Inglés Técnico - ENAH | Inicio

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Inglés Técnico - ENAH | Inicio
• Protocolo de Bienvenida.
• Información sobre servicios y eventos.
• Suministros en la habitación.
• Atención a solicitudes de los clientes.
• Venta y Cobro
Créditos
Esta es una publicación de la Escuela Nacional de Hotelería, Dentro del proyecto NIC/018,
financiado conjuntamente por los gobiernos de la República de Nicaragua
y el Gran Ducado de Luxemburgo.
Compilación y Adecuación de Contenido:
Gioconda E. Sánchez Ñurinda
Revisión y Aprobación:
Miriam Espinoza
Se permite la reproducción total o parcial de la presente obra,
haciendo referencia a la fuente.
Managua, Nicaragua
Diciembre 2008.
Unidad I:
Saludos y Bienvenidas
Con esta unidad el alumno desarrollará la capacidad de:
Realizar actividades de bienvenidas, saludos mediante el uso de estrategias básicas
del idioma Inglés
Unidad I: Saludos y Bienvenida
Bienvenidas y Presentaciones
Greetings and Introductions.
INTR ODUCT IONS
Protocolo de Bienvenida
G R E E T I N G S!
Welcome!
Hello!
Hi!
How do you do!
Nice to meet you!
Nice to meet you too!
Pleased to meet you too!
Great to meet you too!
Pleasure to meet you
How are you?
How are you doing?
How is it going?
Nice to meet you!
Pleased to meet you!
Great to meet you!
Have you met…?
Hello, I’d like to introduce myself, my name’s…
This is my (friend) …
I’d like you to meet…
I’d like to introduce…
I’m (name); I’m your …
My name is …
Do you know (name)?
Have you met (name)?
Read and Practice the following conversations with a partner.
Introducing yourself.
Conversation 1:
A: Hi. My name’s Sandy Black.
B: Hi, Sandy. Nice to meet you. I’m Carlos Lopez.
A: Nice to meet you, too.
Conversation 2:
More Greetings
Good morning.
Good afternoon.
Good evening.
A: Hello. My name’s Peter.
B: Hi. I’m Alexandra. But everyone calls me Alex.
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Your Turn:
Activity 1: Introduce yourself to a partner.
Introducing another person.
More ways to say
good-bye
Good-bye.
Take it easy.
Take care.
Good night.
Conversation 3:
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A: Carlos, this is my friend John. John this is Carlos.
B: Nice to meet you, Carlos.
C: Nice to meet you, too.
Activity 2: Introduce your partner to another partner.
Say good-bye
Conversation 4:
A: Well, it was nice meeting you.
B: See you later.
A: Bye.
Activity: Get to know your classmates.
Alphabet.
Listen to the pronunciation of the letters, then listen again and repeat.
The English Alphabet
Capital Letters
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Lower-case letters
a b c d e f
g h
i j
k l
m
n o
p
q
r
s
t
u v
w
x
y z
Pronunciation: Now complete this table.
/ei/
/i:/
A
B
2
/e/
F
/ai/
/əu/ /u:/
I
O
Q
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/α:/
R
Practice 1: Now listen and write the names the speaker spells. Begin each name with a capital letter.
1. ______________________
3. ______________________
2. ______________________
4. ______________________
Now spell your last name for a partner. Your partner writes your name here.
_____________________
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Practice 2: Work with a partner. Spell the following words. Then switch roles.
Example:
A: How do you spell “Mississippi”?
B: It’s M – I – S – S – I – P – P - I.
A: Thank you.
B: You’re welcome.
excuse
pleased
great
message
tourist
ticket
tour
guide
thirteen
welcome
backpack
excursion
Read and practice the conversation with a partner.
Conversation 1:
Titles
Men
Mr.
Women
Ms.
Mrs.
Miss
(married or single)
(married)
(single)
Use titles with family names, NOT first or given names
A: What’s your last name?
B: Ywan.
A: Could you spell that, please?
Titles
Men
Women
Mr.
Ms.
(married or single)
Mrs.
(married)
Miss
(single)
Use titles with family names, NOT first or given names
B: Sure. Y-W-A-N
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Conversation 2:
A: What’s your name, please?
B: Chisoto.
A: I’m sorry. Could you repeat that?
B: Sure. It’s Chisoto.
A: How do you spell it?
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B: C-H-I-S-O-T-O.
Speaking: Stand up. Ask five of your classmates names and last names and write them down in your
notebook. Use the following questions to help you.
1. _________________________________
Excuse me,
What’s your name?
What’s your last
name?
How do spell it?
Could you say that
louder?
2. _________________________________
3. _________________________________
4. _________________________________
5. _________________________________
Nationalities
Listen and practice the words with a partner.
NATIONALITIES
COUNTRY
America
Argentina
Australia
Brazil
Britain
Canada
Chile
China
Colombia
Egypt
England
France
Germany
Holland
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ADJECTIVE
American
Argentinean
Australian
Brazilian
British
Canadian
Chilean
Chinese
Colombian
Egyptian
English
French
German
Dutch
NOUN
an American
an Argentinean
an Australian
a Brazilian
a Briton
A Canadian
a Chilean
a Chinese
a Colombian
an Egyptian
an English
a French
a German
a Dutch
COUNTRY
India
Indonesia
Italy
Japan
Korea
Mexico
Norway
Peru
the Philippines
Russia
Saudi Arabia
Scotland
Spain
The USA
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ADJECTIVE
Indian
Indonesian
Italian
Japanese
Korean
Mexican
Norwegian
Peruvian
Philippine
Russian
Saudi,
Scottish
Spanish
American
NOUN
an Indian
an Indonesian
an Italian
a Japanese
a Korean
a Mexican
a Norwegian
a Peruvian
a Filipino
a Russian
a Saudi,
a Scot
a Spaniard
an American
Conversation:
A: Hello, I’m Carlos Martínez.
B: Nice to meet you Carlos, I’m Marie de la Plage. Where are you from?
A: I’m Nicaraguan. What about you?
B: I’m from Paris. I’m French.
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Pair up: Work with a partner and act out a conversation by using vocabulary for occupations.
Occupations
Listen and practice the
words with a partner.
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Titles
He is a police officer.
He is an astronaut.
She is a famous painter.
They are police officers
They are astronauts
They are famous painters
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Read and Practice the following conversations with a partner.
Conversation 1:
A: Hello, My name’s Charlie Gonzalez.
What do you do?
What’s your job?
What’s your occupation?
B: Hi! Charlie, I’m Sarah Romero.
A: So what do you do Sarah?
B: I’m a cashier. What about you?
A: I’m an accountant.
Conversation 2:
A: Excuse me. What’s your name?
B: Thomas Miller.
A: Could you spell your last name?
What about you?
B: Sure. M-I-L-L-E-R.
And you?
A: What do you do Mr. Miller?
B: I’m a pilot.
Conversation 3:
A: So, what is your occupation?
B: I’m a business person.
A: What about you?
B: I’m a journalist.
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Conversation 4:
A: Sam, this is Alicia Contreras. Alicia, this is Albert Olafsson.
B: Nice to meet you.
C: Nice to meet you, too.
A: Alicia is a tennis player.
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B: A tennis player? Great.
A: Albert is a businessman.
B: A businessman? Interesting!
Pair up: Work with a partner and act out a conversation by using vocabulary for occupations.
Verbo To Be: Uso y Forma
The Simple Present of verb BE
Affirmative Statements and Negative Statements.
The Simple Present of BE
Use the verb BE to give information about the subject of a sentence.
The subject of a sentence can be a noun or a pronoun.
There are three forms of the verb BE in the present tense: AM, IS, ARE.
Affirmative Statements
I am
→ I’m
You are → You’re
He is
→ He’s
She is
→ She’s
It is
→ It’s
We are → We’re
You are → You’re
They are → They’re
Negative Statements
I am not
→ I’m not
You are not → You’re not / You aren’t
He is not
→ He’s not / He isn’t
She is not
→ She’s not / She isn’t
It is not
→ It’s not / It isn’t
We are not
→ We’re not / We aren’t
You are not
→ You’re not / You aren’t
They are not → They’re not / They’re not
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Examples: Carlos is a businessman.
Lorna is a waitress
They are tourists.
Practice: Complete the sentences with: I’m, ‘m, you’re or ‘re.
a) Good afternoon. ______Elliot McAllister.
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b) Welcome to Hotel Star. ______in room 678.
c) Good morning. I______ Sienna Millings.
d) Hello. ______Harold Murray.
e) Welcome to Prince Hotel. You ______in room 541.
f) Welcome to Hotel Inter. ______ in room 1001.
Practice: Complete the conversations with the words in the box.
Hello
‘re
too
welcome
thank
meet(x2)
you’re
thank you
I’m ‘m(x2)
a) A: ______
B: Hello. _____Gabriela Martinez
A: ______to the Royal Hotel, Ms Martinez. ______in room 305
B: ______ ______
b) A: Good morning, Mr. Browning. You ______in room 518.
B: ______ you.
c) A: I ______ Katie Mornington.
B: Nice to ______you, Ms Mornington. I _____Frances Jones.
A: Nice to ______you ______, Ms Jones.
Pair up: Work in pairs. Choose three hotel names, three room numbers and three guests for your hotel.
Write their names below.
Hotel
Guest
Student A: check into all the hotels using the names above.
Student B: welcome Student A and tell him his room number.
Swap roles.
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Room Number
Practice: Complete the gaps in the sentences with words from the box. You can use the words more than
once.
she’s
Brazil
is
It’s
Australia
Poland
Italy
it’s
he’s
the US
Japan
the UK
a) ______ Kylie Minogue. ______ from ______.
b) ______ Brad Pitt. ______ from______.
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c) Tokyo ______ in ______.
d) ______ Robbie Williams. ______ from ______.
e) Rio de Janeiro is in Argentina. False! ______ in ______.
f) Rome ______ in ______.
g) Warsaw is in Italy. False! ______ in ______.
h) The Coliseum? ______ in Rome.
Writing Exercise: Write two sentences about the names below.
E.g. Michael Douglas (the US). ‘He’s Michael Douglas. He’s from the US.’
a) Pasta (Italy) _____________________________________________
b) Kate Winslet (the UK) _____________________________________________
c) Clint Eastwood (the US) _____________________________________________
d) Ronaldinho (Brazil) _____________________________________________
e) Nicole Kidman (Australia) _____________________________________________
f) Maria Sharapova (Russia)
_____________________________________________
g) I am …. (Nicaragua)
_____________________________________________
Grammar Practice: Use the correct personal pronouns, and the correct form of BE: am, is, are to complete
the statements. Use the words in brackets.
Example
:
___ reading a book. (Lisa)
Answer
:
She is reading a book.
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1) ________ an actor. (George)
2) ________ green. (the house)
3) ________ on the wall. (the posters)
4) ________ small. (the dog)
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5) ________ in the house. (my mother and I)
6) ________ in the garden. (the flowers)
7) ________ riding his bike. (Tom)
8) ________ from Managua. (Victoria)
9) ________ tall. (Diana)
Questions:
YES / NO QUESTIONS and SHORT ANSWERS WITH THE VERB BE
Question
Affirmative Answer
Negative Answer
Are you a tour guide?
Is he our guest?
Is Claire from the U.S.?
Are you in this tour?
Are they Canadian?
Is this the bus?
Question
No, I’m not.
No, he’s not. / No, he isn’t.
No, she’ not. / No, she isn’t.
No, we’re not. / No, we aren’t.
No, they’re not. / No, they aren’t.
No, it isn’t. / No, it’s not.
YES / NO QUESTIONS and SHORT ANSWERS WITH THE VERB BE
Possible Answer
Who’s that?
Where’s he from?
What’s your name?
Where is she?
Why are you here?
Which one is the bus?
When is the tour?
How old are you?
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Yes, I am.
Yes, he is
Yes, she is.
Yes, we are.
Yes, they are.
Yes, it is.
That’s the travel agent.
He’s from Nicaragua.
My name’s Anna.
She’s in the hotel.
Because, I have a meeting.
The yellow one.
The tour is tomorrow.
I’m nineteen.
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Practice: Complete the conversations. Use the appropriate words.
1.
A: Hello, my name ________ Susanna. What _____ your name?
B: David
2. A: Mark, this _______ Mrs. Sato.
B: How ______ you _______?
A: ________ do you do?
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3. A; Hello, Jack. ________ are you?
B: ____________, thanks and you?
A: Fine, _________.
4. A: Where ___________ you ___________?
B: ______________ from Jamaica.
Conversation 1:
A: Are you our tour guide?
B: No, I’m the travel agent. That’s Alice over there.
A: Well, I’m Stacey. Nice to meet you.
B: I’m Rita Gonzalez. Nice to meet you, too. Are you in this tour?
A: Yes, I am.
Conversation 2:
A: Is that our tour guide?
B: Yeah. Her name is Alice.
A: Where’s she from?
B: She’s from Nicaragua.
A: She looks young. How old is she?
B: She’s nineteen.
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Speaking: Work with a partner and create your conversation use conversation 1 and 2 as a model.
Grammar Exercise: Where are you from? Correct the sentences.
a) Where you from? b) What name is your?
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c) Nice is meet you, too.
d) Harry is from US.
e) Where are you from UK?
f) Carlos from Madrid.
g) I’m from Russia. are you from?
h) Where you from, Susan?
Writing Exercise: Write questions and answers for the following names and nationalities.
a) Heather/the UK Where’s Heather from? She’s from the UK.
b) Ahmed/Turkey __________________________________
c) Maria/India __________________________________
d) Russell/Perth, Australia __________________________________
e) Angela/Los Angeles, the US
__________________________________
f) Jack/Warsaw, Poland __________________________________
Grammar Practice: Select the correct letter to complete each statement.
1. A: “Hi. Are you Susana Moreno?”
B: “No, _____ over there.”
a. she’s 2. 12
b. it’s c. he’s d. you’re
c. he’s d. she’s
A: “Is this your book?”
B: “Yes, _____ my math book.”
a. it’s b. they’re Inglés Técnico
3. A: “Do you know Mrs. Anderson?”
B: “Yes, I do. _____ my English teacher.”
a. He’s b. They’re c. She’s d. It’s
4. A: “Hi Carlos. Is this your pen?”
a. he’s 5. b. they’re c. it’s Protocolo de Bienvenida
B. “Yes, _____ mine. Thank you very much.”
d. she’s
A: “Is Victor in your math class?”
B. “Yes, _____ is.”
a. it 6. b. they c. she d. he
A: “Hi Roberto. _____ so happy to see you.”
B: Nice to see you, too.
a. He’s b. I’m c. Your d. She’s
Practice the conversations with your partner.
Writing: Write a paragraph about yourself. Use the questions as a guide.
•
What’s your first and last name?
•
What’s your nickname?
•
How old are you?
•
What’s your hometown?
•
What’s your occupation?
Pronombres Demostrativos/ Demonstrative Pronouns.
DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS
SINGULAR
PLURAL
THIS (A thing closed to us)
THAT (A thing far from us)
THESE (Things closed to us)
THOSE (Things far from us)
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Conversation: Read and Practice the conversation below:
David : Could you pass me the salt over there?
Frank : Do you mean this one here?
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David : Yes, that one.
Frank : Here you are. Oh, could you give me those napkins on the table over there?
David : These? Sure, here you are.
David : Is there an apple on that table over there?
Frank : Yes, there is. Here it is.
David : Great, are there any oranges?
Frank : No, there aren’t.
David : Oh, here they are, next to me on this table
Your Turn: Work with a partner and create your conversation by using the demonstrative pronouns in
singular or plural. Practice it and act it out for the rest of the students.
Complete the conversation using this, that, these, those, here and there.
1. Could you bring me _________ chair over there?
1. Here are _________ pictures.
2. Can you see _________ building next to the bank?
3. Is _________a piece of pie for me?
4. There are three boys sitting on _________ bench over there.
5. I would like some of _________cookies on that shelf.
6._________ bicycles over there are expensive.
7. _________dolls on the table here are very old.
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Números Cardinales/ Numbers
CARDINAL NUMBERS
2
Two
Seven
12
Twelve
17
Seventeen
22
Twenty-Two
70
Seventy
300
Three Hundred
1,000,000
One Million
1/2
One Half
3
Three
Eight
13
Thirteen
18
Eighteen
30
Thirty
80
Eighty
154
One Hundred FiftyFour
4
Four
Nine
14
Fourteen
19
Nineteen
40
Forty
90
Ninety
765
Seven Hundred
Sixty-Five
5
Five
Ten
15
Fifteen
20
Twenty
50
Fifty
100
One Hundred
1000
One Thousand
Listen to the numbers. Practice them with a partner.
Work with a partner. Add the numbers.
Example:
6 +2 = 8
A: What’s six and two?
B: Six and two is eight.
a. 4 + 8 = ?
b. 12 + 5 = ?
c. 7 + 1 = ?
d. 8 + 6 = ?
e. 3 + 12 = ?
k. 123 + 369 = ?
g.
h.
i.
j.
f.
l.
9+7=?
17 + 35 = ?
46 + 58 = ?
98 + 120 = ?
10 + 9 = ?
968 + 521 = ?
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1
One
Six
11
Eleven
16
Sixteen
21
Twenty-One
60
Sixty
200
Two Hundred
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Conversation 1: Work in groups of three read and practice the following conversation.
Andy
: Excuse. Are you Brian Williams?
Brian
: Yes, I am. Are you the Castros?
Andy
: Yup, I’m Andy… Andy Castro.
Liza
: Hello, my name’s Lisa. Welcome to Nicaragua, Brian.
Brian
: Thank! It’s great to be here.
Andy
: And this is my little brother.
Brian
: Hi. What’s your name?
Carlos
: Carlos. And I’m not little. I’m six.
Brian
: Nice to meet you, Carlos.
Carlos
: How old are you, Brian?
Brian
: I’m fifteen.
Carlos
: Fifty!
Andy
: No. Not fifty, Carlos, fifteen.
Pair up: Work with a partner and practice asking and answering questions. Use numbers.
Conversation 2: Practice the conversation.
Receptionist
: Thank you for holding. What’s your name, please?
Margaret : My name is Margaret Fein.
Receptionist
: How do you spell your last name?
Margaret
: Fein. F-E-I-N.
Receptionist
: And what’s your phone number?
Margaret
: My phone number is 348-0725.
Receptionist
: Could you repeat that, please?
Margaret
: 348-0725
Receptionist
: Thanks.
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Thanks!
Thank you!
Thank you very much.
Pairs: Practice the conversation. Fill in the card with your partner’s name and phone number.
Name: ____________________
__________________________
Tel: ______________________
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Pairs: Practice the conversation. Fill in the card with your partner’s name and phone number.
Phone Directory
Name Phone
____________________
_________________
____________________
_________________
____________________
_________________
____________________
_________________
Make it personal: Male a class phone directory. Use a separate piece of paper.
Practice: Complete the conversations with words from the box.
name
old
your address
spell
who
how
where
what’s
a) Marco: What’s your _______?
Pietro: My name’s Pietro.
b) Marco: _______ old is Hugo?
c)
Pietro: He’s twenty-two years _______.
Marco: How do you _______ your name?
Pietro: P - I - E - T - R - O
d) Marco: _______ your e-mail address?
Pietro: [email protected]
e) Marco: What’s _______ mobile phone number?
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@ = at
. = dot
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Pietro: It’s 856-7324
f) Marco: _______ are you from?
Pietro: I’m from Rome in Italy.
g) Marco: What’s your _______?
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Pietro: 67, Goodstone Gardens, Canterbury.
h) Marco: _______ is your best friend?
Pietro: Francesca Kapella is my best friend.
Interaction:
Partner A: Look at the top pf the page. Partner B: Look at the bottom of the page.
Ask questions and write the missing information.
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Name: Paul Melin_____
Occupation: Chef_______
Nationality: __________
Age: 43______________
E-mail address:
____________________
Name: ______________
Occupation: Photographer
Nationality: ___________
Age: 36______________
E-mail address:
____________________
Name: Mei-ling__Nakamura____
Occupation: ______________
Nationality: Japanese_______
Age: ____________________
E-mail address:
[email protected]___
Name: Georges Hayek___
Occupation: ___________
Nationality: ___________
Age: _________________
E-mail address:
[email protected]
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Name: Paul Melin_____
Occupation: __________
Nationality: Canadian___
Age: 43______________
E-mail address:
[email protected]
Name: Helena Da Silva__
Occupation: __________
Nationality: Brazilian____
Age: ________________
E-mail address:
Name: Mei-ling_Nakamura__
Occupation: Musician_______
Nationality: _______________
Age: 24__________________
E-mail address:
________________________
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[email protected]
Name: _______________
Occupation: Interpreter___
Nationality: ___________
Age: 57_______________
E-mail address:
_____________________
Subject Pronoun.
SUBJECT PRONOUNS
1ST Person
SINGULAR
I
PLURAL
WE
2nd Person
YOU
YOU
3rd Person
HE
SHE
IT
THEY
Practice: Substitute the underlined word for a Subject Pronoun.
1. Alice is a receptionist.
________ is a receptionist.
2. Betty and Karla are students.
________ are students.
3. Daniel and I are students, too.
________ are students, too.
4. Mr. Ray is a tourist.
________ a tourist.
5. Lilly and Diana are businesswomen. ________ are businesswomen.
6. The house is white.
________ white.
7. Martha, Maria and I are here.
________ are here.
8. The children are playing
________ are playing.
.
9. John is a waiter.
________ is a waiter.
10. John and you are waiters.
________ are waiters.
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Unidad I:
Fecha y Hora de Eventos.
Con esta unidad el alumno desarrollará la capacidad de:
Comunicar a los clientes la fecha y hora de inicio y cierre de distintos eventos y
servicios.
Unidad I:
FUbicación de lugares dentro del hotel y ciudad.
Con esta unidad el alumno desarrollará la capacidad de:
Informar la localización de lugares y centros de trabajo en el hotel y la ciudad
mediante el uso de estrategias básicas en el idioma Inglés
Unidad I: Fecha y Hora de Eventos
Días, Meses y Años
Listen to the words. Practice them with a partner.
Days, Months, and year.
Days of the Week
Weekdays:
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Seasons
Weekend:
Saturday
Sunday
Summer
Spring
Winter
Fall / Autumn
Months of the Year
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
August
December
Información sobre Servicios y Eventos
TIP:
Every fourth year February has 29 days. This year is a “leap year” and the 29th
February is a “leap day”. A leap year has 366 days instead of the normal 365.
Put the parts of the text in the correct order.
the beginning to mid September. That’s the best time of the year for me!
Mondays. Some people come for lunch at noon and we also serve dinner in
Saturday evenings, for example, we have live music. we open our terrace in
Hello, my name’s Pedro. I’m a bartender at La jarra, a pub in Nicaragua. The pub opens at
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summer. There are a lot of tourists in Managua, so we can’t go on holiday then. But we close
from
ten o’clock every day. Well, not every day. We’re closed on
the evenings, but most people only come for aSun
drink or
two. Tue
Sometimes
organize
Mon
Wed weThu
Frispecial
Sat
events. On
7
14
21
28
Practice saying them with your partner
Calendar Activity - September 2008
1
8
15
22
29
2
9
16
23
30
3
10
17
24
4
11
18
25
5 6
12 13
19 20
26 27
Información sobre Servicios y Eventos
Look at the calendar then answer the questions below.
How many Mondays are in the month of September?
_______________________
What day of the week is September 6? _______________________
How many Saturdays are in September?
_______________________
What day of the week is September 4? _______________________
How many Wednesdays are in September? _______________________
What day of the week is the first day of September? _______________________
What day of the week is the last day of September?
_______________________
Time
Look at the clock and examples below
0’clock
5 to...
5 after/past
10 to...
10 after/past
a quarter to...
a quarter after/past
20 to...
20 after/past
25 to...
25 after/past
half past
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Listen and say each time. Then practice with a partner.
Telling Time: Say each time
It's...
3.00
3.03
3.05
3.09
3.10
3.15
3.20
3.21
3.25
3.30
3.35
3.40
3.45
3.50
3.55
3.57
3.58
4.00
three o'clock
three minutes past three
five past three
nine minutes past three
ten past three
a quarter past three
twenty past three
twenty-one minutes past three
twenty-five past three
half past three
twenty-five to four
twenty to four
a quarter to four
ten to four
five to four
three minutes to four
nearly four c'clock
four o'clock
It's...
three
three
three
three
three
three
three
three
three
three
three
three
three
three
three
three
three
four
oh three
oh five
oh nine
ten
fifteen
twenty
twenty-one
twenty-five
thirty
thirty-five
forty
forty-five
fifty
fifty-five
fifty-seven
fifty-eight
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Pair up:
Ask and Say the time to a partner:
Ex: 09:20
A: What time is it?
B: It’s nine - twenty
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
05:25
11:20
04:15
12:30
09:48
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.
01:45
08:50
03:24
06:13
02:11
Clock times. Complete the sentences.
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1. It’s (8:30) _______________ past eight.
2. It’s (24:00) _________________.
3. It’s (11:20) twenty _________ eleven.
4. It’s (1:00) one _____________.
5. It’s (12:00) _____________.
6. It’s (4:55) five ___________ five.
7. It’s (10:15) a _____________ past ten.
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Practice: Write the following times as numbers. Use the 24-hour clock.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
It’s
It’s
It’s
It’s
It’s
It’s
It’s
It’s
It’s
It’s
ten p.m.
twenty to three in the morning.
half past eleven in the evening.
five to four in the morning,
a quarter past six in the morning.
twenty-two minutes past eight in the evening.
ten past nine in the morning.
a quarter to one in the afternoon.
twenty-five to seven in the evening.
two minutes to two in the morning.
Services
Listen and say each word. Then practice with a partner.
Services
Food
Breakfast
Lunch
Dinner
Brunch
supper
snack 4
Transportation
Bus
Taxi
Horse-drawn carriage
Plane / airplane
Boat
Ferry
Yacht (on) foot
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Places
Restaurant
Hotel
Gym
Market
Bar
Bank
Post office
Theater
Events
Listen and say each word. Then practice with a partner.
Events
a
a
a
a
concert
ceremony
movie
festival
a rehearsal
a play
a talent show
a carnival
a game
a party
a talk
a lecture
a picnic
an art exhibit
Preposiciones de tiempo/ Dates and Prepositions
PREPOSITIONS OF TIME
IN
AT
in + the past, the present, the future
in + the morning, the afternoon, the
evening.
a month
in + a year
a century
a season
(g) I was born on October 31, 1985.
(h) I went to a movie on Thursday.
(i) I have class on Thursday morning(s).
on
on
on
+ a date
+ a weekday
+ a weekday morning(s),
afternoon(s), evening(s)
(j) We sleep at night. I was asleep at midnight.
(k) I feel sleep at 9:30 (nine-thirty)
(l) He’s busy at present. Please call again
at
+ noon, night, midnight
at
+ “clock time”
at
+ present, the moment, the present
time
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ON
(a) Please be on time in the future.
(b) I usually watch TV in the evening.
c) I was born in October.
(d) I was born in 1985.
(e) I was born in the twentieth century.
(f) The weather is hot in (the) summer.
Practice: Complete the following statements with a preposition of time IN,ON. AT.
01. The movie starts....................... 8.30.
02. The restaurant opens..................... the evening.
03. The festival in Managua is .................... Friday.
04. The restaurant closes................... midnight.
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05. We usually have lunch......................... 12.30.
06. He leaves for New York..................... Friday.
07. The plane takes off....................... 14.50.
08. He returns....................... March 24.
09. We usually go on holiday.............. the summer.
10. He went to Italy................ February.
12. He goes to work early................... the morning.
13. What were you doing................ 1989?
14. We stay up late........................ New Year’s Eve.
15. ................... Christmas we usually go to see our parents.
16. What are you doing ……………… the weekend?
Preguntas sobre fechas y horarios
Información sobre Servicios y Eventos
Useful expressions to ask about time:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Excuse me, can you tell me the time, please?
What time is it?
What’s the time?
Can you tell me the time?
Do you know the time?
What time is (the movie)?
When is (the tour)?
What time are we leaving?
What time are we arriving?
Can you tell when (the concert) is?
Can you tell me what time (the concert) is?
Do you know when is the bus leaving?
It's half past...
It's quarter past...
It's ten to...
It's quarter to...
It’s seven o'clock.
It’s at ten.
Conversation 1: Read and practice the conversation.
A: Excuse me. What are the events for this weekend?
B: Well, on Saturday, there is an art exhibit in the city gallery in the morning. In the afternoon,
there is a talk and in the evening there is a good rock concert. On Sunday there is a play.
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Your Turn: Work with a partner and create your own conversation asking about an event and the place. Use
Prepositions for times of the day and dates
Conversation 2 :
A: Excuse me. Can you tell me the time, please?
B: Yes, of course. It’s seven o’clock.
A: Thank you.
B: No problem.
Conversation 3:
A: What time is it?
B: It’s half past three.
A: Thanks.
B: You’re welcome.
Conversation 4:
A: Excuse me, what time do you serve lunch?
Información sobre Servicios y Eventos
B: We serve lunch from 11:30 to 2:45.
A: Thank you very much.
B: You’re welcome.
Conversation 5:
A: When is the tour to Leon?
B: It’s on Friday.
A: What time does the bus leave?
B: At 7:00.
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Your Turn: Work with a partner and ask about time for the different events or services.
Now write the time in numbers:
1. It’s eleven fifty-nine. ___________
2. It’s one- oh- six.
___________
3. It’s half past twelve.
___________
4. It’s a quarter to three. ___________
5. It’s twenty past five.
___________
6. It’s three before ten. ___________
7. It’s six o’clock.
___________
8. It’s eighteen after four.___________
9. It’s a quarter past ten. ___________
10. It’s twenty before one.
11. It’s two oh – nine.
___________
___________
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12. It’s eight thirty-eight ___________
Write questions with When or What time use contractions when possible.
1. A: ______________________________________?
B: The play is on Wednesday.
2. A: ______________________________________?
B: The concert is at 7:00.
3. A: ______________________________________?
B: The talk is on Saturday.
4. A: ______________________________________?
B: The restaurant opens at noon.
Conversation 1:
A: Do you want to see a movie tonight?
B: What is it?
A: Moonlight.
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B: Maybe. What time?
A: 4:00.
B: Ok. See you at the movie.
Conversation 2:
A: There’s a good play.
B: What is it?
A: Hamlet. Do you want to go?
B: When is it?
A: Tonight at 6:30 p.m.
B: Sorry, I have classes.
Work with a partner and act out a conversation inviting him / her to an event.
Dictation: Listen to your teacher and write the time s/he says in numbers.
1. ______________
2. ______________
Información sobre Servicios y Eventos
3. ______________
4. ______________
5. ______________
6. ______________
7. ______________
8. ______________
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Unidad II: Ubicación de lugares dentro del hotel y ciudad
Vocabulario: Lugares en el Hotel
Places / Workplaces
Información sobre Servicios y Eventos
Listen and say each word. Then practice with a partner.
10
Store
Giftshop
Bank
Post office
supermarket
Shopping center
church
hotel
Gas station
Park
Hospital
Free way
restaurant
Business center
sauna
Casino
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Vocabulary Practice: Where can you do these things? Choose the best place from the box.
post office
sports centre
pet shop
record shop
bakery
newsagents
library
hotel
a) Mike hasn’t got any food for his dog. ____petshop____
b) Kelly is sleeping in a nice bed.
______________
c) Harry is buying a magazine.
______________
d) Mrs. Harris is walking with her dog. park
restaurant
______________
e) Laura is sending a present to her friend in France. ______________
f) Martin is playing basketball. ______________
g) Mr. and Mrs. Cole are eating Nicaraguan food. ______________
h) Freddy is buying some bread and six cakes.
______________
i) David is reading about the history of his town. ______________
j) Dino is buying a CD for his sister. ______________
Complete these names of places. Use words from the box. (There are two words you don’t use.)
library
fast food
post
café
car
bus
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computer
swimming
train
sports
a) _____________ pool.
b) _____________ station.
c) _____________ shop.
d) _____________ park.
e) _____________ centre.
f) _____________ stop
g) _____________ office.
h) _____________ place
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Preposiciones de lugar
Prepositions of place
Look at the following pictures to learn their meaning:
Conversation: Read and practice the conversations with a partner.
Información sobre Servicios y Eventos
Conversation 1:
A: Excuse me, where is the post office?
B: Go straight, and it’s next to the bank.
C: Thank you!
Conversation 2
A: What’s your address?
B: I live at 34, East 39th Street, New York.
A: And what’s your zip code?
B: My zip code is NY 10061-2134
A: Thank you.
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Conversation 3:
A: Hi Sylvia, where’s the fruit juice?
B: It’s in the refrigerator!
A: No, it’s not. It’s not there.
B: Oh, sorry, it’s in the cupboard next to the soda.
A: Thanks. And where is the cereal?
B: Um, on the shelf, I think.
A: Great! Let’s have some breakfast!
Conversation 4:
A: Where do you work?
B: I work in a bank, I’m a secretary. How about you?
A: I’m a shop assistant. I work at the local store.
A: Where’s that?
A: It’s the yellow building on Green Street, next to the clothes store.
Información sobre Servicios y Eventos
Grammar Practice
Complete with one of the following prepositions: in, on, under, in front of, behind, at.
Example: He lives ______ Italy. - He lives in Italy.
1. He works _______ a bank.
A. on
B. at
C. under
2. The lamp is _______ the table.
A. in B. on C. under
3. I sleep _______my bedroom.
A. at
B. on C. in
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4. He lives _______26, Rosewood Street.
A. in B. at
C. on
5. She lives _______a farm.
A. at
B. on C. behind
6. The store is _______the library.
A. next to
B. on C. in
7. The car is _______the house.
A. on
B. in front of
C. under
8. We eat breakfast _______home.
A. in B. on C. at
9. They swim _______the ocean.
A. in B. on C. next to
10. I live _______Green Street.
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A. at
B. on C. under
Prepositions of Place
The point itself - in, inside (for something contained), on (the surface), at (at general vicinity).
Higher than a point - over (generally), above (directly).
Lower than a point - under (generally, underneath (close under), beneath, below (directly).
Neighboring the point - near, by, next to, between, among, opposite.
Write the correct preposition of place in each space.
1. I’ll meet you __________ the Statler Hotel.
2. We are still living __________ Bolivar Avenue. We used to live __________ Bolonia.
3. Some of the most expensive stores __________ Managua are __________ Metrocentro.
4. The tax office is __________ the second floor.
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Preposition (phrases)
We normally use prepositional phrases to say where a person or thing is,
or the direction they are moving in.
We can also use adverbs and adverb phrases for place and direction.
Many words are both prepositions and adverbs.
1. We use prepositions to talk about the place where someone or something is. Prepositions are always
followed by a noun group, which is called the object of the preposition.
above
among
at
behind
below
beneath
beside
between
in
inside
near
on
opposite
outside
over
round
through
under
underneath
He stood near the door.
Two minutes later we were safely inside the taxi.
Note that some prepositions consist of more than one word.
There was a man standing in front of me.
The books were piled on top of each other.
2. You can also use prepositions to talk about the direction that someone or something is moving in, or the
place that someone or something is moving towards.
across
along
back to
down
into
onto
out of
in
inside
near
on
past
round
through
to
towards
up
They dived into the water.
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Información sobre Servicios y Eventos
in between in front of next to on top of
She turned and rushed out of the room.
3. Many prepositions can be used both for place and direction.
The bank is just across the High Street. {place)
I walked across the room. (direction)
We live in the house over the road. (place)
I stole his keys and escaped over the wall. (direction)
4. We can also use adverbs and adverb phrases for place and direction.
abroad
away
downstairs
downwards
Here
indoors
outdoors
there
underground
upstairs
anywhere
past
round
through
everywhere
nowhere
somewhere
Sheila was here a moment ago.
Can’t you go upstairs and turn the bedroom light off?
Note that a few noun groups can also be used as adverbials of place or direction.
Información sobre Servicios y Eventos
Steve lives next door at number 23.
I thought we went the other way last time.
5. Many words can be used as prepositions and as adverbs, with no difference in meaning. Remember that
prepositions have noun groups as objects, but adverbs do not.
Did he fall down the stairs?
Please do sit down.
I looked underneath the bed, but the box had gone!
Always put a sheet of paper underneath.
Prepositions of place
(made by Carmen Luisa)
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Look at the map below and complete the sentences with the correct preposition.
The police station is ______________ the supermarket and the school.
The book shop is ______________London Lane and High street.
The supermarket is ______________the cinema
Información sobre Servicios y Eventos
The museum is ______________the theatre.
The theatre is ______________the cinema and the museum.
The school is ______________Prince’s Street and High Street.
The cinema is ______________the theatre.
The Theme Park is ______________the school.
Directions
Dialogues - Asking for Directions: Read and practice the conversations with a partner.
Conversation 1:
A: Excuse me, where is the post office?
B: It’s next to the bank.
A: Thank you.
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17
B: You’re welcome.
Conversation 2:
A: Pardon me. Could you tell me where the cathedral is?
B: Sure. It’s across from the mall.
Key Vocabulary
Is there a _______ near
here?
on the corner, on the left, on
the right
straight on, straight ahead
traffic lights
Is it far?
A: Thanks a lot.
B: No problem.
Conversation 3:
A: Excuse me. Is there a bank near here?
B: Yes. There’s a bank on the corner.
A: Thank you.
B: At your service.
Conversation 4:
A: Excuse me. Is there a supermarket near here?
Información sobre Servicios y Eventos
B: Yes. There’s one near here.
A: How do I get there?
B: At the traffic lights, take the first left and go straight on. It’s on the left.
A: Is it far?
B: Not really.
A: Thank you.
A: Don’t mention it.
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Complete the sentences in the gaps.
at the end
behind
between
in
in front of
next
next to
on
opposite
Información sobre Servicios y Eventos
1.The railway station is at the end of the road, __________ the bank and the library.
2.The bank is at the end of the road on the left-hand side and __________the library.
3.The library is __________ of the road, on the right-hand side and opposite the bank.
4.The post office is on the left-hand side, opposite the cinema and __________to the bank.
5.The concert hall is between the cinema and the hotel __________the right of the street.
6.The shopping centre is __________the town hall and in front of the car park.
7.The police station is the first building on the right, __________ the football ground, opposite
the café.
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8.The football ground is on the right, __________the police station.
9.The café is the first building on the left, __________ the church.
10.The market is __________the middle of the street.
Work with a partner. Ask questions about each of the places in the map. Use the following words and
phrases.
Project: Draw a map of a town in the space below. Write the following places on the map.
park
university bus stop supermarket
Información sobre Servicios y Eventos
bank cathedral 20
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restaurant gas station
Unidad I:
Vocabulario para Suministros en la habitación.
Con esta unidad el alumno desarrollará la capacidad de:
Describir y nombrar los distintos suministros necesarios en las habitaciones del
hotel utilizando el idioma ingles
Unidad I: Vocabulario para suministros en la Habitación
Sustantivos contables y No contables
Count and Non-Count Nouns.
COUNT NOUN
NONCOUNT NOUN
SINGULAR - PLURAL
a restaurant – two restaurants
A COUNT NOUN
SINGULAR: a + noun
One + noun
PLURAL: Noun + S
money
some money
a lot of money
much money
a little money
A NONCOUNT NOUN
PLURAL: A Noncount Noun does not have a plural
form.
SINGULAR: Do NOT use a. Do NOT use one.
Look at the following examples, then add your own.
SOME COUNT NOUNS
a beach
SOME NONCOUNT NOUS
music
a restaurant
a reservation
a building
a volcano
food
weather
rain
time
Practice: Look at the italicized words. Underline the noun. Is the noun COUNT or NONCOUNT?
1. COUNT
NONCOUNT He works in an travel agency.
2. COUNT
NONCOUNT She has some money.
3. COUNT
NONCOUNT The street is full of traffic.
4. COUNT
NONCOUNT There are many cars in the street.
5. COUNT
NONCOUNT I have some information about the city.
6. COUNT
NONCOUNT The food is excellent.
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Suministros en la habitación
COUNT AND NONCOUNT NOUNS
Suministros en la habitación
7. COUNT
NONCOUNT I like folk music.
8. COUNT
NONCOUNT He likes his work.
9. COUNT
NONCOUNT Would you like some water with your food?
10. COUNT
NONCOUNT Our city has a beautiful beach.
11. COUNT
NONCOUNT Would you like some coffee.
12. COUNT
NONCOUNT The tourists want to travel today.
13. COUNT
NONCOUNT I like apples.
14. COUNT
NONCOUNT He loves chocolate.
More practice: Put the words below under the correct heading, as in the examples.
Starter
Bottle of water
Milk
Glass of wine
Rice
Double whisky
Food (count)
Butter
Biscuit
Tomato
Coffee
Bread
Pint of beer
Sugar
Water
Piece of bread
Wine
Drinks (count noun)
Food (non-count)
a glass of wine
some bread
a____________
a______________
some ___________
some __________
a ____________
a______________
some ___________
some __________
a ____________
a______________
some ___________
some __________
A piece of bread
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Drinks (non-count)
some wine
Quantifiers
QUANTIFIERS
COUNT
NONCOUNT
Ø
A lot of furniture
Several is used only with count nouns
A lot of is used with both count and noncount nouns
Many chairs
Much furniture
Many is used with count nouns.
Much is used with noncount nouns.
A few chairs
A little furniture
A few is used with count nouns.
A little is used with noncount nouns.
Practice: Work with a partner and correct the mistakes. Some sentences contain no errors. One sentence
contains a spelling error.
1. Jack bought several furniture.
2. He bought some chairs.
3. There is many traffic in Managua.
4. There are a few traffic in Carazo.
5. There are much tourists in this hotel.
6. There are a few tickets for the tour.
7. The tourists wants some food.
8. They prefer much hamburgers.
9. They also prefer some sodas, too.
10. There is a lot of places to visit.
11. The tour guide has many things to do in this tour.
12. In the city, there is not much pollution.
SPEAKING: Work with a partner and talk about a city of Nicaragua, use quantifiers to describe it. Include
tourist places or attractions, style of life, etc.
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Suministros en la habitación
Several chairs
A lot of chairs
Writing informal emails:
Choose a city in your country or another city in the world that you have visited and really loved. Think of
three words or phrases to describe it:
1 ________________________________________________________________________
Suministros en la habitación
2 ________________________________________________________________________
3 ________________________________________________________________________
With the same city, think of the beautiful scenery in the city or tourist attractions in the city. Name three
of these places:
1 ________________________________________________________________________
2 ________________________________________________________________________
3 ________________________________________________________________________
Is there a good hotel to stay at? What facilities has it got? Swimming pool, restaurant....? Name three good
facilities:
1 ________________________________________________________________________
2 ________________________________________________________________________
3 ________________________________________________________________________
Quick revision! How do you start an email? How do you finish an email?
Start: _____________________________________________________________________
Finish: ____________________________________________________________________
Imagine that you are in the city that you chose above. You want your best friend to come and visit you, so
you write him/her an email to tell him/her what a lovely place it is, what great things there are to do and a
good hotel to stay in. Use your answers in the previous exercises to help you.
Read your partner’s email. Would you like to visit their city?
Practice: Select the correct quantifier.
1. __________ students are in the class?
•
•
4
How many of
How many
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2. I don’t have __________ about the Internet.
•
•
much knowledge
many knowledge
3. Can you give me __________ information?
•
•
a little
a few
•
•
Suministros en la habitación
4. Wow, what a large __________ of money!
number
amount
5. __________ time do you have?
•
•
How many
How much
6. I need _______ things for my new house.
•
•
a few
a little
7. I like to take __________ photos.
•
•
much
many
8. Dave wants to have __________ children.
•
•
much
many
There is / There are y Cuantificadores
There is / There are Affirmative Statements
THE SIMPLE PRESENT: YES/NO QUESTIONS / WH-QUESTIONS
THERE + BE + SUBJECT + LOCATION
There + be is used to say that something exists
or doesn’t exist in a particular location.
There is a river in this city.
Notice: The subject follows be:
There are four birds in the three.
There + is + singular noun
There is not a drugstore near here.
There + are + plural noun
Negative Statement:
THERE + BE + NOT + COMPLEMENT.
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Suministros en la habitación
THE SIMPLE PRESENT: YES/NO QUESTIONS / WH-QUESTIONS
There’s a bird in the three.
Contractions:
There’re four birds in the three.
There + is = there’s
There isn’t any antique store near here.
There + are = there’re
There + is + not = There isn’t / There’s not
There + are + not = There aren’t.
1. Use there IS for singular nouns (one item).
There is a spider on the wall.
2. Use there IS for non-count items(group nouns).
There is milk on the floor.
3. Use there ARE for many items (plural nouns).
There are pencils on my desk
Grammar Practice: Read the sentence, then complete with is or are.
1. There ___________ many tourist attractions in this country.
2. There ___________ a fort in Leon.
3. There ___________ a zebra in the grass.
4. There ___________ lions in the zoo, too.
5. There ___________ many baby lions near their parents.
6. There ___________ a bird next to the tree.
7. There ___________ many monkeys in the trees.
8. There ___________ an elephant in the zoo.
9. There ___________ some water in the lake near the elephants.
10. There ___________ birds in the zoo.
11. There ___________ many people visiting the animals today.
12. There ___________ many children, too.
13. There ___________ a gorilla in the tree.
14. There ___________ some grass under the tree.
15. There ___________ two cathedras in the city.
16. There ___________ many beaches on the pacific coast.
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Inglés Técnico
17. There ___________ a beautiful waterfall.
18. There ___________ many sharks in the aquarium.
19. There ___________ an art gallery near here.
20. There ___________ lots of restaurants.
Conversation 1:
Receptionist
: Good morning. I’m Francis. How may I help you?
Customer
: Good morning. I’m Jim Bark and I need information about this hotel.
Receptionist
: Of course sir. This is a comfortable and nice place to rest. There are ten suits,
120 single rooms and 112 double rooms.
Customer : Is there a swimming pool?
Receptionist
: Yes, there is. In fact, there are two swimming pools.
Customer
: What another facilities does it have?
Receptionist
Customer : There is a fitness center, there are two restaurants, there is a boutique, and
there is also a disco.
: Great. I want to make a reservation for a weekend.
Conversation 2:
Receptionist
: Good morning sir. How may I help you?
Tourist
: I don’t want to stay inside today. I want to go to an interesting place. Can you
suggest me somewhere to spend a Saturday?
Receptionist
: Of course. Well, There are many places near here you can go. There is a beautiful
beach at one kilometer from here. There are many restaurants near the beach.
Tourist
: Sounds great. I need to buy a bathing suit.
Receptionist
: You can buy one at the boutique here at the hotel.
Tourist
: Thank you very much.
Inglés Técnico
7
Suministros en la habitación
Read and practice the conversations.
Your Turn: Work with a partner to act out a conversation between a tourist and a receptionist by saying
the different tourist attractions in the city.
Negative Statements
Oral Practice : Practice making the following sentences into negative.
Suministros en la habitación
a) There’s a cafe in the square.
b) There are some good galleries in the town.
c) There’s a museum near here.
d) There are some nice restaurants in the town.
e) There’s a castle near the square.
f) There are some big department stores in Blue Street.
g) There is a luxurious hotel in the town.
h) There is shampoo in the bathroom.
i) There are sharks in the beach.
j) There’s a mall next to the hotel.
THERE + BE: YES / NO QUESTIONS
QUESTIONS
SHORT ANSWERS
Are there any tourist attractions in Nicaragua?
Yes, there are.
Is there any milk in the refrigerator?
No, there isn’t.
THERE + BE: WH- QUESTIONS
How many hotels are there in the city?
There are three hotels.
How many volcanoes are there in here?
There is only one volcano
Practice: Complete the sentences with there isn’t, there aren’t, is there, are there or there’s.
a) __________a big supermarket near here?
d) No, __________a bus stop on this street.
b) No, __________ any cinemas in the town.
e) __________ any restaurants near here?
c) __________a cash point in the square?
f) Yes, __________ an Italian restaurant in the square.
g) No, __________ a Chinese restaurant in the town. h) __________ any good markets near here?
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Inglés Técnico
Vocabulary Practice: You are in a new town. Write five places you want to visit.
a) ___________________
b) ___________________
c) ___________________
Suministros en la habitación
d) ___________________
e) ___________________
Pair Up Practice: Work in pairs, ask and answer questions.
For example:
A: Is there a museum in the town?
B: Yes, there is a museum.
A: Is there a nice restaurant?
B: No, there isn’t a nice restaurant.
Now change. Student B asks questions and Student A answers.
Speaking: Describing places. Prepare an oral presentation describing a tourist place in Nicaragua. Use
there is, there are, and vocabulary for tourist attractions and geographic nouns.
Complete the sentences with a word or phrase from the box.
There are (x2)
there’s (x2)
a lot
some
a) __________ a famous Nicaraguan restaurant in the city.
b) __________ a lot of modern hotels in Nicaragua.
c) There are __________ of beautiful beaches on the pacific coast.
d) __________ a lot of cinemas in Managua.
e) __________ a great department store in Metrocentro.
f) There are __________ beautiful landscapes in this country.
Inglés Técnico
9
ome / Any
COUNT AND NONCOUNT NOUNS
Suministros en la habitación
Statement:
Negative:
Question
(a) Alice has some money.
Use SOME in a statement.
(b) Alice doesn’t have any money.
Use ANY in a negative sentence.
(c) Does Alice have any money?
(d) Does Alice have some money?
(e) I don’t have any money. (non-count noun)
(f) I don’t have any matches. (plural count nouns)
Use either SOME or ANY in a
question.
ANY is used with non-count nouns
and plural count nouns.
Grammar Practice: Complete the sentences with SOME or ANY.
1. I have _________ money.
2. The tourist have ____________ questions.
3. The city has ____________ tourist attractions.
4. The city doesn’t have _____________ river.
5. The hotel has ___________ stores.
6. Do you have __________ questions?
7. We don’t have _________ reservations yet.
8. Does the hotel have __________ bank?
9. There are ____________ beautiful flowers in the garden.
10. Do you have __________ problem?
Practice: Fill in the blanks with SOME or ANY.
1. A: I’d like _______________ fish, please.
B: I’m afraid we haven’t ___________ fish, but we do have _________ excellent grilled sardines.
2. A: Would you like __________ wine with your meal.
B: No, thank you. I don’t want __________ wine. Do you have ____________ mineral water?
3. A: Do you have ___________ special dishes for children?
B: No, I’m sorry, we don’t have ___________. But we have ____________ French fries.
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Inglés Técnico
4. A: Do you have __________ pâté?
B: Yes, we have ____________ mushroom pâté. Would you like ___________?
5. A: Would you like ____________ cheese?
B: No, thank you, I don’t want ____________ dessert, but I would like __________ coffee.
Practice: Complete the sentences with THERE ISN’T MUCH, IS THERE MUCH?, THERE AREN’T MANY, ARE
THERE MANY?
Example: There isn’t much wine in your glass. Have some more.
1. _______________ people in this restaurant this evening. Is something going on in town.
2. _______________ noise in the rooms at the front of the hotel?
3. Hurry up, _______________ time before the first guests arrive for lunch.
4. I see you have 20 TV channels. _______________ interesting programs to watch?
5. It’s just a small hotel. _______________ rooms.
6. _______________ fast food restaurants where you come from?
7. _______________ ice in the water jug. Could we have some more?
8. We’d better order some more vegetables. _______________ celery.
Oral Practice: Use THERE IS / ISN’T, THERE ARE / THERE AREN’T + A LOT OF, MUCH, MANY, to change the
sentences.
Example: That hotel has over 500 rooms.
There are a lot of rooms in that hotel.
1. Your wine glass is nearly empty.
2. We only have five or six guests in the hotel.
3. The hotel safe has more than $30,000 in it.
4. There are more than 3 cinemas in town.
Inglés Técnico
11
Suministros en la habitación
Your Turn: Work with a partner. Student A is a waiter in a restaurant, Student B is a customer. Take roles
taking and order some food. Use some and any in your conversation. Practice and act it out for the rest of
the class.
5. Information about what’s on town is hard to find.
6. The gym in the basement is full of equipment.
7. The line of taxis outside the hotel is always long,
Suministros en la habitación
Make notes about the following places. Use these words and phrases.
• there’s / there are
• some / a lot of
• nice / good / beautiful / big / great / modern
a) My favorite restaurant
b) My favorite market
c) My favorite museum or gallery
d) My favorite beach
e) My favorite natural resource.
Tell your partner about each place.
Look at the picture and describe the picture. Use There is, There are, There isn’t or There aren’t, some,
any, a, an and count or non-count nouns.
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Inglés Técnico
Unidad I:
Solicitud a las demandas de los clientes.
Con esta unidad el alumno desarrollará la capacidad de:
Utilizar las habilidades y destrezas del idioma ingles para dar respuesta a solicitudes
y servicios al cliente
Unidad I: Información de Lugares Turísticos
Presente Continuo
The Present Continuous
Use the Present Continuous to talk about actions in progress now.
They’re serving customers.
Form the present continuous with a form of BE and the Present Participle
He is working.
Make negative statement with NOT.
I’m not working today.
Some statements in the present continuous describe activities over a period of time.
We aren’t driving to work this week.
Conversation: Read and Practice the conversation with a partner.
: I’ll be checking out this morning. Can you prepare my bill, please?
Reception
: It’s all ready for you, madam.
Guest
: Oh good, then I’ll settle it now.
Reception : How are you paying, madam?
Guest
: I’d like to pay by credit card. Is that OK?
Reception
: Certainly, madam. Here you are.
Guest
: This all looks OK. Is service included?
Reception
: Yes, service and Value Added Tax are included in the total. Would you just sign here, please?
Guest
: Fine, here’s my card.
Receptionist
: And now your signature again here. Thank you. Here’s your receipt.
Inglés Técnico
1
Atención a solicitudes de los clientes
Guest
THE PRESENT PARTICIPLE
Atención a solicitudes de los clientes
Rule 1:
END OF VERB → -ING FORM
A CONSONANT + E → Drop the –e and add –ing.
Smile → smiling
Write → writing
* Exception: DO NOT double w, x, and y.
Rule 2:
ONE VOWEL + ONE CONSONANT → Double the consonant and add –ing.
Sit → sitting
Run → running
Rule 3:
TWO VOWELS + ONE CONSONANT → Add –ing DO NOT double the consonant.
Read → reading
Rain → raining
Rule 4:
TWO CONSONANTS→ Add –ing DO NOT double the consonant.
Stand → standing
Push → pushing
answer
bite
call
camp
clap
come
count
cry
______________
______________
______________
______________
______________
______________
______________
______________
______________
______________
______________
______________
______________
______________
______________
______________
look
pay
plan
put
rain
ride
ring
run
______________
______________
______________
______________
______________
______________
______________
______________
cut
______________
______________
fix
______________
dance
do
______________
______________
stop
study
______________
______________
fly
get
______________
______________
draw
dream
drink
______________
______________
______________
swim
take
wait
______________
______________
______________
have
hit
______________
______________
______________
eat
______________
______________
hurt
______________
join
______________
wear
win
write
2
send
shine
sign
sing
sleep
smile
sneeze
snow
stand
______________
______________
Inglés Técnico
keep
say
see
______________
______________
______________
Complete the sentences using am/is/are and one of the verbs below in their present participle form.
wash cook
play
snow have
watch build
come
swim
do
1. I can’t talk now. I _________________ the dishes.
2. Listen to Jim. He _________________ the guitar.
3. It _________________ so we can go skiing.
4. Look at Jill. She _________________ in the river.
5. They _________________ a new house in our neighborhood.
6. Someone _________________. I can smell the food.
7. Hurry. The bus _________________.
8. They _________________ their exercises so they can lose weight.
9. I can’t answer the phone. I _________________ a shower.
10. Jose and Carlos _________________ the football on TV.
Expressions of time
Atención a solicitudes de los clientes
at the moment
now
today
this week
this month
tomorrow
next week
currently
temporarily
Inglés Técnico
3
Questions
THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS: QUESTIONS
QUESTION
BE
Is
Are
+ SUBJECT
Mary
SHORT ANSWER + (LONG ANSWER)
+ -ING
sleeping?
you
Yes, she is. / No, she isn’t.
watching TV?
Q-WORD + BE + SUBJECT + -ING
Where
is
Mary
Why
are
you
Yes, I am. / No, I’m not.
She’s sleeping on the sofa.
sleeping?
I’m watching TV because I like this program.
watching TV?
Conversation: Read and Practice the conversation with a partner.
A: Hello?
B: Hi, Karla. This is Marta. How are you?
A: Oh, hi Marta. Fine, thank you. How are you doing?
Atención a solicitudes de los clientes
B: Fine thanks. Are you busy?
A: Well, I’m cooking lunch right now. Can I call you back?
B: Sure. No problem.
Complete the sentences with the correct form of the present continuous. Use the verbs in parentheses.
1. A: What ________________________________? (you/do)
B: I _____________________ breakfast. (cook)
2. A: Where ________________________? (you/go)
B: I __________________ to work.
3. A: Who ________________________ to? (she/talk)
B: She __________________ to her mother.
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Inglés Técnico
4. A: What are they doing now?
B: They ___________________ soccer. (play)
Look at the picture below. Make a description of what you see in it. Use the present progressive in your
sentences, and a dictionary if necessary.
Atención a solicitudes de los clientes
Inglés Técnico
5
Pronunciación de verbos Regulares en el Pasado
The Simple Past of Regular and Irregular verbs.
The Past Tense of Be
Use WAS with I, She, He, It.
I was at the party last night.
Use WERE with You, We, They.
They were there, too.
Look at these sentences with be.
She was not (wasn’t) home last night.
Sarah and Alex were not (weren’t) at the game.
The past form of There Is is There Was. The past form of There Are is There Were.
There was a party last night. There were a lot of people at the party.
Atención a solicitudes de los clientes
Look at these questions with be.
Were you late?
Yes, I was.
Were they at a party?
No, they weren’t.
Where were you last night?
I was at home.
Conversation: Read and Practice the conversation.
A: So how was your trip to Selva Negra?
B: It was wonderful. We were very happy.
A: How was the weather?
B: It was cloudy and cool.
Your Turn: Ask a classmate about a trip s/he went, ask about the weather, the food, the people, the
weather, the place. Use the simple past of BE.
Grammar Practice: Complete the sentences with was or were.
a) Diana, Princess of Wales _______ a princess and a fashion icon.
b) Gianni Versace _______ a fashion designer.
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Inglés Técnico
c) The Beatles _______ a famous pop group.
d) My friends _______ good singers at school.
e) I _______ a good student at my school.
f) Bob Marley _______ a reggae singer.
g) George and Kate _______ in Australia last year.
h) Abba _______ a famous pop group.
Choose a well-known person from history. Write sentences about him/her using the words below.
a) _______ was born on _______.
b) _______ was famous for _______.
c) _______ was good at _______.
d) _______ was married to _______.
e) _______ was friends with _______.
Read your sentences to your partner. Your partner guesses the person.
a) I was happy at the tour.
b) Dan and Elsa were in the tour.
c) Yasmin was a good tour guide.
d) Oliver was my best friend.
e) Janie and Bernard were at the hotel last night.
f) Carole was late this morning.
g) The mountains were beautiful.
Inglés Técnico
7
Atención a solicitudes de los clientes
Oral Practice: Work with a partner and say the following sentence in negative. Use contractions. Then
switch roles.
Spelling Practice: Write the past simple form of each verb in the box.
live
decide
call
_____________
_____________
_____________
plan
ask
travel
_____________
_____________
_____________
work
paint
want
study
watch
_____________
_____________
_____________
_____________
_____________
open
walk
visit
jog
help
_____________
_____________
_____________
_____________
_____________
play
_____________
listen
_____________
THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE: USING –ED (Regular Verbs)
(a)
(b)
I walk to work every day.
I walked to worked yesterday.
Simple Present:
(c)
Ann walks to work every day.
(d)
Ann walked to worked yesterday
Atención a solicitudes de los clientes
Simple Present:
Simple Past:
Verb + -ed= the simple past
tense.
I
You
He
She + verb + -ed
It
We
They
SPELLING OF –ED VERBS
Rule 1:
END OF VERB → -ED FORM
End of verb: A consonant + e → Add –d
Rule 2:
smile → smiled
erase → erased
One vowel + one consonant * → Double the consonant, add –ed.
Rule 3:
stop → stopped
rub → rubbed
* Do not double x, w, y.
Two vowels + one consonant → Add –ed; Do not double the consonant.
rain → rained
need → needed
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Inglés Técnico
Rule 4:
Two consonants → Add –ed; Do not double the consonant.
count → counted
help → helped
Rule 5:
Consonant + -y → change –y to –i, add –ed.
Rule 6:
study → studied
carry → carried
Vowel + -y → Add –ed; Do not change –y to –i.
Play → played
Enjoy → enjoyed
____________
____________
____________
trick
dance
earn
____________
____________
____________
stay
worry
enjoy
like
pay
____________
____________
____________
____________
____________
open
close
enter
taste
cry
____________
____________
____________
____________
____________
plan
reply
point
end
wait
date
____________
____________
____________
____________
____________
____________
learn
sign
ask
visit
cook
arrive
____________
____________
____________
____________
____________
____________
PRONUNCIATION OF –ED: /t/, /d/, and /id/
Final –ed has three pronunciations: /t/, /d/, /id/.
End of verb
Simple Form
Simple Past
Voiceless
a) help
laugh
guess
b) rub
live
seem
helped
→
help/t/
laughed →
laugh/t/
guessed →
guess/t/
rubbed
→
rub/d/
lived
→
live/d/
seemed →
seem/d/
Voiced
Pronunciation
Inglés Técnico
• Final –ed is pronounced /t/ if a
verb ends in a /p/, /t/, /s/, /f/,
/sh/, /ch/.
• Final –ed is pronounced /d/ if
the simple form of the verb ends
in a voiced sound: /b/, /g/, /l/;
/m/, /n/, /r/, /v/, /w/, and
vowels; as in (b).
9
Atención a solicitudes de los clientes
stop
rain
dream
PRONUNCIATION OF –ED: /t/, /d/, and /id/
Final –ed has three pronunciations: /t/, /d/, /id/.
End of verb
Simple Form
Simple Past
-d or –t
c) need
want
needed
wanted
Pronunciation
→
→
need/id/
want/id/
• Final –ed is pronounced /id/ if
a verb ends in the letters “d” or
“t”, as in (c).
Oral Practice: Work with a partner and read aloud the following words.
walked
erased
washed
coughed
finished
smiled
stopped
invited
rained
visited
touched
waited
helped
counted
folded
shave
arrived
remembered
kissed
added
jog
El pasado simple de verbos regulares e irregulares
PAST TIME EXPRESSIONS
Yesterday is used with morning, afternoon and evening.
Atención a solicitudes de los clientes
Last is used with night, with long periods of time (week, month, year), with seasons (winter,
summer, etc.), and with days of the week.
Ago Means “in the past”. It follows specific lengths of time (e.g., two minutes + ago, five years +
ago).
YESTERDAY
LAST
AGO
yesterday
yesterday morning
yesterday afternoon
yesterday evening
the day before yesterday
10
last night
last week
last weekend
last month
last year
last spring
last summer
last fall
last winter
last Monday
last Tuesday
last Wednesday
etc.
Inglés Técnico
five minutes ago
two hours ago
three days ago
a (one) week ago
six months ago
a (one) year ago
Grammar Practice: Complete the following statements with yesterday, ago, last.
1. I went to a trip two days _____________.
2. Rosa and Felix were at the movies ___________ night.
3. The restaurant was closed _____________ afternoon.
4. I arrive to this city twenty years ___________.
5. It rained in this city an hour _________.
6. I was in Rivas ____________ weekend.
7. I visited my aunt and uncle ___________ winter.
8. Carmen was out of town __________ week.
9. Ali played with his children ___________ evening.
10. Roberto walked to the hotel _____________ afternoon.
Inglés Técnico
Past Form
Drew
Drink
Drove
Ate
Fell
Felt
Fought
Found
Flew
Forgot
Got
Gave
Went
Grew
Had
Knew
Lent
Made
Paid
Atención a solicitudes de los clientes
Simple Form
Awake
Be
Become
Begin
Bite
Blow
Break
Bring
Build
Burn
Buy
Catch
Choose
Come
Cost
Cut
Dig
Dive
Do
Some IRREGULAR VERBS
Past Form
Simple Form
Awoke
Draw
Was / Were
Drink
Became
Drive
Began
Eat
Bit
Fall
Blew
Feel
Broke
Fight
Brought
Find
Built
Fly
Burned / burnt
Forget
Bought
Get
Caught
Give
Chose
Go
Came
Grow
Cost
Have
Cut
Know
Dug
Lend
Dived / Dove
Make
Did
Pay
11
Affirmative Statements
Oral Practice: Change the following verbs to the past. Use the past time expressions.
1. I get some mail every day.
2. They go downtown every day.
3. We have lunch every day.
4. I do exercises in class every day.
5. I eat breakfast every morning.
6. I get up at seven every day.
7. She is at the beach.
8. They visit many tourist places.
9. I come to school by bus.
10. The ticket cost C$50.00.
11. He drives to work every day.
Atención a solicitudes de los clientes
12. They pay by credit card.
Conversation: Read and Practice the conversation with a partner.
A: So how was your vacation?
B: It was so exciting.
A: Really? Where did you go?
B: We went to a nice beach.
A: So, what did you do?
B: We went snorkeling; we took many pictures of the beach, we relaxed a lot.
A: How about the weather?
B: It was sunny and a little scorching, but we enjoyed it a lot.
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Inglés Técnico
Negative Statements
The Simple Past: Negative
I
You
She
He
It
We
They
Subject + DID + NOT + Main Verb
a)
b)
c)
I did not walk to school yesterday.
You did not walk to school yesterday.
Mario did not eat lunch yesterday
d) Incorrect: I did not walked to school yesterday.
+ DID NOT + main verb*
(simple form)
Notice that the simple form of the main verb is
used with did not.
Negative Contraction:
Did + not = Didn’t
e)Correct: I didn’t walk to school yesterday.
Grammar Practice: Put the verb in brackets in the past simple to complete the story.
When I (arrive) _______ at Adam’s house he wasn’t at home. I (wait) _______ twenty minutes for Adam
and then he (arrive) _______. Adam (move) _______ to his new house two years ago. He (like) _______the
beautiful countryside near to his house. We (play) _______tennis in the park in the afternoon. Adam (cook)
_______the dinner. It was delicious! In the evening we (listen) _______to jazz music.
Look at the verbs in the box. Work with a partner and write a simple story using eight of the verbs in the
past simple.
ask
talk
move
arrest
start
listen
finish
walk
live
play
work
cook
Atención a solicitudes de los clientes
want
close
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
Write a paragraph about a past experience or choose one from the list.
•
•
•
•
your first day at college or school
your first English lesson
your last trip
your last good party
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
Inglés Técnico
13
Use was/were and time expressions. Read your paragraph to your partner.
Choose three of the time expressions below. Tell your partner where you were.
last night
two days ago
last month
last year
a week ago
five months ago
Example: I was on holiday five months ago.
Correct the mistake with the past simple in each of the sentences.
a) I was sick yesterday. I go to the doctor’s.
b) I see the thief go into the house.
c) My sister buyed me a new watch for my birthday.
d) Emma haved fruit for breakfast this morning.
e) Georgia taked a photo of the beautiful lake.
f) Euan find the camera next to the chair.
g) My brother win £40 in the lottery last week.
Atención a solicitudes de los clientes
h) Owen lose his bag on the bus.
Questions: Yes / No questions WH- questions
Reorder the words to make questions.
a) were / you / Where / yesterday / afternoon?
_________________________________________________________________
b) they / Were / at / school /happy?
_________________________________________________________________
c) favourite / was / your / Who / teacher?
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_________________________________________________________________
Inglés Técnico
d) we / Were / good / students?
_________________________________________________________________
e) was / school / your / Where?
_________________________________________________________________
f) name / What / his / was?
_________________________________________________________________
g) you / were / Where / last week?
_________________________________________________________________
h) the / lesson / Was / interesting?
_________________________________________________________________
Writing: Write a paragraph about a past experience, then tell to your partner about it.
Questions ……..?
Ask a different classmate each of the questions. Make notes of their answers.
a) Where were you yesterday evening?
Atención a solicitudes de los clientes
b) What was your favourite trip?
c) Where were you yesterday morning?
d) How old were you in 2000?
e) Who was your best friend at school?
f) Where were you born?
g) Where were you a week ago?
Ask your partner the questions. Your partner answers Yes, I did/No, I didn’t …
a) Did you eat breakfast this morning?
b) Did you come to the English class by bus or car?
c) Did you get up early this morning?
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15
d) Did you use a computer yesterday?
e) Did you watch TV last night?
f) Did you go to a restaurant last weekend?
g) Did you cook your dinner last night?
h) Did you have coffee this morning?
Work with a partner. Write four things that were in the news last week.
a) ______________________________________________________________
b) ______________________________________________________
c) ______________________________________________________
d) ______________________________________________________
Write a short news story for each of them below. Use regular and irregular past simple verbs.
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
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__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
Find another pair and read them your stories
Ask other students in the class five questions in the past simple. Use your models from Ex. 2
to help you write complete questions in each box.
WH-Question
about sports
A question
about travel
Yes/No question
about TV
Student A
Student B
Student C
Student D
Student E
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WH-Question
about a holiday
Yes/No question
about music
Find the irregular past forms of the following verbs in the word searcher. The answers go up
and down in these directions:
Have
see

do
catch




go
put
A
P
O
E
X
H
A
D
E
L
C
Q
D
A
Z
A
K
H
K
E
A
E
J
Y
R
O
E
J
K

make
give
M
O
U
T
B
R
K
E
F
O
G
S
Z
G
B
T
M
T
E
O
H
T
D
Y
H
U
P
A
C
T
break
can
J
I
W
E
W
T
W
R
D
A
D
V
V
X
A
A
E
E
W
X
K
A
N
P
S
Q
S
T
N
Z
take
eat
G
L
M
C
O
U
L
D
V
T
Now use the irregular past forms above to fill in the gaps.
1 He _ _ _ fish and salad for dinner last night.
2 They _ _ _ _ a cake for their mother’s birthday.
Atención a solicitudes de los clientes
3 She _ _ _ _ a book on the bus to work.
4 We _ _ _ _ to Rivas on holiday last year.
5 I _ _ _ my coat in the cupboard
6 He _ _ _ _ his wife some flowers to say sorry.
7 She _ _ _ _ _ _ the bus to school last week.
8 I _ _ _ some beautiful places on holiday.
9 She _ _ _ a beautiful baby girl on Friday.
10 He _ _ _ _ _ the World Record for goal scoring in one match.
11 _ _ _ you go to the rock concert?
12 I _ _ _ _ _ speak English when I was younger.
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Unidad I:
Dinero, Pago, Tipos de Monedas
Con esta unidad el alumno desarrollará la capacidad de:
Realizar la venta y formas de cobro utilizando WILL y BE GOING TO en sus formas
simples en inglés
Unidad I: Dinero, Pagos, Tipos de Monedas
Proceso de venta y cobro
Vocabulary: Money and Payment
A.T.M.
Donate
Exchange rate
Fee
Interest
Invest
Legal tender
Lend
Loan
Owe
Petty cash
Receipt
Refund
Tip
Withdraw
Piece of paper Money
Obtain money which must be returned
To have no Money
Amount of money available or needed for a specific use
Coins or bank notes (not checks); actual money paid, not credit
Automatic machine from which a bank customer may withdraw money
A person dealing with cash transactions in a bank, shop, etc.
Written order to a bank to pay the stated amount from one's account
A piece of metal used as money
The money used in a country
Money owed by one person to another
Sum payable as a first installment on a purchase; money placed in an account in a bank
Give money especially to charity; make a donation
The rate at which one currency can be exchanged for another
Payment made to a professional person (doctor, lawyer, etc.)
Money paid for borrowing or investing money
To put money into business, property, etc. in order to earn interest or profit
Currency that cannot legally be refused as payment
Give or allow the use of money which must be returned with interest
Sum of money to be returned with interest
To be in debt to somebody; to owe money to somebody
Small amount of cash available for everyday expenses
Written statement that money has been paid
Pay back money received; reimburse
Small sum of money given to a waiter, taxi driver, etc.
Take money from a bank account
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Venta y Cobro
Banknote
Borrow
Broke (to be)
Budget
Cash
Cash dispenser
Cashier
Cheque/check
Coin
Currency
Debt
Deposit
Automated Teller Machine; cash dispenser
1
Read and Practice the following conversations with a classmate.
Conversation 1:
A: Good afternoon. Are you ready to order?
B: Yes, I would like a cheese burger and iced tea, please.
A: For you madam?
Venta y Cobro
C: I’d like a hamburger and French fries, and a soda.
A: Anything else?
C: That’s all for now. Thanks.
B: Can you bring me the bill, please?
A: Sorry, sir. You have to pay in the cashier’s window.
B: OK.
Conversation 2:
A: Would you like any duty-free, madam?
B: Oh yes, I’d like to buy some perfume. Do you have any I’Eau d’Issey?
A: Yes, I think I do. I’ll just get it for you. Here you are.
B: How much is it?
A: Let’s see. It’s the fifty milliliter bottle so that’s twenty-nine pounds fifty, madam.
B: Can I pay in dollars?
A: Certainly, madam. But we only give changes in cordobas.
B: Oh, That’s OK.
A: So that’ll be forty-three dollars and thirty cents.
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Verbs: Action verbs
Read and practice the following verbs:
Pay
Do
Buy
Exchange
Change
Deposit
Stay
Fill
Work
Sign
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Withdraw
Types of Currency
Dollar
Euro
Cordoba
yen
peso
Conversation: Read and Practice the conversation.
A: May I help you?
B: Yes. I’d like to change some euros into pesos?
A: All right. How much money will you change?
B: What’s the today’s exchange rate?
A: Let’s see. Oh. It’s 10.12 today.
B: OK. I’ll change $120 dollars, please.
A: Can I see your ID?
Practice the conversation with a partner. Use your own words.
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Payment Method
Coins
Credit card
The bill
Check
Traveler’s check
cash
ATM Card
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Bill
Present Continuous with Future meaning
Use the Present Continuous with a future time expression to show future actions.
I am visiting my relatives this weekend.
I’m not working this Friday.
Are you staying in the hotel for your vacations?
Yes, I am.
Where are they doing this Saturday?
They’re climbing the mountain.
Read the following speech of a tour guide.
Good morning every one. I’m your tour guide. I’m so happy you are coming with me today on a tour of
Managua. We are leaving in just a few minutes.
First, I’m taking you to see the most important places in the city: Acahualinca’s footprints, tiscapa, and
National Palace. Then we are going to a really nice and excellent restaurant for lunch. After that I am taking
you to see other interesting tourist sights. This evening we are going to a disco and I hope you have some nice
time. Enjoy your trip and welcome to Nicaragua.
Your Turn: Imagine you are a tour guide and prepare a short speech for a group of tourist you are taking to
a city in your country. Use the present continuous to talk about the future.
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Shopping. Put each of the following words or phrases in the correct gap.
Tag
try on
select
label
fit
cash
cashier
advice
refund
bargain
receipt
shop assistant
size
sale
exchange
credit card
take back
check
Be Going to y Future with WILL
Use will or will not plus the base form to talk about the future.
I don’t think it will rain today. It will not rain tomorrow either.
Contract will to ‘ll. Contract will not to won’t.
I’ll be at the party, but Dorothy won’t.
Read and Practice the following conversations
Conversation 1:
A: When will you take your vacation this year?
B: I’ll go to Corn Island.
A: Really? That sounds great. How will you get there?
B: By plane. It’s a long trip but I have plenty of time.ç
A: oh, how long will you stay there?
B: For a week.
A: Wow! Where will you stay?
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Venta y Cobro
If you want to go shopping there are a number of things you have to consider. If you would like to find
a ____________ you should make sure to go to a ____________The only problem with a sale is that it is
sometimes hard to ____________something once you buy it. Many stores also refuse to give a ____________on
anything you have bought. If you are looking for clothes, make sure to ____________check the ____________to
make sure that it is a good ____________Another good idea is to look at the ____________and ____________to
see instructions for washing, etc. It’s always a good idea to also ask the ____________for ____________Finally,
when you go to the ____________you can usually pay by ____________or ____________if you don’t have the
____________. Never forget to get the ____________.
B: At a little hotel near the city.
A: Sounds wonderful.
Conversation 2:
A: We will have our tour to Granada city.
B: What time will we leave the hotel?
Venta y Cobro
A: At seven. We will have breakfast in the hotel first, then we will wait for the bus. And we will
drive to Granada. So you will be ready to leave at seven.
B: What will do there?
A: You will visit the city, see the cathedral and churches, later we will go to Granada little
islands.
Work in pairs and create a conversation with your partner. Act out the conversation for the rest of the
class.
Questions
Use will or will not plus the base form to talk about the future.
I don’t think it will rain today. It will not rain tomorrow either.
Contract will to ‘ll. Contract will not to won’t.
I’ll be at the party, but Dorothy won’t.
Look at the pictures: Work with a partner and ask and answer questions about the activities you will do in
a tour. Practice affirmative and negative answers. Use your dictionary if necessary.
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Venta y Cobro
Ex: Will we play golf?
Yes, you will. / No, you won’t.
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