 10343 88
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
CHICAGO GERMAN.
4.166 1,992 20 0 47.8
4*329 2315 00 0 53.4
4,552 2.347 18 0 51.5
4,739 2,74» 42 0 58
4,811 2,557 24 0 53.1
MISSIONARY REPORT.
312
CHICAGO GERMAN—
Am ount.
Average,
DETROIT—Continued.
M em bers.
Am ount.
A verage.
[ I 88 l.
GENES RE—Continued .
Memlfts. Amount. Averag».
21,204 $7,405 60 $0 34.9 1879
30,552 $11,072 04 $0 36.S
6,029 •2,901 85 $0 48.1 1875
21,098 7,983 12 0 37.8 1880
23,380
5,130 2,853 89 0 55.6 1876
8,581 97 0 3(>.7
25,(07 7,097 63 0 28.3 1881
24,003
5.2(32 3,448 34 0 65.5 1877
9,826 17 0 40.8
7,962
40
25,575
1878
0
31.1
5,389 3,447 35 0 62.8
25,436 7,021 71 0 27.6
1879
5,431 I 3,ü85 06 0 67
GEORGIA.
1880
24,598 6,536 91 0 26.5
13,036
316 70 0 02.3
24,651 8,657 C9 0 35.2 1872
1881
CINCINNATI.
1873
11,542
13 20 0 00.1
1874
11.168
344 50 0 03
31,375 19,434 10 0 61.9
1872
EAST
GERMAN.
32,244 17,989 08 0 55.7
1875
1»73
12,177
488 45 0 04
2,591
33352 16525 07 0 50.7 1872
1S74
18 00 0 00.0
2,776 3,279 27 1 18.1 1876
2,459
32,623 19,609 80 0 60.1 1873
216 80 0 08.«
2,778 3,7)3 71 1 33.6 1877
1875
2,575
19 50 0 00.7
2,884 4391 85 1 52.2 1878
33,498 15,520 92 0 46.3 1874
1871)
2,514
1879
0 51.8 1875
3,065 3,953 71 1 29
34330 17,801 :4
127 3d 0 05
1*77
0 43.1 1876
35348 15,264 36
2.677
167 02 0 HO3
3,145 3,801 74 1 20.8 1880
1878
35.486 14,743 05 0 41.5 1877
3,229 3,156 77 0 97.7 1881
2,749
186 92 0 06.7
1879
35,690 13,447 64 0 37.6 1878
1880
3.217 2345 26 0 72.9
3,205 2,760 07 0 86.1 GERMANY &SWITZERLAND.
35,643 16,488 60 0 46.2 1879
1881
1880
3336 3324 88 0 99.6 1872
6,230
3,454 3491 39 1 01
1881
COLORADO.
603 34 0 09
1873
6,642
1874
7,022
937 67 0 13.2
1872
1,070, 514 10 0 48
EAST MAINE.
1875
7348 1,366 67 0 18.6
1873
1,330 1,417 30 0 10.6
7,900
1,526 80 0 19.1
8,616 2,543 °2 0 29.ß 1876
1,720 1,430 42 0 83.1 1872
1874
8,637 1,548 12 0 17.9
1,S23 1385 45 0 76
8,223 2,793 35 0 33.9 1877
1873
1875
9,083 1.S26 70 0 16-8
8,280 2,502 05 0 30.2 1878
1,839 1,044 50 0 56.7 1874
1«76
9,191 1,3!12 69 0 15.1
8365 2,449 92 0 29.2 1879
1,916 1,157 30 0 60.4 1875
1877
94« 1.296 50 0 13.7
8,430 1,899 63 0 22.5 1880
1878
2,035 1,218 7a 0 61.3 1876
9,717 1,300 90 0 i3.a
1879
8317 1,783 6H 0 2 0 .2 1881
2,623 1.584 90 0 60.4 1877
9,156 1,51« 91 0 16.5
1880
2,953 1388 61 0 63.9 1878
9,435 1,687 90 0 1
3.253 2366 30 0 72.1 1879
1881
HOLSTON.
1880
9,616 1,604 35 0 16.6
891 21 0 04.4
1881
9309 1,749 95 0 18.7 1872 I 20,233
COLUMBIA RIVER.
20,725 1,096 09 0 08.1
1873
20 00 0 00.9
21,397
1874
1876
1,120
473 27 0 42.2
EAST OHIO.
20,(33 2,413 99 0 11.7
1875
652 30 0 41.1
1877
1,587
40,048
719 68 0 01.7 1876
20,773
658 60 0 1)3.2
1873
1,714
143 00 0 08.3 1876
19293
3
<
J
1877
41,627
0
46.3
18,400
878 51 0 04.7
1877
1879
1,983 1,575 52 0 79.4 1878
42,( 61 8,M2 35 0 20.2 1878
21,448
23 46 0 00.1
IK^JJ
2,169
870 10 0 40.1 1879
42322 12.858 75 0 30.3 1879
22,594 1,559 09 0 06.9
1«!
2,517
883 25 0 31.1 1880
42,250 12374 90 0 29.2 1880
18,242
1881 . 42,473 14,481 37 0 34.1 1881
17,876 145Ó 50 0 Ò8J
DAKOTA.
1881 I 1,175 I ..........
ILLINOIS.
EAST TENNESSEE.
1872
33,673 16,704 20 0 49.«
1880 i 2,491 I ..........
DELAWARE.
32,918
17,771 87 0 54
1873
2,728
I
151
80
0
5.5
18811
36,140 16384 67 0 45.3
1874
1872
11,269
801 40 I 0 07.1
37,849
17,862 13 0 47.1
ERIE.
1875
10,086
571
62
0 05.6
3873
37,422 15,488 80 0 41.3
33,932 17.915 87 0 52.7 1876
1874
10,678
930 52 0 08.7 1872
38,901 15,985 38 0 41
1877
1875
11,496
33,723 16,385 14 0 48.5 1878
1873
690 58 0 06
37,630 12,060 30 0 32
34,900 14357 54 0 41.1
1876
1874
12,607
653 00 0 0537,798 13,d<l2 95 0 34.6
12^58
37,495 12,582 42 0 33 5 1879
693 64 0 05.4 1875
1877
37,736 14,580 87 0 38
26,941 6,626 05 0 24.6 1880
1878
13,359
727 74 0 05.4 1876
36344 16,904 35 0 30
28,459 8358 On 0 29.3 1881
1879
13,112
471 53 0 03.5 1877
28,759 6,952 04 0 24.1
90(1 00 0 06.4 1878
13,986
1880
INDIANA.
28,296 7,147 36 0 25.2
13315
1881
966 69 0 07.2 1879
28.134 7,634 23 0 27.1
28*20 6,986 82 0 24.8 1872
1880
28,082
8.006 29 0 28.4
1873
8,022
86
0
27.8
28,801
1881
DENMARK.
29,1'72 a040 30 0 27.6
1874
301
1872
30,14« 8391 45 0 27-8
1875
FLO R ID A.
276
1873
148 50 0 54.1
31',105 6314 97 0 20.9
431 39 0 23.4 1876
1,840
388
1874
446 60 1 15.1 1875
30.959 6,042 86 0 19
1877
509 45 0 26.8 1878
1,898
486
30.819 6,659 08 0 21
1875
472 05 0 97.1 1876
19.4
0
387
(3
1,988
1877
30,532 6,1(’2 85 0 19.9
1876
415 39 0 74
561
410 26 0 18.5 1879
2ÆI3
1877
3C.1C2 6,365 05 0 21.1
369 2 > 0 60.7 1878
6C8
1880
12.1
0
289
25
2356
1879
350 00 0 56.6 1880
1878
618
29.470 , 6,772 22 0 22.»
525 07 0 21.4 1881
2,448
1879
G26
396 37 0 63.3 1881
2^47 396 77 1 0 15.5
1880
401 74
IOWA.
1881
*607
396 37 0 65
19,408 6,687 23 0 34.4
1872
FOOCHOW.
6.058 91 0 31.8
18,985
1873
100 00
1874
DES MOINES.
1874
18,971 6,358 79 0 33.5
..........
1875
7,492 05 0 39.6
18,888
1875
1872
15331 2.772 51 0 18
1.255
1876
19,653 6306 92 0 32
1876
1>C!
15,732 3,629 78 0 23
1877
1541
20,416 6.027 04 0 29.4
1877
1x74
16331 4,029 43 0 24.6 1878
'ióó ÓÓ 0 07.3 1878
1355
19,987 5,411 43 08T
I«75
17,5:» 5,450 96 0 31
1879
1384
260 0(1 0 18.7 1879
19,501 5,till 03 0 28.it
19,670 : 3,573 06 0 18.1 1880
1876
81 16
0 05.5
1468
18,423 6.027 25 0 32.7
1877
20,885 7,012 12 0 33.5 1881.
182 52 0 12.4 1880
1468
18,873 7,120 54 0 87.7
1881
1878
21.110 5,418 58 0 25.6
22,493 4,655 49 0 2(1.6
1879
GENESEE.
ITALY.
1880
21,148 5,783 09 0 27.3
522 25
1881
22433 7325 79 0 33.1 1872
720 1 . .. .
1881 1
1873
1874
JAPAN.
DETROIT.
1875
59,116 "27 45 0 00.9 1875 I
1876
1872
20.147 I 8.874 68 0 44
43 ::::
19,824 8.411 97 0 42.4 1877
29,247 12,130 08 0 41.4 1876
1873
114
....
20,731 I 7,813 70 0 37.6 1878
81,533 10,458 74 0 33.1 1877 I
1874
1877
1878
187Î1
1880
1881
18 8 1.]
CONTRIBUTIONS AND AVERAGE.
MEXICO—Continued.
JAPAN--Continued.
Members
Amount.
Average.
1878
1879
1880
1881
255
477
478
507
$100 01)
100 00
100 00
$ 0 3 9 .1
0 2 0 .9
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
14,725
15,083
9,161
17,126
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
15,099
15,636
15,704
15,731
16,512
15,592
15,687
16,074
17,002
16513
0 2 0.9
Members
1878
1879
1880
1881
314
241
337
338
&
ÎÎ8
9,219
9,505
10,540
12,^55
lo,ill
42
56
19
01
63
02
32
93
39
84
0 2 0 .8
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
19.3
18.9
11.6
14.3
17.3
14.7
1 4.6
1 1 .8
12.3
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1831
21,579
22,463
23,295
23,937
25,766
26,300
28,174
28349
28,879
29,171
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
13.8
14.3
16.3
15.1
1 4.3
14.2
13.1
11.5
16.6
13
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
10,450
10303
10380
12,2)1
12,o93
12,549
13,500
14,257
13,211
13,195
KENTUCKY.
2,092
2,343
2,572
2,375
2,364
2,222
2,070
1,857
2,833
2,116
33
23
58
90
05
83
38
99
42
19
6,830 I
O VIO
0 ,7 3 9
5,875
6,871
7,0H1
8,471
5,826
6,109
6502
62 50
fili QX
19(3
134
148
10,)
153
161
230
343
00
00
96
48
$0
0
0
0
63.6
S3
59.9
4 9.4
51
30
73
56
12
63
50
35
9,174
9352
7,913
7,945
6,618
7,364
6,766
6,199
7396
7,908
07
97
58
63
00
02
35
07
58
74
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
42.5
41.6
33.9
33.1
25.6
28
24
21 .4
27 .3
27.1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
7 1.4
41
09 5
37‘
31.5
4 0.9
3 4.6
29.6
27.9
32.2
MINNESOTA.
LEXINGTON.
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
$200
200
201
166
NEWARK.
Average.
MICHIGAN.
KANSAS.
3,074
2.913
1,783
1,093
1,323
1,649
1,551
1,827
1,837
2,093
Amount.
7,464
4,429
1,042
4,520
3,970
5 J36
4,090
4,226
3,694
4,389
72
77
15
30
18
19
11
05
75
53
MISS ISSIPPL
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0 0 .9
00 .8
02.9
02.1
02.1
01.4
01.8
02.8
03.7
0 5.5
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
23,250
26,446
26,189
2;i,453
25,721
21,775
24,091
20,101
23,029
21,491
487 70
331 65
542 81
"Ü 2
208
297
128
337
199
ÒÓ
75
00
10
65
05
0 02
0 0 1.2
0 02
0 ò ó :4
0
0
0
0
0
00.9
01.2
00.4
01.4
0 0.9
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
14.6
13.2
11.1
10.3
11.3
11.4
0 7 .5
08 1
0 9.6
10.2
LIBERIA.
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
18791
1880
18811
M IS S O U R I.
2,065
2,000
1,892
2,100
* 30 ÓÓ
2,115
2,200
’ '3 3 ÔÔ
0oils
29 75
0 0 1.5
1544
1,962
2,044
" 2 9 75
82 62
LITTLE ROCK.
102 20
1,443
1,362
1,6281
189 50
163 70
0 ÔÜ4
0 ÔÜ5
0 04
0 07
0 13.9
0 10.7
LOUISIANA.
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
1872
1873
1874
1875
1870
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
1876
1877
8,564
8,760
9,043
9,666
9,258
9,201
8.806
8,824
9,543
8,938
884
727
876
531
562
412
484
488
694
327
MAINE.
11586 4,533
11,223 5,238
11,328 5,402
11,661
10,599
11,941
12,410
11,021
11,537
>10,421
120
273
5,312
4,260
3,626
2,687
2,593
2 30 6
80
72
95
20
80
75
20
80
35
90
77
83
11
91
00
48
35
24
59
2382 37
0 1 0 .3
0 08.3
0 0 9.6
0 0 5 .4
0 06
0 04.4
0 05.4
0 05.5
0 07.2
0 0 3.6
0 40.1
0 4 6 .6
::
1831
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
....
2,021
1,693
1,630
1,516
1,606
1,679
1,216
1.304
1,613
1305
48
60
66
55
40
35
61
43
93
77
248
295
327
298
343
137 00
131 00
136 00
0 65.2
0 44.4
0 4 1 .6
"Ì27 75
0 37Ì2
Members
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
28,419
29,319
29,993
31,634
32,494
35,108
35567
35,494
34,499
34,932
Amount.
$17,162
19,479
19,594
17,753
15,740
16,887
14,568
11,198
14598
15,223
Average.
82 $0 60.3
57
0 66.4
01
0 65.3
63
0 56.1
42
0 48.4
10
0 48.1
81
0 41.3
40
0 40
80
0 41 .4
4b
0 43 .6
NEW ENGLAND.
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
24,213
25,159
26596
26,9 U
26,862
27,549
28,330
27,968
28,280
29,129
18,510
25554
21,589
19,840
15,547
17,318
12362
12,156
13,144
12,717
37
23
14
85
57
58
16
85
75
00
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
76.4
00.3
82.1
73.6
57.8
62.8
4 5.4
4 3.4
4 6 .4
4 3 .6
NEtt BNGLJlND SOUrDHERN.
Formerli! Providanee .)
1872
1873
1874
1876
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
17,175
17328
17,904
18,680
18,974
19,426
19,903
20,407
20,880
20,678
11,655
12,003
12,014
11,017
9,137
9,433
8,769
7,508
7,515
8^80
85
66
42
15
41
43
52
86
10
18
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
69
73.1
67.1
59
48
4 8 .5
44
36.8
35.5
41.4
NEW H AMPSHIBlE.
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1831
11,992
11,931
12,273
12,372
12,173
12,515
13,049
13,001
12,073
12463
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
28,045
27,592
29,278
28,863
29,455
31,805
32,554
33,714
34.290
34,918
o,818
6,472
6,417
5332
4,052
4,523
3,985
3,851
3,532
3,820
74
08
62
77
82
81
85
88
87
33
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
4 8.6
5 4.2
52.5
47.1
38 .2
36.1
3 0.5
29.6
2 7 .8
3 1 .4
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
61.4
66.1
65.3
58 .2
53.7
4 8 .2
4 2 .8
4 2 .6
45.3
4 6.6
0
0
0
0
0
26 "
4 5 .9
04 .8
38.3
55.1
NEW JERSEY.
17,244
18,259
19.136
10,804
15,821
15333
13,9-15
14,384
15,535
16,266
87
73
90
52
41
69
72
85
50
61
J N E B U A S liA .
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
4,618
5,672
7,444
7,822
8,851
a039
9,618
9,982
9,511
10,047
775
1,062
821
793
801
1,091
944
46
7«
48
23
09
46
50
1,370 09
1,256 94
1,660 96
0 14.6
0 18.7
0 11
0
0
0
0
0
10.1
09
136
0 9.8
13.7
0 13.2
0 16.5
I I K W XIT’-VTT’ A
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
411
494
411
515
585
709
631
710
858
745
262
236
296
303
177
189
198
70
21
25
35
50
50
30
20 00
'i r ë
197
208
261
272
335
11
45
90
10
100
150
150
20
00
50
00
00
00
00
0 44.7
NEW YORK.
NEVADA.
0 4 5.5
0 40.1
0 30-3
0 21.6
0 22.3
0 19.9
0 27.6
13341
12,783
14,609
14,682
14,188
11,706
16,025
16,020
16,731
17,595
MONTANA.
0 47.6
....
::::
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
31 3
0 63.9 1872
0 4 7 .8
0 72
225 35
0
0
0
0
0
5 8.9
30.3
26.7
31 .4
31.7
221 25
253 40
0 34
0 25.7
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
36,960
38,499
38,447
38,011
39.265
42,024
43,393
43,698
44,475
44,199
40.357
41,092
36,949
39,633
30,819
41,932
29
41
24
03
71
28
29.689 33
28,2-22 81
28,048 12
32,029 83
1 09.1
1
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
06 .7
96.1
02.7
78.7
98.3
68.4
65.2
63
7 2.9
MISSIONARY REPORT.
314
NEW YORK EAST.
Members.
Amount.
Average.
NORTH-WEST G ER .- Çont'd.
Members. Amount. Average.
[ l 88l.
PITTSBURGH.
Members. Amount. Average,
47332 •22,576 65 •0 47.5
1877
4591 •Ì992 51 •0 59.9 1872
6,232
1878
444 25 0 08.4 1873
48334 21,460 40 0 44.4
1874
1879
5389
4.608 96 0 85
51,438 24,617 15 0 47.9
1875
1880
52,075 254)94 46 0 49
2,755 68
5,512
1881
3*249 29 0 5819 1876
32,185 27/105 29 0 85.5
1877
30386 10.224 60 0 32.4
NORTH-WEST INDIANA.
1878
30,801
7,847 06 0 25.5
6,302
77
1879
82542 10,210 13 0 31.7
1872
20,831
0 30,
1880
32,058 10,671 35 0 33.2
6,052 15 028
1873
21,591
1881
82346 11379 46 0 38.1
1874
5,492 30 0 23,
23,(135
1875
23,092
5335 18 0 2 2 ,
23,780
1876
4,398 26 0 18
NORTH CAROLINA.
ROCK RIVER.
25,002
6,083 38 0 24.
7,230
1872
198 70 0 02.7 1877
1872
22,548 334)61 93 0 57.9
24,178
3,853 48 0 15,
7,255
483 85 0 <)6.6 1878
1873
1873
22372
12,445 27 0 55.6
23,264
4308 51 0 20 .
1874
7,803
170 65 0 02.1 1879
23,116 12,447 84 0 53.8
1880
5,044 33 0 21.6 1874
23,327
1875
7,399
159 35 0 02.1 1881
1875
23,703
14.100
32 0 63.7
23,374
5424
01
0 21.9 1876
8317
138 97 0 01.6
1876
23,101 11,620 a5 0 50.3
a728
74 69 0 00.8
1877
1877
25,478 13,104 03 0 51.4
NORTH-WEST IOWA.
119
69
0
01.4
ai4s
1878
25,708
9,869 68 0 38.4
3392
368 80 0 10.8 1878
109 62 0 01.2 1872
1879
8,762
25381 11.995 84 0 47.2
3.459
552 46 0 15.9 1879
116 01 0 01.8 1873
6,149
1880
25,243 12,161 23 0 48.1
3,403
519 14 0 15.2 1880
6,384
184 96 0 02.9 1874
1881
1881
24,116 15303 92 0 63.7
4J33
1875
619 70 0 15
1876
15 00 0 00.3
4.994
NORTH CHINA.
SAINT LOUIS.
4555
1877
1308 77 0 26.4
...............
1*78
5336
675 05 0 12.6 1872
39
187«
16,150
2.978 10 0 18.4
6,184
1879
947 32 0 15.3 1873
59
1B77
•••« • •
13,574
2,621 70 0 19.4
5,902
779 53 0 13.2 1874
50 00 0 64.9 1880
77
1878
13,841
1,848 00 0 14.3
4,495
1,096 60 0 22.8 1875
126
50 00 0 39.8 1881
14.119
2,120 26 0 15
18B0
162
47 31 0 29.2 NORTH-WEST NORWEGIAN. 1876
13,917
2,213 62 0 16
W81
210
1877
13,125
3.231 68 0 24.6
1880 1 2336 I 1,202 091 0 51.4 1878
13,489
3,141 27 0 23.3
1882 1 2321 I 1359 961 0 80.1 1879
NORTHERN NEW YORK.
13,230
2356 23 0 17.8
1880
14,171
2,490 73 0 17.5
1873
13,780 93 0 64.6
21,318
NORTH-WEST SWEDISH.
1881
9303
8,484 67 0 37.4
13,070 27 0 63.1
214557
1874
3343
2,025 14 0 55.6
1877
14,016 90 0 63
187a
0
41
1878
3,912
1,603 92
1876
22,807 11,955 06 0 52.4 1679
SAINT LOUIS GERMAN.
4,180
1581 25 0 47.4
23355
10,567 88 0 44.3
1877
4,571
1598 89 0 43.7 18791
7364 ¡ 4,544 30 I O60
1880
1878
23,046 10,046 75 0 44
1880
4,930
1881
2,118
30
0
48.2
7,9081 4,597 45 0 58.1
IS79
24X10 8,436 93 0 34.2
1881 1 7,9821 5392 56 1 0 67.5
1880
24,478
8^33 83 0 36
NORWAY.
9,228 76 0 37.3
1881
244387
1873
269 34
SAVANNAH.
1874
577 69
NORTH INDIA.
1876
9,728
240 80 0 02.4
970 20
1875
1877
10,950
206 30 0 01.8
687
1872
1356 75 0 4¿:¿ 1878
1876
2,185
10304
250 32 0 02.4
1873
793
2,04
2363 20 0 89
1877
1879
9535
311
55 0 03.1
876
187-t
2,821
623 72 0 22.1 1880
1878
11,092
294 53 0 02.5
1875
1,145
1367 35 1 19.4 1879
2,823
564 67 0 20
II 453
478 50 0 04.3
1,283
512 50 0 89.9 1880
1876
2,558
382 17 0 13.3 1881
545 30 0 42.5 1881
1,281
1877
2,782
535 20 0 19.4
1,298
330 70 0 25.4
1878
SOUTH AMERICA.
1879
OHIO.
1,468
197 17 0 13.4
1881 1!
224 1 ..........1
1880
1,532
172 55 0 11.2 1872
35,792 19,483 71 0 54.4
14.9
248 24 0
1881
1,916
1873
36*513 19,269 64 0 53
SOUTH CAROLINA.
36,694 16,804 33 0 45.7
1874
NORTH INDIANA.
24,304
2,862 78 0 11.3
86,459 164507 15 0 44.7 1872
1875
21,344
2,t>37 71 0 12.3
88,653 13,121 49 0 33.9 1873
8,595 51 0 34.7 1876
24,700
1872
25,608
2,195 91 0 08.5
24.7G8
41,417 14398 75 0 34.5 1874
8,493 95 0 34.2 1877
1873
2,C38 05 0 10 8
24325
25,030
8,174 44 0 32.6 1878
1874
41,607 13,222 09 0 31.7 1875
26,271
2.325 56 0 08.8
42,0!6 14,218 22 0 33.8 187«
25,079
7,512 30 0 29.9 1879
1875
2'),0D2
1,403 54 0 05.6
25,501
5.989 18 0 23.4 1880
41,933 14,103 76 0 33.6 1877
1876
1878
1,720
71 0 06.6
26,058
0
87.1
5,890
02
1881
15381
77
26352
0
21.8
'
42,7111
1877
1,924 98 0 07.3
26,026
1879
5^29 83 0 20.2
27300
1878
OREGON.
27,044
1880
2,337 24 0 08.6
5,745 88 0 20.8
1879
27,584
2,288 01 0 07.9
28,939
0,21« 90 0 21
1,779 02 0 42.1 1881
1880
4,218
29308
1872
4,349
2,702 86 0 62.1
1881
27m 6,808 86 0 24.5 1873
3,012
1874
336 82 0 11.1
SOUTH-EAST INDIANA.
419 45 0 12.9
NORTH OHIO.
3,240
1«75
23,147
6,533 98 0 28.8
8,'¡23
848 02 0 23.3 1872
19,004 11,401 75 0 60.1 1876
1872
6,717 11 0 29
1873
23,193
8.782
908 60 0 24
64364 66 0 23.5
1874
24,028
W73 20,308 11.702 76 0 57.4 1877
20.4
25
0
3,798
777
1878
20,651 10,239 68 0 49.5
1874
25,835
5,773 17 0 21.9
918 58 0 22.8 1875
4,013
21 ”80 10,717 72 0 50.3 1879
1875
24,910
1876
6,711 87 0 22.9
«02 50 0 15.1 1877
3,9(16
22Ï>9*
8.521 72 0 37.7 1880
1876
25,468
4,583 37 018
774 30 0 19.1 1878
4,048
23.25«
9,203 42 0 39.5 1881
1877
4,665 21 0 18.3
25.107
7,701 08 0 33.7
2-Ì821
1878
25,483
4,606 99 0 18
1879
PHILADELPHIA.
23.449
8,314 86 0 85.4
4,728
54 0 19
1879
24,724
I860
35382 51,325 00 1 43
1872
1880
23.178
8,579 18 0 37
4,902 31 0 16.8
24,090
34.529 Sil^lO 95 1 54.6 1881
8379 66 0 33.3 1*73
1881
23,607
35578 5.5,017 5' 1 52.9
1874
SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA.
38,534 46,000 00 1 19.3
1875
NORTH-WEST GERMAN.
352 10 0 28
1,257
1876
39341 42.755 35 1 07.2 1876
sor» 70 0 34.4
1.479
1877
45,099
00
1872
3327
2,463 90 0 «7
41,969
1
07.4
1877
832 50 0 21
1,576
1873
3,87«
3,020 91 0 77.9 1878
40.(UiO 44,484 00 1 09.4 1878
296 85 0 17.7
1,674
34)42 40 0 73.5 1879
1874 . 4,137
41,010 84,125 70 0 S3.1 1879
1,630
444 23 0 27.2
1875
1880
8.2-53 71 0 74
4397
43,816 38,010 17 0 86.7 1880
649 90 0 37.4
1,735
4,763
1876
2.727 75 0 57
44,521 46240 00 1 03.8 I 1881
1881
1872
1878
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
35,705
35585
36341
38,165
37,921
39,602
3830
40,503
41,074
41,551
$42,097
41,616
37,938
3 2352
28,178
80,322
25,128
24,063
27.051
31,616
17 ♦1 1 7.9
30
1 15.6
05
1 02.9
32
0 86
0 7 4.3
13
0 7 6.5
63
09
0 65.1
22
0 59 .4
70
0 6 5 .8
05
0 76
i 88 i.l
CONTRIBUTIONS AND AVERAGE.
SOUTHERN GERMAN.
Member«.
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
438
602
743
924
1.048
1,085
1.251
1,251
Amount.
$301 00 #0 68.7
710 70 1 18
844 85 1 13.7
919 90 0 99.5
1,132 20 0 98.4
1,316 70 1 21.3
1,205 40 0 96.3
1,679 95 1 35.7
SOUTHERN ILLINOIS.
1872
23,030 6,652 14 0 28.8
1873
22,238 6,271 74 028.2
1874
22,732 5,162 40 022 7
1875
23,370 4,811 57 021)17
1876
23,653 4,272 73 0 18
23,603 4.753 80 020.1
1877
23,808 4,810 85 020.2
1878
1879
23,771 5,096 33 0 21.4
1880
24,616 5,881 91 023.8
mi 23.428 6,497 61 Q22.8
18791
1880
18811
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
1872
1S73
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
TROY.
Members.
Average.
196 74
168 70
189 05
230 10
533 15
0 02.5
0 02.5
29,010 ♦16,176 67 $0 55
28,395 18,316 57 0 64.5
29,550 18,555 87 0 62.1
30.769 17,4,-.7 68 0 56.7
31,516 15,280 67 0 48.4
32.372 12,761 15 0 39.4
33,128 10,968 02 0 33.1
34,004 10,198 51 0 29.9
34,673 10,119 20 0 29.4
29,502 11,475 42 0 38.8
1872
1873
1874
1875
187K
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
UPPER IOWA.
5,752 30
5,864 ‘JS
17,657
5,911 61
17,427
18,362
0,410 82
5,249 02
18,679
7,769 93
20,562
5,936 40
21,445
6,263 02
21,101
6,356 69
20,090
8,388 78
1879
1880
U 05.6 1881
0 02.6
0 02.6
WEST NEBRASKA,
UTAH.
39 65
143
162 25
118
159
•125 75
142
142
"Ì38 75
VERMONT.
9,978
4,791 51
10,044 • 4,877 31
9,632 ! 4,415 19
4,529 00
9,736
10,926 4.017 67
3,783 57
11,443
3,298 63
12.799
2,987 71
11,676
11,967
2,8311 57
16,024 3,507 36
VIRGINIA714 43
4,993
4,799
787 13
869 56
5,240
5,06
789 10
62D 43
5,638
464 36
5,661
501 61
5,565
663 45
5,902
560 09
6,186
6,124
508 40
WASHINGTON.
22,355
1,562 62
22,136
1,649 50
23,160
1,983 95
23,080
1,998 37
24,703
2,103 53
23,9»
1,666 04
35.559
1,746 18
27,113
1,769 99
26,498
1.973 51
1,071 37
WEST GERMAN.
3,015 I 1,481 981
3,193 1,654 72
8.340 ] 23 7 781
Members.
Average.
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
SOUTH INDIA.
1,439 I 363 66 I 0 25.2
1,363
363 66 026.6 1877
1,253 I
I
1878
1879
1881)
SOUTH KANSAS.
1881
799 04 0 08.6
9,226
702 45 0 07.5
9,339
11,135 1,013 79 009.1
12,141 1,131 55 0 09.7 1872
13.362 1,425 98 010.6 1873
15,686 1,794 37 0 11.4 1874
17,138 1,980 74 0 11.5 1875
16,855 2,260 96 ; 0 13.4 J876
1877
1878
SWEDEN.
1879
1880
1.337 90
1881
1,666 73
1,056 70 0 25,5
4,136
2,363 20 056.6
4,171
4,922
1,658 00 0 33.6
5,53ii 1,641 68 0 29 6 1872
1873
5.938 1,649 28 026.6 1874
6,300 1,960 22 0 31
1875
1876
TENNESSEE.
1877
10,166
397 07 0 03.9 18789,728
965 71 0 03.2 1879
0
06.2
758
90
9,895
1880
742 88 0 07.3 1881
10,127
503 81 0 05.3
10,594
632 56 0 06.1
10,328
5,195
107 13 0 02
307 04 0 04.4 1872
6,921
5£73
405 37 0 07.1 1873
6.684
412 18 0 06.2 1874
1875
TEXAS.
1876
8,667
227 70 0 02.6 1877
11,882
648 00 0 05.5 1878
382 00 0 02.4 1879
15,014
1880
282 50 0 02
10,994
004 1881
10 00
7,874
7,600
7,256
8,799
9,484
Amount.
315
0 30.4
0 33.2
0 33.9
0 34.9
028
0 37.3
0 27.6
0 29.0
0 30.7
0 42.2
ISsO
1881
1.605
Amount.
A verage.
*78 75
199 77 » 0 i s u
W EST TEXAS.
1874
1875
1876
1877
1876
1879
1880
1881
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
5338
6,751
4,524
5,020
5,705
5,793
5,940
89
215
214
307
266
352
322
41U
50
40
35
51
57
15
50
59
0 04 “
0 U3.1
06.7
J) Ü5.7
<16-1
0 05.6
0 Û S .9
0
0
WEST VIRGINIA.
23,842 3,585 34 0 15.4
22,407 3,467 47 0 16.4
23,830 3,528 51 0 14.8
25,116 3,703 24 0 14.9
26,640 3,403 61 0 12.7
26,535 5,681 58 (I 19.9
30,189 2,276 58 0 07.5
29,451 2,501) 13 0 08.4
30.892 2,744 32 0 08.8
30,477 3,078 76 0 10.3
027.7
WEST WISCONSIN.
1 09.7
0 79 1872 10,623 3,213 21 030.2
10,638 3,280 17 0 30.9
1S73
097” 1874 11,178 3,024 87 087
10,743 3,306 90 0 30.7
1875
11,018 2,507 12 0 22.7
1876
1877
1878
0 44.9 1879
1880
0 46.5
0 36.7 1861
0 Ü3.1
0 25.7
0 25.5
0 24
1873
0 21.8 1874
1875
1876
1877
0 14.3 1878
0 16.4 1879
0 16.5 1880
0 14.6 1881
011
0 08.5
009
011.2 1872
0 09 1873
1874
008.3 1875
1876
1877
1878
0 07.4 1879
0 07.4 1880
0 08.5 1881
003.6
0 08.5
0 06.9
006.8 1872
0 06.5 1873
0 07.4 1874
0 03.7 1875
1876
1877
1878
0 49.1 1*79
0 51.8 1880
0 06.1 1881
048
II 48.5
1&09Ó
11,901
11,812
11,544
11,138
2,892 67
2,329 48
2,668 74
2,547 92
aiot) 62
WILMINGTON.
21,376 15,411 71
21,774 11,198 94
5&312 11,617 90
23,228 10Æ51 04
23,980 10,521 28
24,908 9,494 12
24,932 10,167 35
25Æ19 9,204 28
26,734 10,024 09
26,429 11,318 70
0 23.9
0 19-5
0 22.5
0 72
0 51.4
022
0 45.4
0 43.8
0 38.1
0 40,7
0 36.5
0 37.4
041.6
WISCONSIN.
13,-505 7,068 69
13,552 7,166 23
13,642 6,067 52
13,960 6,321 66
13,896 5,244 37
14,106 5,817 74
18,974 5,222 66
13,965 5,151 18
12.456 4,174 23
12,136 4383 35
0»¡,8
033.5
035,2
WYOMING.
22,509 11,70« 07
22,827 11,602 02
23,187 11,605 85
24,215 12,191 66
24,953 11.704 03
26,344 10,730 98
26,698 aOii 39
26,935 7,721 49
27,519 8,406 90
27,565 9.689 74
0 52
0 50.8
0 50
0 50.3
0 46.9
0 40.8
0 33.4
028.6
0 30.5
0 79.8
0 83,3
058
0 44.4
0 45.3
0 37.7
0 41.2
0 37.3
© ife d tc tfy o f i W e i g q
SENT FROM THE UNITED STATES TO FOREIGN LANDS.
P ost -O f f ic b A d d r e s s .
Badley, B. H ...................
Lucknow, India.......................... Des Moines.
Baldwin, S. L...................
In U. S., N ewark, N. J „ P. O . Newark.
Bare, C. L
...........
Shahjehanpore, India................. D es Moines.
Barker, J. M ...................
Pachuca, M exico........................ East Ohio.
Bishop, Charles................
Tokio, Japan............................... North Indiana
Blackstock, J o h n ...........
Madras, India.............................. N. W . Indiana.
Bovard, M. Y ...................
Massoorie, India......................... S. E. Indiana.
Bowen, G eorge*.............
Bombay, In d ia ............................
1879 Bowser, W ........................
Roorkee, In d ia ............... ............ Erie.
1870 Buck, P .'M .......................
Nynee T al, India....................... Kansas.
1874 Butler, J. W .....................
C ity of Mexico, 5 Calle de Gante N ew England.
1869 Carlsson, B. A * ................
Carlskrona, Sweden................... Erie.
1879 Carter, R. E ..................... .
Hyderabad, India....................
Wilmington.
1880 Carter, T. C ......................
In U. S., Huntingdon, Tenn
Central Tenn.
Loftcha, Bulgaria....................
Detroit.
1875 Challis, D. C ...................
1874 Chandler, D . W ...............
Foochow, C hina......................
Erie.
Nynee T al, India....................
N. Y. E a s t
1875 Cheney, N. G ....................
1879 Collyer, J. W .....................
Iquique, Peru..........................
E. Maine.
In U. S., Morristown, P a . . .
Philadelphia.
1873 Correll, I. H .....................
1872 Craven, T ........................... Lucknow, Ind ia......................
Rock River.
Iowa.
1875 Craver, S. P ........................ In U . S ., Red Oak, I o w a ...
1871, Cunningham, E .................
in U. S., Belfast, M aine__
N. Y . East.
Rock River.
1875 D avis, F. G ....................... Secunderabad, In d ia .............
Detroit.
1870 Davis, G. R ...................... . Peking, China..........................
N. W . Indiana.
H akodati..................................
1877 Davisson, W . C .................
Newark.
......... Nagasaki, Japan......................
1873 Davison, J. C .
Pittsburgh.
1880 Dease, Stephen S., M .D . Bareilly,.India.
E. Maine.
1879 Derrick, Israel.......................'South America
Bremen, Germany....................... N ew York.'
1850 D oering, C. H."
Yokoham a, Japan....................... Central N. Y.
1880 Draper, G. F . . . .
C ity o f M exico, M ex ic o ........... Providence.
1874 Drees, C. W . . . .
Tirnova, Bulgaria....................... Newark.
1876 Economoff, J. J..
Horsens, Denm ark..................... Wisconsin.
1880 Eltzholts, C. F .* .
Bombay, I n d ia ............................ North Ohio.
1872 F ox, D . O .............
1878 Gamble, J. W . . . .
Agra, In d ia ................................... Genesee.
i88t Gamewell, F . D .
Peking, China............................ Newark.
Lobos Island, Peru..................... Troy.
1879 G illiland, J. P . . .
In U . S., Kalam azoo, M ic h .. . Rock River.
r87i G ill, J. H ...........
Bombay, In d ia .......................... Saint Louis.
1871 Gladwin, W . J . . .
Pithoragarh, E. Kumaon, India. Delaware.
1873 G ray, D r. R .........
Queretero, M exico...................... N. Indiana.
1880 Greenman, A. W .
1865 Hart, V . C
Kiukiang, China.......................... Black River.
Pittsburgh.
1873 Harris, M. C ........................jTokio, Japan
E. Maine.
1879 Higgins, J. W ....................ICoquimbo, Chili
W est. German.
1879 Hoffman, H en ry ..................jValdivia, Chili..
* For the purposes o f this directory, the names o f the persons designated by the asterisk, who
are not strictly Foreign Missionaries, are inserted in this list.
I oc .]
DIRECTORY OF FOREIGN MISSIONARIES,
Datj
P o s t - O f f ic e A d d r e s s .
OF
A p p’t
1867 Hoskins, R .......................
1857 Humphrey, Dr. J. L .........
1873 Hykes, J. R ......................
1880 lacobs, S. P .....................
1876 [anney, L. R ....................
187g
1862
1880
1879
1881
1879
1879
1881
1880
1879
1855
r88o
1875
1881
1857
1880
1875
1867
leffreys, A . T ........................
[ohnson, Dr. T. S.............
[ones, A . R ......................
[Castendieck, H. F .............
•Cemble, Duston.................
iCirkfM. B ............................
inow er, O ............................
Cnowles, S.*....................
«Cupfer, C. ........................
.add, J. S ........................
.a Fetra, A . H ...................
^atham, C. L ....................
^arsson, J. P . * ....................
^awson, J. C .......................
^ee, David H .....................
..ewis, S ............................
-ong, A . L ........................
-ong, C. S ..........................
^ounsbury, E. F .................
,owry, H . H .......................
1879 *0“ . J .............................
1872 la cla y , R. S ....................
1862
lansell, H enry...................
1875 l ’Grew, G. H .....................
1 8 73 [’ Henry, A. D ...................
1870
i860
1873
1880
1875
1850
18 77
1851
1880
1870
1874
1877
1878
1859
1870
1870
1873
1879
1872
1874
18 76
1873
1879
1862
1873
1875
1862
1’Mahon, J. T ...................
lessmore, J. H ...................
ludge, J ..............................
leeld, Francis L .............
lewlon, W . E .....................
iippert, L ............................
forthrup, J. A ...................
luelson, H ...........................
>akes, T . H ..........................
)hlinger, F
* .............
)sborne, D ennis.................
>sborne, W. B..................
>sgood, Joel.........................
'arker, E. W ....................
'ilcher, L. W ...................
'lumb, N. J ..........................
yke, J. H ............................
Lichards, Ira A ....................
¡.obbins, W . E .....................
Lobinson, J. E ....................
Low, I. F ................. .............
chou, K a r l* ........................
chreeves, O .........................
cott, T. J ............................
cott, J. E .
....................
haw, Jam es*......................
iberts, S. W ....................
ites, N athan........................
Budaon, India.............................
Nynee T al, India.......................
Kiukiang, China.........................
Bombay, I n d ia ...........................
Calcutta, India...........................
Concepcion, C hili.......................
Shahjehanpore, India................
Tim ova, Bulgaria.......................
Nynee T al, India.......................
Leon, M exico..............................
Bandikui, India...........................
Valdivia, C h ili.. .......................
Gondah, India.............................
Kiukiang, C h in a ........................
Sistof, B ulgaria............................
Santiago, C h ili
.............
Aspinwall, South A m e ric a .. . .
Calmar, Sw eden..........................
Cawnpore, India.........................
Bangalore, India.........................
Kiukiang, C h in a ........................
Constantinople, Turkey.............
Nagasaki, Ja p a n ........................
Rustchuck, Bulgaria...................
Peking, China..............................
Kurachee, In d ia .........................
Yokohama, Japan.......................
Moradabad, In d ia .....................
Cawnpore, India.........................
In U. S., Boston, M ass.............
Roy Bareilly, In d ia ...................
Lucknow, India ........................
Lucknow, In d ia ..........................
Cawnpore, India.........................
Madras, In d ia ..............................
Frankfurt-au-M ain, Germany .
Bombay, In d ia............................
Carlsruhe, G erm any...................
Bombay, In d ia ............................
Foochow, C hin a..........................
Allahabad, Ind ia........................
Madras, India..............................
Monrovia, A frica........................
Moradabad, Ind ia......................
Nan-kung, C hina.......................
Foochow, C hin a..........................
In U. S., Tipton, I n d .............
Bangalore, I n d ia ........................
Poona, Ind ia................................
Rangoon, Burm ah......................
Madras, India.............................
Copenhagen, D enm ark.............
Poona, In d ia ................................ «
Bareilly, India..............................
Seetapore, In d ia ..........................
Lahore, Ind ia..............................
Miraflores, M exico.....................
Foochow, C h in a .
...............
318
[ 1881.
MISSIONARY REPORT.
F bom w h a t C o n fb b xkce.
P o s t -O f f i c e A d d r e s s .
1879
S m ith , M a g n e s s
.......
So p er, J u liu s.........................
1881 Sq u ie r, L . W .........................
1879 Ston e, G . I .............................
1880 Ston e, J . S .............................
1879 S to w e ll, A . P .........................
1880 T a f t , M a rc u s L ....................
1873
1873
1859
1861
1878
1866
1879
1879
1 8 71
18 73
18 76
1865
1866
1881
1880
1862
1869
1875
1879
T aylo r, W illiam
T h ob u m , J. M ......................
Thom as, D . W ...................
Thomoff, Stephen...............
Thomson, J. F ....................
U m pleby, G. S ....................
Vail, M . S............................
Vernon, L . M ........................
W alker, W . F ......................
W ard, C . B ...........................
W augh, J. W .......................
W heeler, L . N ....................
W ilcox, M . C .........................
W illitts, O . W .....................
W ilson, P. T .......................
W ood, T . B ...........................
W ood, J. R ..........................
W right, W . A .....................
C o p io p o , C h ili...............................
Y o k o h a m a , J a p a n ........................
H a k o d a ti, J a p a n .........................
C a lc u tta , I n d i a .............................
C a lc u tta , I n d i a .............................
T a c u a , P e r u .................................
C h in -k ia n g , C h i n a ......................
In A m e r ic a ....................................
C a lc u tta , I n d i a .............................
B a re illy, I n d ia ............................
Sistof, B u lg a r ia .............................
B u en os A y r e s , A r g e n t in a .........
O riz a b a , M e x ic o ...........................
Y o k a h a m a , J a p a n ......................
3 V i a P o li, R o m e , I ta ly .
T ie n tsin , C h in a .............................
G h u tb u rg a , I n d i a .........................
I n U . S., E v a n s to n , 111.............
C h u n k in g , C h in a .......................
K iu k ia n g , C h i n a . . . . . . . . . . . .
P e k in g , C h i n a ...............................
Pao ri, G u rh w a l. I n d i a . .............
M o n te v id e o , U r u g u a y ...............
R o sa rio d e S a n ta F e , A r g e n tin a
S a n tia g o , C h i l i .............................
E . M ain e .
B altim ore.
O h io .
So u th In d ia .
E a st O hio.
E . M ain e.
N . Y . E a st.
C alifo rn ia.
P ittsb u rgh ,
B la c k R iv e r.
N ew ark.
C e n tra l O h io .
O h io .
M aine.
Sain t Lou is.
N o r th In d ia n a
C e n tra l Illin o is
S. Illin ois.
W isc o n sin .
R o c k R iv e r .
D etroit.
S. Illin o is.
N . W . In d ia n a .
N . W . In d ian a .
E a s t M a in e .
MISSIOKAEIES OF THE W. F. M. S.
P o s t -O f f i c e A d d r e s s .
1872
1880
1879
1874
18S0
B la ck m a r, M iss L o u is a E .
B u d d e n , M is s A n n ie ...........
B u sh n ell, M is s D r. K a t e C.
C h a p in , J e n n ie M ................
C lem e n s, M rs. E . J. M . . . .
1878 C u sh m a n , M is s C . M . . .
D e n n in g , M is s L o u . B . .
1878 E a sto n , M is s S . A ...........
1880 E llio t t, M is s M a r g a r e t..
18 79 G h ee r, M iss J e n n ie M . .
1878 G ib so n , M is s E u g e n i a . .
1880 G ilch rist, M is s D r . E l l a .
1880 G o o d e n o u g h . J u lia E . . .
1874
1878
1881
18 74
1872
1878
1877
1879
1872
G u e lfi, M is s C e c e l i a . . . .
H a m p to n , M is s M in n ie .
H a s tin g s , M is s M a r y . . .
H o a g , M is s L u c y H . . . .
H o lb r o o k , M iss M . A . . .
H o w a rd , M is s D r. L . . .
H o w e , M is s D e l i a ...........
H o w e , M iss G e r t r u d e ...
F b o m -w h a t B r a u c h .
L u c k n o w , I n d i a ........................
W e stem .
Pith oro garh, I n d i a ....................
W e ste rn .
K iu k ia n g » C h in a ........................
N o rth -w estern
In U . S., C h ic o p e e , M a s s -------- N e w E n g la n d .
R o sa rio d e S a n ta F é, A rgen .
N o rth -w estern
tin e R e p u b l i c
: .........
T ie n ts in , C h i n a .......................... N e w E n g la n d .
I n U . S ., N o r m a l, 111................ N o rth -w e s te r n
C a w n p o r e , In d ia .......................... C in c in n a ti.
C i t y o f M e x ico , M e x ic o ............. P h ila d e lp h ia .
N a g a s a k i, J a p a n .......................... N e w Y o r k .
L u c k n o w , I n d i a ........................... N e w Y o r k .
K iu k ia n g , C h in a ........................... W e ste rn .
R o sa rio d e S a n ta F é , A r g e n ­
tin e R e p u b l i c ...........................
M o n te v id e o , U r u g u a y ................
H a k o d a ti, J a p a n ..........................
P a ch u c a , M e x ic o ..........................
In U . S ., A lb io n , M i c h i g a n . . .
T o k io , J a p a n .................................
T ie n tsin , C h i n a . ..................
K iu k ia n g , C h in a ..........................
K iu k ia n g , C h in a ..........................
N e w E n g la n d .
N o rth -w estern .
N e w York.
N e w Y ork.
N o rth -w estern
C in c in n a ti.
N o rth -w estern
P h ila d e lp h ia .
N o rth -w estern
18 8 1.]
DIRECTORY OF FOREIGN MISSIONARIES.
P o s t -O f f i c e A d d r e s s .
1881 Hoy, Miss Ella J ...............
1880 Kelley, Miss Luella............
1881 Kerr, Miss H arriet.............
1881 Knowles, Miss Emma L . .
1878 Layton, Miss M. E .............
1878 Mulliner, Miss Clara L ....
1880 Nickerson, Miss F . E .........
1871 Porter, Miss M ary Q .........
1878 Priest, Miss M. A ..............
1879 Russell, Miss E lizabeth. . .
1880 Sears, Miss A . B .........
1879 Sharp, Miss Mary A .........
1870 Sparkes, Miss F . J .............
1878 Sparr, Miss Dr. Julia A . . .
1880 Spence, Miss M. B .............
1878 Spencer, Miss M. A ...........
1869 Swain, Miss Dr. C. A .........
X878 Swaney, Miss M. F .............
1869 Thobum , Miss I .................
1874 Trask, Miss Dr. S ...............
1881 Van Petten, Mrs. Carrie.. .
1881 Warner, Miss Ellen H . . . .
1874 W arner, Miss Susan M . . .
1880 Woodworth, Miss K ...........
1858 Woolston, Miss B e u la h .. .
1858 Woolston, Miss S a ra h .. . .
1880 Yates, Miss E . U .............
C a w u p o re , In d ia..........................
M o rad a b ad , I n d ia .......................
B a re illy, I n d ia .............................
N y n e e T a l , I n d ia ........................
C a lc u tta , I n d i a ............................
C i t y o f M e x ic o , M e x ic o .............
L u c k n o w , I n d i a ...........................
P e k in g , C h in a ...............................
I n U n ite d S t a te s ........................
N a g a s a k i, J a p a n .......... ..
P e k in g , C h in a ..............................
M o n ro via, L i b e r i a ..................
B a re illy, I n d i a .............................
F o o c h o w C h i n a ...........................
A lla h a b a d I n d i a ...................... ..
T o k io , J a p a n .................................
B a re illy, I n d ia ..............................
C it y o f M ex ico , M e x ic o .............
L u c k n o w , I n d i a ..........................
F o o ch o w , C h in a ..........................
T o k io , J a p a n ................................
R an g o o n , B u r m a h ......................
P u eb la . M e x i c o ..................... ..
H a k o d a ti, J a p a n ............... . . . .
F o o ch o w , C h in a ......................
F o o c h o w , C h i n a ..........................
P e k in g , C h in a ..............................
319
F rom w h a tB banch .
C in c in n a ti.
B altim o re.
P h ilad elph ia.
N o rth -w estem .
B altim ore.
N . Y . and W.
C in cin n ati.
W estern .
N e w Y ork.
C in cin n ati.
C in cin n ati.
N ew Y ork.
N e w Y ork.
N o rth -w estern .
N orth -w estern .
P h ilad e lp h ia.
N e w E n g la n d .
B altim ore.
C in c in n a ti.
N ew Y ork.
N o rth -w estern .
C in c in n a ti.
C in c in n a ti.
P h ila d e lp h ia .
B altim ore.
N o rth -w estern .
C in cin n ati.
UNMARRIED FEMALE MISSIONARIES EOT OF ¥ . F. M. S.
P ost-O f f ic b A d d b e s s .
1879
1879
1879
1879
18.79
1880
1879
1870
1879
Ben son , C o ra B . . .
B ird sall, L i l l i e __
C o llie r, E d it h B ..
L a n g le y , S. E . . . .
M iller, M a r y M . . .
V a il, J e n n ie S . . . .
V a s B in d e r, M . A .
W a terh o u se, L . K .
W in slo w , S a l l i e . . .
T a c u a , P eru .
C a lc u tta , In d ia .
Iq u iq u e , Peru.
C o n c e p c io n , C h ili.
G o o lb u rg a , In d ia .
Y o k o h a m a , Japan .
C o p io p o , C h ili.
C o n ce p c io n , C h ili.
M adras. In d ia .
Letter postage for all our Missions, 5 cents per half ounce.
Constituted by the payment of five hundred dollars or more at one time.
Rev. Bishop Ames
Rev. Bishop Clark
Rev. Bishop Janes
Rev. Bishop Morris
Rev. Bishop Scott
R ev. Bishop Simpson
R ev. Bishop W augh
Abbott, Rev. J. T .
A bbott, W . P.
A cker, E . M.
Adams, Rev. B. M.
Agnew, M .D.,Rev.W .G.E.
Andrews, Rev. D r. E . G.
Andrews, S. W .
Andrews, Mrs. S. W .
Archer, M aiy Delia
Armstrong, James
Armstrong, R . W .
Ayres, Mr. and Mrs. D .
Bachman, Rev. Chas.
Baker, Rev. H enry
Baker, Henry J.
Baker, Mrs. H . J.
Baker, W illiam
Baldwin. D .D ., S. L.
Bancroft, Rev. Earl
Banner, John J.
Barker, Joseph S.
Barnes, Rev. John W . F .
Beers, Nathan T .
Bennett, Lym an
Bennett, Z ib a
Bensley, D aniel
Bentley, John H .
B lake, R ev. J. D .
Bond, Rev. Thom as E .
Booth, Rev. J. F .
Bottome, R ev. Francis
Bradstreet, H .
Bristol, Miss F . M .
Brown, A m o sW .
Brown, R ev. Frederick
Brown, L e v i D .
Brush, Rev. George W .
Bryson, James H .
Buckley, Rev. James M .
Burch, Rev. Thom as H .
Burson, Hon. John W .
Butler, D .D ., W illiam
Carlton, D .D ., Thomas
Carrow, Rev. G. D .
Cartwright, W illiam
Chadwick, Elihu
Chadwick, Isabel
Chadwick, D .D ., J. S.
Chalfant, Rev. James F.
Chapman,D.D.,Rev.J. A.M.
Chapman, Rev. W . H .
Chase, Chief-Justice S. P.
Clark, Rev, George
Clark, R ev. James C.
C lark, Rev. W . R.
Clarke, Andrew
Cleveland, Rev. H . A.
Cline, J.
Cooke, Esq., Jay
Cooke, Rev. Dr.
Cookman, Rev. Alfred
Corbit, M. Emma
Corbit, Rev. W m. P.
Cornell, J. B.
Cornell, Mrs. J. B.
Cornwell, Richard H .
Cowan, Mrs. General
C oxv W illiam A .
Crook, Isaac
D arby, Benjamin
D avis, W . R.
Dayton, W m . B.
Dashiell, R ev. R . L .
D e Hass, R ev. F . S.
Delanoy, J. A ., Jun.
Detmar, Joseph F .
Dickinson, Rev. John
D ill, Isaac O.
D ill, Rev. W illiam H .
Donohoe, Richard
Dorlew, E . W .
D rew, D aniel
Duff, Rev. D r. Alexander
Dunn, Rev. Lew is R.
Dunlap, Charles W ;
Dunton, R ev. Louis M.
Durbin, D .D ., John P.
Eggleston, Rev. A . C.
Espenchield, J. M.
Fay, H enry G.
Fay, John G.
Ferguson, Rev. W . G.
Ferguson, Mrs. Rev. W . G.
Ferry, George J.
Filbard, R ev. W .
Fisher, M .D ., John
Fisk, Clinton B.
Fisk, Rev. L . R .
Fletcher, Hon. Thos. C.
Forrester, H . M.
Foss, Rev. A . C.
Foss, Rev. Cyrus D.
Foster, Rev. H. K .
Foster, D .D ., Rev. R. S.
Fowler, D .D ., Rev. C. H
Fowler, Jonathan O.
Fox, D .D ., H. J.
Fox, Rev. R. C.
Fry, D .D ., Rev. B. St. J.
Gedney, Silvanus
Gibson, Rev. Otis
Gillespie, Mrs. Cath. J.
Gillespie, Samuel W .
Goff, R . W. P.
Gooding, Julia A .
Gooding, Mrs. M.
Goodnow, E. A.
Goodsell, Rev. Daniel A.
Gouldey, Francis
Graydon, Joseph
Green, Edward
Gregory, M .D ., N .
Griffith, Rev. T . M.
Guyer, Rev. A . W .
Hagany, D .D ., J. B.
Hagany, Mrs. W illiam S.
H all, Rev. Dr. John
Iiallett, Henry W .
Hamilton, George J.
Hard, Bradley R.
Hare, Rev. G. S.
Harris, D .D ., Rev. W . L.
Havemeyer, John C.
Haven, D .D ., E. O.
Hedden, Charles B.
Hedstrom, Rev. O . G.
Heisler, Rev. John S.
Henderson, Isaac
Henry, Robert
Herman, S.
H icks, Rev. W . W .
Higgins, Charles W.
Hiscox, S. E .
i
LIST OF PATRONS.
8 8 i .J
Hodgson, D .D ., F.
Holcomb, Charles M.
Holdich, D .D ., Joseph
Hollis, Rev. George
Houghton, R ev. R . C.
Howell, Carl S.
Hoyt, Oliver
Hubbard, George D .
Huking, Leonard J.
H ull, L.
Hunt, Rev. Albert S.
Hunt, W illiam S.
Hurst, Euphrates
Hyde, Mr. and Mrs. E .
Irving, Charles
Jackson, W illiam
Janes, Miss Elizabeth
Jayne, Mrs. F. A .
Jeremiah, T . F.
Johnson, B. Burchstead
ohnson, Mrs. B. B.
ohnson, Mr. and Mrs.E.H.
ohnston, R. S.
ones, E . H .
Jones, Jun., Jeanett
Jones, Levin
Jost, Rev. Caspar
Judd, Mr. and Mrs. 0 .
Kelso, Thomas
Kennaday, D .D ., J.
Kenney, Rev. W esley
K in g, John
K lein, Rev. J. A .
K line, Isaac
Knapp, Joseph F .
Knowles, Rev. J. H.
Lafone, Esq., Samuel
Lam b, Simeon
Lansdale, R . H .
Lavery, Richard
Law , Nathaniel
Leech, D .D ., Rev. S. V .
Leffingwell, Mrs. C . R .
Lincoln, Abraham
Lockwood, R. M .
Lore, D .D ., D . D .
Loveland, Oliver
Lowe, W illiam E.
M aclay, Rev. R . S.
Madison, Joseph
M agee, James P.
Mahon, George
M aillar, W illiam H .
M allalieu, R ev.W illard F .
Manning, Rev. E . A .
M anwaring, W . H .
M ark, Rev. Banner
Marshall, Prof. J. W .
Marshall, W illiam B.
Martin, George C.
Martin, J o h n T .
21
Martin, W illiam R.
Matthews, Rev. O. P.
Mangan, S. S.
Merritt, Stephen, Jun.
Merritt, Hiram
M ’Allister, Rev. W illiam
M ’Clintock, D .D .. John
M’Clintock, Mrs. C. W .
M ’Curdy, Rev. Converse L.
M ’Donald, E.
M ’Donald, Rev. W illiam
M ’Lean, John
M ’Murray, Rev. Jacob S.
M ’W illiams, J.
Mead, Rev. A . H
Mead, Edwin
Mead, M. E.
Mead, Jun., Ralph
Mead, Ralph
Meais, John
Meharry, Jesse
Meredith, Rev. R .R .
Merwin, Rev! J. B.
Monroe, Rev. D. S.
Monroe, D .D ., S. Y .
Monroe, Mrs. T . H. W .
Moody, Rev. Granville
Morgan, Rev. L . F.
Morgan, W illiam T .
Morgan, W illiam
Morris, Mrs. Rev. Bishop
Mundell, Jeremiah
Mussina, Mrs. Jerusha P.
Myers, Rev. Thomas
Nelson, Abram
Newhall, Rev. Fales H .
Newman, D .D ., J. P.
Nickerson, Pliny
N ickey, J. F.
Nobles, Rev. J. C.
Norris, Rev. W . H .
Nostrand, Lew is P.
Odell, S. U. F.
Odell, Mrs. S. U . F.
Oldrin, Rev. Edward
O ’Neal, D avid
Parker, Rev. Lindsay
Patton, Mrs. Susanna
Payne, Rev. Charles H
Peters, Lucy A.
Pfaff, Mrs. Louisa J.
Pike, Rev. J.
Pilcher, M .D ., Lew is S.
Pine, W alter
Platt, Mrs.
Platt, Rev. S. H.
Pool, W illiam D.
Porter, D .D ., James
Potter, Gilbert
Preston, W . I.
Pullman, John
32I
Purdy, Miss Martha
Purdy, M .D ., A. S.
Quimby, Jun., D. S.
Ralph, Mrs. Em ily H.
Ralph, Jun., H . D.
Ramsay, C .B .. Major EL
Raymond, J. M.
Reast, Esq., F . G.
Reed, Rev. George E.
Reeder, Rev. Glezen A.
Reeder, Am elia S.
Reese, Rev. A. A .
Rex, Mrs.
Rex, Jacob
Rice, W illiam
Rice, Rev. William
Rich, Isaac
Ridgaway, Rev. H . B.
Ritchie, Rev. Robert L.
Roake, J. C.
Rolph, Henry D.
Romer, John
Ross, Mr. and Mrs. D. L.
Rounds, D .D ., N.
Rudisill, Mrs. M. A .
Rudisill, Matilda A .
Sanford, Rev. A. K.
Sanford, Watson
Sanford, Mrs. Ellen M.
Sandford, Peter
Santee, Rev. J. B.
Sappington, Samuel
Savage, Rev. E.
Scott, W illiam
Seney, George I.
Seney, Mrs. Jane A .
Searles, Rev. W illiam
Sewall, D .D „ T.
Sewell, Moses B.
Shaurman, George A .
Shaurman, Issac
Shaurman, Milton
Shepherd, Rev. C. W .
Shipley, C.
Sigler, David S.
Simpson, Mrs. Bishop
Sinex, Thomas H.
Sing, C. B.
Skidmore, W illiam B.
Slayback, John D.
Sloat, T . L.
Smith, Nathaniel
Smith, D.D., Rev. J. C.
Smith, Rev. Y . C.
Smith, Iram
Sparkman, James D.
Spear, Ann
Speare, Alden
Spellmeyer, Rev. Henry
Spencer, Charles
Starr, George
322
MISSIONARY REPORT.
Stephenson, John
Stephenson, M .D., T .
Stevens, L L .D ., Rev. A bel
Stiles, W illiam H.
Stimson, Sandford J.
Stout, A . V .
Strong, Christiana
Studley, Rev. W . S.
Suckley, George
Suckley, Thomas H.
Sutherland R ev. W m . H .
Sweet, A bigail H .
Swormstedt, Leroy
T aft, James H .
T aft, Mrs. James H .
Taylor, R ev. George
Taylor, Mrs. Rev. George
T eriy, Rev. D avid
Third-st.Ch., Camden, N.J.
Thoburn, Rev. J. M.
Thomas, Rev. D. W.
Thomas, Mrs. M ary A .
Thompson, Rev. J. J.
Tiffany, D .D ., Rev. O. H.
Tiffany, Mrs. E liza B.
Todd, Rev. Charles W .
Tonner, Rev. John
Trim ble, D .D., J. M.
Trimble, Sarah A.
Trimble, Sarah A. P.
T rinity M. E. C., Jer. C ity
Truslow, W illiam
Turner, Robert
Tuttle, Sylvester
Twom bly, Rev. John H .
Upham, Rev. Samuel F.
Utter, M r. and Mrs. S. S.
Vail, Rev. Adee
Vannote, R ev. Jonathan
Van Schaick, Rev. R . W .
W alsh, Cornelius
W andell, B. C.
W ard, P. G. W .
W ardell, R ev. W illiam
[l 88l.
Waters, Mrs. M atilda
Weatherby, Rev. Sam. S.
W ebb, Mrs.
W elch, P. A.
Wentworth, D .D.. E.
W esterfield, W illiam
Whiteman, John
W hitney, D. D.
W illis, Rev. J. S.
Wilson, S. P.
Wilson, Mrs. Marie E .
W infield, H. B.
Wood, James
Woods, Rev. Frederic
Woods, Mrs. Frederic
W oolf, Rev. S. P.
Whedon, D.D., Rev. D. D.
W right, D .D ., Rev. J. F.
Young, Rev. J. W .
Youngs, D avid
Youngs, D . A .
B y a resolution of the Board of Managers the follow ing persons are constituted
Patrons on account of valuable services rendered the Missionary Society.
R ev. George Lane.
H on. G . A bem ethy.
Hon. T . S. Fay.
ohn Pfaff.
Lev. John F . Goucher.
Ì
Rev. D r. N . Bangs.
E. L . Fancher, Esq.
M ajor Gowan, India.
H . Dollner, Esq.
Francis Hall, Esq.
John B. Edwards.
John W hiteman, Esq.
Thomas F. Jeremiah, Esq.
S o r \ o f k f y I^ife
Constituted by the payment or one hundred and fifty dollars or more at one time«
A bbott, Asher Miner
A bbott, Stephen H.
A ckerly, Rev. John W .
A ckerm an, C. W .
Ackerm an, W . B.
Adams, Annie M .
Adam s, Russell W .
Adam s, W . W .
A dam s, Mrs. W . W .
A gn ew , W . G. E.
A iken, Rev. A . P.
A itken, Benjamin
Alabaster, Rev. John
A lbro, Sarah A .
A lday, Rev. J. H.
A lder, W illiam D.
Aldridge, Rev. S. H.
Alford, R ev. James
A llaire, Philip Embury
A llen, O liver
Allen, Solomon
Allison, M ichael S.
Ames, Rev. A . H .
Ames, Edward R.
Ames, M iss Laura A
Ames, Mrs. M ahala
Andaver, John S.
Anderson, Augustus B.
Anderson, Rev. Samuel
Andrews, Samuel W .
Antrim , Benajah
Applegarth, Nathaniel
Appold, George I.
Archer, H arry M ortimer
Archer, Miss D elia
Archer, M ary
Archer, N ellie Louisa
Archer, O. H . P.
Armstrong, Edward V.
Armstrong, Clark
Armstrong, Francis
Armstrong, Joseph
Armstrong, Francis A .
Armstrong, James
Armstrong, Mrs. M.
Armstrong, Thomas
Arndt, Rev. Ralph S.
Arnold, George W .
Arnold, J. M.
Arnold, Samuel
Arthur, Richard
18 8 1.j
LIST OF HONORARY LIFE MANAGERS.
Ashmead, Samuel
Atkins, Isaiah
Atterbury, W illiam
Atwater, W ilbur O.
Atwood, Dr. J. F.
Austin, Rev. H . F.
Auten, James W .
Auten, John G.
Auten, Mrs. Eliza M.
A very, C. A.
Avery, Ledyard
Avery, Lym an R.
Ayars, S.
Ayres, Carlton
Ayres, L . S.
Ayres, M .D ., Chauncey
Ayres, Daniel
Ayres,Samuel L.P ..U .S.N .
Baer, Rev. Robert N.
Baird, Rev. Isaac N .
Baker, Charles
Baker, Mr. and Mrs. H. J.
Baker, Mrs. M ehitabel
Baker, Rev. Bishop O. C.
Baker, Samuel W .
Baldwin, Annie
Baldwin, Summerfield
Baldwin, W illiam H .
Balker, W illiam
Ballard, Rev. A . E.
Ballau, Rev. A . E.
Bancroft, Rev. Earl
Bangs, Rev. F. B.
Bangs, D .D ., Rev. N .
Banner, John J.
Barber, Rev. Cicero
Barber, Mrs. E . A .
Barber, Rev. B. F.
Barker, Mrs. Mary A .
Barker, W illiam L.
Barker, Stephen
Barndollar, Am y S.
Barns, Rev. H . N .
Barnes, Benjamin H .
Barnes, Rev. John W . F.
Barnes, Samuel S.
Barnhart, Rev. Thomas
Barnice, John J.
Barrett, Rev. R iley
Bartine, Rev. D . W .
Bartlett, Miss Martha M.
Bartlett, Smith
Barton, James
Bates, Rev. L . B.
Bates, Miss Sarah
Bates, Samuel D .
Battie, Richard R.
Baylis, R ev. H enry
Beacham, Mrs. H .
Beattie, John
Beattie, Mrs. John
Beatty, Miss Mary E .
Bear, Rev. John
Beaver, Peter
Beek, Samuel
Beers, Lizzie
Beers, Mrs. Elizabeth W .
Beidelman, Sen., D.
Belmont, Miss Emma
Benedict, Charles A .
Bennett, Mrs. Eliza
Bennett, Rev. C. W .
Bennis, Mitchell
Benny worth, John
Bensley, Daniel
Bentley, Georgia
Bentley, Charles W .
Bentley, John H .
Bentley, Charles
Benton, Rev. Erastus
Bernsee, C. Dollner
Bernsee, Frederick
Berry, E liz a .
Berry, Rev. L . W .
Berry, Rev. Thomas R .
Beswick, Rev. George M.
Bettleheim, Mrs. B. J.
Bettleheim, Bernard J. G.
Bettleheim, Miss V . R.
Beyea, J. L.
Bicknell, Becker
Bidwell, Ira
Bidwell, Rev. Ira G.
Binkley, Rev. S. L.
Bird, Rev. Isaac
Blackmar, C. P.
Blake, John
Blake, Rev. Henry M.
Bloomer, Wm. H .
Blyth, Elijah K .
Boardman, Hannah E .
Bodine, Charles
Bolton, John
Bond, Charles W .
Bonnell, Charles F.
Bonnell, Nathaniel
Bonney, Nathaniel
Bontecou, Francis
Boorman, Hon. A . J.
Booth, Ezra
Booth, Samuel
Borden, Gail
Boston, John E . H .
Botsford, J. K .
Bottome, R ev. Francis
Bourne, W illiam O. E.
Bowdish, W ellesley W.
Bowdish, Jennie C.
Bowler, Rev. George
Bowles, Mary
Bowman, John
Bowman, Rev. Dr.
323
Bowman, Rev. J.
Boyce, James
Boyd, Jun., Samuel
Boynton, Anthony
Bradford, Henry E.
Bradford, Rev. Elisha
Bradley, Frank
Bradner, W illiam B.
Bradon, Frank
Bradstreet, Henry
Bradstreet, John M.
Brainerd, B. C.
Brakeley, H . W .
Brandon, James
Bray, Rev. Spencer H.
Bray, R ev.W . M’Kendree
Brenton, Hon. Samuel
Bresee, Rev. P. F .
Bridges, Charles
Briggs, Alanson T .
Briggs, Rev. M. C.
Brooke, Rev. B. F .
Brooks, Rev. Asa
Bross, Joseph
Brown, Amos W.
Brown, Rev. Benjamin N.
Brown, Rev. C. S.
Brown, Rev. J. D.
Brown, Mrs. J. D .
Brown, Rev. James H .
Brown, Rev. P. R.
Brown, Rev. Samuel C.
Brown, Rev. S. D.
Brown, R. O.
Brownfield, John
Browning, Rev. W . G.
Brush, W illiam A .
Bryan, James R.
Bryant, Charles E .
Buck, Rev. D.
Buckalew, Sarah F.
Buckingham, Rev. G.
Budd, W illiam A.
Buell, L. H.
Bugbee, Rev. Lucius H.
Bulley, George F.
Bulley, Mrs. Anna M.
Burhaus, —
Burch, Mrs. Mary E .
Burch, Rev. Thomas
Burling, W . J.
Burnham, W . R.
Bums, James
Burrows, Lemuel
Burrows, Rev. W aters
Burr, Rev. J. K .
Busey, Rev. E . F.
Butler, Charles
Butler, Miss Julia A .
Butterfield, Frederic
But trick, George M.
324
Byrne, W illiam W .
Caldwell, Samuel C.
Cameron, Cornelius
Camp, B. F .
Camp, Rev. H arvey
Cam pbell, Rev. J. O.
Campbell, Rev. Alexander
Carey. Isaac
Carey, Mrs. P. E.
Cary, Benjamin H .
Cary, Mrs.
Carlton, Charles T .
Carlton, Henry
Carlton, W illiam J.
Carlton, Rev. Thomas
Carman, M ary T .
Carmichael, Jun., A .
Carpenter, James M.
Carpenter, Nathan
Cafr, Lizzie
Carr, M ary E .
Carr, R ev. J. M.
Carroll, Rev. J. M.
Carson, Charles L .
Carson, W illiam
Carson, Mrs. D.
Carter, Duras
Cartwright, W illiam
Cassard, Howard
Cassatt, R ev. J. W .
Cassidy, James
Castle, Rev. Joseph
Cattell, A .
Cattell, Alexander G.
Caughey, R ev. James
C hadw ick, Rev. James
Chaffee, Herbert W .
Champion, Hiram J.
Chapman, R ev. J. A . M.
Chapman, M yra H .
Chapman, R ev. W . H .
Chapman, W illiam H .
Charlier, E lie
Chattin, R ev. Samuel
C hattle.M .D ., Thom as G.
Chesnut, John A .
Childs, B. F.
Choate, W arren
Chubb, Samuel
C hubbuck.M .D ., H ollis S.
Chumar, Esq., John A .
Church, R ev. A . J.
Claflin, Lee
Clapp, Rev. D . E.
Clapp, Frederick A .
Clapp, Mrs. Sarah
C lark, Anna
Clark, D .D ., Rev. D . W .
C lark, Francis M.
Clark, Miles H eber
Clark, Thom as
MISSIONARY REPORT.
Clark, W illiam D.
Clark, Mrs. Rev. W . W .
Clark, Rev. Daniel
Clark, Rev. W . W.
Clawson, J. M.
Clemen, W illiam T . D.
Clements, Jun., S.
Cobb, Mr. George T .
Cobb, Mrs. Helen W .
Cobb, Samuel
Cobb, J. H .
Cochrane, Charles
Coddington, George F .
Coffman, D aniel
Coffin, Mrs. Caroline
Coffin, W illiam J.
Coffin, E liza J.
Coggeshall, W illiam S.
Colesbury, John
Colgate, Mr, and Mrs. B.
Colgate, Bowles
Collins, D .D ., Rev. C.
Collins, Joseph W .
Collins, Rev. W . F.
Colloid, Rev. G. W .
Compton, Henry
Conable, Rev. F . W .
Cone, John A .
Conklin, Benjamin Y .
Conklin, J. L .
Connolly, Nettie
Cook, D .D ., Rev. Charles
Cook, Ephraim
Cook, R ev. R „ C.
Cook, Rev. Isaac P.
Cooke, D. D ., Rev. Edward
Cooke, R ev. Horace
Cookman, R ev. A .
Cookman, Mary
Cooley, Em ma F.
Coombs, W .
Cooper, George W .
Cooper, Mrs. Lavinia
Cooper, R ev. V . A .
Cooper, Rev. W .
Copeland, George M.
Copeland, George
Corbit, Mrs R ev. W . P.
Corkran, Benjamin W.
Corkran, W illiam
Cornelius, Rev. Richard
Cornell, James E .
Cornell, J. B.
Cornell, W illiam W .
Cornish, John
Cornwell, Abram
Cornwell, Richard H .
Cornwell, Tim othy
Corse, A . E .
Coryell, D r. W illiam
Cosgrove, Joseph
[l88l.
Cottier, John
Coulter, H .
Coutant, Rev. Lewis J.
Cowan, W illiam D .
Cox, Abram
Cox, Charles
Cox, Joseph
Cox, W illiam A .
Coxe, Rev. J. C. W .
Craford, Robert L .
Crane, Theodore A .
Cranford, Robert
Cranmer, Emeline
Cranston, Earl
Craske, Harry
Crasto, Emma
Crawford, Rev. J. F .
Crawford, J. G. L.
Crawford, Dr. J. S.
Crawford, D .D ., M. D ’C.
Creamer, David
Creighton, Rev. Samuel
Creshall, Mrs. Sarah E .
Criswell, Miss Jennie E.
Crocker, Thomas
Cromelin, Rev. Richard
Cronhan, John
Crook, J. D . Kurtz
Crooks, Rev. George R.
Crouch, Rev. George
Crowell, Stephen
Croxford. Ira
Cubberly, D. P.
Culgin, James
Culver, Tuttle
Cummings, Hon. Alex.
Cummings, Rev. Joseph
Curry, Amos G.
Curry, D .D ., Rev. Daniel
Curry, W illiam H .
Cushing, G. B.
Cutter, Miss Julia
Cutting, Mrs. Martha B.
Cutting, W illiam G.
D ail, Daniel
D ale, John W .
Dallas, Israel
Daniels, Rev. John
Daniels, R ev. j . R.
Daniels, Rev. W . V.
Daniels, Sabin A .
Darling, Daniel S.
Dashiell, Mary J.
Dashiell, R ev. Robert L.
Davenport, Benjamin
Davidson, Mrs. Ann Jane
Davis, Calvin
Davis, Edgar
Davis, Elijah M.
Davis, Ira
Davis, James
18 8 1'.]
LIST OF HONORARY LIFE MANAGERS.
Davis, James L.
Davis, James R.
Davis, Thomas
Davis, Rev. W . R.
Day, Elizabeth
Day, John H .
Day, Rev. Rufus
Dayton, Rev. D. W.
Dayton, Mrs. D . W .
Deal, George H.
Dean, Clement R.
Dean, D avid J.
Dean, Rev. Sydney
Dean, W illiam
Deas, M .D ., Stephen S.
De Cam p, Sen., Hiram
De Hass, Rev. F . S.
De Hass, Mrs. F. S.
De L a Cour, J. C.
De Vinne, Daniel
De Voursney, A .
De W itt, Rev. M. F.
Demarest, D avid
Demoyer, Rev. John A .
Dennis, Mrs. Benjamin F.
Dennis, Mrs. Emory
Denyse, Simon
De Puy, Alexander
Dettmar, John F.
DeU rquiza, Gen. DonJ usto
Dickinson, Martha
Dickinson, Mary E.
Dickinson, Rev. George F.
Diehl, Rev. Israel S.
Dikeman, John
Dikeman, W. H.
Dilks, Chester
Dill, Rev. Henry G.
Disbrow, Benjamin
Disney, W esley
Disosway, Cornelius R.
Dobbins, Rev. Joseph B.
Dodge, Hon. W . E .
Dodge, Jun., W illiam E.
Dodge, Rev. D avid S.
Dollner, H.
Dollner, Samuel L.
Donnelly, Rev. James
Douglass, J., o f Scotland
Douglas, Mrs. Ophelia M.
Drake, Elkanah
Drakely, George
Drew, Daniel
Drown, Mrs. Em ma H.
Drummond, Rev. Dr.
Dryden, Joshua
Duff, Alexander
Dunham, George B.
Dunlap, W illiam H.
Dunlop, John S.
Dunn, E . W.
Dunn, Jacob
Durbin, D.D., Rev. J. P.
Eager, Jun., M.D., W. B.
Eaves, Rev. W illiam
Edmonds, J. A.
Edsall, W illiam
Edwards, Fannie
Edwards, J. B.
Edwards, Nellie
Edwards, D.D., Rev.W .B.
Edwards, W illiam H.
Eggleston, Mrs. Elizabeth
Elliott, George
Elliott, John
Elliott, Thomas M.
Elliott, Rev. W. H.
Ellis, Mrs. Lydia A.
Ellsworth, Henry
Elmer. Nelson L.
Emory, Rev. B. B.
Erskine, John
Evans, M.D., John
Evans, G. W.
Evans, Rev. W . W .
Excell, Rev. Benjamin
Fabyan, Dr. C. W .
Fairweather, D . B.
Fairweather, Mrs. Lucy
Fairbanks, Hon. Erastus
Fairchild, J. H.
Falconer, John
Falconer, Wm. H.
Farmer, Silas
Fanner, Mrs. Silas
Farragut.D. G.,Vice-Adm.
Farlee, W illiam A.
Farley, J. P.
Fay, Henry
Fay, Mr. and Mrs. H. G.
Fay, John G.
Felton, Rev. Cyrus E.
Ferguson, Rev. A. H.
Ferris, Rev. D. O.
Fielding, George
Fielding, Mrs. Matilda
Fillmore, Rev. Glezen
First M .E . S. S., Erie, Pa.
Fisbeck, Mary F.
Fish, Rev. Abraham
Fisher, N. D.
Fisk, Gen. C. B.
Fisk, Mrs. Gen. C. B.
Fite, Conrad
Fitzgerald, Cornelia
Fitzgerald, James B.
Fleming, Rev. C. K.
Fletcher, Rev. Charles
Flint, John D.
Folger, Mrs. E lla
Foot, Norman B.
Foote, A . H., Com .U .S.N .
325
Foote, Rev. John B.
Forrester, Frederick
Forrester, George
Forrester, H. M.
Forshay, W ilbur F.
Foss, Rev. A . C.
Foss, Rev. C. D.
Foster, Joseph A.
Foster, R ev Milton K .
Foster, Randolph J.
Foster, D.D., Rev. R. S.
Fowler, Anderson
Fowler, Lindley H.
Fowler, Cornelia W.
Fowler, J. N .
Fowler, Jonathan O.
Fowler, Jun., J. O.
Fowler, Hon. Oscar F.
Fowler, Olive E.
Fowler, W illiam
Fox, Rev. Henry L.
Fox, Rev. R. C.
Freeman, Edward
Freeman, Mary A
French, John
French, J. Milton
French, John W esley
French, Mrs. Sarah
French, Thomas R.
Frey, Edward S.
Fried, F . G.
Frost, Norman W.
Fry, Hannah
Fullager, James
Fuller, Rev. James M.
Fuller, Rev. S. R.
Gable, Miss Julia E.
Gallien, Henry
Gallien, Mrs. Henry
Gamble, Elizabeth
Gamble, James
Gardner, Aaron
Gardner, David A.
Garibaldi, General G.
Garrettson, Mary
Garrison, Rev. Stephen A.
Gascoigne, James P.
Gedney, Sylvanus
George, Rev. A . C.
Gerald, Miss Fannie
Gerard, Miss Fannie M.
Gibb, Samuel
Gibson, Mrs.Rev.Dr.A-EGibson.. Mrs. A. E.
Gibson, Rev. 0 .
Gillett, Rev. S. T .
Gillies, W right
Gillingham, Rebecca A.
Givan, Mrs. Margaret
Gladwin, Rev. W . J.
Glass, James
326
Glover, R ev. Charles E .
Glover, Mrs. Charles E .
Glover, John F .
Glenn, D a vid
Goldsmith, Louise
Good, Rev. W . A .
Goode, R ev. W illiam H .
Goodrich, H on. Grant
Goodwin, A . S. W .
Goodwin, Mrs. S. C.
Goodwin, R ev. John
Godwin, J.
Goss, Oliver S.
Gouldy, N . E .
Gracey, Rev. J. T .
Grant, Richard
Grant, Lieut-G en. U . S.
Grasto, Em m a
Graves, H . A .
Graveson, W illiam
Graveson, Jun:, W .
Graw, R ev. J. B.
Gray, Abraham
Graydon, John W .
Graydon, Mr. and Mrs. J.
Greatsinger, Rev. C.
Green, Amon
Green, George E .
Greenewald, F . W.
Greenfield, A . H .
Greenfield, Aquila
Greenwood, E lizabeth W.
Gregg, Samuel •
Gregory, Mrs. Dr.
Greschall, Mrs. Sarah J.
Griffen, J ohn
Griffing, Lester
Griffin, Lulu
Griffin, R ev. Thom as A .
Grippon, Theodore E .
Groesbeck, E . A .
Grose, James
Gross, Samuel
Guelfi, Cecelia
Guest, A lonzo
Guibord A .
Guile, R ev. Charles H .
Gurlitz, A . T .
H acker, W illiam P.
H adgem an, F . D.
H agan y, R ev. J. B.
H aight, Joseph
Haines, Benjam in F .
Haines, Mrs. Benjam in F.
H all, Joseph B.
H all, Joseph, F.
H all, W illiam H .
H aller, R ev J. P.
H allett, H en ry W .
H alliday, R ebecca
H alsted, Em m a
MISSIONARY REPORT.
[ I 88 l.
H alsted, E . S.
Halsted, L o ttie A.
Halsted, Samuel
Halsted, Schureman
H am, John
Hamilton, George Y .
H am lin, D .D , Rev. Cyrus
Hamlin, Rev. B. B.
Hamma, T . Jefferson
Hammond, E dw in R.
Hammond, Ezra
Hand, Jacob
Hanford, John E.
Hard, Bradley R.
Hard, R ev. Clark B.
Hard, Rev. C. P.
Hardacre, W illiam
Harding, Rev. A . F.
Hare, Rev. G . S.
Hargrave, Rev. R.
Harper, Jun., Fletcher
Harriot, John A.
Harris, R ev. Bishop
Harris. M .D., Chapin A .
Harris, John M.
Harris, Mrs. N . Ann
Harris, William
Harrower, Rev. J. P.
Harrower, R ev. P. P.
Hart, Richard P.
Hartranfft, Rev. C . R.
H artzell, Miss A lice
Haslup, George G.
Haslup, Mrs. George H .
Hatfield,M rs.Elizabeth A .
Hatfield, Rev. R. M.
Haughey, Theodore P.
H aven, D .D ., Rev. E . O.
H aven, Rev. Gilbert
H avens, J. H .
Havens, R ev. James
H avem eyer, W . F.
Havenner, Thom as
H aw ley, Bostwick
Hawthorne, Enoch
H ays, James L .
Hayter, R ev. Richard
Hayter, Samuel G.
H ayward, J. K .
Hazleton, Edw ard
H eadley, M ilton
H eadley, S. F.
Heald, W illiam H .
H eath, F . W .
Heather, D .D ., D . D .
Hedstrom, R ev. O lif G.
H eiskell, Colson
Heisler, R ev. J. S.
H em enw ay, R ev. F . D.
Hemmers. Thom as J.
Herbert, W illiam F .
Hermance, Rev. John P„
Herrick, R ev. A . F.
Herrick, Mrs. M. B. P.
Hester, Milton P.
Heston, R ev. N ewton
Heyniger, Lam bert
H ick, Jonathan P.
H ickm an, Rev. J. W .
Hicks, Rev. Benjamin
Hicks, H arvey E.
Hildreth, Rev. T . H .
H ildt, Rev. George
H ill, Charles A .
H ill. R ev. John
H ill, Sarah V.
H ill, R ev. W. T .
H illm an, Samuel D .
H inckley, M .D ., J. W.
H inkle, Rev. Richard
Hindes, Samuel
Hiorns, Rev. Richard
Hirst, Jun., Rev. W illiam
Hiss, Mr. and Mrs. P.
Hitchens, Rev. George
H itchim , Owen
Hobart, R ev. John
Hodgkinson, Job
Hodgson, D .D ., R ev. F.
Holcom b, Mrs. Statira
H olden, Jun., B. F .
Hollis, Holman
H ollis, Rev. George
Hollister, Stephen D.
Holmes, J. P.
H olm es, Rev. D. J.
Holm es, Jun., John F.
H olt, W illiam H .
H olt, W oodbury D.
Hooly, Abraham
Hooper, W illiam E .
Horton, D . P.
Horton, H enry M .
Houghroout, Rachel
Howard, George W.
H owe, M .D ., Rev. J. M.
H owe, T . A .
H oxsie, George W.
H oyt, Oliver
H oyt, Philip
H oyt, Professor B. F.
H ughes, C. C.
H u k in g, Leonard J.
H ulbert, Lester
H ull, Mrs. Rev. C. F .
H ull, H enry M.
Hum bert, Mrs. Theodore
H unt, Mrs. Clara
H unt, G . H .
H unt, Mrs. Jane
Hunt, W . S.
H untley, Mrs. Annie
1-881.J
L IS T O F HON ORARY L I F E M AN AG ERS.
Hurlburt, Rev. R . H.
Hurst, Rev. J. F.
Hurst, W illiam R.
Huse, Rev. O.
Hyatt, Charles E.
Hyde, Augustus L .
Hyde, Edwin
Hyde, Edwin Francis
Hyland, James
Igleheart, W illiam T .
Infant school of Broad-st.
M. E. Church, Newark.
Ingle, Jun., John
Irving, Charles
Ives, Hon. W illard
Jacks, D avid
Jacks, Mrs. M ary C.
Jacobus, W illiam
Jayne, F. A .
Jeffery, Oscar
Jellison, George W .
Jenkins, Miss Susan A.
Johnson, Algernon K .
Johnson, D .D .,Prof. H.M.
Johnson, Hon. Andrew
Johnson, Charles T .
Johnson, Eugene
Johnson, Mrs. Grace E.
Johnson, Robert
Johnson, Samuel
Johnson, W illiam B.
Johnston, W illiam
Jones,Capt.C. D ., 28RegL.
Jones, Joseph
Jones, Rev. John M.
Jones, Jun., W illiam
Jones, Levin
Jones, Rev. Thomas L .
Jones, Zeanett
Jordan, Rev. D . A.
Jost, Rev. Casper
Judd, Rev. Charles W.
Judd, John B.
Judd, Mr. and Mrs. O.
Karr, Frank D.
Keeler, W alter
Keeney, Tim othy
Kellogg, Charles G.
Kellogg, Charles Y.
Kelley, Richard
K elly, Rev. Thomas
K elley, W arren S.
Kelso, Thomas
Kennaday, D .D ., John
Kenneday, Rev. J.
Kenney, Pardon T.
K en ney,.R ev. W esley
Kent, Luke
Kerr, Thomas
Kessler, Miss M ary L.
K ettell, Rev. G. F.
Keyes, Rev. Edwin R.
Keyes, John
Keyes, Mrs. John
Keyser, Abraham
Keyser, John
Kidder, D .D ., Rev. D . P.
K ilm er, Miss Emeline
Kim berly, Edward
Kincaid, Rev. W illiam H.
K in g, Annie
K in g, John
K in g, Gamaliel
K ing, George W .
King, Rev. Isaiah D.
K ing, D .D ., Rev. J. M.
K ing, Rev. Dr. Joseph E.
Kingsley, Rev. I. C.
Kinsey, Isaac P.
Kinsley, Rev. Hiram
Kirby, Leonard
Kirkland, Alexander
K lein, Rev. John
Kline, Isaac A .
Kneen, A lice
Kneil, Thomas
Knight, Edward
Knight, Henry
Knight, Theodore B.
Kodama, J. C. J. P.
Kuhns, W illiam J.
Kurtz, M. D.
Ladue, Nathan W.
Lamb, J. M.
Lambright, William
Lanahan, D.D., John
Landis, Enos Y .
Lane, John
Lane, Park H.
Langstroth, Abbie
Langstroth, Mrs. Jane
Lankford, Mrs. Sarah A.
Lavery, Mrs. Eliza
Lavery, Miss Jane
Lavery, Mrs. Margaret
Lavery, John Young
Lavery, Richard
Lavery, Robert
Law , Mrs. Sarah A.
Lawrence, Henry
Larence, Rev. W illiam
Lazenby, Cornelia A.
L e Count, H. M.
Leavitt, Rev. D udley P.
Leavitt, Samuel R.
Leach, Charles
Leech, Abner Y .
Lee, Col. G. W .
Leek, Rev. J. W.
Leidy, Rev. George
Lenhart, Miss Lulla
Lewis, Henry
327
Lewis, Rev. W . G. W .
Lloyd, John R.
Liebe, Mary A.
Lincoln, Mr. and Mrs. A.
Lindsay, D .D ., Rev. J. W .
Lippencott, Rev. B. C.
Little, James
Little, Mrs. Sarah J.
Little, W illiam .M ayo
Loane, Jabez W .
Locke, D .D ., Rev. J. W.
Lockwood, Henry
Lockwood, Henry T .
Lockwood, Robert M.
Loder, Lewis B.
Logan, Charles W .
Logan, Henry
Long, Mrs. Jane
Longacre, Rev. A.
Longfellow, M .D., A. J.
Longhurst, James S.
Loomis, R ev. B. B.
Loomis, Rev. H.
Lord, Benjamin
Lord, Rev. G. M.
Lord, Joseph
Lore, Rev. D. D.
Loud, Rev. Henry M.
Lounsbury, Rev. Henry
Loveland, Oliver
Lowden, Mrs. Elizabeth
Lowden, George W.
Lowe, W illiam E.
Lowrie, D. R.
Lucas, Mrs. Susan
Luckey, Robert
Ludlam, E. Ferdinand
Ludlum, George B.
Ludlum, M.D., Jacob W
Luke, John J.
Lunt, Orring
Lynch, Rev. W illiam
Lyon, Stephen
Lyons, James D.
Lytle, W. H.
Maclay, R. V.
Maclay, Rev. R. S.
Macy, David
Macubbin, Samuel
Madison, Rev. Joseph
Magee, John
Magee, James P.
Magill, C. W.
Mallett, Samuel
Manierre, Hon. B. F.
Mann, L. M.
Mansfield, Rev. John H .
Mapes, Mrs. S. S.
Maps, W . R.
Mark, Sen., George
Marlay, F. H.
328
MISSIONARY REPORT.
Mead, M elville E.
M arlay, M.
Mead, Ralph
Marrinor, George
Mead, Sen., Ralph
Marshall, Thomas W.
Marshall, W illiam B.
M ead, Staats O.
Marston, Hannah
Medary, Jacob H.
Meeker, Rev. B. O.
Martin, Ann H.
Menson, L. W .
Martin, George C.
Meredith, Rev. R.
Martin, W illiam S.
Meredith, Rev. R . R.
Martin, W . R.
Martin, Rev. Alexander
Meredith, Richard
Merrick, E. G.
Mason, Rev. Joseph
Merrill, Rev. C. A .
Mason, Perez
Merrill, Jacob S.
Mason, Thom as T
Mason, W illiam Henry
Merritt, D avid F.
Merritt, Stephen
Mason, W illiam
Mason, R. W.
Milburn, Rev. W . H .
Mattison, Rev. A . T.
Miles, John
Mattison, Rev. Hiram
Miles, Mrs. Mary
Maynard, John Q.
Millard, Mrs. Eliza M.
M ’AUister, Rev. W.
M illard, Rev. Jeremiah
M ’Calmont, A . B.
Miller, G. M.
M ’Calmont, Mrs.
Miller, Rev. John
M 'Canlis, Thomas
Miller. John P.
M ’Carty, Rev. J. H .
M iller, D.D., W. G.
M ’Cauley, Rev. James A. Miller, Gordon
M ’Clellan, Gen. G. B.
Miller, John
M ’Clain, Damon R.
Miller, John P.
M ’Conkey, Jun., James
Miller, W.
M ’Conkey, W illiam
Milligan, W . C.
M ’ Cord, James
Mills, John H.
M ’Cormick, R. S.
Mintram, Alfred C.
M 'Cown, W illiam B.
Monroe, Eliza
Monroe, Rev. S. Y.
M ’Curdy, Rev. C. L.
Monroe, Rev. T. H. W.
M 'Curdy, Mrs. John
Montrose, Newman E.
M ’Daniel, James L.
Mooers, E. M.
M ’Donald, Rev. W illiam
Moore, D .D., Franklin
M ’Elhone, John
Moore, F. D.
M ’Gee, Robert
Moore, George
M ’Gregor, D avid L.
M ’Gowan, Rev. Peter M. Moore, Joseph A.
Moore, Laura A.
M ’lntyre, James E.
Moore, Samuel J.
M ’Intosh, James H.
M ’Kenzie, Heman Bangs Moore, Richard
Moore, Sampson
M ’ Keown, Rev. Andrew
Moore, W . K .
M ’ Kissock. Miss J. A .
Morgan, Frank R.
M ’Kown, Mrs. M. E.
Morgan, Rev. L . F.
M ’Kown, Rev. J. L. G.
M ’Lain, Mrs. O. D.
Morgan, Rev. N. J. B.
M ’ Laren, Ida L.
Morgan, Wm. Truslovv
M ’Lean, Rev. Alexander • Morris, Mrs. D.
M ’Lean, A nn
Morrow, Thom as J.
M ’Lean, John S.
Morse, Rev. Charles W.
M ’Lean, John
Morton, J. D.
M 'Lean, W illiam
Morton, J. E.
M M illan, John
Moses, W illiam J.
M ’Murray, Miss Charlotte Moss, Mrs. W . P.
M ’Nichols, H M.
Mudge, Rev. James
M 'Nichols, Rev. R . T.
Muff, Rev. Isaac
M ’Roberts, W illiam
Mulford, Furman
Mead, Ezra
Mulliken, Edward C
Mead, Fanny E.
Mumford, Anna L.
[1 8 8 1 .
Mundell, Jeremiah
Murphy, Rev. T . C.
Murray, Laura V .
Myers, George E.
Myers, John N.
Myers, Peter D.
M yrick, James R.
Nagai, J. W esley Iwoski
Naylor, Henry R.
Nelson, M .D ., J. B.
Nelson, Mrs. Louise
Nesbit, Rev. S. H.
Newell, Henry J.
Newm an,M is.Angeline E.
Nichols, Lafayette
Nicholson, Jacob C.
Nicholson, Mrs.
Nickerson, Pinly
Norris, John
Norris, Mrs. Sarah M.
Norris, Rev. S.
Norris, Rev. W . H.
North, Charles R.
North, C . C.
North, James
Norton, Rev. J. D .
Nostrand, Mrs. Sarah E.
Oakley, Gilbert
Oakley, Rev. J. GOats, John M.
Odell, Isaac
Odell, Samuel U . F .
Olney, L. F.
Onderdonk, Nicholas
O ’N eal, D .
Osbon, Rev. A. M.
Osbon, Mrs. E. S.
Osborn, Mrs. Alice
Osbom, Rev. E. S.
Osborn. Rev. Thomas G.
Ostrander, Amanda B.
Ostrander, James S.
Otheman, Rev. Edward
Owen, Edward
Owen, John
Owen, D. R.
Owen, Rev. E. D.
Oxtoby, Henry
Paine, Rev. C. H.
Palmer, W illiam H.
Palmer. William S.
Palmer, Rachel C.
Pardoe, Jun., Hunter
Pardoe, Rev. H. C.
Parish, Ambrose
Parker, Rev. E. W .
Parker, Rev. John
Parker, Rev. Lindsay
Parker, William A.
Parlett, Benjamin F.
Parmalee, Catharine E.
18 8 1.]
LIST OF HONORARY LIFE MANAGERS.
Parrott, Rev. George *
Patton, John
Paul. George W.
Paul, of India.
Payne, Mrs. Mary Eleanor
Pearce, Rev. J. A.
Pearne. Rev. Thomas H.
Pearne, Rev. W . H .
Pearsall, Treadwell
Pearson, Rev. Thomas W.
Peck, Rev. J. L.
Peck, D.D., Rev. J. T .
Peckham, Reuben
Peirce, John
Peirce, D.D., Rev. B. K.
Pepper, PI. J.
Perego, Sen., Ira
Perkins, John S.
Perrin, Noah
Perry, John B.
Perry, Mrs. J. K.
Periy, Rev. James H.
Perry, Rev. S. C.
Pershing, Rev. Israel C.
Peters, John
Peters, Mrs. Mary
Pettibone, Payne
Pettit, Foster
Pfaff, John
Pfaff, Mrs. Louisa M. E.
Phayre, J. N.
Phelps, Rev. Azra J.
Phelps, W illis
Phillips, Daniel B.
Phillips, Mary V.
Phillips, Robert
Phipps, J. B.
Pilcher, Rev. E. H.
Pilkington, Cordelia L.
Pillsbury, Rev. C. D.
Pitcher, M.D., Lew is H.
Pitcher, Mrs. Rev. E. T .
Pitcher, Rev. W illiam H.
Place, Barker
Place, Ephraim
Place, James K.
Ployd, Jacob
Poisal, Rev. John
Poole, Achish H .
Pollard, Samuel L.
Pond, Lucius W.
Poppino, M.D., Seth
Porter, D .D ., James
Porter, Mrs. Jane T.
Porter, Rev. John Smith
Porter, John V.
Post, Rev. Samuel E.
Potter, Mrs. Phebe
Povie, Frank
Powell, W illiam
Power, Rev. John H.
Pratt, Henry
Pratt, James W .
Pray, Matilda
Prentice, Rev. E. L.
Prentiss, S. M.
Preston, David
Price, Hon. Hiram
Price, S. W.
Price, W illiam
Price, Rev. J. A.
Prickett, Edward
Prosser, W illiam H.
Pughe, Hon. Lewis
Pught, Mrs. Daniel W.
Pullman, John
Purdy, M.D., A . E. M.
Purdy, M.D., A. S.
Pusey, W illiam B.
Putney, Rev. Rufus C.
Queal, Rev. W. O.
Quigley, Rev. George
Quinan, Henry E.
Quin, Henry W.
Quincey, Charles E.
Ramsay, John F.
Ramsdell, M .D.,Edwin D.
Rand, Franklin
Raymond, Aaron
Raymond, L. Loder
Raymond, J. M.
Raymond, W illiam L.
Read, Thomas
Rector, George
Reed, Rev. George E.
Reed, Mrs. George E.
Reed, Henry, England
Reed, Rev. H. W.
Reed, Mrs. Seth
Reeve, Tappin
Reid, John
Reid, Rev. John M.
Reiley, Rev. J. M ’Kendree
Relyea, Rev. M.
Resseguia, Rufus
Reynolds, Frank
Reynolds, George G.
Reynolds, S. C.
Rice, Mrs. D. E.
Rice, W illiam
Rich, Isaac
Rich, Richard
Richards, Joseph H.
Richardson, Mrs. Eliza
Richardson, Hon. Samuel
Richmond, Rev. G. W .
Ridgaway, D. D., Rev. H. B.
Ridgaway, Henry B.
Rigby, Philip A.
Riggs, D .D ., Rev. Elias
Roach, Mr.
Roath, Frederick
329
Roberts, Rev. B. T.
Roberts, John
Roberts, Virgil
Roberts, W . C.
Robertson, Lucy
Robinson, Mrs. Alanson
Robinson, Mrs. J. Norris
Robinson, Rev. R. H.
Roche, Rev. and Mrs. J .A
Rockefeller, Jane E.
Roe, Rev. Edward D.
Rogers, Robert
Roll, Eliza Ann
Rome, Church in
Romer, James L.
Romer, Mrs. Jane R.
Root, R. T .
Rose, Mary M.
Rossiter, Hon. N. T .
Ross, Daniel A.
Ross, Daniel L.
Ross, Rev. Joseph A .
Rothwell, James
Rounds, Rev. Nelson
Rowden, George
Rowe, Mrs. A. Theresa
Rowe, Edward
Rowlee, J. W.
Roy, Frank
Runyon, Maj.-Gen. T.
Rushing, Gen. J. F.
Rushmore, Benjamin
Rushmore, Thomas I.
Rushmore, W illiam C.
Russell, Henry
Russell. S. L.
Russel], W . F.
Rust, Rev. Dr.
Ryan, M .D .,R ev.W .D . M.
Ryer, W illiam
Ryland, Rev. W illiam
Salter, Edon J.
Sammis, Joel
Sanborn, Orlando
Sandaver, John
Sanders, George
Sandford, Watson
Sandford, Rev. A. K .
Sappington, Samuel
Sargent, Rev. Thomas B.
Savin, M. D.
Sawyer, John
Saxe, Charles J.
Saxe, Rev. George GSayre, Israel E.
Schaffer, Jacob
Schoeder, Annette
Schuyler, Capt. Thomas
Schvedel, Annette
Schwarz, Rev. W.
Scott, D.D., Rev. Bishop
330
Scott, Rev. Robinson
Scott, George
Scudder, Rev. M. L .
Scull, Miss
Seabury, Adam
Seager, Rev. Micah
Seager, Rev. Schuyler
Seaman, James A.
Seaman, John
Seaman, Mrs. Samuel
Seaman, Rev. Samuel A .
Searing, Ichabod
Searles, John E.
Searles, Martha
Searles, W illiam
Sellichie, George
Selmes, Reeves E .
Seymour, W illiam D.
Sharpley, W . P.
Shaurman, George H.
Shaurman, Isaac
Shaw, Charles R.
Shaw, Rev. J. K .
Shelling, Rev. C.
Shelton, Aid. George
Shelton, W illis C.
Shepard, Rev. D. A.
Sheridan, Maj.-Gen. P.
Sherman, M aj.-Gen. AV.T.
Shickney, Mrs. L.
Shiels, E lla
Silverthome, Rev. W .
Simmons, E lla
Simmons, Thomas S.
Simmons, W illiam
Simmons, Rev. I.
Simpkinson, H . H .
Simpkinson, John
Simpson,D.D.,Rev.Bishop
Sing, Rev. and Mrs. C. B.
Skeel, Rev. M arlow
Skidmore, W illiam B.
Shillicom, John
Skinner, Mrs. Eunice
Skinner, James R.
Slayback, John D.
Slayback, W . Abbott
Sleeper, Hon. Jacob
Slicer, Mrs. Rev. Dr.
Slicer, E li
Sloan, Charles
Sloat, John L.
Smith, Em ily L.
Smith, George G.
Smith,
Smith,
Smith,
Smith,
Smith,
Smith,
H enry Peters
H . Morris
Rev. J. Ily att
Julius D.
M. H.
Addison M.
Smith, I ram
MISSIONARY REPORT.
Í l 88 l,
Smith, J. Thomas
Smith, Job
Smith, Mrs. Eliza
Smith, Rev. Philander
Smith, P. R.
Smith, Rev. Henry.
Smith, Rev. Isaac E .
Smith, Rev. S. H .
Smith, Rev. W . T .
Smith, Hon. Joseph S.
Smith, W esley
Smith, J. W ilson
Snively, Rev. W illiam A .
Snow, Asa
Snyder, Rev. E . B.
Soder, Louis B.
Soper, Samuel J.
Southerland, Benj. D . L .
Spaulding, Erastus
Spear, Ann
Spellman, Samuel R.
Spencer, W illiam G.
Spencer, P. A.
Spencer, W illiam
Spinney, Capt. Joseph
Spinney, Joseph S.
Spottswood, Rev. W . L .
Squier, J.
S. S. M. E . Ch.,W ash., Pa.
Stagg, Charles W.
Stamford, John
Standish, Miles
Stannard, E . O.
Start, Joseph
Stebbins, Rev. L. D.
Steele, Rev. Daniel
Steele, Rev. W . C.
Steel, Rev. C.
Steel, Rev. W . C.
Stevens, L L .D ., Rev. A bel
Stevens, Mrs. M. O.
Stewart, W illiam
Stewart, D aniel
Stewart, Hiram
Stewart Rev. James C.
Stewart, Rev. John
Stewart, Rev. W illiam F.
Stickney, George
Stickney, Leander
Stiles, Jun., Rev. Loren
Still, Joseph B.
Stillwell, R. E.
Stilwell, R . E .
Stitt, Rev. Joseph B.
Stokes, W hitall
Stokes, R ev. E. H.
Stone, Rev. D. H .
Stone, Miss Sabella
Stone, Pardon M.
Story, Jacob
Stott, James
Stowell, Frank W .
Stowell, George F.
Stubbs, Rev. Robert S.
Studley, Rev. & M rs.W . S.
Sturgeon, M.D., Hon. D.
Suckley, Miss Mary
Suckley, Rutsen
Sudlow, John
Suppléé, J. Frank
Sutherland, W illiam H.
Swetland, W illiam
Swett, John W.
Swope, Frederick E.
Tackaberry, John A .
Taff, Henry
Taft, Azariah H.
Taft, Mrs. Caroline E.
Taft, James
Talbot, Rev. M ichael J.
T alm age,D .D .,T. D eW ift
Tappan, Thomas B.
Tarring, Rev. Henry
Taylor, M .D.,Rev.Charles
Taylor, Cyrus H.
Taylor, Forrester
Taylor, Rev. G. L.
Taylor, John M.
Taylor, Mrs. Charlotte G.
Teale, Charles E.
Terry, D avid D.
Terry, Rev. D avid
Terry, Rev. G. Washington
Terry, Rev. M. S.
Terwinkle, Rev. Charles
Testavin, Alfred
Thatcher, Rufus L .
Thayer, Rev. Lorenzo R.
Thomas, Rev. Eleazer
Thomas, Sen., Sterling
Thomas, Sterling
Thompson, Rev. James L.
Thompson, Rev. J. J.
Thompson, Mrs. H . B.
Thompson, H. B.
Thomson, D.D., Bishop
Thomson, Rev. J. F.
Thomson, Mrs. Helen
Thomson, Frederick W .
Thomson, Louisa H.
Thomson, Helen F.
Thomson, Maude A .
Thomson. John F.
Thomson, Edward O.
Thomson, M ary D.
Thorn, A b ia B.
Thorpe, J. Mason
Throckmorton, Job
Thurston, F. A.
Tiffany, D .D ., Prof. O. H.
Tiffany, Comfort
Tilley, M ary
i8 8 i.]
LIST OF HONORARY LIFE MANAGERS.
Tinker, Rev. Ezra
Toby, R.
Tobey, Rev. R.
Todd, Robert W.
Tower, Stephen A .
Townsend, J. B.
Travers, Samuel H.
Treadwell, M. H.
Tremain, M ary A.
Trimble, D.D., Rev. J. M.
Trippett, Rev. John
Trowbridge, F. E.
Trowbridge, F. S.
Truslow, Miss Hester
Truslow, Miss Jane
Truslow, Mrs. Annie F.
Tucker, Jennie
Turner, William
Turner, John
Turner, Robert
Turner, W illiam L .
Turpin, Charles J.
Turpin, Joseph B.
Turpin, Phoebe Anne
Tuttle, Ezra B.
Tuttle, Robert K.
Tuttle, Mrs. Eliza J.
Twombly, Peter
Tyson, Henry H.
Underhill. Thomas B.
Urduch. Nicholas H.
Utter, Samuel S.
Utter, W illiam T .
Vail, Rev. A . D.
Vancleve, Rev. C. S.
Van Cleve, Rev. L. F.
Vanhorn e, Rev. R.
Van Nostrand, Daniel
Van Pelt, Henry
Vansant, Rev. N.
Van Velsor, Benjamin
Van Velsor, Charles B.
Veitch, David S.
V iall, W illiam
Vincent, D.D., Rev. J. H .
Voorlie, John
Wade, Rev. R. T.
W akeley, Rev. J. B.
W alker, Thomas
W alker, Wm. J.
W all, Christie
Walsh, Josiah
Walsh, Mrs.' Cornelius
Walters, Rev. Luther M.
W and ell, B. C.
Wandle, Sarah
W andell, Townsend
Wardle, M .D ., Rev. J. K .
W arfield, Dr. Jesse L.
Ward, E lla B.
Ward, Rev. F. W.
W aring, Thomas
Warner, Rev. F. M.
Warner, Rev. Horace
Warren, Rev. George
Warriner, Rev. E.
Washburn, Marcus H .
Washburne, Cyrus
Waters, F. G.
Watkins, Joseph P.
W atkins, Rev. W ilbur F.
Watters, Mr. and Mrs. P.
Waugh, Rev. Bishop
Weatherby, Charles
Webster, J. J.
Weed, J. N.
Weed, Rev. L. S.
Weeks, F. G.
Weeks, Jotham
Welch, N . W .
Welch, W . Abbott
Welling, Oscar B.
Wells, E. H..
W ells, George N.
Wells, Rev. Joshua
Welsh, Mrs. H.
Welsh, Mrs. M argaretta
W endell, Harvey
Wentworth, D .D., Rev. E.
Westerfield, W illiam
W estervelt, Mrs. II. R.
Westwood, Rev. Henry C.
Wetherell, Jun.. John
W heeler, Mrs. Eliza
Whedon, Mrs. Eliza A.
White, Edward
White, Mrs. Em ily
White, W . W .
W hittendale,Miss Mary A.
Widerman, Rev. L . F.
Widerman, Samuel B.
Wilbor, Rev. A. D.
W ilbur, Thomas B.
W ilcox, W . J.
Wilde, John D.
W ildey, Joseph W .
Wiles. Robert P.
W iley, A.M ., M .D., I. W .
W ilks, Mrs. Deborah
W ilkes, Samuel
W ilkins, Mrs. Achsah
W ilkinson, Charlotte
Wilkinson, Lottie
Wilks, Seth
W illey, Hon.SenatorW .T.
Williams, Ann
W illiams, W illiam A.
Williams, John F.
W illiams, W. M.
W illiams, Phillip H.
331
W ilmer, John
Wilmer, Rev. W illiam A.
Wilson, Hon. Henry
W ilson, Henry C.
Wilson, Mrs. Luther
Wilson, Mrs. Mary H.
Wilson, Prof. W. C.
Wilson, Rev. Samuel A.
W ilson, Rev. W illiam
Wilson, W illiam
W iltberger, D. S.
Winchester, Augustus
W inegardner, A. A .
Winne, W alter
Winter, W . P.
Wise, D.D., Daniel
Wolff, Charles H .
Wolff, L . W .
Wood, J. A.
Wood, C. R.
W ood, James
Wood, John
Wood, Maria H.
Wood, Levi
Wood, Mrs. Charlotte
Wood, Mrs. D. M.
Wood, Rev. Aaron
Wood, S. S.
WTood, Thomas W.
Woodruff, Mary E.
Woolton, Jun., Jonah
Woolston, Rev. B. F.
Worne, Edward H.
Worrall, Mrs. Noah
W ray, Hen 17
Wright, Archibald
Wright, Rev. Alpha
W right, Rev. Henry
Wright, James S.
Wright, Mary E.
Wright, Samuel
W right, W illiam
Wright, W. S.
W yatt, Rev. A. H.
Wyckoff, Mrs. Ruth
Wymen, Abraham
Yard, E. J.
Yerrington.
Yerrington, Miss Mary
York, Rev. A. L.
Young, D .D ., Rev. Jacob
Young, Hon. Thomas
Young, John
Young, Rev. J. W .
Young, Townsend
Young, Rev. William
Youngman, Rev. T . H.
Youngs, Joshua
Youngs, Mrs. Caroline A .
Zurmehly, Peter
332
[l 88l.
MISSIONARY REPORT
Constituted in 1881 by the payment of twenty dollars at one time
Abramson, S. A..
Ackerman, Minnie
Atwater, Florence
Atwood, J. Freeman
Auten, Grace L.
Badeau, Mrs.
Baker, Mrs. A . F.
Barnes, Fannie
Baldwin, Mr.
Baldwin, Master
Bell, Mrs.
Bennett, Thomas S.
Bishop, John
Bradley, Sarah J ane
Brown, R . A.
Bunce, R.
Bum e, Theodore S.
Burtis, Priscilla
Butler, Susan
DuBois, Adelia
Ducker, M. E.
Duff, Eliza H .
Edmunds, Carrie
Espenchied, John M.
Evans, Martin, N.
Feldmeyer, Miss Lizzie
Fisk, Clinton B., Jun.
Folger, E lla
Fluck, Lizzie
Forster, M ary F .
Francis, James
Gehr, T . L.
Gilpin, Job
Goodwin, E. A .
Green, M . E.
Grogan, W . R.
Galley, Arthur E.
Guhrauer, H . H.
Carisle (Iowa) M. E. Sun­ Guhrauer, M. Addie
day-school.
Carpenter, Mrs. H . C.
H all, Sarah A.
Carpenter, Lizzie
H alliday, Samuel
Hammond, Fred H.
Carraugher, John
Hammond, Mary
Carroll D. H.
Chadwick, Mrs. D. S.
Harriatt, Mrs. K . B.
Hause, Anne
Chadwick, E lla M.
Hawley, Francis M.
Clancy, Georgia
Clarington (Ohio) M. E. H ecker, A. L.
Sunday-school.
liegem an, W . R.
Helfrish, K atie E.
Clark, Rhoda
Hilton, Mrs. •
Clayton, L. C.
Humphreys, Dr.
Cobb, Mrs. O. C.
Hutchinson, H enry
Cooper, Grace
Dallas Center (la.) M. E. James, Arthur
S. S.
K ellogg, Lu cy
Dammers, John
Davidson, Mary
K ipp, Elm a
K itching, W .
Dean, John
Kohler, Frank
Dean, Miss Phoebe A.
Koontz, Mary
Denton, Alfred
Koontz, Richard G.
Disbrow, E lla P.
Dodge, Mrs. A . T .
L e Count, Oscar
Draper, Frank
Lowe, W . E.
Draper, Miss
Malcolm, Mattie
Matheny, Elizabeth J.
M ’Ardle, Mrs. J. W.
M ’Donald, George W .
M ’Mulkin, Frank
M ’Mulkin, Mrs.
M ’W illiams, J.
Meixel, Jeremiah
M iller, Emma S.
Miller, Edith T.
M itchell, Mary
M onk, Miss
Moore, Robert M.
Morgan, Getty
Muldoon, E . C.
Mullholland, Alexander
Murray, M. J.
Nalls, Benj. F.
Nast, F . A.
Nesbeth, Edith
Nevins, Jane E.
Palmyra (la.) M. E. S. S.
Pearsall, Mrs. M. E.
Peck, Miss Bella
Presby, Rev. James W.
Preston, Andrews
Preston George
Potter, Nelson S.
Price, Miss Mary H.
Reast, W . J.
Reid, Edgar F.
Rhoades, Cassie K.
Richards, George S.
Richards, Harry N.
Riverston (la.) M. E. S. S.
Robinson, J.
Rulon, E lla
Rusher, W . J.
Sanford, Rev. Arthur B.
Schick, Sarah J.
Scott, Alexander
Scott, Maggie
Scott, Mary
Seymour, Mary
i
8 8 i .]
Shannon, Lulu Belle
Shaw, E.
Shepherd, Belle
Shepherd, Harriet
Shopland, Richie M.
Sinclair, R. H .
Smith, Arabell
Smith, Artemesin
Smith, George A .
Smith, Hattie
Smith, H. C.
Somerville L.
Stevenson, Agnes
Steves, Harry
Stout, Andrew V ., Jr.
Stout, W illiam H.
LIST OF L IF E MEMBERS.
Tackaberry, Lulu
Thayer, Orris
Thickett, Nettie
Thompson, David
Todd, Edmund K .
Towne, Lizzie
Trusheim, John
Utter, J. L.
Valentine, E lla
Van Dorn, Josie
Van Glahn, M.
Viel, F.
Vraae, Christine
333
W alker, G .W .
W alker, Mrs. W illiam L
W allace, Anna
W allace, Bertie
W eber, K ate
W eeks, Cornelius
Wellman, Henry
Wengrovius, A . C.
Wengorovius, W . R.
W hite, Euphrasia
W hitney, M aryE .
W ilcox, Mrs. Jennie
Winner, R.
W7ood, Lottie
W right, James P.

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