An English-Spanish glossary of terminology

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An English-Spanish glossary of terminology
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~ United States
[~)) Department of
~ Agriculture
Forest Service
Rocky Mountain
Forest and Range
Experiment Station
Fort Collins,
Colorado 80526
AN ENGLISH-SPANISH GLOSSARY
OF TERMINOLOGY USED IN
FORESTRY, RANGE, WILDLIFE, FISHERY,
SOILS, AND BOTANY
General Technical
Report RM-152
GLOSARIO EN INGLES·ESPANOL
DE TERMINOLOGIA USADOS EN
FORESTALES, PASTIZALES, FAUNA SILVESTRE,
PESQUERIA, SUELOS, Y BOTANICA
ABSTRACT
The English-Spanish/Spanish-English equivalent translations of scientific and management terms
(jargon) commonly used in the field of natural resource management are presented. The glossary is useful
in improving communications and fostering understanding between Spanish- and English-speaking persons.
Key Words:
Bilingual glossary, animal names, botany, fishery, forestry, range, soils, wildlife
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
RECONOCIMIENTO
This glossary has required considerable time
in preparation by some people. Special
recognition for the successful completion of this
work is given to Penny Medina for her assistance
in translating scientific articles, Diane Prince
and Josephine Gomez for their part in manuscript
preparation and editing, the Mexican scientists
for their reviews, and to David Patton for his
support.
Este glosario ha requerido bastante tiempo
de preparaci6n en parte de varias personas.
Reconocimiento especiales por acabamiento dichoso
de este trabajo se da a Penny Medina por su
asistencia en traducir artfculos de ciencia,
Diane Prince y Josephine Gomez por su parte en
preparaci6n y compilaci6n del manuscrito, los
cientfficos mexicanos por su revistas, y David
Patton por su apoyo.
USDA Forest Service
General Technical Report RM·152
January 1988
AN ENGLISH-SPANISH GLOSSARY OF TERMINOLOGY
USED IN FORESTRY, RANGE, WILDLIFE, FISHERY,
SOILS, AND BOTANY
GLOSARIO EN INGLES·ESPANOL DE TERMINOLOGIA
USADOS EN FORESTALES, PASTIZALES, FAUNA SILVESTRE,
PESQUERIA, SUELOS, Y BOTANICA
Alvin Leroy Medina, Range Scientist
Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station 1
1
Headquarters is in Fort Collins, in cooperation with Colorado State University. The author is stationed in
Tempe, in cooperation with Arizona State University.
FOREWORD
Recent symposia, such as Wildlife and Range
Research Needs in Northern Mexico and
Southwestern United States--1981, and Management
and Utilization of Arid Land Plants - 1985,
sponsored by the National Institute of Forestry
Research of the Subsecretariat of Forestry and
Wildlife, Secretariat of Agriculture and Water
Resources of Mexico and the U.S. Department of
Agriculture, Forest Service have made valuable
contributions to the exchange of scientific and
technical information regarding management of
natural resources. These symposia were part of a
continuing agreement between respective agencies
to enhance professional capabilities through
technology transfer activities. A receptive
atmosphere of cooperation has resulted from such
activities for the mutual benefit of Mexican and
American scientists.
management terms commonly used in the disciplines
of forestry, range management, wildlife
management, fisheries, soils and botany. Terms
were selected on the basis of common usage and
difficulty of translation from various scientific
and technical articles which appeared in
professional journals, such as Journal of
Wildlife Management, Forest Science, Soil
Science, Journal of Range Management, Ecology,
Ciencia Forestal, and others. Scientific terms
are introduced into common usage every time new
concepts are formulated, and as such an update of
new terminology is needed periodically. While no
attempt is made to cover the entire scope of
scientific terminology of the respective
disciplines, it is anticipated that this glossary
will be useful in improving communications and
foster understanding between Spanish- and
English-speaking persons as well as to serve as a
starting point for developing a common
understanding of technical terms.
Despite individual efforts to understand and
communicate the relevance of these symposia, the
language barrier often precludes an effective
interchange of ideas. In addition, the
specialized meanings of scientific jargon are
lost when translated into terms with socialogical
connotation. Quite often a given term may have
different meanings to a forester, soil scientist
or wildlife manager. In order for a listener to
receive a clear understanding of the
problem being discussed, the translator needs to
be familiar with the scientific terminology
relevant to the specialized topics.
The glossary is composed of two sections.
Section one contains the English to Spanish
translations, and section two the Spanish to
English. Each section is divided into seven
subsections, each of which is devoted to terms
used within a particular discipline. The text is
arranged alphabetically within sections beginning
with the English or Spanish keyword, followed by
the equivalent translation.
It is understood that some persons may
disagree with some terms due to their usage of
other similar jargon, but at least they will be
aware of its use in other regions and
disciplines.
The purpose of this glossary is to present
to translators, scientists, resource managers,
administrators and others the Spanish-English
equivalent translations of scientific and
ii
PRO LOGO
usan en las disciplinas de forestales, manejo de
pastizales, manejo de fauna silvestre, pesqueria,
suelos y botanfca. Los terminos fueron
seleccionados en base al uso comun y dif icultad
de traducci6n, de varios articulos cientificos y
tecnicos que aparecieron en revistas
profesionales, como Revista de Manejo de Fauna
Silvestre, Ciencia Forestal (Mexicana y
Americana), Ciencia de Suelos, Revista de Manejo
de Pastizales, Ecologia y otros. Terminos
cientif icos son introducidos al uso comun cada
vez que conceptos nuevos son formulados, por lo
que se requiere poner al dia los terminos nuevos
peri6dicamente. Cuando ningun intento se hace de
cubrir totalmente la esfera de terminologia
cientifica de las respectivas disciplinas, es
anticipado que este glosario sea util para
aumentar las comunicaciones y animar
entendimientos entre personas de lengua espaftol
y ingles y tambien servir como un punto de
partida para el desarrollo de un entendimiento de
terminos tecnicos.
Reciente simposios (Reunion Sobre La Fauna y
Su Medio Arnbiente, Noroeste de Mexico y Suroeste
Estados Unidos de America 1981; Reuni6n Sobre
Manejo y Utilizaci6n de las Plantas de Zonas
Aridas 1985) auspiciado por la Subsecretaria
Forestal y de la Fauna, y el Instituto Nacional
de Investigaciones Forestales de Mexico, y el
Departamento de Agricultura, Servicio Forestal de
los Estados Unidos han hecho unas contribuciones
valiosos al intercambio de inf ormaci6n cientif ica
y tecnica sobre el manejo de recursos naturales.
Estos simposios fueron parte de un acuerdo que
continua entre las respectivas agencias para
aumentar las capacidades prof esionales mediante
actividades de transferencia de tecnologia. Un
ambiente muy receptive de cooperaci6n ha
resultado de tales actividades para el benef icio
mutuo de cientfficos mexicanos y americanos.
Aparte de esfuerzos individuales para
entender y comunicar la pertinencia de estos
simposios, la barrera del lenguaje frecuentemente
impide un intercambio efectivo de ideas. Ademas,
los sentidos especializados de la jerga
cientif ica se pierden cuando son traducidos a
terminos con connotaci6nes sociol6gicos. Muy
seguido, un termino puede tener diferente
sentidos para el silvicultor, el cientifico de
suelos, o el manejador de fauna silvestre. En
orden para que un escuchante pueda recibir un
claro entendimiento del problema que se discute,
el traductor tiene que estar familiarizado con la
terminologia cientifica pertinente a los asuntos
especializados.
El glosario contiene dos secciones. La
primera secci6n contiene las traducciones de
ingles al espaftol, y la segunda secci6n de
espaftol al ingles. Cada secci6n es dividida
entre siete subsecciones, cada cual se dedica a
terminos que se usan dentro la disciplina
particular. El texto esta arreglado
alfabeticamente entre las secciones, comenzando
con la palabra clave en ingles o espanol, y
seguida por la traducci6n equivalente.
Se entiende que algunas personas pudieran
no estar de acuerdo con algunos terminos debido a
su propia utilizaci6n de jerga similar, pero al
menos estaran concientes de su utilizaci6n en
otras regiones y disciplinas.
El proposito de este glosario es de
presentar a traductores, cientificos, manejadores
de recursos, administradores y otros interesados,
las traducciones equivalente en espaftol-ingles de
terminos comunes, cientificos y de manejo, que se
iii
CONTENTS
Page
English-Spanish
Animals • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Fishery • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Botany • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Forestry • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Soil • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Wildlife • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Range • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
1
2
3
7
13
15
20
Espanol-Ingles
Animales • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Pesquer:!a • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Botanica • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Forestales • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Suelos • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Fauna Silvestre • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Pastizales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
iv
27
28
29
33
41
43
48
AN ENGLISH-SPANISH GLOSSARY OF TERMINOLOGY
USED IN FORESTRY, RANGE, WILDLIFE, FISHERY,
SOILS, AND BOTANY
GLOSARIO EN INGLES·ESPANOL DE TERMINOLOGIA
USADOS EN FORESTALES, PASTIZALES, FAUNA SILVESTRE,
PESQUERIA, SUELOS, Y BOTANICA
Alvin Leroy Medina
ENGLISH-SPANISH
Animals
English
Spanish
alpaca
alpaca
anteater, great
anteater, little
deer
venado
oso hormiguero
deer, blacktail
venado cola negra
oso colmenero
deer, fallow
dama
antelope
and lope
deer, fallow
paleto
antelope
berrendo
deer, fallow female
gama
badger
tasugo, tejon
deer, fallow male
gamo
bat, fruit
murcielago, bermejizo, za
deer, mule
venado hemionus
bear
oso, a
deer, whitetail
vanado cola blanca
bear, black
oso negro
elephant
elefante, ta
bear, brown
oso pardo
elk
alee, venado alazan
bear, cub
osezno
fox
raposa, o, zorra, ro
bear, grizzly
oso gris
fox, arctic
zorro, artico
bear, polar
oso polar
fox, flying
zorro volador
beaver
castor
fox, kit, prairie fox
zorro de las praderas
bison
bisonte, c:!bolo
fox, red
zorro rojo
----
bison, female
dbola
gazelle
gacela
boar, female
jabalina
gazelle, male
gacel
boar, wild
jabali
giraffe
j irafa
bobcat
gato montes
gnu
ftu
buffalo
bufalo, la
goat, mountain
bicerra
camel
camel lo
goat, wild
hirco, ca bro
cat, wild
tigrillo, gate montes
gopher
taltuza
chimpanzee
chimpance
hare, jackrabbit
liebre
chipmunk
ardilla listada
hyena
hiena
coati
coat!
ibex
lb ice
coyote
coyote
jaguar
jaguar
1
kangaroo
canguro
rodent
koala
oso marsupial, koala
sheep, mountain
borrego cimarr6n
lagomorph
lagomorfo
skunk
mapurite, zorrillo, zorrio
roedor
leopard
leopardo
sloth
unau, perezoso
leporid
lep6ride
sow
co china
lion
le6n
squirrel
ardilla
lion cub
leoncico, leoncillo,
squirrel, common gray
petigr:!s
squirrel, flying
guigui, ardilla voladora
leoncito
lion, mountain
leon de montaiia
(Pteromys
lioness
leona
petaurista)
llama
llama
squirrel, gray
ardilla gris
lynx
lince
squirrel, ground
ardilla de la tierra
marmot
marmota
tapir
tapir
mole
topo
tapir, Mexican
anteburro
mouse
raton, na
tiger
tigre
mouse, field
campanol
tigress
tigresa
mouse, field
rat6n de campo
vicuna
vicuiia
muskrat
almizclera
warthog
jabali verrugoso
muskrat
rata amizclada
weasel
comadreja
ocelot
ocelote, chibiguazu
weasel
mustela
opossum
churcha, tlacuache,
wolf
lobo
rabopelado,
wolf cub
lobezno
zarigtieya
Woodpecker
picamadero, pajaro
zebra
cebra
oryx
or ix
otter
ahuizote, lutria,
otter (Lutra
guillfo
carpintero
nutria
Fishery
hnidobria)
panther
pantera
algae, green
alga verde
peccary
baquira, pecari
aqueous
acuoso
peccary, collared
chacharita, jabalina
backwater
remanso
pig, swine
puerco, cochino, marrano
bank/shore
ribera
piscivorous,
pisc:!voro, ra
fish-eating
barbel
barbilla
bass
lobina
pond, frog
ranero
belly, fish
vent re cha
porcupine
puerco espin
benthos
bentos
rabbit
conejo
brackish/briny
salobre
racoon
mapache
branchia
branquia
rat, female
rata
brook/creek
rivera
rat, kangaroo
rata canguro
brooklet
arroyuelo
rat, water
satirio
carp
carp a
reindeer
rangffero, rengifero, reno
catch, in a net
redar, red
2
caudal fin or tail
caudal, cola
phytoplankton
f itoplancton
crab
cangrejo
plankton
plancton
cray fish
as taco
rapids, river
rabi6n, rapidos
recial
cray fish
cambaro
rapids, river
crustaceous
crustaceo, a
reach, stream
tramo fluvial
culture, fish
piscicultura
river
do
dam, as with beavers
represa, rebalsar, estanca
rivulet, stream,
riacho, riachuelo
dorsal
dorsal
dorsal fin
aleta dorsal
roe, fish eggs
hueva
downstream
d.o abajo
salamander
salamandra
estuary, inlet
estuario, desembocadura
salmon
salmon
fish
pez
seine, fishing net
cercote
fish, game
pescados de caza
shad
sabalo
fish, lake
charal
shad
alosa
fish, small bait
jaramugo
spawn, to
desovar
fish, to
pescar
spawning of fishes
f reza
fisherman
pescador
spawning season,
desove
fishhook
anzuelo, hamo
fishing, angling
pesca
frog
rana
frog, leopard
rana, leopardo
streambed
f ondo del lecho
frog, pond
ranero
tadpole
renacuajo
ground, fishing/
pesquerfa
thermic, thermal
termico, ca
toad
sapo
rill
spawning
stream, torrent
raudal
rapid
fishery
hatchery, fish
piscif actor{a
trade, fishing
pesquer!a, pesca
ichthyology
ictiologfa
trap, fish
butrino
lagoon, small lake
laguna
trap, fish/snare
garlito
lake
lago
trout
trucha
layer, under a river
subalveo, a
underwater,
subacuatico, ca
limit, size
l{mite de tamano
upstream
aguas arriba
line, fishing
sedal
ventral
ventral
net, dip/scoop net
salabardo
net, fish dip
nansa
net, fishing/seine
tirona
achene
aquenio
net, netting
red
acorn
bellota
net, large fishing
cedazo
agrostology
agrostolog{a
net, river fishing
redaya
alder
aliso (Alnus)
net, shad
alrnatroque
algae, green
alga verde
net, shad
sabalo
ament
amen to
nymph
ninfa
androecium
androceo
opercular
opercular
anther
antera
operculum
operculo
an thesis
antesis
bed
subaquatic
Botany
3
appressed
comprimido
cane, reed
can a
arborescent
arborescente
carpel
carpelo
arborescent
dendroideo, a
cattail, bulrush
anea
arboretum
arboreto
cattail reed
bohordo
ash (£._raxinus)
f resno
caulescent
caulescente
aspen
alamo temblon
cedar
cedro
aster
amelo
cedar patch (small)
tarajal
awned
aristoso, sa, aristado
cell
celula
axil
axila
cell lumen
cavidad celular
bearing abundant
cadanego, ga
cell plate
placa celular
cherry
cerezo
fruit every year
berry
bay a
chlorophyll
clorofila
biennial
bianual
chlorosis
caquexia or clorosis
biferous
bfrero, ra
clover, trefoil
trebol
bifid
b{fido, da
cluster, umbel
ramillete, umbela
billous
velloso, sa
clustered
arracirnado, da
biparous
b!paro, ra
cluster of shoots
amacollar
biont
bionte
coleoptile
cole6ptilo
biota
biota
columbine
aguilena
bipetalous
bipetalo
coniferous, conifer
conifero, ra
bipinnate
bipinado, da
cortex
corteza
birch
abedul
creeper
estolon:f.f era
bloom
florecer
cymose
cimoso, sa
borne upon the stem
caul{fero, ra
cypress
cipres
botanical
botanico, ca
dehiscent
dehiscent
botany
botanica
dendrochronology
dendrocronologfa
botany
fitologfa
dermal
derrnico
bract
bractea
dicotyledon
dicotiledon
bracteate
bracteado, da
dioecious
dioico
bract let
bracteola
dipetalous
dipetalo, la
bryophyte
disepalo, la
bri6fita
disepalous
buckthorn
aladierno (Rhamnus)
Douglas-fir
abeto de Douglas
bud
yema
drupe, stone fruit
drupa
bud (adventitious)
yema adventicia
elder
sabuco
bud, shoot
gromo
elder tree,
sauco
bud (terminal)
yema terminal
bulb
bulbo
elderberry
elm
olmo (Ulmus)
bulbous
bulboso, sa
elm grove
olmeda
bunch/cluster of
macolla
elm grove, poplar
negrillera
cactus
cacto, cactus
embedded
empotrado
calyx
caliz
endoderrnis
endoderrnis
cambium
c~mbiurn
ephedra (joint fir)
belcho, efedra
roots or flowers
grove
4
epigynous
epigino
imbricate
imbricado, da
epiphyte
epifito, a
indehiscence
indehiscencia
ethology
etolog:!a
inferior, lower
infero, ra
evergreen
perennifolia, siempre
inflorescence
inf lorescencia
verde
internode
eutrenudo
extruded
expulsado
involucre
involucro
f asciation
f asciacion
involute
involuta
feather
pluma
juncaceous
juncaceo
female
hembra
juniper
jun{pero, enebro
fern
helecho
juniper berry
nebrina, enebrina
fibrous
fibroso
juniper grove
nebral, nebreda
fir
abeto (Abies)
juniper resin
grasilla, resina
fir (Abies)
pinabete
juniper tree or
nebro
flora
flora
shrub
florescence
f lorescencia
floret
flosculo
flower
fl or
flower stalk
rabo, tallo floral
lanceolate
lanceolado, da
foliose
foliado
latifoliate
latifolio, a
follicle
foHculo
leaf, petal
petalo
for leaves to turn
alimonarse, amarillar
leaflet
hojuela
leafy
frondoso, sa
knotweed (Polygonum
altamandria
aviculave)
lanceolate
yellow
arrejonado, da
formation
formaci6n
legume
legumbre, cambute
foxtail
almorejo
lemma
lema
frond, leaf
f ronda
lichen
liquen
fruit
f ruta
ligule
Hgula
fungal
fungal, fungoso
lobed
lobulado
fungus
f ungo
locust
robinia
geniculate
geniculado, da
maple
arce, maple
germination
germinaci6n
maple tree
sacere
globule
globulo
membrane
membrana
grama grass
navajitas
mesocarp
mesocarpio
gramineous
gramineo, nea
mesophyll
mesof ilo
granif erous
granffero, ra
mesophyte
mesof ito
gravel bar
deposito de grava
microphyte
micr6fito
guard cell
celula oclusiva
mistletoe
muerdago
gymnosperm
gimnospermo,
monocotyledon
monocotiledon
having fleshy leaves
pencudo, da
monoecious
monoico
herbarium
herbario
moss
musco, musgo
heterophyllous
heter6filo, la
multifid
multlfido, da
hydrophilous
hidr6filo, la
multif lora
multif lor
hydrophytic
hidr6fito, ta
mushroom
champinon, nanacate, seta
hypogyny
hipoginia
mushroom, toad stool
bongo
ma
5
(~binia)
mycelium
micelio
plasmodesmata
plasmodesmos
mycology
micologfa
pod
vaina
nerve, vein
nervio, vena
pointed
puntiagudo, aleznado, da
nodule
nodulo
pollen
polen
alamo
nopal, prickly pear
nopal
poplar
notched, indented
recortado, da
prickly pear fruit
tuna
nut, of any tree
nuez
prickly pear growth
nopalera, tunal
oak
encino
oak
rob le
primary wall
or thicket
membrana primaria
oak grove or forest
robleda
pteridophyte
pterid6fito
oat, wild
ballueca, avena silvestre
pubescent, hairy
pubescente
obovate
obovado, da
raceme
racimo
onion, wild
ceborrincha
rachis
raquis
panic le
pan!cula
radiate
radiado, da
paniculate
paniculado, da
radicle
rad:!cula
pecan tree, pecan nut
nogal
relic
reliquia
pedicel
pedicelo
reticulate
reticulado, da
pedicellate
pedicelado, da
rhizome
rizoma
pedicle
pedfculo
root
raiz
peduncle
pedunculo
root cap
cofia
perianth
periantio
roots, matted
raigambre
petal
petalo
salicaceous
salicaceo
petiole
peciolo
salt cedar
taraje, tamarix
phanerophyte
fanerof ita
saxicolous, growing
saxfcolo
phenology
fenologia
phycology
physiognomy
among rocks
ficologfa
seed
semilla
f isonom!a
semif loret
semif losculo
phyton
f iton
sepal
sepalo
phytoplankton
f itoplancton
septum
septo
pine, pine tree
pino
sessile
sesil
pine cone, pine nut
pifia
shoot, scion
vastago, vastiga
pine grove or forest
pineda, pinar
shoot, sprout,
retoiio
pine needle
pinocha
sucker
pine needles
alhumajo
shoots, having many
multicaule
pinnate
pinado, da
shrub
arbusto
pinnatifid
pinat!fido, da
spike
espiga
pinon nut
piiion
spike let
espiguilla
pistil
pistilo
spore
espora
pistillate
pistilado, da
sprig, twig
ramilla
plant
plant a
stalk, having only
unicaule
plant sap
savia
plants
one
plantas, plantaje
(collectively)
6
stalk, stem
cabillo
staminate
estaminado, da
stipule
sauce llor6n
weeping willow
est:ipula
substomatal chamber
camara subestomatica
white fir
abeto blanco
sunflower
girasol
wild grapevine
parron
sycamore
sicornoro
wild plants
rusticano, na, plantas
sympetalous
simpetalo, la
tamarix
tamarisco, tarnariz
willow
taproot
ra:lz pivotante
willow grove
taxaceous
taxaceo, a
willow
silvestres
salguera, ro, sauce
(~lix
sauceda, salceda, do
incana)
sacina
tendril
zarcillo
xerophilous
xerofilo, la
terminal shoot
gui.a terminal
xerophytic,
xerofito, ta
tetrandrous
tetrandro, a
tetrapetalous
tetrapetalo, la
xylem
xilema
thallophyte
talof ita
yarrow (Achillea
altarreina
thallus
ta lo
thorn, caltrop,
abrojo
xerophyte
millefolium)
thistle
thorn, spine on
Forestry
pincho, espina
acidity
acidez
timothy
fleo
acreage
superf ice medida en acres
to blossom, flower
f lorecer
acrogenous
producido en el apice
tomentose
tomentoso, sa
aerial photo
la f otograf !a aerea
tree
arbol
afforestation
fores tac ion
trembling poplar,
temblon
age
edad
plants
age class
clase de edad
trifid
aspen
tr!fido, da
agronomy
agronom!a
trifoliate
trifoliado, da
air dry
secado al aire
tuber, tubercle
tuberculo
allowable cut
posibilidad de corte
tuberose, tuberous
tuberosa, sa
amount
importe, cantidad
umbel
urnbela
annual cut
corte anual
uniparous
uniparo, ra
annual ring
zona anual de crecimiento,
vegetation
vegetacion
vein
vena
annual yield
rendimiento anual
vernation
vernacion
aphid
af ido
verticil
verticilo
appraisal
tasacion
verticil or whorl
calicillo
arboretum
arboreto
area
superficie, area
area regulation
ordenacion por area
..
anillo
of leaves
vesicule
ves:!cula
vine
viii.a
artificial seeding
siembra
vine tendril
pleguete
ashes
cenizas
walnut
nocedal
autumn
otodo
walnut grove
noceda, nogueral
average tree
arbol promedio
walnut tree, walnut
nocedal
axe
ha cha
backfire
contrafuego
wood
7
bag
bolsa
cellulose
celulosa
ball planting
plantar con terr6n
center rot
pudrici6n del corazon
bands aw
sierra cinta
chain
cadena
bark
corteza
chainsaw
sierra tronzadora de
cadena, motosierra
bark peeling
descortezamiento
barkbeetle
escol{tido, descortezador
charcoal
carbon
basal area
area basal
charcoal kiln
carbonera
base map
plano general
chip
viruta
beam
viga
chipboard
tablero de particulas
bed, nursery
platabanda, vivero
chipper
astilladora
beetle
escarabajo
chisel
cincel
Biltmore stick
regla de Biltmore
chlorophyll
clorof ila
blaze (on a tree)
mar car
chlorosis
clorosis
blight
tiz6n
Christmas tree
arbol de navidad
block (cutting)
tramo
chromosome
cromosoma
blowdown
vuelco por los vientos
circular saw
sierra circular
blue stain
azulado de madera
cleaning (silv.)
limpia
board
tabla
clearcut
matarrasa, talarasa
boardf oot
pie-tabla
clearcut patches
matarrasa por grupos
bog peat
turba
clearcut strips
matarrasa en fajas
clima
bole
rollizo
borer
barrenador
climate
borer, increment
taladro
clod
grumo
boundary
limite
clone
clon
broadcast burn
roza a fuego
codominant
codominante
broadcast seeding
sembrar a voleo
compass
brujula
broad-leaved
f rondosa
computer
computadora
brush-cutter
desbrozadora
cone (pine)
cono, piiia
buck (in felling)
tronzar
coniferous
con:!f era
alternadas
budget
presupuesto
contour line
curva de nivel
burl
verruga
control (pests)
comb ate
burn
quemar
control measure
metodo de combate
by-product
producto secundario
coppice
monte bajo
cable
cable
cord
cuerda
caliper
f orcicula
co'!'dwood
leiia
callus
tejido cicatrizal
corolla
corola
cambium
cambium
(Cronartium)
roya vesicular
camp
camp amen to
crosscut saw
trozador
canker
cancrosis
cross-pollinate
alogamia
canopy
dosel
crown (of tree)
cop a
caterpillar
oruga
crown-class
clasif icacion arborea
caterpillar tractor
tractor oruga
crown-closure
espesura del dose!
cell
celula
crown-fire
incendio de copas
8
cruise-line
caminato de muestreo
eradicate
erradicar
cull (material)
material def ectuosa
error (sampling)
error de muestreo
cultural practice
practica cultural
estimation
estimacion
cut (to fell)
cortar, talar
even-aged
coetaneo
cutting
estaquillado
evergreen
siempre verde
cutting cycle
ciclo de cortas
exotic (species)
especie exotica
cutting period
per!odo de cortas
exploit
aprovechar, explotar
damage
daiio
fall (season)
otoiio
damping-off
enf ermedad de las
almacigas
farm woodlot
monte campesino
fell
talar, cortar, apear
data
datos
fence
cerco
d.b.h.
difunetro al altura del
fence (to)
cercar
debarker
descortezadora
defective
def ectuosa
defoliate
deshojar
deforest
pecho
fern
helecho
fertilizer
abono qu!mico,
(chemical)
f ertilizante
fiber
f ibra
desmontar
field
campo
dendrometer
dendrometro
field party
cuadrilla de campo
density
densidad
field work
trabajo de campo
development
desarollo
financing
f inanciamiento
diameter
diametro
fire
fuego
diameter class
clase diametrica
fire control
control de incendios
diameter tape
cinta diametrica
fire (forest)
incendio forestal
dike
dique
firebreak
franja cortafuega
disease
enf ermedad
fire line
cortaf uego
disk plow
arado de discos
flood (to)
inundar
district
distrito
forest
bosque, monte
district ranger
ingeniero jefe del
forest inventory
estad!stica f orestal
forest guard
guarda f orestal
dominant
dominante
forest land
terreno f orestal
dormancy
periodo de reposo
forest management
manejo forestal
dormant (seed)
germinacion retardada
forest policy
pol!tica f orestal
Douglas-fir
abeto de Douglas
forest regulation
ordenacion f orestal
drill (seed)
siembra en hileras
forest research
investigacion f orestal
dry-kiln
secadero
forest soil
suelo forestal
dry rot
podredumbre
forestry
dasonom!a
duff
mantilla
form factor
coeficiente morf ico
dwarf-mistletoe
muerdago
formula
formula
ecology
ecolog!a
frequency
f requencia
distrito
economics
econom!a
frost
helada
effect
ef ecto
fungal disease
mi co sis
environment
ambiente
fungus (growth)
hongo
environmental
ambiental
furniture
muebles
9
furrow
surco
interest (rate)
tasa de interes
gall
agalla
intermediate cut
aclareo
gall-midge, nutgall
cecidia
interval
intervalo
generation
generacion
intolerant
intolerante
genotype
genotipo
inventory
inventario, estad:fstica,
germination
germinacion
girdle (to)
anillar
irrigate (to water)
regar
censo
grade (to)
clasif icar
knot
nu do
graft (to)
injertar
knotty
nudoso
grain (of wood)
grano de madera
land use
aprovechamiento de tierras
incendio superficial
landscape
paisaje
grow (to cultivate)
cultivar
larva
larva
growing stock
madera en pie
leader (growth)
gu{a terminal
growth
crecimiento
length
longitud
gully
carcava
level (ground)
terreno llano
hail
granizo
level (instrument)
nivel
hair roots
raices cepilares
lift (seedlings)
desarraigar
hand (work by)
a mano
lightning
rayo, relampago
hardwood
madera dura (de especie
ground fire
frondosas)
lignin
lignina
litter (leaves)
hojarasca
harrow
rastra
litter (refuse)
desecho
harrow (to)
rastrear
load (to)
cargar
harvest
cosechar
loader (jammer)
grua
heart shake
hendido en el duramen
log
trozo de madera, leno
heartwood
duramen
logging (harvest)
explotaci6n forestal
height
altura
lookout tower
torre de vigilancia
herbicide
herbicida
lop (to)
desramar
hereditary
hereditario
lumber
madera aserrada
horticulture
horticultura
management objective
objetivo de manejo
humus
mantillo acido, humus
management plan
plan de manejo
hybrid
h:fbrido
management unit
unidad de manejo
hydrology
hidrologfa
map
mapa, plano
hypsometer
hipsometro
mark (trees)
senalar arboles
improvement (forest)
mejoramiento
market value
valor corriente
increment
incremento
marsh
pantano
increment borer
taladro
mature
maduro
increment (mean
incremento media anual
mature stand
maderable
maturity
madurez
annual)
inf est
inf es tar
meadow
pradera
infestation
inf es tac ion
meadow (wet)
cienaga
injury
herida
mean
promedio, media
insect
insecto
mensuration
mensuracion
insolation
aislamiento
measure
medida
10
micorrhiza
micorriza
plant
plant a
microclimate
microclima
plant (to)
plantar, sembrar
mistletoe
muerdago
plantation
plan tac ion
moist
humedo
planting bar
barra de hendir
moisture content
contenido de humedad
planting machine
plantadora
mold
mo ho
planting stock
plan tones
morphology
morfolog:fa
plot
parcela
moss
mus go
plow (to)
arar
moth
polilla
plywood
triplex
colchon de materia
poison (to)
envenenar
pole
paste
aprovecho multiple
pollinate
polinizar
natural resource
recurse natural
pollution (air)
polucion del ambiente
nursery
vivero
pollution (water)
polucion del agua
nurseryman
arboricultor
preparatory cutting
corta preparatoria
nut
nuez
prism
prisma
open space (in)
calvero
provenance
origen, procedencia
mulch
organica
multiple use
prune (to)
podar
ornamental (tree)
arbol ornamental
pulpwood
madera en rollo
overmature
sobremaduro
railroad tie
durmiente de f errocarril
forest)
overstory
estrato superior
random
azar
over topped
suprimido
rate of interest
tasa de interes
palea
palea, glumilla
recreation
recreo
palisade cells
celulas en empalizada
reforestation
reforestacion
parasite
parasite
regeneration
regeneracion
parasitic
parasitario
regeneration cut
corta de regeneracion
parenchyma
parenquima
regulation of cut
ordenacion del
park-like forest
bosque parque
aprovechamiento
particle-board
tablero de part!culas
relascope
relascopio
peel (to)
descortezar
research
investigacion
peeler (log)
madera de desenrollo
resin
resina
percent
por ciento
resources
recur sos
percentage
porcentaje
ring, annual
anillo anual
pest
plaga
ring shake
acebolladura
pesticide
pesticida
road, access
camino acceso
phloem
f loema
road system
red de caminos
physiologic
fisiologica
rot
podredumbre
pile
apilamiento
rotation
rotacion
pine (Pi nus)
pino
roundwood
madera en rollo
pine cone
cono, pina
row
fila, hilera
pine needle
aguja
rust (disease)
roya
pith
medula
safety
seguridad
planning
planeamiento
salvage (cutting)
corta de salvamiento
11
sample
muestra
skid (logs)
arrastrar (extraer)
sample distribution
distribucion de muestra
skidding
extracc:fon
sample plot
parcela de prueba
slab
costero
sample tree
arbol tipo
slash
desechos de la corta
sampling
muestreo
slope
questa, pendiente
sampling error
error de muestreo
snag
fuste muerto
sandy
a reno so
softwood
madera blanda (de
especie
conifer a)
sap
savia
saplings (thicket)
monte bravo
species
sapwood
albura
spiral (grain)
torcida
savanna
sabana
split (to)
rajar
saw (to)
aserrar
spray (to)
rociar
saw
sierra
spring (season)
primavera
sawdust
aserrfn, serraduras
stand improvement
tratamienta cultural
sawmill
aserreradero
stand (of trees)
masa, macizo
sawtimber
madera para aserrar
standard deviation
deviaci6n estandar
scale (of map)
escala
standing timber
madera en pie
scale (timber)
medici6n de volumen
stem (bole)
tronco, elfuste
scenic beauty
belleza del paisaje
stereoscope
estereoscopio
scion
pua para injertar
stigma
estigma
scrub (growth)
matorral
stocking
densidad
stratification
estratif icacion
season (of year)
es tac ion
seed
semilla
stratified sample
muestreo estratificado
seedbed
cama de siembra almaciga
strip
faja, banda
seeding
siembra
stump
cepa, toc6n
seedling
brinzal, semill6n,
stumpage (value)
valor de madera en pie
summer
verano
plan tu la
seedling stage
repoblado
suppressed
suprimido
seed tree
arbol semillero
sustained yield
rendimiento sostenido
seed tree cutting
corta diseminatoria
system
sistema
seed tree method
talarasa con portagranos
table (of figures)
tabla, cuadro
selection forest
bosque de entresaca
tape (measuring)
cinta de medici6n
selection thinning
aclareo selectiva
temperature
temperatura
selective cut
corta de entresaca
termite
termita, comejen
shade
sombra
thin (to)
aclarear, entresacar
shade tolerant
umbrof ila
thinning from above
aclara por lo alto
shake (heartshake)
tejamanil
thinning from below
aclara de la parte
sharpen
afilar
inferior
shelterwood (system)
cortes sucesivas
thinning method
metodo de aclareo
silvicultural
silvicultural
timber
madera
silvicultural system
sistema silvicultural
tongs
tenazas
silviculture
silvicultura
top
apice
site quality
calidad del sitio
top (to)
de spun tar
12
top diameter
diametro superior
accretion
embancarniento,
acido
tractor
tractor
trail (path)
vereda
acid
aluvionamiento
transplant
trasplantar
acidity
acidez
tree
arbol
aggradation
aterramiento
tree (relating to)
arborea
aggregate, soil
agregado
turpentine
trernentina
alkali
alcali, caliche
undercut
incision de corta
alkaline
alcalino
uneven-aged
disetaneo
alluvial
aluvial, aluvional
unit (management)
unidad de rnanejo
alluvial fan
cono de deyeccion
unit (of area)
unidad de area
unit (organization)
unidad del organizacion
alluvium
aluvion
utilization
aprovechamiento,
analysis, mechanical
analisis rnecanico
anthropic
antropico
a pedal
a pedal
abanico aluvial
utilizacion
vegetation
vegetacion
veneer
chapa de madera
aquic
acuico
vigor
vigor
argillic, clay
arcila, arcilla
vine
vina
argillic, clayey
arciloso, arcilloso
volume
volumen
auger, soil
sonda de tierra
volume (of a stand)
mas a
autoclave
autoclave
volume regulation
ordenacion por volumen
azonal, soil
azonal
volume table
tabla de volumen
waste
desperdicio
watershed area
classification
backfill, fill
terraplen
cuenca
badland, clay loam
terreno abarrancado
watershed (boundary)
divisoria de aguas
badlands
tierras de bald{o
weather
tiempo
bed load
cargasolida
wedge
cuiia
bedrock
lecho de roca
weeding
deshierbe
boulder, rock
pedrej6n, pena, roca
weeds
malezas
breccia
brecha
weight
peso
calcareous
calcareo
whorl (of branches)
verticilo
calcic
calcico
wind throw
vuelco por los vientos
cambic
cambico
winter
invierno
catena
catena
wither
marchitar
clay loam
greda, franco arcilloso
wood
madera
clay, loamy
gredal
woody plant
plan ta leiiosa
clay mud, silt
barro
xylem
xilerna
clay pan
tosca arc.illosa
yield
rendirniento
clayey
barroso, sa
yield table
tabla de rendimiento
cleavage
carga de raja
Soil
abutment
estribo
13
clod
terron
cobble
guijarro
cobbly land
guijarral
colloid, soil
coloide del suelo
colluvium
colluvion
microrelief
micro relieve
concretion
concrecion
mollic
molico
consistence, soil
consistencia del suelo
ochric
ocrico
crust
costra
overburden
sobrecarga de suelo
desert pavement
adoguina
oxic
oxico
desert varnish
barniz del desierto
paralithic
paral:ftico
dirt, soil
tierra
peak, high hill
cabezo
drainage basin
cuenca hidrografica
peat
turba
durinode
durnudo
pebbles, stones
rocalia
duripan
dubstrato, duro
ped, earth clod
terron
edaphic
edafico, ca
pediment
fronton pendiente
eluviation
eluviacion
pedology
pedologfa
eolian
eolico
pedologist
pedologo
erode
desgastar, erosionar
pedon
pedon
erosion
erosion
peneplain
peniplanicie
erosion, accelerated
erosion acelerada
percolate
percolarse
erosion bank
desprendimiento de ribero
pergelic
pergelico
erosion, gully
erosion de carcavas
phase
f ase
erosion, pavement
pedrera de erosion
platy
en placas
erosion, rill
erosion por regueros
podzol
podzol
erosion, sheet
erosion laminar
regolith
regolita
erosion, splash
erosion superficial
rill
riachuelo
f loculation
f loculaci6n
runoff
escorrent:fa, escurrimento
friable
friable
salic
salico
granular
granuloso
sampler
sacamuestras
gravel bar
deposito de grava
sampling
muestreo
gravel, coarse sand
grava
sand
arena
gravelly, stony
guij oso, sa
sand dune
medano, duna
hardpan
capa dura, tosca
sandy clay
arcillo arenoso
his tic
histico
sandy clay loam
f ranco arcillo arenosa
illuvial
iluvial
sandy ground or place
arenal
illuviation
iluviacion
sandy, heavy coarse
sabulo
impermeable layer
capa impermeable
sandy loam
f ranco arenoso
land form
f orma terrestre
silt
limo
landslide
derrumbe
silt loam
f ranco limo so
leaching
lixiviaci6n
siltation
aterramiento
liming, soil
encalado
silty clay loam
franco arcillo limo so
lit hie
litico
soil, acid
sue lo acido
lithosequence
litosecuencia
soil, aeolian
sue lo eolico
loam
arcilla
soil, alkaline
sue lo a lea lino
loamy sand
arena francosa, franca
soil, a loam
tierra f ranca
loess
loess
soil, calcareous
sue lo calizo
me sic
mesico
soil, chestnut
sue lo castaii.os
14
suelo franco arcilloso
udic
udico
soil, colluvial
suelo coluvial
us tic
ustico
soil creep
dezlizamiento de suelo
soil, degraded
dezlizamiento
soil, clay loam
Wildlife
deslavado
soil depth
dezlizamiento, profundidad
soil, earth
sue lo
soil, eluvial
dezlizamiento eluvial
activity
actividad
soil horizon
horizonte edaf ico
aesthetics
estetico
soil, immature
suelo inmaturo
amphibian
anfibio
soil, loam
tierra f ranco
anaerobic
anaerobico, ca
soil mantle
manto de suelo
anatomy
anatom:!a
soil, mature
suelo maduro
animal, big-hoofed
cascudo, da
soil, mineral
suelo mineral
animal, wild, or
fiera
soil, moisture
suelo, humedad del
soil, muck
suelo humif ero
del suelo
abiotic
abi6tico
abomasum
abomaso
accipiter
accipitre
beast
annulus
anillo
soil, normal
suelo climax
antler
as ta
soil, organic
suelo organico
antler, budding
mogote
soil, pit
pozo agrologico
antlers/fawns first
cerceta
soil porosity
porosidad edaf ica
soil profile
perf il del suelo
antlers, to cut off
descogotar
soil, residual,
suelo sedentario
aquatic
acuatico
growth
primary
archer, bowman
asaeteador
soil, saline
suelo salino
area, concentration
area superpoblada
soil series
suelo, series de
area, key
pastizal tipo
soil, skeletal
suelo esqueletico
area, primitive
reserva primitiva
soil texture
suelo, textura del
area, wilderness
zona selvatica
soil, top-
capa arable
arthropod
artropodo, da
soil, top
suelo vegetal
autopsy
autopsia
soil type
suelo, tipo del
aviary
pajarera
soil, virgin
liego, ga
bag limit
cantidad permitible
spodic
esp6dico
bait
cebo, carnada
stony
pedregoso, sa
beard
barba
stony ground
pedregal, pedroche
b~havior
comportamiento
stony, rocky ground
cantalinoso, sa
bifurcate
bifurcado, da
streambed, riverbed
alveo
big-footed
pat6n
subsoil
subsuelo
bill
pico
substratum
substrata
biological
biol6gico, ca
survey, soil
investigacion de suelos
biologist
bi6logo
biometry
biometrfa
suelos
topsoil
mantilla
biped
b{pedo, da
thermic
termico
bird
pajara, ro
15
bird, game
ave de casa
climbing, mountain
alpinismo
bird, leader of
guion
cloven-hoofed
patihendido, da
migratory flock
cock, rooster
gallo
or leading
coefficient,
coeficiente de
dog in a pack
digestion
degestibilidad
bird of prey
rale6n, ave de presa
cohort
coho rte
birds, insectivorous
aves insectivoras
cold-blooded
hemacrimo
birds, migratory
aves migratorias
conserve, to
conservar
birth, giving
cadaiiero, ra
control, biological
control biologica
coo, to (doves)
zurear
cooing, (doves)
zureo
of deer, sheep,
count, strip
medidas en brute
goats
cover, escape
resguardo natural
cobij o
annually
bleating, sound
balido
blind, hunter's
aguardadero, aguardo
cover, game
blind, hunter's/hut
huta, paranza
covey, brood
pollada, nidada
bovid
bovido
covey of birds
bandada
bovine
bovine, na
cycle, life
ciclo vital
breakout of egg shell
apitonar
cyclic
cfclico
cyst
quiste
using bird's beak
breast of a fowl
pechuga
decoy, lure
anagaza, senuelo
brood, nest of eggs
nidada
deer
venado
brood of chicks
echadura de pollos, cd.a
deer, small or young
gamezno
buck, immature
alero
den, bear's/lair
osera
burrow, badger
tejonera
den, lair
guarida
cackle, to/caw, croak
graznar
density
densidad
call, bird
chifle
depredation
depredacion
call, decoy
chillido
desertion
desercion
call, deer (bleet)
gamitido
diet
dieta
call, deer/to sound
gamitar
digestibility
digestibilidad
digitate
cisipedo, digitado
(as with deer call)
call, to call the doe
roncar
(as a buck in a rut)
can id
canido
canine
canine
capacity, carrying
capacidad de carga
disembowel
desentraiiar
dispersion
dispersion
display of
exployada
outstretched wing
cinegetica
dfstribution
distribucion
diversity
diversidad
carnivorous
carnivore, ra
docile
docil
cat
gata, o
dogs, pack of
mu ta
caw, cackle, croak
graznido
dormant
letargo
census, game
censo de caza
down, bird
plumon
cervidae
cervidos
duck
pa to
claw/talon
garra
duck, wild
alavanco
16
duckling
anadeja, anadino
gestation
dwelling/cave
cavernicola
gray-haired
pelicano, na
dwelling, earth
terricola
gregarious
gregario, a
eagle
aguila
ground, hunting
cazadero
ecology
ecologfa
habitat
habitaci6n, habitat
ectoparasite
ectoparasito
hair, fur
pelo
edible
comestible
hair, to grow a
pelechar
egg
huevo
new coat/
elk
ant a
feathers
elk, moose
alee
embryo
embri6n
(female)
entrails
entraiias
herbivorous,
equilibrium
equilibria
heat, in season
gestacion
celo
herb:lvoro
herbivore
equine
equine
herd, flock
manada
escape/flight
escape, vuelo
heterogeneity
heterogeneidad
eviscerate
ext inc ion
hibernation
hibernacion
exotic
exotico
hide, (to) in an
encodillarse
extinct
ext inc to
inaccessible
falcon, newborn
niego
falconry/hawking
halconer{a, cetreria
hiss, hissing
silbo
falcons, eagles,
falconidos
hole, burrow
hurera, huronera
hole, fox/burrow den
raposera
portion of burrow
birds of prey
fat, animal
enjundia
hole, fox
zorrera
fauna
fauna
homeothermal
homeotermo, ma
fawn
cervato
hoof, (cloven-hoofed
pesuiia, pezuiia
feather, to pluck off
desemplurnar
feathery/downy
plumoso, sa
fecundity
fecundidad
female
hembra
animal)
horn, budding of
piton
goat, deer
horn of animals
cuerno
feral
feral
horned, with horns
astado
fertilization
f ertilizacion
horns, shedding of
desmogue
fetal
fetal
horns, to shed
desmogar
fetus
f eto
hunt, a
caza
flank of an animal
ijada
hunt/hunting
caceria
fledgling
guacharo, ra/guacharro, ra
hunt (birds)
pajarear
flock
rebaiio
hunt, to
cazar
flock of birds
parvada
hunter
cazador, ra
flock of turkeys
pavada
hunter
montero
gallinaceous
gallinaceo
hunter, head
cazador de cabezas
game, big
caza mayor
hunter, lying in wait
paradislero
game, small
caza me nor
hunting, big game
monter{a
game, upland
caza menor deportiva
hybrid
hfbrido, da
genotype
genotipo
immature
inmaturo, ra
17
impregnate, to/
inseminate
fecundizar
inseminar
natural
natural
nest
nido
nest, brood of eggs
nidada
inbreeding
endogamia
incubate, to
incubar
or newly hatched
incubation
incubacic5n
birds
innate
innato
nest, eagle
aguilera
innate, inherent
connatural
nest, of mice
ratonera
interaction
interacci6n
nest, to
anidar
interspersion
entremezcladura
nest, to
nidificar
inventory
inventario
nesting place/box
nidal
invertebrate
invertebrado, da
neutralism
neutralismo
lactation
lactancia
neutralist
neutralista
law, game
ley da caza
non-poisonous
at6xico
lay (eggs)
aovar
nourishment
alimentaci6n
leporid
lep6ride
nutrition
nutrici6n
license
licencia
omnivorous, omivore
omnivoro, ra
litter, brood of
camada
animals
ornithology
ornitologfa
oviparous
ovfparo
litter of animals
cachillada
palmate
palmeado
lizard
fardacho
papilla
papila
lizard
lagartija
parasite
parasite, ta
lizard, horned
lagartija cornudo
parasitic
parasitico, ca
longevity
longevidad
parasitism
parasitismo
male
macho
partridge, ptarmigan
perdiz
mammalian, mammal
mam{f ero
partridge, young
perdigana, perdig6n
mammary
mamario, ria
path, trail
vereda
management, game
reglamentaciou de caza
paw, foot
pata
marsupial
marsupial
paw, of large felines
zarpa
meat, to debone
desencarnar
peliage, hair
pelaje
meat, game
salvajina, no
pellets, deer,
cagarruta
metabolic
metabolico
rabbits, or sheep
migration
migracion
fecal
migratory (birds)
peregrine, na
periodic
periodico, ca
mimicry
mimetismo
pesticide
pesticida
mobility
movilidad
phenotype
fenotipo
monogamy
monogamia
phenotypic
fenod.pico, ca
mortality
mortalidad
phylogeny
f ilogenia
mottled
jabado, da
piglet, suckling pig
gorrf n
mutualism
mutualismo
place, breeding
criadero
mutualist
mutualista
place, hiding
escondedero
natal
natal
place, nesting/box
nidal
natality
natalidad
place, rutting or
bramadero
native
nativo, va
mating
18
rut, heat of
plumaje
rut, rutting season
ronca
poacher
cazador furtive
rutting in
verriondo, da
poison, venom
ponzona
population
poblacion
sac, air/cell
swine and sheep
of animals
plumage
· 1
verriondez
revolcadero
place, wallowing
swine and sheep
saco aereo
post, lookout
descubridero
sac, yolk
saco vitelino
pouch, cheek
abaz6n
scats, bird of prey/
tullidura
predator
alimana, predator
pregnant
prenada
season, closed
temporada cerrada
prehensile
prensil
season, mating of
brama
preserve, game
coto de caza
pullet
polla
season, open
temporada abierta
quadruped
cuadrupedo
secretion
secreci6n
rabid
rabico
sheep, female
oveja
radius
radio
shelter, refuge
recepto
rap tors
rapaces
shoot (to), birds on
volateo
ratio, kill
capacidad de caza
rattlesnake
vibora de cascabel,
reconnaissance,
estimacion de pastizales
droppings
animal, (rut)
the wing/flight
short-haired
crotalo
range
pelicorto, ta
skin, hide
cuero
skin, hide
pellejo
snake, large
culebron
snake, small
culebra
recreation
recreacion
recruitment
reclutamiento
snare
alzapie
refuge
refugio
snare, bird
esplique
refuge, game
refugio de caza
snare, bird,
orzuelo
remote
remoto, ta
repopulate, to
repoblar
or animal trap
solitary
solitario
reptile
reptil
songbird
ave cantora
resources, natural
recursos naturales
specialist
especialista
respiration
respiracion
specialist, predator
alirnanero
restoration
restauracion
control (warden)
reticulum of a
redecilla
ruminant
species
especie
species, indicator
especie indicator
rhythm
ritmo
species of large deer
especie alanes
rodent
roedor
specimen
especimen
rostrum
rostro
split-hoofed, like
capr:!pedo, da
routine
rutina
goats
rumen
rumen
stalk, to
arnaitinar
rumen (ruminants)
rumen
stomach
panza
ruminant
rumiante
swampy, bog
pantano
rumination
rumia, rumiadura
swampy, boggy
paludoso, sa/palustre
19
symbiosis
simbiosis
symbiotic
simbi6tico
tail
rabo
tail, animal
cola
abundance
abundancia
tail, having a
caudimano
acre-foot
pie-acre
Range
adaptation
adaptacion
telemetry
telemetria
agriculture
agricultura
terrestrial
terrestre
agronomy
agronomia
territorial
territorial
alpine
alpestre, alpino, na
amplitude
amplitud
analysis
analisis
prehensile
toe, of cloven-footed
carnicol
animal
colmillo
analysis, qualitative
analisis cualitativo
tooth/tusk/fang
diente
analysis,
analisis cuantitativo
track, animal
huella
track, trail of an
pis ta
tooth, canine
quantitative
animal
analytic, analytical
analitico, ca
arctic
artico, ca
trap, snare
tramp a
area, basal
area basal
trap, to
atrapar
area, burnt woodland
chamicera
trapper
cazador de alforja
area, that remains
fresquedal
trapper
trampero, ra
green during dry
tree, to
encogollarse
season
trend
tendencia
arid
arido
triangulation
triangulacion
aspect
aspecto
turkey
pava, pavo, guajolote
ass, donkey
burro
ungulate
ungulado
ass, female
burr a
value, food
alimenticio
asses, herd of donkey
burrada
vampire
vampire
associes
asocies
venison
carne de venado
atmosphere
atmosf era
venom
veneno
autecology
autecologi'a
vertebrate
vertebrado
autogamy
autogamia
viper
v::lbora
barley
cebada
viviparous
vivfparo
barn, cattle
tenada
wallow, to
encenagarse
barren
esteril
warm-blooded
faja, zona
hematermo
belt
warden, game
guardabosque
bioclimatology
bioclimatolog{a
wasp
avispa
biogenic
biogeno, na
watcher, bird
observador de pajaros
biogeography
biogeograf{a
waterfowl
ave acuatica
biomass
biomasa
web footed
palm::lpedo
biome
bioma
white-tailed
rabican, no
biota
biota
wild animals
animales salvajes
biotic potential
potencial bi6tico
wild, untamed
salvaje
biotype
biotipo
zone, climatic
zona climatica
20
birth, to give
parir
class, age
clase de edad
bovine
bovino, vacuno
class, canopy
clase de cobertura de
class, condition
clase de condicion de!
class, diameter
clase diametrica
ramonear
class, life-form
clase vitamorf o16gica
brush control
control de arbustos
class, height
clase de altura
buck, young
novillo
classification
clasif icaci6n
bud, sprout, shoot
brote
classification,
clasif icacion de
bud, to sprout
brotar
budding, sprouting
brotadura
clearing
raso
bull
toro
climate
clima
bunchgrass
zacate amacollado
climatic
climatico
canopy (herbaceous)
cobertura de follaje
climax
climax
capacity, grazing
capacipad de pastoreo
closed canopy
cobertura cerrada
breed
crianza
brooklet
arroyuelo
browse, forage cut
ram6n
follaje
agostadero
for fodder
browse, to
range
pastizales
coaction
coaccion
carbohidrato
cohort
cohorte
cattle
ganado
collection
recoleccion
cattle, community
manada
community
comunidad
pastoreo
carbohydrate
herd of
cattle, drove of
novillada
young
community, climax
comunidad climax
community, plant
asociaci6n de plantas
association
competici6n
cattle, in rut
toriondo
competition
cattle, parturition
pa rider a
consociation
consoci6n
consocies
consocies
constancy
constancia
place of
cattle, parturition
parici6n
consumer
consumidor, ra
cattle, pasture for
vequeril, potrero
continuum
continua
cattle ranching or
ganaderia
corral, pen, sty
encerradero, corral
corral, to pen
arredillar
time of
breeding
cattle, rut of
toriondez
countryside
campina
cattle terraces
terracillas de
cover, range plant
cobertura del pastizal
cover, vegetation
cobertura vegetal
sobrepastoreo
cattle, to corral
encorralar
cover, vegetative
cobertura vegetante
cattle, to gather
acubilar
cow
vaca
cattle, to gather
embrosquilar
cowhand
vaquero, ra
cow, herd
vacada, manada
into a fold
cattle, to put
empotrerar
out to graze
crop, forage
cosecha de foraje
defecate, to
def ecar
check dam
dique de consolidaci6n
defoliate, to
de foliar
chemical, chemist
qufmico
defoliation
defoliacion
chemistry
qufmica
dense
denso, sa
21
arcabuco
farmer
granjero, ra
farming
granjerfa
densitometer
densitometro
felling or clearing
desmonte
density
densidad
density, stand
densidad de masa
fertile lowland
veg a
desert, wasteland
desierto
fidelity
fidelidad
dio~cious
dioicas
field (the field)
campo
dispersal
dispersion
fire
incendio, fuego
dominant
dominante
fire effects
ef ectos del fuego
donkey
burro, burra
fire, forest
incendio de bosques
driveway, stock
paso de ganado
fire, range
incendio del pastizal
drought, dry season
seca, sequf.a
fistula
f fstula
dry matter
materia seca
floodplain
lecho de inundaci6n
dung, cattle
bonigo
foliage
follaje
dung, horse, cow
bosta
follow
barb echo
ecologic,
ecol6gico
forage
forraje
forage, to
forrajear
dense, woodland
or brush thicket
of trees
ecological
ecologist
ecologo, ga
forage value
valor forrajero
ecology
ecolog:fa
forb, weed
hierba
ecotone
ecotono
forest, wood, grove
f oresta
ecotype
ecotipo
forestation
fores tac ion
edaphic
edaf ico
forester, forest
f orestero
enclosure
cercado, cercamiento,
keeper
area de exclusion
endemic
endemico
environment
ambiente
environmental
ephemeral, stream,
forestry, related
forestal
to forests
frequency
f recuencia
ambiental
gage, rain
pluvi6metro
arroyo
garden, botanical
j a rd in botanico
gauging, water
hidrometr:fa
water course
equilibrium
equilibria
current
erosion
erosion
goat, female
cabra
erosion streambank
desprendimiento de ribera
goat, male
bode, macho cabrio
eutrophic
eutr6fico
goat, young
cabrito, ta
ewe
oveja, borrega
goats
ganado caprino
ewe, small or
ovejuela
gradient
gradiente
grass-eating
graminfvoro
young
exposure
exposicion
grasshopper
chapulfo
faciation
faciacion
graze, to
pastorear, apacentar
f acies
f acies
graze, to put out
pacer
factor, proper use
coef iciente de
to graze
aprovechamiento
grazing, conservative
pastoreo limit ado
farm, grange
granja
grazing, def erred
pastoreo dif erido
farm, owner
f inquero
grazing, premature
pastoreo premature
22
derecho de pastoreo
hydrophytic
grazing, rotation
pastoreo en rotacion
hydro sere
hidrosere
grazing, selective
pastoreo selectivo
ignite, set fire
encender
greenhouse
invernadero
inclination, slope
inclinaci6n de la
ground cover
covertura del subsuelo
groundwater
capa freatica
increaser
acrecentado
grow, to grow roots
enraizar
index
fodice
grow, to grow shoots,
entallecer
inventory
inventario
investigation,
investigaci6n
pendiente
sprouts
grow, to grow among
entrecriarse
other plants
• 1
hidr6fito
grazing right
irrigation
regadura, irrigaci6n
irrigation ditch
regadero
growing season
periodo vegetativo
irrigation, canel
regona
gulley, gulch,
canada, barranca
island
is la
isothermal
isotermo, isotermico
arroyar
knoll, mound (small)
mont:!culo
habit, grazing
f orma de pastar
land, dry barren
secadal
habitat
habitat
land, fallow
aii.ojal
half-shrub
semiarbusto
land, flat tract of,
sillada
halophyte
halofita
halophytic
halofilo
land, pasture
zacatal
hay
he no
land, small tract of
hazuella
hay, fodder, grass
forraje
land, tract of
terreno, na
land, tract of arable
haza
land, wasteland,
yermo
ravine
gullies, to form
on mountain slope
feed
hedged
recomidas
heifer
vaquilla
hemisphere
hemisf erio
landholder
terrateniente
herbaceous
herbaceo
leaves, dry, falle,
borusca
herbage
herbaje
herbarium, botanist
herbario
barren
brushwood
lick, salt
salega, lamedero
herbicide
herbicida
life-form
forma biologica
herbivore, herbivorus
herb!voro
lignin
lignina
hierarchy
jerarqu!a
litter, (leaves,
broza, hojarasca
hill
lo ma
hill, knoll, butte
otero
management, forest
ordenacion de montes
hillside
ladera
management, livestock
ordenacion de la ganader:!a
homogenous
homogeneo, a
management, range
ordenacion de pastos
horizon
horizonte
management, watershed
manejo de cuencas
etc)
horse
caballo
management, wildlife
manejo de fauna silvestre
horse herd
caballada
manure
estiercol
horses
ganado caballar
marsh
cienaga
humidity
humedad
marshland, marsh
fachinal
humus
humus
marshland, swamp
almarjal
hydrology
hidrolog{a
meadow
pradal, pr ado
23
meadow, small
pradej6n
physiognomy
f isonomfa
mensuration
mensuraci6n, medici6n
phytogeography
fitogeograf {a
mesophyte
mes6f ito
phytosociology
fitosociologfa
method
me to do
plant, indicator
planta indicadora
methodology
metodologi.a
plant, to
plantar
microclimate
microclima
plant uprooting
rancajada, desenraizar
monoecious
monoico
plasticity
plasticidad
mosaic
mosaico
plot, experimental
parcela experimental
mountain
montana
plot, study
parcela de ensayo
mountain pass or
collado
small hill
plot, transect
parcela de muestra
plow, to
barbechar
mountainous
montanoso, sa
plowing of
barbechada
mouth of river
desembocadura
pollination
polinizaci6n
muddy, boggy
lo do so
pollution
poluci6n
mulch, compost
la tame
polyandrous
poliandro, ra
native, indigenous
nativo
polygamous
polfgamo, ma
natural
natural
polymerous
polimero, ra
nature
naturaleza
pond, ephermeal
bodon, estanque
niche
niche
pond, small shallow
badina
noxious, harmful
nocible, nociva
pond, stock tank
albuhera, amanal
nutrient
nutriente
pool, pond, reservoir
estanque
nutrition
nutricion
population
poblacion
oak grove or wood
carvajal
prairie, plain
llano, pradera
oligotrophic
oligotrof ico
presence
presencia
orchard
arboleda
primary succession
sucesion primaria
productor
organic matter
materia organica
producer
overgrazing
sobre pastoreo
profile
perfil
prune, to, trim a
podar
overgrazing
pastoreo excesivo
paddock, grassland
herbazal
park
parque
pasture, (area) for
tree
pull, up by the roots
desarraigar, desenraizar
roots
potrero, pastizal
cattle
quad rat
cuadrato
radiaci6n
pasture, fodder
pastura
radiation
pasture, grazing
apacentadero, potrero
ranch
rancho
ran-cher
ranchero
range, or grazing
lote de pastes
area
pasture, used in
pastizal
veranadero
allotment
summer
pastureland
pastadero
range appraisal
valoracion del pastizal
ped, clod of earth
terron
range condition
condicion del pastizal
period, grazing
periodo de pastoreo
range improvement
mejoramiento
periodic
peri6dico, ca
range, short mountain
serrijon, serrania
phenology
fenologf.a
range of small hills
colladia
photosynthesis
fotosintesis
range, open
pastadero libre
24
range, rugged
sierra
mountain
range, yearlong
pastadero permanente
reconnaissance
reconocimiento
reforestation
reforestaci6n
relationship
relic
reservation
reserve
sharp peak or summit
picacho
sheep, flock of
carnerada, rebano
sheep, flock of
borregada
yearling
sheep, ram
carnero
relaci6n
she pa rd
borreguero, pastor
reliquia
shrub
arbusto
reservaci6n
shrub-like
arbustivo, va
reserva
sigmoid
sigmoideo, a
reticulum (ruminant)
redecilla
singe, to sear,
chamuscar
revegetation
revegetacion
scorch
riparian
riberano, na, ribereiio, na
site
sitio
riparian,
amn:f cola
slope, gradient
cuesta, pendiente
sociability
sociabilidad
(terrestria)
rock, stone
piedra
sod
cesped
Rocky Mountains
Montanas Rocosas
sod, grass
hierba de cesped
Rocky Mountains
Montanas Rocallosas
soil, dry barren
secaral
rocky, stony
rocalloso, sa
soil, earth
suelo, tierra
rocky, stony
rocoso, sa
soil, hard crust
tastaiia
rocky terrain
penascal
soil, survey
apeo de suelos
row of trees, plants
linio, hilera
species
especie
rugged, rough terrain
fragoso, escabroso
specimen
especimen
ruggedness,
montuosidad
spring (water)
fuente, manantial
stagnant
estancado
rumen
rumen
stand of trees
mas a
ruminate, to
rumiar
steep rugged rock,
penasco
rumination
rumia, rumiadura
saline
salino, na
steep slope, ravine
garma
saline ground
salobre
steepest part of
varga
salinity
salinidad
salt, to feed to
salgar
wilderness
crag
hill or slope
livestock
stratum
estrato
streambank
ribera del torrente
season, period
temporada
streambed
fondo del lecho, alveo
sediment
sedimento
streammouth
desembocadura
sedimentary
sedimentario, ria
~ubalpine
subalpino, a
sedimentation
sedimentacion
subspecies
subespecie
seedbed, plant
plantario, cama de siembra
substratum
substrato
subterranean
subterraneo, a
subtropical
nursery
seed drill
sembradora de hileras
subtropical
self-fertilization
auto fertilizaci6n
succession
sucesion
self-pollination
auto polinizaci6n
summer
verano
semi-arid
semiarido, da
summer season
veranada
sharecropping
aparcer!a
summit
cumbre
25
reconocimiento
vegetation
vegetacion
systems
sistema
vegetative
vegetativo, va
systenunatic
sistematico, ca
vigor
vigor
technique
tecnica
vitality
vitalidad
technology
tecnolog:f.a
volunteer plants
plantas espontaneas
terrestrial
terrestre
watershed
cuenca
theory
teor:f.a
wave on water
onda, ala
thicket.
boscaje
weeds (noxious)
malezas
tillage
labranza
weeds, forbs
yerbas
tolerance
tolerancia
wetting agent
agente humectante
tract, woodland with
oquedal
winter blooming
hiemacion
wintering place
invernadero
t re.mp le, to
patullar, pisotear
wire, barbed
alambre de puas
transect
transecto
wooded, densely
arcabucoso
transpiraci6n
wooded, densely
boscoso
tree fork or branch
orqueta
woodland
arboleda
tree, half-burnt,
chamizo
woodland
monte, bosque
woods, forest
bosque
survey
fall and lofty
transpiration
or log
tree stump
tocon
woods, forest
selva
trees, bare of
subaf luente
woods, of the
selvatico, ca
undergrowth
xerophyte
xerofita
tributary
xerophytic
xerof itico
trofico
yearling, bull calf
becerro
tundra
tundra
yearling, calf or
aiiojo, ja
twig
verdasca, ramita
undergrowth,
brozoso, sa
trophic
lamb
yearling, female
becerra
calf
brushy with
estrato inferior
yearling, lamb
borrego, ga
ungulate
ungulado
zonation
zonif icaci6n
uptake
asimilar
zone
zona
use, utilization
aprovechamiento
zone, buffer
zona amortiguada
understory
26
ESPANOL-ING LES
Animales
Espanol
fallow deer
otter
dama
alee, venado alazan
elk
elefante, ta
elephant
almizclera
muskrat
gacel
male gazelle
alpaca
alpaca
gacela
gazelle
anteburro
Mexican tapir
gama
female fallow deer
ant!lope
antelope
gamo
male fallow deer
ardilla
squirrel
gato mantes
bobcat, wild cat
ardilla de la tierra
ground squirrel
guigui
flying squirrel (Pteromys
ardilla gr is
gray squirrel
ardilla listada
chipmunk
guill:!.n
otter (Lutra hnidobria)
ardilla voladora
flying squirrel (Pteromx:s
hiena
hyena
hirco
wild goat
ahuizote
petaurista)
£._etaurista
baquira
peccary
:Cb ice
ibex
bermej izo, za
fruit bat
jabal:!
wild boar
berrendo
antelope
jabali verrugoso
warthog
bicerra
mountain goat
jabalina
bisonte
bison
female boar, collared
peccary
borrego cimarron
sheep, mountain
jaguar
jaguar
bufalo, la
buffalo
jirafa
giraffe
cabro
wild goat
koala
koala
camel lo
camel
lagomorfo
lagomorph
campanol
field mouse
le6n
lion
canguro
kangaroo
leon de montaiia
mountain lion
castor
beaver
leona
lioness
cebra
zebra
leoncico, leoncillo,
lion cub
chacharita
collared peccary
chibiguazu
ocelot
le~pardo
leopard
chimpance
chimpanzee
lep6ride
leporid
churcha
opossum
liebre
hare, jackrabbit
c{bolo, a
bison
lince
lynx
coati
coati
llama
llama
cochina
sow
lobezno
wolf cub
comadreja
weasel
lobo
wolf
leoncito
conejo
rabbit
lutria
otter
coyote
coyote
mapache
raccoon
27
mapurite
skunk
marmota
murcielago
mustela
iiu
tigre
tiger
marmot
tigrillo
wild cat
fruit bat
tlacuache
opossum
weasel
to po
mole
gnu
unau
sloth
nutria
otter
venado
deer
ocelote
ocelot
venado cola blanca
Whitetail deer
or ix
oryx
venado cola negra
blacktail deer
osezno
bear cub
vicuiia
vicuna
oso, a
bear
zarigtieya
opossum
oso colmenero
little anteater
zorra, ro
fox
oso gris
grizzly bear
zorrillo
skunk
oso horrniguero
great anteater
zorro artico
arctic fox
oso marsupial
koala
zorro de las praderas
kit fox, prairie fox
oso negro
black bear
zorro rojo
red fox
oso pardo
brown bear
zorro volante
flying fox
oso polar
polar bear
pajaro carpintero
woodpecker
pale to
fallow deer
Pesqueria
pantera
panther
acuoso
aqueous
pecari
peccary
aguas arriba
upstream
perezoso
sloth
aleta dorsal
dorsal fin
petigris
common gray squirrel
alga verde
green algae
picamadero
woodpecker
almatroque
shad net
piscivoro, ra
piscivorous, fish-eating
alosa
shad
puerco
pig, swine
anzuelo
fish hook
puerco espin
porcupine
as taco
crayfish
rabopelado
opossum
barbilla
barbel
ranero
frog pond
bentos
bent hos
rang{fero, reng!fero,
reindeer
branquia
branchia
butrino
fish trap
reno
raposa, so,
fox
cambaro
crayfish
rata
female rat
cangrejo
crab
rata amizclada
muskrat
carpa
carp
rata canguro
kangaroo rat
cauqal
caudal fin or tail
rat6n de campo
field mouse
cedazo
large fishing net
rat6n, na
male mouse
cercote
seine, fishing net
roedor
rodent
cetaria
fish hatchery
satirio
water rat
charal
a lake fish
taltuza
gopher
cola
caudal fin or tail
tapir
tapir
crustaceo, a
crustaceous
tasugo, tej6n
badger
desembocadura
inlet
tigresa
tigress
desovar
to spawn
28
desove
spawning season, spawning
redaya
river fishing net
dorsal
dorsal
regajal, regajo
stream, brooklet
estanca
to dam up with beavers
remanso
backwater
estuario
estuary, inlet
represa
to dam up as with
fitoplancton
phytoplankton
fondo del lecho
streambed
riacho, riachuelo
rivulet, stream, rill
f reza
spawning of fishes
ribera
bank, shore
beavers
garlito
fish trap, snare
do
river
hueva
roe, fish eggs
do abajo
downstream
ictiologfa
ichthyology
rio arriba
upstream
jaramugo
small bait fish
rivera
brook, creek
lago
lake
sabalar
shad net
laguna
lagoon, small lake
sabalo
shad
Hmite de tamaiio
size limit
salabardo
dip net, scoop net
lobina
bass
salamandra
salamander
nansa
fish dip net
salmon
salmon
ninf a
nymph
salobre
brackish, briny
opercular
opercular
sapo
toad
operculo
operculum
sedal
fishing line
papila
papilla
subacuatico, ca
underwater, subaquatic
pesca
fishing, angling
subalveo, a
layer under a river bed
pescado
fish
termico, ca
thermic, thermal
pescador
fisherman
tirona
fishing net, seine
pescados de caza
game fish
tramo f luvial
reach (of stream)
pescar
to fish
trucha
trout
pesquer!a
fishing ground, fishery
ventral
ventral
pesquer{a, pesca
fishing trade
ventrecha
fish belly
pez
fish
piscicultura
fish culture
piscifactor{a
fish hatchery
pisc!voro, ra
piscivorous, fish-eating
abedul
birch
plancton
plankton
abeto (Abies)
fir
rabion
river rapids
abeto blanco
white fire
rana
frog
abeto de Douglas
Douglas fir
ranacuajo
tadpole
aorojo
thorn, caltrop, thistle
rana leopardo
leopard frog
agrostologfa
agrostology
Botanica
ranero
frog pond
aguilena
columbine
rapidos
river rapids
aladierno (Rhamnus)
buckthorn
raudal
torrent rapid stream
alamo
poplar
rebalsar
to dam up as with beavers
alamo tembl6n
aspen tree
recial
river rapids
aleznado, da
pointed
red
net, netting
alga verde
green algae
redar
to catch in a net
alhumajo
pine needles
29
alimonarse
for leaves to turn
yellowish
botanico, ca
botanical
bractea
bract
aliso (Alnus)
alder
bracteado, da
bracteate
almorejo
foxtail
bracteola
bractlet
altamandria
knotweed (Polygonum
briofita
bryophyte
altarreina
yarrow (Achillea
amacollar
cluster of shoots
amarillar
for leaves to turn yellow
amelo
aster
amen to
ament
androceo
androecium
aviculare)
millefolium)
bulbo
bulb
bulboso, sa
bulbous
cabillo
stalk, stem
cacto, cactus
cactus
cadanego, ga
bearing abundant fruit
every year
calicillo
verticil or whorl of
leaves
an ea
cattail, bulrush
caliz
calyx
ant era
anther
camara subestomatica
substomatal chamber
antes is
anthesis
cambium
cambium
aquenio
achene
cambute
legume
arbol
tree
cana
cane, reed
arborescente
arborescent
caquexia or clorosis
chlorosis
arboreto
arboretum
carpelo
carpel
arbusto
shrub
carvajo
oak tree
arce
maple
caulescente
caulescent
aristoso, sa,
awned
caul!fero, ra
borne upon the stem
ceborrincha
wild onion
cedro
cedar
aristado
arracirnado, da
clustered
arrejonado, da
lanceolate
celula
cell
avena silvestre
wild oat
celula cavidad
cell lumen
axila
axil
celula oclusiva
palisade cell, guard cell
ballueca
wild oat
celular placa
cell plate
bay a
berry
cerezo
cherry tree
belcho
joint fir, ephedra
champinon
mushroom
bellota
acorn
cimoso, sa
cymose
bianual
biennial
cipres
cypress
b:ifero, ra
biferous
clorof ila
chlorophyll
bifido, da
bifid
cofia
root cap
bionte
biont
coleoptilo
coleoptile
biota
biota
comprimido
appressed
b!paro, ra
biparous
con!fero, ra
coniferous, conifer
bipetalo
bipetalous
corteza
cortex
bipinado, da
bipinnate
dehiscente
dehiscent
bohordo
cattail reed
dendrocronologfa
dendrochronology
borlilla
anther
dendroideo, a
arborescent
botanica
botany
dep6sito de grava
gravel bar
30
dermico
dermal
f resno
ash (Fraxinus)
dicotiledon
dicotyledon
f ronda
frond, leaf
dioico
dioecious
frondoso, sa
leafy
dipetalo, la
dipetalous
f ruta
fruit
disepalo, la
disepalous
fungal, fungoso
fungal
drupa
drupe, stone fruit
f ungo
fungus
ef edra
ephedra (joint fir)
geniculado, da
geniculate
empotrado
embedded
germinacion
germination
encino
oak tree
gimnospermo, ma
gymnosperm
endodermis
endodermis
girasol
sunflower
enebrina
juniper berry
globulo
globule
enebro
juniper
gram:lneo, nea
gramineous
entrenudo
internode
granifero, ra
graniferous
epifito
epiphyte
grasilla
juniper resin
epigino
epigynous
gromo
bud, shoot
espiga
spike
guia terminal
terminal shoot
espigado, da
spicate
helecho
fern
espiguilla
spike let
hembra
female
espina
thorn, spine on plants
herbario, ria
herbarium
espora
spore
heterofilo, la
heterophyllous
estaminado, da
staminate
hidrofilo, la
hydrophilous
est!pula
stipule
hidrofito, ta
hydrophyt:f:c
es to logia
ethology
hipoginia
hypogyny
estolonifera
creeper
hojuela
leaf let
expulsado
extruded
hongo
mushroom, toadstool,
f anerof ita
phanerophyte
fasciaci6n
f asciation
imbricado, da
imbricate
fenologia
phenology
indehiscencia
indehiscence
fungus
fibroso
fibrous
infero, ra
inferior, lower
ficologi'a
phycology
inf lorescencia
inflorescence
f isonom{a
physiognomy
involucro
involucre
fitologfa
botany
involuta
involute
fit6n
phyton
juncaceo
juncaceous
f itoplancton
phytoplankton
junipero
juniper
f leo
timothy
lanceado, da
lanceolate
flor
flower
latifolio, a
latifoliate
flora
flora
legumbre
legume
f lorecer
bloom, to blossom
lema
leIIUila
f lorescencia
florescence
l{gula
ligule
fl6sculo
floret
liquen
lichen
f oliado
foliose
lobulado
lobed
foHculo
follicle
macolla
bunch/cluster of roots or
f ormaci6n
formation
flowers
31
perennifolia
evergreen
membrane
periantio
perianth
primary wall
petalo
leaf, petal
mesocarpio
mesocarp
piiia
pine cone, pine nut
mesof ilo
mesophyll
pinabete
fir (Abies)
mesofito
mesophyte
pinado, da
pinnate
maple
maple
membrana
membrana primaria
micelio
mycelium
pinadfido, da
pinnatif id
micologfa
mycology
pincho
thorn, spine on plants
microfito
microphyte
pineda, pinar
pine grove or forest
monocotiledon
monocotyledon
pino
pine, pine tree
monoico
monoecious
pinocha
pine needle
muerdago
mistletoe
piiion
pinon nut
multicaule
having many shoots
pistilado, da
pistillate
muldfido, da
multif id
pistilo
pistil
multiflor
multiflora
plant a
plant
musco, musgo
moss
plantas, plantaje
plants (collectively)
nanacate
mushroom
plantas silvestres
wild plants
navajitas
grama grass
plasmodesmos
plasmodesmata
nebral, nebreda
juniper grove
pleguete
vine tendril
nebrina
juniper berry
pluma
feather
nebro
juniper tree or shrub
polen
pollen
negrillera
elm grove, poplar grove
pterid6fito
pteridophyte
nervio
nerve, vein
pubescente
pubescent, hairy
noceda, nogueral
walnut grove
puntiagudo
pointed
walnut tree, walnut tree,
rabo
flower stalk
racimo
raceme
nocedal
walnut
nodule
nodule
radiado, da
radiate
no gal
pecan tree, pecan nut
radicula
radicle
nopal
prickly pear growth or
raigambre
matted roots
ra:fz
root
rafz pivotante
taproot
thicket
nuez
nut, of any tree
obovado, da
obovate
ramilla
sprig, twig
olmeda
elm grove
ramillete
cluster, umbel
olmo (Ulmus)
elm
raquis
rachis
panicula
panic le
recortado, da
notched, indented
paniculado, da
paniculate
reliquia
relic
parron
wild grapevine
resina
juniper resin
peciolo
petiole
reticulado, da
reticulate
pedicelado, da
pedicellatt
retono
shoot, sprout, sucker
pedicelo
rhizome
pedicel
rizoma
ped{culo
pedicle
robinia (Robinia)
locust
pedtfnculo
peduncle
rob le
oak
pencudo, da
having fleshy leaves
robleda
oak grove or forest
32
rusticano, na
wild plants
sabuco
elder
unicaule
having only one stalk
sacere
maple tree
unfparo, ra
uniparous
umbela
umbel
saciiia
willow (Salix incana)
vaina
pod
salceda, do
willow grove
vastago, vastiga
shoot, scion
salguera, ro
willow
vegetaci6n
vegetation
salicaceo
salicaceous
velloso, sa
billous
sauce
willow
vena
vein
sauco
elder tree, elderberry
vernacion
vernation
sauce lloron
weeping willow
verticilo
verticil
sauceda
willow grove
vesicula
vesicule
savia
plant sap
vina
vine
saxicolo
saxicolous, growing among
xerofilo, la
xerophilous
xerofito, ta
xerophytic, xerophyte
rocks
semiflosculo
semif loret
xilema
xylem
semilla
seed
yema
bud
sepalo
sepal
yema adventicia
adventitious bud
septo
septum
yema terminal
terminal bud
s~sil
sessile
zarcillo
tendril
seta
mushroom
sicomoro
sycamore
siempre verde
evergreen
simpetalo, la
sympetalous
a rnano
hand (work by)
tallo flora
flower stalk
abeto de Douglas
Douglas-fir
ta lo
thallus
abono quimico
fertilizer (chemical)
talofita
thallophyte
acebolladura
rings hake
Forestales
tamarisco, tamariz
tamarix
acidez
acidity
tarajal
small cedar patch
aclarear
to thin
taraje
salt cedar
aclareo
intermediate cut, thinning
taxaceo, a
taxaceous
aclareo de la parte
thinning from below
temblon
trembling poplar, aspen
tetrandro, a
tetrandrous
aclareo, metodo de
thinning method
tetrapetalo, la
tetrapetalous
aclareo por lo alto
thinning from above
tomentoso, sa
tomentose
aclareo selectiva
selection thinning
ac.re, superficie
acreage
trebol
clover, trefoil
tr{fido, da
trifid
trifoliado, da
trifoliate
tuberculo
tuberosa, sa
inferior
medida en
a erogenous
producido en el apice
tuber, tubercle
afido
aphid
tuberose, tuberous
afilar
sharpen
tuna
prickly pear fruit
agalla
gall
tun al
prickly pear plant or
agricultura agronom:Ca
agriculture agronomy
agronom:!a
agronomy
aguja
pine needle
thicket
tuner a
prickly pear plant
33
aislamiento
insolation
barra de hendir
planting bar
albura
sapwood
barrenador
borer
almaciga, cama de
seedbed
bej UCO
vine
belleza del paisaje
scenic beauty
bolsa
bag
siembra
almacigas, enfermedad
damping-off
bosque
forest
alogamia
de las
cross-pollinate
bosque de entresaca
selection forest
altura
height
bosque parque
park-like forest
ambiental
environmental
brinzal
seedling
ambiente
environment
bro ta, brote
shoot/sprout
anillar
to girdle trees
brujula
compass
anillo annual
annual ring
cable
cable
a pear
fell
cadena
chain
apice
top
caducifolia
deciduous
apilamiento
pile
calidad del sitio
site quality
aprovechamiento
utilization
calvero
open space in forest
aprovechamiento de
land use
cama de siembra
seedbed
tierras
almaciga
aprovechar
exploit
cambium
cambium
aprovecho multiple
multiple use
caminata de muestreo
cruise-line
arado de discos
disk plow
camino acceso
access road
arar
to plow
caminos, red de
road system
arbol
tree
campamento
camp
arbol de navidad
Christmas tree
campo
field
arbol ornamental
ornamental (tree)
cancrosis
canker
arbol promedio
average tree
cantidad
amount
arbol semil lero
seed tree
carbon
charcoal
arbol tipo
sample tree
car boner a
charcoal kiln
arborea
relating to tree
carcava
gully
arboreto
arboretum
cargar
to load
arboricultor
nurseryman
cecidia
gall-midge, nutgall
area
area
celula
cell
area basal
basal area
celulosa
cellulose
a reno so
sandy
cenizas
ashes
arrastrar
skid (logs)
censo
inventory
asseradero
sawmill
cepa
stump
aserrar
to saw
cercar
fence (to)
aserr{n
sawdust
cerco
fence
astilladora
chipper
cha pa de madera
veneer
atacar
to inf est/to attack
ciclo de corta
cutting cycle
azar
random
cienaga
meadow (wet)
azulado de madera
bluestain
cincel
chisel
banda
strip, belt
cinta de medici6n
tape (measuring)
34
to harvest
cinta diametrica
diameter tape
cosechar
clase de edad
age class
costero
slab
clase diametrica
diameter class
crecimiento
growth
clasif icacion
crown-class
cromosoma
chromosome
cuadrilla de campo
field party
clasificar
to grade
cuadro
table (of figures)
cubicaci6n de arboles
scaling felled
arborea
clima
climate
clon
clone
clorofila
chlorophyll
clorosis
chlorosis
cobertura de follaje
apeados
trees
cubicaci6n en pie
volume determination of
canopy
cuenca
watershed area
codominante
codominant
cuenca hidrograf ica
watershed
coef iciente morf ico
form factor
cuerda
cord
coetaneo
even-aged
cues ta
slope
colchon aplicar un
to mulch
cuidado cultural
stand improvement
colchon de materia
mulch
cultivar
to grow, to cultivate
cuna
wedge
standing trees
organica
comb ate
control (pests)
curva de nivel
contour line
combate, metodo de
control measure
dai'io
damage
comejen
termite
dasometr:1a
forest mensuration
computadora
computer
dasonomia
forestry
conif era
coniferous cone (pine)
datos
data
co no
cone (pine)
debastadora
de-barker
constituci6n normal
normal forest
def ectuoso
defective
contenido de humedad
moisture content
dendr6metro
dendrometer
contrafuego
backfire
densidad
density
control de incendios
fire control
deposito de madera
log deck
copa
crown of tree
desarollo
development
desarraigar
lift (seedlings)
coraz6n
heartwood
corola
corolla
desbrozadora
brush-cutter
corta
felling/cut
descortezador
barkbeetle
corta, ciclo de
cutting cycle
descortezadora
debarker
corta de generaci6n
regeneration cut
descortezamiento
bark peeling
corta de salvamiento
salvage cutting
descortezar
peel (to)
corta diseminatoria
seed tree cutting
des echo
litter (refuse)
corta de entresaca
selective cut
desechos de la
slash
corta preparatoria
preparatory cutting
corta
corta total
clearcutting
deshierbe
weeding
cortaf uego
fireline
deshojar
defoliate
cortar
cut (to fell)
desmontar
to deforest
cortas sucesivas
shelterwood system
desperdicio
waste
corte anual
annual cut
des pun tar
to top
corteza
bark
desramar
lop (to)
corto plazo
short term
desviaci6n estandar
standard deviation
35
diametro
diameter
estratif icacion
stratification
diametro al altura
d.b.h.
estrato inferior
understory
del pecho
diametro superior
estrato superior
overstory
top diameter
eucalipto
eucalyptus
dique
dike
explotaci6n f orestal
logging (harvest)
disetaneo
uneven-aged
exp lo tar
exploit
distribuci6n de
sample distribution
exterminar
to eradicate
extracci6n
skidding
extraer
skid (logs)
muestra
distrito
district
divisora de aguas
watershed (boundary)
faja
strip, belt
dominante
dominant
fango
silt
dosel, espesura del
crown-closure
fenotipo
phenotype
duramen
heartwood
f ertilizante
fertilizer
durmiente de
railroad tie
ferrocarril
fibra
fiber
fila
row
financing
ecologfa
ecology
f inanciamiento
econom{a
economics
fisiol6gica
physiologic
edad
age
f loema
phloem
edad, clase de
age-class
f orcicula
caliper
ef ecto
effect
f orestacion
afforestation
enf ermedad
disease
f orestal
related to forestry
enfermedad de las
damping-off
formula
formula
almacigas
fotografia aerea
aerial photo
entresaca
thinning
franja cortafuega
firebreak
entresacar
to thin
f recuencia
frequency
envenenar
to poison
frondosa
broad-leaved
erradicar
eradicate
fuego
fire
error de muestreo
sampling error
fueste muerto
snag (dead tree)
es ca la
scale (of map)
fuste
stem (bole)
escarabajo
beetle
generaci6n
generation
escol:ftido
bark beetle
genotipo
genotype
esciafila
shade tolerant
germinaci6n
germination
especie
species
germinaci6n
dormant (seed)
especie, exotica
exotic species
espesura del dosel
crown-closure
grano de la madera
grain (of wood)
estacar
to make cuttings
grua
loader (j ammer)
es tac ion
season (of year)
grumo
clod
estad:f.stica
inventory
granizo
hail
estadistica f orestal
forest inventory
guarda f orestal
forest guard
estaquillado
cutting
gufa terminal
leader (growth)
estereoscopio
stereoscope
ha cha
axe
estigma
stigma
helada
frost
estimaci6n
estimation
helecho
fern
retardada
36
hendidura en el
hearts hake
labranza
soil cultivation
larva
larva
herbicide
lefia
cordwood
injury
lignina
lignin
hereditario
hereditary
lfmite
boundary
h:lbrido
hybrid
limpia
cleaning ( s i lv. )
duramen
herbicida
herida
hidrologfa
hydrology
liter a
litter (ground)
hijuelo
sprout/shoot
longitud
length
hilera
row
macizo, masa
stand (of trees)
hipsometro
hypsometer
madera
wood/timber
hipsometro de sierra
saw blade
madera aserrada
lumber
hojarasca
litter (leaves)
madera blanda
softwood
hongo
fungus
(de con.lfera)
horticultura
horticulture
madera contrachapeada
plywood
humedo
moist
madera de desenrollo
peeler (log)
importe
amount
madera de pulpa
pulpwood
incendio de copas
crown fire
madera dura (de
hardwood
incendio f orestal
forest fire
especie f rondosas)
standing timber, growing
incendio superficial
ground fire
incision de corta
undercut
increment a
increment
madera en rollo
round wood
increment a media
mean annual increment
madera para aserrar
sawtimber
madera en pie
stock
maderable
mature stand
inf est (to)
madurez
maturity
infestaci6n
infestation
maduro
mature
ingeniero del
district officer
malezas
weeds (brush)
anual
infestar
distrito
ingeniero jefe del
district ranger
distrito
manejo forestal
forest management
mantilla
duff
mantilla acido,
humus
injertar
to graft
insecticida
insecticide
map a
map
insecto
insect
marcar
blaze (on a tree)
intensidad de
sampling intensity
mas a
volume (of a stand)
matarrasa
clearcut
matarrasa en fajas
clearcut strips
humus
muestreo
intervalo
interval
intolerante
intolerant
alternadas
inundar
flood (to)
matarrasa por grupos
inventario
inventory
material defectuosa
inventario de bosques
forest inventory
investigacion
research
investigacion
forest research
forestal
invierno
winter
37
clearcut patches
cull (material)
matorral
scrub (growth)
media
mean
medicion de volumen
scale (timber)
medida
measure
medida tabla
board measure
medula
pith
rnej oramiento
improvement (forest)
ordenacion por
volume regulation
volumen
mensuracion
mensuration
oruga
caterpillar
metodo de combate
control measure
otoiio
autumn
micorriza
micorrhiza
paisaje
landscape
micosis
fungal disease
pala de hendir
planting-bar
microclima
mic roe lirna te
pantano
marsh
mo ho
mold
parasitario
parasitic
moj6n
survey monument
parasito
monoico
monoecious
parcela
plot
monte
forest
parcela de prueba
sample plot
monte bajo
coppice
parenquirna
parenchyma
monte bravo
saplings (thicket)
pasta de madera
wood pulp
monte campesino
farm woodlot
pendiente
slope
monte coetaneo
even-aged forest
perdigal
pole stage
rnonte disetaneo
uneven-aged forest
perfodo de
working plan period
morfolog:1a
morphology
motosierra
chainsaw
perfodo de corta
cutting period
muebles
furniture
perfodo de repose,
dormancy
muerdago
mistletoe, dwarf-mistletoe
muestra
sample
peso
weight
rnuestreo
sampling
pesticida
pesticide
muestreo
stratified sample
pie-tabla
boardfoot
piiia
cone (pine),
aprovechamiento
dormancia
estratificado
multiplicacion
vegetative reproduction
pine cone
agamica
pinar
pine forest
sexual reproduction
pino
pine (Pinus)
plaga
pest
mus go
moss
plan de manejo
management plan
nivel
level (instrument)
planeamiento
planning
multiplicacion
sexual
nivel, curva de
contour line
plano
map
nu do
knot
plano general
base map
nudoso
knotty
plant a
plant
planta leiiosa
woody plant
nuez
nut
objective de manejo
management objective
plantaci6n
plantation
oquedal
high forest
plantadora
planting machine
ordenacic5n del
regulation of cut
plantar
to plant
plantar con terr6n
ball planting
aprovechamiento
ordenacic5n forestal
forest regulation
plant ones
planting stock
ordenacion por
area regulation
plantula
seedling
platabanda
nursery bed
pod a
pruning
poda de raices
root pruning
area
ordenaci6n
management unit
secci6n de
38
podar
to prune
ref orestacion
podredumb re
rot
regar
to water (irrigate)
polilla
moth
regeneracion
regeneration
polinizar
to pollinate
regeneracion
artif ical regeneration
polf tica f orestal
forest policy
reforestation
artificial
pol6n
stump sprout
regeneracion natural
natural regeneration
poluci6n de! agua
pollution (water)
regla de Biltmore
Biltmore stock
poluci6n de! ambiente
pollution (air)
re lamp ago
lightning
por ciento
percent
relascopio
relascope
porcentaje
percentage
rendimiento
yield
posibilidad de corta
allowable cut
rendimiento anual
annual yield
poste
pole
rendimiento de
lumber yield
practica cultural
cultural practice
pradera
meadow
presupuesto
primavera
aserrar
rendimiento sostenido
sustained yield
budget
renuevo
shoot, sprout
spring (season)
repicados
transplants
prism
prisma
repoblado
seedling stage
procedencia
provenance
residuos de la corta
slash
producido en el
acrogenous
resina
resin
rociar
to spray
producto secundario
by-product
rollizo/rollo
bole/bolt (of timber)
promedio
mean
rotaci6n
rotation
proporcion de la
crown ratio
roya
rust (disease)
apice
cop a
prueba, parcela de
roya vesicular
(Cronartium)
sample plot
roza a f uego
broadcast burn
pruebas, tomar
to sample
rozar
to clear land
pua para injertar
scion
sabana
savannah
pudricion de! corazon
center rot
savia
sap
pulpa de madera
wood pulp
secadero
dry-kiln
quemar
burn
secar
to dry/season
raices capilares
hair roots
secado al aire
air dry
rajar
to split
seguridad
safety
ralear
to thin out
seleccion
selection
rasa, raso
clearcut area
sembradora
seed drill
rascar
to blaze, to mark
sembrar
to plant
rastra
harrow
sembrar a voleo
broadcast seeding
rastrear
to harrow
semilla
seed
rayo
lightning
sernilla de primera
selected seed
recreo
recreation
categoda
recursos
resources
semillon
seedling
recurso natural
natural resource
seiialar arboles
to mark trees
red de caminos
road system
serie de corta
felling-series
redecilla
reticulum of a ruminant
serraduras
sawdust
39
siembra
seeding
ti po de vegetacion
vegetation type
siembra en hileras
drilling (seed)
ti po del sue lo
soil type
siempre verde
evergreen
tizon
blight
sierra
saw
toc6n
stump
sierra cinta
band saw
torcida
spiral (grain)
sierra circula
circular saw
torre de vigilancia
lookout tower
sierra trozadora
chainsaw
trabaj o de campo
field work
de cadena
tractor
tractor
silvicultural
silvicultural
tractor oruga
drawler tractor
silvicultura
silviculture
tramo
cutting block
sistema
system
trasplantar
transplant
sistema silvicultural
silvicultural system
tratamiento cultural
stand improvement
sitio, calidad del
site quality
trementina
turpentine
plywood
sobremaduro
overmature
triplex
sombra
shade
troceadora
chipper
suelo forestal
forest soil
tronco
stem/bole
superf icie
area
trozador
crosscut saw
suprimido
overtopped, suppressed
tronzar
to buck
surco
furrow
trozo de madera,
log
tabla
table (of figures)
tabla/tablon/cuadro
board, table
turba
bog peat
tabla de volumen
volume table
umbrof ila
shade tolerant
tabla de rendimiento
yield table
unidad de area
unit (of area)
tablero de particulas
chipboard,
unidad de manejo
unit (management)
unidad del
unit (organization)
leiio
particle-board
taladro
increment borer
talar
cut (to fell)
utilizaci6n
utilization
talarasa
clearcut
valor corriente
market value
talarasa con
seed-tree method
valor de madera
stumpage (value)
tallar simple
coppice
vegetacion
vegetation
tasa de interes
interest rate
vender en pie
to sell stumpage
tasaci6n
appraisal
vereda
trail (path)
tejamanil
shake (heartshake)
verruga
burl
tejido cicatrizal
callus
verticilo
whorl (of branches)
organizacion
portagranos
en pie
temperatura
temperature
v{a de extraccion
skid trail
tenazas
tongs
viga
beam
termita
termite
vigor
vigor
terreno baldfo
wasteland
viiia
vine
terreno f orestal
forest land
viruta
chip
terreno llano
level (ground)
virutilla
excelsior
terreno productor
productive forest land
vivero
nursery, nursery bed
tiempo
weather
volumen
volume
tipo de interes
rate of interest
volumen en pie
standing volume
40
volumen normal
normal growing stock
brecha
breccia
vuelco por las
wind throw
cabeza
peak, high hill
ca la
soil pit
calcareous
vientos
xilema
xylem
calcareo
zona anual de
annual cut
calcico
calcic
caliche
alkali
crecimiento
Suelos
cambico
cambic
cantalinoso, sa
stony, rocky ground
capa arable
top soil
abanico aluvial
alluvial fan
capa dura, tosca
hardpan
acidez
acidity
capa impermeable
impermeable layer
acido
acid
carga de raja
cleavage
acuico
aquic
carga solida
bed load
adoguina
desert pavement
catena
catena
agregado
aggregate, soil
colluvi6n
colluvium
alcali
alkali
coloide del suelo
soil colloid
a lea lino
alkaline
concrecion
concretion
alofana
allophane
cono de deyeccion
alluvial fan
aluvial, aluvional
alluvial
consistencia del
soil consistence
aluvion
alluvium
sue lo
aluvionamiento
accretion
costra
soil crust
alveo
streambed, riverbed
cuenca hidrograf ica
drainage basin
analisis mecanico
mechanical analysis
deposito de grava
gravel bar
antropico
anthropic
derrumpe
landslide
a pedal
a pedal
desgastar
to erode
arcilla
argillic clay
deslizamiento de
soil creep
arcillar
to loam
arcillo arenoso
sancy clay
arcilloso, sa
clayey, argillic
arena
sand
deslizamiento eluvial
soil, eluvial
arena francosa,
loamy sand
deslizamiento,
soil, depth
sue lo
deslizamiento
soil, degraded
deslavado
profundidad del
f ranca
sue lo
a renal
sandy ground or place
argila, argilla
argillic, clay
argiloso, sa
clayey, argillic
aterramiento
aggradation, siltation
duna
sand dune
autoclave
autoclave
durnudo
durinode
azonal
azonal, soil
durstrato, duro
duripan
edafico, ca
edaphic
baldio, tierras de
badlands
edafologfa
edaphology
barniz del desierto
desert varnish
edaf ologo
edaphologist
barro
clay mud, silt
eluviacion
eluviation
barroso, sa
clayey
embancamiento
accretion
desprendimiento de
bank erosion
ribero
classification
41
enc a la do
liming, soil
lixiviacion
leaching
eolico
eolian
loess
loess
ercilla
loam
medano
sand dune
erosion
erosion
mesico
me sic
erosion acelerada
accelerated erosion
microrelieve
microrelief
erosion de carcavas
gully erosion
molico
mollic
erosion laminar
sheet erosion
ocrico
ochric
erosion por regueros
rill erosion
oxico
oxic
erosion superficial
splash erosion
paralitico
paralithic
escorrentia,
runoff
podolog:!a
pedology
pedologo
pedologist
spadic
pedon
pedon
estribo
abutment
pedregal, pedroche
stony ground
fase
phase
pedregoso, sa
stony
f loculaci6n
flocculation
pedrej6n
boulder
forma terrestre
landf orm
pedrera de erosion
erosion pavement
f ranco arcillo
sandy clay loam
pena
rock, boulder
peniplanicie
peneplain
percolarse
percolate
escurrimiento
espodico
arenosa
f ranco arcillo
silty clay loam
limoso
perfil del suelo
soil profile
franco areilloso
clay loam
pergelico
pergelic
f ranco limoso
silt loam
placas, en
platy
friable
friable
podzol
podzol
f ronton pendiente
pediment
porosidad edaf ica
soil porosity
granuloso
granular
pozo agrologico
soil pit (study)
gr av a
gravel, coarse sand
profundidad de suelo
soil depth
greda
clay, loam
regolita
regloith
gredal
clayey, loamy
riachuelo
rills
guijarral
cobbly land
roca
rock
guijarro
cobble
rocalia
pebbles, stones
guij oso, sa
gravelly, stony
sabulo
coarse heavy sand
histico
his tic
sacamuestras
sampler
horizonte edaf ico
soil horizon
salico
salic
humedad del suelo
soil moisture
sobrecarga de suelo
overburden
iluviacion
illuviation
sonda de tierra
soil auger
iluvial
illuvial
substrate duro
duripan
investigacion de
soil survey
sub sue lo
subsoil
sue lo
soil, earth
lecho de roca
bedrock
suelo acido
acid soil
liego, ga
virgin soil
suelo alcalino
alkaline soil
limo
silt
suelo calizo
calcareous soil
Htico
lithic
suelo castaiios
chestnut soil
litosecuencia
lithosequence
suelo climax
normal soil
suelos
42
sue lo coluvial
colluvial soil
aguardadero, aguardo
hunter's blind
sue lo deslavado
degraded soil
aguila
eagle
sue lo eluvial
eluvial soil
aguilera
eagle's nest
sue lo eolico
aeolian soil
a lanes
species of large deer
sue lo esqueletico
skeletal soil
alavanco
wild duck
sue lo f ranco
loam soil
alee
elk, moose
sue lo franco
clay loam soil
alero
buck, immature
arcilloso
alicante
viper
sue lo humifero
muck soil
alimaiia
predator
sut::lo inmaturo
immature soil
alimanero
predator control
sue lo rnaduro
mature soil
specialist
suelo, manto de
soil mantle
alirnenticio
food value
sue lo mineral
mineral soil
alimentacion
nourishment
sue lo neutro
neutral soil
alpinismo
mountain climbing
sue lo organico
organic soil
alzapie
snare
sue lo salino
saline soil
amaitinar
to stalk
sue lo sedentario
residual, primary soil
anadeja, anadino, na
duckling
suelo vegetal
top soil
anaer6bico
anaerobic
suelos, series de
soil series
aiiagaza
decoy/lure
termico
thermic
anatom:fa
anatomy
terreno abarrancado
badland, clay loam
anfibio
amphibian
terron
ped, earth clod
anidar
to nest
textura del suelo
soil texture
anillo
annulus
tierra
dirt, soil
anta
elk
tierra f ranca
loam soil
aovar
to lay eggs
tierras de bald!o
badlands
apitonar
to break out of egg
tierra plan
backfill, fill
shell using the bird's
tipo del suelo
soil type
beak
tosca, arcillosa
clay pan
area superpoblada
concentration area
tosca, capadura
hard pan
artropodo, da
arthropod
turba
peat
asaeteador
archer, bowman
udico
udic
as ta
antler
us ti co
us tic
astado
horned, with horns
xerico
xeric
at6xico
non-poisonous
Fauna Silvestre
atrapar
to trap
autopsia
autopsy
ave acuatica
waterfowl
abiotico
abiotic
ave cantora
songbird
abomaso
abomasum
ave de caza
game bird
abaz6n
cheek pouch
ave de presa
bird of prey
acc{pitre
accipiter
aves insectidarias
insectivorous birds
actividad
activity
aves migratorias
migratory birds
acuatico
aquatic
avispa
wasp
43
balido
bleating sound of deer,
sheep, goats
cazadero
hunting ground
cazador, ra
hunter
bandada
covey of birds
cazador de alforja
trapper
barba
beard
cazador de cabezas
head hunter
bifurcado, da
bifurcate
cazador furtivo
poacher
biologico, ca
biological
cazar
to hunt
bi6logo
biologist
cebo
bait
biometria
biometry
celo
heat (female in season)
bioquira
rattlesnake
censo de caza
game census
cerceta
fawns first growth of
b:ipedo, da
biped
bisulco, ca
cloven hoofed
antlers
bovido
bovid
cervato
fawn
bovino, na
bovine
cervidos
cervidae
brama
mating season of animals
cetrer:fa
falconry/hawking
chifle
bird call
(rut)
bramadero
rutting or mating place
..
caceria
chilli do
decoy call
hunt, hunting
c:fclico
cyclic
cachillada
litter of animals
ciclo
cycle
cadaiiera
giving birth annually
ciclo vital
life cycle
cagarruta
deer, rabbits or sheep
cisipedo
digitate
camada
litter, brood of animals
canido
can id
canino
canine
coho rte
cantidad permitlble
bag limit
cola
tail of an animal
capacidad de caza
kill ratio
colmillo
canine tooth
capacidad de carga
carrying capacity
comportamiento
behavior
fecal pellets
split-hoofed, like goats
carnada
bait
carnicol
toe of cloven-footed
game cover
coef iciente de
digestion coefficient
digestibilidad
cinegetica
capr:!pedo, da
cobij o
cohort
connatural
innate, inherent
connaturalizacion
acclimatization,
conservar
to conserve
control biologica
biological control
adaptation
animal
carnfvoro, ra
carnivorous
coto de caza
game preserve
cascabel, serpiente
rattlesnake
cria
brood of chicks
criadero
breeding place
de
cascudo, da
big-hoofed animal
caudimano
having a prehensile
tail
crotalo
rattlesnake
cuadrupedo
quadruped
cuerno
horn of animals
cavern:!cola
cave dwelling
cuero
skin, hide
caza
to hunt
culebra
small snake
caza mayor
big game
culebr6n
large snake
caza menor
small game
densidad
density
caza menor deportiva
upland game
depredaci6n
depredation
cazar
to hunt
descogotar
to cut off the antlers
44
descubridero
-:..
lookout post
exployada
display with outstretched
desemplumar
to pluck feathers off
desencarnar
to debone meat
extincion
extinction
desentraiiar
to disembowel
ext inc to
extinct
deserci6n
desertion
falconidos
falcons, eagles, birds of
desmogar
to shed horns
desmogue
shedding of horns
f ardacho
destripar
to eviscerate
fauna
fauna
diente
tooth, tusk, fang
f ecundidad
fecundity
f ecundizar
to impregnate,
wings (birds)
prey
lizard
dieta
diet
digestibilidad
digestibility
digitado
digitate
fenot!pico, ca
phenotypic
dispersion
dispersion
fenotipo
phenotype
inseminate
distribucion
distribution
feral
feral
diversidad
diversity
f ertilizacion
fertilization
docil
docile
fetal
fetal
echadura de pollos
brood of chicks
feto
fetus
ectoparasito
ectoparasite
f iera
wild animal or beast
embrion
embryo
f ilogenia
phylogeny
encenagarse
to wallow
gallinaceo
gallinaceous
encodillarse
to hide in an inaccessible
gallo
cock, rooster
gamezno
small or young deer
gamitar
to sound a deer call (as
portion of a burrow
encogollarse
to tree
endogamia
inbreeding
enjundia
animal fat
gamitido
call of deer (bleet)
entranas
entrails
garra
claw, talon
entremezcladura
interspersion
gata,
with a deer call)
0
cat
equilibrio
equilibrium
genotipo
genotype
equino
equine
gestaci6n
gestation
escape
escape, flight
gorrin
piglet, suckling pig
escodadero
place where bulls, bucks,
graznar
to cackle, caw, croak
rub the velvet
graznido
caw, cackle, croak
from their antlers
gregario, a
gregarious
guacharo, ra,
fledgling
escondedero
hiding place
especial is ta
specialist
especie
species
guajolote
especie indicador
indicator species
guardabosque
game warden, ranger
especimen
specimen
guarida
den, lair
guacharro, ra
wild turkey
esplique
bird snare
guarnigon
young quail
estetico
aesthetics
gui6n
the leading bird of a
estimacion de
range reconnaissance
migratory flock, or
pastizales
ex6tico
leading dog in a pack
exotic
habitaci6n, habitat
45
habitat
halconer:!a
falconry, hawking
monter:fa
hemacrimo
cold-blooded
montero
hunter
hematt:rmo
warm-blooded
mortalidad
mortality
big game hunting
hembra
female
movilidad
mobility
herb:lvoro
herbivorous, herbivore
mu ta
pack of dogs
heterogeneidad
hetererogeneity
mutualismo
mutual ism
hibernacion
hibernation
mutualista
mutualist
h:Cbrido, da
hybrid
natal
natal
homeotermo, ma
homeothermal
natalidad
natality
huella
animal track
native, va
native, indigenous
huevo
egg
natural
natural
hurera, huronera,
hole, burrow
neutralismo
neutralism
husero
straight antler of a deer
neutralista
neutralist
huta
hunters blind, hut
nidada
brood nest of eggs or
ijada
flank of an animal
incubaci6n
incubar
newly hatched birds
incubation
nidal
nesting place, box
to incubate
nidif icar
to nest
inmaturo, ra
immature
nido
nest
inseminar
to impregnate, inseminate
niego
newborn falcon
nutricion
nutrition
innato, ta
innate
interacci6n
interaction
observador de pajaros
bird watcher
inventario
inventory
omn1voro, ra
omnivorous, omnivore
invertebrado, da
invertebrate
ornitologia
ornithology
orzuelo
bird snare, or animal
..
jab ado, da
mottled
lactancia
lactation
lagartija
lizard
osera
trap
bear's den, lair
lagartija cornudo
horned lizard
oveja
female sheep
lep6ride
leporid
ov{paro
oviparous
ley de caza
game law
pajara, ro
bird
licencia
license
pajarear
to hunt birds
longevidad
longevity
pajarera
aviary
macho
male
palmeado
palmate
madriguera
hole, burrow
palm!pedo
web footed
mamario, ria
mammary
paludoso, sa,
swampy, boggy
mamif ero
mammalian, mammal
pantanoso
manada
herd, flock
pantano
swamp, bog
marsupial
marsupial
panza
stomach
medidas en bruto
strip count
paradislero
hunter lying in wait
metabolico
metabolic
paranza
hunter,s blind, hut
migracibn
migration
paras:Ctico, ca
parasitic
mimetismo
mimicry
parasitismo
parasitism
mogote
budding antler
parasite, ta
parasite
monogamia
monogamy
parvada
flock of birds
46
pastizal tipo
key area
raposera
fox hole, burrow, den
pat a
paw, foot
rap aces
rapt ors
patihendido, da
cloven-hoofed
raspa
beard
pa to
duck
ratonera
nest of mice
pat on
big-footed
rebano
flock
pava, pavo
turkey
recepto
shelter, refuge
pavada
flock of turkeys
reclamar
to decoy, lure/call with
pechuga
breast of a fowl
pelaje
peleage, hair
pelechar
to grow a new coat of
decoy whistle
reclamo
bird decoy, decoy whistle
reclutamiento
recruitment
or call
hair, feathers
pelicano, na
gray-haired
recreacion
recreation
pelicorto, ta
short-haired
recursos naturales
natural resources
pelo
hair, fur
redecilla
reticulum of a ruminant
pellejo
skin, hide
refugio
refuge
perdigana, perdig6n
young partridge
refugio de caza
game refuge
perdiz
partridge, ptarmigan
reglamentacion de caza
peregrino, na
migratory (birds)
periodico, ca
periodic
remoto, ta
remote
pesticida
pesticide
repoblar
to repopulate
pesuiia, pezuna
hoof (cloven-hoofed
reptil
reptile
reserva primitiva
primitive·area
game management
caza
animal)
pico
bill, beak of bird
resguardo natural
escape cover
pis ta
track, trail of an animal
respiraci6n
respiration
piton
budding horn of goat,
restauracion
restoration
revolcadero
wallowing place of animals
climactic zone
ritmo
rhythm
plumaje
plumage
ronca
rut, rutting season
plumon
bird down
roncar
to call the doe (as a buck
deer
plaga
plumoso, sa
feathery, downy
poblacion
population
rostro
rostrum
polla
pullet
rumen
rumen
pollada
covey, brood
rumia, rumiadura
rumination
ponzona
poison, venom
rumiante
ruminant
predator
predator
ru'tina
routine, habit
prenada
pregnant
saco aereo
air sac, cell
prensil
prehensile
saco vitelino
yolk sac
quiste
cyst
salvaje
wild, untamed
rabican, no
white-tailed
salvajina, no
game meat
rabico
rabid
sec rec ion
secretion
rabo
tail
senuelo
decoy, lure
radio
radius
silbo
hiss, hissing
raleon, na
bird of prey
simbiosis
symbiosis
in rut)
47
acubilar
to gather cattle
simbiotico
symbiotic
solitario
solitary
acui
aguic
tectriz
covert
adaptaci6n
adaptation
tejonera
badger burrow
agronom!a
agronomy
telemetr:fa
telemetry
alambre de puas
barbed wire
temporada abierta
open season
albuhera, amanal
pond, stock tank
temporada cerrada
closed season
almarjal
marshland, swamp
tendencia
trend
alpestre, alpino, na
alpine
terrestre
terrestrial
alveo
streambed
terr:fcola
earth dwelling
ambiental
environmental
territorial
territorial
ambiente
environment
tor ca
cave, cavern
amn{cola
riparian, terrestrial
trampa
trap, snare
amplitud
amplitude
trampero, ra
trapper
analisis
analysis
triangulacion
triangulation
analisis cualitativo
qualitative analysis
tullidura
bird of prey scats,
analisis cuantitativo
quantitative analysis
anal!tico, ca
analytic, analytical
anojal
fallow land
droppings
ungulado
ungulate
vampire
vampire
anojo
yearling calf or lamb
venado
deer
arbustivo, va
shrub-like
venado, carne de
venison
apacentadero
pasture, grazing area
veneno
venom
apacentar
to graze
vereda
path, trail
aparceria
sharecropping
verriondez
estrus of swine and sheep
aprovechamiento
use, utilization
verriondo, da
rutting in swine or sheep
arboleda
orchard
vertebrado
vertebrate
arboledo
woodland
vfbora
viper
arbusto
shrub
vibora de cascabel
rattlesnake
arcabuco
dense woodland or brush
viv:iparo
viviparous
thicket
volateo
to shoot birds on the wing
arcabucoso
densely wooded
vuelo
escape, flight
area basal
basal area
zanca
long leg of bird
area de exclusion
enclosure
zarpa
paw of large felines
arido
arid
zona climatica
climatic zone
arredillar
to pen or corral
zona selvatica
wilderness area
arroyar
to form gullies
zorrera
fox hole
arroyo
ephemeral watercourse
zurear
to coo (doves)
arroyuelo
brooklet
zureo
cooing (doves)
artico, ca
arctic
Pastizalet;
aspecto
aspect
asocies
associes
asociacion de
plant association,
abundancia
abundance
plant as
acrecentador
increaser
atmosf era
48
community
atmosphere
autecolog:!a
autecology
caballada
horse herd
auto f ertilizacion
self-fertilization
cabal lo
horse
autogamia
auto gamy
cabezo
high hill, peak
autopolinizaci6n
self-pollination
cabra
female goat
avaluar
assess
cabrito, ta
young goat
badina
small shallow pond
caducif olia
deciduous
barbechada
plowing of
calverizo, za or
with many open areas in
barbechar
to plow
becerra
female yearling calf
campina
becerro
yearling bull calf
campo
field (the field)
bioma
biome
canada
gulch, ravine, big gulley
biomasa
biomass
capa freatica
groundwater
biota
biota
capacidad de pastoreo
grazing capacity
biotico, ca
biotic
carnerada
flock of sheep
biotico, potencial
biotic potential
carnero
sheep, ram
biotipo
biotype
carvajal
oak grove or wood
bioclimatolog:fa
bioclimatology
catadura
sampling
biogeno, na
biogenic
cebada
barley
biogeograf :!a
biogeography
cercado, cercamiento
enclosure
boalaje
pasture (area) for cattle
cesped
sod
bode
male goat
chamicera
area of burnt woodland
bodon, estanque
ephemeral pond that dries
chamizo
half-burnt tree or log
chamuscar
to singe, sear, scorch
boniga
cattle dung
cienaga
marsh
borregada
flock of yearling sheep
clase de altura
height class
borrego, ga
yearling lamb, ewe
clase de cobertura
canopy class (foliage)
borreguero, pastor
shepard
calvero
in summer
borrica
female donkey
borusca
dry, fallen leaves or
the woods or forest
countryside
de follaje
clase de condicion
condition class
del agostadero
brushwood
clase diametrica
diameter class
age class
boscaje
thicket
clase de edad
boscoso
densely wooded
clase vitamorf ol6gica
life-form class
bosque
woods, forest, woodland
clasif icacion
classification
bosta
horse, cow dung
clasif icacion de
range classification
bovino
bovine
brote
sprout, bud, shoot
brotadura
bro tar
pastizales
clima
climate
budding, sprouting
climatico, ca
climatic
to sprout, bud
cl!max
climax
broza
litter, (leaves, branches)
coaccion
coaction
brozoso, sa
brushy with undergrowth
cobertura vegetante
vegetative cover
burr a
female ass
cobertura cerrada
closed canopy
burrada
herd of donkeys, asses
cobertura de
canopy (herbaceous)
burro
donkey, ass
follaje
49
cobertura del
cover, range plant
pastizal
cobertura del
dioecious
dique de
check dam
consolidacion
ground cover
subsuelo
coef icientt: de
dioicas
proper use factor
aprovechamiento
dispersion
dispersal
dominante
dominant
ecolog:f.a
ecology
coho rte
cohort
ecologico
ecologic, ecological
colladia
range of small hills
ecologo, ga
ecologist
collado
mountain pass or small
hill
ecotipo
ecotype
ecotono
ecotone
competici~n
competition
edafico
edaphic
comunidad
community
efectos del fuego
fire effects
comunidad climax
climax community
embrosquilar
to gather cattle into a
condicion del
range condition
fold
empotrerar
pastizal
to put cattle out to graze
consocio~
consociation
encender
to ignite, set afire
consocies
consocies
encerradero
pen, sty or corral
constancia
constancy
encorralar
to corral cattle
consumidor, ra
consumer
endemtco
endemic
continua
continuum
enebral
patch or thicket of
cosecha de forraje
forage crop
crianza
breed
enraizar
to grow roots
cuadrato
quad rat
entallecer
to grow shoots, sprout
cu en ca
watershed
entrecriarse
to grow among other plants
juniper trees
cues ta
summit
equilibria
equilibrium
cuesta, pendiente
slope, gradient
erosion
erosion
curso superior
headwaters
escabroso
rugged, rough terrain
deciduo
deciduous
especie
species
defecar
to defecate
especimen
specimen
defoliacion
defoliation
estancado
stagnant
de foliar
to defoliate
estanque
pool, pond, reservoir
densidad
density
esteril
barren
densidad de masa
stand density
estiercol
manure
densit6metro
densitometer
estrato
stratum
denso, sa
dense
estrato inferior
understory
derecho de pastoreo
grazing right
eutrof ico
eutrophic
desarraigar,
to pull up by the roots
exposici6n
exposure
faciacion
faciation
desembocadura
mouth of river
f acies
facies
desenraizar
plant uprooting
fachinal
marshland, marsh
desierto
desert, wasteland
fenolog:fa
phenology
desmonte
felling or clearing of
f idelidad
fidelity
f inquero
farm owner
desenraizar
trees
50
fisonomfa
physiognomy
herbazal
paddock, grassland
f!stula
fistula
herbicida
herbicide
f itogeograf !a
phytogeography
herb!voro
herbivore, herbivorous
fitosociolog!a
phytosociology
hidrof ito
hydrophytic
follaje
foliage
hidrolog:!a
hydrology
f oresta
forest, wood, grove
hidrometr:fa
water current gauging
f orestacion
forestation
hidrosere
hydrosere
forest al
related to forests or
hiemaci6n
winter blooming
f orestero
forester, forest keeper
hierba
forb, weed
hierba de cesped
sod grass
forestry
forma biologica
life-form
hojarasca
litter
f orma de pastar
grazing habit
homogeneo, a
homogenous
forraje
forage
horizonte
horizon
forrajear
to forage
humedad
humidity
fotos!ntesis
photosynthesis
humus
humus
fragoso, escabroso
rugged, rough terrain
incendio
fire
frecuencia
frequency
incendio de bosques
forest fire
f resquedal
area that remains green
incendio del pastizal
range fire
inclinacion de la
inclination, slope
f uego
fire
fuente, manantial
spring (water)
:!ndice
index
ganader!a
cattle ranching or
inventario
inventory
invernadero
wintering place
ganado
cattle
investigacion
investigation
ganado caballar
horses
irrigaci6n
irrigation
ganado caprino
goats
is la
island
garma
steep slope, ravine
isotermo, isotermico
isothermal
gradiente
gradient
jardfo botanico
botanical garden
gramin!voro
grass-eating
jehuite
weeds
during dry season
pendiente
breeding
granja
grange, farm
jerarqu!a
hierarchy
granjer!a
farming
lamedero
salt lick
granjero, ra
farmer
la tame
mulch, compost
habitat
habitat
lecho de inundaci6n
floodplain
halof ilo
halophytic
linio, hilera
row of tree, plants
halof ita
halophyte
llano
prairie, plain
haza
tract of arable land
lodoso
muddy, boggy
hazuella
small tract of land
lo ma
hill
hemisf erio
hemisphere
lote de pastos
range or grazing allotment
heno
hay
macho cabrio
male goat
herbaceo
herbaceous
maleza
weed (noxious)
herbajar
to put cattle out to graze
malsano, na
noxious, harmful
herbaje
herbage
manada
herd of cattle
herbario
botanist, herbarium
manantial
spring (water)
51
manejo de cuencas
watershed management
manejo de fauna
wildlife
rr~nagement
silvestre
parcela de ensayo
study plot
parcela experimental
experimental plot
parcela de muestra
transect plot
mas a
stand of trees
paricion
parturition time of cattle
materia organica
organic matter
paridera
parturition place of
materia seca
dry matter
cattle
medano
sand dune, dune
parir
to give birth
mejoramiento
range improvement
parque
a park
mensuracion
mensuration
paso de ganado
stock driveway
mesofito
mesophyte
pastadero
pasture land
me to do
method
pastadero libre
open range
metodologfa
methodology
pastadero permanente
yearlong range
microclima
microclimate
pastizal
pasture, pasture land
monoica
monoecious
pas to
hay, fodder, grass feed
montaiia
mountain
pastorear
to graze
Montaftas Rocosas
Rocky Mountains
pastoreo diferido
deferred grazing
montaiioso, sa
mountainous
pastoreo en rotaci6n
rotation grazing
monte
woodland
pastoreo excesivo
overgrazing
mont:!culo
knoll, mound (small)
pastoreo limitado
conservative grazing
montuosidad
ruggedness, wilderness
pastoreo premature
premature grazing
mosaico
mosaic
pastoreo selective
selective grazing
muestra
sample
pastura
pasture, fodder
nativo
native, indigenous
patullar, pisotear
to trample
naturaleza
nature
peiiascal
rocky terrain
natural
natural
peiiasco
steep rugged rock, crag
nicho
niche
pendiente
slope, gradient
nocible, nociva
noxious, harmful
perf il
prof He
novilla
heifer
periodico, ca
periodic
novillada
drove of young cattle
per!odo de pastoreo
grazing period
novillo
young buck
per!odo vegetativo
growing season
nutricion
nutrition
picacho
sharp peak or summit
nutriente
nutrient
pie-acre
acre-foot
oligotrofico
oligotrophic
piedra
rock, stone
onda, ala
wave on water
planta indicadora
indicator plant
ordenaci6n de montes
forest management
plantar
to plant
livestock management
plantario, cama de
seedbed, plant nursery
ordenaci6n de la
siembra
ganaderia
ordenacion de pastos
range management
plasticidad
plasticity
orqueta
tree fork
pluvi6metro
rain gage
otero
hill, knoll, butte
poblacion
population
oveja
ewe
podar
to prune/trim a tree
ovejuela
small or young ewe
poliandro, ra
polyandrous
pol:lgamo, ma
polygamous
pacer
to put out to graze
52
pol!mero, ra
polymerous
polinizacion
polucion
potencial del
rumiar
to ruminate
pollination
sabana
savanna
pollution
sacamuestra
sampler
range condition
salega
salt lick
salgar
to feed salt to livestock
pastizal
potrero
pasture, paddock
salinidad
salinity
pradal, prado
meadow
salino, na
saline
pradejon
small meadow
salobre
saline ground
presencia
presence
seca, sequ{a
dry season, drought
productor
producer
secadal
dry barren land
qu!mica
chemistry
secaral
dry barren soil
qu!mico
chemical, chemist
sedimentacion
sedimentation
radiacion
radiation
sedimentario, ria
sedimentary
ramita
twig
sedimento
sediment
ramon
browse, forage cut for
selva
forest, woods
fodder
selvatico, ca
of the woods
ramont!ar
to browse
sembradora de
seed drill
rancajada,
plant uprooting
ranchero
rancher
hileras
semiarbusto
half shrub
rancho
ranch
semiarido, da
semi arid
raso
clearing
serrijon, serrania
short mountain range
rebano
flock of sheep
sierra
rugged mountain range
recoleccion
collection
sigmoideo, a
sigmoid
recomidas
hedged
sillada
flat tract of land on
reconocimiento
reconnaissance
mountain slope
redecilla
reticulum (ruminant)
sistema
systems
reforestacion
reforestation
sistematico, ca
systemmatic
regadero
irrigation ditch
sitio
site
regadura
irrigation
sobre pastoreo
overgrazing
regona
irrigation canel
sociabilidad
sociability
relacion
relationship
subaf luente
tributary
reliquia
relic
subalpino, a
subalpine
reserva
reserve
subespecie
subspecies
reservacion
reservation
substrato
substratum
revegetacion
revegetation
subterraneo, a
subterranean
riberano, na,
riparian
subtropical
subtropical
subvuelo
ground cover
rocalloso, sa
ribereiio, na
stony, rocky
sucesi6n
succession
Rocallosas Montanas
Rocky Mountains
sucesion primaria
primary succession
rocoso, sa
stony, rocky
sue lo
soil, earth
rumen
rumen
suelos, apeo de
soil survey
rumia, rumiadura
rumination
tastaiia
hard soil crust
rumiante
ruminant
tecnica
technique
53
tecnologfa
technology
temporada
season, period
tenada
cattle barn
vaqueril
pasture for cattle
teor{a
theory
vaquero, ra
cowhand
terracillas de
cattle terraces
varga
steepest part of hill or
terraplen
backfill
vecera
heifer
terrestre
terrestial
vega
fertile lowland
terrateniente
landholder
vegetaci6n
vegetation
terreno, na
tract of land
vegetative, va
vegetative
terreno abarrancado
clay loam badland
vequeril
pasture for cattle
terron
ped, clod of earth
veranada
sununer season
tierra
earth, soil
veranadero
pasture used in sununer
tipo de vegetaci6n
vegetative cover
verano
summer
toc6n
tree stump
verdasca, ramita
twig
tolerancia
tolerance
vigor
vigor
toriondez
rut of cattle
vitalidad
vitality
toriondo, da
in rut (cattle)
xerofita
xerophyte
toro
bull
xerof :ltico
xerophytic
transpiraci6n
transpiration
yerbas
weeds, forbs
transecto
transect
yermo
wasteland, barren
trOfico
trophic
tundra
tundra
zacatal
pasture land
ungulado
ungulate
zacate
grass
vaca
cow
zacate amacollado
grass, bunchgrass
vacada
cow herd
zona
zone
vacuno, na
bovine
zona amortiguada
buffer zone
valor forraj ero
forage value
zonif icacion
zonation
valoraci6n del
range appraisal
pastizal
sobrepastoreo
slope
land
54
;: U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1988-574-348/85,064 REGION NO. 8
U.S. Department of Agriculture
Forest Service
Rocky Mountain Forest and
Range Experiment Station
Rocky
Mountains
The Rocky Mountain Station is one of eight
regional experiment stations, plus the Forest
Products Laboratory and the Washington Office
Staff, that make up the Forest Service research·..
organization.
RESEARCH FOCUS
Research programs at the Rocky Mountain
Station are coordinated with area universities and
with other institutions. Many studies are
conducted on a cooperative basis to accelerate
solutions to problems involving range. water,
wildlife and fish habitat. human and commw1ity
development. timber. recreation. protection. and
multiresource evaluation.
Southwest
RESEARCH LOCATIONS
Research Work Units of the Rocky Mountain
Station are operated in cooperation with
universities in the following cities:
Great
Plains
Albuquerque. New Mexico
Flagstaff, Arizona
Fort Collins, Colorado•
Laramie, Wyoming
Lincoln, Nebraska
Rapid City, South Dakota
Tempe, Arizona
•Station Headquarters: 240 W. Prospect St., Fort Collins, CO 80526