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PDF - Armada International
Compendium
by
TURRETS
light, medium, heavy
Mostly remote-controlled
Oto Melara Hitrole
Light turret on a Lince
in Afghanistan. The
Italian Army ordered
81(RC-West)
Firepower For All Needs
The need for increased protection and surveillance capabilities played a major role in the
development of the light remotely controlled weapon station (RCWS) for light vehicles
intended for patrol, reconnaissance and combat missions. They are thus designed to
replace the pintle-mounted weapon which tended to over-expose the gunner to the
enemy fire. They also offer an alternative to one-man turrets that were too heavy for
most of the lighter vehicles.
Paolo Valpolini
I
n addition to the above, the threat to lines
of communications in an asymmetric
warfare scenario led to a new possible
market for such systems, namely their
installation on logistic vehicles. Moreover,
vintage armoured personnel carriers –
wheeled or tracked – originally equipped
with pintle mounts, found in the RCWS a
solution to maintain their military
effectiveness, providing their protection was
sufficient. So much for the mobile role.
The need for protection in the numerous
forward operating bases (FOBs) and combat
outposts (COPs) that have characterised the
Afghan mission has, however, led to the use of
RCWS also for base defence. Here
stabilisation becomes redundant, and some
companies are thus looking at ways of
offering cheaper solutions in a world of
shrinking budgets. As noted initially,
remotely controlled weapon stations do not
provide just firepower, but thanks to their
optronic sighting systems they play a useful
role in situational awareness, surveillance
and, when linked to a recording device,
intelligence gathering. Thermal imagers
certainly have a cost (especially the uncooled
thermal variety), but their prices are now on
the decline.
Another issue linked to cost is the
capability of decoupling the weapon from the
sights: today it is more tactful to observe
without training the weapon over civilians,
so being able to keep the machine gun at its
maximum elevation while panning the
optronic package definitely can be a
diplomatic advantage. Another issue that has
nourished debates is under armour
ammunition reloading, as this entails a
Compendium Turrets 2013
03
heavier structure and associated higher cost,
but ensures maximum safety in combat.
Medium calibre systems, armed with
automatic cannon of between 20 and 50 mm,
are installed in manned or unmanned turrets,
or in overhead weapon stations. Turrets have
the advantage of protecting the weapon and
ammunition from both weather and enemy
fire. Manned turrets require a ballistic
protection similar to that of the carrier
vehicle, which makes them relatively heavy.
Maintaining the commander and gunner
in the direction of the gun or decoupling
them to accommodate them in the vehicle
remains matter for conjecture when calibres
increase, with resistance toughening when
even higher calibres are involved. The main
advantages of a remotely controlled turret
are the lack of a basket, which increases the
available volume in the vehicle combat
compartment, and the reduced need of
upper ballistic protection (Level 2 being
more than acceptable) and therefore reduced
weight. A disputed issue that emerged from
lessons learned downrange is that of the
availability of a hatch allowing the
commander to acquire a direct view of the
surroundings; while with light RCWS this is
obtained installing the system in a position
that allows to maintain one of the vehicle
hatches free, medium calibre turrets
dimensions do not allow such a solution.
Thus a hatch on top of the turret itself is
required, as with manned turrets. This
commands an opening in the vehicle roof to
access the turret, a solution often adopted to
ensure maintenance and under-armour
ammunition reloading, as well as an empty
passage in the turret to allow the commander
to reach the hatch. However, the lack of a
basket may lead to limitations to turret
movement, the system being normally
frozen for safety reasons when personnel is
moving up or down. Sighting systems
improve with weapons ranges and thereby
provide better surveillance capabilities; in
addition those turrets are very often
equipped with panoramic sights for the
commander, a privilege hitherto reserved to
main battle tanks.
Lessons learned have clearly proved the
importance of surveillance and target
acquisition. Many armies are therefore
installing such systems more for those
missions than for hunter-killer capabilities.
Another often considered solution is that of
the “turret-on-turret”, where a light RCWS
is installed over a medium or heavy calibre
Light for Lights
While most RCWS can host 5.56, 7.62 and 12.7 mm machine
guns and 40 mm automatic grenade launchers, some can
accept the smaller calibre automatic cannon normally used
in medium-calibre turrets and weapon stations, becoming
the trait d’union between the two categories.
turret to provide not only surveillance (albeit
with reduced performance compared to the
longer range sensors typical of panoramic
sights), but also close range protection.
Materials technology as well as improved
recoil systems have allowed to produce new
turrets equipped with full pressure 105 and
120 mm tank guns in for chassis of 25 tonnes
upwards. While wheeled chassis that can be
equipped with such turrets are available in
relatively limited numbers, many tracked
chassis can withstand the weight and recoil of
main battle tank guns, thus becoming in fact
light tanks in their own right. As depicted in
the Armada’s recent Compendium on IFVs
and APCs, trends in terms of platform
weight are quite contrasting: some who were
hitherto “fans of heavies”, such as Israel, are
now looking at medium weight solutions
while those who advocated mobility and
operational deployability, the United States,
seem to be going in the opposite direction –
towards heavy solutions. What nevertheless
remains true is that MBTs are not necessarily
the most viable solution for armies that do
not look at a full spectrum warfare scenario,
and the plethora of turrets of various
weights, calibres and architecture can answer
many of today requirements.
I KONGSBERG PROTECH
The Norwegian company, part of the
Kongsberg Group, remains by large the main
provider of RCWS, with nearly 17,000 such
systems delivered in 17 countries. Its
Protector has been developed in various
versions, becoming a sort of benchmark in
the light RCWS field, the system being
constantly upgraded to answer new market
requirements. Leveraging experience
garnered with the M151 that featured
integrated smoke grenade launchers, the
Norwegian company developed the M153,
though it sheds the grenade launchers in
favour of some side ballistic protection and
adopts a new ammunition loading system.
The type won the US Army Crows II contract
in 2007 followed by a number of follow-on
orders, the last one occurring in September
2013. According to lessons learned from the
field, the adoption of the Crows II allowed to
In its Bright Arrow Israel Military Industries
combined its active protection system with an
automatic weapon, providing an effective
defence asset for light armoured vehicles.
(Armada/P. Valpolini)
04
Compendium Turrets 2013
The Protector Nordic currently has the most
advanced configuration in the Kongsberg
Protector family and features a complete
optronic suite with “superelevation” and
ballistic protection. (Armada/P. Valpolini)
reduce 12.7 mm ammunition consumption
by 70% thanks to the dramatic increase in
first-round accuracy. Another major contract
was obtained from an undisclosed customer
in November 2012, while in April 2013 a
further contract for an undisclosed number of
Protectors in the Nordic configuration was
signed as part of the framework agreement
finalised with Norway and Sweden two years
earlier. The Nordic is currently the most
sophisticated version of the Protector; beside
the 4th generation fire control system it
features a new sensor suite developed inhouse that includes three separate cameras
with different FoVs, from 1.6° to 95°, the
latter being provided by the Kongsberg Day
Camera VIS 95 that considerably increases
situational awareness, an 850 nm infrared
aiming laser providing pinpoint accuracy. In
addition, the Nordic also allows decoupling
the weapon elevation from that of the sensor
suite to ensure surveillance in a nonthreatening posture in missions other than
war. A version with three cameras is also
being developed, which will allow combining
“picture in picture” on the screen with three
images having different fields of view. In May
2013 Croatia signed a further contract for
Protectors for installation on the AMV 8x8s
being produced locally under license from
Patria.
While vehicle installations remain its
main application, the Protector is also seen
as a suitable static defence system. At AUSA
2012 the company unveiled the
Containerised Weapon Station (CWS) based
on an ISO-rated Tricon Type 1 container.
Equipped
with
a
rigid-chain
electromechanical lift it can raise a Crows II
RCWS at a lofty 4.6 metres in less than 30
seconds. The weapon station also integrates a
Javelin missile on its right (a small electronic
box houses the interface). When the latter is to
be used the turret is switched to missile mode
so that the operator can see the image
provided by the Javelin seeker. The CWS is
powered by a multifuel generator and a
battery pack, and a Standoff Extension Kit
allows it to be linked to a command centre up
to one kilometre away. Some 20 CWS are
currently deployed to Afghanistan with the
US Army and special operations units as part
of forward observation bases protection
suites. A multiple control station has been
purposely developed for such use.
Another recent addition to the
Protector/Crows flexibility is the M134
Weapon Adapter Kit (WAK) which enables
Special Operations Forces to install the M134
7.62 six-barrel Gatling machine gun on the
company RCWS. The kit includes the
weapon cradle, weapon interfaces, remote
activator, gun control unit, 24V battery with
charging module and a 3,000-round
ammunition magazine feed system. The
system is now being delivered.
Another kit is the Sea Protector, which
allows the M153 Protector to be optimised
for maritime operations. The kit includes
sealed subsystems and components,
improved corrosion resistance, a modified
sensor package and an improved tracking
system. Kongsberg is delivering the Sea
Protector to the US Navy, where it is known as
the Mk50, for installation on small patrol
boats and special operations craft.
In order to allow lighter vehicles to be
equipped with an RCWS, Kongsberg
developed the Protector Lite that features the
same user interface of the original M151 and
M153 and a commonality of over 80%.
Weighing 100 kg less than the Nordic
Protector, the Protector Lite can be armed
with an M240 or a MAG 58/C6 7.62 mm
machine gun or an M249 5.56 mm MG. Its
sensor suite includes a dual FoV thermal
imager with electronic zoom, a colour
daylight camera with a 45° FoV and a x30
optical zoom, and an eye-safe laser
rangefinder. An even lighter solution comes in
the form of the Protector SuperLite, which
weighs 30 kg. It is currently being considered
by various nations in a tripod-mounted
configuration, especially for Special Forces.
An optical fibre link allows the operator to
stay some kilometres away from the system
and to use the Super Lite via the new Play
Station/Hand-held controller developed by
Kongsberg, which delivered the first of 510
units on order in October 2013.
The Superlite is the junior element of the
Kongsberg portfolio and can accept up to 7.62
mm machine guns, here an FN MAG.
(Armada/P. Valpolini)
Compendium Turrets 2013
05
I PRECISION REMOTES
This American company founded in 1997
near San Francisco has developed a series of
very light remotely operated weapon station
(ROWS) that can be easily used both for
mounted or dismounted missions.
The TRAP T360 platform weighs only 34
kg, but can support an M249 SAW 5.56 mm
machine gun or an M240 or MG3 7.62 mm
MG. The system cannot take a 12.7 mm
machine gun, but is however designed to
accept a Barrett M82A1M or M107 sniper
rifle. The sensor suite includes a daytime
camera with a 1.6° to 42° field of view zoom, a
thermal imager and a laser rangefinder,
though being sensor agnostic it allows the
customer to choose his own sensor package.
Optionally a less-than-lethal green laser can
also be installed. Fully stabilised on three axis,
the TRAP T360 can be trained over 360°,
while its elevation sweep can go from +60°
to –20°, with manual backup on both axis.
The fire control system provides an adjusted
aiming point that takes the type of
ammunition, the range and the parallax error
with the camera into account. The system can
in addition store up to three targets. External
sensors such as shotgun detectors can be
easily integrated to provide cueing for the
T360. As mentioned initially the T360 can
easily be reconfigured without tools in a few
minutes from vehicle-mounted to tripod
dismounted configuration, in which case it
can be powered by battery, generator or solar
panel, or any 10 or 220 VAC network.
The latter capacity comes to hand when
the TRAP T360 is used to defend fixed
positions. To this end Precision Remotes has
developed the TRAP 360FS (for Facility
Security) that features an environmental
housing where the system is locked in a safe
position, and is deployed in less than 5
seconds when the need arises. They are
linked to a command post that features a
series of operators’ consoles and a supervisor
console. Operators’ consoles include an
aiming monitor that displays the image
collected by the camera, a touch-screen
monitor providing the map of the facility
highlighting the weapon locations and their
status, and a control panel. Operators can
switch from one station to another touching
the screen, select the sensors, open or shut
down one or all ROWS at a time, pre-select
targets and no-fire zones, select the firing
mode, and fire the weapons once the
supervisor has given its consent through his
own console, which includes a touch screen
and a panel. Safety considerations were
06
Compendium Turrets 2013
Precision Remotes developed a remote-control station that can easily be installed on vehicles
but can also be used as an infantry asset for close protection; here the system is powered by a
hybrid solution that includes solar panels. (Precision Remotes)
Precision Remotes TRAP T360 can host automatic weapons up to 7.62 mm, here an MG3, and
single shot 12.7 mm semiautomatic rifles. (Precision Remotes)
among top priorities during system
development, Precision Remotes systems
being used in the America for critical
infrastructures safety such as nuclear plants.
Weapons currently supported by the
TRAP 360FS are the same as the standard
360’s, plus the SR 25 and LR 3087.62 mm
sniper rifles. The company also developed
the TRAP T360I for static defence purposes,
this model being designed to hang from a
ceiling; it can be fitted only with the M240
machine gun with 180 ready rounds. The
stabilization components are not included in
the T360FS and T360I as they are an
unnecessary expense for fixed applications.
However both versions can both be outfitted
with stabilization, should the need arise.
Precision Remotes has received inquiries
over suitability for on mounting the T360I on
a dirigible or even a helicopter, applications
for which stabilisation is a must.
The latest addition to Precision Remotes’
portfolio is the NetROWS, a small size black
box that allows to network up to 16 ROWS
and to control them from a netbook. This
was developed following the many requests
to connect T360s to an existing indigenous
command centre; as the latter never went
The R-200 developed by Electro Optic Systems
of Australia is a light RCWS that has been
adopted in small numbers by US forces.
(Armada/P. Valpolini)
structures are built in aluminium, that of the
R-400 retains a steel structure. It was selected
for use on the Airbus Military C-295 gunship
currently in development for Jordan, armed
with ATK's M230LF 30 mm cannon.
I FN HERSTAL
through safety testing for controlling a
weapon station, the project often was
stopped and the weapon station remained
separately controlled from the command
centre, thus the ultimate in speed of
response was not achieved. The NetROWS
was thus designed to enable safe and secure
connection to an indigenous command
centre, its dimensions allowing a quick setup of a temporary defence system in a FOB
or COP, providing the same advantages of
those systems used for critical facilities
protection; once the threat is detected it is
sent to the command centre and its location
is transmitted directly to the weapon station,
weapon station; this is slewed directly to the
target location, the operator then verifying
the threat and taking action.
Besides its the self-defence capacity the R-200
also provides the vehicle with a much better
reconnaissance and targeting capacity.
The R-400 is the company’s bestseller,
with over 500 systems sold. It won the first
Crows contract and is also in service in the
Australian and Netherlands armies. The R400 can host machine guns from 5.56 to 12.7
mm calibre and 40 mm automatic grenade
launchers and reaches 250 kg with a 12.7 mm
MG and 500 rounds. The optronic package
is that described for the R-200. Key parts can
be protected thanks to a Level 2 kit. While the
structure of the R-200 and R-600 dual
The Belgian weapons manufacturer portfolio
comprises the deFNder Light and the
deFNder Medium, launched respectively in
2011 and 2012. The Light can carry the MAG
and Minimi in 7.62 mm calibre and the
Minimi in 5.56 mm, the above deck weight
varying from 75 to 85 kg fully loaded in basic
configuration. The weapon is located on the
left of the mount, which is encased in an
aluminum structure, with the ammunition
box on the left of the weapon. The standard
box has 250 or 200 rounds, though a higher
box can hold up to 600 7.62 mm rounds or
1,050 5.56 mm rounds.
The optronic sensor pod is located on the
right and includes a colour CCD camera with
zoom. A pod integrating also a thermal
uncooled camera with dual field of view
being is offered as optional as well as that with
a laser rangefinder, a ballistic computer being
in that case added to the system. The below
I ELECTRO OPTIC SYSTEMS
EOS in short, this Australian company with a
strong arm in the United States has in its
catalogue two light RCWS, known as EOS R200 and R-400. In America the company has
an agreement with Northrop Grumman,
which holds an 8.8% stake in Electro Optic
Systems, to jointly pursue the market for
remote weapon systems in country, while in
2012 an agreement was signed with South
Korean Hyundai-Wia of Changwon,
including production. The lighter R-200 has
remained for the time being at prototype
stage, with four supplied to the US Army for
testing in Iraq. It can be armed with 5.56 and
7.62 mm machine guns but tips the scales at
80 kg when fitted with an M240 with 200
rounds. Fully stabilised, it is equipped with a
full optronic system that includes a day
camera with a x30 zoom, a cooled thermal
imager and a 7.5km laser rangefinder,
The R-400 from EOS is a light system, but nevertheless able to accommodate medium calibre
low recoil cannon. (Armada/P. Valpolini)
Compendium Turrets 2013
07
A deFNder Light installed on an Iguana. This RCWS developed by Belgian FN Herstal can host up
to 7.62 mm machine guns, in this case an FN MAG. (FN Herstal)
deck element includes the operator console
with a 1024x768 pixels LCD colour screen
and the control handle; target tracking and
autoscan are also available. The base deFNder
Light is not stabilised, two-axis stabilisation
being offered as option as well as a Level 1
modular protection. Most of these are
installed on vehicles; however the
considerable elevation arc, -60°/+80°, allows
them to be employed for other purposes such
as base protection.
The second system is the deFNder
Medium that can integrate the same
weapons as the Light as well as all FN
machine guns up to 12.7 mm (the M2HBQCB and the FN M3R, the latter capable of
1,100 rpm rate of fire), as well as 40mm
automatic grenades launchers. Depending
on the configuration its weight varies from
150 to 190 kg. The architecture is similar, the
optronic suite being proposed in two
versions, with CCD and uncooled thermal
imager or with CCD and cooled thermal
imager. Options are similar to those of the
Light, the ballistic protection being
proposed also in Level 2 while a smoke
grenade launcher module is also available.
The maximum capacity of the ammo box is
500 rounds of 12.7 mm or 1,000 rounds of
7.62 mm. As in the case of the Light the
depression angle is much greater that that of
most its competitors, at -42°, thus giving it
a considerable flexibility of use, maximum
elevation being +73°. A new version, the Sea
deFNder Medium, is currently in the
qualification phase following a recent
contract with a Nato Navy.
As usual FN is not much talkative about
its clients, the company confirming that the
deFNder Light and the deFNder Medium are
08
Compendium Turrets 2013
booking commercial success with hundreds
RWS under contract with undisclosed Nato
and non-Nato end users.
I KRAUSS-MAFFEI WEGMANN
In the mid-2000 KMW started developing
the Fernbedienbare Leichte Waffenstation
100 (FLW100 for remotely controlled light
weapon station 100) designed to German
Army requirements, soon followed by a
second version, the FLW200, the main
difference being that the former one can host
automatic weapons up to 7.62 mm calibre
while the latter can be armed with a 12.7 mm
The FLW100 is the lighter member of the
Krauss-Maffei Wegmann family, and armed
with 7.62 mm machine guns it has been
installed on Bundeswehr Dingos. (KMW)
machine gun and even with a 40 mm
automatic grenade launcher.
When the weapon is replaced the system
recognises automatically the new one and
sets the firing computer ballistic tables
accordingly. The number of rounds carried
can vary according to the mission, two
ammo boxes being available for the 7.62 mm
calibre respectively with 120 and 250
rounds, a solution with enhanced capacity
up to 480 rounds being currently
implemented for the MG3, the 12.7 mm
weapon being provided either with 100 or
200 ammo box, while the 40 mm AGL has a
32 rounds capacity. Both stations are
mounted without roof penetration, over
roof weight being respectively 80 and 160 kg
without weapons and ammunition.
Elevation arc of –5°/+75° copes well with
urban and mountain terrains.
Here fitted with 76 mm Wegmann grenade
launchers, the FLW200 can be armed calibres
of up to 12.7 mm and has been installed, inter
alia, on Qatari Leopard 2s. (KMW)
Dynamit Nobel Defence developed two light systems, the FeWas 80 and the FeWas 120, the
latter able to carry 12.7 mm machine guns was pictured here on a Panhard VBK. (DND)
Both turrets have electronic dual axis
stabilisation, the weapon and the optronic
system being thus separately stabilised. In
the FLW100 the optronic pod is located on
the left of the weapon, behind the
ammunition box, the FLW200 featuring the
optronic on the right side. Also the sensors
are common, with a CCD colour camera
with a x10 zoom for daylight operations
offering an identification range of 1.5 km,
and an uncooled 640x480 thermal imager
with an ID range of one kilometre. It can be
replaced in the FLW200 by a cooled thermal
camera to extend identification to two
kilometres. Modularity allows to adapt the
optronic suite to customers needs. The
command and display system remains the
same for both weapon stations, featuring a
12-inch colour screen.
Since 2008 the Bundeswehr acquisition
totalled over 920 weapon stations, which
were installed on all the types of vehicles used
by German troops in Afghanistan such as the
Dingo 1 and 2, the Boxer, the Fennek, the
TPz Fuchs, and the Eagle IV. To improve selfprotection the FLW200 has been fitted with
Wegmann 76 mm smoke grenade launchers,
while for training purposes the Agdus laser
simulation system was integrated in both
weapon stations. KMW bagged an export
order from Qatar, which will install the
FLW200 on its Leopard 2A7 MBT turret.
KMW is continuing to upgrade the
FLW100/200 systems according to lessons
learned from operations. The Wegmann 40
mm less-than-lethal system is being adapted
on the FLW100. The H&K 121 7.62 mm
machine gun is being integrated as a
possible replacement for the current MG3.
As for the FLW200, the electrically driven
Rheinmetall RMG 12.7 is also being
integrated in the station. Another
improvement being implemented is the
increase of the ammunition to 480 rounds
for the MG3 in the FLW100. Multi-position
operation is also under implementation to
allow more than one soldier in a vehicle to
observe and fire. An ammunition counter,
a high-pressure cleaning system for sensors
and networking with warning sensors and
BMS are also part of the potential
improvements list.
I DYNAMIT NOBEL DEFENCE
Better known for its antitank rocket
launchers, Dynamit Nobel Defence built in
the last years two light turrets that provide
both machine gun and Panzerfaust and
RGW firepower. The lighter one is the Fewas
80 that carries 5.56 or 7.62 mm machine
guns, with to its right the typical armoured
sensor pod that houses a CCD camera, a
thermal imager and a laser rangefinder.
The bigger Fewas 120 can be armed with
weapons up to 12.7 mm machine gun or 40
mm AGL and its architecture is similar to
that of the junior member of the family,
albeit the pod is bigger to accommodate
sensors that match the weapons range. This
version can also accept DND rocket
launchers the Panzerfaust and RGW90
families. All installable weapons are
boresighted at various distances, data being
fed into the computer. In action the gunner
has just to “lase the target” ,set the crosshairs
Compendium Turrets 2013
09
on the target and fire. The Fewas 80 and 120
have been sold in numbers on the export
market around the world.
I BAE SYSTEMS
The firm’s turrets find their roots in the
South African arm of the company, the
lightest system being the SD-Row, the
acronym standing for Self Defence Remotely
Operated Weapon. This weapon station has
been seen around with western machine
guns in 5.56 and 7.62 mm calibres, namely
the M249 and Mini SS and the M240, MAG58, MG3 and SS-77. It has now been shown
with the eastern world’s PKT 7.62 mm
weapon with ammunition feeding from the
right-hand side. Affordable, light and simple
to use, especially on small vehicles, the SDRow weighs about 75 kg including the
weapon and 200 rounds of ammunition. It
uses a day camera for targeting, a laser
rangefinder and an infrared camera being
available on option. The system stabilisation
allows to engage targets whilst on the move,
traverse speed being 100°/sec. Elevation arc
reaches 85°, standard traverse being ±135°,
full 360° rotation being available on request.
The second system, which is part of BAE
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Compendium Turrets 2013
Systems light turrets, is the Overhead
Manual Turret, introduced in 2009 at DSEI. It
is now offered as a modular item to which
numerous systems can be added to make it
a Gucci product. The main improvement is
provided by the electrical drive in azimuth
(a manual back-up is maintained) allowing
for a much faster target detection and
engagement. Both day and night sensors
have been replaced by better types, the
thermal camera being supplied by Thales
Canada, the sensors suite remaining scalable
to cope with customers requirements. Day
and night vehicle target identification range is
in excess of one kilometre and the laser
rangefinder reaches out to 2.5 km. The
ballistic solution is fed into the operator
video display unit. The operator can have a
direct view of the surrounding scenario
through seven episcopes located in the lower
part of the turret, though an eighth larger
episcope covers the frontal 45° angle.
BAE Systems recently improved its Overhead
Manual Turret adding electric traverse; this
one-man station is a low-cost solution
although quite heavier than a RCWS.
(Armada/P. Valpolini)
Elevation, between –10° and +45°, is
controlled through a hand wheel located on
the left, and the sighting maintains a backup
in the form of a red dot sight zeroed at 500
metres to be used in case of failure of electrooptic sensors. The Overhead Manual Turret
can accept 7.62 mm and 12.7 mm machine
guns and 40 mm AGLs, and has four smoke
grenade launchers located on the two sides
of the weapon mount. Combat weight varies
from 500 to 550 kg according to the optional
systems and the weapon installed. It is fully
developed and ready for production, BAE
Systems estimating first deliveries six
months after an order. According to the
company its main asset is that it is “much less
expensive than an RCWS”.
I REUTECH
Reutech in South Africa developed a light
turret capable to host the typical 7.62 and
12.7 mm machine guns and 40 mm
automatic grenade launcher. Weapons
currently integrated into what is known as
Multiple Cradle Land Rogue are three 7.62
mm machine guns, the South African Vektor
SS-77, the Belgian FN MAG or the PKM of
Russian origin, the Browning M2 12.7 mm
machine gun, and the Denel 40 mm
automatic grenade launcher. Also antimateriel rifles in 20mm x 82mm such as the
Denel LS NTW 20 can also be installed, a
requirement for this came from a South
African customer. Interestingly, when
installing a PKM the ammunition magazine
remains on the left, the ammo chute passing
over the weapon to allow right-side feed.
Reutech proposes an optronic package that
includes a two-field of view CCD day sight
(cooled or uncooled thermal imaging is a
custumer choice), though the laser
rangefinder is provided as option. It features
an optical auto-tracking system and its
depression and elevation angles are pretty
high, respectively –40° and +60°, which is
useful for vehicle in urban warfare and or
vessel applications. This station is in service
with the South African Special Forces and 54
unites are being supplied to Malaysia, via
Denel, for installation on the AV8 8x8
personnel carrier. These are armed with a
12.7 mm machine gun and feature 76 mm
smoke grenade launchers at the base of the
mount, for the time being the only weapon
systems qualified on that mount (the 7.62
BAE Systems OMT armed with an FN MAG installed on a light 4x4; it provides the gunner with
direct vision but features also an optronic package. (BAE Systems)
mm MG and 40 mm AGL have however
being thoroughly tested).
A Sea Rogue model is also available to the
South African Navy and the UAE Coast
Guard. A version dedicated to the Browning
M2 known as Land Rogue or Sea Rogue sees
the weapon encased into a pod that provides
only environmental protection and avoids
stoppages due to sand, dust, salt water, etc.
A hybrid missile-machine gun turret is
also part of the Reutech portfolio. Known as
the Missile Rogue, it retains the Browning
12.7 mm machine gun for vehicle self
defence, the principal weapons being the
13 countries, one of the most recent clients
being Colombia for its newly acquired LAV
III 8x8. Most of them however, are devoid of
additional armour.
The Samson Mini is also the effector of
the Sentry Tech, a line-up of pillboxes linked
by optical fibre to a remote C4I centre, each
pillbox being equipped with a top-mounted
turret. The system is integrated with security
and intelligence sensors and is proposed for
base perimeter security.
I ISRAEL MILITARY INDUSTRIES
Reutech in South African developed the Land Rogue for 12.7 mm weapons, which ensures full
protection against rain and dust; a multi-cradle open version is also available. (Reuthech)
Denel Ingwe antitank missiles or the Thales
LMM laser guided missiles. Its traverse is
limited to ±150° with a –10°/+40° elevation
arc. It can accommodate up to four missiles
and the machine gun with 100 rounds for an
overall weight of less than 500 kg.
To cope with longer ranges the Carl Zeiss
(now Cassidian) Leo-III-HD observation
system is proposed, which includes a 50Hz
Progressive Scan Attica Z 640-2 MW
thermal imager and a 50Hz Progressive
Scan HD Multi-spectral Zoom TV camera, a
medium repetition eye safe laser
rangefinder being proposed as option. The
Missile Rogue has been integrated tested
between Reutech, Cassidian SA and Thales
in Ireland, however the programme was
frozen before live missile tests due to delays
with the potential client.
I RAFAEL
This Israeli company’s Samson family
features two light members, the Samson
Junior and the Samson Mini. With an overdeck assembly weighing between 75 and 100
kg the Samson Junior is the lightest and can
be armed with 7.62 or 5.56 mm machine
guns, as well as with sharpshooter’s rifles or
less-than-lethal effectors. The 400- or 600round magazine, depending on calibre,
endows light armoured vehicles with
considerable firepower.
12
Compendium Turrets 2013
The larger Samson Mini provides the
firepower of the Israel Defence Forces
Namer infantry fighting vehicle based on the
Merkava 4 chassis. It can accommodate
anything between a 5.56 mm machine gun
and a 12.7 MG, and even a 40 mm grenade
launcher. Shifting from one weapon to
another is simple and quick as they all
feature the same cradle.
This is not true, however, for the latest
Samson Mini dedicated to the 14.5 mm
KPVT machine gun produced for an
undisclosed customer. Indeed, to withstand
that heavier weapon and its higher recoil
Rafael modified the structure and some
actuators. Optronic sensors are installed in
an armoured pod on the right, while some
optional armour can be positioned in front of
the weapon itself to provide some ballistic
protection. This of course increases the
system weight, which is of some 200 kg
excluding weapon and ammunition. The
Samson Mini of the IDF are stabilised and
feature some add-on armour to protect the
sight pod, the front cradle and the actuators,
which adds 50 kg; they are produced in
America by Marvin Land Systems, the
systems having been acquired thanks to FMS
funds, and are assembled at Rafael’s main
plant in Haifa. This is the facility where all
the other Samson Minis are produced.
Thousands of turrets are in service in at least
IMI’s portfolio does not include any superlight system, all models being able to cradle
a 7.62 or 12.7 mm machine gun. The first
system developed was the Wave 100 that is
no more produced. Currently two systems
are in production, one being designed for
Western weapons, the other for Eastern
weapons. The Wave 200 is the one
dedicated to left-fed 7.62 and 12.7 mm
machine guns, with can also accept a
Heckler & Koch 40 mm automatic grenade
launcher. This additional feature brings the
weight of the bare system to 170 kg, with a
small added height penalty. The optronic
A Rafael Samson Mini, equipped with ballistic
protection, pictured on the company’s
assembly line. (Armada/P. Valpolini)
package on the right includes a daylight
camera with zoom, a thermal imager and a
laser rangefinder. Sensors are provided at
customer’s choice. Fully stabilised, IMI
RCWSs are equipped with image
stabilisation, image enhancement, motion
detection and target tracking. Additional
options include add-on ballistic armour
protection, debriefing/DVR systems, builtin simulator, cooled night sensors for
increased target recognition and
identification, hostile fire detection and
gun enslaving towards threat location,
C41/BMS connectivity and so forth. The
weapon station can be equipped with
standard ammunition cases or with double
cases for increased firepower.
The Wave 300 architecture had to be
changed due to the weapon installed, which
can be either a PKT 7.62 mm or an NSVT
12.7 mm machine gun. Those Soviet-era
weapons are right-fed, thus the optronic
package is moved to the left. The Wave 300
capabilities are similar to those of the other
ones. The 300 weighs only 150 kg weight
without weapon and ammunition thanks to
Rafael of Israel has developed a family of light
and medium turrets known as Samson. Here
seen are Samson Minis pictured on the
assembly line at Rafael’s Haifa facility.
(Armada/P. Valpolini)
a more compact electro-optical pod and to a
more advanced pedestal.
Both the Wave 200 and 300 are in
service, the latter currently being the object
of a potentially lucrative contract. IMI is
ready to accept technology transfer and to
set up a local production in co-operation
with a national industry. A noteworthy
point is that the 300 has been developed in
some specific configurations to meet
customers’ requirements, one of which is
dubbed the Wave 350. A further
development currently still at prototype
stage is the Wave 400, which aims at
putting together the capabilities of the 200
and the 300 able to cater to both eastern
and western weapons, though two different
versions will be necessary due to the
different feeds, but a high commonality
will be retained.
Compendium Turrets 2013
13
A very peculiar system developed by IMI
is the Bright Arrow, which combines the
performances of an RCWS with those of the
Iron Fist active protection system. The
sensors installed on the mount, radio
frequency, thermal imaging and CCD
cameras, not only allow to operate the Iron
Fist soft- and hard-kill effectors, but also
provide
the
vehicle
crew
full
situational awareness. The system can be
installed on light vehicles as its overall
weight is of only 250 kg.
I ELBIT SYSTEMS
Two light RCWS are part of the Israeli
company portfolio, one accepting machine
guns up to 7.62 mm, the other from 5.56 to
12.7 mm and 40 mm grenade launchers.
Both are fully stabilised and feature a full
optronic suite. The heavier of the two also
Compared to the Wave 300 the Wave 200 is
slightly higher and heavier as it hosts not only
medium calibre machine guns, but also 40
mm automatic grenade launchers.
(Armada/P. Valpolini)
14
Compendium Turrets 2013
The Wave 300 is the IMI
weapon station purposely
developed for automatic
weapons of East European
origin. (IMI)
features dual axis stabilisation, manual
back-up, automatic target tracking, and
superelevation allowing to decouple the
optical pod from the weapon. The 12.7 was
selected by Austria to be installed on its
Iveco DV LMV 4x4 light armoured
vehicles. The overall weight of the 7.62
RCWS is less than 150 kg with weapon and
690 rounds of ammunition, the amount of
rounds being increasable to 1,150 at
customer’s will.
Besides its Israel-related activities, Elbit
Systems has a subsidiary in Brazil that is
also active in the RCWS field, namely
Aeroespacial e Defensa Ltda. Also known
as Ares, it developed the Remax, a light
An Elbit Systems mediumcalibre RCWS; this weapon
station is equipped with
“superelevation” and automatic
tracking. (Armada/P. Valpolini)
weapon station for 7.62 MAG and 12.7 mm
Browning HB M2 machine guns. The
system is fully stabilised. The elevation
servomotors are on the right, while the left
side carries the ammunition box as well as
the optronic pod that allows standard Nato
target detection and identification at five
and one kilometres respectively. The Remax
is installed over a cylindrical pedestal to
increase above vehicle clearance and allow
shooting at maximum depression, -10°.
Four smoke grenade launchers are attached
to the pedestal itself. The maximum weight
of the system is 200 kg. Ares was awarded
two successive contracts in September and
October 2012 worth $40 million for an
undisclosed number of systems to be
installed on the Brazilian Army Guarani
6x6 APCs.
I SELEX ES
The Finmeccanica electronic company is
currently marketing its Enforcer II RCWS,
a fully stabilised system capable of hosting
weapons such as 7.62 and 12.7 mm
machine guns and 40 mm AGLs. The roof
assembly weighs 156 kg without weapon
and ammunition, standard respective
round capacities being 500, 200 and 32
rounds, while an option for a higher
capacity box raises those figures to 800, 400
and 96. The Enforcer II is equipped with
Selex’s Staws Surveillance Target
Acquisition and Weapon Sight, which is
located on the right of the weapon and
includes a 1/3” colour CCD day camera,
and a 320 x 240 uncooled thermal imager
with narrow (4° x 3°) and wide (12° x 9°)
fields of view. At night it is possible to
detect a vehicle target at 5 km and to
identify it at one, while in daytime those
figures are increased to 7.5 and 1.6 km. A
laser rangefinder can be added as option,
as well as superelevation for AGL shooting,
maximum elevation being 60°.
Options include ballistic protection,
round counter, remote cocking, digital
magnetic compass, GPS and target
location capability. A full 640 x 480
uncooled thermal imager can replace
the standard one.
Selex ES still provides some Enforcer
turrets, which is slightly lighter at 139 kg,
the main difference stemming from the
powered-assisted elevation which is
limited to –10°/+45° though the +60°
elevation is only obtained through manual
operation. The Enforcer was a licensed
version of the Rafael Samson Mini, which
The Elbit Systems 12.7 RCWS has been selected by the Austrian Army to be installed on its Iveco
DV LMV 4x4; in this configuration it is equipped with smoke grenade launchers. (Austrian Army)
has been adopted in large numbers by the
British Army for the Challenger II, the
Bulldog, the Panther and the Ridgeback.
I OTO MELARA
Mostly active in the medium calibre field,
the Italian company’s Hitrole Light saw its
first operational use in late 2012 when the
first Iveco DV Lince 4x4 light armoured
vehicles were deployed as part of the Italian
contingent in Afghanistan. A high tier
system, it is equipped with Selex ES Mini
Colibri that features three viewing
channels, an uncooled thermal camera, a
TV camera with 2.4° - 46° zoom and an
optional narrow field of view TV camera.
A 4,000-metre range laser rangefinder
and an optional digital compass allow
it to become a targeting asset at shortmedium distances.
The sensor suite, and more precisely the
thermal imager, allowed soldiers to
identify where the soil had been recently
moved which gave them hints of possible
explosive device emplacement. Moreover
the recording system allowed them to
acquire patterns of life information. Italy
acquired 81 such turrets for the Lince and
40 more for the Orso, the Iveco DV vehicle
selected for the Italian Army route
clearance package. Eight more Hitrole
Light have been acquired by Italy as part as
Compendium Turrets 2013
15
a force protection programme and are
being installed on sangars in Afghanistan,
to improve FOBs protection.
At Russia Arms Expo 2013 the Hitrole
Light has been exhibited mounted on a
Tigre multipurpose vehicle; the RCWS was
modified in order to be armed with
weapons of Russian origin, namely the 7.62
mm PKT and the 12.7 mm NSVT machine
guns. These automatic weapons being
loaded from the right, the optronic pod has
been moved to the left. Two turrets tailored
for eastern European weapons were
delivered to the customer, a one-month
testing phase being planned for November
2013. Oto Melara maintains in its portfolio
its Hitrole turret, a heavier system aimed at
APCs, which allows ammunition reloading
from under armour.
I PANHARD SAGEM
The appearance of Renault Trucks Defense
in the turret arena results from the
acquisition of Panhard, which thus brought
the Panhard-Sagem co-developed turrets
within the RTD portfolio, Sagem remaining
the co-designer and optronics provider. So
far the French Armée de Terre remains the
only user of the first product launched
on the market, the Wasp (Weapon
under Armor for Self Protection), 100 of
which are currently installed on VBLs and
PVPs light armoured vehicles most of
which are now back in France, following
Oto Melara recently tested its Hitrole Light on
Russian Tigre 4x4 light armoured vehicles.
(Oto Melara)
their withdrawal from Afghanistan. A light
RCWS, the Wasp is designed to accept
the AN F1 machine gun, but can also accept
the MAG 58. Fully equipped cum machine
gun, 200 rounds and optronic package
the Wasp has a weighs about 60 kg. A
Panhard and Sagem developed the Wasp light
remote-controlled system, which has been adopted
by the French Army. (Armada/P. Valpolini)
naval version known as Sea Wasp has been
also developed.
Leveraging experience acquired, the then
Panhard-Sagem team developed a heavier
RCWS for 12.7 mm machine guns. Known
as the Hornet and unveiled at Eurosatory
2012 in mock-up form, the system can also
be armed with a 40 mm automatic grenade
launcher, the weight in combat order being
estimated at 150 kg. This is without optional
Galix grenade launchers and Level 2 to 4
ballistic protection. The Hornet has an
elevation of –20°/+60° and its optronic
package includes a Sagem thermal camera
with a 9° field of view and a 12° field of view
daylight colour camera. According to the
latest information, the Hornet has remained
at prototype status.
I OTOKAR
Over the last few years this Turkish
vehicle company has developed a series of
light turrets and RCWS. The company is
active not only in turret development but is
also deeply involved in optronics design, as
it considers optronic units as major
components of the fire control system
regardless of the calibre and type of the
weapon system.
The lighter system is the Basok, a
stabilised RCWS weighing 85 kg without
gun and ammunition, able to carry a 7.62
mm machine gun with 200 rounds. The
Basok can be equipped with optronic suites
of increasing complexity and cost, the most
16
Compendium Turrets 2013
basic featuring white light projector on the
left while the daylight camera is located
under the machine gun. A day/night
sighting system with uncooled sensor and
CCD can be installed according to
customer’s requirements, a laser
rangefinder being also proposed as option.
The Basok was introduced in mid-2013 and
is now ready for production.
Present for some years in the company
catalogue, the Keskin is a non stabilised
weapon station capable to accept 7.62 and
12.7 mm machine guns as well as a 40 mm
automatic grenade launcher. It features an
optronic package with uncooled thermal
sensor, day CCD and LRF. Delivered with
Otokar vehicles for many years, it is in
service with numerous customers. A
version armed with a KPVT 14.5 mm
machine gun is also available.
For customers looking for a Gucci-level
product Otokar developed the Ucok
weapon station, that can be armed with the
same type of western weapons as the
Keskin, but is fully stabilised. At 261 kg
without weapon and ammunition, the Ucok
features an independent sight elevation that
allows both superelevation when using the
Otokar Basok is designed for light armoured vehicles and can be armed with 7.62 mm machine
guns. (Armada/P. Valpolini)
in a rectangular pod linked to the gun
mount, laser rangefinder being proposed as
option, the turret featuring a full digital FCS
architecture. A rear-hinged hatch allows the
gunner a direct view, one periscope per side
providing situational awareness even with
hatch closed, the gunner being protected by
a Level 3 armour. The turret dimensions
and the protection level bring its weight up
to 770 kg without weapon and ammunition,
a figure which can be used for comparing
the manned solution with the unmanned
When budget is tight the Keskin non stabilised
RCWS by Otokar allows to fire from under
armour with the vehicle in stationary position.
(Armada/P. Valpolini)
The Bozok is a one-man turret developed by
Otokar as a low cost solution for 6x6s,
personnel carriers amongst others.
(Armada/P. Valpolini)
AGL as well as non-threatening posture in
PSOs, the weapon being raised at 70°. The
optronic suite, located under the weapon,
includes a dual field-of-view uncooled
thermal imager, a CCD camera and a laser
range finder. According to Otokar officials
the company took a lot of care in the
development of the ammunition feeding
system of the 40 mm AGL, a weak point
when using an Mk19, in order to avoid
stoppages. The Ucok is also equipped with a
full set of smoke grenade launchers
covering the frontal arc. Otokar recently
completed the qualification phase and the
Ucok is now ready for production.
Turning to the Bozok 12.7 MKT, this is
a one-man turret armed with light
weapons, 7.62 or 12.7 mm machine guns.
The current version is a new design of
previous MKT turrets already delivered to
export markets for many years, Otokar
having developed this new product as it sees
a concrete customer requirement for this
configuration. The Bozok 12.7 MKT is nonstabilised and manually operated and
features a day/night sighting system housed
Among the light systems developed by Otokar
of Turkey the Ucok is certainly the most
advanced and its fire control unit is built to
incorporate “superelevation” parameters and
other advanced modes. (Armada/P. Valpolini)
Compendium Turrets 2013
17
weapon stations and turrets mentioned in
these pages, the heavier weight providing
however the advantage of reloading from
under armour. The Bozok 12.7 MKT has
been sold to a number of undisclosed
countries. Two more different variants
known as the Bozok 40AGL MKT and the
Bozok 20 MKT have also been developed
for an undisclosed programme.
I ASELSAN
The major player in defence electronics in
Turkey, Aselsan developed some remotely
controlled systems for ground vehicles and
for naval applications. The Stabilized
Advanced Remote weapon Platform, Sarp
in short, is based on a “U” cradle that can
host 7.62 or 12.7 mm machine guns or a 40
mm AGL. The optronic package is located
under the gun and includes the typical
uncooled thermal imager, CCD day camera
and laser rangefinder. At around 160 kg
without weapon and ammunition, the Sarp
can be installed on light vehicles and
ensures good firing capacity even in urban
or mountainous terrain thanks to the 60°
maximum elevation. Unveiled in 2011, it is
now in mass production for an undisclosed
customer.
Another Aselsan system is the stabilised
Stamp, which can host the same weapons,
but fully encased under a protective cover.
This is due to the clear intention of
proposing the Stamp for naval applications.
A dual-axis stabilised system, the above
deck assembly weighs some 225 kg without
weapon and ammo, ammunition stowage
being 200 rounds for the 12.7 mm machine
gun. The optronic suite is housed in a pod
on the right side of the turret, the shape of
the pod as well as that of the weapon cover
being designed to minimise radar crosssection, another feature induced by naval
applications.
the MG-3 and MAG 7.62 mm machine
guns. The elevation arc is of –20°/+55°, the
optronic package installed under the
weapon includes a thermal camera, a CCD
camera with x12 zoom and a laser
rangefinder with a 2.5 km range. An
Turkish Yüksel Defense Systems Roboguard is
a non stabilised RCWS purposely developed
for use on watchtowers, replacing soldiers on
stag. (Armada/P. Valpolini)
operator can control up to three
surveillance and firing units via cable or,
optionally, via wireless, pre-defined
patterns being programmable. A motion
detection and a target tracking system
reduce the operators’ workload, target
recognition and identification being
favoured by a vision fusion based on the
inputs from both day and thermal sensors.
Overall the Roboguard carries 500 7.62 mm
rounds, the weight of the system without
weapons and ammunition being 85 kg
YSS Defense Systems is also producing
the Yak, a stabilised turret that can be
armed with the typical 7.62 and 12.7 mm
machine guns and 40 mm AGL, carrying
300 rounds or 96 grenades. Here too the
optronic package is located under the
weapon, and includes day/night optics and
laser rangefinder with motion detection,
target tracking and multi-targeting system.
A naval version known as D-Yak is also
available.
I YUGOIMPORT
This Serb defence company developed the
M09 that was armed with the M87 12.7 mm
machine gun (the Serbian version of the
soviet NSVT chambered for the 12.7x108
mm round). The weapon is fully encased
in a shield that provides some protection
against ballistic threats and against sand,
dust and rain.
I YSS DEFENSE SYSTEMS
Turkish Yüksel Savunma Sistemleri A.Ş. has
focused on homeland and border security
projects and has developed the Roboguard.
Designed for static applications the
Roboguard is not stabilised, and has a
traverse movement limited to 350°. To
allow different types of reaction, the YSS
RCWS is armed with two different
weapons, an AK-47 rifle, that allows firing
single warning shots towards a potential
intruder, for example, and a PKMS machine
gun for suppressive fire. Since, new
weapons have also been integrated such as
18
Compendium Turrets 2013
Leveraging the work done on the Roboguard Yüksel Defense Systems developed the Yak, a stabilised
version capable of hosting up to 12.7 mm MGs aimed at vehicle use. (Armada/P. Valpolini)
thermal imager. The thermal camera
provides a 6 km vehicle detection range
and 3 km individual detection range at
night (with recognition ranges of,
respectively, 2 and 1 km). A 5 km-range
laser rangefinder completes the suite, the
Anubis being provided with optional target
auto-tracking, image stabilisation and
rounds counter. Pro-Optica was going to
carry out a testing campaign for an
undisclosed potential customer in October
2013. The RCWS-RO remains in
production though.
I EVPV
The same applies to the optronic suite,
located on the left, that includes a day CCD
camera with x4 zoom, a 4.6° field-of-view
thermal imager and a two kilometre laser
rangefinder. The ammunition box is
located on the right. Accepted in service by
the Serbian Army, the M09 is currently in
production for undisclosed export
countries. In early 2012 Yugoimport
carried out a major modification to the
weapon, which is now available for the
12.7x99 mm rounds used in Western heavy
MGs. The M09 is thus now provided also
in that configuration, keeping the same
ammunition feed and the same links used in
the former model.
I PRO-OPTICA
The Romanian manufacturer developed its
RCWS-RO in the late 2000, and has sold it
to Egypt that installed it on board its
Sherpa Light 4x4 scout vehicles. Weighing
in at 165 kg without gun and ammo, it
features a day CCD camera with zoom
Produced for some undisclosed customers, the
Yugoimport M09 is armed with the easternstyle M87 12.7 mm but is now also available
for the M2. (Yugoimport)
providing a horizontal viewing angle of
1.6° to 42.2° and a two-lens thermal camera
with uncooled sensor. One- or two-axis is
provided as option as well as a 5 or 10 km
range laser rangefinder and electronic
image stabilisation. Ballistic protection can
also be installed at customer’s request. The
RCWS-RO can be armed with 5.56, 7.62 or
12.7 mm machine guns both of western or
eastern origin.
At DSEI 2013 the Romanian company
unveiled its new RCWS-RO-M also known
as “Anubis”, a gyro-stabilised platform for
7.62 or 12.7 mm machine guns lighter than
its predecessor, which allows to save 30 kg,
equipped with a day/night sensor suite
including a 1.7° to 57° field of view CCD
camera and an uncooled two-lens (4° and
12° horizontal) or 4° to 24° zoom-lens
In 2008 this Slovak company specialised in
gyro-stabilised pan-tilt heads for multiple
uses unveiled its first turret known as the
ZSRD 07. It subsequently was upgraded,
the current model being still based on a Utype head which carries the sensor package
in the lower half and the weapon, a PKT
7.62 mm machine gun, in the upper half.
Although the EVPU product is a remotely
controlled weapon station, it features a
cover that provides good protection against
sand, dust and rain, and some ballistic
protection, the same applying to the
optronic pod that features a cover that is
lifted by an actuator located in the centre
of the pod when the ZSRD 07 is in use.
The pod houses an uncooled DRP-893
8°x16° field of view thermal camera with a
x2 digital zoom, a 48°x36° FoV Britannia
surveillance camera with a with 1 x18
optical and x12 digital zooms, and an
HK75 aiming camera with 3.7°x2.8° FoV.
A laser rangefinder can be added as option.
On each vertical element of the U-structure
three smoke grenade launchers are
installed. The ammunition box, containing
250 or 450 rounds, is located on the right
and rotates in elevation with the weapon,
the elevation arc being –15°/+70°.
In 2012 a new design was introduced.
Known as the ZSRD 08, it is able to carry a
12.7 mm machine gun or a 30 mm
automatic grenade launcher. It maintains
the same thermal camera and aiming TV
camera of the 07, the surveillance sensor
being replaced by a RYS TV camera with a
FoV from 56.4°x43.4° to 1.7°x1.3°, with
continuous zoom. A laser rangefinder is
integrated in the sensor pod, its range
being 5 km although the ZSRD 08 is being
considered accurate up to 2 km. The
system architecture remains very similar to
that of the lighter RCWS, the weight of the
pan-tilt head being at 200 kg.
Compendium Turrets 2013
19
When Less Than
Lethal Is Required
I RAFAEL
With its national army often involved in
operations involving civilian crowd the fact
that Rafael of Israel developed a Non-Lethal
version of its Samson remote weapon station
does not come as a surprise. The system is
fully interchangeable with the Samson Mini,
allowing a military unit to shift from a lethal to
a non-lethal posture in less than two hours.
On the right side we find the usual optronic
sensor pod; however a fourth window is
added for the Xenon-based dazzler with a
range of 100 metres.
On top of the weapon station we find the
40 mm grenade launcher with 10 ready-tofire rounds in its magazine, ranging from
rubber rounds to other non-lethal grenades.
On the right is the sound blaster acoustic
device, which operates both on low and high
frequencies and has a range of about 1,000
metres. The lower part of the Samson NonLethal hosts the smoke/tear gas grenade
launcher with a range between 125 and 800
metres, with six ready to fire grenades. Over
Dazzlers and acoustic systems can be added
to the Protector weapon station to allow
escalation of force. (Kongsberg)
20
Compendium Turrets 2013
the latter and under the 40 mm grenade
launcher module a .22” sharpshooter rifle
can be installed, providing optional lethal
response with a range of 50 metres. The
elevation range goes from –20° to +60°, with
a weight of less than 200 kg.
Starting from the Samson Mini Rafael
developed a wholly less than lethal turret, the
only lethal weapon being a .22” sharpshooter
rifle. (Armada/P. Valpolini)
I KONGSBERG PROTECH
Leveraging the M153 mount Kongsberg
developed a version of the Protector
equipped with less-than-lethal effectors to
allow escalation of force (EoF) in
asymmetric warfare operations.
The EoF version maintains the optronic
sensor suite as well as a lethal effector,
without which less-than-lethal effectors
lose their credibility, but adds a series or
other effectors. Among those we find a
green veiling laser and a powerful white
light, a long-range acoustic device to warn
the crowd or individuals in their native
language via linguists on board the vehicle
or recorded messages, and 66 or 40 mm
flash bang launchers. The Protector EoF has
a weight of 198 kg including non-lethal
effectors and add-on armour, and without
weapon and ammunition. Some of those
effectors have already been used in theatre
by US Army units.
Dual: Between
Light and Medium
I KONGSBERG PROTECH
To bridge the gap between light and
medium systems, Kongsberg developed the
Protector Dual Remote Weapon Station
(DRWS) that is based on the M153 with the
addition of an add-on coaxial weapon in the
form of a 5.56 or 7.62 mm machine gun
placed on the right side. The main weapon is
located in the usual central position, over
the optronic package, and is either a 12.7
mm machine gun or a 40 mm automatic
grenade launcher. Four smoke grenade
launchers can be installed on the lower
front side. The DRWS has been selected for
the Canadian Tactical Armoured Vehicle
Programme, and according to Kongsberg
officials this configuration is becoming a
bestseller in many countries.
Selected for the Canadian Tactical Armoured
Vehicle Programme, the Kongsberg Protector
Dual can be armed with a small calibre
machine gun as secondary weapon in
addition to the main 12.7 or 40 mm main
weapons. (Armada/P. Valpolini)
I ELBIT SYSTEMS
Elbit Systems developed a Dual Remote
Weapon Station (DRWS) starting from its
12.7 mm RCWS, the new system
maintaining most of the components of the
earlier weapon station. The station can carry
on the main cradle a 12.7 mm machine gun
or 40 mm AGL, while on the secondary one a
7.62 mm machine gun can be installed. The
range being the same, also the optronic
package remains that of the single-weapon
system, and here too superelevation allows
decoupling optronic sensors and weapons.
According to company sources Elbit Systems
considers its light RCWS portfolio complete
and we should not expect new systems in the
coming years.
weapons, de facto becoming a trait d’union
between light and medium systems. Usually
the main weapon is a 12.7 or 14.5 mm
machine gun or a 40 mm AGL, while the
secondary weapon is a 5.56 or 7.62 mm MG.
Rafael’s Dual goes beyond that, as it can
optionally accept 25-30 mm cannon while
the secondary weapon can go up to a 40
mm AGL. Another key feature of the latest
version of the Dual, which features a
completely new structure, is its ability to be
reloaded under armour. A wholly new
feature is the possibility it offers to
substitute one of the two weapons and
replace it with a new retractable twin
antitank missile launcher designed for the
Spike in its MR, LR and ER versions. To
To cope with medium calibre low recoil cannon
that can be installed on the main weapon
cradle Rafael’s Dual station can be equipped
with cooled thermal imagers. (Rafael)
I RAFAEL
When talking of dual RCWSs, the one
developed by Rafael is a product on its own
because it can also accept medium-calibre
Elbit Systems Dual Remote Weapon Station
can host up to 40 mm AGLs or 12.7 mm
machine guns as main weapon and a 7.62
mm MG as secondary one. (Elbit)
Compendium Turrets 2013
21
Light Turret Tables_Layout 1 16/12/13 4:41 PM Page 1
LIGHT
ADDER
ENFORCER II
HITROLE LIGHT
PROTECTOR CROWS
TURRETS
RCWS
SAMSON JUNIOR
TRAP T360
WAVE 300
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62 – 12.7 (rifle)
Calibres [mm]
Weight bare [kg]
350 **
Weight Bare [kg]
156
Weight Bare [kg]
150 – 170 – 170 *
Weight Bare [kg]
172
Weight Bare [kg]
150
Weight Bare [kg]
75-100
Weight Bare [kg]
165
Weight bare [kg]
150
Elevation
-10°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+70°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Ammunition
N.A.
Ammunition
500 – 200 – 32
Ammunition
700 – 250 – 62
Ammunition
1000 – 400 – N.A.
Ammunition
460
Ammunition
600 – 400
Ammunition
600/800–400/600–N.A.
Ammunition
200/400 – 100/200
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
Optional
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
Optional
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Precision Remotes, USA Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
NO
IMI, Israel Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
Independent Sight Elevation YES
Selex ES, Italy Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
STK, Singapore Reload from under Armour NO
Smoke Grenades
NO
BASOK
NO
Oto Melara, Italy Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
FEWAS 120
NO
Kongsberg, Norway Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
KESKIN 12.7
NO
Elbit Systems, Israel Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
PROTECTOR M151A2
NO
Rafael, Israel reload from under armour
Smoke Grenades
YES
RCWS
NO
Optional
SAMSON MINI
UCOK
PKT 7.62 – NSVT 12.7
NO
NO
YAK
Calibres [mm]
7.62
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62–12.7 –14.5 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Weight Bare [kg]
85
Weight Bare [kg]
< 200
Weight Bare [kg]
255
Weight Bare [kg]
135
Weight Bare [kg]
150
Weight Bare [kg]
200
Weight Bare [kg]
261
Weight Bare [kg]
200
Elevation
-10°/+45°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-10°/+70°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Ammunition
200
Ammunition
1000 – 400 – 96
Ammunition
460 – 200 – 48
Ammunition
1000 – 400 – N.A.
Ammunition
300 (12.7)
Ammunition
1500–1150–400–200–96
Ammunition
1000 – 450 – 100
Ammunition
500 – 300 – 96
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
Optional
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
Optional
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
Optional
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Otokar, Turkey Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Kongsberg, Norway Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
NO
BOZOK 12.7 MKT
Dynamit Nobel
Defence, Germany Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Otokar, Turkey Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
FEWAS 80
NO
YES
LAND ROGUE
YES
PROTECTOR SUPER LITE
Elbit Systems, Israel Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Rafael, Israel Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
YES
RCWS RO
Otokar, Turkey Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Optional
SARP
YSS Defense
Systems, Turkey Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
YES
UW1
NO
NO
ZSRD07
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7
Calibres [mm]
7.62
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62 – 12.7
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62–12.7–14.5–40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
PKT 7.62
Weight Bare [kg]
770
Weight Bare [kg]
< 100
Weight Bare [kg]
120
Weight Bare [kg]
37
Weight Bare [kg]
165
Weight Bare [kg]
160
Weight Bare [kg]
260
Weight Bare [kg]
150 **
Elevation
-10°/+48°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-40°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+75°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-10°/+60°
Elevation
-5°/+60°
Elevation
-15°/+70°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360° or ±150°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Ammunition
500 – 210
Ammunition
160
Ammunition
300 – 200 – 32
Ammunition
800 – 600
Ammunition
N.A.
Ammunition
1000 – 250 – 96
Ammunition
600 – 200 – 150 – 30
Ammunition
250/450
Stabilisation
NO
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
Optional
Stabilisation
Optional
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
Optional
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
NO
Pro Optica, Rumania Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
EVPU, Slovak Rep. Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
NO
Otokar, Turkey Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
YES
NO
DEFNDER LIGHT
Dynamit Nobel
Defence, Germany Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Reuthec, South Africa Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
FLW 100
NO
Optional
M09
Kongsberg, Norway Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
R-200
NO
RCWS RO M
Aselsan, Turkey Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Norinco, China Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
SD-ROW
NO
Optional
WASP
YES
ZSRD08
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
12.7
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
12.7
Weight Bare [kg]
80 – 85 **
Weight Bare [kg]
74
Weight Bare [kg]
152
Weight Bare [kg]
52
Weight Bare [kg]
135
Weight Bare [kg]
75 **
Weight Bare [kg]
< 60 *
Weight Bare [kg]
200
Elevation
-60°/+80°
Elevation
-15°/+75°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+45°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+85°
Elevation
-40°/+80°
Elevation
-15°/+70°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
±135° (nx360° Optional)
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Ammunition
200 - 250
Ammunition
480 (7.62)
Ammunition
180
Ammunition
N.A.
Ammunition
N.A.
Ammunition
200
Ammunition
200
Ammunition
100/200
Stabilisation
Optional
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
NO
Stabilisation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
N.A.
Independent Sight Elevation
N.A.
Independent Sight Elevation
N.A.
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
NO
KMW, Germany Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Yugoimport, Serbia Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
EVPU, Slovak Rep. Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
NO
FN Herstal, Belgium Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
DEFNDER MEDIUM
FLW 200
NO
EOS, Australia Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
PROTECTOR LITE II
NO
NO
R-400
Pro Optica, Rumania Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
BAE Systems, UK reload from under armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
REMAX
NO
NO
STAMP
Panhard-Sagem, France Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
* including weapon, excluding ammunition
** including weapon and ammunition
WAVE 200
Calibres [mm]
12.7
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
5.56–7.62–12.7–40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
Weight Bare [kg]
< 125
Weight Bare [kg]
135
Weight Bare [kg]
74
Weight Bare [kg]
160
Weight Bare [kg]
200
Weight Bare [kg]
200-225
Weight Bare [kg]
170
Elevation
-45°/+73°
Elevation
-15°/+70°
Elevation
-20°/+75°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-10°/+60°
Elevation
-15°/+55°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Ammunition
200
Ammunition
480 – 100 – 32
Ammunition
800 – 600
Ammunition
N.A.
Ammunition
N.A.
Ammunition
N.A.
Ammunition
200/400 – 100/200
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
N.A.
Independent Sight Elevation
N.A.
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
NO
Kongsberg, Norway Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
NO
EOS, Australia Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
Ares, Brasil Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
YES
FN Herstal, Belgium Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Optional
KMW, Germany Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
YES
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
NO
Optional
NO
Aselsan, Turkey Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
NO
NO
NO
IMI, Israel Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
NO
NO
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
Light Turret Tables_Layout 1 16/12/13 4:41 PM Page 1
LIGHT
ADDER
ENFORCER II
HITROLE LIGHT
PROTECTOR CROWS
TURRETS
RCWS
SAMSON JUNIOR
TRAP T360
WAVE 300
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62 – 12.7 (rifle)
Calibres [mm]
Weight bare [kg]
350 **
Weight Bare [kg]
156
Weight Bare [kg]
150 – 170 – 170 *
Weight Bare [kg]
172
Weight Bare [kg]
150
Weight Bare [kg]
75-100
Weight Bare [kg]
165
Weight bare [kg]
150
Elevation
-10°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+70°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Ammunition
N.A.
Ammunition
500 – 200 – 32
Ammunition
700 – 250 – 62
Ammunition
1000 – 400 – N.A.
Ammunition
460
Ammunition
600 – 400
Ammunition
600/800–400/600–N.A.
Ammunition
200/400 – 100/200
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
Optional
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
Optional
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Precision Remotes, USA Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
NO
IMI, Israel Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
Independent Sight Elevation YES
Selex ES, Italy Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
STK, Singapore Reload from under Armour NO
Smoke Grenades
NO
BASOK
NO
Oto Melara, Italy Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
FEWAS 120
NO
Kongsberg, Norway Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
KESKIN 12.7
NO
Elbit Systems, Israel Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
PROTECTOR M151A2
NO
Rafael, Israel reload from under armour
Smoke Grenades
YES
RCWS
NO
Optional
SAMSON MINI
UCOK
PKT 7.62 – NSVT 12.7
NO
NO
YAK
Calibres [mm]
7.62
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62–12.7 –14.5 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Weight Bare [kg]
85
Weight Bare [kg]
< 200
Weight Bare [kg]
255
Weight Bare [kg]
135
Weight Bare [kg]
150
Weight Bare [kg]
200
Weight Bare [kg]
261
Weight Bare [kg]
200
Elevation
-10°/+45°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-10°/+70°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Ammunition
200
Ammunition
1000 – 400 – 96
Ammunition
460 – 200 – 48
Ammunition
1000 – 400 – N.A.
Ammunition
300 (12.7)
Ammunition
1500–1150–400–200–96
Ammunition
1000 – 450 – 100
Ammunition
500 – 300 – 96
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
Optional
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
Optional
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
Optional
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Otokar, Turkey Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Kongsberg, Norway Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
NO
BOZOK 12.7 MKT
Dynamit Nobel
Defence, Germany Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Otokar, Turkey Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
FEWAS 80
NO
YES
LAND ROGUE
YES
PROTECTOR SUPER LITE
Elbit Systems, Israel Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Rafael, Israel Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
YES
RCWS RO
Otokar, Turkey Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Optional
SARP
YSS Defense
Systems, Turkey Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
YES
UW1
NO
NO
ZSRD07
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7
Calibres [mm]
7.62
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62 – 12.7
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62–12.7–14.5–40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
PKT 7.62
Weight Bare [kg]
770
Weight Bare [kg]
< 100
Weight Bare [kg]
120
Weight Bare [kg]
37
Weight Bare [kg]
165
Weight Bare [kg]
160
Weight Bare [kg]
260
Weight Bare [kg]
150 **
Elevation
-10°/+48°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-40°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+75°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-10°/+60°
Elevation
-5°/+60°
Elevation
-15°/+70°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360° or ±150°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Ammunition
500 – 210
Ammunition
160
Ammunition
300 – 200 – 32
Ammunition
800 – 600
Ammunition
N.A.
Ammunition
1000 – 250 – 96
Ammunition
600 – 200 – 150 – 30
Ammunition
250/450
Stabilisation
NO
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
Optional
Stabilisation
Optional
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
Optional
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
NO
Pro Optica, Rumania Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
EVPU, Slovak Rep. Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
NO
Otokar, Turkey Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
YES
NO
DEFNDER LIGHT
Dynamit Nobel
Defence, Germany Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Reuthec, South Africa Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
FLW 100
NO
Optional
M09
Kongsberg, Norway Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
R-200
NO
RCWS RO M
Aselsan, Turkey Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Norinco, China Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
SD-ROW
NO
Optional
WASP
YES
ZSRD08
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
12.7
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
12.7
Weight Bare [kg]
80 – 85 **
Weight Bare [kg]
74
Weight Bare [kg]
152
Weight Bare [kg]
52
Weight Bare [kg]
135
Weight Bare [kg]
75 **
Weight Bare [kg]
< 60 *
Weight Bare [kg]
200
Elevation
-60°/+80°
Elevation
-15°/+75°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+45°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+85°
Elevation
-40°/+80°
Elevation
-15°/+70°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
±135° (nx360° Optional)
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Ammunition
200 - 250
Ammunition
480 (7.62)
Ammunition
180
Ammunition
N.A.
Ammunition
N.A.
Ammunition
200
Ammunition
200
Ammunition
100/200
Stabilisation
Optional
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
NO
Stabilisation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
N.A.
Independent Sight Elevation
N.A.
Independent Sight Elevation
N.A.
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
NO
KMW, Germany Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Yugoimport, Serbia Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
EVPU, Slovak Rep. Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
NO
FN Herstal, Belgium Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
DEFNDER MEDIUM
FLW 200
NO
EOS, Australia Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
PROTECTOR LITE II
NO
NO
R-400
Pro Optica, Rumania Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
BAE Systems, UK reload from under armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
REMAX
NO
NO
STAMP
Panhard-Sagem, France Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
* including weapon, excluding ammunition
** including weapon and ammunition
WAVE 200
Calibres [mm]
12.7
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
5.56–7.62–12.7–40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
Weight Bare [kg]
< 125
Weight Bare [kg]
135
Weight Bare [kg]
74
Weight Bare [kg]
160
Weight Bare [kg]
200
Weight Bare [kg]
200-225
Weight Bare [kg]
170
Elevation
-45°/+73°
Elevation
-15°/+70°
Elevation
-20°/+75°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-10°/+60°
Elevation
-15°/+55°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Ammunition
200
Ammunition
480 – 100 – 32
Ammunition
800 – 600
Ammunition
N.A.
Ammunition
N.A.
Ammunition
N.A.
Ammunition
200/400 – 100/200
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
N.A.
Independent Sight Elevation
N.A.
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
NO
Kongsberg, Norway Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
NO
EOS, Australia Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
Ares, Brasil Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
YES
FN Herstal, Belgium Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Optional
KMW, Germany Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
YES
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
NO
Optional
NO
Aselsan, Turkey Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
NO
NO
NO
IMI, Israel Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
NO
NO
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
Light Turret Tables_Layout 1 16/12/13 4:41 PM Page 1
LIGHT
ADDER
ENFORCER II
HITROLE LIGHT
PROTECTOR CROWS
TURRETS
RCWS
SAMSON JUNIOR
TRAP T360
WAVE 300
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62 – 12.7 (rifle)
Calibres [mm]
Weight bare [kg]
350 **
Weight Bare [kg]
156
Weight Bare [kg]
150 – 170 – 170 *
Weight Bare [kg]
172
Weight Bare [kg]
150
Weight Bare [kg]
75-100
Weight Bare [kg]
165
Weight bare [kg]
150
Elevation
-10°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+70°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Ammunition
N.A.
Ammunition
500 – 200 – 32
Ammunition
700 – 250 – 62
Ammunition
1000 – 400 – N.A.
Ammunition
460
Ammunition
600 – 400
Ammunition
600/800–400/600–N.A.
Ammunition
200/400 – 100/200
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
Optional
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
Optional
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Precision Remotes, USA Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
NO
IMI, Israel Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
Independent Sight Elevation YES
Selex ES, Italy Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
STK, Singapore Reload from under Armour NO
Smoke Grenades
NO
BASOK
NO
Oto Melara, Italy Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
FEWAS 120
NO
Kongsberg, Norway Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
KESKIN 12.7
NO
Elbit Systems, Israel Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
PROTECTOR M151A2
NO
Rafael, Israel reload from under armour
Smoke Grenades
YES
RCWS
NO
Optional
SAMSON MINI
UCOK
PKT 7.62 – NSVT 12.7
NO
NO
YAK
Calibres [mm]
7.62
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62–12.7 –14.5 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Weight Bare [kg]
85
Weight Bare [kg]
< 200
Weight Bare [kg]
255
Weight Bare [kg]
135
Weight Bare [kg]
150
Weight Bare [kg]
200
Weight Bare [kg]
261
Weight Bare [kg]
200
Elevation
-10°/+45°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-10°/+70°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Ammunition
200
Ammunition
1000 – 400 – 96
Ammunition
460 – 200 – 48
Ammunition
1000 – 400 – N.A.
Ammunition
300 (12.7)
Ammunition
1500–1150–400–200–96
Ammunition
1000 – 450 – 100
Ammunition
500 – 300 – 96
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
Optional
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
Optional
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
Optional
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Otokar, Turkey Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Kongsberg, Norway Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
NO
BOZOK 12.7 MKT
Dynamit Nobel
Defence, Germany Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Otokar, Turkey Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
FEWAS 80
NO
YES
LAND ROGUE
YES
PROTECTOR SUPER LITE
Elbit Systems, Israel Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Rafael, Israel Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
YES
RCWS RO
Otokar, Turkey Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Optional
SARP
YSS Defense
Systems, Turkey Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
YES
UW1
NO
NO
ZSRD07
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7
Calibres [mm]
7.62
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62 – 12.7
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62–12.7–14.5–40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
PKT 7.62
Weight Bare [kg]
770
Weight Bare [kg]
< 100
Weight Bare [kg]
120
Weight Bare [kg]
37
Weight Bare [kg]
165
Weight Bare [kg]
160
Weight Bare [kg]
260
Weight Bare [kg]
150 **
Elevation
-10°/+48°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-40°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+75°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-10°/+60°
Elevation
-5°/+60°
Elevation
-15°/+70°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360° or ±150°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Ammunition
500 – 210
Ammunition
160
Ammunition
300 – 200 – 32
Ammunition
800 – 600
Ammunition
N.A.
Ammunition
1000 – 250 – 96
Ammunition
600 – 200 – 150 – 30
Ammunition
250/450
Stabilisation
NO
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
Optional
Stabilisation
Optional
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
Optional
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
NO
Pro Optica, Rumania Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
EVPU, Slovak Rep. Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
NO
Otokar, Turkey Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
YES
NO
DEFNDER LIGHT
Dynamit Nobel
Defence, Germany Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Reuthec, South Africa Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
FLW 100
NO
Optional
M09
Kongsberg, Norway Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
R-200
NO
RCWS RO M
Aselsan, Turkey Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Norinco, China Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
SD-ROW
NO
Optional
WASP
YES
ZSRD08
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
12.7
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
12.7
Weight Bare [kg]
80 – 85 **
Weight Bare [kg]
74
Weight Bare [kg]
152
Weight Bare [kg]
52
Weight Bare [kg]
135
Weight Bare [kg]
75 **
Weight Bare [kg]
< 60 *
Weight Bare [kg]
200
Elevation
-60°/+80°
Elevation
-15°/+75°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+45°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+85°
Elevation
-40°/+80°
Elevation
-15°/+70°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
±135° (nx360° Optional)
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Ammunition
200 - 250
Ammunition
480 (7.62)
Ammunition
180
Ammunition
N.A.
Ammunition
N.A.
Ammunition
200
Ammunition
200
Ammunition
100/200
Stabilisation
Optional
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
NO
Stabilisation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
N.A.
Independent Sight Elevation
N.A.
Independent Sight Elevation
N.A.
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
NO
KMW, Germany Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Yugoimport, Serbia Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
EVPU, Slovak Rep. Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
NO
FN Herstal, Belgium Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
DEFNDER MEDIUM
FLW 200
NO
EOS, Australia Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
PROTECTOR LITE II
NO
NO
R-400
Pro Optica, Rumania Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
BAE Systems, UK reload from under armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
REMAX
NO
NO
STAMP
Panhard-Sagem, France Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
* including weapon, excluding ammunition
** including weapon and ammunition
WAVE 200
Calibres [mm]
12.7
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
5.56–7.62–12.7–40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
Weight Bare [kg]
< 125
Weight Bare [kg]
135
Weight Bare [kg]
74
Weight Bare [kg]
160
Weight Bare [kg]
200
Weight Bare [kg]
200-225
Weight Bare [kg]
170
Elevation
-45°/+73°
Elevation
-15°/+70°
Elevation
-20°/+75°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-10°/+60°
Elevation
-15°/+55°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Ammunition
200
Ammunition
480 – 100 – 32
Ammunition
800 – 600
Ammunition
N.A.
Ammunition
N.A.
Ammunition
N.A.
Ammunition
200/400 – 100/200
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
N.A.
Independent Sight Elevation
N.A.
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
NO
Kongsberg, Norway Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
NO
EOS, Australia Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
Ares, Brasil Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
YES
FN Herstal, Belgium Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Optional
KMW, Germany Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
YES
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
NO
Optional
NO
Aselsan, Turkey Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
NO
NO
NO
IMI, Israel Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
NO
NO
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
Light Turret Tables_Layout 1 16/12/13 4:41 PM Page 1
LIGHT
ADDER
ENFORCER II
HITROLE LIGHT
PROTECTOR CROWS
TURRETS
RCWS
SAMSON JUNIOR
TRAP T360
WAVE 300
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62 – 12.7 (rifle)
Calibres [mm]
Weight bare [kg]
350 **
Weight Bare [kg]
156
Weight Bare [kg]
150 – 170 – 170 *
Weight Bare [kg]
172
Weight Bare [kg]
150
Weight Bare [kg]
75-100
Weight Bare [kg]
165
Weight bare [kg]
150
Elevation
-10°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+70°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Ammunition
N.A.
Ammunition
500 – 200 – 32
Ammunition
700 – 250 – 62
Ammunition
1000 – 400 – N.A.
Ammunition
460
Ammunition
600 – 400
Ammunition
600/800–400/600–N.A.
Ammunition
200/400 – 100/200
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
Optional
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
Optional
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Precision Remotes, USA Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
NO
IMI, Israel Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
Independent Sight Elevation YES
Selex ES, Italy Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
STK, Singapore Reload from under Armour NO
Smoke Grenades
NO
BASOK
NO
Oto Melara, Italy Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
FEWAS 120
NO
Kongsberg, Norway Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
KESKIN 12.7
NO
Elbit Systems, Israel Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
PROTECTOR M151A2
NO
Rafael, Israel reload from under armour
Smoke Grenades
YES
RCWS
NO
Optional
SAMSON MINI
UCOK
PKT 7.62 – NSVT 12.7
NO
NO
YAK
Calibres [mm]
7.62
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62–12.7 –14.5 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Weight Bare [kg]
85
Weight Bare [kg]
< 200
Weight Bare [kg]
255
Weight Bare [kg]
135
Weight Bare [kg]
150
Weight Bare [kg]
200
Weight Bare [kg]
261
Weight Bare [kg]
200
Elevation
-10°/+45°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-10°/+70°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Ammunition
200
Ammunition
1000 – 400 – 96
Ammunition
460 – 200 – 48
Ammunition
1000 – 400 – N.A.
Ammunition
300 (12.7)
Ammunition
1500–1150–400–200–96
Ammunition
1000 – 450 – 100
Ammunition
500 – 300 – 96
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
Optional
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
Optional
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
Optional
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Otokar, Turkey Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Kongsberg, Norway Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
NO
BOZOK 12.7 MKT
Dynamit Nobel
Defence, Germany Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Otokar, Turkey Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
FEWAS 80
NO
YES
LAND ROGUE
YES
PROTECTOR SUPER LITE
Elbit Systems, Israel Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Rafael, Israel Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
YES
RCWS RO
Otokar, Turkey Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Optional
SARP
YSS Defense
Systems, Turkey Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
YES
UW1
NO
NO
ZSRD07
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7
Calibres [mm]
7.62
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62 – 12.7
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62–12.7–14.5–40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
PKT 7.62
Weight Bare [kg]
770
Weight Bare [kg]
< 100
Weight Bare [kg]
120
Weight Bare [kg]
37
Weight Bare [kg]
165
Weight Bare [kg]
160
Weight Bare [kg]
260
Weight Bare [kg]
150 **
Elevation
-10°/+48°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-40°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+75°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-10°/+60°
Elevation
-5°/+60°
Elevation
-15°/+70°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360° or ±150°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Ammunition
500 – 210
Ammunition
160
Ammunition
300 – 200 – 32
Ammunition
800 – 600
Ammunition
N.A.
Ammunition
1000 – 250 – 96
Ammunition
600 – 200 – 150 – 30
Ammunition
250/450
Stabilisation
NO
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
Optional
Stabilisation
Optional
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
Optional
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
NO
Pro Optica, Rumania Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
EVPU, Slovak Rep. Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
NO
Otokar, Turkey Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
YES
NO
DEFNDER LIGHT
Dynamit Nobel
Defence, Germany Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Reuthec, South Africa Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
FLW 100
NO
Optional
M09
Kongsberg, Norway Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
R-200
NO
RCWS RO M
Aselsan, Turkey Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Norinco, China Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
SD-ROW
NO
Optional
WASP
YES
ZSRD08
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
12.7
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
12.7
Weight Bare [kg]
80 – 85 **
Weight Bare [kg]
74
Weight Bare [kg]
152
Weight Bare [kg]
52
Weight Bare [kg]
135
Weight Bare [kg]
75 **
Weight Bare [kg]
< 60 *
Weight Bare [kg]
200
Elevation
-60°/+80°
Elevation
-15°/+75°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+45°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-20°/+85°
Elevation
-40°/+80°
Elevation
-15°/+70°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
±135° (nx360° Optional)
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Ammunition
200 - 250
Ammunition
480 (7.62)
Ammunition
180
Ammunition
N.A.
Ammunition
N.A.
Ammunition
200
Ammunition
200
Ammunition
100/200
Stabilisation
Optional
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
NO
Stabilisation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
N.A.
Independent Sight Elevation
N.A.
Independent Sight Elevation
N.A.
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
NO
KMW, Germany Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Yugoimport, Serbia Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
EVPU, Slovak Rep. Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
NO
FN Herstal, Belgium Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
DEFNDER MEDIUM
FLW 200
NO
EOS, Australia Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
PROTECTOR LITE II
NO
NO
R-400
Pro Optica, Rumania Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
BAE Systems, UK reload from under armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
REMAX
NO
NO
STAMP
Panhard-Sagem, France Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
* including weapon, excluding ammunition
** including weapon and ammunition
WAVE 200
Calibres [mm]
12.7
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
5.56 – 7.62
Calibres [mm]
5.56–7.62–12.7–40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7
Calibres [mm]
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
Calibres [mm]
Weight Bare [kg]
< 125
Weight Bare [kg]
135
Weight Bare [kg]
74
Weight Bare [kg]
160
Weight Bare [kg]
200
Weight Bare [kg]
200-225
Weight Bare [kg]
170
Elevation
-45°/+73°
Elevation
-15°/+70°
Elevation
-20°/+75°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Elevation
-10°/+60°
Elevation
-15°/+55°
Elevation
-20°/+60°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Traverse
n x 360°
Ammunition
200
Ammunition
480 – 100 – 32
Ammunition
800 – 600
Ammunition
N.A.
Ammunition
N.A.
Ammunition
N.A.
Ammunition
200/400 – 100/200
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Stabilisation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
NO
Independent Sight Elevation
N.A.
Independent Sight Elevation
N.A.
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
Independent Sight Elevation
YES
NO
Kongsberg, Norway Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
NO
EOS, Australia Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
Ares, Brasil Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
YES
FN Herstal, Belgium Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
NO
Optional
KMW, Germany Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
YES
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
NO
Optional
NO
Aselsan, Turkey Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
NO
NO
NO
IMI, Israel Reload from under Armour
Smoke Grenades
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 AGL
NO
NO
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
Turret Tables_Layout 1 17/12/13 11:13 AM Page 1
D U A L , M E D I U M A N D H E AV Y
DRWS
DUAL TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Elbit Systems, Israel independent Sight Elevation
ATk missile
DUAL FEWAS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Dynamit Nobel Stabilisation
Defense, Germany independent Sight Elevation
ATk missile
PROTECTOR DUAL
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Kongsberg, Norway independent Sight Elevation
ATk missile
R-600
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Saab, Sweden independent Sight Elevation
ATk missile
DUAL TURRETS
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 Agl
7.62 – Rocket launchers
N.A.
Unmanned
280
-20°/+60°
n x 360°
N.A.
yES
yES
NO
DUAL TURRETS
5.56–7.62–12.7–40 Agl
5.56–7.62–12.7–40 Agl
N.A.
Unmanned
189
-20°/+60°
n x 360°
1000 – 1000 – 400 – 32
yES
yES
Optional
DUAL TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
EOS, Australia independent Sight Elevation
ATk missile
SAMSON DUAL
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Rafael, Israel independent Sight Elevation
ATk missile
TRACKFIRE
40 Agl
7.62
Optional
Unmanned
200
-20°/+60°
n x 360°
64
yES
yES
Optional
5.56–7.62–12.7–40 Agl
5.56–7.62–12.7–40 Agl
2 (Optional)
Unmanned
220
-10°/+60°
n x 360°
N.A.
yES
NO
NO
DUAL TURRETS
12.7 – 14.5 – 40 Agl
5.56–7.62–12.7–40 Agl
Optional
Unmanned
300
-20°/+60°
n x 360°
100 – 100 - 32
yES
yES
Optional
ARX20
DUAL TURRETS
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Nexter, France Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
B-7 PARUS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Ukrspecexport, Ukraine Reload under armour
ATk missiles
BM-3 SHTURM
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Ukrspecexport, Ukraine Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
BOZOK MKT-25
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Otokar, Turkey Reload under Armour
ATk missile
CLAW
MEDIUM TURRETS
12.7 – 25 – 40 Agl
5.56 – 7.62
N.A.
Unmanned
250
–25°/+60°
n x 360°
400 (12.7)
yES
yES
NO
20
7.62
Optional
Unmanned
270 *
-15°/+60°
n x 360°
100
yES
NO
NO
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
FNSS, Turkey Reload under Armour
ATk missile
CPWS
FLW 200+
30
7.62
N.A.
Unmanned
1.650 *
-8°/+45°
n x 360°
150 + 150
yES
NO
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
30
7.62 – 30 Agl
N.A.
Unmanned
1.300 *
-5°/+45°
n x 360°
200 + 200
yES
NO
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
25
7.62
1–3
1
1570
-10°/+60°
n x 360°
2 x 105
yES
yES
NO
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Oto Melara, Italy Reload under Armour
ATk missile
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
CMI Defence, Belgium Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
KMW, Germany Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
GROM
HITFIST 25/30
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Oto Melara, Italy Reload under Armour
ATk missile
IWS35
20 – 25 – 30
7.62
1–4
Unmanned
N.A.
-10°/+45°
n x 360°
150
yES
yES
NO
MEDIUM TURRETS
20
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 Agl
N.A.
Unmanned
400 *
-10°/+50°
n x 360°
250 – 200 – 32
yES
NO
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Ukrspecexport, Ukraine Reload under Armour
ATk missile
HITFIST OWS
25 – 30
7.62
2–3
Unmanned
1,700 *
-10°/+50°
n x 360°
210
yES
yES
NO
MEDIUM TURRETS
25 – 30
7.62
2 – 5+
2
2,675
-10°/+60°
n x 360°
220
yES
yES
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
KMW, Germany Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
LANCE
35
12.7
N.A.
Unmanned
3,500 *
-10°/+35°
n x 360°
65 + 11
yES
NO
Optional
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Rheinmetall, Germany Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
LCT-20
30
7.62 – 30 Agl
N.A.
Unmanned
1.800 *
-10°/+60°
n x 360°
225
yES
NO
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
25 – 30
7.62
1 – 5+
Unmanned
1,630
-10°/+75°
n x 360°
220
yES
yES
yES
30 – 35 – 40
7.62
1 – 5+
2 – Unmanned
2,000 – 3,300
-10°/+45°
n x 360°
100 + 100
yES
yES
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Denel, South Africa Reload under Armour
ATk missile
20
7.62
N.A.
2
1,550
-8°/+38°
n x 360°
300
NO
yES
NO
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Denel, South Africa Reload under Armour
ATk missile
30 – 35
7.62
5–
2
N.A.
-10°/+30°
n x 360°
60
yES
yES
Optional
LCT 30
MEDIUM TURRETS
TURRETS AND RCWS
LEMUR
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
BAE Systems Bofors, Stabilisation
UK/Sweden Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
MCWS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Rafael, Israel Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
CMI Defence, Belgium Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
MIZRAK 30
PROTECTOR MEDIUM
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Kongsberg, Norway Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
SAMSON MKI
Calibres [mm]
Secondary weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Rafael, Israel Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
SHARPSHOOTER
25 – 30 – 35 – 40
7.62
1–5
2
N.A.
-20°/+60°
n x 360°
N.A.
yES
yES
Optional
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Otokar, Turkey Reload under Armour
ATk missile
SAMSON MKII
25 – 30
N.A.
N.A.
unmanned
350 – 450 *
-20°/+55°
n x 360°
125
yES
NO
NO
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
FNSS, Turkey Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
SUPER ROGUE
30
7.62
2–5
Unmanned – 2
2,671
-10°/+60°
n x 360°
210
yES
yES
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
25 – 30 – 35 – 40 – 50
5.56 – 7.62
1–4
Unmanned
2,000
-10°/+70°
n x 360°
N.A.
yES
N.A.
Optional
MEDIUM TURRETS
25 – 30
7.62
N.A.
Unmanned
1,600 *
-20°/+60°
n x 360°
200
yES
NO
Optional
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Reutech Africa Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
SHKVAL
MEDIUM TURRETS
MEDIUM TURRETS
T40
TURRA 30
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
EVPU, Slovak Rep. Reload under Armour
ATk missile
VIDRA 30 MM
20
7.62
Optional
Unmanned
< 500 *
-35°/+60°
n x 360°
2 x 100
yES
NO
NO
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Yugoimport, Serbia Reload under Armour
ATk missile
UT30
30
7.62 – 30 Agl
N.A.
Unmanned
1.900 *
-6°/+60°
n x 360°
225
yES
NO
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Nexter, France Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
ammunition
BAE Systems, Stabilisation
South Africa Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
25
7.62
4
1
1,700 *
-7°/+49°
n x 360°
180
yES
yES
NO
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Ukrspecexport, Ukraine Reload under Armour
ATk missile
TRT
23 – 40
7.62 – 40 Agl (Optional)
1–4
Unmanned
1,500 *
-20°/+70°
n x 360°
200
yES
yES
Optional
40
7.62
4
2
4,200 *
+45° (+60°)
n x 360°
63
yES
yES
yES
20 – 30
7.62
1–2
Unmanned
900 – 1.800 *
-10°/+65°
n x 360°
500 – 300
yES
NO
Optional
MEDIUM TURRETS
CSE90
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
CMI Defence, Belgium Reload under Armour
ATk missile
HEAVY TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
CMI Defence, Belgium Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
HITFACT 105/120
30
7.62 – 12.7
1–5
Unmanned
1,400
-10°/+75°
n x 360°
N.A.
yES
yES
yES
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Oto Melara, Italy Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
MEDIUM TURRETS
30
7.62
2 – 4+
Unmanned
1,783 *
-7°/+65°
n x 360°
200 + 50
Optional
yES
yES
LCTS90
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Araverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
CMI Defence, Belgium Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Elbit Systems, Israel Reload under armour
ATk missile
CT-CV
LMT-105
25 – 30
7.62
2–4
Unmanned
1,500
+60°
n x 360°
200
yES
Optional
Optional
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Denel, South Africa Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
HEAVY TURRETS
90
7.62
1–4
2
N.A.
-10°/+30°
n x 360°
12
Optional
yES
NO
XC-8
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
CMI Defence, Belgium Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
105
7.62 – 12.7
1–5
2
1.750
-10°/+42°
n x 360°
12
yES
yES
from gUN
HEAVY TURRETS
105 – 120
7.62
2–5
3
6,200 – 6,900
-5°/+15°
n x 360°
9
yES
yES
Optional
HEAVY TURRETS
90
7.62
1–5
2
N.A.
-8°/+19°
n x 360°
20
yES
yES
from gun
HEAVY TURRETS
105
7.62
5 – (frontal arc)
3
6,500
-10°/+20°
n x 360°
9+7
yES
yES
NO
HEAVY TURRETS
105 – 120
N.A.
N.A.
2
N.A.
N.A.
n x 360°
N.A.
yES
yES
from gun
* without ammunition
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
Turret Tables_Layout 1 17/12/13 11:13 AM Page 1
D U A L , M E D I U M A N D H E AV Y
DRWS
DUAL TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Elbit Systems, Israel independent Sight Elevation
ATk missile
DUAL FEWAS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Dynamit Nobel Stabilisation
Defense, Germany independent Sight Elevation
ATk missile
PROTECTOR DUAL
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Kongsberg, Norway independent Sight Elevation
ATk missile
R-600
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Saab, Sweden independent Sight Elevation
ATk missile
DUAL TURRETS
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 Agl
7.62 – Rocket launchers
N.A.
Unmanned
280
-20°/+60°
n x 360°
N.A.
yES
yES
NO
DUAL TURRETS
5.56–7.62–12.7–40 Agl
5.56–7.62–12.7–40 Agl
N.A.
Unmanned
189
-20°/+60°
n x 360°
1000 – 1000 – 400 – 32
yES
yES
Optional
DUAL TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
EOS, Australia independent Sight Elevation
ATk missile
SAMSON DUAL
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Rafael, Israel independent Sight Elevation
ATk missile
TRACKFIRE
40 Agl
7.62
Optional
Unmanned
200
-20°/+60°
n x 360°
64
yES
yES
Optional
5.56–7.62–12.7–40 Agl
5.56–7.62–12.7–40 Agl
2 (Optional)
Unmanned
220
-10°/+60°
n x 360°
N.A.
yES
NO
NO
DUAL TURRETS
12.7 – 14.5 – 40 Agl
5.56–7.62–12.7–40 Agl
Optional
Unmanned
300
-20°/+60°
n x 360°
100 – 100 - 32
yES
yES
Optional
ARX20
DUAL TURRETS
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Nexter, France Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
B-7 PARUS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Ukrspecexport, Ukraine Reload under armour
ATk missiles
BM-3 SHTURM
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Ukrspecexport, Ukraine Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
BOZOK MKT-25
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Otokar, Turkey Reload under Armour
ATk missile
CLAW
MEDIUM TURRETS
12.7 – 25 – 40 Agl
5.56 – 7.62
N.A.
Unmanned
250
–25°/+60°
n x 360°
400 (12.7)
yES
yES
NO
20
7.62
Optional
Unmanned
270 *
-15°/+60°
n x 360°
100
yES
NO
NO
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
FNSS, Turkey Reload under Armour
ATk missile
CPWS
FLW 200+
30
7.62
N.A.
Unmanned
1.650 *
-8°/+45°
n x 360°
150 + 150
yES
NO
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
30
7.62 – 30 Agl
N.A.
Unmanned
1.300 *
-5°/+45°
n x 360°
200 + 200
yES
NO
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
25
7.62
1–3
1
1570
-10°/+60°
n x 360°
2 x 105
yES
yES
NO
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Oto Melara, Italy Reload under Armour
ATk missile
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
CMI Defence, Belgium Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
KMW, Germany Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
GROM
HITFIST 25/30
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Oto Melara, Italy Reload under Armour
ATk missile
IWS35
20 – 25 – 30
7.62
1–4
Unmanned
N.A.
-10°/+45°
n x 360°
150
yES
yES
NO
MEDIUM TURRETS
20
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 Agl
N.A.
Unmanned
400 *
-10°/+50°
n x 360°
250 – 200 – 32
yES
NO
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Ukrspecexport, Ukraine Reload under Armour
ATk missile
HITFIST OWS
25 – 30
7.62
2–3
Unmanned
1,700 *
-10°/+50°
n x 360°
210
yES
yES
NO
MEDIUM TURRETS
25 – 30
7.62
2 – 5+
2
2,675
-10°/+60°
n x 360°
220
yES
yES
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
KMW, Germany Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
LANCE
35
12.7
N.A.
Unmanned
3,500 *
-10°/+35°
n x 360°
65 + 11
yES
NO
Optional
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Rheinmetall, Germany Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
LCT-20
30
7.62 – 30 Agl
N.A.
Unmanned
1.800 *
-10°/+60°
n x 360°
225
yES
NO
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
25 – 30
7.62
1 – 5+
Unmanned
1,630
-10°/+75°
n x 360°
220
yES
yES
yES
30 – 35 – 40
7.62
1 – 5+
2 – Unmanned
2,000 – 3,300
-10°/+45°
n x 360°
100 + 100
yES
yES
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Denel, South Africa Reload under Armour
ATk missile
20
7.62
N.A.
2
1,550
-8°/+38°
n x 360°
300
NO
yES
NO
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Denel, South Africa Reload under Armour
ATk missile
30 – 35
7.62
5–
2
N.A.
-10°/+30°
n x 360°
60
yES
yES
Optional
LCT 30
MEDIUM TURRETS
TURRETS AND RCWS
LEMUR
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
BAE Systems Bofors, Stabilisation
UK/Sweden Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
MCWS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Rafael, Israel Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
CMI Defence, Belgium Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
MIZRAK 30
PROTECTOR MEDIUM
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Kongsberg, Norway Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
SAMSON MKI
Calibres [mm]
Secondary weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Rafael, Israel Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
SHARPSHOOTER
25 – 30 – 35 – 40
7.62
1–5
2
N.A.
-20°/+60°
n x 360°
N.A.
yES
yES
Optional
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Otokar, Turkey Reload under Armour
ATk missile
SAMSON MKII
25 – 30
N.A.
N.A.
unmanned
350 – 450 *
-20°/+55°
n x 360°
125
yES
NO
NO
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
FNSS, Turkey Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
SUPER ROGUE
30
7.62
2–5
Unmanned – 2
2,671
-10°/+60°
n x 360°
210
yES
yES
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
25 – 30 – 35 – 40 – 50
5.56 – 7.62
1–4
Unmanned
2,000
-10°/+70°
n x 360°
N.A.
yES
N.A.
Optional
MEDIUM TURRETS
25 – 30
7.62
N.A.
Unmanned
1,600 *
-20°/+60°
n x 360°
200
yES
NO
Optional
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Reutech Africa Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
SHKVAL
MEDIUM TURRETS
MEDIUM TURRETS
T40
TURRA 30
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
EVPU, Slovak Rep. Reload under Armour
ATk missile
VIDRA 30 MM
20
7.62
Optional
Unmanned
< 500 *
-35°/+60°
n x 360°
2 x 100
yES
NO
NO
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Yugoimport, Serbia Reload under Armour
ATk missile
UT30
30
7.62 – 30 Agl
N.A.
Unmanned
1.900 *
-6°/+60°
n x 360°
225
yES
NO
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Nexter, France Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
ammunition
BAE Systems, Stabilisation
South Africa Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
25
7.62
4
1
1,700 *
-7°/+49°
n x 360°
180
yES
yES
NO
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Ukrspecexport, Ukraine Reload under Armour
ATk missile
TRT
23 – 40
7.62 – 40 Agl (Optional)
1–4
Unmanned
1,500 *
-20°/+70°
n x 360°
200
yES
yES
Optional
40
7.62
4
2
4,200 *
+45° (+60°)
n x 360°
63
yES
yES
yES
20 – 30
7.62
1–2
Unmanned
900 – 1.800 *
-10°/+65°
n x 360°
500 – 300
yES
NO
Optional
MEDIUM TURRETS
CSE90
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
CMI Defence, Belgium Reload under Armour
ATk missile
HEAVY TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
CMI Defence, Belgium Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
HITFACT 105/120
30
7.62 – 12.7
1–5
Unmanned
1,400
-10°/+75°
n x 360°
N.A.
yES
yES
yES
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Oto Melara, Italy Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
MEDIUM TURRETS
30
7.62
2 – 4+
Unmanned
1,783 *
-7°/+65°
n x 360°
200 + 50
Optional
yES
yES
LCTS90
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Araverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
CMI Defence, Belgium Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Elbit Systems, Israel Reload under armour
ATk missile
CT-CV
LMT-105
25 – 30
7.62
2–4
Unmanned
1,500
+60°
n x 360°
200
yES
Optional
Optional
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Denel, South Africa Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
HEAVY TURRETS
90
7.62
1–4
2
N.A.
-10°/+30°
n x 360°
12
Optional
yES
NO
XC-8
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
CMI Defence, Belgium Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
105
7.62 – 12.7
1–5
2
1.750
-10°/+42°
n x 360°
12
yES
yES
from gUN
HEAVY TURRETS
105 – 120
7.62
2–5
3
6,200 – 6,900
-5°/+15°
n x 360°
9
yES
yES
Optional
HEAVY TURRETS
90
7.62
1–5
2
N.A.
-8°/+19°
n x 360°
20
yES
yES
from gun
HEAVY TURRETS
105
7.62
5 – (frontal arc)
3
6,500
-10°/+20°
n x 360°
9+7
yES
yES
NO
HEAVY TURRETS
105 – 120
N.A.
N.A.
2
N.A.
N.A.
n x 360°
N.A.
yES
yES
from gun
* without ammunition
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
Turret Tables_Layout 1 17/12/13 11:13 AM Page 1
D U A L , M E D I U M A N D H E AV Y
DRWS
DUAL TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Elbit Systems, Israel independent Sight Elevation
ATk missile
DUAL FEWAS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Dynamit Nobel Stabilisation
Defense, Germany independent Sight Elevation
ATk missile
PROTECTOR DUAL
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Kongsberg, Norway independent Sight Elevation
ATk missile
R-600
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Saab, Sweden independent Sight Elevation
ATk missile
DUAL TURRETS
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 Agl
7.62 – Rocket launchers
N.A.
Unmanned
280
-20°/+60°
n x 360°
N.A.
yES
yES
NO
DUAL TURRETS
5.56–7.62–12.7–40 Agl
5.56–7.62–12.7–40 Agl
N.A.
Unmanned
189
-20°/+60°
n x 360°
1000 – 1000 – 400 – 32
yES
yES
Optional
DUAL TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
EOS, Australia independent Sight Elevation
ATk missile
SAMSON DUAL
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Rafael, Israel independent Sight Elevation
ATk missile
TRACKFIRE
40 Agl
7.62
Optional
Unmanned
200
-20°/+60°
n x 360°
64
yES
yES
Optional
5.56–7.62–12.7–40 Agl
5.56–7.62–12.7–40 Agl
2 (Optional)
Unmanned
220
-10°/+60°
n x 360°
N.A.
yES
NO
NO
DUAL TURRETS
12.7 – 14.5 – 40 Agl
5.56–7.62–12.7–40 Agl
Optional
Unmanned
300
-20°/+60°
n x 360°
100 – 100 - 32
yES
yES
Optional
ARX20
DUAL TURRETS
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Nexter, France Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
B-7 PARUS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Ukrspecexport, Ukraine Reload under armour
ATk missiles
BM-3 SHTURM
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Ukrspecexport, Ukraine Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
BOZOK MKT-25
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Otokar, Turkey Reload under Armour
ATk missile
CLAW
MEDIUM TURRETS
12.7 – 25 – 40 Agl
5.56 – 7.62
N.A.
Unmanned
250
–25°/+60°
n x 360°
400 (12.7)
yES
yES
NO
20
7.62
Optional
Unmanned
270 *
-15°/+60°
n x 360°
100
yES
NO
NO
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
FNSS, Turkey Reload under Armour
ATk missile
CPWS
FLW 200+
30
7.62
N.A.
Unmanned
1.650 *
-8°/+45°
n x 360°
150 + 150
yES
NO
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
30
7.62 – 30 Agl
N.A.
Unmanned
1.300 *
-5°/+45°
n x 360°
200 + 200
yES
NO
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
25
7.62
1–3
1
1570
-10°/+60°
n x 360°
2 x 105
yES
yES
NO
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Oto Melara, Italy Reload under Armour
ATk missile
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
CMI Defence, Belgium Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
KMW, Germany Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
GROM
HITFIST 25/30
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Oto Melara, Italy Reload under Armour
ATk missile
IWS35
20 – 25 – 30
7.62
1–4
Unmanned
N.A.
-10°/+45°
n x 360°
150
yES
yES
NO
MEDIUM TURRETS
20
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 Agl
N.A.
Unmanned
400 *
-10°/+50°
n x 360°
250 – 200 – 32
yES
NO
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Ukrspecexport, Ukraine Reload under Armour
ATk missile
HITFIST OWS
25 – 30
7.62
2–3
Unmanned
1,700 *
-10°/+50°
n x 360°
210
yES
yES
NO
MEDIUM TURRETS
25 – 30
7.62
2 – 5+
2
2,675
-10°/+60°
n x 360°
220
yES
yES
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
KMW, Germany Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
LANCE
35
12.7
N.A.
Unmanned
3,500 *
-10°/+35°
n x 360°
65 + 11
yES
NO
Optional
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Rheinmetall, Germany Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
LCT-20
30
7.62 – 30 Agl
N.A.
Unmanned
1.800 *
-10°/+60°
n x 360°
225
yES
NO
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
25 – 30
7.62
1 – 5+
Unmanned
1,630
-10°/+75°
n x 360°
220
yES
yES
yES
30 – 35 – 40
7.62
1 – 5+
2 – Unmanned
2,000 – 3,300
-10°/+45°
n x 360°
100 + 100
yES
yES
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Denel, South Africa Reload under Armour
ATk missile
20
7.62
N.A.
2
1,550
-8°/+38°
n x 360°
300
NO
yES
NO
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Denel, South Africa Reload under Armour
ATk missile
30 – 35
7.62
5–
2
N.A.
-10°/+30°
n x 360°
60
yES
yES
Optional
LCT 30
MEDIUM TURRETS
TURRETS AND RCWS
LEMUR
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
BAE Systems Bofors, Stabilisation
UK/Sweden Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
MCWS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Rafael, Israel Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
CMI Defence, Belgium Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
MIZRAK 30
PROTECTOR MEDIUM
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Kongsberg, Norway Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
SAMSON MKI
Calibres [mm]
Secondary weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Rafael, Israel Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
SHARPSHOOTER
25 – 30 – 35 – 40
7.62
1–5
2
N.A.
-20°/+60°
n x 360°
N.A.
yES
yES
Optional
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Otokar, Turkey Reload under Armour
ATk missile
SAMSON MKII
25 – 30
N.A.
N.A.
unmanned
350 – 450 *
-20°/+55°
n x 360°
125
yES
NO
NO
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
FNSS, Turkey Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
SUPER ROGUE
30
7.62
2–5
Unmanned – 2
2,671
-10°/+60°
n x 360°
210
yES
yES
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
25 – 30 – 35 – 40 – 50
5.56 – 7.62
1–4
Unmanned
2,000
-10°/+70°
n x 360°
N.A.
yES
N.A.
Optional
MEDIUM TURRETS
25 – 30
7.62
N.A.
Unmanned
1,600 *
-20°/+60°
n x 360°
200
yES
NO
Optional
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Reutech Africa Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
SHKVAL
MEDIUM TURRETS
MEDIUM TURRETS
T40
TURRA 30
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
EVPU, Slovak Rep. Reload under Armour
ATk missile
VIDRA 30 MM
20
7.62
Optional
Unmanned
< 500 *
-35°/+60°
n x 360°
2 x 100
yES
NO
NO
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Yugoimport, Serbia Reload under Armour
ATk missile
UT30
30
7.62 – 30 Agl
N.A.
Unmanned
1.900 *
-6°/+60°
n x 360°
225
yES
NO
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Nexter, France Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
ammunition
BAE Systems, Stabilisation
South Africa Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
25
7.62
4
1
1,700 *
-7°/+49°
n x 360°
180
yES
yES
NO
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Ukrspecexport, Ukraine Reload under Armour
ATk missile
TRT
23 – 40
7.62 – 40 Agl (Optional)
1–4
Unmanned
1,500 *
-20°/+70°
n x 360°
200
yES
yES
Optional
40
7.62
4
2
4,200 *
+45° (+60°)
n x 360°
63
yES
yES
yES
20 – 30
7.62
1–2
Unmanned
900 – 1.800 *
-10°/+65°
n x 360°
500 – 300
yES
NO
Optional
MEDIUM TURRETS
CSE90
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
CMI Defence, Belgium Reload under Armour
ATk missile
HEAVY TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
CMI Defence, Belgium Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
HITFACT 105/120
30
7.62 – 12.7
1–5
Unmanned
1,400
-10°/+75°
n x 360°
N.A.
yES
yES
yES
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Oto Melara, Italy Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
MEDIUM TURRETS
30
7.62
2 – 4+
Unmanned
1,783 *
-7°/+65°
n x 360°
200 + 50
Optional
yES
yES
LCTS90
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Araverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
CMI Defence, Belgium Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Elbit Systems, Israel Reload under armour
ATk missile
CT-CV
LMT-105
25 – 30
7.62
2–4
Unmanned
1,500
+60°
n x 360°
200
yES
Optional
Optional
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Denel, South Africa Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
HEAVY TURRETS
90
7.62
1–4
2
N.A.
-10°/+30°
n x 360°
12
Optional
yES
NO
XC-8
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
CMI Defence, Belgium Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
105
7.62 – 12.7
1–5
2
1.750
-10°/+42°
n x 360°
12
yES
yES
from gUN
HEAVY TURRETS
105 – 120
7.62
2–5
3
6,200 – 6,900
-5°/+15°
n x 360°
9
yES
yES
Optional
HEAVY TURRETS
90
7.62
1–5
2
N.A.
-8°/+19°
n x 360°
20
yES
yES
from gun
HEAVY TURRETS
105
7.62
5 – (frontal arc)
3
6,500
-10°/+20°
n x 360°
9+7
yES
yES
NO
HEAVY TURRETS
105 – 120
N.A.
N.A.
2
N.A.
N.A.
n x 360°
N.A.
yES
yES
from gun
* without ammunition
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
Turret Tables_Layout 1 17/12/13 11:13 AM Page 1
D U A L , M E D I U M A N D H E AV Y
DRWS
DUAL TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Elbit Systems, Israel independent Sight Elevation
ATk missile
DUAL FEWAS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Dynamit Nobel Stabilisation
Defense, Germany independent Sight Elevation
ATk missile
PROTECTOR DUAL
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Kongsberg, Norway independent Sight Elevation
ATk missile
R-600
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Saab, Sweden independent Sight Elevation
ATk missile
DUAL TURRETS
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 Agl
7.62 – Rocket launchers
N.A.
Unmanned
280
-20°/+60°
n x 360°
N.A.
yES
yES
NO
DUAL TURRETS
5.56–7.62–12.7–40 Agl
5.56–7.62–12.7–40 Agl
N.A.
Unmanned
189
-20°/+60°
n x 360°
1000 – 1000 – 400 – 32
yES
yES
Optional
DUAL TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
EOS, Australia independent Sight Elevation
ATk missile
SAMSON DUAL
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Rafael, Israel independent Sight Elevation
ATk missile
TRACKFIRE
40 Agl
7.62
Optional
Unmanned
200
-20°/+60°
n x 360°
64
yES
yES
Optional
5.56–7.62–12.7–40 Agl
5.56–7.62–12.7–40 Agl
2 (Optional)
Unmanned
220
-10°/+60°
n x 360°
N.A.
yES
NO
NO
DUAL TURRETS
12.7 – 14.5 – 40 Agl
5.56–7.62–12.7–40 Agl
Optional
Unmanned
300
-20°/+60°
n x 360°
100 – 100 - 32
yES
yES
Optional
ARX20
DUAL TURRETS
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Nexter, France Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
B-7 PARUS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Ukrspecexport, Ukraine Reload under armour
ATk missiles
BM-3 SHTURM
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Ukrspecexport, Ukraine Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
BOZOK MKT-25
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Otokar, Turkey Reload under Armour
ATk missile
CLAW
MEDIUM TURRETS
12.7 – 25 – 40 Agl
5.56 – 7.62
N.A.
Unmanned
250
–25°/+60°
n x 360°
400 (12.7)
yES
yES
NO
20
7.62
Optional
Unmanned
270 *
-15°/+60°
n x 360°
100
yES
NO
NO
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
FNSS, Turkey Reload under Armour
ATk missile
CPWS
FLW 200+
30
7.62
N.A.
Unmanned
1.650 *
-8°/+45°
n x 360°
150 + 150
yES
NO
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
30
7.62 – 30 Agl
N.A.
Unmanned
1.300 *
-5°/+45°
n x 360°
200 + 200
yES
NO
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
25
7.62
1–3
1
1570
-10°/+60°
n x 360°
2 x 105
yES
yES
NO
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Oto Melara, Italy Reload under Armour
ATk missile
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
CMI Defence, Belgium Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
KMW, Germany Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
GROM
HITFIST 25/30
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Oto Melara, Italy Reload under Armour
ATk missile
IWS35
20 – 25 – 30
7.62
1–4
Unmanned
N.A.
-10°/+45°
n x 360°
150
yES
yES
NO
MEDIUM TURRETS
20
7.62 – 12.7 – 40 Agl
N.A.
Unmanned
400 *
-10°/+50°
n x 360°
250 – 200 – 32
yES
NO
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Ukrspecexport, Ukraine Reload under Armour
ATk missile
HITFIST OWS
25 – 30
7.62
2–3
Unmanned
1,700 *
-10°/+50°
n x 360°
210
yES
yES
NO
MEDIUM TURRETS
25 – 30
7.62
2 – 5+
2
2,675
-10°/+60°
n x 360°
220
yES
yES
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
KMW, Germany Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
LANCE
35
12.7
N.A.
Unmanned
3,500 *
-10°/+35°
n x 360°
65 + 11
yES
NO
Optional
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Rheinmetall, Germany Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
LCT-20
30
7.62 – 30 Agl
N.A.
Unmanned
1.800 *
-10°/+60°
n x 360°
225
yES
NO
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
25 – 30
7.62
1 – 5+
Unmanned
1,630
-10°/+75°
n x 360°
220
yES
yES
yES
30 – 35 – 40
7.62
1 – 5+
2 – Unmanned
2,000 – 3,300
-10°/+45°
n x 360°
100 + 100
yES
yES
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Denel, South Africa Reload under Armour
ATk missile
20
7.62
N.A.
2
1,550
-8°/+38°
n x 360°
300
NO
yES
NO
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Denel, South Africa Reload under Armour
ATk missile
30 – 35
7.62
5–
2
N.A.
-10°/+30°
n x 360°
60
yES
yES
Optional
LCT 30
MEDIUM TURRETS
TURRETS AND RCWS
LEMUR
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
BAE Systems Bofors, Stabilisation
UK/Sweden Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
MCWS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Rafael, Israel Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
CMI Defence, Belgium Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
MIZRAK 30
PROTECTOR MEDIUM
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Kongsberg, Norway Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
SAMSON MKI
Calibres [mm]
Secondary weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Rafael, Israel Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
SHARPSHOOTER
25 – 30 – 35 – 40
7.62
1–5
2
N.A.
-20°/+60°
n x 360°
N.A.
yES
yES
Optional
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Otokar, Turkey Reload under Armour
ATk missile
SAMSON MKII
25 – 30
N.A.
N.A.
unmanned
350 – 450 *
-20°/+55°
n x 360°
125
yES
NO
NO
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
FNSS, Turkey Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
SUPER ROGUE
30
7.62
2–5
Unmanned – 2
2,671
-10°/+60°
n x 360°
210
yES
yES
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
25 – 30 – 35 – 40 – 50
5.56 – 7.62
1–4
Unmanned
2,000
-10°/+70°
n x 360°
N.A.
yES
N.A.
Optional
MEDIUM TURRETS
25 – 30
7.62
N.A.
Unmanned
1,600 *
-20°/+60°
n x 360°
200
yES
NO
Optional
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Reutech Africa Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
SHKVAL
MEDIUM TURRETS
MEDIUM TURRETS
T40
TURRA 30
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
EVPU, Slovak Rep. Reload under Armour
ATk missile
VIDRA 30 MM
20
7.62
Optional
Unmanned
< 500 *
-35°/+60°
n x 360°
2 x 100
yES
NO
NO
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Yugoimport, Serbia Reload under Armour
ATk missile
UT30
30
7.62 – 30 Agl
N.A.
Unmanned
1.900 *
-6°/+60°
n x 360°
225
yES
NO
yES
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Nexter, France Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
ammunition
BAE Systems, Stabilisation
South Africa Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
25
7.62
4
1
1,700 *
-7°/+49°
n x 360°
180
yES
yES
NO
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Ukrspecexport, Ukraine Reload under Armour
ATk missile
TRT
23 – 40
7.62 – 40 Agl (Optional)
1–4
Unmanned
1,500 *
-20°/+70°
n x 360°
200
yES
yES
Optional
40
7.62
4
2
4,200 *
+45° (+60°)
n x 360°
63
yES
yES
yES
20 – 30
7.62
1–2
Unmanned
900 – 1.800 *
-10°/+65°
n x 360°
500 – 300
yES
NO
Optional
MEDIUM TURRETS
CSE90
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
CMI Defence, Belgium Reload under Armour
ATk missile
HEAVY TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
CMI Defence, Belgium Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
HITFACT 105/120
30
7.62 – 12.7
1–5
Unmanned
1,400
-10°/+75°
n x 360°
N.A.
yES
yES
yES
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Oto Melara, Italy Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
MEDIUM TURRETS
30
7.62
2 – 4+
Unmanned
1,783 *
-7°/+65°
n x 360°
200 + 50
Optional
yES
yES
LCTS90
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Araverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
CMI Defence, Belgium Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
MEDIUM TURRETS
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Elbit Systems, Israel Reload under armour
ATk missile
CT-CV
LMT-105
25 – 30
7.62
2–4
Unmanned
1,500
+60°
n x 360°
200
yES
Optional
Optional
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
Denel, South Africa Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
HEAVY TURRETS
90
7.62
1–4
2
N.A.
-10°/+30°
n x 360°
12
Optional
yES
NO
XC-8
Calibres [mm]
Secondary Weapon [mm]
Protection
Crew
Weight [kg]
Elevation
Traverse
Ammunition
Stabilisation
CMI Defence, Belgium Reload under Armour
ATk missiles
105
7.62 – 12.7
1–5
2
1.750
-10°/+42°
n x 360°
12
yES
yES
from gUN
HEAVY TURRETS
105 – 120
7.62
2–5
3
6,200 – 6,900
-5°/+15°
n x 360°
9
yES
yES
Optional
HEAVY TURRETS
90
7.62
1–5
2
N.A.
-8°/+19°
n x 360°
20
yES
yES
from gun
HEAVY TURRETS
105
7.62
5 – (frontal arc)
3
6,500
-10°/+20°
n x 360°
9+7
yES
yES
NO
HEAVY TURRETS
105 – 120
N.A.
N.A.
2
N.A.
N.A.
n x 360°
N.A.
yES
yES
from gun
* without ammunition
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
Compendium of Medium and Light Turrets and RCWS 2013
cope with the range afforded by 25-30 mm
cannon and antitank missiles that can be
installed, cooled thermal imaging sensors
were integrated in the Dual. A similar
sensor has been installed on the Dual
acquired by an undisclosed customer that
chose a version with a 14.5 mm machine
gun and two missiles on the left side. In
June 2013 a Samson Dual was tested by the
US Marine Corps in a 40 mm AGL plus 12.7
mm machine gun configuration.
I EOS
The dual-weapon R-600 from EOS can
host machine guns up to 12.7 mm as well
as a 40 mm AGL. With a maximum weight
(loaded) of 377 kg, it features the same
optronic package as the single-weapon R200 and R-400, and can be supplied with a
Level 2 ballistic protection kit. The R-600
is compatible with 25 and 30 mm lowrecoil guns. Currently the system is in
production in the US by Northrop
Grumman for Singapore, the order being
for over 200 RCWS to be installed on the
Terrex 8x8 vehicle.
The R-600 is being delivered in two
configurations, one with 40 mm AGL and
7.62 mm MG, while in the second features a
single 12.7 mm machine gun. In late October
2013 EOS announced the completion of a
new maintenance and support facility in
Singapore, to be manned by personnel from
Singapore Technologies Kinetics and by EOS
technicians. A new order was recently filed,
deliveries being planned for late 2013 and
2014; the new order brings the total number
of R-600 produced to over 300.
Mk19 and H&K 40 mm automatic grenade
launchers. A low ammunition sensor stops
the firing in order to allow under-armour
reload; an elevator allows to lower the
ammunition box to allow the crew to link
the new belt to the old one before raising it
The dual R-600 developed by EOS is also
capable to host a medium-calibre low recoil
cannon. It is in service with Singapore armed
forces. (Armada/P. Valpolini)
back into position – the procedure being
the same for both weapons. Tests should
start soon with the Rheinmetall RMG 12.7
electrically driven machine gun that allows
not only considerable weight savings but
also new capabilities such as the “sniper
mode” firing.
The Dual Fewas was also designed for
chain guns of higher calibres. The operator
can overrun the low ammo stopping in case
of emergency. The automatic weapon on
the left side can be replaced by a dual
launcher armed with a Dynamit RWG 90;
this is located under a protective cover,
which opens for load/unload/reload
operations. The sensor pod is armoured
and is located on the right of the turret,
containing the typical CCD camera,
thermal imager and laser rangefinder
package. All LRUs are located under
armour, the Dual Fewas being born to be
connected to the platform via canbus or
ethernet to be interfaced with any BMS or
sensor. The Fewas Dual maintains the
Fewas 120 elevation range of -20° to +60°,
with the ability to decouple the sight from
the automatic weapon, commonality being
high to rein costs.
The Dual is ready for production
and Dynamit Nobel Defence is expecting
the first contracts. The prime configuration
considered is that with the RMG 12.7 and
I DYNAMIT NOBEL DEFENCE
In 2013 Dynamit Nobel Defence (DND)
unveiled a new station known as the Dual
Fewas that includes a number of original
features. Its development heavily relies on
the Fewas 120, and was triggered by the
requirements of numerous users, mostly
Special Forces, that wanted a safe reload
capacity as well as a weapon suite capable
of opening a breach in typical Afghan
walls. The Dual Fewas is the first station
offering different armaments, light,
medium or heavy machine gun or even
AGL, and the possibility of reloading of
both weapons under armour. This unique
feature contributes to the bare weight of
280 kg. Currently the new Dynamit Nobel
Defence system can accept the Minimi in
5.56 or 7.62 mm, the MAG 58 and the MG3
in 7.62 mm, the M2 in 12.7 mm, and the
26
Compendium Turrets 2013
Dynamit Nobel Defence designed a dual RCWS optimised for its RGW-90 rocket launchers, that
allows machine gun ammunition reloading from under armour. (Armada/P. Valpolini)
two RGW 90, however a pending customer
asked for a weapon integrating the Minimi
7.62 and the M2 12.7 mm machine
guns, while the German Army shows
interest in the combination of the RMG 12.7
mm and the H&K 40 mm AGL. For special
forces the M2 and RGW 90 solution is
currently being proposed.
I RAYTHEON
In a category of its own, the BattleGuard
draws on Raytheon’s optronic panoramic
pod used, inter alia, by the Abrams and the
Bradley. It thus becomes the main module
of the station which is obtained by adding
the BattleGuard mount between the vehicle
and the pod.
It is proposed as a low-cost low-impact
solution to provide US Army tanks and
fighting vehicles with an RCWS based on the
commander’s independent viewer. Fully
modular, up to two weapons can be mounted
on the BattleGuard mount, from machine
guns to grenade launchers to low recoil
cannon, Raytheon missiles and less-thanlethal weapons being also an option. Among
the numerous weapons foreseen are the
M249, M240, M2, Mk47, Mk19, M134,
M230LF, TOW, Javelin, Griffin and Stinger.
I SAAB
Saab’s Trackfire is a modular unit that can
be configured either as a single or a dual
weapon system – a modularity that not
only allows a degree of flexibility in
the choice of western ordnance
but also Eastern Europe
weapons.
Primary
weapons range from
the typical M2
A modular system, Raytheon’s BattleGuard
exploits the existing commander’s panoramic
sight transforming it in a single or dual
weapon station. (Raytheon)
12.7 mm heavy machine gun, to the H&K
40 mm automatic grenade launcher, to the
ATK LW25 dual feed Ghain Gun using 25 x
59 mm ammunition. However, a
“mirror” version of the Trackfire
is available for the Russian
12.7x108mm NSV, which is fed from
the right rather than from left. The
latter can be armed with a 7.62x54R
PKM as coaxial machine gun, the
standard version using a MAG58 in
7.62x51 mm or an M249 in 5.56mm.
Depending on configuration the
bare weight of the Trackfire is of
about
250
kg,
typical
ammunition load for the M2
12.7 mm being 400 rounds. The
director unit is permanently
stabilised through the use of a
Saab gyroscope while
the line of sight is fully
independently
stabilised. The sensor
module is completely
The Trackfire developed
by Saab is available both
for Western and Eastern
machine guns and canbe
equipped with low recoil
cannons of medium
calibre. (Saab)
decoupled from the weapon cradle, and
hence isolated from weapon shock/recoil
effects. Both weapons are slaved to the
stabilised line of sight in a coincidence
capture relationship in elevation, giving the
ability to track continuously lased targets,
the ballistic solution being automatically
adjusted in real time by the fire control
computer.
The architecture of the Trackfire
leverages experience acquired by Saab in
the CV90 fire control system. Both the
weapons and the sensor module can
therefore move in elevation in the
–25°/+60° arc while the sensor module can
also be moved in azimuth on a ± 15° arc. A
video tracker module is also part of the
FCS, the Trackfire being capable of firing
on the move.
So far Saab received a limited contract
from ATK in late 2011 for integrating the
LW25 Chain Gun (the US Government
being the end user), and another one year
later from the Finnish Navy for 12
Trackfire plus options. The Saab RCWS is to
be installed on the new Watercat M18
AMC multipurpose high-speed landing
crafts planned for delivery in the 20142016 timeframe. The Finnish Navy chose
the version equipped with a 12.7 NSV and a
7.62 PKM machine guns, with the main
being replaceable with a 40 mm grenade
launcher. The Trackfire with the ATK 25
mm solution was also exhibited at DSEI
2013 mounted on the Patria New Vehicle
Concept, with non-lethal weapons fitted
below the coaxial machine gun.
Compendium Turrets 2013
27
Ooomph for Infantry
Fighting Vehicle
Medium calibre overhead weapon stations allow to further
reduce weights while keeping the same calibre and
ammunition load, thanks to the lack of armour around the
cannon. This provides good firepower for those vehicles
unable to withstand the weight of an unmanned or
manned turret, while exposing the system to weather
and enemy threats.
Here armed with a 12.7 mm machine gun, the Lemur, originally developed by Bofors now part
of BAE Systems, can host up to 30 mm low-recoil guns. (BAE Systems)
protection, standard being Level
1, increasable to Level 2 at customer’s
wish. With the two 130-round belts and
1,000 rounds for the machine gun, the
overall weight of the TRT-25 is 900 kg.
Fully stabilised, the TRT features
electro-mechanical drives, the elevation arc
being –10°/+65° elevation, optimal for
urban areas.
The MMI, common to all versions, is a
game-boy type controller that features an
auto-tracker with manual lock-on and a
10.4” LCD touch-screen display mounted in
the vehicle, the TRT being controlled by a
single operator. The standard cradle can
take the ATK M230 low recoil gun using
30x113 mm ammunition, while for the
bigger Mk44 Bushmaster, which fires
30x173 mm ammunition, a larger cradle is
required, turning the model into the TRTN30, N standing for Nato.
Eyeing the African and Middle East
market, BAE Systems unveiled the TRT-R30
(R for Russian) in Fall 2012 armed with the
30mm 2A42 and 7.62 PKT co-axial machine
gun. A further version is the TRT-R30M(X)
also carrying two Konkurs missiles. As
those are located one on each side of the
main gun in a lower position, the optronic
pod is moved to the right of the turret. With
all the options the TRT can reach a weight
of 1,800 kg.
The TRT has not yet found a launch
customer, but BAE Systems is carrying out
an intensive demonstration programme, the
turret having been tested in the United Arab
Emirates in March 2013 while the company
is planning firings in Europe in 2014 with
the TRT-R30 model.
I BAE SYSTEMS
Launched in mid-2010 by the South African
branch of the company, the Tactical Remote
Turret (TRT) has been declined in several
models, with different weapons installed
from 20 to 30 mm calibre.
The first was the TRT-B25, armed with
ATK’s M242 Bushmaster 25 mm dual-feed
cannon and M240 7.62 coaxial machine
gun. The optronic package, installed under
the gun, hosts the typical day/night sight
and laser rangefinder suite suited to the
cannon range, the choice being defined by
customer’s preferences. The TRT ensures a
good protection of the main weapon and of
the coaxial machine gun located on top on
the right. In the back the two feeding
chutes are not fully protected against sand
and dust. All covers also provide ballistic
28
Compendium Turrets 2013
The TRT is made by the South African branch of BAE and is now available in 25 and 30 mm
configurations, both with Western and Eastern cannons. (BAE Systems)
A one-man turret, FNSS’s Sharpshooter can be
armed with 25 mm cannons and is in service
in numbers in Malaysia. (FNSS)
simulation. A new 350kg version of the
30mm Lemur will include amongst others
an independent line of sight.
I FNSS
BAE Systems catalogue features another
medium-calibre turret, this time coming
from northern Europe; the Lemur was
developed by Bofors, which is now part of
the Swedish branch of the company. The
Lemur comes as a fully modular system,
which is centred on the stabilised cradle to
which add-on modules are fitted. The
company proposed the ATK M242 dualfeed cannon for the 25 mm calibre and the
M230LF chain gun, also from ATK, for the
30 mm calibre. A coaxial machine gun in
7.62 or 5.56 mm calibre can be installed on
the right of the cannon. The main gun has
at least 125 rounds ready to fire, the total
weight of the system in combat order being
of about 450 kg for the M242 and 350 kg for
the M230LF configurations.
Weight can however change depending
on the choice of the customer in terms of
optronic sensors and optional add-on such
as fire control of indirect fire if a 40 mm
automatic grenade launcher is used,
hunter-killer capacity adding an
independent periscope, smoke grenade
launchers for self-defence, etc. Numerous
options are available also in the fire control
system such as video tracker, automatic
surveillance mode, digital image
processing, integration in BMS and
navigation systems, and embedded
The Turkish vehicle manufacturer has had a
one-man turret for some time in its catalogue
– the Sharpshooter – originally developed in
the ‘80s by FMC, now BAE Systems Land and
Armaments, FNSS itself being a joint venture
between Nurol Holdings and BAE Systems.
This 1.7-tonne turret is armed with an ATK
M242 25 mm dual-feed automatic cannon
located on the right of the centreline, with a
coaxial MAG58 or M240 7.62 mm machine
gun on the left, the latter with 600 ready
rounds and over 1,600 stowed rounds.
Eight smoke grenade launchers are
located on the sides and behind the turret,
covering the frontal arc, the gunner being
protected against 14.5 mm AP rounds. The
gunner has three periscopes for frontal and
side vision, the sight with day/night
capability being a customer choice. The fully
stabilised (electric drives) turret is in use in
Malaysia on some 60 tracked ACV-300s and
has been installed on one of the prototypes of
the AV8 8x8 IFV developed from the FNSS
Pars 8x8 for the Malaysian Army.
In 2011 FNSS unveiled a fully stabilised
remote controlled turret known as the Claw.
This is armed with a Rheinmetall KBA 25
mm dual-fed cannon located on the turret
centreline with 210 ready rounds, and an
MG3 or M240 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun
on the right with 600 ready rounds. Two
series of four 76 mm smoke grenade
launchers are mounted on the rear, covering
the front sector. On the left of the gun, which
is all protected by the turret structure, is the
stabilised independent day/night sight with
±7° azimuth arc and –10°/+50° elevation arc,
the same elevation arc as the main gun. An
independent commander’s sight can be
installed, options also including add-on
armour to raise protection level from 2 to 3, as
well as antitank missile launchers. The gun
installed on the prototype is just an example of
possible applications, the Claw also being
able to accept 30 mm cannon. Fully loaded
the Claw has a weight of 1,700 kg, its
silhouette being particularly reduced thanks
to the limited height of 590 mm.
Remotely controlled and fully stabilised,
the Claw was developed by FNSS of Turkey
both to equip its vehicles and platforms
from other OEMs. (FNSS)
Compendium Turrets 2013
29
The Mizrak 30 mm turret was unveiled by Otokar in 2011 and is now installed on the company
Tulpar proposed to the Turkish Army as the future infantry fighting vehicle. (Armada/P. Valpolini)
I OTOKAR
Unveiled as a functional mock-up in mid2011, the Otokar Mizrak unmanned turret
has been shown in real two years later
installed on the prototype of the company’s
Tulpar armoured infantry fighting vehicle.
Conceptually nothing had changed, but the
whole turret was re-designed in detail.
System combat weight is 2,671 kg
without ammunition, the Mizrak remaining
an option for tracked IFVs as well as for 8x8
vehicles such as Otokar Arma. The Otokar
turret can be equipped with different
weapon systems from 25 to 40 mm.
Typically the Tulpar turret is armed with a
30 mm dual-feed ATK Mk44 Bushmaster II
cannon, having been fire tested and
qualified with that weapon. Two 30 mm
belts each with 104 rounds of different types
feed the gun via the electromechanical
feeding system. Air-burst munitions with
programmable fuse can be used.
A coaxial 7.62 mm machine gun is
located on the right of the main gun, with
500 rounds. The dual axis stabilized gunner
sight is located on the left and includes a
high performance cooled thermal camera,
CCD camera and laser range finder. Its
azimuth arc is of ± 10° while its elevation
arc is –10°/+60°, the same of the weapon.
The commander’s panoramic sight is
identical to the gunner’s, except for its 360°
azimuth capability. It is located on the turret
roof, behind the gunners sight. The openarchitecture vetronics allows an easy
integration of add-on subsystems, such as
30
Compendium Turrets 2013
laser warning receiver, soft/hard kill, C3I,
etc. Anti-tank guided missiles can also be
added, the most obvious being the national
solution in the form of Rocketsan L-Umtas.
All mechanical, electronic hardware,
software and optronics design activities
have been carried out in-house. The basic
design has a Level 2 protection, which is
considered sufficient for an unmanned
turret. However Otokar has a few variants
in the design phase, with different cannons
and some of them with manned solutions; in
that case increasing protection up to Level 5
with
an
add-on
armour
kit
might become a sound solution. Final
prototypes started to be tested in early 2012,
final field tests having been finished by
early 2013, and the Mizrak 30 is now ready
for serial production.
At IDEF 2013 Otokar unveiled a second
medium calibre turret, the Bozok 25 MTK.
This new product being one-man basketed
turret armed with an ATK M242 low recoil
cannon is fully stabilised and is located on the
right of the turret, the dual feed mechanism
containing two belts of 105 ammunition
each. A coaxial 7.62 mm machine gun is
located to the right of the gun and is provided
with 500 ready rounds. On the left we find the
day/night sight that includes a CCD day
camera, a cooled thermal imager, a laser
rangefinder and an automatic target tracker,
all optronics being developed in-house. The
gunner’s digital periscopic sight is of the head
mirror type and is mechanically linked to the
stabilized main gun. Located on the left of the
turret, it features a cooled thermal imager,
CCD day camera and a laser rangefinder, all
the systems having been developed in-house
by Otokar. A redundant hard-optic back-up
sight is also integrated in case of a power
failure. Full 360° situational awareness is
provided by further four periscopes.
A rear-hinged hatch on the top of the
turret allow the gunner to have a direct
view of the surroundings. When inside the
turret the gunner enjoys a Level 3 all round
protection provided by the turret steel
structure and the bolt-on armour. Without
ammunition the Bozok 25 weighs 1,570 kg
and is thus installable on 6x6 vehicles.
Completed just before IDEF, in Spring
2013, the Bozok 25 completed firing trials
and is now ready for production. A cheaper
product compared to the Mizrak, Otokar
estimates that this product might find
numerous customers.
The Bozok 25 MKT one-man turret is the most recent development from Otokar in the medium
systems arena. (Armada/P. Valpolini)
The Samson MkI RCWS is a peculiar system
as it can be retracted when not in use in
order to reduce the vehicle shape.
(Armada/P. Valpolini)
I RAFAEL
A true RCWS, the original Samson MkI by
Israeli Rafael featured the main weapon,
fully stabilised, in the centre, with the
optronic package on the right in an
armoured pod and the antitank missile pod
on the left. The customer could chose
among three options for the cannon, the 25
mm ATK M242, the 30 mm ATK Mk44 and
the 30 mm 2A42 of Russian origin, the
missiles normally used being the Spike
LR/ER produced by Rafael itself, although
other ATGMs can be integrated. A 7.62 mm
machine gun or 40 mm automatic grenade
launcher can be installed as secondary
armament, while up to eight smoke grenade
launchers are available as optional. While
the gunner has at his disposal an optronic
day/night sight the commander can carry
out surveillance independently thanks to a
panoramic sight installed on a mast. The
RCWS is equipped with an automatic target
tracking system capable to engage fast
moving targets, and can be interfaced with
any C2/C4I system. A peculiarity of the
Rafael turret is that it can be retracted to
reduce the vehicle silhouette when not in
use, and rose during operations. The
Samson MkI has been acquired by the
Czech Army that installed it on over 100
Pandur 8x8s, some of which have been
deployed in Afghanistan.
Leveraging experience garnered with the
MkI, Rafael developed the Samson MkII.
Strictly, this is no longer an RCWS as the
weapon is fully encased in a low profile
turret. At basic protection level, Stanag
Level 1, the MkII weighs about 1,500 kg,
about 100 kg less than the MkI, while its
maximum elevation is increased from +60°
to +70°, a useful feature when operating in
urban or mountainous terrain.
Another key feature of the MkII is the
fact that the crew can reload the
ammunition from under cover; ammo is
located in a circular magazine on two rows
inside the turret. A sitting position for the
vehicle commander is available to allow
him to have a direct view of the terrain
keeping the head out of the turret through a
dedicated hatch. The two missiles are
located on the left but here they are installed
side by side in a newly developed
retractable launcher that can host the MR,
LR and ER versions of the Spike. The MkII
can use the same weapons as the MkI and
maintains the same hunter-killer capability.
Turret protection can be increased to Level 4
with add-on armour. Rafael has produced
two prototypes of the Samson MkII. The
test phase has been concluded in Summer
2013 and the new unmanned turret is now
ready for production.
I ELBIT SYSTEMS
Known now as UT30, Elbit Systems’
unmanned medium calibre weapon station
is equipped with either a 30 mm or a 25 mm
The new Spike missiles launcher developed by Rafael that can be installed on its Samson MkII
medium calibre turret. (Armada/P. Valpolini)
Compendium Turrets 2013
31
The Elbit UT30, also available in 25
mm calibre, will equip the new
Brazilian Army Guarani 6x6 vehicle
in the fighting vehicle
configuration. (Elbit)
cannon (air-burst munitions also being
possible). The system layout sees the
cannon in central position, with the coaxial
machine gun on its left, together with the
optronic package. Cannon and sight dualaxis stabilisation ensures fire-on-the move
capability, the optronic package being
defined
according
to
customer’s
requirement, including automatic target
tracking. The UT30 is designed to adopt a
modular Level 2 to 4 protection for weapon
and sights, smoke grenade launchers and
warning sensors also being available as
option. Two single-missile Spike launchers
can be installed on the right of the weapon.
While the Portuguese Navy decided to
equip its Steyr Pandur II with a 25 mm
cannon, most customers, such as Belgium
and Slovenia, opted for the 30 mm. This
calibre has also been selected by Brazil,
whose Guarani fighting vehicles will be
equipped with that Elbit turret, but
produced locally by AEL Sistemas S.A., an
Elbit Systems subsidiary which has already
been contracted.
I CMI DEFENCE
A major player in the medium calibre turret
field is CMI Defence from Belgium. The
latter owe to the company’s experience with
the two-man CT-CV and LCTS90 heavy
calibre turrets, featuring fully stabilised
weapon and sights, FCS, digital electronic
32
Compendium Turrets 2013
architecture, independent stabilised
commander’s periscopes, and ballistic
protection up to Level 5. Standard
maximum elevation is +60° to cope with
urban and mountainous environments.
CMI Defence integrates numerous types of
weapons at customer’s choice, the most
common being ATK M242 Bushmaster and
Rheinmetall Switzerland KBA in 25 mm,
ATK Mk44 and Rheinmetall Mk30-2 in 30
mm, ATK Bushmaster III and Rheinmetall
Switzerland KD in 35 mm, ATK
Bushmaster IV, Bofors L70 and CTAI 40
cased telescoped system in 40 mm. They
can also be equipped with antitank missiles.
For smaller vehicles CMI Defence
developed a modular remotely controlled
turret, the CPWS (Cockerill Protected
Weapon Station) family, that can be fitted
with Nexter M261 and Rheinmetall KAA
cannon in 20 mm calibre, ATK M242
Bushmaster and Rheinmetall Switzerland
KBA in 25 mm calibre, ATK M230, ATK
M230LF, 2A42 and 2A72 in 30 mm calibre.
A coaxial 7.62 mm machine gun is located
on the left of the main gun that has a
maximum elevation of +45° and depression
of –10°. The fully enclosed turret features a
dual-mode stabilised sighting system that
allows full 360° view in observation mode
without rotating the turret (zeroed to the
cannon when used in sighting mode and
linked to the ballistic computer). CMI
Cockerill Maintenance et Ingégnérie (CMI) of
Belgium proposes the Cockerill Protected
Weapon Station family, here installed on
Panhard Crab prototype. (Armada/P. Valpolini)
Defence will not disclose the weight of its
turrets, but CPWS is suited for vehicles with
minimum gross weight of seven tonnes.
I OTO MELARA
In service on Italian Dardo tracked and
Freccia wheeled AIFVs with a 25 mm
cannon, and on Polish Rosomaks with a 30
mm barrel, the Oto Melara Hitfist two-man
turret is constantly evolving thanks to
lessons learned downrange. The third
tranche of Freccias currently under
contract will be equipped with the latest
Here seen armed with a 25 mm cannon and
installed on an Italian Army Freccia serving in
Afghanistan, Oto Melara’s Hitfist Plus is also
operating on Polish Rosomaks, but armed with
a 30 mm weapon. (Armada/P. Valpolini)
Hitfist iteration that will feature more space
inside while keeping the same external
surface, thanks to structure optimisation.
The turret will also have wider hatches, to
allow more comfort to crew members
wearing body armour, while all turrets will
be fitted with Selex ES Janus FF (Full
Format) periscopic sight, a request coming
straight from the field where only part of
the vehicles were equipped with the original
Janus. A satcoms will also be added.
From this turret Oto Melara derived its
Hitfist OWS, the acronym being misleading
as in fact it is not a weapon station, but an
unmanned turret (although the distinction
is now matter for conjecture). The turret has
been successfully tested in Russia on board
a Freccia. The second prototype has been
installed on the Italian Joint Landing Force
amphibious VBA. The configuration is now
frozen, including the hatch for the
commander and the access to the turret from
inside, and the product is mature and ready
for production. The Hitfist OWS is marketed
in many countries, the solutions adopted
making it easy to retrofit it to existing
vehicles, though doctrinal problems remain
in some countries as far as unmanned
medium calibre turrets are concerned.
To overcome that problem, reducing
weight while renouncing to the extra-space
inside, Oto Melara is working on a hybrid
concept, that would allow adding the
turning basket to the OWS, a choice that
can also be made as retrofit on existing
OWS turrets. This would allow to keep the
two-man crew oriented with the gun while
ensuring them the vehicle protection.
I NEXTER
Unveiled in 2010, Nexter’s ARX20 is a
remotely controlled turret designed
around the company’s 20mm M621. Fully
gyrostabilised, the ARX20 carries 100
ready-to-use rounds for a total combat
weight of 270 kg. The optronic package is
located on the right of the gun and includes
an uncooled thermal camera, a day camera
and a laser rangefinder. Optionally a
cooled thermal camera can be provided. A
7.62 mm coaxial machine gun can be
added slightly off centre to the right on the
roof. Smoke grenade launchers can also be
added, while the ammunition stowage can
be increased up to 200 rounds. The launch
customer is believed to be Saudi Arabia,
which is said to be having 40 of its
armoured Aravis 4x4s (also from
Nexter) equipped with that turret,
although the French company never
confirmed that information.
Shifting to a much larger turret, Nexter
introduced the concept demonstrator of its
T40 turret at Eurosatory 2012. The T40 was
developed with the help of Nexter’s own LIVe
(Laboratoire d’Integration Vétronique, or
vetronics integration laboratory) and virtual
3D laboratory, that allow to test humanmachine interfaces prior to prototype
manufacturing. The T-40 is developed as a
two-man turret according to the French
Army requirements for the EBRC
reconnaissance vehicle, with the commander
on the left and the gunner on the right, but
its electronic architecture easily allows it to
be morphed into a remotely operated turret
(based on a digital modular vetronic system
working on an Ethernet architecture).
The 40 mm CTAI remains the main
weapon and gives numerous advantages
such as low turret intrusion, smooth
loading cycle, and ability to shoot in singleshot mode or at any rate up to 50 rpm (its
AP rounds being able of perforating 140
mm RHA). Being primarily developed for
the EBRC, which might operate in urban or
Although never confirmed, Nexter
ARX20 is in service with Saudi
Arabia, installed on part of its fleet
of Aravis 4x4 armoured vehicles.
(Armada/P. Valpolini)
Compendium Turrets 2013
33
I KMW
One of the latest iterations of Nexter T40, armed with the CTAI 40 mm telescoped
ammunition cannon and primarily aimed at the French EBRC programme. (Nexter)
mountainous terrains, the main gun
elevation is of 45° (but +60° would be
possible). The turret features an all-round
Level 4 protection (Level 5 in option), while
its 360° observation capability is afforded
by a layer of systems optimised for distances
of 0 to 4,000 metres. As for the weapon
systems installed, these also follow a layered
concept ensuring lethality at different
ranges as well as less-than-lethality at
shorter ranges.
Starting from sensors, the longer ranges
are provided by the gunner day/night sight
ensuring positive identification at 3,500 –
4,000 metres, while the commander
panoramic periscope ensures hemispherical
coverage providing similar performances. In
terms of effectors these sensors provide
sighting and hunter-killer capacity both for
the two medium-range MMP antitank
missiles and the 40 mm gun. The missiles are
being developed by MBDA (availability
around 2017) and the launcher would be
fitted to the left of the turret. Observation up
to 600 metres is provided by the day/night
sight of the 7.62 mm RCWS mounted atop
the T40, following the turret-on-turret
concept. Between 300 and 50 metres the T40
is provided with episcopes for direct view and
with a 360° situational awareness system
made of three elements each containing three
Low Light CCD cameras covering 40° each,
thus providing full day and night coverage.
The T40 is equipped with laser and
34
Compendium Turrets 2013
missile warning receivers located at the four
corners of the turret, and with a shotgun
detection system. To defend the vehicle
against laser guided missiles four Galix
launchers on each side of the 40 mm gun
are available. Two more Galix launchers
provide lethal self-defence capacity on the
frontal arc, that on the rear being provided
by the 7.62 mm RCWS which elevation
reaches over 80°. To the right of the turret
are seven 56 mm grenade launchers capable
of firing salvos of less-than-lethal tear
gas/flash-bang pyrotechnics to ranges of
200, 100 and 50 metres.
As anticipated, with the exception of the
main gun and the gunner sight, most of the
other elements are installed in a modular
way and can thus easily be removed or
installed according to the prevailing
situation. The RCWS can for example be
replaced by a pintle-mounted machine gun.
As said earlier this turret is first intended
for the EBRC; however Nexter is looking at
other opportunities.
In the current Level 4 protection
configuration the T40 weighs 4.2 tonnes,
but its structure can accept a maximum
weight of seven. Looking down the road,
the aforementioned modularity will allow
Nexter to easily integrate any type of sensor
and subsystem that might be developed in
the future, enabling the T40 and the
vehicles on which it will be installed to
remain abreast with enemy development.
With the experience acquired with the
FLW100/200, KMW started considering
the Rh202 20 mm cannon chambered for
20 x 139 mm rounds (and already in use
with the Bundeswehr) in late 2011 as the
possible weapon for a beefed-up version of
its FLW200. The aim was to provide an
overhead weapon station with a more
powerful weapon, to be installed on
vehicles such as the Boxer or the Fuchs.
Largely derived from the FLW200, the
new system was named FLW200Plus; as
many Fuchs and Boxers were already
equipped with the FLW200, KMW paid
attention not to modify the mechanical and
electrical interfaces in order to allow the
installation of the FLW200Plus with
minimal work. The same applied to the
operators’ console inside the vehicle, which
remains the same in terms of hardware.
The new mount has an over-roof weight of
475 kg including the weapon and 100
rounds, the Rh202 gun having a two-feed
system that allow to keep 100 rounds of one
type and 30 rounds of a different type ready
to fire.
The elevation arc stretches from –15° up
to +50°. The standard optronic package
includes a day CCD camera with x10
optical zoom and a dual-field-of-view
cooled 640x480 thermal imager providing
An evolution of the FLW200, the FLW200Plus by
KMW is armed with the Rh202 20 mm and can
easily be installed on vehicles already
equipped with the lighter RCWS. (KMW)
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April/May
At AUSA 2013 KMW unveiled its IWS35, which stands for Independent Weapon Station, armed
with a 35 mm cannon and a 12.7 mm machine gun, both from ATK. (Armada/P. Valpolini)
identification at over 2000 metres. The
FLW200Plus is currently in the final
qualification phase.
In the medium calibre domain KMW
also developed the turret for the Puma. This
is tailored to Bundeswehr requirements and
can hardly be considered a product for other
markets. The intention of developing a new
uninhabited medium calibre turret became
clear in 2010 when the Munich-based
company exhibited a Boxer with a prototype
uninhabited turret. Development work was
carried out under wraps and at AUSA 2013
KMW unveiled the IWS35, for Independent
Weapon Station 35. This maintains some
features of the Puma turret, the main being
the optical day panoramic periscope that
provides a much better view compared to a
TV solution; this has a considerable impact
on the turret architecture as the periscope
must be located in the centre of the turret ,
the weapon thus being on the right. The
prototype shown was armed with an ATK
Bushmaster III 35 mm cannon, which
makes the IWS35 the first 35 mm
unmanned turret, the secondary weapon
being the ATK 12.7 mm chain gun located
on the right of the main gun. A single
servomotor ensures the elevation of both
weapons; as the main gun has a maximum
elevation of 35° and the potential customers
feed back clearly indicated the need for a
greater elevation for the secondary one,
KMW coupled the two weapons with a
gearbox. At maximum depression, -10°, the
two weapons are aligned, and then when
increasing the elevation the 12.7 mm is
raised at a quicker angular speed, reaching a
maximum of 65°.
36
Compendium Turrets 2013
The two weapons are fully stabilised, and
when choosing the weapon to be used the fire
control system automatically considers it in
the ballistic equation ensuring it is set at the
right elevation. Stabilisation is provided by
Moog and ensures a 45°/s laying angular
speed and a 100m/s2 acceleration. To avoid
problems with links KMW opted for a
linkless solution, in the form of a Meggitt
automatic loader that elevates with the gun
and contains 65 rounds of the principal
ammo type and 11 rounds of the secondary
one. The current configuration does not
allow reloading from under armour; however
a solution has already been identified, should
a customer require that feature.
The number of rounds was decided
considering the much greater lethal effect of
a 35 mm versus a 30 mm ammunition. ATK
12.7 mm also features a double feed system,
the total number of ammunition being 250.
Without ammunition the turret, which has a
The KMW IWS35 features the same Cassidian
optical periscope of the German Puma IFV,
which means that the cannon must be
installed on the side. (Armada/P. Valpolini)
Level 2 basic protection, weighs about three
tonnes, increasing to 3.5 tonnes when
loaded with 35 and 12.7 rounds. The high
content of US subsystems, weapons,
stabilisation and loader, as well as the fact
that the unveiling, without fanfare, took
place at the Washington exhibition, clearly
shows the interest of KMW for this market.
The IWS35 can thus be considered as a
possible candidate for some American
programmes such as the Army Ground
Combat Vehicle and the US Marine Corps
Amphibious Combat Vehicle. This being
said, the IWS35 can be equipped with
different cannon, such as those from
Rheinmetall or the CTAI 40 mm telescopic
ammunition gun selected by Britain and
France for their next combat and
reconnaissance vehicles. The IWS35 already
has been test fired in Germany and more
integration work will be carried out in 2014.
I RHEINMETALL
The Lance modular turret was developed
by Rheinmetall in the mid-2000s and has
now become a mature system, with the four
turrets on order by GDELS now on their
way to the Tercio de Armada, installed on
Piranha III 8x8s adopted by Spanish
amphibious troops. A Lance turret was
tested in Canada and integrated onboard a
Piranha 5 as part of the Close Combat
Vehicle testing phase.
At Eurosatory 2010 the Lance was
exhibited on a Boxer, transforming the
latter into an infantry fighting vehicle. The
modular architecture of the Boxer could be
better appreciated at IDEX 2013, where
Rheinmetall exhibited the module on its
own, which can be installed in around 30
minutes using a crane.
Currently the Lance is offered armed
with the Rheinmetall Mk 30-2 with airburst capability, although other options
include the ATK Mk 44 Bushmaster II and
III (respectively 30 and 35 mm) and the
CTAI 40 mm, the latter being used in the
British Scout Vehicle programme whose
turret chassis is a derivative of the Lance.
The coaxial machine gun, located on the
right of the main gun, can be chosen
amongst three options, H&K MG4 in 5.56mm, Rheinmetall MG3 and FNH Mag 58
in 7.62 mm, and the newly developed
Rheinmetall electric driven RMG 7.62. A
Seoss-Sector stabilised sight installed on
the left provides the gunner with day/night
shooting capacity, while a Seoss-Peri or
–Mout can be installed on the rear of the
turret to give the commander full hunterkiller capacity, the latter system having a
70° elevation for better use in urban
canyons. Protection is also modular, the
standard being Level 4, although this
can be altered. Sniper location, 360°
situational awareness, IFF and turret-onturret are part of the options that can easily
be added thanks to the Lance vetronics
modular architecture.
Rheinmetall currently is working on the
integration of the Spike antitank missile
and of its new Wotan 30 mm gun in the
Lance, this electric driven gun allowing an
adjustable rate of fire between one and 200
rpm. At time of writing the second
prototype featuring many improvements
was being readied for firing tests.
While current Lance versions were
developed as two-man turret, the turret
armed with the Wotan will have a remotely
controlled configuration, an option that
was included right from the outset by
Rheinmetall, with a commonality
estimated at 75%. A one- or two-man
control station will be installed inside the
vehicle, all remaining other electronics
being relocated in the turret. The LanceRC needs a new slip-ring as the amount of
information flowing from the turret to the
vehicle and vice-versa is much higher than
in the traditional version. The Lance-RC
will retain the under-cover reloading
feature. Weight should decrease to a
minimum of two tonnes (2.7 tonnes with
higher protection levels). The Lance-RC is
now awaiting a launch customer.
Rheinmetall’s Lance is a modular turret that
has been so far adopted by the Spanish
Marines. An unmanned version is also being
developed. (Rheinmetall)
Denel LCT 30, is now well into production. In
both cases the turret is armed with Denel LS
GI-30 CamGun, an externally powered
cannon featuring a linkless dual feed system
and capable to fire in “sniper mode”, that is
in single shot mode with bolt closed for
maximum accuracy.
The main gun has 60 ready-to-fire rounds
while the coaxial 7.62 machine gun has 600.
A two-man turret, it can be equipped with
either an 8x direct view optical sight or a
three-lens CCD day gunner’s sight, both
synchronised to the main weapon,
complemented by a two-lens thermal imager
and a laser rangefinder with a 10 km range.
The commander is equipped with a
periscopic sight provided with either a twoFoV direct view optic sight or a three-FoV
CCD for day aiming and surveillance, and a
three-FoV thermal imager. A series of
episcopes provides direct situational
awareness to the gunner, on 220°, and to the
commander, on 360°.
The fire control system allows fire on the
move and the independent commander’s
periscope provides hunter killer capability.
Maximum elevation is 30°, while depression
reaches–10°. The LCT 30 features
considerable protection on the frontal arc, the
base level being against 23 mm API rounds
fired at 500, which can be increased against
30 mm AP-T rounds with add-on armour;
sides, rear and top are protected at Level 3.
According to latest information Malaysia,
which initially looked for 123 AIFVs with the
LCT 30 and 54 more with the turret integrated
with the South African Ingwe missile, has
decided to install the missiles on all its Denel
two-man turrets. A total of 264 Badgers are
on order, most of which will be equipped with
the LCT 30 in different configurations. Denel
Land Systems also maintains the LCT-20 in
its portfolio, which is a compact and lower
cost turret with manual drive armed with the
GI-2 20 mm cannon.
I REUTECH
This South African company proposes its
Super Land Rogue, which is armed with a
20 mm dual feed cannon, either the Denel
GI-2, or the Nexter M693 F2. Ammunition
magazines are located on either side of the
weapon, each with 100 20x139 mm rounds.
The Super Land Rogue can also be armed
with the 23 mm 2A14 automatic cannon.
While keeping the architecture of an
RCWS, the weapon is fully encased in an
I DENEL
With ink now set on two contracts, one for
the Malaysian AV8 8x8 armoured vehicle
built by DefTech and derived from the
Turkish Pars 8x8 and the other for the South
African Patria AMV-based Badger, the
Reutech’s Super Land Rogue was initially proposed armed with Denel’s GI-2 20 mm gun but is
now available also with Nexter’s M693 F2 and with the Russian 23 mm 2A14. (Reutech)
Compendium Turrets 2013
37
Also known as Vidra, Yugoimport
M91 30 mm turret will be soon
available also in an unmanned
configuration. (Yugoimport)
environmental protection pod, with
optronics located under the weapon. The
standard optronic package includes a CCD
day sight with optical zoom, a two-FoV
cooled thermal imaging and a laser
rangefinder, optical auto-tracking mode
being provided. A naval version, the
SuperSea Rogue, has also been developed
and is in service with the Benin Navy. This
has an extended elevation arc of –35°/+60°
while the land version has a –10°/+40° arc to
offer a lower profile and centre of gravity; for
both applications the customer can choose
between full traverse or ± 150° traverse.
I YUGOIMPORT
Two different turrets are part of the
Yugoimport portfolio, the M80, armed
with a 20 mm cannon, and the M91,
featuring a 30 mm weapon. The M80 is
available in two versions, full remote
control through optronics, and a one-man
configuration with gunner’s seat, firing
station and direct view channel added to
the previous configuration. The M80 is in
service in Serbia where it has been
qualified four years ago.
The M91 one-man turret origins trace
back to former Yugoslavia. However this
38
Compendium Turrets 2013
turret has undergone a series of upgrades, a
new version known as the Vidra still being
developed. Armed with the M86DF 30 mm
cannon with dual-feed mechanism, a coaxial
7.62 mm machine gun, four 82 mm M79
smoke grenade launchers and two Malyutka 2
antitank missiles, the Vidra weighs 1,782 kg
in full combat order and 1,430 kg without
ammunition. The machine gun is located
externally, over the main gun, the two missiles
being on the right. The 30 mm cannon and
the gunner are protected by a Level 2 ballistic
steel armour, the front glacis being at Level 4+
while the sides are at Level 3, add-on armour
being available for further protection. The
Vidra is available with the gun stabilised on
two axes. A basic FCS with sights and sensors
slaved to the gun and a back-up sight on the
left, or full FCS and stabilised sight round up
the options. Yugoimport is currently working
on the next configuration, expected by Fall
2014, that will see the Vidras transformed into
an unmanned turret that preserves underarmour reloading and use as a one man turret
with back-up commands and folding seat.
I KHARKIV MOROZOV DESIGN BUREAU
In the Ukraine the Kharkiv Morozov Design
Bureau has developed a series of remote
The Grom unmanned turret by Ukrainian
Kharkiv Morozov Design Bureau features
considerable firepower as well as a rather
unique quite architecture. (Ukrspecexport)
control turrets. Aeavily armed, the Grom,
Shturm and Parus all feature a 30 mm
barrel, an AG-17 30 mm AGL, a KT or
PKT 7.62 mm machine gun, and
antitank missiles.
The Grom is armed with the ZTM-2
cannon, the Ukrainian version of the 2A42; a
dual-feed weapon, it has two 180-round
an improved sighting system with
independent panoramic sight for the
commander. The weight increases to 1,650
kg fully loaded; considering the reduced
amount of ammunition, two 150-round belts
for the cannon, 500 rounds for the machine
gun and 29 grenades, it is safe to assume that
the protection level has been considerably
increased. The Parus equipped among
others the second batch of BTR-4 provided
by the Ukraine to the new Iraqi Army.
I KONGSBERG PROTECH
Firepower is certainly not an issue when
equipped with Ukrainian BM-7 Parus
unmanned turret, armed as it is with a 30 mm
cannon, a 7.62 mm MG, a 30 mm AGL and
two antitank missiles. (Armada/P. Valpolini)
ready-to-fire belts and is capable to engage
targets at ranges of 4,000 metres. The Grom
has an unusual architecture in that it comes
in the form of a rectangular box containing
weapons and ammunition, the four 9P135M
Konkurs antitank missiles being attached
under the module. Considering the four
missiles, the 30 mm ammunition, a 1,200round belt for the machine gun, 150 30 mm
grenades for the AG-17 and eight smoke
grenades, the combat weight of the Grom
towers up to 1,800 kg from the 1,280 kg of the
system without ammunition. The Grom is
proposed for increasing the firepower of light
armoured fighting vehicles such as the BTR60/70/80, the BTR-3E, the MT-LB, the M-113,
the BMP-2 and others.
The BM-3 Shturm has a similar
armament, but the cannon is the ZTM-1,
the Ukrainian weapon similar in design and
capabilities to the Soviet-designed 2A72.
The turret layout is completely different
from that of the Grom, as it comes in the
form of a classical turret with the 30 mm
cannon in the middle, the 7.62 mm MG to
its left and the 30 mm AGL even further out
to the left, followed by the optronic pod
housing the Trek sighting system. On the
right are two antitank missiles, which in this
case are R-2 Baryer semi-automatic laser
guided missile with a range of 5,500 metres.
A panoramic camera is installed on the roof.
The Shturm has a weight of 1,300 kg
including ammunition, that is 400 30 mm
rounds in two belts, 2,000 7.62 mm rounds,
87 30 mm grenades and the R-2 missiles.
The Shturm has been fitted to BTR-3E1s
acquired by the Thai Army.
The BM-7 Parus maintains the BM-3
Shturm architecture and weaponry, but has
Kongsberg of Norway developed a mediumcalibre remote control turret (although the
company defines it as a remote weapon
station) that can be armed with automatic
cannon from 25 to 40 mm calibre, capable of
integrating also antitank missiles thanks to
the open architecture adopted. The Protector
Medium Calibre prototype, unveiled in late
2009, features a fully stabilised ATK Mk44 30
mm cannon with dual-feed system, able to
fire air burst ammunition.
The gun is installed under a ballistic
shielding which can range from Level 1 to
4, a coaxial machine gun being also fitted
over the main weapon. The overall weight
without ammunition is of 1.8 tonnes, a
further tonne of optional equipment being
admitted, the Protector MC also being able
to accept a Protector RCWS in a turret-onturret concept. In early 2013 the
Kongsberg turret underwent a threemonth test at the Nevada Automotive Test
Centre, since it is being proposed for the
US Marine Corps Amphibious Combat
Vehicle. The Protector MC concept is now
frozen and ready for production.
I EVPU
A new entry in the medium calibre turret
club is EVPU of Slovakia, which has
developed the Turra 30, a stabilised turret
which can be armed with a variety of 30 mm
cannons such as the CZ 30, the 2A42 and the
ATK Mk44 Bushmaster II. Slightly on the
left a coaxial machine gun, either a 7.62 mm
PKT or a 12.7 mm NSV, is installed, with
further left the optronic pod that houses a
thermal camera, a day TV camera with
zoom and a laser rangefinder.
The standard protection is Level 1 that can
be increased with add-on armour. A missile
launcher can be added on the left side, two
Having developed two light RCWS, EVPU
designed a 30 mm unmanned turret – the
Turra 30 – which isbeing considered for
infantry fighting vehicle upgrade packages.
(EVPU)
types of missiles having been integrated, the
Tula KBP 9M113 Konkurs and the Rafael
Spike. At +75° and –10° the Turra 30 has a
considerable elevation arc. A series of
grenade launchers located in the turret
ensure a 120° arc coverage. The turret in the
standard configuration has a weight of 1,500
kg. In May 2012 the Turra 30 was shown at
the Czech IDEB exhibition installed on a
technology demonstrator based on the BMP1 chassis developed by VOP Trencin. VOP
Trencin and EVPU are also proposing a
BMP2 upgrade known as the BVP-M2 SKCZ
that includes the Turra 30.
EVPU
A specialist in the light RCWS field, Kongsberg
developed also the Protector Medium, the
design of which design is now frozen and
ready for production. (Kongsberg)
Amongst the latest entries in the medium
calibre turret producers we find EOS from
Australia. The company developed a 30 mm
turret armed with an ATK Bushmaster II 30
mm cannon that has been thoroughly tested
in the last three years, and aims at having it
ready for production in 2015.
Compendium Turrets 2013
39
Tank Guns for
Medium Vehicles
With progress made on medium armoured vehicle structures
on the one hand, especially in the wheeled variety, and the
tremendous efforts made on guns themselves to
substantially reduce recoil forces on the other, it was
inevitable that two and two were going to be put together
sooner or later. In many cases the ball is in the court of the
militaries, as far as dusting off their doctrines is concerned.
Cockerill
Maintenance et
Ingégnerie of
Belgium
proposes its CTCV 105HP turret
for transforming
infantry fighting
vehicles into light
tanks. (CMI
Defence)
I CMI DEFENCE
CMI Defence is definitely the major producer
of heavy calibre turrets, considering those
from 90 mm up. The Belgian company is now
offering four different turrets, starting with
the lightest, the CSE 90LP, which gun has a
36-calibre gun with a nominal pressure of
210 MPa. Its weight and recoil allow its use
on vehicles of more than seven tonnes,
ballistic protection being increasable from
Level 1 to Level 4.
A derivative of the former CS 90LP, the “E”
added means electrically actuated, the former
model featuring hydraulic actuators. This
two-operator turret can be equipped with
various sights and fire control systems,
according to customer’s requirements, and its
30° maximum elevation allows indirect fire
up to six km. The latter integration of the CSE
90LP was exhibited at IDEX 2013, the turret
being installed on a BTR-3E 16 tonne 8x8
vehicle from Ukroboronservice.
Next is the two-operator LCTS 90MP, the
48.5-calibre barrel of which has a nominal
pressure of 310 MPa. Aimed at vehicles
comprised between 10 and 20 tonnes, it
features an autoloader and its higher muzzle
40
Compendium Turrets 2013
velocity affords it a range of 7.8 km with an
HE round at the maximum elevation of 20°.
Its FCS can include all the features found on
MBTs such as day/night fully stabilised sight
for the gunner and stabilised independent
periscope for the commander, both with laser
rangefinder, vetronic being linked to a fully
digital architecture.
The interest in light tanks led CMI Defence
to develop a new larger calibre gun – and
consequently a new turret. Its 105 mm
Cockerill CV HP gun has a 51-calibre barrel
and features a pressure 120% that of standard
guns, with a peak recoil force of less than 150
kN. The CT-CV 105HP, equipped with an
advanced autoloader that allows to keep the
weight low and avoid the need of a third
operator. Fully electric driven, with
mechanical backup commands, its digitised
electronic architecture allows easy interfacing
with customer required subsystems, optional
sensors, as well as with the platform. In order to
provide maximum operational flexibility the
CT-CV 105HP features a considerable
maximum elevation, +42°, that allows it to fire
HEP rounds in indirect fire mode to a
maximum range of 10 km. The gun not only
fires all Nato 105 mm ammunition (including
the Mecar M1060CV purposely developed for
that gun that ensures a penetration of over 550
mm RHA at 2,000 metres into a Nato target
angled at 60°), but also the CMI Defence longrange Falarick 105 gun-launched anti-tank
guided missile. The Falarick, unveiled in 2010,
features a laser semi-automatic guidance
system and has a maximum range of 5 km, a
flight time of 17 seconds and a tandem
hollow-charge warhead ensuring a 550 mm
RHA penetration behind ERA. The CT-CV
has been tested on numerous platforms, one
of the latest being the reinforced-roof Wilk
variant of the Polish Rosomak (Wilk meaning
wolf in Polish).
To further improve its portfolio aimed at
medium tanks CNI Defence developed the
XC-8 turret concept, which can be equipped
with either 105 or 120mm Cockerill highpressure low-recoil guns. The new twooperator turret leverages CT-CV 105HP
experience and was unveiled at DSEI 2013
installed on a Korean Doosan K21 infantry
fighting vehicle chassis, giving birth to a light
tank with a gross weight of about 25 tonnes.
When equipped with the 105, the XC-8
maintains the +42° maximum elevation of the
Cockerill CT-CV 105HPt and its 10 km
indirect fire range, making the light tank both
a direct and indirect fire support asset.
CMI declined to provide any details on the
version armed with the 120 mm gun, the only
available information being that the gun is able
to fire Nato standard 120 mm smoothbore
ammunition as well as the 120 mm version of
the Falarick, which ensures a penetration of at
least 700 mm RHA behind ERA.
I OTO MELARA
With the development contract for the next
generation Centauro running, Oto Melara is
further upgrading its three-operator Hitfact
105/120 that can be installed on vehicles from
25 tonnes up, the current turret weight being
With the development of the Falarick 90
antitank missile the operational reach of the
CMI LCTS90 turret has been considerably
increased. (CMI Defence)
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Compendium
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TURRETS
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roughly half the weight of the previous gun, at
around 1,700 kg, and features a 20% lesser
recoil thanks to a new recoil system and
muzzle brake. The new weapon is optimised
for remote-control turrets equipped with an
autoloader, and IMI has already worked on a
preliminary design of a 120 mm turret both
with remote and direct control options.
I DENEL
Still in the concept phase, the XC-8 turret
developed by CMI Defence for both 105 and
120 mm guns was shown at IDEX 2013 on a
Doosan K21 IFV. (CMI Defence)
6.5 tonnes sans armour. The turret structure
is in aluminium in order to minimise the
structural weight, add-on armour being then
bolted to provide the desired protection level.
A new design will allow reducing the outer
surface, which is directly linked to the add-on
armour weight, while keeping the same
internal volume. Armour solutions are
provided in-house and are mostly ceramicbased for weight saving purposes.
The new basket as well as inside
arrangements are designed to provide
maximum protection against mines and IEDs.
Oto Melara and the Italian Army consider that
the third man inside the turret covers not only
the loader role but also a number of secondary
routine and emergency roles. The turret is
designed to accept an automatic loader as an
option, which might lead in the long term to a
remotely operated turret, a one tonne saving in
armour being forecast, although according to
Oto Melara the market does not seem to be
ready for remotely controlled tank gun turret.
The company is strongly marketing its 105
mm solution for the Brazilian requirement,
this calibre being still much requested, while
the 120 mm solution is also finding interest,
also thanks to the new development in 120
mm ammunitions.
I IMI
After years producing the MG251 and MG253
120 mm smoothbore guns, respectively for the
Merkava Mk3 and Mk4 MBTs, IMI developed
a new 120 mm ordnance, the RG120, which is
Developed from the 76 mm turret installed on
the Rooikat, the Denel LMT-015 is armed with
the company GT-7 gun that uses the same
barrel as the L7 coupled to a long recoil system
that allows to reduce recoil forces. A 7.62 mm
coaxial machine gun with 1,600 ready rounds is
installed on the left of the main gun. A threeman turret, the LMT-105 weighs 6.5 tonnes
and stores nine ready-to-use rounds in the
The Hitfact is the heavy member of the “Hit” turrets
from Oto Melara and can be armed with the
company 120 mm smoothbore gun, here launching
a Horus reconnaissance UAV. (Armada/P. Valpolini)
turret basket and seven stand-by rounds in a
bustle magazine. Protected against 23 mm on
the 60° frontal arc, the rest of the turret is
protected at Level 2. The commander’s
stabilised panoramic sight provides a hunterkiller capability, full 360° being also available
through the cupola equipped with episcopes.
Installed for trial purposes on a Rooikat chassis
as well as on an ASCOD tracked chassis, it
hasn’t yet scored any orders.
Two more players seem about to enter the
heavy turrets arena, both from Brazil, where a
potential contract is surfacing. One is Ares
Aerospacial e Defesa, the Elbit Systems
subsidiary that is proposing the MT 105BR that
integrates a 105 mm gun from Israel Military
Industries (IMI), the second being Tarobá
Engenharia without a turreted system.
I INDEX TO ADVERTISERS
ARMADA SUBSCRIPTION
EURONAVAL
EUROSATORY
42
Compendium Turrets 2013
35
C3
C2
IDEAS 2014
OTO MELARA
SAAB SECURITY AND DEFENCE
41
11
C4
-controlled
Mostly remote
ON THE COVER: Apart from being one of the main
trend setters in the field of light remotely controlled
turrets, Kongsberg is also paving the way to scalable
output power turrets with this version of the Protector,
which carries less-than-lethal effectors, stunners and all
manner of dazzlers and warning systems before more
determined action is employed.
Compendium Turrets
Supplement to
Issue 6/2013
Volume 37, Issue No. 6, December 2013/January 2014
INTERNATIONAL
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