Our World Series Walkthrough - National Geographic Learning

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Our World Series Walkthrough - National Geographic Learning
american enGLiSH
STUDENT BOOK
Walk-through
1
Bringing the World
to the Classroom – and
the Classroom to Life
1
Student
Book
Our World is a six-level primary
series in American
English. It uses fun and fascinating
National Geographic
content, with stunning images and
video, to give young
learners the essential English language,
skills, and
knowledge they need to understand
their world.
•
Vocabulary
National Geographic video inspires
and motivates
young learners
•
Our World Readers encourage reading
for fun
and bring storytelling into your classroom
•
Free online activities and support
are available
for teachers and learners at myNGconnect.com
For more information, please visit
NGL.Cengage.com/ourworld
Target vocabulary is presented visually, using photographs and
photo-realistic art, to create interest and enhance retention.
Unit Opener
The Unit Opener uses high-interest photographs to engage students, present
the unit theme, and provide opportunities for speaking and listening.
1
Listen and say. TR: A27
2
Listen. Point and say. TR: A28
a mountain
the sun
the sky
Unit 2
A goal-setting activity
focuses student attention.
a butterfly
a tree
My World
grass
Mascots model dialogues
which help students use target
language to communicate.
the ocean
a bird
a river
3
In this unit, I will . . .
• name objects in nature.
• name colors in nature.
• talk about nature.
A teacher-led warm-up
activity provides suggestions
for pre‑teaching of unit
themes and target structures.
Work with a partner.
Ask and answer. TR: A29
It’s yellow. What is it?
Look and check.
The boy has a
a rock
It’s a bird.
frog
bird
26
bug
27
on his finger.
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All target language is recorded on audio CDs to
help students with pronunciation and practice.
24
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Image captions provide useful cultural and geographic
information for teachers to discuss with learners.
RESOURCES
Lesson Planner with Audio CD and Teacher’s Resource CD -ROM
The Our World Lesson Planner, with Class Audio CD and Teacher’s
Resource CD-ROM, provides everything needed to successfully plan, teach,
and supplement lessons, including:
• a detailed scope and sequence
• explicit instructions on how best to develop students’ awareness of
vocabulary and grammar, how to use songs in the classroom and how to
teach the four skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing
• answer keys and audio scripts for all activities in the Student Book
and Workbook
• support for teaching English in English
• teaching tips for teaching vocabulary and grammar and for using
the Our World Video and the Classroom Presentation Tool
• an Audio CD containing recordings of all exercises, activities, and
readings in the Student Book
2
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Our World Video
The Teacher’s Resource CD-ROM,
provided with the Our World Lesson
Planner supplies additional teaching
resources including:
• pacing guides for easy lesson
planning
• printable worksheets and templates
for in-class games and activities
• customizable Home-School
Connection Letters
Each Our World Video is 30 minutes of fun-filled, fully integrated
content that includes:
• vocabulary and language presentation and review
• original songs
• games
• inspiring, real-world video, and
• Our World Readers Story Time
Presented in highly manageable 3–5 minute clips, the Our
World Video can be used before, during, or after instruction
to preview, support, and review. Our World Videos are
available on a Video DVD, in the Classroom Presentation
Tool DVD, and online through myNGconnect.
3
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Song
Grammar 1
Grammar lessons include natural examples of real-world language.
A unit song supports the unit theme. Lyrics incorporate unit target
vocabulary and grammar. Each easily learned and remembered
song models natural rhythm and intonation.
Grammar
6
TR: A31
What is it?
It’s a bird.
What are they?
They’re birds.
Look. Listen and circle.
3
TR: A32
1
Listen. Read and sing. TR: A30
4
Nature
After the first presentation,
songs can be reused throughout
a unit. Point‑of‑use suggestions
in the Lesson Planner provide
opportunities for reuse and
recycling.
4
Where are the birds?
They’re in the sky.
2
Where are the sun and the moon?
They’re in the sky.
The sky is part of our world.
5
What colors do you see
in our beautiful world?
What colors do you see
in our beautiful world?
Where are the fish?
They’re in the ocean.
Where are the waves?
They’re in the ocean.
The colors of the rainbow,
the colors of the rainbow.
The colors of the rainbow,
the colors of the rainbow.
The ocean and the sky
are part of our world.
Where are the trees?
They’re in the mountains.
30
The rainbows and the mountains
and the ocean and the sky,
they’re part of our world,
part of our world.
Where are the rocks?
Up in the mountains.
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5
Sing again. Hold up pictures.
28
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A variety of tasks allows learners to use the four skills
(Reading, Writing, Listening, Speaking) to practice grammar.
Our beautiful world!
The mountains and the ocean
and the sky, they’re part of our world.
31
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29
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Follow-up activities provide opportunities
to use the song for group and pair work.
RESOURCES
Level 1 Pre
-Te
Audio CD
1
• language presentation and review
• original songs
• readings
• games and activities
Our World is a six-level
primary series in America
n English.
It uses fun and fascinati
ng National Geographic
content,
with stunning images and
video, to give young learners
the essential language,
skills, and knowledge
they
need
to
understand their world.
AUDIO CD
The Our World Audio CD provides the audio content
Bringing the World to the
Classroom
– and the Classroom to
necessary to all Student Book content, including:
Life
american enGLiSH
Original songs
Readings, and
•
Games and activities
For technical support,
please visit http://suppo
rt.cengage.c
For technical support, please visit http://support.cengage.com
© 2014 National Geographic Learning,
a part of Cengage
Learning. ALL RiGHTS RESERVEd.
978-1-133-94511-6
Audio Cd
american enGLiSH
om
.cengage.com
please visit http://support
For technical support,
a part of Cengage
Geographic Learning,
© 2014 National
RESERVEd.
Learning. ALL RiGHTS
978-1-133-94511-6
1
3/29/13 2:10 PM
OW_SB_CD_Label.indd
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LeveL 1
cD B
3/29/13 2:10 PM
4
Audio Cd
american enGLiSH
OW_SB_CD_Label.indd 1
For more information,
please visit
NGL.Cengage.com/ourw
orld
OW_SB_CD_L1-6.indd
The Our World Workbook contains exercises and activities that reinforce
and consolidate Student Book instruction, and include listening, speaking,
reading, writing, grammar, and vocabulary activities.
LeveL 1
cD a
Language presentation
and review
•
•
Test
Workbook
LEVEL 1 AUDIO CD
The Our World Audio
CDs provide instructors
with all of
the audio content needed
to teach the Our World
Student
Books, including:
•
Pre-Test - Oral
st Speakin
g
2
The workbook includes:
• 12 pages of skills practice and activities, as well as additional readings,
for each unit
• unit Review sections
• practice with English pronunciation and sound-spelling relationships
• audio for all listening comprehension and Review sections, provided on
an Audio CD bound in with the Workbook, or accessed online
through myNGconnect
Level 1
Copyright
© National
Geographic
Learning, a
part of Cenga
ge Learning.
17
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Vocabulary 2 / Grammar 2
Content Reading
Real-world content readings develop language through topics such
as science, nature, history, art, culture, music and sport.
Games and tasks provide independent
practice and reinforce target structures.
Additional thematic vocabulary
and relevant grammar is
presented through photographs
and illustrations. Group and pair
work gives learners the chance
to use structures in conversation
as they collaborate with
classmates.
12 Listen and read.
7
Listen and say. TR: A33
Grammar
a star
a cloud
Infographics show factual
information in fun and
sometimes surprising ways.
14 Color the rainbow.
TR: A37
Rainbows
TR: A35
Where is the butterfly?
It’s on the flower.
Where are the clouds?
They’re in the sky.
The sun is in the sky. Rain is in the sky. Look! A rainbow!
A rainbow is red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo,
and violet.
10 Play with a partner. Ask and answer. TR: A36
re d
e
ng
ora
ow
l
l
ye
n
the moon
e
gre
e
blu
a flower
igo
ind
let
vio
a bush
13 Listen and read. Circle yes or no.
Where are the clouds?
2. Ten colors are in the rainbow.
8
Work with a partner. Point and say.
9
Work with a partner. Guess and stick. TR: A34
Is it a bush?
TR: A38
1. For a rainbow, the sun is in the sky. yes no
15 Look. Circle things in the sky. Say.
yes no
They’re in the sky.
No, it isn’t.
11 Look at the pictures. Write.
Is it a butterfly?
Yes, it is.
1
2
1. How many birds?
3
4
2. What color are the flowers?
55
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35
3. Where are the stars?
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Graphic organizers help students collect,
organize, and visualize information.
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Sticker activities in each unit provide reward,
motivation, and interactive practice.
WHERE ARE
als.
LEvEL 1 REAd
Our World Readers
The Our World Picture Cards including the Sounds of English
provide additional support for vocabulary and English
pronunciation and phonics.
©2014 National Geographic
Learning, a part of Cengage
01.indd 44
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126
• full color, double-sided picture cards for target vocabulary.
Learning
5/23/13 4:16 PM
01.indd 126
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ECard_ptg01.indd
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Sounds of English Cards include:
Learning, a part of Cengage
©2014 National Geographic Learning,
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28
pe t
70369_151-160_PCard_ptg01.indd
s
A Fairy Tale
The King’s New
A Folktale from
Clothes
Denmark
The Toys
My Body, Your
Body
Little Red Hen
is Cook
ing
Based on a Folktal
e
Too Many Anim
Based on a Folktal
als
e from Ukrain
e
a part of Cengage Learning
157
Where Are the
Animals?
by Frankie
Ramirez
Where are the frogs?
157
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sa id
The birds are in the tree.
leo pa rd
All Our World Picture Cards including the
Sounds of English are available on the
Teacher’s Resource CD-ROM and online
through myNGconnect.
Russia
The Three Bear
National Geograph
ic Learning,
customers with
part of Cengage
a portfolio of
and adult education
quality materials Learning, provides
for PreK-12,
. It provides
reading and
academic,
instructional
writing, science,
early childhood
social studies, solutions for EFL/ESL,
and
through adult
Visit ngl.cenga
in the U.S. and assessment, spanning
ge.com
global markets.
70369_041-050_PCard_ptg
©2014 National Geographic
A Folktale from
The Our World Readers are six levels of original stories, classic folk
tales, myths, and non‑fiction selections from around the globe.
A graded Reader is available to support the theme and
language of each unit in the Student Book. Each Reader
includes additional fun facts and activities related to the
story and unit theme. All Readers are available as “Story
Time” in the Our World Video or on the Story Time DVDs.
Learning
44
Picture Cards include:
lig ht
br ea d
la mp
lo ng
5/31/13 1:23
PM
elephant
/ɛ/
©2014 National
Geographic Learning,
/ɛ/
5/31/13 1:23 PM
Sounds of English
©2014 National Geographic Learning, a part of Cengage Learning
28
a part of Cengage
Learning
Sounds of English
28b
glass
grass
/l/
/r/
/l/
©2014 National
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ERS
What’s in My
Classroom?
Where Are
the Animals?
We All Pull
Our World Picture Cards including the Sounds of English
6
ALS?
Created by
National Geogr
aphic Learn
levels of origin
ing, the Our
al stories, folkta
World reader
s are six
les, myths, and
globe. Follow
non-fiction
ing the readin
from around
gs are fun facts
the
experience
and activities
together in
that bring the
a way that fascin
reading
ates, educates,
and informs.
RESOURCES
• individual and contrasted English sounds
with related images and spellings.
THE ANIM
Where is the
frog
Come explore ? Is it on a leaf? A flow
er?
a mountain
and its many
anim
Geographic Learning,
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Sounds of English
a part of Cengage
5
4
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/r/
Sounds of English
56b
56
56
©2014 National Geographic Learning, a part of Cengage Learning
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Learning
rig ht
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5/31/13 1:41 PM
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WRITING AND VALUES
Project Work
A variety of projects build 21st century skills through independent research,
discussion, presentations, craft, design, and explaining ideas and opinions.
Written models provide examples of different types
and forms of writing for students to follow.
en.
The bush is gre
, and blue.
are red, yellow
The flowers
and black.
red
are
ds
bir
The
20 Make a mural about nature.
Our World
1
2
Enjoy nature.
16 Color and write.
name colors in nature.
talk about nature.
.
is
.
.
3. The flowers are
4. The
name objects in nature.
18 Look and read.
1. The tree is
2. The
Clear guidance and strong
visual support is provided for
learners through each project.
Now I can . . .
Look! Two birds are in
the trees. They’re black.
are
Cut out the pictures
on page 161.
.
Stop and look.
Enjoy.
3
Draw more pictures.
4
Wadi Bani Khalid, Oman
19 Read and copy.
I look at the trees and flowers. I enjoy nature.
Glue things from nature.
17 Work in a group. Talk about your picture.
36
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‘Now I can…’ statements refer back to the unit goals. Learners can use
the statements to measure and demonstrate their knowledge.
National Geographic Our World pages introduce learners to
common values such as fair play, respect for others, caring for
our planet, looking after animals, and staying healthy.
RESOURCES
Write your name.
Project work is realistic
and attainable and instills
a sense of achievement in
learners. Completed projects
serve as tangible evidence
of student learning.
Enjoy Nature
Poster Sets
Assessment Book with Audio CD
Assessment CD-ROM with ExamView©
Nine full-color posters bring beautiful photography into the
classroom, reinforce the unit theme, and feature National
Geographic Our World values.
The Our World Assessment Book provides teachers with the tools
they need to place their learners within the correct level of Our
World, plan their lessons based on what students already know,
and assess students’ comprehension of and progress through the
content of the Student Book.
With the Our World Assessment
CD-ROM with ExamView©, all of
the quizzes and tests found in the
Assessment Book can be quickly and
easily generated and customized, making
it easy to assess whether teaching
objectives have been met.
Each Assessment Book includes photocopiable Quizzes and Mastery
and Final Tests, as well as additional resources, including:
Wadi Bani Khalid
©2014 National
, Oman
Geographic Learning,
a part of Cengage
Learning
L1_OW_Posters_978113396267
0.indd 2
4/18/13 6:55 PM
©2014 National Geographic Learning,
8
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• an Our World Placement Test and level Pre-Tests (Diagnostic Tests
which help determine students’ language ability)
• Listening and Speaking scripts which provide guidance for the
listening and speaking portions of the quizzes and tests
• Answer Keys
• an Audio CD, with recorded scripts for all of the quizzes and tests.
a part of Cengage Learning
9
26/07/2013 11:36
CLASSROOM PRESENTATION TOOL
A Classroom Presentation Tool, provided on DVD or online through
myNGconnect, is available for each level of Our World. The Classroom Presentation
Tool integrates a variety of teaching resources, including video, songs, games,
language presentations, and student activities and can easily be used with
a computer or Interactive White Board (IWB).
For each unit, the DVD includes:
• interactive unit-opening activities that provide the setting for each
unit’s theme
• presentation of target vocabulary and grammar, through video and
animation
• f un classroom activities that practice what has just been presented
• s ongs presented in two ways: as a video with a
singing host, and as a karaoke-style sing-along
• reading activities that support Reading selections
• editing activities that support Writing instruction
OUR WORLD STUDENT ACTIVITIES CD-ROM
Our World student activities, provided on a Student Activities CD-ROM
bound with the Student Book or accessed online through myNGconnect, are
fun, engaging, game-like activities that reinforce and expand on Student Book
content. Each unit has two Vocabulary and Grammar activities, as well as a
Reading activity.
Professional Development
To ensure that instructors are able to improve their classroom practice and
get the most out of the Our World teaching resources, Dr. Joan Kang Shin,
a respected trainer of young learner teachers in over 100 countries and
series editor for Our World, has developed the Our World Professional
Development Program.
Professional Development Video
Using short videos of real classrooms and
interviews with teachers from around the world,
the Professional Development Video program,
available on DVD, provides useful insights and
practical advice on the following topics:
• developmentally-appropriate activities
• managing classrooms for effective learning
• planning successful lessons
• 21st-Century skills
Professional Development Classroom Presentation Tool
The Professional Development Classroom Presentation
Tool, available on DVD, can be used to support formal
training sessions and presentations on the topics in the
Professional Development Video program.
myNGconnect
Teachers and students can find student activities, Student Book and Workbook
audio, and Classroom Presentation Tools online at myNGconnect.
10
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Teaching with our world
Our World Philosophy
The Our World series reflects key concepts and
principles of English language teaching and learning.
• Addressing the needs of the whole child in the
language class includes attention to learning styles,
learning strategies, critical thinking skills, 21st century
skills, and universal cultural values.
• Students learn through a process of constructing
meaning. They are active learners who try to make
sense of their world through interaction in personal,
social, and academic contexts. As they do, they
gradually modify their understanding of how both the
world and language work.
• In order to accurately evaluate progress,
assessment of young learners must go beyond
traditional paper-and-pencil tests. Multiple
opportunities for concept checking and performance
assessment provide different ways to determine
students’ depth of learning. Young learners also
benefit from peer- and self-assessment.
• Activities designed for young learners must
provide multiple opportunities for understanding and
construction of meaning at a level appropriate to the
emotional and intellectual stages of the students’
development.
Our World Content
• Goal-oriented learning contributes to young
learners’ success. In addition to the larger goals of
educating children to be responsible global citizens in
the 21st century and to be knowledgeable and caring
stewards of our planet, providing explicit languagelearning goals helps learners understand the purpose
of the activities they carry out. Young learners then
have the opportunity to compare their outcomes to the
original goals, important in judging their own progress.
To empower young learners for the 21st century,
teachers of English as a foreign language must
understand the global importance of English, as
well as what it means to be a global citizen. It is
widely recognized that English is the world’s lingua
franca. English is used internationally as the language
for science, technology, business, trade, tourism,
diplomacy, and global problem solving. Our children
will grow up communicating in English with people
from countries all around the world. If they are to grow
up to become global citizens, able to interact with
people from diverse cultures, they must be exposed
them to real-world content that helps them understand
other people and cultures.
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11
1
1
Bringing the World ududenent t
St
St
ok
ok
Bo
Bo
to the Classroom – an
d
the Classroom to Life
Our World is a six-leve
l primary series in America
n
English. It uses fun and
fascinating National Geogra
phic
content, with stunning
images and video, to
give young
learners the essential English
language, skills, and
knowledge they need
to understand their world.
•
National Geographic
video inspires and mo
tivates
young learners
•
Our World Readers encoura
ge reading for fun
and bring storytelling
into your classroom
•
Multicultural Materials
Global Values It’s also important to connect young learners to
their home cultures in the English language classroom.
Making connections to the local culture will help young
learners relate to the content and build a stronger
understanding of themselves and their place in the
world. In addition, learning to express aspects of their
own culture in English is another step toward effectively
using English as a global language3. Our World helps
young learners appreciate their own culture and
encourages them to keep their culture strong.
Each unit in Our World has a National Geographic
values page that connects to the real-world content
presented in the unit. These pages promote universally
recognized values for students, such as loving your
family, being a good sport, and taking care of others.
For example, in the Book 2 unit called“Awesome
Animals,” the National Geographic values page
teaches students to respect animals. In upper
levels, the National Geographic values page is titled
“Mission,” and highlights the work and words of a reallife National Geographic explorer. These explorers, like
Aparajita Datta in Book 4 and Elizabeth Kapu’uwailani
Lindsey in Book 5, are from different parts of the world
and contribute to the betterment of our planet. These
pages bring more real-world content to the classroom,
and inspire young learners to develop their curiosity
and to value their own cultural traditions as well as
those of others.
Our World uses real-world and multicultural content
to help young learners grow up to become successful
american enGLiSH
• Learning about the world
through theme-based teaching
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learning tasks. Learning is enriched
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cultures, people, and places.
Cultural Connections When teaching English as a global language, it is
important to bring materials that represent different
cultures into the classroom. Students are very open to
learning about other cultures, and so it makes sense to
take advantage of their natural curiosity and openness
and expose them to different customs, traditions, and
ways of life. Learning about diverse cultures is the first
step toward communicating successfully with people
around the world using English as a global language.
Our World incorporates content from other cultures
in every unit. For example, in the Book 5 unit called
Arts “Lost and Found, students learn about different
traditions and art” forms from other cultures, including
storytelling through dancing in Laos, a jaguar rain
dance in Mexico, cloth weaving in Ghana, and the
2000-year-old Chinese tradition of dragon boat racing.
Global Citizenship
• Students learn effectively when they are
challenged just one step beyond their current stages of
cognitive and language development. They most often
need support from a knowledgeable person at this
time to successfully understand and incorporate new
information.
global citizens. Dramatic photos from around the world
spark their curiosity and broaden their perspective by
teaching them about the planet and different cultures.
Through National Geographic images and content,
young learners explore other people, places and
societies and learn to care about our fascinating and
ever-changing world. Their increased understanding of
the world and their ability to communicate in English
across cultures will help them be better prepared to
actively and successfully participate in the world of the
future.
Free online activities and
support are available
for teachers and learners
at myNGconnect.com
For more information,
please visit
NGL.Cengage.com/ourwo
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Our World is a six-leve
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language, skills, and
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•
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video inspires and mo
tivates
young learners
•
Our World Readers encoura
ge reading for fun
and bring storytelling
into your classroom
•
Free online activities and
support are available
for teachers and learners
at myNGconnect.com
For more information,
please visit
NGL.Cengage.com/ourwo
rld
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content, with stunning images and video, to give young
learners the essential English language, skills, and
knowledge they need to understand their world.
•
National Geographic video inspires and motivates
young learners
Our World Readers encourage reading for fun
and bring storytelling into your classroom
• Free online activities and support are available
for teachers and learners at myNGconnect.com
For more information, please visit
NGL.Cengage.com/ourworld
6
Student
Book
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a six-level prim
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OW_TELP_Lev1_FM_001-029.indd 12-13
Our World Philosophy13
26/07/2013 12:18
Learning English through
“Real-World” Content
The Our World series takes into account current
research and approaches in teaching language to
young learners. Students learn language and content
at the same time, so it’s natural and authentic
to incorporate academic content into the English
language classroom. Integrating content from different
areas such as Art, Science and Social Studies makes
language learning more interesting and engaging.
It will also help prepare young learners who may
eventually study these subjects in English.
Contextualizing language instruction by integrating
it with other learning provides opportunities to
reinforce in English the academic skills and knowledge
learned in other classes. A framework for this type of
lesson should include four stages:
• Processing text
This includes the use of texts that incorporate visual,
and text structure markers such heading and subheading as well as features like bold or italic text for
emphasis.
• Identification and organization of knowledge
This includes the use of graphic organizers such as
tree diagrams, timelines, flow charts, and tables.
• Language identification
This includes the use of language features that
help students to reproduce core content knowledge in
their own words, such as the language of comparison
and contrast, cause and effect, and speculation; as
well as features such as collocations, subject-specific
vocabulary, and academic vocabulary.
• Tasks for students
This includes the use of a variety of learnerappropriate tasks, both receptive and productive.
Our World uses subject area content as the basis
for motivating students to learn English and to
support what they are learning in other areas of
their curriculum. Each unit has a reading page that
integrates real–world content from various subject
14
OW_TELP_Lev1_FM_001-029.indd 14-15
areas and teaches academic skills. For example,
the Book 2 unit “Fun in Class” focuses on language for
the classroom. The vocabulary includes various actions
for classroom activities, such as reading, writing,
counting, coloring, cutting, drawing, and gluing, as
well as classroom objects like scissors, markers, glue,
and notebooks. The reading content, called “Paper
Art” describes the art of paper cutting in China and
Mexico. This is cultural content that also integrates
art and social studies. In addition, the comprehension
activities include a graphic organizer that shows the
similarities and differences between paper art in
China and Mexico, as well as a counting activity that
integrates math.
21st Century Skills
Today’s students are growing up in an
interconnected world. As English language teachers,
it is our job to help them become responsible global
citizens and leaders of the future. The Framework for
21st Century Learning deals with “the skills, knowledge,
and expertise students must master to succeed in work
and life; it is a blend of content knowledge, specific
skills, expertise, and literacies.” These skills can be
categorized in four ways:
• Ways of working
Students need to be able to communicate clearly
and collaborate effectively. Our World helps students
use the vocabulary and language structures they
are learning to both communicate about real-world
content and collaborate on activities and projects that
allow them to apply the English they are acquiring in
meaningful ways.
• Ways of thinking
Students also need to think creatively and critically.
They need opportunities to learn how to make
decisions and problem solve. Our World challenges
them to do so. For example, in Book 5 students create
musical instruments from recycled materials and
discuss how people in their community can reduce their
human footprint. In Book 6, students learn to analyze
techniques advertisers use to influence shopping
behavior, brainstorm how to conserve water at school,
and discuss the importance of local history and how to
value it.
• Tools for working
English students today aren’t just learning English.
They are preparing to enter a competitive global
workforce. In order to be ready for the future, they
need to be able to navigate technology and to
extract information from many forms of media.
They also need to acquire technology literacy,
information literacy, and visual literacy. All of these
needs are addressed in the Our World Student Books,
comprehensive video program, and interactive
technology.
• Skills for living in the world
It’s critically important for students to develop
awareness of the skills and qualities that will
help them achieve success in their future lives
and careers. In Our World, young learners are
introduced in age-appropriate ways to concepts
such as openness to new ideas and experiences,
adaptability, and initiative. They learn about 21st
century professions such as cyborg anthropologist,
and National Geographic Explorers are presented as
potential role models.
Living in the world also encompasses the idea of
personal and social responsibility. On a personal level,
younger Our World students learn about taking care
of themselves and other beings. Older students discuss
how they as individuals can make changes or adopt
new behaviors for their greater good. On a social level,
younger Our World students explore ways of linking
to their local community, such as exploring where they
live and participating in local events. As local citizens,
older students interact with their community through
activities such as planning and executing events to
protect the environment, conducting interviews, and
creating a local brochure for tourists.
Mission
Help reduce our
human footprint.
• What can your commu
nity do to reduce, reuse,
and recycle?
• Think of ways your
community can reduce
waste.
Think of ways it can reuse
and recycle.
• Work in a group. Discuss
ideas for the community.
Write your ideas in the
box.
“
People have created the
problem, so it’s critical
to
get the public excited and
eager to participate in
a
solution.
”
Alexandra Cousteau
Water Advocate and
Mission
Environmental Filmmake
r
Emerging Explorer
Conserve water
at school.
• Work in a small group.
Discuss how water is
used in your school every
day, such as in the
classrooms, bathrooms,
cafeteria, and at sports
facilities. Where do you
think most water is used?
• How can you help
save water in your school?
Think
of ideas. Discuss and
write the best ideas below.
• Share your ideas with
another group. Are they
the same or different?
Decide which ideas
everyone likes best.
“
I just want to do my
part to be sure we humans
conserve water and share
it
with all of life.
”
Sandra Postel
Fresh Water Conserva
tionist
National Geographic Fellow
Earth at night
• Work with another
group. Share your ideas.
Are
they137
the same or different?
Which ideas does
everyone like best?
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08/06/13 12:30 PM
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08/06/13 3:08 PM
Throughout the Our World series, young learners are
introduced to people, places, and cultures from around
the world. At the same time students are learning
to recognize cultural similarities and appreciate
differences, they are also encouraged to express their
own culture in English as a first step to building their
intercultural awareness and competence. In short, Our
World prepares students to be curious, engaged, and
well-informed citizens of the 21st century.
Personal and social responsibility play a large part
in students’ preparation for global citizenship as well.
Students must commit to developing intercultural
competence by building their knowledge of global
cultures, by acquiring skills that enhance their
interactions, and by refining their attitudes regarding
cultural differences and customs. They must be willing
to see the world from other points of view, and to
understand and respect cultural behaviors.
15
26/07/2013 12:22
Visual Literacy
National Geographic has the most impressive and
highest quality collection of photos and video in the
world. These visuals enrich the Our World print, video
and media components. These materials help young
learners become visually literate through imagery that
reflects print and media in the real world. This will
further help them to succeed as 21st century citizens.
Visual literacy is a necessary skill for the 21st century,
which is increasingly image-, media-, and technologydriven. In the past, the term “literacy” referred to
being able to read and write, but today it includes
the interpretation of various kinds of texts in print
and media. Visual literacy is the ability to construct
meaning from images such as photos, illustrations,
graphic organizers, signs, symbols, information
graphics, and video.
14 Look and read
. Work
Talk about paper art.
In China, people
Brain-based research shows that 80-90% of the
information we take in is visual. Learning a language,
then, is not only reading and writing words; it is also
being able to understand visual information and
communicate it to others. An additional benefit of
learning information simultaneously through text and
visuals is that it can dramatically improve retention and
recall. Our World uses a variety of images of different
types to help young learners understand text and
organize information; some examples are tables and
charts, diagrams, mind maps, T-charts,
maps, bar graphs, calendars, timelines,
1 Listen and read.
2 Listen and repeat.
line graphs, Venn diagrams, cause and
effect arrows, and pie charts.
with a partner.
In China and
Mexico, people
• fold the paper.
• use scissors.
• put the paper art
on windows.
• vocabulary through amazing photos
• grammar in animated contexts
• do not fold the
paper.
• draw the picture.
• hang the paper
art in their
houses.
• songs performed by fun hosts
• video clips that give examples of real-world communication
15 Can you find thes
Write the number.
e animals? Count.
rabbits
• stories read by the hosts using images from the
Our World readers.
birds
butterflies
Our World Video is flexible. For example, lessons
can be presented from the Student Book first, and
then followed by the corresponding segment in the
video to review and check comprehension. Or the video
can be used to present the language and then the
Student Book can be used to review and practice. Either
way, using the video helps contextualize language
instruction and engage children in the classroom in fun
and meaningful ways.
Are there any ducks?
You can fold a regula
r piece of
paper in half only seven
times.
Yes. I see three ducks.
19
37703_008-023_u01_ptg01.i
ndd 19
TR: B14
steam
ash
erupt
Theblastofaneruptionthrow
ssteamintotheair.Th
esteam
iscreatedfromwaterinside
theearth.Theblastalsosend
s
gaseshighintothesky.The
ymakebreathingdifficult.
A volcaniceruptioncanfillt
heskywithash.
Big eruptionscoverthelan
dthickwithash.
5/13/13 12:17 PM
crust
mantle
outer core
inner core
Earth
15 Listen and read. TR:
A37
16 Check T for True and
F
for False. surface
inside
1.Extraterrestrialshavelist
enedtoourradiowavesforo
ver100years.
2.SET Idisheslistenforlife
bylisteningforradiosignals
.
3.ScientistspointtheSETI
dishesinmanydirections.
4.RadiowavesfromEartha
reaproblemforSETIscientis
ts.
17 Should we search
for
life? Write why and why
I think it’s a good idea
to search
for life because . . .
110
T
F
T
F
T
F
T
F
3
It is melted rock.
111
23.indd 110
08/06/13 12:24 PM11691_u07_pt
g01_hr_108-123.indd
18 Work with a partn
er. Look
at the chart
opinion.
The first astronauts
were fruit flies. They
were launched on
Februar y 20, 1947.
4.3 light years
66
T
Nearest star,
Alpha Centauri
d for radio Waves to
431 light years
W
North Pole star,
Polaris
27,000 light years
2,480,000 light years
Y
Z
The center of
the Milky Way
TheThe
nearest
nearest
galaxy,
galaxy,
Androme
Androme
da da
13,100,000,000 light
W
years
As far as we
can see in the universe
67
71.indd 66
08/06/13 12:06 PM11691_u04_pt
OW_TELP_Lev1_FM_001-029.indd 16-17
But how would we
communicate with them?
The Classroom Presentation Tool allows the
introduction of many types of content, including
video, audio, and interactive activities into the
classroom using either an interactive white board or
a computer with a projector. Learning becomes more
active and interactive using this digital classroom
tool. For example, young learners love games, and
the Classroom Presentation Tool includes games that
present and practice the Student Book lessons in new
and unique ways. These activities allow for teaching
and reteaching that will engage the whole class. With
these games, students have opportunities to predict, to
think critically, to work in teams, to sing along, and to
use English in a safe and motivating environment that
sets them up for success.
reach Earth
11691_u04_ptg01_hr_056-0
16
111
08/06/13 12:25 PM
I think it’s a good thing
to search for life because
we
can learn many things
from the extraterrestrials.
Length of Time Neede
Work with a partner.
What did
you learn? Ask and answe
r.
What is magma?
not.
I think it’s a bad idea
to search for
life because . . .
11691_u07_ptg01_hr_108-1
and discuss. Support your
Earth
The computer is an excellent resource for English
language learning and teaching. The Our World
Student Activities, on line and on CD-ROMs, encourage
language practice through fun game environments
that will entertain, inform, and motivate students. For
example, they will play soccer against meerkats, puffer
fish, polar bears, pigeons, mountain goats, and even
alligators. They’ll clean up the ocean, feed chameleons,
solve puzzles, and explore mysterious mazes, all while
practicing and playing with English. Interactive media
provide a richer environment for learning and engage
young learners in the ways they are used to learning,
getting information, and entertaining themselves.
More importantly, building students’ media and digital
literacy skills helps prepare them to use English in the
real world in the 21st century.
ducks
Work with a partner.
Talk about the picture.
Goforawalkonasunnyday
.Theearthseemscalm
underyour
feet.Butdeepdown,itisnot
.Undertheearth’scrust,itis
sohot
thatrockismelted.Thism
eltedrockiscalledmagma.
Insomeplacestherearedeep
cracksinthesurface
oftheearth.
Thesecracksletmagmacome
tothesurface.Themagmap
ushes
uptheearth’scrust.Itcreate
salivingmountain,a
volcano!
Avolcanoeruptswhenm
agmaexplodesontoth
esurface.
Theflowofmeltedrockisca
a volcano
lledlava.Thelavaisthrown
into
theairandoozesdownthev
olcano.Theheatofthe
lavaburns
everythingittouches.
Ifextraterrestr ialsliveonoth
erplanets,wecan’tseethem.
systemsareext remelyfarawa
Planetsinothersolar
y.Wecan’tseetheplanets,ev
enwithourbiggest
telescopes.Butwhatif
theext raterrestrialswanttoc
ommunicatewithus?Whatif
aresendingmessages?Thiss
they
ignalwouldtravelthroughspa
ce.Aftermanyyears,itmigh
reachoursolarsystem.Thesi
t
gnalwouldbeveryweak.Itw
ouldbehiddeninthenoise
fromotherplacesinspace.We
wouldneedspecialtoolstoh
earit.
ScientistsatSETIhavemadea
toolforlistening.Ituses42s
connectedtogether.Scientist
atellitedishesthatare
splantohave350dishesone
day.Theypointallthedishes
atthesameplaceinthesky.T
hentheysearchforany
datatheycanhear.Thedishe
hearveryweaksignals.Forex
scan
ample,theycouldhearacell
phoneonaplanetinou
system.(That’sifsomeonehad
rsolar
acellphoneonJupiter
!)Thedishespickupnoisefro
radiosonEarth,too.Scientist
m
smustbecarefultoavoidth
isnoise.
Wehavenotheardfromanex
traterrestrialyet.Butisitpos
listeningtous?Iftheyare,m
siblethattheyare
ostcouldnothaveheardusye
t.Wehaveusedradiosfor
lessthan100
years.T hat’snotmuchtimefo
rthebigdistancesinthe
universe.Inth
attime,oursig nalcouldonly
reachasmallnumberofstars
.
Extraterrestrialsfromnearby
solars ystemswouldnot
hearusforthousandsofyea
rs.
Video is a powerful tool that can bring the world
into the classroom and the classroom to life. In learning
language, video can be especially valuable because it
can provide a real-world context that helps students
experience the language in a natural and dynamic way.
This will helps them better understand how to use the
language and makes learning more fun. The videos in
Our World are divided into short manageable clips that
present the following:
In Mexico,
people
• make paper art.
• make animals
and flowers.
TR: B13
Listening for Life
Video and Technology
g01_hr_056-071.indd
67
08/06/13 12:07 PM
17
26/07/2013 12:22
Characteristics of
Young Learners
In order to teach young learners successfully, it is
important to understand how students develop and
how they learn. Effective materials reflect gradual
growth in ability in the areas of gross and fine motor
skills, language, cognition, and socialization. Students
of different ages have different levels of development,
and it is important that teachers use methods and
activities that are appropriate in terms of their
students’ abilities.
In general, students are very energetic and
spontaneous. They do not like to sit still for long
periods of time and they have short attention spans.
Although they can be easily distracted, they are very
curious and will pay attention if the topic is interesting
or if the activity is fun and engaging. Although these
characteristics can make teaching young learners
challenging and even difficult at times, they can
also make the young learner classroom joyful and
rewarding. Our World keeps learners active and
engaged by using developmentally appropriate
activities that cater to their learning profiles.
Learning Styles
Young learners tend to process information about
the world primarily through their senses. The sensory
learning styles are visual, auditory, tactile, and
kinesthetic.
• Visual learners
Visual learners notice the details of their
surroundings and use color, shape, and position to
help them learn and remember information. They
understand instructions for activities much better when
they are shown what to do rather than told what
to do. Visual learners respond well to board work,
and to activities involving photos, drawings, flash
cards, posters, video, arts and crafts, murals, projects,
puzzles, and board games.
18
OW_TELP_Lev1_FM_001-029.indd 18-19
• Auditory learners
These students learn and remember information
through sound and rhythm. They can memorize
information easily and repeat back the text of stories,
role plays, and song lyrics after one or two listenings.
They understand oral directions for activities and
often agree to act them out or repeat them for other
students. They do well with listening and pronunciation
activities, and enjoy discussions, sound tracks, video
and computer games, songs, and chants.
• Tactile learners
As the word tactile indicates, these learners use
touch and the manipulation of objects to help them
process and remember information. They depend
on their physical and material surroundings. For
example, when they are trying to concentrate, they
may flip pencils or play with their hair. To understand
instructions, they need to see, hear, and physically carry
them out. Tactile learners do well with arts and crafts,
flash cards, puzzles, board games, and realia.
• Kinesthetic learners
These students process and remember information
through physical movement. Like tactile learners,
they also touch and manipulate objects, and they are
good at working with their hands. They understand
directions for activities much better when they can
see, hear, and physically carry them out. They need to
release tension through movement, and will look for
ways to do so—going to the pencil sharpener or trash
basket several times, for example. Kinesthetic learners
do well with Total Physical Response (TPR) activities,
charades, role plays, puzzles, and board games.
Skills and Strategies
Learning Strategies
Strategies are generally defined as behaviors that
learners use to understand and complete a task.
Learning strategies and their use and instruction can
benefit young learners as well as adults. As described
by Ana Chamot and Michael O’Malley, these strategies
fall into three categories: metacognitive, cognitive, and
social-affective.
• Metacognition is “thinking about thinking.” For
young learners, this means helping them plan before
doing a task. They need to think about the purpose of
the task, what information is most important, how they
will use the information, what the best way to do the
task is, and how much they understand about the task.
• Cognitive strategies include accessing prior
knowledge about a topic, seeing how new information
connects to the material the student already knows,
identifying where more information could be accessed,
thinking of good ways to organize the material, and
identifying ways to remember the new information.
• Social-affective strategies are especially useful in
language classes, as language is social by nature. While
using English, young learners can ask for explanations
from teachers and classmates, find out how and when
they can ask for help, discuss how they can work
together with classmates, and how they can get and
give feedback.
are not yet fully developed, teachers can nevertheless
design age-appropriate questions that go beyond the
surface and require deeper processing on their students’
part. Ask questions that bring into play skills such as the
following.
• classifying
What are (two) ways you can group together these words?
• comparing
How are (dogs) and (wolves) alike?
• contrasting
•
g
etting
What clues in this sentence help
meaning with the meaning of the word
(ground)?
•
inferencingLooking at these effects, what
do you think is the cause?
• predicting
What will happen when (the volcano erupts)?
roblem
•p
solving
What are some ways we can
(conserve water at school)?
• ranking
How would you list your (favorite sports) from
one to five?
• sequencing
When (planting vegetables), what are the steps in order?
• using
graphic How could you use a graphic organizers
organizer to map out the ideas Critical Thinking Skills
Critical thinking is a higher order of thought that
involves analyzing, evaluating, and synthesizing
information. In many young learner classrooms,
teachers’ questions may be limited to basic
comprehension questions (What is the story about? Is
it a happy or sad story?) and to display questions (How
many planets are there in our solar system? Is the moon
hot or cold?). Even though children’s analytical abilities
How are the (cassowary) and (ostrich) different?
• visualizing
in this reading?
How do you picture (the treasure) in your mind?
19
26/07/2013 12:22
Creating Successful Lessons
Effective teaching begins with a lesson plan. A
lesson is like a long road trip that requires a map:
the final destination or goal cannot be reached
without carefully planning each stop along the way.
These steps help learners reach the lesson objectives
successfully, which is the final destination of the trip
teachers and students are taking together.
A good lesson plan has many benefits. It helps
teachers prepare for class, including gathering or
creating the materials needed to make the activities
successful. It lays out step-by-step instructions that
provide a guide for every moment in class. But most
importantly, it requires teachers to define objectives
for the lesson, and plan activities in a sequence that
will ensure student success.
Stages of a Lesson
Our World uses six steps recognized as the
standard for effective language instruction: Warmup, Presentation, Practice, Application, Extension, and
Wrap-up.
• Warm-up
These activities help EFL students switch over from
their native language to English, help them remember
material from earlier lessons, and help them begin
class feeling confident about what they know. Warmups create interest and excitement about the topic
and prepare learners for the new language input. This
new input can be vocabulary, grammar structures, or
language functions. Warming up students can involve
activating students’ prior knowledge of the topic or
context, as well as reviewing known language that
will be used or recycled in the unit. By helping students
see what they already know and connecting the new
language to their previous experience, warm-ups
prepare them to learn.
• Presentation
After students are warmed up, it is time to present
the new language. This means teaching new
vocabulary words or new grammatical structures
through visuals, realia, examples, or in the context
of a song or story. Teachers should take time on this
step and provide numerous activities to give lots of
meaningful listening and reading input. This will help
20
OW_TELP_Lev1_FM_001-029.indd 20-21
students gain comprehension of the new language.
Use a number of activities that require the four skills
to check students’ comprehension. For example, use
concept checking to see if students know the word
drugstore by asking quick questions like Can I buy
a bike in a drugstore? What can I buy in a drugstore?
Give me an example of a drugstore near here. Or have
students draw a drugstore and write a few lines about
what they do and buy in a drugstore. The Our World
lesson planner suggests multiple activities to present
and check comprehension of language to support the
activities in the Student Book.
• Practice
An important step in the process of learning,
practice focuses on students’ first efforts to use the new
language. For young learners, especially beginners,
the practice is guided, meaning that the students
are given the structures and vocabulary needed to
produce the language; they are not yet expected to
create the language independently. Of course, the goal
is to give learners plenty of opportunities to try out
the new language in order to prepare them for real
communicative contexts. The lesson planner provides
suggestions for giving additional support or guidance
for the practice stage.
• Application
Applying the new language in a communicative
context is a natural step after practice, because it
encourages students to act more independently with
the language they have practiced previously with more
guidance and support. At this stage students should be
able to use the new language in a realistic context and
to personalize the language with respect to their own
lives. Application further develops students’ abilities to
use language communicatively. The Our World Student
Books have application activities for each vocabulary
and grammar section that encourage students to
communicate with each other and apply the language
to their lives. The lesson planner provides suggestions
to help teachers carry out the application activities
successfully.
• Extension
Extension activities are additional communicative
activities that help students to use the new language in
realistic contexts and to personalize the language. This
step is important in that it stretches students’ ability
to communicate in authentic-like situations. These are
activities that are not in the student book and provide
additional opportunities for real communication
among students in the classroom among students.
For example, if students have just learned
expressions of frequency, students can have a
conversation with a partner and try to find different
things they both do twice a day, three times a week,
etc. For further follow-up, they can survey all their
classmates and make a class chart.
• Wrap-up
Concluding a lesson or class with a final activity is
always important, as students need to leave the class
knowing that they have completed an activity and
learned something. This might be a review of what was
learned in class in a game to check comprehension of
vocabulary words, or a song or chant. The wrap-up
might be a conclusion to a pair work extension activity
in which the teacher asks individual students what
they learned from their partners. The Our World lesson
planner provides appropriate wrap-up activities for
each class.
adapt to unplanned events, whether they be a surprise
fire drill, equipment failure, or unexpected student
behaviors. This includes adjusting instruction based on
students’ unique personalities, their mood swings, their
varied interests, and their diverse personal, cognitive,
and emotional needs.
In mixed-ability classes, for example, teachers
spend more time with some students than with
others. When this is the case, they have ready a
number of other activities for the rest of the class to
do. These may include starting homework in class, or
choosing something from an activity box that includes
worksheets, puzzles, board games, vocabulary cards,
comic books in English, and class-produced books. In
the Our World lesson planner, teachers have many
different activities to choose from, including extension
activity suggestions that are not in the student book.
In addition, there are many additional activities and
games in the Classroom Presentation Tool, the CDROM, and the video.
Lesson Adjustments
Teachers keep in mind many different elements as
they plan their lessons. They identify their objectives
and match appropriate activities to them. They plan
how they will use their physical space and seating
arrangements for individual, pair, and group work.
They collect the materials and equipment they will
need. They think about time management and
pacing. But no matter the plan, teachers know to
expect the unexpected as the day’s lesson unfolds.
In a classroom full of young learners, there are
many factors teachers cannot control. Successful
teachers learn to be creative so that they can
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26/07/2013 12:22
Successful Activities
• Activities have meaning and purpose
Activities for young learners should above all be
meaningful and purposeful.
Engaging students in authentic and meaningful
contexts helps them recognize and remember language
patterns. As Lynn Cameron (2003) wrote, “… children
see the foreign language ‘from the inside’ and try to
find meaning in how the language is used in action, in
interaction, and with intention, rather than ‘from the
outside’ as a system and form” (p. 107). So, instead of
presenting language as isolated grammar structures to
be analyzed, teachers do well to present language in
meaningful contexts. They make sure to provide plenty
of opportunities for students to practice the language
through both repetition and recycling, and to give students
a real purpose to communicate with each other in English.
• Activities are supported and scaffolded
Scaffolding is used to describe the exterior support
structure around a building under construction. When
the building is finished, the scaffolding is taken away and
the building stands on its own. In the same way, teachers
have to provide scaffolding to students in order to help
them construct knowledge and learn language effectively.
Our World sets students up for success by supporting
and scaffolding the learning process. It is important to
break tasks down into small, achievable steps and give
students a model to follow. Our World teaches language
step by step, but the teacher still needs to take the time
to make sure students have plenty of ways to show their
comprehension of the new language.
• Activities are active and hands-on
Our World materials promote the active and hands-on
classroom. Because students are kinesthetic learners and
like to move their bodies and move around the room, it is
important to keep instruction physically active. Students
also like to learn by touching and manipulating objects.
In other words, students learn by doing. They need to be
active and have many hands-on activities that encourage
them to interact with objects and visuals. If possible,
bring in real objects and incorporate projects that allow
students to produce their own creations that further the
learning process. Doing artwork, crafts, posters, and
projects are great ways for learners to be active and make
things with their own two hands.
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OW_TELP_Lev1_FM_001-029.indd 22-23
• Activities are enjoyable and interesting
To teach young learners effectively, language class needs
to be enjoyable and interesting. The photographs and
artwork in Our World will capture students’ attention and
interest. The units are full of activities that young learners
find fun and engaging, such as singing songs, listening to
stories, and playing games. There is a song in each unit, as
well as games, pair work, and group work that will keep
young learners’ interest. In addition, the video program and
the Classroom Presentation Tool contain a wide variety of
motivating and enjoyable activities.
Repetition and Recycling
Teachers should provide plenty of opportunities to
practice the language. Using repetition and recycling is
important when working with young learners. Luckily, if
there is a fun song, students will ask to sing it again. If
there is an interesting story, they will ask to hear it again.
Repeating is a natural part of student’s learning process.
Our World provides plenty of opportunities for meaningful
repetition, especially if the video program and/or
Classroom Presentation Tool is used in conjunction with the
Student Book. Students will get the chance to hear, repeat,
and use both vocabulary and grammar multiple times.
Recycling is also important to improve young
learners’ ability to understand the new language
structures and use them correctly. Recycling means
“to use again.” When teachers recycle language, they
use it again in another context. Within a unit, the new
vocabulary is constantly recycled and used in different
contexts in the song, the grammar activities and games,
as well as in the reader and storytelling activities.
Our World also recycles language from unit to unit
and level to level. For example, in one lesson students
may learn vocabulary for different clothes. A teacher may
recycle this language by teaching about the weather and
asking students what to wear when it is hot and sunny
or when it is cold and snowy. Recycling helps students
increase their proficiency by getting them to use the
language in a new context. This makes the learning
process more authentic and meaningful.
Our World also recycles language from unit to unit and
level to level. For example, in one lesson students may learn
vocabulary for different clothes. A teacher may recycle
this language by teaching about the weather and asking
students what to wear when it is hot and sunny or when it
is cold and snowy. Recycling helps students increase their
proficiency by getting them to use the language in a new
context. This makes the learning process more authentic
and meaningful.
Classroom Management
As teachers everywhere know, real learning requires
a well-managed classroom. Teachers of young
learners need to develop a plan for managing their
own classrooms that will keep students engaged and
on task, and avoid giving them opportunities to get
distracted or out of control. Expectations of proper
classroom behavior can vary from culture to culture,
but in all cases, effective classroom management goes
beyond dealing with misbehavior only.
Many aspects of teaching can affect the behavior of
students in the classroom.
• Time
Effective teachers use their class time carefully.
They plan the time it takes to greet students and start
the class, the duration of each activity, the time spent
between activities, the time it takes for student breaks,
and the time it takes to assign homework and end the
class. They also reserve five minutes or so as extra time
to be used as needed during the class. In addition, they
keep in mind what is known as “wait time,” the amount
of time the teacher waits for a student to answer a
question. Some teachers count to ten slowly and silently,
while others use a watch to allow from three to five
seconds. This helps students formulate better quality
responses.
• Activities and transitions
It is important to have ready all the materials
needed for each activity before class so that young
learners don’t have time to get restless. Activity
instructions are another area that can require advance
planning. To keep students’ attention, it is a good idea
to read all activity instructions before class so that
there is time to simplify them and provide a model for
learners if necessary.
Moving smoothly from one activity to another requires
planning transitions. For the youngest learners, this could
be a clapping chant (We are done/That was fun/Now
let’s do/Another one), visual cues such as a teacherheld stop sign or flipping the light switch on and off
three times, or auditory cues such as a whistle or bell.
If the previous activity has involved movement, a useful
transition to the next activity can be having students
close their eyes and rest their heads on their hands for
a minute. If the previous activity has been concentrated
seat work, a useful transition to the next activity can
be having students stand by their desks and “shake
out” their hands and legs, or having them jump up and
down a few times. For older learners, transitions that
link two activities can be language-based. For example,
if students have just read about someone’s activities
last weekend, a teacher may say, “We just read what
(David) did last weekend; now we’re going to listen to
find out what he’s doing next weekend.”
• Classroom rules
The establishment of rules in the young learner
classroom is particularly important because students
need rules to function successfully. Teachers need
to communicate these rules clearly and simply, and
make sure they are consistent in enforcing them,
with age-appropriate rewards and sanctions. When
possible, allow students to help create the rules and
consequences. The teacher and students may come up
with rules such as Be quiet when someone is talking,
Raise your hand to talk, Be kind to others, Work hard,
Share, and Cooperate. Display the rules on a poster on
the classroom wall or provide each student with a copy
to keep in their notebooks.
• Classroom routines
Equally important is the establishment of predictable
routines. Young learners feel secure when they know
what to expect during different stages of the lesson.
Routines help them to organize and prepare to learn
in English. Common routines include starting the
class with a greeting, designating the day’s classroom
helpers, taking attendance, naming the day and date,
establishing objectives, checking homework, dividing
the class into pairs or groups, cleaning up the room,
assigning homework, and ending the class.
• Classroom atmosphere
Effective teachers take care to build a fair, safe, and
supportive classroom climate. As supportive adults
rather than friends, they aim for positive relationships
with all their students and consciously avoid favoritism.
They have high but reasonable expectations and model
the values they hope to inspire in their students—
kindness, patience, fairness, and respect.
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26/07/2013 12:22
The 4 Skills: Listening,
Speaking, Reading, and
Writing
Our World provides multiple opportunities for young
learners to develop all four skills in a balanced and
age-appropriate way.
Listening
Young learners learn about other people and
the world around them primarily through oral
interaction. In the classroom they benefit from
multiple opportunities to listen to and practice routine
language, vocabulary, basic structures, and patterns.
And while practicing listening and speaking together
is very important, so is a focus on listening-only
activities. Some of these activities develop students’
discrimination of sounds, words, and sentence
boundaries, while others focus on stress, rhythm, and
intonation. Songs, chants, and poems are a natural
and fun way to practice, too. The Workbook includes a
variety of listening activities as well.
In addition, students need practice with basic
listening strategies such as listening for the main idea
and listening for details. Older learners can listen for
sequence (first, next, then, finally), for time frames
(verb forms signaling present, past, or future time),
and for cause and effect (why, because), among other
strategies.
Speaking
Listening and speaking interactions are the
communicative foundation for language learning.
Question and answer exchanges, whether between
teacher and student or between student and student,
play an important part in the classroom. At first,
young learners will rely on modeled language in
their exchanges, but it is also important to introduce
opportunities for personalized, authentic language
use as soon as possible. Gradually move away from
display questions (to which students provide already
known answers, to show their comprehension) such as
What color is your hair? and How many students are
24
OW_TELP_Lev1_FM_001-029.indd 24-25
in our class? to authentic communication (questions
to which the answers are not yet known), such as Do
you have any pets? and Did you play soccer today?
Other speaking opportunities include games, group
discussions, and project presentations. The more
relevant the language is to learners’ lives, the more
meaningful and memorable it becomes.
Our World provides many different speaking
models, including work with Basic Interpersonal
Communication Skills (BICS) and Cognitive Academic
Language Proficiency (CALP) in Books 4–6 on the
pages titled Let’s Talk. In addition, students gain
valuable practice with rhythm, stress, and intonation in
songs and chants, and with pronunciation and sound
discrimination using the Sound of English cards. The
Workbook includes different speaking activities as well.
Reading
A unique feature of the Our World series is the
use of engaging content from the world-renowned
National Geographic archives. Children are naturally
curious about the world around them, and will
enjoy reading about topics such as copycat animals,
chocolate, flesh-eating plants, and pirate shipwrecks.
Readings are age-appropriate, and provide basic
practice in reading strategies such as identifying the
main idea, finding details and examples, figuring out
meaning from context, and relating texts to graphic
organizers.
The Lesson Planner includes a variety of before-,
during-, and after-reading tasks that draw students
deeper into texts. Before-reading activities help prepare
learners for the reading by drawing their attention to
titles, headings, photos, and captions; by accessing
what they already know about the topic; and by
predicting what the reading might include.
After-reading activities include comprehension
questions, but can also include questions that require
higher-order thinking, questions that require learners
to support their ideas and opinions, summaries, and
graphic organizers. Additional readings are found in
the Workbook.
In addition, nine Our World Readers accompany
each of the six levels. These readers are ageappropriate and are designed so that they may be
read independently, either in class or at home. Each
reader is thematically related to the corresponding
Student Book unit, and contains some of the unit target
grammar and vocabulary. Texts are an entertaining
and informative mix of fiction and non-fiction.
and paragraphs of opinion, of cause and effect, of
contrast, of comparison, of exemplification, of fact
and opinion, of persuasion, of classification, and more.
Students are guided step by step in the Workbook
for each writing assignment in the Student Book.
Additional writing tasks are provided in the Workbook
as well.
Writing
A complete model is provided for each writing task
in each unit, in Student Books 1 through 6, so that
learners have clear, meaningful examples of what they
are expected to do. When they are finished, writers
read their work to classmates, who listen actively to
fill in a chart or take notes. Students are encouraged
to give constructive criticism when applicable, pointing
out things they liked, found confusing, or wanted to
know more about.
Younger learners are systematically introduced
to writing beginning in Book 1, where they work at
the word level, gradually move into sentence stems,
and finally to one to three simple sentences. Students
draw and then write about their drawings. In Book 2,
young learners are guided to organize and write short
paragraphs through answering specific questions. In
Book 3, students learn about compound sentences,
descriptive words, the parts of a paragraph, complex
sentences with because, and sequence words. In Levels
1 through 3, a page in each Workbook unit provides
additional writing practice.
Teachers may want students to create individual
writing portfolios for evaluation purposes. A writing
portfolio is a file or folder of each student’s written
work, assembled over a period of time. It contains final
drafts of assignments, but it may also contain samples
of works in other stages of the writing process, such
as word maps, outlines, research cards, rough drafts,
letters, poems, copies of group-produced work, and
inspirational images. The teacher, together with the
student, reviews selected work and comments on the
student’s writing progress.
In Books 4 through 6, older learners are introduced
to the concept of paragraph unity, and to different
writing genres such as journal entries, blogs, reviews,
During reading, it is useful to train students to ask
themselves silent questions such as Who, When, Where,
What, Why, and How and find the answers as they go.
They can also underline or highlight information as
they read or make brief comments in the margin.
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26/07/2013 12:23
Vocabulary
Grammar
Our World helps develop vocabulary through a
variety of activities that encourage communication.
The target vocabulary items in each unit are presented
in thematically related, meaningful contexts, and
then recycled several times in different activities and
in different components. Active vocabulary consists
of words necessary to understand and talk about the
unit theme, as well as high-frequency, high-utility items
used in real communication relevant to the world of
the student.
For younger learners, many items are related to
concepts they are exploring in their first language, such
as colors, shapes, and numbers. For older learners,
vocabulary items are related to their own lives (habits,
chores, likes and dislikes), to their relationships
(as family members, as friends, as members of the
community), and to their studies at school (science,
health, language arts, social studies, sports).
Encourage students’ active involvement
in vocabulary learning through the use
of pictures, flashcards, posters, arts and
crafts, kinesthetic games, projects, personal
dictionaries, word mobiles, and word walls.
In addition, when applicable, raise learner
awareness of vocabulary strategies such
as paraphrase and circumlocution (“the thing you cut
paper with,” for scissors), and familiarize students with
the concept of cognates and false cognates.
To clarify meaning, encourage word associations,
and teach word collocations such as have + noun: have
a good time, have breakfast, have a flat tire, have a
toothache, have a quiz. Have students keep vocabulary
notebooks in which they write definitions, use words in
sentences, develop word maps, note collocations, and
build word groups (photo, photograph, photographer,
photographic, photographically). When appropriate,
raise awareness of word formation through prefixes
and suffixes.
GR amma R
Listen and read. TR: A25
2
Listen and say. TR: A26
1
Listen and say. TR: A9
2
Listen, point, and say.
cutting
2. My older sister is
brother.
reading
counting
drawing
coloring
talking
erasing
3
Work with a partner.
Gram mar
a scooter
a ferry
a taxi
a subway
3
Work with a partner.
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3_u01_ptg01.indd 11
a scooter
Make sentences. Use
know
have
one word in each column
.
in this town
a computer
the piano
skateboarding
live
study
play
English
for
best friend
since
a bicycle
soccer
on this street
8
Work in a group. Discus
s. Compare your senten
ces from
Activity 7. Are they the
same or different?
How long have you
had a bicycle?
I’ve had a bike for
five years.
I’ve had one for
three years.
11
11707_u01_ptg01_hr_004-019
.indd 11
7
cat.
Work in a group. Take
turns. How are you and
your
relatives different?
05/06/13 12:42 PM
I am taller than my
cousin, and stronger, too.
And I’m friendlier
than my cousins.
(big) than I am.
(friendly) than my little
(smart) than my uncle.
(short) than my mother.
(nice) than me.
(cute) than your dog.
8
Write. Now compare the
people in your group.
Use words from the box.
old
10
Yes, I do. It’s fun.
No, I don’t. It’s boring
.
3. Do you like to play
hide
5/13/13 12:16 PM
Gram mar
short
small
strong
tall
young
TR: A29
What do you like to
do?
dd
What10 do they like to
do?
38267_004-019_u01_ptg01.in
7
1.
Do you like to play baseb
all?
2. Do you like to rollerb
lade?
11
ndd 10
6. My cat is
What about you? Answ
er.
6
37703_008-023_u01_ptg01.i
5. My cousin Shin is
TR: A28
Do you like to play
baseball?
Do you like to jump
rope?
They’re talking.
a ship
3. My Aunt Mae-Ran is
4. My grandmother is
bigger
I’m shorter than he is.
My dog is cuter than her
7
Point. Ask and answ
er.
What are they doing?
an airplane
a bus
Grammar practice in the
Student Book is supported
by additional activities in the
Workbook, the Video and the
Classroom Presentation Tool.
gluing
10
a sailboat
a helicopter
writing
TR: A10
1. My brother Mun-Hee
is
a hot air
balloon
Transportation helps us
move around.
We can travel in the sky,
on water, or
on land. Which is your
favorite?
TR: A5
My best friend is bigger
than I am.
My dog is friendlier than
my sister’s cat.
listening
1
Our World presents grammar in age-appropriate,
meaning-based ways. Because their analytical skills
are not yet fully developed, younger learners gain little
from analyzing forms and memorizing rules the way
many adults do. They benefit more by seeing many
repetitions of a target grammar point in different
meaningful contexts, and by using grammar as
unanalyzed “chunks” that help them communicate.
The Grammar Boxes in the Student Books and
Workbooks, then, show target points in meaningful
sentences that students can use as models for
language production. As learners age and develop
cognitively, they are invited to notice certain language
features and think about how they function. The
oldest learners can keep personal grammar reference
notebooks in which they have a page for each
grammar point, with examples of form,
meaning, and use. They can
also record their most frequent
errors and write a corrected
version of each one in
6 Read. Complete the
sentences. Use the correc
t form of the
word in parentheses.
their notebooks.
I like to play baseba
ll.
They like to jump rope.
11
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9_u01_ptg01.indd 11
Work in a group of
three. Take turns.
Ask and answer. Tell
the class about your
group.
5/16/13 12:40 PM
and seek?
4. Do you like to ride
a
bike?
5. Do you like to skateb
oard?
a motorcycle
Describe and guess.
What do you
like to do?
It’s in the sky.
Is it an airplane?
I like to swim.
42
46
38250_040-055_u03_ptg01.i
43
ndd 42
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5_u03_ptg01.indd 43
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OW_TELP_Lev1_FM_001-029.indd 26-27
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47
dd 46
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5_u03_ptg01.indd 47
5/13/13 2:13 PM
5/13/13 11:03 AM
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26/07/2013 12:23
Generic Pacing Guide
• Tests should allow all learners to experience success,
while providing both lower than average learners and
advanced learners opportunities to demonstrate their
knowledge. Just as teachers deal with mixed-ability
learners in class through differentiated instruction, so
should they provide opportunities for mixed-ability
learners on tests.
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OW_TELP_Lev1_FM_001-029.indd 28-29
Accurate assessment reflects not only what students
can recognize and produce on a written test, but also
what they can perform or do as they actually use
the language in real or realistic contexts. Our World
therefore provides a wealth of opportunities for informal
assessment. These include many different Expansion
activities as listed in each unit of the Lesson Planner, pair
and group work, Review pages and Project pages in the
Student Book, Workbook activities, and the Classroom
Presentation Tool, among others.
Week 1
Week 1
Week 2
Week 2
Vocabulary 2: Warm Up; Present;
Practice; Apply; Extend; Wrap Up
Reading: Warm Up; Present;
Practice; Apply; Wrap Up
Reading: Warm Up; Present;
Practice; Wrap Up
Project: Prepare; Share
Assessment
Song (optional)
Review
Reading: Warm Up; Present;
Practice; Wrap Up
Reading (continued): Recap; Apply;
Extend; Wrap Up
Writing: Warm Up; Present; Read
the Model; Plan; Write
Writing: Warm Up; Present; Read
the Model; Plan; Write
Writing (continued): Edit; Share
Mission
Vocabulary 2: Warm Up; Present;
Practice; Apply; Extend; Wrap Up
Grammar 2: Warm Up; Present;
Practice; Apply; Extend; Wrap Up
Reading (continued): Recap; Apply;
Extend; Wrap Up
Writing: Warm Up; Present; Read
the Model; Plan; Write
Mission
Grammar 1 (continued): Recap;
Apply; Extend; Wrap Up
Song (optional)
Review
Grammar 2: Warm Up; Present;
Practice; Apply; Extend; Wrap Up
Grammar 2: Warm Up; Present;
Practice; Apply; Wrap Up
Vocabulary 1 (continued): Recap;
Apply; Extend; Wrap Up
Song
Grammar 1: Warm Up; Present;
Practice; Wrap Up
Week 3
Week 1
Vocabulary 2: Warm Up; Present;
Practice; Apply; Wrap Up
Grammar 1 (continued): Recap;
Apply; Extend; Wrap Up
Vocabulary 1: Warm Up; Present;
Practice; Wrap Up
Song (optional)
Review
Grammar 1: Warm Up; Present;
Practice; Wrap Up
Song (optional)
Grammar 1: Warm Up; Present;
Practice; Apply; Wrap Up
Song (optional)
Project: Prepare; Share
Assessment
Song (optional)
Unit Opener
Week 4
• Tests should be contextualized and reflect relevant
tasks and language for young learners. Assessment
items are more authentic when they reflect a previously
taught theme or body of content, and when the
language tested is that used by young learners in class
and in their real lives.
The typical paper-and-pencil test with formats such
as multiple-choice, true/false, matching, and fill-in-theblank is one example of formal assessment. In many
language curricula around the world, these task types
remain popular. The Our World assessment program
includes various kinds of written tests: placement tests
and level pre-tests, nine unit quizzes, three mastery
tests, and final tests, together with an Audio CD for the
listening and speaking components. In addition, with
the use of the Assessment CD-ROM with ExamView©,
all of the quizzes and tests are easily generated and
customizable to the needs of each teacher’s students.
Vocabulary 1: Warm Up; Present;
Practice; Wrap Up
Song (optional)
4–6 hours per week
Vocabulary 1 (continued): Recap;
Apply; Extend; Wrap Up
Week 3
• Tests should include a variety of techniques that
correspond to learners’ different intelligences and
learning styles. That is to say, tests should provide
opportunities for learners who are not primarily
linguistically, logical-mathematically, or spatially inclined
but rather demonstrate other types of intelligences or
learning styles. All learners should have multiple chances
to demonstrate their skills, strategies, and knowledge.
The Our World series ensures that students engage
in a wide variety of communicative activities in each
thematic unit, and many of these themes and activity
types are correspondingly reflected in the assessment
process. Our World provides many opportunities for
both formal and informal assessment of different types.
Vocabulary 1 (continued): Recap;
Apply; Extend; Wrap Up
Song (optional)
Week 4
• Tests should contribute to learning on the teacher’s
part as well as on the student’s part. Test results should
provide teachers with information on which to base
subsequent instruction, especially modifications that
are needed for some or all students. And of course
the results should provide information to learners on
their current strengths and weaknesses and progress in
learning English.
• Tests should take place over time in order to
collect evidence of growth. Assessment should not
be approached as an occasional but necessary, fearinducing evil. Indeed, the more frequently students are
assessed through a variety of ways, the less test anxiety
they may have and the more practiced and confident
they may feel.
Unit Opener
Week 2
• Tests should mirror learning. The material actually
taught in class is what is assessed. Tests should reflect
the objectives of the curriculum and provide students
with the opportunity to demonstrate what they know
and what they can do with the language in tasks
and formats that are similar to the ones they have
experienced in class.
Unit Opener
Vocabulary 1: Warm Up; Present;
Practice; Wrap Up
Week 3
Because of young learners’ age, level of maturity,
limited range of experience, and cognitive, linguistic,
and literacy development, they need appropriately
designed assessment tasks, whether traditional or
performance-based.
• Tests should motivate learners and build learner
confidence. Teachers work hard to include a variety
of motivating and fun activities in their lessons,
and they are conscientious about providing praise
and constructive feedback to their students in class.
Students should have the same opportunities for
fun, engagement, and motivating feedback in their
assessments.
3–4 hours per week
Week 4
Assessment
2–3 hours per week
Writing (continued): Edit; Share
Mission
Review
Assessment
Project Prep
Project
Song (optional)
29
26/07/2013 12:23

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