Cuadernillo de 3º ESO.

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Cuadernillo de 3º ESO.
8:30-9:30
9:30-10:30
10:30:11:30
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
11:30-12:00
12:00-13:00
13:00-14:00
14:00-15:00
This workbook belongs to ______________________________________ from class ________
Presentación
Tu “Workbook” ha sido preparado por tus profesores para ayudarte a superar la
asignatura de inglés con éxito. Revísalo con frecuencia, tráelo siempre a clase, lee los
consejos que aparecen en él ¡cuídalo! y no olvides que hay que trabajar desde el
primer día.
Contiene las siguientes secciones:
Guía para el alumno ............................................................................. 1
Consejos para mejorar tu inglés ............................................................... 3
¿Cómo aprender vocabulario? .................................................................. 4
Classroom language ............................................................................. 5
Números ........................................................................................... 8
Verbos irregulares ................................................................................ 10
Reglas de ortografía ............................................................................. 13
Cómo hacer una buena presentación ......................................................... 14
Diario de lectura ................................................................................. 15
Fichas para las lecturas ........................................................................ 19
Vocabulario por unidades ....................................................................... 20
Fichas para mejorar la destreza oral ......................................................... 31
Explicaciones gramaticales y ejercicios ...................................................... 40
Mi Portfolio ........................................................................................ 58
¡Buen curso 2015-16!
The English Department
IES Pedro Espinosa
IES PEDRO ESPINOSA
DEPARTAMENTO DE INGLÉS
HOJA INFORMATIVA PARA EL ALUMNADO 3º ESO
CURSO 2015-2016
I. SISTEMA DE EVALUACIÓN
Se realizarán 2 exámenes trimestrales, para los que se establecerá hora y día, y todos los controles de vocabulario, verbos,
frases… oportunos. No olvides que la EVALUACIÓN ES CONTINUA, lo que implica que cada examen engloba todo lo
estudiado desde el comienzo de curso hasta el momento del examen y cada examen sirve de recuperación del anterior. Puesto que
la nota de exámenes es sólo el 70% de la calificación trimestral, ningún alumno podrá aprobar la asignatura SÓLO Y
EXCLUSIVAMENTE CON EL ÚLTIMO EXAMEN. ¡Hay que trabajar desde el primer día!
Los exámenes constarán de las siguientes partes:
→ Gramática y Vocabulario (Use of English) 40%
→ Comprensión del texto (Reading) 20%
→ Comprensión auditiva (Listening) 10%
→ Redacción (Writing) 20%
→ Expresión oral (Speaking) 10%
Recuerda que los EXÁMENES REPRESENTAN UN 70% DE TU NOTA FINAL Y EL 30% RESTANTE SE BASARÁ EN TU
TRABAJO DE CLASE Y EN TU CUADERNO Y EN LA REALIZACIÓN DE TAREAS, PROYECTOS, LECTURAS Y
REDACCIONES tal y como se muestra en la siguiente tabla:
Nivel 1º, 2º, 3º y 4º ESO. 100% repartido entre:
Exámenes: 70%
Trabajo del alumno: 30 %
Exámenes de unidades
Tests
Trabajo en clase/casa
Participación
Proyectos y
Redacciones
Biblioteca de aula
50.00%
20.00%
10.00%
10.00%
10.00%
Por tanto, para aprobar la asignatura será necesario:
→ Realizar Tarea en casa. Se revisará diariamente.
→ Participar en clase y en las actividades propuestas por el departamento.
→ Trabajar proyectos.
→ Aprovechar el tiempo dedicado a la lectura y llevar al día el diario de lectura.
→ Tener el cuaderno completo, limpio, ordenado y corregido.
→ Mostrar interés por la asignatura.
→ Realizar exámenes orales y escritos.
El alumnado que no supere el curso en la convocatoria de junio, deberá presentarse a la convocatoria de septiembre. El examen
de septiembre incluirá todas las destrezas trabajadas durante el curso.
II. RECUPERACIÓN DE CURSOS ANTERIORES
Para recuperar los cursos anteriores el alumnado deberá presentarse a un examen trimestral en las siguientes fechas y de las
siguientes unidades:
→ 1ª evaluación: temas 1, 2 – jueves 19 noviembre 17.00
→ 2ª evaluación: temas 3, 4 – jueves 18 febrero 17.00
→ 3ª evaluación: temas 5, 6 – jueves 26 mayo 17.00
Recuerda que para repasar tienes tu cuaderno del alumno realizado por el Departamento. Si lo has perdido, podrás descargarlo de
la página web del centro: http://bit.ly/1XLqoLU (iespedroespinosa.es » departamentos » inglés » cuadernillos). Si tienes dudas,
recuerda preguntar a tus profesores; te ayudarán.
*El profesorado indicará el lugar de realización de la prueba.
III. MATERIAL
Obligatorio
→ Interface ESO3, Student’s Book. Editorial Macmillan (Lo recibirás en el Centro)
Recomendado
→ Cuadernillo del Alumno realizado por el Departamento (fotocopiadora del Centro, página web del centro en formato
*pdf: : http://bit.ly/1XLqoLU (iespedroespinosa.es » departamentos » inglés » cuadernillos).
→ Diccionario de bolsillo. Debe traerse a clase TODOS LOS DÍAS. Editoriales recomendadas: Collins Gem, Oxford,
Larousse, Longman.
→ Cuaderno a elección del alumno. Deberá estar perfectamente ordenado y presentable con nombre, apellidos y curso en la
portada.
→ Fundas folio para guardar las fotocopias que se entreguen o que se recomienden para su compra. Si el tamaño lo permite,
deben pegarse en el cuaderno.
IV. INSTRUCCIONES
→ NO SE PUEDE ESCRIBIR en el Student’s Book porque NO es nuestro.
→ Cuando el/la profesor/a llega, todos/as tenemos preparado nuestro material y estamos listos/as para empezar la clase.
V. RECURSOS ONLINE
→ http://englishyesplease.blogspot.com
→ www.wordreference.com (diccionario)
→ www.languageguide.org/english/ (vocabulario)
→ http://www.ego4u.com/ (gramática, vocabulario, expresión escrita)
→ http://mbonillo.xavierre.com/httpdocs/grammar/2eso.html (gramática, listening)
VI. ¿PARA QUÉ ME SIRVE EL INGLÉS?
→ Para APROBAR esta asignatura y así ir por buen
camino para obtener mi graduado.
→ Para navegar por internet.
→ Para escuchar y entender las canciones o a los
deportistas que me gustan.
→ Para seguir tus series de televisión favoritas.
→ Para conseguir un trabajo.
→ Para ligar, viajar…
VII. ¿QUÉ MÉTODOS PUEDO USAR PARA APRENDER INGLÉS?
→ Aprovechar al máximo las clases en el instituto:
→
prestando atención, participando.
→ Clases de conversación con un hablante nativo.
→
→ Charlas con turistas.
→
→ Práctica con compañeros fuera de clase.
→
→ Audición de podcasts.
Lectura de periódicos, revistas y libros
(adaptados u originales).
Uso de Internet y DVDs.
Concentración en la práctica oral.
Concentración en los ejercicios de gramática.
VIII. SI YO FUERA ALUMNO/A
→ No faltaría a clase a no ser por extrema necesidad y, en caso de faltar, comunicaría al profesor el motivo de la falta y
además me informaría de lo que se ha tratado en clase el día en que yo he faltado y recuperaría los apuntes. Recuerda que
debes enseñar el justificante de tus faltas.
→ Por lo menos una vez por semana dedicaría un tiempo a estudiar la materia de esa semana.
→ Participaría en clase:
o me dirigiría al profesor con respeto.
o corrigiendo la tarea.
o iría completando mi cuaderno poco a
o preguntando lo que no entendiera.
poco y este estaría limpio y claro.
o hablando en inglés.
o respetando el trabajo de los demás.
o controlaría mis ganas de broma y de
juego en clase.
o participando en los diálogos y teatrillos.
→ Estudiaría el vocabulario y los verbos a diario y NO la noche antes del examen.
→ Prepararía los exámenes intentando comprender todo, practicando con ejercicios, repasando el vocabulario…
Me doy por enterado de qué tengo que hacer para aprobar la asignatura de inglés, de los criterios de evaluación, de los
materiales necesarios, de mis obligaciones… y mi firma y la de mis padres da fe de ello.
FIRMA ALUMNO/A (3º ESO grupo:____)
FIRMA PADRES
Fdo.________________________________
Fdo.________________________________
SEPTIEMBRE, 2015
→ Descarga en tu MP3 o smartphone los
listenings recomendados, audiolibros o
cualquier cosa que te guste. ¡Aprovecha
cualquier momento! No importa que al
principio no entiendas. ¡ESCUCHA,
ESCUCHA, ESCUCHA!
3
¿Sabes por qué es difícil aprender palabras en inglés?
1) Para un hispanohablante, la gran mayoría de las palabras en inglés son sonidos ininteligibles que no
significan absolutamente nada. Si la palabra nueva te resulta familiar solo se puede deber a dos motivos: es
una palabra de origen latino o la has escuchado en los medios de comunicación.
Recuerda: Dado que el inglés es un idioma de origen germánico, muy alejado del español, no se asimila un
nuevo sonido hasta que no se repite unas diez, a veinte veces, hablando. Algunas palabras incluso tienen
que llegar a repetirse unas cien veces para que se queden grabadas en la memoria.
2) Hay, al menos, dos tipos de vocabularios. El vocabulario del inglés hablado y el del inglés escrito. Esto
quiere decir que hay palabras que lees pero que no se suelen usar en inglés hablado y palabras que escuchas
pero que no se suelen escribir. Las palabras de inglés hablado son las más difíciles de aprender porque una
gran mayoría no son de origen latino; son "phrasal verbs", o palabras de origen germánico.
Recuerda: Es mejor empezar aprendiendo el vocabulario del inglés hablado ya que será el que más vas a
necesitar en el día a día.
3) El número de palabras que hay que aprender para hablar con cierta fluidez ronda las tres mil. Aprender
tres mil palabras es difícil y toma tiempo, por tanto, necesitaremos determinación a prueba de fuego.
Recuerda: Para incrementar tu vocabulario, determinación a prueba de fuego; esto significa planificación y
constancia.
4) Por cada palabra, hay que aprender "pronunciación" y "deletreo" (spelling). Si no sabes escribir una
palabra, no importa demasiado porque siempre puedes buscarla en un diccionario, pero si no sabes
pronunciarla realmente no sabes esa palabra.
Recuerda: Solo puedes decir que sabes una palabra si puedes pronunciarla y colocarla correctamente en una
frase. Consejo: Búscate ahora mismo alguien para hablar.
¿Cómo superaremos todas estas barreras?
Sólo hay una manera: con mucha determinación y un buen método. Suponiendo que ya tenemos la
determinación, veamos los métodos.
Una de las mejores maneras de aprender vocabulario es viendo películas en inglés con subtítulos. Ves la
imagen, escuchas cómo suena y ves cómo se escribe.
Ni que decir tiene que otra fantástica manera de aprender vocabulario es cantando.
Otra buena fórmula es hablando. Cuando no sabes cómo decir algo, la necesidad de comunicarte te lleva a
buscar las palabras que necesitas para expresarte. Así que piensa durante el día frases en español y piensa
cómo las dirías en inglés. Si tienes dudas pregunta a un profesor.
Otra forma eficaz de incrementar tu vocabulario es leyendo. La gran ventaja de la lectura es que
aprendes las nuevas palabras en un contexto determinado. La desventaja es que no sabes cómo suena la
palabra. Por ello, la lectura debe combinarse siempre con prácticas de conversación. También son buenos
los audio-books para leer y escuchar al mismo tiempo.
Por último, se aprende vocabulario estudiando y echando mano de todos los recursos que tenemos a
mano: diccionarios, internet,trucos para memorizar, juegos, crucigramas (crosswords), el ahorcado
(hangman), leyendo las noticias en inglés, etc
¿Cómo recordar vocabulario nuevo?
1. Traduciendo la palabra a tu idioma. Por ejemplo: coche – car (inglés).
2. Describiéndola en español. Por ejemplo: vehículo con motor y de cuatro ruedas para transportar
personas.
3. Haciendo un dibujo.
4. Poniéndola en contexto. Por ejemplo: Mi coche se ha estropeado y tengo que llevarlo al taller.
5. Colocándola dentro de un grupo léxico. Por ejemplo: coche, camión, moto, etc.
(Fuente: http://elblogdelingles.blogspot.com.es/)
4
CLASSROOM LANGUAGE
Cosas que podrías decir a tu profesor/a
Lo siento, no lo entiendo
¿Perdón?
¿Qué quiere decir “chair”?
¿Cómo se dice “X” en inglés?
¿Cómo se deletrea eso?
¿Es esto correcto?
¿Cuál es el pasado de “go”?
¿Cómo se pronuncia esta palabra?
¿Qué tenemos que hacer exactamente?
Perdone, ¿puedo pasar?
¿Podría hablar más despacio, por favor?
Perdone. Lo siento, llego tarde.
¿Puedo ir al baño, por favor?
¿Puedo sacar punta al lápiz, por favor?
Dígalo otra vez, por favor.
¿Puede ayudarme, por favor?
¿Es esto correcto / incorrecto?
Lo siento, he olvidado mi cuaderno.
Lo siento, no hice mi tarea.
Cosas que tu profesor podría decirte.
Abrid vuestro libro por la página 25.
Responde las preguntas.
Escribe las respuestas.
Trabajad solos / en parejas / en grupos.
Haz estas preguntas a tu compañero.
Responde las preguntas de tu compañero.
Escucha y repite… otra vez…
Haz la pregunta.
Escucha el CD y esponde las preguntas.
Lee el texto.
Escribe una redacción sobre…
Copiad esto en vuestras libretas.
La tarea es … ejercicio 5, página 11
¡Bien hecho!
¿Habéis terminado?
¿Dónde está Pedro hoy?
¿Quién falta hoy?
Things you might say to your teacher
I’m sorry, I don’t understand.
Pardon? Sorry?
What does “chair” mean?
How do you say “X” in English?
How do you spell that?
Is this correct?
What is the past of “go”?
How do you pronounce this word?
What exactly do we have to do?
Excuse me. May I come in?
Could you speak more slowly, please?
Excuse me. I’m sorry, I’m late.
May I go to the toilet, please?
Can I sharpen my pencil, please?
Say that again, please.
Can you help me, please?
Is this right / wrong?
I’m sorry, I forgot my notebook.
I’m sorry, I didn’t do my homework.
Things your teacher might say to you.
Open your book at page 25.
Answer the questions.
Write the answers.
Work alone / in pairs / in groups.
Ask your partner these questions ...
Answer your partner’s questions ...
Listen and repeat … again …
Make the question.
Listen to the CD to answer these questions.
Read the text.
Write a composition about…
Copy this into your notebooks.
The homework is ...exercise 5, page 11
Well done!
Have you finished?
Where’s Pedro today?
Who is absent / missing today?
5
¿Habéis hecho la tarea?
Nos vemos la próxima clase.
¡Que tengáis un buen fin de semana!
¿Cómo estás?
¡Estaos quietos!
Ven a la pizarra.
Siéntate.
Levántate.
Cierra el libro.
Abre el libro.
Enséñame tu libreta.
Vamos a empezar con la clase ahora.
¿Está todo el mundo listo para empezar?
Voy a pasar lista.
¿A quién le gustaría tener un positivo hoy?
Coge uno y pásalos.
Have you done your homework?
See you next lesson.
Have a nice weekend!
How are you?
Be quiet!
Come to the board.
Sit down.
Stand up.
Close your book.
Open your book.
Show me your notebook.
Let’s start with the lesson now.
Is everybody ready to start?
I’m going to take attendance.
Who would like to get extra marks today?
Take one and pass them on.
Cosas que podrías leer en tu libro o en
un examen.
Completa las frases con las palabras de
abajo.
Completa las frases con la forma correcta
de los verbos entre paréntesis.
Escribe las frases en negative e
interrogative.
Elige / Subraya / Rodea
Escribe las palabras en el orden correcto.
Lee el texto y responde las preguntas.
Escribe cinco frases sobre…
Traduce las siguientes frases a inglés.
Escribe los contrarios.
Things you might read in your book or in an
exam.
Complete the sentences with the words below.
Complete the sentences with the correct form of
the verbs in brackets.
Write the sentences in the negative and
interrogative.
Choose / Underline / Circle the correct…
Write the words in the correct order.
Read the text and answer the questions.
Write five sentences about…
Translate the following sentences into English.
Write the opposites.
Cosas que podrías decir a tu compañero.
¿Podría coger prestado tu…?
¿Puedes dejarme un…?
Lo siento, no recuerdo tu nombre.
¿Podemos compartir el libro?
¿En qué página estamos?
¿Me puedes pasar esas hoja, por favor?
Perdona, ese es mi libro.
¿Quién va a empezar?
¿A quién le toca?
Me toca a mi ahora.
Things you might say to your classmate.
Can I borrow your…, please?
Can you lend me a …?
Sorry, I can’t remember your name.
Can I share your book with you?
What page is it on?
Can you pass me that piece of paper, please?
Excuse me, that’s my book.
Who is going to start?
Whose turn is it?
It’s my turn now.
6
SCHOOL AND EDUCATION
go to school ......................
study ..............................
learn (by heart) .................
do homework ....................
ask .................................
answer ............................
know ..............................
revise..............................
take an exam ....................
examen
pass an exam.....................
fail an exam......................
repeat a year ....................
leave school......................
colegio
take the register
attendance .......................
expel ..............................
punish .............................
punishment.......................
skip classes*......................
absent.............................
present............................
hard-working.....................
inattentive .......................
undisciplined.....................
high / secondary school ........
state school ......................
private school....................
ir al colegio
estudiar
aprender (de memoria)
hacer la tarea
preguntar
responder
saber
repasar
hacer un
aprobar
suspender
repetir
dejar el
pasar lista
expulsar
castigar
castigo
saltarse las clases
ausente
presente
trabajador
distraido
indisciplinado
instituto
colegio público
colegio privado
AT SCHOOL
class ...............................
classroom.........................
headmaster ......................
deputy ............................
director of studies ..............
counsellor ........................
teacher ...........................
tutor...............................
caretaker .........................
secretary .........................
language assistant ..............
cleaner............................
desk ...............................
table ..............................
ruler ..............................
glue ...............................
scissors ...........................
stick ..............................
calculator.........................
brush ..............................
computer ........................
keyboard .........................
mouse ............................
headphones .....................
loudspeakers .....................
laptop .............................
netbook ...........................
map................................
drawing pin ......................
duster, eraser....................
rubber.............................
sharpener.........................
schoolbag .........................
pencilcase ........................
exam ..............................
break ..............................
bell ................................
chair...............................
clase
clase
director
vicedirector
jefe de estudios
orientador
profesor
tutor
conserje
secretario
asistente lingüístico
limpiador
pupitre
mesa
regla
pegamento
tijeras
pegar
calculadora
cepillo
ordenador
teclado
ratón
auriculares
altavoces
portátil
miniportatil
mapa
chincheta
borrador
goma
sacapuntas
mochila
estuche
examen
recreo
campana
silla
TEACHING
term ................................trimestre
timetable..........................horario
subject.............................asignatura
lesson ..............................lección
period ..............................hora de clase
free period ........................hora libre
french class .......................clase de francés
vocabulary ........................vocabulario
grammar ...........................gramática
FACILITIES
playground ........................patio
library..............................biblioteca
assembly hall .....................salón de actos
language lab ......................laboratorio de idiomas
canteen ............................cafetería
reception ..........................recepción
staffroom ..........................sala de profesores
registration room ................secretaría
laboratory .........................laboratorio
gym.................................gimnasio
headteacher’s office ............despacho del director
IN THE CLASSROOM
classmate .........................compañero
chair................................silla
cupboard ..........................armario
locker ..............................taquilla
stapler ............................grapadora
hole punch .......................taladradora
schoolbag .........................mochila
board...............................pizarra
notice board .....................tablón
dictionary .........................diccionario
notebook ..........................libreta
sheet ..............................hoja
pen ................................bolígrafo
pencil .............................lápiz
marker ............................subrayador
boardpen ..........................rotulador pizarra
chalk ..............................tiza
crayons ............................ceras
coloured pencils .................lápices de colores
correction fluid ..................líquido corrector
spelling ............................ortografía
essay ...............................redacción, trabajo
translation ........................traducción
exam ...............................examen
mistake ............................fallo
good mark .........................buena nota
bad mark ..........................mala nota
pass mark..........................aprobado
school report......................boletín
prize................................premio
GCSE ...............................graduado de
Secundaria
holidays............................vacaciones
SUBJECTS
computer studies ................informática
maths ..............................matemáticas
history .............................historia
geography .........................geografía
science.............................ciencias
biology .............................biología
chemistry..........................química
physics .............................física
languages..........................idiomas
English .............................ingles
physical education ..............E.F.
religion ............................religión
French .............................Francés
7
Zero scores in team games are usually called nil.
In tennis, table tennis , it is used the word love
In British English And is used before the last two figures
(tens and units) of a number.
Manchester three; Liverpool nil
Fifteen - love ; your service.
325: three hundred and twenty-five.
3,077: three thousand and seventy-seven.
Note that in writing, commas (not a full stop) are used to
separate thousands.
There are two ways of saying dates. Ordinal numbers are
used. We write the preposition on with dates.
1 /08 /2009 : On the first of August / August the first…
The words hundred, thousand and million can be used in
the singular with a or an, but not alone.
A is more common in an informal style.
I want to live a hundred years.
The journey took exactly one hundred days.
When dates are written the, of and often the ordinal
ending (-th) are dropped.
Years are usually said in two halves.
1986 : nineteen eighty-six
To say the time we can use , digital numbers or time
expressions :
What’s the time?
12:15 . It’s twelve fifteen / It’s a quarter past twelve
Simple fractions are expressed by using ordinal numbers
¾ : three fourths ¾
: one third
Decimal fractions are said with each figure separate.. we use
a full stop, called “point”, not a comma, before the fraction.
In phone numbers we say each figure separately.
0 is called / әu /. And if a number is repeated we say
double.
6532209 : six five three double two o nine.
0.5 : nought point five
Ordinal numbers are used for Kings and Queens.
Henry VIII: Henry the Eighth
The figure 0 is normally called nought in British English and
Zero in American English.
When the numbers are said figure by figure 0 is often called
/әu / like the letter O.
My account number is 41326069 : four one three two six o ..
In measurements, like temperature is called zero
0º : Zero degrees Centigrade.
The singular of pence is penny.
1p : one penny Informal : one p / pi /
5p : five pence
five p / pi /
In sums with pounds, the letter p is dropped.
£3.75 : Three pounds seventy-five
8
Exercise 1
Write how you would say these numbers or figures.
1.
2.
1. Addition
2+ 3 = 5
Two and three is / are five
Two plus three is /equals five
2. Subtraction
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
7-4=3
8.
Four from seven is / leaves three
Seven minus four is /equals three
9.
3. Multiplication
10.
5 x 2 = 10
Five times two is / makes ten
Five multiplied by two equals ten
4. Division
………………………………………………………………………
11.
12.
13.
14.
9:3=3
Nine divided by three equals three
He was born 3 -January 1975
………………………………………………………………………………………
His telephone number is 956 447 201
………………………………………………………………………………………
Juan Carlos I is the King of Spain.
………………………………………………………………………………………
How much are those trainers? They are £ 103.50
………………………………………………………………………………………
He lives on the 15 floor.
………………………………………………………………………………………
Who won the match? Real Madrid beat Manchester United 1-0
………………………………………………………………………………………
My cousin won 1,500,000 Є in the lottery two years ago.
………………………………………………………………………………………
¼ + ½ = ¾.
15.
Nadal is winning 40-0 in the 1st game.
………………………………………………………………………………………
When is Tom’s birthday? His birthday is on 30 / 3
……………………………………………………………………………………..
What time is it, please? It ‘s 19:40
………………………………………………………………………………………
The temperature now is 0º C.
………………………………………………………………………………………
10 - 1.5 = 8.5
………………………………………………………………………………………
352 + 1760 = 2112.
………………………………………………………………………………………
27 : 3 = 9
……………………………………………………………………………………..
Exercise 2
Exercise 3
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
1. The concert is the two of May.
…………………………………………………………….
2. One thousand and three hundreds.
……………………………………………………………
3. He died in one thousand nine hundred
and sixty two.
……………………………………………………………
4. Manchester beat Liverpool three zero.
……………………………………………………………
5. My phone number is six nil one two four
nine nine five.
……………………………………………………………
6. Henry the Eight was born in Greenwich.
……………………………………………………………
7. The car cost a lot of money, thirty
thousands euros.
……………………………………………………………
8. How much is three time six?
……………………………………………………………
9. His birthday is the eleven January.
……………………………………………………………
10. The lesson starts at nine thirtieth.
Write the following numbers
1968 ( year) ………………………………………………….
21st
…………………………………………………
6374420 () ……………………………………………….
5 + 7 =12
………………………………………………..
£100,65
…………………………………………………
5ºC
…………………………………………………
Elisabeth I
………………………………………………..
2/5 (fraction) ……………………………………...........
6-0 (football) ……………………………………………….
15-0 (tennis) ………………………………………………..
18/10/1999
………………………………………………..
4 x 9 = 36
………………………………………………..
15 : 5 = 3
………………………………………………..
1,950,011
………………………………………………..
………………………………………………..
3rd
100
………………………………………………..
1,000
………………………………………………..
1,000,000
………………………………………………..
502
………………………………………………..
Henry II
……………………………………………….
50,20 Є
……………………………………………….
30 – 19 =11 ……………………………………………….
2010 (year) ……………………………………………….
Correct the flollowing numbers.
9
Irregular Verbs 3 ESO
Irregular Verbs
INFINITIVE
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
be
beat
become
begin
bend
bet
bite
bleed
blow
break
breed
bring
build
buy
catch
choose
come
cost
cut
deal
do
draw
dream
drink
drive
eat
fall
feed
feel
fight
find
fly
forbid
foretell
forget
forgive
freeze
get
give
go
grow
hang
have
hear
hide
hit
hold
hurt
PAST
SIMPLE
PAST
PARTICIPLE
TRANSLATION
was, were
beat
became
began
bent
bet
bit
bled
blew
broke
bred
brought
built
bought
caught
chose
came
cost
cut
dealt
did
drew
dreamt
drank
drove
ate
fell
fed
felt
fought
found
flew
forbade
foretold
forgot
forgave
froze
got
gave
went
grew
hung, hanged
had
heard
hid
hit
held
hurt
been
beaten
become
begun
bent
bet
bitten
bled
blown
broken
bred
brought
built
bought
caught
chosen
come
cost
cut
dealt
done
drawn
dreamt
drunk
driven
eaten
fallen
fed
felt
fought
found
flown
forbidden
foretold
forgotten
forgiven
frozen
got
given
gone
grown
hung, hanged
had
heard
hidden
hit
held
hurt
estar
derrotar, golpear
convertirse en, hacerse
empezar
doblar
apostar
morder
sangrar
soplar
romper(se)
criar
traer
construer
comprar
coger, atrapar
elegir
venir, llegar
costar
cortar
tratar
hacer
dibujar
soñar
beber
conducir
comer
caerse
alimentar
sentir
luchar
encontrar
volar
prohibir
predecir
olvidar
perdonar
congelar
conseguir, recibir
dar
ir(se)
crecer, cultivar
colgar, tender
tener, tomar, haber
oír
esconder
golpear
sujetar
doler, hacer daño
10
Irregular Verbs 3 ESO
INFINITIVE
PAST
SIMPLE
PAST
PARTICIPLE
TRANSLATION
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
keep
know
lay
learn
leave
lead
lend
let
light
lose
make
mean
meet
kept
knew
laid
learnt
left
led
lent
let
lit
lost
made
meant
met
kept
known
laid
learnt
left
led
lent
let
lit
lost
made
meant
met
62
63
64
65
pay
put
read
ride
paid
put
read
rode
paid
put
read
ridden
66
ring
rang
rung
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
run
say
see
sell
send
sew
shake
shine
shoot
show
shrink
shut
sing
sink
sit
sleep
speak
spell
spend
ran
said
saw
sold
sent
sewed
shook
shone
shot
showed
shrank
shut
sang
sank
sat
slept
spoke
spelt
spent
run
said
seen
sold
sent
sewn
shaken
shone
shot
shown
shrunk
shut
sung
sunk
sat
slept
spoken
spelt
spent
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
spread
spring
stand
steal
stick
stink
sweep
swim
spread
sprang
stood
stole
stuck
stank
swept
swam
spread
sprung
stood
stolen
stuck
stunk
swept
swum
continuar, seguir
saber, conocer
poner, extender
aprender, enterarse de
irse, dejar
encabezar, dirigir
prestar
dejar (autorizar)
encender
perder
hacer, fabricar
significar, querer decir
conocer, reunirse,
quedar, encontrarse
con alguien
pagar
poner
leer
montar (caballo, moto,
bici…))
tocar (el timbre) sonar
(el teléfono)
correr
decir
ver
vender
enviar
coser
agitar, sacudir
brillar, relucir
disparar
mostrar
encoger
cerrar
cantar
hundirse
sentarse
dormir(se)
hablar
deletrear
gastar (dinero), pasar
(tiempo)
extender
aparecer, brotar
estar de pie
robar
pegar, colgar
apestar
barrer
nadar
11
Irregular Verbs 3 ESO
INFINITIVE
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
take
teach
tell
think
throw
understand
wake
wear
weep
wet
win
write
PAST
SIMPLE
PAST
PARTICIPLE
TRANSLATION
took
taught
told
thought
threw
understood
woke
wore
wept
wet, wetted
won
wrote
taken
taught
told
thought
thrown
understood
woken
worn
wept
wet, wetted
won
written
coger, llevarse
enseñar
decir, contar
pensar
tirar, arrojar
entender
despertar(se)
ponerse, llevar puesto
llorar
humedecer, mojar
ganar
escribir
12
English spelling often appears to be totally illogical. The following rules can help you to decode the
mysteries of English spelling. But remember, even the best rules have their exceptions.
ADDING -ING/-ED
Spelling Rule
Just add -ing or -ed to the end of the base verb:
work > working > worked, play > playing > played, open > opening > opened
Exceptions:
If the base verb ends in:
do this:
and add:
For example:
consonant + vowel +
consonant
and a stressed syllable
double the final
consonant
-ing
-ed
stop > stopping > stopped
begin > beginning
tap > tapping > tapped
But, for example:
open > opening > opened
(because no stress on last syllable of
open)
consonant + -e
remove the -e
-ing
-ed
phone > phoning > phoned
dance > dancing > danced
make > making
rake > raking > raked
dye > dying > dyed
-ie
change the -ie to -y
-ing
lie > lying
die > dying
nothing
-d
lie > lied
die > died
ADDING -S
We add -s to words for two reasons:
1. to make plural nouns (boy > boys)
2. to form the 3rd person singular of the present simple tense (you work > he works)
Spelling Rule
Just add -s to the end of the word, for example:
dog > dogs, play > plays, demand > demands
Exceptions:
If the word ends in:
do this:
and add:
For example:
-ch
-s
-sh
-x
-z
nothing
-es
church > churches
mass > masses
brush > brushes
fax > faxes
box > boxes
chintz > chintzes
-f
-fe
remove the -f or -fe
-ves
wife > wives
calf > calves
except:
beliefs, chiefs, dwarfs, griefs, gulfs, proofs,
roofs
consonant + -y
remove the -y
-ies
spy > spies
baby > babies
Note: words that end in -o normally just add s, except:
buffalo > buffaloes ; cargoes (or cargos) ; domino > dominoes ; echo > echoes ; go > goes ; grotto > grottoes
halo > haloes ; hero > heroes ; mango > mangoes ; mosquito > mosquitoes ; motto > mottoes (or mottos) ;
potato > potatoes ; tomato > tomatoes ; tornado > tornadoes ; torpedo > torpedoes ; veto > vetoes ; volcano
> volcanoes
13
THE BEGINNING OR INTRODUCTION
Good morning/afternoon everybody.
GETTING PEOPLE ATTENTION
• Great, shall we start?
• Right / Well / Ok. Let’s start.
GIVE TITLE AND INTRODUCE SUBJECT
• I plan to talk about…
• Today I’m going to talk about…
• The subject of my presentation is…
• My talk will last about … minutes.
• I will speak for 15 minutes.
GIVE YOUR OBJECTIVES
• What I would like to do today is to explain,
to illustrate…
TRANSITIONS
• Now let us turn to point one.
• Let us now move to the second part…
THE MIDDLE OR THE BODY
• There are three things we have to
consider: one…
• First of all…
• In the first place…
LINKING IDEAS
To give an example:
• Now let’s take an example.
• To illustrate this…
• For example
• For instance
To rephrase:
• In other words
• Another way of saying the same thing is…
• That is to say…
To summarize:
• To summarize
• To sum up
THE END OR CONCLUSION
• In conclusion, I would like to say that…
• Finally…
• As a conclusion…
• I’d be happy to answer any questions.
• If there are any questions, please feel free
to ask.
•
The purpose of a PowerPoint presentation is
to support a spoken presentation.
• Don’t repeat what is written on the
slides –explain what’s on the slide and
add to it.
• The text on each slide should be
written in point form –avoid full
sentences.
• Every slide should have a title.
• The background colour of your slide
should contrast with the font –do not
use patterns with lots of colours.
• Your font size should not be smaller
than 18 points, otherwise people at
the back of the room won’t be able to
read it.
• The best way to show statistics or
trends is with a graph.
I mean
Well
Well, you see
So
You know what I mean
OK
Right
Let’s see
My point is…
How shall I put it?
What’s the word for it?
Now, let me think…
It’s on the tip of my tongue…
That’s an interesting question…
Create
•
•
•
and present a PowerPoint presentation.
Research one of the issues talked about in class.
Create a PowerPoint presentation to go with your oral presentation.
Give your presentation in front of the class.
14
MY FIRST BOOK:
I started to read..................................................... on the .............................
It was written by .................................................................... and published
by .............................................................. in the year .................................
I STOPPED READING ON PAGE:
st
nd
1 session:
2 session:
th
th
4 session:
5 session:
SUMMARY
rd
3
th
6
session:
session:
WORDS I LOOKED UP
I finished reading this book on the .................................
It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great.
MY SECOND BOOK:
I started to read..................................................... on the .............................
It was written by .................................................................... and published
by .............................................................. in the year .................................
I STOPPED READING ON PAGE:
st
nd
1 session:
2 session:
th
th
4 session:
5 session:
SUMMARY
rd
3
th
6
session:
session:
WORDS I LOOKED UP
I finished reading this book on the .................................
It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great.
15
MY THIRD BOOK:
I started to read..................................................... on the .............................
It was written by .................................................................... and published
by .............................................................. in the year .................................
I STOPPED READING ON PAGE:
st
nd
1 session:
2 session:
th
th
4 session:
5 session:
SUMMARY
rd
3
th
6
session:
session:
WORDS I LOOKED UP
I finished reading this book on the .................................
It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great.
MY FOURTH BOOK:
I started to read..................................................... on the .............................
It was written by .................................................................... and published
by .............................................................. in the year .................................
I STOPPED READING ON PAGE:
st
nd
1 session:
2 session:
th
th
4 session:
5 session:
SUMMARY
rd
3
th
6
session:
session:
WORDS I LOOKED UP
I finished reading this book on the .................................
It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great.
16
MY FIFTH BOOK:
I started to read..................................................... on the .............................
It was written by .................................................................... and published
by .............................................................. in the year .................................
I STOPPED READING ON PAGE:
st
nd
1 session:
2 session:
th
th
4 session:
5 session:
SUMMARY
rd
3
th
6
session:
session:
WORDS I LOOKED UP
I finished reading this book on the .................................
It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great.
MY SIXTH BOOK:
I started to read..................................................... on the .............................
It was written by .................................................................... and published
by .............................................................. in the year .................................
I STOPPED READING ON PAGE:
st
nd
1 session:
2 session:
th
th
4 session:
5 session:
SUMMARY
rd
3
th
6
session:
session:
WORDS I LOOKED UP
I finished reading this book on the .................................
It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great.
17
MY SEVENTH BOOK:
I started to read..................................................... on the .............................
It was written by .................................................................... and published
by .............................................................. in the year .................................
I STOPPED READING ON PAGE:
st
nd
1 session:
2 session:
th
th
4 session:
5 session:
SUMMARY
rd
3
th
6
session:
session:
WORDS I LOOKED UP
I finished reading this book on the .................................
It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great.
MY EIGHTH BOOK:
I started to read..................................................... on the .............................
It was written by .................................................................... and published
by .............................................................. in the year .................................
I STOPPED READING ON PAGE:
st
nd
1 session:
2 session:
th
th
4 session:
5 session:
SUMMARY
rd
3
th
6
session:
session:
WORDS I LOOKED UP
I finished reading this book on the .................................
It was awful/ boring/ nice/ interesting/ great.
18
Title
Author
Publisher and date
Main characters
Setting
Plot. What happens
in the story?
My comments
about the book
Would you
recommend the
book? Why?
Twenty words you have learnt reading the book
ENGLISH
SPANISH
ENGLISH
SPANISH
19
STARTER UNIT
OPPOSITES
tall ................................ alto
short .............................. bajo
old................................. viejo
young ............................. joven
fat ................................. gordo
slim................................ delgado
big ................................. grande
small .............................. pequeño
expensive ........................ caro
cheap ............................. barato
good............................... bueno
bad ................................ malo
PARTS OF THE BODY
arm .......................... brazo
ear ........................... oreja/ oído
eye ........................... ojo
face .......................... cara
finger ........................ dedo (de la mano)
foot/feet.................... pie/pies
hair .......................... pelo
hand ......................... mano
head ......................... cabeza
hump ........................ joroba
leg ........................... pierna/pata
mouth ....................... boca
neck ......................... cuello
nose.......................... naríz
tail ........................... cola
thumb ....................... pulgar
toe ........................... dedo (del pie)
tongue....................... lengua
tooth/teeth ................ diente/dientes
FOOD
apple ............................... manzana
bacon ............................... tocino
banana ............................. plátano
beans ............................... judías
beef................................. carne de ternera
biscuit .............................. galleta
bread ............................... pan
butter .............................. mantequilla
cake ................................ tarta
carrot............................... zanahoria
cheese.............................. queso
chicken............................. carne de pollo
chips ................................ patatas fritas
coffee .............................. café
dairy products..................... productos lácteos
egg .................................. huevo
fast food ........................... comida rápida
fish.................................. pescado
fizzy drinks ........................ refrescos
French omelete ................... tortilla francesa
fruit................................. fruta
gravy................................ salsa
ham ................................. jamón
ice cream ..........................
jacket potatoes...................
jam .................................
juice................................
lamb ................................
lettuce .............................
macarroni..........................
mayonnaise........................
meat................................
milk.................................
nuts.................................
orange..............................
pasta ...............................
pork ................................
potato/potatoes..................
rice .................................
salad................................
sandwich/sandwiches ...........
spaghetti...........................
Spanish omelete ..................
strawberry/strawberries ........
sweets..............................
tea ..................................
toast................................
tuna ................................
vegetables.........................
helado
patatas asadas
mermelada
zumo
carne de cordero
lechuga
macarrones
mayonesa
carne
leche
frutos secos
naranja
pasta
carne de cerdo
patata/patatas
arroz
ensalada
sandwich/sandwiches
espagueti
tortilla de patatas
fresa/fresas
caramelos/dulces
té
tostada
atún
verdura
PLACES IN TOWN
airport ......................
aquarium ...................
bank .........................
book-shop ..................
building .....................
bus stop.....................
café..........................
campsite ....................
chemist .....................
church.......................
cinema ......................
exit ..........................
flat...........................
hotel.........................
library .......................
museum.....................
newsagent ..................
park..........................
restaurant ..................
road .........................
school .......................
shoe shop ...................
shopping centre ...........
souvenir shop ..............
supermarket................
swimming pool.............
tower........................
train station................
underground station ......
water park..................
aeropuerto
acuario
banco
librería
edificio
parada de autobús
cafetería
camping
farmacia
iglesia
cine
salida
piso
hotel
biblioteca
museo
quiosco de prensa
parque
restaurante
carretera
colegio/instituto
zapatería
centro commercial
tienda de recuerdos
supermercado
piscina
torre
estación de ferrocarril
estación de metro
parque acúatico
20
LANDSCAPE FEATURES
beach ........................
desert .......................
forest ........................
gulf ..........................
ice............................
island ........................
lake ..........................
mountain....................
rainforest ...................
river .........................
sand..........................
snow .........................
tree ..........................
water ........................
waves........................
playa
desierto
bosque
golfo
hielo
isla
lago
montaña
jungla
río
arena
nieve
árbol
agua
olas
SCHOOL SUBJECTS
art and design................ educación plástica
drama ......................... teatro
English......................... inglés
French ......................... francés
geography..................... geografía
history......................... historia
ICT ............................. informática
Literature..................... literatura
Maths .......................... matemáticas
Music .......................... música
PE (physical education)..... educaión física
Science ........................ ciencias
ROOMS AND FURNITURE
armchair ...................... sillón
bathroom ..................... cuarto de baño
bed............................. cama
bedroom ...................... dormitorio
bookcase ...................... estantería
chair ........................... silla
cooker ......................... hornilla
cupboard...................... armario
desk............................ escritorio
dining room................... comedor
kitchen ........................ cocina
lamp ........................... lámpara
living room ................... salón de estar
mirror ......................... espejo
sofa ............................ sofá
table ........................... mesa
toilet .......................... aseo
wardrobe...................... armario
CLOTHES AND ACCESSORIES
boots ..........................
bracelet .......................
cap .............................
coat............................
dress ...........................
earrings .......................
fancy dress ...................
flip-flops ......................
gloves..........................
jacket .........................
botas
pulsera
gorra
abrigo
vestido
pendientes
disfraz
chanclas
guantes
chaqueta
jeans ........................... vaqueros
jewel/ jewelery .............. joya/joyas
jumper ......................... jersey
kilt .............................. falda escocesa
leggings ........................ mallas
necklace ....................... collar
outfit ........................... conjunto
sandals ......................... sandalias
scarf ............................ bufanda
shirt ............................camisa
shoes ........................... zapatos
shorts........................... pantalones cortos
skirt ............................ falda
slippers......................... zapatillas (de casa)
socks ........................... calcetines
sunhat .......................... sombrero (de sol)
sweater ........................ sudadera
swimming costume........... bañador (de mujer)
swimming-trunks ............. bañador (de hombre)
tie............................... corbata
track suit ...................... chándal
trainers ........................ zapatillas de deporte
trousers ........................ pantalones
T-shirt.......................... camiseta (manga corta)
umbrella ....................... paraguas
waterproof jacket............ impermeable
wellington boots.............. botas de agua
SEASONS
spring...........................primavera
summer ........................verano
autumn.........................otoño
winter ..........................invierno
CLASSROOM LANGUAGE
How do you say X in English? ............¿Cómo se dice X en
inglés?
What does X mean? .......................¿Qué significa X?
How do you spell it? ......................¿Cómo se deletrea?
What have you got for number X? ......¿Qué tienes en el
número X?
What do you think?........................¿Qué crees?
Can you lend me a X? .....................¿Puedes dejarme un
X?
How do you pronounce X?................¿Cómo se pronuncia
X?
21
UNIT 1: FREE TIME
FREE TIME ACTIVITIES
chat online ...................... chatear
do voluntary work .............. trabajar como voluntario
do magic tricks .................. hacer trucos de magia
do some kind of sport ......... hacer deporte
draw cartoons .................. dibujar cómics
go to a disco ..................... ir a la discoteca
go to the cinema................ ir al cine
go to the gym.................... ir al gimnasio
go to a youth group............. ir a un club juvenil
go out for a meal ............... salir a comer
go skydiving...................... hacer paracaidismo
go jogging ........................ hacer footing
learn a language ................ aprender un idioma
listen to music................... escuchar música
make models .................... hacer maquetas
play computer games .......... jugar al ordenador
play an instrument ............. tocar un instrumento
play tennis ....................... jugar al tenis
practise fencing ................. practicar esgrima
relax .............................. relajarse
running ........................... correr
travel ............................. viajar
CHARACTER ADJECTIVES
adventurous ..................... aventurero
cautious .......................... cauto
confident......................... seguro de sí mismo
dishonest ......................... deshonesto
energetic ......................... enérgico
enthusiastic...................... entusiasta
friendly ........................... simpático
funny.............................. divertido
generous ......................... generoso
helpful ............................ servicial, amable
honest ............................ honrado
lazy................................ perezoso
musical ........................... musical
quiet .............................. tranquilo
selfish............................. egoísta
serious ............................ serio
shy................................. tímido
talkative.......................... hablador
unsociable........................ insociable
OTHER VOCABULARY
adverbs
once............................... una vez
hardly ever....................... casi nunca
instead............................ en lugar de
too ................................ también
twice.............................. dos veces
verbs
chat ............................... charlar, chatear
fancy (+ing) ...................... gustar
get good / bad marks .......... sacar buenas/malas notas
get stressed...................... estresarse
laugh at........................... reirse
make noise .......................hacer ruido
miss................................echar de menos, perder
share ..............................compartir
spend..............................gastar
tidy ................................ordenar
worry ..............................preocuparse
adjectives
ancient............................antiguo
bad (at) ...........................malo (en)
be bored ..........................estar aburrido
be boring .........................ser aburrido
busy ...............................ocupado
frightened ........................asustado
good (at)..........................bueno (en)
interested (in) ...................interesado (en)
keen (on) .........................le gusta mucho
tired ...............................cansado
unusual ...........................raro, inusual
worried ...........................preocupado
nouns
advice .............................consejo
animal refuge ....................refugio de animales
ball boy/girl......................recogepelotas
balloon ............................globo
court ..............................cancha, pista
equipment........................equipo
evening ...........................tarde/noche
fit ..................................en forma, sano
fun .................................diversión
pressure ..........................presión
profile.............................perfil
showbiz (showbusiness) ........el mundo del espectáculo
skill ................................destreza
spider .............................araña
strawberry (pl, -ies) ............fresa(-s)
stressful...........................estresante
supper.............................cena
teenager ..........................adolescente
training ...........................entrenamiento
try .................................intentar
volunteering .....................voluntariado
washing-up .......................fregado (platos)
linkers
although ..........................aunque
because ...........................porque
so ..................................así que
OTHER EXPRESSIONS
for a time.........................durante un tiempo
s/he is not only (adj) but also (adj)... es no sólo (adj),
pero (adj) también
s/he is good friends with ......es buen/a amigo/a de
how often ........................con qué frecuencia
I’m not (+adj) at all ............no soy nada (+adj)
in late (+year) ...................a finales de (+año)
loads of ...........................montones de
no wonder ........................sin duda
related to ........................relacionado con
since then ........................desde entonces
22
UNIT 2: TECHNOLOGY
TECHNOLOGY
verbs
charge a mobile phone ........ cargar el móvil
download a video............... descargar un vídeo
go online ......................... estar conectado
make a phone call.............. hacer una llamada
play a video game .............. jugar a un vídeojuego
plug in a memory stick ........ enchufar un pendrive
post a comment ................ escribir un comentario
print a document ............... imprimir un documento
read an e-book.................. leer un libro electrónico
scan a photo..................... escanear una foto
send an email ................... enviar un correo
electrónico
send text messages ............ enviar mensajes de texto
store data........................ almacenar datos
take a digital photo ............ hacer una foto digital
transfer .......................... pasar, transferir
upload a video .................. subir un vídeo
write a blog ..................... escribir un blog
upload ≠ download
nouns
broadband ....................... banda ancha
desktop computer .............. ordenador de mesa
electronic gadget............... aparato electrónico
flatscreen tv..................... television plana
high definition .................. alta definición
inch ............................... pulgada
laptop ............................ ordenador portátil
network .......................... red
printer............................ impresora
scanner........................... escáner
search engine ................... buscador
social networking sites ........ redes sociales
JOBS
accounting clerk ................
secretary.........................
material mover .................
assistant .........................
shop assistant ...................
teacher...........................
lorry driver ......................
taxi driver .......................
builder ...........................
researcher .......................
lawyer ............................
contable
secretario
ayudante
dependiente
professor
camionero
taxista
albañil
investigador
abogado
electrician ....................... electricista
politician ......................... político
technician........................ técnico
journalist......................... periodista
scientist .......................... científico
artist .............................. artista
actor .............................. actor
actress ............................ actriz
doctor............................. médico
fireman/woman ................. bombero
postman/woman ................ cartero
policeman/woman.............. policía
salesman/woman ............... vendedor
engineer .......................... ingeniero
waiter............................. camarero
waitress .......................... camarera
cook ............................... cocinero
nurse .............................. enfermera
office clerk ...................... oficinista
cashier............................ cajero
housewife ........................ ama de casa
OTHER VOCABULARY
verbs
develop ........................... desarrollar
get stuck ......................... atascarse
have a peek...................... echar un vistazo
hope............................... esperar
look for ........................... buscar
own ............................... poseer
perform live ..................... actuar en directo
realize ............................ dares cuenta
ring................................ llamar
adjectives
available ......................... disponible
blind .............................. ciego
deaf ............................... sordo
exciting........................... (ser) emocionante
excited ........................... (estar) emocionado
heavy ............................. pesado
ill .................................. enfermo
second-hand ..................... de segunda mano
sure ............................... seguro
nouns
client ............................. cliente
lens................................ lente
offer .............................. oferta
request ........................... pedido, solicitud
robber ............................ ladrón
thief............................... ladrón
rubbish ........................... basura,
rubbish (informal) .............. tonterías
stuff (informal).................. cosa
user ............................... usuario
wedding .......................... boda
stuff (uncountable) = thing (countable)
23
UNIT 3: STRANGE BUT TRUE!
PREPOSITIONS and ADVERBS
across ...................... al otro lado de; por
along ....................... por; a lo largo de
away from................. lejos de
down ....................... abajo
into......................... en
out of ...................... fuera de
over ........................ por; sobre
round ...................... alrededor
through .................... a través
towards.................... hacia
under ...................... debajo
up .......................... arriba
-ED / -ING ADJECTIVES
bored ...................... (estar) aburrido
boring...................... (ser) aburrido
frightened................. asustado
frightening ................ aterrador
tired........................ (estar) cansado
tiring ....................... (ser) cansado
excited .................... emocionado
exciting.................... emocionante
worried .................... preocupado
worrying ................... preocupante
surprised .................. sorprendido
surprising.................. sorprendente
interested ................. interesado
interesting ................ interesante
annoyed ................... (estar) molesto
annoying................... (ser) molesto
OTHER ADJECTIVES
accurate................... preciso
alone....................... solo
brave....................... valiente
huge........................ gigante, muy grande
loud ........................ fuerte (sound)
low ......................... bajo (sound)
weak ....................... débil
NOUNS
bear ........................ oso
blood....................... sangre
bodyboard................. tabla de surf pequeña
branch ..................... rama
bull ......................... toro
cage ........................ jaula
coastguard ................ guardacostas
countryside ............... campo, campiña
danger ..................... peligro
dark ........................ oscuro
dolphin .................... delfín
field ........................ campo
fire ant .................... hormiga roja
first aid .................... primeros auxilios
fox.......................... zorro
flat ......................... piso
ground ..................... terreno
guest ....................... invitado
head torch ................ linterna cabeza
hip.......................... cadera
jungle ...................... selva
lake ........................ lago
mound ..................... montículo
myth ....................... mito
note ........................ nota (recordatorio, mus.)
owner ...................... propietario
parachute ................. paracaídas
pool ........................ piscina
python ..................... serpiente pitón
rescue ..................... rescatar
reporter ................... reportero
sailor ....................... marinero
sausage .................... salchicha
side......................... lado, cara
shape ...................... forma
shark ....................... tiburón
shore ....................... orilla
skydiving .................. paracaidismo
sleeping bag .............. saco de dormir
snake....................... serpiente
spaceship.................. nave espacial
storm ...................... tormenta
surfboard .................. tabla de surf
tent ........................ tienda de campaña
thief........................ ladrón
toilet lid ................... tapa del inodoro
topic ....................... tema
trade ....................... comercio
treasure ................... tesoro
voyage ..................... viaje, travesía
wetsuit .................... traje isotérmico
wood ....................... bosque
VERBS
avoid ....................... evitar
bite......................... morder
climb....................... escalar
crash ....................... chocar
dive ........................ bucear
fix .......................... arreglar, sujetar
jump ....................... saltar
knock ...................... golpear
lid down ................... acostarse, echarse
look after ................. cuidar
pick ........................ recoger
push ........................ empujar
reach....................... alcanzar
sail ......................... navegar
shelter ..................... refugio
ship......................... barco
sink......................... hundirse
LINKERS
when ....................... cuando
while ....................... mientras
as ........................... al mismo tiempo, cuando
24
UNIT 4: SPECIAL PLACES
PLACES TO VISIT
bridge............................. puente
building........................... edificio
castle ............................. castillo
cathedral......................... catedral
cave .............................. cueva
coastline ......................... litoral
lighthouse ........................ faro
natural places ................... lugares naturales
opera house...................... ópera
pyramid........................... pirámide
rainforest ........................ selva tropical
reef ............................... acantilado
ruin................................ ruina
temple............................ templo
tomb .............................. tumba
tower ............................. torre
World Heritage sites............ lugares Patrimonio de
la Humanidad
ADVERBS
angry.................. enfadado
badly .................. mal
carefully.............. cuidadosamente
easy ................... fácil
fast .................... rápidamente
happily................ felizmente
hard ................... difícil, duro
noisily................. ruidosamente
quickly................ rápidamente
quietly ................ tranquilamente
slowly ................. lentamente
well ................... bien
ADJECTIVES
amazing .............. asombroso
cheap ................. barato
crowded .............. lleno de gente
entire ................. entero
expensive ............ caro
everlasting ........... duradero
flavoured ............. con sabor a
grilled................. a la parrilla
iconic ................. icónico
inexpensive .......... barato
luxurious ............. lujoso
man-made............ hecho a mano
pale ................... pálido
safe ................... seguro
sandy....................... de arena
tiny......................... diminuto
twisted .................... retorcido
wet ......................... húmedo
VERBS
hang out................... tender
hire......................... alquilar
join......................... unir(se)
spend ...................... pasar tiempo, gastar dinero
unusual .................... raro
weigh ...................... pesar
OTHER NOUNS
army ....................... ejército
bakery ..................... panadería
bench ...................... banco
cake shop ................. pastelería
chariot ..................... carro
concrete................... hormigón
contract ................... contrato
coffee shop ............... cafetería
crowded ................... abarrotado
diner ....................... restaurante (US)
exchange .................. intercambio
flag ......................... bandera
flavour ..................... sabor
granite block ............. bloque de granito
guest ....................... invitado
hall ......................... vestíbulo, entrada
heath ...................... monte
jewellery .................. joyas
lawyer ..................... abogado
wall ........................ pared
king ........................ rey
lift .......................... ascensor
marble ..................... mármol
merchant .................. comerciante
mosaic ..................... mosaico
octopus .................... pulpo
pistachio .................. pistacho
queen ...................... reina
sheet ....................... sábana, hoja
sightseeing ................ turismo
silk ......................... seda
site ......................... lugar
slave ....................... esclavo
stall ........................ puesto, tenderete
stone ....................... piedra
OTHER WORDS
instead..................... en lugar de
whole ...................... todo, entero
between ................... entre (dos)
among ..................... entre (varios)
enough..................... suficiente, bastante
too (+adj) ................. demasiado
too ......................... también
OTHER EXPRESSIONS
What is X famous for? ...............¿Por qué es X
famoso?
It’s famous for........................Es famoso por…
S/he is in her/his twenties .........Tiene unos 20
S/he is over/about/around 20 .....Tiene unos 20
S/he is 20 more or less..............Tiene más o menos
20
25
UNIT 5: HEROES
FUNDRAISING IDEAS
collect money ................... hacer una colecta
do a sponsored swim ........... organizar un concurso
de natación para
recaudar fondos
have a barbecue ................ hacer una barbacoa
have a bring and by sale....... hacer un mercadillo
de segunda mano
make a charity cd............... hacer un CD benéfico
organize a jumble sale......... organizar un rastrillo
raise money...................... recaudar dinero
sell badges ....................... vender insignias
sell raffle tickets ............... vender boletos para
una rifa
sell sweets ....................... vender caramelos
wash cars......................... lavar coches
MAKE AND DO
do charity work ............
do exercise .................
do homework ...............
do nothing ..................
do someone a favour ......
do your best ................
make a decision............
make a mistake ............
make friends................
make money ................
make someone laugh ......
hacer tareas benéficas
hacer ejercicio
hacer la tarea
no hacer nada
hacer un favor a alguien
hacer todo lo posible
tomar una decisión
cometer un fallo
hacer amigos
hacer dinero
hacer a alguien reir
VERBS
encourage........................ animar
launch ............................ lanzar, fundar
look after ........................ cuidar
realize ............................ darse cuenta
release an album ............... sacar un album
star................................ protagonizar
equipped .....................equipado, dotado
event .........................acontecimiento
famine ........................hambre, hambruna
football pitch................cancha de fútbol
glasses ........................gafas
Goodwill Ambassador ......Embajador de
Buena Voluntad
headache.....................dolor de cabeza
hut ............................cabaña, choza
letter .........................carta
laptop ........................ordenador portátil
luck ...........................suerte
mile ...........................milla
mistake.......................error
note...........................nota
nurse..........................enfermera
nursing........................enfermería
organizer .....................organizador
refugee .......................refugiado
shape .........................forma
shark ..........................tiburón
success .......................éxito
tent ...........................tienda, carpa
toy ............................juguete
aim = objective
ADJECTIVES
awful..................
cool ...................
dirty...................
second-hand .........
sick....................
sponsored ............
wealthy...............
whole .................
wooden ...............
horrible
guay (informal)
sucio
de segunda mano
enfermo
patrocinado
rico
entero, todo
de madera
wealthy = rich
wealthy, rich ≠ poor
dirty ≠ clean
ill = sick
ill, sick ≠ healthy
LINKERS
NOUNS
aim ...........................
auditorium ..................
badge ........................
beginning....................
century ......................
charity .......................
earthquake..................
objetivo
auditorio
insignia
comienzo
siglo
organización benéfica
terremoto
so........................... así que
OTHER EXPRESSIONS
a long time ............... mucho tiempo
on somebody’s behalf... en nombre de
suddenly................... de repente
together................... juntos
26
UNIT 6: INCREDIBLE JOURNEYS
TRAVEL
arrive .............................
buy a guidebook ................
buy souvenirs....................
come back home ...............
get on a train ...................
get off a coach..................
have adventures ................
meet people.....................
pack a suitcase..................
plan a journey ..................
send postcards ..................
set off ............................
llegar
comprar una guía
comprar recuerdos
regresar a casa
subirse a un tren
bajarse de un autobús
tener aventuras
conocer a gente
hacer la maleta
planear un viaje
enviar postales
salir/ponerse en camino
EXTREME ADJECTIVES
amazing ..........................
awful .............................
bowling...........................
delighted.........................
enormous ........................
exhausted........................
freezing ..........................
terrifying.........................
tiny ...............................
asombroso
horrible/malísimo
hirviendo
encantado
enorme
agotado/exhausto
helado/congelado
aterrador
minúsculo/diminuto
OTHER VOCABULARY
adverbs
abroad............................ extranjero
ever............................... alguna vez
mostly ............................ generalmente
solo ............................... en solitario
today ............................. hoy
tomorrow ........................ mañana
verbs
discover .......................... descubrir
do tricks.......................... hacer trucos
drive up .......................... llegar
drive down....................... bajar
encourage ....................... animar
enjoy ............................. disfrutar
harm .............................. hacer daño
hitchhike......................... hacer autostop
land ............................... aterrizar
leave.............................. salir
pick up ........................... recoger a alguien
queue............................. hacer cola
sail ................................ navegar
stand ............................. permanecer de pie
adjectives
alone ............................. solo
blue-haired ...................... de pelo azul
ecstatic .......................... extasiado
free ............................... libre
foreign ........................... extranjero
in-flight .......................... durante el vuelo
lucky.............................. afortunado
warm ............................. templado
nouns
amount ........................... cantidad
clothes ............................ ropa
cruise ............................. crucero
disease............................ enfermedad
event.............................. acontecimiento
fear................................ miedo
forty-nineers..................... los del 49
gold-seeker ...................... buscador de oro
gold rush ......................... fiebre del oro
immigration desk................ mostrador de inmigración
influenza ......................... gripe
land ............................... tierra
leukaemia ........................ leucemia
mill ................................ molino
population........................ población
queue ............................. cola
record holder .................... poseedor de un récord
seat ............................... asiento
sightseeing bus tour ............ autobús turístico (ciudad)
shark .............................. tiburón
ship................................ barco
shuttle bus ....................... autobús de enlace
sailor .............................. marinero
steak .............................. filete
teenager.......................... adolescente
trip ................................ viaje/ salida
wave .............................. ola
whale ............................. ballena
wheel ............................. rueda
wheelchair ....................... silla de ruedas
yacht .............................. yate
linkers
after that......................... después
finally ............................. finalmente
first................................ en primer lugar
next ............................... a continuación
then ............................... luego, después
in fact............................. de hecho
so .................................. así que
OTHER EXPRESSIONS
a few .............................. unos pocos(contable)
a little ............................ un poco de (incontable)
a lot of............................ un montón de
at last! ............................ ¡por fin!
in the middle of ................. en mitad de
lots of ............................. un montón de
on his/her own .................. solo/sola
on time ........................... a tiempo
what a journey! ................. ¡vaya viaje!
27
UNIT 7: ON SCREEN
be set .............................tener lugar/estar situado
come out .........................salir/ estrenar
action scenes .................... escenas de acción
change ............................cambiar
audience ......................... espectadores
die .................................morir
autograph ........................ autógrafo
enjoy ..............................disfrutar
award ............................. premio
exist ...............................existir
blockbuster ...................... éxito de taquilla
fail.................................suspender
box office ........................ taquilla
give sb a lift......................llevar a alguien en coche
director........................... director (de cine)
give up ............................dejar/abandonar
film a scene...................... filmar/rodar una escena
move ..............................trasladarse
film-maker ....................... director de cine
realize ............................darse cuenta
film-making ...................... rodaje de película
replace............................sustituir/reemplazar
film star .......................... estrella de cine
retire ..............................retirarse
filming ............................ rodaje/filmación
pass................................aprobar
fresh films........................ películas recientes
wait for win ......................esperar ganar
plot................................ trama, argumento
adjectives
producer ......................... productor
amazing...........................asombroso
release a film.................... estrenar una película
awesome..........................impresionante
screen ............................ pantalla
boring .............................aburrido
script.............................. guión
computer-generated............producido por ordenador
soudtrack......................... banda sonora
exciting ...........................emocionante
special effects................... efectos especiales
interactive .......................interactivo
star in a film..................... protagonista de la película lifelike ............................realista
stunt .............................. doble
lonely .............................solo/solitario
stunt man/woman .............. espacialista
realistic ...........................realista
win an award .................... ganar un premio
successful ........................de éxito
NOUN SUFFIXES
timeless...........................eterno
well-known .......................conocido/famoso
advertisement................... anuncio
nouns
arguement ....................... discusión
achievement
.....................logro
competition ..................... competición
career .............................carrera
connection....................... conexión
depth..............................profundidad
decoration ....................... decoración
holograms ........................hologramas
development .................... desarrollo
multiplex cinema................multicine
education ........................ educación
odour ..............................olor
enjoyment ....................... placer, disfrute
rubbish ............................basura
equipment ....................... equipo
training ...........................entrenamiento
excitement ...................... entusiasmo
winner ............................ganador
information ...................... información
linkers
possession........................ posesión
for
this
reason
...................por
esta razón
prediction........................ predicción
since...............................ya
que/desde
que
suggestion ....................... sugerencia
therefore .........................por tanto
OTHER VOCABULARY
OTHER EXPRESSIONS
adverbs
in my opinión ....................en mi opinión
definitely......................... definitivamente
like ................................como
dramatically ..................... drásticamente
none of that......................nada/ninguno de eso
even............................... incluso/hasta
not many .........................no muchos/as
everywhere ...................... por todas partes
to make somebody dreams come true...hacer que los
exactly............................ exactamente
sueños de alguien se hagan realidad
inside ............................. dentro
up to ..............................hasta
onward(s) ........................ en/hacia adelante
perhaps ........................... quizá(s)/ tal vez
probably .......................... probablemente
soon ............................... pronto
verbs
apply (for) ....................... solicitar
ask for ............................ pedir
be born ........................... nacer
FILM VOCABULARY
28
UNIT 8: GOOD FRIENDS
MAKING FRIENDS
arrive early ...................... llegar temprano
be late ............................ llegar tarde
be polite ......................... ser educado
be rude ........................... ser maleducado
bring a present .................. traer un regalo
click your fingers ............... chasquear los dedos
interrupt a conversation....... interrumpir una conversac.
jump a queue.................... colarse
kiss a stranger ................... besar a un extraño
point at someone ............... señalar a alguien
shake hands...................... estrechar la mano
take off your shoes ............. quitarse los zapatos
tell jokes ......................... contar chistes
VERB AND NOUN COLLOCATIONS
give advice....................... dar un consejo
give presents .................... hacer regalos
have an argument .............. discutir
have fun .......................... divertirse
receive advice................... recibir consejo
receive presents ................ recibir regalos
spend money .................... gastar
spend time ....................... pasar el tiempo
tell lies ........................... decir mentiras
tell the truth .................... decir la verdad
OTHER VOCABULARY
adverbs
anywhere......................... en cualquier lugar
early .............................. temprano
extremelly ....................... extremadamente
every day......................... cada día
just ................................ justo
luckily............................. afortunadamente
perhaps ........................... quizás
plenty............................. un montón
verbs
achieve ........................... lograr
apologize ......................... pedir disculpas
ask (sb) out ...................... invitar a alguien
be famous for ................... ser famoso por
be good at ....................... ser bueno en
be late ............................ llegar tarde
burp ............................... eructar
camp .............................. acampar
complain ......................... quejarse
do nothing ....................... no hacer nada
do the shopping ................. hacer la compra
go camping....................... ir de acampada
go out (with)..................... salir (con)
look after ........................ cuidar
meet friends ..................... quedar con amigos
meet people ..................... conocer gente
realize ............................ darse cuenta
take sth seriously ............... tomarse algo en serio
take off........................... quitar(se)/despegar
support ........................... apoyar
wake up .......................... despertar(se)
adjectives
asleep ............................. dormido
approachable .................... accesible
aristocratic....................... aristocrático
clever ............................. inteligente
funny .............................. divertido
kind ............................... buena persona
lively .............................. vivo
leather ............................ de cuero
older(than) ....................... mayor (que)
quiet .............................. tranquilo
rude ............................... grosero, maleducado
safer .............................. más seguro
slim................................ delgado, esbelto
successful ........................ de éxito
tidy ................................ ordenado
thoughtful ........................ atento, amable
reliable ........................... de fiar
nouns
achiever .......................... triunfador
adventurer ....................... aventurero
balloonist......................... aeronauta
borrowing ........................ toma a préstamo
campiste.......................... camping/campamento
celebrity.......................... famoso/a
cheek ............................. mejilla
exchange ......................... intercambio
engineer .......................... ingeniero
gadget ............................ aparato/artilugio
hot-air balloon .................. globo aerostático
host family ....................... familia anfitriona
midnight ......................... media noche
neighbourhood................... vecindario
rule ................................ norma
sock ............................... calcetín
stuff ............................... cosas
salesman.......................... vendedor
linkers
although .......................... aunque
furthermore...................... además
however .......................... sin embargo
in addition ....................... además
in fact............................. de hecho
OTHER EXPRESSIONS
as well as......................... además de
all over the world ............... por todo el mundo
if ................................... si (condicional)
me neither ....................... yo tampoco
so do I............................. yo también
what’s he/she like? ............. ¿cómo es (personalmente)?
what does he/she look like?... ¿cómo es(físicamente)?
wherever you go ................ donde quiera que vayas
with whom? ...................... ¿con quién?
29
UNIT 9: WORLD OF MUSIC
MUSIC
a hit ............................... un éxito
a music festival ................. un festival de música
a playlist ......................... una lista de reproducción
a record .......................... un disco
a recording studio .............. un estudio de grabación
a single ........................... un disco (sencillo)
an album cover.................. una carátula de un álbum
form a band...................... formar un grupo
go on tour ........................ ir de gira
go to number one ............... subir al número uno
high fidelity...................... alta fidelidad
long-playing record............. elepé, disco
music player ..................... reproductor de música
opera house...................... teatro (de la ópera)
performance ..................... representación
phonograph ...................... fonógrafo
play live at a concert .......... tocar en directo
un concierto
record a song .................... grabar una canción
record player .................... tocadiscos
release an album ............... sacar un álbum
singer-songwriter ............... cantautor/ora
song lirycs........................ letra de una canción
tape ............................... cinta
venue ............................. lugar de actuación/local
NEGATIVE PREFIXES
illegal ............................. ilegal
illogical ........................... ilógico
impatient ........................ impaciente
imperfect ........................ imperfecto
impossible........................ imposible
impractical ...................... poco práctico
unadventurous .................. poco atrevido
unfriendly........................ antipático
unhappy .......................... infeliz/descontento-a
unimaginative ................... poco imaginativo
unnecessary ..................... innecesario
unoriginal ........................ poco original
unreliable ........................ informal/poco fiable
unsuppportive ................... insolidario
untrustworthy ................... de poca confianza
OTHER VOCABULARY
adverbs
almost ............................ casi
at least ........................... por lo menos/al menos
even............................... incluso
on average ....................... de media
over ............................... alrededor de
still ................................ todavía
worldwide........................ por todo el mundo
verbs
agree.............................. estar de acuerdo
attend ............................ asistir
be born ........................... nacer
be short for ...................... ser el diminutivo de
bleed ..............................sangrar
broadcast .........................transmitir/emitir
carry around .....................llevar consigo
come out .........................salir/lanzar(se)
develop ...........................desarrollar
disagree...........................estar en desacuerdo
download .........................descargar/bajar
have fun ..........................divertirse
hold music........................guardar música
make sure ........................asegurarse
mean ..............................significar
own ................................poseer
play back .........................reproducir/poner
post................................enviar
share ..............................compartir
store...............................guardar/almacenar
raise (money) ....................recaudar dinero
upload.............................subir/cargar
adjectives
against ............................contra
both ...............................ambos
large...............................grande/amplio
loads of ...........................un montón
portable ..........................portátil
nouns
broadband ........................banda ancha
cartoon ...........................dibujo animado
caricatura
card ...............................tarjeta/cartulina
charts .............................lista de éxitos
cognate ...........................afín/similar
computer file ....................archivo de ordenador
data ...............................datos
electromagnet ...................electroimán
loads ..............................un montón
reel-to-reel player ..............magnetófono
side ................................lado
survey .............................estudio, encuesta
linkers
although ..........................aunque
because of........................debido a
however ..........................sin embargo
in addition........................además
in the end ........................al final
so far ..............................hasta ahora
OTHER EXPRESSIONS
decorated in (+colour) .........decorado de
for the first time ................por primera vez
loads better ......................mucho mejor
me neither .......................a mí tampoco
me too ............................a mí también
unlike .............................a diferencia de
without ...........................sin
30
IES Pedro Espinosa
English Department
Oral exam preparation: UNIT 1
"FREE TIME"
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Discussion Questions
What is your favourite free time activity?
How often do you practice your favourite free time
activity?
What do you usually do at the weekends?
How often do you watch films?
Where do you usually meet your friends?
What are you wearing at the moment?
Do you enjoy listening to music? Why? Why not?
Do you love doing sport? Which one?
What do you like doing on Saturdays?
What are you keen on doing?
What kind of films are you interested in watching?
Are you good at learning languages? Why? Why
not?
What are you good/bad at?
Imagine you are bored at home. Suggest your
friend watching a film and buying a pizza. Act out
a conversation.
Describe yourself / your best friend’s personality.
Look at the pictures: which one do you prefer?
Describe it.
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Model Answers
I fancy (+ing) / I really like… / I’m good at… and I
also like…
I practice X once/twice a week / at weekends.
Let’s see… At weekends I usually…
I watch films once/twice a week/month… at the
cinema and at home…
I usually meet my friends at the cinema, at school…
I’m wearing a blue T-shirt, a pair of jeans…
Sure! I love it because it is relaxing/funny…
I don’t like it very much, but if I have to choose
one… / I love sport! My favourite one is …
On Saturdays I enjoy (+ing)
Let me think… I’m keen on (+ing)
I’m interested in watching romantic / horror films
because they are shocking / amazing…
I’m afraid I’m not good at … because… / Sure! I’m
very good at … because…
I’m good/bad at…
Do you fancy (+ing)? Let’s get some… Do you
want to invite? Good idea/OK/Yeah, cool/No, that’s
boring/No, let’s…instead.
I think I am… / My friend is not only … but also…
I prefer number X because... In the photo we can
see… / This photo shows / This is a photo of…
Useful vocabulary
Free-time activities: do voluntary work, relax, make
models, play an instrument, learn a language, chat
online, go to the cinema, play tennis, go to the gym, play
computer games, go to a disco, go out for a meal, go to a
youth group, draw cartoons
Adverbs of frequency: always, usually, often,
frequently, rarely, hardly ever, never
Time expressions: once/twice/three times a week/month
Suggestions: do you fancy (+ing)? Let’s get some… Do
you want to invite? Good idea/OK/Yeah, cool/No, that’s
boring/No, let’s…instead.
Clothes and accessories
Useful adjectives
To describe people: cool/boring; cautious/adventurous;
talkative/quiet; friendly/unsociable; generous/selfish;
energetic/lazy; serious/funny; shy/confident;
honest/dishonest…
Other expressions
Helping you to explain ideas:
What is more, ...
Actually, ... / In fact…
As a matter of fact, ...
Opinion
I think, ... / In my opinion, ... / I reckon… / I’d say…/ If
you ask me, ... / I mean… / What I mean… / My point
is… / I find it really interesting…/ The truth is that…
Gaining time to think
It’s on the tip of my tongue… / Let me think… / That’s
an interesting question… / How shall I put it? / What’s
the word for it? / It’s difficult to say…
Expressing ‘for’ and ‘against’ views
The good/bad thing(s) is/are…
One advantage/disadvantage is…
On the other hand…
Alternatives to Yes/No
No doubt / Sure / Definitely / Absolutely / Of course
Not at all / Of course not / No way / Certainly not / No
way / It’s not my thing
Essential classroom language
I'm sorry, I don't understand.
Sorry, I’m not sure what you mean.
Can you repeat please?
Can you speak more slowly, please?
Can you spell that word for me, please?
Let me think...
That's a difficult question...
I'm not sure about this question...
Sorry, I don't know...
To describe films: shocking, boring, interesting,
engaging, romantic, cute, (un)believable…
To describe clothes: baggy, casual, cool, dressy, formal,
smart, sporty, tight, loose
31
IES Pedro Espinosa
English Department
Oral exam preparation: UNIT 2
"TECHNOLOGY"
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16.
Discussion Questions
How many hours do you use a computer every
day?
How many hours do you watch TV every day?
Which modern invention could you not live
without? Explain your choice.
Which is your favourite IT activity? Why?
What IT activities do you do with your computer?
What did you do last weekend?
What were you doing at 8pm last night?
Which jobs do you think are easy / hard /
dangerous / fun?
What’s your father’s job? What time does he start
work?
What does your mother do? What time does she
finish work?
What would you like to be? Why?
Would you prefer a job that pays well or a job you
enjoy? Explain.
Do you prefer working indoors or outdoors? Why?
What three things are most important for you in a
job?
Imagine you want to buy a new mobile phone. Act
out a conversation.
Look at the pictures: which one do you prefer?
Why? Describe it.
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Model Answers
Well… Let’s see… I spend about X minutes
downloading music files and then… So, I think I
spend … all in all.
Mm… Let’s see… I watch TV for X or X hours on
weekdays. At weekends, I watch it for over…
No doubt I could not live without my… because…
My favourite IT activity is … +ing. I find it really
interesting because…
That’s an interesting question because I do lots of
activities with my computer. For example…
Last weekend I…
At 8pm last night I was …+ing.
Well… it’s a difficult question… but in my opinion
being a … is a … job because…
My father is a… He starts work at…
My mother is a… She finishes work at…
I would like to be a… because…
I think I prefer picture number X because...
That’s an interesting question. I think I prefer
working indoors because…
If you ask me I’ll tell yoy the three most important
things for me in a job are …
Can I help you? This one’s on special offer. Here
you are. That’s €50 then, please. I’m looking for…
Can I see another one? How much is it? I’ll take
that one.
I prefer number X because.... In the photo we can
see… / This photo shows / This is a photo of…
Useful vocabulary
IT activities: take a digital photo, play a video game,
make a phone call, scan a photo, send an e-mail, store
data, print a document, charge a mobile phone, post a
comment, download/upload a video clip…
Jobs: builder, researcher, lawyer, electrician, politician,
technician, journalist, scientist, artist, actor, doctor,
housewife, fireman, postman, policeman/woman…
Useful adjectives
To talk about IT activities: useful/useless, entertaining,
funny, enjoyable, available, second-hand…
Other expressions
Helping you to explain ideas:
What is more, ...
Actually, ... / In fact…
As a matter of fact, ...
Opinion
I think, ... / In my opinion, ... / I reckon… / I’d say…/ If
you ask me, ... / I mean… / What I mean… / My point
is… / I find it really interesting…/ The truth is that…
Gaining time to think
It’s on the tip of my tongue… / Let me think… / That’s
an interesting question… / How shall I put it? / What’s
the word for it? / It’s difficult to say…
Expressing ‘for’ and ‘against’ views
The good/bad thing(s) is/are…
One advantage/disadvantage is…
On the other hand…
Alternatives to Yes/No
No doubt / Sure / Definitely / Absolutely / Of course
Not at all / Of course not / No way / Certainly not / No
way / It’s not my thing
Essential classroom language
I'm sorry, I don't understand.
Sorry, I’m not sure what you mean.
Can you repeat please?
Can you speak more slowly, please?
Can you spell that word for me, please?
Let me think...
That's a difficult question...
I'm not sure about this question...
Sorry, I don't know...
To talk about jobs: boring/interesting, safe/dangerous,
well-paid/badly paid, absorbing, motivating, stressful,
monotonous, rewarding, exciting…
32
IES Pedro Espinosa
English Department
Oral exam preparation: UNIT 3
"STRANGE BUT TRUE!"
Discussion Questions
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Have you got any superstitions?
Do you know any strange stories?
What were you doing at 5pm yesterday?
What were your friends doing when you saw them
this morning?
What were your friends doing when the English
teacher arrived today?
What were you thinking about when the class
started?
What was your mother doing when you woke up
this morning?
What were you watching on TV last night?
What do you usually do on your birthday?
How often do you go to the countryside?
What were you thinking about now?
Tell an anecdote to a friend. Where were you?
Who were you with? What happened? What was
the best / funniest part?
Look at the pictures: which one do you prefer?
Why? Describe it.
Model Answers
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Yes, I have / No, I haven’t. For example, If I see…
Yes, I do / No, I don’t. One day...
At 5pm yesterday I was +ing
When I saw my friends this morning there +ing
When the English teacher arrived today I was + ing
When the class started I was + ing
When I woke up this morning my mother was +ing
Last night I was watching a football match / a
documentary / a film / a talk show…
On my birthday I usually have a party / go to the
cinema with my friends… and …
I go to the countryside once / twice a day, very
often / at weekends…
I was thinking about…
Let me tell you about the… / actually, it was… / it
was so… / for one thing… / in fact… / thanks to…
I prefer number X because... In the photo we can
see… / This photo shows / This is a photo of…
Useful vocabulary
Prepositions: up/down, out of/into, under/over, away
from/towards, across, over, along, round, through…
-ed/-ing adjectives: frightened/frightening,
bored/boring, tired/tiring, excited/exciting,
worried/worrying, surprised/surprising,
interested/interesting, annoyed/annoying…
Linkers: suddenly, meanwhile, then
More useful vocabulary
To tell anecdotes: For one thing…, As I discovered last
year…, As you can imagine…, In fact,…, Like the
time…, Thanks to…
Nouns: parachute, skydiving, crocodile
Verbs: bite, crash, dive, push, break
Other expressions
Helping you to explain ideas:
What is more, ...
Actually, ... / In fact…
As a matter of fact, ...
Opinion
I think, ... / In my opinion, ... / I reckon… / I’d say…/ If
you ask me, ... / I mean… / What I mean… / My point
is… / I find it really interesting…/ The truth is that…
Gaining time to think
It’s on the tip of my tongue… / Let me think… / That’s
an interesting question… / How shall I put it? / What’s
the word for it? / It’s difficult to say…
Expressing ‘for’ and ‘against’ views
The good/bad thing(s) is/are…
One advantage/disadvantage is…
On the other hand…
Alternatives to Yes/No
No doubt / Sure / Definitely / Absolutely / Of course
Not at all / Of course not / No way / Certainly not / No
way / It’s not my thing
Essential classroom language
I'm sorry, I don't understand.
Sorry, I’m not sure what you mean.
Can you repeat please?
Can you speak more slowly, please?
Can you spell that word for me, please?
Let me think...
That's a difficult question...
I'm not sure about this question...
Sorry, I don't know...
33
IES Pedro Espinosa
English Department
Oral exam preparation: UNIT 4
"SPECIAL PLACES"
Discussion Questions
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
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13.
Which of the World Heritage sites would you like
to visit? Why?
What’s Antequera like? What is there to do there?
What is Antequera famous for?
Compare two buildings in your town.
When you travel, what places do you prefer to
visit?
Would you like to visit London? Why / why not?
What are the most popular attractions in your
country?
City trip or beach holiday? Which do you prefer?
Which is your favourite building? Describe it.
Talk about something you do quickly / carefully
/slowly.
Talk about things you do well / badly.
Imagine you are a day out with your friends. Act
out a conversation.
Look at the pictures: which one do you prefer?
Why? Describe it.
Model Answers
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Useful vocabulary
Places to visit: a ruin, a cathedral, a coastline, a
pyramid, a temple, an opera house, a lighthouse, a reef, a
rainforest, a tomb, a cave, a castle
It’s difficult to say… I think I would like to visit …
because it is…
Antequera is beautiful / awesome / … and there are
many things to do there. You can…
Antequera is famous for El Torcal, a cold cream
called “porra”, a special bread called “mollete” and
its more than twenty churches.
I’m going to compare … and … The X is bigger /
more beautiful… than X. However, X is … than X.
Let’s see… when I travel I prefer to visit castles
and… I find them very interesting / amazing…
Sure! / Not at all… because… I find it boring /
crowded / interesting / amazing…
The most popular attractions in my country are…
No doubt I prefer … because …
I always do … carefully. Moreover…
My favourite building is … It is in… It was built
in…
Let’s see. I often do X and X well. However, I X
badly.
What’s X like? What is there to do there? What
happened? What was the weather like? Was it fun?
It’s really… Well, you can… It was… We had a
good/bad time.
I prefer number X because... In the photo we can
see… / This photo shows / This is a photo of…
Useful adjectives
amazing, cheap, crowded, entire, expensive, everlasting
flavoured, grilled, iconic, inexpensive, luxurious, manmade, pale, safe, sandy, tiny, twisted, wet
Adverbs: quietly/noisily, quickly/slowly, fast,
badly/well, happily/sadly, angrily, hard/easily, carefully
Other expressions
Helping you to explain ideas:
What is more, ...
Actually, ... / In fact…
As a matter of fact, ...
Opinion
I think, ... / In my opinion, ... / I reckon… / I’d say…/ If
you ask me, ... / I mean… / What I mean… / My point
is… / I find it really interesting…/ The truth is that…
Gaining time to think
It’s on the tip of my tongue… / Let me think… / That’s
an interesting question… / How shall I put it? / What’s
the word for it? / It’s difficult to say…
Expressing ‘for’ and ‘against’ views
The good/bad thing(s) is/are…
One advantage/disadvantage is…
On the other hand…
Alternatives to Yes/No
No doubt / Sure / Definitely / Absolutely / Of course
Not at all / Of course not / No way / Certainly not / No
way / It’s not my thing
Essential classroom language
I'm sorry, I don't understand.
Sorry, I’m not sure what you mean.
Can you repeat please?
Can you speak more slowly, please?
Can you spell that word for me, please?
Let me think...
That's a difficult question...
I'm not sure about this question...
Sorry, I don't know...
34
IES Pedro Espinosa
English Department
Oral exam preparation: UNIT 5
"HEROES"
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12.
13.
14.
Discussion Questions
Have you ever collected money for charity?
Have you ever given money to charity?
If you had to organise a fundraising event, which
one would it be? Explain.
Do you know any charities? Which one would you
choose? Why?
Have you ever learnt to play a musical instrument?
If so, which one?
What makes you happy?
Which people make you laugh?
What’s the biggest mistake you have ever made?
How often do you do exercise?
What’s the most difficult decision you have ever
made?
Where do you usually do your homework?
What’s the best way to make a lot of money?
Imagine you want to organize a sponsored walk:
talk about it with a friend. Act out a conversation.
Look at the pictures: which one do you prefer?
Why? Describe it.
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13.
14.
Useful vocabulary
Fundraising ideas: sell sweets, wash cars, have a
barbecue, make a charity CD, do a sponsored swim,
collect money, sell badges, sell raffle tickets, organize a
jumble sale, have a bring and buy sale
Model Answers
Yes, I have/No, I haven’t because/although I find it
useful and interesting.
Yes, I have/No, I haven’t…
I would wash cars / have a barbecue / make a
charity CD… because I think it is a … idea…
Yes, I do / No, I don’t. I would choose ... because…
Yes, I have / No, I haven’t. I have learnt to play
the…
That’s a(n) easy/difficult question… There are
many things that make me happy, for example…
That’s a(n) easy/difficult question… There are
many things that make me laugh, for example…
Mmm let’s see. The biggest mistake I have ever
made is when I… / +ìng
I exercise once / twice a week… at weekends…
Let me think… The most difficult decision I have
ever made is when I … / +ing
I usually do my homework in… but I sometimes…
It’s difficult to say, but perhaps the best way to
make a lot of money is…
Would you like to sponsor me? I’m raising money
for a charity. Could you help me, please? I’ll give
you 1€ a mile. No, I’m sorry, I haven’t got any
money. etc
I prefer number X because... In the photo we can
see… / This photo shows / This is a photo of…
Useful adjectives
awful, cool, dirty, second-hand, sick, sponsored
wealthy, whole, wooden, interesting, useful
Make and do: do charity work, do exercise, do
homework, do nothing, do someone a favour, do your
best, make a decision, make a mistake, make friends
make money, make someone laugh
Other expressions
Helping you to explain ideas:
What is more, ...
Actually, ... / In fact…
As a matter of fact, ...
Opinion
I think, ... / In my opinion, ... / I reckon… / I’d say…/ If
you ask me, ... / I mean… / What I mean… / My point
is… / I find it really interesting…/ The truth is that…
Gaining time to think
It’s on the tip of my tongue… / Let me think… / That’s
an interesting question… / How shall I put it? / What’s
the word for it? / It’s difficult to say…
Expressing ‘for’ and ‘against’ views
The good/bad thing(s) is/are…
One advantage/disadvantage is…
On the other hand…
Alternatives to Yes/No
No doubt / Sure / Definitely / Absolutely / Of course
Not at all / Of course not / No way / Certainly not / No
way / It’s not my thing
Essential classroom language
I'm sorry, I don't understand.
Sorry, I’m not sure what you mean.
Can you repeat please?
Can you speak more slowly, please?
Can you spell that word for me, please?
Let me think...
That's a difficult question...
I'm not sure about this question...
Sorry, I don't know...
35
IES Pedro Espinosa
English Department
Oral exam preparation: UNIT 6
"INCREDIBLE JOURNEYS"
Discussion Questions
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8.
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10.
11.
12.
13.
Do you like travelling? Why? Why not?
Does your father / mother / sister / brother like
travelling? Why? Why not?
Have you ever been abroad? Where did you go?
How many countries / cities have you visited? Talk
about them.
Where do you usually go on holiday? What do you
like about it?
How do you usually travel? (e.g. by plane, car,
bus) Which do you prefer? Why?
Do you prefer the beach or the mountains? Why?
Where do you usually stay when you’re on
holiday? (e.g. hotel, resort, camping, family)
Which three cities do you like most?
Which country would you like to visit? Why?
Which country would you NOT like to visit?
Why?
Imagine you are at the train station to pick up a
friend: ask her / him about the journey. Act out a
conversation.
Look at the pictures: which one do you prefer?
Why?
Useful vocabulary
Model Answers
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2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
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10.
11.
12.
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Yes, I do. I really like it. I think it is
amazing/funny/interesting/relaxing…! No, I don’t. I
don’t like it at all. I think it is boring/tiring/stressful.
Yes, s/he does. She… / No, she doesn’t. S/he…
Yes, I have. I have been to… I went to…
I have visited lots of cities/countries. / I haven’t
visited any cities/countries. In my opinion X is the
best/worst country/city I’ve visited.
I usually go to… What I like about it is…
I usually travel by… However, I prefer…
No doubt I prefer… because it is…
I usually stay in/with…
Well… Let me think… The three cities I like most
are…
I would like to visit X because…
I would not like to visit X because…
How was the journey? Did you have a good seat?
Did you change trains at…? Did you have anything
to eat? Etc
I prefer number X because... In the photo we can
see… / This photo shows / This is a photo of…
Useful adjectives
Extreme adjectives: terrifying, amazing, enormous,
exhausted, delighted, tiny, awful, freezing, boiling.
Travel: send postcards, meet people, get on a train, have
adventures, plan a journey, get off a coach, set off, come
back home, arrive, buy a guidebooks, buy souvenirs,
pack a suitcase, shuttle bus, arrive at, leave X, It was a
nightmare, what a journey! It was a disaster!
To describe places: amazing, funny, interesting,
relaxing, boring, tiring, stressful, beautiful, crowded,
deserted, dry, hot, fresh, colourful, incredible, modern,
pleasant, quiet, romantic…
Other expressions
Helping you to explain ideas:
What is more, ...
Actually, ... / In fact…
As a matter of fact, ...
Opinion
I think, ... / In my opinion, ... / I reckon… / I’d say…/ If
you ask me, ... / I mean… / What I mean… / My point
is… / I find it really interesting…/ The truth is that…
Gaining time to think
It’s on the tip of my tongue… / Let me think… / That’s
an interesting question… / How shall I put it? / What’s
the word for it? / It’s difficult to say…
Expressing ‘for’ and ‘against’ views
The good/bad thing(s) is/are…
One advantage/disadvantage is…
On the other hand…
Alternatives to Yes/No
No doubt / Sure / Definitely / Absolutely / Of course
Not at all / Of course not / No way / Certainly not / No
way / It’s not my thing
Essential classroom language
I'm sorry, I don't understand.
Sorry, I’m not sure what you mean.
Can you repeat please?
Can you speak more slowly, please?
Can you spell that word for me, please?
Let me think...
That's a difficult question...
I'm not sure about this question...
Sorry, I don't know...
To describe means of transport: fast, slow, cheap,
expensive, (un) comfortable, luxurious, (un)reliable,
(un)punctual, ecological, safe, dirty, clean, dangerous…
36
IES Pedro Espinosa
English Department
Oral exam preparation: UNIT 7
"ON SCREEN"
Discussion Questions
1.
How often do you go to the cinema? Who do you
go with?
2. What kind of films do you like? Why?
3. Who’s your favourite actor or actress? Why do you
like them?
4. What’s the name of the last film you saw? What
was it about?
5. Do you like romantic/horror films? Why? Why
not?
6. What’s the best / worst film you have ever seen?
Explain why.
7. Do you prefer to watch movies at home or in the
cinema? Why?
8. When you watch an English film, do you prefer it
dubbed or subtitled? Why?
9. What kind of snacks or drinks do you have when
you go to the cinema?
10. Do you watch films in English or your language?
Which do you prefer?
11. Imagine you go to the cinema with some friends
Act out a conversation.
12. Look at the pictures: which film do you prefer?
Why? Describe it.
Model Answers
1.
2.
I usually/never/sometimes go…
I usually prefer romantic/horror films but
sometimes I also like watching…
3. My favourite actor/actress is… because…
4. Let me think… The last film I saw was… It’s set
in… It tells the story of…
5. Not at all/Sure/No doubt… because I think they
are…
6. The best/worst film I have ever seen is … In my
opinion it is…
7. I usually prefer … but…
8. I always/often/usually prefer it X because it’s more
interesting/motivating/difficult/boring…
9. Well… I usually eat pop corn/gums/hot dogs… and
for a drink I usually prefer a fizzy drink/water…
10. I watch films in… I prefer…
11. What did you think of…? Did you like…? What
about you? I thought the actors were brilliant. The
special effects were very good. Etc
12. I prefer number X because... In the photo we can
see… / This photo shows / This is a photo of…
Useful vocabulary
Useful adjectives
Story/ plot: motivating, captivating, intriguing,
Adverbs of frequency: always, usually, often,
engaging, boring, funny, hilarious, (un)predictable,
frequently, rarely, hardly ever, never
original, (un)realistic
Time expressions: once/twice/three times a week/month Characters: funny, nice, mean, happy, miserable,
Film: director, stuntman/woman, stunt, film star, script, cute…
soundtrack, special effects, producer, plot, star in a film, Actors: talented, (un)convincing, versatile…
win an award, release a film, film a scene, screen, it’s set Director: talented, famous, skilful…
in, it tells the story of…
Dialogues: smart, boring, confusing, witty…
Other expressions
Helping you to explain ideas:
What is more, ...
Actually, ... / In fact…
As a matter of fact, ...
Opinion
I think, ... / In my opinion, ... / I reckon… / I’d say…/ If
you ask me, ... / I mean… / What I mean… / My point
is… / I find it really interesting…/ The truth is that…
Gaining time to think
It’s on the tip of my tongue… / Let me think… / That’s
an interesting question… / How shall I put it? / What’s
the word for it? / It’s difficult to say…
Expressing ‘for’ and ‘against’ views
The good/bad thing(s) is/are…
One advantage/disadvantage is…
On the other hand…
Alternatives to Yes/No
No doubt / Sure / Definitely / Absolutely / Of course
Not at all / Of course not / No way / Certainly not / No
way / It’s not my thing
Essential classroom language
I'm sorry, I don't understand.
Sorry, I’m not sure what you mean.
Can you repeat please?
Can you speak more slowly, please?
Can you spell that word for me, please?
Let me think...
That's a difficult question...
I'm not sure about this question...
Sorry, I don't know...
37
IES Pedro Espinosa
English Department
Oral exam preparation: UNIT 8
"GOOD FRIENDS"
Discussion Questions
What is your father/mother/brother/sister/friend
like?
What does your father/mother/brother/sister/friend
look like?
What does your father/mother/brother/sister/friend
like doing?
What cultural rules from other countries do you
know?
Do visitors have to bring presents in your country?
What would you do if your best friend told you a
lie?
What would you say if your best friend was late to
meet you?
Would you tell the truth if you didn’t like a
friend’s boyfriend?
When did you last have an argument with a friend?
Explain.
Is it ever OK to tell a lie?
How much time do you spend with your parents at
weekends?
Imagine your friends went to a party last weekend
and met someone. Ask them to describe that
person Act out a conversation.
Look at the pictures: which one do you prefer?
Why? Describe it.
Model Answers
1. Well, let me think… S/he’s really friendly, funny,
adventurous, cautious, unsociable, energetic, lazy, shy…
2. Let me think…S/he’s very pretty. She’s tall, short,
medium-height, slim, skinny, fat, dark, blonde…
3. I think s/he likes playing tennis, watching films,
chatting online, drawing cartoons, going to a disco…
4. That’s an interesting question. Let me think… In
France for example… and in England. In…
5. No, they don’t. However, presents are always
welcome. In France, however, …
6. Well, if my best friend told me a lie, I would…
7. If my friend was late to meet me, I think I would…
8. That’s a difficult question. But if I didn’t like a
friend’s boyfriend, I think I would…
9. Let me think… I don’t usually have arguments… but I
think the last argument I had with a friend was…
10. If you ask me, I must tell you I think…
11. At weekends I (don’t) usually spend much time with
my parents. For example, on Saturday mornings we…
12. So, what was the party like? What’s s/he like?
Where’s s/he from? What does s/he look like? What does
s/he like doing?
13. I prefer number X because... In the photo we can
see… / This photo shows / This is a photo of…
Useful vocabulary
Making friends: bring a present, be late, click your
fingers, interrupt a conversation, jump a queue, tell
jokes, arrive early, take off your shoes, shake hands, kiss
a stranger, be polite/rude, point at someone
Describing people: what’s she like? (personality) what
does she look like? (appearance) what does she like
doing? (preferences)
Personality and character adjectives
Free-time activities
Adjectives describing appearance
Useful adjectives and phrases
To describe personality: What’s s/he like? S/he’s really
friendly, funny, adventurous, cautious, unsociable,
energetic, lazy, shy, confident, talkative, quiet, generous,
selfish, serious, honest, dishonest...
To describe appearance: What does s/he look like?
S/he’s very pretty. She’s tall, short, medium-height, slim,
skinny, fat, dark, blonde, red-haired…
To describe preferences: What does s/he like doing?
S/he likes playing tennis, watching films, chatting
online, drawing cartoons, going to a disco…
Other expressions
Helping you to explain ideas:
What is more, ...
Actually, ... / In fact…
As a matter of fact, ...
Opinion
I think, ... / In my opinion, ... / I reckon… / I’d say…/ If
you ask me, ... / I mean… / What I mean… / My point
is… / I find it really interesting…/ The truth is that…
Gaining time to think
It’s on the tip of my tongue… / Let me think… / That’s
an interesting question… / How shall I put it? / What’s
the word for it? / It’s difficult to say…
Expressing ‘for’ and ‘against’ views
The good/bad thing(s) is/are…
One advantage/disadvantage is…
On the other hand…
Alternatives to Yes/No
No doubt / Sure / Definitely / Absolutely / Of course
Not at all / Of course not / No way / Certainly not / No
way / It’s not my thing
Essential classroom language
I'm sorry, I don't understand.
Sorry, I’m not sure what you mean.
Can you repeat please?
Can you speak more slowly, please?
Can you spell that word for me, please?
Let me think...
That's a difficult question...
I'm not sure about this question...
Sorry, I don't know...
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
38
IES Pedro Espinosa
English Department
Oral exam preparation: UNIT 9
“WORLD OF MUSIC"
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2.
3.
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5.
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13.
14.
Discussion Questions
How do you usually listen to music?
Are computers used at your school?
Are dictionaries allowed in your English class?
How often are festivals celebrated in your region?
What’s your favourite album? When was it
released? Why do you like it?
What kind of music do you like? Why?
What is the best recent music video?
Have you ever been to a concert or live show?
Talk about it.
Have you ever downloaded music from the
Internet? Why?
Do you prefer music in English or in your own
language? Why?
Do you have an MP3-player? How often do you
use it?
Who is your favourite singer or music group?
Why?
Imagine you are going to a concert. Talk about the
band or singer you are going to listen to. Act out a
conversation.
Look at the pictures: which one do you prefer?
Why? Describe it.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
Model Answers
I usually listen to music on my mp3 player. But I
also like listening to music on my computer and…
Of course they are. We use them not only in the
English class but also in …
Certainly! We use them very often. They are useful
for…
Let me think… There are lots of…
Well… My favourite album is… I’m not very sure,
but I think it was released in… I really like it
because…
I must say I love… music because I find it …
The best recent music video for me is…
Sure / No, never…
No doubt / Not at all I have done it because…
Well… it’s difficult to say… I reckon I prefer…
Sure! I have one since… I use it…
That’s a difficult question because / since I like lots
of them but if I must choose one, I’d say I like…
because…
I think so / Me too / Me neither / I totally agree /
I’m not sure / I see what you mean
I prefer number X because... In the photo we can
see… / This photo shows / This is a photo of…
Useful vocabulary
Music: single, record, playlist, hit, recording studio,
album cover, song lyrics, music festival, play live at a
concert, go to number one, record a song, release an
album, form a band, go on tour
Types of music: rock music, metal music, jazz, blues,
pop music, rock music, rock music, reggae, rap, classical
music…
Frequency adverbs: from time to time, every now and
then, (not) often, usually, sometimes, rarely, never,
once/twice/three times a (day/week/month)
Useful adjectives and phrases
Describing an event: exciting, colourful, noisy,
delicious, funny, boring…
Other expressions
Helping you to explain ideas:
What is more, ...
Actually, ... / In fact…
As a matter of fact, ...
Opinion
I think, ... / In my opinion, ... / I reckon… / I’d say…/ If
you ask me, ... / I mean… / What I mean… / My point
is… / I find it really interesting…/ The truth is that…
Gaining time to think
It’s on the tip of my tongue… / Let me think… / That’s
an interesting question… / How shall I put it? / What’s
the word for it? / It’s difficult to say…
Expressing ‘for’ and ‘against’ views
The good/bad thing(s) is/are…
One advantage/disadvantage is…
On the other hand…
Alternatives to Yes/No
No doubt / Sure / Definitely / Absolutely / Of course
Not at all / Of course not / No way / Certainly not / No
way / It’s not my thing
Essential classroom language
I'm sorry, I don't understand.
Sorry, I’m not sure what you mean.
Can you repeat please?
Can you speak more slowly, please?
Can you spell that word for me, please?
Let me think...
That's a difficult question...
I'm not sure about this question...
Sorry, I don't know...
Describing music: trendy, melodious, rhythmic, loud,
tuneless, instrumental, calm, lively…
Describing singers and bands: good/bad player,
good/bad singer, beautiful/good-looking, original, smart,
intelligent, masterful…
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