guias cuarto periodo 10

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guias cuarto periodo 10
INSTITUCIÓN EDUCATIVA
CIUDADELA DEL SUR
EDUCACIÓN BÁSICA
SECUNDARIA
GRADO 10°
ÁREA LENGUA INGLESA
Periodo 4
ELBORADO POR
VERONICA ORTIZ ALVARAN
2012
1
Institución Educativa Ciudadela Del Sur
EDUCACIÓN BÁSICA SECUNDARIA
ÁREA LENGUA INGLESA
Cuarto periodo
10°
UNIDAD DIDÁCTICA 4: “CIVIL LIFE“
ESTANDARES Identifica comportamientos que generan problemas de carácter cívico y propone
soluciones para mejorar la calidad de vida en su ciudad
COMPETENCIAS
INTERPRETATIVA: Interpreta información en anuncios y señales.
ARGUMENTATIVA: Describe los comportamientos que generan problemas de carácter cívico.
PROPOSITIVA: Genera alternativas para mejorar la calidad de vida en su ciudad.
GUÍA Nº1
Rules and
Values
Modals verbs
GUÍA Nº2
Better Citizens
Different
Behavior
Polite expressions
Review verbal
tenses previously
studied
GUÍA Nº3
Describing
character and
personality
GUÍA Nº4
Reading comprehension
strategies according to
standard tests (SABERICFES)
Adjectives
CRITERIOS DE EVALUACIÓN:
Momento A: Apropiación de conceptos.
Momento B: Análisis y propuesta de solución de problemas
Momento C: Práctica en el contexto
Momento D: Capacidad de hacer nuevas propuestas e inventiva.
•
Cumplimiento y responsabilidad
•
Puntualidad
•
Asistencia.
2
GUÍA No.1
Identifica reglas para convivir en comunidad y las aplica dentro de
esta.
Read the text carefully with your partners
Community Norms and values
It is important to learn how to live together; to develop an understanding- comprehension - of other’s behaviors in
order to create an equitable, peaceful, caring and democratic society, where everybody respect each other. That´s
why, it is so important to know some basic values and norms that allow people to live in harmony.
Tolerance – an openness to others; curiosity; perhaps even respect, a willingness to accept or TOLERATE
somebody/something, especially opinions or behavior that you may not agree with, or people.
Norm: Respect personal space, rights and property of others, and opinions.
Reciprocity – Putnam (2000) describes generalized reciprocity thus: ‘I’ll do this for you now, without expecting
anything immediately in return, and perhaps without even knowing you, confident someday, you or someone else will
return the favor’.
Norm: Cooperation among people and to help each other.
Trust – the confident expectation that people, institutions and things will act in a consistent, honest and appropriate
way. To belief that somebody/something is good, sincere, honest, etc. and will not try to harm or deceive you:
Norm: To be honest-not to steal or damage other´s belongings.
Answer the following questions individually in your notebooks.
1. Why is important to learn how to live together? ____________________________________________
2. Reciprocity is:
a. To help people without caring if he/she will help you in the future
b. To be honest
c. Not to help somebody because he /she cannot help you later
3. According to your point of view. What is Harmony?
a. A state of peaceful existence and agreement.
b. A proper name
c. To live with everybody in peace and disagreement
4. What do you think; it is the main value to live in harmony? Why? _________________________________
5. Make a list of other values that are important to live in a community. ___________________________
3
MODALS
Read and write in your notebook the more important aspects of the following information.
Los verbos modales del idioma inglés. Son palabras que expresan obligación, habilidad, consejos, opinión, prohibición,
posibilidad remota.
Características de los verbos modales
Siempre van a aparecer en su forma simple.
Van a ir acompañados de un infinitivo en una oración afirmativa.
No se conjugan. No se les agrega "es" o una "s" en la tercera persona del singular.
Pueden ser utilizados como verbos auxiliares.
Los verbos modales del inglés son:
Can
Can es un verbo modal que expresa habilidad.
• I can play de guitar very well.(Yo puedo tocar la guitarra muy bien.)
• I can speak French, Spanish and Russian like a native. (Puedo hablar el francés, el español y el ruso como un
nativo.)
Could
Could indica posibilidad o habilidad en el pasado.
• I could swim long distances when I was young. (Yo podía nadar largas distancias cuando era joven. (habilidad
en el pasado)
• It could have been worse. (Pudo haber sido peor.) (posibilidad)
Should
Should expresa obligación moral y en ocasiones consejo.
Must
Must es también un verbo modal. Indica una obligación, prohibición o necesidad.
• You must read this book, it's fantastic. (Tienes que leer este libro, es fantástico.)
• You must brush your teeth twice a day. (Tienes que cepillarte los dientes dos veces al día.)
• Peter is not here. He must be sick because he is never absent. (Pedro no esta aquí, debe estar enfermo
porque nunca está ausente.)(Probabilidad)
Would
Se usa would para declarar una preferencia y para preguntar por algo muy formalmente.
• I would like to go to Brazil someday.(Me gustaria ir a Brasil algun día) (preferencia)
• Would you be so kind to turn the radio off, please? (¿Pudiera ser tan amable de apagar el radio por favor?)
(preguntar algo muy cortesmente)
Have To
Have to es un verbo modal que expresa obligación y necesidad
• I have to go to the doctor, I feel sick. (Tengo que ir al doctor me siento enferma.)
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•
She has to stop smoking or she will be fire. (Ella tiene que dejar de fumar o será despedida.)
Ojo: Este es el único verbo modal que no puede ser usado como auxiliar por lo tanto para las oraciones negativas e
interrogativas debe utilizar el auxiliar Do/Does y ser conjugado en oraciones afirmativas con las terceras personas
del singular como “HAS”
MODALS VERBS
Modal
Can
Affirmative
I/You/She/He/It/We/
They can play the
guitar
Negative
I/You/She/He/It/We/
They can not play the
guitar
Interrogative
Can I/You/She/He/It/We/
They play the guitar?
I/You/She/He/It/We/
They could play the
guitar two month ago.
I/You/She/He/It/We/
They could not play the
guitar two month ago.
Could
I/You/She/He/It/We/ They
play the guitar two month
ago?
Have to
Function
Ability
Request
Offers
Permission
Past Ability
Formal
Request
Remote
possibility
Necessity
I/You/She/He/It/We/
They Have/Has to go
to the doctor.
I/You/She/He/It/We/
They Do/Does not have
to go now.
Should
Advice
Would
Invitation
Request
Conditional
Obligation
I/You/She/He/It/We/
They should take some
rest.
I/You/She/He/It/We/
They would like to eat
Pasta.
I/You/She/He/It/We/
They must obey the
school rules.
I/You/She/He/It/We/
They should not take
any rest.
I/You/She/He/It/We/
They would not like to
watch the game.
I/You/She/He/It/We/
They must not smoke.
Do/Does
I/You/She/He/It/We/ They
have to buy the English
book?
Should
I/You/She/He/It/We/ They
take some rest?
Would
I/You/She/He/It/We/ They
like to go to the party?
Must
I/You/She/He/It/We/ They
go to jail?
Could
Must
To Practice
Work in groups.
Please write and develop the following exercises in your notebook.
A. Match the following sentence. In the column A there is a sentence which expresses a situation and in
the column B you find the consequences of these situations.
1. You must respect other people
2. I can never tell lies to anybody
3. He must not sell drugs in the school
4. I have to stay in bed when I am sick
5. They should not talk in the class when teacher is
explaining
6. The students have to study.
* If they want to learns so much
* Then you will be respected
* Because they won´t understand the
Explanation
* That will help me to get better soon.
* Because people won´t trust me
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
* Because it hurts many people
( )
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B. Most of these values are practice in our course. First you have to find out fifteen values in the
crossword puzzle. After that write sentences with the values using the modals.
Example: I MUST be responsible in each moment of my life.
Responsible, Honest, Respectful, Loyal, Tolerant, Dedicated, Sincere, Persistent,
Lovely, Fair, Generous, Polite, Prudent, Humble, Compassionate
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Work in groups.
Please write and develop the following exercises in your notebook.
6
Exercise 1:
A. The school year has just started and there are a lot of things to do.
To survive the first week you have to be organised.
First match the words (1-16) to the pictures (A-P).
Then write sentences as in the example using the verbs below.
Finally tell the other students what you have to do, adding some more ideas.
1. I have to tidy my desk.
2. _________________________________
3. _________________________________
4. _________________________________
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5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________
Can and Can´t
B. Look at the pictures and write sentences about what these people CAN or CAN’T do.
Use these verbs:
☺ dance ☺ swim
sing
cook
drive
run
ski
☺ play the piano
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
1. Sarah and Tom_______________________
3. Tony _______________________________
5. Granny _____________________________
7. They _______________________________
9. He _________________________________
ride a horse
paint
2. Mary _______________
4. That man ___________
6. She ___________ the marathon.
8. Tina _________________
10. Mr Smith ___________
And you? Can you do these things?
Write short answers.
1. Can you speak French?
2. Can you ride a bike?
3. Can you play chess?
4. Can you bake a cake?
5. Can you whistle?
6. Can you dive?
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
8
Should and Have To
C. You are giving advice to a friend. Use Should or Shouldn’t.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Your friend discriminates against foreigners. You should……………………………….
Your friend laughs at English customs. ………………………………………………..
Your friend watches too much TV. ……………………………………………………
Your friend likes football, but doesn’t do any sport. …………………………………….
In this exercise, you have to use Should or Shouldn’t to say that you think something will /will not happen.
1. Do you think Tom will like Sweden? He should like Sweden, It has got all the attractions he likes.
2. Do you think he will learn to drive a boat? …………………………………..,He’s crazy about boats!
3. Do you think he will go back to Sweden? ……………………………………….He has no time to travel
nowadays.
4. Do you think he will relax in Sweden? ………………………………………….He and Titi are always rushing
from place to place.
D. This time, you have to fill in the gaps, using Should/Shouldn’t or have to.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
You ……………do your shopping until 6, as all the shops will be closed by then.
In Italy, you ………….visit the Sistine Chapel.
You ……………… be more polite to your parents.
He ……………….. cross the street when the traffic light is red for pedestrians.
The train to Glasgow is at 7 a.m., so I ………………..get up very early.
If you want to lose weight, you ………………. try this diet.
Europeans who travel to non-European countries ………………..get a passport.
The teacher suggested that I ………………..go on a summer course to improve my English.
The Art teacher recommended that we ……………………visit the Queen Sofia Museum to see the
original Sunflowers by Van Gogh.
10. To send an e-mail, you ………………. be online.
Exercise 2:
A. What would you like to eat? Unscramble and match.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
would / a / Goku / like / pizza / to / eat
______________________________________________
some / Bob / like / would / water / to / drink
______________________________________________
would / a / Homer / like / to / sandwich / eat
______________________________________________
a / Garfield / like / cake / would / to / eat
______________________________________________
Wimpy / a / would / like / hamburger / to / eat
______________________________________________
9
B. Interview your friends
Questions
What would you like to eat?
What would you like to wear?
Where would you like to go?
Who would you like to be with?
What would you like to buy?
What would you like to drink?
What would you like to dance?
Friend 1
Friend 2
Friend 3
C. Complete the sentences with must or musn´t
You _ _ _ _ _ be
You _ _ _ _ _ go to
the dentist with a
toothache.
A teacher _ _ _ be
a patient person.
You _ _ _ _ _
speak loudly in a
library.
It’s raining. You
_ _ _ _ _ take your
umbrella.
You _ _ _ _ _ stop
when you see that
sign.
You _ _ _ _ _ eat
You _ _ _ _ _
forget about
Mother’s Day.
You _ _ _ _ _ eat
more fruit.
You _ _ _ _ _ tell
my secret to
anybody.
You _ _ _ _ _
watch too much
television.
You _ _ _ _ _ feed
your pet twice a
day.
You _ _ _ _ _ run
with a broken leg.
We _ _ _ _ _ protect
endangered species.
You _ _ _ _ _ eat
junk food too often.
You _ _ _ _ _ stop
smoking. It’s bad
for you.
Students _ _ _ _
forget their
homework.
You _ _ _ _ _ keep
the park clean.
late for school.
in class.
You _ _ _ _ _ have
a shower every day.
You have a sore throat.
You _ _ _ _ _ eat ice
cream.
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D. Write three things you could do when you were three years old.
Ex: I could play with my toys all day long
1. ______________________________________________________________
2. ______________________________________________________________
3. _______________________________________________________________
Write three things you can do now that you couldn’t do when you were three years old.
Ex: I couldn’t swim when I was three but I can now
1. _____________________________________________________________
2. _____________________________________________________________
3. _____________________________________________________________
Write three things you couldn’t do when you were three years old and still can’t do.
1. ____________________________________________________________
2. ____________________________________________________________
3. ____________________________________________________________
Write three things you can´t do nowadays.
1. ____________________________________________________________
2. ____________________________________________________________
3. ____________________________________________________________
Exercise 3:
A. Read carefully the following texts, then write and advise for each of them.
Text 1
I am 26 and I have a new boyfriend. My mum
doesn’t like him at all. She says he is too old for
me (by the way, he is42). Yet, he is the best thing
for me now. He is kind, understanding, and
although he has two children with his first wife, I
get on well together well with them. What should
I do?_________________________________
Deborah, 26
Text 2
I like eating out a lot, but my husband is very upset
about that. He keeps saying that it is too expensive for
us. However, I don’t think so; we eat especially at
McDonald’s or we order pizzas at home. I hate cooking
and, after all, I am not my husband’s slave. What can I
do?
______________________________________________
Susan, 24
Text 3
I am 13 and quite tall for my age. There is a boy in
my school who seems to like me a lot. He is in the
11th grade. Yesterday he gave me a pink rose and
he invited me to go to a party next weekend.
Somewhere in the country. We are travelling in
his
friends’
car.
Should
accept?
____________________________________
Alicia, 13
Text 4
I have just started judo lessons. I am good and I want to
be even better. The trouble is that one of my friends has
problems in his neighbourhood. There are guys who
bully people, ask for money or cigarettes, and if you
refuse doing so, they start fighting. He asks me to
accompany him and protect him. Should I do it?
______________________________________________
Peter, 13
11
B. What can you do in a classroom? What must you do? What mustn’t you do?
Look at the pictures and write the number of the actions in the blank spaces. Then make sentences using
can, must, mustn’t.
1 take notes in your notebook – 2 sleep - 3 pay attention – 4 write on the board 5 stand on the desk
6 work with a computer – 7 speak on the cellphone 8 ask questions – 9 play football – 10 fight
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
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GIVING ADVICE
(SHOULD / SHOULDN’T)
C. Match the situation with the pieces of advice
A You should take up sport. You
1 I want to have a new
2 I can’t swim and I
pen friend.
shouldn’t eat sweets.
want to go canoeing next
summer.
B You should ask your teacher to
11.
explain it to you again.
12.
4 I don’t understand the
C You shouldn’t get up so late.
new topic in the
Chemistry lesson.
3 I love eating and I’m
D You should write it down in
fat.
your notebook.
13.
5 I’m not very good at
E You should take up swimming.
writing in English.
F You should study harder.
6 I want to be an
actor.
G You should find an English pen
friend.
7 My friends laugh at me
because I don’t like pop music.
H You should join our school
drama group.
8 I’m always late for
school.
I You should write to the ‘Kids’
Club’.
I’m not very good at writing
compositions.
J You should always try to make
a plan of your composition before
12 I often feel tired.
you start writing it.
K You shouldn’t worry about it.
10 I never remember your
They aren’t real friends.
phone number.
L You should do some sport and
11 I’ve got very bad
eat more fruit and vegetables
marks at school.
and sleep more.
13
Exercise 4:
Speaking activity: Prepare and exposition about your school rules of coexistence. You should use modals
verbs.
Teacher, check my progress, please.
Imagine that one of your friends is going to travel by plane to Florida.
Give him /her useful advice. Use: must,mustn’t, should, shouldn’t.
For example: You should be careful in the sea because of the sharks. You must take your passport with
you.____________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________.
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GUÍA No.2
Utilizo estrategias que me permiten iniciar, mantener y cerrar una
conversación sencilla sobre temas de mi interés, de una forma natural
Read the texts carefully with your partners
Jackson was killed by drugs
Michael Jackson was killed by the drugs given to him by his doctor, according to a Los Angeles newspaper. There has
been no official comment on the cause of Jackson's death, but journalists at the newspaper say they have seen parts of
a report made by doctors whoexamined the singer's body.
The doctor, Conrad Murray, gave Jackson different types of sedatives and painkillers like Valium, lorazepam and
propofol in the hours before he died. These drugs are dangerous when mixed with other drugs or when taken at home.
Dr Murray may now be arrested and taken to court where he would have to give details of Jackson's medical history.
Jackson died on the 25th June after he stoppedbreathing at his home in Los Angeles.
Now answer these questions:
1. Who says that Michael Jackson was killed by taking too many painkillers and sedatives?
A. His doctor
B. A newspaper which says it has seen the report into Jackson's death
C. The Los Angeles Police Department
2.
What will happen to Dr Murray now?
A. He will go to prison
B. He won't go to prison because he didn't want to kill Jackson
C. He will have to go to court to discover if he is guilty or innocent
3.
Which Michael Jackson´s song do you like the most?
A. Man in the mirror
B. Earth song
C. Thriller
D. Billie Jean
E. Beat it
F. None of them
David Beckham makes history
David Beckham played for England for the 108th time in the match against Spain on Wednesday night. Beckham and
Bobby Moore now hold the record for the most matches played for England by an outfield player. Goalkeeper Peter
Shilton holds the all time record with 125 matches for England. The international record is 181 matches, which is held
by retired Saudi Arabian player Mohamed Al-Deayea.
Beckham played for England for the first time in 1996, when he was 21. He has played in two World Cups
15
and scored 17 goals for his country. Beckham plays for American club LA Galaxy, but he has said that
he wants to move to Italian club AC Milan, where he is now playing on loan. LA Galaxy has said that
Beckham can leave, but it depends if the two clubs can agree on a price.
Now answer these questions:
1.
Which footballer has played the most international matches?
A. David Beckham
B. Bobby Moore
C. Mohamed Al-Deayea
D. Peter Shilton
2.
A.
B.
C.
Where will Beckham play football next season?
In Los Angeles
Maybe Milan, but it depends
In Milan
Tenses review
TENSE
PRESENT SIMPLE
PRESENT CONTINUOUS
PAST SIMPLE
PAST CONTINUOUS OR PROGRESSIVE
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE
PAST PERFECT
FUTURE SIMPLE
FUTURE "BE GOING TO" + VERB
EXPLANATION AND EXAMPLE
Acción habitual o permanente:
I GO to school every day
Acción que ocurre ahora o últimamente:
She IS SINGING an old song
Acción futura concertada (con alguien):
I am meeting Paul tonight
Acción pasada definida en el tiempo:
Bob WENT to the office last monday
Acción en progreso en un pasado definido:
He WAS WORKING at 5 o'clock yesterday
Acción pasada sin tiempo especificado:
They HAVE FINISHED the lesson already
Acción que ocurrió antes de otra acción pasada:
When I got home yesterday, my parents HAD GONE
Acción futura sin intención. Predicción:
I think I WILL PASS the exam tomorrow
Plan o intención para el futuro:
I AM GOING TO study this evening
Predicción segura, basada en los hechos:
It IS GOING TO rain soon
16
Simple Present
Present Progressive
form of 'be' and verb + ing
infinitive
(3rd person singular: infinitive + 's')
I speak
you speak
he / she / it speaks
we speak
they speak
Exceptions when adding 's' :
For can, may, might, must, do not add s.
Example: he can, she may, it must
After o, ch, sh or s, add es.
Example: do - he does, wash - she
washes
After a consonant, the final
consonant ybecomes ie. (but: not after a
vowel)
Example: worry - he worries
but: play - he plays
I am speaking
you are speaking
he / she / it is speaking
we are speaking
they are speaking
Exceptions
Exceptions when adding 'ing' :
Silent e is dropped. (but: does not apply for -ee)
Example: come - coming
but: agree - agreeing
After a short, stressed vowel, the final consonant is
doubled.
Example: sit - sitting
After a vowel, the final consonant l is doubled in
British English (but not in American English).
Example: travel - travelling (British English)
but: traveling (American English)
Final ie becomes y.
Example: lie - lying
Simple Present
Present Progressive
in general (regularly, often, never)
right now
Colin plays football every Tuesday.
Look! Colin is playing football now.
present actions happening one after another
also for several actions happening at the same time
First Colin plays football, then he watches
Colin is playing football and Anne is watching.
TV.
Signal words
always, every ……. , often, normally,
at the moment, at this moment, today, now, right
usually, sometimes, seldom, never, first,
now, Listen, Look
then
Note: The following verbs are usually only used in Simple Present:
be, have, hear, know, like, love, see, smell, think, want
Simple Past
irregular verbs: see 2nd column of
irregular verbs
I spoke
regular verbs: verb + ed
I worked
Exceptions when adding 'ed' :
when the final letter is e, only add d.
Example: love - loved
Past Progressive
past form of 'be' + ing form of verb
I was speaking
you were speaking
he / she / it was speaking
we were speaking
they were speaking
Exceptions
Exceptions when adding 'ing' :
silent e is dropped (but: does not apply for -ee)
Example: come - coming
17
after a short, stressed vowel, the
final consonant is doubled
Example: admit - admitted
final l is always doubled in British
English (not in American English)
Example: travel - travelled
after a consonant, final y becomes i.
(but: not after a vowel)
Example: worry - he worried
but: play - he played
but: agree - agreeing
after a short, stressed vowel, the final consonant is
doubled
Example: sit - sitting
final l is always doubled in British English (not in
American English)
Example: travel - travelling
final ie becomes y.
Example: lie - lying
Signal words
Simple Past
first, then
Past Progressive
when, while, as long as
To Practice
Work in groups.
Please write and develop the following exercise in your notebook.
Complete the chart with the correct tenses.
TENSE
PRESENT SIMPLE
AFFIRMATIVE
NEGATIVE
Did
you
yesterday?
PAST SIMPLE
Will you go to Paris next
month?
He is not going to go on
vacation.
FUTURE GOING TO
PAST PERFECT
tennis
We were swimming
at the pool.
FUTURE WILL
PRESENT PERFECT
play
They are not working
today.
PRESENT CONTINOUS
PAST CONTINUOUS
INTERROGATIVE
She eats hamburgers
every day.
She has lived in Italy
since 1990.
I had not had house
before.
18
Work in groups.
Please write and develop the following exercises in your notebook.
Exercise 1:
A. Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple present or present progressive).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Look! He (leave)_________________the house.
Quiet please! I (write)____________________a test.
She usually (walk)________________to school.
But look! Today she (go)____________________ by bike.
Every Sunday we (go)____________________to see my grandparents.
He often (go)___________________to the cinema.
We (play)______________________Monopoly at the moment.
The child seldom (cry)___________________________
I (not / do)____________________________anything at the moment.
(watch / he)___________________________the news regularly?
B. Look at the picture on the right and complete the sentences (Simple Present or Present Progressive).
1.
Joe and Dennis (be)__________________best friends.
2.
They
often (meet)____________________in
the
afternoon.
3.
What (do / they)___________________at the
moment?
4.
They (play)_____________________________football.
5.
They (love)_________________________ football.
6.
Joe (practise)___________________with his father
every weekend, but Dennis (not / play)_________________
football very often.
C. Complete the story. Use Simple Present and Present Progressive.
•
•
•
It (be) _______________early in the morning.
Sally (get) _______________out of bed, (open) _______________the window and (go)
_______________into the bathroom.
Then she (have) _______________breakfast.
19
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
After breakfast, Sally usually (cycle) _______________to school.
After school, she (go) _______________back home.
Sally usually (eat) _______________her lunch at home.
In the afternoons, she first (do) _______________her homework and then she (meet)
_______________her friends in the park.
What (do / she) _______________now?
She (play) _______________the guitar.
Her friends (listen) _______________ and some of them (sing) _______________along.
When Sally (come) _______________home in the evening, she (have) _______________dinner and
then she (watch) _______________TV.
She (go) _______________to bed at about 8 o'clock every day.
Exercise 2:
A. Put the verbs into the correct tense (Simple Past or Past Progressive).
1. While Tom (read) _______________, Amely (watch) _______________a documentary on TV.
2. Marvin (come) _______________home, (switch) _______________on the computer and (check)
_______________his emails.
3. The thief (sneak) _______________ into the house, (steal) _______________the jewels and (leave)
_______________without a trace.
4. Nobody (listen) _______________while the teacher (explain) _______________the tenses.
5. While we (do) _______________a sight-seeing tour, our friends (lie) _______________on the beach.
6. He (wake) _______________up and (look) _______________at his watch.
B. Put the verbs into the correct tense (Simple Past or Past Progressive).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Two days ago, a murder (happen) _______________in Market Street at about seven pm.
Yesterday, Sherlock Holmes (arrive) _______________at the crime scene to investigate.
He (ask) _______________one of the tenants in the house.
What (do / you) _______________yesterday at seven?
I (watch) _______________a football match on TV.
(be) _______________you alone?
Yes, I (be) _______________.
(hear / you) _______________anything suspicious?
Yes, about seven o'clock, two people (argue) _______________in the hallway. But the football
match (be) _______________so interesting. So I just (turn) _______________up the telly and
then (hear / not) _______________anything anymore.
C. Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or past progressive).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
When I (do) _______________the washing-up, I (break) _______________a plate.
While Tom (play) _______________the piano, his mother (do) _______________the washing-up.
He (drink) _______________some juice and then he (eat) _______________a few chips.
I (have) _______________dinner when I suddenly (hear) _______________a loud bang.
When my father (work) _______________in the garden, an old friend (pass) _______________by to
see him.
20
6. She (go) _______________to school, (take) _______________out her textbook and (begin)
_______________to learn.
7. When it (start) _______________to rain, our dog (want) _______________to come inside.
8. When Jane (do) _______________a language course in Ireland, she (visit) _______________Blarney
Castle.
9. When I (be) _______________on my way home, I (see) _______________an accident.
10. I (not / understand) _______________what they (talk) _______________about.
Exercise 3:
A. Fill the gaps with the verb in brackets using either the going to or will form of the future tense.
1. Sally: There's no milk left!
Betty: Oh. I _______________ some from the shop. (get)
2. Mum: I told you to tidy up your room.
Son: Sorry, Mum, I forgot. I _______________ it after lunch.(do)
3. Sally: Why don't we meet for coffee on Friday morning?
Willy: Sorry. I can't. I _______________ the doctor then. (see)
4. "Tomorrow _______________ a bright and sunny day everywhere in Spain, except in La Coruña,"
said the weatherwoman. (be)
5. Look at that big black cloud. I think it _______________ . (rain)
6. Sally: What are your plans for the week-end?
Betty: Brad Pitt phoned. We _______________ on a picnic. (go)
7. Betty: Have you booked the flights yet?
Sally: Don't worry. It's all organized. I _______________ to the travel agent's tomorrow morning.
(go)
8. In the future people _______________ bigger heads. (have)
9. If we miss the bus, we _______________ a taxi. (take)
10. Next month I _______________ a DVD player. (buy)
B. Look at the picture and write sentences on what they are doing
PETER
MARY
KARL
PAM
TOM
CAROL
SALLY
21
Look at the picture and make questions and answer them
Example: …………………….? (peter/ cook) is peter cooking? Yes, he is
1-………………………………..? (mary/ watch t.v)
2-………………………………...? ( the dog/ sleep)
3-…………………………………? (sally/ carol/ play with cars)
4-…………………………………? (pam eat/ an orange)
5-…………………………………? (karl /watch t.v)
6-…………………………………? (tom/ read a book)
7-…………………………………? (mary/sleep on the sofa)
8-…………………………………?(karl/ sit on a chair.
Read the sentences and correct the wrong ones
Example: mary is sleeping on the floor.
mary isn’t sleeping on the floor. She is sleeping on the sofa.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Karl is listening to the radio.
Pam is eating an orange.
Tom is reading a book.
Sally and carol are playing in the garden.
The dog is playing with carol and sally.
Who…..?
Write the name next to the sentences
Example:_Mary is sleeping on the sofa.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
________ is eating an apple.
________ is reading a book
________ is watching t.v
_________is cooking.
_________ and __________ are playing with dolls.
Complete the sentences with the right form of the past continuous
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Mary …………………. (not sleep) on the bed.
Peter …………………. (cook)
Karl …………………… (not listen to) the radio.
Tom …………………….. (read) a book.
Pam ……………………. (not eat) a sandwich.
The girls ………………… (not play) with the dog.
Sally ………………….. (wear) a pink dress
Circle the correct answer
1- while i was reading/read the book, the lights went out.
2- sam was falling/fell asleep, while he was studying.
3- peter turned on /was turning on the t.v, but nothing happened.
4- where did you find/ were you finding the money?
5- sabrina drank/ was drinking orange juice when somebody pushed her.
22
Join the sentences with while or when
1. He was sleeping. I was watching t.v.
2. Tom was playing football. He broke his leg
3. I saw Sarah. She was walking to school.
4. I was cooking. My husband was washing the car.
5. I arrived home. My friends were waiting for me.
Exercise 4:
A.Speaking activity
Work with your partners
Imagine that you are news presenter, so are going to talk about national and international news.
Prepare a sketch combining different tenses such as simple present tense, simple past tense, present
progressive, past progressive and future “will” or “going to”. Then perform it in front of the class.
C. Listening activity
Listen carefully and write the words you hear.
1. _______________
2. _______________
3. _______________
4. _______________
5. _______________
6. _______________
7. _______________
8. _______________
9. _______________
10. _______________
Now write the sentences you hear.
1. ______________________________
2. ______________________________
3______________________________
4. ______________________________
5. ______________________________
6. ____________________________
7. ______________________________
8. ______________________________
9. ______________________________
10. ______________________________
Teacher, check my progress, please.
23
Do a frieze about your past, present and future by answering the following questions.
1. What did you do in your last vacation?
2. What do you do every day?
3. What are your plans for next year?
Teacher, as you can see I have done a good job, please verify
my progress and authorize me to continue with the next unit.
24
GUÍA No.3
Describo personalidad y apariencia de personas.
Read the text carefully with your partners
Peter: Have you seen the new girl in school?
Sam: No, I haven't.
Peter: She's really pretty.
Sam: Describe her to me.
Peter: She's not too tall.
Sam: Well, how tall is she?
Peter: She's about five feet even.
Sam: What does she look like, though?
Peter: She has pretty light brown eyes.
Sam: I may know which girl you're talking about.
Peter: So you have seen her around?
Sam: Yes, I have.
Answer the following questions.
1. The new girl is:
a) Short
2. She has:
a) green eyes
b) Tall
b) black eyes
3. Peter thinks that she is:
a) pretty
b) ugly eyes
c) Slim
c) brown eyes
c) beautiful
25
Peter Griffin– Peter is an
American
incompetent
father; Peter is irresponsible,
obese and is a heavy drinker.
Lois Griffin– Lois is the housewife / mother.
She juggles her piano lessons, kids, and
husband all in one day, while she dodges her
matricidal infant Stewie. She was raised
Protestant, something which caused Peter's
step-father Francis great consternation.
Meg Griffin– Meg, the first child and
only daughter, she is a self-conscious
and unattractive teenage girl.
Chris Griffin– Chris, the second child, is fat,
blond, and emotionally effusive.
Stewie Griffin– Stewie is the
baby, but often behaves in
adult ways such as upper-class
speech. He invents new
technology. He also exhibits
infantile traits, such as treating his teddy bear
Rupert as if it were a living person.
Brian Griffin – The family's talking dog,
Brian is portrayed as intelligent, and often
points out how ridiculous Peter's ideas are.
He enjoys the opera and theater, and
exhibits opinions about politics.
Francis Griffin– Peter's Irish
American
substitute
stepfather. An obsessively
devout Roman Catholic, he
disliked Lois because she is a Protestant,
disapproved of his son's family's lifestyle.
Glenn Quagmire– The Griffins'
next-door
neighbor
and
Peter's friend, whom Peter
met in the Navy. He is an
airline pilot. He exhibits a vocal
tic, the sound "giggity" once or
numerous times in rapid
succession, particularly when he is unhappy.
Joe Swanson– The Griffins' paraplegic
neighbor and Peter's friend. He was injured
in his job as a police officer before moving
to Quahog, however some episodes show
he has been a paraplegic since he was
young.
Tom Tucker– The arrogant,
male newscaster at Channel 5.
Tom tends to insult everybody
around him.
1. Choose the correct answer according to description above
1. Meg is____________
a. unattractive teenager girl.
b. sexy girl
26
2. Who is obsessively devoted to roman catholic?
a. Francis Griffin
b. Glenn Quagmire
3. peter is________________
a. smart and handsome
b. irresponsible, and obese
4. when does glen exibit this sound “giggity”?
a. when he is angry
b. when he is sad
5. What does Brian enjoy ?
a. Drink beer
b. the opera and theater
6. Who is tom trucker
a. griffin’s next door
b. news telecaster
What does she/he look like?
Para describir la apariencia física de personas en ingles utilizamos el verbo to-be mas el adjetivo.
Examples:
She is tall
They are fat
She is slim
Cuando nos referimos a los ojos, el cabello usamos el verbo “Have” mas el adjetivo
Ejemplos:
He has short hair
You have black hair
She has blue eyes
His hair is short
Your hair is black
Her eyes are blue
27
Para saber qué aspecto tiene alguien, su apariencia física, etc., se utiliza el verbo look like:
What does he look like? - ¿Qué aspecto tiene (él)?
What does she look like? - ¿Qué aspecto tiene (ella)?
La respuesta, mediante adjetivos, se referiría por tanto al aspecto físico de la persona:
tall – alto/a
thin – delgado/a
short – bajo/a
big - grande
fat – gordo/a
small - pequeño/a
0 a su edad de manera general:
young – joven
old – viejo/a
middle-aged - mediana edad
Y quizás también al color/tono del pelo (hair), su longitud y forma:
fair – claro/a
long – largo/a
straight – liso/a
dark – oscuro/a
short – corto/a
curly – rizado/a
Los colores como black (negro), blond/e (rubio/a), blue (azul), green (verde), etc, en estos casos se utilizan
para describir el cabello y los ojos. Observe que brown (marrón) para el pelo es castaño.
a woman with brown hair – una mujer con el pelo castaño
a man with blue eyes - un hombre con los ojos azules
Observe que en inglés la palabra hair (pelo), al igual que en español, es un sustantivo no contable cuando
se refiere al cabello en si, por lo tanto no se puede decir hairs con este sentido.
Recuerde que las palabras quite y very se utilizan para modificar los adjetivos:
tall – alto/a
fat – gordo/a
quite tall – bastante alto/a
quite fat – bastante gordo/a
very tall – muy alto/a
very fat – muy gordo/a
He´s thin. – He´s quite thin. – He´s very thin.
(Él) es delgado. – (Él) es bastante delgado. – (Él) es muy delgado.
En inglés británico la manera habitual para describir el pelo (hair), los ojos (eyes), la barba (beard), el bigote
(moustache), etc., que tiene alguien, utiliza have/has got, que se puede contraer:
I've got long dark hair. - Tengo el pelo largo oscuro.
She´s got big brown eyes. - (Ella) tiene ojos grandes castaños.
He's got short hair and green eyes. - (Él) tiene el pelo corto y los ojos verdes.
They've got fair hair. - Tienen el pelo claro.
Como ya explicamos, en inglés norteamericano se utiliza have/has y no se contrae:
I have a beard and brown hair. - Tengo barba y el pelo castaño.
He has a moustache and short hair. - (Él) tiene bigote y el pelo corto.
We have dark hair and blue eyes. - Tenemos el pelo oscuro y los ojos azules.
They have straight black hair. - Tienen el pelo liso negro.
28
VOCABULARY
29
What is she like?
Para describir personalidad se utiliza el verbo to-be mas el adjetivo
Examples:
Talkative
They are talkative
Shy
She is shy
Polite
He is polite
Grammar: Adjective Order
When you use more than one adjective, you have to put them in the right order,
According to type.
30
31
To Practice
Work individually
Exercise 1
A. Complete the sentences using the correct form of be or have.
1. His eyes _______________ brown and his hair _______________ black.
2. He _______________ tall and slim and he _______________ green eyes.
3. My hair _______________ blond and my eyes _______________blue.
4. I _______________ average height and I _______________ brown, wavy hair.
5. He _______________ green eyes and his hair _______________ gray.
6. I _______________ long, black hair and I_______________ short.
B. Put the words in the correct order to form sentences.
1. and / is / Jack / medium / tall / weight / .
2. short, / He / has / hair / curly / blond / .
3. blue / eyes / has / He / .
4. slim / Ali / medium / is / height / and / .
5. and / eyes / green / hair / has / short, / red / He / wavy / .
C. Match the words with similar meanings, then write 10 sentences.
1 funny
2 average
3 dark
4 fat
5 intelligent
6 outgoing
7 slim
a) normal
b) thin
c) smart
d) friendly
e) amusing
f) brown/black
g) overweight
Work in groups.
Please write and develop the following exercises in your notebook.
Exercise 1:
32
WHAT DOES SHE/HE LOOK LIKE ?
A. Describe the following pictures.
What does she look like?
She has ……..………………………
………………………………………………
She is …………………………………
.. ………………….……………………
What does she look like?
………………………………………………
…...............................................
………………………………………………
………………………………………………
What does she look like?
………………………………………………
………………………………………………
………………………………………………
………………………………………………
What does she look like?
………………………………………………
………………………………………………
………………………………………………
………………………………………………
What does she look like?
………………………………………………
…...............................................
………………………………………………
………………………………………………
What does he look like?
………………………………………………
………………………………………………
………………………………………………
………………………………………………
What does he look like?
………………………………………………
………………………………………………
………………………………………………
………………………………………………
What does he look like?
………………………………………………
…...............................................
………………………………………………
………………………………………………
What does he look like?
………………………………………………
………………………………………………
………………………………………………
………………………………………………
33
B. Match the descriptions with the people.
1. Carol is a pretty young woman. Her hair is long and dark. Her eyes are black. She has got a big month
and a long neck. She’s tall and thin.
2. Mark is 20 years old. He is a tall man. His hair is short and wavy. He has got brown eyes.
3. Susan is 17 years old. She is short and thin. Her eyes are brown. She has got long fair hair.
4. Mike is 18. His hair is very short. He has got a big nose, long neck. He is very thin.
C. Match the adjectives with the pictures.
34
Now describe the pictures
Draco is ___________________ and __________________. He has __________ ________________
_______________and ______________ . Hagrid is ___________________ and ______________________.
He has ________________ __________________ and_______________.
D. Read the text carefully.
Hello! My name is Joe Green and I’m eleven years old. This is a picture of my family. My mother, Emily
Green, is on the right. She is thirty-five years old and she is very pretty. She is tall and thin. She has got big
dark eyes, long, straight dark hair, a small nose and a small mouth. My father, John Green, is on the left. He
is forty years old. He is tall and slim. He has got short brown hair and small dark eyes. He’s got a big mouth
and a big nose. My sister, Judith, is right behind me. She is thirteen years old and she’s really nice. She has
got long, curly red hair, big brown eyes, a small nose and a small mouth. She’s got freckles. I almost forgot
Twinkle, our pet dog… He’s very loyal. We are a happy family.
Now write true or false
1. Joe’s mother is short.
2. His parents aren’t plump.
3. His father has got a small nose.
4. His hair is brown.
5. Joe’s sister has got freckles.
6. Joe is thirteen years old.
7. They are a happy family.
________________
________________
________________
________________
________________
________________
________________
Answer the questions.
1. Has Joe’s father got curly hair?
2. What is his sister like?
3. How old is she?
4. Has his mother got brown eyes?
5. Is she tall?
6. What’s his father like?
7. Who is Twinkle?
____________________________
___________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
E. Write a brief description of yourself, including both physical appearance and character.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
35
Exercise 2:
A. Match the adjectives in the column A with their opposites in column B
Column B
Column A
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
attentive
friendly
good
calm
good- tempered
careful
grateful
hard-working
unhappy
polite
honest
tolerant
optimistic
tidy
self-confident
outgoing
humble
sincere
nervous
bad-tempered
careless
distracted
bad
unfriendly
happy
strict
ungrateful
dishonest
rude
lazy
proud
hypocritical
introvert
untidy
shy
pessimistic
Now put the words in the correct group
•
Bad qualities
__________________________________________
__________________________________________
__________________________________________
_____________________________
•
Good qualities
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
___
B. What are these people like? Match the words in the box with what they are saying.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Have my cake – I can get some more. _________________________________
I don´t care about them! I´ve got my own problems. ____________________
Let’s put toothpaste all around his mouth while he´s asleep. ______________
Come on, hurry up! I can´t wait any longer. ____________________________
Give it back! That´s my doll. _________________________________________
Let´s cross the road at the zebra crossing. It´s safer there. ________________
36
C. What are the antonyms of the following words?
1) responsible _____________
2) intelligent _____________
3) optimistic _____________
4) generous _____________
5) honest _____________
6) polite _____________
7) mature _____________
8) hard-working _____________
9) outgoing _____________
10) grateful _____________
D. Choose the best answer to complete the sentences.
1.
I really like people who are ______________ because they always believe that things will work out in spite of
difficult challenges.
a) dependent
b) humble
c) optimistic
2. Monica is very ______________ and always gives her time and resources to help those who are in need.
a) ambitious
b) generous
c) reliable
3. To be honest, my father can't stand coworkers who are ______________ and won't consider new ideas or
ways of doing things.
a) close-minded
b) dishonest
c) inconsiderate
Exercise 3: Speaking Activity
Who’s your favorite movie star or singer? Can you describe him/her in more details now?
Bring to the class a picture of your favorite movie star or singer and prepare a description of his/her physical
appearance. Then look for his/her zodiac sign and describe his/her personality.
37
Exercise 4: Listening Activity
Listen carefully and write the adjectives you hear.
1. _____________________
2. _____________________
3. _____________________
4. _____________________
5. _____________________
6. _____________________
7. _____________________
8. _____________________
9. _____________________
10. _____________________
Teacher, check my progress, please.
Stick a picture of your family and write a text in which you describe their physical appearance
and their character.
38
GUÍA No.4
Aplico estrategias en el desarrollo de pruebas ICFES
Read the text carefully with your partners
A. Read the following letter and answer the questions 1 to 3.
141 Oakhurst Drive, Apt 2A
Singleton, OH 54567
March 1st, 1995
Mr. Freeman O. Zachary, Manager
Personnel department
P. O. Box 2387
Q. Chicago, IL 34802
Dear Mr. Zachary,
I am writing to ask whether you will have an opening this coming summer for someone with my qualifications. I
am finishing my sophomore year at Singleton State College, where I am majoring in economics and finance. I have
been active in several extracurricular activities, including the Spanish Club and the Singleton Players. Although I
have no previous experience in banking, I am eager to learn, so I am willing to take on any duties you feel
appropriate. I will be in Chicago for spring vacation from March 20th to 26th and will be available for an interview.
In addition, I shall be pleased to furnish you with my letters of recommendation from some of my professors here
at Singleton State and with a transcript of my college record.
I appreciate your consideration, and I look forward to hearing from you.
Sincerely yours,
Audrey DeVeers
1. Audrey’s main intention is to
A. request a job to gain experience.
B. discuss a financial and economic matter.
C. describe her curriculum vitae.
D. ask for an opportunity to be interviewed.
2. The expression I am eager to learn means:
A. I am ready for learning.
B. I am expected to learn.
C. I am anxiuos to learn.
D. I am afraid of learning.
39
3. The expression In addition can be replaced by
A. However.
B. Also.
C. Though.
D. But.
B. Answer the questions 4 to 6 based on the following text:
There are remarkable differences in the amount of vacation time and vacation benefits that workers get in
different countries around the world. If we consult the Bureau of Labor Statistics, it becomes evident that, in
some countries, workers are encouraged to enjoy life away from the work place more than in others. In some
parts of the world, the average paid vacation time offered to workers is quite low, while in other parts, it can be
quite high. Age can be a factor in determining the amount of vacation time workers get. Due to the notion that
young people need more free time, some countries offer more paid vacation time to younger workers.
4. The underlined word remarkable can be replaced by
A. analogous.
B. equivalent.
C. notable.
D. comparable.
5. According to the text,
A. most of the countries give long vacations to people because they need more time to rest.
B. old people are encouraged to enjoy vacation every year in different countries around the world.
C. young workers are not allowed to take short vacations because they are very active.
D. variances in the policies ralated to vacation time for workers can be found around the world.
6. The title of this text could be:
A. An Essay about Spare Time
B. Leisure Time Activities
C. A Report on Vacation Policies
D. Enjoying Life on Vacation
Pruebas Icfes
Como se elaboran las pruebas ICFES?
Las pruebas elaboradas para el examen de estado cumplen con una serie de condiciones que garantizan su
calidad desde los puntos de vista académico, técnico y pedagógico. En términos generales, el cumplimiento de
estas condiciones se puede verificar en el proceso del desarrollo de dichas pruebas, el cual implica el
cumplimiento de varias etapas y la toma de decisiones finales sobre aspectos teóricos, metodológicos y prácticos
aplicados en las mismas.
40
Puntos claves para lograr una buena preparación en el examen de Estado “ICFES”
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
El manejo del tiempo.
El manejo de la hoja de examen.
El manejo de la hoja de respuestas.
El control del miedo mediante la prueba.
El poder encontrar mediante la evaluación temas a profundizar.
El conocer y dominar los diferentes tipos de preguntas utilizados en el examen.
La prueba de ingles cuenta con 45 preguntas para ser respondidas en 1 hora y se encuentran organizadas en 7
partes como se describe a continuación:
Parte 1: En esta parte encontrarás cinco avisos y debes decidir donde los encontrarías. Para cada pregunta hay
tres opciones A, B o C que deberás marcar en tu hoja de respuesta.
Parte 2: En esta parte encontrarás una lista de ocho palabras clasificadas de la A a la H. Cada una de las preguntas
describe una de las ocho palabras y deberás buscar la relación entre las dos y marcar la letra correcta (A a H) en tu
hoja de respuesta. Hay más palabras (A a H) de las que necesitas.
Parte 3: En esta parte encontrarás cinco conversaciones cortas. La idea es completar la conversación
seleccionando la respuesta correcta de las tres opciones A, B o C en la hoja de respuestas.
Parte 4: En esta parte encontrarás un texto con ocho espacios, los cuales debes llenar seleccionando la palabra
correcta para cada espacio de las tres opciones A, B o C en la hoja de respuestas.
Parte 5: En esta parte encontrarás un texto seguido por siete preguntas, en las cuales debes seleccionar la
respuesta correcta entre las tres opciones A, B o C en la hoja de respuestas.
Parte 6: En esta parte encontrarás un texto seguido por cinco preguntas, en las cuales debes marcar A, B, C o D en
la hoja de respuestas.
Parte 7: En esta parte encontrarás un texto con diez espacios que debes llenar seleccionando la palabra correcta,
para cada espacio de las cuatro opciones A, B, C o D en la hoja de respuestas.
To Practice
Work individually
Parte 1
Donde puede ver estos avisos?
En las preguntas 1- 5, marque A, B o C en su hoja de respuestas.
Example:
Please do not feed
the animals
A. in a station
B. in a cafe
C. in a zoo
41
1.
Please hand your room key to
reception when leaving.
2.
Day trip to castle
-leave at 9 am
- return at 3 pm
3.
QUIET PLEASE
People reading
4.
DO NOT TAKE FOOD INTO THE
BASKETBALL HALL
5.
PLEASE WAIT HERE
FOR YOUR TABLE
A. in car park
B. in a school
C. in a hotel
A. at a police station
B. at a tourist information office
C. in a fast-food restaurant
A. in a library
B. at an airport
C. in a shop
A. in a shoe shop
B. in a sport center
C. in a guess-house
A. in a restaurant
B. in a bank
C. in a post office
Parte 2
Preguntas 6 - 10
Lea las descripciones de la columna de la izquierda (6 - 10) y las palabras de la columna de la derecha (A - H).
Cual palabra (A - H) concuerda con la descripción de cada frase de la izquierda (6 - 10)?
En las preguntas 6 - 10, marque la letra correcta A - H en su hoja de respuestas.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
You usually put this inside an envelope before posting it.
If you follow this, you won't be late for class.
People buy this to learn what has happened in the world.
The police may want to see this if they stop you in your car.
You cannot travel on most buses without one of these.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
dictionary
driving license
letter
menu
newspaper
street map
ticket
timetable
42
Parte 3
Preguntas 11 - 15
Complete las cinco conversaciones.
En las preguntas 11 - 15, marque A, B o C en su hoja de respuestas.
Ejemplo:
11. I’d like the pasta, please.
A. Certainly.
B. I hope so.
C. Do you like it?
12. Shall we eat now?
A. Good idea!
B. This is fine
C. It’s the same
13. What do you think of modern art?
A. I´ve seen it.
B. I would like to.
C. I love it.
14. Are you sure the match starts at two?
A. It started well.
B. It´s all right.
C. I think so.
15. I can’t do this math problem.
A. I suppose so.
B. Let me see.
C. Certainly not.
Parte 4
Preguntas 16 - 23
Lea el texto de la siguiente parte.
Escoja la palabra adecuada (A, B o C) para cada espacio.
En las preguntas 16 - 23, marque A, B o C en su hoja de respuestas.
43
BEARS
The bear can (0) ___________ a dangerous animal. The adult bear is very strong and it can kill a person. Bears are
good at (16) ___________ trees and they can run very fast. But they cannot see well and, (17) ___________ most
animals, they find food by using (18) ___________ noses.
There are seven kinds of bear. The (19) ___________ is the white polar bear, which is almost three meters tall.
There are two kinds of black bear. (20) ___________ lives in the forests of North America, and the other lives in
South-East Asia. But not (21) ___________ black bears are black. They may be dark brown or a reddish brown.
Everyone loves the black and white panda bear, which comes from China. Not (22) ___________ pandas live in
the forest today because (23) ___________ is difficult to find food
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
A climbed
A like
A them
A larger
A Both
A every
A many
A there
B climb
B from
B those
B largest
B One
B all
B more
B anything
C climbing
C for
C their
C large
C He
C each
C much
C it
Parte 5
Preguntas 24 - 30
Lea el artículo y luego responda las preguntas.
En las preguntas 24 - 30, marque A, B o C en su hoja de respuestas.
Ingrid McFarlane
Zoo Keeper
When I graduated from high school at eighteen, I got a job at a zoo as a student keeper. Now, five years later,
things have changed – I have passed my exams and I am a fully trained animal keeper.
The money is not good. I only get $15,000 a year. You have to be outside in rain and snow, which is hard work,
and you get very dirty. But this doesn't matter to me because animals are the most important thing in my life!
44
There are a hundred monkeys and fifty deer in my part of the zoo and I give them their food and clean their
houses. I also need to watch them carefully to be sure that they are all well. In fact, rhinos are my favorite animals
and so last year I went to Africa with a colleague for a month to study them.
The zoo is open every day and I work five different days each week. I live in a small apartment twenty minutes
away and I get up at ten to seven and start work at eight. The first thing I do when I get home at quarter after five
is take a shower!
24. Ingrid would like to
A. take some exams.
B. earn more money.
B. change her job.
25. How does Ingrid feel about working in bad weather?
A. She hates getting dirty.
B. She doesn't mind it.
C. She likes the snow.
26. If Ingrid doesn't check the monkeys,
A. they may become ill.
B. they may get hungry.
C. they may run away.
27. The animals Ingrid likes best are the.
A. monkeys.
B. deer.
C. rhinos.
28. Ingrid traveled to Africa
A. to have a month's vacation.
B. to visit a colleague there.
C. to learn more about some animals.
29. The zoo is open
A. only five days a week.
B. seven days a week.
C. on different days every week.
30. Ingrid arrives at her apartment in the evening at
A. five fifteen.
B. twenty after five.
C. ten to seven.
Parte 6
Preguntas 31 - 35
Lea el texto y las preguntas de la siguiente parte.
En las preguntas 31 - 35, marque A, B, C o D en su hoja de respuestas.
45
Imagine if everyone in your street suddenly came out into the road one day and started singing together. Singing
teacher Ruth Black believes it would make everyone so friendly that they would never walk past each other again
without saying hello.
Singing helps people live in peace together, she says. All over the world people have always sung together and in
most places they still do, but in England it is no longer traditional. Nowadays, says Ruth, people only sing together
in churches and football grounds, although it could be done anywhere. Everyone is able to sing, she says, but
most of us either think we can't or have forgotten what we learned as children. However, as with everything
musical, you need to practice and the same applies to your voice. Ruth believes that singing itself brings other
benefits. It encourages good breathing, for example. Through singing, people often become more confident and
also learn to control stress. But more than anything, it brings people together.
When Ruth first started singing, there was little opportunity to sing with others. Then,
through a friend, she discovered an excellent singing class and became so keen that she started running her own
classes. These are held twice a month for all singers, whatever their level, and are now enormously successful.
31. What is the writer trying to do in this article?
A. explain why singing has become less popular everywhere
B. describe a teacher's ideas about the importance of singing
C. advertise a teacher's singing classes
D. encourage children to learn to sing
32. What can the reader find out from the article?
A. how singing is something anyone can do
B. where the best places to learn to sing are
C. why traditional singing has disappeared
D. how to improve your voice
33. How does Ruth think singing with other people can help you?
A. You learn to breathe more easily.
B. You are able to improve your speaking.
C. You can get to know other people.
D. You become a confident musician.
34. What made Ruth start her own class?
A. She couldn't find a suitable class.
B. She was asked to teach people she knew.
C. She wanted to improve her own teaching.
D. She enjoyed going to a singing class herself.
46
35. Which is the best advertisement for Ruth's singing classes?
Parte 7
Preguntas 36 - 45
Lea el texto de la siguiente parte.
Escoja la palabra adecuada (A, B, C o D) para cada espacio.
En las preguntas 36 - 45, marque A, B, C o D en su hoja de respuestas.
Jacqui Swift
Jacqui Swift has (0) ____________ as a journalist for newspapers, a music magazine and TV programs. At the (36)
____________ , she is writing for a music website (37) ____________ started last month.
I (38) ____________ to write for the internet because this is where you find the very latest information about
bands. I love the speed of the internet. I can write a piece in the morning and see it (39) ____________ on the
website in the afternoon. The same story won't be in the newspapers (40) ____________ the next day. It may
(41) ____________ up to six weeks before you see it in some magazines.
I am a (42) ____________ of a team. We have to work fast and mustn't make any (43) ____________, so it can be
stressful. But we all get along (44) ____________ with each other. I find it really exciting to think that our work
(45) ____________ read all round the world!
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
A period
A which
A thought
A show
A over
A take
A worker
A faults
A good
A is
B time
B what
B persuaded
B appear
B during
B last
B colleague
B mistakes
B strongly
B will
C moment
C who
C imagined
C attend
C towards
C stay
C member
C accidents
C well
C has
D date
D when
D decided
D display
D until
D remain
D person
D failures
D happy
D does
47
Work in groups.
Please write and develop the following exercises in your notebook.
Exercise 1:
1. Carol is doing research on the book Moby Dick. She asks her literature teacher about the author of this
book. The teacher answers:
A. Moby Dick was writing by Herman Melville.
B. Moby Dick was write by Herman Melville.
C. Moby Dick was wrote by Herman Melville.
D. Moby Dick was written by Herman Melville.
2. Peter’s room smelled like cigarettes yesterday.
A. In the room somebody had been smoking.
B. Smoking had been somebody in the room.
C. Somebody had been smoking in the room.
D. In the room smoking had been somebody.
3. Two boys are talking about their duties at home. Aurelio says:
A. I hate ironing, but I have to do it once a week.
B. I have to iron, but I hate once a week to do it.
C. I hate to ironing, but I have to do it a week once.
D. I have iron but, I hate to do it a week once.
4. Tom is talking about his dreams.
A. If I had money enough, I would buy a car.
B. If I had enough money, I would bought a car.
C. If I had enough money, I would buy a car.
D. If I had money enough, I would bought a car.
5. Lisa went to the doctor because she was really concerned about her weight. The doctor told her that
A. if she doesn’t go on a diet, she wouldn’t lose weight.
B. if she didn’t go on a diet, she wouldn’t lose weight.
C. if she wouldn’t go on a diet, she doesn’t lose weight.
D. if she wouldn’t go on a diet, she didn’t lose weight.
6. Patricia’s birthday was a week ago. She is telling her teacher about it.
A. My grandfather gave me a watch.
B. My grandfather given me a watch.
C. My grandfather gives to me a watch.
D. My grandfather to me gave a watch.
48
7. Edward is participating in a TV game show. The interviewer asks:
A. When was Simon Bolivar born?
B. When borns Simon Bolivar?
C. When was Simon Bolivar borns?
D. When borned Simon Bolivar?
8. Mathew had a meeting at his office with his boss and some clients at 9:00. At 9:30, his boss asked his
secretary to call him to find out why he was late. After talking to Mathew, the secretary said:
A. He say that there is a problem with his car.
B. He say that a problem with his car there was.
C. He said that there was a problem with his car.
D. He said that a problem with his car there is.
9. Lisbeth is tired because
A. she has been swim for two hours.
B. she has swim for two hours.
C. she has been swimming for two hours.
D. she has swimming for two hours.
10. A zoo guide is describing and comparing some animals for a tourist group. He is saying:
A. hippo is heavier and bigger than a panda bear.
B. hippo is more heavy and big than a panda bear.
C. hippo is heaviest and biggest than a panda bear.
D. hippo is more heavier and big than a panda bear.
11. John has been reading about mountains in his encyclopedia. He learned that
A. Mount Aconcagua is the most high mountain in America.
B. Mount Aconcagua is the highest mountain in America.
C. Mount Aconcagua is the higher mountain in America.
D. Mount Aconcagua is the more high mountain in America.
12. Steve is talking to a friend about the first thing he normally does as soon as he gets home.
A. “I turn on frequently the TV right after I get home from work.”
B. “I turn on the TV right after I frequently get home from work.”
C. “I turn on the TV right after I get home from work frequently.”
D. “I frequently turn on the TV right after I get home from work.”
13. When Charles and Vicky were asked about Jack,
A. they said they hadn’t seen Jack for a long time.
B. they say they hadn’t seen Jack for a long time.
C. they told they hadn’t seen Jack for a long time.
D. they tell they hadn’t seen Jack for a long time.
14. Catherine is talking about the place where she went on vacation.
A. Cartagena is an old Colombian lovely city.
B. Cartagena is an old lovely Colombian city.
C. Cartagena is a Colombian old lovely city.
D. Cartagena is a lovely old Colombian city.
49
15. Paul and his daughter Annie are looking at some family pictures. He says:
A. I used to had long hair when I was younger.
B. When I was younger, I used to have long hair.
C. I use to had long hair when I was younger.
D. When I was younger, I use to have long hair.
16. Carol and Francis are talking about the changes in temperature over the last few days. Carol says:
A. Yesterday was more hot than today.
B. Yesterday was as hotter as today.
C. Yesterday was much hot than today.
D. Yesterday was hotter than today.
17. One Hundred Years of Solitude is a famous novel by Gabriel Garcia Marquez. People all over the world
have been able to read it because
A. it have been translated into different languages.
B. it has been translate into different languages.
C. it has been translated into different languages.
D. it have been translate into different languages.
18. Two friends were talking about a picnic day they had two days before. One of them said to the other:
A. See? I tell you it was going to be fun.
B. See? I told you it is going to be fun.
C. See? I told you it was going to be fun.
D. See? I tell you it is going to be fun.
Exercise 2: Graphic interpretation
1. Mrs. Parker’s at the market.
A.
B.
C.
D.
According to the picture,
the man is buying fruit when Mrs. Parker’s wallet falls on the ground. The man picks it up and delivers it
to
a police officer.
the man is helping Mrs. Parker choose some fruit when she notices her wallet is being picked up by a
police officer. The man catches him.
the man isn’t buying fruit. He is taking Mrs. Parker’s wallet. The man runs away, but a police officer
pursues and catches him.
the man is looking at Mrs. Parker’s wallet and takes it. Then Mrs. Parker pursues him until she finds a
police officer
50
2. Judy was in a department store. These are some of the objects that she bought:
These objects are made of:
A. steel, leather, and wood.
B. steel, silk, and wood.
C. wood, leather, and silver.
D. steel, cotton, and leather.
3. Mike is cooking dinner
He might be
A.
crying because he cut his finger.
B.
shouting because the food burnt.
C.
moaning because he burnt his finger.
D.
screaming because the dog bit his finger.
4. Bob and Paula are canoeing.
According to the picture, they are
A.
concerned.
B.
confused.
C.
bored.
D.
frightened.
5. Bryan and Harry are brothers. Their mother told them that it was time to do their homework. They reacted
differently.
According to the picture, we can say that
A.
Harry is more intelligent than Bryan.
B.
Bryan is not as disciplined as Harry.
C.
Harry is less patient than Bryan.
D.
Bryan is not as young as Harry.
6. After three years, Mary was finally able to marry George.
According to the picture, Mary feels
A.
ashamed.
B.
surprised.
C.
satisfied.
D.
worried.
51
7. Jenny bought these Christmas gifts for her mother.
According to the picture, these gifts are made of
A.
nylon.
B.
leather.
C.
cloth.
D.
clay.
8.
According to the graph,
A.
300 million years ago the type of animal life that existed on
earth was mammals.
B.
reptiles were the predominant animals for 300-400 million
years.
C.
the most recent type of animal life that has existed on earth is
the saurian.
D.
400 million years ago, insects were the only living species
9. Michael is cooking in the kitchen.
According to the picture, Michael’s mother is
A.
giving him directions about making a pizza.
B.
complaining because the kitchen is untidy.
C.
scolding him because the pizza is burning.
D.
advising him about tidying the kitchen up quickly.
10. The electrician cannot reach the ceiling. So, he says:
A.
B.
C.
D.
I wish I had a longer ladder.
If I had stairs, this would be easier.
I wish I had a light bulb.
If I had an elevator, I could do a good job.
52
11. Magda is 15. She wants to surprise her boyfriend who works at a disco. Unfortunately, when she gets there,
she finds a sign.
According to the picture, she probably feels
A.
excited.
B.
disappointed.
C.
anxious.
D.
uncomfortable.
12. This is a typical day on a Colombian farm.
According to the clock, the woman
A.
gathered the eggs and after that fed
the pigs.
B.
picked the oranges before milking the
cow.
C.
milked the cow before feeding the
pigs.
D.
gathered the eggs after picking the
oranges.
13. The man is watching his favorite TV show. He does not like to be interrupted when he is doing it. So he is
A.
B.
C.
D.
warning the child not to make noise.
advising the child not to make noise.
asking the child why he's noisy.
complaining about the noisy child.
Exercise 3:
A. Paragraph organization
1. Valerie is talking to her friend Bob about her uncle Alan
1. He has been doing the same job for nearly 40 years,
2. I was a girl. So he hasn’t changed much.
3. and he has been driving the same car since
4. My uncle’s been living in the same house since the 50.s.
A. 2,1,3,4
B. 4,3,1,2
C. 2,4,1,3
D. 4,1,3,2
53
2. Sue will be home late and has left a note for her husband about things she wants him to do:
1. and my jacket at the dry cleaner?
2. I’ll be home late tonight.
3. Will you please pick up the children at school,
4. Don’t wait for me because
A. 2,3,4,1
B. 3,4,1,2
C. 4,2,3,1
D. 3,2,1,4
3. London was the world’s biggest city at the time of World War II but now it isn’t. According to historians:
1. but now there are many cities
2. From about 1800 until World War II,
3. London was the biggest city in the world,
4. which are much bigger.
A. 2,1,4,3
B. 2,3,1,4
C. 3,2,1,4
D. 3,1,2,4
4. Amy Johnson is from England and she is known for being the first woman pilot to fly to Australia.
1. and she became the first woman pilot to fly to Australia.
2. when she was still a school girl.
3. There, she was taught how to service planes
4. Amy Johnson joined the London Aeroplane Club
A. 3,2,4,1
B. 2,4,1,3
C. 4,2,3,1
D. 4,1,2,3
5. One of the little peculiarities of the way in which houses are bought and sold in England and Wales is the
estate agent system,
1. whereby the selling of a house is handed over to a group of professionals
2. who do their best to exaggerate
3. its virtues and play down its defects
4. in a very special language of their own.
A. 2, 3, 1, 4
B. 3, 2, 1, 4
C. 2, 1, 3, 4
D. 1, 2, 3, 4
6. The first real counting machine was invented by a Frenchman called Blaise Pascal in the XVII century.
1. One man who inspected the machine was Gottfried Leibniz, who was born in Saxony in 1646.
2. Leibniz used the binary system to simplify the number of wheels and cogs a calculator needed. It was a
very important improvement,
3. but Leibniz was too busy with other questions to work out the idea.
4. It did additions and subtractions but very few people were convinced of its value.
A. 1, 2, 3, 4
54
B. 4, 1, 2, 3
C. 4, 2, 3, 1
D. 2, 3, 1, 4
7. Some of the words we use today come from the names of people who lived in the past.
1. that is done to remove a baby from its mother’s womb.
2 The name comes from the name of the Roman Emperor Julius Caesar,
3. who was reputedly born this way.
4. A Cesarean section is a surgical operation
A. 2,3,4,1
B. 4,1,2,3
C. 2,1,4,3
D. 4,3,2,1
8. Ruth is reading a manual of instructions for her new video camera and she finds this question:
Ever notice that people sometimes look older in videos than they do in person?
1. That is why it’s helpful to use a video light both day and night
2. whether you are shooting inside or outside.
3. That is because bright light from overhead bulbs or the sun
4. can cast unattractive shadows down a person’s face.
A. 1,2,3,4
B. 3,4,1,2
C. 1,4,3,2
D. 3,2,1,4
9. Karen is studying English at a school in London. She lives with an English family, the Browns. She writes her
friend David a letter to tell him about them. Let's read the first paragraph.
1. but it isn't easy to understand them!
2. Mr. and Mrs. Brown have three children.
3. My new address is at the top of the letter. I'm with an English family, the Browns.
4. Thomas is fourteen, Catherine is twelve, and Andrew is seven. They are very friendly,
A. 3, 4, 2, 1
B. 4, 2, 3, 1
C. 3, 2, 4, 1
D. 4, 3, 2, 1
B. Incomplete paragraphs
1992 marked the 500th (1)____________ of Christopher Columbus’ discovery of the New World. Many people do
not know that other explorers came to North America before Columbus. However, these (2) ____________
explorations do nothing to diminish the fact that when Columbus landed in the Bahamas and (3) ____________ to
report his discoveries, he opened the North and South American continents to further exploration and eventual
settlement.
1.
2.
3.
A. centenary
A. following
A. arrived at
B. anniversary
B. earlier
B. came from
C. celebration
C. previously
C. moved out
D. birthday
D. later
D. went back
55
4–6
The happiest person in England today is a professional, married man (4) ____________ lives in the southern part
of the country. He owns a comfortable house and (5) ____________two cars. He has a steady job in an office in
London. (6) ____________ a hard day at work, he relaxes in front of the television and watches a video with his
two children.
4.
5.
6.
A. which
A. has
A. Then
B. whose
B. having
B. Later
C. where
C. have
C. After
D. who
D. had
D. Next
7–9
The belief that all snakes are poisonous is wrong. Of the 3,000 or so species of snakes that have been classified,
400 are dangerous and only a few are deadly. (7) ____________ do snakes bite? It is a defense mechanism to
(8)____________ themselves. Another reason is to kill (9) ____________prey, if they are to live. In general,
snakes will not bite unless there is a disturbance of some sort.
7.
8.
9.
A. When
A. attack
A. their
B. What
B. protect
B. yours
C. How
C. affect
C. your
D. Why
D. prevent
D. theirs
10 - 12
Japanese couples (10)____________ a list of wedding presents; friends and relatives are expected to give cash
instead. During a typical Shinto ceremony, the bride (11) ____________a kimono and only the relatives of the
bride and groom (12)____________ attend the actual ceremony.
10.
11.
12.
A. have
A. carries
A. never
B. don’t have
B. takes
B. rarely
C. had
C. wears
C. ever
D. didn’t have
D. brings
D. usually
13 - 15
Matter is the name given to everything (13) ____________ has weight and (14) ____________ space. It may
usually be detected by the senses of touch, sight (15) ____________ smell. Matter may exist in three states: solid,
liquid and gas.
13.
14.
15 .
A. what
A. occupied
A. or
B. where
B. occupies
B. by
C. who
C. occupying
C. of
D. which
D. occupy
D. nor
16 - 18
Jogging is good exercise when it is done regularly: at least three times a week. It strengthens the leg muscles, and,
(16) ____________ it forces the heart to beat faster, it also improves blood circulation. Many people also jog (17)
____________control their weight. Joggers burn up 62 calories for every kilometer they run. (18) ____________ ,
jogging helps decrease levels of emotional stress.
56
16.
17.
18.
A. since
A. helping
A. However
B. thus
B. help with
B. In addition
C. also
C. helps
C. In contrast
D. furthermore
D. to help
D. Whereas
19 - 21
Bread is an important part of what we eat. Bread has been present in man’s diet (19) ____________ prehistoric
times. In fact, the Egyptians made bread four thousand years ago, and the ancient Romans had a public oven in
(20) ____________ they could bake their daily supply. Recent studies have shown that bread has nutritional
value. (21) ____________ protein, bread contains plenty of starch, calcium and vitamin B.
19.
20.
21.
A. for
A. where
A. Besides
B. about
B. what
B. In contrast
C. from
C. whose
C. In addition
D. since
D. which
D. Moreover
22 - 24
Patrick and Pauline Peters got married six months ago and they are already famous for their fights. Mrs. White,
who lives opposite, says: ¡ (22) ____________ I asked them nicely to stop fighting because my baby couldn’t get
to sleep, but they didn’t. Then my husband knocked at their door and told them to stop. They threw a chair at
him. (23) ____________ , we decided to call the police. Mr. and Mrs. Peters admitted to the police (24)
____________they had been arguing. However, they denied having thrown the chair!
22.
23.
24.
A. When
A. Therefore
A. which
B. Before
B. In this respect
B. how
C. First
C. In the same way
C. what
D. Thus
D. Besides
D. that
Exercise 4: Reading comprehension
1-3
Many major cities in the world today have large populations of people who have recently arrived; they have
emigrated from other countries. Perhaps you, too, have left a familiar place to come to a new city or a new
country. Or you may live in a city where there are large numbers of newcomers. Adapting to a new place forces
people to seek out new friends, face new problems, and often learn a new language.
1. The underlined word who is related to
A. cities.
B. people.
C. major.
D. countries.
2. The underlined words seek out can be replaced by
A. give up.
B. look for.
C. take care.
D. find out.
3. According to the text,
A. people are forced to leave their native countries.
B. major cities of the world have received many visitors.
C. people have immigrated to other countries due to overpopulation.
D. living in a new place implies many changes for immigrants.
57
4-6
The United States is now becoming a non-smoking society. Across the country, hundreds of towns and cities, and
even entire states, are passing strict laws to control the sale and use of cigarettes. In New York, for example,
smoking is illegal in public buildings, hospitals, schools, banks, stores, movie theaters, taxi-cabs, and restrooms, to
name a few places. In addition, smoking is prohibited anywhere in the U.S. on airline flights that last two hours or
less. And now many private companies have also made rules prohibiting cigarette smoking. At least 40% of
American companies restrict smoking by their employees. Company policies are mostly of three kinds: they
prohibit smoking by employees when they are working, they hire only non-smokers, or they force workers who
smoke to quit smoking.
4. The underlined sentence they force workers who smoke to quit smoking means that
A. workers are hired because they smoke.
B. workers have to give up smoking if they want to continue working.
C. workers are required to smoke if they want to continue working.
D. workers are fired because they smoke.
5. According to the text, we can infer that
A. none of the company policies ban smoking.
B. all of the company policies ban smokers.
C. the first policy bans smoking, and the other two, ban smokers.
D. the first and second policies ban smokers, and the last one bans smoking.
6. According to the text, the author's intention is to
A. describe how the U.S. is regulating smoking.
B. promote discrimination against smokers in the U.S.
C. protest against people who smoke in the U.S.
D. show how smokers can quit smoking in the U.S.
7-9
People are living longer in the United States. As a result, more and more middle aged adults are becoming
caretakers of their aging parents. When their parents can no longer care for themselves, these adults stay at
home to care for them in much the same way they cared for their own children. Playing the role of "parent sitter"
is quite difficult and frustrating. For example, an aging parent may become blind. No longer able to see, the old
person needs his or her children to perform many every day jobs. Another example is the parent who becomes
brain damaged during the aging process. Natural roles are then reversed, as children are forced to care for their
parents as if their parents were children.
7. The underlined words middle aged can be replaced by
A. very young people.
B. ancient people.
C. very old people.
D. people in their 50's.
8. According to the text, the underlined words "parent sitter" refer to a person who
A. takes care of his/her father or mother.
B. loves and works for his/her family.
C. looks after his/her children.
D. likes helping his/her relatives.
58
9. The main idea of this text is:
A. Sons and daughters take care of their parents because of longevity.
B. Children do not like to take care of their parents.
C. The natural roles of parents and children have changed throughout history.
D. Parents stay at home to take care of their children.
Teacher, check my progress, please.
We can communicate (7)________________other people in many different ways. We can talk and write and we
can (8) _____________messages with our hands and faces. There is also (9)__________ phone (including the
mobile), the fax and e-mail. Television, film painting and photography can also communicate ideas.
Animals have ways of (10) ___________________ information, too. Bees dance and (11)____________ other
bees where to find food. Elephants (12) ____________ sounds that human can´t hear. Whales sing songs.
Monkeys use their face (13) _______________ show anger and love. But this is nothing (14) ______________ to
what people can do. We have language about 6000 languages, in fact. We can write poetry, tell jokes, make
promises, (15)_______________, persuade, tell the truth, or tell lies. And we have a sense (16)____________ past
and future, not just present.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
A. but
A. send
A. a
A. exchanging
A. tells
A. make
A. of
A. compared
A. Explaining
A. of
B. with
B. sent
B. the
B. exchange
B. told
B. made
B. with
B. compares
B. Explain
B. to
C. and
C. sends
C. an
C. exchanged
C. makes
C. and
C. to
C. compare
C. Explained
C. from
Congratulations you have finished.
Continue working hard.
59

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