Unit S 34

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Transcripción

Unit S 34
UNIT
34
1
A Bar gain Sa le
-
Hel lo, dar ling ! Have you a lr ead y had br e akf ast ?
But wasn ’t t he sea ver y cold?
Tom
-
M arg.
-
W hat ’s t he weat her lik e? I s it st ill cl oudy, l ik e it was
yest er da y?
Tom
-
O h, no. T he sk y is absolut el y c lear t oday.
Ho w do you k now?
M arg.
-
Tom
-
Tom
M arg.
Tom
M arg.
M arg.
Tom
M arg.
Tom
M arg.
Tom
No, dear . I ’ve j ust com e down.
W ell, I ’ve g ot a hug e appet it e t his m or ning ! I wok e up at
da wn and went f or an ear ly s wim . I ’ve j ust com e back .
Yes, indeed it was. Bit t er ly col d. I t cer t ainl y wasn ’t t he
r ig ht hour f or swim m ing . .. but at least m y s wim has g i ve n
m e a healt hy appet it e.
T hen, as soon as breakf ast is over , I ’m g oing shopping .
Ag ain? O h, Mar g ar et !
I t ’s q uit e useless to say: “ O h, Mar g ar et ! ” T her e is a
wonder f ul bar g ain s ale on, at t hat big depar t m ent - st or e
we passed yest er d ay. T hey ar e sel lin g of f t heir whol e
st ock at half pr ice!
Because it said so o n all t he pr ice t ick ets.
T hey onl y sa y t hat , just t o cheat t he public.
Don’t be r id icul ous , T om . T he or ig inal pr ice t hat was
wr it t en on t he t ick et s, had been cr os sed out , and t he
r educed pr ice was wr it t en belo w it . An d it was ne ver less
t han half t he or iginal pr ic e. I ’m not ver y g ood at
ar it hm et ic, I k now, but even a b aby cou ld ha ve
under st ood t hat .
All r ig ht . I see t hat it ’s no use ar g uing wit h you. Yo u’ ve
m ade up your m ind t o bu y a lot m or e t hi ng s t hat you don ’t
need, and t hat ’s t hat.
(continúa)
UNIT
34
2
A Bar gai n Sal e
M arg.
-
But don’t yo u unde r st and, T om ? - I can bu y he aps of
lo vel y t hi ng s at half t heir usual pr ice: beaut if ul
under wear , del ig ht f ul pu ll o ver s, cost um e j e wel ler y, dr ess
m at er ials. . . dozens of t hing s!
Tom
-
If you do n’t nee d t hem , wh y bu y t hem ? I f you j ust put
t og et her all t he t hing s t hat you have boug ht in Spain,
you ’l l f ind t hat you ’ ve alr ead y boug ht enoug h t o st ar t a
sm all shop wit h. An d no w you sa y t hat you want t o add
even m or e t hing s t o t he pile! O h heaven s!
M arg.
-
W hat a f uss you m ak e about not hing, T om ! Just because I
want t o m ak e a f ew pur chases!
Tom
Dar ling , I am not m ak ing a f uss.
M arg.
-
Tom
-
T his t im e ne xt week yo u’ ll be sa ying : “ Oh wh y d id I spe nd
all t hat m oney on t hi ng s I didn’t need?!
M arg.
-
No, I shan’t . I ’m ver y p lease d wit h al l t h e t hing s t hat I ’ve
boug ht so f ar . T hose beaut if ul phot og r aph album s t hat I
boug ht yest er day, f or exam ple. T he binding is r eal
leat her . . . and t he s hop ass ist ant g ave m e a big d iscount
because I boug ht t wo of t hem.
Tom
But you di dn’t need t wo, did you?
M arg.
-
Tom
-
Just because I say
phot og r aph album s?
M arg.
-
Please st op, T om ! I ’ve l ist ened t o q uit e enoug h. I t old t he
hall p or t er t o g et me a t axi f or nine- t hir t y. I t wi ll be her e
at an y m om ent . So g ood- bye f or t he pr esent . I ’ll see you
lat er .
O h yes, yo u ar e. Y o u’r e t r ying t o m ak e m e beli e ve t hat a ll
shop- k eeper s ar e t hie ves an d l iar s, and I r ef use t o list en
t o you. I ’m g oing t o t hat barg ain sale this m or ning , and
it ’s useless t o t r y an d st op m e!
W hat ’s wr ong wit h you t o- day, T om ? Yo u seem t o be in a
ver y bad m ood.
t hat
you
don ’t
need
t wo
(continúa)
hug e
UNIT
34
3
A Bar gai n Sal e
Tom
-
M arg.
-
Tom
-
M arg.
You don ’t need a t axi! W e can use t he car . T he m echanic
has put it int o perf ect or der ag ain.
You can use t he car , if you want t o. I want t o be alone
t his m or ning , so t hat I can choose m y pur chases in
peace. So, as I j ust said: I ’ll see you l at er .
But what about your br eakf ast ?
T her e’s a cof f ee bar in t he depar t m ent st or e. I can ha ve
som et hing t her e.
UNIT
34
4
bargain
>
Something that is a bargain is good value for
money, usually because it has been sold at a lower
price than normal.
Collins Dictionary
sal e
= venta
bar gai n sal e
= venta de rebajas
f or sal e
= en venta
t o sell of f
= liquidar
At barg ain sales, big depar t m ent st ores of t en of f er a big
discount on t he or i g inal pr ices of t heir g oods, especial l y
when t he y ar e se l lin g of f t heir st ock of som e ar t icle t hat i s
g oing out of f ashion.
Som et im es t his m er chandise can b e boug ht at half t he
or ig inal pr ice.
W hen t hey see t hese r educed pr ice s on t he pr ice t ag s,
m any wom en bu y a lot of t hing s t hat t hey don ’t need, j ust
because t he pr ices ar e lo w. T hen t hey r et ur n hom e, wit h
t heir ar m s f ull of par cels and im ag ine t hat , in m ak ing all
these purchases, they have saved money, inst ead of wasting
it.
“ Look !” t hey exc l aim t o t heir husban ds, “ Look ! All t hese
lo vel y t hing s wer e being of f er ed f or sale at half pr ice! ” And
t hey ar e ast on ished when t heir hus band s do not seem t o be
happ y at all.
===
di s count
= descuento
goods
= mercancías
s t ock
= existencias - stock
pri ce t ag
= etiqueta (de precio)
purchas e
t o purchas e
= compra
= comprar
UNIT
34
5
Traducción de “cómo”
1.
>
how
Ho w is E lisa?
= ¿Có mo es t á El i s a?
2.
What is... like?
>
W hat is Elisa l ik e?
= ¿Có mo es El i s a? ( ¿Qué t i po es ?)
T om and Mar g ar et
- Last nig ht I slept ver y we l l af t er our long walk , so t his
m or ning I went f or an ear ly s wim .
- W hat was t he sea lik e?
- Ver y c old. S o af ter m y s wim I had a big cup of ver y hot
cof f ee at t hat lit t le caf é near t he beach.
- W hat is t he cof f ee lik e t her e? G ood?
- Exq uisit e!
- And what ’s t he we at her lik e t his m or n i ng ? Do you t h ink it ’s
g oing t o be sunny?
- Yes, but ver y wind y.
***
- You k now El isa, d on’t you ? W hat ’s she lik e?
- She is ver y sm ar t !
- And what is her boyf r iend Br ian l ik e?
- He is a r eall y nic e g uy, who lik es t o jok e and laug h about
ever yt hing .
===
s unny
= s ol eado
w i ndy
= vent os o
s m art
= i nt el i gent e
guy
= t i po - t í o
UNIT
34
6
dawn
am a nec er , a lb a
Daw n is the time of day when light f irst appears in
the sky, just bef ore the sun r ises.
dusk
at ar dec er , c r e pús c u lo
Dusk is t he time just bef ore night when the daylight
has almost gone, but when it is not completely dark.
>
Man y peasant s wor k f r om dawn t o dusk .
at daw n
at dus k
at tw i l i ght
= al amanecer
= al at ar decer
= al at ar decer
<<<<<§>>>>>
1.
>
2.
>
3.
>
ticket
= bi l l ete
W hen you want t o go som ewher e you us uall y bu y your t ick et
in ad vance. So you buy a t r ain, a bus or a plane t ick et .
You m ay bu y a one wa y t ick et or a r et urn t ick et.
You also b u y t ick et s t o g o t o t he cinem a, t o t he t heat r e, t o a
concer t , t o t he opera et c.
price ticket
= et i quet a (de pr eci o)
W hen you g o shopping , bef or e buying som et hing you
usual l y look at t he pr ice t ick et .
ticket
= mul t a
If you par k your car in t he wr ong place o r f or t oo long , you
m ay g et a park ing t ick et.
If you exceed the speed limit you may get a ticket f or
speeding.
UNIT
1.
34
7
mind
to be out of one’s mind
>
= ment e
= es t ar l oco ( l i t . e s t a r f u e r a d e s u m e n t e )
Bungee jumping ( also spelled "Bungy" jumping) is an
activit y of jumping from a great height with an elastic cord
attached to the ankles.
Although ther e have been f ew mortal accidents, sometimes
during a bungee jump a blood vessel ns. If this blood vessel
is near or in the retina, then the r etina can become partially
or totally detached, and cause a partial or total loss of sight.
My conc lus ion:
People t hat pr act ic e bung ee j um ping m ust be out of t heir
m inds.
===
hei ght
= al t ur a
ankl e
= t obi l l o
cor d
= cuer da
bl ood ves s el
= vas o s anguí neo
t o at t ach
= at ar - s uj et ar
t o bur s t
= r event ar
par t i al or t ot al l os s of s i ght
= pér di da t ot al o par ci al de l a vis t a
2.
mind
t o m ak e up one’s m ind
= deci di r , deci di r s e
Mak e up your m ind!
= ¡ Decí det e!
3.
mind
t o chang e one’s m ind
4.
= cambi ar de opi ni ón
mind
t o g o out of one’s mind
= per der l a r az ón, vol ver s e l oco
Nota
M i nd you!
I don’ t m i nd.
= ¡Cuidado!
= No me importa.
UNIT
34
8
From: Ivan Morrison <[email protected]>
To: Abel Paganini <[email protected]>
Subject: Good news!
Hi Abe l!
Lat el y t he we at her has been a wf ul: wind, r ain, snow. . .
But in sp it e of t he weat her your si ll y c ousin k ept g oing
int o t he f r eezi ng lit t le t er r ace ne xt t o t he of f ice t o sm ok e a
cig ar et t e f r om eig ht t o t en t im es a day.
About t en da ys ag o, Dor iana, on e of m y coll eag ues, said
t o m e, “ I van, yo u m ust be out of your m ind t o st and in t h e
f r eezing cold t er r ace sm ok ing cig ar ett es. Besides, you look
so r idiculo us wit h a cig ar et t e in your m out h and t r em bling
all o ver . Min d you, you don’t look m acho at all! ”
T hat sam e day I m ade up m y m in d t o q uit sm ok ing , once
and f or all!
Bel ie ve it or not yo u r cousin I van hasn ’t been sm ok ing f or
a whole week , and he wi ll not chang e his m ind as lo ng as
he li ves.
T he f ir st we ek I t houg ht t hat I wou ld g o out of m y m i nd!
But now I ’m beg inni ng t o f eel f ine.
No w I am m uch m or e r ela xed. I don ’t e ven m ind m y nois y
neig hbour s an y m or e, and when I m eet t hem in t he ele vat or
I even m anag e t o sm ile at t hem .
Yest er day on m y de sk I f ound a box of chocolat es and an
em pt y cig ar et t e pack et. T her e was al so a car d wit h t his
m essag e : mens sana in corpore sano = a healthy mind
in a healthy body :)
Love,
Your cousin I va n
UNIT
34
It is useless.
9
= Es i nút il .
I t is useless t o com plain.
It is no use.
= Es i núti l .
I t is no use com plaining .
Nota
>
= Es i núti l quej ar s e.
= Es i nút i l quej ar s e.
La l ocuci ón “it i s no us e” r i ge el ger undi o.
W hen Mar g ar et mak es up her m ind t o buy som et hing , it ’s
no use ar g uing wit h her . I t ’s no use saying t o her , “ Don’t
wast e your m one y! ”
W hen she m ak es up her m ind t o do som et hing , she does
it , and t hat ’s t hat .
===
and t hat ’ s t hat = y es o es t odo
( Es t a expr esi ón s e usa par a enf at i z ar que una s i t uaci ón o
deci s i ón no s e puede cambi ar .)
<<<<<§>>>>>
this time next week
= l a s emana que vi ene a es t as hor as
this time next month etc.
Tom and M ar gar et
- Look at all t hese love l y t hing s I ’ve bo ug ht at t he barg ain
sale, T om !
- T his t im e next we e k you’l l be sa ying , “O h! W hy did I wast e
so m uch m oney!
- No, I won ’t . And t his t im e ne xt m ont h I ’ll ha ve t wo lo ve l y
ne w dr esses, m ade of t his beaut if ul cloth I ’ve boug ht .
- W ell, t his t im e ne xt year yo u’ ll be m y wif e, and you won ’t
be wast ing any m or e m oney at bar g ain sales, m y dar li ng .
===
cl ot h = t el a, paño
UNIT
34
at any moment
at any minute
10
= de un moment o a ot r o
= de un moment o a ot r o
<<<<<§>>>>>
for the present
= por el moment o, por ahor a, por l o pr ont o
for now
= por el moment o, por ahor a, por l o pr ont o
W hen people are going out for only a short time, they often say:
G oodbye f or t he pr esent !
or
G oodbye f or now!
<<<<<§>>>>>
to
“ You can use t he car , if you wa nt t o. ”
t hat i s :
(es deci r )
“ You can use t he car , if you wa nt t o use it . ”
A menudo, “t o” s e po ne al f i nal de una or aci ón par a s us t it ui r un i nf i nit i vo.
Teacher and Pupi l
- You ar en’t m ak ing any pr og r ess at all i n Fr ench. You don’t
st udy as m uch as you oug ht t o. W hy don’t yo u st ud y m or e?
Don’t you l ik e t o st udy Fr ench?
- O h yes, I lik e t o, and I want t o, but I have so l it t le t im e.
- W ell, if you don’t m ak e a lit t le pr og r ess soon, I ’ll have t o
speak t o your f at her about it . I don ’t wa nt t o, in f act I hat e
t o, but I wil l ha ve t o, because it is m y du t y.
===
dut y = deber ( s u s t a n t i v o )
UNIT
34
earl y
1.
>
11
= temprano
in t he ear ly m or ning - af t er noon - evenin g
=
(a pr i mer a hor a de l a mañana...)
earl y
2.
>
= al comi enz o de
in ear l y spr ing - summ er - wint er ...
(al comi enz o de l a pr i maver a – del ver ano - del i nvier no...)
in ear l y Januar y, Febr uar y, Aug ust . ..
earl y
3.
>
He is in his ear l y t went ies.
She is in her ear l y t hir t ies.
He is in his ear l y f if ties.
earl y
4.
>
>
6.
>
= l os pr i mer os años
t he ear ly 1960s
t he ear ly 1980s et c.
earl y
5.
= de 1960 a 1963
= de 1980 a 1983
= pr i mer o - pr i mer os
O scar W ilde' s ear ly wor k s includ ed t wo collect i ons of f air y
st or ies, The Happy Pr ince and A House of Pom egr anat es.
earl y
= t empr ano, pr ont o
G eor g e usuall y ar r i ves at wor k ear ly.
***
late
>
= Ti ene de 20 a 23 años .
= Ti ene de 30 a 33 años .
= Ti ene de 50 a 53 años .
***
= t ar de; con r et r as o; al f i nal de; l os últ i mos años
it is lat e - it is t oo lat e
T he tr ain was an ho ur lat e.
in lat e Jul y
in t he lat e 1970s
G eor g e is in his lat e t hir t ies. = Geor ge t iene de 37 a 40 años .
UNIT
34
12
earl y - late
Abel
G et t ing up ear ly ha s never be en m y id ea of having f un;
but when we li ve d in Sevil le I of t en did it .
My s ist er Debr a ha s al wa ys be en a n e ar ly r iser . S o she
was m or e t han happy t o wak e m e up in the m or ning .
I n lat e spr ing and in ear ly sum m er we used t o g et up as
ear l y as we could an d g o t o have br eakf ast at Andr és’ f arm .
Andr és had a l ar g e f ar m j ust next t o our house. He was in
his lat e se ve nt ies but he was so st r ong and ag ile t hat
ever ybod y t houg ht he was i n his ear l y f if t ies.
W e used t o g o st r aig ht t o t he cow she d, because at t hat
ear l y hour we wer e sur e t o f ind Andr é s m ilk ing his co ws.
( He al wa ys g ot up much ear lier t han we did, of cour se! )
W hen he saw us he used t o sm ile happil y and g o on
m ilk ing t he co ws. W hen he f inished, he would r ise f r om his
lit t le st ool, wash his hands and hug us.
Af t er t hat , Debr a and I we nt t o t he chic k en coops t o g et
som e f r esh egg s, while A ndr és pr epar e d t he m ilk in what h e
pr oudl y cal led “ m y k it chen” .
I t hink t hat in t he ear l y t went iet h ce nt ur y peo ple had
m or e m oder n k it chens! T her e was no e l ect r icit y, n o r unn ing
wat er and t he f loor was j ust dir t ; but we love d t hat place!
I n such a place you wo uld ha ve e xpect ed Andr és t o lig ht
t he f ir e wit h a f lint st one! Lik e ear l y peoples. But no! H e
used m at ches! ( He needed t hem t o lig ht his pipe. )
He q uick ly m ade a f ir e t o heat t he m ilk, t oast t he br ead
and f r y som e egg s. T hen he g ot a bo wl of f r esh r icot t a
cheese and put it on t he t able. My G od! W hat a br eakf ast!
S weet A ndr és, we h ave lost t ouch wit h you. But I pr om ise
that next time we come to Spain we’ll come and look for you!
===
w e us ed t o
= s ol í amos
f l i nt st one
pi edr a de l umbr e
chi cken coop
= gal l i ner o
pi pe
pi pa
runni ng w at er
= agua cor r i ent e
t ouch
cont act o
di rt
= t i er r a
UNIT
34
13
W eather Forecast
= pr evi s i ón del t iempo
“Changeabl e” (variable)
It is f orecast to be a generally changeable week with low
pressure in the Atlantic producing west or south- westerly
winds which will br ing rain to many areas, especially at the
beginning and the end of the week.
During the middle of the week there will be a colder spell
with night-time f rosts returning.
Temperatures this week will start off slightly above
average with many places seeing double f igures but those
values are unlikely t o be seen again this week. Monday is
f orecast to be around 10°C in Aberdeen and 11°C in
Plymouth.
Temperatures will slip back down to below average values
f or the middle and latter part of the week. On Thursday f or
example, it is predict ed to be 5°C in G lasgow and j ust 6°C in
London.
Most places will see some rain this week, some of it heavy
at times but rainf all amounts are not expected to exceed the
seasonal average.
There will be drier and br ighter spells t his week but
England and W ales will probably not see as much sunshine,
while Scot land and Northern Ireland will probably exper ience
a little bit more than the seasonal aver age.
===
t o f orecas t
l ow
pres s ure
w es t erl y
s pel l
f ros t
f i gure
s l i ght l y
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
pr onos t i car
baj o
pr es i ón
occi dent al
per í odo
es car cha, hel ada
ci f r a
l i ger ament e
average
unl i kel y
t o s l i p back
l at t er
heavy
t o exceed
bri ght
s eas onal
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
medi o - pr omedi o
i mpr obabl e
vol ver
úl t i mo
pes ado
exceder de
br i l l ante
es t aci onal
UNIT
34
14
Common Weather Terms
Precipitation
Dry
Any f orm of water, whether liquid (e.g. rain, dr izzle)
or solid (e.g. hail, snow), that f all f rom a cloud or
group of clouds and reach the ground.
A period without precipitat ion.
Fine
Dr y weather dur ing which conditions are mostly
sunny or br ight.
Wet
A period during which rain or showers occur most of
the time.
Showers
Usually begin and end suddenly. Showers may f all in
patches rat her than across the whole f orecast area.
They may range in intensit y f rom light to ver y heavy.
Showery
A period during which there are showers and
temporar y clearances.
Stormy
A period during which rain and high winds
predom inate.
S ettl ed
A period of several days dur ing which the weather is
either dr y, f ine, or dr y, apart f rom a f ew patches of
rain. Free f rom storm or wind.
U ns ettl ed
A period of several days dur ing which rain and hail
and sunshine are likely to occur.
Is olat ed
Rain or showers occur over ver y little of an area.
S catter ed
Rain or showers may occur in a number of places
but not ever ywhere over a distr ict or region.
Fog, Mist,
Haze
Are terms to descr ibe reduct ion in visibility. Fog
lim its visibilit y to less than 1 kilometre, while in mist
or haze you might be able to see as f ar as 10
kilometres.
W i ndy
A period during which there is gener ally much more
wind than is normal.
(continúa)
UNIT
34
15
Changeable
A per iod of several days during which there are a
series of large f luctuations bet ween clear or bright
conditions, and per iods of precipitat ion. The clear or
bright conditions may last as long as a day or t wo.
Overcast
The sky is totally covered with thick and opaque
clouds, around 100% cloud cover.
Cloudy
For a longer per iod during the day the sun is obscured
by clouds.
===
e.g. (exempli gratia)
whether
drizzl e
period
precipi tation
por ejemplo
condition
mostly
shower
to o ccur
condición
most of
patch
range
intensity
light
tempo ra ry
la mayor parte de
clea rance
to predo mina te
apart fro m
despeje
sunshine
brillo del sol, luz del s ol
si - sea que
llovizna
período
precipitaciones
principalmente
chaparrón
ocurrir
mancha
radio
intensidad
ligero - luz
pasajero
likely
district
term
reduction
visibility
probable
mi st
haze
changeabl e
seri es
nebl i na
fluctuation
overcas t
totally
thick
opaque
to obscu re
f l uct uaci ón
predominar
excepto
r egi ón
t ér mi no
r educci ón
vi s i bil i dad
br uma
var i abl e
s er i e - s uces i ón
cubi er t o (el ci el o)
t ot al ment e
es pes o
opaco
obs cur ar
UNIT
34
16
rain
l l uv ia
Rain is water that f alls f rom clouds in small drops.
snow
n iev e
Snow consists of a lot of sof t white bits of f rozen
water that f all f rom the sky in cold weather.
cloud
n u be
Cloud is a visible mass of water or ice particles in
the atmosphere f rom which rain and other f orms of
precipit ation f all.
f og
n ie b la
Fog is condensed water vapour in the air at or near
ground level.
clear sky
c i el o c l ar o - c ie l o d es p e j ad o
W hen the sky has no clouds.
dew
r oc í o
Dew is water droplets on cool outdoor surf aces:
Moisture f rom the air that has condensed as tiny
drops on outdoor obj ects and surf aces that have
cooled, especially during the night.
UNIT
34
17
avalanche
av a la nc ha - a l úd
A large body of snow, ice or rock and debris sliding
down a mountain.
cyclone
c ic ló n
A large-scale storm system with heavy r ain and
winds that rotate counter clockwise in the northern
hemisphere and clockwise in the souther n hemisphere
around and toward a low- pressur e centre.
anticyclone
an t ic ic l ó n
A high-pressure system that moves in a clock wise
motion. These br ing you sunny skies.
blizzard
tor m en t a de ni ev e
A severe snowstor m with strong winds and poor
visibilit y. For a snowstorm to be classif ied as a blizzard,
winds must exceed 56 km per hour and the temperature
must be -7° C
air pollution
po l uc ió n d e l a ir e
Chemicals or substances in the atmosphere that are
harmf ul to living things.
breeze
br is a
A light wind.
UNIT
34
18
f lood
i nu n dac i ón
It results f rom days of heavy rain and/or melting
snows, when river s rise and go over their banks.
lightning
r e lá m pa g o
Flashes of light seen in the sk y when there is a
discharge of atmospheric electricit y in the clouds or
bet ween clouds and the ground, usually occurring
during a thunderstor m.
hail
gr a n i zo
Hail consists of small balls of ice that f all like rain
f rom the sky.
rainbow
ar c o ir is
Rainbows are caused by the ref lection and
ref raction (bending) of sunlight passing through
raindrops.
sunrise
s a li d a d el s ol , a m an ec er
The time the sun appears above the horizon.
sunset
pu es ta d e l s o l
The time the sun disappears below the horizon.
UNIT
34
19
drop
got a
condition
condi ci ón
bit
t r oci t o
severe
i ncl ement e
frozen
helado (a dj.)
snowstorm
tormenta de nieve
mass
mas a
to cla ssify
cl as i fi car
particl e
par t í cul a
poor
es cas o - pobr e
atmosph ere
at mós f er a
visibility
vi s i bil i dad
condensed
vapour
condens ado
vapor
to exceed
chemi cals
exceder
s us t anci as
quí mi cas
level
ni vel
substance
s us t anci a
droplet
got i t a
harmful
dañi no
outdoor
ext er i or
light
l i ger o
surface
s uper f i ci e
to melt
der r et i r - s e
to cool
r ef r es car
bank
or i l l a (de r í o)
rock
r oca
discharg e
des car ga
debris
det r i t os
electrici ty
el ect ri ci dad
to slide
r es bal ar
to o ccur
ocur r i r
to rota te
clockwise
girar - dar vueltas
en el sentido de las
agujas del reloj
en el sentido
contrario al reloj
reflection
refra ction
r ef l ej o
r ef r acci ón
to bend
dobl ar
northern
s ept ent ri onal
to appea r
apar ecer
southern
mer i di onal
to disappea r
des apar ecer
hemisphere
hemi s f er i o
below
debaj o (de)
low-pressure
baj a pr es i ón
horizon
hor i z ont e
-7° C
7 gr ados cent í gr ados baj o cer o
counter clockwise
UNIT
34
20
Millie
Last Sunda y, soon af t er Rober t had g one t o t he bedr oom
f or his af t er noon nap, Mot her t elepho ned. I t wok e Robert
up, and of cour se, he was not am used.
di ver ti do
Mot her had t eleph o ned t o sa y t hat she was g oing t o vis it
us at f ive o’cl ock .
As Rober t was not i n a sple ndid m ood, I wa nt ed t o sa y,
“ O h, no! For heaven’s sak e don’t com e t oday, Mot her ! ”
But …we l l, you can ’t say such a t h ing t o your o wn m ot her ,
can you? So I j ust s aid, “ Ver y wel l, Mot her , I ’ll see you lat e r
t hen. G oodbye f or t he pr esent . ”
por ahor a
W e had had a lat e lunch and it was alr eady f our o’clock ,
so I q uick ly t idied t he f lat and r an downst air s t o t he lit t le
or dené
cak e shop at t he corner of t he st r eet , t o buy a f ew past r ies.
pas t el es
W hen I g ot back hom e, I f ound t hat Rober t had g ot up.
As soon a s he s a w t he lit t le par cel of cak es in m y hand,
he said, “W hat is t her e inside t hat par cel?”
“ I t houg ht you m ig ht lik e t o ha ve som e cak es wit h yo ur
t ea, Rober t , ” I said. ( No w I suppose you wil l t hink : “ Aha! So
Mi ll ie is a liar ! ” But , af t er all it wasn ’t a big lie, was it ? An d
if you wer e m ar r ie d t o Ro ber t , yo u m ig ht som et im es t ell
sm all lies t oo. ) W ell, m y l it t le lie seem ed t o put h im in a
bet t er m ood at once. He even sm iled, and beg an t o open
t he par cel of cak es.
“ Not now, dear , ” I said q uick ly. “ Let m e m ak e t he t ea
f ir st. ” But he was a lr ead y eat ing one of t he best cak es. I
was af r aid t hat he m ig ht eat t hem all bef or e Mot her cam e,
but in t hat m om ent she k nock ed at t he door .
(continúa)
ment i r os a - ment ir a
UNIT
34
(continuación)
21
Millie
Poor dear Mot her ! She has so l it t le m oney, but she ha d
boug ht us a pr esent !
“ I ’ve g ot a nice sur pr ise f or you, ” she said. “ I boug ht it at
a bar g ain sal e. ” An d she beg an t o op en a ver y b ig , f lat
par cel t hat she was car r ying .
“ No w, Mot her , ” I said, “ I ’m ver y g r at ef ul t o you, and I ’m
sur e t hat Rober t wi ll be, t oo, but you oug ht not t o spend
your m one y on pr esent s f or us. You have so lit t le. ”
“ Just wait t il l you ha ve seen it , ” she said .
W ell, g uess what it was! A lo ve l y p ict u r e f or t he wal l of
our li vi ng r oom ! And t he subj ect of t he pict ur e was so
t ema
pleas ing ! T wo dear l it t le bir ds eat ing cher r ies!
cer ez as
Rober t was st i ll in t he k it chen, eat ing t he cak es, and I
was in suc h a hur r y t o show him t he pi ct ur e t hat I went t o
t he k it chen wit h it .
“ Look what m ot her has boug ht us! ” I exc laim ed. “ A
pict ur e f or our livi ng r oom ! And in such a pr et t y f r am e t oo! ”
mar co
I t houg ht t hat he wo uld be j ust as ple as ed as I was. B ut ,
inst ead, he j ust said loudl y, wit h an ir oni c expr essio n on his
f ace, “ Bir ds! Sent im ent al r ubbis h! As if you didn ’t bot h k no w
t hat I hat e bir ds, wit h t heir hor r ible no is y sing ing . Do you
t hink t hat I want t o see t hose t wo r i di culous b ir ds on t he
wal l in f r ont of m e, at br eakf ast , lunch and dinner ?”
“ O h, Rober t , ” I said, “ please be q uiet ! Mot her wi ll hea r
you! ”
(continúa)
en voz al t a
UNIT
34
(continuación)
22
M i ll i e
But she ha d a lr ead y hear d h im and c am e st r aig ht int o t he
k it chen.
No w, alt houg h, at t i m es, Mot her can be q uit e as dif f icult
t o deal wit h as Rob er t , t her e ar e m om ent s, t oo, when s he
can be ver y, ver y di g nif ied. And she wa s dig nif ied now.
di gno
“ You don’t seem t o be in a ver y g ood m ood, Rober t , ” she
said, “ or m aybe yo u ar en’t we ll. I f t hat is t he case, g o t o
s i es as í
bed, if you want t o. I shan’t be of f ended. Af t er all, t his is
your o wn hom e, and you ar e m y daug ht er ’s husband. I ’m
not j ust a per son that you har dl y k now, am I ? I can q uite
under st and t hat you don’t want t o t alk , if you ar en’t wel l.
Per haps you ha ve c aug ht a cold. T he w eat her has be en so
bad all t he week , hasn’t it ? So r ain y and cold. ”
Rober t didn’t sa y a wor d, and I f elt so pr oud of Mot her .
Sudden l y, as if she had j ust r em ember ed it , Mot he r
pick ed up t he pict ure.
r ecogi ó
“ And it seem s, t oo, t hat you don’t lik e t he pr esent , ” she
said. “W hat a pit y! Mi ll ie an d I ar e bot h ver y f ond of bir ds.
Most people ar e. Bu t if you lik e, I can go back t o t he shop
and ask if t hey wil l chang e it . But f or t he pr ice t hat I paid
t her e wer e on l y pict ur es of bir ds or anim als. So what anim al
would yo u pr ef er ? A m onk ey, per haps? O r a hyena? O r a
cr ocodile ?”
Poor Rober t st ood t her e in absol ut e si lence, j ust lik e a
child t hat had been scolded.
(continúa)
UNIT
34
(continuación)
23
M i ll i e
Mot her went a wa y soon af t er t hat , alt houg h I t r ied t o
per suade her t o r e m ain f or a lit t le whi le. And she t ook t he
pict ur e wit h her . I was t er r ibl y sor r y about t hat , because I
want ed so m uch t o keep it .
A
f ew
da ys
lat e r
she
cam e
ag a in
sa ying
t hat ,
unf ort unat ely, al l t he anim al pict ur es ha d alr ead y been sold.
“ But I m anag ed t o get t his f or you inst ead, ” she said, and
opening a par ce l, s he sho wed m e a b ig dog m ade of wood,
wit h yel lo w g lass e yes and a f ur ious expr ession. I t s m out h
was open, sho wing all it s t eet h.
“ I hope Rober t wil l l i k e t his, ” she said.
I was t oo ast onished t o speak.
She put t he dog down on t he t able and soon went a wa y.
W hen Rober t cam e hom e at lunch t im e, I said, “ Mot her
couldn ’t g et anot her pict ur e. So she br oug ht t hat dog . She
says t hat she hopes you wi l l lik e it . ”
Rober t at e his l unc h in abso lut e si lenc e. W e have ne ver
had such a peacef ul m eal.
tranquilo
But t he next day t he dog had disappear ed. At f ir st I
t houg ht t hat Rober t m ust have t hr own it awa y, but a day or
t wo lat er I f ound it on a sh elf in our l it t le lum ber r oom . And
it look s so ang r y t h at I f eel r eal l y af r aid ever y t im e t hat I
have t o g o t her e.
repisa
UNIT
34
24
A letter from a di fficult to pl ease bachel or
to his best friend:
s ol t er o
Dear Jam es,
I have decided t o m ar r y. So I have wr it t en t he nam es of
all t he g ir ls t hat I k now in a lit t le n ot e- book . T her e ar e
about t went y nam es in al l.
Ever y e ven ing , whe n m y wor k is over , I sit in m y r oom
and ask m yse lf wh i ch of t hese g ir ls wo uld b e t he best wif e
f or m e.
I t ak e each g ir l in t ur n and t r y t o r em em ber all t hat I can
about her - a l l t he t hing s t hat she has said t o m e, t he k ind
of clot hes t hat she wear s, if she seem s t o be e xt r avag ant or
econom ical, if she is vain, or conceit ed, or boastf ul.
If I r em em ber anyt hing about her t hat disp leases m e, I
sim pl y cr oss out her nam e.
engr eí da presumida
borro
So f ar I have cr oss ed out f if t een nam es. No w onl y f ive
r em ain, but it is so har d t o m ak e up m y m ind!
I don’t want a wif e who e xpect s m e t o spend m oney o n
her f r om m or ning t o nig ht . T he k ind of wif e who is al wa ys
saying , “ Buy m e t his! Buy m e t hat ! G ive m e som e m oney! I
want t o have a look at t hat barg ain sale. ”
And I don’t want a wif e who beha ves li k e a baby eit her .
T he sor t of wif e who beg ins t o cr y if you s peak t o her
clase
sever e l y, or who m ak es a f uss about nothing .
No, indee d! I want a q uiet , m odest , ser ious wif e whos e
onl y t houg ht is t o mak e m e happy.
She m ust g et up at dawn and spend t he day cook ing ,
clean ing and put t ing t he house in or der .
W hen I com e hom e in t he e veni ng she m ust r eceive m e
wit h a sm ile. I don’t wa nt t o hear any com plaint s or bad
ne ws when I ent er the house.
(continúa)
quejas
UNIT
34
25
A Di ff i cul t t o Pl ease Bachel or .
If , f or exam ple , she has cut her f ing er , I am not t o
blam e, and I don’t want t o hear a sing le wor d about it .
If she beg ins t ell in g m e t hat she has hur t her self in an y
wa y, I shall j ust s ay, “ List en, m y de ar , if you have cut
your se lf , or bur nt yo ur self , it isn’t m y f ault , is it ? I t ’s no us e
t e has quemado
cr ying about it . Cr yi ng won ’t help yo u, wil l it ? T his t im e ne xt
week you wil l ha ve f or g ott en about it . But cr y if you want t o.
I t ’s all t he sam e t o m e. ”
O h yes. I shall al wa ys be ver y f irm wit h her in such
m at t er s. I am a ver y sensit i ve per son, you see. I sim pl y
f i r me
as unt os
cannot bear t o he ar people t alk ab out cut f ing er s, or
headaches, or t hing s of t hat k ind. I t m ak es m e f eel r eall y i ll !
I j ust can’t bear it , and t hat ’s t hat .
But wom en ar e al wa ys com p lain ing , ar en’t t hey? S o I
m ust choose m y br ide ver y car ef ully. I must n’t be in a hur r y.
es pos a
I don’t want t o d isco ver , soon af t er t he weddi ng , t hat I
have m ade a big m ist ak e. But I ’m t ir ed of being sing le, so
let m e have anot her look at m y not ebook . . .
Jam es r epl i es:
Dear Rolf ,
I ’m af r aid, m y dear f r iend, t hat wit h your o ld f ashioned,
and above all se lf ish ideas, you ’l l r em ain a bachelor f or t he
r est of your lif e.
egoí s t a
UNIT
34
26
The Cl ever Q ueen
Long, long ag o t her e li ved a poor old peasant
who had onl y one da ug ht er and no one else in t he
wor ld.
He was sim ple and i g nor ant , but his daug ht er
was so wise and cle ver t hat she could f ind a wa y
out of any dif f icult y, and t houg h she had never
been t o school, she could ans wer an y q uest ion
t hat was put t o her , as we ll as if she had been a
uni ver sit y pr of essor .
O ne beaut if ul m orning in spr ing t he King
happened t o pass by t heir poor lit t le cot t ag e. He
was r iding a splend i d wh it e hor se and was
sur r ounded by a lar g e g r oup of noble la dies and
g ent lem en, who wer e also r iding m ag nif icent
hor ses.
campes i no
encont r ar una s ol uci ón
aunque
cas i t a de campo
nobl es
T hey wer e on t heir wa y t o t he near by woods
wher e t hey wer e g oi ng t o have a picn ic.
cer canos bos ques
Behind t hem cam e t hr ee big cart s in wh ich
t her e wer e a lar g e num ber of ser vant s and sever a l
enor m ous bask et s f ull of f ood and wine f or t he
picnic.
car r os
Hear ing t he sound of so m any hor ses, t he old
peasant cam e out of his cot t ag e and st ood g azing
in adm ir at ion at all t he r ichl y dr essed pe ople and
t he King wit h his g ol den cr own.
T he whole ca va lca de had st opped f or a m om ent ,
so t hat t he King could adm ir e t he vie w. S o t he
peasant was able t o appr oach t hem and ask f or
alm s.
mi r ando f i j ament e
cor ona
panor ama
acer car s e
pedi r l i mos nas
(continúa)
UNIT
34
27
The Cl ever Q ueen
Alt houg h he was p la inl y on l y an ig nor ant peasant ,
cl ar ament e
t her e was so m uch dig nit y in h is m anner , and he
modal es
bo wed so cor r ect ly, t hat t he King ask ed him wh er e hi z o una r ever enci a
he had lear nt t o behave so we ll.
“ My daug ht er t eaches m e how t o beha ve, Your
Maj est y, ” r eplied t he old m an.
“T hen your daug hter m ust be a ver y cl ever
wom an, ” said t he King wit h a sm ile.
“ She is t he wisest wom an in t he wor ld, ” said t he
old m an.
T he King and t he cour t ier s laug hed hear t il y at
t his r em ark .
T hen t he King , wh o was ver y f ond of pla ying
cr uel t r ick s on people, or der ed one of t he ser vant s
ef us i vament e
obs er vaci ón
l e gus t aba mucho
br omas
t o t ak e t hir t y egg s f rom one of t he f ood bask et s.
“Give these thirty eggs to your clever daughter,”
said the King, “and say that I want her to hatch
empol l ar
thirty chicks from them. It will be a very easy task
pol l i t os - t ar ea
for The W isest W oman in the W orld, as you call her.
W hen she br ing s the t hir t y chick s t o t he palace,
she shall be su it abl y r ewar ded f or her t r ouble. But
adeguadament e
if she f ails t o br ing exact l y t hir t y chick s, you shal l
s i no l o cons i gue
bot h be sever el y pu nished - you, because you
ar e a vain o ld boast er and she, because she
pr es umi do - f anf arr ón
allo ws you t o boast about her .
And laug hing heart il y t he King r ode on, f ollo wed
by al l t he cour t ier s.
cor t es anos
(continúa)
UNIT
34
28
The Cl ever Q ueen
W hen t he g ir l saw t he
under st ood what a cr uel
her , f or all t he egg s had
could chick s be hat ched
egg s she at once
t r ick had been pla yed on
been boi led! So how
f r om t hem ?
But she was not af r aid. She q uick ly boi led som e
beans and t old her f at her t o dig a hole by t he side
of t he r oad. W hen t he King and his cour t ier s cam e
r iding back f r om t he woods, she said t hat her
f at her was t o k neel do wn besid e t he hol e and put
t he beans int o it . T hen he had t o say lou dl y, “W ell,
I hope t hat I shall get a g ood cr op f r om t hese
boil ed beans. ”
por que
al ubi as - cavar
debí a ar r odi ll ar s e
cos echa
W hen t he King hear d t hese wor ds, he laug hed in
scor n.
des pr eci o
“ How can you e xp ect a cr op f r om boiled beans,
you o ld f ool?” he said cont em pt uously.
es per ar
des deños ament e
Having pr evious l y been inst r uct ed by his
daug ht er , t he old man r eplied car e lessl y, “W hy
not , Your Maj est y? No wada ys, it seem s, people
can even hat ch chic k s f r om boiled eg g s.”
T he capr icious Ki ng was so pleased a nd
am used by t his r epl y, t hat he t old one of t he
ser vant s t o g ive t he peasant a t iny bunc h of f lax.
“T ell yo ur daug hter not t o wor r y ab ou t hat ching
t he chick s, ” he said. “ She m ay do wh at ever she
pleases wit h t he eggs. But I want her t o m ak e all
t he sails necessar y f or a big ship. She is t o m ak e
t hem f r om t his bunch of f lax and t hey m ust be
r eady t he da y af t er tom or r ow.
di ver ti do
un manoj i t o de l i no
vel as - debe
(continúa)
UNIT
34
29
The Cl ever Q ueen
Br ing t he f inished sails t o t he palace b ef or e
nig htf all t he day af t er t om orr ow, unless you wish
t o be sever el y pun is hed f or all your boas t ing about
your daug ht er ’s wis dom . ”
a menos que
s abi dur í a
And he g alloped a wa y, f ollo wed b y a ll t he
laug hing cour t ier s.
T he peasant went weepi ng t o his daught er and
t old her all.
She r em ained q uit e calm and af t er r ef lect ing f or
a m om ent , g ave her f at her a t iny ch ip of wood.
“G o af t er t he King , at once, ” she said. You
cannot hope t o cat ch up wit h him of cour se, but if
you wa lk f ast , you can r each t he palace by
t om or r ow m or ning . G ive t his chi p of wood t o t he
King and say t hat I want t he r oyal car pe nt er s t o
m ak e m e a spinning wheel and a we a vin g loom out
of t his chip of wood. T hen, if t he wheel a nd t he
loom ar e r eady b y t om or r ow evening , I prom ise t o
spin, wea ve and st it ch t he sails wit hi n t he
appoint ed t im e. ”
W hen t he King r ecei ved t his m essag e he was so
delig ht ed by t he g ir l’ s q uick wit t hat he told her
f at her t o br ing her to t he palace.
W hen she cam e int o his pr esence, he sa w t hat
she was as bea ut if ul as she was cle ver . Her
g olden hair hung t o her k nees in t wo t hick plait s,
and her eyes wer e l i k e deep blue sapphi r es, whi le,
in spit e of her poor clot hes and r oug h, clum sy
shoes, she wa lk ed and m oved wit h t he d ig nit y of a
q ueen and t he g r ace of a dancer .
l l or ando
t r oci t o
det r ás
al canz ar l e
car pi nt er os
r ueca - t el ar
hi l ar , t ej er y cos er
es t abl eci do
i ngeni o
pr es enci a
col gaban - t r enz as
pr of undo - z af ir os
no obs t ant e - bur dos
gr aci a
(continúa)
UNIT
34
30
The Cl ever Q ueen
“T her e is no one lik e her in t he wor ld, ” t houg ht
t he King , “ and if she can answer t he r idd le t hat I
wil l ask her , she wil l be m y wif e. ”
acer t ij o
“ Maiden, ” he ask ed her t hen, “ what is it t hat can
be hear d at t he g r eat est dist ance?”
And wit hout a m om ent of hesit at ion, she r eplied,
“ A lie, Sir e. ”
muchacha
vaci l aci ón
ment i r a
“ Maiden, ” said t he King , “ you wil l be m y wif e. ”
She bowed lo w, s aying sim ply, “ I f t hat is your
wil l Sir e, pr om ise m e one t hing , on your honour of
King : If one day you f ind t hat you ar e t ired of m e
and banish m e f r om your cour t , allo w m e t o t ak e
wit h m e any one t hi ng t hat I m ay choose as a
souve nir of m y lost happiness. ”
des eo Señor
me eches
T he King laug hed.
“ Such a day wil l never com e, ” he said. But t o
please her , he wr ot e t he pr om ise on a par chm ent
and g ave it t o her t o k eep.
per gami no
T hey wer e soon m ar r ied and t he King told his
wif e t hat her f at her, t oo, m ig ht com e and li ve at
t he palace.
But t he new q ueen r ef used t his f avour . Her
wisdom t old her t hat a m an so f ull of capr icious
f ancies as her new husband was, m ig ht at f ir st be
am used by her f at her ’s sim ple wa ys but would
pr obabl y ver y soo n becom e t ir ed of t hem . So she
f elt t hat it would be m uch wis er t o leave t he old
m an in his hum ble cot t ag e.
f avor
s abi dur í a
ant oj os
modal es
humi l de
(continúa)
UNIT
34
31
The Cl ever Q ueen
W it h t he m oney t hat t he King g ave her t o buy
her self tr ink et s, she boug ht her f at her war m
wool len clot hes f or the wint er , a car pet , a big ar mchair wit h sof t cushions, a m att r ess st uf f ed wit h
f eat her s and m any ot her comf or t s, so t hat he was
f ar happier in his co t t ag e t han he would have be en
in t he palace, despi sed by al l t he cour t ier s and
laug hed at by t he ser vant s.
bar at i j as
al f ombr a
r el l eno
pl umas
des pr eci ado
At f ir st t he King was ver y happ y wit h h is ne w
wif e. Fr om m or ning to nig ht he passed his t im e
in vent ing dif f icult q uest ions t o ask her, and
delig ht ing in her br il liant ans wer s.
But at last , as she had f or eseen, he becam e
t ir ed of t his past im e.
pr evi s t o
Finall y t he da y cam e when he or der ed her t o
lea ve t he palace an d g o back t o her f ather ’s
cot t ag e - f or ever .
“ As you please, Si r e, ” she said calm ly. “ Allo w
m e only, I beg you, to r em ain her e t ill t om or r ow
m or ning , so t hat we m ay t ak e our evenin g m eal
t og et her, as usual. I pr om ise not t o speak one
wor d t o you. ”
W it h cold indif f er ence t he King g r ant ed her
r eq uest . So, in absolut e silen ce, t hey t ook t heir
last m eal t og et her.
concedi ó
W hen t he last cour se had been ser ved , t he k ing
g ot up, wit h a ya wn, and went t o his bed r oom . He
suddenl y f elt ver y wear y.
pl at o
bos t ez o
cans ado
T he m om ent t hat his head t ouched t he pil lo w, he
f ell asleep.
al mohada
s e dur mi ó
(continúa)
UNIT
34
32
The Cl ever Q ueen
Af t er som e hour s had passed, a g leam of
candle lig ht wok e hi m . Slowl y he sat up, r ubbing
his eyes.
br i l l o
f r ot ándos e
But what had happened? Ho w ha d his gr eat
bedr oom becom e so sm all? W her e wer e t he
splend id paint ing s? W her e was t he m agnif icent
f ur nit ur e?
“W her e am I ?” cr ied t he King .
T hen he saw t hat his wif e was k neeli n g beside
t he bed. She was on ce ag ain dr essed in her
sim ple peasant ’ s clo t hes, and in her hand she held
a r oll of par chm ent .
“ Do not be angr y, dear est husband, ” she said
sweet l y. Read her e, on t his par chm ent , your
wr it t en pr om ise. You said t hat if you ever
banished m e, you would al lo w m e t o t ake awa y
wit h m e what e ver t hi ng I lik ed m ost in t he palace.
I neit her lik e nor love anyt hi ng in t he wh ole wor ld
as m uch as I love yo u. So t onig ht I put a sleep ing
po wder in your win e , so t hat you m ig ht not wak e
as t he car r iag e br oug ht you her e t o m y f at her ’s
cot t ag e. A King m ay not br eak his wor d. I have
t ak en t he t hing t hat I lik e m ost . W ill you not let m e
k eep it ?”
T he King suddenly f elt his har d, pr oud hear t
m elt ing at t he t hought of t he devot ion wi t h whic h
she had r epaid his c r uelt y. And he was d elig ht ed
t oo, t o see t hat even in such a desper at e m om ent
she had been as cle ver as al wa ys in f inding a wa y
out of her dif f icult ies.
ar r odi l l ada
r ol l o
pol vo
coche
f al t ar a l a pal abr a
der r et i rs e
devuel t o
una s ol uci ón
(continúa)
UNIT
34
33
The Cl ever Q ueen
“ My dear , cle ver wif e, ” he said t ender ly, “ you
wil l ind eed k eep m e, and I wil l k eep you. T om orr ow
we r et ur n t o t he palace t og et her. ”
And f r om t hat day on, so t he st or y says, he
lo ved her wit h al l hi s hear t , and m or e wi t h ever y
year t hat passed.
The End
con ternura
UNIT
34
34
Vocabulary
- 7° C
a w a y out
absolutel y
to add
air pollution
amused
ankle
antic yclone
apart from
appointed
to argue
arithmetic
atmosphere
to attach
a valanche
a verage
bachelor
to banish
bank
bargain
bargain sale
beans
below
to bend
binding
bit
blizzard
blood vessel
boaster
to bow
7 gr ados cent í gr ados baj o cer o
E wei aut
AbsElu:tli
tu Ad
eE p Elu:S En
Emju:zd
ANkEl
Antisaikloun
Epa:t from
Epointid
tu a:gju:
EriTm Etik
AtmEsfiE
tu EtAtS
AvEla:ntS
AvEridZ
bAtSElE
tu bAniS
bANk
ba:gin
ba:gin s eil
bi:nz
bilou
tu bend
baindiN
bit
blizEd
blúd ves El
boustE
tu bau
una s ol uci ón
abs ol ut ament e
añadi r
pol uci ón del ai r e
di ver ti do
t obi l l o
ant i ci cl ón
además de
es t abl eci do
di s cut ir
ar i t mét ica
at mós f er a
at ar , s uj et ar
aval ancha, al úd
medi o, pr omedi o
s ol t er o
echar - des t er r ar
or i l l a (de r í o)
oferta, ganga
venta de rebajas
al ubi as
baj o
dobl ar
encuader naci ón
t r oci t o
t or ment a de ni eve
vas o s anguí neo
f anf ar r ón
hacer una r ever enci a
UNIT
34
35
Vocabulary
breeze
bright
bunch
to burst
carpenter
carpet
carriage
cart
to catch up
certainl y
changeable
chemicals
cherr y
chick
chicken coop
to choose
to classify
clear
clearance
clockw ise
bri:z
brait
búntS
tu b¨:st
ka:pint E
ka:pit
kAridZ
ka:t
to kAtS úp
s¨:tEnli
tSeindZ Ebl
kemiklz
tSeri
tSik
tSikin ku:p
tu tSu:z
tu klAsifai
kliE
kliErEns
klokwaiz
cloudy
clums y
conclusion
condensed
condition
contemptuousl y
to cool
cord
costume jew ellery
cottage
klaudi
klúmzi
kEnklu:Z En
kEnd enst
kEndiS En
kEntem ptSuEsli
tu ku:l
ko:d
br i s a
br i l l ant e
manoj o
r event ar
car pi nt er o
al f ombr a
coche de cabal l os
car r o
al canz ar
s egur ament e
var i abl e
s us t anci as quí mi cas
cer ez a
pol l i t o
gal l i ner o
el egi r
cl as i fi car
cl ar o, des pej ado
despeje
en el sentido de las agujas
del reloj
nubl ado
bur do
concl us i ón
condens ado
condi ci ón
des deños ament e
r ef r es car
cuer da
kos t j u:m dZu: Elr i
bi s ut erí a
kotidZ
cas i t a de campo
UNIT
34
36
Vocabulary
counter clockwise
kauntE klokwaiz
en el sentido contrari o al
reloj
courtier
to cross out
crow n
c ycl one
daw n
da ylight
debris
deep
to despise
dew
dirt
discharge
discount
district
dress material
drizzle
drop
droplet
dusk
electricity
eleva tor
to exceed
exquisite
to fail
fanc y
fa vour
feather
figure
flax
ko:tiE
tu kros aut
krau n
saikloun
do:n
deilait
deibri
di:p
tu dispai z
dju:
d¨:t
distSa:dZ
diskaunt
distrikt
dres m Eti Eri El
drizEl
drop
dropl Et
dúsk
ilektrisiti
eliveit E
tu iksi:d
ekskwi zit
tu feil
fAnsi
feiv E
feT E
figE
flAks
cor t es án
bor r ar
cor ona
ci cl ón
al ba, amanecer
l uz del dí a
det r i t os
pr of undo
des pr eci ar
r ocí o
t i er r a - s uci edad
des car ga
des cuent o
di s t r it o
t ej i do
llovizna
got a
got i t a
at ar decer , cr epúscol o
el ect ri ci dad
as cens or ( U S A )
exceder de/ en
exqui s it o
f r acas ar
f ant as í a
f avor
pl uma
ci f r a
l i no
UNIT
34
37
Vocabulary
flint stone
flood
fluctuati on
fog
for sale
for the present
forecast
to forecast
to foresee
frame
frost
frozen
to gaze
gleam
goods
grace
to grant
harmful
to hatch
haze
healthy
heartil y
height
hemisphere
hesitation
horizon
huge
humble
intensit y
flint stoun
flúd
flúktSu eiSEn
fog
fE s eil
fE T E p rezEnt
fo:ka:st
tu fo:k a:st
tu fo:si:
freim
frost
frou zEn
tu gei z
gli:m
gudz
greis
tu gra:nt
ha:mful
tu hAtS
heiz
hel † i
ha:tili
hait
hemisfi E
hesiteiS En
hEraizEn
hju:dZ
húmbEl
intensiti
pi edr a de l umbr e
i nundaci ón
f l uct uaci ón
ni ebl a
en vent a
por ahor a, por l o pr ont o
pr evi s i ón
pr ever
pr ever
mar co
es car cha, hel ada
hel ado ( a d j e t i v o )
mi r ar f i j amente
br i l l o, dest ell o
mer cancí as
gr aci a
conceder
dañi no
empol l ar
br uma
s ano
ef us i vament e
al t ur a
hemi s f er i o
vaci l aci ón
hor i z ont e
i nmens o
humi l de
intensidad
UNIT
34
38
Vocabulary
ironic
to kneel
latel y
latter
leather
le vel
liar
light
likel y
low
low -pressure
maiden
manner
mass
to melt
mind
mist
mood
most of
mostl y
noble
northern
to obscure
to occur
opaque
outdoor
overcast
parchment
partial
particle
aironik
tu ni:l
leitli
lAtE
leTE
levEl
laiE
lait
laikli
lou
lou-preS E
meidEn
mAnE
mAs
tu melt
maind
mist
mu:d
moust ov
moustli
noubEl
no:TEn
tu obskju E
tu Ek¨:
oupeik
autdo:
ouvEk a:st
pa:tSmEnt
pa:Sel
pa:tikEl
i r óni co
ar r odi l l ar s e
úl t i mament e, r eci ent ement e
úl t i mo, s egundo (de dos )
cuer o, pi el
ni vel
ment i r os o
ligero - luz
probable
baj o
baj a pr es i ón
muchacha
modal es
mas a
der r et i r - s e
ment e
nebl i na
humor
la mayor parte de
principalmente
nobl e ( a d j e t i v o )
s ept ent ri onal
obs cur ar
ocurrir
opaco
ext er i or
cubi er t o ( e l c i e l o )
per gami no
par ci al
par t í cul a
UNIT
34
39
Vocabulary
pastries
patch
peasant
period
pillow
plainl y
plait
poor
precipitation
to predominate
presence
pressure
price tag
purchase
to purchase
range
to reduce
reduced
reduction
reflection
refraction
remark
riddle
to rise
rock
roll
to rotate
to rub
running w ater
sale
peistri z
pAtS
pezEnt
piEri Ed
pilou
pleinli
plAt
puE
prisipiteiS En
tu pridomin eit
prezens
preS E
prais tAg
p¨:tSis
tu p¨:tSis
reind Z
tu ridju:s
ridju:st
ridúkS En
riflekSEn
rifrAk SEn
rima:k
ridEl
tu rai z
rok
roul
tu rout eit
tu rúb
rúniN wo:tE
seil
pas t el es
mancha
campes i no
período
al mohada
cl ar ament e
t r enz a
es cas o - pobr e
precipitaciones
predominar
pr es enci a
pr es i ón
et i quet a de preci o
compr a
compr ar
radio
r educi r
r educi do
r educci ón
r ef l ej o
r ef r acci ón
obs er vaci ón
acer t ij o
s al i r ( e l s o l , l a l u n a )
r oca
r ol l o
gi r ar , dar vuelt as
f r ot ar - se
agua cor r i ent e
vent a
UNIT
34
40
Vocabulary
sapphire
scorn
seasonal
to sell off
sentimental
series
severe
shopkeeper
show er
sight
sire
to slide
slightl y
to slip back
snow storm
southern
spell
to spin
to stitch
stock
stuffe d
substance
suitabl y
sunrise
sunshine
surface
task
temporar y
tenderl y
term
sAfai E
sko:n
si:zEn El
tu sel o f
sentiment El
siEri: z
siviE
Sopki:pE
SauE
sait
saiE
tu slaid
slaitli
tu slip bAk
snou sto:m
súTen
spel
tu spin
tu stitS
stok
stúft
súbstEns
su:tEbli
súnrai z
súnSain
s¨:fis
ta:sk
tempErEri
tendEli
t¨:m
z af i r o
des pr eci o
es t aci onal
l i qui dar
s ent i ment al
s er i e, s ucesi ón
i ncl ement e
t ender o
chaparrón
panor ama
s eñor
r es bal ar
l i ger ament e
vol ver
t or ment a de ni eve
mer i di onal
per í odo
hi l ar
cos er
exi s t enci as , s t ock
r el l eno
s ubs t anci a
adeguadament e
s al i da del s ol , amanecer
luz del sol
s uper f i ci e
t ar ea
pasajero
con t er nur a
t ér mi no
UNIT
34
41
Vocabulary
terrace
that is
thick
thief
thie ves
ticket
to tidy
tiny
total
totall y
touch
to tremble
trick
trinket
tw ilight
underw ear
unlikel y
useless
value
vapour
visibilit y
to w eave
w esterl y
w hether
w ill
w indy
w isdom
w it
w ood
yaw n
teris
TAt iz
† ik
† i:f
†i :vz
tikit
tu taidi
taini
toutEl
toutEli
tútS
tu tremb El
trik
triNkit
twailait
úndEweE
únlaikli
ju:slEs
vAlju:
veipE
vizibiliti
tu wi:v
west Eli
weT E
wil
windi
wizd Em
wit
wud
jo:n
t er r az a
es deci r
es pes o
l adr ón
l adr ones
bi l l et e; mul t a
or denar , ar r egl ar
mi nús col o
t ot al
t ot al ment e
cont act o
t embl ar
br oma - t r uco
bar at i j a
at ar decer
r opa i nt er i or
i mpr obabl e
i nút i l
val or
vapor
vi s i bil i dad
t ej er
occi dent al
si - sea que
des eo - vol unt ad
vent os o
s abi dur í a
i ngeni o - i nt eli genci a
bos que - mader a
bos t ez o

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