guias segundo periodo grado 9

Comentarios

Transcripción

guias segundo periodo grado 9
INSTITUCIÓN EDUCATIVA
CIUDADELA DEL SUR
EDUCACIÓN BÁSICA
SECUNDARIA
GRADO 9°
ÁREA LENGUA INGLESA
Periodo 2
ELBORADO POR
HERMAN ÑUSTES OSPINA
2011
Resignificación: Verónica Ortiz Alvaran
1
Institución Educativa Ciudadela Del Sur
EDUCACIÓN BÁSICA SECUNDARIA
ÁREA LENGUA INGLESA
9°
Segundo periodo
UNIDAD DIDÁCTICA 1: “DISCOVERING
OUR ROOTS”
LOGRO:
Comprender situaciones pasadas expresando de manera oral y escrita procesos y sucesos que
ocurrieron.
INTERPRETATIVA:
Cuando me hablan sobre lo que hago en la escuela en mi tiempo libre, comprendo las ideas generales si el
lenguaje es claro.
ARGUMENTATIVA:
Observo una situación cercana a mi entorno y registro información para describirla.
PROPOSITIVA:
Muestro una actitud respetuosa y tolerante al escuchar a otros.
CONTENIDOS
GUÍA Nº3
GUÍA Nº4
Myths and legends
Describing relevant
events in past
What things
affected our
culture?
Greece-Rome
Colonization here
Irregular verbs
vocabulary
Past events
Vocabulary
Auxiliary Did
vocabulary
Past Progressive
vocabulary
GUÍA Nº1
GUÍA Nº2
CRITERIOS DE EVALUACIÓN:
Momento A:
Apropiación de conceptos.
Momento B:
Análisis y propuesta de solución de problemas
Momento C:
Práctica en el contexto
Momento D:
Capacidad de hacer nuevas propuestas e inventiva.
•
Cumplimiento y responsabilidad
•
Puntualidad
•
Asistencia.
2
GUÍA No. 01
” MYTHS AND LEGENDS”
Comprende la información implícita en textos relacionados
con temas de mi interés
Pregunta problematizadora:
What myths and legends?
MOTIVACIÓN: Read the text.
WHY WERE THE STORIES TOLD?
As well as making fascinating reading, these stories also tell us a great deal about how people in the past
saw, and understood the world around them.
There are many reasons why stories are told and passed down the generations. Here are just a few of
them:
To strengthen a community and provide a common understanding. Stories often reflect the beliefs of the
people who tell them. The popularity of any story depends on whether those listening approve of the
values underlying it. By telling and listening to stories, people confirmed their ideas about the world
around them. Things that people found scary, infuriating or desirable all found their way into the stories
and they were passed on, because people wanted to be assured that other people around them were
thinking along the same lines.
As a way of providing moral guidance and showing people how they should conduct themselves, including
the consequences of not doing so. Myths and legends, like any good stories, often include a moral. Within
the myth, the hurt or embarrassment experienced by people is often due to their own stupidity, greed,
dishonesty or negligence.
To explain how the world works, for example why the seasons change, and to explain strange happenings or
phenomena such as eclipses - the reasons for which were unknown in early times.
For entertainment purposes. Stories were told to amuse and enthrall an audience in the days before TV
and other forms of mass entertainment.
To pass on history and knowledge, such as the outcome of battles and tales of courage, in ages when many
people could not read or write. Many myths have an element of truth that has been built upon and
embellished over the years.
For fame, money or recognition - as in all areas of life, not all stories were told for good reasons. For
example, stories of bravery in battle could enhance the status of an individual or a group or, in later
centuries, a good ghost story could be sold for money. The truth was not always the most important
consideration.
Regardless of why they were told, many of the stories still remain popular today and, although we no
longer swap stories around the fireside, the tradition of storytelling still continues in the form of urban
legends. Many older stories also live on in current day carnivals or festivals, which have their roots in a
very different past.
3
Anwer the following questions in your notebook.
1. Why do the Myths and legends, like any good stories?
2. What does reflect the beliefs of the people who tell them?
PRESABERES.
1. What are myths?
2. What are legends?
3. What is the difference between legends and myths?
CONSTRUCCIÓN DEL CONOCIMIENTO.
What are myths and legends?
A legend is usually based on a true event in the past. However, the story may have changed over time to
take on some special.
Legends usually have a real hero at the centre of the story and they are often set in fantastic places. The
story will have been passed on from person to person, sometimes over a very long period of time. The fact
that so many people have taken the trouble to keep the story alive, sually tells you that it has some very
important meaning for theculture or region in which the story was first told.
A myth is not quite the same as a legend. Sometimes a myth is loosely based on a real event but, more
often than not, it is a story that has been created to teach people about something very important and
meaningful.
Myths are often used to explain the world and major events, which, at the time, people were not able to
understand - earthquakes, floods, volcanic eruptions the rising and setting of the sun, illness and death.
Many of the myths relating to such events have survived for a very long time, sometimes for thousands of
years, as it is only in recent times that we have begun to understand why some of these things happen.
ACTIVIDADES DE APROPIACIÓN.
Answer the next questions with your partners, then talk to the others students and
to your teacher in the class room.
1. What is the difference between legends and myths?
2. You can make an informative poster with your work team.
3. Ask to the teacher about your turn for the socialization.
4
ACTIVIDAD EN CLASE
Please write and develop the following exercises in your notebook.
YOU CAN WORK WITH YOUR PARTNER
Exercises 1: The stories provide a good context for pupils to practice their own writing skills to
develop critical thinking.
Can you write in your note book any story that you has listened?
You should share with your others partners in class.
Exercises 2: Find the simple past of the verbs in the grid and write them under the right picture.
Read
Draw
T
S
S
X
D
I
D
H
A
A
Q
R
J
A
O
T
N
G
A
V
E
U
B
G
X
N
J
S
G
B
R
O
K
E
R
H
G
R
E
W
V
S
T
B
M
Q
A
W
E
R
E
A
D
T
X
N
Z
B
D
R
E
W
T
S
L
E
P
T
B
L
C
H
A
A
U
D
G
A
H
B
T
A
N
T
U
H
Z
X
E
W
Think
Make
Eat
Go
Sleep
Sing
Have a bath
Break
Sit
Catch
5
Drink
Send
Blow
Grow
Do
Give
Exercises 3: Look at the pictures above and make sentences with the simple past of the verbs.
Example: He made sandcastles on the beach
Exercises 4: Complete the paragraph with the right verb from the box
Ate
Sat
Made
Drank
Gave (2) Drew
Went (2)
Sang
Had
Blew
Sent
Last week it was my birthday. I ………… a party. My friends ………… me a lot of nice presents.my mother
…………… a chocolate cake. We ………… sandwiches and pizza and we ………… coke. My cousin that lives in
england………… an e-mail for my birthday. Then I …………. The candles.
We ………. To the garden, there we played a lot. We ……….. On the grass , we ………… lot of pictures ,…………..
Songs and danced.
After the party I ………… a bath and ………… to sleep.
Presentamos nuestro trabajo al profesor.
Desarrolla la siguiente actividad con ayuda
familiares o vecinos
de tus
Investigation:
You can be used to explore cultural contexts or research local myths. The stories are part of a national
cultural heritage. You include elements of history, geography or even climate. They give insight into
customs, traditions and problems faced by communities.
Write an article, then you should share with your partners in the school.
El profesor evalúa los logros alcanzados con el desarrollo de esta unidad .Si lo considera
necesario, me indica qué actividades de refuerzo debo realizar.
6
GUÍA No. 02
” Describing relevant events in past”
Comprende la información implícita en textos relacionados
con temas de mi interés
MOTIVACIÓN: Read the text
The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones are a British rock and roll band who rose to prominence during the mid-1960s.
The band was named after a song by Muddy Waters, a leading exponent of hard-rocking blues. In their
music, The Rolling Stones were the embodiment of the idea of importing blues style into popular music.
Their first recordings were covers or imitations of rhythm and blues music, but they soon greatly extended
the
reach
of
their
lyrics
and
playing,
but
rarely,
if
ever,
lost
their
basic
blues
feel.
The band came into being in 1961 when former school friends Jagger and Richards met Brian Jones. They
named themselves after a song by Muddy Waters, a popular choice of name —at least two other bands are
believed to have called themselves The Rolling Stones before the Jagger/Richards/Jones band was formed.
The original lineup included Mick Jagger (vocals), Brian Jones (guitar), Keith Richards (guitar), Ian Stewart
(piano), Charlie Watts (drums) and Dick Taylor (bass). Taylor left shortly after to form The Pretty Things, and
was replaced by Bill Wyman.
By the time of their first album release Ian Stewart was "officially" not part of the band, though he
continued to record and perform with them. United by their shared interest in rhythm and blues music the
group rehearsed extensively, playing in public only occasionally at Crawdaddy Club in London, where Alexis
Korner's blues band was resident. At first, Jones, a guitarist who also toyed with numerous other
instruments, was their creative leader.
The band rapidly gained a reputation in London for their frantic, highly energetic covers of the rhythm and
blues songs of their idols and, through manager Andrew Loog Oldham, were signed to Decca Records (who
had passed when offered The Beatles). At this time their music was fairly primitive: Richards had learned
much of his guitar playing from the recordings of Chuck Berry, and had not yet developed a style of his
own, and Jagger was not as in control of the idioms as he would soon become. Already though, the
rhythmic interplay between Watts and Richards was clearly the heart of their music.
The choice of material on their first record, a self-titled EP, reflected their live shows. Similarly, the album he
Rolling Stones (England's Newest Hitmakers) which appeared in April 1964 featured versions of such classics
as "Route 66" (originally recorded by Nat King Cole), "Mona" (Bo Diddley) and "Carol" (Chuck Berry).
Answer the following questions about the text in your notebook.
7
1. Their first recordings were based on blues music.
True.
False.
We don't know.
2. The band was created in
1960.
1961.
We don't know.
3. Keith Richards had learned to play the guitar from the recordings of Chuck Berry.
True.
False.
We don't know.
4. The group used to rehearse a lot.
True.
False.
We don't know.
5. 5. They occasionally played in public in London.
True.
False.
We don't know.
PRESABERES.
Answer these questions in your notebook.
1. What is a story?
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
2. What is a history?
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
3. What is a biography?
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
8
CONSTRUCCIÓN DEL CONOCIMIENTO.
PAST EVENTS
Recordemos que el pasado simple funciona de manera similar al Presente simple, salvo que empleamos el
auxiliar 'did' para todas las personas (incluida la tercera persona singular 'he/she/it'). En la forma afirmativa,
el auxiliar 'did' no aparece, empleando en su lugar la terminación 'ed'. Esta es la forma de pasado para
todos los 'Verbos Regulares'
Existe un amplio conjunto de verbos que no cumplen esta condición, es decir, para la forma afirmativa no
emplean la terminación 'ed' sino que su forma es irregular. No siguen ninguna regla, por lo que la única
manera de conocer su forma de pasado es aprenderla. Se denominan 'Verbos Irregulares'.
Para acciones pasadas. Indican el período de tiempo durante el que se desarrolló y completó una acción ya
finalizada. Es habitual que vaya acompañado de un adverbio de tiempo.
Ex: I bought this car last year / Compré este coche el año pasado
Para expresar una acción indeterminada en el pasado:
Ex: They used pencils and paper / Utilizaron lápices y papel
Para expresar una acción habitual en el pasado
Ex: They never drank alcohol / Nunca bebían alcohol.
Puede servir para expresar una condición improbable.
A continuación encontraran una tabla con los verbos irregulares en su forma en presente y pasado para
que poco a poco la vayas aprendiendo.
Copia la tabla en tu cuaderno para que la puedas consultar cuando necesites saber el pasado de un verbo
irregular.
9
Vocabulary Irregular verbs
Infinitive
arise
be
beat
become
begin
bet/betted
bite
bleed
blow
break
bring
build
buy
catch
choose
come
cost
creep
cut
deal
do
draw
dream
drink
drive
eat
fall
feed
feel
fight
find
flee
fly
forget
forgive
forsake
freeze
get
give
go
grind
grow
hang
have
hear
hide
hit
hold
hurt
keep
kneel
know
lead
learn
leave
lend
let
lie
lose
Simple Past
arose
was / were
beat
became
began
bet/betted
bit
bled
blew
broke
brought
built
bought
caught
chose
came
cost
crept
cut
dealt
did
drew
dreamt/dreamed
drank
drove
ate
fell
fed
felt
fought
found
fled
flew
forgot
forgave
forsook
froze
got
gave
went
ground
grew
hung
had
heard
hid
hit
held
hurt
kept
knelt
knew
led
learnt/learned
left
lent
let
lay
lost
Spanish
surgir
ser
golpear
convertirse
comenzar
apostar
morder
sangrar
soplar
romper
traer
construir
comprar
atrapar
elegir
venir
costar
arrastrarse
cortar
dar, repartir
hacer
dibujar
soñar
beber
conducir
comer
caer
alimentar
sentir
pelear
encontrar
huir
volar
olvidar
perdonar
abandonar
congelar
tener, obtener
dar
ir
moler
crecer
colgar
tener
oír
esconderse
golpear
tener, mantener
herir, doler
guardar
arrodillarse
saber
encabezar
aprender
dejar
prestar
dejar
yacer
perder
Infinitive
make
mean
meet
pay
put
quit
read
ride
ring
rise
run
say
see
sell
send
set
sew
shake
shine
shoot
show
shrink
shut
sing
sink
sit
sleep
slide
sow
speak
spell
spend
spill
split
spoil
spread
stand
steal
sting
stink
strike
swear
sweep
swim
take
teach
tear
tell
think
throw
tread
understand
wake
wear
weave
weep
win
wring
write
Simple Past
made
meant
met
paid
put
quit/quitted
read
rode
rang
rose
ran
said
saw
sold
sent
set
sewed
shook
shone
shot
showed
shrank/shrunk
shut
sang
sank
sat
slept
slid
sowed
spoke
spelt/spelled
spent
spilt/spilled
split
spoilt/spoiled
spread
stood
stole
stung
stank/stunk
struck
swore
swept
swam
took
taught
tore
told
thought
threw
trode
understood
woke
wore
wove
wept
won
wrung
wrote
Spanish
hacer
significar
conocer, encontrar
pagar
poner
abandonar
leer
montar, ir
llamar por teléfono
elevar
correr
decir
ver
vender
enviar
fijar
coser
sacudir
brillar
disparar
mostrar
encoger
cerrar
cantar
hundir
sentarse
dormir
deslizar
sembrar
hablar
deletrear
gastar
derramar
partir
estropear
extenderse
estar de pie
robar
picar
apestar
golpear
jurar
barrer
nadar
tomar
enseñar
romper
decir
pensar
lanzar
pisar
entender
despertarse
llevar puesto
tejer
llorar
ganar
retorcer
escribir
10
ACTIVIDADES DE APROPIACIÓN
Read the following text.
Diana, Princess of Wales
Diana, Princess of Wales (Diana Frances Mountbatten-Windsor, née Spencer) (1 July 1961–31 August 1997)
was the first wife of HRH The Prince Charles, Prince of Wales. From her marriage in 1981 to her divorce in
1996 she was styled Her Royal Highness The Princess of Wales. She was generally called Princess Diana by
the media despite having no right to that particular honorific, as it is reserved for a princess by birthright
rather than marriage. Though she was noted for her pioneering charity work, the Princess's philanthropic
endeavours were overshadowed by a scandal-plagued marriage. Her bitter accusations of adultery, mental
cruelty and emotional distress visited upon her by her husband riveted the world for much of the 1990s,
spawning biographies, magazine articles and television movies.
Diana's family, the Spencers, had been close to the British Royal Family for decades. Her maternal
grandmother, the Dowager Lady Fermoy, was a longtime friend of, and a lady-in-waiting to Queen Elizabeth
the Queen Mother.
The Prince's love life had always been the subject of press speculation, and he was linked to numerous
women. Nearing his mid-thirties, he was under increasing pressure to marry. In order to gain the approval
of his family and their advisors, including his great-uncle Lord Mountbatten of Burma, any potential bride
had to have an aristocratic background, could not have been previously married, should be Protestant and,
preferably, a virgin. Diana fulfilled all of these qualifications.
Reportedly, the Prince's former girlfriend (and, eventually, his second wife) Camilla Parker Bowles helped him
select the 19-year-old Lady Diana Spencer as a potential bride, who was working as an assistant at the
Young England kindergarten in Pimlico. Buckingham Palace announced the engagement on 24 February
1981. Mrs. Parker Bowles had been dismissed by Lord Mountbatten of Burma as a potential spouse for the
heir to throne some years before, reportedly due to her age (16 months the Prince's senior), her sexual
experience, and her lack of suitably aristocratic lineage.
The wedding took place at St Paul's Cathedral in London on Wednesday 29 July 1981 before 3,500 invited
guests (including Mrs. Parker Bowles and her husband, a godson of Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother)
and an estimated 1 billion television viewers around the world. Diana was the first Englishwoman to marry
an heir-apparent to the throne since 1659, when Lady Anne Hyde married the Duke of York and Albany, the
future King James II. Upon her marriage, Diana became Her Royal Highness The Princess of Wales and was
ranked as the most senior royal woman in the United Kingdom after the Queen and the Queen Mother.
The Prince and Princess of Wales had two children, Prince William of Wales on 21 June 1982 and Prince
Henry of Wales (commonly called Prince Harry) on 15 September 1984.
11
After the birth of Prince William, the Princess of Wales suffered from post-natal depression. She had
previously suffered from bulimia nervosa, which recurred, and she made a number of suicide attempts. In
one interview, released after her death, she claimed that, while pregnant with Prince William, she threw
herself down a set of stairs and was discovered by her mother-in-law (that is, Queen Elizabeth II). It has
been suggested she did not, in fact, intend to end her life (or that the suicide attempts never even took
place) and that she was merely making a 'cry for help'. In the same interview in which she told of the
suicide attempt while pregnant with Prince William, she said her husband had accused her of crying wolf
when she threatened to kill herself. It has also been suggested that she suffered from borderline personality
disorder.
In the mid 1980s her marriage fell apart, an event at first suppressed, but then sensationalised, by the world
media. Both the Prince and Princess of Wales spoke to the press through friends, accusing each other of
blame for the marriage's demise. Charles resumed his relationship with Camilla Parker Bowles, whilst Diana
became involved with James Hewitt and possibly later with James Gilbey, with whom she was involved in
the so-called Squidgygate affair. She later confirmed (in a television interview with Martin Bashir) the affair
with her riding instructor, James Hewitt. (Theoretically, such an affair constituted high treason by both
parties.) Another alleged lover was a bodyguard assigned to the Princess's security detail, although the
Princess adamantly denied a sexual relationship with him. After her separation from Prince Charles, Diana
was
involved
with
married
art
dealer
Oliver
Hoare
and,
lastly,
heart
surgeon
Hasnat
Khan.
The Prince and Princess of Wales were separated on 9 December 1992; their divorce was finalized on 28
August 1996. The Princess lost the style Her Royal Highness, and became Diana, Princess of Wales, a titular
distinction befitting a divorced peeress. However, at that time, and to this day, Buckingham Palace maintains
it; since the Princess was the mother of the second and third in line to The Throne, she remained a member
of the Royal Family.
In 2004, the American TV network NBC broadcast tapes of Diana discussing her marriage to the Prince of
Wales, including her description of her suicide attempts. The tapes were in the possession of the Princess
during her lifetime; however, after her death, her butler took possession, and after numerous legal
wranglings, they were given to the Princess's voice coach, who had originally filmed them. These tapes have
not been broadcast in the United Kingdom.
Answer the following questions about the text in your notebook.
1. Diana Spencer was born in...
2. The royal wedding took place in 1981.
1960.
True.
1961.
False.
1962.
We don't know.
12
3. After the marriage, Diana became Her
True.
Royal Highness The Princess of Wales.
False.
True.
We don't know.
5. Diana lost her title of Princess of Wales
False.
We don't know.
after the divorce.
True.
4. The Prince and Princess of Wales got
divorced in 1994.
False.
We don't know.
ACTIVIDAD EN CLASE
Please write and develop the following exercises in your notebook.
Exercise 1: Read the text
Isaac Newton
Sir Isaac Newton (25 December 1642 – 20 March 1727 by the Julian calendar in use in England at the
time; or 4 January 1643 – 31 March 1727 by the Gregorian calendar) was an English physicist,
mathematician, astronomer, philosopher, and alchemist; who wrote the Philosophiae Naturalis Principia
Mathematica (published 5 July 1687), where he described universal gravitation and, via his laws of motion,
laid the groundwork for classical mechanics. Newton also shares credit with Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz for
the development of differential calculus. However, their work was not a collaboration; they both
discovered calculus separately but nearly contemporaneously.
Newton was the first to promulgate a set of natural laws that could govern both terrestrial (earthly)
motion and celestial motion. He is associated with the scientific revolution and the advancement of
heliocentrism. Newton is also credited with providing mathematical substantiation for Kepler's laws of
planetary motion. He would expand these laws by arguing that orbits (such as those of comets) were not
only elliptic; but could also be hyperbolic and parabolic.
He is also notable for his arguments that light was composed of particles. He was the first to realise that
the spectrum of colours observed when white light was passed through a prism was inherent in the white
light, and not added by the prism as Roger Bacon had claimed in the 13th century.
Newton also developed Newton's law of cooling, describing the rate of cooling of objects when exposed to
air; the binomial theorem in its entirety; and the principles of conservation of momentum and angular
momentum. Finally, he studied the speed of sound in air, and voiced a theory of the origin of stars.
13
Now, answer the following questions about the text in your notebook.
Choose the correct answer and write the fragment of the text in which you found the
answer.
1. Isaac Newton was born in...
1642.
1687.
1727.
Fragment: ___________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________
2. He set the basis for classical mechanics.
True.
False.
We don't know.
Fragment: ___________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________
3. He worked together with Leibniz to discover differential calculus.
True.
False.
We don't know.
Fragment: ___________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________
4. Newton discovered that light is composed of particles.
True.
False.
We don't know.
Fragment: ___________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________
5. He studied the speed of light in air.
True.
False.
We don't know.
Fragment: ___________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________
14
Exercise 2: Tell the story in Simple Past. Complete the text with the verbs in brackets in past
tense.
Saturday in the countryside
On Friday, Nick, Jenny, Charlie and Bill _______ (talk) about a day out together in the country. The next
morning, they _________ (go) to the country and _________ (play) with Dave.
Jenny and Dave _______ (have) kites. At lunch time, Charlie ________ (be) not there. Then,
Bill ________ (come) and _______ (tell) the others that he _______ (do) not find Charlie.
They ________(go) with Bill and ________ (look) for him. Charlie ________ (be) in a hole behind a wall.
Then Nick ________ (go) and ________ (fetch) the basket with some meat sandwiches. They ________
(need) the string of Ben’s kite for the basket. Jenny _________ (lower) the basket down into the hole
and soon they ________ (pull) Charlie up in the basket.
Classify the verbs into regular and irregular
Regular
Irregular
Presentamos nuestro trabajo al profesor.
15
Desarrolla la siguiente actividad con ayuda
familiares o vecinos
de tus
Reescribe las siguientes oraciones en tiempo pasado simple. Respeta las mayúsculas, minúsculas y signos
de puntuación.
1.
.I go to school in the morning.____________________________________________________
2. Diane is very tired.________________________________________________________________
3. You are at home._________________________________________________________________
4. I have breakfast.__________________________________________________________________
5. Thomas and Nick play tennis all day.____________________________________________
6. The plane arrives at half past ten._______________________________________________
7. I study English at home._________________________________________________________
8. They stay all night in front of the computer.____________________________________
9. It is ten past eleven._____________________________________________________________
El profesor evalúa los logros alcanzados con el desarrollo de esta unidad .Si lo considera
necesario, me indica qué actividades de refuerzo debo realizar.
16
GUÍA No. 03
” What things affected our culture?”
Comprende la información implícita en textos relacionados
con temas de mi interés
Pregunta problematizadora:
How do we use the auxiliary did?
MOTIVACIÓN: Read the basic information with the examples.
Expressing past events
Para expresar los verbos en el tiempo pasado se le agregan la terminación –ed. Las excepciones a esta regla
son ciertos verbos irregulares, los cuales no tienen regla alguna para conjugarse y que deben ser
aprendidos de memoria.
EJEMPLO 1:
Bruce: Have you ever worked before, Alice?
Alice: Yes. Around a year ago I worked for a software company in Seattle.
Bruce: That’s awesome. And where did you study?
Alice: I studied software engineering in the University of Ottawa.
TRADUCCION:
Bruce: ¿Has trabajado antes, Alice?
Alice: Sí. Alrededor de hace un año trabajé para una compañía de software en Seattle.
Bruce: Eso es estupendo. ¿Y en dónde estudiaste?
Alice: Estudié ingeniería de software en la Universidad de Ottawa.
EJEMPLO 2:
Richard: Hey John. Did you play tennis yesterday?
John: No, I totally forgot about my practice session!
Richard: And what did you do instead of it?
John: I played my guitar all day long.
TRADUCCION:
Richard: Hey John. ¿Jugaste tennis ayer?
John: No, ¡olvidé por completo mi sesión de práctica!
Richard: ¿Y que es lo que hiciste en lugar de eso?
John: Toqué mi guitarra todo el día.
17
To practice.
Talk with a partner about what you did yesterday.
VOCABULARIO DE PRÁCTICA
to sleep – dormir
to listen – escuchar
to practice – practicar
to read – leer
to dance – bailar
to write – escribir
CONSTRUCCIÓN DEL CONOCIMIENTO.
Simple Past
La forma interrogativa se compone del auxiliar DID seguido de la persona y el verbo en infinitivo. El auxiliar es igual
para todas las personas.
TO GO
Did
I
go ?
Did
You
go ?
Did
He
go ?
Did
She
go ?
Did
It
go ?
Did
We
go ?
Did
You
go ?
Did
They
go ?
18
Para realizar una pregunta se usa la "question word" adelante.
Where did you go?
¿Dónde fuiste?
When did you go to London? ¿Cúando fuiste a Londres?
La forma negativa se compone de la persona, seguido del auxiliar DID, seguido de NOT y el verbo en infinitivo. En
lenguaje informal, puede usarse la forma contracta didn't.
TO GO
I
did
not
go
=
I didn't go
You
did
not
go
=
You didn't go
He
did
not
go
=
He didn't go
She
did
not
go
=
She didn't go
It
did
not
go
=
It didn't go
We
did
not
go
=
We didn't go
You
did
not
go
=
You didn't go
They
did
not
go
=
They didn't go
REMEMBER
Presentamos aquí una pequeña lista de algunos verbos irregulares con su pasado simple. Intenta recordarlos!
INFINITIVO
PASADO SIMPLE
go (ir)
went
have (tener)
had
write (escribir)
wrote
read (leer)
read
catch (atrapar)
caught
fall (caer)
fell
hear (escuchar)
heard
see (ver)
saw
say (decir)
said
give (dar)
gave
know (saber)
knew
19
ACTIVIDADES DE APROPIACIÓN
En este ejercicio podrás practicar el uso correcto de los verbos, desarróllalo en tu cuaderno.
Lee atentamente las preguntas y elige la respuesta correcta.
1. Where were you last night?
A.
Yes, we were.
B.
We were at the cinema
2. Did Sam go to work yesterday?
A.
Yes, you did.
B.
Yes, he did.
3. Were you at home yesterday morning?
A.
No, I was at work.
B.
Yes, he was at work.
4. Where did you go on you holidays?
A.
I was in Berlin.
B. I want to go to Berlin.
5.
Why didn't you call me yesterday?
A.
I had too much work.
B.
I'm going to call you.
6. Did John buy a new car last year?
A.
No, he wasn't.
B.
No, he didn't.
7. Did you watch TV last night?
A.
Yes, she did.
B.
Yes, we did.
1.
When did you visit your aunt?
A.
Last month
B.
Next month.
20
ACTIVIDAD EN CLASE
Please write and develop the following exercises in your notebook.
We use simple past to describe a completed action that happened at a specific point in time in the past.
Time expressions: ago, last, yesterday, in (for years , months, parts of the day )
Please write and develop the following exercises in your notebook.
Exercise 1: Complete the sentences with simple past
1. I .................(see) a nice film on t.v yesterday
2. Peter .......................(invite) me to a party last night.
3. ..............................(you/ cook) last night?
4. Sally .....................(not go) to work this morning. She................(be) ill
5. I ................(send) an e-mail this afternoon.
Exercise 2: Negative Sentences
Somebody believes that yesterday at 3 pm the following people were in the middle of an action. That
cannot be, however, as yesterday at 3 pm these people were not doing those things.
Ex: Did you watch the game? No, I did not watch the game
1.
Did I climb the ladder?
2. Did we please the visitors?
3. Did they can the peaches?
4. Did it cost five dollars?
5. Did he receive the letter?
6. Did you see the fireworks?
7. Did she hit the ball?
8. Did he do his homework?
Exercise 3: Correct the mistakes
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
My son clean his room yesterday. ...............................
She didn’t got the prize. ...............................................
I be late for the meeting yesterday. ..............................
Did you went fishing last week? ..................................
We taken our dog for a walk some time ago. ..............
When I was five I can’t drive a car. .............................
Jason repairing that old fridge last Sunday. .................
21
8. In 1890 I leaved Paris. .................................................
9. Two months ago my father selled his old car. .............
10. He geted a very good job as a manager.
Exercise 4: Listen and complete the dialogue.
Sara: What _______ you do last night?
Charles: I __________ football with my __________
Sara: __________ it fun?
Charles: It ________ very __________ , and what did you ________?
Sara: I ____________ dinner for my family.
Charles: What ______ you __________?
Sara: ______ cooked ______ and soup.
Presentamos nuestro trabajo al profesor.
Desarrolla la siguiente actividad con ayuda
familiares o vecinos
de tus
Exercise 1: Questions with Interrogatives
Ask for the information using the past simple.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Henry lived in London last year.__________________________________________________
Anita worked at a restaurant last week.___________________________________________
Ricky waited for Holly last night. _______________________________________________
Sarah sang a song___________________________________________________________
Joe read a book._______________________________________________________
At six o'clock, Myriam and her family had dinner____________________________________
Bob walked home because his car had a flat tire. ___________________________________
At half past seven, Mister Logan drove home. _______________________________________
The children played in the sandbox.______________________________________________
Claire visited her best friend.__________________________________________________
El profesor evalúa los logros alcanzados con el desarrollo de esta unidad .Si lo considera
necesario, me indica qué actividades de refuerzo debo realizar.
22
GUÍA No. 04
“Greece-Rome Colonization here” (2 SEMANAS)
Usar planes representados en mapas o diagramas para
representar mis escritos
Do the word search in your notebook and look for the words.
23
Now identify the meaning of each word.
1.
_________________ means "high city" in Greek, literally city on the extremity.
2. _____________dominates the Attica region and is one of the world's oldest cities, as its recorded
history spans around 3,400 years.Classical Athens was a powerful city-state.
3. The Latin word __________ was originally used to describe a Roman public building, usually located in
the forum of a Roman town.
4. ____________is a staple food prepared by cooking a dough of flour and water and often additional
ingredients.
5. ____________ is a bird of the PIGEON family. The white dove is often used as a symbol of peace.
6. __________ is a brined curd cheese traditionally made in Greece.
7. ___________ is a vegetable of the onion family with a very strong taste and smell, used in cooking to
give flavour to food.
8. ___________ is a young sheep.
9. _____________ is a person from modern or ancient Greece.
10. _____________ is a piece of land that is completely surrounded by water:
11. _____________ is a sea creature with a soft round body and eight long.
12. __________________ is a small green or black fruit with a strong taste, used in cooking and for its
oil.
13. The _______________ Games is a major international event featuring summer and winter sports, in
which thousands of athletes participate in a variety of competitions.
14. _____________ (Greek: Πλάκα) is the old historical neighborhood of Athens, clustered around the
northern and eastern slopes of the Acropolis, and incorporating labyrinthine streets and neoclassical
architecture.
15. _____________ is an animal with a thick coat, kept on farms for its meat.
16. ________________ (plural souvlakiais) a popular Greek fast food consisting of small pieces of meat
and sometimes vegetables grilled on a skewer.
24
Preguntas problematizadoras:
How do we use the past continuous?
What is the family doing?
Read the following text carefully.
It’s a rainy Saturday. It’s raining a lot and Mary and her family are spending the afternoon at home. Her
uncles are visiting them.
Mary and her father are in the living room. Mary is making a draw and her father, Mr.Harris, is surfing
the net. They are also talking.
Mary’s older brother, Peter, is in his bedroom playing computer games. He is a computer fanatic and he
spends much time playing on the computer. His little brother, Jim is also in the living room. He is playing
with his dinosaurs’ collection. Sometimes he teases Mary, he is a really naughty boy.
Mary’s mother, Mrs. Harris, is in the kitchen preparing a snack for all of them. She is making some tea
and talking to Mary’s uncles – Lucy and Tom. They are from the nearest town and stopped by to say hello.
Fluffy, the family cat, is sleeping on the kitchen’s sofa. We can’t see him in the picture, but he is a true
fluffy cat.
Write and answer the comprehension activity in your notebook.
True or False? Correct the false ones.
1. It’s a rainy Sunday.
-------------------------------------------------2. Mary and her father are in the living room.
-------------------------------------------------3. She is watching television.
-------------------------------------------------4. Mary’s father is making tea.
-------------------------------------------------5. Peter is reading a book.
-------------------------------------------------6. Jim is in his bedroom.
-------------------------------------------------7. Mary’s uncles are sleeping in the guest room.
-------------------------------------------------8. Fluffy is playing with its ball.
--------------------------------------------------
25
Answer the questions about the text in your notebook.
1. What day of the week is it?
---------------------------------------------------------------2. Where is Mary?
---------------------------------------------------------------3. What is she doing?
---------------------------------------------------------------4. What is Mr. Harris doing?
---------------------------------------------------------------5. Is Mrs. Harris preparing a snack in the kitchen?
---------------------------------------------------------------6. What is Fluffy, the cat, doing?
----------------------------------------------------------------
CONSTRUCCIÓN DEL CONOCIMIENTO.
Past Continuous / Progressive
Los tiempos progresivos ("progressive tenses" o "continuous tenses") expresan el "progreso" o desarollo de
una acción en un momento dado.
El tiempo pasado progresivo ("past progressive") expresa que ina acción se estaba desarrollando en un
momento del pasado o cuando otra acción ocurrió.
En inglés, al igual que en español, el tiempo pasado progresivo está formado por el verbo
auxiliar be conjugado en pretérito más el "present participle" (forma+ing) del verbo principal.
Unos ejemplos son:
Positive
I / he / she / it
I was speaking.
Negative
I was not speaking.
Question
Was I speaking?
you / we / they You were speaking. You were not speaking. Were you speaking?
26
Exceptions in Spelling
Exceptions in spelling when adding ing
final e is dropped (but: ee is not changed)
Example
come – coming
(but: agree – agreeing)
after a short, stressed vowel, the final consonant is
sit – sitting
doubled
l as final consonant after a vowel is doubled (in British
travel – travelling
English)
final ie becomes y
lie – lying
NOTE
Existen dos traducciones en español, se usa el tiempo pasado progresivo para denotar el carácter
progresivo de una acción que es interrumpida por otra, o una acción progresiva y un momento en el pasado.
El pasado progresivo se usa para denotar el carácter progresivo de una de las acciones.
We were watching TV when Claudia called.
Nosotros estábamos viendo televisión cuando Claudia llamó.
Nosotros veíamos televisión cuando Claudia llamó.
Use of Past Continous
puts emphasis on the course of an action in the past
Example: He was playing football.
two actions happening at the same time (in the past)
Example: While she was preparing dinner, he was washing the dishes.
action going on at a certain time in the past
Example: When I was having breakfast, the phone suddenly rang.
Signal Words of Past Progressive
when, while, as long as
27
ACTIVIDADES DE APROPIACIÓN
En este ejercicio podrás practicar el uso correcto de los verbos, desarróllala en tu cuaderno.
Lee atentamente las preguntas y elige la respuesta correcta.
We use past continuous to describe an action that was taking place
the past. Time expressions: while, as, at that time, at the time.
at a specific point in time in
Exercise 1: Complete the sentences with past continuous
1.
I ..............(have a shower) when the telephone rang.
2. I................(do the shopping) when I lost my wallet.
3. I met my friend, while i .............................(walk) along the street.
4. peter ..................... (wait) for the taxi when he saw the accident.
5. I broke my pencil, while i........................(do) my homework.
6. Boris__________ (learn) English.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
They__________(swim) in the lake.
Your father_________
(repair) the car.
I_________ (read) a magazine.
You__________ (pack) your bag.
My friend__________ (watch) the match on TV.
It__________ (rain).
The dog___________ (bark).
The children_____________(brush) their teeth.
Anne and Maureen___________ (sing) a song.
ACTIVIDAD EN CLASE
Please write and develop the following exercises in your notebook.
Negative Sentences
Somebody believes that yesterday at 3 pm the following people were in the middle of an action. That
cannot be, however, as yesterday at 3 pm these people were not doing those things.
28
Exercise 1: Write negative sentences in past progressive.
1.
Sarah and Luke / not / work______________________________________________________
2. Mister Miller / not / teach / chemistry_______________________________________________
3. Barry / not / drive / a lorry________________________________________________________
4. Mandy / not / have / lunch________________________________________________________
5. Albert / not / play / tennis________________________________________________________
6. Taylor and Bob / not / cycle / home_________________________________________________
7. Annie / not / clean / the table______________________________________________________
8. Benjamin / not / write / an e-l______________________________________________________
9. Jane / not / exercise / in the gym__________________________________________________
10. Robert / not / buy / flowers_______________________________________________________
PETER
KARL
MARY
PAM
TOM
SALLY
CAROL
29
Exercise 2:
Look at the picture and make questions and answer them
Example: …………………….? (peter/ cook)
is peter cooking? Yes, he is
1-………………………………..? (mary/ watch t.v)
2-………………………………...? ( the dog/ sleep)
3-…………………………………? (sally/ carol/ play with cars)
4-…………………………………? (pam eat/ an orange)
5-…………………………………? (karl /watch t.v)
6-…………………………………? (tom/ read a book)
7-…………………………………? (mary/sleep on the sofa)
8-…………………………………?(karl/ sit on a chair.
Read the sentences and correct the wrong ones
Example: mary is sleeping on the floor.
mary isn’t sleeping on the floor. She is sleeping on the sofa.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Karl is listening to the radio.
Pam is eating an orange.
Tom is reading a book.
Sally and carol are playing in the garden.
The dog is playing with carol and sally.
Who…..?
Write the name next to the sentences
Example:__Mary________ is sleeping on the sofa.
1.
________ is eating an apple.
2. ________ is reading a book
3. ________ is watching t.v
4. _________is cooking.
5. _________ and __________ are playing with dolls.
Complete the sentences with the right form of the present continuous
1.
Mary …………………. (not sleep) on the bed.
2. Peter …………………. (cook)
3. Karl …………………… (not listen to) the radio.
4. Tom …………………….. (read) a book.
5. Pam ……………………. (not eat) a sandwich.
30
6. The girls ………………… (not play) with the dog.
7. Sally ………………….. (wear) a pink dress
Exercise 3 : Complete the sentences with simple past or past continuous
1.
Sarah .........................(remember) tom’s message while she ......................(have lunch).
2. When the teacher .....................(come) into the classroom, the children .....................(play) chess.
3. While we ......................(run) in the park, mary................(fall over)
4. While kate......................(drink) milk, she ....................(drop) the cup.
5. Peter ................(get up) and....................(go) to the bathroom.
Exercise 4 : Circle the correct answer
1- while i was reading/read the book, the lights went out.
2- sam was falling/fell asleep, while he was studying.
3- peter turned on /was turning on the t.v, but nothing happened.
4- where did you find/ were you finding the money?
5- sabrina drank/ was drinking orange juice when somebody pushed her.
Exercise 5 : Join the sentences with while or when
1.
He was sleeping. I was watching t.v.
2. Tom was playing football. He broke his leg
3. I saw sarah. She was walking to school.
4. I was cooking. My husband was washing the car.
5. I arrived home. My friends were waiting for me.
Exercise 6: Listen to record and complete the sentences.
1.
When I ________ having my luch, ________ Boss called
2. When ______ was taking pictures, I ________ my _______
3. When Lena was ________ I asked her to _______ some _________.
Presentamos nuestro trabajo al profesor.
31
Desarrolla la siguiente actividad con ayuda
familiares o vecinos
de tus
Questions with Interrogatives
Ask for the information using the past progressive in the sentences.
1.
Henry was living in London last year.__________________________________________________
2.
Anita was working at a restaurant last week._________________________________________
3.
Ricky was waiting for Holly. ___________________________________________________________
4.
Sarah was singing a song_______________________________________________________________
5.
Joe was reading a book.________________________________________________________________
6.
At six o'clock, Myriam and her family were having dinner___________________________
7.
Bob was walking home because his car had a flat tire. ______________________________
8.
At half past seven, Mister Logan was driving home. __________________________________
9.
The children were playing in the sandbox._______________________________________________
10. Claire was visiting her best friend.__________ ____________________________________________
El profesor evalúa los logros alcanzados con el desarrollo de esta unidad .Si lo
considera necesario, me indica qué actividades de refuerzo debo realizar.
32
Referencias Bibliográficas
http://en.islcollective.com/worksheets/worksheet_page?id=511
http://www.kids-pages.com/index.htm
http://www.vanda51pro.com/
33