A4 brochure - Holanda.es
Would you like to join this European cooperation?
Florien van der Windt
Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment
M +31 6 15369265
E [email protected]
Frans op de Beek
M +31 6 53802507
E [email protected]
Cooperative automated cars on the public road.
Dutch ambitions on automated
and connected driving
This is a publication by the
Ministry of Infrastructure and
P.O. Box 20901 | 2500 ex The Hague
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Due to the developments in the automotive, ICT and
telecom sector, mobility will change more in the next 20
years than it has changed in the past 100 years. Further
automation of vehicles and the increase of information
provide excellent opportunities to improve traffic flows and
make transport safer, cleaner, easier. Therefore the
Netherlands welcomes the further development of
automated and connected driving! An example of the
numerous advantages is that grouping trucks into platoons
leads to a 5 to 15% decrease in fuel use, which benefits the
environment and also reduces transport costs.
The Netherlands welcomes large-scale experiments
with connected and automated vehicles
In the Netherlands, we believe in a pragmatic ‘learning by
doing’ approach. Therefore we have created a legal
framework for large-scale testing of connected, automated
and autonomous vehicles on public roads. This legislation
was put into force early in 2015, which creates the opportunity for testing both on highways and in city areas.
All interested parties with ambitions for testing
autonomous or connected vehicles are welcome to
submit an application or to contact with the RDW by
using the following link: www.rdw.nl/ITS.
The RDW will seek contact with applicants in order
to jointly explore what the possibilities are for a
custom made exemption for testing on public roads.
In several process-steps, the RDW will be able to
judge if the application is safe or that additional
action is required.
European Truck Platooning
To support the dialogue between Member States on
the subject of automated and connected driving, the
Netherlands will be organizing a European Truck
Platooning Challenge during its EU Presidency. The
Challenge consists of different brands of automated
trucks to drive in columns (platooning) on public
roads, from different European cities to the
Netherlands. It is the intention that this event will
bring platooning one step closer to implementation,
and thus aiding truck platooning to become a reality
in the near future.
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The Dutch Vehicle Approval Authority (RDW) is granted the
authority to permit the use of vehicles with innovative and
automated elements on public roads. As the applications for
testing are diverse in nature, we do not believe in a ‘one size
fits all’ approach. Depending on the functionalities that are
being tested, the RDW can stipulate more detailed conditions
for the applications for exemptions. Experiments may for
example include platooning (multiple self-driving trucks
forming a ‘road train’), the testing of cars with automated
functions operating on the highway, or they can contain
autonomous vehicles operating in the cities or suburban
areas. Accordingly, custom made exemptions and continuous
learning is necessary.
Joint effort in Europe: Dutch EU Presidency 2016
In accordance with our ambition to support progress in this
field, the Dutch government will also position ‘Smart
Mobility’ as the central theme of the Informal Counsel of
ministers of Transport and the Envrionment during the EU
Presidency in 2016. The session with the transportministers
will be dedicated to connected and automated driving. The
motive for doing so is that the Netherlands believes that
making progress on this subject demands a much more
intensive international cooperation between the European
Commission, the member states and industry.
European cooperation on this theme is important for several
reasons. Each country is looking for answers to complex
issues regarding the consequences of automated, autonomous and cooperative driving on topics such as data
ownership, liability, privacy and safety. Where it comes to
legislation, a common approach will prevent a patchwork of
rules and regulations to arise within the EU, which is an
obstacle to manufacturers and road users. An illustration of
this fact is that international differences exist when it comes
to the legal distances in between cars and the extent to which
drive-assist services are allowed. We need to uniform our
Joint effort in the Netherlands: examples of
successful cooperation on Smart Mobility
This process of experimenting and testing of automated and
cooperative driving is already in full swing. Road users,
private companies and governmental organizations are
working together and make joint progress. Recent examples
are the ‘Practical trial Amsterdam’, a joint experiment of
different parties to improve traffic flow in the Amsterdam
region by providing drivers with personal advice, and the live
testing of ‘Talking Traffic’ technology on the highway A58,
where internet/fast data communication with drivers
contributes to a reduction of shockwave traffic jams.
Furthermore, various experiments on truck platooning are
being performed in the Netherlands. In the near future,
further testing of automated and autonomous vehicles is
expected to take place.
Informatization of traffic
legislation and policies in order to make cross-border
driving of automated and connected vehicles, such as
platooning trucks, possible. We have work to do!
An important lesson was learned with the development of
the international rail network, where more than twenty
different safety systems came to exist. The current implementation of one universal rail safety system (ERTMS) is a
very costly and extensive operation. With commitment
within the EU, we can avoid this from happening with
regard to automated and connected vehicles.
Road users expect that new services and systems will be
compatible when crossing borders. In addition, from the
perspective of industry, a harmonization of standards
among countries is desirable. Compatibility of safety
requirements, liability issues, communication systems and
services among European countries is needed to facilitate a
future market deployment and to improve the competitive
strength of Europe. Exchanging views and working together
on these subjects, will contribute to an integrated approach
on the developments of automated and connected driving
across the EU. On the basis of a shared and integrated
approach, together we can identify the areas whereupon
action needs to be taken.
For this purpose, the Netherlands is initiating a dialogue
between the Member States, the European Commission, the
industry and relevant knowledge institutes. The goal is to
set the first step in a process that will continue to exist after
the Dutch Presidency in 2016.
Automation of the vehicle
Facts and figures of the Netherlands
•In the Netherlands, a varied and high quality road network
is available, consisting of well-maintained highways and
busy city areas. The Global competitiveness report of 2014
showed that the infrastructure of the Netherlands ranks as
the fourth best in the world.
•Good testing grounds: the national and local road
authorities are united in the Taskforce Dutch Roads to
jointly find the best location for testing. For instance, in
Helmond an automotive campus is located, where
extensive knowledge in the field of smart mobility is
concentrated and where an innovation traffic control
centre is available in order to facilitate testing of
automated vehicles on public roads, e.g., by providing
camera’s to enable live monitoring of large-scale
•The Dutch population has one of the highest levels of
acceptation of autonomous vehicles; 54 % is comfortable
with the idea of driving an autonomous vehicle (Special
Eurobarometer of the EC 427- Autonomous systems 2015).
•Traditionally, the Netherlands has been an excellent
partner for collaboration and co-creation.: the Netherlands
has a vibrant automotive sector that is particularly strong
in the areas of Smart Mobility, for example companies in
the fields of navigation services (TomTom, Mapscape) and
ICT (NXP). But also strong research (TUD, TU/E, TNO).
Public and private organizations and knowledge institutes
combine and cooperate in the Smart Mobility platform
Connekt and the automotive platform AutomotiveNL.