Building Materials Activities
A. In the picture above, identify each component of structure in the next square. Also,
comment something about that part, as their characteristics, properties, etc.
Floor and ceiling
B. Complete the sentences with the words in the square:
A _________________is the part of a structure that transfers the ______from the
structure to the ground.
_________ = Its functions are to protect a building from the weather and to retain the
heat generated inside.
The primary function of __________________is to divide the overall space within the
house into ___________spaces.
____________= small stones and pebbles.
______________ a composition, such as one made of lime or gypsum and sand and
water, applied in a pasty form to walls, ceilings, etc.
______________a natural earthy material that is plastic when wet, consisting
essentially of hydrated silicates of aluminum: used for making bricks, pottery, etc
The External_________ are usually made by two brick walls and an insulator layer.
A _____________ is comprised of pillars, beams and tie-beams made of reinforced
concrete or iron.
__________ is a material very useful in buildings.
The buildings are built to provide _________in winter and ________in summer.
A ______________has a good structure and foundation to avoid static problems.
C. True or False. Correct the sentence.
The function of a foundation on a building can be summarized as follow:
To transmit all building load to the first floor.
To limit settlement and avoid subsidence
To provide a level bed on which to build
To fix nearly the structure to the ground